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Question: 13
A vSAN administrator is using the vSAN ReadyNode Sizer to build a new environment. While entering the cluster
configurations, a fellow colleague inquires about the Operations Reserve option.
What is the purpose of using this option?
A. Provides space for internal operations
B. Configures space for external operations
C. Reserves space for tolerating failures
D. Allocates space forvSAN uparades
Answer: A
Question: 14
A vSAN administrator needs to build a vSAN ESA cluster with RAID-5/FTT 1 adaptive storage policy.
What is the absolute minimum number of hosts that need to be part of that vSAN ESA cluster?
A. 6 hosts
B. 4 hosts
5 hosts
C. 3 hosts
Answer: B
Question: 15
A vSAN administrator has a cluster configured with a Storage Pool that was moved to a new physical DC.
Upon checking on the vSAN cluster health status, one of the ESXi hosts has two storage devices in a degraded state
and must be replaced.
What must the vSAN administrator do to restore the health of the vSAN cluster with minimum risk?
A. Remove the host from ySAN configuration, replace the faulty disks, re-create the storage pool
B. Remove the entire storage pool, install the new devices, re-create the storage pool
C. Remove the host from the cluster, replace the faulty disks, re-add the host to the cluster
D. Remove the devices from the storage pool, replace the storage devices, claim the new devices in vSAN
Answer: D
Question: 16
The Resyncing Objects view in the vCenter UI reports that some objects are currently resyncing.
Which two actions would cause this situation? (Choose two.)
A. A change to the storage policy is applied to the objects.
B. DRS is relocating VMs between vSAN nodes.
C. A host failure occurs in the cluster
D. HA Virtual Machine Monitoring forced a VM to reboot.
E. VM snapshot is being deleted.
Answer: A,C
Question: 17
A customer wishes to host a new range of applications with high-performance needs, specifically, low latency.
The applications are required to be hosted at company-owned edge locations, each with minimal rack space (three host
slots per edge location for this project).
Which deployment options would satisfy the customer's needs, while maximizing the amount of capacity available per
A. A new three-node vSAN 8.0 All-Flash Cluster with OSA in each edge location Each application VM configured
with a RAID-5 VM storage policy
B. A new three-node vSAN 8.0 All-Flash Cluster with OSA in each edge location Each application VM configured
with a RAID-1 VM storage policy
C. A new three-node vSAN 8.0 All-Flash Cluster with ESA in each edge location Each application VM configured
with a RAID-1 VM storage policy
D. A new three-node vSAN 8.0 All-Flash Cluster with ESA in each edge location Each application VM configured
with a RAID-5 VM storage policy
Answer: D
Question: 18
What is the minimum required number of hosts to provide data redundancy for a vSAN stretched cluster using dual-
site mirroring and local protection with 1 failure - RAID-1 (Mirroring)?
A. 3 hosts
B. 3 hosts
C. 4 hosts
D. 6 hosts
Answer: D
Question: 19
An administrator is responsible for managing a five-node vSAN cluster. The vSAN Cluster is configured with both
vSphere High Availability (HA) and vSphere Distributed Resource Scheduler (DRS). The vSAN Cluster is currently
hosting 150 virtual machines that have consumed 60% of the usable capacity.
Each virtual machine belongs to one of the following vSAN Storage Policies:
Site Disaster Tolerance: None
Failures to Tolerate: 1 failure - RAID-5 (Erasure Coding)
Site Disaster Tolerance: None
Failures to Tolerate: No data redundancy
Following an unplanned power event within the data center, the administrator has been alerted to the fact that one host
has permanently failed.
What will be the impact to any virtual machine that was running on the failed host using vSANPolicy1?
A. Each virtual machine will be restarted on another vSAN host using vSphere H
B. Each virtual machine will be unavailable for up to 90 minutes while the automatic recovery process completes.
C. vSAN will defer the start of the recovery process for 60 minutes, and the virtual machines will not power on until
the recovery process has been completed.
D. Each virtual machine must be restored from backup.
Answer: C
Question: 20
A vSAN administrator of a non-internet connected vSAN environment wants to upgrade the environment from the
vSAN 7.0 U3 to the vSAN 8.0 using vLCM.
Which option, if any, should be used as a depot in this case?
A. Configure the vSphere Lifecycle Manager to download the updates from an Online Depot.
B. Configure the vSphere Lifecycle Manager to download the updates from the VMware Depot using HTTP
C. Configure the vSphere Lifecycle Manager to download updates from a local UMDS-shared repository.
D. It is not possible to use the vSphere Lifecycle Manager on a non-internet connected environment.
Answer: C
Question: 21
Due to a planned power outage, an administrator decides to shut down the vSAN cluster using the Shutdown Cluster
Wizard. The administrator starts by checking the vSAN health service to confirm the cluster is healthy and then
powers off all virtual machines (VMs) including vCLS VMs.
Which step needs to be taken before starting the Shutdown Cluster Wizard?
A. Place all ESXi hosts into maintenance mode
B. Disable cluster member updates from vCenter Server
C. Turn off High Availability
D. Shutdown vCenter
Answer: A
Question: 22
An application refactor requires significant storage that is being added for logs stored on a VM vDISK. The
application VMs run on a dedicated vSAN enabled vSphere Cluster with custom CPUs and RAM, and therefore,
cannot vMotion to another vSAN enabled cluster.
The administrator needs a vSAN feature that can be used to allocate additional storage from another vSAN enabled
vSphere cluster to this vSAN enabled Cluster.
Which vSAN feature should be used for this purpose?
A. vSAN File Services
B. vSAN HCI Mesh
C. vSAN Replication
D. vSAN Stretched Clusters
Answer: B
Question: 23
Which two actions are recommended when adding a host to a vSAN cluster? (Choose two.)
A. Create uniformly-configured hosts
B. Disable vSAN performance service
C. Disable vSphere Cluster Services
D. Disable vSphere High Availability (HA)
E. Reference the VMware Compatibility Guide
Answer: A,B
Question: 24
What are two characteristics of the vSAN Data-At-Rest Encryption (DARE)? (Choose two.)
A. it requires Self-Encrypting Drives in order to work.
B. it needs to be enabled together with the vSAN Data-In-Transit encryption.
C. it is Software Defined and works independently of the Cache or Capacity drives installed on the Nodes.
D. it is not supported on Stretched Cluster environments.
E. it continues to operate unaffected during downtime on vCenter Server.
Answer: A,C,E
Question: 25
A vSAN administrator needs to update vSAN from version 7.0.2 to version 8.0.
Which is the correct order to perform the update?
A. vSphere -> vCenter -> vSAN on-disk format
B. vSphere -> vSAN on-disk format -> vCenter
C. vCenter -> vSphere -> vSAN on-disk format
D. vSAN on-disk format -> vSphere -> vCenter
Answer: C

