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Exam Code: 300-720 Practice test 2022 by team
Securing Email with Cisco Email Security Appliance
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Killexams : Cisco Appliance test - BingNews Search results Killexams : Cisco Appliance test - BingNews Killexams : Best Data Center Certifications

Job board search results (in alphabetical order, by certification)*




LinkedIn Jobs



CCNA Data Center (Cisco)

1,564 2,126 1,649 19 3,876

CCNP Data Center (Cisco)

1,025 1,339 1,508 14 3,145

JNCIP-DC (Juniper Networks)

125 37 14 4 130

VCE-CIAE (Dell)*

81 19 30 14 132

VCP6-DCV (VMware)

32 37 57 38 111

*Search results for the generic phrase “VCE data center engineer”

Regardless of which job board you use, you’ll find many employers looking for qualified people to join their data center teams. SimplyHired lists 114,000-plus data center jobs in the U.S., with more than 172,000 on Indeed, 50,000 on LinkedIn Jobs and 20,000 on LinkUp. With the right credential(s) in hand, one of these jobs is sure to be yours.

Data center job roles start at the network technician level and advance through senior architect. Most of the certifications covered would fit well with an associate- or professional-level network engineer position. According to SimplyHired, the average salary for network engineer jobs is about $79,000, and $111,000 for senior network engineers. Glassdoor reports a U.S. national average salary of about $73,000 for network engineers, and their average for senior network engineers climbs to $94,000.

Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Data Center

Cisco certifications continue to be some of the most recognizable and respected credentials in the industry. The CCNA Data Center certification is a great introductory certification for networking professionals who want to specialize in data center operations and support and have 1-3 years of experience.

Candidates for the CCNA Data Center certification need to understand basic data center networking concepts. These include addressing schemes, troubleshooting and configuring switches with VLANs and routers using Nexus OS, network and server virtualization, storage, and common network services such as load balancing, device management and network access controls.

The CCNA Data Center is valid for three years, after which credential holders must recertify. Recertification requires passing a current version of one of the following exams:

  • Associate-level test (except for ICND1 exam)
  • 642-XXX professional-level or 300-XXX professional-level exam
  • 642-XXX Cisco Specialist test (does not include Sales Specialist exams or MeetingPlace Specialist exams, Implementing Cisco TelePresence Installations (ITI) exams, Cisco Leading Virtual Classroom Instruction exams, or any 650 online exams)
  • Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) written exam
  • Cisco Certified Design Expert (CCDE) written test or current CCDE practical exam

Candidates can also sit through the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and the CCAr board review to achieve recertification for CCNA Data Center.

CCNA Data Center facts and figures

Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Data Center

Networking professionals looking to validate their data center skills and achieve a competitive edge in the workplace can’t go wrong with the Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Data Center credential.

Geared toward technology architects, along with design and implementation engineers and solutions experts, the CCNP Data Center identifies individuals who can implement Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS) rack-mount servers; install, configure and manage Cisco Nexus switches; and implement and deploy automation of Cisco Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI). The CCNP Data Center is designed for candidates with 3-5 years of experience working with Cisco technologies.

When pursuing the CCNP Data Center, Cisco lets you choose either a design or troubleshooting track. Related data center certifications include the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA Data Center), for those with 1-3 years of experience, and the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) Data Center, aimed at professionals with seven or more years of experience.

The CCNP Data Center is valid for three years, after which credential holders must recertify. The recertification process requires candidates to pass a single test to maintain the credential, or to sit for the Cisco Certified Architect (CCAr) interview and the CCAr board review. Credential holders should check the Cisco website for the current list of qualifying exams before attempting to recertify.

CCNP Data Center facts and figures

Certification name

Cisco Certified Network Professional Data Center (CCNP Data Center)

Prerequisites and required courses

Valid Cisco Certified Network Associate Data Center (CCNA Data Center) certification or any Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification. Training recommended but not required; classes are usually four or five days and start at $3,950.

Number of exams

Four exams:
  • 300-175 DCUCI – Implementing Cisco Data Center Unified Computing
  • 300-165 DCII – Implementing Cisco Data Center Infrastructure
  • 300-170 DCVAI – Implementing Cisco Data Center Virtualization and Automation
  • 300-160 DCID – Designing Cisco Data Center Infrastructure
  • 300-180 DCIT –  Troubleshooting Cisco Data Center Infrastructure

All exams are 90 minutes, 60-70 questions.

Cost per exam

$300 per exam; $1,200 total (price may vary by region). Exams administered by Pearson VUE.


Self-study materials

The certification page provides links to self-study materials, including the syllabus, study groups, webinars, Cisco Learning Network resources and learning partner content.

JNCIP-DC: Juniper Networks Certified Professional Data Center

Juniper Networks, based in California and incorporated in 1997, develops and sells network infrastructure equipment and software aimed at corporations, network service providers, government agencies and educational institutions. The company has a large certification and training program designed to support its solutions, which includes Data Center, Junos Security, Enterprise Routing and Switching, and Service Provider Routing and Switching tracks.

The Data Center track recognizes networking professionals who deploy, manage and troubleshoot Juniper Networks Junos software and data center equipment. The single test (JN0-680) covers data center deployment and management, including implementation and maintenance of multi-chassis link aggregation group (LAG), virtual chassis and Internet Protocol (IP) fabric, virtual extensible LANs (VXLANs), and data center interconnections.

The JNCIP-DC certification is good for three years. To renew the certification, candidates must pass the current JNCIP-DC exam.

