Simply study and remember these 050-720 questions answers questions

Each and every candidate that go through the 050-720 exam feel that, 050-720 test questions are altogether different from the 050-720 digital book and course books. We have viewed this issue in a serious way. We have gathered the most refreshed, most recent, and legitimate 050-720 Free PDF and made an information base to assist up-and-comers with breezing through tests with excellent grades.

Exam Code: 050-720 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
Novell Certified Linux Administrator 11
Novell Administrator Practice Test
Killexams : Novell Administrator practice test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/050-720 Search results Killexams : Novell Administrator practice test - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/050-720 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Novell Killexams : Novell certification

Novell provides certification for technical competence with self-study tests and courses given at National Authorized Education Centers (NAECs). The earlier Enterprise CNE (ECNE), which included WAN expertise, was replaced with the Master CNE, which itself expires in mid-2007. Once a certification can no longer be obtained, people who have successfully completed the exams will not be stripped of that title.

Following are the Novell certifications, which used to be known as NetWare certifications. For example, a CNA used to be a Certified NetWare Administrator. For more information, visit www.novell.com/training/certinfo. See certification.

Tue, 19 Mar 2019 21:33:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia/term/novell-certification
Killexams : Placement Test Practice Killexams : Placement Test Practice

Being prepared is the best way to ease the stress of test taking. If you are having difficulty scheduling your Placement Test, please contact the UNG Testing Office.

If you have a red yes in any Placement Test Required row on your Check Application Status page in Banner, read the information below relating to the area in which you have the red yes.

Establishing Connection...

Wed, 13 Jul 2022 09:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://ung.edu/learning-support/placement-test-practice.php
Killexams : Practice Test: Synonyms and Antonyms

Tackle these vocabulary basics in a short practice test: synonyms and antonyms. Synonyms are words that have a similar meaning, and antonyms are words with opposite meanings. Students in first and second grade will think deeply about word meaning as they search for the matching synonym or antonym in each row of this practicing and writing worksheet.

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Sat, 15 Aug 2020 09:42:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.education.com/worksheet/article/practice-test-synonyms-antonyms/
Killexams : Calculus Readiness Test Practice Test

The questions that follow are designed to make prospective students aware of the mathematics background required for those intending to take one of the SFU Calculus courses: MATH 150, 151, 154 or 157. The actual test will cover the same concepts as this practice test does, but the questions will be different. For more information about the expectations, read Calculus Readiness Test Assessment Topics.

If you do not achieve a passing score on the actual test, we recommend that you enroll in Math 100 course, Precalculus.

Treat the Practice Calculus Readiness Test as a learning experience: if your answer to a question is incorrect, make sure that you understand the concept the question is related to before attempting the actual test.

You should be aware of the following conditions when you attempt this practice test:

  1. To be admitted to MATH 151, you must answer at least 24 questions out of the 30 questions correctly (on the actual test, not the practice test). For the other Calculus courses, the passing score is 20. The practice test does not keep track of your success rate - you will have to keep track of it yourself.
  2. You may take as much time as you like to complete the practice test. However, the actual test will be timed: you will have 1.5 hour for completion of the test.
  3. On the practice test, you will be allowed multiple attempts at each question. On the actual test, you will be allowed to attempt each question only once.
  4. You may take the practice test as many times as you wish. However, you will be allowed to take the actual test only once.
  5. You will have to write the actual test virtually on Canvas, and you will have to book a specific day to take it. You will not be permitted to bring any electronic devices to the test, but the software you will be using will allow you to use a basic four-function calculator if you wish to do so.
Sun, 15 May 2022 08:54:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.sfu.ca/math/undergraduate/advising/calculus-readiness-test/calculus-readiness-test-practice-test.html Killexams : Still in school? Check out the new shop class.   GOING HIGH-TECH GUIDE
Still in school? Check out the new shop class.

The nationwide technology skills gap is so severe that computer software vendors such as Microsoft, Cisco, and Novell have joined in the effort to recruit techies early and train them for present and future tech needs. Numerous programs designed to boost technical literacy and produce more qualified entry-level workers have popped up around the nation.

