Direct download links of 312-50v11 test prep at

Rather than wasting period and money upon searching updated Certified Ethical Hacker v11 queries, you should move forward and sign up on Download 100% free of charge dumps purchase complete 312-50v11 PDF Questions version. Read plus pass the 312-50v11 examination.

312-50v11 Certified Ethical Hacker v11 history |

312-50v11 history - Certified Ethical Hacker v11 Updated: 2024

Real 312-50v11 questions that appeared in test today
Exam Code: 312-50v11 Certified Ethical Hacker v11 history January 2024 by team

312-50v11 Certified Ethical Hacker v11

Test Detail:
The Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) v11 exam, offered by EC-Council, is designed to validate the knowledge and skills of professionals in the field of ethical hacking and penetration testing. This certification demonstrates an individual's ability to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in computer systems and networks in order to protect them from potential cyber threats.

Course Outline:
The course for the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) v11 certification covers a comprehensive range of courses related to ethical hacking and cybersecurity. The following is a general outline of the key areas covered:

1. Introduction to Ethical Hacking:
- Understanding the concepts and principles of ethical hacking.
- Ethical hacking methodologies and techniques.
- Legal and regulatory considerations in ethical hacking.

2. Footprinting and Reconnaissance:
- Gathering information about the target system or network.
- Passive and active reconnaissance techniques.
- Tools and methods for footprinting and reconnaissance.

3. Scanning and Enumeration:
- Identifying open ports, services, and vulnerabilities.
- Network scanning techniques and tools.
- Enumerating system and network resources.

4. Vulnerability Analysis:
- Identifying and analyzing system vulnerabilities.
- Vulnerability assessment tools and techniques.
- Common vulnerabilities and exposures (CVE).

5. System Hacking:
- Gaining unauthorized access to target systems.
- Exploiting vulnerabilities and weak points.
- Password cracking, privilege escalation, and backdoors.

6. Malware Threats:
- Understanding different types of malware.
- Malware analysis and detection techniques.
- Anti-malware and intrusion detection/prevention systems.

7. Sniffing and Evasion Techniques:
- Intercepting and analyzing network traffic.
- Sniffing tools and countermeasures.
- Evasion techniques to bypass security controls.

8. Social Engineering:
- Manipulating human behavior for malicious purposes.
- Phishing, pretexting, and other social engineering techniques.
- Social engineering countermeasures and awareness.

9. Web Application Security:
- Common web application vulnerabilities.
- Web application security testing methodologies.
- Web application firewalls and secure coding practices.

10. Cryptography:
- Principles and methods of encryption.
- Cryptographic algorithms and protocols.
- Public key infrastructure (PKI) and digital signatures.

Exam Objectives:
The CEH v11 test assesses the candidate's proficiency in the following domains:

1. Introduction to Ethical Hacking
2. Footprinting and Reconnaissance
3. Scanning and Enumeration
4. Vulnerability Analysis
5. System Hacking
6. Malware Threats
7. Sniffing and Evasion Techniques
8. Social Engineering
9. Web Application Security
10. Cryptography

Each domain covers specific knowledge areas, skills, and tasks that candidates are expected to demonstrate proficiency in.

Exam Syllabus:
The CEH v11 test syllabus provides a detailed breakdown of the courses covered in each domain. It may include sub-topics, tools, and techniques that candidates should be familiar with. The syllabus may cover the following areas:

- Ethical hacking concepts and methodologies
- Information gathering and reconnaissance techniques
- Network scanning and enumeration
- Vulnerability assessment and management
- Exploitation techniques and countermeasures
- Malware analysis and detection
- Sniffing and network traffic analysis
- Social engineering attacks and defenses
- Web application vulnerabilities and security
- Cryptographic algorithms and protocols
Certified Ethical Hacker v11
EC-Council Certified history

