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Exam Code: JN0-682 Practice exam 2023 by team
JN0-682 Data Center, Professional (JNCIP-DC)

Exam Specification:

- exam Name: Data Center, Professional (JNCIP-DC)
- exam Code: JN0-682
- exam Duration: 120 minutes
- exam Format: Multiple-choice and hands-on lab questions
- Passing Score: 65% (may vary)

Course Outline:

1. Data Center Deployment and Management
- Data center architecture and design principles
- Data center fabric and infrastructure components
- Data center deployment and management best practices
- Data center troubleshooting and maintenance

2. Layer 2 Data Center Technologies
- Ethernet switching in data centers
- Virtual LAN (VLAN) configuration and management
- Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) and Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (RSTP)
- Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)

3. Layer 3 Data Center Technologies
- IP addressing and subnetting
- Routing protocols (OSPF, BGP) in a data center environment
- Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP)
- Inter-VLAN routing and Layer 3 forwarding

4. Data Center Overlay Technologies
- Virtual Extensible LAN (VXLAN) and Network Virtualization using Generic Routing Encapsulation (NVGRE)
- Overlay tunneling protocols (GRE, MPLS)
- Virtual Network Functions (VNFs) and Network Function Virtualization (NFV)

5. Data Center Security
- Data center security threats and mitigation techniques
- Access control and identity management in data centers
- Firewall and security policies
- Virtual private networks (VPNs) in data center environments

6. Data Center Storage and Virtualization
- Storage Area Networks (SANs) and Fibre Channel
- Network-Attached Storage (NAS)
- Data center virtualization technologies (VMware, KVM)

Exam Objectives:

1. Design, deploy, and manage data center architectures.
2. Configure and troubleshoot Layer 2 and Layer 3 data center technologies.
3. Implement and optimize data center overlay technologies.
4. Ensure data center security and implement access controls.
5. Understand storage and virtualization technologies in data centers.
6. Perform troubleshooting and maintenance tasks in data center environments.

Exam Syllabus:

The exam syllabus covers the following Topics (but is not limited to):

- Data center architecture and design
- Layer 2 switching and VLANs
- Spanning Tree Protocol and Link Aggregation
- Layer 3 routing protocols
- Data center overlay technologies
- Data center security
- Storage and virtualization in data centers
- Troubleshooting and maintenance in data center environments

Data Center, Professional (JNCIP-DC)
Juniper Professional Topics
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The following resources are intended to provide professional development opportunities for the total Army. As we remain committed to an all-volunteer Army that is the most decisive land force in the world, strengthening our Army Profession based on implicit and universal trust has never been more important. The contents of this page will include rich venues for professional development that include Senior Leader speeches, Contemporary Military Forums (CMF), panels and meetings that address a wide range of professional Topics such as leader development, enhancing Soldier capabilities, modernization, force structure and Army Families.

Thu, 17 Jun 2021 13:08:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Juniper Group acquires hotel mapping solution provider Vervotech No result found, try new keyword!Spain-based operating portfolio company Juniper Group, of Vela Software and Constellation Software, has acquired Vervotech, a tech start-up. The financial details of the transaction have not been ... Mon, 21 Aug 2023 01:17:01 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Juniper Networks fixes Junos OS flaws
Four critical security vulnerabilities impacting all Juniper Networks Junos OS versions on SRX and EX Series, which could be chained to facilitate remote code execution, have been addressed in an "out-of-cycle" update, The Hacker News reports. Included in the fixed flaws, which have been identified within the operating system's J-Web component, are PHP external variable modification bugs, tracked as CVE-2023-36844 and CVE-2023-36845, which could be leveraged to enable the takeover of particular environment variables by unauthenticated network-based attackers, as well as missing authentication for critical function flaws, tracked as CVE-2023-36846 and CVE-2023-36847, which could be exploited to allow limited file system integrity impact. Successful exploitation requires alteration of certain PHP environment variables or arbitrary file uploads through J-Web, according to Juniper Networks, which urged the immediate application of the update. Organizations leveraging vulnerable OS instances have also been advised to restrict access or disable J-Web as workarounds to mitigate possible RCE attacks.
Mon, 21 Aug 2023 05:40:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Venison Recipes: The Best From the Experts

Venison recipes aren’t hard to find. But good venison recipes…now, that’s a different story. The internet is flooded with thousands of recipes for everything from meatloaf to carpaccio. You have to weed out all the “experts” who tell you to soak the meat in milk, or cook it to medium-well, or spend $75 at the fancy grocery store on spice blends and herbs you’ve never heard of. We waded through the nonsense for you and compiled some of the best venison recipes from some of the industry’s most reliable professional chefs and wild game foodies, as well as a handful of diehard hunters. This might be a good time to start defrosting the hunk of venison at the top of your freezer. 

Table of Contents

    Hank Shaw’s Venison Greek Meatball Recipe
    Sean Sherman’s Venison Stew with Hominy
    Lance Lewis’ Tuscan Venison Neck/Shank with White Bean Ragu
    Maggie Hudlow’s Venison Carne Asada
    Michael Pendley’s Venison Tenderloin Milanese
    Wade Truong’s Sous Vide Herb-Crusted Venison Chops
    Jenny Nguyen-Wheatley’s Vietnamese Shaking Venison
    Beka Garris’ French Onion Venison Steaks
    Derek Horner’s Shredded Venison Blade Roast
    Katie Hill’s Harissa Lime Marinade
    Cosmo Genova’s Venison Ragout
    Natalie Krebs’ Perfect Venison Burgers
    More Venison Recipes We Love
    Venison Recipe FAQs

Venison Recipes from Professional Chefs

These folks are trained experts. They’ve either been through culinary school or they’ve worked extensively in restaurants. But when given the choice, they’d take a hunter-harvested venison tenderloin over a marbled ribeye any day of the week, especially if it’s one they tagged themselves.

