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Killexams : Nortel pdf - BingNews Search results Killexams : Nortel pdf - BingNews Killexams : Schoolkids Get Scientific

YOUNG science buffs conducted weird and wonderful experiments at the annual Delights of Science and Technology event.

Fun science activities, which were organised for the youngsters from numerous Harlow schools, took place in the Invention Zone and the Industry Zone, at the Latton Bush Centre, Southern Way, Harlow, on Thursday and Friday.

Leading the workshop, which was sponsored by Harlow Council and Nortel Networks was the presenter of TV programme It'll Never Work, Angela Lamont, a supporter of Nortel's Young Engineers science clubs.

Harlow Council Leader Mike Danvers said: 'This prestigious event offers local children unique opportunities to explore the delights of science and technology through hands-on experience.'

Wed, 25 Aug 2021 21:10:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The Rise of China's Telecoms: Part II
Free Newsletter

This is the second of a two-part series examining China’s telecom sector. Part I examined the domestic telecom market. Part II examines Chinese telecoms’ international expansion. SHANGHAI — Building on strong domestic development, China’s telecommunications sector has enjoyed a period of impressive international expansion over the past decade. Under the banner of the “Go Global” campaign, national flagship companies have built up their international operations through a range of overseas purchases and cooperative ventures with foreign partners. Greater technological capabilities and cost advantages have also allowed Chinese firms to rapidly establish themselves as important vendors of telecom products and services […]

Thu, 21 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : How Do I Call Forward on Nortel 4.0 Norstar Phone Systems?

William Pullman is a freelance writer from New Jersey. He has written for a variety of online and offline media publications, including "The Daily Journal," "Ocular Surgery News," "Endocrine Today," radio, blogs and other various Internet platforms. Pullman holds a Master of Arts degree in Writing from Rowan University.

Mon, 17 Aug 2020 11:24:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Buy and Hold Is Risky

In its August 14, 2000, issue, Fortune went out on a limb with an article titled “10 Stocks to Last the Decade.” The story described a “buy and forget” portfolio meant to capitalize on overarching trends the magazine predicted would dominate the next ten years. It recommended two companies in each of four categories -- media (Viacom, Univision), finance (Charles Schwab, Morgan Stanley), technology (Broadcom, Oracle) and telecommunications (Nokia, Nortel) -- as well as Genentech and, ahem, Enron.

An investor building a portfolio with these stocks would have wanted to forget about it, all right, but not for the reason the magazine intended. From the magazine’s issue date through the end of 2009, precisely one stock, Genentech, rose in value. The next-best performer, Oracle, was down 34%. Enron shares were worthless and Nortel shares very nearly so. Overall, an equally weighted portfolio of the ten stocks would have lost 44%. Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index (without dividends) was a big winner in comparison, down only 24% over the same period.

We bring this up not to ridicule Fortune, which is consistently one of the smartest and best-written business publications. Rather, we want to point out a few of the many worthy lessons here.

Buy and hold isn’t what it used to be. We’d be the last to recommend frequent trading, but buying and forgetting in a world roiled by rapid change is an increasingly risky proposition -- especially when it comes to technology. Nokia was the king of cell phones, but as it lost a few product-cycle rounds to rivals, its descent from the throne was sharp and fast. Now more than ever, you need to maintain constant vigilance in monitoring your portfolio.

Never underestimate the competition. Fortune thought Charles Schwab and Morgan Stanley would be prime beneficiaries of what it called a sweeping trend -- the “boomerization” of financial services. But as legions of competitors stepped up to capitalize on this trend as well, the road to riches envisioned for Schwab and Morgan Stanley became somewhat rockier, even before the 2008 financial crisis. Although long-term demographic and market trends are powerful, a company still needs to have a strong competitive advantage to succeed.