Other EC-Council exams

312-38 EC-Council Certified Network Defender
312-49 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator
312-76 EC-Council Disaster Recovery Professional (EDRP)
312-92 EC-Council Certified Secure Programmer v2 (CSP)
412-79 EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA V9)
712-50 EC-Council Certified CISO (CCISO)
EC0-349 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator
EC0-479 EC-Council Certified Security Analyst (ECSA)
EC1-350 Ethical Hacking and Countermeasures V7
ECSS EC-Council Certified Security Specialist
ECSAv10 EC-Council Certified Security Analyst
212-89 EC-Council Certified Incident Handler (ECIH v2)
312-50v11 Certified Ethical Hacker v11
412-79v10 Certified Security Analyst (ECSA) V10
312-50v12 Certified Ethical Hacker test (CEHv12)
312-49v10 Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI-v10)
312-96 Certified Application Security Engineer (C|ASE Java) Certification
312-85 Certified Threat Intelligence Analyst (C|TIA)
312-39 EC-Council Certified SOC Analyst (CSA) certification
512-50 Information Security Manager (E|ISM) supply most accurate and updated Pass4sure 312-50v11 braindumps practice test with genuine test Questions and Answers for new syllabus of 312-50v11 312-50v11 Exam. Practice our online 312-50v11 test prep dump questions and Answers to Excellerate your knowledge and pass your test with High Marks. We certain your achievement in the Test Center, covering every one of the subjects of test and Excellerate your Knowledge of the 312-50v11 exam. Pass without any doubt with our exact 312-50v11 questions.
312-50v11 Dumps
312-50v11 Braindumps
312-50v11 Real Questions
312-50v11 Practice Test
312-50v11 dumps free
Certified Ethical Hacker v11
Question: 364
Eve is spending her day scanning the library computers. She notices that Alice is using a computer whose port 445 is
active and listening. Eve uses the ENUM tool to enumerate Alice machine. From the command prompt, she types the
following command.
What is Eve trying to do?
A . Eve is trying to connect as a user with Administrator privileges
B . Eve is trying to enumerate all users with Administrative privileges
C . Eve is trying to carry out a password crack for user Administrator
D . Eve is trying to escalate privilege of the null user to that of Administrator
Answer: C
Question: 365
What type of analysis is performed when an attacker has partial knowledge of inner-workings of the application?
A . Black-box
B . Announced
C . White-box
D . Grey-box
Answer: D
Question: 366
Steve, a scientist who works in a governmental security agency, developed a technological solution to identify people
based on walking patterns and implemented this approach to a physical control access.
A camera captures people walking and identifies the individuals using Steves approach.
After that, people must approximate their RFID badges. Both the identifications are required to open the door.
In this case, we can say:
A . Although the approach has two phases, it actually implements just one authentication factor
B . The solution implements the two authentication factors: physical object and physical characteristic
C . The solution will have a high level of false positives
D . Biological motion cannot be used to identify people
Answer: B
Question: 367
When a security analyst prepares for the formal security assessment what of the following should be done in order to
determine inconsistencies in the secure assets database and verify that system is compliant to the minimum security
A . Data items and vulnerability scanning
B . Interviewing employees and network engineers
C . Reviewing the firewalls configuration
D . Source code review
Answer: A
Question: 368
Which of the following LM hashes represent a password of less than 8 characters? (Choose two.)
A . BA810DBA98995F1817306D272A9441BB
B . 44EFCE164AB921CQAAD3B435B51404EE
C . 0182BD0BD4444BF836077A718CCDF409
D . CEC52EB9C8E3455DC2265B23734E0DAC
E . B757BF5C0D87772FAAD3B435B51404EE
F . E52CAC67419A9A224A3B108F3FA6CB6D
Answer: B,E
Question: 369
A user on your Windows 2000 network has discovered that he can use L0phtcrack to sniff the SMB exchanges which
carry user logons. The user is plugged into a hub with 23 other systems.
However, he is unable to capture any logons though he knows that other users are logging in.
What do you think is the most likely reason behind this?
A . There is a NIDS present on that segment.
B . Kerberos is preventing it.
C . Windows logons cannot be sniffed.
D . L0phtcrack only sniffs logons to web servers.
Answer: B
Question: 370
A large company intends to use Blackberry for corporate mobile phones and a security analyst is assigned to evaluate
the possible threats. The analyst will use the Blackjacking attack method to demonstrate how an attacker could
circumvent perimeter defenses and gain access to the Prometric Online Testing C Reports corporate network.
What tool should the analyst use to perform a Blackjacking attack?
A . Paros Proxy
B . BBProxy
C . Blooover
D . BBCrack
Answer: B
Question: 371
Susan has attached to her companys network. She has managed to synchronize her bosss sessions with that of the file
server. She then intercepted his traffic destined for the server, changed it the way she wanted to and then placed it on
the server in his home directory.
What kind of attack is Susan carrying on?
A . A sniffing attack
B . A spoofing attack
C . A man in the middle attack
D . A denial of service attack
Answer: C
Question: 372
Which of the following is a component of a risk assessment?
A . Administrative safeguards
B . Physical security
D . Logical interface
Answer: A
Question: 373
Peter, a Network Administrator, has come to you looking for advice on a tool that would help him perform SNMP
enquires over the network.
Which of these tools would do the SNMP enumeration he is looking for? Select the best answers.
A . SNMPUtil
B . SNScan
C . SNMPScan
D . Solarwinds IP Network Browser
E . NMap
Answer: A,B,D
Question: 374
What is the BEST alternative if you discover that a rootkit has been installed on one of your computers?
A . Copy the system files from a known good system
B . Perform a trap and trace
C . Delete the files and try to determine the source
D . Reload from a previous backup
E . Reload from known good media
Answer: E
Question: 375
What is the purpose of DNS AAAA record?
A . Authorization, Authentication and Auditing record
B . Address prefix record
C . Address database record
D . IPv6 address resolution record
Answer: D
For More exams visit
Kill your test at First Attempt....Guaranteed!