Vmware Specialist information search - BingNews Search results Vmware Specialist information search - BingNews VMWare Horizon

McCormick's Virtual Computer Lab (powered by VMWare Horizon) is available for academic use anywhere there is an internet connection and provides remote access to key engineering software using a full Windows desktop environment from your personal device. The Virtual Computer Lab is available 24/7 and enables access to the most commonly used software applications required in McCormick classes.

This is an on-campus service.  To access the virtual computer lab from off-campus, you will need to use the GlobalProtect VPN. Please visit the Northwestern IT Knowledge Base for VPN set-up and use instructions.

For the best experience, use a computer with a keyboard and the VMWare Horizon desktop client, though HTML access is also available.

Options for accessing the virtual computer lab are at:

Desktop Client Access (recommended)

Download the VMWare Horizon client appropriate for your device. High level instructions are below for Windows and MacOS, though clients are also available for Linux, iOS and Android.


  1. Review the minimum system requirements for Windows clients.
  2. Download and install VMWare Horizon Client for Windows.
  3. When the installation finishes, you may be asked to restart your machine.
  4. After the installation, launch the VMWare Horizon Client desktop app by double-clicking its desktop shortcut icon or by going to the Windows Start Menu and choosing VMware | Horizon Client.
  5. Select Add Server and enter as the Connection Server name.
  6. Go to Settings > Security and change the certificate checking mode to "Thumbprint or PKI Verification".

Mac OS

  1. Review the minimum system requirements for Mac clients.
  2. Download and install VMWare Horizon Client for macOS.
  3. When the installation finishes, you may be asked to reboot your machine and may need to grant access to the VMWare Horizon client to receive keystrokes in System Preferences.
  4. After the installation, go to your Applications folder and launch VMWare Horizon Client.
  5. Select Add Server and enter as the Connection Server name.
  6. Go to the VMWare Horizon Client Preferences > Security and select the certificate checking mode to "Do not verify server identity certificates".

HTML Access

Browser access is available, though should be used specifically on devices where the client is not compatible or not working properly.

Review the minimum system requirements for HTML Access.


Troubleshooting Tips/span>

Desktop Client Install Failed

  • Run the installer with Administrative rights: Right click on the installer and click Run as Administrator
  • Install without HTML5 Multimedia Redirection support: Uncheck the option Install Support for HTML5 Multimedia Redirection and Browser Redirection, then click Install
  • Install the latest .NET Framework: Go to the Microsoft .NET Framework download page. Click on the latest version. Click on Download .NET Framework under Runtime. Your browser will download a small installer file. Run the installer. Follow the instructions of the installer
  • Install the latest Visual C++ Redistributables: Go to the Visual C++ Redistributables download page. Scroll to Visual Studio 2015, 2017 and 2019 and download both x86 and x64Run the installers. If the installer states that there are newer version of Visual C++ Redistributables installed, go to the Control Panel and uninstall the latest version and run the installer again
  • Disable antivirus protection TEMPORARILY: Open the taskbar tray and right click on your antivirus software. The tray is located at the bottom right of your desktop. Depending on your antivirus software, you will see different options. You need to look for “Dashboard”, “Temporarily Disable Active Protection”, “Exit” or similar keywords. You need to find a way to either temporarily disable Active Protection feature or exit the antivirus software completely (not minimize back to tray). Once the antivirus software is disabled, run the installer. Regardless of the outcome, please re-enable the antivirus

