Download Free VCS-257 test prep and practice test Administration of Veritas InfoScale Storage 7.1 for UNIX/Linux exam is entirely easy with VCS-257 exam dumps. All it needs to register on killexams website, choose the VCS-257 exam from list and apply. There is a tiny amount for that. Download VCS-257 free pdf and Free Exam PDF. Read and memorize VCS-257 practice test from PDF file. Practice with VCE software and face the actual VCS-257 test. That is all.

Exam Code: VCS-257 Practice exam 2023 by team
VCS-257 Administration of Veritas InfoScale Storage 7.1 for UNIX/Linux

Exam Title :
Veritas Certified Specialist (VCS) - InfoScale Storage

Exam ID :

Exam Duration :
120 mins

Questions in exam :

Passing Score :

Exam Center :
Pearson VUE

Real Questions :
Veritas InfoScale Storage Administration Real Questions

VCE practice questions :
Veritas VCS-257 Certification VCE Practice Test

Overview and Architecture

- Define the types, purpose, and benefits of storage virtualization.

- Define the benefits and components of Veritas InfoScale Storage for UNIX/Linux including Storage Foundation and Storage Foundation Cluster File System with Volume Manager, File System, Dynamic Multi-Pathing, Dynamic Multi-Pathing for VMware, Veritas InfoScale Operations Manager, Storage Foundation for databases, Veritas File Replicator, and Veritas Volume Replicator.

- Identify InfoScale Storage physical and virtual objects.

- Demonstrate an understanding of advanced InfoScale Storage architectures including Flexible Storage Sharing and replicating solutions.

Installation and Configuration

- Demonstrate the ability to install, license, and configure InfoScale Storage for UNIX/Linux using the common product installer (CPI).

- Demonstrate understanding of the InfoScale Storage Command Line Interface (CLI) and Veritas InfoScale Operations Manager (VIOM).

- Describe how to configure and manage private and shared disk groups.

- Describe how to create and delete concatenated, striped, mirrored, RAID-5, and layered volumes.

- Describe how to create and configure local and clustered Veritas File Systems.

- Describe how to configure volumes by adding mirrors and logs.

Managing and Reporting

- Describe how to perform file system administration.

- Describe how InfoScale Storage supports thin provisioning, including thin reclamation.

- Describe how to perform basic troubleshooting and recovery to address InfoScale Storage failures.

- Describe how to use Veritas InfoScale Operations Manager (VIOM) to manage and monitor an InfoScale Storage environment.

- Identify the InfoScale Storage tools used to monitor and analyze performance.

- Describe how to perform online administrative tasks for Veritas Volume Manager.

- Describe how the kernel components manage the InfoScale Storage architecture.

- Describe how to administer Dynamic Multi-Pathing for storage management and reporting.

- Describe how to manage InfoScale Storage snapshots and storage checkpoints, including checkpoint visibility and checkpoint auto-mounting.

- Identify the file systems that would benefit from File System data compression and deduplication features and describe how to use them.

- Describe how to configure the Site Awareness feature of InfoScale Storage.

- Define the InfoScale Storage capabilities for Storage Tiering using SmartTier.

- Describe how to configure and manage SmartIO.

Administration of Veritas InfoScale Storage 7.1 for UNIX/Linux
Veritas Administration PDF Download
Killexams : Veritas Administration PDF obtain - BingNews Search results Killexams : Veritas Administration PDF obtain - BingNews Killexams : Project Veritas’ Financial Woes Go Beyond Layoffs

After laying off most of its workforce last week, right-wing media group Project Veritas is considering cost-cutting measures like going fully remote and bringing in an outside firm to produce its content.

Project Veritas laid off 25 employees last week, citing financial difficulties. The company has struggled to fundraise after the departure of its founder James O’Keefe earlier this year. By the time of his departure, O’Keefe had become controversial within Project Veritas, with some employees accusing him of being “a power-drunk tyrant” who allegedly squandered company funds on lavish personal expenses. After the layoffs—which employees previously characterized as slashing Project Veritas from 43 to 18 staffers—the company is seeking a profitable path forward, according to sources. And it won’t be easy, management has suggested in a accurate conversation.

In post-layoff conversations with staff, Project Veritas board president Joseph Barton has indicated that the company plans to work remotely and part ways with its Mamaroneck, New York, headquarters, people familiar with the talks told The Daily Beast.

Barton, who did not return requests for comment, also indicated that Veritas hopes to cut costs by outsourcing its production to a third-party firm.

Ex-Project Veritas Staffer Claims James O’Keefe’s Party Guests Pooped on the Floor

Production costs were also a concern in a post-layoffs meeting on Friday, during which remaining leadership discussed saving money by “pre-producing” some of the company’s content. Near the end of the meeting, leadership held a “moment of silence” for the workers who’d been laid off the previous day.

CEO Hannah Giles, who assumed leadership of Project Veritas after O’Keefe’s departure this year, told The Daily Beast that the company is considering a number of options to keep it solvent.

“I am streamlining and considering many cost-cutting measures to maintain the long-term sustainability of Project Veritas,” Giles told The Daily Beast on Tuesday. “Our internal team will continue to produce the nation’s best investigative journalism.”