Valuation matters. Can you guess what the average price-earnings ratio was of the stocks on Fortune’s list? Would you believe 100? Oracle, the software giant, produced perfectly fine results over the past decade; but as its P/E shrank from 86 to 21, its shareholders suffered. How a stock fares depends not only on the performance of the underlying company but also on how that performance compares with investors’ collective expectations, as expressed by the price they pay to buy the stock. That’s something to keep in mind every time you buy a stock, especially if you’re betting on well-known “sweeping trends.”

After one of the sharpest rallies ever, the stock market now looks expensive. In mid January, it traded at 21 times average trailing, inflation-adjusted earnings over the past ten years, compared with a historical average of 16. Such a rich P/E is warranted only if the economy stages a sharp recovery, which in our opinion is possible but not likely. If we’re right, many investors will be disappointed yet again, having made the same mistake Fortune made a decade ago: projecting the immediate past indefinitely into the future.

Rather than make overly optimistic assumptions and risk painful disappointment, we prefer to be pleasantly (and profitably) surprised if things turn out better than we anticipate. Thus, we’re selling short more stocks, trimming many of our existing holdings and refocusing our long port-folio on blue chips, such as Berkshire Hathaway (symbol BRKB), Pfizer (PFE), Microsoft (MSFT) and Yahoo (YHOO).

Columnists Whitney Tilson and John Heins co-edit Value Investor Insight and SuperInvestor Insight.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Supreme Court’s Quick Fix for Backlog in Arbitral Appointments by High Courts

Friday, August 5, 2022

While hearing the special leave petition in Shree Vishnu Constructions (“Appellant”) v. The Engineering in Chief, Military Engineering Service & Ors. (“Respondents”)1, the backlog of applications for arbitral appointments came into light before the Hon’ble Supreme Court of India (“Supreme Court”).

The Supreme Court called for the statement/particulars with respect to the pending applications under Section 11(6) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996 (“Arbitration Act”) from all the High Courts so as to devise the solution for quicker disposal of such applications.

The jurisdiction of High Courts for the appointment of arbitrators can be invoked under Section 11 of the Arbitration Act in case the parties fail to agree on an arbitrator for the resolution of their disputes2 or in the event that they fail to act on the appointment procedure agreed upon.3 However, the Arbitration Act does not prescribe any timeline for courts to decide and dispose of such applications filed before Court for appointment of an arbitrator. Such lacuna has resulted in a situation where a number of such appointment applications are pending before various High Courts for years. The Supreme Court took cognizance of this issue which would otherwise defeat the object and purpose of the Arbitration Act itself, i.e., speedy and effective dispute resolution.


The special leave petition was filed pursuant to a judgment and order passed by the Hon’ble Telangana High Court4 rejecting the Appellant’s application for appointment of an arbitrator filed under Section 11(5) of the Arbitration Act.

During the hearings before the Supreme Court, it observed that the Telangana High Court took four years to dispose of the appointment application.

Referring to the amended Arbitration Act, the Supreme Court expressed concern that if an appointment application is not disposed of within one year, it would defeat the object and purpose of the Arbitration Act. Raising these concerns, the Supreme Court directed the Registrar General of the Telangana High Court to submit a detailed report highlighting the number of such appointment applications that are pending before the High Court, and from which year are such disputes pending. The Supreme Court also called for the statement/particulars of such pending applications from all the High Courts.


The Supreme Court took cognizance of the fact that there were volumes of similar appointment applications pending in various other High Courts for more than four or five years. The Court was of the view that courts need to ensure that commercial disputes need to be resolved at the earliest, as pendency shall not only adversely impact the commercial relations between the parties, but also the economic health of the country. In this regard, the Supreme Court referred to the Arbitration Act as well as Commercial Courts Act 2015 which provide for time-bound dispute resolution. More specifically, Commercial Courts Act 2015 mandates that the commercial disputes are to be decided and disposed of within a period of one year. Further, under the Arbitration Act, arbitrators are mandated to render the awards within a period of one year. Therefore, pendency of appointment applications before courts for more than year in a few cases, and beyond a period of four or five years, as was observed in these cases, clearly defeats the objective of the Arbitration Act.