Client Not Loading or Loading Slowly

  • Check your internet connection and speed: Your connection must be stable and fast enough to support your use of Northwestern online resources. Typically, 10-20 Mbps upload and download speeds will support typical work activities, though other devices on your network will impact your speed (such as streaming or online gaming). To test your connection, go to and click GO
  • Review the size of the app: If using a tablet or mobile phone, check your respective app store to see how big the installation file is and how long it may take to load
  • Run the latest version of the app: Go to the ellipses in the top right hand corner of the app and click on Software Updates
  • Restart your device or the app: Doing so will reload all settings and functions and, if necessary, re-establish connections to the App Store

Certificate Errors

  • Check your certificate checking mode: In the client, go to Settings > Security and ensure the mode is set to "Thumbprint or PKI Verification" on a Windows or Preferences > Security and ensure the mode is set to "Do not verify server identity certificates" on a Mac
NOTE: For any additional issues, contact Assistance with personally-owned devices will be provided on a best effort basis and during normal business hours.

Save Your Work

Be sure to save frequently to cloud storage using your virtual desktop’s web browser or your connected device. Links to Northwestern’s cloud storage options include

You will not be connected to the same desktop each time you log in and each desktop is refreshed upon session termination.

Before you close the app, go to the location on your computer where you saved the file, make sure it is there, and that you can launch it.

Exiting The Virtual Desktop

Shut down to exit the remote desktop to enable others to access the environment, as there is a limit to the number of users who can be logged in at the same time.

From the Windows Start menu select Power > Shut Down

After 20 minutes of inactivity, you will be automatically logged off. Any open applications will be closed and your work will not be automatically saved.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Can I use the Virtual Computer Lab for research?
    • No. The software available in the virtual computer lab is licensed for academic use only
Mon, 26 Sep 2022 08:51:00 -0500 en text/html
  • This is a valid program that is required to run at startup.

    This program is required to run on startup in order to benefit from its functionality or so that the program will work. The following information is a brief description of what is known about this file. If you require further assistance for this file, feel free to ask about in the forums.

  • Name


  • Filename


  • Command

    C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Workstation\vmware-tray.exe

  • Description

    Vmware tray icon that indicates when you have Virtual Machines running in the background.
  • File Location

    C:\Program Files\VMware\VMware Workstation\vmware-tray.exe

  • Startup Type

    This startup entry is started automatically from a Run, RunOnce, RunServices, or RunServicesOnce entry in the registry.

  • HijackThis Category

  • This entry has been requested 9,309 times.


It is assumed that users are familiar with the operating system they are using and comfortable with making the suggested changes. will not be held responsible if changes you make cause a system failure.

This is NOT a list of tasks/processes taken from Task Manager or the Close Program window (CTRL+ALT+DEL) but a list of startup applications, although you will find some of them listed via this method. Pressing CTRL+ALT+DEL identifies programs that are currently running - not necessarily at startup. Therefore, before ending a task/process via CTRL+ALT+DEL just because it has an "X" recommendation, please check whether it's in MSCONFIG or the registry first. An example would be "svchost.exe" - which doesn't appear in either under normal conditions but does via CTRL+ALT+DEL. If in doubt, don't do anything.

Sun, 19 Feb 2023 10:08:00 -0600 en-us text/html
  • This is a valid program that is required to run at startup.

    This program is required to run on startup in order to benefit from its functionality or so that the program will work. The following information is a brief description of what is known about this file. If you require further assistance for this file, feel free to ask about in the forums.

  • Name

    VMware USB Arbitration Service

  • Filename


  • Command

    C:\Program Files\Common Files\VMware\USB\vmware-usbarbitrator.exe

  • Description

    VMware USB Arbitration Service. Allows USB devices plugged into the HOST to be usable by the guest.

  • File Location

    C:\Program Files\Common Files\VMware\USB\vmware-usbarbitrator.exe

  • Startup Type

    This startup entry is installed as a Windows service.

  • Service Name


  • Display Name

    VMware USB Arbitration Service

  • HijackThis Category

  • This entry has been requested 56,983 times.


It is assumed that users are familiar with the operating system they are using and comfortable with making the suggested changes. will not be held responsible if changes you make cause a system failure.

This is NOT a list of tasks/processes taken from Task Manager or the Close Program window (CTRL+ALT+DEL) but a list of startup applications, although you will find some of them listed via this method. Pressing CTRL+ALT+DEL identifies programs that are currently running - not necessarily at startup. Therefore, before ending a task/process via CTRL+ALT+DEL just because it has an "X" recommendation, please check whether it's in MSCONFIG or the registry first. An example would be "svchost.exe" - which doesn't appear in either under normal conditions but does via CTRL+ALT+DEL. If in doubt, don't do anything.

Tue, 14 Feb 2023 02:46:00 -0600 en-us text/html
VMware Acquires SaltStack To ‘Complete Our Automation Story’

‘SaltStack will help us to complete our automation story, enabling us to extend our automation capabilities beyond infrastructure to the entire application stack,’ says VMware’s cloud leader, Ajay Singh.


At VMworld 2020 Tuesday, VMware unveiled plans to acquire software automation specialist SaltStack in a move to boost its vRealize Suite of products and address all customer automation needs both on-premises and in the cloud.

