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SOA Design & Architecture Lab
SOA Architecture techniques
Killexams : SOA Architecture techniques - BingNews Search results Killexams : SOA Architecture techniques - BingNews Killexams : service-oriented architecture

The modularization of business functions for greater flexibility and reusability. Instead of building monolithic applications for each department, a service-oriented architecture (SOA) organizes business software in a granular fashion so that common functions can be used interchangeably by different departments internally and by external business partners as well. The more granular the components (the more pieces), the more they can be reused.

A service-oriented architecture (SOA) is a way of thinking about IT assets as service components. When functions in a large application are made into stand-alone services that can be accessed separately, they are beneficial to several parties.

Standard Interfaces

An SOA is implemented via a programming interface (API) that allows components to communicate with each other. The most popular interface is the use of XML over HTTP, known as "Web services." However, SOAs are also implemented via the .NET Framework and Java EE/RMI, as well as CORBA and DCOM, the latter two being the earliest SOA interfaces, then known as "distributed object systems." CICS, IBM's MQ series and other message passing protocols could also be considered SOA interfaces. See Web services.

Tue, 17 May 2022 21:24:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : SOA Agents: Grid Computing meets SOA

SOA has made huge progress in latest years. It moved from experimental implementations by software enthusiasts to the main stream of today's IT. One of the main drivers behind such progress is the ability to rationalize and virtualize existing enterprise IT assets behind service interfaces which are well aligned with an enterprise business model and current and future Enterprise processes. Further, SOA progress was achieved through the introduction of the Enterprise Service Bus - a pattern for virtualization of a services infrastructure. By leveraging mediations, service location resolution, service level agreement (SLA) support, etc., ESB allows software architects to significantly simplify a Services infrastructure. The last piece missing in the overall SOA implementation is Enterprise Data Access. A possible solution for this problem, Enterprise Data Bus (a pattern for ubiquitous access to the enterprise data), was introduced in [1,2]. EDB adds the third dimension to SOA virtualization, which can be broken down as follows:

  • Services - virtualization of the IT assets;
  • ESB - virtualization of the enterprise services access
  • EDB - virtualization of the enterprise data access.

In other SOA developments, several publications [3,4,5] suggested the use of Grid technology for improving scalability, high availability and throughput in SOA implementations. In this article, I will discuss how Grid can be used in the overall SOA architecture and introduce a programming model for Grid utilization in services implementation. I will also discuss an experimental Grid implementation that can support this proposed architecture.

SOA with EDB - overall architecture

Following [1,2] the overall architecture of the SOA with EDB is presented in Figure 1.

Figure 1: SOA architecture with the Enterprise Data Bus

Here, ESB is responsible for proper invocation of services, which are implemented by utilizing EDB to access any enterprise data [1] which might be required by those services. This architecture provides the following advantages:

  • Explicit separation of concerns between implementation of the service functionality (business logic) and enterprise data access logic.
    Enterprise Data Bus effectively creates an abstraction layer, encapsulating details of enterprise data access and providing "standardized interfaces" to the services implementations.
  • EDB provides a single place for all of the transformations between enterprise semantic data models used by services [2] and data models of enterprise applications by encapsulating all of the access to enterprise data.
    As a result, service implementations can access enterprise data using a SOA semantic model, thus significantly simplifying the design and implementation of enterprise services.
  • Service implementations having access to the required enterprise data provided by the EDB allows for significantly simplified service interfaces and provides a looser coupling between service consumer and provider:
    • Because the service (consumer) can directly access data [2] , the service invocation, for example, does not require the genuine values of parameters (input/output) to be sent as part of a service invocation. As a result, the service interface can be expressed in terms of data references (keys) instead of genuine data.
    • While an enterprise service model will evolve as the SOA implementation matures, the changes in the data reference definitions will rarely change. As a result, service interfaces based on Key data are more stable.
    • Extending service implementations to use additional data can be implemented without impacting its consumers.

Adding a Grid

One of the possible implementations the EDB is the use of a data grid such as Websphere eXtreme Scale, Oracle Coherence Data Grid, GigaSpaces Data and Application Grid or NCache Distributed Data Grid.

Data Grid is a software system designed for building solutions ranging from simple in-memory databases to powerful distributed coherent caches that scales to thousands of servers. A typical data grid implementation partitions data into non-overlapping chunks that are stored in memory across several machines. As a result, extremely high levels of performance and scalability can be achieved using standard processes. Performance is achieved through parallel execution of updates and queries (different parts of data can be accessed simultaneously on different machines) while scalability and fault tolerance can be achieved by replicating the same data on multiple machines.

Figure 2 shows the use of a Grid as an EDB implementation. The Grid maintains an in-memory copy of the enterprise data, which represents the state of enterprise databases and applications.

