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Exam Code: 9L0-314 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
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Killexams : Apple Recertification study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/9L0-314 Search results Killexams : Apple Recertification study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/9L0-314 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Apple Killexams : Apple cider vinegar can help you burn fat faster with just two tablespoons a day

Apple cider vinegar: Expert shares recipe for weight loss drink

Apple cider has become a widely used weight loss supplement over the years, with many believing it has an impact when it comes to shedding those unwanted pounds. In the past, the supplement has been highlighted as a "go-to" weight loss aid, with the phrase “apple cider vinegar for weight loss” reaching almost 100,000 searches a month.

Various studies have suggested that it promotes a fuller feeling after eating.

According to a UK study published in the National Library of Medicine, by suppressing appetite it limits the amount of calories a person consumes a day.

About 100g of apple cider vinegar has about 22 calories, which means it makes for a low-calorie drink.

So, adding a tablespoon of it into a glassful of water and drinking first thing in the morning could help burn belly fat.

READ MORE: Diet: Expert warns against common mistake

Weight loss: Two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar could burn fat faster

Weight loss: Two tablespoons of apple cider vinegar could burn fat faster (Image: GETTY)

A exact 12-week study randomly assigned 39 subjects with a restricted calorie diet with apple cider vinegar or a restricted calorie diet without it.

Researchers found that while both groups lost weight, the apple cider vinegar group lost more.

Another 12-week study saw 144 obese Japanese adults consume either one tablespoon (15 ml) of vinegar, two tablespoons (30 ml) of vinegar or a placebo drink every day, with findings suggesting it could also reduce a person's body fat percentage.

Those who consumed one tablespoon of vinegar per day lost around 2.6lb (1.2kg) and had a 0.5 percent decrease in body fat.

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In comparison, those who consumed two tablespoons lost 3.7lb (1.7kg) and had a 0.9 percent decrease in body fat.

Vic Coppin, a nutrition expert at MuscleFood, said: "Apple cider vinegar can be a great addition to your diet.

"Although it contains very little vitamins and minerals, the substance is high in amino acids and antioxidants.

"These work to protect against any cell damage that free radicals cause - known as oxidative stress."

READ MORE: Michael Mosley weight loss: Remove three foods to stay slim

Various studies have suggested that it promotes a fuller feeling after eating

Various studies have suggested that it promotes a fuller feeling after eating (Image: GETTY)

It's also very diverse, and can be used in many other ways than just drinking it.

"A great way to get it into your diet is by using it as a salad dressing, or some prefer to add it to their daily juices," Vic advised.

"You can also consume it by drinking it on its own if preferred, but it needs to be diluted properly as it’s highly acidic and can cause damage to your stomach and teeth if ingested without.

Calorie burning tips

Calorie burning tips (Image: EXPRESS)

"It’s recommended that anywhere between a teaspoon to a tablespoon is mixed with around 250ml of water."

Apple cider vinegar is created by chopping up apples, soaking them with water and leaving them until the natural sugars ferment and form ethanol.

Known as fermentation, the bacteria then convert this alcohol into acetic acid, which is where the apple cider vinegar gets its famous strong smell and sour taste from.

Sun, 07 Aug 2022 19:14:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.express.co.uk/life-style/diets/1651894/weight-loss-apple-cider-vinegar-burn-fat-fast-diet-plan-drink
Killexams : Robots And Machines Making Work Inclusive

The DAWN café in central Tokyo, Japan looks like any other modern service establishments in a bustling metropolis with its sleek architecture, open space and plenty of greenery. But there’s a catch. Instead of human staff, the floor is busy with robot staff who greet customers at the door; who help them find their seat and take their orders. The robot staff can even recommend different coffee beans that customers can choose from so that a robot barista can make the perfect coffee.

The DAWN café, however, is not a story about automation-where machines take over a human task. The café is operated by Ory Laboratory, a tech startup that builds the robot servers that are operated remotely by human pilots who can’t leave their houses, and who are in many cases, bedridden. According to government statistics, Japan has over 34 million people who are house-bound due to physical disability, mental illness or old age.

DAWN which stands for “Diverse Avatar Working Network” began as a social experiment to create inclusive hospitality jobs for those who are housebound. Over 60 participants control the robots through a mouse, ipad, or gaze-controlled remote from their homes, and can see and speak to the customers through the robot. The robots have a screen displaying a photo and introduction of the person operating the robot, which helps to enhance communications between the servers and customers. According to testimonials of participants, the opportunity to work and “to be needed by others is motivating.”

One billion people, or 15 percent of the world’s population experience some form of disability, according to the World Health Population. With the increase of an ageing workforce and rising rates of chronic illness, as well as an overall decline in mental health worldwide, a focus on disabilities of varying physical, sensory, and cognitive abilities is of growing importance for the workplace. With mounting evidence of the various challenges faced by working-age people with disabilities, there is increasing awareness of, and discussion about promoting disability inclusion in the workplace.

In regards to assistive technologies making work more accessible for those with disabilities, using robots is one of several examples. A 2021 study by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) on the landscape of assistive technologies reveals a sector which has moved beyond its mechanical engineering origins to now include enabling technologies such as AI, IoT, computer/machine interface (BCI/BMI) and advanced sensors. These technologies can augment mobility, cognition, vision, hearing and communications within the workplace.

Take the example of communications, which involves the use of multiple faculties that include speech, hearing, vision, motor abilities and cognition. According to the 2021 WIPO report, special software and services for assistive communication technologies had the highest number of patent filings between 1998-2019, especially in the area of emulation software which transforms the user interface of a device (including hardware input devices) into a customized software interface for easier interaction and accessibility for users. With the rise in emulation software, large consumer electronic goods companies in the mobile and computing industry such as Apple, IBM, Microsoft, Panasonic and Samsung are leading the way.

Disability rights have been fervently supported by Apple CEO Tim Cook who believes that Apple’s commitment to accessibility is so complete that it never looks at the return of investment, but considers it “just and right.” And on April 21, 2021, Microsoft announced their five-year commitment to accelerate accessible technology development, create opportunities for more people with disabilities to enter the workforce and to build a working culture that is more inclusive for people with disabilities This announcement comes on the back of 25 years of work on accessibility at Microsoft, first triggered as a response to the 1990 American Disabilities Act.

More recently, discussion is centering around disability inclusion in non-physical spaces, such as the metaverse, and what features are necessary to ensure that it is accessible and inclusive.

Technologies, however, only are one component to addressing disability inclusion in the workplace. Many people point to the importance of developing a more inclusive corporate culture starting with developing recruitment and retention policies for disabled employees, implementation of training and awareness of disabilities in the workplace, and reframing accessibility as a Topic that concerns everybody.

Fri, 29 Jul 2022 17:49:00 -0500 Tomoko Yokoi en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/tomokoyokoi/2022/07/30/some-machines-are-making-work-more-accessible/
Killexams : How to use the hidden social features in Apple Music to help discovery

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After Ping and Connect flopped, Apple has been adding social features to Apple Music — and the results are greatly improved ways to discover new music. Here's how to use the new features.

In 2017, the introduction of iOS 11 saw Apple toss out the idea of Connect and instead welcome in a more user-focused social sharing network.

