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Exam Code: 102-500 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
102-500 LPIC-1 exam 102, Part 2 of 2, version 5.0

Exam Title : LPIC-1 Linux Administrator
Exam ID : 102-500
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in exam : 60
Passing Score : 500 / 800
Exam Center : LPI Marketplace
Real Questions : LPI LPIC-1 Real Questions
VCE practice test : LPI 102-500 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic Details
Topic 105: Shells and Shell Scripting
105.1 Customize and use the shell environment
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to customize shell environments to meet users' needs. Candidates should be able to modify global and user profiles. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Set environment variables (e.g. PATH) at login or when spawning a new shell.
- Write Bash functions for frequently used sequences of commands.
- Maintain skeleton directories for new user accounts.
- Set command search path with the proper directory.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- .
- source
- /etc/bash.bashrc
- /etc/profile
- env
- export
- set
- unset
- ~/.bash_profile
- ~/.bash_login
- ~/.profile
- ~/.bashrc
- ~/.bash_logout
- function
- alias
105.2 Customize or write simple scripts
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to customize existing scripts, or write simple new Bash scripts. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Use standard sh syntax (loops, tests).
- Use command substitution.
- Test return values for success or failure or other information provided by a command.
- Execute chained commands.
- Perform conditional mailing to the superuser.
- Correctly select the script interpreter through the shebang (#!) line.
- Manage the location, ownership, execution and suid-rights of scripts.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- for
- while
- test
- if
- read
- seq
- exec
- ||
- && Topic 106: User Interfaces and Desktops
106.1 Install and configure X11
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to install and configure X11. Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of the X11 architecture.
- Basic understanding and knowledge of the X Window configuration file.
- Overwrite specific aspects of Xorg configuration, such as keyboard layout.
- Understand the components of desktop environments, such as display managers and window managers.
- Manage access to the X server and display applications on remote X servers.
- Awareness of Wayland. The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/X11/xorg.conf
- /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/
- ~/.xsession-errors
- xhost
- xauth
- DISPLAY
- X 106.2 Graphical Desktops
Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be aware of major Linux desktops. Furthermore, candidates should be aware of protocols used to access remote desktop sessions.
 