Figure 2 Grid as an EDB

The introduction of Grid allows the repartitioning of data that exists in multiple databases and applications so that it adheres to the enterprise semantic model. This entails bringing together logically related data from different applications/databases in the enterprise into one cohesive data representation along with rationalizing the duplicate data which will inevitably exist in the enterprise.

Grid implementations are typically supported by a publish/subscribe mechanism, allowing data changes to be synchronized between Grid memory and existing enterprise applications and data. A Grid-based intermediary allows for very fast access to the enterprise data using a data model optimized for such a service usage.

Although Grid-based EDB (Figure 2) simplifies high speed access to the enterprise data, it still requires potentially significant data exchange between the EDB and the service implementation. A service must load all the required data, execute its processing and then store results back to the Grid.

A better architecture is to bring execution of the services closer to the enterprise data; implement services as coordinators of the agents [7], which are executed in the memory space containing the enterprise data (Figure 3). A service implementation, in this case, receives a request and then starts one or more agents, which are then executed in the context of Grid nodes, returning the results to the service implementation, which then combines the results of agents' execution and returns the service's execution result.

Figure 3 Service as an agent's coordinator

This approach provides the following advantages over the Publish/Subscribe data exchange model:

  • It allows for local data manipulation that can significantly Improve overall service execution performance, especially when dealing with large amounts of data (megabytes or even gigabytes of data).
  • Similar to the data partitioning, the genuine execution is partitioned between multiple Grid nodes, thus further improving performance, scalability and availability of such an architecture.
  • Because all services can access the same data, when service execution involves purely the manipulation of data with minimal request/replies, there is no need to pass data at all.

Software agents

The concept of an agent can be traced back to the early days of research into Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) which introduced the concept of a self-contained, interactive and concurrently-executing object. This object had some encapsulated internal state and could respond to messages from other similar objects. According to [7], "an agent is a component of software and/or hardware which is capable of acting exactingly in order to accomplish tasks on behalf of its user."

There are several types of agents, as identified in [7]:

  • Collaborative agents
  • Interface agents
  • Mobile agents
  • Information/Internet agents
  • Reactive agents
  • Smart Agents

Based on the architecture for the service implementation (Figure 3), we are talking about agents belonging to the multiple categories:

  • Collaborative - one or more agents together implement the service functionality.
  • Mobile - agents are executed on the Grid nodes outside of the service context
  • Information - agents' execution directly leverages data located in the Grid nodes.

In the rest of the article we will discuss a simple implementation of Grid and a programming model that can be used for building a Grid-based EDB and an agent-based service implementation.

Grid implementation

Among the most difficult challenges in implementing Grid are High Availability and Scalability and data/execution partitioning mechanisms.

One of the simplest ways to ensure Grid's High Availability and Scalability is the use of messaging for the internal Grid communications. Grid implementations can benefit from both point-to-point and publish-subscribe messaging:

  • Usage of messaging in point-to-point communications supports decoupling of Consumers from Providers. The request is not sent directly to the Provider, but rather to the queues monitored by the Provider(s). As a result, queuing provides for:
    • Transparently increasing the overall throughput by increasing the number of Grid nodes listening on the same queue.
    • Simple throttling of Grid nodes' load through controlling the number of threads listening on a queue.
    • Simplification of the load balancing. Instead of the consumer deciding which provider to invoke, it writes the request to the queue. Providers pick up requests as threads become available for request processing
    • Transparent failover support. If some of the processes listening on the same queue terminate, the rest will continue to pick up and process messages.
  • Usage of publish/subscribe messaging allows for the simplification of "broadcast" implementations within the Grid infrastructure. Such support can be extremely useful when synchronizing changes within a Grid configuration.

Depending on the Grid implementation, data/execution partitioning approaches can range from pure load-balancing policies (in the case of identical nodes) to dynamic indexing of Grid data. This mechanism can be either hard-coded in the Grid implementation or externalized in a specialized Grid service-partition manager. The role of partition manager is to partition Grid data among nodes and serves as a "registry" for locating nodes (nodes queues) for routing requests. Externalization of a partition manager in a separate service introduces additional flexibility into an overall architecture through the use of a "pluggable" partition manager implementation or even multiple partition managers, implementing different routing mechanisms for different types of requests.

The overall Grid infrastructure, including partition manager and Grid nodes communication can be either directly exposed to the Grid consumer in the form of APIs, used as part of a Grid request submission or encapsulated in a set of specialized Grid nodes - Grid masters (controllers). In the first case, a specialized Grid library responsible for implementation of request distribution and (optionally) combination of replies has to be linked to a Grid consumer implementation. Although this option can, theoretically, provide the best possible overall performance, it typically creates a tighter coupling between Grid implementation and its consumers [3]. In the second case, Grid master implements a façade pattern [8] for the Grid with all advantages of this pattern - complete encapsulation of Grid functionality (and infrastructure) from the Grid consumer. Although implementation of Grid master adds an additional networking hop (and consequently some performance overhead), the loose coupling achieved is typically more important.

