Exam Code: AZ-400 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
AZ-400 Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions

Design a DevOps strategy (20-25%)
Recommend a migration and consolidation strategy for DevOps tools
 analyze existing artifact (e.g., deployment packages, NuGet, Maven, npm) and container repositories
 analyze existing test management tools
 analyze existing work management tools
 recommend migration and integration strategies for artifact repositories, source control, test management, and work management
Design and implement an Agile work management approach
 identify and recommend project metrics, KPIs, and DevOps measurements (e.g., cycle time, lead time, WIP limit)
 implement tools and processes to support Agile work management
 mentor team members on Agile techniques and practices
 recommend an organization structure that supports scaling Agile practices
 recommend in-team and cross-team collaboration mechanisms
Design a quality strategy
 analyze existing quality environment
 identify and recommend quality metrics
 recommend a strategy for feature flag lifecycle
 recommend a strategy for measuring and managing technical debt
 recommend changes to team structure to optimize quality
 recommend performance testing strategy
Design a secure development process
 inspect and validate code base for compliance
 inspect and validate infrastructure for compliance
 recommend a secure development strategy
 recommend tools and practices to integrate code security validation (e.g., static code analysis)
 recommend tools and practices to integrate infrastructure security validation
Design a tool integration strategy
 design a license management strategy (e.g., VSTS users, concurrent pipelines, test environments, open source software licensing, third-party DevOps tools and services, package management licensing)
 design a strategy for end-to-end traceability from work items to working software
 design a strategy for integrating monitoring and feedback to development teams
 design an authentication and access strategy
 design a strategy for integrating on-premises and cloud resources
Implement DevOps development processes (20-25%)
Design a version control strategy
 recommend branching models
 recommend version control systems
 recommend code flow strategy
Implement and integrate source control
 integrate external source control
 integrate source control into third-party continuous integration and continuous deployment (CI/CD) systems
Implement and manage build infrastructure
 implement private and hosted agents
 integrate third party build systems
 recommend strategy for concurrent pipelines
 manage Azure pipeline configuration (e.g., agent queues, service endpoints, pools, webhooks)
Implement code flow
 implement pull request strategies
 implement branch and fork strategies
 configure branch policies
Implement a mobile DevOps strategy
 manage mobile target device sets and distribution groups
 manage target UI test device sets
 provision tester devices for deployment
 create public and private distribution groups
Managing application configuration and secrets
 implement a secure and compliant development process
 implement general (non-secret) configuration data
 manage secrets, tokens, and certificates
 implement applications configurations (e.g., Web App, Azure Kubernetes Service, containers)
 implement secrets management (e.g., Web App, Azure Kubernetes Service, containers, Azure Key Vault)
 implement tools for managing security and compliance in the pipeline
Implement continuous integration (10-15%)
Manage code quality and security policies
 monitor code quality
 configure build to report on code coverage
 manage automated test quality
 manage test suites and categories
 monitor quality of tests
 integrate security analysis tools (e.g., SonarQube, White Source Bolt, Open Web
Application Security Project)
Implement a container build strategy
 create deployable images (e.g., Docker, Hub, Azure Container Registry)
 analyze and integrate Docker multi-stage builds
Implement a build strategy
 design build triggers, tools, integrations, and workflow
 implement a hybrid build process
 implement multi-agent builds
 recommend build tools and configuration (e.g. Azure Pipelines, Jenkins)
 set up an automated build workflow
Implement continuous delivery (10-15%)
Design a release strategy
 recommend release tools
 identify and recommend release approvals and gates
 recommend strategy for measuring quality of release and release process
 recommend strategy for release notes and documentation
 select appropriate deployment pattern
Set up a release management workflow
 automate inspection of health signals for release approvals by using release gates
 configure automated integration and functional test execution
 create a release pipeline (e.g., Azure Kubernetes Service, Service Fabric, WebApp)
 create multi-phase release pipelines
 integrate secrets with release pipeline
 provision and configure environments
 manage and modularize tasks and templates (e.g., task and variable groups)
Implement an appropriate deployment pattern
 implement blue-green deployments
 implement canary deployments
 implement progressive exposure deployments
 scale a release pipeline to deploy to multiple endpoints (e.g., deployment groups, Azure Kubernetes Service, Service Fabric)
Implement dependency management (5-10%)
Design a dependency management strategy
 recommend artifact management tools and practices (Azure Artifacts, npm, Maven, Nuget)
 abstract common packages to enable sharing and reuse
 inspect codebase to identify code dependencies that can be converted to packages
 identify and recommend standardized package types and versions across the solution
 refactor existing build pipelines to implement version strategy that publishes packages
Manage security and compliance
 inspect open source software packages for security and license compliance to align with corporate standards (e.g., GPLv3)
 configure build pipeline to access package security and license rating (e.g., Black Duck, White Source)
 configure secure access to package feeds
Implement application infrastructure (15-20%)
Design an infrastructure and configuration management strategy
 analyze existing and future hosting infrastructure
 analyze existing Infrastructure as Code (IaC) technologies
 design a strategy for managing technical debt on templates
 design a strategy for using transient infrastructure for parts of a delivery lifecycle
 design a strategy to mitigate infrastructure state drift
Implement Infrastructure as Code (IaC)
 create nested resource templates
 manage secrets in resource templates
 provision Azure resources
 recommend an Infrastructure as Code (IaC) strategy
 recommend appropriate technologies for configuration management (e.g., ARM
Templates, Terraform, Chef, Puppet, Ansible)
Manage Azure Kubernetes Service infrastructure
 provision Azure Kubernetes Service (e.g., using ARM templates, CLI)
 create deployment file for publishing to Azure Kubernetes Service (e.g., kubectl, Helm)
 develop a scaling plan
Implement infrastructure compliance and security
 implement compliance and security scanning
 prevent drift by using configuration management tools
 automate configuration management by using PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC)
 automate configuration management by using a VM Agent with custom script extensions
 set up an automated pipeline to inspect security and compliance
Implement continuous feedback (10-15%)
Recommend and design system feedback mechanisms
 design practices to measure end-user satisfaction (e.g., Send a Smile, app analytics)
 design processes to capture and analyze user feedback from external sources (e.g., Twitter, Reddit, Help Desk)
 design routing for client application crash report data
 recommend monitoring tools and technologies
 recommend system and feature usage tracking tools
Implement process for routing system feedback to development teams
 configure crash report integration for client applications
 develop monitoring and status dashboards
 implement routing for client application crash report data
 implement tools to track system usage, feature usage, and flow
 integrate and configure ticketing systems with development team's work management
system (e.g., IT Service Management connector, ServiceNow Cloud Management, App Insights work items)
Optimize feedback mechanisms
 analyze alerts to establish a baseline
 analyze telemetry to establish a baseline
 perform live site reviews and capture feedback for system outages
 perform ongoing tuning to reduce meaningless or non-actionable alerts