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Awareness of major desktop environments
- Awareness of protocols to access remote desktop sessions
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- KDE
- Gnome
- Xfce
- X11
- XDMCP
- VNC
- Spice
- RDP
106.3 Accessibility
Weight: 1
Description: Demonstrate knowledge and awareness of accessibility technologies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic knowledge of visual settings and themes.
- Basic knowledge of assistive technology.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- High Contrast/Large Print Desktop Themes.
- Screen Reader.
- Braille Display.
- Screen Magnifier.
- On-Screen Keyboard.
- Sticky/Repeat keys.
- Slow/Bounce/Toggle keys.
- Mouse keys.
- Gestures.
- Voice recognition.
Topic 107: Administrative Tasks
107.1 Manage user and group accounts and related system files
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should be able to add, remove, suspend and change user accounts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Add, modify and remove users and groups.
- Manage user/group info in password/group databases.
- Create and manage special purpose and limited accounts. The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/passwd
- /etc/shadow
- /etc/group
- /etc/skel/
- chage
- getent
- groupadd
- groupdel
- groupmod
- passwd
- useradd
- userdel
- usermod
107.2 Automate system administration tasks by scheduling jobs
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to use cron and systemd timers to run jobs at regular intervals and to use at to run jobs at a specific time.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Manage cron and at jobs.
- Configure user access to cron and at services.
- Understand systemd timer units.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/cron.{d,daily,hourly,monthly,weekly}/
- /etc/at.deny
- /etc/at.allow
- /etc/crontab
- /etc/cron.allow
- /etc/cron.deny
- /var/spool/cron/
- crontab
- at
- atq
- atrm
- systemctl
- systemd-run
107.3 Localisation and internationalisation
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to localize a system in a different language than English. As well, an understanding of why LANG=C is useful when scripting.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Configure locale settings and environment variables.
- Configure timezone settings and environment variables.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/timezone
- /etc/localtime
- /usr/share/zoneinfo/
- LC_*
- LC_ALL
- LANG
- TZ
- /usr/bin/locale
- tzselect
- timedatectl
- date
- iconv
- UTF-8
- ISO-8859
- ASCII
- Unicode
Topic 108: Essential System Services
108.1 Maintain system time
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be able to properly maintain the system time and synchronize the clock via NTP.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Set the system date and time.
- Set the hardware clock to the correct time in UTC.
- Configure the correct timezone.
- Basic NTP configuration using ntpd and chrony.
- Knowledge of using the pool.ntp.org service.
- Awareness of the ntpq command.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /usr/share/zoneinfo/
- /etc/timezone
- /etc/localtime
- /etc/ntp.conf
- /etc/chrony.conf
- date
- hwclock
- timedatectl
- ntpd
- ntpdate
- chronyc
- pool.ntp.org
108.2 System logging
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to configure rsyslog. This objective also includes configuring the logging daemon to send log output to a central log server or accept log output as a central log server. Use of the systemd journal subsystem is covered. Also, awareness of syslog and syslog-ng as alternative logging systems is included.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic configuration of rsyslog.
- Understanding of standard facilities, priorities and actions.
- Query the systemd journal.
- Filter systemd journal data by criteria such as date, service or priority.
- Configure persistent systemd journal storage and journal size.
- Delete old systemd journal data.
- Retrieve systemd journal data from a rescue system or file system copy.
- Understand interaction of rsyslog with systemd-journald.
- Configuration of logrotate.
- Awareness of syslog and syslog-ng.
Terms and Utilities:
- /etc/rsyslog.conf
- /var/log/
- logger
- logrotate
- /etc/logrotate.conf
- /etc/logrotate.d/
- journalctl
- systemd-cat
- /etc/systemd/journald.conf
- /var/log/journal/
108.3 Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) basics
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should be aware of the commonly available MTA programs and be able to perform basic forward and alias configuration on a client host. Other configuration files are not covered.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Create e-mail aliases.
- Configure e-mail forwarding.
- Knowledge of commonly available MTA programs (postfix, sendmail, exim) (no configuration).
Terms and Utilities:
- ~/.forward
- sendmail emulation layer commands
- newaliases
- mail
- mailq
- postfix
- sendmail
- exim
108.4 Manage printers and printing
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to manage print queues and user print jobs using CUPS and the LPD compatibility interface.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic CUPS configuration (for local and remote printers).
- Manage user print queues.
- Troubleshoot general printing problems.
- Add and remove jobs from configured printer queues. The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- CUPS configuration files, tools and utilities
- /etc/cups/
- lpd legacy interface (lpr, lprm, lpq)
Topic 109: Networking Fundamentals
109.1 Fundamentals of internet protocols
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should demonstrate a proper understanding of TCP/IP network fundamentals.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Demonstrate an understanding of network masks and CIDR notation.
- Knowledge of the differences between private and public "dotted quad" IP addresses.
- Knowledge about common TCP and UDP ports and services (20, 21, 22, 23, 25, 53, 80, 110, 123, 139, 143, 161, 162, 389, 443, 465, 514, 636, 993, 995).
- Knowledge about the differences and major features of UDP, TCP and ICMP.
- Knowledge of the major differences between IPv4 and IPv6.
- Knowledge of the basic features of IPv6.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/services
- IPv4, IPv6
- Subnetting
- TCP, UDP, ICMP
109.2 Persistent network configuration
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to manage the persistent network configuration of a Linux host.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand basic TCP/IP host configuration.
- Configure ethernet and wi-fi network using NetworkManager.
- Awareness of systemd-networkd.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/hostname
- /etc/hosts
- /etc/nsswitch.conf
- /etc/resolv.conf
- nmcli
- hostnamectl
- ifup
- ifdown
109.3 Basic network troubleshooting
Weight: 4
Description: Candidates should be able to troubleshoot networking issues on client hosts.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Manually configure network interfaces, including viewing and changing the configuration of network interfaces using iproute2.
- Manually configure routing, including viewing and changing routing tables and setting the default route using iproute2.
- Debug problems associated with the network configuration.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- ip
- hostname
- ss
- ping
- ping6
- traceroute
- traceroute6
- tracepath
- tracepath6
- netcat
- ifconfig
- netstat
- route
109.4 Configure client side DNS
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should be able to configure DNS on a client host.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Query remote DNS servers.
- Configure local name resolution and use remote DNS servers.
- Modify the order in which name resolution is done.
- Debug errors related to name resolution.
- Awareness of systemd-resolved.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/hosts
- /etc/resolv.conf
- /etc/nsswitch.conf
- host
- dig
- getent
Topic 110: Security
110.1 Perform security administration tasks
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to review system configuration to ensure host security in accordance with local security policies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Audit a system to find files with the suid/sgid bit set.
- Set or change user passwords and password aging information.
- Being able to use nmap and netstat to discover open ports on a system.
- Set up limits on user logins, processes and memory usage.
- Determine which users have logged in to the system or are currently logged in.
- Basic sudo configuration and usage.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- find
- passwd
- fuser
- lsof
- nmap
- chage
- netstat
- sudo
-/etc/sudoers
- su
- usermod
- ulimit
- who, w, last
110.2 Setup host security
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to set up a basic level of host security.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Awareness of shadow passwords and how they work.
- Turn off network services not in use.
- Understand the role of TCP wrappers.
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- /etc/nologin
- /etc/passwd
- /etc/shadow
- /etc/xinetd.d/
- /etc/xinetd.conf
- systemd.socket
- /etc/inittab
- /etc/init.d/
- /etc/hosts.allow
- /etc/hosts.deny
110.3 Securing data with encryption
Weight: 4
Description: The candidate should be able to use public key techniques to secure data and communication.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Perform basic OpenSSH 2 client configuration and usage.
- Understand the role of OpenSSH 2 server host keys.
- Perform basic GnuPG configuration, usage and revocation.
- Use GPG to encrypt, decrypt, sign and verify files.
- Understand SSH port tunnels (including X11 tunnels).
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- ssh
- ssh-keygen
- ssh-agent
- ssh-add
- ~/.ssh/id_rsa and id_rsa.pub
- ~/.ssh/id_dsa and id_dsa.pub
- ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa and id_ecdsa.pub
- ~/.ssh/id_ed25519 and id_ed25519.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_rsa_key and ssh_host_rsa_key.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_dsa_key and ssh_host_dsa_key.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ecdsa_key and ssh_host_ecdsa_key.pub
- /etc/ssh/ssh_host_ed25519_key and ssh_host_ed25519_key.pub
- ~/.ssh/authorized_keys
- ssh_known_hosts
- gpg
- gpg-agent
- ~/.gnupg/