"A lot of the way we discover music is to ask one of our friends: 'What have you been listening to lately?'" said Craig Federighi, the senior vice president of Software Engineering at Apple, during the WWDC 2017 keynote.

Through the additions of user profiles and more to showcase not only your music tastes, but also who you are, following other users to see and discover what music they are listening to, and sharing/finding new playlists created by other users, Apple has truly been implementing significant social elements into Apple Music.

The app feels more lively in the sense that you no longer have to ask what others are listening to, but you can now visit their profile and see for yourself. What your friends listen to will have an impact on what shows up in your weekly music suggestions and the "Listen Now" tab.

Engaging with other users by following them or listening to their playlists will also help you discover new music more easily, and will help Apple Music recommend songs around those new genres you found from it too. Your "Friends Mix" playlist and the "Friends Are Listening To" section are prime examples of how engaging with others will help you discover new music.

Apple may have hit some dead ends before while trying to bring music and social features together, but now they seem to be on the right track with their mission to do so. These new social features may take a minute to find, but once you do, they help make discovering and sharing music more lively, engaging, and nearly effortless for you to enjoy.

Profiles

When starting with Apple Music, you can either set up your profile right away or later on. User profiles allow users to showcase the music they are currently listening to, the people they follow (or who follow them), and the playlist(s) that the user has chosen to showcase.

Users can create a username, choose the name they want to be displayed, and a profile picture that will create a translucent background surrounding it. All components will be showcased for web search results and for other Apple Music users to see.

Bringing profiles to Apple Music makes the streaming service feel more like a community other than independent and restricted off libraries that cannot interact with one another. The application allows you to showcase yourself through your profile picture that blends seamlessly into the translucent background behind it, and also reveal your current and past music tastes through current music being listened to and playlists you decide to share.

When creating a new playlist, it will automatically be added to your profile until unselected in profile edit mode. A user can switch on or off if they want their music-listening activity (what music they are listening to) to be shared, and decide if anyone can see their profile or only people they allow to.

Profiles can be searched for in the search tab when selecting "Apple Music" and typing them in the search field. Once typing it in, under the search field, select "Profiles" to only be shown accounts with the name you entered.

Other users' profiles can also be found when swiping to the bottom of your profile and selecting "Follow More Friends". If allowed, Apple Music will pull people's profiles via their phone number or Facebook credentials that they have shared with the application.

When looking at the list, Apple Music will share what genre of music they mostly listen to and if their profile is public or private. Tapping anywhere on their name will send the user a follow or follow request.

Following people gives each user a choice of either following people with similar tastes of music or going a new route to discover music through people who listen differently. Through the sections positioned in the "Listen Now" tab dedicated to the people you follow, it has you make the decision of if you want to expand the genres you listen to or keep it closed-circle with similar music you're already comfortable with. The decision is your's, and how you lead - Apple Music will follow.

Profiles - your's or others - can be shared via a connecting web link or sending them to other Apple devices via AirDrop. Other users' profiles can be blocked as well.

Following Others

While following other profiles is not mandatory, it does have its perks to expand the Apple Music experience and help the user potentially discover new music to listen to.

Friends Mix - a playlist curated by Apple to showcase the songs your friends have been listening to the most

Under the "Listen Now" tab, when scrolling down and seeing the "Made for You" category, there will be a playlist curated by Apple Music called: Friends Mix. This playlist is updated every Thursday and is curated by the songs your friends have listened to the most during the past week.

More input will be put into recommendations of songs you should listen in the form of this new playlist type. The new addition can bring discovery and conversation amongst friends about what music they are listening to currently due to the playlist indicating which song is connected to which friend.

Friends Mix puts a spin on traditional playlists and gives a first glance into playlists having multiple contributors to them. The more friends you add will equal to a more diverse playlist created every Thursday.

When selecting an album or playlist to listen to, if you scroll to the bottom, Apple Music will tell you which of your friends that you follow are also listening to that album or playlist as well. This can also be for playlists you create.

Following other users is not a mandatory action that must be done to use Apple Music, but doing so can benefit the user by helping them discover new music and giving a sense of community by seeing what others are listening to at the current moment.

Sharing Playlists

When iOS 8.4 was released back in 2015, it allowed users to have further customization of their playlists rather than just adding songs and giving them a title. Users were now able to add a customizable cover photo to their playlists and add a description to them as well.

With the tools of customization, they truly make creating a playlist more fun and intuitive with selecting how you would like to showcase the playlist through any cover art - which is showcased prominently on the top of the list - and the description you add to it.

Before, all users could do was add a title and music to a new playlist, but by adding these new customization elements to their list, it helps seeking users understand the type playlist you are trying to curate and the context behind it. It brings creative freedom back to the hands of the creator.

In addition to seeing other users' playlists, users can share their playlists via messaging apps, social media, and/or AirDrop as well. Any songs that are added to a playlist that may not be accessible to other users (for example: physical CD exclusives) will be blurred out and unable to tap upon.

When sharing a playlist or having someone add your's to their library, any changes made to the cover art, title, and/or description afterward will not show up automatically. You will have to delete the playlist from your device and re-add it to get those changes.

While searching for a playlist surrounding a certain Topic or artist, any public playlist will come up in the search result no matter if you are friends with the user or not. If a playlist is public, anyone can listen to it or add it to their library.

Being able to search for a an artist, genre, and/or emotional-style group of music and get results containing playlists curated by other users and not only by Apple Music truly adds to that feeling of community and openness within the app. It helps connect and engage users together by effortlessly introducing them to one another and the library they created. It also opens up the number of choices that the user gets to find a playlist that closely fits their musical and emotion needs in the moment.

There always seems to be a feeling of more emotion put into a playlist created by a user than a member of the Apple Music team.

Playlists are a great way to curate music surrounding a certain genre, tone, mood, and/or artist, and with the addition of being able to find new playlists natively in the Music app, it offers new ways of discovering new music and new artists to check out.

SharePlay

Music is enjoyable to listen to when alone, but it is also enjoyable when with others and listening together. No matter if the people listening together are near or far, Apple has integrated features into Apple Music and the Music app to allow users to listen, control, and share songs with one another effortlessly and intuitively.

When the COVID-19 pandemic began in early 2020, many people began talking over FaceTime and other video conferencing platforms to interact with one another. Apple introduced SharePlay in iOS 15 at WWDC 2021 which allowed users to share multiple forms of content when FaceTiming with one another.

"I can image being able to call them, and see them, but also look into their eyes and see how they are really doing," said Scott Forstall, former senior vice president of iOS Software at Apple, during his introduction of FaceTime on the iPhone 4.

This same premises can be seen in the connection between SharePlay and Apple Music and being able to listen and share music in real time with no delay. Any song can be shared via a messaging app, but being able to listen to a song or album together - and getting to see the genuine reaction and feeling from it from the other user - that is what makes SharePlay and Apple Music so special.

Everyone wants to feel as close as they can be when far away from someone they love and care about, and music has a way to bring people together whenever possible. The addition of SharePlay on top of music-listening brings those hopes to reality. It makes the difficulties of being apart a rock to jump over rather than a hurdle.

If everyone on the FaceTime call is an Apple Music subscriber, they can all listen to music within the app while conversing over FaceTime. The caller that wants to share the music can select which song they want everyone to listen to, and then the app will ask if the user wants to start the music for everyone or just themselves. When streaming the music, the app will tell you how many people are actively listening to the song via the MiniPlayer at the bottom of the screen.

