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Exam Code: AZ-400 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
AZ-400 Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions

Design a DevOps strategy (20-25%)
Recommend a migration and consolidation strategy for DevOps tools
 analyze existing artifact (e.g., deployment packages, NuGet, Maven, npm) and container repositories
 analyze existing test management tools
 analyze existing work management tools
 recommend migration and integration strategies for artifact repositories, source control, test management, and work management
Design and implement an Agile work management approach
 identify and recommend project metrics, KPIs, and DevOps measurements (e.g., cycle time, lead time, WIP limit)
 implement tools and processes to support Agile work management
 mentor team members on Agile techniques and practices
 recommend an organization structure that supports scaling Agile practices
 recommend in-team and cross-team collaboration mechanisms
Design a quality strategy
 analyze existing quality environment
 identify and recommend quality metrics
 recommend a strategy for feature flag lifecycle
 recommend a strategy for measuring and managing technical debt
 recommend changes to team structure to optimize quality
 recommend performance testing strategy
Design a secure development process
 inspect and validate code base for compliance
 inspect and validate infrastructure for compliance
 recommend a secure development strategy
 recommend tools and practices to integrate code security validation (e.g., static code analysis)
 recommend tools and practices to integrate infrastructure security validation
Design a tool integration strategy
 design a license management strategy (e.g., VSTS users, concurrent pipelines, test environments, open source software licensing, third-party DevOps tools and services, package management licensing)
 design a strategy for end-to-end traceability from work items to working software
 design a strategy for integrating monitoring and feedback to development teams
 design an authentication and access strategy
 design a strategy for integrating on-premises and cloud resources
Implement DevOps development processes (20-25%)
Design a version control strategy
 recommend branching models
 recommend version control systems
 recommend code flow strategy
Implement and integrate source control
 integrate external source control
 integrate source control into third-party continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) systems
Implement and manage build infrastructure
 implement private and hosted agents
 integrate third party build systems
 recommend strategy for concurrent pipelines
 manage Azure pipeline configuration (e.g., agent queues, service endpoints, pools, webhooks)
Implement code flow
 implement pull request strategies
 implement branch and fork strategies
 configure branch policies
Implement a mobile DevOps strategy
 manage mobile target device sets and distribution groups
 manage target UI test device sets
 provision tester devices for deployment
 create public and private distribution groups
Managing application configuration and secrets
 implement a secure and compliant development process
 implement general (non-secret) configuration data
 manage secrets, tokens, and certificates
 implement applications configurations (e.g., Web App, Azure Kubernetes Service, containers)
 implement secrets management (e.g., Web App, Azure Kubernetes Service, containers, Azure Key Vault)
 implement tools for managing security and compliance in the pipeline
Implement continuous integration (10-15%)
Manage code quality and security policies
 monitor code quality
 configure build to report on code coverage
 manage automated test quality
 manage test suites and categories
 monitor quality of tests
 integrate security analysis tools (e.g., SonarQube, White Source Bolt, Open Web
Application Security Project)
Implement a container build strategy
 create deployable images (e.g., Docker, Hub, Azure Container Registry)
 analyze and integrate Docker multi-stage builds
Implement a build strategy
 design build triggers, tools, integrations, and workflow
 implement a hybrid build process
 implement multi-agent builds
 recommend build tools and configuration (e.g. Azure Pipelines, Jenkins)
 set up an automated build workflow
Implement continuous delivery (10-15%)
Design a release strategy
 recommend release tools
 identify and recommend release approvals and gates
 recommend strategy for measuring quality of release and release process
 recommend strategy for release notes and documentation
 select appropriate deployment pattern
Set up a release management workflow
 automate inspection of health signals for release approvals by using release gates
 configure automated integration and functional test execution
 create a release pipeline (e.g., Azure Kubernetes Service, Service Fabric, WebApp)
 create multi-phase release pipelines
 integrate secrets with release pipeline
 provision and configure environments
 manage and modularize tasks and templates (e.g., task and variable groups)
Implement an appropriate deployment pattern
 implement blue-green deployments
 implement canary deployments
 implement progressive exposure deployments
 scale a release pipeline to deploy to multiple endpoints (e.g., deployment groups, Azure Kubernetes Service, Service Fabric)
Implement dependency management (5-10%)
Design a dependency management strategy
 recommend artifact management tools and practices (Azure Artifacts, npm, Maven, Nuget)
 abstract common packages to enable sharing and reuse
 inspect codebase to identify code dependencies that can be converted to packages
 identify and recommend standardized package types and versions across the solution
 refactor existing build pipelines to implement version strategy that publishes packages
Manage security and compliance
 inspect open source software packages for security and license compliance to align with corporate standards (e.g., GPLv3)
 configure build pipeline to access package security and license rating (e.g., Black Duck, White Source)
 configure secure access to package feeds
Implement application infrastructure (15-20%)
Design an infrastructure and configuration management strategy
 analyze existing and future hosting infrastructure
 analyze existing Infrastructure as Code (IaC) technologies
 design a strategy for managing technical debt on templates
 design a strategy for using transient infrastructure for parts of a delivery lifecycle
 design a strategy to mitigate infrastructure state drift
Implement Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
 create nested resource templates
 manage secrets in resource templates
 provision Azure resources
 recommend an Infrastructure as Code (IaC) strategy
 recommend appropriate technologies for configuration management (e.g., ARM
Templates, Terraform, Chef, Puppet, Ansible)
Manage Azure Kubernetes Service infrastructure
 provision Azure Kubernetes Service (e.g., using ARM templates, CLI)
 create deployment file for publishing to Azure Kubernetes Service (e.g., kubectl, Helm)
 develop a scaling plan
Implement infrastructure compliance and security
 implement compliance and security scanning
 prevent drift by using configuration management tools
 automate configuration management by using PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)
 automate configuration management by using a VM Agent with custom script extensions
 set up an automated pipeline to inspect security and compliance
Implement continuous feedback (10-15%)
Recommend and design system feedback mechanisms
 design practices to measure end-user satisfaction (e.g., Send a Smile, app analytics)
 design processes to capture and analyze user feedback from external sources (e.g., Twitter, Reddit, Help Desk)
 design routing for client application crash report data
 recommend monitoring tools and technologies
 recommend system and feature usage tracking tools
Implement process for routing system feedback to development teams
 configure crash report integration for client applications
 develop monitoring and status dashboards
 implement routing for client application crash report data
 implement tools to track system usage, feature usage, and flow
 integrate and configure ticketing systems with development team's work management
system (e.g., IT Service Management connector, ServiceNow Cloud Management, App Insights work items)
Optimize feedback mechanisms
 analyze alerts to establish a baseline
 analyze telemetry to establish a baseline
 perform live site reviews and capture feedback for system outages
 perform ongoing tuning to reduce meaningless or non-actionable alerts

Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions
Microsoft Microsoft information search
Killexams : Microsoft Microsoft information search - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AZ-400 Search results Killexams : Microsoft Microsoft information search - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AZ-400 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Microsoft Killexams : DuckDuckGo Will Block More Microsoft Tracking Scripts

DuckDuckGo, the privacy-focused search engine, announced on Aug. 5 that it will start blocking third-party Microsoft tracking scripts in its browsing apps and browser extensions in the next week. DuckDuckGo said its beta apps will also start blocking these third-party tracking scripts in the next month. 

Read more: DuckDuckGo Launches Its First Browser for Mac in Beta

The search engine has positioned itself as an alternative to other search engines, like Google Search. The big difference between the two is DuckDuckGo blocks tracking scripts and third-party cookies from tracking you across the web. 

However, in May DuckDuckGo came under fire after Microsoft tracking scripts were found while using DuckDuckGo's browsers. 

"We were limited in how we could apply our 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection on Microsoft tracking scripts due to a policy requirement related to our use of Bing as a source for our private search results," DuckDuckGo CEO Gabriel Weinberg wrote in a blog post. "We're glad this is no longer the case. We have not had, and do not have, any similar limitation with any other company."

DuckDuckGo's 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection already blocks tracking scripts from companies like Facebook and Google. DuckDuckGo said it was already blocking most Microsoft tracking scripts and restricted Microsoft tracking through other protections, including blocking Microsoft's third-party cookies in DuckDuckGo browsers.

DuckDuckGo also announced that Microsoft has committed to not profile DuckDuckGo users on ad clicks. Advertising on DuckDuckGo is part of the company's partnership with Microsoft.

"When you click on a Microsoft-provided ad that appears on DuckDuckGo, Microsoft Advertising does not associate your ad-click behavior with a user profile," DuckDuckGo writes on its website. "It also does not store or share that information other than for accounting purposes."

DuckDuckGo does note that some advertisers use Microsoft scripts in order to see in Microsoft Advertising how often an ad click results in a purchase. While the 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection doesn't block these requests from loading on the advertisers website, they are blocked in all other contexts. You can disable ads in DuckDuckGo in search settings, and viewing ads in DuckDuckGo is anonymous.

DuckDuckGo also unveiled a new webpage that explains what protections DuckDuckGo provides across all its products. DuckDuckGo published public directories of what is and isn't blocked when using the browsers, too. Users can report any issues they see in the directories by emailing open@duckduckgo.com.

You can obtain DuckDuckGo's Android and iOS mobile apps from the Google Play store or the App Store.

For more on privacy, check out what to know about DuckDuckGo and why you should switch to DuckDuckGo.

