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Exam Code: CTEL Practice exam 2022 by team
CTEL California Teacher of English Learners

California Teachers of English Learners (CTEL)
Program Leading to Certification to Teach

The Commission is the agency of California government that licenses teachers and other professionals who serve in the public schools. As the policy-making body that establishes and maintains standards for the education profession in the state, the Commission is concerned with the quality and effectiveness of the preparation of teachers and other school practitioners. On behalf of the education profession and the general public, one of the Commissions most important responsibilities is to establish and implement strong, effective standards of quality for the preparation and assessment of teachers who will teach English learners.

AB 2987, passed in 1992 (California Education Code sections 44253.1- 44253.6), created a two-tiered teacher certification structure for teaching English learners. Known as the Bilingual, Crosscultural, Language and Academic Development Examination and Certificate, this structure has been in effect from 1994 to the present, and it consists of the following six tests or domains:
• Test 1: Language Structure and First- and Second-Language Development;
• Test 2: Methodology of Bilingual Instruction, English Language Development and Content Instruction;
• Test 3: Culture and Cultural Diversity;
• Test 4: Methodology for Primary-Language Instruction;
• Test 5: The Culture of Emphasis; and
• Test 6: The Language of Emphasis (listening, reading, speaking, and writing)
The first tier, called Crosscultural, Language and Academic Development (CLAD) Certificate, authorizes instruction for English Language Development (ELD) and Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE). Candidates must pass the first 3 Tests (above) to earn this certification. The second level, called the Bilingual Crosscultural, Language and Academic Development (BCLAD) Certificate, authorizes instruction in ELD and SDAIE as well as instruction for primary-language development and content instruction in the primary language. Candidates must pass all six tests in order to earn the BCLAD Certificate.

The Standards of Program Quality and Effectiveness for Professional Teacher Preparation Programs were also referenced by the panel in its development of the CTEL Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities and the CTEL Program Standards. This was to ensure that content of CTEL Programs and the CTEL Examination were closely aligned with the relevant content in the 2042 multiple and single subject teaching credential, since all of these routes lead to an equivalent English learner authorization. The standards of the national professional organizations such as those adopted by TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) also served as a guide and provided a comprehensive perspective for panel members

The ELIDT developed two types of standards to guide institutional responses and expert review for CTEL Programs. The first type, called “Program Design Standards”, make up Category I of the CTEL Program Standards. These standards inform institutions about the organizational structures and resources required for sponsorship of a CTEL program. Category II of the Standards Specific to CTEL Programs provides guidance on the instructional content of the curriculum as well as the competencies that candidates must demonstrate in order to meet the requirements of the CLAD Certificate. These standards, called the “Candidate Competency Standards” are closely aligned with the CTEL Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities.
Once the ELIDT completed the draft CTEL standards, Commission staff worked with formatting and organization in order to align with the most currently-developed standards of quality for teacher preparation. The Commission adopted the Standards of Quality and Effectiveness for California Teachers of English Learners (CTEL) Programs Leading to CLAD Certification on November 30, 2006.
Language and Language Development
Domain 1:
Language Structure
and Use
Phonology and Morphology
Syntax and Semantics
Language Functions and Variations
Domain 2:
Additive Language
Theories, Processes, and Stages of Language Acquisition
Theories, Models, and Processes of Second-Language Acquisition
Cognitive, Linguistic, and Physical Factors Affecting Language
Affective Factors Affecting Language Development
Sociocultural and Political Factors Affecting Language
Domain 1:
Assessment of
English Learners
Principles of Standards-Based Assessment and Instruction
Role, Purposes, and Types of Assessment
Language and Content-Area Assessment
Domain 2:
Foundations of
Development and
Content Instruction
Foundations of Programs for English Learners
Foundations of English Language Literacy
Instructional Planning and Organization for ELD and SDAIE
Components of Effective Instructional Delivery in ELD and SDAIE
Effective Resource Use in ELD and SDAIE
Domain 3:
Approaches and
Methods for ELD
and Content
ELD – Approaches and Methods
ELD – Listening and Speaking
ELD – practicing and Writing
Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English (SDAIE)
Culture and
Domain 1:
Culture and Cultural
Diversity and Their
Relationship to
Cultural Concepts and Perspectives
Cultural Contact
Cultural Diversity in California and the United States
Crosscultural Interaction
Domain 2:
Culturally Inclusive
The Role of Culture in the Classroom and School
Culturally Inclusive Learning Environment
Family and Community Involvement
Culturally Inclusive Curriculum and Instruction

