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Exam Code: Praxis-Core Practice test 2022 by team
Praxis-Core Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators

You have been working to acquire the knowledge and skills you need for your teaching career. Now you are ready to demonstrate your abilities by taking a Praxis® test.
Using the Praxis® Study Companion is a smart way to prepare for the test so you can do your best on test day. This guide can help keep you on track and make the most efficient use of your study time. The Study Companion contains practical information and helpful tools, including:
• An overview of the Praxis tests
• Specific information on the Praxis test you are taking
• A template study plan
• Study topics
• Practice questions and explanations of correct answers
• Test-taking tips and strategies
• Frequently asked questions
• Links to more detailed information
So where should you start? Begin by reviewing this guide in its entirety and note those sections that you need to revisit. Then you can create your own personalized study plan and schedule based on your individual needs and how much time you have before test day.
Keep in mind that study habits are individual. There are many different ways to successfully prepare for your test. Some people study better on their own, while others prefer a group dynamic. You may have more energy early in the day, but another test taker may concentrate better in the evening. So use this guide to develop the approach that works best for you.

Test Name Core Academic Skills for Educators: Writing
Test Code 5722
Time 100 minutes, divided into a 40-minute selected-response section and two 30-minute essay sections
Number of Questions 40 selected-response questions and two essay questions Format Selected-response questions involving usage, sentence correction, revision in context, and research skills; 2 essay subjects as the basis for writing samples Test Delivery Computer delivered
Approximate Approximate
Content Categories Number of Percentage of Questions* Examination
I. Text Types, Purposes, and Production 6–12 selected-response 60%
2 essay
II. Language and Research Skills 28–34 selected-response 40%
for Writing
* Includes both scored and unscored (pretest) questions. Depending on the number of pretest questions included in each scoring category, the total number of questions in that category may vary from one form of the test to another.

The Core Academic Skills for Educators Test in Writing measures academic skills in writing needed to prepare successfully for a career in education. All skills assessed have been identified as needed for college and career readiness, in alignment with the Common Core State Standards for Writing. The Writing test is 100 minutes in length and has three separately timed sections: a 40-minute selectedresponse section containing 40 selected-response questions and two 30-minute essay sections that each require a response based on an essay topic. This test may contain some questions that will not count toward your score.
The selected-response section is designed to measure examinees ability to use standard written English correctly and effectively. This section is divided into four parts: usage, sentence correction, revision in context, and research skills. In the usage questions, examinees are asked to recognize errors in mechanics, in structural and grammatical relationships, and in idiomatic expressions or word choice. They are also asked to recognize sentences that have no errors and that meet the conventions of standard written English. The sentence correction questions require examinees to select, from among the choices presented, the best way to restate a certain phrase or sentence by using standard written English; in some cases, the phrase or sentence is correct and most effective as stated.
Examinees are not required to have a knowledge of formal grammatical terminology. In the revision-incontext questions, examinees are asked to recognize how a passage with which they are presented can be strengthened through editing and revision. Revisionin-context questions require examinees to consider development, organization, word choice, style, tone, and the conventions of standard written English. In some cases, the indicated portion of a passage will be most effective as it is already expressed and thus will require no changes.
In the research skills questions, examinees are asked to recognize effective research strategies, recognize the different elements of a citation, recognize information relevant to a particular research task, and assess the credibility of sources. The two essays assess examinees ability to write effectively in a limited period of time. The Argumentative essay course invites examinees to draw from personal experience, observation, or studying to support a position with specific reasons and examples. The Informative/Explanatory essay course asks examinees to extract information from two provided sources to identify important concerns related to an issue.
The subjects for the Argumentative and Informative/ Explanatory essays attempt to present situations that are familiar to all educated people; no course will require any specialized knowledge other than an understanding of how to write effectively in English. Examinees should write only on the course assigned for each essay task, address all the points presented in the topic, and support generalizations with specific examples. For the Informative/Explanatory essay, examinees should also draw information from both sources, making sure to cite the source of the information. Before beginning to write each essay, examinees should read the course and organize their thoughts carefully.