Overall high level Grid architecture supporting two level - master/nodes implementation is presented at Figure 4.

Figure 4 Grid High Level Architecture

In addition to components, described above, proposed architecture (Figure 4) contains two additional ones - Grid administrator and code repository.

GRID administrator provides a graphical interface, showing currently running nodes, their load, memory utilization, supported data, etc.

Because restarting of Grid nodes/master can be fairly expensive [4] we need to be able to introduce new code into Grid master/nodes without restarting them. This is done through usage of code repository - currently implemented as Web accessible jars collection. As developers implement new code that they want to run in Grid environment, they can store their code in a repository and dynamically load/invoke it (using Java URLClassLoader) as part of their execution (see below).

Programming model

In order to simplify the creation of applications running on the Grid we have designed a job-items programming model (Figure 5) for execution on the Grid. This model is a variation of Map/Reduce [9] pattern and works as follows:

Figure 5 Job Items model

  1. Grid consumer submits job request (in the form of job container) to the Grid master. Job container provides all of the necessary information for the master environment to instantiate the job. This includes job's code location (location of the java jar, or empty string, interpreted as local, statically linked code), job's starting class, job's input data and job's context type, allowing the choice between multiple partitions managers for splitting job execution.
  2. Grid master's runtime instantiates job's class passing to it the appropriate job context (partition manager), and replier object, supporting replies back to the consumer. Once the job object is created, runtime starts its execution.
  3. Job's start execution method uses partition manager to split the job into items, each of which is send to a particular Grid node for execution - map step.
  4. Each destination Grid node receives an item execution request (in the form of item container). The Item container is similar to the job container and provides sufficient information for the Grid node to instantiate and execute item. This includes item's code location, item's starting class; item's input data and item's context type.
  5. Grid node's runtime instantiates an item's class, passing to it the appropriate item context and replier object, supporting replies back to the job. Once the item object is created, runtime starts its execution.
  6. The Item's execution uses a reply object to send partial results back to the job. This allows job implementation to start processing an item's partial results (reduce steps) as soon as they become available. If necessary, additional items can be created and sent to the Grid nodes during this processing.
  7. The Job can use a replier to send its partial results to the consumer as they become available

The overall execution looks as follows (Figure 6)

Figure 6 Job Items execution

Detailed execution for both Grid master and node is presented at Figure 7

Figure 7 Execution details

In addition to implementing Map/Reduce pattern, this programming model provides support for fully asynchronous data delivery on all levels. This not only allows significantly improved overall performance when job consumers can use partial replies, (For example: delivering partial information to the browser) but also Improve the scalability and throughput of the overall system by limiting the size of the messages (message chunking) [5].

Interfacing Grid

Use of a job container as a mechanism for job invocation also allows a standardized interface for submitting jobs to the Grid [6] (Figure 8). We are providing 2 functionally identical methods for this web service interface - invokeJobRaw and invokeJobXML.

Figure 8 GridJobService WSDL

Both methods allow invocation of the job on the Grid. The first approach uses MTOM to pass a binary-serialized JobContainer class, while the second one support XML marshalling of all elements of the JobContainer (Figure 5). In addition to the JobContainer, both methods pass two additional parameters to the Grid:

  • Request handle allowing to uniquely identify request and is used by consumer to match replies to a request (see later)
  • Reply URL - a URL at which consumer is listening for reply. This URL should expose GridJobServiceReplies service (Figure 9)

Figure 9 Grid Job Service Reply WSDL

Implementation of Grid master

The class diagram for Grid master is presented in Figure 10. In addition to implementing the basic job runtime described above, the Master's software also implements basic framework features including threading [7], request/response matching, requests timeout, etc.

In order to support request/multiple replies paradigm for items execution, instead of using "get Replies with wait" (a common request/reply pattern when using messaging), we decided to use a single listener and build our own reply matching mechanism. Finally, we have implemented a timeout mechanism, ensuring that the job is getting the "first" reply from every item within a predefined data interval (defined in the job container).

Figure 10 Grid master implementation

Implementation of Grid node

The class diagram for Grid node is presented at Figure 11. Similar to the master runtime, here we complement basic item's execution with the framework support including threading, execution timeout, etc.

Figure 11 Grid node implementation

To avoid stranding of node resources by items running forever, we have implemented items eviction policy, based on the item's execution time. An execution of an item, running longer then the time advertised by it (in the item container), will be terminated and timeout exception will be sent back to the job.