SharePlay allows users to still connect via music and enjoy it together when far apart. If one or more callers on the FaceTime call are not Apple Music subscribers, then the feature will not work.

Replay

Spotify for years now has had a feature called: Spotify Wrapped, where the streaming service would compile different information and statics about a user's listening habits and what genre they gravitated more to, what artists they listened to the most, and other information that was interesting to know. In 2019, Apple brought the same feature to Apple Music.

Though the rollout was quiet, Apple released their version of Spotify Wrapped called Apple Music Replay, which allowed users to see their top songs of the year, what albums they listened to the most, and their top artists.

Apple Music curated playlists for the most listened to songs for each year

While the feature was released in 2019, it surprisingly allowed users to see their Replay playlists dating back to 2015 (when Apple Music first launched), or whenever they started using the streaming service. Users can view their Replay playlist of their most listened to songs anytime in the Music app under the "Listen Now" tab, but to see their most listened to artists and albums, they have to go online.

Replay is a great way for users to see what their listening habits have been for the last year and previous years. Users can share their playlists with other users just as if they were sharing any other type of playlist.

Replay playlists are updated every Friday.

When Apple introduced more of a focus on social features to Apple Music in iOS 11, it was accompanied with warm welcomes from users of the streaming service. The platform of posting pictures and videos that Ping and Connect brought is gone, and now, Apple is utilizing its core user's experience to bring the social aspect of Apple Music to life.

No longer does the app feel like an independent library, but now it feels as if it is part of a bigger community of users who are sharing music together.

For a long time, it seemed that Apple was lost in their search to bring music and social features together, but now, it seems as if they found what they were looking for, and if it is not yet complete - they are surely on the right track to achieve it.

Apple Music starts at $4.99 for their Voice Plan, $9.99 for their Individual Plan ($5.99 for students - with the addition of Apple TV included), and $14.99 for the Family Plan - which allows up to six accounts to be active under one subscription.

Mon, 01 Aug 2022 02:43:00 -0500 en text/html https://appleinsider.com/inside/apple-music/tips/how-to-use-the-hidden-social-features-in-apple-music-to-help-discovery
Killexams : Google Delays Its Cookie Cancellation…And Other Small Business Tech News This Week

Here are five things in technology that happened this past week and how they affect your business. Did you miss them?

1— Google’s update to replace third party cookies will be pushed back until 2024.

Google had previously stated that they would get rid of this system of digital advertising by 2022, however the date has been pushed back. Google has decided to hold back on this plan because they need to reevaluate their new privacy testing before getting rid of the existing system. Digital advertising has already taken a major hit from Apple and Facebook’s new privacy features which hiked the prices on digital advertisements. Google feels extremely confident that their alternatives will quench privacy concerns from many users. (Source: CNBC)

Why this is important for your business:

By now we all know what cookies are – those little applets that get downloaded to our devices in order to track our moves online. Google and other big online advertisers relied on cookies to target people. But, bowing to privacy concerns, the company decided to end its support of cookies in lieu of “alternatives” which we’re waiting to hear more about. If you advertise online, as I do, this will have a major impact on how you’re spending you money and your lead generation strategies. We got a stay of execution for a bit, but the inevitable downfall of cookies is coming.

2—Outlook recently released Outlook Lite for Android users.

On August 1st, Outlook released this new feature so that low-end Android users can use the app without needing 4G. The app includes many of the features as the normal Outlook app like email access, calendars, and contacts. However, it is not compatible with Android Work Profile and Mobile Application Management (MAM) for work accounts. This app is available in countries around the world. (Source: ZDNet)

Why this is important for your business:

Small business owners who use Outlook on their Android devices will find this new feature very helpful to Excellerate performance and adoption in their companies.

3— Digital wallets are going to surpass all forms of payment by 2026.

According to a global study, more than 60 percent of the population will only be using digital wallets in four years. The study also predicts a future where there are “super apps” that combine all your payment methods into one cohesive app. It will look like a modern day QR code that encodes many of the digital payment platforms like Paypal, Apple Pay, Google Pay, etc. (Source: Computer Weekly).

Why this is important for your business:

It’s taking longer than I expected but within the decade I expect to see almost no one using cash and very few people still using their plastic credit cards. Environmental benefits aside, the impact on small businesses is that we have to be prepared to accept payments using digital apps (crypt too!). Your point of sale software provider should be your first resource to turn to in order to make sure you’re payment methods are up to date.

4—Cyber hackers go after small businesses just as much as large corporations.

A small jewelry store in Georgia that was a victim to a cyber attack and this shocked many people. A new case study was released that — although many think that large corporations will be the victims of cyber attacks — small businesses are being attacked significantly more. Luckily for this business, they followed the protocol for backup storage. The leaders of the study urge small businesses to store backups in case of cyber security breaches. (Source: Yahoo Finance)

Why this is important for your business:

The study, conducted by a security firm, underscores the significant impact ransomware attacks are having on smaller firms. These things don’t get advertised because the media likes to focus on attacks affecting well-known institutions. But if you’re running a small business, know that you are very susceptible to a malware attack and should take all the necessary steps to protect yourself: software, training, backups, regular reviews, etc.

5— Previously a free online platform, Zayzoon, is now charging a $5 fee for workers to access payments.

ZayZoon - an online payment company that allows employees to access their earned wages on-demand - states that inflexible pay schedules are one of the main reasons for economic inequality. Their platform allows businesses to implement a program that gives employees access to accrued wages before the end of the payroll period. (Source: Tech Crunch)

Why this is important for your business:

According to TechCrunch, the platform is still free for companies, but the new $5 fee is for workers who want to choose how much of their wages they’d like to access, which can be up to $200. The downside is that this fee can add up for many low income workers who should be benefiting from the program.

Sat, 06 Aug 2022 23:00:00 -0500 Gene Marks en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/quickerbettertech/2022/08/07/google-delays-its-cookie-cancellationand-other-small-business-tech-news-this-week/
Killexams : 20 Tips on How to Reduce Belly Fat

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Do you have a little too much belly fat? Are you struggling to get rid of it, no matter what you do? If so, don't worry – there are things that you can do to reduce belly fat and get the body that you want. In this article, we will discuss 20 tips on how to reduce belly fat. Follow these tips and you'll be on your way to a slimmer waistline in no time!

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What causes belly fat?

There are many factors that contribute to belly fat, including poor diet, lack of exercise, and stress. While it may be tempting to try to spot-reduce fat from your stomach area, it's not possible to lose weight from one specific area of your body. 

When you lose weight, your body will burn fat from all over your body, including your stomach. To lose belly fat, you need to reduce your overall body fat percentage. 

What are the different types of belly fat? 

The first step to reducing belly fat is understanding the different types of fat that accumulate in our stomachs. There are two main types of fat: visceral and subcutaneous. Visceral fat is stored deep within our abdominal cavity and surrounds our organs. 

Subcutaneous fat lies just below the skin's surface. Although both types of fat are harmful to our health, visceral fat is more dangerous because it's associated with an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic conditions.

How will I know which type of belly fat I have? 

