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Exam Code: MTEL Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure
Certification-Board Massachusetts test Questions
Killexams : Certification-Board Massachusetts test Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/MTEL Search results Killexams : Certification-Board Massachusetts test Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/MTEL https://killexams.com/exam_list/Certification-Board Killexams : Taking the Bar Exam

Contact: OCS & OPIA

BAR ADMISSION IN A single STATE

Generally, your employer will only require you to be admitted to the bar in the jurisdiction in which you are practicing. You should contact your employer to confirm the jurisdiction to which they would like you to be admitted.

If you haven’t secured a job by the time bar registration deadlines roll around, you should sign up for the bar in the jurisdiction in which you are focusing your job search. This is quite common for students seeking public interest positions, for which the job search can extend into the spring. Carefully monitor the bar deadlines of any state you are considering working in and meet with an OPIA or OCS advisor to discuss your unique situation.

Note that for LL.M. students, eligibility to sit for a particular bar test varies by state.

BAR test RECIPROCITY AND SCORE Transfer

For a variety of reasons, some students choose to apply for bar admission to two different states immediately after graduation. Others may be curious about being admitted to a second state later on in their career. Processes such as “bar reciprocity,” “waiving in,” or “admission on motion” refer to a state bar admitting an attorney under a more streamlined procedure based on their membership in another state’s bar. Some states, including California and Florida, do not allow such a procedure, and require practicing attorneys to sit for the bar test in their state instead.

Some states allow you to transfer your bar test score from one state to another, with some additional state-specific requirements.

Bar test score transfer is commonly used by students and junior attorneys who have not practiced law for the number of years that a particular state requires for waiving in.

Some state bar examiners will accept Multistate Bar test (MBE) scores from a concurrent exam. Practically speaking, this means that applicants will sit for three (very likely consecutive) days of exams: one day for the MBE, and one day for each of the two states. You must, however, check your state’s requirements and the schedule for the examinations to see if this is allowed or even feasible.

Additionally, a number of states, including Colorado, Illinois, New York, Massachusetts, and will accept transferred scores from the Uniform Bar test (UBE), a uniform series of tests (including the MBE) administered over two consecutive days simultaneously in the jurisdictions currently administering the UBE. Learn about your state’s UBE status with the NCBE’s interactive map, and double-check that state’s bar admission site as well. Practically speaking, this means you would take the two-day UBE in a particular UBE state, which then results in a portable score that can be used to apply for admission to other UBE jurisdictions. You will likely have additional state-specific requirements in order to be admitted to a UBE state. For example, in New York, you are required to take an online course on New York State-specific law known as the New York Law Course (NYLC), as well as an online examination, the New York Law test (NYLE), in addition to the UBE.

For states that permit bar reciprocity or admission on motion, requirements for waiving into a particular jurisdiction vary widely but often include a requirement that an attorney practice for a certain number of years.

Note that military spouse attorneys may be able to apply for a temporary permit to practice while in a state on military orders without needing to take an additional bar exam.  See here for more information.

Be aware that reciprocity and score transfer processes may require a lengthy waiting period while your application is reviewed. Make sure to check with your employer about their expectations surrounding jurisdiction and timeline.

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Killexams : Information About the Bar Application Process

You apply for admission through your state Board of Bar Examiners. Deadlines, forms, and requirements differ from state to state. To get a sense of the structure of the Bar test as well as the deadlines and requirements for your state, go to the National Conference of Board Examiners website.

Because the processes vary by state, you will not receive emails from us about upcoming deadlines so it is really important to bookmark this page. You should check your state Bar page often as deadlines and requirements change throughout the year and the state committees are not flexible about waiving requirements.

Each year the Dean of Students Office co-sponsors a number of information sessions on the Bar test including the application process and the Character & Fitness process.  Speakers generally include representatives from the Massachusetts Board of Bar Examiners, Lawyers Concerned for Lawyers, and some of the major Bar Prep Courses.

MPRE

The Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) is required for admission to the bars of most US jurisdictions. The MPRE is based on the law governing the conduct of lawyers. It consists of 50 multiple-choice questions and takes two hours.

The examination is administered three times per year (March, August, and November)

You can sit for the MPRE before taking your professional responsibility course at HLS.  Most students take a prep course offered by the various Bar Review companies or rely on the free practice material available at the MPRE website.  HLS students generally take this test in November or March.

BAR EXAM

The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) a six-hour, two-hundred question multiple-choice examination covering contracts, torts, constitutional law, criminal law, evidence, and real property.

The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) a three-hour, six-question essay examination covering agency and partnership, commercial paper, conflict of laws, corporations, decedents’ estates, family law, federal civil procedure, sales, secured transactions, and trusts and future interests.

The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) three 90-minute skills questions covering legal analysis, fact analysis, problem solving, resolution of ethical dilemmas, organization and management of a lawyering task, and communication.

CHARACTER & FITNESS APPLICATION

In addition to the examinations, each applicant is required to produce evidence that s/he is a person of honest demeanor and good moral character and possesses the requisite fitness to perform the obligations and responsibilities of a practicing attorney at law.

Be prepared to list specifics of every place you have lived since you turned 18, every job you have held (with contacts to confirm employment), every speeding ticket, any disciplinary action in school, any arrest or criminal charge along with full details of the incident.  Please start assembling the documents now because this process can be time consuming.  If you are concerned about having to disclose something from your past, you can see me or you can contact Lawyers Concerned for Lawyers. LCL is a lawyers assistance program funded by bar dues.