California Teacher of English Learners
Teacher-Certification California test
Killexams : Teacher-Certification California test - BingNews Search results Killexams : Teacher-Certification California test - BingNews Killexams : California’s bad drivers are still laughing away tickets at comedy traffic school No result found, try new keyword!Comedy traffic school helps fight traffic violations with laughter, keeping insurance low and driving records clean. Thu, 04 Aug 2022 04:41:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Pocket Prep Now Offering Free Study Prep for Early Career Certifications

Mobile test prep company Pocket Prep is now offering free study prep for range of early-career and essential worker certifications.

SEATTLE, August 5, 2022 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ -- Mobile test prep company Pocket Prep today announces the launch of new study material for a range of early-career and essential worker certifications with its Essentials Pocket Prep app. The certifications within Essentials are most commonly taken by people who are just about to finalize their schooling and are preparing to enter a new career field.

The app is free of charge and provides over 6,300 exam practice questions for career certifications spanning food and beverage safety, educator academic skills assessment, military training aptitude test, and much more.

Pocket Prep made a conscious decision in 2020 to begin building giveback initiatives to further support its mission of making education more accessible and affordable. In 2020, the company launched a bi-annual racial equity scholarship program and in 2021 a Financial Support Program. Providing free study material to an audience of early career and essential workers is the next iteration of how the company is giving back.

"Regardless of one's ultimate career goals, building a strong educational foundation can take you far in life," said Peter Murphy, CEO and Co-founder of Pocket Prep. "With the launch of Essentials, we are furthering our mission to make education more accessible and affordable for all by helping people launch a new chapter in their careers. Our hope is to make the certification study process a little less stressful and give people more autonomy and opportunity in dictating their career path."

Study prep for the following certification exams are featured in Essentials Pocket Prep:

  • ACT® – American College Testing

  • ASVAB – Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery

  • CBEST® – California Basic Educational Skills Test™

  • FTCE – Florida Teacher Certification Examinations

  • GACE® – Georgia Assessments for the Certification of Educators®

  • GED® – General Educational Development

  • HiSET® – High School Equivalency Test

  • Praxis® Core Academic Skills for Educators

  • SAT® – Scholastic Aptitude Test

  • ServSafe Essentials

Users studying for their exam can rest assured that the study material is always up to date. As the nature of examinations means regular content and version changes, Pocket Prep will always make content updates as exam standards change.

Essentials Pocket Prep is free to obtain and free to access all features. It is available via app from the App Store and Google Play Store, as well as online at Pocket Prep has been providing study prep for a range of professionals for over a decade and averages a 4.8-star or above App Store rating on all of its exam prep apps.

About Pocket Prep
Pocket Prep has led the mobile test prep category with its portable learning, smart feedback, and affordable programs since 2011. The company is dedicated to providing the most effective, convenient, and engaging test prep for more than 130 standardized exams spanning the medical, nursing, business, IT, social work, finance, automotive and fitness industries. The company is headquartered in Seattle, WA, with an office in Durham, NC.

Media Contact

Media Contact

April Stratemeyer, Pocket Prep, 9848841400,

SOURCE Pocket Prep

Fri, 05 Aug 2022 00:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : 15 Certification Programs for Careers That Pay Well No result found, try new keyword!If college isn't practical or an option for you, that doesn't mean you can't find a well-paying career or that you shouldn't try to further your education ... take the exam for certification ... Wed, 20 Jul 2022 14:46:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : California could paint a clearer picture of English learner achievement if new bill passes cannot provide a good user experience to your browser. To use this site and continue to benefit from our journalism and site features, please upgrade to the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 06:53:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Allied Real Estate Schools

Allied Real Estate Schools is not one of our top-rated online real estate schools. You can review our list of the best online real estate schools for what we think are better options.