“VMware is acquiring SaltStack to significantly broaden its software configuration management and infrastructure and network automation capabilities,” said Ajay Singh, senior vice president and general manager for VMware’s Cloud Management Business Unit, in a blog post Tuesday. “SaltStack will help us to complete our automation story, enabling us to extend our automation capabilities beyond infrastructure to the entire application stack. This will include the software and packages inside virtual machines and containers.”

Singh said SaltStack’s software configuration management capabilities will help VMware address customer automation needs and strengthen businesses’ ability to automate the deployment and configuration of infrastructure platforms both on-premises and in the cloud with VMware vRealize Automation.

“SaltStack offers robust configuration compliance and vulnerability management capabilities, which will enable VMware vRealize to help customers address their SecOps practices,” said Singh.

[Related: VMware 2020’s 15 Biggest Product Announcements]

Financial terms of the acquisition were not disclosed.

SaltStack develops software used by IT and security operations teams to help businesses more efficiently secure and maintain all aspects of their digital infrastructure. SaltStack’s flagship offering is Salt, Python-based, open-source software for event-driven IT automation, remote task execution and configuration management, supporting infrastructure as code methodology.

SaltStack CEO Marc Chenn said in a blog post that for the past eight years, his company has worked to build intelligent, scalable and future-proof automation offerings that help organizations control and secure their IT infrastructure.

“As VMware paves the way for the multi-cloud future, automated cross-cloud orchestration and configuration management will be an integral part of multi-cloud’s strategic advantage,” said Chenn. “VMware and SaltStack, together, will forge a more robust foundation for the future of cloud innovation, which starts today with this thrilling announcement.”

SaltStack has raised approximately $28 million in private funding, according to Crunchbase.

VMware said SaltStack’s open-source software promises faster time to market, expanded access to innovation, and increased developer productivity.

“Open source powers innovation,” said VMware’s Singh. “VMware invests in, contributes to, and builds on open source so that customers can deploy more innovative, interoperable, scalable, and secure solutions with confidence. VMware is committed to continuing SaltStack’s work on their projects after close and, with the help of SaltStack’s community leadership, VMware will support and invest to help grow the community.”

The announcement of its intent to acquire SaltStack came just hours before VMware kicked-off its virtual VMworld 2020 conference. VMworld 2020, at which a general pass is free of charge, runs from Sept. 29 to Oct. 1.

Tue, 29 Sep 2020 03:07:00 -0500 text/html
VMware Acquiring Nyansa To Boost SD-WAN Through AI

‘The acquisition of Nyansa will accelerate VMware’s delivery of end-to-end monitoring and troubleshooting capabilities for LAN/WAN deployments within our industry-leading SD-WAN solution,’ says Sanjay Uppal, vice president and general manager for VMware’s VeloCloud Business Unit.


VMware is acquiring network analytics specialist Nyansa to boost its flagship SD-WAN by VeloCloud platform through new artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities.

“The acquisition of Nyansa will accelerate VMware’s delivery of end-to-end monitoring and troubleshooting capabilities for LAN/WAN deployments within our industry-leading SD-WAN solution,” said Sanjay Uppal, vice president and general manager for VMware’s VeloCloud Business Unit, in a statement. “Nyansa is a proven solution that solves many of the shortcomings of today’s vendor-specific solutions.”

Nyansa analyzes user network traffic from more than 20 million client devices across thousands of customer sites at companies including Tesla, Uber, Lululemon, Rooms To Go, GE Healthcare, SF International Airport, Stanford and the Northeast Georgia Healthcare System, to name a few.

[Related: WWT CEO Jim Kavanaugh’s 10 Boldest IT Bets And Myths For 2020]

Financial terms of the deal were not disclosed. The transaction is expected to close in VMware’s first fiscal quarter 2021.

VMware said it will add Nyansa’s artificial intelligence and machine learning capabilities to VMware’s existing network and security portfolio to help customers operate and troubleshoot the Virtual Cloud Network and further VMware’s ability to enable what it dubs, “self-healing networks”.

“Joining forces with VMware provides an amazing platform for Nyansa to continue executing on the vision of a new networking paradigm: an analytic-powered and software-defined virtual cloud network that connects clients to containers in dynamic and distributed enterprises,” said Nyansa CEO Abe Ankumah, in a statement. “Nyansa and VMware are perfectly aligned in technology, products and culture. Following the close of the acquisition, we will continue to advance our AI-driven multi-vendor network analytics platform and double-down on end-to-end user experience and IoT operational assurance.”

Nyansa’s flagship Voyance is a vendor-agnostic, cloud-based AIOps platform. The solution consolidates key functionality within conventional network monitoring tools into a single, multifunction analytics platform to deliver visibility into and behavioral analysis of critical device performance across the entire infrastructure.

VMware’s acquisition of Nyansa comes less than one month after its blockbuster acquisition of Pivotal Software for $2.7 billion.

Tue, 21 Jan 2020 08:01:00 -0600 text/html
Drug Information Specialists

All pharmacists provide some level of drug information, whether to other clinicians or to patients. In fact, a latest survey found that 96.4% of 491 hospitals have staff pharmacists who routinely answer drug information questions,[1] and a separate survey of colleges of pharmacy showed that 89% of first professional pharmacy degree programs require at least one didactic course in drug information.[2] While most pharmacists are equipped with knowledge regarding the practice of drug information, the ever-expanding list of pharmaceuticals, as well as the overwhelming amount of clinical data, makes it difficult for practitioners to stay current with latest developments. This also results in the need for more advanced problem-solving skills in order to answer the more complex questions that challenge practitioners today.