In view of the same, the Supreme Court directed all Chief Justices of the various High Courts to ensure that such pending appointment applications are disposed of within a period of six months from the date of the order of the Supreme Court passed in this case. Further, the High Courts were also directed to submit their respective compliance reports to the Supreme Court upon the completion of such period of six months. The court also opined that all High Courts must make endeavor to decide and dispose all appointment applications preferably within a period of six months from the date that such applications are filed.


The Supreme Court’s order promises a prompt disposal of such appointment applications which would in-turn ensure that arbitration proceedings commence and are disposed of expeditiously.5

This order is in sync with the present pro-arbitration landscape in India which primarily envisages expeditious disposal of commercial disputes. It is expected that this order would be intriguing for arbitration practitioners as well as parties willing to resolve commercial disputes through arbitration in India.

It may however be noted that the directions of the Supreme Court to the High Courts may be extraneous to international commercial arbitrations, in which case it is the Supreme Court which is requested for arbitral appointments.

The Supreme Court has been consistently taking a proactive role in furthering such pro-arbitration ecosystem in India. For example, in BSNL v. Nortel Networks India6 the Supreme Court had to adjudicate upon the issue of the limitation period for filing of an appointment application in the absence of a provision in the Arbitration Act prescribing the same. The Supreme Court ruled that the limitation period for the filing of appointment applications would be covered by Article 137 of the Limitation Act, 1963.7

However, in the absence of a specific timeline provided in the Arbitration Act, such directions issued by the Supreme Court or the basis for capping the time period for disposal at six months, may be subject to further review or need to be incorporated in the statute itself.

Further, certain amendments were proposed in 2019 to Section 11 of the Arbitration Act for appointment of arbitrators through arbitral institutions designated by the by the Supreme Court, in case of international commercial arbitrations, or by the High Court, in case of arbitrations other than international commercial arbitrations. The said amendments which were intended to avoid such delays in arbitral appointments await notification. This may be an opportune time to relook at the proposed amendments and implement them.


1 Special Leave Petition (C) No. 5306 of 2022 (Order dated 19 May 2022).

2 See Section 11(5) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

3 See Section 11(6) of the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

4 ARBA No. 151/2016.

5 See Article 141 of the Constitution of India 1950:

“The law declared by the Supreme Court shall be binding on all courts within the territory of India.”

6 AIR 2021 SC 2849.

7 BSNL v. Nortel Networks India AIR 2021 SC 2849:

“The limitation for invoking arbitration, and seeking appointment of an arbitrator is at par with a civil action, and would be covered by Article 137 of the Schedule to the Limitation Act, 1963. An action taken by a claimant must necessarily fall within the statutory period of 3 years from the date on which the right to apply accrues.”

Limitation Act 1963, Schedule:


Type of Suit

Period of Limitation

Time from which period begins to run


Any other application for which no period of limitation is provided elsewhere in this division

Three Years

When the right to apply accrues

Nishith Desai Associates 2022. All rights reserved.National Law Review, Volume XII, Number 217

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Upgrading And Desoldering A Fake CPU

[quarterturn] had an old Apple Powerbook 520c sitting around in his junk bin. For the time, it was a great computer but in a more modern light, it could use an upgrade. It can’t run BSD, either: you need an FPU for that, and the 520 used the low-cost, FPU-less version of the 68040 as its main processor. You can buy versions of the 68040 with FPUs direct from China, which means turning this old Powerbook into a BSD powerhouse is just a matter of desoldering and upgrading the CPU. That’s exactly what [quarterturn] did, with an unexpected but not surprising setback.

The motherboard for the Powerbook 500 series was cleverly designed, with daughter cards for the CPU itself and RAM upgrades. After pulling the CPU daughter card from his laptop, [quarterturn] faced his nemesis: a 180-pin QFP 68LC040. Removing the CPU was handled relatively easily by liberal application of ChipQuik. A few quick hits with solder braid and some flux cleaned everything up, and the daughter card was ready for a new CPU.