Giles did not immediately clarify whether Project Veritas would outsource any of its content creation.

“Project Veritas is in a tough situation,” Giles said. “It was made tough by O’Keefe leaving, and made doubly challenging by mismanagement before I was hired. I wish we could have kept everyone on and grown the organization but I’ve been put in the situation where I have to cut and refocus so we can get to growth. I’m not going to fight in the press over complaints from laid off staffers, I’m going to keep doing the work to rebuild this organization from the mess it was left in.”

In a accurate conversation with staff, however, Barton claimed Project Veritas was still not operating sustainably. According to people familiar with the conversation, Barton complained that Giles had been unwilling to lay off as many people as he believed necessary to keep the company’s expenses under control.

Financial concerns have loomed large for Project Veritas under multiple sets of leadership. O’Keefe is accused of spending company funds on dubious personal expenses like chartered cars, helicopter flights, and musical theater productions. Project Veritas is currently suing O’Keefe over this alleged spending, as well as allegations that he used Project Veritas’s donor list to solicit funds for a rival media group after his departure this year. But O’Keefe also served as Project Veritas’s public face during his tenure with the company, and employees told The Daily Beast that the group struggled to fundraise in his absence.

“We all had high hopes for Hannah, so it’s just unfortunate the way things turned out,” former Project Veritas senior investigative reporter James Lalino told The Daily Beast.

Laid-off Project Veritas employees previously alleged to The Daily Beast that the company’s pre-layoff operations were frustratingly opaque, with staffers struggling to obtain information from management about the company’s future.

One of those now-former employees, senior investigative reporter Christian Hartsock, served as the company’s board ombudsman, a role intended to supply staffers greater insight into the board’s discussions.

But Hartsock told The Daily Beast that he was blocked from some of those proceedings after Barton, the board president, started classifying meetings as “special board meetings,” from which Hartsock was barred.

Layoffs Gut Project Veritas: ‘What the F*ck Happened Here?’

“I later found out (second-hand) that those ‘matters discussed’ that night were removing indemnification from journalists (current and former) against criminal and civil litigation as a result of work assigned to them in the field,” Hartsock told The Daily Beast of the first “special board meeting” from which he was excluded.

The Daily Beast reviewed text messages between Hartsock and Barton from Aug. 16. (Project Veritas laid off employees earlier that week on Aug. 14 and again on Aug. 17.) In the texts, Hartsock informed Barton that he hadn’t been invited to a board meeting.

“No shit,” Barton wrote back.

“Can you forward me the invite?” Hartsock asked.

“No,” wrote Barton, who went on to characterize the meeting as “special” and inform Hartsock that “You re not invited.”

Other accurate communications from accurate employees show them voicing layoff concerns in a company-wide group chat, where Giles was a member. (“Once the sloppily executed layoffs happened, the chat became a firing squad aimed directly at Hannah,” a laid-off employee told The Daily Beast.)

“Lmao. who is making the stories now. Hannah cant figure out Twitter let alone final cut,” one ex-staffer wrote to the group, in reference to the production software Final Cut.

Elsewhere in the chat, Lalino tagged Giles and accused her of telling him the previous day that he would not be laid off.

“Thanks for lying to me yesterday and telling me I wasn’t getting laid off,” he wrote. “Awesome working with you. Thanks for giving it to me straight when I asked, you taught me a valuable lesson about dealing with snakes.”

Read more at The Daily Beast.

Get the Daily Beast's biggest scoops and scandals delivered right to your inbox. Sign up now.

Stay informed and gain unlimited access to the Daily Beast's unmatched reporting. Subscribe now.

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 20:31:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : obtain PDF instead of Previewing in Chrome and Firefox on Windows PC

Both Chrome and Firefox have this default setting where they preview PDFs instead of downloading them. This can be a bit annoying, especially if you want to save them but are in a hurry. Therefore, in this article, we are going to see how to obtain PDFs instead of previewing them in Chrome and Firefox.

Download PDF instead of Previewing in Chrome

Google Chrome has its own PDF Viewer, so, when you click on a PDF, it will be opened with Chrome’s PDF on the browser itself. Therefore, we need to disable Chrome’s PDF viewer to obtain PFDs instead of previewing them.

  1. To do that, launch Chrome
  2. Click on the three vertical dots from the top-right corner of the window
  3. Cick Settings.
  4. Now, you need to click Privacy & Security from the left panel
  5. SelectSite Settings from the right panel
  6. Scroll down a bit, and click Additional content settings.
  7. Click PDF documents and enable the toggle of Download PDF files instead of automatically opening them in Chrome.

This way you will be able to obtain PDFs instead of previewing them in Chrome.

Download PDFs Instead of Previewing Them In Firefox

Download PDFs Instead of Previewing Them in Chrome and Firefox

If you don’t use Chrome but Mozilla Firefox, you can still obtain PDF instead of opening them. Firefox also has a built-in PDF Viewer, just like Chrome, so, when you click on a PDF, the document will open with Firefox PDF viewer. To obtain PDF instead of previewing them in Firefox, you can follow the given steps:

  1. Launch Firefox, click on the three horizontal lines, and select Options.
  2. Make sure you are on the General tab and scroll down a bit to reach Applications.
  3. From the “Portable Document Format (PDF)” section, change Open in Firefox to Save File.