JNCIP-DC facts and figures

VCE-CIAE: VCE Converged Infrastructure Administration Engineer

VCE, short for Virtual Computing Environment, was part of EMC Corporation, which Dell acquired in 2016. The VCE line of converged infrastructure appliances are still being manufactured and widely sold, and the company has a handful of VCE certifications geared toward designing, maintaining and supporting those solutions.

VCE certifications are now part of the larger Dell EMC Proven Professional certification program but have retained some independence. The program currently offers the VCE Certified Converged Infrastructure Associate (VCE-CIA), VCE Converged Infrastructure Administration Engineer (VCE-CIAE) and VCE Converged Infrastructure Master Administration Engineer (VCE-CIMAE) credentials. We focus on the VCE Administration Engineer in this article because it’s available to the public as well as Dell employees and partners, and it ranks well in job board searches.

The VCE-CIAE is a professional-level credential that recognizes professionals who manage and support Vblock Systems. The single test includes syllabus such as system concepts, administration, security, resource management, maintenance and troubleshooting.

Candidates must recertify every two years to maintain a VCE certification. To renew, credential holders must pass the current VCE-CIA test (this is the prerequisite for the VCE-CIAE certification), as well as pass the current VCE-CIAE test or earn a higher-level credential.

VCE-CIAE facts and figures

VCP6-DCV: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization

The VCP6-DCV is one of those credentials that sits firmly on the line between traditional data center networking and cloud management. As such, it appeals to a wide networking audience. In fact, the VMware website states that more than 100,000 professionals have earned VMware VCP6-DCV certification, making it one of the company’s most popular certifications.

VMware offers an extensive certification program with a rigorous Data Center virtualization track, which includes the VCP6-DCV. Candidates must thoroughly understand Domain Name System (DNS), routing and database connectivity techniques, and how to deploy, configure, manage and scale VMware vSphere environments and storage. VMware recommends that candidates have a minimum of six months of experience with VMware vSphere 6 before attempting the VCP6-DCV certification.

New candidates must take a VMware training course and pass two exams. Training courses start at $4,125; pricing is based on the specific course, delivery format and learning partner.

VMware requires credential holders to recertify every two years. Recertification is achieved by taking whatever test is most current for the certification, earning a new VCP certification in a different solution track or advancing to the next-level VMware certification.

Note: VMware certifications are geared toward the VMware vSphere product, the latest incarnation of which is Version 6.5. As of April 2019, VMware is still rolling out various Version 6.5 exams. Currently, Version 6.5 exams are offered for the Professional and Advanced Professional (Design only) levels. We anticipate that Version 6.5 exams and credentials at the Associate, Advanced Professional Deploy and Expert levels will follow soon.

VCP6-DCV facts and figures

Certification name

VMWare Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6-DCV)

Prerequisites and required courses

Candidates who are new to VMware Data Center Virtualization technology: Six months’ vSphere 6 experience plus one of the following training courses:
  • VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage [V6 or V6.5]
  • VMware vSphere: Optimize and Scale [V6 or V6.5]
  • VMware vSphere: Install, Configure, Manage plus Virtual SAN Fast Track [V6]
  • VMware vSphere: Optimize & Scale [V6 or V6.5]
  • VMware vSphere: Bootcamp [V6]
  • VMware vSphere: Fast Track [V6 or V6.5]
  • VMware vSphere: Design and Deploy Fast Track [V6]
  • VMware vSphere: Troubleshooting [V6]
  • VMware vSphere: Troubleshooting Workshop [V6.5]
  • VMware vSphere: Install, Configure and Manage plus Optimize and Scale Fast Track [V6 or V6.5]
  • VMware vSphere: Optimize and Scale plus Troubleshooting Fast Track [V6]

Note: The cost of VMware training varies; expect to pay from $4,125 for classroom training to more than $6,000 for Bootcamps and Fast Track courses.

Number of exams

Two exams for new candidates, those with vSphere 5 training only, those with an expired VCP in a different solution track or those with an expired VCP5-DCV certification:

One test for candidates with valid VCP5-DCV certification: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization Delta exam, 2V0-621D, 105 minutes, 65 questions

One test for candidates with valid VCP certification, any solution track: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center

Exams administered by Pearson VUE.

Cost per exam

  • vSphere Foundations test (V6 or V6.5): $125
  • VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization exam: $250
  • VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization Delta exam: $250



Self-study materials

Links to an test guide, training and a practice test (if available) appear on each test page (see the How to Prepare tab). VMware Learning Zone offers test prep subscriptions. Numerous VCP6-DCV study materials are available through Amazon. MeasureUp offers a VCP6-DCV practice test ($129) and a practice lab ($149).

Beyond the top 5: More data center certifications

While not featured in the top five this year, the BICSI Data Center Design Consultant (DCDC) is a terrific certification, designed for IT professionals with at least two years of experience in designing, planning and implementing data centers. This vendor-neutral certification is ideal for data center engineers, architects, designers and consultants. Another good vendor-neutral certification is Schneider Electric’s Data Center Certified Associate (DCCA), an entry-level credential for individuals who design, build and manage data centers as part of a data center-centric IT team.

CNet’s Certified Data Centre Management Professional (CDCMP) and Certified Data Centre Technician Professional (CDCTP) are also worthy of honorable mention. Based in the U.K., these certifications don’t appear in a lot of U.S. job board postings but still deliver solid results from a general Google search.