Training in Drug Information Practice

Drug information certified are pharmacists whose primary responsibility is the provision of drug information. As with any specialty, formalized training beyond that received in pharmacy school is not required; however, this focused training does Strengthen the practitioner's clinical credibility and ability to compete with others for employment opportunities. These two intangible attributes may also be obtained with time and experience.

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) provides residency accreditation in drug information. There are currently 31 ASHP-accredited drug information specialty residencies located throughout the United States. These residency programs are housed in community, academic, and industrial settings and offer a variety of learning opportunities. Although there are additional drug information residency programs that are not ASHP accredited, the standards and objectives for such accreditation may be used to describe the clinical skills set of the drug information specialist which go beyond the minimum standards required of all pharmacists.[3]

Most drug information residency programs provide the resident with 12 months of directed, postgraduate practical experience in the provision of comprehensive drug information. During this 12-month period, the resident is exposed to various aspects of drug information practice that range in scope and complexity, with the ultimate goal of training the resident to become a competent drug information specialist. Many of the competencies required of a drug information resident are specific to executive issues, such as the development and management of a drug information center, but there are many more competencies that construct the foundation of a drug information specialist's clinical practice. Drug information certified must be up-to-date with relevant drug-related literature in order to provide the most current information. They are often tasked as a pharmacy representative to pharmacy and therapeutics (P&T) committees. Responsibilities may include preparing medication-use policies and procedures, improving a health system's adverse-drug-reaction reporting and medication-use evaluation programs, and creating and distributing newsletters containing pertinent medication-use information. The drug information specialist must have advanced literature search and assessment skills to develop drug monographs. Additional responsibilities often include developing patient safety initiatives, ensuring compliance with Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations's standards, and appropriately utilizing drug-contracting opportunities to decrease drug expenditures. Drug information certified may also work in pharmacy informatics.

Career Opportunities in Drug Information

As previously mentioned, drug information certified work in a variety of settings, each with its own unique scope of practice. Academic drug information centers staffed by drug information certified offer pharmacy students practical experience in utilizing available medical media and developing literature-search strategies. Of 88 colleges of pharmacy surveyed, 20% require a drug information practice experience and 70% offer the experience as an elective.[2] These centers are often located within colleges of pharmacy or university hospitals. Most offer their services to a limited range of health care professionals, such as those within certain facilities or within the region or state. Others offer their services to community pharmacists and patients. Many health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and group purchasing organizations (GPOs) have contractual relationships with academic drug information centers, which in turn offer their services to the respective members of the organizations. In addition, HMOs, GPOs, and pharmacy benefit management companies (PBMs) have internal drug information departments that assist their members on a grander scale by providing many of the items utilized by P&T committees in making medication-use decisions. Many PBMs also provide consumer-based drug information via the Internet that is prepared by drug information specialists.

Proprietary and generic drug manufacturers are staffed with pharmacists who provide drug information specifically for the drugs manufactured by the respective companies. Although there is some information they cannot legally share and all information received should be critically evaluated, they do maintain a database of clinical studies, both published and unpublished, that provides hard-to-find information. These drug information certified are available to health care professionals and the public and should be contacted if a patient has an unexpected adverse drug reaction. In addition, drug information certified have practical knowledge of clinical trial design and often provide valuable insight as medical writers and in governmental agencies analyzing drug efficacy and safety claims.

An Underutilized Resource

Drug information certified are trained to provide clear, concise, and accurate drug information in a variety of settings. Not only do they provide quality service, but pharmacist-provided drug information, adverse-drug-reaction monitoring, and formulary management have been associated with significant reductions in the total cost of care in hospital settings, as well as reductions in patient deaths.[4] The presence of a drug information center providing these services in 232 hospitals reduced total cost of care per hospital by $5,226,128.22 (p = 0.003), including a $391,604.94 reduction in drug costs per hospital, and was associated with a total of 10,463 fewer deaths.[4] Disappointingly, an online survey of health care professionals showed that only 1% of respondents contact a drug information center when the need arises.[5] Another latest survey found that only 5.9% of 491 hospitals have a staff position dedicated to the provision of drug information and 4.1% have a formal drug information center.[1] Granted, contacting a drug information specialist may not be the fastest way to obtain drug information in an emergency situation; nonetheless, this underutilization raises several questions.

Today, the Internet provides a plethora of information for both health care professionals and their patients. Many practitioners probably use the Internet when seeking answers to questions. However, at least one study judged significantly more responses obtained from a drug information center as accurate when compared with those received from a Usenet newsgroup (p = 0.001).[6] Also, there is no quality control for these types of newsgroup services and other similar medical information sources housed on the Internet, and practitioners may be jeopardizing their own credibility when using these resources. Another source of information is facility-housed references, including print and electronic products. Electronic drug information products are becoming increasingly popular. A latest survey showed that 60.4% of 491 hospitals subscribed to some sort of electronic product.[1] Two interesting surveys on drug information references have been conducted.[7,8] In one survey, 40.9% of 22 respondents said they were not satisfied with the drug information resources to which their pharmacy currently subscribed.[7] In another survey, 38% of 71 respondents said they used a drug information reference at least 10 times a day, and another 35.2% used such a reference 3-5 times daily.[8] This discrepancy shows that practitioners regularly use some sort of drug information reference, even though they are not always satisfied with the information obtained.