This way you will be able to obtain PDFs instead of previewing them in Firefox.

If you use Microsoft Edge, and you want to obtain PDFs instead of previewing them, check out our guide.

Download PDFs Instead of Previewing Them in Chrome and Firefox
Sun, 02 May 2021 01:49:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : UPSC Public Administration Optional Syllabus: obtain PDF for Mains Exam

UPSC Public Administration Syllabus: Preparing for UPSC CSE Mains exam and optional Public Administration, then check the topic-wise UPSC Public Administration Optional Syllabus for Papers 1 & 2, PDF here.

UPSC Public Administration

UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus 2023 PDF

The Public Administration optional syllabus is divided into two papers i.e. Paper I and Paper II  in UPSC Mains exam. Each paper is conducted for 250 marks with a total of 500 marks. One must adhere to the UPSC Public Administration mains syllabus and the right resources to increase their chances of scoring Full Marks in the civil services exam. Mentioned below is the topic-wise UPSC Public Administration syllabus for both the papers discussed below.

UPSC Public Administration Mains Optional Syllabus for Paper I

The UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus for Paper I covers subjects like Administrative Thought, Administrative Behaviour, Organisations, Accountability and Control, Administrative Law, Comparative Public Administration, Development Dynamics, Personnel Administration, etc. Check the topic-wise UPSC Public Administration mains Paper I syllabus shared below.

Career Counseling

Administration Theory

  • Introduction: Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration, Wilson’s vision of Public Administration, Evolution of the discipline and its present status. New Public Administration, Public Choice approach; Challenges of liberalization, Privatisation, Globalisation; Good Governance: concept and application; New Public Management.
  • Administrative Thought: Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; Classical Theory; Weber’s bureaucratic model its critique and post-Weberian Developments; Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); Simon’s decision making theory; Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor.)
  • Administrative Behaviour: Process and techniques of decision-making; Communication; Morale; Motivation Theories content, process and contemporary; Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modem:
  • Organizations: Theories systems, contingency; Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies; Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc, and advisory bodies; Headquarters and Field relationships; Regulatory Authorities; Public-Private Partnerships.
  • Accountability and Control: Concepts of accountability and control; Legislative, Executive and judicial control over administration; Citizen and Administration; Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; Civil society; Citizen’s Charters; Right to Information; Social audit.
  • Administrative Law: Meaning, scope and significance; Dicey on Administrative law; Delegated legislation; Administrative Tribunals.
  • Comparative Public Administration: Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; Administration and politics in different countries; Current status of Comparative Public Administration; Ecology and administration; Riggsian models and their critique.
  • Development Dynamics: Concept of development; Changing profile of development administration; ‘Anti-development thesis’; Bureaucracy and development; Strong state versus the market debate; Impact of liberalisation on administration in developing countries; Women and development the self-help group movement.
  • Personnel Administration: Importance of human resource development; Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pray and service conditions; employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; Code of conduct; Administrative ethics.
  • Public Policy: Models of policy-making and their critique; Processes of conceptualisation, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; State theories and public policy formulation.
  • Techniques of Administrative Improvement: Organisation and methods, Work study and work management, e-governance and information technology; Management aid tools like network analysis, MIS, PERT, and CPM.
  • Financial Administration: Monetary and fiscal policies: Public borrowings and public debt Budgets types and forms; Budgetary process; Financial accountability; Accounts and audit.

UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus for Paper II

The UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus for Paper II covers subjects like the Evolution of Indian Administration, the Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government, Public Sector Undertakings,  Union Government and Administration, Plans and Priorities, State Government and Administration, etc. Check the topic-wise UPSC Public Administration mains Paper II syllabus shared below.

Indian Administration

  • Evolution of Indian Administration: Kautilya Arthashastra; Mughal administration; Legacy of British rule in politics and administration Indianization of Public services, revenue administration, district Administration, local self Government.
  • Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government: Salient features and value premises; Constitutionalism; Political culture; Bureaucracy and democracy; Bureaucracy and development.
  • Public Sector Undertakings: Public sector in modern India; Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control; Impact of liberalization and privatization.
  • Union Government and Administration: Executive, Parliament, Judiciary-structure, functions, work processes; accurate trends; Intra-governmental relations; Cabinet Secretariat; Prime Minister’s Office; Central Secretariat; Ministries and Departments; Boards; Commissions; Attached offices; Field organizations.
  • Plans and Priorities: Machinery of planning; Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; ‘Indicative’ planning; Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.
  • State Government and Administration: Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; Role of the Finance Commission; Governor; Chief Minister; Council of Ministers; Chief Secretary; State Secretariat; Directorates.
  • District Administration since Independence: The changing role of the Collector; Union-State-local relations; Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; District Administration and democratic decentralization.
  • Civil Services: Constitutional position; Structure, recruitment, training and capacity building; Good governance initiatives; Code of conduct and discipline; Staff associations; Political rights; Grievance redressal mechanism; Civil service neutrality; Civil service activism.
  • Financial Management: Budget as a political instrument; Parliamentary control of public expenditure; Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; Accounting techniques; Audit; Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.
  • Administrative Reforms since Independence: Major concerns; Important Committees and Commissions; Reforms in financial management and human resource development; Problems of implementation.
  • Rural Development: Institutions and agencies since Independence; Rural development programmes: foci and strategies; Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 73rd Constitutional amendment.
  • Urban Local Government: Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 74th Constitutional Amendment; Global-local debate; New localism; Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.
  • Law and Order Administration: British legacy; National Police Commission; Investigative agencies; Role of Central and State Agencies including para military forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; Criminalisation of politics and administration; Police-public relations; Reforms in Police.
  • Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management