IT professionals who are serious about advancing their data center careers would do well to check out complementary certifications from our featured vendors. For example, Cisco also offers a number of certifications in data center design and support, including application services, networking infrastructure, storage networking and unified computing. VMware also offers additional data center virtualization certifications worth exploring, including the VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Design (VCAP6.5-DCV Design) and the VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX6-DCV). Also, the Dell EMC Proven Professional certification program offers a bevy of data center-focused certifications, including the Dell EMC Implementation Engineer (EMCIE) and the Dell EMC Certified Cloud Architect (EMCCA).

Because of the proliferation of data center virtualization and cloud computing, you can expect the data center networking job market to continue to remain strong soon. Achieving a certification can be a real feather in your cap, opening the door to new and better work opportunities.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : How to Request a Certificate From a Cisco Pix

You visit a client or other website and, instead of the site itself, you encounter a security certificate error. If you are using Windows and Internet Explorer, the browser generates this error when it attempts to open a website that has a problematic security certificate. It could be that the certificate is outdated or was issued by an entity that Internet Explorer does not trust. In any case, if you know the website is trustworthy, there two methods you can try to get past the certificate error: update the date and time on your computer or simply accept the certificate. If you aren't sure whether the site is trustworthy, Microsoft recommends that you not continue to the site.

Fix Date and Time

  1. If your computer's clock is set to a date or time that is after the website's certificate expired, you can change your clock settings. Click the date in the bottom right corner of your computer's Desktop.

  2. Click "Change date and time settings" to open the Date and Time dialog.

  3. Click "Change date and time..."

  4. Enter the correct "Time" and select the correct "Date."

  5. Click "OK" on both dialog boxes to change the date and time on your computer.

Accept the Certificate

  1. Select "Continue to this website (not recommended)."

  2. Click "Certificate Error."

  3. Select "View Certificates," then "Install Certificate," and confirm that you want to install the certificate.

Tue, 31 Jul 2018 15:17:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Networking Nuggets of Knowledge
What other Windows 10 updates can we expect this year?

What other Windows 10 updates can we expect this year?

The Anniversary Update was a major update in 2016 to Windows 10. But what else can we expect this year?

Simulations you can expect in Cisco's ICND1 exam

Simulations you can expect in Cisco's ICND1 exam

You need hands-on practice with these syllabus if you want to pass the Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices Part 1 (ICND1) exam.

OK — What is this Nano Server in Windows Server 2016?

OK — What is this Nano Server in Windows Server 2016?

A lot of people are talking about Nano Server inside of Microsoft's Windows Server 2016. But what is it really? And why should we care?

Cisco VIRL heads to the cloud

Cisco VIRL heads to the cloud

This article details the new cloud-based option for Cisco VIRL.

Cisco finally updates the CCDA certification

It has been years since the Cisco Certified Design Associate certification has received a refresh. It has finally happened.

The Cisco CCNA gets cloudy

This article summarizes the new CCNA Cloud certification.

Using Cisco VIRL for ASA Emulation

This post demonstrates the amazing power of Cisco VIRL for emulating the Adaptive Security Appliance from Cisco Systems.

Making use of Cisco's labs to practice for certifications

Making use of Cisco's labs to practice for certifications

Students have been asking for years for Cisco to provide affordable, hands-on labs for practicing the various certifications. Cisco has been responding lately, with CCIE Labs and VIRL providing resources for practicing for...

Backup and Restore on the Cisco ASA 9.3

This post examines the new Backup and Restore options on the Cisco ASA.

Mobile apps that have changed my life: OmniFocus

Mobile apps that have changed my life: OmniFocus

In this part of my ongoing series, we take a look at an app I cannot imagine myself doing without in the area of time and project management.

Project Spartan makes it to the Windows 10 Technical Preview

Project Spartan makes it to the Windows 10 Technical Preview

The latest Tech Preview gives most users their first glimpse of the new browser.

Mobile apps that have changed my life: Fitness apps

Mobile apps that have changed my life: Fitness apps

In this blog post of my series on mobile apps, I hit some key fitness apps that I love.

Mobile apps that have changed my life: Blinkist

Mobile apps that have changed my life: Blinkist

In this new series of posts, Anthony Sequeira will share some mobile apps that have truly changed his life for the better.

Keeping up with Cisco's ASA 9.3 code

In this post, we examine some of the new features appearing in 9.3 code.

Interested in IT security? Insurance companies hope so!

Interested in IT security? Insurance companies hope so!

Cybercrime breaks into the top ten threats for corporations today.

The Cisco ASA 1000V

Many have heard about Cisco's virtual switch for VMware environments - the 1000V - fewer have heard about the virtual firewall possible with the ASA 1000V. This article provides a nice overview of this exciting technology.

Cisco's Latest CCNP Security Updates

This post describes the new courses and exams that make up the 2014 version of the CCNP Security Certification from Cisco Systems.

Tips for Working with CCIE Lab test Proctors

The proctor can indeed make all of the difference for you in how well your CCIE Lab test experience goes. Here is a list of tips for working with the proctor in your visit to the Lab Exam. Enjoy! 1. Be polite! If you are...

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At the time of this writing, the CCIE Lab test for the Route/Switch track has a new twist. There are four to five short answer questions a student must respond to prior to beginning the "traditional" configuration portion. Here...

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In this final submission for this blog thread, we are going to expand on the last tips from Cisco Systems on solving the CCIE Lab Exam. 7. Test your work. Never rely on a configuration done in the early hours of the exam. There...

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Sat, 07 May 2022 09:31:00 -0500 Anthony Sequeira en text/html
Killexams : Cisco Unwired

Overcoming Challenges with SPAN and TAP limitations

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Is the Security Appliance Going Virtual?