Allied Real Estate Schools is an entirely online real estate school that offers self-paced and livestream real estate classes. Its goal is to help real estate professionals achieve more in their careers by offering them convenient and flexible learning options. It has helped more than one million students launch or grow their real estate careers. 

If you thrive on the energy of in-person learning or aren’t particularly tech savvy, then choose a school where you can attend a class on campus. You want to keep your learning style in mind when choosing the class format.

Pros Explained

  • Choice of online class format: You can choose whichever online format works best for you, either self-paced or livestream. Livestream is like being in a virtual classroom with scheduled class times and instructor interaction. 
  • Multiple customer service options: You can email, call, or use the online chat function, or check out the FAQs, which is convenient when you have a question that you want a quick answer to. 
  • Satisfaction guarantee: If you start the course and decide it’s not for you, you can get your money back up to one week after starting. You can also get your money back up to one month after you purchase a course if you haven’t started it. 

Cons Explained

  • No campus locations: If you want to go to a campus location and interact with instructors and other students, then this isn’t the school for you. All classes are entirely online.  
  • Only offered in two states: The school only offers courses for California and Texas licensure, so if you want to work in real estate in another state, then you will need to find another school. 
  • No mobile app: This means that courses can’t be taken as easily on the go and need to be taken from the website.

All About Real Estate Agents and What They Do

Available Courses

Allied Real Estate Schools offers pre-licensing real estate agent courses, broker courses, exam prep, and continuing education classes. The pre-licensing courses are offered in both California and Texas for agents and brokers. However, exam prep for agents and brokers is only offered in California. Continuing education classes are also only offered in California. Texas exam prep is just for real estate agents, where California students can also get mortgage broker classes.

Salesperson Pre-Licensing

Salesperson pre-licensing courses are offered completely online in either a self-paced or a livestream format. In California, self-paced packages start at $131.60 and include all pre-license courses, downloadable e-book, practice exams, and live instructor access. The next tier offers all of those items plus exam cram videos, flash cards, an e-book dictionary, and a pass or don’t pay guarantee for $201.60. The top tier also includes continuing education classes and a hard copy of the textbook. This tier is $243.60. 

If you want to purchase a California livestream pre-license package, those are $243.60 and you can choose from a few different dates and times. The livestream packages include pre-licensure courses, instructor support, practice exams, cram videos, an e-book dictionary, hard copy of the textbook, and a pass or don’t pay guarantee. 

Texas pre-licensing packages range from $271.60 to $481.60. The basic package includes six required courses, downloadable e-books, online proctoring, practice exams, and live instructor access. The top tier classes also include 90 hours of SAE courses, which are the salesperson apprentice education courses required in Texas for agents who are renewing their licenses for the first time. 

Exam Prep

Exam prep comes in some of the pre-licensing packages for Texas and California real estate classes. However, it can also be purchased on its own. The California salesperson (agent) exam prep course is $99 and includes 10 practice exams, two national and three state final exams, custom exams to help you study what you need more practice on, and digital flashcards. The California broker exam prep class is also $99 and includes all of the same things but for brokers and not agents. 

Texas exam prep for salespeople is $99 and also includes the same number of practice tests, state and national tests, and digital flashcards that are offered in California. 

Remember that exam prep in Texas is only offered individually for agents, so if you need a broker exam prep class, you will have to choose a package, prep on your own, or purchase it from a different school.

Continuing Education

Allied Real Estate Schools offers continuing education classes online that are all state approved and created by industry experts. You can also renew your California license online after you complete the continuing education requirements. Courses can be purchased individually starting as low as $4.48 and include Topics such as management, agency, and escrow. Additionally, you can purchase a continuing education package for $46.90 or a more robust package that also includes coaching, webinars, and job tools for $97.00.

Course Format

All of the courses for Allied students are offered online in self-paced or livestream formats. They include the required courses and electives and can be taken from the comfort of your home on the schedule that best suits you. Courses include all the books that you need either digitally or in hard copy. They also include practice exams, an overview of the topic, glossaries, indexes, and quizzes. 