The new FPU-equipped CPU arrived from China, and after some very careful inspection, soldering, and testing, [quarterturn] had a new CPU for his Powerbook. Once the Powerbook was back up and running, there was a slight problem. The chip was fake. Even though the new CPU was labeled as a 68040, it didn’t have an FPU. People will counterfeit anything, including processors from the early 90s. This means no FPU, no BSD, and [quarterturn] is effectively back to square one.

That doesn’t mean this exercise was a complete loss. [quarterturn] did learn a few things from this experience. You can, in fact, desolder a dense QFP with ChipQuik, and you can solder the same chip with a regular soldering iron. Networking across 20 years of the Macintosh operating system is a mess, and caveat emptor doesn’t translate into Mandarin.

Sat, 30 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 Brian Benchoff en-US text/html
Killexams : 4G Equipment Market Size 2022, Market Share, Industry Analysis By Future Demand, Top Key-Players, Opportunities, Revenue and Growth Rate Through 2025

4G Equipment Market Business Growth 2022-2025 Global Industry Research report covers a detailed study of the 4G Equipment Market size, growth, and share, trends, consumption, segments, application and Forecast 2025. 4G Equipment Market Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.

Global “4G Equipment Market” (2022-2025) Industry Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Global 4G Equipment industry. Moreover, research report categorizes the global 4G Equipment market by top players/brands, region, type and end user. This report also studies the global 4G Equipment market status, competition landscape, market share, growth rate, future trends, market drivers, opportunities and challenges, sales channels and distributors. Regionally, this report categorizes the production, apparent consumption, export and import of 4G Equipment in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia and India.

Get a sample PDF of the report at –

The global 4G Equipment market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2021 and 2025. In 2022, the market was growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.

The report also tracks the latest market dynamics, such as driving factors, restraining factors, and industry news like mergers, acquisitions, and investments. Global 4G Equipment Market Size (value and volume), market share, growth rate by types, applications, and combines both qualitative and quantitative methods to make micro and macro forecasts in different regions or countries.

“Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.”

  • In Chapter 3.4 of the report, the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the industry was fully assessed. Fully risk assessment and industry recommendations were made for 4G Equipment in a special period. This chapter also compares the markets of Pre COVID-19 and Post COVID-19.
  • In addition, chapters 8-12 consider the impact of COVID-19 on the regional economy.

To Understand How COVID-19 Impact is Covered in This Report. Get sample copy of the report at

List Of TOP KEY PLAYERS in 4G Equipment Market Report Covered in Chapter 13 –

  • Airspan Networks
  • NEC
  • Redline Communications
  • Cisco
  • Datan Mobile Communications
  • Huawei
  • Fujitsu
  • Nokia Siemens Networks
  • Nortel Networks
  • HP
  • Alvarion
  • Samsung
  • ZTE
  • Genband

The report also focuses on global major leading industry players of Global 4G Equipment Market Share providing information such as company profiles, product picture and specification, capacity, production, price, cost, revenue and contact information. Upstream raw materials and equipment and downstream demand analysis is also carried out. With tables and figures helping analyse worldwide Global 4G Equipment Market Forecast this research provides key statistics on the state of the industry and is a valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market.

Get a sample PDF of the 4G Equipment Market Report 2022

The Global 4G Equipment Market Trends,development and marketing channels are analysed. Finally, the feasibility of new investment projects is assessed and overall research conclusions offered.

In Chapter 6, on the basis of types, the 4G Equipment Market from 2015 to 2025 is primarily split into:

In Chapter 7, on the basis of applications, the 4G Equipment Market from 2015 to 2025 covers:

  • Virtual Presence
  • Crisis Management
  • Virtual Navigation
  • Multi-media and Video
  • Logistics
  • E-Commerce
  • Tele Medicine and Geo Processing

Enquire before purchasing this report –

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

  • What will the 4G Equipment market growth rate, growth momentum or acceleration market carries during the forecast period?
  • Which are the key factors driving the 4G Equipment market?
  • What was the size of the emerging 4G Equipment market by value in exact years?
  • What will be the size of the emerging 4G Equipment market in 2025?
  • Which region is expected to hold the highest market share in the 4G Equipment market?
  • What trends, challenges and barriers will impact the development and sizing of the Global 4G Equipment market?
  • What are sales volume, revenue, and price analysis of top manufacturers of 4G Equipment market?
  • What are the 4G Equipment market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global 4G Equipment Industry?

