Novell provides certification for technical competence with self-study tests and courses given at National Authorized Education Centers (NAECs). The earlier Enterprise CNE (ECNE), which included WAN expertise, was replaced with the Master CNE, which itself expires in mid-2007. Once a certification can no longer be obtained, people who have successfully completed the exams will not be stripped of that title.
Following are the Novell certifications, which used to be known as NetWare certifications. For example, a CNA used to be a Certified NetWare Administrator. For more information, visit www.novell.com/training/certinfo. See certification.
CNA (Certified Novell Administrator) CNE (Certified Novell Engineer) CDE (Certified Directory Engineer) CNI (Certified Novell Instructor) CLE (Certified Linux Engineer) CLP (Certified Linux Professional) NAI (Novell Academic Instructor)
It involved nurturing of excellence, the creation of a talent base and a resource pool that would broaden the horizon of Indian enterprise and its eminence in world arena by exploring avenues that will enable individuals to fully realize their potential. These budding managers would enrich the national fabric and propagate these ideals for posterity. With this as a guiding force behind CMD, the modest genesis made in 1983, has over the course of 23 years blossomed into one of Northern India’s premier Management Institute.
The institute is located at Modinagar (in UP within NCR) on the National Highway - 58 (connecting Delhi-Meerut- Dehradun) and is at a distance of about 32 kms from Delhi border.
Our Two-year full time Post Graduate Diploma in Management (PGDM) program (equivalent to MBA) offered by CMD has been approved by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) – an autonomous accrediting body of Ministry of Human Resource Development of Government of India.
The institute offers a two-year full time Post Graduate Diploma in Management. The programme is recognized as equivalent to MBA by the All Indian Council for Technical Education (AICTE) - an autonomous body under the Ministry of HRD, Government of India & the AIU (Association of Indian Universities).
It is a noteworthy fact that the PGDM students of the institute has gained wide recognition from the industry by the sheer dint of the efforts of the 2500 CMDians.
The candidates short listed on the basis of their score in MAT or other such tests undergo Group Discussion (GD) and Personal Interview (PI) at CMD.
The evaluation criteria include:
Conceptual Ability, and
Decision Making Capabilities.
The candidates successful in these tests are offered admission in institute’s PGDM course to be further developed as excellent management professionals.
A candidate requires to apply for AIMA's written test MAT. Applications for MAT test are available with: All India Management Association, 14-Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110 003 and at their counters as per MAT entrances test notification.
A candidate has to apply separately for admissions to CMD on the Application Form with this prospectus and send it to CMD, Modinagar along with duly attested copies of mark-sheet of graduation examination. The completed Application Form should reach CMD one week before MAT examination schedule.
Applicants are advised to carefully verify their own eligibility before applying for admission, as fees will not be refunded even if a candidate is found ineligible.
For admission to PGDM Course in CMD:
Applicant should be a graduate in any discipline. (Candidates appearing for final year's test can also apply.)
Candidates who have appeared/ are appearing in MAT/CAT/GMAT examination are eligible to apply. Candidates will be short-listed based on their performance in MAT/CAT/GMAT and Graduation examination. Short-listed candidates shall be called for Group Discussion and Interview at CMD, Modinagar.
Applications for entrance to AIMA and for admission to CMD must be complete in all respect. Incomplete applications will be rejected and fees are not refundable.
All information given in the application must be correct and complete as admission of a candidate securing admission on the basis of incorrect and misleading information will be cancelled at any stage.
Candidate desiring acknowledgement of receipt of application should mail it through registered A/D or Speed Post or Courier Service.
The Application Form is also available on our website www.cmd.edu. You can log on, download the same and send along with a draft for Rs.1,000/- in favour of "Centre for Management Development" payable at Modinagar.
The present academic complex spread over 5 acres has spacious lecture halls, multiple conference rooms, a state-of- the-art computer centre, a modern library and an auditorium with a capacity of 600 persons. The complex also provides comfortable accommodation to students in hostels and to visitors in well furnished air-conditioned guest-rooms. The infrastructure facilitates the institute's oft stated aim of nurturing the future generation of business managers.
This is a residential programme and therefore, hostel accommodation is compulsory.
