Get High Scores in 630-007 test with these questions and answers is honored to help competitors to pass the 630-007 test in their first attempts. Our group of specialists and confirmed people are consistently endeavoring to refresh 630-007 cram by adding all the most recent 630-007 actual test questions and answers that will assist the applicants with getting tips and deceives to address 630-007 questions and practice with C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies Study Guide.

630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies test plan |

630-007 test plan - C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies Updated: 2023

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Exam Code: 630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies test plan November 2023 by team

630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies

Exam Specification:

- test Name: 630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
- test Code: 630-007
- test Duration: Varies (typically around 90-120 minutes)
- test Format: Multiple-choice questions

Course Outline:

1. Value Analysis and Engineering
- Understanding the concepts and principles of value analysis and engineering
- Applying value analysis and engineering techniques to optimize costs and Improve quality
- Identifying opportunities for value enhancement in the supply chain

2. supplier Collaboration and Development
- Developing collaborative relationships with suppliers
- Implementing supplier development programs to enhance capabilities
- Managing supplier performance and continuous improvement initiatives

3. Demand Management and Forecasting
- Understanding demand management strategies and techniques
- Conducting accurate demand forecasting to optimize inventory levels
- Aligning demand and supply to enhance value creation

4. Cost Management and Cost-Reduction Strategies
- Implementing cost management techniques to identify and reduce costs
- Utilizing cost-reduction strategies to enhance value
- Managing total cost of ownership (TCO) and cost avoidance initiatives

5. Quality Management and Six Sigma
- Implementing quality management practices to Improve product and service quality
- Applying Six Sigma methodologies to enhance process efficiency and reduce defects
- Managing supplier quality and driving continuous improvement

6. Risk Management and Resilience
- Identifying and assessing supply chain risks
- Developing risk mitigation strategies to enhance resilience
- Implementing business continuity and disaster recovery plans

Exam Objectives:

1. Apply value analysis and engineering techniques to optimize costs and Improve quality.
2. Develop collaborative relationships with suppliers and implement supplier development programs.
3. Manage demand effectively and conduct accurate demand forecasting.
4. Implement cost management and cost-reduction strategies.
5. Implement quality management practices and Six Sigma methodologies.
6. Identify and manage supply chain risks and enhance resilience.

Exam Syllabus:

The test syllabus covers the following syllabus (but is not limited to):

- Value Analysis and Engineering
- supplier Collaboration and Development
- Demand Management and Forecasting
- Cost Management and Cost-Reduction Strategies
- Quality Management and Six Sigma
- Risk Management and Resilience
C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
ISM Enhancement test plan

Other ISM exams

630-005 C.P.M. Module 1: Purchasing Process
630-006 C.P.M. Module 2: Supply Environment
630-007 C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
630-008 C.P.M. Module 4: Management
CPSM Certified Professional in Supply Management (CPSM)(Foundation)
CPSM1 Foundation of Supply Management

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C.P.M. Module 3: Value Enhancement Strategies
Answer: B
Question: 184
A consequence of the Taft-Hartley Act is that it ___?
A. Allows Congress to establish minimum hourly rates for certain workers
B. Enables the Department of Labor to establish minimum hourly rates for certain
C. Allows the President to intervene in labor disputes
D. Enables the Department of Health and Human Services to establish health and
safety standards in certain industries
Answer: C
Question: 185
What would be the break-even level of volume between Machine A and Machine B
where Machine A costs $750 to set up each time it is used, and the unit costs of
operation are $5 per unit. Whereas Machine B has $1,000 set-up costs, and its
operation are $3.80 per unit.
variable costs of
A. 113.6
B. 208.3
C. 210.0
D. 225.4
Answer: B
Question: 186
Which type of supplier would be LEAST critical to develop into a JIT supplier?
A. A key technology supplier
B. A process-intensive supplier
C. A supplier of a commodity
D. A long lead time supplier
Answer: C
Question: 187
What is the term used to refer to the practice of replacing both the salesperson and
the buyer by locating the supplier's employee within the purchaser's facility?
A. supplier partnering
B. Strategic alliance
D. Supply chain management
Answer: C
Question: 188
Which of the following types of Fixed Order Quantity models refers to the
consideration of tradeoffs between the carrying and ordering costs, assuming
constant costs?
A. Economic Order Quantity with Price Discounts
B. Economic Order Quantity with Uncertain Demand
C. Economic Order Quantity
D. Non-Instantaneous Replenishment Economic Order Quantity
Answer: C
Question: 189
What does the term "avoidance of risk" refer to in commodity trading?
A. shorting
B. hedging
C. spot buying
D. margin buying
Answer: B
Question: 190
Which of the following strategies would be the MOST cost effective to follow in an
effort to reduce the cost impact of obsolete retail inventory?
A. introduce a new product
B. revise the specifications
C. scrap the stock
D. conduct special sales promotions
Answer: D
Question: 191
Which of the following represents a major benefit of JIT II to the supplier?
A. an ongoing relationship
B. a decrease in administrative costs
C. a reduction in material costs
D. the creation of supply standards
Answer: A
Question: 192
Which of the following would represent the BEST strategy to follow in an effort to
hold costs relatively constant in the short run in a case where a clothing
manufacturer learns that world climatological conditions will cause the prices of
certain natural fibers to rise?
A. Increasing retail prices of their products
B. Reducing the level of output
C. Employing forward buying techniques
D. Automating production of their products
Answer: C
Question: 193
At which of the following stages of a value analysis study would you typically find
determination and comparison of suitability?
A. Information
B. Analysis
C. Collection
D. Action
Answer: B
Question: 194
Which of the following is a MOST likely consequence of early purchasing
involvement (EPI) during the capital acquisition process?
A. providing data of requirements to suppliers in advance
B. shortening the acquisition process
C. increasing the chances of developing a quality product
D. reduction of the cycle time
Answer: B
Question: 195
Which of the following is NOT permitted within brainstorming?
A. creativity
B. equal opportunity for all participants
C. use of cross-functional teams
D. value judgments
Answer: D
Question: 196
In which type of cost reduction will simplification lead to increased savings?
A. transportation
B. inventory
C. materials shortages
D. obsolescence
Answer: B
Question: 197
In a forward buying scenario the average price paid on the cycle's upswing should be
A. less than the cash price for futures
B. less than the contract
C. less than the market price during that period
D. the average of the market during that period
Answer: C
Question: 198
When considering a cost reduction program the PRIMARY objective is to obtain
products and services ___?
A. without defects
B. at reduced lead times
C. at a lower price
D. at better value
Answer: D
Question: 199
Which of the following does NOT represent a reason for expending considerable
attention to disposal activities?
A. They lead to reduced inventory levels.
B. They result from shortened product life.
C. They contribute to standardization programs
D. They free up valuable space.
Answer: D
Question: 200
Where would international trade merchandise and services manifest an undervalued
U.S. dollar the most?
A. decreased foreign travel to the United States
B. economic weakening of U.S. trading partners
C. increased foreign sales by U.S. manufacturers
D. increased the purchase of foreign goods and services by Americans
Answer: C
Question: 201
What is the logical consequence of falling prices in the case where demand in a
market is inelastic?
A. Total demand will increase.
B. Total revenue will decrease.
C. Total output will increase
D. Total revenue will increase.
Answer: B
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ISM Enhancement test plan - BingNews Search results ISM Enhancement test plan - BingNews What is no medical test life insurance?