EC-Council Certified history - BingNews Search results EC-Council Certified history - BingNews EC-Council

EC-Council invented the Certified Ethical Hacker program. Founded in 2001 in response to 9/11, EC-Council's mission is to provide the training and certifications apprentice and experienced cybersecurity professionals need to keep corporations, government agencies and others who employ them safe from attack.

Best known for its Certified Ethical Hacker program, EC-Council today offers 200 different pieces of training, certificates, and degrees in everything from Computer Forensic Investigation and Security Analysis to Threat Intelligence and Information Security. An ISO/IEC 17024 Accredited Organization recognized under the US Defense Department Directive 8140/8570 and many other authoritative cybersecurity bodies worldwide, the company has certified over 3,00,000 professionals across the globe. Trusted by seven of the Fortune 10, half of the Fortune 100, and the intelligence communities of 150 nations, EC-Council is the gold standard in cybersecurity education and certification. A truly global organization with a driving belief in bringing diversity, equity and inclusion to the modern cybersecurity workforce, EC-Council maintains 11 offices in the U.S., the UK, India, Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia.

Mon, 21 Mar 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-gb text/html
The 10 Most Valuable Cybersecurity Certifications To Get In 2019

Knowledge Is Power

Cybersecurity solution providers looking to hit the jackpot should pursue certifications around security strategy and risk management, vulnerability assessment and management, and hacking methods and investigations.

That's according to information gathered for the 2018 IT Skills and Salary Survey, conducted by Cary, N.C.-based business training and certification company Global Knowledge. Certifications needed to have at least 20 responses in order to be considered for the CRN list.

All but three of the top 10 certifications pay more than $100,000, with the most lucrative certification paying in excess of $124,000. Three of most lucrative cybersecurity certifications are managed by ISACA, two are managed by the EC-Council, two are managed by Cisco, and each of the remaining three is managed by a separate vendor-neutral organization.

Below are the most valuable cybersecurity certifications to get in 2019.

10. CompTIA Security+

According to Global Knowledge, holders of the CompTIA Security+ Certificate brought in an average salary of $84,011, down from $87,666 last year.

This certification confirms a user can not only apply knowledge of security concepts, tools, and procedures to react to security incidents, but can also anticipate security risks and guard against them. The foundation-level, vendor-neutral certification is an ideal first step for aspiring cybersecurity experts, according to CompTIA.

The certification requires that users demonstrate competency in: network security; compliance and operational security; threats and vulnerabilities; application, data, and host security; access control and identity management; and cryptography. Candidates are required to have at least two years of experience as an IT administrator with a focus on security and have day-to-day security experience.

More than 900 North American respondents told Global Knowledge that they hold the Security+ certificate.

9. Cisco Certified Network Associate Security

Holders of the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Security certificate brought in an average salary of $84,317, down from $84,652 last year, according to Global Knowledge.

Achieving the certification validates that a user has the skills to develop a security infrastructure, recognize threats and vulnerabilities to networks, and mitigate security threats. The curriculum emphasizes installing, troubleshooting and monitoring network devices to maintain data and device integrity, confidentiality, and availability, along with competency around Cisco's security technologies.

The credential is valid for three years, with a CCENT certification or ICND1 v3.0 – Interconnecting Cisco Networking Devices, Part 1 recommended before pursuing the CCNA Security. This certificate is held by 17 percent of IT professionals, according to Global Knowledge, with 250 North American respondents to the 2018 survey indicating that they have the CCNA Security.

8. Certified Information Systems Auditor

According to the survey, holders of the Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) brought in an average salary of $97,117, down from $110,689 last year.