The well stocked automated library with adequate memorizing room facilities is the nerve centre of the institute where students gain access to all forms of published knowledge. Library has over 20,000 volumes. It has Electronic Journal Server (EJ server) for 460 online journals and more than 116 management journals including hard bound and business magazines as well. Multiple copies of various types of newspapers & all leading newspapers are subscribed and it is repository of rare collections. Library is fully automated and has software for university library (SOUL).
The library also assists the students by providing access to various other business libraries in Delhi. Additionally, the library also caters to the need of preparation of course specific material related to the academic programme.
The library with its stimulating and intellectual environment is a heavenly refuge for those engaged in intellectual pursuits. The intensity of its environment is a motivation for those wishing to benefit from ever expanding frontiers of knowledge.
Institute has a state-of-the-art computer centre equipped with over 180 individual nodes with high speed processor on LAN having Window Operating System and an IBM AS400 server. The software library is continuously updated and various key softwares available are UNIX, Novell Netware, Windows NT, Windows 2000, OFFICE XP, Oracle 8i, TURBO C, JAVA, J2EE SERVER, VB, POWER BUILDER, DEVELOPER 2000, ANALYST, etc.
The computer centre also has 1.5 Mbps high speed internet connectivity using a dedicated VSAT station, enabling the faculty and students to link up with the outside world uninterruptedly. A standby of 1Mbps ISDN connectivity is also available.
The computer network is complemented with a host of ink-jet and laser printers, scanner and other support peripherals.
The institute offers excellent hostel facilities to all its students. Separate girls and boys hostels have various recreational facilities besides congenial living accommodation. They not only compensate for lack of ‘home environment’ but are also conducive to the fulfillment of their ambitions.
Both the hostels are provided with gymnasium to enable students to unwind at their leisure. The hostels are provided with internet, memorizing material & various outdoor/indoor game facilities. The hostel is managed by students’ representatives who decide weekly menus & operation/addition of amenities, etc.
The hostel accommodation is compulsory for every student
Corporate Relations Cell (CRC)
Objective of Corporate Resource Centre is to “Engender precise bond between industry and academia to facilitate the knowledge sharing and to assist students for attaining right place in corporate world”
The Major Key Responsibility Areas for CRC:
Industry - Academic Interface Program.
Guest Talk, Colloquium & Conferences.
Pre-Placement talk and final placement.
Management Development Programmes (Under CMD’s Inclusive Skill Development Initiative)
Pre Placement Mentoring: Resume Building & Interview Preparation
Permanent Placement Program(Pcube)
The Institute has an active and efficient Corporate Resource Centre(CRC) which makes a dedicated attempt to find out gainful employment for its students in reputed organizations of the country.
Permanent Placement Programme(Pcube) begins in December and ends in April.
Pre-Placement Talk (PPT)
It is an opportunity for the corporate world to interact and to get better acquainted with their prospective recruits, both for 10 weeks project and final placements. Industry make presentation in which students concerns like Job description, remuneration package, scope for growth, cross-functional exposure are addressed.
The selection procedure is carried out as under:
Organizations can send their confirmation to the Institute in advance for Permanent Placement Programme (Pcube) .They can also request the Institute for sending resume of the students to them as per their requirement and format specified.
The companies can send a list of candidate to the Institute to whom they would like to interview. All the necessary arrangements are to be made by the Institute to take care of the company's requirements.
After working in the waste water treatment field as a Technician and then Instrumentation Supervisor, Rich worked as an Application Engineer selling, supporting Automation equipment and designing PLC systems. It was during those years Rich also began his career as an Instructor and obtained his Instructor certifications for PLC Programming, Communications, Power Management and Variable Frequency Drives. Over the years Rich has instructed students from all over the United States in location from Arizona to New York. In 2000 Rich earned the Excellence in High Performance Selling Award for increasing Training Sales 48.4% in one Year. And again in 2001 for increasing Training sales by another 15.2%. Rich has also worked as a Branch Manager overseeing all sales and training in the Nebraska and Iowa territories and spent years working as a consult on Automation projects for some of the biggest food companies in the US. Rich has earned Certifications in Programmable Controller applications, Level I&II PLC Programming, Novell NetWare Networking, Administering Microsoft Windows NT, DCS Engineering Tools, Modbus/Modbus + and Ethernet Communications and has several years experience in Power Generation, turbine control and balance of plant control systems. Rich enjoys designing and troubleshooting systems, but being able to use his experiences to help others Excellerate theirs is a great joy!