Our experts answer readers' insurance questions and write unbiased product reviews (here's how we assess insurance products). In some cases, we receive a commission from our partners; however, our opinions are our own.

Medical exams are among the top reasons people hesitate to buy life insurance. You imagine sitting in a doctor's waiting room, doing blood draws, standing on a scale, and many other things that make us uncomfortable. But it's easy to understand why life insurance medical exams remain an industry stap — an insurer must gauge its risk before it grants you a policy. Ironically, medical exams lower insurance premiums for the average life insurance customer.

Of course, medical exams may sound overwhelming, especially if you've abandoned a life insurance application or been denied. This is where no medical test life insurance comes in. The stereotypical no medical test policy includes no medical data of any kind. Many buyers also expect coverage in days, or at least that's the idea. Despite what you might hear, it isn't quite that simple.

Who should buy a no medical test life insurance policy?

Many shoppers are misinformed about the target audience for no medical test life insurance. "Who should buy a no medical test life insurance" should be rephrased as "who will qualify for no medical test life insurance coverage?" These policies eliminate the inconvenience of a medical test for healthy buyers who don't use tobacco in most cases. However, it comes with higher premiums, and underwriting can be extended as insurers gather medical data from other sources.

Some small funeral cost policies are more flexible, especially if you invest in workplace life insurance. However, more sizable policies not connected to your workplace can only accept limited risk. Seniors, buyers with preexisting health conditions, tobacco users, and other high-risk buyers may not qualify.

How do insurance companies know who presents a more considerable risk? First, no medical test doesn't mean medical records-free. Applications still include basic medical questions, and companies can rescind life insurance policies if you get caught lying on your application. More importantly, life insurance companies may still order a copy of your medical records. So, companies would go off your last blood tests or appointment notes if you have a history of high cholesterol, heart disease, diabetes, etc.

College students and young working adults with no significant medical issues may be ideal candidates for a no medical test life insurance policy. Another thing to note is companies will only issue small life insurance policies without an exam, and premiums are higher. So if you're looking for a $1 million policy or retirement planning options, you should make time for a short medical exam.

What if I don't qualify for a no medical test life insurance policy?

Some companies only offer small life insurance policies with no medical test required. However, most insurers offer a range of permanent and term life insurance policies. If you don't qualify for a no medical test policy, licensed insurance agents can help you apply for a medical test life insurance policy.

While many companies are going online, we recommend working with a licensed insurance agent, especially for no medical test policies. Any time your application is denied, it creates an alert for other life insurance companies you might try to buy from, reducing your chance of getting a policy elsewhere. An agent can help you avoid this by stopping short of denial if you need to switch to a medical test plan.

Types of no medical test life insurance

Life insurance companies sell four life insurance policies without a medical exam. Coverage, pricing, and the application process are a few of the things that vary widely. So what are your no medical test life insurance options?

Simplified issue life insurance

Simplified issue life insurance looks to streamline the approval process. No blood tests or medical exams are required, but applicants answer basic health questions. If the answers given meet underwriting guidelines (the company uses electronic medical records to verify), you may qualify for a policy. Generally, these policies cover non-smokers with minimal known risk factors. However, premiums are higher, and benefits tend to be lower to account for the elevated risk.