Character & Fitness Applications require a certification from the Dean of the Law School. Those certification forms should be forwarded to the Registrar’s Office.

Many states require a set of fingerprints.

NOTARIES

The Dean of Students Office and Registrar’s Office have notaries available to notarize bar forms.

BAR REVIEW CLASSES

Reps from various Bar Review Courses will be in the Hark during the school year.  The Law School does not endorse any particular company but we encourage you to speak with exact grads and employers to get recommendations.

REQUESTING DISABILITY-RELATED ACCOMMODATIONS ON THE BAR AND MPRE:

Graduating students who plan on requesting testing accommodations on the Bar test should first go to the website of the state where they are taking the test and familiarize themselves with the application requirements and deadlines. Information about individual state Bar test requirements can be found at ncbex.org. Please keep in mind that Harvard Law School’s process of providing accommodations is not necessarily reflective of the process for receiving testing accommodations on the Bar Exam. Each state has its own requirements and due dates to request accommodations. Please contact Accessibility Services at 617-495-1880 or accessibility@law.harvard.edu for additional assistance and information about requesting information on the Bar Exam.

Information about requesting accommodations on the Multistate Professional Responsibility test (MPRE) can be found here.

Please note: In order to allow for sufficient processing and notification of accommodation requests, it is highly recommended that accommodation requests be submitted to the respective state’s Board of Bar Examiners or the National Conference of Bar Examiners (for the MPRE) well in advance of the deadline. Please note that some states may require up to 90 days to review accommodations requests.

Sun, 13 Mar 2022 01:05:00 -0600 en text/html https://hls.harvard.edu/dept/dos/information-about-the-bar-application-process/
Killexams : Licensure and Certification Disclosures

Alabama

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership* (*AL professional leadership certificate-Class A 30-credit masters’ degree and completion of a state-approved approach to certification), MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration 

State Specific Requirements

Alabama participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include documentation of meeting comparable test requirements. Educational administration and instructional support applicants must meet specific experience requirements.

For MEd students - Alabama does not recognize "endorsements". A person may seek additional certification in certain fields if they; 1) currently hold an Alabama Professional Educator Certificate in a teaching field; AND 2) verifies 2-yrs classroom teaching experience in grades P-12; AND 3) passes the appropriate Alabama prescribed Praxis subject area test.

Learn more about Alabama state board teaching certification requirements.


Alaska

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students - If an endorsement is completed outside of Alaska, the applicant must be eligible to gain a comparable endorsement or certificate, including any required testing, for that state. This method requires two years of teaching experience in the content area and passing scores on the endorsement-related content area exam. Only where content area exam(s) have been identified may endorsements be added with this method.

Learn more about Alaska state board teaching certification requirements.


Arizona

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Arizona state board teaching certification requirements.


Arkansas

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students – When coursework has been completed through an out-of-state university, the area must first be applied to the out-of-state license.

Learn more about Arkansas state board teaching certification requirements.


California

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about California state board teaching certification requirements.


Colorado

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Colorado participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements for applicants with less than 3-years' experience include: 1. Educator preparation program approval from an accredited institution; 2. Degree in content area; 3. Supervised student teaching or internship experience; 4. State-approved alternative educator prep program.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Colorado.

Learn more about Colorado state board teaching certification requirements.


Connecticut

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Connecticut participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement and jurisdiction-specific requirements for an inexperienced teacher with less than 30 months of experience within the past 10 years under an appropriate certificate include: 1. Documentation of completion of a bachelor's degree from an accredited college/university; 2. Recommendation from state-approved teacher preparation program documenting completion of a program; 3. Verification of appropriate experience under a teaching certificate from the district(s) where service was provided (if applicable); 4. Copy of an appropriate certificate covering service time (if applicable); and 5. Successful passage of state-adopted or equivalent out-of-state assessments (unless exempted per statute).

For MEd students – Applicants requesting endorsements to serve as an intermediate administrator or supervisor, a superintendent of schools, or a studying and language arts consultant must complete a state-approved planned program of educator preparation at an accredited college or university, leading to a formal institutional recommendation for certification.

The SNHU School of Education works with students to ensure the coursework requirements in Connecticut are met.

Learn more about Connecticut state board teaching certification requirements.


Delaware

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Delaware state board teaching certification requirements.


District of Columbia

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd Leadership

Learn more about District of Columbia state board teaching certification requirements.


Florida

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Florida state board teaching certification requirements.


Georgia

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Georgia participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Moral fitness or character; 2. Acceptable license, as determined by our agency; 3. Assessments; 4. Experience; 5. Course in exceptionalities for certain fields.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Georgia approved programs.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Georgia.

Learn more about Georgia state board teaching certification requirements.


Hawaii

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education

Learn more about Hawaii state board teaching certification requirements.


Idaho

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Idaho approved programs.

Learn more about Idaho state board teaching certification requirements.


Illinois

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Illinois participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement and provides a Professional Educator License (PEL) Checklist for Out of State Applicants which states that upon evaluation, additional documentation may be requested by the Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) prior to the license being issued. The process includes creating an account; consideration for all areas listed on the valid, comparable out of state license; official transcript; and a copy of the valid out of state license. School support personnel (except for school nurse) and administrative endorsements require completion of a master's degree or higher.