How to Prepare for UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus 2023?

Public Administration is one of the popular optional subjects in the UPSC mains exam. Therefore, one should clear the concepts of all the exam-relevant subjects as it will allow them to answer the questions correctly in the exam. With this, they must develop a robust UPSC Public Administration preparation strategy and books. Check the best tips and tricks shared below to cover the entire UPSC Public Administration mains syllabus.

  • Understand Syllabus: One should be well-acquainted with the UPSC Public Administration mains syllabus to cover all the subjects and sub-topics important from an exam perspective. 
  • Clear Concepts: The next tip is to learn the fundamentals of all the subjects prescribed in the syllabus. It is crucial to master the concepts thoroughly to answer the questions correctly in the exam.
  • Previous Year Papers: Practice UPSC Public Administration's previous year's papers to understand the subjects along with the question weightage asked in the exam.
  • Practice of Answer-writing: After covering at least 40% of the syllabus, one should commence answer-writing practice. This will help them to learn the way to manage their time effectively with speed and accuracy.
  • Solve Mock Tests: Candidates must practice full-length tests to analyze their performance and gauge their preparation level. Also, it will help them to discover their mistakes and allow them to focus more on their weak areas.

Booklist for UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus

A wide range of UPSC Public Administration books and resources are available online and in the local market that cover all the aspects of the UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus. Let’s look at the paper-wise books for the Public Administration optional subject shared below:

  • Public Policy: Concept, Theory, and Practice by Bidyut Chakrabarty and Prakash Chand
  • New Horizons of Public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya
  • Administrative Thinkers by Prasad and Prasad
  • Public Administration-Laxmikant
  • IGNOU BA and MA Notes
  • Essentials of organizational behavior by Stephen Robbins
  • Public Administration And Public Affairs by Nicholas Henry


Which basic books cover UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus?

Some of the basic books that cover the UPSC Public Administration mains syllabus include Public Policy: Concept, Theory, and Practice by Bidyut Chakrabarty and Prakash Chand, New Horizons of Public Administration by Mohit Bhattacharya, Administrative Thinkers by Prasad and Prasad, etc.

How to prepare for the UPSC Public Administration mains syllabus?

To prepare well for the Public Administration optional subject, candidates should analyze the UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus, clear the basic concepts, and practice answer writing regularly.

Is Public Administration UPSC easy?

Public Administration is a popular scoring subject among all the optional papers in the UPSC mains exam. As per the previous year's exam analysis, the question asked in Public Administration optional papers was moderate.

What is the UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus?

The UPSC Public Administration Mains Syllabus is divided into two papers i.e., Paper-1 and Paper-2. Paper I covers subjects like Administrative Thought, Administrative Behaviour, Organisations, Accountability and Control, Administrative Law, Comparative Public Administration, etc. Paper II covers subjects like the Evolution of Indian Administration, the Philosophical and Constitutional framework of Government, Public Sector Undertakings, Union Government and Administration, etc.

Tue, 18 Jul 2023 20:45:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : How to save Google Slides as PDF

If you want to save Google Slide as PDF, here is how to do it. Even if you want to save a Google Slides presentation as PDF with speaker notes, you can do that. No matter how many slides you have, there is no need to obtain third-party add-ons or use services to get the job done.

How to save Google Slides as PDF

To Google Slides as PDF, follow these methods:

  1. Using in-built obtain option
  2. Using Print menu

To learn more about these methods, continue reading.

1] Using in-built obtain option

No matter whether you use Google Docs, Google Sheets, or Google Slides, you can find a common option called Download. This particular option helps you obtain your slides or presentation in various formats, including PDF. To use this option, you need to follow these steps:

First, make sure that you have created the slides entirely and it is ready to download. If so, click on the File menu visible in the top-left corner.

Then, select the Download option. It displays a series of options. From here, you need to select the PDF document option.

How to save Google Slides as PDF

Once done, the obtain will start immediately.

2] Using Print menu

There could be times when you might want to obtain a specific slide of your presentation. The general obtain option doesn’t allow you to obtain a single slide of your presentation. That is why you can use the Print menu to obtain a particular slide or any number of specific slides as per your requirements.

To use the Print menu to obtain Google Slides as PDF, follow these steps:

Once the editing is done, click on the File menu and select the Print option.