The instructors are all industry veterans with more than 80 years of combined experience and are referred to as course experts. As a student, you will have access to these instructors via email seven days a week directly from your course. You can click on the email instructor button once you log into your course. In addition, if you’re in California, you can call an instructor Monday through Friday on the customer service number. And if you’re in Texas, you will have access to instructor-led webinars to get additional questions answered. 


Allied Real Estate Schools has a positive reputation as an online school, with overall positive student reviews and high exam pass rates. It is also backed by an industry-leading school, Real Estate Express, which further boosts its reputation. Student reviews on the site are positive and express praise for the varying class formats.

The school is accredited by both the Association of Real Estate License Law Officials (ARELLO) and the International Distance Education Certification Center (IDECC), and students have access to customer support through the phone, online chat, and email. The website is easy to navigate and the site has additional resources which make getting your questions answered less time-consuming. 


Allied Real Estate Schools offers affordable online courses with varying price ranges. Individual exam prep courses are priced at $99. Continuing education courses that are purchased individually range from $4.48 to $13.36 and packages range from $46.90 to $97.00. Many of the courses are currently on sale but the sale price can change at any time. 

Pre-licensing courses in California range from $131.60 to $243.60 depending on the course format you choose and if you want exam prep and additional resources included. The livestream courses are more expensive than the self-paced options. 

In Texas, pre-licensing prices range from $271.60 to $481.60.

Customer Service

You can reach customer service at Allied Real Estate Schools on their website or via phone at 1-866-256-2930. Business hours are Monday through Friday from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. PST and Saturday from 7:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. You can also email them or participate in an online chat from their site. All of the contact information is listed on their website. 

Competition: Allied Real Estate Schools vs. Kaplan

Kaplan is one of the most well-known and well-respected online educational providers. It offers both live-online and on-demand real estate licensing, exam prep, and continuing education courses. We decided to compare Kaplan and Allied Real Estate Schools because both schools provide real estate courses in California and Texas. However, Kaplan offers programs for all 50 states. Both schools have self-paced and live virtual classes to choose from. 

Overall, we recommend choosing Kaplan because you can pick from hundreds of course topics, there are affordable tuition prices, and it’s a well-known and reputable online education provider with a longstanding history that provides different course formats for various learning styles in all 50 states.

  Allied Real Estate School Kaplan 
Pricing  $131.60+ for pre-licensing in California $179+ for pre-licensing in California
Courses Offered  Real estate licensing, continuing ed, exam prep, and mortgage broker classes  Real estate licensing, exam prep, continuing ed, and more 
Number of States Courses are Offered  50 
Course format  Self-paced online and livestream  Live online and on-demand 
Final Verdict

Allied Real Estate Schools is a viable option if you’re interested in attending online real estate courses at your own pace or via livestream in either California or Texas. It is priced on the lower end of what other schools charge. The school has some helpful resources on licensing information, webinars, FAQs, and multiple convenient ways to contact customer service. It is also IDECC and ARELLO certified and owned by one of the nation’s top real estate schools. So, if you want to get your real estate license in either of the states where it offers classes, it’s definitely an option to consider.

Our Methodology: How We Review Real Estate Schools

Our methodology takes on a quantitative approach. When reviewing real estate schools, we thoroughly analyze different aspects of each provider including their overall reputation, the types of courses offered, states courses are offered in, and the cost of each course. We also compare instructor qualifications, class formats, course and individual packaging options, and former student reviews, as well third-party ratings. In addition, we consider whether or not the school is accredited and additional features on its site.

Sun, 17 Jul 2022 16:18:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : University of Phoenix Offers Certificates in Education to Help Teachers Expand Their Skill Set and Prepare for Professional Licensure


By David R. Shorey, East County Program Manager, Institute for Public Strategies

August 3, 2022 (San Diego’s East County) -- More than 9,000 people were killed in alcohol-related crashes in California between 2009 and 2018, according to the Centers for Disease Control and prevention. A California law is now in effect that requires bartenders and servers of alcoholic beverages to get proper training, in an effort to reduce instances of overserving intoxicated customers and prevent service to minors. It’s known in the industry as Responsible Beverage Service (RBS) Training and it’s offered by the California Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC). Additionally, a voluntary training, called Licensee Education on Alcohol and Drugs, is offered by the ABC for owners, managers, and staff of liquor stores, corner markets, and any other retail establishment that sells alcohol to consume off-site.