Grid consumer framework

We have also developed a consumer implementation, wrapping Web services (Figure 8, Figure 9) with a simple Java APIs (Figure 12) It leverages embedded Jetty Web server and allows to submit a job request to a Grid and register a callback for receiving replies.

Figure 12 Grid consumer


Introduction of the EDB allows architects to further simplify SOA implementation by introducing "standardized" access from services implementation to the enterprise data. It simplifies both service invocation and execution models and provides for further decoupling of services. The use of Grid for EDB implementations supports the EDB's scalability and high availability. Finally, use of service agents executing directly in the Grid further improves scalability and performance. Grid's high level architecture and programming model, described in this article, provides a simple yet robust foundation for such implementations.


Many thanks to my coworkers in Navteq, especially Michael Frey, Daniel Rolf and Jeffrey Herr for discussions and help in Grid and its programming model implementation.


1. B. Lublinsky.">Incorporating Enterprise Data into SOA. November 2006, InfoQ.

2. Mike Rosen, Boris Lublinsky, Kevin Smith, Mark Balcer. Applied SOA: : Service-Oriented Architecture and Design Strategies. Wiley 2008, ISBN: 978-0-470-22365-9.

3. Art Sedighi. Enterprise SOA Meets Grid. June 2006.

4. David Chappell and David Berry. SOA - Ready for Primetime: The Next-Generation, Grid-Enabled Service-Oriented Architecture.A SOA Magazine, September 2007.

5. David Chappell. Next Generation Grid Enabled SOA.

6. Data grid

7. Hyacinth S. Nwana. Software Agents: An Overview

8. Façade pattern

9. Map Reduce.

Wed, 18 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : How to make the most of a composable enterprise architecture

The IT industry loves seismic shifts in technology architectures. In the 1990s, there was object-oriented programming. Later, service-oriented architecture and enterprise service bus built on these principles, but packaged them in a new way, and more recently, the same has been happening with microservices and containerisation.

All have tried to make it easier for software developers to componentise their enterprise application stack, such that an organisation is not locked into one particular application and can choose best-of breed components to solve particular business problems.

This has resulted in a drastic increase in the number of applications organisations are using. “Over the past 10 years, our clients have, on average, increased the number of enterprise applications from 80 to over 700,” says Emma McGuigan, enterprise and industry technologies lead at Accenture. 

The reason for this growth is that many software companies offer best-in-class or niche applications that meet particular business challenges. “We need to embrace the opportunity that those smaller application providers offer,” adds McGuigan.

Championing composability

Today’s business mantra is one of agility. In this context, the IT sector is coalescing around the concept of composable business. Accenture urges CIOs and CTOs to be the champions of composable tech by configuring and reconfiguring business-critical applications, while still ensuring interoperability.

But traditional approaches to enterprise systems have made composability challenging. According to Nick Jewell, technology evangelist at Incorta, enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are, to some extent, the antithesis of this composable model.

“ERP systems are large, monolithic platforms that govern mission-critical business processes such as order management, transaction processing or running supply chain operations,” he says. “Getting data out of such complex platforms often involves significant IT investment in data architecture, such as extract, transform, load (ETL) tools to move, transform and deliver data in a usable form for analytics and data-driven decision-making and data warehouses to hold that data over time.”

With composable IT, the aim should be to integrate ERP data with other technology solutions so the business can benefit faster. According to a latest survey of 503 CIOs and 503 CTOs conducted by Censorwide for Rimini Street, 84% plan to make investments in composable ERP in 2023. Both CIOs (83%) and CTOs (85%) are enthusiastic about investing. The survey shows that IT leaders in manufacturing (93%) have the largest commitment to composable ERP, whereas utilities (23%) have the smallest.

Research from analyst Gartner shows that by 2024, 70% of large and mid-sized organisations will include composability in their approval process for new applications. For Gartner, this means using an enterprise IT architecture for business applications based on modular building blocks.

According to Gartner, one of the key differentiators of the composable enterprise experience is that application design and redesign are performed with the direct participation of business and technology professionals. This suggests business and IT people need to work in tightly integrated teams.

Finding flexibility

Damian Smith is CTO at Podium Analytics, a non-governmental organisation and charity founded by former McLaren Group chief Ron Dennis in 2019, which aims to reduce injury in sport.

Podium Analytics has been gathering data using an application that records injuries in school and club sports. In September 2022, it introduced a tool based on the Concussion Recognition Tool (CRT5), a Concussion in Sport Group protocol designed to help non-medically trained individuals identify suspected concussions. The application provides guidance for removing a player from play and seeking medical assistance. 

One benefit of a composable model for business is improved flexibility. This works at various levels. Podium Analytics uses the low-code platform from Outsystems to provide this flexibility. Even though it outsources software development, the platform enables Podium Analytics to retain ownership of the generated code.