Microsoft's Skills 2000 aims to close the gap.
Nancy Lewis, general manager for Worldwide Training and Certification at Microsoft Corp., believes that vendors need to "pull together" and take the lead in closing the skills gap. For Lewis, "goal number one," is to attract more people to the industry, and "goal number two," is to train those workers. To help move things along, Microsoft recently launched the Skills 2000 program, a multimillion dollar, two-year effort designed to help close the skills gap with outreach, education, and training initiatives.

The company also pumped $75 million into the Microsoft Authorized Academic Training Program (AATP), which trains students at the high school, vocational, community college, and university levels in disciplines such as network management, systems administration, and computer programming. According to Microsoft, more than 100,000 students at 500 schools in 38 states will receive AATP training by the end of the 1998 academic year.

Sign up for Cisco's shop class for the 21st century.
Joining the training effort, Cisco, a leading vendor of network products such as routers and hubs, is sponsoring a nationwide program that will enable high school and college students to earn certification as Cisco Certified Networking Associates. In 1997, Cisco established 57 Networking Academies in high schools and junior colleges in seven states, and the company expects to have more than 400 academies in all 50 states by the fall semester of 1998. Cisco describes the effort as the equivalent of a shop class for the 21st century. Students in the program will learn the skills necessary to design and manage computer networks. Cisco is contributing approximately $18 million in curriculum, equipment, and resources to launch the program.

According to Cisco regional managers Steve Armstrong and Kevin Givens, strong interest in the program has come from the University of the District of Columbia, Howard University, and Archbishop Carroll High School. In Maryland, Baltimore's Washington High School now hosts a Cisco academy, and Givens is working with the schools in Prince George's Co., Montgomery Co., and Baltimore City to establish Networking Academies in those counties.

In addition, Cisco is teaming up with the Virginia Community Colleges System (VCCS) to start regional academies on 23 campuses throughout the state by the fall semester of 1998. These regional academies will support local academies in Virginia high schools. Armstrong and Givens believe there are approximately 30 schools in the District that could potentially host Cisco Networking Academies.

Novell has opened a novel foundation.
Novell Inc., the Orem, Utah-based vendor of networking software, is also sponsoring a program for training workers in network administration. Novell recently sponsored a program at Ballou High School in the District that offered students networking courses and career support. The project, carried out in conjunction with the Foundation for Educational Innovation, proved so successful that Novell donated $100,000 worth of software to help expand the program to surrounding schools.

Novell operates 1,450 training centers around the world, with an additional 420 high schools, community colleges, and universities throughout the United States offering Novell training. According to David Marler, director of business development for Novell Education, schools in Michigan, Florida, and California are now working on plans to deploy Novell's Certified Novell Administrator (CNA) program. According to Novell, approximately 25,000 students nationwide will take the CNA course as part of the high school curriculum during 1998.

B.S. holders are top guns at entry-level.
At the university level, says Dr. Lloyd Griffiths, dean of the School of Information Technology and Engineering at the Northern Virginia campus of George Mason University, "the way colleges are teaching [technology] is changing dramatically." For example, at George Mason, students from all departments, including liberal arts majors, will soon be able to select a minor in IT by taking 17 credit hours of technology course work. This new approach "came at the request of industry," Griffiths notes, partly because of the realization that "there are a lot of [technology-related jobs] that don't need a Ph.D. in computer science."

The most solid path for ensuring a long and successful career in high technology is to complete a four-year bachelor's degree in computer science or engineering. According to Griffiths, students who graduate with four-year technical degrees are snapped up by employers as soon as they graduate. Thanks to the overwhelming demand for high-tech workers, most computer science and engineering college grads can pick and choose from numerous entry-level offers, select a work culture that works for them, and negotiate great benefits.

Many companies, such as CDSI, begin wooing students with paid internships that bring them into the company even before they graduate. "We focus on the computer science and business departments," at the University of Maryland for entry-level workers, says Hollister. "We try to get interns from both of those groups" because CDSI has divisions that focus on IT solutions and business application solutions, he says. Even so, it's tough hanging onto the grads once their internships are over and graduation approaches. "The offers these interns are getting are outstanding," says Hollister, recalling one student who had seven job offers prior to graduation.

In addition, regional technology groups, such as the High Technology Council (HTC) of Maryland and Virginia's Northern Virginia Technology Council are leaning on local legislatures to do more to promote high-tech education and training in the schools. HTC, for example, is cosponsoring a tuition release bill in Maryland that would provide free tuition for technology courses at community colleges and universities in exchange for a commitment from the student to work in a Maryland company after graduation.

