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Exam Code: H13-622 HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS (Huawei Certified Network Professional- Constructing Big Data Solution information search January 2024 by team

H13-622 HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS (Huawei Certified Network Professional- Constructing Big Data Solution

Exam Details for H13-622 HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS (Huawei Certified Network Professional- Constructing Big Data Solution):

Number of Questions: The H13-622 test consists of approximately 60 to 70 questions.

Time Limit: The test has a time limit of 90 minutes.

Course Outline:
The HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS certification is designed to validate the skills and knowledge required to construct big data solutions using Huawei storage products. The course covers the following key topics:

1. Big Data Overview:
- Introduction to big data concepts and technologies
- Characteristics and challenges of big data
- Big data analytics and processing frameworks

2. Big Data Storage:
- Introduction to big data storage technologies
- Distributed file systems for big data storage
- Scalable storage architectures and solutions
- Data lifecycle management in big data environments

3. Big Data Computing:
- Overview of big data computing technologies
- Hadoop ecosystem and components
- Distributed data processing frameworks (e.g., MapReduce, Spark)
- Data parallelism and distributed computing models

4. Big Data Networking:
- Network infrastructure requirements for big data solutions
- Network protocols and technologies used in big data environments
- Network design considerations for big data applications
- Data security and privacy in big data networks

5. Big Data Management and Analysis:
- Data acquisition and ingestion techniques
- Data cleansing and preprocessing
- Data integration and transformation
- Data visualization and analysis tools

Exam Objectives:
The H13-622 test aims to assess the following objectives:

1. Understanding of big data concepts, technologies, and challenges.
2. Proficiency in designing and implementing big data storage solutions using Huawei products.
3. Knowledge of big data computing frameworks and their application in data processing.
4. Competence in designing and configuring big data networks for efficient data transmission and processing.
5. Skills in managing, analyzing, and visualizing big data using appropriate tools and techniques.
6. Awareness of data security and privacy considerations in big data environments.

Exam Syllabus:
The H13-622 test covers the following syllabus:

1. Big Data Overview
- Big data concepts and technologies
- Big data analytics and processing frameworks

2. Big Data Storage
- Distributed file systems
- Scalable storage architectures
- Data lifecycle management

3. Big Data Computing
- Hadoop ecosystem
- Distributed data processing frameworks

4. Big Data Networking
- Network infrastructure requirements
- Network protocols and technologies
- Network design considerations

5. Big Data Management and Analysis
- Data acquisition and ingestion
- Data cleansing and preprocessing
- Data integration and transformation
- Data visualization and analysis

Candidates preparing for the H13-622 test should thoroughly study each course within the course outline, familiarize themselves with the test objectives, and ensure they have a comprehensive understanding of the test syllabus.
HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS (Huawei Certified Network Professional- Constructing Big Data Solution
Huawei HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS information search