Microsoft Azure DevOps Solutions
Microsoft Microsoft approach
Killexams : Microsoft Microsoft approach - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AZ-400 Search results Killexams : Microsoft Microsoft approach - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/AZ-400 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Microsoft Killexams : Microsoft named a Leader in the 2022 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Security Information and Event Management

Security operations teams are overwhelmed trying to protect their organizations against an onslaught of cyberattacks, including a 92 percent rise in ransomware attacks.1 Too often, existing security tools are siloed or not designed to meet the needs of today’s hybrid cloud environment. The result is overworked security analysts, unaddressed alerts, and undetected threats. As the threat landscape evolves, protecting today’s hybrid cloud environment requires a comprehensive approach that gives security operations (SecOps) teams the context they need to protect their organization better and faster.

Microsoft Sentinel is a modern, cloud-native security information and event management (SIEM) solution that collects security data from your entire organization. Using hundreds of connectors and AI to help SecOps teams prioritize the most important incidents, Microsoft Sentinel includes user and entity behavior analytics (UEBA) and rich security orchestration, automation, and response (SOAR) capabilities. 

We’re delighted to announce that Microsoft is named a Leader in the 2022 Gartner® Magic QuadrantTM for Security Information and Event Management and is positioned highest on the measure of Ability to Execute axis. We believe Microsoft’s placement in the Leaders quadrant validates our commitment to empowering our customers with a cloud-native SIEM powered by AI and automation.

Gartner Magic Quadrant™ for Security Information and Event Management.

Figure 1. Gartner Magic Quadrant™ for Security Information and Event Management.
(Source: Gartner, 2022)

It is fulfilling to see the ongoing value our customers realize from Microsoft Sentinel today. iHeartMedia, a multinational entertainment company, chose Microsoft Sentinel for its simplicity, ease of management, and cost efficiency. “One screen shows our analysts the intelligence to alert based on the data it combines from multiple systems, including firewalls, domain controllers, and everything else,” says Janet Heins, Chief Information Security Officer, iHeartMedia.