Now playing: Watch this: Apple Updates Privacy Controls in iOS 16

2:11

Fri, 05 Aug 2022 08:21:00 -0500 See full bio en text/html https://www.cnet.com/tech/services-and-software/duckduckgo-will-block-more-microsoft-tracking-scripts/
Killexams : DuckDuckGo says Hell, Hell, No to those Microsoft trackers after web revolt No result found, try new keyword!In brief DuckDuckGo has finally mostly cracked down on the third-party Microsoft tracking scripts that got the alternative search engine into hot water earlier this year. In May, DDG admitted its ... Sat, 06 Aug 2022 07:57:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/other/duckduckgo-says-hell-hell-no-to-those-microsoft-trackers-after-web-revolt/ar-AA10nSh3 Killexams : Search engine DuckDuckGo to block Microsoft trackers amid backlash

Following the May disclosure that the privacy-focused online browser DuckDuckGo permits Microsoft to track scripts on external sites, the platform now claims to begin banning those as well

Topics
Microsoft | Technology | search engines

IANS  |  San Francisco 

Following the May disclosure that the privacy-focused online browser DuckDuckGo permits to track scripts on external sites, the platform now claims to begin banning those as well.

The platform said it was announcing more privacy and transparency around DuckDuckGo's web tracking protections after community backlash.

"Over the next week, we will expand the third-party tracking scripts we block from loading on websites to include scripts from in our browsing apps (iOS and Android) and our browser extensions (Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge and Opera), with beta apps to follow in the coming month," the platform said in a blogpost.

DuckDuckGo said this expands its 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection, which blocks identified tracking scripts from Facebook, Google, and other companies from loading on third-party websites, to now include third-party tracking scripts.

This web tracking protection is not offered by most other popular browsers by default and sits on top of many other DuckDuckGo protections.

To further deliver on its commitment to transparency, the privacy-focused online browser said it has posted a new help page that offers a comprehensive explanation of all the web tracking protections we provide across platforms.

"Users now have one place to look if they want to understand the different kinds of web privacy protections we offer on the platforms they use," the platform said.

--IANS

vc/dpb

(Only the headline and picture of this report may have been reworked by the Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

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First Published: Sun, August 07 2022. 11:11 IST

Sat, 06 Aug 2022 17:41:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.business-standard.com/article/technology/search-engine-duckduckgo-to-block-microsoft-trackers-amid-backlash-122080700162_1.html
Killexams : DuckDuckGo removes carve-out for Microsoft tracking scripts after securing policy change

A few months on from a tracking controversy hitting privacy-centric search veteran, DuckDuckGo, the company has announced it’s been able to amend terms with Microsoft, its search syndication partner, that had previously meant its mobile browsers and browser extensions were prevented from blocking advertising requests made by Microsoft scripts on third party sites.

In a blog post pledging “more privacy and transparency for DuckDuckGo web tracking protections”, founder and CEO, Gabe Weinberg, writes: “Over the next week, we will expand the third-party tracking scripts we block from loading on websites to include scripts from Microsoft in our browsing apps (iOS and Android) and our browser extensions (Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Edge and Opera), with beta apps to follow in the coming month.”

“This expands our 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection, which blocks identified tracking scripts from Facebook, Google, and other companies from loading on third-party websites, to now include third-party Microsoft tracking scripts. This web tracking protection is not offered by most other popular browsers by default and sits on top of many other DuckDuckGo protections,” he added.

DDG claims this third-party tracker loading protection is not offered by most other popular browsers by default.

“Most browsers’ default tracking protection focuses on cookie and fingerprinting protections that only restrict third-party tracking scripts after they load in your browser. Unfortunately, that level of protection leaves information like your IP address and other identifiers sent with loading requests vulnerable to profiling. Our 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection helps address this vulnerability, by stopping most 3rd-party trackers from loading in the first place, providing significantly more protection,” Weinberg writes in the blog post.

“Previously, we were limited in how we could apply our 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection on Microsoft tracking scripts due to a policy requirement related to our use of Bing as a source for our private search results. We’re glad this is no longer the case. We have not had, and do not have, any similar limitation with any other company.”

“Microsoft scripts were never embedded in our search engine or apps, which do not track you,” he adds. “Websites insert these scripts for their own purposes, and so they never sent any information to DuckDuckGo. Since we were already restricting Microsoft tracking through our other web tracking protections, like blocking Microsoft’s third-party cookies in our browsers, this update means we’re now doing much more to block trackers than most other browsers.

Asked if DDG will be publishing its new contract with Microsoft, or whether it’s still bound by an NDA, Weinberg said: “Nothing else has changed and we don’t have other information to share on this.”

The carve-out for DDG’s search provider was picked up in May via an independent audit conducted by privacy researcher, Zach Edwards.

At the time DDG ‘fessed up to anomaly but said it essentially had no choice to accept Microsoft’s terms, although it also said it wasn’t happy about the restriction and hoped to be able to remove it in the future.  