By using a low-code platform, Podium Analytics gains business agility. It can introduce more developers or replace its existing outsourced software development provider much more easily. “Low code enables another developer to pick up somebody else’s work really quickly without all of the kind of the archaeology of trying to work out what’s in the code,” he says.

The essence of agility

An application is effectively used to solve a business problem based on the data it has access to. Explaining how an IT leader can apply this when building out a portfolio of enterprise software, Accenture’s McGuigan, says: “It’s less about comparing one enterprise software provider with another.” Instead, she sees CIOs looking at their enterprise as a whole need to consider having a strategy that gives them the ability to unlock data housed across hundreds of applications.

As an example, Smith says Podium Analytics may decide it needs to build a new application to enable a coach or teacher to record a particular type of sports injury. “We’ll build an app that enables them to do that,” he says. “They can then record these injuries and we have data coming in. At some stage in the future, there may be a better way to gather that data, but we don’t really mind.”

Such a strategy can be applied across the technology infrastructure businesses rely on. The theory behind composable business is that every component of the architecture can be swapped out if needed. Giving an example of how this may work, Smith says: “We use a CRM [customer relationship management] system, but we are not precious about which one we use. I don’t care because they’re all doing roughly the same thing.”

If, at some point, Podium Analytics decides to change its CRM provider, the main task will be migrating data over to the new system. Smith’s view of composable business is that it should be like a Lego brick model, allowing IT decision-makers to choose which module they need to build out their IT architecture. “I should be able to take one out and put a different one in without too much disruption to the business,” he says.

Adding agility

An agile software development methodology goes hand-in-hand with a composable business strategy, since it enables business leaders to go to market with new ideas quickly, test if they work and tweak them where necessary. Podium Analytics’ development methodology is based on a four-week sprint cycle.

Describing the software development process, Podium Analytics’ Smith says Outsystems uses flow diagrams, which allow the programmer to describe what is presented to the user, what happens to data that is keyed in, and what screens are then displayed.  Even though there is no formal documentation, he says, it’s easy to see what’s happening in a piece of code.

Cherry-picking components

With the advent of software as a service, Smith says there are plenty of opportunities to assess best-of-breed products that have the potential to work exceedingly well in certain business processes. “Why would I bother to do a massive ERP implementation when I can just take one of these products and plug them into our IT architecture so that all the components can work together beautifully at a fraction of the cost?”

This strategy allows IT leaders to take the best technology available either from established software providers or startups. But, says Smith, if you choose to take this approach, you need to be really conscious of your exit strategy. “If something better comes along, or we fall out with the existing provider, we just want to take that Lego brick out and put another one in its place,” he adds.

The question IT leaders need to consider is the ease with which they can export the data from their existing provider’s systems and whether this data is in a format the business can easily use. Smith says this policy is fundamental to Podium Analytics’ procurement process and is one of the reasons he selected Outsystems over other low-code platform providers.

In these uncertain times, Emmanuelle Hose, EMEA general manager at Rimini Street, says businesses do not want to be locked into just one way of doing things. They need, she says, the ability to be much more nimble, and this is changing their approach to digital transformation. “You need to have the flexibility to change very quickly due to economic challenges.”

To avoid lock-ins and make the most of existing and new data sources, IT leaders need an enterprise architecture that can support the business in a constantly changing environment and is able to react quickly to changes. From an IT perspective, this is the goal of a composable business software strategy. However, this agility comes at a cost – it adds complexity and IT departments will likely need to spend more time managing multiple supplier relationships. 

Thu, 02 Feb 2023 15:47:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Software development tools

How Russia hacked a former MI6 spy chief

In this week’s Computer Weekly, Russian hackers leaked emails and documents from British government, military, and intelligence officials – we examine the implications. New EU laws will govern online safety and the use of AI, but what do they mean for organisations? And we look at the growth in checkout-free shopping. Read the issue now. Continue Reading

Sat, 14 Jan 2023 01:32:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Enterprise Architect