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HCNP-Storage-HCNP-CBDS (Huawei Certified Network Professional-
Constructing Big Data Solution(R)
Question: 159
Which of the following file system configurations are correct for the N8500 clustered NAS
storagesystems?(Select 2 answers)
A. Set not more than 16 columns in a stripe file system to prevent serious data
B. Set a block size to 8192 when the file system size is larger than 1TB.
C. Set the number of columns consistent with that of RAID groups for a stripe file system,
D. You are advised to disable quotas if the number of files exceeds 40 million.
Answer: B, C
Question: 160
An N8500 clustered NAS storage system cannot be logged in to using the master account.
Which is the possible cause?
A. The console IP address conflicts with another IP address on the network.
B. The network port corresponding to the console IP address is not connected to a network
cable or is in the shutdown state.
C. The user name and password have been changed.
D. A heartbeat link is down.
Answer: D
Question: 161
Which of the following are characteristics of big data? (Select 3 answers)
A. Huge data volume
B. Authentic and valid data
C. Fast data circulation
D. Various data types
Answer: A, C, D
Question: 162
An OceanStor 9000 storage system is deployed using the OceanStor Toolkit. Which of the
following statements about the settings of the OceanStor Toolkit configuration file are
correct?(Select 2 answers)
A. The cluster name can be set to 9000cluster.
B. If the InfoLink license has not been purchased, you may skip the InfoLink DNS
C. The front-end network gateway will serve as the default gateway of all storage nodes
after being configured.
D. The data redundancy ratio is the default ratio of all directories on the OceanStor 9000.
Answer: C, D
Question: 163
Which of the following network file sharing protocols are supported by a NAS storage
system? (Select 2 answers)
A. FAT32
Answer: C, D
Question: 164
In an N8500 clustered NAS system, which of the following commands are commonly used
to query a cluster's detailed resource information? (Select 2 answers)
A. hares -state
B. hares -display
C. hagrp -dep
D. hagrp -state
Answer: A, B
Question: 165
In the OceanStor 9000, a node pool is a collection of nodes that have the same
characteristics such as physical type and access performance, and DST allows a user to
divide physical nodes in the same file system into node pools.
Answer: A
Question: 166
Which of the following can be used to manage secure access to NFS shares? (Select 2
D. Homedir
Answer: B, C
Question: 167
The three mainstream storage forms are as follows:1)SAN storage that provides block
resources; 2)NAS storage that provides file system resources;3) object-based storage (OBS).
SAN storage and NAS storage are traditional storage forms. Which of the following
statements about the characteristics of the three storage forms are correct? (Select 3
A. In traditional storage forms, disks are partitioned, file systems record file structures based
on a tree relationship, and metadata is used to identify the use of blocks.
B. Objects are the basic units of OBS. Each object is a composite of data and data property
C. In the OBS mechanism, data and metadata are stored and managed in a distributed
D. OBS is typically oriented to structured data applications.
Answer: A, B, C
Question: 168
In an N8500 clustered NAS system, underlying virtualization is implemented by the VxVM
component. The virtual objects managed by the VxVM are VM disks, disk groups, subdisks,
and plexes. Which of the following statements is incorrect?
A. A VM disk is controlled by the VxVM and typically located in a disk group. Each VM
disk corresponds to at least one physical disk or disk partition.
B. A disk group is a collection of VM disks.
C. A subdisk is the basic unit for the VxVM to allocate disk space. To Boost the
efficiency of underlying resource use, a subdisk can be a group of inconsecutive disk blocks.
D. A plex consists of one or multiple subdisks on one or multiple physical disks. Each plex
contains a duplicate of the data selected in a volume.
Answer: C
Question: 169
The license must be purchased for which of the following software features of the
OceanStor 9000?(Select 3 answers)
A. WushanFS
B. InfoLink
C. InfoQuota
D. InfoTier
Answer: B, C, D
Question: 170
If the name of a shared directory is dirtest in an OceanStor 9000 storage system, local users
who have permission can access the directory by entering \\*.*.*.*\dirtest, where *,*.*,*
must be the front-end service IP address of the node that provides storage space for the
dirtest directory.
Answer: B
Question: 171
Which of the following storage services can the N8500 clustered NAS system that employs
the integrated networking mode provide for application servers? (Select 3 answers)
B. 10 Gbit/s iSCSI SAN
Answer: A, B, D
Question: 172
Which of the following statements about the login information of the OceanStor 9000 after
its software installation is complete are incorrect?
A. The account and default password for logging in to the OceanStor DeviceManager are
admin and Admin @storage respectively.
B. To log in to the OceanStor DeviceManager from Internet Explorer, enter
https://xx.xx.xx.xx:8088, where xx.xx.xx.xx is the management IP address of the OceanStor
C. The default password for the default account root of the Linux operating system running
on a storage node is root@storage.
D. To log in to the IPMI of a storage node on Internet Explorer, enter https://xx.xx.xx.xx,
where xx.xx.xx.xx is the IP address of the IPMI port on the storage node.
Answer: C
Question: 173
The master account is used to enter the CLI mode of N8500 V200R001. Which of the
following operations can be performed related to NFS? (Select 3 answers)
A. nfs server show
B. nfs server status
C. nfs server start
D. nfs server stop
Answer: B, C, D
Question: 174
A customer's OceanStor 9000 big data storage system uses GE for the front-end network
and 10GE for the back-end network. If the OceanStor 9000 is configured with four C nodes,
only a basic cabinet is required.
Answer: A
Question: 175
For one or more Windows clients to access the storage resources on an OceanStor 9000
storage system, the administrator needs to create a directory under the root directory on the
specified storage node and authorize the new directory to the target user or user group.
Answer: B
Question: 176
The OceanStor 9000 can be installed in a Huawei-supplied cabinet only.
Answer: B
Question: 177
The OceanStor 9000 allows users to define file pool polices based on file attributes and I/O
frequency. Which of the following statements about file pool polices are correct? (Select 3
A. A create policy is used to determine the initial location where a newly created file is to be
stored. Such a policy includes the following items:file storage path, file name, and
B. A relocate policy is used to determine the target location where a file is to be migrated.
C. A delete policy is used to determine when to delete a file from the system.
D. A modify policy is used to determine how to modify a file.
Answer: A, B, C
Question: 178
Which of the following statements about the intelligent load balancing feature of the
OceanStor 9000 are correct? (Select 3 answers)
A. Performance is balanced among all nodes. Capacity cannot be balanced among all nodes.
B. Nodes can be divided into zones. An independent load balancing policy and an
independent domain name can be configured for each zone.
C. Load balancing policies can be based on CPU usage, memory usage, bandwidth usage,
number of network connections, and/or node capability.
D. The OceanStor 9000 provides the load balancing service based on round robin, CPU
usage, or the number of connections to a node.
Answer: B, C, D
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Mon, 01 Jan 2024 14:45:00 -0600 en-US text/html
How companies are benefitting from Huawei all-flash storage solutions

Data has become an important factor in keeping an organization agile and competitive. However, traditional ways of storing data, to meet both technical and compliance needs, are failing. Two examples of how organizations have been able to modernise their storage environment demonstrate just how much of a competitive advantage investment in this area can offer.

The core of intelligent management; the scheduling, mining, and analysis of data, help applications deliver personalised experience and companies implement precision control over the design, production and logistics process to reduce management costs.

Companies from a variety of industries, across Europe and Asia, choose to go with the Huawei OceanStor Dorado All-Flash Storage Series, to help them make storage the driving force for their enterprise.

In 2017, the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) announced the 2017 Low Carbon Champions Awards. BYD UK — the London branch of BYD Auto — won the "Low Carbon Heavy Duty Vehicle of the Year Award" and jointly won the "Grand Prix" — the top award — with Transport for London (TfL) and Go-Ahead London for their partnership in launching London's first two all-electric bus routes. This award specifically noted BYDs contribution in delivering the vehicles, operational capacity, and infrastructure for the London project.

Founded in 1995, BYD in IT-related and automobile business for traditional fuel-powered vehicles and new energy vehicles. BYD Auto experienced a period of rapid business development and proliferation of operational processes. This generated a large amount of concurrent data flows from product sales, spare parts inventory, and after-sales services.

To supply an idea of the exactly how much additional data was being generated, the volume of data most manufacturing enterprises' online transaction management systems doubles every two years, and concurrent requests to the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system grow exponentially, leading to high I/O frequencies and long user wait times.

This increased in data must be analyzed by a BI system, combined with the shorter timeframe in which data must be processed and reports generated, imposing stringent requirements on data loading and processing speed, as well as system stability. The BI system is a must-have tool for enterprises' manufacturing planning, sales analysis, market trend forecasts, and other important business decision-making.