Major regions covered in the report:

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East Africa

Purchase this report (Price 3360 USD for single user license) –

Major Points from Table of Contents:

1 4G Equipment Market – Research Scope
1.1 Study Goals
1.2 Market Definition and Scope
1.3 Key Market Segments
1.4 Study and Forecasting Years

2 4G Equipment Market – Research Methodology
2.1 Methodology
2.2 Research Data Source
2.2.1 Secondary Data
2.2.2 Primary Data
2.2.3 Market Size Estimation
2.2.4 Legal Disclaimer

3 4G Equipment Market Forces
3.1 Global 4G Equipment Market Size
3.2 Top Impacting Factors (PESTEL Analysis)
3.2.1 Political Factors
3.2.2 Economic Factors
3.2.3 Social Factors
3.2.4 Technological Factors
3.2.5 Environmental Factors
3.2.6 Legal Factors
3.3 Industry Trend Analysis
3.4 Industry Trends Under COVID-19
3.4.1 Risk Assessment on COVID-19
3.4.2 Assessment of the Overall Impact of COVID-19 on the Industry
3.4.3 Pre COVID-19 and Post COVID-19 Market Scenario
3.5 Industry Risk Assessment

4 4G Equipment Market – By Geography
4.1 Global 4G Equipment Market Value and Market Share by Regions
4.1.1 Global 4G Equipment Value ($) by Region (2015-2020)
4.1.2 Global 4G Equipment Value Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)
4.2 Global 4G Equipment Market Production and Market Share by Major Countries
4.2.1 Global 4G Equipment Production by Major Countries (2015-2020)
4.2.2 Global 4G Equipment Production Market Share by Major Countries (2015-2020)
4.3 Global 4G Equipment Market Consumption and Market Share by Regions
4.3.1 Global 4G Equipment Consumption by Regions (2015-2020)
4.3.2 Global 4G Equipment Consumption Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)

5 4G Equipment Market – By Trade Statistics
5.1 Global 4G Equipment Export and Import
5.2 United States 4G Equipment Export and Import (2015-2020)
5.3 Europe 4G Equipment Export and Import (2015-2020)
5.4 China 4G Equipment Export and Import (2015-2020)
5.5 Japan 4G Equipment Export and Import (2015-2020)
5.6 India 4G Equipment Export and Import (2015-2020)
5.7 …

6 4G Equipment Market – By Type
6.1 Global 4G Equipment Production and Market Share by Types (2015-2020)
6.1.1 Global 4G Equipment Production by Types (2015-2020)
6.1.2 Global 4G Equipment Production Market Share by Types (2015-2020)
6.2 Global 4G Equipment Value and Market Share by Types (2015-2020)
6.2.1 Global 4G Equipment Value by Types (2015-2020)
6.2.2 Global 4G Equipment Value Market Share by Types (2015-2020)
6.3 Global 4G Equipment Production, Price and Growth Rate of TD-LTE (2015-2020)
6.4 Global 4G Equipment Production, Price and Growth Rate of FDD-LTE (2015-2020)

7 4G Equipment Market – By Application
7.1 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Market Share by Applications (2015-2020)
7.1.1 Global 4G Equipment Consumption by Applications (2015-2020)
7.1.2 Global 4G Equipment Consumption Market Share by Applications (2015-2020)
7.2 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of Virtual Presence (2015-2020)
7.3 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of Crisis Management (2015-2020)
7.4 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of Virtual Navigation (2015-2020)
7.5 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of Multi-media and Video (2015-2020)
7.6 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of Logistics (2015-2020)
7.7 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of E-Commerce (2015-2020)
7.8 Global 4G Equipment Consumption and Growth Rate of Tele Medicine and Geo Processing (2015-2020)