Another global operation, Pearson VUE, also chose to empower its cybersecurity team with consolidated visibility by migrating to Microsoft Sentinel, while benefitting from reduced infrastructure costs. “I appreciate the collaborative approach Microsoft takes by having its team meet with ours to share advice on implementation details and fast-track issue resolution,” explains Vladan Pulec, Enterprise Architect, Pearson VUE.

Industry-leading innovation

Our customers are our team’s biggest inspiration for delivering ongoing innovation. We’ve continued to make investments in Microsoft Sentinel over the last 12 months, including:

  1. New data ingestion and transformation capabilities: With in-built normalization schemas, codeless API connectors, and low-cost options for collecting and archiving logs, we’ve made it easier to onboard new data sources.
  2. Rich SOAR and UEBA capabilities: By leveraging additional UEBA entity pages, reducing response times, and correlating similar alerts to an incident, we’ve helped Boost SOC performance.
  3. Broad ecosystem integration: Connecting existing systems to Microsoft Sentinel is vitally important, and this year we added more than 180 solutions that not only connect data but also provide analytic rules, workbooks, automation playbooks, and more.

Microsoft’s overall vision for protecting customers from threats is unique compared to vendors that only offer a SIEM. Microsoft takes the best of SIEM and combines that with the best of extended detection and response (XDR) to deliver a unified security operations platform—the breadth of coverage only a SIEM can provide and the depth of insight that XDR provides. That means teams using Microsoft security solutions have more context to work from to resolve attacks faster. Customers using our XDR capabilities, such as Microsoft 365 Defender, also receive a discount on their data ingestion into Microsoft Sentinel.

Looking forward

We know that in today’s threat environment there’s no time to rest on our laurels. We’ll continue to listen to customer needs and innovate to enhance Microsoft Sentinel’s already sophisticated threat-protection capabilities so that SecOps certified can efficiently investigate, track, and automate their response to stay ahead of attackers. While we already have comprehensive and integrated SIEM and XDR capabilities, we’ll continue to do more to bring these two capabilities together as an integrated and open security platform. Thank you to all our customers for your feedback and your inspiration.

Learn more

To get the specifics on why Microsoft is recognized in the Leader quadrant, read the full Gartner® 2022 Magic Quadrant™ for Security Information and Event Management report. Microsoft Security is committed to empowering SecOps teams with security tools and platforms that enable the critical protection your users rely on. To experience Microsoft Sentinel at your organization, get started with a free trial today.

To learn more about Microsoft Security solutions, visit our website. Bookmark the Security blog to keep up with our expert coverage on security matters. Also, follow us at @MSFTSecurity for the latest news and updates on cybersecurity.


1 Ransomware attacks nearly doubled in 2021, Security Magazine. February 28, 2022. 

Gartner Magic Quadrant for Security Information and Event Management, written by Pete Shoard, Andrew Davies, and Mitchell Scheider. October 10, 2022. 

 Gartner and Magic Quadrant are registered trademarks and service marks of Gartner, Inc. and/or its affiliates in the US and internationally and are used herein with permission. All rights reserved. 

The graphic above was published by Gartner, Inc. as part of a larger research document and should be evaluated in the context of the entire document. The Gartner document is available upon from Microsoft. 

Gartner does not endorse any vendor, product, or service depicted in its research publications, and does not advise technology users to select only those vendors with the highest ratings or other designation. Gartner research publications consist of the opinions of Gartner’s research organization and should not be construed as statements of fact. Gartner disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, with respect to this research, including any warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. 

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 09:14:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.microsoft.com/security/blog/2022/10/13/microsoft-named-a-leader-in-the-2022-gartner-magic-quadrant-for-security-information-and-event-management/
Killexams : Something's missing from Microsoft's industrial metaverse approach, industry analyst says

Microsoft seems to have a cozy yet bullish relationship in the Industrial Metaverse.  Microsoft Executive VP and Chief Commercial Officer Judson Althoff told investors last month that three brand categories have emerged in the Metaverse; consumer, commercial, and industrial.  The metaverse is still young but is showing promise in allowing businesses to better engage and become more productive with clients.  Althoff is known for using ioT technologies instead of prototyping products to help reduce energy and waste.