Guaranteed issue life insurance

Guaranteed issue is also commonly referred to as guaranteed acceptance. These whole life insurance plans require no medical test or health surveys. Age limits are imposed, with most policies issued to seniors. But if you're within the stated age range, you are guaranteed a life insurance policy. Guaranteed issue life insurance offers death benefit policies topping out around $20,000 to $30,000, depending on the company. The company does not certain the death benefit or premiums, only the policy. So the same policy may or may not be budget-friendly.

The company may also utilize a waiting period, during which beneficiaries would get a refund of premiums. However, the full benefit would only apply once the waiting period passes.

Accelerated underwriting life insurance

Accelerated underwriting uses everything except the medical exam. Underwriters access applicants' public medical records and credit data. Typically, companies take applicants between the ages of 18 and 60. Regular life insurance underwriting could take weeks or even months. Simplified underwriting life insurance policies can be issued the same day with some online insurance providers. It is not guaranteed issuance, and licensed agents may refer some customers for a medical test life insurance policy. However, death benefits could be higher than other no-medical test policies.

Group life insurance

Group life insurance is part of many employer benefit packages. No medical test is required, and death benefits are typically small. More importantly, it's tied to your employment. So if you separate from your employer, the policy will lapse. You can invest in higher death benefits by increasing your monthly deductions, but this is not required.

Pros and cons of no medical test life insurance


  • No blood tests or other medical exams required
  • Quick approval, sometimes even the same day
  • Guaranteed issue available within set age limits


  • More expensive than a medical exam-based life insurance policy
  • Death benefits are lower, and waiting periods may apply
  • Insurance companies may base your approval on health questionnaires and medical records
  • Underwriting may be less tolerant of prior health issues, including things that would otherwise be non-problematic

No medical test life insurance is sometimes mistaken for a fast and easy solution for older adults or those with preexisting health conditions. In reality, it's just the opposite in many cases. Guaranteed issue policies may only be sold through life insurance companies for seniors. You also pay more to get less coverage across the board.

Life insurance companies can still access medical records. So applicants aren't hiding a history of heart disease, diabetes, or other chronic conditions. The only difference is you don't have to meet with a medical professional for a formal exam. If in doubt, non-guaranteed policies may be harder to get.

How to shop for a no medical test life insurance policy

A workplace policy will be issued based on your employment and yearly benefit elections. If you want the best life insurance companies for no medical life insurance that's all yours, remember a few key things:

  • Work with a qualified life insurance agent
  • Choose a company or brokerage with medical test options
  • Compare quotes and coverage to ensure you understand what you're getting
  • Be prepared for higher prices with limited death benefits
  • Be honest on any health questionnaires

A no medical test life insurance policy's simplicity may be deceiving. It takes one element out of the application process, but underwriters may pull medical records and be stricter about smoking, preexisting conditions, age, and other common risk factors. Unfortunately, being denied by a life insurance company could make it harder to get life insurance coverage in the future.

Your agent can get a soft underwrite if you're working with a broker or company offering medical test policies. If it looks like your application can be denied, your agent could run a medical test life insurance application instead. A great thing about no medical test policies is that many companies offer online estimates. So you can compare pricing based on age, smoking status, desired coverage amount, etc., before you start the application process.

The most important thing to remember is underwriters still consider medical history. So if answering medical questions, answer honestly. If discrepancies come up later, leaving out details about your health may cause significant problems.


Buyers and agents should work together to personalize life insurance. Agents can help buyers identify an appropriate policy. This specific life insurance type is meant mainly for young, relatively healthy buyers comfortable with more minor benefits and higher premiums.

The group life insurance plan at your workplace is one type of no medical test policy. You can contact your benefits team if you have questions about the policy. In addition, we recommend talking to an insurance broker agent if you're shopping for a private plan. They'll take your information, work with insurance partners, and find policies to meet your needs. Some companies also offer online quoting.

Life insurance companies offering no medical test life insurance policies take on an inherent risk. The companies still pull older medical records. But the fewer factors companies consider, the higher the risk. The higher prices and lower death benefits counterbalance the insurance company's risk.

Life insurance companies schedule buyers for paramedical exams, which take about 30 minutes for the average applicant. Medical professionals take blood pressure, heart rate, weight, and some subjects may be required to complete a treadmill test or electrocardiogram. Medical professionals also take blood and urine samples, which allow insurers to screen for heart disease, diabetes, cancer, HIV, and certain drugs, including nicotine.

It's a natural question. If a life insurance company doesn't require a medical exam, how would it know the difference if you lied about certain things? Life insurance companies can still pull medical records for your application. More importantly, if significant omissions come to light after the fact, your insurance company can cancel the policy or refuse to pay your death benefit.

Sun, 15 Oct 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP)
What is a Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP)? 

The QEP is a five-year initiative that focuses on improving student learning and/or success. A well-developed QEP is required in order to remain accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC). SACSCOC accredits degree-granting institutions of higher education institutions in 11 southern states, from Texas to Florida and north to Virginia. 

Developing and successfully executing a QEP is a required component of our reaffirmation of accreditation with SACSCOC, which occurs once every 10 years. 