The CISA certification is designed to test a candidate's ability to manage vulnerabilities, ensure compliance standards within IT and business, and propose controls, processes and updates to a company's policies. It is managed by ISACA, and intended for people with auditing, controlling, monitoring or assessing responsibilities in the IT or business system ecosystem.

CISA dates back to 1978 and has been awarded to more than 130,000 people. It requires at least five years of information systems auditing, control or security experience, as well as passing an test that's offered only during two sixteen-week windows per year.

Nearly 750 North American professionals told Global Knowledge in 2018 that they hold the CISA certificate.

7. Cisco Certified Network Professional Security

Holders of the Cisco Certified Network Professionals (CCNP) Security certification bring in an average salary of $102,280, up from $100,891 last year, according to Global Knowledge.

Certificate-holders are required to pass four security implementation exams covering secure access, edge network security, secure mobility and threat control.

The secure access test focuses on identity services and network access security; the edge network security test covers firewalls, routers with the firewall feature set, and switches; the secure mobility test covers remote access and site-to-site VPNs; and the threat control test covers a wide range of devices as well as how to design secure web, email and could web solutions.

Prerequisites for this certification include either the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Security or any Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certificate. Some 40 North American professionals told Global Knowledge they hold the CCNP Security certificate.

6. Certified Ethical Hacker

The Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) brings in an average salary of $103,018, according to the survey, up from $102,482 in 2016.

Created and managed by the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council), the certification tests the ability of IT professionals to prod for holes, weaknesses and vulnerabilities in an end user's network defenses using hackers' methods. While a hacker would be interested in causing damage or stealing information, a CEH would be interested in fixing the deficiencies found.

The need for CEHs is quite high, according to Global Knowledge, given the volume of attacks, amount of personal data at risk and possible legal liabilities. More than 200 North American respondents told Global Knowledge that they hold the CEH certificate.

5. Certified Information Security Manager

Holders of the Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) bring in an average salary of $105,926, the survey found, down from $122,448 last year.

CISM is aimed at management and focuses on security strategy and assessing the systems and policies in place. More than 38,000 people have been certified by ISACA in CISM since it was introduced in 2002, making it a highly sought-after area with a relatively small supply of certified individuals, Global Knowledge said.

The certification requires at least five years of information security experience, with at least three of those as a security manager. The test was only offered during two sixteen-week periods in 2017.

Continuing education credits are required each year to maintain the CISM certification. Some 385 North American respondents told Global Knowledge that they hold the CISM certificate.

4. Computer Hacking Forensics Investigator

Holders of the Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI) bring in an average salary of $106,452, according to Global Knowledge, up from $91,684 last year.

Achieving this EC-Council certification validates that a user has the knowledge and skills to detect hacking attacks, properly obtain evidence needed to report the crime and prosecute the cybercriminal, and conduct an analysis that enables the prevention of future attacks. The certification focuses on forensic tools across both the hardware and software realms, as well as specialized techniques.

The CHFI certification provides the ideal level of network security expertise for law enforcement personnel, system administrators, security officers, defense and military personal, legal professionals, bankers, and security professionals, Global Knowledge found.

Some 25 North American professionals told Global Knowledge in 2018 that they hold the CHFI certificate.

3. Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control

Holders of the Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC) certification bring in an average salary of $107,968, according to the survey, down from $127,507 last year.

The CRISC certification is designed for IT professionals, project managers and others who identify and manage risks through appropriate information systems controls. It is managed by ISACA, covers the entire life cycle from design to implementation to ongoing maintenance.

To obtain the CRISC certification, one must pass the test – which is only offered during two sixteen-week windows per year – and have at least three years' experience in at least two of the four areas that the certification covers.

More than 20,000 people worldwide have earned the CRISC certification since it was introduced in 2010. More than 275 North American professionals told Global Knowledge in 2018 that they have the CRISC certificate.

2. Certified Information Systems Security Professional

According to the survey, holders of the Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) bring in an average salary of $109,965, down from $118,179 last year.

CISSP is run by (ISC)2 and intended to provide vendor-neutral security expertise and consists of an test based around security and risk management, communications and network security, software development security, asset security, security architecture and engineering, identity and access management, security assessment and testing, and security operations.

CISSP certificate-holders must earn Continuous Professional Education (CPE) credits every year to remain certified. They must also have at least five years of full-time, paid experience in at least two of the eight computer security areas tested.

There are more than 122,000 CISSPs worldwide, with approximately two-thirds of them in the U.S. More than 920 North American respondents told Global Knowledge that they have the CISSP certificate.

1. Certified Information Privacy Professional/US

Holders of the Certified Information Privacy Professional/US (CIPP/US) certificate bring in an average annual salary of $124,909, up from $116,622 last year.