BYD Auto's ERP system couldn't handle the required 185,000 Input/Output Operations Per Second (IOPS) and 60,000+ concurrent services during peak hours. The system once took over an hour to query the monthly SAP ERP financial statements. Access performance was so poor, the ERP system could not be used for service development. In one extreme case, a system breakdown even jeopardised production line operation.

Based on these requirements and the analysis results of BYD's live network, Huawei created an OceanStor Dorado all-flash acceleration solution for the auto company. In this solution, HDD-based storage was replaced by all-flash storage to expedite read and write I/O and make the ERP and Business Warehouse (BW) systems more efficient. No changes were made to the live network architecture, databases, hosts, ERP software, or O&M, to avoid possible risks. To keep the system upgrade from affecting services, the Huawei data migration team provided a set of data mirroring workarounds using host volume management software.

Legacy data was also migrated to the OceanStor Dorado All-Flash Storage without affecting ERP services. Upon Huawei's recommendation, BYD Auto retained its development and test systems and sandbox on the legacy storage system to protect the investment.

The success of the ERP system reconstruction project led BYD Auto to choose Huawei's OceanStor Dorado All-Flash Storage again for its next Document Management System (DMS) and Extended Warehouse Management (EWM) system upgrade. OceanStor Dorado's superb performance and robust stability again impressed BYD.

Far away from BYD Auto is Widiba, Widiba is an online banking arm of MPS created in 2014 in Italy, with the aim of providing customers with simple, convenient, and innovative fund management services. It prides itself on delivering high value through the use of an IT platform that can be customized by users to suit their own particular needs and a network of 600 advisors, offering a wide range of telephone-based financial advice services.

In exact years, Widiba has intensified its technological innovation. It uses an interactive model similar to Google search and leverages big data engines to recommend banking services for users based on their behavior algorithms and feedback information. After several rounds of communication and repeated demonstration, Widiba chose Huawei as a partner to build a future-proof IT data management platform.

The platform is powered by Huawei's OceanStor storage systems in new data centers. The OceanStor supports converged active-active (HyperMetro) for SAN and NAS. The high-performance SSD-based all-flash SAN storage bears online transaction records and other critical business systems, and check images are kept on the large-capacity NAS storage.

During the IT enablement process, Widiba made penetrating insights into the trends of big data and the monitoring of user experience. It believes that SSDs will be the most appropriate data storage media to meet the requirement of massive storage capacity and the high performance necessary to ensure satisfactory user experience.

Therefore, Widiba has built a high-performance storage resource pool composed of SSD-based OceanStor systems to meet the performance and efficiency demands of core business systems. The pool helped increase the core service processing efficiency and shortened the average transaction and query response time. The storage system latency was reduced from 3 to 5 ms to less than 1 ms, and improved storage resource utilization, reducing the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) by 30 percent.

To address the challenges of the mobile Internet era, Widiba cooperated with Huawei to design a converged active-active (HyperMetro) SAN and NAS solution. Huawei deployed one set of OceanStor systems in Widiba's Siena Production Center and another one in its Florence Data Center, in an active-active configuration. Storage resource pools at the two sites provide backup for each other, achieving 99.9999 percent data availability. The two linked sites are 100 km away from each other. One storage system of the SSD-powered active-active SAN provides 100,000 IOPS at 1 ms latency, and one storage system at the other site offers 78,000 IOPS at 2.4 ms. This design meets the storage performance requirements of IBM MQ, VMware virtualization, and PostgreSQL databases on the live network.

Migrating services is never easy and requires various types of operating systems. Application software and device models must all be moved over, which creates intense challenges in terms of compatibility.

Adding to the complexity, organisations require zero service interruption because, in the era of 24/7 operation, they can't tolerate any negative impact on customer experience. Both companies chose to go with Huawei for its OceanStor Dorado All-Flash Storage Series, because Huawei was able to deliver a fast and reliable system, that helped them reduce and manage costs.

Contact Huawei to find out more about the OceanStor Dorado All-Flash Storage Series. 

Thu, 14 Feb 2019 16:45:00 -0600 en text/html
Huawei Symantec Looks To Shake Up Server, Storage Market

Huawei Symantec is out to prove that it is possible to be a startup server and storage vendor with the potential to shake up the market and take on the top-tier competitors.

Jane Li, general manager for Huawei Symantec's North American market

However, Huawei Symantec is no normal startup. The company is a joint venture between Huawei Technologies, one of China's largest electronics companies, and Symantec, the world's largest independent provider of security and storage software. And it is rapidly building an indirect sales channel to help it take on the industry's most established server and storage vendors.

Symantec declined to comment on the Huawei Symantec joint venture. However, Symantec, which owns 49 percent of the joint venture, is currently evaluating an option to acquire an additional 2 percent, which would supply it controlling interest in Huawei Symantec.

Huawei Symantec was founded in Chengdu, China in 2008 as a developer of network security appliances combining the hardware capabilities of Huawei and the security software capabilities of Symantec.

Huawei is China's largest networking and telecommunications equipment supplier and the world's second-largest supplier of mobile telecom infrastructure equipment, with 2010 revenue of about $28 billion.

Huawei has a presence in the U.S. market, but was prevented from becoming a major player here by the U.S. government which in 2008 scuttled a plan by the company to acquire a stake in 3Com. Its move this year to acquire server virtualization company 3Leaf Systems was also rebuffed by the U.S. government. Both rejections were due to U.S. national security concerns about giving a Chinese company access to the U.S. security market.

However, Huawei has successfully formed joint ventures with leading IT vendors, including 3Com, Siemens, Motorola, and, in 2008, Symantec.

Huawei Symantec's U.S. office in Cupertino, Calif., was opened last year as a way to sell network security appliances and enter the server and storage markets, said Jane Li, general manager for the company's North American market.

Huawei Symantec decided to enter the server and storage markets because of the consolidation going on in these markets and because of the market growth, especially for storage, Li said.