A few short weeks ago I had the privilege of attending Gestalt ITs Networking Tech Field Day. It became apparent very quickly that the subject of interest to all the vendors was that of Data Center Virtualization. Each vendor that we...

Opportunity to Ask The Vendor

Next week, September 16-17 in San Jose, Ca, I will have an opportunity to visit with a number of vendors as I participate in the Networking Tech Field Day. I'd like to open up the opportunity for my readers to ask any questions they...

Cisco Announces Wireless Vulnerabilities

Just when I decided to dedicate more time to blogging about Cisco Wireless and other Cisco related areas but didn't have anything to blog about Cisco has brought me the answer. The answer to my blogging dilemma lies in Document ID:...

Return from Hiatus With Cool Resources

It's been some time since I've posted here at Network World, and the be completely honest, I wouldn't know where to begin with a post on Wireless Networking. In fact, sometimes, in this business, our focus shifts to other areas. In...

Are you Vulnerable?

Is your network Vulnerable? If you are running 4.x and 5.x WLC software you may be. Ask yourself, "Did I follow Cisco Best Practices?" If you didn't you may be sorry. A exact issue with OTAP has been widely discussed in online...

LWAPP's Split Mac Design

One of the key concepts of LWAPP is the concept of split MAC. Recently I was asked if there was a document that described this concept. The answer is yes, but it gives me an opportunity to share a bit about it here since its a...

Cisco Defends the CCNP Wireless Announcement

A few days back I posted an article about a Cisco Learning Partner that released the CCNP Wireless Courses to the public before Cisco Announced them. In defense of that I received an email from a Cisco Program Manager thats...

Cisco Announces CCNP Wireless..Maybe.

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Are Wireless Certifications Right For You?

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Thu, 29 Dec 2016 10:26:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Preventing and Avoiding Network Security Threats and Vulnerabilities
  • Unified threat management (UTM) gives businesses an all-in-one cybersecurity solution. 
  • A UTM can include specialized hardware or software platforms that monitor and block significant network traffic. 
  • Multiple IT InfoSec certifications address UTM to help any organization fortify its security efforts.
  • This article is for business owners, IT personnel and software developers who want stronger defenses against cybersecurity vulnerabilities. 

Potential attacks, software and platform vulnerabilities, malware, and misconfiguration issues can pose serious threats to organizations seeking to protect private, confidential, or proprietary data. Fortunately, various technologies – collectively known as unified threat management – make it easy to use virtualized or appliance-based tools to provide comprehensive security coverage.

With a combination of regular updates, monitoring and management services, and critical security research and intelligence data, you can vastly improve your business’s cybersecurity. We’ll explore how to erect defenses with UTM and implement sound security policies to cope with an array of threats.

What is unified threat management?

Unified threat management is an all-in-one security implementation that helps protect businesses from online security risks. A UTM solution includes features like network firewalls, antivirus software, intrusion detection and virtual private networks. Many businesses may prefer UTM software platforms, but hardware options, such as dedicated firewalls and router networking devices, are also available.

By implementing a UTM program throughout your organization, you provide a single security source for all of your information technology (IT) needs that can scale as your business grows. 

Key TakeawayKey takeaway: With a UTM guarding your organization, you get a streamlined experience with various security components working together seamlessly, instead of the potential issues that could arise if you integrated multiple services for each function.

Why is unified threat management important?

By its very nature, technology is constantly changing. Unfortunately, this includes cybercrime; as technology progresses and we become more connected, the number of threats keeps growing. 

A business can’t predict when or how the next data breach will occur. It could be through a text, email, pop-up ad, or even a vulnerability in your business website

This unpredictability is why it’s critical to implement a comprehensive UTM program throughout your organization. A UTM is like a cybersecurity force guarding against the most common vulnerabilities hackers could exploit. By essentially guarding every virtual entry point, a UTM is a great preventive security measure for any business.

Did you know?Did you know? Poor access management is the root cause of many IT hacks. Your business should tightly control who can access networked devices, cloud workloads and big data projects.

Why is unified threat management necessary?

The history of information security and palliative technologies goes back to the 1980s, when perimeter security (through firewalls and screening routers) and malware protection (primarily in the form of early antivirus technologies) became available. 

As threats evolved in sophistication and capability, other elements to secure business networks and systems became available. These solutions include email checks, file screening, phishing protection, and allow lists and block lists for IP addresses and URLs.

From the mid-’90s to the first decade of the 21st century, there was an incredible proliferation of point solutions to counter specific threat types, such as malware, IP-based attacks, distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, and rogue websites with drive-by downloads. This explosion led to an onslaught of data security software and hardware designed to counter individual threat classes. 

Unfortunately, a collection of single-focus security systems lacks consistent and coherent coordination. There’s no way to detect and mitigate hybrid attacks that might start with a rogue URL embedded in a tweet or email message, continue with a drive-by download when that URL is accessed, and really get underway when a surreptitiously installed keylogger teams up with timed transmissions of captured data from a backdoor uploader. 

Worse yet, many of these cyberattack applications are web-based and use standard HTTP port addresses, so higher-level content and activity screening is necessary to detect and counter unwanted influences. 

What does a unified threat management solution include?

The basic premise of UTM is to create powerful, customized processing computer architectures that can handle, inspect, and (when necessary) block large amounts of network traffic at or near wire speeds. It must search this data for blacklisted IP addresses, inspect URLs for malware signatures, look for data leakage, and ensure all protocols, applications, and data are benign. 