For the RBS training, all alcohol servers and their managers need to register, get trained, and pass California’s server test by Sep. 1, 2022. After that date, new servers and managers must complete these steps within 60 days of hire. The law applies to anyone who verifies customer IDs before serving them alcohol or allowing them entry to an establishment that serves alcohol; anyone who takes customer orders for alcoholic beverages; pours alcoholic drinks for customers; delivers alcoholic drinks to customers; and everyone who manages or supervises an alcohol server.

The Responsible Beverage Service Training Program Act (Assembly Bill 1221) was signed into law in 2017. An ABC on-premises licensed establishment is any business in California that serves alcohol for consumption on sites such as a bar, restaurant, winery, brewery, or distillery with on-sale privileges. While alcohol servers and their managers must take the steps necessary to become certified, it is ultimately the responsibility of licensees to ensure their servers and managers of servers are compliant with the certification requirement.

“The department’s goal is to gain statewide compliance with the new law and take an educational approach toward businesses that have not met the requirement,” ABC Director Eric Hirata said in a news release. “This training program will help prevent underage drinking and alcohol-related traffic collisions throughout the state and can make communities safer for all Californians.”

An RBS training course teaches alcohol servers about laws that may affect their jobs, and goes over how alcohol can affect the community, how alcohol affects the body, practical techniques for refusing or slowing alcohol service, and how to create management policies that support responsible beverage service. A certificate from an RBS training is good for three years.

LEAD training, according to the ABC website “provides attendees with practical information on selling alcoholic beverages safely, responsibly, and legally, with emphasis on preventing sales to minors, sales to obviously intoxicated persons, and illicit drug activity at the licensed establishment.” RBS training is offered through certified training programs and is available both online and in person. LEAD training is also available online and in person. Each program training is approximately three hours. Additional information is available on the ABC website:

With these two training sessions, there is no legitimate reason alcohol retailers should sell to minors, or intoxicated persons, or overserve their patrons. Hopefully these two programs will have a significant impact on reducing the number of DUIs, crashes, and deaths that occur because of alcohol sales in California.

IPS works alongside communities to build power, challenge systems of inequity, protect health and Strengthen quality of life. IPS has a vision for safe, secure, vibrant and healthy communities where everyone can thrive. To find out more about IPS East County, follow us at: or by clicking on the links to our social media platforms: IPS East County Facebook, IPS East County Twitter, East County Youth Coalition Instagram.

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 04:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : California budget continues to boost education spending as kids leave public schools

Some of the spending in California’s record-breaking $308 billion budget seems to be an attempt to slow down the number of people fleeing the state. During the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, California saw the highest net outflow of residents in the country, losing 300,000 residents between April 1, 2020, and July 1, 2021.Florida and Texas, together, gained over 625,000 residents during that period, according to Census data. Meanwhile, the latest Census metrics show that Los Angeles, San Francisco, and San Jose lost more than 120,000 residents combined in 2021, joining New York City and Chicago as the top five cities that lost residents.

“In the face of new challenges and uncertainties, we’re providing over $17 billion in relief to help families make ends meet and doubling down on our investments to keep building the California Dream on a strong fiscal foundation,” said Gov. Gavin Newsom of the state spending plan he signed in June.

Stimulus checks marketed as ‘inflation relief’ are the largest item in that $17 billion portion of the budget. The payments will go to single adults making up to $250,000 a year and couples making up to $500,000, costing taxpayers $9.5 billion. Another spending item getting far less attention, but with nearly an identical price tag, is a $9 billion increase in the base student funding for California’s public school funding formula, which determines how much money school districts receive each year.