Asked whether the publicity generated by the controversy helped persuade the tech giant to relax the restriction on its ability to block Microsoft ad scripts on non-Microsoft sites, DDG referred us back to Microsoft.

When we put the same question to the tech giant a spokeswoman told us:

Microsoft has policies in place to ensure that we balance the needs of our publishers with the needs of our advertisers to accurately track conversions on our network. We have been partnering with DuckDuckGo to understand the implications of this policy and we are pleased to have arrived at a solution that addresses those concerns.

In a transparency-focused steps being announced today, DDG said it’s publishing its tracker protection list — available here on GitHub — although the company told us the information was available before but suggested it’s easier to find now.

It also sent us the following list of domains where it said it will be blocking Microsoft tracking requests:

Despite this expansion of DDG’s ability to block Microsoft tracking requests, there are still instances where Microsoft ad scripts are not blocked by DDG’s tools by default — related to processes used by advertisers to track conversions (i.e. to determine whether an ad click actually led to a purchase).

“To evaluate whether an ad on DuckDuckGo is effective, advertisers want to know if their ad clicks turn into purchases (conversions). To see this within Microsoft Advertising, they use Microsoft scripts from the bat.bing.com domain,” explains Weinberg in the blog post. “Currently, if an advertiser wants to detect conversions for their own ads that are shown on DuckDuckGo, 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection will not block bat.bing.com requests from loading on the advertiser’s website following DuckDuckGo ad clicks, but these requests are blocked in all other contexts. For anyone who wants to avoid this, it’s possible to disable ads in DuckDuckGo search settings.

DDG says it wants to go further to protect user privacy around ad conversion tracking — but admits this won’t happen any time soon. In the blog post Weinberg writes that “eventually” it wants to be able to replace the current process for ad conversions checks by migrating to a new architecture for assessing ad effectiveness privately.

“To eventually replace the reliance on bat.bing.com for evaluating ad effectiveness, we’ve started working on an architecture for private ad conversions that can be externally validated as non-profiling,” he says.

DDG is by no means alone here. Across the industry, all sorts of moves are afoot to evolve/rethink adtech infrastructure in response to privacy backlash — and to rising regulatory risk attached to individual tracking — efforts such as Google’s multi-year push to replace support for tracking cookies in Chrome with an alternative adtech stack (aka its ‘Privacy Sandbox’ proposal; which remains a [delayed] work in progress).

“DuckDuckGo isn’t alone in trying to solve this issue; Safari is working on Private Click Measurement (PCM) and Firefox is working on Interoperable Private Attribution (IPA). We hope these efforts can help move the entire digital ad industry forward to making privacy the default,” adds Weinberg. “We think this work is important because it means we can Improve the advertising-based business model that countless companies rely on to provide free services, making it more private instead of throwing it out entirely.”

Asked about the timeline for developing such an infrastructure, he says: “We don’t have a timeline to share right now but it’s not an imminent announcement.”

Despite DDG’s assertion that viewing ads via its browsers is “anonymous”, its ad disclosure page confirms that it passes some personal data (IP address and user string) to Microsoft, its ad partner — for “accounting purposes” (aka “to charge the advertiser and pay us for proper clicks, which includes detection of improper clicks”, as Weinberg puts it).

“Per our ad page, Microsoft has committed [that] “when you click on a Microsoft-provided ad that appears on DuckDuckGo, Microsoft Advertising does not associate your ad-click behavior with a user profile. It also does not store or share that information other than for accounting purposes,” he says when pressed on what guarantees he has from Microsoft that user data passed for ad conversions doesn’t end up being repurposed for broader tracking and profiling of individuals.

In back and forth with TechCrunch, DDG also repeatedly emphasizied that its policy states that Microsoft does not link this data to a behavioral profile (or, indeed, share a user’s actual IP address etc).

However Weinberg concedes there are limits on how much control DDG can have over what happens to data once it’s passed — given, for example, the adtech ecosystem’s penchant for sharing (and synching) pseudonymized identifiers (e.g. hashes of identifiers) in order that digital activity may still be linked back to individual profiles, say after a few hops through a chain of third party data processors/enrichers, and thereby removing an earlier privacy screen… So, tl;dr, trying to shield your users’ privacy from prying third parties whilst operating in an ad ecosystem that’s been designed for pervasive surveillance (and allowed to sprawl all over the place) remains a massive firefight. 

“Staying anonymous ‘through the adtech ecosystem’ is a different story because once someone clicks on a site (whether or not they got there through DuckDuckGo search), they become subject to the website owner’s privacy policy and related practices,” Weinberg admits. “In our browsers, we try to limit that through our web privacy protections but we cannot control what the website owner (the ‘first party’) does, which could be sharing data with third-parties in the ad tech ecosystem.”