How to save Google Slides as PDF

Alternatively, you can press Ctrl+P to do the same. It opens the Print prompt. Once it is visible, expand the Destination list and select the Microsoft Print to PDF option.

Then, head to the Pages menu and expand it. From here, you can choose one of the four options:

  • All
  • Odd pages only
  • Even pages only
  • Customized

If you want to obtain a particular slide, you need to select the Customized option.

How to save Google Slides as PDF

Next, enter the page number and click the Print button.

It will obtain your slide as PDF.

Note: We have tried it on Google Chrome. The print prompt may appear differently on a different browser. However, every browser allows you to do the same.

The main drawback of these two methods is that they do not obtain the slide with speaker notes. If you have included speaker notes in your slide, you cannot find them once it downloads as PDF. At times, speaker notes are important since you might have added some notes to demonstrate the slide to others. Fortunately, Google Slides comes with an option that lets you obtain the presentation as PDF with speaker notes.

How to obtain Google Slides as PDF with speaker notes

To obtain Google Slides as PDF with speaker notes, follow these steps:

  1. Click on the File menu.
  2. Select the Print preview option.
  3. Click on the 1 slide without notes menu.
  4. Choose the 1 slide with notes option.
  5. Click the Download as PDF option.

To know more about these steps, keep reading.

First, you need to click on the File menu and choose the Print preview option.

By default, it does not show the speaker notes. To show them, click on the 1 slide without notes menu and choose the 1 slide with notes option.

How to  obtain Google Slides as PDF with speaker notes

Once done, click the Download as PDF option.

It starts the obtain instantly. Once it is done, you can find the slide in the PDF version with all the speaker notes.

Read: How to convert Documents to PDF with Google Docs from any browser

How do I save a slide as a PDF?

If you want to save a slide as a PDF, you need to use the Print option. Go to File > Print to open the Print prompt first. Next, expand the Destination menu and select the Microsoft Print to PDF option. Then, head to the Pages menu. From here, select the Customized option and enter the slide or page number as per your requirements. Finally, click the Print button to save a particular slide as PDF.

Can you save Google Slides as a PDF with notes?

Yes, you can save Google Slides as a PDF with notes or speaker notes. As the generic option doesn’t show or save all the speaker notes, you need to use the Print preview option. Make sure the 1 slide with notes option is selected. If so, you can click on the Download as PDF option to obtain the presentation or slides with notes.

Read: Convert Word, PowerPoint, Excel Documents into PDF using Google Docs.

How to save Google Slides as PDF
Mon, 14 Aug 2023 10:08:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Killexams : Best free PDF editors 2023: Our top picks

If you work with PDF files regularly then a PDF editor is an indispensable tool. Whether it’s part of your job, you manage PDF files for your own personal use, or you just need to complete a one-off editing task, a top editor program is an essential piece of software. Full-featured editors such as Adobe’s Acrobat Pro DC might provide all of the bells and whistles, but a free PDF editor can still offer most of the important tools of a paid service for no additional charge.

Plus, many free PDF editors are browser based, which means that you don’t need to worry about about platform- or device-compatibility issues.

Of course, free products won’t come with every feature of their premium counterparts. So, if you find that you need more advanced tools such as password protection, Bates numbering, or e-signatures, then you’re probably better served by a premium PDF editor.

PDF Candy – Best free PDF editor overall


  • Many advanced features
  • OCR capability
  • Very easy to use


  • Lacks a single interface, which some users may not like
  • Free version limits you to one task per hour

Price When Reviewed: Free

PDF Candy is the rare free PDF editor that offers a lot of the features you’d typically have to pay for. We’re talking scanning, multiple file-conversion options, and OCR functionality. While the free version has access to the expansive toolset of the paid version, you’re limited to one PDF task per hour. For unfettered access, you need to shell out $6 month.

Read our full PDF Candy review

Apple Preview PDF editor – Best free PDF editor for Mac users


  • Full set of PDF markup tools
  • Supports form filling
  • PDFs can be protected with passwords, encryption, and permission controls


  • Limited native sharing options
  • Only available to Mac users

Price When Reviewed: Built into macOS

Mac users have an excellent PDF editor built right into their operating system. Although its ostensibly a photo viewer, macOS’s Preview app is rife with PDF-editing capabilities including tools for adding text and shapes, redacting content, making freehand drawings, inserting sticky notes, and capturing your signature using your trackpad, camera, or iPhone.

Read our full Apple Preview PDF editor review

Sejda PDF editor – Most versatile free PDF editor


  • Online and desktop versions available
  • Performs dozens of PDF tasks
  • No frills interface is easy to use


  • There are daily usage limits without a subscription
  • Limited font options

Price When Reviewed: Free (Premium $7.50/mo)

Offered as both an online tool and a desktop editor, Sejda is capable of performing dozens of tasks including editing, form creation and filling, Bates stamping, file encryption, and more. If the daily usage limits are too restrictive for you, you can upgrade to the affordable paid version.