I. Text Types, Purposes, and Production
A. Text Production: Writing Arguments
1. Produce an argumentative essay to support a claim using relevant and sufficient evidence
2. Write clearly and coherently
a. address the assigned task appropriately for an audience of educated adults
b. organize and develop ideas logically, making coherent connections between them
c. provide and sustain a clear focus or thesis
d. use supporting reasons, examples, and details to develop clearly and logically the ideas presented
e. demonstrate facility in the use of language and the ability to use a variety of sentence structures
f. construct effective sentences that are generally free of errors in standard written English
B. Text Production: Writing Informative/ Explanatory Texts
1. Produce an informative/explanatory essay to examine and convey complex ideas and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content
a. write clearly and coherently
b. address the assigned task appropriately for an audience of educated adults
c. draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis
d. organize and develop ideas logically, making coherent connections between them
e. synthesize information from multiple sources on the subject
f. integrate and attribute information from multiple sources on the subject, avoiding plagiarism
g. provide and sustain a clear focus or thesis
h. demonstrate facility in the use of language and the ability to use a variety of sentence structures
i. construct effective sentences that are generally free of errors in standard written English
C. Text Production: Revision
1. Develop and strengthen writing as needed by revising and editing
a. recognize how a passage can be strengthened through editing and revision
– apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts and to make effective choices for meaning or style
> choose words and phrases for effect
> choose words and phrases to convey ideas precisely
> maintain consistency in style and tone
II. Language and Research Skills for Writing
A. Language Skills
1. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage
a. grammatical relationships recognize and correct:
– errors in the use of adjectives and adverbs
– errors in noun-noun agreement
– errors in pronoun-antecedent agreement
– errors in pronoun case
– errors in the use of intensive pronoun
– errors in pronoun number and person
– vague pronouns
– errors in subject-verb agreement
– inappropriate shifts in verb tense
b. structural relationships
recognize and correct:
– errors in the placement of phrases and clauses within a sentence
– misplaced and dangling modifiers
– errors in the use of coordinating and subordinating conjunctions
– fragments and run-ons
– errors in the use of correlative conjunctions
– errors in parallel structure
c. word choice recognize and correct:
– errors in the use of idiomatic expressions
– errors in the use of frequently confused words
– wrong word use
– redundancy
d. No Error recognize:
– sentences free of errors in the conventions of standard English grammar and usage
2. Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization and punctuation
a. mechanics recognize and correct::
– errors in capitalization
– errors in punctuation
> commas (e.g., the use of a comma to separate an introductory element from the rest of the sentence)
> semicolons (e.g., the use of a semicolon [and perhaps a conjunctive adverb] to link two or more closely related independent clauses)
> apostrophes (e.g., the use of an apostrophe to form contractions and frequently occurring possessives)
b. no errror
– recognize sentences free of errors in the conventions of standard English capitalization and punctuation
B. Research Skills
1. Recognize and apply appropriate research skills and strategies
a. assess the credibility and relevance of sources
b. recognize the different elements of a citation
c. recognize effective research strategies
d. recognize information relevant to a particular research task

Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators
Admission-Tests Educators learner
Killexams : Admission-Tests Educators learner - BingNews Search results Killexams : Admission-Tests Educators learner - BingNews Killexams : College Admission: This Is Not A Race

Everyone take a deep breath. If you are a college-bound high school senior, it is probably hard to ignore the fact that August has arrived. First, stores began their premature back-to-school sales push. Then on August 1, the Coalition for College and software platform Scoir launched their new streamlined approach to applying to college. On the same day, the Common App released the 2022-2023 version of its college admission application, which is now used by over 1,000 different institutions throughout the country and the world.

Social media is buzzing with posts about applications being open and colleges are peppering email inboxes with invitations to apply. Meanwhile, some applicants are being urged to apply to rolling admission schools as soon as possible just to get the “win” and to know they have an acceptance under their belt. As a school counselor and the father of teenagers, I can feel the collective blood pressure rising. College admission is not a race, but if it were it’s better conceived as a marathon and not a sprint. Perhaps it is even better framed as a long walk requiring an occasional jog. But if you pace yourself it can be an enjoyable and meaningful journey. Just remember to breathe deeply.

Access and Anxiety

There is a perpetual tension in college admission between outreach to students who might not think a college education is for them and others who are fixated on “getting in” to the most selective school possible. Underrepresented, first-generation, and low-income students disproportionately face barriers to applying and attending college. Often they lack access to the same counseling resources as their wealthier peers, understandably leading to uncertainty and anxiety. Colleges are eager to reach and support these students in the admission process but this push for awareness can have the unintended consequence of stoking the flames of anxiety writ large. When paired with the very intentional motivation of some colleges to drive up application numbers, hysteria ensues.

Chasing Volume

Application platforms exist to facilitate the admission process, and they face their own tension of wanting to simplify the experience and support students, while also being responsive to the agendas and priorities of the institutions they serve. The ease of applying to college has made these platforms vehicles of both access and excess. This has fed a vicious cycle of uncertainty and “application addiction” where colleges seek more students in their admission pool and students apply to more colleges. This cycle makes enrollment harder to predict and so all constituents in this scrum respond with a flawed “more is better” philosophy.

Don’t Shoot the Messenger

Believe it or not, the educators and professionals who bring you these applications also want you to pause, be intentional, and breathe. Though they want students to utilize their tools, they want this to happen responsibly, with a balanced approach, and with an individually appropriate timeline. Stacey Kostell, the executive director of the Coalition for College explains, "Wherever students are in their admissions journey, we want them to know that help is available, and they don’t need to go through it alone. Applying and enrolling is the end goal, but Coalition schools work together to engage students along the way, answer their questions, and help them begin to feel more comfortable with the process. Connecting with us at events this fall, or even watching recordings of our past sessions, can be a great first step toward applying." Gerry McCrory, Scoir founder and CEO, agrees. He says, “When students are Preparing to apply to college, our goal is to reduce as much of the stress and anxiety as possible so they can focus on what matters most: discovering colleges that best fit their academic, social, and financial needs. That’s why we have worked so hard with our partners to enable a student-centric process.”