Tue, 21 Dec 2021 09:01:00 -0600 text/html https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/washtech/techcareers/guides/gohitech/stillinschool.htm
Killexams : Financial Advisors Put Their Practice to the Test with Envestnet's Intelligent Financial Life™ Advisor Practice Score

Industry-first interactive assessment shows high-scoring advisors significantly outperform low-scoring peers in total client assets managed

BERWYN, Pa., Oct. 4, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- At a time when traditional financial planning has become table-stakes and clients increasingly seek holistic advice, Envestnet is helping financial advisors understand just how well they stack up. Through a partnership with the financial services research and advisory firm, Aite-Novarica Group; Envestnet has launched the industry's first financial advisor assessment – The Intelligent Financial Life Advisor Practice Score –  evaluating to what degree an advisor is helping clients' achieve peace of mind and financial security regarding their ability to meet all their financial needs and goals. Critically, the assessment yields insights on how an advisor can deliver even greater value and achieve higher levels of client satisfaction to help them grow their practice.

Envestnet https://www.envestnet.com/ (PRNewsfoto/Envestnet, Inc.)

The Intelligent Financial Life Advisor Practice Score interactive assessment can be viewed here.

"Our mission has always been to help advisors make sense of their clients' overall financial picture and empower them to take the advice they give—and their practice—to the next level," said Mary Ellen Dugan, Chief Marketing Officer for Envestnet. "This assessment provides advisors with a way to understand how well they're positioned to help clients navigate their complex financial lives – through their day-to-day and more long-term financial decisions. By expanding their planning approach, advisors can help clients feel more secure in their ability to meet current and future financial obligations."

The accompanying white paper, "Taking the Measure of Advice: The Intelligent Financial Life Advisor Practice Score and How it Benefits Advisors' Practices," analyzes a range of advisor behaviors and capabilities and uncovered five categories that are used to calculate the Advisor Practice Score:

  • Breadth of financial advice provided—Advisors who advise on a wide range of topics, including wealth transfer, tax planning, insurance planning, debt advisory, and cash-flow planning and budgeting, in addition to investing and retirement readiness, produced better outcomes for their clients than advisors whose advice was more narrowly focused.

  • Frequency of multi-goal financial plans—The creation and implementation of comprehensive or multi-goal financial plans for their clients produced better outcomes than advisors who didn't engage in formal plans, or who delivered plans to clients that addressed only one or two goals.

  • Addressing the emotional side of money—Advisors who helped clients understand how their attitudes and behaviors towards money affect their ability to reach their goals, and make these issues a standard part of their practice, produced better outcomes than their counterparts who didn't.

  • Engaging spouses and other family members—The inclusion of clients' spouses and other family members in meetings and conversations about financial goals tended to help advisors achieve better client outcomes.

  • Breadth of capabilities on platform—Even if advisors don't utilize the full range of technology capabilities available to them for crafting and implementing financial plans, just having them at their disposal was shown to help them Boost client outcomes.

For advisors, there is a high correlation between achieving a top Advisor Practice Score and managing more client assets. Advisors with a score of 80 or higher manage $443 million in client assets on average – representing 69% more assets then their counterparts who scored in the bottom quartile of the survey, with a score lower than 67.

Methodology

In Q4 2021, Aite-Novarica Group conducted an online study on behalf of Envestnet with 483 professional financial advisors to examine how financial advisors are helping their clients achieve a concept Envestnet developed called "The Intelligent Financial Life" – a unified ecosystem to connect every facet of investors' finances through data driven advice, solutions, intelligence and technology – and to quantify how advisors and their practices benefit from the delivery of this concept to their clients. The survey asked advisors detailed questions about their practice, the nature of their client base, and how they worked with clients. Through analysis of the survey data, Aite-Novarica Group made a quantitative assessment of the extent to which each advisor was delivering financial wellness to clients.

The data for the full demo has a 4-point margin of error at the 95% level of confidence; statistical tests of significance among segments were conducted at a 90% confidence level.

To learn more visit https://www.envestnet.com/intelligent-financial-life.