For a variety of reasons during the pandemic, statewide public school student enrollment dropped by 2.6% in the 2020-21 school year and 1.8% in the 2021-22 school year. The declines in major metro school districts were more acute, according to data from Burbio, a school data site. In Southern California, Los Angeles Unified School District wasn’t the only one losing large numbers of students. San Diego Unified School District and Long Beach Unified each lost more than 3% of their student populations last year. Orange Unified School District and Capistrano Unified fared better, losing less than 1% of their students. Overall, school districts located in cities and suburbs lost 2.5% and 1.6% of their students, respectively, last year.

Even though there are fewer kids in public schools, the state’s education spending continues to go up. But higher education spending isn’t leading to higher student test scores. Despite increasing education spending by 36% since 2002, California students produced only small increases in math and practicing test scores as of 2019.

CalMatters reports: “Since California students began taking the new standardized exam — known as ‘Smarter Balanced’ — statewide practicing and math scores have inched up an average of about 1 percentage point each year for the past five years.”

However, many education researchers fear school closures and other learning disruptions during the pandemic are likely to have erased any progress student outcomes made in the last decade. California’s current combination of a declining population and increased education spending is a recipe for fiscal challenges in the coming years. As a potential recession looms and inflation continues to rise, state leaders and school districts should be preparing their budgets accordingly, not continuing a spending spree.

The state budget is heavily reliant on personal income taxes, which, although more stable than many other revenue sources, can make state revenues volatile and contribute to large surpluses and deficits. During the 2008-09 recession, for example, a drop in revenue from income and corporate taxes coupled with years of runaway spending helped cause the state education budget to be cut by nearly 14%.

Right-sizing California’s education budget now, while the state has a surplus, certainly goes against the political pressures to perpetually increase spending. But California can’t keep increasing education spending while losing students and failing to produce significant achievement gains. To avoid sudden and drastic cuts when the next financial crisis inevitably hits the state and public schools, students and taxpayers would be better served by strategically rightsizing schools and the education system right now.

Jordan Campbell is an education policy and quantitative analyst at Reason Foundation. 

Sat, 30 Jul 2022 12:11:00 -0500 Jordan Campbell en-US text/html
Killexams : Up to 15 CF paras to be able to more easily land Bachelor's degree, teaching certification

CEDAR FALLS — Beginning this fall, a new program will allow Cedar Falls paraeducators to more easily earn a bachelor’s degree in elementary education and the certification needed to teach in elementary and special education classrooms.

In partnership with the University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls Community Schools was recently awarded $719,452 through the Iowa Teacher and Paraeducator Registered Apprenticeship Pilot Grant Program.

A total of 19 school districts were named benefactors of the $45.64 million made available through the federal American Rescue Plan Act.

“We were just told this week that we are the first registered apprenticeship program in the state, which is super exciting,” Tara Estep, executive director of enrichment and special programs, said Friday. “We are ready to roll.”

The new program is being launched with $4.166 million in assistance from the American Rescue Plan (ARP) federal funding.

Paraeducators can be paraprofessionals, educational aides, teaching assistants, educational associates, instructional aides and behavior interventionists. They assist teachers in the classroom, often working with students who have challenging educational and developmental needs.

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All grant recipients will be part of the two-year “innovative pilot program” that allows them to stay employed with the Cedar Falls school district and get paid, while gaining on-the-job training.

“If they want to be a teacher, this is a way for them to jump-start their career,” Estep said. “If they had wanted to do something like this in the past, they probably needed to quit their job and go back to school for two years. This a fast track opportunity and innovative plan that UNI and Cedar Falls have put together.”

In doing so, they’ll also be among the students taking advantage of UNI’s newly launched “Purple Pathway for Paraeducators” program, which offers online courses outside of the work day.

Additionally, the grant will cover up to $17,000 of a participant’s tuition and fees per year, according to Estep.

Once complete, she feels the pilot program will have helped Cedar Falls “grow their own,” because the participants can apply for a full-time teaching job in Cedar Falls or elsewhere in the Cedar Valley.

On Monday, the Board of Education voted in favor of the plans and specifications, which include the 'shell' of the building without the 'actual pools.' 