Achieving the credential demonstrates that a user has a strong foundation in U.S. privacy laws and regulations, as well an understanding of the legal requirements for the responsible transfer of sensitive personal data to/from the U.S., the EU and other jurisdictions. Developed by the International Association of Privacy Professionals, this has become the preeminent credential in the privacy field.

The CIPP/US test consists of 75 scored multiple-choice items, and test-takers must get 300 out of 500 possible points to pass. The certification is valid for two years, and professionals must fulfill 20 hours of continuing privacy education to maintain their credential.

Some 20 North American respondents told Global Knowledge in 2018 that they have the CIPP/US certificate.

Thu, 03 Jan 2019 23:30:00 -0600 text/html
EC-Council Global Services

EC-Council Global Services (EGS) is the consulting division of EC-Council, the world’s largest cybersecurity technical certification body that offers the world-famous Certified Ethical Hacker (C|EH), Certified Hacking Forensics Investigator (C|HFI) and Licensed Penetration Testing Master (LPT) programs. Operating in 145 countries worldwide, EC-Council has trained and certified hundreds of thousands of information security professionals globally and has influenced the cybersecurity mindset of countless organizations worldwide.

EGS has advisory and technical teams with years of corporate, field and consulting experience dedicated to helping organizations Protect, Detect, React and Correct against applicable cyber threats in an increasingly complex legal and regulatory environment. Cyber risks are evolving by the day and are enormous threats to most businesses around the world. Companies are facing massive risks and challenges by being either a direct target or a fallout casualty of the cyberthreat actors. The expanding attack surface and ever destructive cyberattacks are becoming a norm.

With years of experience working with the largest global enterprise and government agencies across the globe, EGS offers clients real-world insights into contextual cyber risks to defend against the continually evolving cyberthreats with experienced and specialized information security skills, solutions and methodologies.

Mon, 24 Feb 2020 10:00:00 -0600 en-gb text/html
15 New And Emerging IT Certifications For 2017

Gaining An Edge Around Cloud, Security And Analytics

Vendors and third-party organizations have in accurate months come up with many different ways for solution providers to demonstrate their expertise around cloud computing, cybersecurity, and big data and analytics.

Other technology areas with multiple new certifications as of late include networking and apps and mobility, according to Cary, N.C.-based business training and certification provider Global Knowledge.

Microsoft leads the way with five new certifications as part of a plan to align end-user and channel credentials. The plan also shifts from mandatory re-certification every two to three years to elective re-certification every year.

IBM has three new certifications as part of a revamping of its partner program that ushers in new technical and sales competency standards. Avaya and Google have each rolled out two new certifications to cover emerging technology skills.

Here are 15 new and emerging certifications.

For more on tech certifications, check out CRN's past roundups here.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert: Productivity

The MCSE: Productivity certification is centered around key day-to-day Microsoft products such as Office 365, SharePoint, Exchange and Skype for Business, Global Knowledge said.

It validates that technicians have the skills needed to move their company to the cloud, increase user productivity and flexibility, reduce data loss, and Excellerate data security for their organization, according to Microsoft. Earning the MCSE: Productivity certification qualifies certificate-holders for positions in network and computer systems administration.

The first step toward the MCSE: Productivity certification is earning the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate credential for Office 365 or Windows Server 2012. From there, prospects must pass an test around Microsoft Exchange Server 2016, Microsoft SharePoint Server 2016, Skype for Business 2015, SharePoint Server 2013 or Microsoft Exchange Server 2013.

IBM Certified Solutions Advisor – SoftLayer v1

The new IBM Certified Solutions Advisor – SoftLayer v1 is targeted at cloud and SoftLayer Sellers, who must demonstrate mastery of SoftLayer's data, storage, networking and security capabilities.

IBM's new partner program benchmarks cloud competencies with tests that align directly with the SoftLayer certifications and their respective training pathways, according to Global Knowledge. The advisor certification focuses on the sales side.

People seeking this certificate should have knowledge of SoftLayer capabilities in an e-commerce context, the ability to leverage SoftLayer differentiators, and the ability to analyze workload needs and make architecture choices, IBM said.

They also should understand what SoftLayer has available from a compute, storage and network, security, monitoring and management perspective, the company said.

Avaya Certified Integration Specialist

The ACIS credential certifies that a candidate has the basic-to-intermediate technical proficiency necessary to integrate and implement Avaya offerings.