Scott Anderson is the senior director of outreach and education at the Common App and a former school counselor. He says, “Every August 1 we celebrate a new year and a new opportunity for students to pursue their college dreams. While we are so excited for students who are ready to take this next step on their journey, it’s important to emphasize that it’s ONLY August 1.” He reinforces that, “applying to college is not a race, even though it may feel like one. Just like each college has its own deadline, each student has their own timeline. Take the time you need to be thoughtful and seek the resources and support you need to help you find a college where you will thrive. Remember: your ultimate decision is just that - yours! He adds, “Common App is ready for you whenever you're ready for us.”

The Early Win

I appreciate the idea behind students applying proactively to colleges and the confidence that comes from an acceptance. As a counselor, I have witnessed the weight that is lifted from a young person’s shoulders when they realize that college is obtainable and that they have options. However, unless an applicant has a genuine interest in possibly attending a given college, it simply contributes to application inflation. If a college on your list that seems like a good match has rolling admission, by all means, apply when you feel best prepared, but don’t succumb to the “land grab” mentality of applying to schools because it is free and “why not get a win?”

Tune Out the Noise

College admission is plagued by information overload and often media coverage perpetuates the narrative that it is a game. Click-bait headlines contribute to the frenzy, obsession with a small group of selective colleges, and worst of all the notion that one must be exceptional and flawless to gain admission. Take, for example, a exact Wall Street Journal article about “absurd” college essay prompts. The author writes, “Back-to-school season is approaching, and for many rising high school seniors, so is the grinding process of applying to college. Most college applications—including the Common Application and the Coalition for College—opened on Monday. A key part of the frothing madness of college-admissions season: crafting the perfect essay.”

Not helpful, and neither is the condemnation of unique essay prompts that encourage students to reflect in unconventional ways. While there are potential equity issues with applications that require more work and nuance, there is also a method to the “madness” that the article propagates. During a webinar last week, an independent educational consultant regretfully relayed the story of one of her clients who has seventy (yes, you read that right–70) essays to write for their college applications. That indicates a college list that is excessive and likely lacking in intention. Don’t get caught up in the mania or suggestion that you must be perfect. Angel Pérez is the CEO of the National Association for College Admission Counseling (NACAC) and a former admission dean at several colleges. He advises, “Bring your authentic self to the application, and don’t try to become someone you are not. Besides, if a college is going to ‘deny’ you for who you are, you wouldn’t want to attend that school. So don’t put so much pressure on yourself. Just be yourself, tell your own unique story, and you’ll end up at the school that is perfectly meant for you.”

Take Time For Thanks

Speaking of essays, one school is hoping to encourage students to pause and reflect in important ways with their supplement this year. The University of Pennsylvania added a short-answer prompt asking students to "Write a brief thank-you note to someone you have not yet thanked and would like to acknowledge." Whitney Soule, vice provost and dean of admissions explains, “We thought carefully about the impact of adding another prompt (and we shortened the word length of other prompts to minimize that impact).” She adds, “It might be impossible to eliminate anxiety from the application process, but it's essential that we ground the process with emphasis on the experience of individual students who apply. Most applications invite students to organize and describe their achievements and aspirations. So, in a way, we accidentally force them to be very self-centered at the same time that we are evaluating them academically and as members of the community.”

Soule says, “As admissions leaders, we have a responsibility to make sure that every detail we ask students to provide has value in our review. And, we have a responsibility to consider the impact of what we ask and how we ask it. Could any applicant, regardless of resources and support, answer the question? What might it feel like to prepare a response? How will we prepare readers to include the response in a holistic review?” When asked why gratitude, she responds, “We know that the act of expressing gratitude is more powerful than describing it, so we hope that answering the prompt, actually writing a thank-you note, will feel good for students when they do it. For those of us studying the application, we'll appreciate learning a small bit of context for how the student experiences the impact of others.”

Don’t Go Fast

Perhaps you’ve heard the African proverb, “If you want to go fast, go alone. If you want to go far, go together.” This has great relevance to the college admission experience. While it is certainly a personal process it needn’t be done in solitude. As noted, there is–and will be–plenty of encouragement for you to go fast, but resist the knee-jerk response to rushing your application and accompanying materials. It is important to first identify your team, those who will support you along the journey. For some this will be family members, counselors, teachers, or coaches and others will lean on friends, employers, pastors, or different mentors. Work with these individuals to establish an application timeline for the next few months that makes sense for your unique circumstances. Communicate openly and often and own the experience but ask for help when you need it. There is time but don’t wait until the last minute. Remember, pace yourself, breathe, and together you will go far.