Hank Shaw’s Venison Greek Meatball Recipe

greek venison meatballs
Bulgur wheat and Greek tomato sauce supply these meatballs a twist. Holly A. Heyser

This recipe comes from James Beard award-winning wild game chef, multi-cookbook author, food writer, and avid hunter-angler-forager Hank Shaw. Shaw’s Greek meatball recipe calls for bulgur wheat instead of breadcrumbs, lots of garlic and fresh herbs, and tomato sauce with a “Hellenic touch.” These twists make these meatballs a little different from a more standard venison meatball recipe. Shaw’s Greek meatballs originally appeared in his blog, Hunt Gather Cook.



  • 1 1/2 pounds ground venison
  • 1/2 cup bulgur wheat
  • 1/2 cup red onion, minced
  • 5 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1/4 cup minced parsley
  • 2 tablespoons minced fresh oregano
  • 1 tablespoon salt
  • 1 tablespoon fresh ground pepper
  • 1 egg, lightly beaten
  • 1/2 teaspoon nutmeg, grated
  • Olive oil for frying, about 1 cup

Greek Tomato Sauce

  • 1 28-ounce can crushed tomatoes
  • 2 tablespoons tomato paste
  • 1/2 minced onion
  • 1 can anchovies in olive oil
  • 1/2 cup sweet red wine, Port or Mavrodaphne
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 1 tablespoon dried oregano, crushed
  • Salt to taste


  1. Start by getting the meatball mixture ready. Mix all ingredients in a large bowl. Cover and refrigerate for at least an hour to let the bulgur absorb moisture. Two hours is better.
  2. To make the sauce, drain the olive oil from the anchovies into a large saute pan. Over medium-high heat, saute the onions until they are translucent, about 3 to 5 minutes. Add anchovies, mash in the pan and combine with the onions. Add the tomato paste and stir to combine. Cook this until it turns a deep maroon, about 4 minutes.
  3. Add the wine and stir to combine. Add the cinnamon stick and bring to a boil. Pour in the crushed tomatoes, combine well and add the oregano and salt. Cook this uncovered over medium-low heat for about 10 minutes. Stir occasionally. If you feel adventurous, run this sauce through a food mill on a medium setting – after you remove the cinnamon stick. Keep warm while you make the meatballs.
  4. To make the meatballs, take the meat out and knead it until it forms a cohesive mass. Take an ice cream scoop or tablespoon and make your meatballs.
  5. Heat the olive oil in a large saute pan over medium-high heat. Brown the meatballs well in batches so you don’t crowd the pan. Set each browned meatball in the sauce to simmer as they come ready. When they are all in, cover the sauce and simmer gently over low heat for 15 minutes before serving.

Sean Sherman’s Venison Stew with Hominy

Sean Sherman is an Oglala Lakota chef, known more widely as “The Sioux Chef,” who focuses on amplifying and revitalizing Indigenous foods and culinary traditions. Sherman’s Minneapolis restaurant, Owamni, won a James Beard Award for Best New Restaurant in 2022. (The above Instagram post is of a bison stew with hominy from the famed restaurant.) Sherman also won a James Beard award for Best American Cookbook in 2018 for The Sioux Chef’s Indigenous Kitchen, where this recipe for venison stew with hominy originally appeared. 


  • 1 4-pound venison or elk shoulder
  • Pinch smoked salt
  • Pinch crushed juniper
  • 2 tablespoons sunflower oil
  • 2 wild onions or small shallots, diced
  • 1 pound wild mushrooms (chanterelle, oyster, porcini, or cremini), sliced
  • 1/4 cup corn flour
  • 3 cups corn stock or vegetable stock
  • 1 cup cider, hard or not sweet
  • 1 sprig sage
  • 1-2 tablespoons maple vinegar to taste
  • Dash maple sugar


  1. Generously season all sides of the venison with the salt and juniper. Film a cast-iron pot with the oil and set over high heat. Add the venison and sear well on all sides until golden brown, about 4 minutes per side. Remove the venison and set aside.
  2. Reduce the heat and add the onions and mushrooms to the pot and cook, stirring until they brown, about 3 to 4 minutes. Stir in the flour until dissolved; then stir in the stock, cider, and sage and bring the mixture to a boil. Reduce the heat to a low simmer. Cover and cook until the meat pulls away easily from the bone, about 1. to 2 hours. Taste and season with the vinegar and sugar.
  3. Transfer the venison to a cutting board and remove the bone. Slice the meat into chunks and return to the pot. Discard the sprig of sage. Serve in shallow bowls over wild rice, corn cakes, hominy, or roasted squash.

From The Sioux Chef’s Indigenous Kitchen by Sean Sherman with Beth Dooley. Published by the University of Minnesota Press, 2017.Copyright 2017 Ghost Dancer, LLC. All rights reserved. Used by permission.

Lance Lewis’ Tuscan Venison Neck/Shank with White Bean Ragu

tuscan venison neck/shank with white bean ragu
This recipe works on venison cuts that frequently ends up in a grind pile: the neck and shank meat. Lance Lewis

Private chef, caterer, and culinary instructor Lance Lewis is the founder of Tagged Out Kitchen, a wild game culinary class program that teaches participants everything from shot placement to best sausage-making practices. Lewis also offers field-to-table dinners and private instruction through TOK. He has a passion for using under-utilized cuts in high-quality recipes, as he does here with a neck and shank meat recipe. 