“The ad disclosure page makes clear viewing ads is anonymous and further covers ad clicks, which has a commitment from Microsoft to not profile users on ad click, which includes any behavioral profiling by them or others. This commitment includes not passing that data on to anyone,” DDG also claims.

“Our privacy policy states that viewing all search results (including ads) is anonymous, and Microsoft Advertising (or anyone else) does not get anything that can de-anonymize user searches at that time (including full IP address) in terms of being able to tie individual searches to individuals or together into a search history,” it adds.

In further developments being highlighted by the company today, DDG said it’s updated the Privacy Dashboard that’s displayed in its apps and extensions — to show “more information” about third-party requests, per its blog post.

“Using the updated Privacy Dashboard, users can see which third-party requests have been blocked from loading and which other third-party requests have loaded, with reasons for both when available,” Weinberg writes on that.

It has also relaunched its help page — with a promise that the overhauled content offers “a comprehensive explanation of all the web tracking protections we provide across platforms”.

“Users now have one place to look if they want to understand the different kinds of web privacy protections we offer on the platforms they use. This page also explains how different web tracking protections are offered based on what is technically possible on each platform, as well as what’s in development for this part of our product roadmap,” its blog post suggests.

Fri, 05 Aug 2022 05:13:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://techcrunch.com/2022/08/05/duckduckgo-microsoft-tracking-scripts/
Killexams : Windows 11 KB5015814 Cumulative Update Introduces Search Highlights and More windows 11 search highlights

Microsoft has introduced the new Windows 11 KB5015814 cumulative update, which acts as a mandatory update for users. This update majorly talks about bug fixes but there’s one highlighting feature: Search Highlights. Here are all the details to know.

The new Windows 11 KB5015814 cumulative update takes the build number of 22000.795 and majorly involves the changes included in the KB5014668 update released in June.

As mentioned earlier, this primarily includes Search Highlights, which will show notable and interesting information about any special day such as holidays, anniversaries, and other educational moments. This can be accessed by selecting the search icon on the taskbar.

This will work differently for enterprise and regular users. Regular users can see anniversaries, holidays, and more, while enterprise users can see relevant files, contacts, and more in the search UI. The feature was initially available as part of the Windows 11 Build 22572 for the Dev Channel, which was released in March. It was also introduced for Windows 10 users later on.

It also addresses security issues with the July Security Patch. Apart from this, the new update adds fixes for various issues like the one that redirects the PowerShell command output so that transcript logs do not contain any content. And also the one that restricts you from playing video clips in some games.

There’s also a fix for the issue that restricts Bluetooth connectivity for previously-connected audio devices when the device restarts, the issue that changes a user’s name of the Your Phone app to Phone Link on the Settings page, and more. You can check out the changes over here.

The new Windows 11 KB5015814 cumulative update is now rolling out to users and can be downloaded via Settings. You can also obtain it manually from over here. If you do, don’t forget to share your thoughts on it with us, especially about the Search Highlights feature. In case you want to disable it, we also have a guide on how to disable Search Highlights. So, do check that out too.

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 18:41:00 -0500 Vanshika Malhotra en-US text/html https://beebom.com/windows-11-kb5015814-cumulative-update-released/
Killexams : How to Turn Fast Startup On or Off in Windows 11 No result found, try new keyword!Windows 11 has kept many of the useful features from its predecessor, including Fast Startup. As the name suggests, Fast Startup allows your computer to start up faster after a shutdown. Sat, 06 Aug 2022 02:15:14 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/newsscienceandtechnology/how-to-turn-fast-startup-on-or-off-in-windows-11/ar-AA10n6f1 Killexams : How to use Microsoft Launcher to access Microsoft apps and services on your Android phone

Those of you who own an Android phone and use a Microsoft account or a business account to run Microsoft apps and services can bring the two worlds together with a custom launcher. Designed for Android, the Microsoft Launcher lets you tweak the design and layout of your phone's home screens to quickly access your Microsoft apps, documents, calendar, contacts, sticky notes, and more.

Beyond setting up Microsoft-related wallpaper, themes, and widgets, you can create specific gestures to tap and swipe your way to your favorite Microsoft content. Here's how it works.

First, grab your Android phone and obtain the Microsoft Launcher app from Google Play. Open the app and tap the Get Started button.

Also: How to link and sync your Android phone with Windows 11

The first screen asks if you want Microsoft Launcher to access this device's location, a useful option if you wish to get the weather or find nearby businesses and other local information. If so, choose Precise or Approximate and select While using the app or Only this time. If not, select Don't allow. The app then asks for permission to access your photos and media (Figure 1).

Next, pick your phone's wallpaper, opting to choose daily wallpaper from Bing if you wish. You're then prompted to sign in with your Microsoft account or your business account. To get the full experience, set Microsoft Launcher as the default look (Figure 2)

You can now explore your phone via your new Microsoft Launcher integration. To see your feed with Microsoft-specific widgets, swipe to the right. By default, the widgets screen can show you your calendar appointments, to do list, sticky notes, apps, documents, screen time, and recent activities.