Fri, 05 Aug 2022 23:25:00 -0500 Brennan Barnard en text/html
Killexams : This is How Technology Has Evolved the Education System

With the emergence of technology, the education system has evolved to a large extent. All actions are performed online, from taking admissions to attending classes and appearing for exams. This evolution in the education system has brought many advantages. We see that the latest inventions are happening daily in the technology sector. At the same time, the latest innovations are also coming to the education system. In this article, we are going to confer briefly on how technology is flourishing in the education system and what possible benefits students can obtain from technology engagement in the education system. So, let’s begin here: 

  1. Online admission application 

You have to search and apply for new colleges or universities to start your higher education. It seems tough to visit the colleges and know their specifications and offered programs individually. But, this is not a big deal now. This is because you can get the online platform of almost all the colleges and universities. On these online platforms, you can find all details, including admission schedule, requirements, deadlines, and others. As well as this, you can also apply for admission online. So, there is no need to visit the institutes to apply for admission. You can apply for more than one institute within no time by just making a few clicks on your devices.

We would also like to make our students aware of the fraudulent activities. Ensure that you are registered with the official platform of your selected institute. Do not register with any other website and do not pay any charges. While sending your admission application fee, ensure that the account is valid or possesses the name of the institutes you are going to apply for. 

  1. Online classes 

The trend of online education is flourishing worldwide. Where we get admission online, at the same time, students attend online classes and obtain degrees while studying at their own places. Thanks to technology for the development of online learning management systems. These management systems are functional enough that they can arrange your attendance, study duration, study materials, tests system, exams system, and sharing your files. These learning management systems are friendly for both teachers and students. However, every institute has its own specific learning management system. Students are required to pay little attention to learning the use of the learning management system. 

  1. Start studying anytime, anywhere

The education system has turned online, enabling us to save time. For example, students have no worries about reaching the bus station to get the institute bus to arrive at the college or university. They can attend their classes timely while staying in their own places. At the same time, the online learning management system allows you to arrange your classes at any specific time. Moreover, there are no place restrictions. You can start attending your classes from anywhere. 

  1. Search and apply for scholarships online

Students who have to wish to start their higher education abroad but are panic about the financial requirements look for scholarships. At the same time, foreign universities also select deserving and talented candidates for several scholarship grants. Websites have made it easy for learners or students to search for scholarships according to their study area. Moreover, now students can get online scholarships as all the organisations and institutes accept online applications and perform other actions online, such as online interviews.

Here we would also like to share some tips with students to help them send a safe and secure application. Students have to check all the requirements carefully. You should apply only if your profile matches 100% with the available scholarships. Remember that there are a large number of applications for a single position. So, the organisation or institute always picks an exceptional case. If you are not eligible and still applying for the scholarship, you are doing nothing but just a waste of time. 

The second thing is that sometimes students are eligible but still are not selected because of their application. Ensure that you are applying accordingly to win the position. Ensure that you fill out the application form accurately and attach all the necessary documents the organisation asks for. Moreover, you should apply within the given deadline. Otherwise, your application will not be entertained. Here we would also like to add that you should take professional guidance before submitting the application for your desired scholarship program.  

  1. Easy access to study materials and guidelines

Gone are the days when students ask for notes from teachers, seniors, and classmates. Now, students use their devices to find online notes and other materials. There are plenty of websites and YouTube channels that are working to facilitate students, and all these things have become possible only because of the technology system. However, ensure that you choose some authentic sources to get study materials. Moreover, there are many professional teachers and counsellors who are giving their services to help out students in several aspects of life. 

For example, they guide students on how to apply for admission, how to schedule their studies, how to prepare for admission or entrance exams, how to prepare for exams, and other aspects. Now, students can get online services from those counsellors to make their study sessions easy for them.  


Indeed, the innovation and emergence of technology have changed the mode of education. Students are getting facilitated in every aspect. At the same time, this has also made it easy for teachers to deliver their services accurately. But, the things you should notice are the right use of the technology at the right time to get maximum benefits. 

As you can save a lot of time, you can get more benefits while studying online. At the end of our discussion, we would like to suggest our students take time to arrange and learn the online system. For example, you have to learn to browse and use the websites accordingly. You can also take help from professionals and your seniors to make things possible for you.

Thu, 28 Jul 2022 16:18:00 -0500 Ali Bajwa en-US text/html
Killexams : Board Exams, college admissions & the continuous loop of academic stress

In any Indian students life there are two major milestones one after the other- first 12th Board examination and result and the second the college admissions following it.

Stress, anxiety and peer pressure are the three common threads that come up whenever board examinations or college admissions are discussed.

The last two years have been unprecedented and the entire system of examination has gone through a complete overhaul. In the years of online exams and online mode of distant learning a few things were easier for many and challenging for some. Now that the system is back to the normal before new normal the stress of board examinations and college examination is back in the lives of students.

Board year brings with itself continuous test stress. test stress can be described as the emotional, physiological, and behavioral responses caused by an upcoming test or examination. Previous negative experience of exams, lack of preparation, worry about failure, or intense pressure to perform can be the causes here. This often leads to unmanageable increases in anxiety levels.