I'm a family man. My wife Jill (M.A.Ed '97) is a memorizing Interventionist for a local public elementary school, and my daughter Courtney is working as an aid for a public school Kindergarten a few hours north. They keep my life interesting—and help me keep a balance between work and home.
I'm also an unapologetic science, technology, and A/V geek!
I cut my teeth on a Science Project 75-in-One Electronic Project Kit while in elementary school—good off-season practice for wiring up Dad's pre-war Lionel train set under the Christmas tree.
My computer experience moved from a Sinclair ZX81 — with the 16KB expansion cartridge! — and Apple IIe in junior high, through a few years with DOS and dumb terminals on a Prime mini-computer in college. It was during my 3 years working for the Instructional Technology Lab in Swem Library that I was first introduced to the Apple Macintosh computer.
After some years managing a Novell network of Windows 95/98 PCs and picking up languages from Pascal to Visual Basic, I have found a niche vacillating between Windows and MacOS computers, having the occasional dalliance with the Linux distro de jour, and hacking a bit of alphabet-soup web code (CFML, CSS, HTML, JS, SQL, PHP, VTL, XSLT).
In addition to computers, I've dabbled in a variety of audio/visual technologies—photography using dissolve units to synchronize multiple slide projectors with an audio track, videography using a live switcher with multiple cameras and post-production A-B roll edits, and stage lighting using Strand Century and other cool gear. Of all the A/V tech I've tried, I've always come back to audio.
I've been hooked on music (of various genres) since the 1970s, and a diversity of podcasts since 2005. I also share with my daughter an affinity for audio books (aka books on tape). But mixing and recording live sound is my love and avocation. I've had the opportunity, over the years, to provide this service to dozens of community and theatrical events, and thousands of church services.
I'm a local boy. After graduating Hampton High School in 1987, I followed my father's legacy by earning a degree from William & Mary with a concentration in Physics and minor in Mathematics (B.S. 1991).
I delayed my entry into the real world by signing on as a technical intern for the Virginia Shakespeare Festival in the summer of 1991—bringing my total credit-hours in Theatre, Speech, and Dance to twenty-one. (To be clear, that's eighteen in Theatre, three in Speech, and zero in Dance.)
After a winter away from the 'burg, I returned to my Alma Mater for a Master's in Education, concentrating in K-12 Administration and Supervision (M.Ed. 1994).
In the subsequent years I have completed one master's-level and two doctoral-level courses in education; received training from 3Com, Oracle, and the SANS Institute; and completed the Training of Technical Trainers certification. I continue to attend local, national and online conferences — having often presented as well.
During my 7 year hiatus from William & Mary, I served as a high school science teacher (3 years), technical director of the theater (5 years), and computer-coordinator/Director of Technology (7 years) for a local independent school. In addition to teaching duties, I was responsible for set design and construction, as well as sound and lighting design and production for 3 main-stage productions and various grade-level and community events (symphony orchestras, beauty pageants, and body builders) taking place in the auditorium each year. I also had responsibility for the bell, phone, computer and networking systems at the school. At the time I left, in 2001, I was managing 2 Windows 2000 and 5 Novell Netware servers, over 100 networked computers (100Mbps to the desktop), and a fiber-optic backbone providing 1Gbps between the two main buildings, 100Mbps to several remote buildings and a T1 (1.544Mbps synchronous) internet connection.
In the 20+ years since I returned to the university as an employee in the summer of 2001, my responsibilities have shifted and developed. Over this time I have taught staff how to write web code, built a tool kit that obviated the need for staff to write web code, and developed multiple bespoke web applications. My job title, Senior Web Architect, is a bit of a catch-all encompassing facilitator of the University Web & Design team (and IT liason) for specifying the university's public web infrastructure; application architect and system analyst helping to develop functional specifications for various web applications; co-maintainer for miscellaneous existing web applications; and programmer, doing a bit of real coding.
I currently serve as system administrator for the university's primary content management system, Cascade CMS by Hannon Hill. I also serve as one of the email support specialist for University Web & Design, responding to questions on Cascade and other web technologies that we manage. Until recently, I was the lead trainer for Cascade CMS—assisting faculty, staff and student-intern web editors in getting up to speed via both in-person and online training.