Learn more about Illinois state board teaching certification requirements.


Indiana

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Indiana participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include content and pedagogy tests, current CPR/AED/Heimlich certification and suicide prevention training. Once requirements are met, a 2-year license is issued.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Indiana approved programs.

Learn more about Indiana state board teaching certification requirements.


Iowa

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

State Specific Requirements

Iowa participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing; 2. Specific coursework; 3. Program approval (state-approved).

For MEd students – Endorsements from out-of-state programs require a transcript review and are decided on a case-by-case basis.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Iowa.

Learn more about Iowa state board teaching certification requirements.


Kansas

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Kansas participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Valid license; 2. Recency, which equals credit hours or experience within the last 6 years; 3. Testing – similar out-of-state tests accepted.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Kansas approved programs.

SNHU is unable to determine the similarity of out-of-state tests.

Learn more about Kansas state board teaching certification requirements.


Kentucky

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Kentucky participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. GPA; 2. Mentoring, student teaching or practicum in teacher prep program; 3. Look for approved, accredited teacher-prep program; 4. Holds or has held a valid certificate from state where teacher program was completed; 5. Post-baccalaureate coursework or degrees for advanced level certification; 6. Moral character and fitness; 7. Assessments for new teachers.

For MEd students – Endorsements can only be added from Kentucky approved programs.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Kentucky.

Learn more about Kentucky state board teaching certification requirements.


Louisiana

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education

State Specific Requirements

For MEd students – Endorsements from out-of-state programs require a transcript review and are decided on a case-by-case basis.

Learn more about Louisiana state board teaching certification requirements.


Maine

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Maine participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement and has the Jurisdiction-specific requirement of specific coursework.

The SNHU School of Education works with students to ensure the coursework requirements in Maine are met.

Learn more about Maine state board teaching certification requirements.


Maryland

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Maryland participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, it only has full reciprocity for approved out-of-jurisdiction teacher preparation programs. Jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Required degree (transcript); 2. Tests; 3. License; 4. Verification of satisfactory experience less than 3 years.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Maryland.

Learn more about Maryland state board teaching certification requirements.


Massachusetts

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Massachusetts participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Passing the Communication & Literacy MTEL test; 2. Passing any subject matter MTEL test(s.; 3. For core academic licenses, possession of a Sheltered English Immersion (SEI. Endorsement. SEI is required for an Initial (level 3. license, those that pass the test can get a preliminary (level 1. license and advance when they earn SEI.

The SNHU School of Education works with students to help them identify which MTEL exams they need to take that meet both the New Hampshire and Massachusetts testing requirements since Massachusetts does not recognize Praxis, however the New Hampshire Department of Education recognizes MTEL exams in lieu of Praxis.

Learn more about Massachusetts state board teaching certification requirements.


Michigan

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Michigan state board teaching certification requirements.


Minnesota

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Minnesota only requires the passing of content and pedagogy exams for individuals licensed based on teacher preparation from another state. For some licensure areas, specifically in low-incidence special education fields, the content test taken outside of Minnesota may meet our requirement. Additionally, an individual with a professional license from another state that has not completed teacher preparation, may meet the requirements of a Minnesota Tier 3 license if they also have 2 years of teaching experience.

Learn more about Minnesota state board teaching certification requirements.


Mississippi

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Mississippi state board teaching certification requirements.


Missouri

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

Learn more about Missouri state board teaching certification requirements.


Montana

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Elementary Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education; MEd Leadership

State Specific Requirements

Montana participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: PRAXIS II scores, degrees, character and fitness, and credit count if not CAEP/NCATE approved EPP.

The SNHU Elementary Education program is CAEP accredited.

Learn more about Montana state board teaching certification requirements.


Nebraska

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Nebraska participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Content test; 2.Human relations course; 3. Special education course; 4. Valid certificate from other state; 5. Transcripts and institutional verification by college of endorsement; 6. Fingerprint clearance.

Learn more about Nebraska state board teaching certification requirements.


Nevada

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Nevada state board teaching certification requirements.


New Hampshire

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Early Childhood Special Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Curriculum and Instruction, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in District Leadership, Cert of Advanced Grad Studies in Educational Leadership, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd Leadership CINADM, MEd Leadership in Curriculum Administration, MEd Leadership in School Administration, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about New Hampshire state board teaching certification requirements.


New Jersey

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about New Jersey state board teaching certification requirements.


New Mexico

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

New Mexico participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Bachelor's degree or higher; 2. Completion of a standard or alternative educator preparation program; 3. Current license; 4. Must take New Mexico assessments if they have not used their license to teach in another state.

Learn more about New Mexico state board teaching certification requirements.


New York

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

New York participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Must have completed a comparable state approved program in the subject and grade level; 2. Bachelor's degree; 3. Undergraduate GPA of 2.5; 3. Paid full-time experience of 3 years within the last 5 years in the cert area and grade level; 4. New York State exams and workshops; 5. Moral character.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in New York.

Learn more about New York state board teaching certification requirements.


North Carolina

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education

State Specific Requirements

North Carolina participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: Completion of an approved educator preparation program.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in North Carolina.

Learn more about North Carolina state board teaching certification requirements.


North Dakota

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about North Dakota state board teaching certification requirements.