With so many pharmacists retrieving information from drug information references, the underutilization of drug information certified as a resource cannot be attributed to a lack in the number of questions that need to be answered. Perhaps practitioners do not know how to find drug information specialists. Industry-based certified can be contacted via the manufacturer's Web site, and the Physicians' Desk Reference provides a listing of contact information for drug manufacturers.[9] Drug Topics's Red Book contains a list of academic drug information centers, and many colleges of pharmacy provide these services to the pharmacies in their respective states.[10] It is also worth contacting HMOs or GPOs, where applicable, to learn about the services they provide.

Drug information certified are a valuable resource available to support appropriate drug use and Strengthen quality of patient care. New practitioners are urged to take advantage of the expertise of drug information specialists, either within or outside of their own institutions.

Sat, 30 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Broadcom will not axe desktop hypervisor Workstation products after VMware acquisition

In a nutshell: Users and customers of VMware products have one less reason to worry about the future after the Broadcom acquisition. The Workstation line of desktop hypervisors will not be discontinued, or "divested" as the voracious technology conglomerate likes to say, and users will be able to access their fair share of local virtual machines the same way they have done for the past few years.

Soon after completing the much-sought acquisition of VMware, Broadcom began laying off thousands of people and dismantling entire product units, such as the End User Computing (EUC) line. Fear and uncertainty are causing long-time VMware clients to worry about the future, especially considering that Broadcom has made it crystal clear that it aims to transition much of VMware's business into a subscription-based model.

VMware managers have now provided some reassuring news about the fate of Workstation. According to Michael Roy, product line manager for desktop hypervisor products, Hypervisors will continue to exist, and Broadcom seems committed to the platform, both today and "into the future."

Roy explained on VMware's official blog that a new chapter is now beginning for Workstation. Users will continue to be able to purchase their favorite desktop hypervisor Workstation (Pro) applications in the same way they have been for the past few years. "Free for personal use" VM managers Fusion Player (macOS) and Workstation Player (Windows, Linux) will continue to be available as well.

VMware's Workstation products offer IT professionals, power users, and companies the capability to run "hundreds" of 32-bit and 64-bit guest operating systems on local host PCs, without the need to pay for a cloud subscription. Workstation Pro/Player provides one of the fastest VM experiences on the market, with a specific focus on graphics performance that can transform virtualized Windows environments into viable gaming setups – both on PCs and Apple Silicon-based Macs.

The type-2 desktop hypervisor embedded in Workstation shares the same code as the enterprise-class, type-1 native hypervisor ESXi, Roy explained, and they continue to mutually enhance each other. Workstation enables ESXi to support an "immeasurable number" of scenarios and use cases, allowing VMware to test new capabilities. Simultaneously, ESXi contributes to making Workstation the "leading desktop hypervisor," leveraging more than 20 years of investment in enterprise reliability built into the platform.

VMware Workstation relies on a small team that has achieved great results despite facing "all kinds of challenges," as Roy remarked, and it won't be discontinued by the new Broadcom owners anytime soon. The VMware hypervisor platform will continue to Strengthen with new virtual hardware capabilities, enhanced security features, and crucial updates to support new versions of Windows and Linux operating systems.

Tue, 12 Dec 2023 02:22:00 -0600 Alfonso Maruccia en-US text/html
Broadcom ends VMware perpetual license sales, testing customers and partners
The logo of American cloud computing and virtualization technology company VMware is seen at the Mobile World Congress (MWC), the telecom industry's biggest annual gathering, in Barcelona on March 2, 2023.

Broadcom has moved forward with plans to transition VMware, a virtualization and cloud computing company, into a subscription-based business. As of December 11, it no longer sells perpetual licenses with VMware products. VMware, whose $61 billion acquisition by Broadcom closed in November, also announced on Monday that it will no longer sell support and subscription (SnS) for VMware products with perpetual licenses. Moving forward, VMware will only offer term licenses or subscriptions, according to its VMware blog post.

VMware customers with perpetual licenses and active support contracts can continue using them. VMware "will continue to provide support as defined in contractual commitments," Krish Prasad, senior vice president and general manager for VMware's Cloud Foundation Division, wrote. But when customers' SnS terms end, they won't have any support.

Broadcom hopes this will force customers into subscriptions, and it's offering "upgrade pricing incentives" that weren't detailed in the blog for customers who switch from perpetual licensing to a subscription.

These are the products affected, per Prasad's blog:

  • VMware Aria Automation
  • VMware Aria Suite
  • VMware Aria Operations
  • VMware Aria Operations for Logs
  • VMware Aria Operations for Networks
  • VMware Aria Universal
  • VMware Cloud Foundation
  • VMware HCX
  • VMware NSX
  • VMware Site Recovery Manager
  • VMware vCloud Suite
  • VMware vSAN
  • VMware vSphere

Subscription-based future

Broadcom is looking to grow VMware's EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation, and amortization) from about $4.7 billion to about $8.5 billion in three years, largely through shifting the company's business model to subscriptions, Tom Krause, president of the Broadcom Software Group, said during a December 7 earnings call, per Forbes.