To be eligible, a person has to be a paraeducator in the Cedar Falls Schools and hold an associate of arts or science degree.

Purple Pathway

Some 40 students from across the state have applied for UNI’s Purple Pathway program.

“Anyone of those paras, as long as they have an AA or an AS, is eligible to be in this program,” said Benjamin Forsyth, UNI director of educator preparation. “And we have people who have applied from Storm Lake, Oskaloosa, Marion, Camanche, Cedar Falls, Cedar Rapids, Clear Lake, Iowa City, Des Moines, Mason City, Okoboji, I mean they’re applying from all over the place because this gives them access.”

As of a right now, an associate of applied science will not be acceptable, but Forsyth is optimistic those graduates will be accommodated in the future.

Previously, these applicants faced the barrier of not being able to obtain the Bachelor’s degree and teaching certification because they couldn’t leave their para job to attend day-time classes, which are “frequently” offered on campus.

“They literally have to leave the education profession in order to work in the education profession at the next level,” Forsyth said.

“In fact, when we presented (this program) to the State Board of Education, one of the comments was, ‘Why hadn’t this been around sooner?’ … Everyone has recognized that this is a need,” he added.

Cedar Falls Public Library patrons found the doors shut Saturday after the slaying of employee Sarah Schmidt, along with her husband, Tyler, and their 6-year-old daughter, Lula.

Not only will they be able to keep their jobs, but Forsyth said they “literally” will be able to try out things in the classroom that they learned through the Purple Pathway lectures.

As for other program benefits, Forsyth said, “It has the potential to affect generational poverty.”

“Let’s say you are making $12 to $15 per hour,” Forsyth said. “That is such a low wage, but you’ll have the ability to stay in that profession, and become a licensed teacher, with an average starting salary in Iowa for a teacher, which last year was $41,000.”

Additionally, he feels it will help bring about a more diverse group of teachers into the workforce.

If not coming from a pilot apprenticeship district like Cedar Falls, Forsyth said those interested in the program can seek financial assistance by applying for university aid and other scholarships.

Unlike the teaching apprenticeship, which for now is a two-year pilot program, Forsyth expects Purple Pathway to last in “perpetuity.”

And he emphasized that it grew from the success of the Teach Waterloo Program, which according to its website, is a partnership providing “financial resources and resilience support for Waterloo staff of color seeking a teaching certification.”

Sun, 31 Jul 2022 01:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : ‘Historic’ California Budget Provides More Funding to School Transportation, Questions Remain

As school buses prepare to roll again for the new school year, the state’s $170 billion education budget signed into law by Gov. Gavin Newson in June will provide district school transportation operations with up to 60 percent reimbursement of all home-to-school transportation costs.

“Historic, epic,” Mathew Thomas, the transportation director for Garden Grove Unified School District in Southern California, commented to School Transportation News on the increase. Thomas is also the president of the California Association of School Transportation Officials (CASTO), and he said the organization has been pushing for more funding for years.

Tim Purvis, the CEO at consultant Pupil Transportation Information, noted that the budget increase is the largest stimulus for the California industry in decades. California funding for school transportation was slashed in the early 1980s. Proposition 98 was passed in 1988 to require minimum funding for K-12 education, and funding has remained at the minimum level for transportation.

The final budget provides $637 million in ongoing Proposition 98 general fund money to the Home to School Transportation program local control funding formula add-on. This allows education agencies (LEAs) to receive 60 percent reimbursement of their transportation costs, or their current add-on, plus ongoing cost of living adjustments (COLA).

LEAs must develop a plan for how they will provide transportation services to their students, prioritizing low-income and those in transitional kindergarten through sixth grade.

The budget also provides $1.5 billion in one-time Proposition 98 funds to the California Energy Commission and California Air Resources Board to administer a zero-emission school bus program that will prioritize low-income and rural LEAs and LEAs purchasing electric school buses with bi-directional charging.

The final budget encompasses aspects of AB 2933, which called for school districts to be reimbursed 100 percent of their transportation costs, and SB 878 which would have required school districts to offer free school transportation to all students.