About Envestnet

Envestnet refers to the family of operating subsidiaries of the public holding company, Envestnet, Inc. (NYSE: ENV). Envestnet is Fully Vested™ in empowering advisors and financial service providers with innovative technology, solutions, and intelligence to help make financial wellness a reality for their clients through an intelligently connected financial life.  More than 105,000 advisors and over 6,500 companies—including 16 of the 20 largest U.S. banks, 47 of the 50 largest wealth management and brokerage firms, over 500 of the largest RIAs, and hundreds of FinTech companies—leverage Envestnet technology and services that help drive better outcomes for enterprises, advisors, and their clients.

For more information, please visit www.envestnet.com, subscribe to our blog, and follow us on Twitter (@ENVintel) and LinkedIn.

Media Contact:
Dana Taormina
JConnelly for Envestnet
envestnetpr@jconnelly.com
(973) 647-4626

Cision

View original content to obtain multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/financial-advisors-put-their-practice-to-the-test-with-envestnets-intelligent-financial-life-advisor-practice-score-301639950.html

SOURCE Envestnet, Inc.

Sun, 09 Oct 2022 06:21:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://finance.yahoo.com/news/financial-advisors-put-practice-test-122800061.html
Killexams : Test System Administrator at Datafin Recruitment

ENVIRONMENT:

A leading global provider of cutting-edge Telecommunications Solutions seeks a solutions-driven Test System Administrator to join its team. Your core role will be to administer the test systems, deploy new software on the test systems and perform ad hoc testing as needed. You will require a suitable National Diploma and Certifications including MCSE/CCNA, RHCSA, have 3 years’ work experience in a similar role including having managed larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration, proficiency with Active Directory, DNS, DHCP and experience monitoring backups and resolution of errors, Configuration Management and Incident and Problem Management.

DUTIES:

  • Configure and monitor test system HW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Configure and monitor test system NW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Monitor system health and take corrective action as needed.
  • Deploy subsystem builds on the test systems and verify their operability.
  • Report deployment procedure issues for rectification.
  • Verify that the test systems remain operational after deployment by using system health features to monitor system alarms, events, etc.
  • Assist with manual system testing.
  • Ensure that system documentation is kept up to date.

REQUIREMENTS:

Qualifications –

  • Minimum: National Diploma; Microsoft MCSE/CCNA; RHCSA.
  • Recommended: BTech, RHCE.

Experience/Skills –

  • Minimum 3 years’ previous experience in a similar role.
  • Manage larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration experience.
  • Monitor backups and resolution of errors.
  • Active Directory, DNS, DHCP.
  • System change management, change control processes and procedures.
  • Incident and Problem Management.
  • Configuration Management.

Advantageous –

  • Experience with PHP/Python, and the ability to write administration scripts.
  • SQL and/or programming languages.

ATTRIBUTES:

  • Analytical problem-solving skills.
  • Excellent communications skills.
  • A need to continuously upskill.
  • Have a “can do” attitude to any type of work that needs to be done.
  • Able to balance work and life.

While we would really like to respond to every application, should you not be contacted for this position within 10 working days please consider your application unsuccessful.

COMMENTS:

When applying for jobs, ensure that you have the minimum job requirements. OnlySA Citizens will be considered for this role. If you are not in the mentioned location of any of the jobs, please note your relocation plans in all applications for jobs and correspondence. Please e-mail a word copy of your CV to [Email Address Removed] and mention the reference numbers of the jobs. We have a list of jobs on [URL Removed] Datafin IT Recruitment – Cape Town Jobs.

Desired Skills:

  • Test
  • System
  • Administrator

Learn more/Apply for this position

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://it-online.co.za/2022/10/14/test-system-administrator-at-datafin-recruitment-3/
Killexams : Test System Administrator at Datafin Recruitment – Western Cape Stellenbosch

ENVIRONMENT:

A leading global provider of cutting-edge Telecommunications Solutions seeks a solutions-driven Test System Administrator to join its team. Your core role will be to administer the test systems, deploy new software on the test systems and perform ad hoc testing as needed. You will require a suitable National Diploma and Certifications including MCSE/CCNA, RHCSA, have 3 years’ work experience in a similar role including having managed larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration, proficiency with Active Directory, DNS, DHCP and experience monitoring backups and resolution of errors, Configuration Management and Incident and Problem Management.