Ohio

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Ohio participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing or other forms of assessment; 2. Supervised and evaluated pre-service or professional experience; 3. Program approval comparability.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Ohio.

Learn more about Ohio state board teaching certification requirements.


Oklahoma

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Oklahoma state board teaching certification requirements.


Oregon

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Oregon participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Bachelor's degree; 2. An active, valid license from the state where teacher preparation was completed; 3. Fingerprint-based background check; 4. Content area assessment; 5. The Protecting Student and Civil Rights in the Educational Setting requirement; 6. Official transcripts.

Learn more about Oregon state board teaching certification requirements.


Pennsylvania

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Pennsylvania participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Grade point average; 2. Content assessment(s); 3. Basic skills if undergraduate; 4. GMC questions; 5. State-approved program

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Pennsylvania.

Learn more about Pennsylvania state board teaching certification requirements.


Rhode Island

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Rhode Island participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing; 2. Program approval comparability; 3. Valid teaching license.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Rhode Island.

Learn more about Rhode Island state board teaching certification requirements.


South Carolina

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

South Carolina participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Valid Stage 1 or 2 license; 2. Passing score on a content examination; 3. Clear federal and state background reports; 4. Comparable area of certification.

Learn more about South Carolina state board teaching certification requirements.


South Dakota

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

M.Ed. in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

State Specific Requirements

South Dakota participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Testing (Praxis); 2. Educational program comparability; 3. State statutorily required coursework; 4. Moral fitness; 5. Citizenship; 6. Valid experience in classroom; 7. Valid license in other state ; 8. Post-baccalaureate coursework/degrees; 9. National Board Certification; 10. Pedagogy verification.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in South Dakota.

Learn more about South Dakota state board teaching certification requirements.


Tennessee

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Tennessee state board teaching certification requirements.


Texas

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Texas participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Completion of a state-approved preparation program; 2. Minimum of a bachelor's degree issued by an accredited institution of higher education; 3. Issuance of a standard certificate by the state department of education.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Texas.

Learn more about Texas state board teaching certification requirements.


Utah

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading

State Specific Requirements

Utah participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Passage of the appropriate Utah approved content knowledge assessment at Utah's established passing score OR passage of a reasonably equivalent assessment used for this purpose by another state; 2. Content and pedagogy coursework reasonably equivalent to Utah's required coursework; 3. Completion of some type of student teaching, internship or employment placement.

SNHU has not completed the program approval process in Utah.

Learn more about Utah state board teaching certification requirements.


Vermont

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements 

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

Learn more about Vermont state board teaching certification requirements.


Virginia

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Cannot Be Determined Meet the Requirements 

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Education Leadership, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration

State Specific Requirements

Virginia participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Be at least 18 years of age; 2. The appropriate fees as determined by the Virginia Board of Education and complete the application process; 3. Have earned a baccalaureate degree; 4. Possess good moral character and be free of conditions outlined in Part VII (8VAC20-23-720 et seq.) in the Licensure Regulations for School Personnel; 5. Official student transcripts; 6. Out-of-state license(s), the endorsement area and any additional documentation received with the license(s); 7. Certification of Child Abuse and Neglect Recognition and Intervention Training. An individual may request a waiver must submit a “Request for a Waiver Form”; 8. Individuals seeking initial licensure shall complete awareness training on the indicators of dyslexia, as that term is defined by the Board pursuant to regulations, and the evidence-based interventions and accommodations for dyslexia; 9. Individuals Seeking an Initial License with Endorsement(s) in an Area of Career and Technical Education: Industry Certification Credential (Career and Technical Educators Only); 10. Individuals Seeking an Initial License with an Endorsement as a School Counselor: Training in the Recognition of Mental Health Disorder and Behavioral Distress (School Counselors Only); 11. Individuals seeking initial licensure with an endorsement as a school counselor must include verification of this statutory required training in the recognition of mental health disorder and behavioral distress, including depression, trauma, violence, youth suicide and substance abuse. Refer to Superintendent’s Memo #313-17 for additional information on training options to meet this requirement; 12. Effective August 23, 2019, a school leader's licensure assessment prescribed by the Virginia Board of Education shall be met for all individuals who are seeking an endorsement authorizing them to serve as principals and assistant principals in the public schools; 13. Every teacher seeking an initial license in the Commonwealth with an endorsement in the area of career and technical education shall have an industry certification credential, as defined in 8VAC20-23-10, in the area in which the teacher seeks endorsement. If a teacher seeking an initial license in the Commonwealth has not attained an industry certification credential in the area in which the teacher seeks endorsement, the Virginia Board of Education may, upon request of the employing school division or educational agency, issue the teacher a provisional license to allow time for the teacher to attain such credential.

Learn more about Virginia state board teaching certification requirements.


Washington

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Washington participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include: 1. Transcripts showing bachelor's or higher degree; 2. Verification of teacher preparation program completion; 3. Basic skills and endorsement area testing; 4. Fingerprinting submitted to Washington State Patrol and FBI for background check.

Learn more about Washington state board teaching certification requirements.


West Virginia

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

West Virginia participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements if licensed in another state include: 1. Minimum grade point average; 2. Official transcripts; 3. graduation from an accredited institution of higher education; 4. Student teaching experience or equivalent documented experience.

Learn more about West Virginia state board teaching certification requirements.


