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Exam Code: 304-200 Practice test 2022 by team
304-200 LPI Level 3 test 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi

Exam Title : LPIC-3 Virtualization and High Availability
Exam ID : 304-200
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in test : 60
Passing Score : 500 / 800
Exam Center : LPI Marketplace
Real Questions : LPI LPIC-3 Real Questions
VCE practice test : LPI 304-200 Certification VCE Practice Test

Topic 330: Virtualization
330.1 Virtualization Concepts and Theory
Weight: 8
Description: Candidates should know and understand the general concepts, theory and terminology of Virtualization. This includes Xen, KVM and libvirt terminology.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Terminology
- Pros and Cons of Virtualization
- Variations of Virtual Machine Monitors
- Migration of Physical to Virtual Machines
- Migration of Virtual Machines between Host systems
- Cloud Computing
The following is a partial list of the used files, terms and utilities:
- Hypervisor
- Hardware Virtual Machine (HVM)
- Paravirtualization (PV)
- Container Virtualization
- Emulation and Simulation
- CPU flags
- /proc/cpuinfo
- Migration (P2V, V2V)
- IaaS, PaaS, SaaS
330.2 Xen
Weight: 9
Description: Candidates should be able to install, configure, maintain, migrate and troubleshoot Xen installations. The focus is on Xen version 4.x.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Xen architecture, networking and storage
- Xen configuration
- Xen utilities
- Troubleshooting Xen installations
- Basic knowledge of XAPI
- Awareness of XenStore
- Awareness of Xen Boot Parameters
- Awareness of the xm utility
Terms and Utilities:
- Domain0 (Dom0), DomainU (DomU)
- PV-DomU, HVM-DomU
- /etc/xen/
- xl
- xl.cfg
- xl.conf
- xe
- xentop
330.3 KVM
Weight: 9
Description: Candidates should be able to install, configure, maintain, migrate and troubleshoot KVM installations.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- KVM architecture, networking and storage
- KVM configuration
- KVM utilities
- Troubleshooting KVM installations
Terms and Utilities:
- Kernel modules: kvm, kvm-intel and kvm-amd
- /etc/kvm/
- /dev/kvm
- kvm
- KVM monitor
- qemu
- qemu-img
330.4 Other Virtualization Solutions
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should have some basic knowledge and experience with alternatives to Xen and KVM.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic knowledge of OpenVZ and LXC
- Awareness of other virtualization technologies
- Basic knowledge of virtualization provisioning tools Terms and Utilities:
- OpenVZ
- VirtualBox
- docker
- packer
- vagrant
330.5 Libvirt and Related Tools
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should have basic knowledge and experience with the libvirt library and commonly available tools.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- libvirt architecture, networking and storage
- Basic technical knowledge of libvirt and virsh
- Awareness of oVirt
Terms and Utilities:
- libvirtd
- /etc/libvirt/
- virsh
- oVirt
330.6 Cloud Management Tools
Weight: 2
Description: Candidates should have basic feature knowledge of commonly available cloud management tools.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic feature knowledge of OpenStack and CloudStack
- Awareness of Eucalyptus and OpenNebula
Terms and Utilities:
- OpenStack
- CloudStack
- Eucalyptus
- OpenNebula
Topic 334: High Availability Cluster Management
334.1 High Availability Concepts and Theory
Weight: 5
Description: Candidates should understand the properties and design approaches of high availability clusters.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand the most important cluster architectures
- Understand recovery and cluster reorganization mechanisms
- Design an appropriate cluster architecture for a given purpose
- Application aspects of high availability
- Operational considerations of high availability
Terms and Utilities:
- Active/Passive Cluster, Active/Active Cluster
- Failover Cluster, Load Balanced Cluster
- Shared-Nothing Cluster, Shared-Disk Cluster
- Cluster resources
- Cluster services
- Quorum
- Fencing
- Split brain
- Redundancy
- Mean Time Before Failure (MTBF)
- Mean Time To Repair (MTTR)
- Service Level Agreement (SLA)
- Disaster Recovery
- Replication
- Session handling