I have served on several campus and IT committees—from the RFP committee for re.web, to several personnel search committees—and for several years I facilitated the Web Operations Team within Information Technology.
Among projects that are still in operation, I helped produce the W&M Events system. Projects for which I have served as technical lead include:
Many weekends you'll find me mixing sound for Deer Park Fellowship. Podcasts keep me at the top of my game as I commute from Newport News listening to Security Now, This Week in Google, Windows Weekly, or the AudioNowCast.
I further exercise the little grey cells reading an occasional physics book—most recently QBism: The Future of Quantum Physics by my freshman physics professor, Hans Christian von Baeyer, PhD. (To re-appropriate a characterization of Wolfgang Pauli, Dr. von Baeyer is "a natural philosopher in the classical sense of the phrase." If you haven't read any of his books, I recommend them!)
If I make it outdoors during the warm season, my favorite activity is canoeing at Newport News Park—an activity to which I introduced my daughter a few summers ago.
Microsoft seems to have an every-other-version curse. We’re not sure how much of this is confirmation bias, but consider the track record of releases. Windows 95 was game-changing, Windows 98 famously crashed during live demo. Windows 2000 was amazing, Windows ME has been nicknamed the “Mistake Edition”. XP was the workhorse of the world for years and years, and Vista was… well, it was Vista. Windows 7 is the current reigning champion of desktop installs, and Windows 8 was the version that put a touchscreen interface on desktops. The “curse” is probably an example of finding patterns just because we’re looking for them, but the stats do show a large crowd clinging to Windows 7.
Windows 10 made a name for itself by automatically installing itself on Windows 7 and Windows 8 computers, much to the annoyance of many unexpecting “victims” of that free upgrade. Several years have gone by, Windows 10 has gotten better, and support for Windows 7 ends in January. If you’re tied to the Windows ecosystem, it’s time to upgrade to Windows 10. It’s too bad you missed out on the free upgrade to Windows 10, right?
About that… It’s probably an unintended side effect, but all valid Windows 7 and Windows 8 keys are also valid Windows 10 keys. Activation is potentially another issue, but we’ll get to that later.
Microsoft has finally come to their collective senses: Windows install ISOs are available for download. There are only 2 ISOs, 32 bit and 64 bit. Both images support home and professional versions, and the right version is installed based on the Windows key provided.
Speaking of versions, let’s talk about the different Windows versions. Not the difference between home and professional, but what is meant by an OEM license. Take a look at Windows 10 Pro on Amazon. Right now I see Windows 10 Professional for $184.99, and a Windows 10 Professional OEM for $113. What’s the difference? The packaging may look different, calling Microsoft Support might be a different experience, but the main difference is that an OEM key is locked to the computer it is first installed on.
How do computer upgrades work with an OEM key? The Ship of Theseus is a useful thought experiment. Taken directly from the Wikipedia article:
If it is supposed that the famous ship sailed by the hero Theseus in a great battle has been kept in a harbour as a museum piece, and as the years went by some of the wooden parts began to rot and were replaced by new ones then, after a century or so, all of the parts had been replaced. The question then is if the “restored” ship is still the same object as the original.
If it is then supposed that each of the removed pieces were stored in a warehouse, and after the century, technology developed to cure their rotting and enabled them to be put back together to make a ship, then the question is if this “reconstructed” ship is still the original ship. And if so, then the question also regards the restored ship in the harbour still being the original ship as well.
How much of a computer’s hardware can you upgrade and still consider it the same computer? Rather than wrestle with such a philosophical question for every instance, Microsoft has opted for a simple rule. A new motherboard constitutes a new computer.
So where does that leave us? First, you can go download a Windows 10 ISO, burn it to a DVD, and do a free upgrade right now from Windows 7 or 8. Boot into Windows as normal, and then run the setup executable from the DVD. Follow the prompts to start the upgrade. The installer will copy everything it needs to the hard drive and reboot the machine. After the install finishes, Windows will go through the activation process again, and activation should succeed.
Something about the free upgrade process forces Microsoft to treat this Windows 10 activation as a new computer activation. Because every Windows 7/8 key is eligible for the free upgrade, this means that you can do a full hardware rebuild, motherboard included, and use your Windows 7 OEM key to install Windows 10, and activation should succeed. Do note that this will work only once. Once you’ve used your free upgrade, that Windows key is once again locked, and out of additional activations.