A simple way to determine whether you have visceral or subcutaneous fat is to pinch your stomach. If the fat feels hard and dense, it's most likely visceral. If the fat feels soft and jiggly, it's probably subcutaneous.

How can I reduce my overall body fat percentage quickly?

There are quite a few ways you can reduce your overall body fat percentage. While some will work faster than others, we're confident that by combining these 20 tips on how to reduce belly fat alongside the recommended fat burner products you'll be satisfied with your overall results. 

1. Eat plenty of soluble fiber

Soluble fiber absorbs water and forms a gel-like substance in the gut, which helps slow down digestion and promote fullness. Good sources of soluble fiber include oats, barley, legumes, flaxseed, and psyllium Husk.

Try to consume 25-35 grams of fiber per day. While most people consume around 15 grams of fiber per day, upping your intake can have major fat-loss benefits, including reduced belly fat.

Adding more fiber to your diet is one of the simplest and most effective ways to reduce belly fat quickly. In one study, participants who increased their soluble fiber intake by just five grams per day (equivalent to two small apples or one large carrot) lost nearly five times more belly fat than those who didn't get enough fiber in their diets.

2. Avoid foods that contain trans fats

Trans fats are created when manufacturers add hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them solid. This process, called "hydrogenation," makes the oils more shelf-stable and less likely to go rancid. 

While trans fats don't have any known health benefits, they've been shown to increase your "bad" LDL cholesterol levels, lower your "good" HDL cholesterol levels, and contribute to inflammation. All of these effects can lead to an increased risk of heart disease.

Eating just one gram of trans fat per day has been linked with a 33% increased risk of death from heart disease, so it's important to avoid foods that contain these fats. Trans fats are often found in processed foods, such as crackers, cookies, and margarine.

If a food contains partially hydrogenated oils, it's likely to contain trans fats. Check the ingredient list on food labels and avoid products that contain these oils.

Instead of trans fat-laden margarine, use olive oil or avocado oil as a spread on your toast or in your cooking. These healthy fats will help reduce belly fat.

Limit your intake of other unhealthy fats, such as saturated and industrial (partially hydrogenated) fats, as they can also contribute to heart disease and inflammation. Saturated fats are found in animal products, such as red meat, poultry, and full-fat dairy. 

Industrial fats are often found in processed foods, such as fast food, baked goods, and fried foods. Aim to limit your intake of these unhealthy fats to help reduce belly fat.

3. Don’t drink too much alcohol

While a moderate amount of alcohol is considered safe, overdoing it can have serious consequences for your health.

Excess alcohol consumption has been linked to an increased risk of fatty liver disease, insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes, and several types of cancer. It can also lead to weight gain and belly fat accumulation. 

For those who enjoy alcohol, limiting intake to one or two drinks per day can help keep your waistline in check. If you don't drink alcohol, there's no need to start – you'll already be ahead of the game.

4. Eat a high protein diet

Protein is an important nutrient for weight loss. It increases feelings of fullness, reduces hunger and helps preserve muscle mass during weight loss.

A high protein intake can also help you lose fat by boosting metabolism and reducing appetite. In fact, one study showed that participants who increased their protein intake to 30 percent of their calories ate 265 fewer calories per day and lost 11 pounds in 12 weeks.

Aim to include protein-rich foods in every meal, including eggs, fish, legumes, nuts, meat and dairy products. If you struggle to get enough protein in your diet, consider adding a protein powder supplement to your shakes or smoothies.

Regular exercise is another important factor in achieving and maintaining a healthy weight. If you’re trying to lose belly fat, aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity cardio per week. This can be broken down into 30 minutes of walking or jogging five days per week.

In addition to cardio, strength training is an effective way to tone your stomach muscles. Studies show that it can help reduce abdominal fat and create leaner muscle mass.

Aim to do strength training two or three days per week. Be sure to include exercises that target all the major muscle groups, such as the chest, shoulders, arms, back, core, and legs.

5. Reduce your stress levels

Chronic stress can lead to weight gain and belly fat accumulation. It also increases your risk of developing heart disease, type-two diabetes, and other health problems.

To help reduce stress, aim to get at least seven hours of sleep per night, exercise regularly, meditate or do some form of relaxation therapy. You can also try stress-reducing activities such as yoga, Tai Chi, or deep breathing.

Reducing stress can help you lose belly fat, but it’s not the only change you need to make to your lifestyle. Be sure to also focus on eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise to achieve the best results.

6. Don’t eat a lot of sugary foods

Sugar is a major source of empty calories that can contribute to weight gain and belly fat. Studies show that excess sugar can lead to increased accumulation of fat in the abdomen. One study even showed that for each additional daily serving of sugar-sweetened beverages, participants gained an extra pound of abdominal fat over the course of four years.

To reduce your sugar intake, avoid sugary drinks, such as soda, juice, and sports drinks. You should also limit your intake of sweets, including cookies, cakes, and candy. Instead, opt for foods that are high in protein and fiber, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

7. Do aerobic exercise (cardio)

Doing aerobic exercise (cardio) is an excellent way to burn calories and Excellerate your physical and mental health. Studies show that cardio can help you burn belly fat. One study showed that participants who did 20 minutes of cardio three times per week lost more visceral fat than those who only did strength training.

Cardio exercises that can help you burn belly fat include walking, jogging, running, cycling, and swimming. If you’re short on time, consider doing HIIT (high-intensity interval training), which can be done in just a few minutes but is very effective.

In addition to aerobic exercise, strength training is also important for burning belly fat. Studies show that combining cardio and strength training is more effective at burning fat than either type of exercise alone.

8. Cut back on carbs — especially refined carbs

Refined carbs are high in sugar and have been linked to weight gain and belly fat. They’re found in foods like white bread, pasta, cookies, cakes, and pastries.

To cut back on refined carbs, eat more whole grains, such as brown rice and oats. You can also try substituting them with healthier alternatives, such as quinoa, buckwheat, or amaranth.

9. Perform resistance training (lift weights)

Resistance training, also known as weightlifting or strength training, is an excellent way to tone your muscles and burn calories. Studies show that it can help reduce belly fat, as well as Excellerate overall health.

Aim to do resistance training two or three days per week. Be sure to include exercises that target all the major muscle groups, such as the chest, shoulders, arms, back, core, and legs.

In addition to resistance training, cardio exercise is also important for burning belly fat. Studies show that combining cardio and strength training is more effective at burning fat than either type of exercise alone.

10. Avoid sugar-sweetened beverages

Sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soda, juice, and sports drinks, are a major source of empty calories that can contribute to weight gain and belly fat. Studies show that excess sugar can lead to increased accumulation of fat in the abdomen. 

One study even showed that for each additional daily serving of sugar-sweetened beverages, participants gained an extra pound of abdominal fat over the course of four years.

11. Get plenty of restful sleep

Sleep is important for overall health and can have a profound effect on energy levels, metabolism, and hunger. Studies show that lack of sleep is linked to weight gain and increased belly fat.

To ensure you’re getting enough restful sleep, aim for seven to eight hours per night. Consider going to bed earlier or setting aside time for a nap during the day if you’re having trouble sleeping.

12. Track your food intake and exercise

To effectively track your food intake and exercise, consider using a calorie-tracking app or website. This can help you stay accountable for your goals and progress.

Some popular apps and websites include MyFitnessPal, LoseIt!, and Fitbit.