Qualified candidates typically have at least two years of experience with relevant technologies, according to Avaya, and up to one year of experience with integrating and installing Avaya solutions.

People seeking this certificate should be able to install software and core and complex multiproduct solutions, and perform bootstrapping for administration, basic troubleshooting for operational validation, and basic validation of initial configuration of the system.

The ACIS credential is valid for two years, according to Avaya.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert: Mobility

The MCSE: Mobility certification targets skills in the Windows Client and Enterprise Mobility suite, Global Knowledge said, and validates that technicians have the skills needed to manage devices in a bring-your-own-device setting.

Earning the MCSE: Mobility certification qualifies certificate-holders for a career path ranging from traditional desktop support technician to enterprise management of BYOD products and apps, according to Microsoft.

The first step toward the MCSE: Mobility credential is earning the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate: Windows 10 certificate. From there, prospects must pass an test in deploying Windows desktop and enterprise applications, administering the system center configuration manager, or managing devices in the enterprise.

The certification never expires, but technicians can re-certify each year by passing an additional test from a corresponding list of electives.

IBM Certified Designer – IBM Cognos Analytics Author V11

The IBM Certified Designer – IBM Cognos Analytics Author V11 is responsible for building advanced reports, active reports and dashboards using relational data and/or uploaded files, IBM said, as well as enhancing, customizing and managing professional reports.

Market adoption of IBM Cognos Analytics has been slow since it was released at the end of 2015, but Global Knowledge said it expects adoption to increase, resulting in higher demand for skills validation.

People seeking this certificate should have project-related experience authoring complex reports and dashboards, IBM said, and be able to participate in project implementations. They should also know database concepts and SQL, Javascript, how to visually present data, and how to use a modern web, according to IBM.

Google Certified Professional – Cloud Architect

The Google Cloud Architect certification was developed to meet the demand from businesses that are moving to the cloud and seeking to hire or fill existing skills gaps with proficient technical professionals, according to Global Knowledge.

Achieving this certification demonstrates the ability to design, develop and manage a secure, scalable and reliable cloud architecture that will enable businesses to use Google Cloud Platform technologies, Global Knowledge said.

A Google Cloud Architect has demonstrated his or her ability to design a secure and compliant cloud solution architecture, manage implementation of cloud architects, analyze and optimize technical and business processes, and ensure solution and operations reliability, according to Google.

The test needed to earn this certification has no prerequisites, Google said.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert: Data Management and Analytics

The MCSE: Data Management and Analytics certification spotlights Microsoft data products and services that are both on-premise and cloud-based, Global Knowledge said.

It requires prospects to demonstrate broad skill sets in SQL administration, building enterprise-scale data solutions, and leveraging business intelligence data, according to Microsoft. Earning the MCSE: Data Management and Analytics certification qualifies certificate-holders for jobs such as database analyst, database designer or business intelligence analyst.

The first step toward the MCSE: Data Management and Analytics certification is earning the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate in SQL Server 2012/2014 or SQL 2016 Database Administration, Database Development or BI Development.

From there, prospects need to pass an test in designed cloud data platform solutions, big data analytics solutions, Microsoft SQL Server databases, business intelligence solutions or implementing data models and reports.

CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst

The new CompTIA CSA+ certification is an intermediate-level credential that validates risk analysis and threat detection skills, bridging the gap between CompTIA Security+ and CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner, according to Global Knowledge.

As attackers have learned to evade traditional signature-based solutions such as firewalls, an analytics-based approach within the IT security industry is increasingly important, according to CompTIA. The behavioral analytics skills covered by CSA+ identify and combat malware and advanced persistent threats.

Certificate-holders will be able to configure and use threat detection tools, perform data analysis and interpret the results to identify vulnerabilities, threats and risks to an organization, CompTIA said. CSA+ has a technical, hands-on focus, CompTIA said, and people seeking the certificate should have at least three to four years of hands-on information security experience.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure

The MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure certification focuses on Windows Server and Microsoft Azure, Global Knowledge said. It validates that participants have the skills needed to run a highly efficient and modern data center, according to Microsoft, with expertise in cloud technologies, identity management, systems management, virtualization, storage and networking.

Earning the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure certification qualifies individuals for jobs such as cloud administrator, cloud architect, computer support specialist and information security analyst.

The first step toward the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure certification is earning the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate in Windows Server 2016, Cloud Platform, Linux on Azure, or Windows Server 2012.

From there, prospects must pass an test focused on Microsoft Azure, cloud data platforms, big data analytics, Windows Server 2016, server infrastructure or the private cloud.