Tap the Sign in button at the top to sign in with your Microsoft account or your work/school account. If you have both types of accounts, you can sign in with each one separately. Any associated content from your Microsoft account or work/school account or from Windows will now be synced with your phone (Figure 3).

Swipe down the feed to see the individual cards and widgets. Your calendar will show any upcoming appointments, your to-do list will display upcoming tasks, and the Sticky Notes card will display any sticky notes you've created in Windows. Frequently used apps and recent documents also appear as do screen time settings, recent activities, and Microsoft rewards. Tap a specific app, document, or another item to open it (Figure 4).

Next, you can customize your feed. Swipe down to the bottom of the screen and tap the button for Edit this view. Uncheck any widgets you don't wish to see. Tap the Add widget button and then add any that you do want to see in your feed (Figure 5).

Beyond adding widgets to the feed, you can add them anywhere else on the Home screen. Swipe to the left. Long press on any empty area and then tap the icon for Add widgets. Set up and position the new widget on any available spot (Figure 6).

As your next step, you'll likely want to install any Microsoft apps that you plan to use on your phone. On your home screen, tap the Microsoft folder to open it, and then tap any apps that you want to install. Tap an installed app to use it, sign in with the associated account, and then select any document or other file you wish to view or edit (Figure 7).

Change your wallpaper if you want something different. Long press on any empty area of the home screen and select the icon for Change wallpaper. Select a new image and then decide if you want it to appear on your Home screen, Lock screen, or both (Figure 8).

With your feed, widgets, and apps all set up, now it's time to customize other features and aspects of the Microsoft Launcher.

Tap the Launcher app on the Home screen or long press on any empty area and select the icon for Launcher Settings. At the settings screen, the category for System Settings brings you to the Android settings for your phone. The category for Wallpaper lets you change the wallpaper.

Tap the category for Themes to change the theme between dark and light, adjust the opacity, enable a blur effect, and use an accent color. Select the category for Home screen and you can tweak the size and layout of the Home screen icons as well as the appearance of folders (Figure 9).

Back at the settings screen, choose the category for Dock to determine if and how you wish to display the Dock at the bottom of the screen. Next, select the App drawer category to tweak the options for the App drawer that appears when you swipe up on the screen (Figure 10).

Return to the settings screen and select the Gestures category. Here, you can create your own customized gestures to set what happens when you tap the home button, swipe up or down with one finger or two fingers, double tap, pinch in, or pinch out. The Feed category lets you determine what items appear on your feed. The Search category allows you to control the search options (Figure 11).

To back up your Microsoft Launcher customizations, select the Back up and restore category. You can then restore your tweaks from the backup. Finally, the category for Advanced settings lets you reset Launcher back to the default settings or even switch to a different Android launcher (Figure 12).

Tue, 19 Jul 2022 08:32:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.zdnet.com/article/how-to-use-microsoft-launcher-to-access-microsoft-apps-and-services-on-your-android-phone/
Killexams : DuckDuckGo increases protection from Microsoft trackers after community backlash

In May, the privacy-first browser DuckDuckGo suffered backlash from the community after a publication posted that while the browser blocked Google and Facebook trackers, it allowed Microsoft trackers to continue running.

At the time, the company’s CEO made a statement about what was happening – by saying it wasn’t allowing all or even most Microsoft tracking attempts in its browsers – and promised changes. Now, DuckDuckGo is announcing increased protection from Microsoft trackers through its browsing apps.

Starting next week, DuckDuckGo will expand the third-party tracking scripts it blocks from loading on websites to include scripts from Microsoft. This update applies to the iOS and Android apps and browser extensions with beta apps to follow in the coming month.

DuckdDuckGo’s CEO and founder Gabriel Weinberg says:

This web tracking protection is not offered by most other popular browsers by default and sits on top of many other DuckDuckGo web tracking protections. This all means our browsing apps and extensions currently offer more protection against Microsoft trackers by default than Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and more.

Also, to help clear up some other misconceptions floating around, Microsoft scripts were never embedded in our search engine or apps, which do not track you. Websites insert these scripts for their own purposes, and so they never sent any information to DuckDuckGo. Additionally, we were already restricting Microsoft tracking through our other web tracking protections, like blocking Microsoft’s third-party cookies in our browsers.

DuckDuckGo will also offer a new help page that offers a “comprehensive explanation of all the web tracking protections” the browser provides across platforms. The company is also making available its tracker protection list publicly available so people can see for themselves what DuckDuckGo is blocking, and report any issues.

Last but not least, the company explains how it’s working towards private ad conversions. According to Weinberg, “advertising on DuckDuckGo is done in partnership with Microsoft,” but viewing ads on the browser is anonymous as “Microsoft has committed to not profile users on ad clicks.”