334.2 Load Balanced Clusters
Weight: 6
Description: Candidates should know how to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot LVS. This includes the configuration and use of keepalived and ldirectord. Candidates should further be able to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot HAProxy.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of LVS / IPVS
- Basic knowledge of VRRP
- Configuration of keepalived
- Configuration of ldirectord
- Backend server network configuration
- Understanding of HAProxy
- Configuration of HAProxy
Terms and Utilities:
- ipvsadm
- syncd
- LVS Forwarding (NAT, Direct Routing, Tunneling, Local Node)
- connection scheduling algorithms
- keepalived configuration file
- ldirectord configuration file
- genhash
- HAProxy configuration file
- load balancing algorithms
- ACLs
334.3 Failover Clusters
Weight: 6
Description: Candidates should have experience in the installation, configuration, maintenance and troubleshooting of a Pacemaker cluster. This includes the use of Corosync. The focus is on Pacemaker 1.1 for Corosync 2.x.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Pacemaker architecture and components (CIB, CRMd, PEngine, LRMd, DC, STONITHd)
- Pacemaker cluster configuration
- Resource classes (OCF, LSB, Systemd, Upstart, Service, STONITH, Nagios)
- Resource rules and constraints (location, order, colocation)
- Advanced resource features (templates, groups, clone resources, multi-state resources)
- Pacemaker management using pcs
- Pacemaker management using crmsh
- Configuration and Management of corosync in conjunction with Pacemaker
- Awareness of other cluster engines (OpenAIS, Heartbeat, CMAN)
Terms and Utilities:
- pcs
- crm
- crm_mon
- crm_verify
- crm_simulate
- crm_shadow
- crm_resource
- crm_attribute
- crm_node
- crm_standby
- cibadmin
- corosync.conf
- authkey
- corosync-cfgtool
- corosync-cmapctl
- corosync-quorumtool
- stonith_admin
334.4 High Availability in Enterprise Linux Distributions
Weight: 1
Description: Candidates should be aware of how enterprise Linux distributions integrate High Availability technologies.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Basic knowledge of Red Hat Enterprise Linux High Availability Add-On
- Basic knowledge of SUSE Linux Enterprise High Availability Extension Terms and Utilities:
- Distribution specific configuration tools
- Integration of cluster engines, load balancers, storage technology, cluster filesystems, etc.
Topic 335: High Availability Cluster Storage
335.1 DRBD / cLVM
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates are expected to have the experience and knowledge to install, configure, maintain and troubleshoot DRBD devices. This includes integration with Pacemaker. DRBD configuration of version 8.4.x is covered. Candidates are further expected to be able to manage LVM configuration within a shared storage cluster.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understanding of DRBD resources, states and replication modes
- Configuration of DRBD resources, networking, disks and devices
- Configuration of DRBD automatic recovery and error handling
- Management of DRBD using drbdadm
- Basic knowledge of drbdsetup and drbdmeta
- Integration of DRBD with Pacemaker
- cLVM
- Integration of cLVM with Pacemaker
Terms and Utilities:
- Protocol A, B and C
- Primary, Secondary
- Three-way replication
- drbd kernel module
- drbdadm
- drbdsetup
- drbdmeta
- /etc/drbd.conf
- /proc/drbd
- LVM2
- clvmd
- vgchange, vgs
335.2 Clustered File Systems
Weight: 3
Description: Candidates should know how to install, maintain and troubleshoot installations using GFS2 and OCFS2. This includes integration with Pacemaker as well as awareness of other clustered filesystems available in a Linux environment.
Key Knowledge Areas:
- Understand the principles of cluster file systems
- Create, maintain and troubleshoot GFS2 file systems in a cluster
- Create, maintain and troubleshoot OCFS2 file systems in a cluster
- Integration of GFS2 and OCFS2 with Pacemaker
- Awareness of the O2CB cluster stack
- Awareness of other commonly used clustered file systems
Terms and Utilities:
- Distributed Lock Manager (DLM)
- mkfs.gfs2
- mount.gfs2
- fsck.gfs2
- gfs2_grow
- gfs2_edit
- gfs2_jadd
- mkfs.ocfs2
- mount.ocfs2
- fsck.ocfs2
- tunefs.ocfs2
- mounted.ocfs2
- o2info
- o2image
- CephFS
- GlusterFS