Students, who find education a tough task, or those with special educational needs or mental health difficulties, may be more likely to experience academic anxiety. However, so can the toppers and overachievers, particularly students who are raised to be achievers always or whose parents push a huge burden of ambitions on to them.

What is stress?

Stress is a normal part of life. The Harvard Center for the Developing Child classifies stress into three types: positive, tolerable and toxic.

• Positive stress is some degree of stress that can be positive for children and young people and helps them to learn coping skills and develop resilience. This is sometimes also known as eustress.

• Tolerable stress is some kind of temporary stress that can be managed or tolerated particularly if children and young people going through it have developed resilience and are supported by nurturing adult relationships and parenting.

• Toxic stress is dangerous and involves the prolonged activation of stress responses without the benefit of being protected by any strong adult relationships.

Identifying the signs of academic stress

Signs of academic stress can sometimes be difficult to identify. Children and young people may not want to talk about stress they are experiencing. Students who are affected by anxiety and stress about tests/exams/entrance exams may have one or many of the following symptoms:

• Complain of physical health issues (e.g. stomach aches, headaches etc.).

• Have sleeping or appetite-related issue.

• Have severe mood swings such as being tearful, angry or withdrawn.

• Be reluctant to talk about tests and exams.

• Spend too much time on their work or alternatively avoid it completely.

• Be overly self-critical and of any mistakes they make. 

Negative influence of competitive and entrance exams on mental health of students

Young people are living in a culture of competition and detachment like never before, and it can feel like they do not have much control. Moreover, access to a college education can seem way out of reach for those marginalized in any way, and those with less support and encouragement. Many lack a feeling of agency or opportunity.

Peer Pressure/Competition: College admission exacerbates the stress students feel by feeding competition among classmates. From comparing test scores to obsessing about class rank, society creates a Hunger Games environment where students fight against each other sometimes their dearest for a coveted spot at a selective college or university.  “What are your test scores?” “Which colleges are you applying to?” “I am so stressed about college.” These are the questions and refrains commonly heard from students. 

Parental Expectations: The experience of searching for and applying to college can be one that unites a family as you reflect on your values, interests, and opportunities. It also has the potential to be a process full of emotional abuse, shame, fear, and resentment if not handled openly and directly. Parents have a vested interest in the well-being and future of a student, but it can be difficult for them to separate their own sense of self from their children. 

Handy Tips to Manage Admission Stress

Since this stress seems unavoidable. Here are a few suggestions that might help: 

• Breathe and relax. 

• Learn that you can only do what you actually can do. 

• Understand that you’ll keep having these moments of stress, but they’ll go by because they’re simply your feelings. 

• Know that you have no control over what a college decides about your application, and thus stressing over it is pointless. 

• The idea of a “dream college” is a fallacy at best. Instead, student must focus on the courses that lead to a profession which you find are fit for you. 

• Make a list of the available courses and consider the colleges which might actually accept your application. 

In addition students must take care of their physical health as well by:

• Consuming healthy food.

• Stepping outdoors and enjoying nature.

• Singing, dancing, or doing any other activity which you think might relieve you and draw your focus away from the admissions. 

• Talking to a therapist or counselor if needed and sharing with them in detail what you're feeling. 

• Practicing meditation, or else studying a book that relaxes you. 

• Making a list of the things that you’re grateful for. Studies show that if we train our brain to focus on such things we become much happier. 

• Taking breaks whenever you feel you need to recharge your brain's battery. 

• When and if you start doubting yourself, diverting your mind to think of what good things you have going on in your life.

• Giving yourself some time to discover your interests. 

• Socializing and getting away from books from time to time.

What can parents do for the mental health and overall well-being?

Parents are the mainstay of any young person’s hopes and aspirations in crucial times like board exams and college admissions. They first need to work on themselves and manage their own stress, so that it doesn’t rub on to the student and make their task tougher. 

Sadly much of the stress to go to a top-tier university is coming from parents, rather than schools. This turns high school into a rat race to college. Many of these parents don’t realize that a teen is more than their marks or the college that they are accepted to.

Here are a few small actions that parents can take in order to make these challenging times easier for their wards:

• Listen to your child. Find out what are their hopes and fears. Try to facilitate as much as you can or support them in seeking professional help.

• Be a guide and a facilitator, connecting your child to information and to the bigger-picture is crucial. You have more experience of life and the world, offer them that.

• Don’t shame the child for their marks or grades. Instead support them for a future beyond this.

• Put the focus on finding the right college for your child, not on applying to or getting into the “best” college.

• Unclutter your own anxieties; make sure you’re hearing your child’s wishes and considering their best interests, not enforcing them through your own hopes, peer-driven status worries, or your own unmet expectations.

• Prioritize quality, not quantity, when it comes to extracurricular activities. 

• Prioritize whatever that your child finds meaningful.

• Ensure your kids are eating and sleeping well.