Typical UTM solutions usually bundle various functions, such as the following.

  • Proxy services: Proxy services block revealing details of internal IP addresses on networks and examine communications and data transfers at the application level.
  • Stateful packet inspection: Stateful packet inspection distinguishes legitimate network communications from suspect or known malicious communication forms.
  • Deep packet inspection: Deep packet inspection (DPI) enables network packets’ data portion or payload to be checked. This protects against malware and permits data checks to block classified, proprietary, private, or confidential data leakage across network boundaries. This kind of technology is called data loss prevention (DLP). DPI technology also supports all kinds of content filters.
  • Real-time packet decryption: Real-time packet decryption exploits special hardware (which essentially reproduces software programs in the form of high-speed circuitry to perform complex data analysis) to permit deep inspection at or near network wire speeds. This lets you apply content-level controls even to encrypted data and to screen such data for policy compliance, malware filtering, and more.
  • Email handling: Email handling includes malware detection and removal, spam filtering, and content checks for phishing, malicious websites, and blacklisted IP addresses and URLs.
  • Intrusion detection and blockage: Intrusion detection and blockage observes incoming traffic patterns to detect and respond to DDoS attacks, as well as more nuanced and malicious attempts to breach network and system security or obtain unauthorized access to systems and data.
  • Application control: Application control (or filtering) observes applications in use – especially web-based applications and services – and applies security policies to block or starve unwanted or unauthorized applications from consuming network resources or accomplishing unauthorized access to (or transfer of) data.
  • Virtual private network: The best VPN services let remote users establish secure private connections over public network links (including the internet). Most organizations use this technology to protect network traffic en route from sender to receiver.

Modern UTM systems incorporate all these functions and more by combining fast special-purpose network circuitry with general-purpose computing facilities. The custom circuitry that exposes network traffic to detailed and painstaking analysis and intelligent handling does not slow down benign packets in transit. It can, however, remove suspicious or questionable packets from ongoing traffic flows, turning them over to scanners or filters. 

The UTM agency can then perform complex or sophisticated analyses to recognize and foil attacks, filter out unwanted or malicious content, prevent data leakage, and ensure security policies apply to all network traffic.

TipTip: Since many businesses are shifting employees to remote work models, it’s more critical than ever to invest in VPNs for data security.

Unified threat management providers

UTM solutions usually take the form of special-purpose network appliances that sit at the network boundary, straddling the links that connect internal networks to external networks via high-speed links to service providers or communication companies.

By design, UTM devices coordinate all aspects of a security policy, applying a consistent and coherent set of checks and balances to incoming and outgoing network traffic. Most UTM device manufacturers build their appliances to work with centralized, web-based management consoles. This lets network management companies install, configure and maintain UTM devices for their clients. 

Alternatively, IT managers and centralized IT departments can take over this function. This approach ensures that the same checks, filters, controls, and policy enforcement apply to all UTM devices equally, avoiding the gaps that the integration of multiple disparate point solutions (discrete firewalls, email appliances, content filters, virus checkers, and so forth) can expose.

Top UTM providers

These are some of the most respected UTM providers:

  • FortiGate Next-Generation Firewall (NGFW): Offering comprehensive online security features, FortiGate NGFW stands out with its ease of use, scalability, and support. By consolidating multiple security services within a single platform, FortiGate reduces security costs and improves risk management, while the automated threat protection prevents common attacks like ransomware, command-and-control, and other firewall incidents.
  • Check Point Next-Generation Firewall: Designed to provide versatile, intuitive online protection, Check Point NGFWs can perform more than 60 security services through a single dashboard. Check Point NGFWs come with the proprietary SandBlast Zero-Day Protection, which uses CPU-based threat detection to identify zero-day attacks sooner, and can scale on demand. With unified security management across your networks, clouds, and Internet of Things devices, Check Point NGFWs are an efficient UTM solution.
  • WatchGuard Firebox: Catering to SMBs and distributed enterprises, WatchGuard Network Security’s Firebox is a complete security platform that doesn’t sacrifice the user experience. Equipped with a powerful firewall, antivirus services, spam and content filters, and many other security features, WatchGuard Firebox is a complete UTM platform that’s ready to use right out of the box. 

Did you know?Did you know? Cyberthreat intelligence gives you a direct line into new and developing cyberattacks worldwide, so you can know the enemy and build an effective solution to prevent breaches.

How to choose the right UTM provider

When choosing a business UTM solution, you should seek the standard functions described above as well as these more advanced features: 

  • Support for sophisticated virtualization technologies (for virtual clients and servers, as well as virtualized implementations for UTM appliances themselves)
  • Endpoint controls that enforce corporate security policies on remote devices and their users
  • Integrated wireless controllers to consolidate wired and wireless traffic on the same device, simplifying security policy implementation and enforcement, and reducing network complexity

Advanced UTM devices must also support flexible architectures whose firmware can be easily upgraded to incorporate new means of filtering and detection and to respond to the ever-changing threat landscape. UTM makers generally operate large, ongoing security teams that monitor, catalog, and respond to emerging threats as quickly as possible, providing warning and guidance to client organizations to avoid exposure to risks and threats.

Some of the best-known names in the computing industry offer UTM solutions to their customers, but not all offerings are equal. Look for solutions from reputable companies like Cisco, Netgear, SonicWall and Juniper Networks. You’re sure to find the right mix of features and controls to meet your security needs without breaking your budget.