LPI Level 3 test 304 Senior Level Linux Certification Virtualization & Hi
LPI Virtualization download
Killexams : LPI Virtualization download - BingNews Search results Killexams : LPI Virtualization download - BingNews Killexams : LPI Makes Bullish Cross Above Critical Moving Average No result found, try new keyword!In trading on Wednesday, shares of Laredo Petroleum, Inc (Symbol: LPI) crossed above their 200 day moving average of $73.94, changing hands as high as $74.86 per share. Laredo Petroleum ... Wed, 05 Oct 2022 08:20:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Grab 10% Yield With Laredo Petroleum Bonds
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Despite the big jump in oil prices this year, Laredo Petroleum (NYSE:LPI) shareholders have not seen a growth in their investment. While share prices have seesawed through the year, investors have lost 15% in the past year. Meanwhile, the company's high-yield debt has declined to slightly below par, which for its 2028 bonds, is creating coupon yields and a yield to maturity of greater than 10%.

Laredo Petroleum one year share price history

Seeking Alpha

Price and Yield of all Laredo Petroleum bond offerings


An examination of Laredo's balance sheet reveals several impressive changes during the first six months of 2022. First, the company has managed to simultaneously build its cash balance while investing in its capital assets (property, plant, and equipment). In the first six months of 2022, Laredo managed to spend $150 million more on assets than what was depreciated. These investments should help the company increase production and subsequently revenue.

Laredo Petroleum Asset Section of Balance Sheet

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

What may be more impressive is that Laredo has generated excess cash and invested in its assets while paying down long-term debt by more than $125 million, resulting in equity growth of more than $160 million. While other companies may use the increased business to take risky investments and leverage themselves further, Laredo wisely managed its resources to strengthen its balance sheet.

Laredo Petroleum Liability and Equity section of balance sheet

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

From a profitability standpoint, Laredo seized the opportunity afforded by higher commodity prices and in its investments in assets to double its revenue and triple its operating income. These improvements translated to an explosion of operating cash flow by $350 million in the first six months of 2022 vs the same time period of 2021. It's important to recognize that derivative activity helped buoy the company's cash flow in 2021 but did not adversely impact Laredo's cash flow in 2022.

Laredo Petroleum Income and Profit Statement

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

Laredo Petroleum operating cash flow

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

Laredo was able to use its excess operating cash flow to increase its capital expenditures (hence the increase in net property, plant, and equipment) and still generate positive free cash flow of $250 million in the first six months of 2022. The increased free cash flow allowed Laredo to pay off its senior secured credit facility (a $105 million reduction in debt) and to pay off an additional $32 million in debt. Bondholders can be assured of their investment if the company continues to generate robust cash flow.

Laredo Petroleum Cash flow Uses

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

In addition to Laredo's paying off its senior secured credit facility, the company is not facing a new debt maturity until January 2025 when nearly half of its $1.3 billion debt load comes due. Even if the credit markets are inaccessible to Laredo, the company's senior secured facility can be drawn up to $2 billion, proving the company with enough liquidity to cover its long-term debt obligations.

Laredo Petroleum Long Term Debt

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

Laredo Petroleum senior secured debt capacity

SEC Q2 2022 10-Q

While one obvious risk to the company is energy prices, another is M&A. Should Laredo undertake a risky merger or acquisition involving further leverage, it could compromise the ability of the company to service its debt. The energy sector is littered with recent bankruptcies on the back end of a merger. Such an action by Laredo would have me seriously reconsidering my investment.

Due to Laredo already paying back some of its debt this year, investors should not expect significant price declines in its bonds as the company is expected to continue paying back debt.

CUSIP: 516806AG1

Price: $98.72

Coupon: 10.125%

Yield to Maturity: 10.44%

Maturity Date: 1/15/2028

Credit Rating (Moody's/S&P): B3/B

You can get an updated price of this bond by checking out its page on FINRA.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 05:41:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Interesting LPI Put And Call Options For November 18th No result found, try new keyword!Investors in Laredo Petroleum, Inc (Symbol: LPI) saw new options become available this week, for the November 18th expiration. At Stock Options Channel, our YieldBoost formula has looked up and ... Thu, 29 Sep 2022 03:02:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Virtual Backgrounds - Toolkit | UAB

Bring the UAB campus to your digital meeting by using a virtual background. Choose from multiple scenes, including the campus green, the Hill Student Center, University Boulevard, and more. Simply download the backgrounds you like, then add them to your Zoom account. To access additional background images, search the UAB Image Gallery for "UAB Zoom Backgrounds."

Within your Zoom account, click “Settings,” then “Virtual Background.” From here, click the plus sign button to “Add Image.” Simply select the images you’ve downloaded to add to your virtual backgrounds in Zoom.

Tue, 11 Aug 2020 06:24:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : VMware virtualization software is being hijacked to spy on businesses
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Criminals have managed to compromise VMware’s ESXi hypervisors and gain access to countless virtual machines, meaning they can spy on numerous businesses using the hardware without those businesses ever knowing they’re being spied upon.

The warning was given out by cyber threat intelligence firm Mandiant, together with virtualization firm VMware.