Wisconsin

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

State Specific Requirements

Wisconsin participates in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement, however, jurisdiction-specific requirements include the following: 1. Teachers can bypass jurisdiction-specific requirements if they have a valid license from another jurisdiction and one-year of licensed experience; 2. Teachers who hold a valid license from another jurisdiction but do not have a year of licensed experienced are strongly encouraged to obtain the experience on a 1-year Wisconsin license and then apply for a 3-year provisional license, which leads to a lifetime license.

Learn more about Wisconsin state board teaching certification requirements.


Wyoming

Education Programs that Meet the Requirements

BA Early Childhood Education, BA Elementary Education, BA English Education, BA Middle School Mathematics, BA Middle School Science, BA Secondary Mathematics, BA Social Studies & Education, BA Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Early Childhood Education & Early Childhood Special Education, MEd Clinical Dual Certification Elementary Education & Special Education, MEd in Secondary Education with STEM Education

Education Programs that Do Not Meet the Requirements

MEd in Curriculum and Instruction, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Dyslexia Studies and Language Based Learning Disabilities, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Online Teaching, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Reading, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Special Education, MEd in Curriculum and Instruction with a concentration in Technology Integration, MEd Leadership

Learn more about Wyoming state board teaching certification requirements.


All jurisdictions that participate in the NASDTEC Interstate Agreement may choose to have additional requirements for educators who are coming from another jurisdiction. The additional requirements are known as "Jurisdiction Specific Requirements" (JSRs). When applicable these are noted in the State Specific Requirements column.

Thu, 30 Jul 2020 16:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.snhu.edu/consumer-information/state-authorizations/licensure-and-certification-disclosures
Killexams : Ninth Circuit Reverses Class Certification Order Because Liability Issues, Not Merely Damages, Were Individualized

Monday, July 11, 2022

The Ninth Circuit recently addressed an issue that tends to arise frequently in class certification motion practice: how trial courts should apply the predominance requirement where appellate decisions have said that the need to calculate individualized damages generally is not sufficient on its own to defeat class certification, but some putative class members likely have no damages. On these types of issues, plaintiffs often try to characterize defendants’ arguments in opposition to class certification as raising mere “damages issues” that can be addressed individually at the end of a class case, and defendants often respond that the issues they raise go to liability, not merely damages, and in any event the damages trials would be too complicated and impractical. The Ninth Circuit recently clarified that if determining liability requires highly individualized inquiries, a class should not be certified, and any individualized damages trials would have to be feasible.

In Bowerman v. Field Asset Services, Inc., Nos. 18-16303, 18-17275, — F.4th –, 2022 WL 2433971 (9th Cir. July 5, 2022), the plaintiffs contracted with the defendant to perform preservation services on properties being foreclosed on. They claimed that they should have been classified as employees rather than independent contractors under California law, and therefore should have been paid overtime and reimbursed for business expenses. The district court certified a class, decided certain issues on partial summary judgment in favor of the class, and left for a later damages trial whether a class member worked overtime (and to what extent) and whether the class member was entitled to reimbursement for business expenses (and the amount thereof).

The Ninth Circuit reversed the class certification order. It explained that “We need not decide whether common evidence can prove that [defendant] has a uniform policy of misclassifying its vendors” because “[defendant’s] liability to any class member for failing to pay them overtime wages or to reimburse their business expenses would require highly individualized inquiries on whether that particular class member ever worked overtime or ever incurred any ‘necessary’ business expenses.” (Emphasis in original.) The plaintiffs had “mischaracterize[d] an issue of individualized liability as an issue of individualized damages.” (Emphasis in original.) The Ninth Circuit explained that if the question involves the existence of damages, that is a liability issue, not a damages issue.

The Ninth Circuit also concluded that, under its interpretation of the Supreme Court’s decision in Comcast Corp. v. Behrend, 569 U.S. 27 (2013), the plaintiffs had failed to demonstrate that damages were “capable of measurement on a classwide basis” because they could not “show that the whole class suffered damages traceable to their alleged misclassification as independent contractors,” even if the amounts of those damages would need to be proven individually. In addition, determining damages would require “excessive difficulty” because there was little documentary evidence, and “using the individual testimony of self-interested class members to calculate the overtime hours they worked and the business expenses they incurred isn’t easy.” In a bellwether trial conducted by the district court, eight trial days had been required to determine damages for a sample of only eleven class members.

This decision helpfully clarifies the perennial debate between what constitutes a “damages” issue versus a “liability” issue. As I’ve often written on this blog, it can be helpful to think about the class certification analysis by analyzing how the named plaintiffs’ or putative class members’ claims would be tried in an ordinary individual case, and what evidence the defendant would be entitled to introduce. Here, the bellwether trial helped the Ninth Circuit determine that this case could not be litigated on a class basis.

Copyright © 2022 Robinson & Cole LLP. All rights reserved.National Law Review, Volume XII, Number 192

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 02:50:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.natlawreview.com/article/ninth-circuit-reverses-class-certification-order-because-liability-issues-not-merely
Killexams : ABIM MOC Frequently Asked Questions

MOC points will be reported automatically by NEJM on your behalf for successful completion of the NEJM Review CME Program activity.