13. Eat fatty fish every week

Fatty fish, such as salmon, tuna, mackerel, and sardines, are high in omega-three fatty acids. These healthy fats have been shown to reduce inflammation and Excellerate heart health.

Studies show that eating fatty fish two or three times per week can help reduce belly fat. For the best results, aim for fish that are high in omega-three fatty acids and low in mercury.

14. Stop drinking fruit juice

Fruit juice is high in sugar and calories, and it’s easy to consume large amounts without realizing it. One cup of apple juice, for example, contains 24 grams of sugar — that’s more than the amount of sugar in a can of Coke.

To reduce your intake of fruit juice, avoid drinking it or limit your intake to small amounts. You can also opt for lower-sugar alternatives, such as unsweetened green tea or sparkling water.

15. Add apple cider vinegar to your diet

Apple cider vinegar is a type of vinegar made from fermented apples. It’s rich in acetic acid, which has been shown to reduce belly fat accumulation.

To add apple cider vinegar to your diet, try using it in salad dressings or marinades. You can also take it by the tablespoon with water before meals.

16. Eat probiotic foods or take a probiotic supplement

Probiotics are live bacteria that are beneficial for gut health. They’ve been shown to reduce inflammation and Excellerate digestion.

You can get probiotics from fermented foods, such as yogurt, sauerkraut, and kimchi. You can also take them in supplement form. Look for a product that contains multiple strains of bacteria and that has been third-party tested.

17. Try intermittent fasting

Intermittent fasting is an eating pattern that involves cycles of fasting and eating. It’s been shown to promote weight loss and help burn belly fat.

One study showed that participants who followed an intermittent fasting diet lost more weight and body fat than those who followed a regular diet. To try intermittent fasting, alternate between periods of fasting and eating.

18. Drink green tea

Green tea is high in antioxidants, which can Excellerate health and promote weight loss. Studies show that green tea extract can boost metabolism and help burn fat.

To add green tea to your diet, drink it plain or add it to smoothies or iced tea. You can also take green tea extract supplements. Look for a product that contains at least 50% catechins, such as EGCG.

19. Change your lifestyle and combine different methods

To lose belly fat, you need to make long-term changes to your diet and lifestyle. This includes reducing your calorie intake, increasing your physical activity, and making other lifestyle changes.

One study showed that participants who combined a healthy diet with exercise lost more weight and body fat than those who didn’t change their lifestyle. If you’re struggling to lose weight, consider making changes to your diet and physical activity level.

20. Take Fat Burner Diet Pills

If you’re looking for a quick and easy way to lose belly fat, consider taking diet pills. Fat burner diet pills are designed to help promote weight loss and reduce body fat.

There are many different types of diet pills on the market, so it’s important to choose a product that is safe and effective. Look for a product that contains ingredients that have been clinically proven to promote weight loss.

What's the best way to incorporate fat burners into my regular routine to reduce belly fat?

To get the most out of your fat burner, it's important to follow the directions on the product label and take it as directed. Some fat burners are designed to be taken before meals to help you feel fuller and eat less, while others are meant to be taken after meals to help boost your metabolism and promote fat burning.

If you're not sure when to take your fat burner, check with your healthcare provider or a registered dietitian for guidance.

Can vitamins help me lose belly fat? 

There are a few vitamins and minerals that have been shown to help with weight loss, including vitamin C, chromium and magnesium. While you can get these nutrients from food sources, taking a supplement can help ensure you’re getting enough of them.

Can I target belly fat with exercise?

While spot-reducing fat from a specific area of your body isn’t possible, you can use exercise to help reduce overall body fat. In particular, aerobic exercise — such as walking, running and swimming — has been shown to be effective at burning belly fat.

What should I avoid if I want to lose belly fat?

There are certain foods that can promote belly fat storage, including refined carbohydrates, sugary drinks, unhealthy fats and excessive alcohol. Avoiding these foods can help you reduce your belly fat.

In addition to dietary changes, getting enough sleep and managing stress levels are also important factors in weight loss. Getting seven to eight hours of sleep per night and managing stress levels can help promote healthy weight loss.

What are the best foods to eat to reduce belly fat fast?

There are a few specific foods that have been shown to help reduce belly fat, including avocados, nuts, eggs, and salmon. Adding these foods to your diet can help you reach your weight loss goals.

How will a fat burner supplement help me reduce belly fat? 

First, let's understand how fat burners work. These supplements are designed to increase your metabolism and help your body burn more fat. They typically contain ingredients like caffeine, green tea extract, and capsaicin.

Some fat burners also contain thermogenic ingredients that cause your body to produce more heat, which can help you burn more calories. 

If you're looking for a way to help reduce belly fat, then a fat burner supplement may be a good option for you. Be sure to read the label carefully and consult with your doctor before taking any supplements.

Recommended Products to Reduce Belly Fat

  1. Elm & Rye Fat Burner

  2. Hum Flatter Me

  3. Innosupps Night Shred

  4. Sculpt Nation Burn Evolved

  5. Hydroxycut Gummies

Final Thoughts

As you can see there are many tips on how to reduce belly fat, but our top 20 tips are for sure a great starting point. Between adjusting your diet and lifestyle as well as adding Elm & Rye fat burner to your daily routine, we've laid out all of the options to help you achieve your belly fat burning goals this year. 

Just a take moment to review each of the tips and recommended products to reduce belly fat before committing to a product and lifestyle change that will suit you best. Don’t forget to discuss your options with a doctor who knows your medical history and current health conditions. Between your doctor and this article with 20 tips on how to reduce belly fat, you’ll surely be well on your way towards reducing belly fat before the holidays arrive. 

Tue, 26 Jul 2022 04:27:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.discovermagazine.com/lifestyle/20-tips-on-how-to-reduce-belly-fat
Killexams : Can an Apple a Day Keep the Heart Disease Away?

The U.S. has had the same leading cause of death since 1921. Today, one person in America dies every 34 seconds from this disease. This disease doesn't care about your demographics -- men, women, and most racial and ethnic groups are all affected. The disease in question is none other than heart disease.

We're surrounded by daily advertisements for methods of combating heart disease. Additionally, the U.S. spends around $229 billion annually in heart-disease related healthcare services, medicine, and lost productivity due to death. The good news? This disease is largely preventable.

The Role of Nutrition Education

When physicians educate and counsel their patients in nutrition, this has the potential to decrease healthcare costs for patients and the healthcare system alike. Prescribing healthy foods, coupled with ensuring access (which can be supported through policy interventions such as subsidies for healthy foods), can decrease the potential for heart disease and other metabolic conditions, such as diabetes. In fact, increasing nutrient-dense food consumption and overall healthy eating (such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, and seeds) over a lifetime would save the U.S. over $100 billion in healthcare costs, according to one modeling study. Not to mention the nearly 3.3 million heart disease events and 120,000 cases of diabetes that could be prevented in the process.

However, we must consider whether standard medical education offers physicians sufficient training in nutrition and counseling to help combat heart disease.

Prior to entering medical school, I (S. Ryan Pierson, MS, RDN) earned a degree as a registered dietitian nutritionist. I spent years achieving an education that could help patients overcome health problems through nutrition, and I assumed physicians were already well equipped with this knowledge. Now, as I near the completion of my medical doctorate degree, I am reflecting on what I have learned about nutrition during medical school. Frankly, I have learned nothing new.