Our client, a giant in the FMCG is urgently looking for an Enterprise Architect, in depth knowledge of Oracle and Microsoft technologies; IT architectures (Cloud architecture and on premise); business process modelling; architecture modelling; ERP, CRM, SCM, HCM and Finance applications; integration (B2B / SOA), BI, digitalization and mobile applications commerce domains, Strong knowledge of IT Enterprise Architecture disciplines – including information/data architecture, application architecture and technology architecture
The Enterprise Architect is responsible for the management and control of all enterprise-wide IT methodology, principles, standards and processes that govern the IT architecture.
The responsibility extends to creating high level technical end to end architecture that describes how IT components are combined to meet a particular set of business requirements and capabilities.
It is a multi-disciplinary role guiding business and IT teams to meet project objectives, executing on the IT strategy and Enterprise Architecture roadmap taking a long term view that incorporates IT innovation in the design approach.
The main deliverable of the Enterprise Architect is to ensure selection and deployment of IT solutions that are fit for purpose, support business needs, future proofed, cost efficient, flexible and sustainable, the maintenance of the application landscape and enterprise information model that improves the quality of information and data to enable agile business decisions based on high quality information and data.
Moreover, the Enterprise Architect shall oversee the roles of the Security, Infrastructure and Integration Architect and ensure seamless integration and communication to the projects led by the Value Stream Architects
Support the Business Engagement and Enterprise Architecture Director by enforcing adherence to IT standards, policies and governance frameworks, execute the long term IT strategy and Enterprise Architecture roadmap
Support Portfolio Management, Project Delivery, Service Delivery and Security Risk Governance teams to deliver projects on time, on budget and to specification (solution)
Translate business requirements into economical, efficient and effective IT solutions, roadmaps and supporting enterprise architectures (business process architecture, information / data architecture, application architecture, and technology architecture)
Maintain Enterprise Architecture artefacts evolving these to mature the IT technology architecture (design patterns, applications, data management toolsets, technology, security, software, hardware) to support the organisation’s business goals
Provide consultancy services to assist business and IT teams during RFI, RFP, project scoping, project budgeting and high level conceptual design
Provide Group IT strategies, architecture principles and standards
Conduct feasibility assessments where requested for proposed application implementations or changes
Support development of solution delivery time, resource and cost estimates and advise and enforce key technology decisions
Design (high-level technical) solutions to meet project objectives, business requirements, business capabilities that adhere to best IT practises (fit for purpose, adaptable, future proof, cost efficient, secure, maintainable and supportable)
Drive and participate in governance forums to assess that in house and 3rd party solutions meet IT standards, policies and frameworks that are aligned to the IT strategy, application roadmap, data and information architecture and Enterprise Architecture roadmap
Identify out of compliance solutions and technical debt (consult with OEM vendors to incorporate their roadmaps into the IT strategy) and propose rectification actions
Create business proposal by scanning the marketplace for innovative and over-the-horizon FMCG / CPG and IT trends and technologies, identify opportunities and define roadmap to implement the digital vision
Participate in IT response teams during major IT incidents (system outage / cyber security)
Facilitate good corporate governance with specific focus on IT and Data & Information governance
Drive adoption of the organisation’s applications, standardise on one application for each business capability and reduce proliferation of multiple applications for the same purpose across the Group.
Ensure digital technologies are leveraged to transform the organisation into digital business by working with Digital CoE and Business partners to select the right digital opportunities, make the right investments, scope requirements and deliver results based on proof
Create and maintain IT strategy and roadmaps (Application, Cloud, Security, Infrastructure and Information and Data (conceptual, logical and physical data models, metadata models, data lifecycle views, data quality, data profiling and master data architectures)

Qualifications & Experience:

  • BSc (Information Systems) or similar; TOGAF or similar architecture certification
  • 15+ years in IT Architect role (architecture; analyst; application development; SDLC)
  • In depth knowledge Oracle and Microsoft technologies; IT architectures (Cloud architecture and on premise); business process modelling; architecture modelling; ERP, CRM, SCM, HCM and Finance applications; integration (B2B / SOA), BI, digitalization and mobile applications commerce domains
  • Strong knowledge of IT Enterprise Architecture disciplines – including information/data architecture, application architecture and technology architecture

email your Cv to [Email Address Removed]

Desired Skills:

  • Enterprise Architect
  • IT Architecture

Learn more/Apply for this position

Mon, 06 Feb 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Global Service Oriented Architecture Market Size, Share Covered Major Segments, Regions and Key Drivers Outlook 2023-2030 By VMReports

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Feb 14, 2023 (Heraldkeepers) -- New Jersey, United States,- The Global Service Oriented Architecture Market Size, Scope, and Forecast 2023-2030 report has been added to the Market Research Archive of Verified Market Reports. Industry experts and researchers have offered an authoritative and concise analysis of the Global Service Oriented Architecture Market with respect to various aspects such as growth factors, challenges, restraints, developments, trends, and opportunities for growth. This report will surely be a handy tool for market players to come up with effective strategies with the aim of strengthening their positions in the market. This report provides a pin-point analysis of changing dynamics and emerging trends in the Global Service Oriented Architecture Market. Additionally, it provides a futuristic perspective on various factors that are likely to fuel the growth of the Global Service Oriented Architecture Market in the coming years. Further, the authors of the report have shed light on the factors that may hinder the growth of the Global Service Oriented Architecture Market.