Board exams and results followed by college admissions are just a few milestones of anyone’s journey and shall be treated as such. They cannot become one’s entire life.

If any teenager/ young person or parent is facing such stress they can contact:

Icall Helpline 022-25521111 or Arpan helpline +91 98190 86444

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 06:08:00 -0500 en-GB text/html
Killexams : Key tips to get your Ivy League admission No result found, try new keyword!Here are some ways Indian students can break common assumptions about getting into Ivy League, as explained by Rahul Subramaniam, Co-Founder, Athena Education Of course, your academics and ... Wed, 03 Aug 2022 19:55:41 -0500 en-in text/html Killexams : Without India Inc’s help, we can’t fix our education system

It is that time of the year when millions of young Indian boys and girls, as well as their anxious parents and families, spend sleepless days and weeks worrying about the future. I am talking about the annual pandemic otherwise known as the great Indian Board test and college admission jamboree.

With more than 1.5 million schools and more than 250 million students, India is home to the largest school system in the world. Much has been written about the quality of education on offer in this gargantuan, if creaky structure, but the fact is that a significant number do make it all the way through the entire school system to tackle the final barrier — the Class XII exams, conducted by national boards of education like the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) and the Council of Indian School Certification Examination (ISC), as well as various state boards of education.

While numbers for CBSE (about 1.6 million students appeared for the 12th Board test this year) and ISC (around 100,000) are easier to come by, those for the various State boards are not easily available. However, various estimates put the total number of students appearing for the 12th class board exams at over 14 million. This means that millions of Indians — because in India, as in large parts of Asia, the ‘make or break’ 12th exams involve the entire family, not just the hapless students)  — have already undergone months and even years of trauma, tension and anxiety.

The 12th test results have just come out and a remarkably high percentage (over 90 percent) have actually cleared the hurdle. Unfortunately, this is just the beginning of a long and even more tense journey before these millions of young men and women, all statistically already part of India’s so-called ‘demographic dividend’, having reached the UN Population Fund’s working age classification of 15-64 years, actually become productive, employed and earning members of society.

That is because getting past the 12th class board test is only the first hurdle. There are many more barriers to pass before they get a scarce seat in a college and an even tougher battle after that to get a post graduate or professional degree and even tougher scramble after that to actually land a job.

India’s gross enrolment ratio — defined as the percentage of population in the eligible age group (18-23 in this case) enrolled in tertiary education — is a little over 27 percent, according to last available estimates. A bunch of researchers, including the vice chairman of India’s apex regulatory body for higher education, the University Grants Commission, have argued in a exact paper that the Eligible Enrolment Ratio (EER), defined as the percentage of eligible students — those who have qualified in the 12th class examination — enrolled in tertiary education as a more suitable measure. According to the study, India’s EER in 2017-18 was almost 65 per cent, comparable to the European and advanced economy averages.

But that still means that 35 percent missed out — many due to economic compulsions as they simply cannot afford to defer earning any longer, but also owing to the fact that there are more students seeking admission to college than there are seats available.

India is home to the world’s third largest tertiary education system, with more than 1,000 universities and nearly 35 million students enrolled in undergraduate, graduate and professional programmes. But the difference between having the second largest school system and the third largest university system is much more than what the one spot difference in rankings suggests. Competition for college seats is intense. With marks inflation in the board exams — more than 135,000 students scored over 90 per cent in this year’s CBSE 12th test alone — school leaving marks are becoming increasingly irrelevant.

There is now a perfect alphabet soup of entrance exams that students have to clear to join college, the latest being the newly revamped Central University Entrance Test (CUET) mandatory to get into one of India’s 45 Central universities. Much has been written about NEET (the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) for admissions to medical and dental degree programmes, which saw 1.87 million students vie for a little over 91,000 MBBS and nearly 27,000 BDS (dental) seats but the admission test for engineering is equally brutal JEE (Joint Entrance Examination) for top tier engineering colleges like IITs and NITs saw more than 875,000 aspirants at the first stage (there is a second, advanced test for getting into IITs proper!).

But these are the biggies. There are six other admission tests besides JEE by various groupings of engineering colleges. There are 10 different entrance exams besides NEET for medical. There are eight different entrance tests for management courses. Even hotel management has as many as nine different sets of entrance exams for admission!

Clearly, the education system is broken. The multiplicity of entrance exams point to the increasing failure of the Senior Secondary Certificate qualifying the holder for even admission to a college, leave alone landing a job. The millions of students appearing for competitive exams for jobs points to the failure of a bulk of the tertiary education system to produce employment-ready degree holders.

Worse, the years spent in the pursuit of largely worthless degrees (a famous NASSCOM survey found that only around 7 per cent of engineering graduates were employment-ready) means that India loses a sizeable chunk of working age population during the tertiary phase — a period when they are at their physical and mental productivity peak.

What can be done? For starters, India Inc must deliver up insisting on pointless qualifications for giving jobs. A 12th certificate, along with a year of focussed skill development training should be enough to meet the entry level requirement in most general admin, sales and marketing jobs. Likewise, an engineering degree is not required for basic shop floor jobs. Ditto for coding.