  • 2 tablespoons high temp neutral oil (avocado, canola, vegetable)
  • 2 (28-oz.) cans San Marzano crushed tomatoes
  • 2 yellow onions, small diced
  • 2 carrots, small diced
  • 2 stalks celery, small diced
  • 4 garlic cloves, minced or grated
  • 1/2 cup oil-packed sun-dried tomatoes, drained and chopped
  • 2 tablespoons tomato paste
  • 3/4 cup red wine
  • 2 teaspoons dried basil
  • 2 teaspoons dried oregano
  • 2 sprigs fresh thyme
  • 1 bay leaf
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt, plus more as needed
  • 1/2 teaspoon freshly ground pepper, plus more for garnish
  • 3 to 4 lbs venison neck/shank
  • 1 bunch Tuscan kale, stemmed and leaves coarsely chopped
  • 1 (14-oz.) can white beans, drained and rinsed
  • 1 pound pappardelle or your favorite pasta
  • 2 tablespoons salted butter
  • Handful of fresh basil, chopped, plus more for garnish


  1. Preheat the oven to 300 degrees.
  2. In an 8-quart Dutch oven, heat the oil until it shimmers and ripples. Next, add the venison and sear it on all sides until nicely browned. Once the venison is browned, remove it from the heat and set it aside. In the remaining oil (add more if necessary), add the diced carrot, onion, and celery. As they begin to soften, push them to the side of the pot and introduce the tomato paste. Let the tomato paste develop a deep color on the bottom of the pot while stirring, then pour in the red wine. Utilize a wooden spoon or a high-temperature spatula to scrape up any bits stuck to the pot’s bottom.
  3. Now, incorporate the rest of the ingredients except for the pasta, kale, and beans. Mix everything well, and reintroduce the seared venison along with any juices that may have accumulated on your plate. Transfer the Dutch oven to a preheated 300-degree Fahrenheit oven until the venison becomes incredibly tender and falls off the bone, which usually takes about 4 to 6 hours. This will ensure the desired tenderness and prevent any sticking. Afterward, remove the venison from the sauce (into a bowl or plate), allowing it to cool slightly, and then proceed to shred the meat while discarding the bones.
  4. Integrate the kale and white beans into the sauce, put back on the stove turning the heat up to high, and cover the pot for an additional 20 to 30 minutes of cooking. Finally, stir in the shredded venison meat.
  5. Meanwhile, prepare a large pot of salted water and bring it to a boil over high heat. Cook the pasta until it reaches an al dente texture according to the package instructions. Drain the pasta and return it to the pot. Toss the pasta with butter and fresh basil.
  6. Serve the sauce over the prepared pasta, and garnish with additional basil and a sprinkle of freshly ground pepper to taste.
  7. Note: Feel free and add in your favorite cheese like burrata or spice it up with calabrian chili oil.

Venison Recipes from Wild Game Foodies

These folks have all the enthusiasm and creativity necessary to stand out among run-of-the-mill wild game cooks. They publish recipes on their own websites and in other outlets, and maybe they’ve written a cookbook or two. They’re the middle sliver of the Venn diagram between culinary professionals and normal hunters who like to cook.

Maggie Hudlow’s Venison Carne Asada Recipe

venison carne asada recipe
Hudlow recommends pulling apart a melty quesadilla and shoving the carne asada inside for a mouthwatering taco. Maggie Hudlow / MeatEater

Between her culinary school experience, her stints working in restaurants around Wyoming and Montana, and now her job at MeatEater, Maggie Hudlow blurs the line between professional and foodie. She shows it with her latest for MeatEater, this venison carne asada recipe, which is simple enough to whip up in an afternoon but delicious enough to serve to your pickiest taco fans.


  • 1 to 2 pounds venison roast, sliced thin (top round, sirloin, etc.)
  • Flour tortillas
  • Jack cheese, shredded
  • Taco toppings


  • 1 tablespoon honey
  • 2 tablespoons avocado oil (sub any high-heat oil)
  • 1 lime, juiced
  • 1 tablespoon soy sauce
  • 5 cloves garlic, minced
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. Prepare the marinade by whisking all the ingredients together in a large container. Season to taste.
  2. Place sliced meat (it’s OK if it’s still a bit frozen) into the marinade and use your hands to toss well, ensuring all the meat is covered. Allow this to marinade for an hour or two.
  3. Fire up your grill on high. 500°F is a good temp to aim for because you’ll have the lid open for most of this cooking process, so you want the grates hot. These thin pieces of meat cook fast, only 2 or 3 minutes. The goal is to char them a bit but get them off the grill before they just turn to charcoal. You’ll likely have to work in batches.
  4. Once all the meat is cooked, turn the heat on your grill down to medium-low while the meat rests for about 10 minutes. Grill one side of a tortilla, flip, cover with jack cheese, and fold over to make a quesadilla. Grill both sides until done.
  5. Chop the meat up into small cubes, stuff it into a molten quesadilla, and finish with your favorite toppings like lime, pico, cilantro and onion, grilled green onion or pickled red onion, pickled or grilled jalapeño, queso fresco, sour cream, or guacamole (or just get creative with whatever’s in the fridge).

Michael Pendley’s Venison Tenderloin Milanese Recipe

venison milanese recipe
Pendley recommends serving the milanese over rice or risotto. Courtesy of Michael Pendley

Michael Pendley is the man behind Realtree’s Timber 2 Table blog, where he publishes countless venison recipes just like this one for venison tenderloin Milanese. A staple in most restaurants, the Milanese preparation involves pounding cutlets, tenderloins, or other tender cuts (usually of chicken, pork, or veal) with a meat mallet before dredging and frying them. Here, Pendley uses venison tenderloins. He recommends serving the final product over risotto or pasta.


  • 2 whole tenderloins, pounded flat
  • ¾ cup breadcrumbs
  • ¼ cup parmesan cheese
  • 1 teaspoon Italian seasoning
  • ½ cup all-purpose flour
  • 2 large eggs, beaten with 1 tablespoon water
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • ½ cup vegetable oil
  • Lemon wedges, fresh parsley, and additional parmesan cheese for serving


  1. Trim away any fat from the tenderloins. Pound the meat to about a ¼ inch thickness with a meat mallet. Season well on both sides with salt and pepper.
  2. Mix ¼ cup parmesan cheese and the Italian seasoning into the breadcrumbs in a shallow dish. Whisk the eggs with a tablespoon of water. Add the flour to a separate shallow dish. Heat the oil in a skillet over medium heat.
  3. Dredge the meat on all sides in the all-purpose flour. Next, dip the meat into the egg wash. Immediately dredge in the breadcrumb parmesan mixture. 
  4. Gently lower the tenderloins into the hot oil, taking care not to splash oil from the pan. Fry for 3-5 minutes per side to desired doneness. Serve with pasta or risotto and a salad.