DUTIES:

  • Configure and monitor test system HW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Configure and monitor test system NW and take corrective action as needed.
  • Monitor system health and take corrective action as needed.
  • Deploy subsystem builds on the test systems and verify their operability.
  • Report deployment procedure issues for rectification.
  • Verify that the test systems remain operational after deployment by using system health features to monitor system alarms, events, etc.
  • Assist with manual system testing.
  • Ensure that system documentation is kept up to date.

REQUIREMENTS:

Qualifications –

  • Minimum: National Diploma; Microsoft MCSE/CCNA; RHCSA.
  • Recommended: BTech, RHCE.

Experience/Skills –

  • Minimum 3 years’ previous experience in a similar role.
  • Manage larger server environments (Microsoft/Linux) and Linux Administration experience.
  • Monitor backups and resolution of errors.
  • Active Directory, DNS, DHCP.
  • System change management, change control processes and procedures.
  • Incident and Problem Management.
  • Configuration Management.

Advantageous –

  • Experience with PHP/Python, and the ability to write administration scripts.
  • SQL and/or programming languages.

ATTRIBUTES:

  • Analytical problem-solving skills.
  • Excellent communications skills.
  • A need to continuously upskill.
  • Have a “can do” attitude to any type of work that needs to be done.
  • Able to balance work and life.

While we would really like to respond to every application, should you not be contacted for this position within 10 working days please consider your application unsuccessful.

COMMENTS:

When applying for jobs, ensure that you have the minimum job requirements. OnlySA Citizens will be considered for this role. If you are not in the mentioned location of any of the jobs, please note your relocation plans in all applications for jobs and correspondence. Please e-mail a word copy of your CV to [Email Address Removed] and mention the reference numbers of the jobs. We have a list of jobs on [URL Removed] Datafin IT Recruitment – Cape Town Jobs.

Desired Skills:

  • Test
  • System
  • Administrator

Learn more/Apply for this position

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 11:59:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://it-online.co.za/2022/10/14/test-system-administrator-at-datafin-recruitment-western-cape-stellenbosch-3/
Killexams : Biden has tried to rebuild the refugee system. This year will test that

President Biden has again set an ambitious goal for welcoming 125,000 refugees into the U.S. this fiscal year, a benchmark that would require processing about 100,000 more people than last year.

The Biden administration has sought to be a foil to his predecessor when it comes to refugees after then-President Trump brought refugee processing down to just a trickle.

But it’s Biden who carries the record for resettling the lowest number of refugees in the history of the program. 

“The administration was tackling understandable challenges between the pandemic and multiple crises,” said Krish O’Mara Vignarajah, president of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service. 

“In terms of setting the [presidential declaration] once again at 125,000, I suppose we could view this as a do-over. Last year we understood why that target was ambitious. This year we hope it’s viewed as a real target to hit, and I think that’s where this year the administration has to rise and take full ownership.” 

During his first year in office, Biden resettled just 11,411 refugees, about 400 fewer than the lowest point under Trump, a total complicated by COVID-19 and the extent the program atrophied during the Trump tenure.

As of mid-September of 2022, Biden had resettled just under 23,000 refugees, a figure that could jump by next Wednesday’s reporting deadline as agencies rush to finish processing. The government projects it will welcome as many as 25,000 refugees this year, according to its report to Congress. 

While the figure means the Biden administration has doubled refugee processing between its first and second year in office, it still has a long way to go to even get close to its goal.

Though Biden’s 125,000 may seem ambitious, it’s not too big a stretch from historical refugee resettlement numbers, which average around 75,000 and have previously surpassed 100,000.

It also comes at a time when there is significant global displacement due to the evacuation of Afghanistan and people fleeing war-torn Ukraine.

But thus far, the Biden administration has not taken these groups in as refugees, instead allowing them into the U.S. through a process known at humanitarian parole, which allows the government to temporarily waive some immigration requirements.

“I think there’s some rhetoric that is helpful to the administration, when referring to people paroled into the U.S. from Ukraine or Afghanistan as refugees,” said Sunil Varghese, policy director with the International Refugee Assistance Project.

There are similarities, he said. Both are fleeing danger and in some cases get some assistance from agencies that help resettle refugees. But parolees are often only allowed into the U.S. for a maximum of two years. 