To evaluate whether an ad on DuckDuckGo is effective, advertisers want to know if their ad clicks turn into purchases (conversions). To see this within Microsoft Advertising, they use Microsoft scripts from the bat.bing.com domain. Currently, if an advertiser wants to detect conversions for their own ads that are shown on DuckDuckGo, 3rd-Party Tracker Loading Protection will not block bat.bing.com requests from loading on the advertiser’s website following DuckDuckGo ad clicks, but these requests are blocked in all other contexts as described above. For anyone who wants to avoid this, it’s possible to disable ads in DuckDuckGo search settings.

Eventually, the company plans to replace the reliance on the bat.bing domain by working on architecture for private ad conversions that can be externally validated as non-profiling.

Last but not least, DuckDuckGo is sharing the list of Microsoft domains where the company will be blocking tracking requests:

  • adnxs.com
  • adnxs-simple.com
  • adsymptotic.com
  • adv-cloudfilse.azureedge.net
  • app-fnsp-matomo-analytics-prod.azurewebsites.net
  • azure.com
  • azure.net
  • bing.com
  • cdnnwlive.azureedge.net
  • clarity.ms
  • dynamics.com
  • fp-cdn.azureedge.net
  • licdn.com
  • linkedin.com
  • live-tfs-omnilytics.azurewebsites.net
  • msecnd.net
  • nlo-stl-web.azureedge.net
  • nuance.com
  • pestcontrol-uc1.azureedge.net
  • sdtagging.azureedge.net
  • serviceschipotlecom.trafficmanager.net

How do you feel about these changes DuckDuckGo is committing to? Share your thoughts in the comment section below.

FTC: We use income earning auto affiliate links. More.


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Fri, 05 Aug 2022 00:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://9to5mac.com/2022/08/05/duckduckgo-protection-from-microsoft-trackers/
Killexams : Microsoft warns of stealthy backdoors used to target Exchange Servers
Image: Getty/10'000 Hours

There's been an uptick in malware native to Microsoft's Internet Information Services (IIS) web server that is being used to install backdoors or steal credentials and is hard to detect, warns Microsoft. 

Microsoft has offered insights into how to spot and remove malicious IIS extensions, which aren't as popular as web shells as a payload for Exchange servers, but are useful to an attacker as they "mostly reside in the same directories as legitimate modules used by target applications, and they follow the same code structure as clean modules," Microsoft notes

As such, they might not be seen as malicious and identifying the source of an infection can be difficult. Key target IIS-hosted applications are Outlook on the Web and Microsoft Exchange Server, which, if compromised, can give an attacker complete access to a target's email communications.  

SEE: These are the biggest cybersecurity threats. Make sure you aren't ignoring them

Security company ESET last year found 80 unique malicious IIS modules belonging to 14 malware families, most of which were previously undocumented. These included IIS backdoors, info stealers, injectors, proxies for C&C infrastructure, and modules that fraudulently modify content served to search engines. In all cases, the IIS malware intercepted HTTP requests incoming from the compromised IIS server and affected how the server responds to certain requests.     

Microsoft says IIS extension attacks typically start by the attacker exploiting a critical flaw in the hosted application and then drop a web shell. At some point after deploying the web shell, the attacker installs an IIS backdoor for stealthy, persistent access to the server. 

In a campaign targeting Exchange servers between January and May 2022, Microsoft saw attackers installing customized IIS modules. 

"Once registered with the target application, the backdoor can monitor incoming and outgoing requests and perform additional tasks, such as running remote commands or dumping credentials in the background as the user authenticates to the web application," Microsoft explains.

Between March and June 2021, ESET observed a wave of IIS backdoors spread via the Exchange ProxyLogon pre-authentication remote code execution vulnerabilities (CVE-2021-26855CVE-2021-26857CVE-2021-26858, and CVE-2021-27065). 

"Targeted specifically were Exchange servers that have Outlook on the web (aka OWA) enabled – as IIS is used to implement OWA, these were a particularly interesting target for espionage," ESET noted.

Microsoft provides incident response teams with details about how IIS works and the types of attacks it's seen, so customers can defend against them. Microsoft expects attackers will increasingly use IIS backdoors in future.

IIS is a modular web server that is a core part of the Windows platform. Users can customize IIS web servers as needed using extensions written in native (C/C++) and managed (C#, VB.NET) code structures. Microsoft focusses on C#, VB.NET extensions. 

Microsoft's technical rundown of how attackers use customer IIS backdoors cover command runs, credential access, remote access and exfiltration. 