Wade Truong’s  Sous Vide Herb-Crusted Venison Chops Recipe

sous vide herb-crusted venison chops
This is a good recipe to try for a more intricate cut of meat. Courtesy of Wade Truong

You can’t have a proper venison recipe round-up without a sous vide recipe. Here, Wade Truong of Elevated Wild uses his sous vide on an intermediate-level venison cut—the frenched rib rack—smothered in fried fresh herbs and breadcrumbs. The frenched rib chop is often called the “lollipop,” and involves cross-sections of the backstrap (exterior of the rib) still attached to the rib itself. If you don’t have a band saw, hand saw, or otherwise can’t extract a frenched rack of ribs, you can use this preparation on boneless backstraps and tenderloins as well, Truong says. 


  • 1 rack bone-in venison chops
  • 1 ½ cup panko breadcrumbs
  • 2 tablespoons butter
  • 2-3 bunches of basil or flat leaf parsley (around ½ lb)
  • All purpose flour, for dredging
  • 1 egg
  • ¼ cup milk
  • Oil for frying
  • Salt & pepper
  • Butcher’s twine


  1. Trim the chops of silver skin, extra fat, and french the bones. Use butcher twine to tie tight cylinders between each set of ribs. Season with salt and pepper, place in vacuum sealer bag with butter and seal. Cook in a sous vide bath at 130F for 1-2 hours.
  2. While the meat is cooking, pluck leaves from basil or parsley, or a combination of both (fry separately). Fry herb leaves in hot oil (at around 375F) until the leaves turn dark green and slightly translucent (15-30 seconds). Remove from oil and place on paper towel lined plate or pan to drain off oil. As the herbs cool they should become crispy and resemble dark green stained glass. Work in batches until all the herbs are fried. 
  3. Place fried herbs in food processor with panko and pulse until the mixture is evenly dark green. Set aside.
  4. When the cook time for the chops is over, remove them from sous vide bath & place in ice bath to chill. Remove them from the bag & dredge in flour (avoiding getting flour on bones). Shake off any excess flour and sear in large sautee pan with oil until flour is a golden brown, about 30-40 seconds each side. Use tongs to rotate the chops to evenly sear all sides. Remove from pan and place on sheet pan to cool for 5-10 minutes.
  5. Preheat oven to 425F. Mix egg with milk and use a pastry brush to coat all sides of the chop (avoiding getting the egg wash on the bones). Once coated, place in bowl with herb panko and press the panko onto the chops, making sure to coat all sides evenly. Place on baking sheet or roasting pan and bake at 425F until panko is crispy and just starting to darken (~5 minutes). Remove from oven and allow to cool enough to handle. Cut the chops apart or serve the rack whole.

Jenny Nguyen Wheatley’s Vietnamese Shaking Venison Recipe

shaking venison
Nguyen-Wheatley uses venison in a longtime favorite recipe from her childhood. Jenny Nguyen-Wheatley / Food for Hunters

This fast-and-easy venison recipe is a childhood favorite for Jenny Nguyen-Wheatley of Food for Hunters. Wheatley is a hunting and wild foods writer and editor based in Omaha, Nebraska. She took a traditional Vietnamese beef recipe and swapped in venison, making the dish even leaner and more nutritious than it already was. If you can find farm-fresh veggies for the salad, all the better.


  • 1 pound of venison loin or tender hindquarter roast
  • 1 tablespoon of peanut/vegetable oil
  • 2 servings of cooked jasmine rice, keep warm


  • 1/2 teaspoon of freshly cracked black pepper
  • 1 tablespoon of light-sodium soy sauce
  • 1 teaspoon of fish sauce
  • 2 tablespoons of oyster sauce
  • 2 cloves of garlic, minced
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons of sugar


  • 4 cups of watercress (only tender, leafy parts) or arugula
  • 1 shallot, thinly sliced
  • 1 1/2 tablespoons of rice vinegar
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons of sugar
  • Kosher salt, to taste
  • 3-5 turns of freshly cracked pepper
  • 2 tablespoons of water


  1. Remove all silver skin from venison and cut into 3/4-inch cubes. In a small bowl, combine marinade ingredients. Then add venison and marinate, covered, for at least 20 minutes but no longer than 8 hours in the refrigerator.
  2. In a large bowl, combine all salad ingredients except the watercress/ arugula. Do not toss until ready to eat. Set aside.
  3. Next, heat oil in a large wok or skillet over high heat. Add venison cubes in one layer, and allow it to sear on this first side for 1 minute. Then shake the pan (or flip with tongs), to sear the other sides for 30 seconds each. Cook venison for about 4 minutes total or until nicely browned and medium-rare.  
  4. Toss arugula or watercress into dressing. Add a pinch of salt and pepper, to taste.
  5. Move greens to a serving dish and pile cooked venison on top. Serve immediately with warm jasmine rice. 

Beka Garris’ French Onion Venison Steaks Recipe

french onion venison steaks recipe
How can you not love a seared venison steak covered in cheese? Beka Garris

This venison recipe from bowhunter and wild foods enthusiast Beka Garris, which she originally published in Traditional Bowhunter, has winter comfort food written all over it. Unlike your standard French onion soup, the best part of this recipe is what’s hiding underneath the cheese. This is a great preparation for any tender steak cut, and it makes for a quick, satisfying weeknight dinner—especially if you’re cooking for picky kids. (You should also check out Garris’ venison schnitzel recipe.)