What are the requirements of a QEP?

The QEP must be a project that: 

  • enhances student learning and/or student success; 
  • supports and connects to the mission of the university; 
  • has broad-based institutional support; 
  • includes a commitment of appropriate resources;  
  • has a plan for assessment. 

The QEP may outline a new initiative, or it may focus on something else that is already underway at the university.  

The QEP must be connected to W&M’s mission, vision and strategic plan, and there must be measurable baseline data that informs the development of the plan.  Proposals will be evaluated for their connection to Vision 2026 and their likelihood of demonstrating compliance with all elements of the SACSCOC QEP rubric.

What should be included in course proposals?

A proposal should be fairly brief (no more than two pages, excluding cover page and references) and should address each of the Components of a QEP Proposal identified below. 

When developing ideas for a QEP course proposal, it may be useful to think about W&M’s strengths and characteristics as an institution. Think about interdisciplinary/cross-curricular initiatives, diversity, equity, and inclusion. Consider ways in which a course proposal would support our mission statement by inspiring lifelong learning, generating new knowledge, expanding understanding, and cultivating creative thinkers, principled leaders, and compassionate global citizens  

Please note that at this point, we do not need a full proposal, but any viable course should provide some basic information relating to each of the following components.

Components of a QEP course Proposal 
  • Topic:  Describe your Quality Enhancement Plan topic.  Give your proposed course a descriptive title that stands out and generates enthusiasm.  What is the single, overarching goal of this QEP topic? How does it connect to and support W&M’s mission and strategic plan? 
  • Who:  Which student populations within our university community will the QEP impact? 
  • How:  The QEP must Improve student outcomes and/or student success. Describe the ways that your proposal will do so. 
  • Relevance:  What existing institutional data supports your proposal? Is any additional data needed in order to make a case for this project to be considered viable?  You may find useful and relevant data on the Institutional Research website in the Fact Book or through Qlik. 
  • Proposal Champions:  What faculty, staff, and students are supportive of this proposal? (We expect a team of at least three champions for any viable topic.)  Please provide your name, title, and email address, identifying yourself as the course proposal’s Lead Champion.  Please list the names, titles, and email addresses for at least two other champions of your proposal. 
How do I develop & submit my proposal?

 Click here to download the Proposal Template.

We strongly recommend developing your proposal within this template. You will use the information in your prepared Word template to copy and paste into Qualtrics. You will not have an option to upload documents into the Qualtrics form.

QEP Timeline
Reaffirmation Leadership Team (RLT)

The RLT is a working group established to provide leadership during the reaffirmation effort.

The members of the RLT are:

  • Alana Davis, Associate Provost & University Registrar 
  • Pamela Eddy, Associate Provost for Faculty Affairs & Development 
  • Jeremy Martin, Vice President for Strategy & Innovation 
  • Anna Mroch, Director of Student Affairs Strategic Planning and Assessment and Interim-Associate Vice President (AVP) for Student Engagement and Leadership 
  • Suzanne Rait, Dean of the Faculty of Arts & Sciences 
  • Matthew Smith, Assistant Provost for Institutional Accreditation & Effectiveness 
  • David Yalof, Vice Provost for Academic Affairs
Thu, 21 Sep 2023 19:11:00 -0500 en text/html
UNG Quality Enhancement Plan: On Time & On Target UNG Quality Enhancement Plan

As a result of the QEP: On Time and On Target, UNG academic advising now utilizes a blended advising model. Advisees work with Professional Advisors for the 45 earned credit hours to understand their interests and strengths as related to their chosen majors, the core curriculum, registration and program policies and procedures, academic support services, and the process to establish academic goals. Students then transition to faculty advisors for the junior and senior years where they receive a greater focus on mentoring and identifying internships and other discipline-specific learning and career opportunities.

QEP Logo (On Time & On Target)

In support of the QEP, UNG has:

  • Developed advising curriculum for mandatory advising sessions,
  • Increased the number of Professional Advisors,
  • Created Master Faculty Advisor positions to advise/mentor junior and senior level students,
  • Developed interactive advising tools that empower students to plan and track progress towards their educational goals.

QEP Related Impacts to the Advising Culture and Student Success:

  • Shift in advising culture to support “advising as teaching” strategies,
  • Increase in student indicators of self-efficacy and self-regulated learning related to advising,
  • Increase in the number of students seeking advising earlier in the semester,
  • Higher one-semester persistence and one-year retention for students in QEP majors than non-QEP majors

A Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP) is part of the requirements for reaffirmation of accreditation by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges (SACSCOC).

It describes a course of action for enhancing educational quality that focuses on student learning and/or the environment supporting student learning. The institution must ensure that it has the capacity to implement and sustain the QEP, that a broad base of stakeholders was involved in the process, and that the QEP identifies goals and a plan to assess their achievements.  

Establishing Connection...

Sun, 25 Dec 2016 01:02:00 -0600 en text/html
Mathematics Graduate Program Information

Program-Specific Degree Requirements

Master's Programs: M.A. and M.S. Plan A and Plan B

The math department maintains 4 tracks by which students may obtain a Master of Arts (M.A.) or Master of Science (M.S.) degree in mathematics.

The following requirements are common to all four tracks:

  • The student must maintain a 3.0 cumulative GPA.