Cisco Certified Network Associate Cyber Ops

The CCNA Cyber Ops certificate prepares professionals to begin a career working with associate-level cybersecurity analysts within security operations centers, according to Global Knowledge. This certification will supply employees the fundamental knowledge needed to prepare for more advanced cybersecurity operations jobs, according to Cisco.

Participants will gain a basic understanding of how a SOC team detects and responds to security incidents, Cisco said. They also will better understand how organizations are dealing with cybercrime, cyberespionage, insider threats, advanced persistent threats and regulatory requirements.

The CCNA Cyber Ops certificate is recommended for professionals with one to three years experience, Cisco said, and is valid for three years.

Avaya Certified Solutions Specialist

The ACSS credential certifies that a candidate has the advanced technical proficiency necessary to install, configure, administer, maintain and troubleshoot support for Avaya solutions.

Qualified candidates typically have at least four years of experience with relevant technologies, according to Avaya, and up to two years of experience with supporting Avaya solutions.

People seeking this certificate should be able to demonstrate knowledge of architecture components, features and functions, perform acceptance testing, interpret how a call flows within a complex solutions architecture, commission/register the product, maintain and troubleshoot the integration between products, and analyze data from diagram and logs and resolve the issue, Avaya said.

The ACSS credential is valid for two years, according to Avaya.

IBM Certified Solutions Architect – SoftLayer v1

An IBM Certified Solution Architect - SoftLayer V1 is a person who can analyze, design, architect and demonstrate IBM SoftLayer infrastructure based upon workload requirements from a client, according to IBM.

IBM's new partner program benchmarks cloud competencies with tests that align directly with the SoftLayer certifications and their respective training pathways, according to Global Knowledge. The advisor certification focuses on the technical competency side.

People seeking this certification should be able to provide a customer with a logical diagram foundation to meet their requirements, and architect a comprehensive solution that utilizes the IBM offerings and skills required.

They also should know industry cloud computing principles, IBM SoftLayer, the various types of clouds and as-a-service offerings, and how to design, implement and customize a comprehensive solution based on logical diagrams.

EC-Council Certified Network Defender

The new CND credential developed by the EC-Council, the certification body that created and owns the acclaimed Certified Ethnical Hack certification, enables network administrators and engineers to gain and validate the skills needed to build a secure, resilient network, according to Global Knowledge.

CND is a vendor-neutral, lab-intensive program based on a job-task analysis and cybersecurity education framework presented by the National Initiative of Cybersecurity Education, according to the EC-Council. The course has been mapped to responsibilities at the Department of Defense for systems/network administrators.

The course covers the protect, detect and respond approach to network security, the EC-Council said. It contains hands-on labs that will provide network administrators with real-world expertise on network security technologies and operations.

Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer: App Builder

The MCSD: App Builder certification is intended for those interested in the future of the web and mobile app development, Global Knowledge said, and validates that technicians have the skills needed to build modern mobile and/or web applications and services.

Earnings the MCSD: App Builder qualifies certificate-seekers for a position as an application developer.

The first step toward the MCSD: App Builder is earning the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate in Web Applications or Universal Windows Platform. From there, prospects must pass an test focused on Microsoft Azure, the Universal Windows Platform, SharePoint Server 2013 or Microsoft Visual Studio.

The certification never expires, but technicians can re-certify each year by passing an additional test from a corresponding list of electives.

Google Certified Professional – Data Engineer

Google envisions the data engineer as a key role to help forward-thinking organizations modernize the way they use data and infrastructure to enable efficient decision-making and effective business transformation, according to Global Knowledge.

Certified Google Data Engineers have demonstrated expertise using the Google Cloud Platform to design, build, maintain and troubleshoot data processing systems with a focus on security, reliability, fault-tolerance, fidelity and efficiency, Global Knowledge said.

The Data Engineer also analyzes data to gain insight into business outcomes, builds statistical models to support decision-making, and creates machine-learning models to automate and simplify key business processes, according to Google.

The test needed to earn this certified has no prerequisites and is good for two years, Google said.