AB 2933, introduced by Assemblyman Patrick O’Donnell and backed by the California School Boards Association (CSBA), would have provided 100-percent reimbursement and an annual cost-of-living adjustment to districts for home-to-school transportation service, but it would allow school districts to choose to receive the additional funding or rely solely on local revenues. Meanwhile, SB 878, introduced by Sen. Nancy Skinner, would have essentially required all students statewide to be eligible for school busing. It would have also prohibited school districts from earning revenues by selling bus passes.

Instead, budget trailer bills AB 181 and AB 182, which were signed by Newsom on June 30, requires the state to reimburse LEAs for 60 percent of home-to-school-transportation costs, reportedly double the current average of 30 percent.

“All told, the budget increases funding for home-to-school transportation by $637 million in ongoing Proposition 98 funding, adds $1.5 billion in one-time Proposition 98 funding for a state-wide zero-emissions school bus program that prioritizes rural and low-income LEAs, and provides an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) equal to 60 percent of an LEA’s transportation costs,” a CSBA press release stated.

Thomas noted that he testified before lawmakers on SB 878, noting that California is the least funded state for school transportation in the nations based on per capita student enrollment, and also has the least ridership at under 10 percent.

“Sixty-percent of funding for home to school transportation, is going to benefit school districts greatly,” Mathew said, noting that Garden Grove’s total district budget is approximately $22 million, which means transportation will get around $13 million with the passage of the new bill. “That’s huge, with fuel costs and everything rising constantly. That’s going to mean more money for the classroom versus just putting it in our general fund for transportation.”

He noted that he foresees districts with lower starting salaries raising pay to attract new school bus drivers. He also noted that the increase of funding might bring back certain routes that were cut as well as offer transportation to more general education students, which is not required in California.

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Meanwhile, Purvis, who retired as the transportation director for Poway Unified School District last month, said the passage of the law still comes with lots of questions.

He said that he and his team at Pupil Transportation Information have interpreted the law to mean that any LEA in California performing pupil transportation, including non-mandated home to school transportation, can be funded up to 60 percent of their expenses for the year completed.

“At this time, it appears that an LEA’s 2021-22 audited actuals will be used as the base line for the 2022-23 expense,” he advised. “One should assure that as they close their financials books currently underway that they are capturing all pupil transportation related expense in budget 3600.”

Purvis explained that Function 3600 is where pupil transportation expense is tracked in a district budget.

“It is especially important that [districts] get it all in Function 3600 as they close their 2021-2022 budgets, as this is where the state will track for their expense,” he added. “Districts are closing out their budgets for last year now, so this reminder is very timely and helpful to them.”

He said he anticipates the Department of Finance releasing an accounting formula. However, he noted that it’s going to be more important than ever for LEAs to separate their expenses and fully understand the costs related to general education and special education. Purvis stressed the need for all LEAs to assure they are capturing all pupil transportation related expense that may currently reside in other budget locations within their budget.

Purvis referenced the information he received from CASTO, School Services of California, and the California 2023 Budget, and questioned if the use of the term “general fund” for home to school transportation. He said sometimes, that means the non-mandated general education transportation, and other times its more generic and is all the pupil transportation related expenses for both general education and special education.

“But that’s a big question,” Purvis said, adding that there’s going to have to be trailer bill language. “Plus, the ongoing COLA, which is really big, too, so there will be a COLA adjustment every year thereafter as well. How will that look? I don’t know.”

Another question to be answered relates to prioritized transportation for low-income and transitional kindergarten students who live within a mile of school. Generally, school bus ridership rules require students to live more than two miles from their school to be eligible. “That’s a massive question right there,” he said. “[A] huge question.”

He noted, however, that the budget language does not state whether distance from school matters.

The budget also requires the governing board to adopt the plan on or before April 1, 2023, and to update it by April 1 each year thereafter. It also prohibits LEAs from charging a fee for unduplicated pupils.

Purvis interpreted this to mean that those identified as economically disadvantaged would not be charged a fee. However, districts would still be allowed to charge all other persons.

“So, we’re kind of celebrating that piece in Poway because it left our fee model in place,” he said.

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