Read our full Sejda PDF editor review

What to look for in a free PDF editor

  • Content editing: As its name indicates, a PDF editor’s primary function is to enable you to edit a document. That includes the ability to add and modify text; insert, resize, and move images; and reorganize pages in the PDF. Most free PDF editors will let you perform these tasks, though they may impose daily limits on how many you can perform or how many documents you can edit.
  • Create, convert, and export PDFs: A common need for a PDF editor is to create PDF files from scanned hard copies or by converting digital documents. A good free PDF editor will be able to convert common file formats such as Word, JPG, and HTML to a PDF and preserve the original formatting. It should also be able to export PDFs into other editable formats such as Microsoft Word and PowerPoint, HTML, or plain text, maintaining the original files hyperlinks, images, and other elements.
  • Review and annotate: Most free PDF editors allow you to add comments and other annotations to PDF files during review. Typical annotation tools include sticky notes, shapes, and drawing markup options.
  • Signatures: Often all you need a PDF editor for is to sign a document. This used to be a premium feature only available on paid desktop editors, but more free PDF editors are allowing users to create and add electronic signatures to documents.



Is there a difference between a PDF document and a PDF form?

While there are a number of different types of PDF file formats, they all fall under the umbrella term of PDF documents. A PDF form is a type of PDF document that has editable form fields a user can fill out. Typically, parts of the document are static and can’t be changed in a PDF form. These usually include questions and instructions for those who end up filling out the form later on. In a PDF form, the content fields a user fills out are typically open to editing and can offer a list of possible answer options or can be written in freely.


Are Word files and PDF documents different?

Yes. They are two entirely different document formats. While you can export from one file format to another, they are not the same. Word file formats are usually used for word processing, editing, and making changes to text. PDF documents on the other hand, are most often utilized for viewing, sharing, and printing documents. Additionally, Word files can be read and/or written to and contain some version of the “.doc” file format. Whereas PDF files are typically read-only and contain the “.pdf” file format.


Can you stop other people from editing your PDF documents?

Yes. If you have a PDF document that you do not want anyone else to be able to edit, you can protect the file. You can do this by opening the file in Acrobat, clicking Tools > Protect. Then you have a few options as to whether you want to just restrict editing with a password, or if you want to encrypt the file for further safety. Once you choose how you want to protect the PDF document, you can set a password and save.


Can I merge PDFs with a free PDF editor?

Yes, many free PDF editors such as our top pick PDF Candy, allow you to merge two or more PDFs into one. As most free PDF editors are browser-based, you will just need to open up the PDF editor application or website in your browser and click the “Merge” option. It will then ask you to add the files of all PDFs you wish to merge. Once the files have been added, just make sure that they are in the correct position and alignment you want before proceeding with the merge. Afterwards, all of your previously PDF files will be merged together into one new PDF document.


Does Google have a free PDF editor?

Yes and no. Google doesn’t provide a designated free PDF editor itself, but there are third-party Chrome extensions that you can use to help get the job done. Alternatively, you can make use of Google Drive to edit a PDF document. Simply upload the document onto your Google Drive and then select the file and right-click and select Open with > Google Docs. The file will be opened as an editable Google Docs text document. Then just make your edits and when you’re finished click File > obtain > PDF Document to revert it back to a PDF file.

This method is a quick and easy way to edit a simple PDF document, but be careful as Google Docs can run into formatting issues if your original document has complex visual formatting such as tables and graphs. In this case, it’s best to use a designated free or premium PDF editor.

Mon, 21 Aug 2023 21:00:00 -0500 Author: Michael Ansaldo en text/html
Killexams : Official documents No result found, try new keyword!In this section you can find all of FIFA's official documents downloadable in PDF format. From archived financial reports to published circulars, on subjects as diverse at the Laws of the Game, the ... Sat, 18 Nov 2017 05:44:00 -0600 en text/html Killexams : CTET Answer Key with Question Paper 2023 PDF: obtain Solved Paper 1, Paper 2 Set A/B/C/D

CTET Answer Key with Question Paper 2023 PDF Download: Get CTET Paper 1 and Paper 2 with answer Keys of the Central Teacher Eligibility Test exam held on August 20, 2023, in offline mode for all the sets - A, B, C, and D. The 17th edition of the CTET exam 2023 was held in 20 languages.

CTET Answer Key with Question Paper 2023 PDF Download

CTET Answer Key with Question Paper 2023 PDF Download: CTET 2023 exam was successfully conducted today, August 20, 2023, in offline mode. Paper-1 was held in the morning shift (9:30 AM to 12:00 Noon) and Paper-2 was held in the afternoon shift (2:30 PM to 5:00 PM). All the questions asked will be in the objective MCQ format and there will be no negative marking for wrong answers.