IT InfoSec certifications that address UTM

As a visit to the periodic survey of information security certifications at TechTarget’s SearchSecurity confirms, more than 100 active and ongoing credentials are available in this broad field. However, not all of the best IT certifications address UTM directly or explicitly. 

While no credential focuses exclusively on UTM, some of the best InfoSec and cybersecurity certifications cover UTM aspects in their test objectives or the associated standard body of knowledge that candidates must master:

Of these credentials, the generalist items (such as CISA, CISSP, and CHPP/CHPA) and the two SANS GIAC certifications (GCIH and GCWN) provide varying levels of coverage on the principles of DLP and the best practices for its application and use within the context of a well-defined security policy. 

Out of the above list, the CISSP and CISA are the most advanced and demanding certs. The Cisco and Juniper credentials concentrate more on the details of specific platforms and systems from vendors of UTM solutions.

With the ever-increasing emphasis on and demand for cybersecurity, any of these certifications – or even entry-level cybersecurity certifications – can be a springboard to launch you into your next information security opportunity.

Eduardo Vasconcellos contributed to the writing and research in this article.

Tue, 28 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : The doctor will e-mail you now

That’s the obvious question people have about electronic health records and e-mailing with their doctor. So it’s reassuring that patient portals use firewalls, encryption software, antivirus software, and log-on requirements such as passwords to keep the system secure.

That doesn’t mean they are impenetrable. Data breaches have been reported (though most have involved financial information, not medical records). And as with paper records, the office staff, as well as your doctor, may have access to your information and the e-mail you send through the portal.

Ask your doctor or his staff to explain how the portal works in his office. If you’re not comfortable with the system, don’t use it. If you do use it, take steps to protect your information by safeguarding the computers and other electronic devices that you’ll use to access it. Consumer Reports online-security experts suggest these steps:

Use a computer that only you can access. Family computers are more likely to be infected with malware. And remember that your workplace computer isn’t yours—it’s company property, and your employer has the right to access it at any time.

If you share an e-mail address with someone else, consider whether you want to set up your own for communicating with your doctor.

Install a good anti-malware program. Your computer may be infected with malware without your knowing it, and if so, everything you type, including passwords, might be accessible by hackers. Good choices include the free programs Avast and Avira, and the paid programs G Data Internet Security 2013, $45, and ESET Smart Security 6, $80. The paid programs have extra features such as spam filters and parental controls.

Use passwords. Use them on on all your electronic devices, including your computer, smart phone, tablet, and e-mail.

Store health records in a secure way. Great tip: Once you download your record, move it to a thumb drive and store the drive in a safe.

Don’t use a public wireless connection. Accessing private information in a coffee shop or on a train is too risky.

Illustration: Tracy Walker

E-mail do's and don'ts

To get the most out of the doctor-patient e-mail exchange, follow these tips from Daniel Sands, M.D., M.P.H., a practicing physician at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston who has been e-mailing with his patients for 20 years.

Don’t use e-mail for emergencies. “Most portals warn against this in big red letters, but it’s still worth a reminder,” Sands says.  

Don’t expect an immediate response. “Your doctor should establish service guarantees; for example, that all e-mail will be answered in two business days. Chances are you’ll get a faster response, but you can’t count on it.” If you don’t hear back, pick up the phone and call.

Keep it short and sweet. “Think of it like a business e-mail. Be specific and concise. Stick to one subject per e-mail. If you find that you can’t sum up your question in a short paragraph, it’s a sign that you probably need to make an appointment.”

Fri, 14 Aug 2020 21:40:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : computerworld
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Today in Tech

Podcast: The M2 MacBook Air reviews are in

Join Macworld executive editor Michael Simon and Computerworld executive editor Ken Mingis as they break down the pros and cons of Apple's newest laptop.

Sun, 10 Jul 2022 22:25:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : CEDIA’s Flagship IST Certification Earns Worldwide ANSI/ISO Accreditation

Certification for experienced integrated systems technicians meets the global standard for personnel accreditation

FISHERS, Ind. (JULY 12, 2022) – CEDIA, the global association for the home technology industry, today announces that the Integrated Systems Technician (IST) certification has earned third-party accreditation certification in accordance with the global ISO/IEC 17024:2012, General Requirements for Bodies Operating Certification of Persons. The IST certification joins the Cabling and Infrastructure Technician (CIT) as CEDIA’s second ISO/IEC 17024-accredited standard. Together, these two certifications represent a globally recognized career path for residential technology integrators.

CEDIA’s ISO/IEC 17024 accredited certifications demonstrate to other trades, customers, and lawmakers that the custom integration industry is a clearly defined profession with rigorous, widely accepted criteria for competency. The conformance process was overseen by the ANSI National Accreditation Board (ANAB), a wholly owned subsidiary of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

“Certification is where CEDIA’s advocacy and workforce development efforts meet,” says David Whitney, Senior Director of Certification at CEDIA. “As these globally accredited certifications gain adoption and recognition, we strengthen the position of the whole smart home industry.”

CEDIA created the IST certification to be both rigorous and accessible. Industry veterans who hold CEDIA’s earlier ESC-T certification will have a pathway to transition to the accredited IST certification without retesting. CEDIA also provides a wide range of preparation resources for new certification candidates.

The IST: A New Gold Standard

The IST recognizes experienced integration technicians who can perform the full scope of pre-wire (first fix) and trim-out (second fix), including system testing and troubleshooting. IST-certified individuals possess a broad range of essential technical skills, up-to-date knowledge of standards and recommended practices, and strong conceptual foundations. This certification builds on the foundational knowledge encompassed by the CIT test and serves as the basis for CEDIA’s advanced certifications and curriculum. Holding an IST certification indicates that an individual is experienced, competent, and committed to professional development and ethics.