Ensure you complete the ABIM MOC Form, indicating your ABIM ID – a six-digit number and partial date of birth, month/day – to authorize NEJM to transmit your participation information to the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) and ABIM. Please allow up to four weeks for MOC points to be reflected in the Self‐Evaluation Activity Report on your secure ABIM homepage.

Wed, 20 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.nejm.org/cme/abim-moc-faq
Killexams : Study for four CompTIA cybersecurity certification exams for $30

It certainly seems like there’s a new data breach every day, but that might be good news if you want to learn how to be a hacker yourself. No, that doesn’t mean joining the villains. Rather, you can put those skills to good use by finding a company’s vulnerabilities and patching them before nefarious agents take advantage of them. This 2021 CompTIA Security Infrastructure Expert Bundle can show you how.

This four-course collection can help you prepare for a few popular cybersecurity certification exams, which may ultimately help you find employment as a white hat hacker. The courses are provided by iCollege, an online learning hub and official CompTIA partner trusted by Silicon Valley organizations and beyond.

In these courses, you can study for the CAS-003, PT0-001, CS0-002, and SY0-601 exams, which are crucial in validating your risk management, penetration testing, countermeasure, and security architecture skills. Overall, you’ll get over 150 hours of comprehensive training from top-rated instructors.

Want to join the front lines of cyber security? You’ll need to earn your certifications first, and this four-course CompTIA training bundle can help for $30. 

The 2021 CompTIA Security Infrastructure Expert Bundle – $30

Fight Cybercrime on the Front Lines

Prices subject to change.

Wed, 03 Aug 2022 20:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.pcworld.com/article/825805/study-for-four-comptia-cybersecurity-certification-exams-for-30.html
Killexams : How the fall of Roe could change abortion care in Mass.
The waiting room at Alamo Womens Reproductive Services is empty as just an hour earlier, the Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, shutting down abortion services at the clinic on June 24 in San Antonio, Texas. The clinic had to turn patients away once the ruling came down. (Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times via Getty Images)

On June 24, our profession, sense of self and American identities were shaken to the core by the Supreme Court ruling that overturned 50 years of legal precedent providing federal protections for abortion. As four obstetrician-gynecologists from academic medical centers in Massachusetts, we are fortunate to practice in a state in which the right to abortion is protected by statute.

However, living in Massachusetts will not completely protect patients or providers from the impact of this decision. We have been horrified by how this ruling has affected our colleagues in other states as they seek to provide care for their patients, and we are already feeling the impact of this decision in Massachusetts.

As a result of the Supreme Court decision, seven states immediately outlawed or severely restricted abortion care, and many others are expected to follow. The state laws, devoid of clinical scenarios and medical language, don't give providers clear guidance and are already harming patients.

The 2021 Texas law prohibiting abortion after six weeks had an immediate impact, delaying necessary care for pregnant people, which resulted in life-threatening complications for many patients. Many anecdotal reports suggest physicians in the states immediately impacted by trigger bans, now uncertain about the legal implications of vaguely-worded restrictions, are delaying emergency care until patients’ health dramatically deteriorates.

Where statutes do seem clear to health care providers, the predictable results of abortion bans have raised questions among even anti-abortion activists. The 10-year-old from Ohio who was pregnant from rape and forced to travel to Indiana to get the care she needed garnered national media attention.

[T]hese bans also have the potential to subject Massachusetts physicians who care for these patients to criminal prosecution, civil suits and public scrutiny.

While pregnant people from states hostile to abortion will suffer the most under these restrictions, these bans also have the potential to subject Massachusetts physicians who care for these patients to criminal prosecution, civil suits and public scrutiny. The Ohio case highlighted the risk to physicians who provide legal abortion care in their own states; the physician who cared for the unidentified child has been vilified in national media and by the Indiana attorney general.

Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker signed an executive order to protect health care providers who provide abortions and their patients by prohibiting cooperation with out-of-state investigations into legal care, among other measures. The legislature is currently working to pass comprehensive protections for patients and providers of abortion care through multiple measures, including through enhanced privacy laws. Although this legislation could shield physicians from criminal prosecution for abortion care legally rendered within the state of Massachusetts, it doesn't protect these physicians from potentially financially devastating civil suits filed by out-of-state private citizens.

Physicians also could remain vulnerable to prosecution if they perform a legal abortion in Massachusetts that results in a warrant related to that care in a state that has banned the procedure. Texas allows private citizens to target providers who provide abortions in violation of state law for a financial reward; this is of particular concern to obstetrician-gynecologists, who (prior to the pandemic) have to travel to Dallas to obtain board certification. Although the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology had planned to reinstate in-person certification exams this year, they recently announced that remote exams will continue, partially in recognition of the danger to physicians who provide abortion care.

Despite these dangers, Massachusetts-based reproductive health clinics and hospitals are working to increase capacity to meet the growing number of patients seeking out-of-state abortion care. While we are fortunate to have a centralized access system that is supported by the state, increasing the volume of care provided to patients will not be easy. We are in the third year of a global pandemic that continues to disrupt usual health care operations, and we face a historic shortage of health care workers.

Patients forced to travel for care will experience delays and likely seek help later in pregnancy, making medical abortion less accessible. A small number of providers are able to provide second-trimester abortion, compared to first-trimester procedures, which — along with the costs associated with later abortion care — further limits access for patients both in and out of state.

We fear a generation of OB-GYN residents will graduate without learning how to provide critical and potentially lifesaving care to pregnant people.