  • The student must complete 30 hours of formal mathematics coursework at the 5000 level.

  • As part of the 30 hours of formal 5000-level mathematics courses, the student must complete the following courses with a grade of B or better:

    • o MATH 5200: Real Variables I,

    • o MATH 5230: Complex Variables I,

    • o MATH 5310: Computational Methods I

    • o MATH 5400: Methods of Applied Mathematics I,

    • o MATH 5500: Advanced Linear Algebra, and

    • o MATH 5550: Abstract Algebra I.

  • The student must pass the department’s Foundation Exam. This test covers material from advanced vector calculus and linear algebra at the upper-division undergraduate level and is offered before the beginning of each semester.

  • Take one hour of the seminar 4970: Professional Development in Mathematics and one hour of the seminar 4970: Professional Development in Teaching.

In addition to the common elements above, students must select and complete one of the capstone experiences described in the tracks below.

Track #1: Master's Thesis (Plan A)

Within the 30 hours of 5000-level courses, the Plan A student must complete 4 hours of MATH 5960: Thesis Research. At least 26 hours of 5000-level coursework must be math-content courses (not thesis research).

The student must prepare a master’s thesis (Plan A) and provide an oral defense of the thesis. In the mathematics program, a Plan A thesis reports on the result(s) of independent and original research completed by the student under the direction of a faculty member. The thesis should describe the research and its results and be written to the standards of the appropriate area of mathematics.

Track #2: Master's Paper (Plan B)

The student must prepare a master’s paper (Plan B) and provide an oral defense.

To write a Plan B paper, the student must present an expository paper on a designated mathematical subject. Students are guided by their advisor in the subject matter and in the preparation of the paper. A successful paper and defense demonstrates that the student has mastered a substantial mathematical course that is beyond those covered in formal foundational coursework.

Track #3: Coursework/Project (Plan B)

A second M.A. or M.S. option exists for the Plan B student. In lieu of writing a paper, the student takes a sequence of three 5000-level courses that all address a common mathematical theme. The sequence must be approved by the student’s advisor and the mathematics graduate committee. Two of the courses must be mathematics-department offerings, and the third may be either a mathematics course (including reading/topics courses) or a course from another department in a related field.

  • The student must complete an additional 6 hours of courses at the 5000 level. Thus, Track #3 requires the completion of 36 hours of graduate-level coursework.

  • Within the 36 hours, the student must propose and complete with a grade of B or better an appropriate 3-course sequence

  • The student will write a short paper illustrating how the common mathematical theme of the sequence manifests itself in the content of each course and provide a presentation/defense of the paper.

In approving the student’s proposal for this option, the graduate committee and the advisor will consider how the writing and independent study spirit of the Plan B option are fulfilled within the recommended plan.

Track #4: Qualifying test (Plan B)

A third M.A. or M.S. option exists for the Plan B student. In lieu of writing a paper or taking additional coursework, the student must take and pass the department’s PhD Qualifying Examination in one of the three areas: Analysis, Algebra, or Applied Mathematics. These examinations focus on the material in the required courses.

  • Pass one of the department’s qualifying exams in:

    • o Analysis (MATH 5200 and MATH 5230)

    • o Algebra (MATH 5500 and MATH 5550)

    • o Applied Mathematics (MATH 5310 and MATH 5400)

  • The oral component of this Track will consist of a defense of the student’s written answers to qualifying exam.

These examinations are given twice a year at the beginning of the fall and spring semesters.

**This option is intended for students who will continue for a PhD at UW.**

Doctoral Program

The student must maintain a 3.0 cumulative GPA.

The student must teach two semesters of college mathematics.

The student must complete a combination of 72 hours of coursework and dissertation research. Within the 72 hours, a maximum of 12 hours can be at the 4000 level, and 42 hours must be formal courses at the 5000 level. The courses must be mathematics courses or courses with significant mathematical content, as approved by the department's graduate committee.

Within the 42 hours of 5000-level courses, the student must:

  • Complete MATH 5200, 5230, 5310, 5400, 5500, and 5550 with a grade of B or better.

  • Take two hours of MATH 5800-02, Seminars and Colloquia.

  • Complete the courses distributed in three areas: algebra, analysis, and applied mathematics. The student must take at least two courses in each of two categories and at least one course from the third category. The department maintains a list of course categories.

In addition, the student must:

  • Pass the foundation exam, the qualifying test in the student's research area, and the preliminary exam.

  • Write a dissertation containing the student's original mathematical results and present an oral defense of the research.

  • Take one hour of the seminar 4970: Professional Development in Mathematics and one hour of the seminar 4970: Professional Development in Teaching.

Mathematics (MATH) Courses

Apply to the Graduate Program

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Best Pet Insurance Companies Of November 2023

The type of pet you insure is only one factor in determining your pet insurance costs. For example, the average cost of pet insurance for a dog is $44 per month and $30 per month for a cat, according to Forbes Advisor’s analysis. That’s based on a policy with $5,000 of annual coverage, a $250 deductible and an 80% reimbursement level.

Here are some other common factors that determine pet insurance costs.

Annual Maximum, Deductible and Reimbursement Level

These are the three main variables that determine how much reimbursement you’ll get if you file a pet insurance claim: annual maximum, deductible amount and reimbursement percentage. Pet insurance will cost more if you choose a high annual maximum, low deductible and/or high reimbursement level.