“The value of IST certification is in the height of the bar set by the Certification Commission and the IST working groups. You really have to know your stuff to pass this exam,” says Pete Trauth, CIT, IST-SME, Founder of Nirvana Home Entertainment. “There are thousands of residential systems integrators out there. Only a handful of us are IST certified. This certification gives homeowners a tangible metric to use when comparing integrators.”

“As our business grows and we add employees, it is important that we have everyone starting with a solid and consistent foundation of knowledge,” adds Amanda Wildman, CIT-SME, IST-SME, owner of TruMedia. “IST certification offers that to my team.  It allows us to seamlessly move through the various stages of our jobs regardless of which team member works on each piece. It is that foundation that gives us the confidence to deploy a robust, easy-to-use system to our clients that will truly enhance their lives.”

Pathways to Certification

All current IST certifications are now ISO/IEC 17024 accredited. Holders of the previous-generation technician certification, the ESC-T, can transition to the IST during their next renewal period. Current ESC-T holders must earn 30 Continuing Education Units, submit a renewal application, and signed code of conduct agreement to transition to the IST. Renewal application fees will be waived for those transitioning from the ESC-T.

Those who do not yet hold an IST or ESC-T must complete two prerequisites before challenging the IST exam: They must have at least one year of industry experience, and they must hold a CIT or equivalent certification. CEDIA offers a wide range of study resources for both the CIT and IST certifications, including textbooks, online self-paced courses, in-person and hybrid Technician School, and practice tests. Certification hopefuls can also enroll in online study sessions and take either test onsite at the upcoming CEDIA Expo in Dallas.

To find out more about CEDIA’s ISO/IEC 17024 accredited CIT certification and other CEDIA Certifications, visit For more information on ANAB ISO/IEC 17024 accreditation, please visit


CEDIA® is the global membership association that serves the home technology industry through advocacy, connection, and education. Founded in 1989, CEDIA fights for the rights and interests of its members in governmental bodies around the world, gathers industry professionals worldwide, and creates the training, standards, and certifications that ensure the industry excels and attracts new workers. CEDIA co-owns Integrated Systems Europe, the world’s largest AV and systems integration exhibition, and founded CEDIA Expo, the world’s largest annual residential technology show. Today, over 30,000 CEDIA members deliver home technology solutions that enrich our lives. Learn more about CEDIA at

About ANAB

The ANSI National Accreditation Board (ANAB), a wholly owned subsidiary of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), is the largest multi-disciplinary ISO/IEC 17011 accreditation body in North America, with comprehensive signatory status across the multilateral recognition arrangements of the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC). The ANAB accreditation portfolio includes management systems certification bodies, calibration and testing labs, product certification bodies, personnel credentialing organizations, forensic test and calibration service providers, inspection bodies, police crime units, greenhouse gas validation and verification bodies, reference material producers, and proficiency test providers.  For more information, visit

About ANSI

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private non-profit organization whose mission is to enhance both the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity. Its membership is comprised of businesses, professional societies and trade associations, standards developers, government agencies, and consumer and labor organizations.

The Institute represents and serves the diverse interests of more than 270,000 companies and organizations and 30 million professionals worldwide. ANSI is the official U.S. representative to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and, via the U.S. National Committee, the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). For more information, visit

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 03:01:00 -0500 Lexie Gardiner ⋅ Published: July 12, 2022 en-US text/html
Killexams : Webex vs. Zoom: Which Is Best For Your Team?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

As more organizations embrace remote working and learning, the need for reliable video conferencing solutions has skyrocketed. If you’re exploring virtual meeting platforms, you’ll find that Webex by Cisco and Zoom are among the most popular video conferencing services on the market today. But which is best? The answer depends on your specific needs.

We conducted an in-depth review of Webex vs. Zoom and compared video conferencing features, pricing, security, reliability and user experience. This review provides everything you need to make an informed decision for your team.

Webex vs. Zoom at a Glance



Paid plans range

From $15 to $25

per month per license

Paid plans range

From $15 to $25

per month per license

Pros & Cons

  • Excellent video and audio quality
  • Easy screen and document sharing
  • Strong reputation for security
  • Difficult to set up and navigate compared to other apps
  • Sluggish app launch speed
  • Limited integrations available



Paid plans range

From $14.99 to $19.99

per month per license

Paid plans range

From $14.99 to $19.99

per month per license

Pros & Cons

  • Easy to set up and use
  • Reliable and fast connectivity
  • Excellent video and audio quality
  • Security issues (such as meeting disruptions)
  • Breakout rooms somewhat difficult to navigate

How Webex and Zoom Stack Up

Both Webex and Zoom offer high-quality video and audio, easy meeting scheduling, user and participant authentication, waiting rooms and meeting recordings. Each platform also comes with desktop/file sharing, application sharing, interactive whiteboards, background manipulation, live group and private chat and the ability to assign user roles and permissions.

All Webex paid plans include 10 GB of cloud storage, while lower-tier Zoom plans offer only 1 GB. Webex offers participant polling on its free plan; Zoom does not. All Zoom plans come with touch-up filters for lighting and appearance; these features are not available through Webex.

Webex offers fewer integrations than Zoom. You’ll find a complete list of integrations on the Zoom website, but you’ll need to search by app name in the Webex Help Center to determine whether a specific app is supported.