SEE: These are the cybersecurity threats of tomorrow that you should be thinking about today

The main malicious .NET IIS extensions over the past year included: web shells used by the likes of Hafnium/China Chopper, the Chinese state-sponsored group exploiting Exchange zero-days; open-source IIS backdoor GitHub projects that are intended for red team exercises and lifted by attackers for their activity; IIS handlers that can be configured to respond to certain extensions or requests; and credential stealers, which monitor for specific requests to determine a sign-in activity.

Besides applying all software updates and running antivirus, Microsoft recommends reviewing highly privileged account groups like admins, remote desktop users, and enterprise admins. It also recommends enabling multi-factor authentication, restricting access to what's needed, and avoiding the use of domain-wide, admin-level service accounts. 

Wed, 27 Jul 2022 00:19:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.zdnet.com/article/microsoft-warns-of-stealthy-backdoors-used-to-target-exchange-servers-email/
Killexams : Microsoft announces Automotive Ads, Audience Network expansion, and 7 other updates

Microsoft has just announced nine (9!) new updates on their blog. The updates include new Automotive Ads, vertical-based ads, and more. Let’s dive in. 

Automotive Ads

The new Automotive Ads are specific ad formats that are unique to the auto industry. The new ad format will display a photo of the vehicle for sale, the year, make, and model, condition, dealer website, price, and a short description. After a North American and Europe test, the ads will be rolled out to advertisers in the Asia Pacific and Latin American markets in the coming weeks.

Learn more about Automotive Ads and how to set them up here

Vertical-based ads

Vertical ads are created from dynamic feeds and appear in different formats depending on what the user is searching for. The ads use intent data and the user needs to create the ad. Microsoft AI uses the data feed to source the necessary information to display in the ad. Microsoft claims that the new ad format will minimize the time and resources required to set up and manage campaigns. 

Learn more about Automotive Ads and how to set them up here

Audience network updates

Market expansions 

The Microsoft Audience Network connects advertisers to MSN, Outlook, Microsoft Edge, and other publisher partners. Now Microsoft is expanding to 64 markets, with more coming later this year.  

New ad formats

Dynamic Remarketing will be expanded to verticals outside of just retail. You can now use Dynamic remarketing for travel, auto, and event ads. When the dynamic feed is set up, advertisers will have two options to set up Dynamic remarketing. 

  1. Standard Universal Event Tracking (UET). Using the UET tag, you can send ads to users who have been on your website. The tag will not need to be updated if the product ID is presented. Microsoft will know if a visitor has been to the website if the product ID shows in the URL
  2. UET with additional parameters. Updating your UET tag to pass back additional parameters will give advertisers access to more audiences. With those parameters, you can access:
  • ​General visitors
  • Product searchers
  • Product viewers
  • Cart abandoners
  • Past buyers

Additional bidding solutions

For video ads, there are now three different bidding options. 

Additionally, a pilot for automated bidding has just been launched. You can use Enhanced CPC to help maximize conversions on audience campaigns. Microsoft says that more automated bidding solutions will be released soon. 

Customer data platform integrations for Customer Match

Last month Microsoft announced that they were expanding Customer Match to new markets. Today they announced that if you use a Customer Data Platform you can connect it to Microsoft Advertising to import your customer lists. Current integrations include Ampertiy and Adobe Ad Cloud for Search. More integrations will be available soon. 

Expanding audience targeting new markets

In-market Audiences are now available in:

Latin America: Aruba, Bahamas, Bolivia, Cayman Islands, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Martinique, Montserrat, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, and Uruguay.

Asia Pacific: Bangladesh, Brunei, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka.

Similar Audiences are now available in more markets

Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hong Kong, Iceland, Japan, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, South Africa, Taiwan, and Turkey.

Smart Campaigns are expanding to new markets

Microsoft is now piloting new markets in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, and Singapore.

Reporting experience updates

There is a new drop-down menu that will help advertisers access all reports. Those reports can be found on the updated landing page grid. You can also filter the grid to quickly access the reports you need. 

RSA reminder!

Microsoft also added a reminder that August is the last month to migrate your Expanded Text Ads (ETAs) to Responsive Search Ads. Starting on August 29, RSAs will be the only search ad type that can be created or edited in standard search campaigns. Existing Expanded Text Ads will still serve, but you won’t be able to edit or add them.

You can read the entire announcement from Microsoft, with all of the updates here

Why we care. Microsoft continues to release numerous updates and products, which is giving Google a run for its money. Microsoft and their partner networks reach about 724 million users each month and these new features could be good news for advertisers looking for Google alternatives, or to expand their impression share.

New on Search Engine Land

About The Author

Nicole Farley is an editor for Search Engine Land covering all things PPC. In addition to being a Marine Corps veteran, she has an extensive background in digital marketing, an MBA and a penchant for true crime, podcasts, travel, and snacks.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 03:47:00 -0500 Nicole Farley en text/html https://searchengineland.com/microsoft-announces-automotive-ads-audience-network-expansion-and-7-other-updates-386892
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