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Service Oriented Architecture Market, By Type:

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Regional Analysis Covered in this report:

The geographical analysis of the Global Service Oriented Architecture market provided in the report is just the right tool that competitors can use to discover untapped sales and business expansion opportunities in different regions and countries. Each regional and country-wise Service Oriented Architecture market considered for research and analysis has been thoroughly studied based on market share, future growth potential, CAGR, market size, and other important parameters. Every regional market has a different trend or not all regional markets are impacted by the same trend. Taking this into consideration, the analysts authoring the report have provided an exhaustive analysis of specific trends of each regional Service Oriented Architecture market.

Reasons to Procure this Report:

(A) The research would help top administration/policymakers/professionals/product advancements/sales managers and stakeholders in this market in the following ways.

(B) The report provides Service Oriented Architecture market revenues at the worldwide, regional, and country levels with a complete analysis to 2028 permitting companies to analyze their market share and analyze projections, and find new markets to aim for.

(C) The research includes the Service Oriented Architecture market split by different types, applications, technologies, and end-uses. This segmentation helps leaders plan their products and finances based on the upcoming development rates of each segment.

(D) Service Oriented Architecture market analysis benefits investors by knowing the scope and position of the market giving them information on key drivers, challenges, restraints, and expansion chances of the market and moderate threats.

(E) This report would help to understand competition better with a detailed analysis and key strategies of their competitors and plan their position in the business.

(F) The study helps evaluate Service Oriented Architecture business predictions by region, key countries, and top companies’ information to channel their investments.

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Tue, 14 Feb 2023 04:40:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Solution Architect

We’re looking for an awesome Solution Architect to join our client – a leading insurer that provides general insurance products and services to over 1 million policyholders in Southern Africa. You’ll be responsible for designing, integrating, developing, maintaining and enhancing solutions so they meet business needs and expectations.

You’ll need:

  • A relevant Tertiary IT qualification or qualification through experience
  • At least 6 years within systems design, architecture and integration, operating at enterprise level
  • 4 – 6 years of experience in the Application of IT governance principles, in context of mergers and acquisitions. This includes execution of IT due diligence assessments.
  • Experience in application development, support, and release management
  • Knowledge about messaging middleware (SOAP/REST/JSON etc), web services, SOA, ESB, SMTP, FTP, secure FTP, etc)

Principal Accountabilities:

  • Understand how business requirements can be met using implemented solutions or figure out what additional solution is needed
  • Check if initiatives align with the target application architecture & standards with Group
  • Assess impact of new business solutions on Information Technology landscape & define data flows between solutions
  • Work as part of a team with Development Managers & other technical staff making sure applications are implemented according to requirements
  • Identify potential risks/issues & deliver input into risk plan; engage with technology partners to deliver integrated solution across platforms

Generic Functions:

  • Ensure that Solutions implementation is consistent with technology strategies/governance/architecture; respond to Business requests for scope extensions creating or enhancing applications accordingly; provide advice & consultancy on strategies & architecture; participate in reviews providing guidance on following architecture & strategies; optimize design for use on organisations infrastructure; develop understanding of software packages internal workings etc.

Integration Functions:

  • Facilitate design & implementation of interfaces between internal & external systems ensuring consistency across teams; maintain register of published interfaces reviewing designs avoiding duplication proliferation interfaces defining messaging architecture standards etc

Quality Assurance:

  • Review agreed implementations making sure correct interpretation of reqs & architecture strategies done; ensure adequate testing config bespoke dev faciliate lead quality assurance processes design dev ensuring integrity end-end Systems landscape etc.

Desired Skills:

  • C#
  • .NET
  • Service-oriented architecture
  • Solution Architecture

Desired Work Experience:

  • 5 to 10 years Technical / Business Architecture

Desired Qualification Level:

Learn more/Apply for this position

Sun, 22 Jan 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : No need for SOA unless requested: Levy

In her recommendations in the Quality of Advice (QOA) Review, Michelle Levy has stayed the course to do away with statement of advice (SOA) requirements.

Instead, she advocated for advisers to “maintain a contemporaneous record” of advice provided and deliver the client a written record of the advice if requested. 

The requirement would not apply to those currently exempt from providing SOAs, such as a person providing personal advice about general insurance products.

Levy also stopped short of detailing the way in which clients would need to request for a written record or a specific framework for record-keeping by advisers, suggesting the Australian Securities & Investments Commission (ASIC) should provide guidance on this matter. 

“The obligation is to maintain a record of the personal advice – that is the recommendation or opinion about a financial product or class of financial product,” she noted. 

“It will be a matter for the provider of the advice and the [Australian financial services] licensee to determine what additional information is kept to evidence why the advice was good advice and, where the advice is provided by a financial adviser, why it was in the best interests of the client.”

Levy added: “I anticipate the records that are kept, and the form in which they are kept, will be determined by the relevant circumstances. For example, for simple advice (such as advice provided by call centre staff at a bank, superannuation fund or insurer) it may be sufficient to retain the audio recording of the phone call as a record of the advice provided. 