There is one more trick worth mentioning. You may be familiar with the challenge of upgrading hardware on an existing Windows install. It’s not uncommon for booting with the new hardware to trigger a BSOD before the desktop even loads. The Windows 10 upgrade process has the side-effect of re-installing all the hardware drivers, making it a perfect time for that hardware upgrade. The timing on this is a little tricky. You need to run the setup off the Windows 10 disk and wait for the setup files to finish copying over. When the setup program reboots to start the real installation, pull the power plug before the drive starts to boot again. You may find it useful to first turn off quiet boot in BIOS. The window for interrupting the process is narrow, but success gives you a hard drive with all your existing data and programs, ready to install Windows 10 on next boot. Rebuild the hardware with all the changes you’d like to make, and boot off that hard drive. Windows 10 will install the proper drivers, just like a fresh install, and the Windows 7 key should activate without any issues.
It’s time to face the music, and upgrade from Windows 7. If you just can’t stomach Windows 10, at least there are options. Open Shell is the open source successor to Classic Shell, and many find it to smooth the rough edges. Alternatively, maybe it’s time to look at Linux? We’re still holding out hope that the Year of the Linux Desktop™ is coming. Or for those willing to go over to the dark side, there is that other Unix derived desktop OS you could use. In any case, stay secure out there.
A latest survey has found that mobile data plans in USA are amongst the most expensive in the world while Australia ranks 34th.
Taking a look at the data, one of the most striking observations is that mobile data is most expensive in countries where infrastructure is weak; and populations are small. Perhaps that’s obvious.
With that in mind, Cable.co.uk’s consumer telecoms analyst, Dan Howdle notes, “Many of the cheapest countries in which to buy mobile data fall roughly into one of two categories. Some have excellent mobile and fixed broadband infrastructure and so providers are able to offer large amounts of data, which brings down the price per gigabyte. Others with less advanced broadband networks are heavily reliant on mobile data and the economy dictates that prices must be low, as that’s what people can afford.
“At the more expensive end of the list, we have countries where often the infrastructure isn’t great but also where consumption is very small. People are often buying data packages of just a tens of megabytes at a time, making a gigabyte a relatively large and therefore expensive amount of data to buy. Many countries in the middle of the list have good infrastructure and competitive mobile markets, and while their prices aren’t among the cheapest in the world, they wouldn’t necessarily be considered expensive by its consumers.”The disparity between the least and most expensive country averages is quite huge. Israel is easily the cheapest in the world at around $0.04 per GB while the island nation of Saint Helena is over 1000 times more expensive at over $41 for the same amount of data. Note that the report has converted all amounts to USD.
Broadly, according to cable.co.uk, we find that there are four controlling factors:
Excellent infrastructure: Countries with long-established, ubiquitous 4G or new 5G infrastructure tend to fall towards the cheaper end of the table.
Heavy reliance: Countries with little to no fixed-line broadband availability therefore rely heavily on mobile data provision. In these cases, mobile data is the primary means the population has of getting online, and adoption is often near-ubiquitous. With a saturated market and many competing providers, often accompanied by a low average wage, data pricing in such countries can be exceptionally cheap when compared globally.
Small consumption: Countries where, although mobile data is widely available and widely used, the basic and/or overburdened infrastructure dictates a limited-use culture. In countries such as these, SIMs tend to be relatively cheap but predominantly available loaded with very small data amounts. In such countries, amounts of 2-5MB and with single-day expiries are not uncommon. When multiplying such small quantities to figure out the cost of a gigabyte, then, such countries tended to find themselves at the most expensive end of the table.
Wealthy economy: Wealthy nations tend to have good mobile infrastructure, decently-sized data caps and relatively healthy markets. Since populations can afford to pay more, and network infrastructure costs that much more to own and run, and provided they haven't reached the 'excellent infrastructure' category where data limits are beyond normal usage or entirely unlimited, data pricing tends towards the global average.
We commend readers to visit the web site and view the data for themselves. We suggest you locate the world map on that page and hover over any country for detailed information. In addition, there are regional rankings and other detailed data as you scroll down.