  • 1/2 to 1 pound venison steak
  • 2-4 onions
  • 1 cup of beef, game, or bone broth
  • Cooking oil
  • Butter
  • Salt and pepper
  • Shredded mozzarella cheese
  • Cast iron skillet


  1. Cut venison steaks to 1.5-inch thick and season well with salt and pepper. (This would be a great recipe for a backstrap, which could be easily cut into symmetrical medallions. However, I was out of backstrap, so just used a steak cut from the hindquarter (round). The meat came out extremely tender!)
  2. Heat cast iron skillet over medium high and add a few tablespoons of oil. Add your steaks and let them cook a few minutes on each side. Don’t worry about cooking them through, just get a nice sear on both sides. Then, remove them from the skillet and set them on a plate.
  3. While the steaks are cooking, I usually use the time to slice my onions. You may have noticed that I didn’t specify which kind of onions to use, because they all work great with this recipe. I prefer red onions for the big flavor and “bite.” They’re also a larger onion, so I don’t need as many. If you prefer a more mellow flavor, I suggest a white or yellow onion. All are delicious! I use roughly one onion per person I plan to serve as a general rule of thumb.
  4. Slice the onions thin. Once the steaks are removed from the skillet, dump the onions into that same skillet over medium heat. Add your broth, 4 tablespoons of butter, and season well with salt and pepper. At this time, you should preheat your oven to 300 degrees.
  5. Let the onions cook down, stirring occasionally. It will take about 15-20 minutes
    for the liquid to disappear and the onions to turn a beautiful caramelized color.
  6. Place your cooked steaks back into the skillet and nestle them into the bed of cooked onions. Top the steaks with shredded mozzarella, being as heavy handed with the cheese as you like. There is no wrong answer there. Place the skillet into your preheated oven and let it cook for 20 minutes for medium rare, 23-24 for well done. Add some parmesan cheese and chopped parsley if desired. Serve with good French bread and don’t count on having a lot of leftovers!

Recipes from Hunters

These venison recipes come from OL editors and writers who have overcooked enough backstraps and dried out enough burgers to know what not to do with a full freezer. They might not have a Michelin star—heck, they might not even know how to pronounce “bourguignon”—but they can put a damn fine venison meal on the table with these recipes.

Derek Horner’s Shredded Venison Blade Roast Recipe

barbecue sandwich
This shredded venison roast recipe makes for a delicious barbecue sandwich. Derek Horner

The shoulder blade can be a controversial subject in wild game cooking. Some prefer to trim all the meat off the blades and turn it into grind, flatiron steaks, or stew meat. Others, like OL’s engagement editor Derek Horner, prefer to leave the blade intact and cook the whole section down low and slow, resulting in a sumptuous pile of juicy, shredded venison.


  • 1 venison blade roast 
  • ½ cup (or enough to coat the roast) high-smoke-point oil, like avocado or sunflower oil
  • 2 tablespoons garlic powder
  • 2 tablespoons onion powder
  • 2 tablespoons paprika
  • 2 tablespoons kosher salt
  • ¼ cup brown sugar
  • 1.5-2 quarts beef or venison stock, enough to cover the roast
  • BBQ sauce of choice


  1. Take your shoulder blade and cover it with high smoke point oil. Then add your seasonings.
  2. Bring a cast iron skillet to high heat, then sear the shoulder blade in the pan for 30-40 seconds each side. This will lock your seasonings into the meat.
  3. Remove from the cast iron skillet and insert into your crock pot. Fully cover the shoulder blade roast with beef stock (or homemade venison stock).
  4. Set the crock pot to cook on low for 6-8 hours until meat is fall-off-the bone-tender. You should be able to grab the shoulder blade with a set of tongs and see the meat slide off it.
  5. Remove the meat and bones from the crock pot and separate all of the meat from the bones. Put your meat into a metal bowl and shred with a fork, or you can use a kitchen mixer to simplify this process.
  6. Once the meat has been shredded, you’re ready to dig in. You can add BBQ sauce now, or later. Serve on a brioche bun for a perfect pulled venison sandwich, or add to a quesadilla if you want to mix it up.

The Author’s Harissa Lime Marinade Recipe

harissa lime marinade
Dress veggies in the leftover marinade with some extra citrus for a bright flavor. Katie Hill

Harissa is a spicy North African pepper paste made from chili peppers and red peppers, garlic, coriander, cumin, caraway seeds, and a bunch of other herbs and spices. It’s unbeatable in a venison marinade because, if you buy the right brand, its ingredients do most of the seasoning work for you. (It’s similar to curry paste in this way, but offers a different flavor profile.) Before you start thinking “no way my small-town grocery store carries that,” you can find it in most international food aisles (try Walmart’s grocery section) or online. Consider ordering a dried spice blend version rather than the oily paste that could get messy while shipping.


  • 2 tablespoons harissa paste or spice blend* 
  • 3 tablespoons lime juice
  • 2 tablespoons toasted sesame oil
  • 1 teaspoon garlic powder*
  • 1 teaspoon cumin*
  • 1 teaspoon salt, or to taste

*Not all harissa pastes and blends are the same. Check the ingredients list on the jars in your grocery store. If your only options don’t include these spices, add them to taste. I use Trader Joe’s Harissa Paste and add extra garlic powder and cumin. 


  1. Combine all ingredients in a Pyrex mixing cup and whisk until all ingredients are evenly distributed.
  2. Taste and adjust as needed. Remember this is a marinade, so it’s meant to pack a punch. Too much lime? Add a little extra cumin and salt. Too salty or spicy? Add another teaspoon or two of toasted sesame oil. 
  3. Pour into gallon Ziploc bag or vacuum-seal bag and add preferred venison cut. Smother, remove as much air as possible, and seal. Store in refrigerator until ready to cook, up to 24 hours.
  4. Throw tender cuts on a hot grill or skillet for a fast sear and serve medium-rare. 

Cosmo Genova’s Venison Ragu Recipe

venison ragout
Venison will elevate your standard pasta night. Cosmo Genova

Cosmo Genova is a freelance writer and photographer who has contributed multiple recipes to OL. His restaurant background and passion for wild game cooking comes through in this recipe for venison ragu. There’s so much more to neck roasts than ground burger. It’s some of the finest-tasting meat on the animal if you supply it time and moisture. Venison ragu is go-to recipe for neck roast, cooked down into a hearty base sauce of tomato, garlic, and wine. Served with your favorite pasta, you can make a restaurant-quality meal at home with your wild game and a few things from the pantry. Not only is it delicious, but it’s also a great dish to introduce people to wild game. You can also use any other roast for this recipe, but Genova prefers the neck. See the video for this recipe here.