“On the other hand, comprehensive advice provided by a professional financial adviser would likely require more comprehensive file notes, which document the client’s financial situation, objectives and needs, the advice provided, research on financial products compared and so on. 

“A one-size fits all approach to record-keeping will not work. It is my hope that this recommendation will encourage anyone who provides personal advice to a retail client to provide advice in the way that suits their customers and clients.”

Under current regulation within the Corporations Act 2001, an SOA was required to be given, with some exceptions, each time a retail client was given personal advice. It would need to include the advice and basis upon which the advice was provided; contact details and name of the providing entity; information on remuneration and other interests that could potentially include the advice provider; and any required warnings about the advice. 

The SOA needed to contain all the information required by the client, in a clear and concise manner, to enable any decision-making on said advice. 

However, advisers had increasingly felt these advice documents were too complicated, too long, and increased the regulatory burden and cost of providing advice. 

Moreover, Levy observed, SOAs were often prepared “with an eye on defending a complaint or claim” to ASIC or the Australian Financial Complaints Authority (AFCA) over client comprehension.

Per the Review’s survey of over 3,000 advisers registered on the Financial Adviser Register, over half said the typical length of the SOA provided to clients was between 41 to 80 pages. 

Among those who advocated for decreased SOA requirements, the majority said clients did not value them (88%) and that SOAs did not add value (81%). 

Thu, 09 Feb 2023 01:51:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : First translation from Polish wins a SoA Translation Prize

Eight literary translators have today been announced as the winners of a shared £15,000 prize fund at the Society of Authors’ (SoA) Translation Prizes. 

This year marked the first translation from Polish to win a SoA Translation Prize, with Marta Dziurosz’s translation of Things I Didn’t Throw Out (Daunt Books) by Marcin Wicha winning the TA First Translation Prize. The £2,000 is shared between her and her editors, Željka Marošević and Sophie Missing. 

Commenting on the winning translation, judge Ka Bradley said: “This book required a translator of astonishing emotional intelligence and linguistic deftness, and was fortunate to find one.”

Prizes were also awarded for translations from Italian, Spanish, Arabic, French, German and Hebrew. 

The winners of the John Florio Prize for translation from Italian were Nicholas Benson and Elena Coda for a translation of My Karst and My City by Scipio Slataper (University of Toronto Press). The judges said: “The scholarship and athleticism required to render this many-textured project into tonal English is nothing short of staggering.” 

Taking the prize for for translation from Spanish was Annie McDermott, for her “impeccable” translation of Wars of the Interior by Joseph Zárate (Granta). Meanwhile, the late Humphrey Davies received the award for translation from Arabic, for his translation of The Men Who Swallowed the Sun by Hamdi Abu Golayyel (American University in Cairo Press). Davies shared the award with Robin Moger, for his translation of Slipping by Mohamed Kheir (Two Lines Press). 

Damion Searls scooped the Schlegel-Tieck Prize for translation from German for a translation of Where You Come From by Saša Stanišić (Jonathan Cape), while Sarah Ardizzone won the Scott Moncrieff Prize for translation from French, for a translation of Men Don’t Cry by Faïza Guène (Cassava Republic Press). 

Finally, winning the prize for translation from Hebrew was Linda Yechiel, for a translation of House on Endless Waters by Emuna Elon (Allen & Unwin, Atlantic Books). 

The winners will be celebrated today (8th February) at the Translation Prizes ceremony, held in the British Library and broadcast online. The ceremony will be the first in-venue SoA Translation Prizes since 2020.

Tue, 07 Feb 2023 18:48:00 -0600 En text/html
Killexams : AM Best to Sponsor ACLI-SOA’s ReFocus 2023 Conference

OLDWICK, N.J., January 23, 2023--(BUSINESS WIRE)--AM Best is sponsoring the ReFocus 2023 conference, an annual insurance industry event co-hosted by the American Council of Life Insurers (ACLI) and the Society of Actuaries (SOA) in Las Vegas, NV.

ReFocus 2023 will take place Feb. 26–March 1, 2023, at the Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. The event features senior-level life insurance and reinsurance executives with sessions that look at leading issues in the industry, including distribution, new technologies and consolidation. AM Best is a gold-level sponsor of the networking breakfast on Monday, Feb. 27. For more information about the conference, please visit

AM Best is a global credit rating agency, news publisher and data analytics provider specializing in the insurance industry. Headquartered in the United States, the company does business in over 100 countries with regional offices in London, Amsterdam, Dubai, Hong Kong, Singapore and Mexico City. For more information, visit

Copyright © 2023 by A.M. Best Rating Services, Inc. and/or its affiliates. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Mon, 23 Jan 2023 00:43:00 -0600 en-US text/html
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