“When [refugees] come to the United States, they have permanent status. In the United States, they don’t have to go back to the country of persecution, or country of asylum. The Afghans and Ukrainians who are being brought to the U.S. are only provided temporary status. There’s no plan for what happens when that status expires. Most Afghans were evacuated and given permission to stay in the US for two years. Ukrainians are in a similar legal immigration posture. So what happens after those two years is unknown. That is completely different from our refugee program,” Varghese said. 

The U.S. used humanitarian parole to welcome roughly 80,000 Afghans and has approved 97,000 people through the Uniting for Ukraine humanitarian parole program, with another almost 100,000 Ukrainians arriving through other means.

It’s a feature that Vignarajah said favors “speed over stability.”

In the case of Uniting for Ukraine, the idea of the program was to allow Ukrainians to quickly enter the U.S. as many were fleeing the country, noting that many were not seeking official refugee status, as they wished to return home when conditions are safer.

Meredith Owen, director of policy and advocacy at Church World Service, a refugee resettlement agency, said the evacuation of Afghanistan was a catalyst for the administration relying heavily on humanitarian parole.

“We didn’t mean for the administration to rely so much on parole at the exclusion of the resettlement program. But the [Uniting for Ukraine] program was a sign that this administration was considering relying more consistently on temporary protection and temporary protection that doesn’t have built-in access to resettlement benefits,” she said.

As the fighting stretches on and Russian President Vladimir Putin moves to annex four Ukrainian regions, it’s becoming less clear when Ukrainians may be able to return — or if they will want to after establishing themselves elsewhere.

Afghans and Ukrainians allowed into the U.S. through parole can seek to remain in the country, but doing so requires applying for asylum, a process that already had a years-long backlog even before the flights from the two counties.

“The administration won’t do post arrival refugee processing — that is the asylum system. So it would be really short-sighted for the administration to suggest that these folks are here writ large temporarily and make that a blanket statement because we’re seeing more and more Ukrainians travel to the U.S., through [Uniting for Ukraine]. We haven’t seen that slow down. And the longer people are here, the more likely they will want to stay,” Owen said.

Many would rather see the U.S. use the resources of its own refugee program to aid them.

“The world’s humanitarian leader can’t play whack-a-mole as crises emerge. We need a system that can respond consistently,” Vignarajah said.

But advocates are optimistic about the U.S. reaching its goal this year, primarily because they believe the Biden administration has done a lot of the hard work of rebuilding the U.S. refugee program after it was decimated by Trump.

The government has increased the number of “circuit rides,” where refugee officers meet and screen refugees for the program. It’s also increased the number of refugee resettlement sites with offices that coordinate a refugee’s arrival. 

“We’re hoping that 2023 is the year when we go from simply rebuilding to building the refugee program back better. What we’ve seen in the last two years is reinvesting in refugee resettlement agencies, increasing staffing of [U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services] refugee corps. Hopefully, we’ll be seeing in 2023 the payoffs from that,” Varghese said.

The White House seems to think so.

“Looking ahead, we expect the innovations and efficiencies gained through this intensive effort will provide new hope and opportunities to all refugees in our program,” it wrote in its report to Congress.

Still, many say the Biden administration will have to get creative in order to meet its goal.

In Qatar, where a number of Afghans stayed following the U.S. evacuation, the administration geared up for 30-day processing — something advocates say shows the government is capable of handling cases in weeks or months rather than the years it currently takes.

And the success of Uniting for Ukraine, which initially rolled out using a private sponsorship model, could be adapted in some ways to be incorporated into the refugee program.

“I think the administration can do it. I think it’s shown just looking at the examples of Ukrainians and Afghanistan, [that it has] the ability to move people through the system quickly and in large numbers if they have the desire and will — and backing to reimagine the process,” Varghese said.

Sun, 02 Oct 2022 08:30:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://thehill.com/policy/national-security/3669628-biden-has-tried-to-rebuild-the-refugee-system-this-year-will-test-that/
Killexams : Biden administration fears North Korea building up to a new nuclear test, but hampered by lack of intelligence

CNN  — 

A lack of hard intelligence inside North Korea is curtailing the United States’ ability to determine Kim Jong Un’s intentions as the hermit kingdom fires a barrage of powerful missile launches, according to senior administration officials.

The exact tests have caused administration officials to grow concerned that Kim is set to oversee his nation’s seventh nuclear test.