However, unlike the typical second-tier storage vendor, Huawei Symantec brings a strong engineering focus to the business, she said. "If you look at the me-too vendors, they may have only a couple hundred engineers who can't develop all the features the market needs," she said. "We have over 3,000 engineers focused on storage and security. We focus on incorporating a lot of feature sets for the enterprise and SMB markets, and make them affordable."

As an example, Li pointed to the company's Oceanspace S2600 entry-level storage appliances which scale to up to 96 hard drives, support both Fibre Channel and iSCSI connectivity, and include software that provides replication and mirroring features for a complete disaster recovery solution as well as WORM (write once read many) capability for compliance purposes. "These are feature sets customers really need," she said.

The company also produces clustered NAS and cloud storage equipment, as well as a full line of rack and blade servers.

Huawei Symantec develops much of its own storage software, and leans on Symantec for security and file system software and for its NetBackup client software, Li said.

While Huawei Symantec, which is 51-percent owned by Huawei, is in a position to take advantage of strong growth in the China market, it decided it needed to put a stake in the North American server and storage market because of the fact that the industry is in a state of transition, Li said.

The increasing adoption of cloud computing is forcing companies to rethink how they approach IT, opening the door for Huawei Symantec to work in fast-changing markets worldwide, and not just in Asia, she said.

Next: Opening The Door To Innovation And The Channel

"Also, look at the ecosystem in the U.S.," she said. "This is a market that can make us better in innovation. The U.S. accounts for about 40 percent of IT spending. There are a lot of demanding customers here, so we have to get better. So it's important for us to have product management and R&D here."

There is another even more basic reason why Huawei Symantec has to be in North America, Li said. "Both of our parent companies are global companies," she said. "They expect us to be a global company."

Huawei Symantec currently works with about 40 solution providers in the U.S. through two distributors, Eden Prairie, Minn.-based Condre Storage and Fremont, Calif.-based Synnex.

However, Li said, the company is not targeting the custom system business.

"Historically, companies are either good at the OEM business or at the channel business, but not both," she said. "You need to be close to the customer to succeed in the channel business. OEMs focus on cost. Symantec and Huawei are two companies with a lot of motivated engineers. They look at how to get more features sets, and less at how to build for someone else."

One solution provider, Condor Storage, first started working with Huawei Symantec via Condre when a customer needed a low-cost storage infrastructure, said Jeanne Wilson, president of the Sedona, Ariz.-based VAR.

"It was very affordable," Wilson said. "The customer got two Oceanspace S2600s for under $18,000 total, and they worked great. The customer tested it by pulling out drives and RAID controllers, and found them still operating as promised."

Huawei Symantec's SAN and NAS storage lines, including its scalable NAS offerings, compete quite well with other products offered by Condor, including the entire EMC line, Wilson said. She said the main competition to Huawei Symantec is probably Dell's EqualLogic line.

"That's everybody's main competitor in the iSCSI market," she said. "Last year, EqualLogic had revenue of about $900 million. If we have to take that market $15,000 at a time, we will."

It also helps that one of the vendor's parents has one of the most recognizable brands in the U.S., Wilson said. "Symantec brings it name-brand recognition," she said.

Mpak Technologies, a Santee, Calif.-based systems integrator, is already using Huawei Symantec as a way to compete against more established scalable NAS vendors such as Isilon, Panasas, and BlueArc, said Founder and President Mike Kornblum.

Scale-out NAS customers typically sign $5 million to $20 million deals, and the performance of the Huawei Symantec hardware combined with Symantec software helped Mpak win deals with the U.S. government and a large contract at the University of Tennessee SimCenter: National Center for Computational Engineering, Kornblum said. "We're going to rock the world of the tier ones," he said.

"Huawei is the Cisco of China," Kornblum said. "They are manufacturing to carrier-grade specifications. And they have the Symantec name and the Symantec file system. NAS is just a file system, and Symantec has the fastest one."

Prior to switching to Huawei Symantec, Mpak worked with a Taiwan-based competitor, Infortrend for a dozen years, Kornblum said. He said he made the switch to Huawei Symantec after Infortrend started moving more of its business through direct marketers. It also helped that Huawei Symantec hired a former Infortrend solutions architecture, Alan Johnson, as its senior manager for customer solution and engineering, he said.

Johnson is not the only former Infortrend employee at Huawei Symantec. The company's sales manager, sales director, and others also came from Infortrend. The company also has a number of ex-EMC people.

Next: On The Competitive Front

Terry Patrick, director of the U.S. headquarters of Infortrend in San Jose, Calif., said many of those employees came to Infortrend as a group and left as a group, a move which had little impact on his company.

"It made us look deeper at our enterprise sales team, and gave us to opportunity to expand our sales strategy," Patrick said.

On the competitive front, Infortrend is focused more on such companies as NetApp, Dell's EqualLogic and Compellent products, and EMC than it is on Huawei Symantec, Patrick said.

Li said that U.S. government security concerns about parent company Huawei are not an issue for Huawei Symantec, except possibly in terms of perception by some companies in the telecom market.

"Initially, we were concerned as we brought security products to market that customers might worry," she said. "But when they found out we offer higher-end security products, they reached out to us for those products."

Huawei Symantec's partners say the U.S. government's issues with Huawei, and the company's Chinese roots, are of no concern to them and their customers.

Wilson at Condor said that no one solution fits every customers' needs, and that her company has enough made-in-the-U.S.A. products for customers who require them.

"I look at Huawei, and I see a $30 billion company, like the Cisco of China," she said. "Huawei Symantec is hiring big in the U.S. So I don't worry about it."

Kornblum said Mpak is already selling Huawei Symantec products to the U.S. government, and that what is most important for his government and non-government customers is getting the right storage products.

Indeed, Kornblum said, Huawei Symantec has an opportunity to shake up the U.S. market.