Pet’s Age

Younger pets are typically cheaper to insure than older pets. That’s because older pets are more likely to have injuries and illnesses, which means higher vet bills. Those higher insurance claims are passed on to policyholders in the form of higher pet insurance premiums. We found the best prices for pet insurance are after a pet’s first birthday until around age six.

Pet’s Breed

Certain breeds are predisposed to hereditary problems and illnesses, which could result in more vet visits and higher medical costs.

For example, a small mixed breed dog costs $33 per month to insure compared to $76 per month for a French bulldog, according to a Forbes Advisor analysis of the most expensive dogs to insure.

Pet’s Gender

Pet insurance companies have found that female pets usually have fewer claims compared to males, so some insurers use pet gender in pricing. Male pets cost about 5% more than females for pet insurance, according to the National Association of Insurance Commissioners.

Your Location

The average cost for a veterinarian visit is about $61, based on Forbes Advisor’s analysis. Since average vet costs vary around the country, insurers account for that when setting rates.

Wed, 15 Nov 2023 19:32:00 -0600 Jason Metz en-US text/html
Best Construction Project Management Software 2023

At Forbes Advisor, we compared more than a dozen of the top-rated programs for contractors and hundreds of data points to finalize our list of the best project management software for construction companies. Some software are ideal for large general contractors that need to manage subcontractors, clients and multiple projects at once, while others are suitable for small businesses that offer specialized construction services.

We homed in on the criteria most important to all contractors, such as ease of use, monthly or annual cost and construction-specific features. All of the software we included offer mobile apps, so you can manage projects and teams from the field or office, financial tools for bids and proposals and/or integrations with software you already use for finances and invoicing.

Here are some of the points of data we compared to rank the software.


For pricing, we considered the starting plan cost of the software and whether a service offers a free trial. Companies that offer upfront pricing received higher ratings here than those that require filling out a lead capture form or making a call to a sales department. This accounted for 20% of our weighted scoring.


While our reviews mention a variety of features attractive to small businesses, we maintained consistency in our ratings by looking for these general features for each provider: proposal management, timelines, software integrations, dependencies, proposal management and customer access to a mobile app.

Additionally, we looked for unique features from each provider, such as costs tools, safety management, bid management, building information modeling support and client communication tools.  We weighted features at 40% of our total score.

Third-party Reviews

We considered what real users of the software thought about their experiences using them was also important, so considered what customers wrote about their experiences with project management software on sites that included Capterra and Trustpilot. We gave higher scores to providers who had reviews left on these sites that scored well (at least 3.5 out of 5). These accounted for 20% of the total score.

Expert Analysis

Using all of the information mentioned above, our reviewers created a scoring metric based on additional criteria from customer reviews, such as ease of use, any stand-out features, popularity and value for the money. This final section made up 20% of the total score.

How To Choose the Best Construction Project Management Software

Keep in mind that the most important features of any project management software for contractors include access, document control and ease of use. Consider these three features first when trying to choose the software that will fit your business best.

Secondary to those factors, you should know whether you need project management tools only, or if you’re going to want to manage the financial aspects of your business in one software. Sticking strictly to project management features may reduce your monthly or annual costs but do this only if you already have a system in place for bids, proposals and invoicing.

Integrations can help connect software you already use with your construction project management software, which can streamline your processes and save you time. The most important integrations would be with accounting software, email and calendars.

Marketing and lead generation features are kind of like bonuses. You may not need these if you work for a general contractor with a department that handles outreach and presales. Smaller operations might want to consider construction project management software that includes some of these tools.

Wed, 08 Nov 2023 06:38:00 -0600 Amy Nichol Smith en-US text/html
Bal Harbour Shops enhancement plan No result found, try new keyword!This privately funded enhancement plan will also provide more than $127 million in benefits to Bal Harbour Village, including a brand new Village Hall. However, the plan cannot move forward ... Tue, 05 Apr 2016 11:36:00 -0500 Doctoral Programs

Doctor of Philosophy Programs

  • Doctor of Philosophy Program in Electrical Engineering (EE)
  • Doctor of Philosophy Program in Computer Engineering (CP)
Admission Requirements
Plan of Study
Program Duration
Transfer Credit
ECE Qualifier Exam
Candidacy Requirements
Academic Requirements


The primary goal of the Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering is to provide a research intensive program with the rigorous course work to strengthen the student's knowledge in the fundamentals of Electrical and Computer Engineering.  The programs include advanced graduate coursework in Electrical/Computer Engineering and allied subjects and research culminating in a doctoral dissertation.

A complete description of the doctoral programs are found in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering Doctoral Student Handbook which is updated annually and available from the department office.

ADMISSIONAdmission Requirements

Applicants must have a BS or MS degree in Electrical Engineering or Computer Engineering or their equivalent from a recognized college or university with an acceptable quality of prior academic work. Applicants must submit official transcripts of all prior undergraduate and graduate courses. Each applicant must submit an official report of Graduate Record Examination (GRE) General Test scores. The TOEFL test is required for students from abroad whose native language is not English.

PLANPlan of Study

Each student entering the program must develop a plan of study in consultation with his/her advisor.

Visit the ECE Graduate Website.