Since Indians have a transactional attitude to education — degrees are sought not for learning but to help land a job — once the path to a job is eased, the pressure on the tertiary system will ease. This means more resources can be focused on fewer people to enhance quality for higher order skills, while employers can quickly find talent with basic skills for other jobs. This will help solve India Inc’s talent shortage, Strengthen our skills quotient and hopefully reduce trauma for students and parents.

Views are personal and do not represent the stand of this publication.

R Srinivasan is former editor of The Hindu Business Line.

Thu, 28 Jul 2022 17:46:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Students find general test time-consuming No result found, try new keyword!The NTA is conducting the CUET 2022 examination to offer admission to candidates in 44 central universities, 12 state universities, 11 deemed universities, and 19 private universities. Fri, 05 Aug 2022 09:41:35 -0500 en-in text/html Killexams : More courses for Campus Of Open Learning

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NEW DELHI: In the upcoming academic session, Delhi University’s Campus of Open Learning will offer a new set of courses, including B.Sc (H) Mathematics, BA (H) Economics and Bachelors of Management Studies. The admission to these courses will be based on Class XII board test results, authorities said, adding the common universities entrance test (CUET) is not mandatory.
The courses have been approved by the varsity’s academic council but a nod from the Distance Education Bureau is pending.
Bachelor of Business Administration (Financial Investment Analysis), Bachelor of Library and Information Science, Master of Library and Information Science, and Master in Business Administration (MBA) are some of the other courses, which are likely to be offered if the DEB approves.
The aspirants to BA (H) Economics are required to have at least 60% marks in their board examination with mathematics, according to the proposal. Similarly, for the BBA (FIA) course, candidates are required to have 65% marks in Class XII with 60% marks in mathematics. The eligibility for BMS is 60% in Class XII.


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Sun, 07 Aug 2022 11:19:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Does JAMB repeat UTME questions? – obtain past questions

Download Past Question has been a great educational resource platform where students get their educational updates for both locally and internationally.

So far so good, obtain Past Question has consistently attended to the needs of aspirants seeking for admission into their various institutions of higher learning by providing past questions of all the institutions.

Do JAMB Repeat UTME Questions?

If you are curious and seeking this information, be rest assured that you will know for sure if JAMB do repeat questions as you continue studying this article.

Now, it is not a new information that JAMB do repeat questions in each academic session of UTME year in, year out. Although, many candidates who are sitting for the first time do need that assurance. So, you should note that JAMB do repeat questions and mostly from their question banks which you won’t have access to.

In forthcoming UTME, be rest assured, that JAMB will repeat majority of the questions that exist in their question banks and add minority of new questions which are reshuffled yearly. This alone makes many candidates gain excellent scores which are 300 and above. So it is advisable while preparing for your forthcoming UTME make sure you read your textbooks especially the ones recommended to candidates by JAMB in the JAMB brochure and lastly do not forget to study past questions, because not only does the past questions help candidates prepare effectively for the UTME.

It familiarizes them (candidates) with each subjects JAMB is usually fond of extracting majority of the questions from and the concepts and patterns they follow for each subjects and how they continuously regulate questions to avoid the margin that would make the questions too complex to be attempted by students who are heavily prepared. In addition to this, you should note that at previous years there have always been high recorded cases of candidates passing their UTME and low recorded cases of failures by candidates who sat for UTME.

What Is the Method of Examination Adopted by JAMB

The Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) so far at the time of writing this article has been popularly known to conduct Computer Based Testing (CBT) examination every academic year since 2015. Since its inception, JAMB has been using the Paper & Pencil Test (PPT) examination method before it was changed to CBT at 2015 and this has been maintained till date.

The Kind of Questions Set by JAMB

Many candidates and students have always had this phobia for the UTME organized by JAMB. This is because there are always high expectancy candidates have before sitting for the examination. Also, this expectancy comes with high hope but majority end up not preparing adequately for the UTME and end up getting their hope shattered. In this article as you read through you will be guided on how you can effectively pass your UTME as the first step to secure your admission into institutions of higher learning like Colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities, because the second step for most institutions are Post-UTME which they (institutions) have been authorized by JAMB to either conduct it or not conduct it depending on their preferences.

JAMB follows a specific format for its UTME. The specific formats are as follows:

1. subjects or areas majority of the questions arise from and subjects or areas from a subject where questions are less.

2. the number of questions, that is for the mandatory Use of English which is offered by all candidates irrespective of the aspired field of study, departments applied and faculties applied. The Use of English carries a total of 60 questions while the other three (3) subjects carry 40 questions each. It is worthy of note, that the Use of English for example has two comprehension passages that carry about 5 questions in each comprehension passage and total of 10 questions for both passages, Close Passage (which involves filling in words as answers in the passage) that carries about 10 questions. Also, idioms, synonyms (choose the option(s) nearest in meaning to the underlined word(s)) and antonyms (choose the option(s) nearly opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s)) usually take up to 20 questions in total. The Correct spellings, Emphatic Stress, Sentence Completion, Vowel Sounds, Consonant Sounds take up to another 20 questions.