So far, President Joe Biden has responded to the historic level of provocation by sending a US aircraft carrier to the region. The US and South Korea performed live-fire missile tests of their own and, in an urgently arranged telephone call with Japan’s prime minister, Biden vowed to coordinate on a “longer-term response” to the increasingly belligerent North.

White House officials have declined to detail any analysis or assessment that sheds light on why there has been a rapid increase in escalatory action, citing an inability to talk publicly about classified intelligence. But two senior US officials familiar with the matter acknowledged a central issue in divining the dictator’s motives is a lack of hard intelligence altogether.

“We have quite a good picture on the state of North Korean conventional and missile capabilities. What’s much harder is the intentions component, where, of course, collection is a bigger problem,” said Chris Johnstone, a senior adviser at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and a former director for East Asia on the National Security Council under Biden.

“Since so much of what North Korea does is driven by the leader himself, you really have to get inside his head, and that’s a hard intelligence problem.”

North Korea has long been isolated and largely shuttered from the rest of the world, a reality that has become even more acute in exact years due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The North lacks the widespread use of technology that not only facilitates economic and societal advances, but also provides critical windows and opportunities to glean information for the intelligence services of the US and its allies.

That leaves the White House without the type of information that could help predict when precisely a test may occur or allow for greater insights into Kim’s thinking as Biden works to calibrate an approach that avoids escalation.

“It’s difficult to know what is inside his mind and how he makes his decisions,” John Kirby, the strategic communications coordinator for the National Security Council, told CNN’s Christiane Amanpour. “Our ability to divine intelligence out of Pyongyang is fairly limited. So, it’s hard to know what’s prompting this. But what we do know is he’s continuing to try and Boost his program, his capabilities.”

The intelligence community “knows a fair bit about his inner circle, a fair bit about how decisions are made,” Johnstone said. “But at the end of the day, it really is him. And when the circle is so small – and they don’t leave the country – it’s a pretty hard target.”

The latest missile launches mark the 24th time that North Korea has conducted missile tests this year, the highest annual tally since Kim took power in 2011.

Sanctions applied by the past three administration have done little to stop Kim’s march toward a viable nuclear weapon, even as they have left the country deeply isolated and many of its people impoverished. Diplomacy has similarly failed to yield much progress in halting a weapons program that North Korea says it will never abandon.

The Biden administration’s attempts to directly engage Pyongyang – delivered through a variety of channels, both direct and indirect – have been met with silence, according to officials. While the White House is confident its messages seeking diplomacy without preconditions “anytime, anyplace” have been received by Kim, he has yet to respond.

“We remain prepared to engage in serious and sustained diplomacy,” a US official said. “It is unfortunate that the DPRK has not responded to our outreach.”

Another underground nuclear test – potentially timed near November’s midterm elections – would amount to an attention-grabbing move that US officials have been bracing for over the past several months, beginning in the Spring when intelligence showed new activity at one of the country’s nuclear sites around the time of Biden’s first presidential visit to Asia.

White House aides said they were prepared to respond, including through adjustments to the US military posture in the region and the deployment of strategic assets. Yet the test didn’t come during Biden’s trip, underscoring the limits of US intelligence in predicting exactly when or why North Korea may test its advanced weapons.

“Anytime people start speculating on what North Korea might or might not do, they tend to have their expectations confounded one way or another,” national security adviser Jake Sullivan said at the time.

US officials and outside analysts anticipate the US isn’t likely to get much warning of a nuclear test. US military and intelligence agencies assess North Korea could be ready to resume underground nuclear testing at any moment, largely based on satellite imagery showing above-ground preparations at its Punggye-ri test site appear to be complete.

The country’s rainy season is now over, opening up the roads to the site. What’s not clear is whether North Korea has placed nuclear material in any of the underground tunnels at the site.

“The country is dried out the test site looks really well rebuilt to my eye. It’s really at this point probably a political choice for them,” said Jeffrey Lewis, a weapons expert and professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies. “I think when they are technically ready and politically ready, we’ve got all the warning we’re gonna get.”

Officials believe the missile and nuclear tests serve a practical purpose, beyond simply sending a message to the US and its allies in the region, which allow the North to further refine its systems as it works toward the ultimate goal of a nuclear-tipped missile that can reach the US mainland. Testing ever-more-powerful weapons also enhances Kim’s stature inside North Korea.