Webex vs. Zoom Prices by Plan

Webex offers five plans. The Basic Plan and Meet Plan offer premium HD online video-based meetings, while the Call Plan offers a unique cloud-based phone number for each license and premium calling features. The Webex Meet + Call Plan offers both online video meetings and telephony services.

Prices for Webex plans range from $0 to $25 per month per license, with exception to the customizable cost of the Enterprise Plan. Other differences among the plans include participant capacity and meeting duration limits, which are explained in the chart below.

Zoom offers four plans that range from $0 to $19.99 per license per month. Key differences among the plans include price, meeting duration and participant capacity.

A key difference between Webex and Zoom is participant capacity limits on the platforms’ various plans. Zoom’s $14.99 Pro plan caps out at 100 participants, while Webex’s $15 Meet Plan permits up to 200 participants. If you want your online meetings to scale beyond 200 people, Zoom’s Business plan at $19.99 is a better value as it comes with built-in support for up to 300 participants.

With Zoom paid plans, you can expand participant capacity to up to 1,000 per meeting via Zoom’s Large Meetings add-on, which starts at $50 per month.

Ease of Setup and Use

The steps to setting up and using each video conferencing platform are similar, though user feedback overwhelmingly suggests that Zoom is consistently more user-friendly than Webex.

You don’t need a Zoom account to attend a meeting, but you will need to download the Zoom meeting application to your computer or mobile device. Zoom software updates are issued regularly, so it’s always best to check whether you have the latest version installed before attending a meeting. Using up-to-date software assures a more secure and stable video meeting experience.

You need to sign up for a Zoom account to set up a meeting. Register for a free Zoom account via email, Google, Facebook or single sign-on (SSO). Once your account is live, you can schedule meetings and invite others to your meetings. The process is straightforward, and Zoom’s meeting management dashboard is exceptionally user-friendly.

Webex application download and meeting set up is much like Zoom’s. To attend a meeting, you must download the Webex software onto your device. To host a meeting, you must register for a Webex account, which you can do for free. Webex takes a hit on user-friendliness due to somewhat clunky set-up instructions, lengthy registration and check-in times and a meeting interface that can confuse less tech-savvy users.

Related: Grasshopper vs Ringcentral vs Zoom


Video conferencing use has surged since the pandemic began. Virtual events are up 1000% since COVID-19, and virtual meetings have experienced similar growth.

Increasing user rates and systems that weren’t prepared to handle the surge led to Zoom’s widely publicized security issues. A string of meeting disruptions affected the platform in 2020, but Zoom has addressed its security shortcomings, and instances of security breaches are rarer now.

Zoom offers TLX encryption to establish communications, AES-256 encryption for real-time content and password-protected meetings. Meeting hosts can opt to have users stop in waiting rooms and then admit participants one by one after user identity and permission to enter has been verified. Hosts have complete control over screen sharing permissions. Zoom also provides HIPAA-compliant security with its Zoom for Healthcare solution.

Webex maintains a stellar reputation for video conferencing security. The platform offers locked personal room meetings, password-enforced meeting connections and encrypted cloud recordings. The Webex lobby feature allows the meeting host to control who can enter a meeting and when. Meeting hosts and admins can grant or revoke participant access to meetings at any time.


Webex offers customer support to its free users through its online Help Center. Paid plan subscribers can contact Webex customer service via chat or phone. Enterprise customers are assigned a dedicated Webex representative.

The Zoom Help Center is the only support offered for those on the free Zoom plan. Zoom Pro plan customers can submit support tickets or chat live online with a Zoom representative. Zoom Business and Enterprise plan customers can opt to receive support via phone.

Telephony Extensions

Both Webex and Zoom offer telephony extension plans. To access telephony services with Webex, you’ll need a Webex calling plan, which you can get with both the Call Plan and the Meet + Call Plan. Call waiting, call forwarding and up to six-way conference calls are included in these Webex plans. Unlimited local and domestic long distance is also offered, and international long distance is billed per minute.

Zoom Phone is the provider’s global cloud enterprise phone solution. Zoom’s service includes unlimited internal calling, three-way ad hoc conference calls, call recording, voice mail transcription and more. There is also an appliance program that can provide you with telephony hardware straight from the company. This telephony service is a separate offering from Zoom Meetings, and prices for plans range from $10 to $20 per month per license.

Bottom Line

Both Webex and Zoom offer feature-rich, stable video conferencing solutions. Overall, though, Zoom is the better platform in terms of total features and user-friendliness.

Zoom’s simplicity makes it a favorite across all types of video conference users. Since Webex holds a stronger reputation for system security, Webex is often a favorite for tech-savvy users and organizations where system security is paramount.

Find The Right Phone System For Your Business

Save by Comparing Phone System Prices

Frequently Asked Questions

What is video conferencing?

Video conferencing is a type of virtual, online meeting where two or more people talk through a video and audio call in real-time.

How can you make your video conferencing platform more secure?

There are several ways to enhance the security of whichever video conferencing platform you choose. These include creating unique meeting passwords and IDs for each meeting, allowing attendees into the meeting rather than everyone getting into the meeting at the same time, restricting who can provide out meeting invitations and limiting on-screen access to documents when screen sharing.

Tue, 05 Jul 2022 10:52:00 -0500 Janette Novak en-US text/html
Killexams : 10 Dow Dividend Stocks Fail 'Acid Test' No result found, try new keyword!In the past, we have suggested that income investors periodically subject their portfolio to a "Dividend Acid Test*" -- a pass/fail test that indicates if a company's dividend payout is covered ... Tue, 12 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html
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