Nutritional science encompasses a vast array of syllabus and is commonly integrated into medical courses, such as biochemistry or gastrointestinal medicine -- but it is rarely the focal point of the course. After discussing the Topic with my peers, they could openly recall little to no nutrition education, other than a few basic syllabus required for medical board exam licensure.

I considered that perhaps the problem lies with which medical school we attend or a change in medical education over the past several years. But after performing a literature review, it appears that this minimal amount of nutrition education has been the status quo among medical schools across the U.S. for several decades. In fact, physicians have identified inadequate nutrition training as an education issue since the 1950s. Furthermore, medical schools devote a widely variable number of hours to nutrition content over a 4-year curriculum, ranging from 0 to 70 total hours and averaging around 20 hours total.

The curricula at medical schools are changed frequently. About 85% of medical schools are in the process of making a change, are planning on making a change, or have implemented a change to their curriculum within the past few years. Clearly, these programs are attempting to provide better and more accurate education for their students. So why hasn't there been significant progress on greater nutrition education when the need clearly exists?

Since nutrition education is not included in these changes year-after-year, one could argue medical educators don't believe nutrition education is important. However, when surveyed, practicing physicians state that their nutrition background is inadequate for promoting good nutrition among their patients, and only 21% of family physicians experience personal gratification in counseling about dietary issues. Perhaps if they had more training and experience with this type of counseling, they could more effectively help patients Excellerate their eating habits, and therefore may achieve greater gratification from it.

A fundamental change is needed for our medical education system to increase the focus on the power of nutrition as medical therapy. Perhaps an apple a day to keep the doctor away isn't too far off the mark.

S. Ryan Pierson, MS, RDN, is a registered dietitian nutritionist, certified strength & conditioning specialist, and fourth year MD/MBA student at Dell Medical School at the University of Texas at Austin. Kristie Loescher, MPH, DBA, is a professor of instruction for the Value Institute of Health and Care at Dell Medical School.

Mon, 18 Jul 2022 23:34:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medpagetoday.com/opinion/second-opinions/99773
Killexams : Why mental health issues don’t have to get in the way of security clearance

Best listening experience is on Chrome, Firefox or Safari. Subscribe to Federal Drive’s daily audio interviews on Apple Podcasts or PodcastOne.

Among the roughly 160 pages of the SF 86 form are questions about your mental health. Now that form which anyone with national security clearance has had to deal with, that doesn’t decide whether you get the clearance, people do. And how they evaluate answers to mental health questions, though, that might be undergoing some revision. The Federal Drive with Tom Temin got more details from the Assistant Director of the Special Security Directorate of the National Counter Intelligence and Security Center, Mark Frownfelter.

Tom Temin: Mr. Frownfelter, good to have you on.

Mark Frownfelter: Hey, thank you for having me today, Tom.

Tom Temin: And I guess my first question is, what is the problem that we’re trying to correct here? Because the statistics show very few people of the thousands of applications every year actually do get rejected for mental health reasons.

Mark Frownfelter: Yeah, that’s correct. And there are many areas that investigators cover and adjudicators reviewed to determine individuals conduct, reliability, judgment and integrity. And psychological conditions is actually reflected in Guideline I as an adjudicator standard within what we call a SEAD, the security executive agent directive 4. But relevant mental health information, as you referenced, is just one piece of the whole person concept which is employed when rendering a final adjudicated decision allowing someone access to classified information. But for many agencies, the current SF 86 form is the sole source of information that investigators and adjudicators have regarding mental health conditions and the whole person concept within the adjudicated process does enable security professionals to make decisions about eligibility for access to classified information. Now, having said that, as a whole person concept is considered, seeking assistance from a mental health provider, whether through an organization’s Employee Assistance Program, or private practice does not jeopardize an individual’s security clearance and in fact, is seen as a sign of strength. And this is something you’ll hear me reiterate throughout this discussion. And that’s what we’re trying to correct. The perception, and this perceived stigma going into what is actually sought as information being collected. But seeking treatment is not a reason to deny or revoke a clearance, seeking treatment is a sign of good judgment. And it is viewed in a positive light that an individual recognizes that a problem exists and is willing to take positive steps toward resolving it. And seeking help frequently enables an individual to address a challenging problem and make positive gains in their life. But early intervention is a key component to successful and often lasting resolution to the vast majority of personal problems and mental health concerns, And we actually encourage people to seek counseling and or treatment so that those challenges do not rise to the levels that would adversely affect a person’s stability, judgment or reliability.

Tom Temin: So are the changes you’re considering to the form in some manner? Or is it simply a matter of training the adjudicators to make sure that they’re in line with that type of thinking?

Mark Frownfelter: A little bit of both. We’re working this effort, which you’ll probably hear about more in this discussion on Trusted Workforce 2.0 initiative for clearence reform efforts. Now under that we are looking to get a facelift for the SF 86. And based on input from a Question 21 working group comprised of [Intelligence Community] and DoD clinical and research psychologists with subject matter expertise and personnel security, we are going to recommend shifting Question 21 away from the relevant risk diagnosis and mental health treatment, and focus on an individual’s ability to function as well as behaviors and conduct that may rise to the level of a security concern. These recommended changes I think, will increase the efficacy of the psychological and emotional health screening questions. And our goal is to align Question 21 behaviors with the behaviors of concern listed and SEAD 4 Guideline I and enable security professionals to gather more accurate and reliable information from applicants about risk factors that may relate to mental and emotional well being, without asking the applicants to devote mental health diagnosis and treatment. And with this goes along with a look at the national training standards to make sure adjudicators and investigators are working to collect and review the information that we’re seeking.

Tom Temin: And I don’t want to make light of this, but I will make an absurd example. Suppose someone had a condition where voices were telling them that they had to divulge secrets to China or something. So that’s a mental health condition that is associated with, I don’t know, maybe schizophrenia and so on. Would there be a way of discerning that level of danger versus just what most people just have anxiety or even a touch of depression, which can be clinically, as you say, treated with good results?

Mark Frownfelter: Absolutely. And I think you hit the nail on the head there. There are conditions that would prevent someone based on their reliability and lack of judgment to have access to classified information. So applicants receiving treatment or counseling for the most common mental health issues such as depression and anxiety, as well as those seeking treatment or counseling after stressful events that that’s not an area security practitioners are concerned with. This would include anything from PTSD-related issues and experience, trauma in one’s life, grief counseling or marital counseling. But regardless of the diagnosis, the most effective treatment for any diagnosable mental condition is often a combination of medication and therapy. And taking medication for a mental health condition when it’s in compliance with a doctor’s instruction is no more of a concern in regard to one’s clearance and career than taking medication as prescribed for physical conditions such as an antibiotic treating an infection as an example. So I just want to make it clear that we’re not looking to penalize anyone for following a prescribed medication treatment plan. However, with the caveat with the introduction of medicinal marijuana purposes, that is still prohibited under federal law, but anything else that is not a concern of a security practitioner. I do want to point out that according to a study from 2022 by Mental Health America, more than half of U.S. adults with some sort of mental condition, and that equates to approximately 27 million individuals, do not seek or receive treatment or counseling and untreated mental illness can cause significant disruptions in individuals thinking, feeling, mood or ability to relate to others. And as a result could impair judgment, reliability, and trustworthiness. So obviously, we encourage people to seek assistance when they need to. But to your point, a mental health condition is only a security clearance concern when in the opinion of a competent medical authority, it may cause significant defect in the reliability, sound judgment or trustworthiness of the employee.