"This shift is the natural next step in our multi-year strategy to make it easier for customers to consume both our existing offerings and new innovations. VMware believes that a subscription model supports our customers with the innovation and flexibility they need as they undertake their digital transformations," VMware's blog said.

With changes effective immediately upon announcement, the news might sound abrupt. However, in May, soon after announcing its plans to acquire VMware, Broadcom CEO Hock Tan signaled a “rapid transition” to subscriptions.

At the time, Tan pointed to the importance of maintaining current VMware customers' happiness, as well as leveraging the VMware sales team already in place. However, after less than a month of the deal's close, reports point to concern among VMWare customers and partners.

Customer and partner concerns

VMware's blog said "the industry has already embraced subscription as the standard for cloud consumption." For years, software and even hardware vendors and investors have been pushing IT solution provider partners and customers toward recurring revenue models. However, VMware built much of its business on the perpetual license model. As noted by The Stack, VMware in February noted that perpetual licensing was the company's "most renowned model."

VMware's blog this week listed "continuous innovation" and "faster time to value" as customer benefits for subscription models but didn't detail how it came to those conclusions.

"Predictable investments" is also listed, but it's hard to imagine a more predictable expense than paying for something once and having supported access to it indefinitely (assuming you continue paying any support costs). Now, VMware and its partners will be left convincing customers that their finances can afford a new monthly expense for something they thought was paid for. For Broadcom, though, it's easier to see the benefits of turning VMware into more of a reliable and recurring revenue stream.

Additionally, Broadcom's layoffs of at least 2,837 VMware employees have brought uncertainty to the VMware brand. A CRN report in late November pointed to VMware partners hearing customer concern about potential price raises and a lack of support. C.R. Howdyshell, CEO of Advizex, which reportedly made $30 million in VMware-tied revenue in 2022, told the publication that partners and customers were experiencing "significant concern and chaos” around VMware sales. Another channel partner noted to CRN the layoff of a close VMware sales contact.

But Broadcom has made it clear that it wants to "complete the transition of all VMware by Broadcom solutions to subscription licenses," per Prasad's blog.

The company hopes to convince skeptical channel partners that they'll see the way, too. VMware, like many tech companies urging subscription models, pointed to "many partners" having success with subscription models already and "opportunity for partners to engage more strategically with customers and deliver higher-value services that drive customer success."

However, because there's no immediate customer benefit to the end of perpetual licenses, those impacted by VMware's change in business strategy have to assess how much they're willing to pay to access VMware products moving forward.

Tue, 12 Dec 2023 00:04:00 -0600 Scharon Harding en-us text/html
Broadcom Now Owns VMware -- Will the Stock Continue to Soar in 2024?

Semiconductor designer and niche enterprise software provider Broadcom (AVGO -0.90%) is a big lumbering beast of a tech company. And with VMware now part of the operation, its software segment is a titan too. A company that expects to generate $50 billion in revenue next year -- roughly 60% from chip sales and 40% from software -- is a unique business and a type of all-in-one tech investment proposition.

Broadcom stock is up over 70% year to date. Will it continue to soar in 2024?

Broadcom's new financial reporting segments, explained

First, let's acknowledge Broadcom's great fiscal 2023 (the year ended Oct. 29, 2023). Networking revenue jumped 21% higher, driven by higher generative artificial intelligence (AI) chip sales. AI more than offset a flat wireless chip business (primarily supplying Apple), as well as offsetting a cyclical downturn that began to crop up in the second half of the year in enterprise compute, broadband infrastructure, and non-AI data center sales. The existing infrastructure software business (before the VMware acquisition was complete) had a stable year with sales rising 3%.

Broadcom Sales Segment

Fiscal 2023 Revenue

YOY Change

Fiscal 2024 Outlook


$10.8 billion


Up 30%


$7.3 billion



Storage connectivity

$4.5 billion


Down mid- to high-teens percentage


$4.5 billion


Down low- to mid-teens percentage


$962 million


Down low-single-digit percentage

Infrastructure software

$7.6 billion


Up 4% (excluding ~$12 billion from VMware)


$35.8 billion


6% (excluding VMware, 40% including VMware)

Data source: Broadcom. YOY = year over year.

In all, Broadcom's revenue increased 8% on the year, again mainly driven by AI chip sales. But the real story shareholders of this tech giant are following is the rising profitability. Adjusted EBITDA (earnings before interest, tax, depreciation, and amortization) rose 10% in fiscal 2023 to $23.2 billion -- a whopping adjusted EBITDA profit margin of 64.8%! Free cash flow increased 8.1% to $17.6 billion.

But what of fiscal 2024? Excluding the approximately $12 billion in sales expected to be garnered from VMware, the acquisition of which was just completed in November, Broadcom expects revenue to be up a mid-single-digit percentage to about $38 billion. CEO Hock Tan said this will be driven by more AI chip growth (about 30% growth in networking chips overall), again offsetting a lack of growth everywhere else in the business.