“What concerns us is whatever happens in these launches – how far they go and whether they succeed or fail – he learns. And he is able to Boost his ballistic missile capabilities with every subsequent launch. So that’s of concern to us,” Kirby said.

Lewis cautioned against practicing too much into individual ballistic missile tests. The primary motivation for North Korea, he said, is technical development – “especially the short-range ones where I think they’re no longer testing the missiles, they’re testing the crews.”

Other analysts believe the spate of missile tests is better understood as a response to Kim’s domestic woes.

“North Korea has had a very difficult period during Covid, essentially shutting off the country entirely, including to China. The food situation isn’t great,” Johnstone said. “The external enemy is part of what he uses to sustain his position.”

Still, determining precisely why North Korea is testing missiles at any particular moment has proved an enduring challenge for US administrations stretching back decades. For Biden and his top national security aides, deciphering North Korea’s intentions as it accelerates its weapons testing has proved difficult and administration officials are candid that previous efforts to assign motivation to Pyongyang’s actions have later been proved wrong.

“The North Koreans almost always have reasons for what they do. And our track record of understanding those ahead of time is not always so great,” one US official familiar with North Korea policy said.

Biden and his team have scoffed at the prospect of staging a high-profile meeting with Kim akin to the three summits former President Donald Trump convened with the dictator. Instead, they have said a meeting between the two leaders would come only after extensive preparatory diplomacy between officials on both sides and with an express purpose.

At the same time, Biden also rejected the “strategic patience” approach adopted by his onetime boss, former President Barack Obama, seeking instead a phased approach in which North Korea gives up parts of its program in exchange for sanctions relief.

Biden administration officials quietly acknowledge that their North Korea policy is not expected to trigger progress on the intractable nuclear challenge, administration sources said. But they also entered office expecting North Korea was not going to engage diplomatically quickly due to a tumultuous few years of back and forth with the US under Trump and the effect of Covid.

Some officials are now beginning to consider how the Biden administration could approach the distinct foreign policy challenge in the second half of Biden’s term, sources said, though neither the President nor his senior-most aides have indicated a desire to make the issue a top priority.

“Our position on diplomacy and dialogue has not changed,” said State Department deputy spokesperson Vedant Patel when asked if the Biden administration would consider re-evaluating their North Korea policy given the exact missile tests.

If there is one silver lining to Pyongyang’s exact provocations and the threat of a possible nuclear test, Johnstone said, it is that the common threat has helped the United States more smoothly navigate the historically contentious relationship between Japan and South Korea. And it could accelerate a debate in Japan about doubling its defense spending to 2% of its GDP, he said.

Asked what policy levers the Biden administration has at its disposal to try to curtail Pyongyang’s nuclear program, Lewis was succinct: “None.”

“When North Korea did not have nuclear weapons, there were interesting choices to be made about how to entice and or pressure them to not build some,” Lewis said. “Convincing North Korea to provide up nuclear weapons that it already has is a totally different game.”

As the US has moved in what one official called “a clear and calibrated” way with its critical allies in the region over the course of the last several days, one central player remains largely unseen: China.

With US-China tensions reaching new heights over the last several months, substantive communications between key US officials and their Chinese counterparts have remained largely on ice, according to several senior US officials. Any Chinese absence as US officials grapple with Kim’s motives creates a particularly acute challenge given the country’s role as a central interlocutor between the US and its allies and North Korea.

Sullivan directly addressed the issue during a four-and-a-half hour meeting with China’s top diplomat Yang Jiechi in June, officials said. He pointed to North Korea as a primary area where the countries could cooperate, even amid the strained relations.

Sullivan “made very clear that we believe this is an area where the United States and China should be able to work together,” a senior administration official said.

But just this week China demonstrated a lack of desire to work with the US on curbing North Korea’s provocations. China’s representative at the UN cast the exact missile launches as a result of US aggressions in the region during a UN Security Council meeting.

White House officials believe the timing of a seventh nuclear test could also be dictated by political machinations inside China. Multiple officials noted they were closely watching the period immediately after the conclusion of the Communist Party’s congress later this month.

One official noted it was unlikely Kim would seek create a significant geopolitical crisis moment as Chinese President Xi Jinping moves toward his third term.

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:46:00 -0500 en text/html https://edition.cnn.com/2022/10/06/politics/north-korea-biden-administration-nuclear-test/index.html
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