"American companies better get their [act] together and either manufacturer better products or get the government to slap restrictions on imports," he said. "I see the technology, the quality of the people, and the resources of Huawei Symantec. They're sending out people to help us do demos. They're doing what it takes to win the deals."

Sun, 10 Dec 2023 07:14:00 -0600 text/html
10 Best CBD Gummies Of January 2024

There’s a range of proposed uses for CBD products, and research into the impact of cannabinoids, including CBD, on the human body is constantly evolving. If you’re dealing with a medical concern and you’re interested in trying CBD, a health care professional familiar with the therapeutic uses of CBD can assist you in selecting a product and potency that’s right for you.

“CBD gummies are not medicines and shouldn’t be used to replace them,” says Dr. Piomelli. “I wouldn’t recommend them for any disease condition.”

CBD Gummies for Sleep

Although more research is needed, early studies show CBD may help treat insomnia and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorders (which involve people physically acting out their dreams in the REM stage of sleep, often leading to injury), according to a 2017 review of existing literature in Sleep Disorders . Additional studies suggest CBD may Boost the quality of sleep, including difficulty falling asleep, according to a 2019 review in Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. (This review also emphasizes the need for further research.)

If you’re interested in using CBD gummies to address sleep-related concerns, such as insomnia or difficulty falling asleep, selecting CBD isolate gummies—which are THC-free due to the extraction process used to separate CBD from all other cannabis plant compounds—may be the best route, as some research shows THC use may negatively impact sleep over time in spite of potentially positive short-term effects.

Using CBD gummies to help address conditions that often occur in tandem with insomnia and sleep disturbances, such as anxiety and chronic pain, may also lead to an overall better quality of sleep as well.

CBD Gummies for Anxiety

Although no studies have been conducted regarding the specific use of CBD edibles for the treatment of anxiety, research does show that CBD has a potentially positive impact when it comes to treating generalized anxiety, social anxiety and anxiety associated with PTSD, according to a 2020 literature review in the Journal of American Pharmacists Association .

Because research on CBD as an adjunct or standalone anxiety treatment is limited and CBD products aren’t regulated by the FDA, there’s no standardized or recommended CBD dose for anxiety specifically. In one 2019 study of 40 Japanese students with social anxiety disorder, those who were given 300 milligrams of CBD a day versus the placebo experienced less anxiety, but this study was small, and certain measurements, such as blood levels of CBD, weren’t recorded .

While there’s a fair amount of research that supports CBD use, including gummies, for certain anxiety disorders, further well-designed trials and research is needed.

CBD Gummies for Pain

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 20% of U.S. adults experience chronic pain . Taking CBD in gummy form could potentially help alleviate certain acute and chronic pain conditions because of the analgesic effect cannabinoids may have on the endocannabinoid system, according to research.

CBD Gummies for Sex Drive

Little research exists regarding how CBD specifically may affect sexual function. However, a few studies explore how cannabis—which includes CBD among a host of other cannabinoids, namely THC—may affect sex drive.

A 2023 study in the Journal of Cannabis Research reports that cannabis use prior to sexual activity increased feelings of desire and satisfaction likely due to cannabinoids’ anxiety-reducing and relaxation-inducing properties .

Meanwhile, a 2020 study in Sexual Medicine assessed anonymous survey responses from 452 women and concluded that women who frequently use cannabis reported greater sexual function in terms of desire, arousal, orgasm and satisfaction .

Some studies, however, report conflicting results. A 2015 review in the Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics reports that while short-term use of cannabis may increase libido in men, chronic use of cannabis may, in fact, lower men’s sex drive .

CBD may affect sex drive in different ways depending on the individual. However, research indicates that using cannabis prior to sex may have a positive or negative effect depending on specific factors, such as frequency of use, gender and more.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 14:49:00 -0600 en-US text/html
External Storage System Sales: IBM, Huawei Grow; Dell, HPE, NetApp Plummet

IDC reports that robust mainframe sales during the second quarter gave IBM a big storage boost, while the recovery of China from the worst of the pandemic pushed Huawei sales up nearly 50 percent. Dell, HPE and NetApp, meanwhile, saw double-digit declines.

Storage Sales Head To The Cloud

IDC Tuesday reported that total enterprise OEM storage systems revenue for the second calendar quarter of 2020 fell 5.0 percent over last year to just under $6.3 billion. This was despite an increase in external OEM storage capacity shipments of 5.1 percent over last year to 17.1 exabytes.

Contrast this with the sales of ODM (original design manufacturer) storage systems to hyperscale data center providers, which IDC said grew 64.1 percent over last year to reach $47.0 billion, while shipments to that part of the market grew 122 percent to 74.8 exabytes, said Sebastian Lagana, research manager at IDC.

“The volume of storage and servers delivered to the cloud was ridiculous,” Lagana told CRN. ”The majority of ODM storage is going to the cloud.”

While a 5.0 percent drop in worldwide enterprise external OEM storage systems revenue is significant, things could have been worse. IDC three months ago estimated first calendar quarter 2020 external storage systems revenue dropped 8.2 percent. And it‘s a drop that has been happening for some time. Sales for the second quarter of 2019 fell 0.8 percent compared with 2018, IDC said.

Here’s a look at the health of the branded enterprise storage industry and what‘s behind the numbers.

Flash Storage Still The Bright Spot

According to IDC, the all-flash storage array part of the business saw revenue jump 7.7 percent over last year to reach $2.5 billion, which meant that all-flash storage array sales accounted for about 40 percent of total worldwide enterprise external storage systems sales.

Sales of hybrid flash arrays, which combine both flash and spinning disk media, also totaled $2.5 billion, which was down 8.7 percent from last year.

Combine the two, and that left only 20 percent of the worldwide enterprise external storage systems market to traditional spinning disk-only systems.