8 North America 4G Equipment Market
8.1 North America 4G Equipment Market Size
8.2 United States 4G Equipment Market Size
8.3 Canada 4G Equipment Market Size
8.4 Mexico 4G Equipment Market Size
8.5 The Influence of COVID-19 on North America Market


Browse complete table of contents at –

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Killexams : Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market 2022 Deep Analysis of Key Vendor in the Market Revenue Focus On Price Trends -2026

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Jul 14, 2022 (Market Insight Reports) -- Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market (US, Europe, Asia-Pacific) 2022 Global Industry Market research report gives key assessment on the market status of the Program Controlled Digital Exchangers producers with Market Size, improvement, share, floats similarly as industry cost structure. Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market Report will incorporate the examination of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.

A new report of Market Research Update titled “Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market Analysis 2022-2026” is a detailed sketch of the business sphere in terms of current and future trends driving the profit matrix. The Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market report also indicates a point-wise outline of market share, market size, industry partakers, and regional landscape along with statistics, diagrams, & charts elucidating various noteworthy parameters of the industry landscape.

PDF sample Report:

The research report on the Program Controlled Digital Exchangers market explores the key growth markers across the various geographies as well as their influence on the competitive landscape. It contains exclusive insights on the challenges prevalent in the industry and helps businesses idea countermeasures to enhance their growth. An elaborate discussion of the opportunities that could potentially propel the industry growth to new heights is also provided.

Top Key Players of the Market:
Panasonic, Ericsson, IKE, Shenou Communacation, LG-Nortel, Avaya, ZL Telecom, TCL, NEC, Toshiba, Digital China, SZGWSD, ITE, AILE Telecom

The leading players are focusing mainly on technological advancements in order to Excellerate efficiency. The long-term development patterns for this market can be captured by continuing the ongoing process improvements and financial stability to invest in the best strategies.

Types covered in this report are:

Long Distance Exchanger
Local Exchanger

Applications covered in this report are:


Regional Analysis For Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market
North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico)
Europe (Germany, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)
Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, and Southeast Asia)
South America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, etc.)
The Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria, and South Africa)

PDF sample Report:

Table of Contents
Global Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market Report 2022
Chapter 1 Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market Overview
Chapter 2 Global Economic Impact on Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Industry
Chapter 3 Global Market Competition by Manufacturers
Chapter 4 Global Production, Revenue (Value) by Region
Chapter 5 Global Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions
Chapter 6 Global Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type
Chapter 7 Global Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market Analysis by Application
Chapter 8 Manufacturing Cost Analysis
Chapter 9 Industrial Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers
Chapter 10 Marketing Strategy Analysis, Distributors/Traders
Chapter 11 Market Effect Factors Analysis
Chapter 12 Global Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market Forecast

Report gives:

– In-depth analysis of the market on the global and regional levels.
– Major changes in market dynamics and competitive landscape.
– Segmentation on the basis of type, application, geography, and others.
– Historical and future market research in terms of size, share, growth, volume & sales.
– Major changes and assessment in market dynamics & developments.
– Industry size & share analysis with industry growth and trends.
– Emerging key segments and regions
– Key business strategies by major market players and their key methods.
– The research report covers size, share, trends, and growth analysis of the Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market on the global and regional level.

Full Report @

At last, the Program Controlled Digital Exchangers Market report includes investment come analysis and development trend analysis. The present and future opportunities of the fastest growing international industry segments are coated throughout this report. This report additionally presents product specification, manufacturing method, and product cost structure, and price structure.

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The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Wed, 13 Jul 2022 22:08:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Switchboard creates virtual rooms to foster better collaboration

Switchboard, a collaboration app that combines features of videoconferencing and digital whiteboarding, today announced that it raised $25 million in a Series A round that values the company at $200 million post-money.  Icon Ventures led the tranche with participation from Sequoia, XYZ, and Spark Capital, bringing Switchboard's total raised to $38.4 million.