While these were all things businesses should be pursuing, one thing Althoff seemed to leave out, according to Bob Evans at Acceleration Economy, is how businesses can better connect with their customers and deliver a more refined product. What's the value of sustainability with less energy consumption and product waste if consumers aren't impressed with the product or service being delivered? Althoff could have been more persuasive with his argument if he addressed "the ability for businesses to deliver to their customers better and more finely tuned products, services, and experiences," said Evans.

Althoff had this to say in a conversation with Goldman Sachs analyst Kash Rangan when discussing the industrial metaverse.

“To simplify, I look at it in kind of three buckets: there’s the consumer metaverse, and there’ll be a monetization thing there in the consumer metaverse.

“There’s the commercial metaverse, where people will have more engaging and experiential collaboration in the metaverse. And I do think that there’s an opportunity there to bring people from around the world with different perspectives to collaborate.

“But where I actually have the most amount of passion is in this thing I call the industrial metaverse, and we have real tangible outcomes for driving with customers today. And so think of it as combining sets of technologies and IoT capabilities where you come in and create a sensor fabric for any industrial process, any manufacturing environment, any supply chain or logistics scenario."

While being industrially efficient does carry a level of importance, interlacing that with great experiences with products and services for consumers is also important. Evans says "I’m all for being as efficient as possible with energy usage, and with reducing waste wherever and whenever possible. But those highly desirable outcomes need to be fused with great experiences for customers, and great products and services and outcomes for customers." He's looking for a bit more "dazzle" from Althoff. Do you agree?

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Thu, 06 Oct 2022 06:15:00 -0500 David Allen en-US text/html https://www.onmsft.com/news/somethings-missing-from-microsofts-industrial-metaverse-approach-industry-analyst-says
Killexams : Microsoft, Just Make a Surface Monitor Already!

After four long years—during which I almost forgot about it!—Microsoft has finally released an updated Surface Studio 2+. This new version of its all-in-one PC for creative professionals brings it closer to current with today's computing-power trends, but still not at pole position, while maintaining its winning design.

However, after seeing three of these (admittedly incredibly designed) products now released with mobile processors and graphics that are dated on arrival, I can’t help but wonder: Why does Microsoft even bother with the computer part of the Studio equation anymore?

Most everyone is clearly in love with the 27-inch, beyond-4K display attached to Microsoft’s brilliant Zero Gravity Hinge. It’s the computer part that seems to get in the way, rendering each Studio relatively obsolete in short order. So why not just make a Surface Monitor (driven by Thunderbolt 4) and drop the computer part?

But first, let’s investigate the ups and downs of today’s Surface Studio sticking with the all-in-one approach. 


What Does the Surface Studio Gain From Being an All-In-One PC?

Unless Microsoft is cool with selling these at a loss, it’s clear that the Surface Studio absolutely works as a concept for an all-in-one PC for digital artists and designers. The release of the Surface Studio 2+ is evidence enough that it at least has an audience large enough to sustain two sequels. (Though, again, that four-year delay between releases was cause for concern.)

Microsoft Surface Studio 2+ screen

If you weren't familiar with the Surface Studio, would you even assume there's a computer in there? (Credit: Kyle Cobian)

The number one benefit of the Studio being an AIO is its simplicity. The thing comes in a box with a Surface Pen, Surface Keyboard, and Surface Mouse included. Just plug it into an outlet, and you're ready to go.

Another major benefit, on a related note, is space saving. Having the computer hardware come part and parcel with the display stands to save you lots of desk space. Also related to space savings: The Studio doesn’t rely on Intel or AMD integrated graphics, like most other mini PCs do, by fitting a laptop-grade Nvidia GPU inside.

However, that brings us to exactly what seems to drag down the Surface Studio product with every iteration, and it’s a problem that could likely be easily solved.


What About the All-In-One Design Holds the Surface Studio Back?

Getting right to the point, it’s the mobile processors. (Well, that and general tardiness of updates, but more on that in a moment.)

Intel and Nvidia’s mobile processors have clearly exploded in capability over the past decade, closing the gap between them and standard desktop parts—but the gap persists. It’s still the case that desktop-grade CPUs and GPUs rule the roost for performance, efficiency be damned.