LPIC-1 exam 102, Part 2 of 2, version 5.0
LPI version learner
Killexams : LPI version learner - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/102-500 Search results Killexams : LPI version learner - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/102-500 https://killexams.com/exam_list/LPI Killexams : X2O Media Achieves Learning Technologies Accreditation for X2O OneRoom from the Learning Performance Institute No result found, try new keyword!X2O OneRoom technology is an immersive hybrid training platform that provides an engaging learning experience with a human element for in-room and remote learners. To achieve this accreditation, X2O ... Tue, 19 Jul 2022 22:41:00 -0500 https://news.webindia123.com/news/press_showdetailsPR.asp?id=1266295&cat=PR%20News%20Wire Killexams : X2O Media Achieves Learning Technologies Accreditation for X2O OneRoom from the Learning Performance Institute No result found, try new keyword!As part of the continued development of X2O OneRoom, X2O Media have also announced the latest release of OneRoom version ... learning. Established in 1995 as the Institute for IT Training, the LPI ... Tue, 19 Jul 2022 22:00:00 -0500 text/html https://www.asiaone.com/business/x2o-media-achieves-learning-technologies-accreditation-x2o-oneroom-learning-performance Killexams : X2O Media Achieves Learning Technologies Accreditation for X2O OneRoom from the Learning Performance Institute

MONTRÉAL, July 20, 2022 /CNW/ -- X2O Media, an international provider of hybrid collaboration technology, today announces it has been awarded the status of Accredited Learning Technologies for its X2O OneRoom solution by the LPI (Learning and Performance Institute), the leading global authority on workplace learning and development.