Below is the exam pattern followed by CBSE in the CTET 2023 exam:

CTET Paper 1 exam Pattern 2023


No. of MCQs

Maximum Marks


Child Development and Pedagogy

30 MCQs

30 Marks

2 hours and 30 minutes

Language I (Compulsory)

30 MCQs

30 Marks

Language II (Compulsory)

30 MCQs

30 Marks


30 MCQs

30 Marks

Environmental Studies

30 MCQs

30 Marks


150 MCQs

150 Marks

CTET Paper 2 exam Pattern 2023


No. of MCQs

Maximum Marks


Child Development and Pedagogy

30 MCQs

30 Marks

2 hours and 30 minutes

Language I (Compulsory)

30 MCQs

30 Marks

Language II (Compulsory)

30 MCQs

30 Marks

Mathematics and Science

(for Mathematics and Science teacher)

OR (v) Social Studies/Social Science (for Social Studies/Social Science teacher) 

For any other teacher - either (IV) or (V)

60 MCQs

60 Marks


150 MCQs

150 Marks

In this article, we have shared the question paper of the CTET exam 2023. The answer key for the CTET 2023 Paper-1 has been shared below the question paper. The official CTET 2023 Answer Key will be released after a few days of the exam.

Career Counseling

So, let’s have a look at the CTET 2023 Paper-1 and Answer Key:

CTET Question Paper and Answer Key 2023: Paper 1 PDF Download

Download the CTET question paper and answer key 2023 for Paper-1 which is for the candidates who intend to be a teacher for Classes I to V:

CTET Paper 1 Question Paper and Answer Key 2023 

CTET Paper 1 Question Paper (Set-A/B/C/D)

Download PDF

CTET Paper 1 Answer Key (Set-A/B/C/D)

Download PDF

CTET Question Paper and Answer Key 2023: Paper 2 PDF Download

Download the CTET question paper and answer key 2023 for Paper-2 which is for the candidates who intend to be a teacher for Classes VI to VIII:

CTET Paper 2 Question Paper and Answer Key 2023 

CTET Paper 2 Question Paper (Set-A/B/C/D)

Download PDF

CTET Paper 2 Answer Key (Set-A/B/C/D)

Download PDF

Language of the CTET Question Paper 2023

The main question paper shall be Bilingual (Hindi/English). The Language I and II questions will be asked from the language chosen by the candidate:


Code No.


Code No.









































Highlights of CTET Exam 2023 

- CTET Dec 2023 Exam is being in offline mode across 184 exam centres in India.

- Each question carries an equal 1 mark in Paper-1 and Paper-2.

- 150 questions will be asked in 150 minutes to complete the test (Paper-1 & Paper-2 each).

- There will be no negative marking for the wrong answers.

  • CTET is qualifying in nature. CTET is an eligibility test only. Qualifying in the CTET would not confer a right on any person for Recruitment/ Employment as it is only one of the CTET eligibility criteria for appointment.

Check here CTET answer key 

CTET Official Answer Key 2023

The CBSE will display the provisional CTET answer key of Paper-1 and Paper-2 on the CTET official website - The board will provide an opportunity for the candidates to challenge the provisional answer keys with a non-refundable prescribed fee as processing charges. The provisional answer keys are likely to be displayed for two to three days. Only paid challenges made during the stipulated time will be considered.

The board’s decision on the challenges shall be final and no further communication will be entertained. CBSE will not inform the candidates individually about their challenges. The subject experts will examine all the challenges received and then the final answer keys will be displayed. The result will be declared according to the final answer keys.

Also Check;


Q1. Where will the CTET Question Paper and Answer Key 2023 be released officially?

The CTET Question Paper and Answer Key 2023 will be released officially at the website -

Q2. When will the official CTET Answer Key 2023 be released?

The official CTET 2023 Answer Key will be released after a few days of the CTET exam 2023.

Q3. In how many languages the CTET 2023 exam is being held?

The main CTET question paper shall be Bilingual (Hindi/English). The Language I and II questions will be asked from the language chosen by the candidate amongst the 20 languages.

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 23:26:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Fired founder of right-wing org Project Veritas is under investigation in New York

NEW YORK (AP) — The founder of Project Veritas, a conservative nonprofit known for its hidden camera stings, is under investigation by a suburban New York prosecutor’s office in the latest fallout after his ouster from the group over allegations that he mistreated workers and misspent organization funds.

The Westchester County district attorney’s office confirmed Friday it is "looking into" matters concerning James O’Keefe, who was suspended in February and later fired as chairman and CEO. The Project Veritas board said he spent “an excessive amount of donor funds” on personal luxuries.

Jin Whang, a spokesperson for District Attorney Mimi Rocah, declined to discuss the subject or details of the investigation, or what potential charges, if any, O’Keefe could face. Whang cautioned that investigations can have a variety of outcomes, not necessarily resulting in criminal charges.

News of the probe was first reported by The Nation.

O’Keefe’s lawyer, Jeffrey Lichtman, blamed the investigation on “disgruntled former employees of Project Veritas who had a problem with their CEO using too many car services to pay for fundraising efforts which paid their salaries.”

“We were told by the new Project Veritas CEO that the investigation had ended,” Lichtman said. “If it’s not, we will crush it in court.”

In a statement, CEO Hannah Giles said, "Project Veritas did not initiate any potential investigation the Westchester DA’s office may be conducting with respect to James O’Keefe. However, PV cooperates with the authorities as required by law.”

In 2010, O’Keefe founded Project Veritas, which identifies itself as a news organization. Its most accurate IRS filings show it brought in more than $20 million in revenue in 2021. Over the years its hidden-cameras have embarrassed news outlets, labor organizations and Democratic politicians.