Finally, Massachusetts is a recognized leader in training the next generation of obstetrician-gynecologists, and as medical educators, we fear the impact of these abortion restrictions on current and future trainees. Since an anticipated 26 states are planning to ban or severely limit access to abortion procedures, nearly 2,600 trainees (44% of all active OB-GYN residents) will be unable to obtain critical experience at their home programs. Prior to the Dobbs decision, abortion training was a requirement for all accredited OB-GYN residency programs. Programs were required to “provide training or access to training in the provision of abortion care” to ensure that all residents graduated with the skill set to provide comprehensive pregnancy care; the medical and surgical care for abortion is identical to that for miscarriage management.

However, as a result of the limited access imposed by state-level restrictions, OB-GYN residency programs can no longer require this critical training. Program directors who want to provide comprehensive training to their residents will need to arrange training opportunities in states where abortion access is available and protected. In Massachusetts, many residency programs are working to arrange opportunities for out-of-state trainees while preserving the training of their own residents. However, it is unlikely that programs in states with abortion access will be able to fill the training needs. We fear a generation of OB-GYN residents will graduate without learning how to provide critical and potentially lifesaving care to pregnant people.

Much of the nation is reeling from the sudden loss of abortion access, but Massachusetts can be a beacon of reproductive freedom. As practicing obstetrician-gynecologists who provide comprehensive reproductive health care, we are grateful for a legislature that has been proactive in protecting abortion access, health care providers and all patients. As medical educators in a state rich in academic medical centers, we are committed to maximizing training in abortion care for resident physicians. As doctors who care for pregnant patients, we know the decision to end or continue a pregnancy is a deeply personal one. We are committed to doing everything we can to lessen the blow of the Dobbs decision and honor the decisions of pregnant people who seek care within the Commonwealth.

Megan L. Evans, M.D., MPH is an obstetrician-gynecologist at Tufts Medical Center and an assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Tufts University School of Medicine. Erin Tracy Bradley, M.D., MPH is an obstetrician-gynecologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and an associate professor in obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive biology at Harvard Medical School. Luu Doan Ireland, M.D., MPH is an obstetrician-gynecologist and complex family planning specialist at UMass Memorial Medical Center and assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology at UMass Chan Medical School. Chloe Zera, M.D., MPH is a maternal-fetal medicine specialist at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and an associate professor in obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive biology at Harvard Medical School.

All authors are members of the Massachusetts American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists executive committee.

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Tue, 26 Jul 2022 03:25:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.wbur.org/cognoscenti/2022/07/26/dobbs-roe-abortion-massachusetts-megan-l-evans-erin-t-bradley-luu-ireland-chloe-zera
Killexams : Portuguese/English Medical Interpreter Training

Applicants must be 18 years of age or older and have at minimum a high school diploma or GED. Interview with instructor prior to acceptance will determine fluency requirement in English and in Portuguese. Historically underrepresented groups are encouraged to apply.

Sat, 26 Feb 2022 18:33:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.ric.edu/department-directory/office-professional-studies-and-continuing-education/certificate-continuing-study-programs/portuguese/english-medical-interpreter-training
Killexams : Diagnosing Your Doctor: What Should You Know?

Choosing a doctor can be a life-or-death decision, but most people spend more time planning their next vacation than researching the credentials of their physician.

Although most doctors are qualified and do their job to the best of their abilities, nearly 3,000 doctors in the U.S. are disciplined each year by state medical boards for offenses such as negligence, incompetence, sexual misconduct, and breaking criminal laws.

Years ago, word of mouth was the only way to get information about a doctor's track record. Now, information ranging from disciplinary actions and malpractice suits to medical training and specialty certification is just a click away on the Internet.

But what information do you really need to know? And where should you go to get it? WebMD has the prescription for finding the doctor that's right for you.

What Do You Need to Know About Your Doctor?

When finding a new doctor or checking up on your own, there are a few basic pieces of information you should know:

  • Is he or she licensed to practice medicine in the state where you live?
  • What type of medical training did he or she receive (medical school, residency, internships, and fellowships)?
  • Is he or she board certified in the specialty you desire (internal medicine, oncology, etc.)?
  • Does he or she accept your type of medical insurance for payment?

"These are standard things that suggest that there is a minimal level of competency," says Michael Grodin, MD, professor and director of medical ethics at the Boston University School of Public Health.

Although it may be tempting to use where a doctor went to medical school as a measure of quality, Grodin warns against falling for the prestige factor.

"The fact is that there are people who graduated from Harvard Medical School who are brilliant scientists who I wouldn't want to touch my daughter," says Grodin. "On the other hand, there are people who graduated from lesser medical schools, at least by name, who are superb clinicians."

He says medical schools, unlike other types of graduate schools, are professional schools where everyone learns basically the same thing, and students must past standardized tests in order to move on.

However, John C. Nelson, MD, MPH, president of the American Medical Association, says those standards apply only to all accredited medical schools in the U.S.

"If the physician does not come from one of those schools, we have questions," says Nelson.

Graduates of foreign medical schools must pass a certification test to enter a residency or fellowship program in the U.S. and pass a United States Medical Licensing test in order to practice in the U.S.

Where to Get More Information

This type of basic information about doctors is readily available from many public sources, and experts say you shouldn't have to pay a web site or other source in order to get it. Several commercial Internet sites charge a fee for providing a background check on doctors.