Co-founder and CEO Amir Ashkenazi told TechCrunch that the fresh capital will be put toward building out Switchboard's team and product.

"I founded Switchboard in June 2020, and it actually came out of a frustration with remote guitar lessons that I was taking. My teacher and I couldn’t bring the tools we needed into the online lesson -- things like a metronome, a PDF viewer for notes and sheet music, a media player for back tracks, a second camera to see fingerpicking, etc.," Ashkenazi said in an email interview. "What I realized was that all our current 'collaboration' tools are really just communication tools, enabling text, audio, video communication, or sharing a screen but not actually doing things together. This was a problem not only for my music lessons but for remote work across the globe, where teams are trying to build products, manage projects or brainstorm new ideas together. What started as technology for better guitar lessons evolved into Switchboard: a cloud co-working space purpose built for remote work."

Ashkenazi was previously the president of AOL platforms before co-launching Tookee, an AI and voice tech company that LogMeIn later acquired for an undisclosed sum. Ashkenazi is the sole founder of Switchboard, whose initial team includes ex-Databricks software engineer Chris Jones, Marco Iacono and Daniel Shteremberg -- the last of whom was the senior product manager at Zoox before Amazon purchased it in 2020.


Image Credits: Switchboard

Switchboard allows users to run multiple web-based apps including Google Docs, Figma, Trello and Jira in a single "virtual room." Instead of toggling between tabs and apps or having to share someone's screen, Switchboard is designed to bring materials to a shared space. For example, users can create permanent public and private rooms that keep apps and files for projects and recurring meetings open the next time they’re ready to collaborate. Each room features a "meeting memory," which includes a history of chat threads and any of the content shared.

Ashkenazi claims that Switchboard traffic between a user's client and the company's infrastructure is encrypted in flight and at rest. The company doesn't sell the data it stores and has no plans to do so.

During the pandemic, as many workers transitioned from in-office to work-from-home setups, the market for digital collaboration apps exploded. Back in 2020, a report from White Star Capital estimated that $35 billion of venture capital money was invested globally in collaboration companies including Postman, Workvivo, Slack and Zoom between 2017 and 2020.

"We started Switchboard during the pandemic as a response to tools that were not created for true collaboration," Ashkenazi said. "It’s not a hard sell … Remote work saved our economy during the pandemic and now we’re seeing it emerge as a preference for many workers. [But companies] have firsthand experience with some of the limitations of videoconferencing: concerns about sharing their personal desktop, fatigue from staring at faces all day and frustrations with having to re-share what was shared in the meeting through screen sharing or chat."

When asked about the competition, Ashkenazi says that he sees Switchboard's rivals falling into a few different categories -- namely videoconferencing, virtual office and vertical collaboration. But he argues that none of them adequately address the challenges Switchboard was designed to overcome.


Image Credits: Switchboard

"Virtual conference tools like Zoom or Google Meet are great for communication. But they won’t work with any web-based app, don’t make any website instantly collaborative and don’t offer permanent rooms for meetings and projects, nor do they offer an expansive space for visual collaboration," Ashkenazi said. "Meanwhile, vertical collaboration tools like Figma and Miro offer a space for visual collaboration and some communication tools but are more focused applications for design and whiteboarding, respectively."

Ashkenazi declined to say how many customers or users Switchboard has. But he asserts that the platform is "growing quickly" and seeing sign-ups from "startups to agencies to higher ed."

"The communication tools and apps we use to get work done are only loosely connected and the only option we have to connect them is screen sharing. The industry is suffering from too many tools and not enough cohesiveness," Ashkenazi said. "We think remote will be the future of work if we have the right tools to truly support it. Collaboration tools should combine communication and the applications we use seamlessly. The challenge is really one of workforce behavior, where video conferencing and screen sharing is deeply ingrained in our behaviors. But most workers also realize how inadequate those tools are and want something better."

Switchboard has 22 employees currently and plans to increase that number to 36 by the end of the year.

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