X2O OneRoom is an immersive hybrid training platform that provides an engaging learning experience with a human element for in-room and remote learners.

X2O OneRoom technology is an immersive hybrid training platform that provides an engaging learning experience with a human element for in-room and remote learners. To achieve this accreditation, X2O OneRoom technology underwent a rigorous evaluation against a comprehensive set of KPIs developed by industry experts. The assessment included a review of the OneRoom product, the teaching and learning experience and product development roadmap.

Commenting on the accreditation, Edmund Monk, CEO of LPI said: "LPI accreditation is not only an independent validation of an organisation's quality, but also a statement of intent: that it will constantly improve, innovate and develop its portfolio to the benefit of its customers. I am proud to hear of X2O Media's outstanding achievement and look forward to working with them throughout the coming years as they seek to strengthen their position in the market. I have no hesitation in recommending X2O Media to prospective customers and partners as their accreditation proves they are an exceptional provider of learning technologies."

"At X2O Media we are passionate about developing hybrid and virtual learning spaces that meet the high standards and needs of our customers. We are proud to have our OneRoom solution endorsed by the LPI as it reflects our commitment to providing quality, immersive learning experiences," said Mansour Brek, President of X2O Media.

As part of the continued development of X2O OneRoom, X2O Media have also announced the latest release of OneRoom version 2.5 which introduces dynamic seating charts, anonymous polls/quizzes, and the evolution of breakout groups to provide an enhanced learning environment for hybrid learners.

Join an X2O OneRoom demo session and discover the interactive hybrid learning environment, or find out more about OneRoom on our website.

About X2O Media

X2O Media provides technology to build virtual collaboration solutions and unified visual communication solutions for higher education and corporations across the globe. The award-winning X2O Platform represents a new category of communication tools that improves how enterprises and learning institutions engage with their employees and students. X2O Media's collaboration technology has helped organizations like Nestlé, IMD Business School, HEC Montréal, FutureDJs and City of London Freemen's School set a new standard for hybrid meetings, training and learning.

X2O Media is part of the STRATACACHE family of digital media/marketing technology companies and is headquartered in Montréal, Canada with an EMEA office in the UK. For information, contact X2O Media at sales@x2omedia.com and follow X2O Media updates on LinkedIn and Twitter.

About STRATACACHE

STRATACACHE provides scalable customer experiences, empowering retailers to learn deeply about their customers' shopping preferences and behaviors, allowing for personalized shopper interaction. Our solutions deliver consumer activation at the point-of-decision, generating new sales opportunities and enhanced retail profitability. With 3.3 million+ software activations globally, we power the biggest digital networks for the world's largest brands. Across the STRATACACHE family of complementary digital media/ad tech solution companies, we have the technology, expertise, and track record to bring retail innovation that delivers results. Learn more about the STRATACACHE family at www.stratacache.com on LinkedIn and Twitter.

About LPI

Established in 1995 as the Institute for IT Training, the LPI (Learning and Performance Institute) is now the leading authority on workplace Learning & Development. With a comprehensive range of membership, certification, accreditation, events, awards, networks and consulting, our mission is to promote the skills and professional status of individuals and organisations engaged in learning activities, and to provide practical solutions for business performance improvement through effective learning. Our unique focus is on learning efficacy; the demonstrable impact of learning on individual and organisational performance. The LPI is: self-determining, objective, vendor neutral, and determined to raise the standard and value of workplace learning.

(PRNewsfoto/STRATACACHE)

Cision

View original content to obtain multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/x2o-media-achieves-learning-technologies-accreditation-for-x2o-oneroom-from-the-learning-performance-institute-301589529.html

SOURCE X2O Media

Cision

View original content to obtain multimedia: http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/July2022/20/c8217.html

Tue, 19 Jul 2022 21:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/now/x2o-media-achieves-learning-technologies-090700580.html
Killexams : X2O Media Achieves Learning Technologies Accreditation for X2O OneRoom from the Learning Performance Institute

MONTRÉAL, July 20, 2022 /CNW/ -- X2O Media, an international provider of hybrid collaboration technology, today announces it has been awarded the status of Accredited Learning Technologies for its X2O OneRoom solution by the LPI (Learning and Performance Institute), the leading global authority on workplace learning and development.