Hospitals, insurance providers, major medical organizations (including the American Medical Association), and WebMD provide free physician directories with information about doctors, such as office locations and hours, medical training, and accepted insurance plans. Most doctors' offices will also provide this information upon request.

Sources for more detailed information about a doctor's training, licensing, specialty certification, and professional record include:

  • State medical boards: Contacting your state's medical board by phone or on the web provides information about whether the health-care provider has a valid license to practice in that state. The site www.docboard.org provides free access to a database of 18 member state medical and osteopathic boards as well as links to non-member state medical and osteopathic board web sites. Several states, including California, New York, Florida, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Virginia, and Connecticut, have physician profile laws that require physicians to provide disclosure on public web sites about disciplinary actions and outcomes of malpractice suits filed against them. Some physician profile sites also provide information on prior felony convictions.
  • Medical specialty boards: The American Board of Medical Specialties represents the 24 recognized medical specialty boards in the U.S. Its web site, www.abms.org, requires users to log in, but it provides free information on physicians' specialty and subspecialty board certifications. However, no certification or renewal dates are provided. Additional information is available by contacting the web site of the individual specialty board, such as the American Board of Internal Medicine www.abim.org.
  • County Clerk's Offices: Information on malpractice and other criminal suits filed against physicians can be found online by visiting the web site or office of the county clerk's office in which the physician practices.
  • Medical Societies: National, state, and county medical societies often provide physician finder or referral services. Information provided varies.

Putting Information in Perspective

Although the Internet has made it easier to get more information about doctors, experts say it hasn't done a good job of putting that information into perspective.

"It's a mixed bag," says Grodin. "The general idea that patients should want and should get more information about their doctors is good, but I have some concerns."

"The real issue I have is how you interpret the information," Grodin tells WebMD.

For example, some people may balk at a doctor who has a long list of medical malpractice suits filed against him. But Grodin says that for some specialties, such as obstetrics and gynecology, it's not uncommon for 50% to 60% of the doctors to have a history of malpractice suits due to the nature of their practice.

"It's not clear how to interpret the fact that there was a malpractice suit. Just the fact that there was a suit doesn't mean it was successful," says Grodin.

Grodin also points out that a malpractice suit that was settled out of court also doesn't necessarily imply any wrongdoing on the doctor's behalf. Many insurance companies require doctors to sign off that even if they are not negligent, they deliver the insurance company the right to settle because it's often cheaper than pursuing a court case.

Nelson, who is also a practicing obstetrician-gynecologist in Salt Lake City, agrees and says just the fact that someone was disciplined or sued doesn't necessarily mean anything.

"If you're an obstetrician or a neurosurgeon, chances are you've been sued," Nelson tells WebMD. "Even if you've had a judgment against you, there is no correlation between whether there was really negligence or whether you had a payout. On the other hand, if a person has 20 or 30 lawsuits, maybe you need to know why."

If you have questions about the doctor's record regarding disciplinary action or malpractice suits, Nelson says you shouldn't hesitate to ask the doctor directly.

Grodin says talking to doctors you already know and trust can also be a valuable source of information and guidance.

"Along with getting information from the Web, you want to get information from doctors who are in the know because they can interpret that information," says Grodin.

Making a Choice

After you've found a doctor who looks good on paper, it's time to set up an appointment to meet and interview him or her while you're well.

Nelson says many physicians offer free initial consultations for new patients. He recommends taking advantage of this opportunity and bringing a list of questions to ask, including:

  • What are the doctor's special areas of practice? Is he or she involved in research?
  • What is the doctor's philosophy about medicine? For example, if alternative medicine is important to you, ask about his or her position on that, and if you're considering a new ob-gyn, you may want to know his or her position on abortion.
  • How does the doctor view the doctor-patient relationship? Is it a partnership or does he or she expect you to follow orders?
  • How does the office operate? Who's on staff and will be involved in your care?
  • Who covers if the physician is not on call or available for an emergency?
  • Does the doctor provide home phone or beeper numbers to patients? If not, who is available to answer questions?
  • What hospitals can the doctor admit patients to? If he or she does not have admitting privileges, how will hospitalizations be handled?

"I think the patient needs to have the courage to make sure they ask the questions they want to ask, and if the doctor is not forthcoming in answering those questions or is reluctant, they ought to find a different doctor," says Nelson.

Another red flag that should raise concerns is if the doctor oversteps the bounds of his specialty or certification, such as a gynecologist who also dabbles in plastic surgery.

Nelson says it's also important that the doctor answer questions in a way you can understand. That means avoiding confusing medical terminology and checking to see if you're following along.

Above all, experts say communication is the key element in finding the right doctor for you and building a good relationship.

"A lot of medicine relates to communication issues that are independent of the technical knowledge that the doctor has," says Grodin. "If you can't communicate with your doctor, and you don't have a relationship, you're going to have problems regardless of how much they know."

Tue, 14 Jul 2015 02:11:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.webmd.com/men/features/diagnosing-your-doctor-what-should-you-know
Killexams : Best online courses and online class sites of 2022

The best online courses and online class sites make it simple and easy to learn new skills from home through distance learning online.

Long gone are the days of having to attend a college to take a class. Now, with available learning platforms, through the use of video streaming, there are a wide variety of skills that can be learned from the comfort of your abode.