5. Huawei

China-based Huawei was the real bright spot in the second quarter‘s enterprise external OEM storage system sales with solid 47.6 percent year-over-year growth in revenue to $481.5 million. That is an impressive number given that because of U.S. government concerns, Huawei sells little if any enterprise storage systems in the crucial U.S. market.

However, IDC’s Lagana said, that growth was due primarily to Huawei‘s home market of China, which is the only market, along with much smaller Canada, that grew during the quarter. Lagana said IDC estimates that China’s enterprise storage systems market grew a healthy 18 percent.

The key to understanding how that happened is to remember that the COVID-19 pandemic started in China during the first calendar quarter of 2020, Lagana said.

“Consumers there locked down purchases,” he said. ”And then the supply chain was locked down. So there was a lot of pull-through in the second quarter of sales from the previous quarter. And on the supply side, factories in the second quarter were running as much as they could.”

4. IBM

IBM‘s enterprise external OEM storage system revenue of $504.6 million gave the company the No. 4 spot, according to IDC. That represented a growth rate of 12.6 percent year over year, second only to that of Huawei for the quarter.

While IBM did not break out real storage revenue numbers during its second fiscal quarter 2020 financial report on July 20, the company did report storage systems hardware revenue was up 3 percent during the quarter over last year.

IBM‘s storage business has been focused on building software and services based on its Spectrum line of software-defined storage technologies. However, the company early this year replaced its incompatible legacy Storwize and A9000 storage families with a new FlashSystem all-flash array family.

IDC‘s Lagana said IBM storage hardware sales suffered from a slow rollout of all-flash storage, but that is changing. He also said that strength in IBM storage in the second calendar quarter was tied at least in part to 68 percent growth in IBM Z mainframe sales, which pulled along IBM storage sales. “The downside is that System Z sales are on a five- to six-quarter cycle,” he said. ”Then the sales go away.”

3. NetApp

NetApp, which in the first quarter of 2020 was No. 2 in enterprise external OEM storage system sales, fell to third place this quarter with revenue of $612.6 million, down 10.4 percent over the $684.0 million IDC estimated for the previous year. However, given NetApp‘s 10.4 percent revenue drop in the second quarter versus the 15.0 percent drop HPE experienced during the quarter, NetApp could be in line for reclaiming the No. 2 position.

NetApp, the only storage-only vendor in the list of top five enterprise external OEM storage system vendors, in late August reported first fiscal quarter 2021 revenue of $1.3 billion, which was up 5 percent year over year. That growth was a pleasant surprise for NetApp investors, who have been seeing the company‘s sales fall for several quarters.

NetApp also reported revenue for its all-flash array business increased 34 percent on an annual net revenue basis, and annual recurring revenue grew 192 percent.

For NetApp, the future is less about storage hardware and more about software and services related to bringing data to cloud infrastructures where it is developing technology to manage it and combine it with compute and other services in a more seamless fashion.

2. Hewlett Packard Enterprise

HPE‘s second-quarter 2020 external storage systems sales took the biggest hit of the top five vendors. IDC estimated revenue to be $659.7 million, down 15.0 percent from last year’s $776.0 million.

HPE in late August reported total third fiscal quarter 2020 storage sales of $1.1 billion, which the company said was down 10 percent compared with the same period last year. Among the storage highlights of the quarter were 114 percent growth in sales of the HPE Primera next-generation intelligent storage platform, the signing of 104 new Primera customers, 112 percent growth in Nimble distributed hyperconverged infrastructure technology revenue, and 31 percent growth in big data storage solution sales, HPE said.

1. Dell Technologies

Dell Technologies maintained its No. 1 position by a very comfortable margin with enterprise external storage systems revenue in the second quarter of $1.7 billion. That gave it a market share of 27.0 percent, which was just under the total market share of its next three competitors combined. However, that revenue was down 10.7 percent compared with the same quarter last year, IDC said.

Dell in late August reported second fiscal quarter 2021 storage revenue of $4.01 billion, which was down 4 percent compared with last year‘s $4.18 billion. That figure accounts for all of Dell’s storage sales, and not just those of its external storage systems.

Dell‘s midrange and its SMB storage sales were down significantly during the second calendar quarter, but its high-end storage sales grew, Lagana said. “So it’s not all bad news,” he said.

Dell is banking on its new PowerStore midrange line, which replaces multiple incompatible legacy storage lines, for growth in its midrange storage business.

Thu, 10 Sep 2020 02:51:00 -0500 text/html
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The Best Cloud Storage and File-Sharing Services for 2024

File syncing and storage services provide seamless access to all your data—Word docs, PDFs, spreadsheets, photos, and any other digital assets—wherever you are. Syncing and storage services also add safety and security to your online life because when you sync files via the cloud, you create a backup of them by default as well. If you lose your laptop, all your files are still accessible to you when you log into your syncing service from any browser. And when it comes to collaborating, having a cloud storage and syncing service usually means multiple people can edit files at the same time, with all your version history saved automatically. It's a huge convenience.

If you don't yet have an online storage and syncing service, you should seriously consider getting one. Which one you choose depends on the kinds of files you store, how much security you need, whether you plan to collaborate with others, and which devices you own. It may also depend on your comfort level with computers in general. The best online storage and syncing services are extremely user-friendly, while others offer advanced customization for more experienced techies. Find our best picks below, followed by a detailed guide to understanding cloud storage and file-sharing services.

Deeper Dive: Our Top Tested Picks

Microsoft OneDrive

Best Overall

Why We Picked It

OneDrive is a great storage and syncing option for just about anybody. It works on all major devices. Its functionality and design have reached a point of slick usability and reliability. The cost is more than reasonable seeing as you can get added OneDrive storage by paying for a Microsoft 365, which includes office apps. Because it provides automatic backup for documents, photos and other files in Windows and syncs documents in Microsoft's office apps, it's a natural choice for Windows or Microsoft 365 users.