  • 1 whole venison neck cut in two
  • 2 – 28 oz cans of crushed tomatoes
  • 1-2 heads of garlic, minced
  • 1 cup red or white wine
  • Fresh basil and/or parsley
  • Kosher salt, pepper, oregano, cinnamon or nutmeg
  • Olive oil
  • Pasta (here, pappardelle)


  1. Roast the neck in an oiled baking dish covered with foil for at least 4 hours at 300°.
  2. Strip the meat off the bone and reserve along with the cooking liquid.
  3. Brown your garlic in a large dutch oven or stock pot using olive oil.
  4. Add the meat, followed by the cooking liquid
  5. Cook down for a few minutes, and then add the crushed tomatoes, wine, herbs, and seasoning.
  6. Stir all together, cover, and cook down for at least an hour (the longer, the better), stirring occasionally.
  7. Cook your favorite pasta to just before “al dente,” and drain
  8. Cook down a few scoops of the ragu in a saute pan, and then add your pasta.
  9. Cook the sauce into the pasta for a minute or two, and serve with grated cheese and more fresh herbs.

Natalie Krebs’ Perfect Venison Burger Recipe

venison burger recipe
The burger in front was flipped too soon; you want to turn it after its been evenly caramelized. Natalie Krebs

One of the quickest, easiest, and tastiest ways to cook ground venison is to make burgers, and OL executive editor Natalie Krebs’ burger should be everyone’s go-to. Because this recipe uses a cast-iron skillet instead of a grill, you don’t need to wait for good BBQ weather, either. Krebs finds that venison burgers have a tendency to crumble and fall through the cracks on a grill, especially if you haven’t cooked with venison much. The more fat there is in your burger meat, the less likely this will be a problem.

I grind my own venison burger with pork fat using a ratio of about 90 percent venison to 10 percent pork fat, but any similar ratio works fine. If you don’t have any fat in your venison, don’t worry. We’ll cover that in a minute.

Pro tip: When it comes to venison burgers, I prefer to make smaller patties (4 to 6 ounces). They tend not to fall apart as easily, and you can get more caramelization if you smash the patty slightly with a spatula when it hits the skillet. Simply stack a couple on a big hamburger bun or make as many sliders as you want.


  • Ground venison
  • Cast-iron skillet or griddle
  • Canola or peanut oil
  • Egg (optional)
  • Coarse salt (kosher, sea salt)
  • Pepper
  • Cheese
  • Buns and other fixings


  1. Defrost your ground venison ahead of time. Be sure to let the meat come to room temperature (or close to it) before cooking. If you throw cold burger meat on a sizzling skillet, the outside of the burger will caramelize and finish cooking while the center stays cold and, on bigger patties, truly raw.
  2. Form your patties. If you’re using 100-percent venison that has no additional fat incorporated, consider cracking an egg into the meat and mixing it by hand before forming the patty. This will 1) add fat to the lean venison and 2) help bind the burger so it doesn’t fall apart while cooking. If your venison already has fat incorporated, skip the egg and just shape your patties. Lightly press your thumb into the center of each patty once formed. This relieves surface tension while cooking and keeps your patties from swelling into balls of meat that cook unevenly and are difficult to eat on a bun. 
  3. Heat your cast iron skillet so it gets ripping hot and add a neutral oil with a high smoke point, like canola oil or peanut oil. (Olive oil works in a pinch, but it’ll make your kitchen smokey.)
  4. Sprinkle the patties with coarse salt and pepper just before you put them in the skillet. If you salt them too soon (five minutes or more) the salt will start to draw moisture out of the burger and make them less juicy.
  5. Put your room-temp, freshly-salted patties in the skillet. They should sizzle when they hit the oil. Don’t let the burgers touch (cook in batches if necessary) and cook for 3 to 5 minutes on one side, flipping when the bottom is evenly carmelized.
  6. As soon as you flip the patties, top them with cheese of your choice and cook them for half as long as the first side. (I recommend goat cheese.) The goal is to cook the patties medium-rare, end stop. A medium or medium-well beef burger may be palatable to you, but any venison burger that hits “medium” or beyond will taste dry and overcooked. Now is also a good time to toast the buns.
  7. Slip the burgers out of the skillet and onto a plate to rest for just a few minutes (five is plenty). Tent the burgers with tin foil to keep them warm. You can skip this step if you’re impatient, but your bun is going to get soggy.
  8. Build your burger—toasted bun, burger with cheese, pickles, lettuce, tomato, onion, sauce(s) of your choosing—and enjoy.

Read Next: Best Smokers

More Venison Recipes We Love

Here are some of the best recipes from the OL archives:

Venison FAQs

venison french rib rack
Venison is leaner but just as tender as any steak. D&Jfoodstyling / Adobe Stock

Is venison tougher than beef?

Yes and no. Unlike beef, venison has very little fat, which means it isn’t as marbled throughout as a beef steak might be. But certain cuts of venison—-the backstraps, tenderloins, and even some parts of the hind quarter—are just as tender as any cut of beef, as long as you don’t overcook the meat.

Is it OK to cook venison rare?

Yes. Many venison aficionados would argue that’s the only way to eat it. For the best flavor and texture, don’t let any muscle cuts get above medium. Remember—when you cut into that venison steak, it’s the first time that meat has ever been exposed to the atmosphere around it, which means it’s perfectly safe to eat. 

Do you cook venison fast or slow?

The speed that you cook venison depends on the cut. If you have a piece of meat with lots of connective tissue, silver skin, and maybe even a bone or two still attached, a low-and-slow preparation is best. This gives all that extra tissue time to break down and enrich the meat. But with a pure muscle cut like a backstrap or tenderloin medallion, a fast and hot sear will ensure the interior meat stays medium rare but the exterior develops a satisfying crust. 