X2O OneRoom is an immersive hybrid training platform that provides an engaging learning experience with a human element for in-room and remote learners.

X2O OneRoom technology is an immersive hybrid training platform that provides an engaging learning experience with a human element for in-room and remote learners. To achieve this accreditation, X2O OneRoom technology underwent a rigorous evaluation against a comprehensive set of KPIs developed by industry experts. The assessment included a review of the OneRoom product, the teaching and learning experience and product development roadmap.

Commenting on the accreditation, Edmund Monk, CEO of LPI said: "LPI accreditation is not only an independent validation of an organisation's quality, but also a statement of intent: that it will constantly improve, innovate and develop its portfolio to the benefit of its customers. I am proud to hear of X2O Media's outstanding achievement and look forward to working with them throughout the coming years as they seek to strengthen their position in the market. I have no hesitation in recommending X2O Media to prospective customers and partners as their accreditation proves they are an exceptional provider of learning technologies."

"At X2O Media we are passionate about developing hybrid and virtual learning spaces that meet the high standards and needs of our customers. We are proud to have our OneRoom solution endorsed by the LPI as it reflects our commitment to providing quality, immersive learning experiences," said Mansour Brek, President of X2O Media.

As part of the continued development of X2O OneRoom, X2O Media have also announced the latest release of OneRoom version 2.5 which introduces dynamic seating charts, anonymous polls/quizzes, and the evolution of breakout groups to provide an enhanced learning environment for hybrid learners.

Join an X2O OneRoom demo session and discover the interactive hybrid learning environment, or find out more about OneRoom on our website.

About X2O Media

X2O Media provides technology to build virtual collaboration solutions and unified visual communication solutions for higher education and corporations across the globe. The award-winning X2O Platform represents a new category of communication tools that improves how enterprises and learning institutions engage with their employees and students. X2O Media's collaboration technology has helped organizations like Nestlé, IMD Business School, HEC Montréal, FutureDJs and City of London Freemen's School set a new standard for hybrid meetings, training and learning.

X2O Media is part of the STRATACACHE family of digital media/marketing technology companies and is headquartered in Montréal, Canada with an EMEA office in the UK. For information, contact X2O Media at sales@x2omedia.com and follow X2O Media updates on LinkedIn and Twitter.

About STRATACACHE

STRATACACHE provides scalable customer experiences, empowering retailers to learn deeply about their customers' shopping preferences and behaviors, allowing for personalized shopper interaction. Our solutions deliver consumer activation at the point-of-decision, generating new sales opportunities and enhanced retail profitability. With 3.3 million+ software activations globally, we power the biggest digital networks for the world's largest brands. Across the STRATACACHE family of complementary digital media/ad tech solution companies, we have the technology, expertise, and track record to bring retail innovation that delivers results. Learn more about the STRATACACHE family at www.stratacache.com on LinkedIn and Twitter.

About LPI

Established in 1995 as the Institute for IT Training, the LPI (Learning and Performance Institute) is now the leading authority on workplace Learning & Development. With a comprehensive range of membership, certification, accreditation, events, awards, networks and consulting, our mission is to promote the skills and professional status of individuals and organisations engaged in learning activities, and to provide practical solutions for business performance improvement through effective learning. Our unique focus is on learning efficacy; the demonstrable impact of learning on individual and organisational performance. The LPI is: self-determining, objective, vendor neutral, and determined to raise the standard and value of workplace learning.

(PRNewsfoto/STRATACACHE)

Cision

View original content to obtain multimedia:https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/x2o-media-achieves-learning-technologies-accreditation-for-x2o-oneroom-from-the-learning-performance-institute-301589529.html

SOURCE X2O Media

Cision

View original content to obtain multimedia: http://www.newswire.ca/en/releases/archive/July2022/20/c8217.html

Tue, 19 Jul 2022 21:10:00 -0500 en-CA text/html https://ca.finance.yahoo.com/news/x2o-media-achieves-learning-technologies-090700081.html
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