Who It's For

If you use Microsoft 365 apps regularly, including the online version of the apps, using OneDrive for storage and syncing offers real benefits. And Windows users will be delighted that their Desktop, Documents, and Pictures are safely backed up to the cloud, and automatically restored when they get a new PC. It's also a great option for anyone looking for value in an online syncing and storage service. Free users can take advantage of the 5GB of storage, which isn't the most generous free version you can find, but it's in line with the competition.


  • Excellent interface
  • Clients for Android, iOS, Mac, and Windows
  • Well integrated with Windows and Microsoft 365
  • Strong online photo presentation and management
  • Powerful file sharing and collaborative editing


  • Less free storage than some competitors
  • Doesn't back up all folders on drive


Emphasis Office Apps
File Size Limit 15GB
Free Storage 5GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App

Why We Picked It

IDrive has long offered the best deal for online syncing and storage, giving you the most space per dollar and no limit on the number of devices you install it on. Beyond that, it's also a solid service, with apps for all major platforms and a bevy of features. For example, you can set IDrive to back up files to an external hard drive or a network drive. There's even support for creating a complete disk image, although it's limited to the Windows version. Its archiving capability means you can always find your files, even if you deleted them on the local computer.

Who It's For

IDrive is for anyone looking for the best price per TB for their online storage and syncing service. It's also appealing to those who want to take advantage of its archiving and continuous backup features.


  • Easy setup
  • Unlimited devices per account
  • Free local backup
  • Fully encrypted
  • Fast upload speeds
  • Excellent value


  • Storage isn't unlimited
  • Limited Linux support
  • Complete disk image backup only for Windows


Emphasis Backup
File Size Limit 2GB
Free Storage 10GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App

Google Drive

Best for Google Workspace Users

Why We Picked It

Over the years, Google Drive has become easier to use locally, though it's always been a superb place to automatically store files you create using the Google Docs office apps. Google Drive has strong file sharing capabilities, and you get more free storage space than most competitors—15GB, though that space is shared with Gmail.

Who It's For

Google Drive is the natural choice for anyone who regularly works in Google Docs, Sheets, and other online apps; it integrates with many third-party online apps as a cloud storage option. It's also a great choice for people looking for a generous free online storage and syncing service.


  • Generous free storage space
  • Excellent productivity-suite collaboration
  • Includes desktop-to-desktop file syncing
  • Many third-party integrations
  • Cross-platform apps


  • No password-protection for shared files
  • Mobile apps could do more; multiple apps required for all related functions
  • Some privacy concerns


Emphasis Full service file storage, sharing, syncing, and collaboration
File Size Limit 5TB
Free Storage 15GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App


Best for Simple, Straightforward Syncing

Why We Picked It

Sync is a reliable tool for storing your files online and syncing them among up to five devices. We love how user-friendly it is. Paid individual plans start at $96 per year for 2TB of storage space, which is a competitive price. It works on Windows, macOS, iOS, Android, and the web, but not Linux.

Who It's For

Sync is a simple and straightforward service for anyone who doesn't want to store their files with one of the big tech giants. It's a great option for people who prefer simplicity over an excess of features. A free account comes with 5GB of storage space, making it competitive with most other major services. Linux users should look elsewhere, as Sync does not offer a Linux app.


  • Simple and effective
  • No individual file-size limit
  • Client-side encryption means company can't access your files
  • Works quietly and unobtrusively
  • Supports syncing on up to five devices


  • No direct local area network syncing
  • No Linux app
  • Limit of five devices per account, even paid


Emphasis Simplicity, Ease of Use
File Size Limit Unlimited
Free Storage 5GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App

Apple iCloud Drive

Best for Mac and iPhone Users

Why We Picked It

Apple iCloud is a must for iPhone and Mac users, since it backs up photos, documents, and settings on their devices. It's among the simplest and most reliable storage and syncing services we've seen. It isn't ideal for people who like to have a lot of control over storage and syncing and the web client lacks some basic tools such as search, but it is a no-brainer solution for people who don't want to futz with it.

Who It's For

Apple iCloud is best for Mac, iPhone, and iPad users who don't want to think too hard about backing up and syncing their files, especially their photos.


  • Tightly integrated with Apple products
  • Capable Windows client and web access
  • Fast uploads


  • No Android or Linux clients
  • Can only share files with people who have an Apple ID


Emphasis Apple Device Users
File Size Limit 15GB
Free Storage 5GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App

Box (Personal)

Best Business Integrations

Why We Picked It

Though Box isn't highly competitive on price, it does offer dozens upon dozens of integrations with other services and a flexible web app that can open files using desktop software. The free version comes with a generous 10GB of storage space.

Who It's For

Ultimately, we find Box is better suited to business use than personal use, based on its features. The two use cases are different enough that we have a separate review of Box for Business. Anyone who likes Box for Business and wants to use it for the personal files as well will likely be happy with this service. It is a great option, however, for anyone who doesn't want to pay for online storage so long as they have less than 10GB's worth of stuff to store.


  • Flexible web app that can open files using desktop software
  • Integrations with over 1,500 applications
  • Support for offline syncing


  • Expensive for the amount of storage offered
  • Low file-size limit
  • Can't configure location of desktop syncing app


Emphasis Business Use, Compatibility
File Size Limit 5GB
Free Storage 10GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App


Best Integration With Third-Party Services

Why We Picked It

Dropbox is an established player in the online storage and syncing space, and it continues to offer a reliable service that includes good, if sometimes tertiary, features (such as e-signatures).

Who It's For

While Dropbox doesn't offer anywhere close to the best price per TB of storage, it is a great option for people who are long-time users and don't want to switch to another service, and those who need a healthy stable of integration options.