Read Next: What Temperature Should You Cook Venison?

Final Thoughts on Venison Recipes

There are a million recipes for just about every cut of venison, although the best ways to cook venison are always under contention. It’s easy to fall into the rhythm of doing the same thing every time, but finding new and interesting venison recipes is a great way to reinvigorate your family’s love of wild game, whether it’s something as easy as a different marinade or a technique that requires a new culinary tool. Happy eating. 

Sun, 20 Aug 2023 08:04:00 -0500 Katie Hill en-US text/html
Killexams : Juniper Networks' Full-Stack AI-Driven Solution Expands Service and Support for Granite Telecommunications Customers No result found, try new keyword!Granite has been working closely with Juniper for several years, and with this expanded AI-driven enterprise portfolio they now offer Juniper's full suite of campus and branch networking solutions. By ... Tue, 22 Aug 2023 01:02:00 -0500 en-US text/html Killexams : The Future of AIOps and ChatGPT

The Future of AIOps and ChatGPT

Date: Wednesday, March 1st at 11am PT / 2pm ET

Few technologies have captured the public imagination quite like ChatGPT, the AI-driven natural language processing tool developed by OpenAI. When the company made a research preview available on the web, a million users swarmed to the demo page in the first week. Screenshots of "conversations" with the chatbot went viral on social media, and it virtually lit the C-suite on fire.

The true impact of this sophisticated chatbot in particular, and large language models in general, remains to be seen. Among the questions still to be answered: How will this development affect the evolution of another exciting implementation of artificial intelligence, AIOps?

In this Tech Talk, John K. Waters, editor in chief in the Converge360 Group of 1105 Media, talks with entrepreneur and thought leader Bob Friday, Chief AI Officer at Juniper Networks, about ChatGPT and the future AIOps, which organizations are implementing to automate infrastructure operations and DevOps.

Register now!

About the presenter:

Bob Friday, Chief AI Officer and CTO, Juniper Networks

Bob is the co-founder of Mist Systems and currently serves as the Chief AI Officer at Juniper Networks and CTO of Juniper’s enterprise business following Juniper’s acquisition of Mist.

Bob started his career in wireless at Metricom (Ricochet wireless network) developing and deploying wireless mesh networks across the country to connect the first generation of Internet browsers.

After Metricom, Bob co-founded Airespace, a start-up focused on helping enterprises manage the flood of employees bringing unlicensed Wi-Fi technology into their businesses.

After Cisco’s acquisition of Airespace in 2005, Bob became the VP/CTO of Cisco enterprise mobility and drove mobility strategy / investments in the wireless business (e.g. Navini, Cognio, ThinkSmart, Phunware, Wilocity, Meraki) and product / industry innovation (e.g. CMX, Cleanair, HS2.0 / Passpoint, indoor location)

He holds more than 15 patents.

Duration: 1 hour

Fri, 17 Feb 2023 03:17:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Continuing Education Requirements Framework

All who earn a new certification are required to earn continuing education units (CEU) over the 5-year term of their certification to be able to recertify or upgrade to the next level. All ecologists who were certified prior to 2021 are permitted to recertify or upgrade one time without fulfilling the requirement, but are required to complete the CEU afterward.*

CEU will be self-reported by participants on an annual basis through the ESA account. Participants are required to adhere to the ESA Code of Ethics in all activities related to their profession, including when reporting professional development.

Interpretive leeway will be given to participants to identify suitable professional development opportunities per the requirements. Beginning in spring 2021, ESA will publish and regularly update a roster of approved training providers and other opportunities in the Professional Development Calendar, and participants are encouraged to favor those opportunities, but any suitable scientific or professional content will be approved, including credits earned toward certifications offered in the professional practice and application of related scientific disciplines.


You must achieve 44 CEU across the categories as described below. Minima are the lowest number of CEU in a category that must be reported per review period; maxima are the highest number that will count toward your recertification or upgrade. You can of course complete more as you feel is beneficial to your professional development, but don’t report them toward your total requirement of 44 CEU, and don’t report more than 70 CEU across all categories.

Category Minimum Maximum
Category I: Professional Education and Training 14 24
Category II: Oral Communication 0 14
Category III: Written Communication 0 14
Category IV: Service 0 14
Category V: Human Dimensions 4 4
Total 44 70

In the spirit of continuing education, some activities are capped per event or year with the aim of distributing effort and professional development across multiple activities and multiple years. Ecologists certified by ESA are encouraged to seek development opportunities from a broad array of sources, and at least 50% of all units reported in Category I must be earned through activities provided by organizations other than ESA. This is to encourage broader professional scientific development and support organizations that support our certification program.

The time period in which you are eligible to earn CEU begins the day after your application due date and ends at the due date of your application for recertification or an upgrade. For instance, the application due date in 2021 was February 1; any CEU-eligible activity after that date can be reported and counted toward the requirements. Note that any participation in continuing education following application does not guarantee approval of your application, and cannot be included in your application.

Category I: Professional Education and Training

Category I(a) includes scientific education and training that contributes to your professional development as a practicing ecologist. Training may be virtual or in-person.

At least 14 CEU per reporting period must involve education or training in ecology or closely related subjects. Examples include academic or professional development activity in ecology, environmental science, biogeoscience, evolutionary biology, conservation, botany, mycology, entomology, data management, statistics, etc.

Category I(b) includes professional development in key skills for a professional ecologist. Training may be virtual or in-person.

Up to 10 additional CEU per reporting period may involve education and training in leadership, teamwork, project management, resource management, research management and administration, etc., or in allied fields that support your professional development as an ecologist, such as proposal or grant writing.

Category Minimum Maximum
I(a): Scientific education and training 14 24 (of 24)
I(b): Professional education and training 0 10 (of 24)
Total 14 24

You may report up to 24 CEU for Category I toward your total requirement per reporting period.