But, with a 27-inch drafting-table computer, I doubt energy efficiency is the chief concern of end users. It’s far more likely to be some variation of “how quickly can this thing render and export my projects?”

Surface Studio 2+ array of ports

This is mighty convenient, but is it essential? I'm dubious. (Credit: Kyle Cobian)

The Studio is chiefly aimed at creative professionals, people that work in visual media of all kinds—particularly art, design, and photography. If there’s one thing I know from being in the wider media world for more than a decade, it’s that deadlines matter.

What could help with meeting those deadlines more reliably and easily? Faster processing, of course, like that found in desktop-grade hardware. The faster that your machine can render or export your work, the sooner you should be able to meet that deadline.

Furthermore, it stands to reason that a Studio with more powerful desktop parts attached would be able to handle projects that are even richer and more complex—not to mention simply more projects at once.

Surface Pen attached to Surface Studio 2+

There aren't many 27-inch monitors with touch and stylus support. (Credit: Kyle Cobian)

Finally, not only is the Studio working with laptop parts in a desktop environment, but it’s mobile hardware that has repeatedly come far too late. In fact, just as the Surface Studio 2+ is set to hit shelves with an 11th Gen "Tiger Lake" Intel Core i7-11370H, Intel showed off its 13th GenRaptor Lake” desktop processors weeks earlier. And that means 13th Gen mobile processors can't be all that far behind.

While there aren’t many direct competitors to the Studio for Microsoft to worry about, it’s still working with a figurative ball and chain around its ankle.

Recommended by Our Editors


Where Should Surface Studio Go From Here? A Surface Monitor!

Here’s the thing: If you’re going to be ultimately desk-bound with a product such as the Surface Studio 2+, why tether yourself to components designed for laptops just for the sake of saving a few inches of space? I think you’re losing more than you’re gaining that way.

With the majority of the computing components inside the Studio being within the device’s base, what’s holding Microsoft back from just gutting that thing, filling it with weights, and letting any particularly beefy PC drive the display over Thunderbolt 4? Aside from the fact that Microsoft would no longer be able to charge $4,500 per unit, I’m failing to see it.

Apple Pro Display XDR on a desk

Apple's Pro Display XDR is definitely a benchmark for other monitors. (Credit: Kyle Cobian)

OK, I can play devil’s advocate here and appeal to almighty capitalism: Microsoft, think of the volume you might be able to drive versus the high yield (and likely lower volume) of the Surface Studio 2+ today. Even if you would have to justifiably cut the cost of such a product, it wouldn’t have to be by much.

Just look at Apple’s $5,000 Pro Display XR. That’s just a screen—albeit one of the best displays ever made, designed to replace five-figure displays used in pro film editing—and Apple isn’t afraid to charge a mighty premium. Now, consider Apple's $1,599 Studio Display, which is still sharper than the Surface Studio screen but also is a standard, non-touch panel.

Surface Studio 2+ on a desk in table mode

Now, just imagine there's no computer under there—it's possible. (Credit: Kyle Cobian)

If Microsoft were to cut the price of a would-be, computer-less “Surface Slab” (trademarked, all rights reserved) in half (to, say, $2,000), you’ve just made the core of the Studio’s innovation—its massive, movable touch display—available to so many more customers. Freelance contractors could use the powerful desktop systems they already have while saving thousands. And larger design and media firms would stand to save considerably through their special sales channels.

Most important? Microsoft could reach far more professionals with its incredible digital drafting table if the thing wasn’t permanently tethered to a whole computer that, honestly, is bottlenecking the full potential of this brilliant creators’ tool.

Call it a Surface Slab, a Surface Monitor, I don’t care. All I know is that—for once—removing the computer from this PC might be the best move to maintain a consistently relevant, compelling product.

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Fri, 14 Oct 2022 04:06:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.pcmag.com/opinions/microsoft-just-make-a-surface-monitor-already
Killexams : How to do a clean installation of Windows 10

A clean installation of Windows 10 is the process of erasing everything to start and starting with a fresh copy of the operating system when a computer has problems. For example, this method can resolve performance, memory, startup, shutdown, and app issues. Also, it's perhaps the best approach to remove viruses and other types of malware, and it can help to improve battery life.

In addition, it's an excellent solution to remove preloaded bloatware (unnecessary preloaded software) from Windows 10. You can use this method to decommission a computer without giving away your personal information. Or you can set up a new installation after replacing the hard drive.