  • Plenty of additional features
  • Integrations with thousands of applications
  • Fast upload speeds


Emphasis Simplicity, Ease of Use
File Size Limit Unlimited
Free Storage 2GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App

Proton Drive

Best Privacy and Security

Why We Picked It

Proton Drive offers the best privacy and security of any of the services included here. Your files are fully encrypted at rest and in transit, and only you have the security key to unlock them. Even Proton employees are unable to access your files. You can even pay the company by sending cash through the mail, rather than using a credit card online, to protect your identity.

Who's It For?

The service is clearly for the security-minded user. It's not for those who want speed, as all that encryption exacts a performance hit. Proton Drive also lacks many convenience and productivity features, such as collaborative document editing, and there's no macOS or Linux versions yet.


  • All files fully encrypted
  • Simple sharing options
  • Protected by Swiss privacy laws
  • Free tier available


  • No macOS or Linux apps (yet)
  • Slow upload speeds
  • No collaborative editing


Emphasis Privacy
File Size Limit Unlimited
Free Storage 15GB
Online Editing
File Versioning
Windows App
iOS App
Android App

Buying Guide: The Best Cloud Storage and File-Sharing Services for 2024

What Can Cloud Storage Do for You?

The very best cloud storage solutions play nicely with other apps and services, making the experience of viewing and editing your files feel natural. Especially in business, you want your other software and apps to be able to retrieve or access your files, so making sure you use a service that easily authenticates with the other tools you use is a big deal. Box and Dropbox are particularly strong in this regard.

Google Drive web app with previews of image files

With Google Drive's web app, you can access all your files, including images, from anywhere. (Credit: Google/Jill Duffy)

The range of capabilities of cloud-based storage services is incredible. Many of them specialize in a specific area. For example, Dropbox focuses on keeping a synced folder accessible everywhere and in sharing folders with colleagues outside your company. Proton Drive emphasizes security. SugarSync is unique in its ability to let you map a folder on one computer to a specific folder on another, but drawbacks keep it from being included in this list of the best. Some cloud storage services, such as Apple iCloud, Google Drive, and Microsoft OneDrive, are generalists, offering not only folder and file syncing, but also media playing, device syncing, and backup. These products even double as collaboration software, offering real-time document co-editing.

Distinct from but overlapping in some cases with cloud storage are backup services, particularly ones that offer online backups. Some of them, such as Carbonite, specialize in data protection and recovery, while others like IDrive, combine data protection with syncing and sharing capabilities.

Most cloud services do offer some level of backup, almost as a consequence of their intended function. It follows logically that any files uploaded to a cloud service are also protected from disk failures, since there are copies of them in the cloud. But dedicated backup services sometimes also create a disk image of your machine so you can restore not just your files, but everything, including system settings and programs. Syncing, by contrast, is about backing up and managing selected files only. folder options

Box's web interface lets you manage your folders and files. (Credit: Box/PCMag)

What Is the Cloud in Cloud Storage?

There's a half-joke saying in the tech world, "There is no cloud. It's just someone else's computer." So, to clear up any confusion, the cloud part of cloud-based storage refers to putting your files somewhere other than your computer's hard drive. Usually, it means the service provider's servers.

Having data in the cloud gives you the ability to access your files through the internet. Your data is usually encrypted before making the journey over the internet to the provider's servers, and it remains encrypted while it lives on those servers.

Well-designed services don't upload a brand-new copy of your files every time you change one little thing. Instead, the file syncing service looks for changes to your files and uploads only them, saving your connection bandwidth.

Dropbox in macOS Finder window showing icons with syncing status

Dropbox, once installed, shows you icons in the Finder or Windows Explorer indicating the sync status of each file you save to the cloud. (Credit: Dropbox/PCMag)

You can access your cloud files through an app or utility software installed on your computer. Once it's installed, it usually shows a small notification icon and creates your synced folder structure that fits into Windows Explorer or the macOS Finder. You can also get to the files via your web browser. Of course, you need an internet connection for it to work, but if you temporarily are without a connection, that's okay. The service waits until the next time you do have a connection and takes care of business then.

For a deeper explanation, see our explainer on cloud computing.

Recommended by Our Editors

Free vs. Paid Cloud Storage

Many cloud storage services have a free account that usually comes with some limitations, such as the amount of storage or a size limit on files you can upload. We prefer providers that offer some level of permanent free service, even if you get only 2GB of storage space rather than a time-based trial. This way you can fully integrate a service into your life for several weeks for real-world testing. During that time, you get a feel for how it works and what might go wrong with your setup.

OneDrive web app showing files and folders

OneDrive offers 5GB for free, and you get more storage with a Microsoft 365 account. (Credit: Microsoft/PCMag)

What could possibly go wrong? Human error accounts for a good deal of cloud storage tragedies, but the dropped internet connection is another common troublemaker. Not to mention that every internet service suffers the occasional outage. Ask around (or just look through our review comments), and you'll hear sad stories of how cloud storage can go wrong. One of the benefits of paying for an account is that it usually comes with additional support from the provider, so if anything does go wrong, someone from the company can help you resolve the issue.

There are many other reasons to pay for cloud storage, from getting a lot more space (a terabyte really doesn't cost all that much anymore) to being able to upload huge files. That last benefit is relevant to graphic designers, video editors, and other visual artists who often host enormous files. Other perks of paying for your cloud storage often include increased access to file-version history (meaning you can restore an important business proposal to the version you had before your colleague made a bunch of erroneous changes), more security, and more features for collaboration and teamwork.

Outlook Cloudy

Here, we list only the best cloud storage services among those we've tested. When PCMag tests these services, we evaluate their feature sets, ease of use, stability, and price. There are other cloud storage services on the market that didn't make the cut for this article, based on these criteria. For more about any one of the services that did make the cut, click the links above to read an in-depth review of each of our favorite cloud storage and file-syncing services.

Sun, 17 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Extra Space Storage Inc.

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