The organization sued O’Keefe in May, accusing him of breaching his contract with “incredibly troubling workplace and financial misconduct,” including screaming at colleagues, exposing employees to obscene messages and having staffers run errands for him, such as picking up laundry and cleaning his boat.

Among O’Keefe’s lavish spending, the organization alleges, were: $10,000 for a helicopter flight from New York to Maine; more than $150,000 on private car services over an 18-month span; and expensive stays in luxury hotel suites while other employees were forced to stay in budget accommodations.

According to the lawsuit, Project Veritas’ board had intended to reinstate O’Keefe from his suspension “with appropriate safeguards,” but ultimately terminated his employment in May after he claimed in media interviews that the organization had fired him to appease a pharmaceutical company over its reporting on COVID-19.

Last year, two Florida residents pleaded guilty to selling a diary and other items from President Joe Biden’s daughter to Project Veritas for $40,000. As part of its investigation, the FBI searched the group’s Mamaroneck, New York, offices, and the homes of some employees in 2021.

Neither Project Veritas nor any staffers have been charged with a crime, and the group has said its activities were protected by the First Amendment.

Copyright 2023 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed without permission.

Fri, 18 Aug 2023 12:54:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Kerala DHSE Plus One Revaluation Result 2023 Announced; obtain PDF Here Plus One Revaluation Result 2023: The Directorate of Higher Secondary Education (DHSE) has announced the Kerala Plus One revaluation result 2023. Aspirants can access their updated results on the official DHSE websites - or To view their revised Kerala +1 result 2023, students need to enter their roll number and date of birth.
The revaluation results are available in PDF format, and the DHSE is responsible for conducting the revaluation process. The DHSE Plus One revaluation and scrutiny result 2023 has been released in a convenient PDF format on the official portal at
For candidates to check their Kerala Plus One result 2023, they must utilize their registration number. The Directorate has issued three notifications related to the Kerala first-year revaluation result 2023, encompassing scrutiny, changed marks in the revaluation result, and the refund list.
Prior to this, on June 13, the Board had declared the Kerala Plus One result 2023, which recorded an overall pass percentage of 82.95 per cent. Following the announcement, students were given the opportunity to apply for the Kerala Plus One revaluation or scrutiny process.
This initiative by the DHSE offers students a chance to review and reassess their performance, ensuring that their hard work is justly acknowledged. The revaluation process provides an opportunity for those who feel their marks might have been undervalued to have their answer sheets reevaluated.
Here are the steps to obtain the DHSE Kerala Plus One Revaluation Result PDF
Step 1: Open your web browser and go to the official website of DHSE Kerala -
Step 2: Look for the "Results" or "Examinations" section on the homepage and click on it.
Step 3: In the results section, find the link for "Kerala Plus One Revaluation Result 2023" and click on it.
Step 4: You will be redirected to a new page where you need to enter your roll number and date of birth.
Step 5: After entering the required details, click on the "Submit" or "Check Result" button.
Step 6: The DHSE Kerala Plus One Revaluation Result 2023 in PDF format will be displayed on the screen. You can obtain the PDF by clicking on the obtain button or by using the "Save as PDF" option in your browser.
Thu, 03 Aug 2023 20:06:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : RBI Grade B 2023 Phase 1 Result Released on; obtain PDF here NEW DELHI: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has declared the results for RBI Grade B 2023 Phase 1 exam on its official website. Aspirants who appeared for the DR-General Posts can access their results on The Phase 1 exam took place from July 9 to 13 at various centres. Candidates can obtain the roll number-wise result list in PDF format without logging in.
Within fifteen working days, candidates will be able to obtain their RBI Grade B 2023 phase 1 marksheet and category-wise cut-off from the RBI website. The Phase-II examination for Grade 'B' (DR) (General)-PY 2023 is scheduled for July 30 at various centres, as per the official notice. The admit cards will be allotted one week prior to the Phase 2 exam's commencement.
The Phase-II examination will be in two shifts, with candidates required to appear in both. Separate admission letters for morning and afternoon shifts should be downloaded from the RBI website. The exact timings and venues of the examinations will be specified in the Admission Letters. The link for downloading the Admission Letter, Information Hand-out for Phase-II exam, and other necessary instructions will be made available on the RBI website. No requests for centre or venue changes will be entertained by the Bank.
Direct link to obtain RBI Grade B Phase 1 Result PDF
How to obtain RBI Grade B 2023 Phase 1 Result?
Step 1: Visit the official website of RBI -
Step 2: Look for the "Careers" or "Recruitment" section on the homepage.
Step 3: Click on the link for "RBI Grade B 2023 Phase 1 Result."
Step 4: A new page will open, showing the roll number-wise result list in PDF format.
Step 5: obtain the PDF file to your device.
Step 6: Open the PDF and search for your roll number to check your RBI Grade B 2023 Phase 1 Result.
Wed, 19 Jul 2023 03:21:00 -0500 en text/html
VCS-257 exam dump and training guide direct download
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