Transfer Credit

  1. A student with a master’s degree in Electrical Engineering / Computer Engineering or a closely related field may apply to have all coursework and thesis for the master's degree up to a total of 30 credits. Please consult with your PhD advisor and Associate Chair responsible for the Doctoral Programs (PhD program coordinator) and fill out the required petition form (link given below) for course transfer requests. This form is to be submitted to the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Programs for approval.  (
  2. A student with graduate-level course work earned (but not completed a degree program and graduated) at an accredited US or Canadian university may apply for transfer of up to 24 semester credits in acceptable graduate engineering courses (with grade of B or better) towards the doctoral program, upon approval by the Associate Chair responsible from the Doctoral Programs (PhD program coordinator).
  3. Students may be required to make up prerequisites which they lack in comparison to the equivalent Engineering curriculum at the University of Massachusetts Lowell.
  4. Course transfers are initially handled by the Graduate Program Coordinator (Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program). Course transfer will follow the steps below:

                           i.           Student’s previous institution must send student’s official transcript to UML Registrar through an email ( The official transcript should only be send by the previous institution directly to UML’s Registrar.

                           ii.           Course Transfer petition form filled out completely and signed/dated (student to submit to the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program),

                          iii.           Unofficial transcript from the past institution that you are trying to transfer credit from (student to submit to the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program),

                          iv.           Information on the accreditation (ABET or similar) for your department/institution (student to submit to the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program),

                           v.           Course description, credit and course number for each course being intended to transfer (student to submit to the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program).

                          vi.           Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program) will evaluate and approve the courses that can be transferred, and will make a request to the Associate Dean to do a final evaluation and approval. Dean’s office requests registrar to complete the course transfer process.

Course transfers are not allowed for the BS to PhD program. In other words, students who are admitted into our PhD program student directly after completing their BS degrees cannot transfer any MS/PhD level technical elective courses they have taken as part of their BS degree pathway or for their minor. However, those courses may be transferred into the MS program, if student choses to do MS first. 

ECE DEPARTMENT ece-department-qualifier-examQUALIFIER EXAM

The Qualifier test (QE) consists of three parts: i) course requirement; ii) oral presentation on a selected topic; and iii) written documentation on the same topic. Please see details below.

Qualifier test Committee

The QE Committee consists of three ECE faculty. One member is the faculty advisor. An additional member is selected by the student and the advisor. The 3rd member will be assigned by the ECE Qualifier test Sub-Committee (QESC**) and can be from ECE or non-ECE Dept. Selection of a non-ECE member shall be made only with the approval of the student’s advisor.  If the student of a QESC member will be taking the exam, he/she must recuse themselves from the QESC for their student’s exam. To allow sufficient time for the QESC to add the 3rd member, the ECE Request for Approval of PhD Qualifying Examination Committee form must be submitted to the graduate program coordinator at least one month prior to the anticipated QE date. The Chair of the committee can be either the advisor/student selected committee member or the third member, at the committee's discretion. A fourth member can be added at the discretion of the advisor. 

** The QESC will be comprised of 7 members: 6 elected plus the Doctoral coordinator. Yearly elections will be held for the 6 members from the ECE Faculty. 

Qualifier test Course Requirements

The student must complete two graduate ECE courses in their primary research area and one additional graduate ECE core course by the term the QE is scheduled. One of the three required courses may be taken during the semester when the QE is administered. The student must receive an average GPA of at least 3.300 for these courses. 

Failure to do so will be considered a failed attempt.

Qualifier test Policies and Procedures:

• The purpose of the Qualifier test (QE) is to test the fundamental knowledge acquired by the student over prior coursework and assess the ability to apply this fundamental knowledge to approach research questions/problems.

• The student must take the qualifier test within the first 3 semesters of their entrance into the doctoral program. If taken in the Fall semester, the test must be administered by mid-November and by mid-April in the Spring semester. If the student fails, then an advisor-led appeal may be submitted to the QESC and if approved, must be scheduled for a date within the following semester of the failed attempt. If the appeal is not approved, then the student fails and is no longer in the PhD program.

If the appeal is granted, the QE committee remains the same for the second attempt. If the advisor changes between the first and second attempts (if appeal is approved), the two other committee members remain the same. If a student fails the second time (if appeal is granted) the student is no longer in the PhD program. 

If the student does not take the QE during the semester he/she is required to take it, this will be considered a failed attempt. Any extenuating circumstances may be brought up to the QESC by the advisor. 

Qualifier test Format: 


The test will be 90 minutes long. The student will be asked to provide a short presentation (20-30 minutes) on a research course chosen by the advisor and the student. This research course should be submitted to the QESC within the first semester of the student’s entrance into the program to make sure that the student progress is on a timeline.  The presentation will be a literature survey of the particular course based on recent (<5 years) high impact publications. It cannot be a conference paper submitted by the student AND it cannot have any author other than the student taking the exam.

The presentation will be followed by questioning by each member (including advisor) on: (a) directly about the research course presented (as would be typical at a conference), and (b) in the general area of the research course (to test the student's grasp of the problem area) and will be on fundamentals testing the student's ability to integrate the material learned in the courses they took, the ability to apply their knowledge to solve research problems; and these questions do not have to be associated with the presentation. The student will supply 3 undergraduate courses most aligned with their research course they are presenting when they submit their QE registration form.