Activities CEU
Participation in courses or symposia sponsored or conducted by commercial organizations, professional organizations, government agencies, employers, or postsecondary institutions Up to 4 per course or event, counting 0.25 per hour of attendance/participation
Attendance at oral or poster presentations at annual or semiannual meetings or special conferences of professional societies, educational organizations, etc. Up to 4 per course or event, counting 0.25 per hour of attendance/participation
Attendance at in‑house professional development events or similar Up to 4 per year, counting 0.25 per hour of attendance/participation
Attendance at seminars conducted by experts in the subject matter Up to 4 per year, counting 0.25 per hour of attendance/participation

Category II: Oral Communication

Includes training and practice in the communication of scientific research, data and outcomes via oral presentation. Examples include courses in public speaking or meeting facilitation, or applied instances like oral or live presentations at scientific conferences, teaching a scientific course or providing expert testimony. Includes virtual or in-person presentation. Activities should relate to your professional growth as an ecologist.

You may report up to 14 CEU for oral communication toward your total requirement. There is no required minimum.

Activities CEU
Author/coauthor of an oral or poster presentation at a professional scientific meeting 2 per presentation
Organizer or instructor of a short course, symposium, special session or workshop 4 per event
Instructor of a quarter- or semester-length course up to 10 per course counting 0.25 units per hour of instruction
Participation as a panelist or subject matter expert in a short (e.g., hour-long) event 1 per event
Presenting ecological or professional Topics to another technical or non-technical audience (e.g., presenting a report to clients, community groups, invited talk) 2 per event
Testifying as an expert witness before a court or government body 4 per event

Category III: Written Communication

Includes writing, editing, reviewing and publishing on Topics in ecology and related sciences. Content can include papers for peer-reviewed journals, professional reports, and scientific communication for non-technical audiences (including scientifically rigorous journalism). Teaching this content to others is included, as is participating in or providing training on best practices in science communication. Activities should relate to your professional growth as an ecologist.

You may report up to 14 CEU for written communication toward your total requirement.

Activities CEU
Author/coauthor of a peer-reviewed journal article 4 per article
Author/coauthor of a book chapter 2 per chapter
Author/coauthor of a book 10 per book
Editor/coeditor of a book 8 per book
Author/coauthor of an ecology-related article for a non-scientific publication such as a magazine, newspaper, etc. 2 per article
Author/coauthor of an article-length other technical report (e.g., client work products, monitoring reports, complex ecological permit applications, expert reports, etc.) 3 per report
Peer reviewer or editor of an article that has been submitted for publication or a grant application that has been submitted to an agency or organization for funding 1 per article or grant application
Reviewer of abstracts for submission to a scientific meeting 1 per review period (e.g., you reviewed several abstracts for the ESA Annual Meeting)
Book reviewer for a professional publication 1 per review

Category IV: Service

Includes service to a professional scientific society, public science programs, environmental advocacy groups and similar organizations. Activities should relate to your professional growth as an ecologist as you apply your skills as a scientist or leader.

You may report up to 14 CEU for service toward your total requirement.

Activities CEU
Holding a governing office (president, board member, committee chair) for a scientific or technical organization, including editors-in-chief or associate editors 8 per year
Serving on a committee or task force in a scientific or technical capacity 4 per year
Leading a public science program (e.g., coordinating a volunteer monitoring program, leading a school workshop on plant identification) Up to 8 per program counting 0.25 units per hour engaged
Participating in a public science program (e.g., a volunteer monitoring program, a school workshop on plant identification) Up to 4 per program counting 0.25 units per hour engaged
Mentoring in a scientific organization or educational program (e.g., mentoring a research student, intern, or young professional, or participating in youth mentorship in STEM), or as part of an institutional program (e.g., at your university) Up to 8 per year counting 0.25 units per hour engaged

Category V: Human Dimensions

This category must be fulfilled in addition to the other minimum 40 units. Ecologists certified by ESA should seek ongoing professional development in such Topics as diversity, inclusion and equity; anti-sexual harassment; scientific or professional ethics; and community engagement.

You must report exactly 4 CEU for human dimensions toward your total requirement (if the total of your activities in this category exceeds 4, just report 4).

Activities CEU
Participating in a training in any of the Human Dimensions subjects described above 0.5 per hour of engagement
Teaching or providing written materials for a training in any of the Human Dimensions subjects described above 2 per session

*If, for instance, you hold a certification that was issued in 2018, you may upgrade or recertify in 2023, but will need to earn CEU moving forward. By 2026, all program participants will be required to earn and report their CEU.

Mon, 23 Nov 2020 17:11:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Killexams : Jaywing, Juniper, Opia and Yext

Jaywing, Juniper, Opia and Yext are partners on Retail Week's 'Crisis and the consumer' report.

Mon, 05 Dec 2022 16:00:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Student Organizations

Joining a student organization or honor society is a great way to develop a network with others in your major and make contacts in the business community. Active participation also develops valuable skills that are sought by employers. There are two types of student organizations: professional and honoraries. Professional organizations, which are open to anyone who is interested, promote competencies and achievements relevant to a specific discipline and related occupations.

Honor societies encourage and recognize superior scholastic achievement and leadership. Honoraries usually invite prospective members to join through a rush program or direct contact.

Student organizations are a great way for students pursuing a major in business to get involved and build personal and professional relationships. Membership in one of these organizations provides networking opportunities, social interaction, and guest speakers from the business community. And it looks great on your resume!

For more information on student organizations visit Nevada ASUN Clubs and Orgs

Sat, 15 Aug 2020 07:25:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : 'Building a Professional Library' is subject of Monday meeting

The public is invited to hear Tom Havelka, professional registered parliamentarian, present the program “Building a Professional Library” at 7 p.m. Monday, July 24, at the Star City Parliamentarians meeting at Rock ‘n’ Joe Coffee Bar, 84th and Glynoaks Drive.

Have you ever wondered which book(s) you need most to study parliamentary procedure? How do you know which books are better than others? Havelka will answer these questions and more during his presentation.

For more information, contact Cindy Lugan at 402-310-8951.

Fri, 21 Jul 2023 16:42:00 -0500 en text/html
JN0-682 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List