As for VMware, it will be added to the existing infrastructure software business and is expected to haul in about $12 billion in revenue in 2024 -- for a grand total of $20 billion when adding the two existing software segments together. But VMware reported nearly $14 billion in stand-alone sales in its last reported 12-month period before being taken over. Why the expected decrease in 2024?

As Tan explained, non-core VMware cloud businesses will be divested over the course of the next year. Specifically, end-user computing and the endpoint cybersecurity unit Carbon Black (which VMware had acquired in 2019) will be sold off in some form or fashion. That explains the lower VMware revenue expectation.

Profitability should remain impressive, so the dividend was raised

For longtime Broadcom investors, though, this type of plan of divesting non-core business segments is par for the course. Tan's Broadcom is a serial acquirer, and it's been successful at doing so by hacking expenses and whittling its prizes down to the most profitable parts of the operation.

Though Broadcom will incur about $1 billion in expenses due to the VMware integration in the next year, management is still forecasting an approximately 60% adjusted EBITDA profit margin. It's a dip from the 64.8% just reported but still impressive. And given total expected revenue of $50 billion, it implies adjusted EBITDA will overall rise again to $30 billion, compared to $23.2 billion in 2023.

In response, Broadcom preemptively increased the quarterly dividend 14% to $5.25 per share. That implies a one-year forward annual dividend yield of 2.2% based on the stock price (as of this writing) of $944.

Paired with the company's habitual stock repurchases, Broadcom remains a great growth and income investment for the long term.

But will the stock continue to soar in 2024? I'm of the opinion some more modest returns lay ahead, versus the big rally for Broadcom in 2023. The valuation has risen to nearly 23 times trailing-12-month free cash flow (shares traded for just 13 times free cash flow this same time a year ago, which was a steal of a deal). Additionally, some cash expenses are to be expected in the short term as Broadcom sells off parts of VMware. This, as well as a no-growth environment for the chip business outside of AI, could put some pressure on the stock for now.

But while I don't think Broadcom is currently a best-buy semiconductor stock, I remain a very happy shareholder with a view to holding for the long term.

Nicholas Rossolillo and his clients have positions in Apple and Broadcom. The Motley Fool has positions in and recommends Apple. The Motley Fool recommends Broadcom. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Sun, 10 Dec 2023 21:20:00 -0600 Nicholas Rossolillo en text/html
Rackspace Technology Launches SDDC Enterprise and Business for SAP with VMware Virtualized Compute, Storage, Networking and Cloud Management

SAN ANTONIO, Dec. 12, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Rackspace Technology® (NASDAQ: RXT), a leading end-to-end hybrid, multicloud technology solutions company, today announced the launch of SDDC (Software Defined Data Center) Enterprise and Business for SAP with VMware virtualized compute, storage, networking, and cloud management. The single-tenant VMware solutions power mission-critical SAP and SAP HANA (High-performance Analytic Appliance) environments with fully integrated hardware and software stack for private cloud. The enterprise-grade solution and SAP-certified pre-configuration based on Dell VxRail is a turnkey experience ready to power innovation.

The Rackspace SDDC Enterprise and SDDC Business offer numerous add-on services ranging from VMware vRealize® Suite, physical and virtual ops management, and Rackspace Data Protection to manage Disaster Recovery (DR) and VMware Hybrid Cloud Extension (HCX) interconnect services. In addition, SDDC Enterprise and Business for SAP utilizes either shared, dedicated, or virtual storage area network (VSAN) based human-computer interaction (HCI) storage designed to meet the stringent requirements put forward by SAP for the latest SAP HANA database, including the current generation S/4 HANA release.

“SAP customers on SDDC will benefit from high levels of performance delivered by an SAP-certified solution that runs on dedicated hardware and the latest VMware software-defined networking and storage technologies and Rackspace Private Cloud,” said Kevin Carroll, General Manager of Rackspace's ERP Business. “The SDDC for SAP infrastructure solution leverages deep expertise and partnership service authorization with SAP to deliver flexible SAP certified solutions to run highly critical customer Enterprise workloads.”

The SDDC infrastructure solution extends Rackspace Private Virtual Cloud (PVC) product and solution offerings and now provides certified options for SAP customers with this solution. Rackspace’s ERP Application Services and 20+ years of SAP expertise can extend the core capabilities and services of SDDC for SAP to help customers architect, migrate, and manage their SAP applications.

  • Designated SAP Service Authorized Partner: Offers customers consultants or systems integrators to provide strategic consulting, system design, solution integration and implementation of SAP solutions.
  • Combines Rackspace certified capabilities to deliver SAP application, hosting, and infrastructure services.
  • Leverages alliance partnerships with Dell and VMware to deliver the SDDC Enterprise and Business for SAP with VMware virtualized compute, storage, networking, and cloud management.
  • Delivery of a configured solution productized to meet SAP certification requirements.

Click here for more information on SDDC Enterprise and Business for SAP with VMware.

About Rackspace Technology
Rackspace Technology is a leading end-to-end hybrid, multicloud technology services company. We design, build and operate our customers’ cloud environments across all major technology platforms, irrespective of technology stack or deployment model. We partner with our customers at every stage of their cloud journey, enabling them to modernize applications, build new products and adopt innovative technologies.

Media Contact: Natalie Silva,

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Mon, 11 Dec 2023 21:05:00 -0600 en text/html

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