Tom Temin: And with respect to certain substances, it would seem like you have to just wait for, say congressional action on the CBD and the marijuana-type of derived medicines that people sometimes take. And then there’s even research going on in the use of psychedelics, which are not legal at all anywhere, but VA is testing them with people under DEA supervision and so forth an interagency effort, but the law would have to catch up to practice in that case. Fair to say?

Mark Frownfelter: That’s fair to say. And I just want to reiterate that federal law dictates policy in this area. We are aware of the changing landscape among states and local levels. And we’re looking to monitor that and address accordingly. But federal law is the deciding factor on policy in that area. So unless the law changes, that’s going to continue to be the stance throughout the federal government workplace.

Tom Temin: And in the age of continuous vetting, which the whole clearance process has moved toward or is mostly moved there. Therefore, you can track someone’s financial conditions or marital status, that can all deliver clues to possible vulnerabilities with respect to security. Is it possible to ethically track mental health and changes there? Or does HIPAA say not apply in the case of security clearance?

Mark Frownfelter: Yeah, continuous vetting. I’m glad you brought that up. That’s a major linchpin in our trusted workforce 2.0 effort. And, we’re looking to modernize the personnel vetting process for the first time in 60 years moving away from a traditional periodic reinvestigation model and enrolling individuals in a continuous vetting capability. What this does is allows us to identify issues in real time and offer workforce assistance much sooner. So we do look to identify issues up front such as financial issues, maybe substance abuse, addictive behaviors, and what this does, it allows individuals to seek out available resources much sooner. But early intervention is a key component for maintaining the well being of the workforce. But I do want to emphasize that an employee’s mental health is not tracked by security. Even though we’re going into this continuous vetting capability, mental health concerns only rise to the attention of security clearance professionals when an individual’s mental health condition significantly impairs their judgment, reliability, and trustworthiness. But what this continuous vetting does, it allows us to look to employees to leverage the robust resources that are offered by the federal government, obtain assistance when needed, and remain a very valuable and productive member of the workforce.

Tom Temin: And getting back to the issue of updating and realigning the questions and grouping them differently, as well as making sure that the people doing the evaluations are up to speed here. Is there a timeline on that? Do you have a program for that this might be completed?

Mark Frownfelter: Yeah, it’s an iterative process. We are obviously working to build out policy framework that continuous vetting right now is in place, and that’s alive and well. The departments and agencies right now we have approximately 4.25 million people in some sort of continuous vetting capability. So we’re getting information in real time. We’re looking at the forms right now. The SF 86 will get a facelift but that has to go through a series of reviews made available for public comment, and we’re working very closely with our partners to include the other Intelligence Community professionals, DoD, our industrial partners are involved and also, we hear from the Hill and legislative committee staffers who have ideas on that process as well. So all that taken into account, we are looking to deliver a facelift to the form and continue our work and the Trusted Workforce 2.0 effort, but that will obviously continue on into next year and possibly years to come.

Tom Temin: Mark Frownfelter is assistant director of the Special Security Directorate of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center. Thanks so much for joining me.

Mark Frownfelter: Hey, thank you very much, Tom.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 06:02:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://federalnewsnetwork.com/intelligence-community/2022/08/why-mental-health-issues-dont-have-to-get-in-the-way-of-security-clearance/
Killexams : Hero Helps 2000+ Tribal Families Fight Middlemen, Earn Up To 3 Times More

The custard apples that reach your fruit bowl go through endless rounds of bargaining all the while tribal farmer families in Kotra, Rajasthan, hope to get a fair price for their labour.

However, from being offered a measly sum of Rs 50 per crate, some tribals now earn Rs 150 per crate. 

One of the organisations helping in this regard is Gramshree Development Services Pvt Ltd, which educates and supports tribals through the entire value chain process.

Founded by Rakesh Gupta, Gramshree educates tribals in rural areas about fruit processing by setting up processing units and training tribals to present fruit in a better condition. Gramshree’s interventions are resulting in better prices and standards of living for the tribal farmers. 

They started with a pilot project in 2016 with 500 tribals across multiple villages to check the importance of establishing a value chain. Today, Gramshree has replicated the model, setting up fruit processing units in 50 different villages of the state like Kotra, Gogunda, and Sayra, working with almost 2,000 farmer families, claims Rakesh. 

Now the organisation has produced about 30 metric tonnes of custard apple pulp, which are sold to Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and NCR. 

They also work with Indian blackberry (jamun) and tamarind, in Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh, empowering around 200 families. 

‘Direct impact on tribal lives’

Rakesh hails from Ranchi, Jharkhand. He graduated in maths and did his postgrad in rural development from the Xavier Institute of Social Service, before joining the development sector. He then started working with the NGO Srijan, in Rajasthan’s Tonk district, for four and a half years. “I worked directly with the community to establish a whole value chain there. It was a great experience,” he tells The Better India.

Around 2011 he left Srijan, after acquiring enough experience to understand the challenges specific to India’s rural areas. He then joined a charitable wing of an Indian conglomerate to understand the other side of social development like funding. 

He worked closely with the 18 NGOs that the trust was supporting at the time. “But I was not satisfied,” he says, “I wanted to make a more direct impact on the lives of tribal farming families.”

He then started the research process and found that there were several NGOs in the sector doing great work, including bringing in new technology, increasing agricultural production and output, adding new livelihood activities to the farmers’ lives, and more. “Ultimately, the farmers are left to deal with the market. That was the biggest existing challenge,” he says.

Quitting his job, he decided to build an organisation that would assist farmers at the front end.

That’s how Gramshree was born in 2014. 

It was started as a consultancy, providing support to NGOs in different aspects of the value chain. But soon he began travelling to the tribal areas of Udaipur and started working with the tribals. “I found that tribals have very small land holdings and were living in a condition devoid of basic facilities. Their main option was to migrate,” he says.

In the surrounding forest areas, Rakesh learnt that custard apples were in abundance. But since the areas they live in are deep in the interiors, the tribals were unable to bring the fruit directly to any market. 

Sunkibai, a tribal farmer from Rajasthan’s Surana village who has been associated with Gramshree for 18 months, has experienced this challenge firsthand. Earlier, she used to sell only to the locals in the neighbouring areas. She says, “Middlemen would come to buy custard apple, giving us between Rs 50 to Rs 150 per crate (20 kg of fruit). This amounted to between Rs 2.5 to Rs 7.5 per kg.”

“They [tribals] were being exploited and I started thinking about how we could intervene,” says Rakesh.

“We put in as much hard work, but the returns were low. Today, we earn more for the same work,” says Sunkibai, adding that they get around Rs 12 per kg. 

“Before we only grew corn, wheat, and mustard. But after Gramshree’s residential training I grow more plants like pea, spinach, coriander, fenugreek, and more. My annual income for the past year has been around Rs 50,000,” she adds.

The pilot project 

Gramshree decided to launch a pilot around 2016, with 500 tribal farmers from 30 villages, to study the importance of setting up a value chain. The idea was to Excellerate the quality of the fruit before sending it out into the market.