It is expected that the student answers the questions on their own without the assistance of the advisor. The advisor should not assist the student in preparation of the presentation and the paper (see below)


At least one week prior to the oral presentation, the student will provide a four-page two-column document, in the standard format for conferences in their area, to all committee members. This work will be solely the work of the student and the student should be the only author. It is important that  the student does not plagiarize (plagiarizing can be defined as "taking the work or an idea of someone else and passing it off as one's own"). If there are any questions on this, please consult your advisor or the doctoral coordinator. 

This write-up will be a written version of the oral presentation. The student will also provide a copy of this document to the ECE Qual test Subcommittee ahead of the test date. The quality of the written component is expected to be ready for submission and should be clear, well organized, and free of spelling and grammar errors. The advisor should not assist the student in preparation of the paper - it should be independent work. The paper cannot be a conference paper or journal publication the student has prepared and there should only be ONE author (the student who is taking the qualifying exam).

iii. RESULTS: 

When the committee is finished asking questions, the committee members will meet in closed session to discuss and vote on whether the student passed the oral exam. During the exam, there will be a form filled out by the committee members which will be used to discuss the results of the exam. The student is considered to have passed the oral test with a unanimous vote from the committee.  

If the decision is not unanimous, then the following procedure will be followed:

i. The person or persons who do not agree with the decision to pass the student will write a detailed reason for why they believe they do not agree and present to the QE Subcommittee. The QESC will then make a decision.
ii. If a unanimous vote is not obtained as a result of the QESC decision, and the student is deemed to fail the exam, then advisor can appeal for a second chance as written above. 

CANDIDACYCandidacy Requirements

  1. Thesis Proposal and Oral test - Having passed the qualifying examination, a student may submit his/her dissertation proposal and defend the proposal before the Doctoral Committee (minimum of 3 members, including the Thesis Advisor). The proposal examination will also include an oral examination on syllabus connected with the student’s area of research. It is highly recommended that there is a minimum of 6 months between the proposal defense and the PhD final defense. On passing this examination, the student’s name will be submitted to the College Doctoral Committee and the Registrar's Office for acceptance as a candidate for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree. Admission to candidacy status does not certain the obtaining of the degree.
  2. Final Defense of Dissertation  - This is the final oral examination, conducted by the Doctoral Committee. The membership of the committee may be augmented by non-voting faculty. The candidate has to submit a written Dissertation based on the research during the period of the Ph.D. degree. After receiving the approval of the advisor and the Doctoral Committee, the final oral examination shall be conducted. In order to pass, the candidate may not receive more than one dissenting vote from the membership of the examination committee.

At least two weeks (14 days) prior to the date of the presentation of the dissertation proposal AND the final defense, an announcement document must be submitted to the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program and the Associate Dean of Graduate Studies in the College of Engineering. After the committee members and the posting is approved by the Associate Dean for Graduate studies, posting will be forwarded to the UML News by the Dean’s Office. The template for posting thesis and dissertation announcement can be found at defense announcement template.

The dissertation proposal is open to the public. The proposal will outline the motivation for the research, provide a summary of the related past work in the area and present the scope of the proposed dissertation research. The proposal should clearly articulate the proposed contribution of the student to the knowledge base and how it differs from the past work. The examinee will be expected to answer questions from the audience to demonstrate his/her understanding of the proposed research, as well as his/her proficiency in the general research field related to the dissertation proposal. The dissertation committee may require the candidate to retake the proposal defense after additional work.

The final defense entails a PhD student defending their doctoral dissertation and is expected to utilize the same committee that was put together by the advisor for the dissertation proposal defense. Any changes to the committee must be approved by the Associate Chair for the Doctoral Program. Upon a successful presentation and submission of a high quality doctoral dissertation students will become eligible to graduate if they have completed all of the required credits (course, dissertation and seminar credits). Student must file a Declaration of Intent to Graduate Form (pdf) (aka DIG form) with the Registrar's Office. Deadlines can be found on the University’s Academic Calendar. The Registrar's Office will verify course credit, grade and GPA requirements, and submission of dissertation prior to the awarding the degree.

 Academic Requirements

1. Credit Requirement

The Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree requires completion of a minimum of 63 semester hours of academic credit beyond the Bachelor of Science degree. A typical program consists of the following:

  • A minimum of 30 approved credit hours of graduate-level engineering courses (10 courses), including associated science and math courses.
  • A minimum of 21 credit hours of doctoral dissertation.
  • The balance of the remaining 12 credits can be a mix of graduate-level engineering courses including associated science and math coursework and dissertation credits at the discretion of the department, faculty advisor and dissertation committee.

2. Core Requirement

The core courses are beginning graduate courses. They emphasize the fundamentals, concepts, and analytical techniques relevant to Electrical/Computer Engineering. They also help the student prepare for the qualifying examination.

Required Core Courses for Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering: (choose three courses)

Students in Electrical Engineering must take three courses of the above courses.

Required Core Courses for Ph.D. degree in Computer Engineering: 

3. Grade-Point Average (GPA) Requirement

To successfully complete the program, a student must achieve a cumulative grade-point average (GPA) of at least 3.25 in all course work.

Sat, 23 Jan 2016 11:00:00 -0600 en text/html

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