N/B : All subjects carry their different majority or minority areas questions arise from. That is why it is always advisable every candidate should get their JAMB Past Questions on time and prepare so that they can be rest assured, that with whatever preparedness they’ve laboured, excellent score is guaranteed which will in turn grant admission into the preferred institutions of higher learning like Colleges of Education, Polytechnics and Universities.

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Thu, 04 Aug 2022 00:46:00 -0500 Daily Post Staff en-US text/html
Killexams : Democrats urge Supreme Court to uphold affirmative action in college admissions

A group of Democratic lawmakers on Monday urged the Supreme Court to uphold affirmative action in higher education next term when the justices review challenges to race-conscious admissions policies at two U.S. colleges.

Rep. Bobby Scott (Va.), who chairs the House Education and Labor Committee, led a group of 65 House Democrats in signing on to an amicus brief that asked the justices to reject legal challenges aimed at Harvard University and the University of North Carolina.

“Narrowly tailored admissions policies that recognize race as one criterion — out of many criteria for evaluating prospective students — are a key tool to realize diverse learning environments and address continued educational inequity,” Scott said in a statement. “Moreover, research has confirmed that diverse campuses not only support underserved students, but also provide all students with a quality, well-rounded education.”

The disputes arose after a conservative-backed group, Students for Fair Admissions (SFFA), sued Harvard and the University of North Carolina, alleging the schools illegally discriminate against Asian American applicants.

SFFA alleges that Asian American applicants are held to a higher academic standard than other students. The group argues that Asian Americans are disadvantaged in the application process due to receiving lower “personal ratings” and are admitted at a lower rate than white applicants despite having higher test scores on average.

SFFA has asked the court to overturn Grutter v. Bollinger, a 2003 decision in which the Supreme Court upheld the right of college admissions boards to factor in applicants’ race in order to benefit minority groups and enhance diversity.

“Grutter’s core holding — that universities can use race in admissions to pursue student-body diversity — is plainly wrong,” the group wrote in court papers. The challengers say their case against Harvard’s policy gives the court an “ideal vehicle” for reevaluating its stance on affirmative action given the school’s outsize role in past rulings.

Harvard, in court papers, denied that its policy is discriminatory. The school accused SFFA of a brazen attempt to upend decades of precedent allowing schools to promote on-campus diversity by considering the racial makeup of their student bodies.

“Having failed to make the case that Harvard’s admissions practices contravene the court’s precedents governing the use of race in admissions, SFFA asks the court to overthrow them,” Harvard wrote in a filing last year. “But SFFA offers no legitimate justification for such an extraordinary step.”

In 2019, a Boston-based federal judge rejected SFFA’s bid, finding Harvard’s admissions program was lawful. That decision was affirmed by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 1st Circuit, prompting SFFA’s appeal to the Supreme Court.

The group lodged a similar complaint against admissions practices at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, one of the country’s top-rated public universities. The challengers lost in a federal district court and, on appeal, skipped over an intermediate federal court and petitioned the Supreme Court directly.

For the latest news, weather, sports, and streaming video, head to The Hill.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 05:19:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : JNTU to roll out new courses, artificial intelligence and machine learning in the mix

The Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Anantapur (JNTU-A) Engineering College is all set to introduce new courses from this academic year. JNTU-A will start BTech Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning and MTech Bridge and Tunnel Engineering and and MTech in Defence Technology with the help of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), according to a report by ENS.

The Bridge and Tunnel Engineering course, which would be affiliated to the Civil Engineering department, will have 25 seats and admissions into the course will be taken through the Post Graduate Common Entrance Test (PGCET), as per ENS. The Defence Technology course, which is designed to provide more job opportunities, will have 25 to 32 seats.

Additionally, JNTU-A, which has six departments will get an additional Department of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI&ML) from the current 2022-23 academic year, thus taking the total number of departments to seven.

The AI&ML course, which has been accredited by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), will admit students who qualified in the Engineering Agriculture and Medical Common Entrance Test (EAMCET), besides students who have qualified the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) exams. The AI&ML course, which is the most sought after Engineering course after Computer Science Engineering, will have 60 seats and the course will be run under the Computer Science Engineering department, as per ENS.

JNTU-A further entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the central transport ministry to introduce the Bridge and Tunnel Engineering course. The course will provide job opportunities to students with the transport ministry, which is executing the construction of national highways and tunnels as part of the Sagarmala project. JNTU-A Engineering College Principal, Professor Sujatha, said that the institute will introduce the three new engineering courses from this academic year itself, as per ENS. 

"The Bridge and Tunnel Engineering, Defence Technology and Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning courses, which have more demand, offer better job opportunities to the students who graduate from them," she added, as per ENS.

Tue, 09 Aug 2022 01:40:00 -0500 en text/html
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