They had decided to set up fruit collection centres, a processing unit, a storage unit, and a marketing network, all at the village level, instead of in Udaipur. This would allow employment for the local women who could work at the various facilities. 

They approached Ram Avtar Kaushik of the Horticulture department of the Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur. Through him they learned that they could extend the life of the custard apple’s pulp through the use of frozen technology, giving it a shelf life of almost two years. 

They also mobilised the women into self-help groups and gave them necessary training. For instance, Gramshree asked them to focus on finding bigger fruit which would fetch a better price. They also taught them the importance of wearing masks and caps and trimming their nails while working in the processing units, so their hair or nails wouldn’t fall into the pulp they were making.

They educated tribals, through documentaries and films, in the entire processing process, showing them how pulp is extracted from the fruit and the various products their fruit collecting efforts lead to.

As a result of these interventions, the price of the fruits the tribals were selling increased since they could define the quality of the fruit they were selling. If the fruit was between 200 grams and 300 grams, it was B grade, and the farmers received Rs 13 per kg, which amounted to Rs 260 per crate, whereas before they got about Rs 50. For A grade fruit, which was over 300 grams, tribals received Rs 15 per kg and Rs 300 per crate. “At the village level, the tribal earnings become triple, at least.”

The next step was to establish a mini fruit processing unit for which they collaborated with the forest department and provided them with the land to set up the processing plant. Gramshree invested Rs 5 lakhs to procure machines, purchasing 15,000 kg of fruit and creating 3,000 kg of pulp. The women working here earn Rs 200 each day.

Their biggest challenge was figuring out where to market. From Udaipur, they slowly expanded their market to Ahmedabad as well and focused on the ice cream industry. 

Overall, their efforts led to better earnings for the tribals and a strong supply of pulp which they could sell in the market, being primarily a B2B business.

Empowering tribal communities

Today, Gramshree has replicated this process in different tribal villages, setting up processing units that employ about 50 women each. “They’ve been working for six years now, they’re all skilled up,” says Rakesh.

While working with the tribals, Rakesh realised that a lot of work needed to be put in to Excellerate the way of life of the tribals, and established the nonprofit Gramshree Foundation Trust. 

The Trust works at the backend, mobilising tribals, forming producer groups, supporting farmers with commercial vegetable cultivation, and marketing and sales. Its main goal is to build the capacity of the tribal women through creating producer groups of about 15 women each and offering on-ground support.

While middlemen still exist, Gramshree has established itself as a strong competitor, providing farmers with better rates, support, and training. The women themselves notice the difference in rates. 

“Earlier, we sold custard apple to middlemen at whatever rates they fixed. After Gramshree’s intervention, almost 40 of us formed farmer producer groups and started selling to the market directly. We decided that if any middleman’s van from outside came to collect fruit, we wouldn’t deliver in. We would make the pulp ourselves and sell that. The middlemen tried to threaten us, saying we can’t do this. At midnight one day, they called the police, the sarpanch, and the whole gram panchayat to scare us. But all of them supported us,” she adds.

Going forward, Gramshree is working to expand into other areas with high tribal populations, like Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. While the tribals have access to the forests and knowledge about where to find the fruits, Gramshree is mobilising and educating them to earn better profits for their efforts. 

“What Gramshree ultimately wants is that the tribal community in the village should do the procurement and processing of fruits, and we will help them reach out to the market. We will build their capacity so that their produce matches the quality of market demand,” says Rakesh.

Edited by Yoshita Rao

Mon, 08 Aug 2022 16:55:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.thebetterindia.com/293576/gramshree-helps-tribal-families-fight-middlemen-and-increase-farmer-earnings/
Killexams : freeCodeCamp: Everything You Need To Know Before Enrolling No result found, try new keyword!The organization offers 10 modules of study and requires no previous experience. Over 40,000 freeCodeCamp graduates have gone on to work at tech companies like Google, Apple, Amazon and Spotify. Mon, 11 Jul 2022 02:15:00 -0500 text/html https://www.nasdaq.com/articles/freecodecamp%3A-everything-you-need-to-know-before-enrolling Killexams : Apple vows to 'make changes' after report details how 15 female employees faced an apathetic HR following sexual harassment allegations

Tim Cook in November 2021.Mario Tama/Getty Images

  • Fifteen current and former Apple female employees say the company dismissed claims of misconduct.

  • The FT reports the HR unit retaliated against some of them after speaking up about the incidents.

  • Apple acknowledged its missteps, telling the outlet that it intends to "make changes."

Apple said it's making changes after over a dozen women reported sexual misconduct and other forms of harassment — and were met with an apathetic, sometimes hostile, Human Resources team, Financial Times reports.

In interviews with FT, one woman said a male colleague took advantage of her after a casual co-worker's happy hour, assisting her home and then removing her clothing to take photos of her when she fell asleep.

Another woman said a male colleague sent them incessant sexual messages, and her manager bullied her when she took leave to be with an ailing relative.

The 15 women, who are both current and former employees at Apple, said they took their claims to the company's HR unit, which is dubbed the People Team internally.

But the team primarily catered to the wishes of the managers instead of taking the women's claims seriously, they alleged per the report. The FT viewed email exchanges showing HR turning defensive and claiming there was nothing they could do, even if the women had hard proof.

Some women said reporting to officials eventually led to them leaving the company, with the team citing indiscretions in their performance. Others said Apple offered them lump sums of salary "for alleged emotional distress" or as an incentive not to disparage the company.

Apple did not immediately respond to Insider's request for comment. A spokesperson told the FT that while the company wants all employees to feel comfortable reporting issues, it hasn't always made it easy to do so.

"There are some accounts raised that do not reflect our intentions or our policies and we should have handled them differently, including certain exchanges reported in this story," Apple told the FT. "As a result, we will make changes to our training and processes."

Apple has been attempting to publicly highlight its efforts to empower female employees in the workplace, as has the rest of historically male-dominated Silicon Valley. Yet, reports of continued inequality and maltreatment have surfaced at tech giants like Google and Amazon.

Apple is notorious for its intense culture of secrecy, a feat challenged by the remote work-friendly pandemic, the company's adoption of the workplace messaging platform Slack, and fed-up employees taking to social media to air their grievances.

Workers have grown increasingly vocal about their concerns, creating cracks in Apple's "surprise and delight" battle cry of keeping details about their work culture under wraps.

For example, former Apple engineer Ashley Gjøvik posted claims of rampant sexism, bullying, and mismanagement on Twitter in August 2021, and was promptly put on leave. She alleged that senior employees kept a tally of votes on a whiteboard about how they could make her life at Apple a "living hell."

And in mid-2021, about 80 Apple employees wrote an internal letter to CEO Tim Cook protesting the company's return-to-office policy, which would require them to work in the office three days a week.

It was postponed due to COVID-19 until May when another group of employees wrote an open letter to Apple's top brass pushing back on the mandate that would allow two days to work from home.

"You have characterized the decision for the Hybrid Working Pilot as being about combining the need to commune in-person and the value of flexible work," the May letter reads. "But in reality, it does not recognize flexible work and is only driven by fear."

Read the original article on Business Insider

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 04:50:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/news/apple-vows-changes-report-details-165043724.html
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