Wed, 12 Apr 2017 04:23:00 -0500 text/html
Don Baham

Don is a business-focused Chief Information Security Officer and Security Technologist with 20+ years of experience in enterprise technology, with over 10 of those years in information security. He is highly skilled in the planning and development of information cybersecurity strategy and best practices in support of the information technology architecture. Don serves as a subject matter expert to the Board of Directors and Executive Management on information security courses in the financial services, banking, insurance, and healthcare industries. In his current role as Chief Information Security Officer at Germantown Technologies, Don oversees Information Security, Privacy, and IT Risk & Compliance, prioritizing investments that strengthen defenses, achieve compliance, increase cybersecurity maturity, and reduce risk.
Don earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Western Governors University and several industry certifications including EC-Council Certified Chief Information Security Officer (CCISO), ISC2 Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), ISACA Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA), ISACA Certified Data Privacy Solutions Engineer (CDPSE), as well as a handful of Microsoft and CompTIA certs. Don is also an accredited trainer with APMG International for the CISA Certification and CSX Fundamentals Certificate programs.

Don is actively involved in the information security community and currently serves on the board of his local ISACA and ISSA chapters.

At home he focuses on his most important role as husband to his wife Kimberly and Dad to his three girls (and two dogs).

Thu, 14 Dec 2023 10:28:00 -0600 en text/html
University of Phoenix Leadership Appointed to IIBA® Phoenix Chapter Board of Directors No result found, try new keyword!As the VP Technology for IIBA Phoenix Chapter, Aranyosi will play a pivotal role in ensuring the efficiency and accessibility of the local chapter's digital infrastructure. His responsibilities ... Fri, 05 Jan 2024 04:09:00 -0600 en-US text/html EC200 | A Brief History of the Tonawandas

On April 2, 2021, Erie County celebrated its bicentennial anniversary, kicking off a year of celebration. This significant milestone is an opportunity for the community to reflect on the history, stories, and legacies of the many men and women who came before us.

Sometimes the origin of a name is simple – example being Lackawanna taking its name from the Lackawanna Steel Company. The name Tonawanda is wrapped in a little more mystery. Historians have settled on two possible, albeit very similar meanings: “swiftwater” or from the Tuscarora word Tahnawá•teh meaning “confluent stream.” These waters would play a role in Tonawanda’s future and growth.

The first known European to settle on the land that would become Tonawanda was Henry Anguish in 1809. By 1811, he would open a tavern in the area. By the spring of 1823, with the authorization of Erie Canal Commissioners, Samuel Wilkeson and Dr. Ebenezer Johnson began construction of a dam and lock at the mouth of the Tonawanda Creek. This would become part of the Erie Canal leading to Little Buffalo Creek and the Western Terminus of the canal. The canal would open in 1825 and it would be then that we see the first use of the name Tonawanda in association with the community. At that time it only was made up of 12 buildings.

Tonawanda’s growth was stimulated by the opening of the canal. Tonawanda’s location at the Western Terminus of the Erie Canal coupled with its harbor facilities at the Eastern end of the Upper Great Lakes, attracted lumber companies. Lumber companies like the East Boston Timber company can be credited with stimulating Tonawanda’s growth from a small hamlet of 12 buildings to an incorporated village by 1854. Timber from the forests of Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Canada were all shipped to the Tonawandas and by the turn of the century the Tonawandas were briefly the “Lumber Capital of the World.” This wouldn’t last as the forests of these regions dwindled because the timber industry at the time caused deforestation in these areas and the industry had not replanted new trees.

By the 1850s petty squabbles and a bitter controversy over a load of gravel caused the north side to separate from the village in 1857. It would be incorporated into a village and later as the City of North Tonawanda in 1897. The Village of Tonawanda was incorporated as the City of Tonawanda in 1903. The Town of Tonawanda was established in 1836 after it separated from the City of Buffalo. At that time, it included what would become the City of Tonawanda, Grand Island (established in 1852) and the Village of Kenmore (incorporated 1899).

As the lumber industry dried up, other industries started to grow in the Tonawandas. By 1915, the Huntley generating station had opened, bringing electricity to the area. This allowed the Tonawandas to grow to become the principal industrial center on the Niagara Frontier. Manufacturing of office equipment, paint, fiber and laminated products, steel bars and chains, boxboards and other products. The Town of Tonawanda saw Dupont and General Motors as well as the now defunct Wickwire Steel, the Wood and Brooks Piano Key Co., McKinnon Dash Co., the American Cabinet Co., and the Excelsior Steel Ball Bearing Co.

The Town of Tonawanda would play an important role in the success of World War II. Some historians posit that part of the success of the war was linked to the development and breakneck production of the P-40 fighter plane. Thousands would be constructed in the Curtiss-Wright plant on Vulcan Street. This was such a huge undertaking that Life magazine sent a photographer to witness the round the clock assembly lines.

As the post-war era dawned and transitioned into the modern age, the Tonawandas, like the majority of rust belt towns and cities, saw a rapid decrease in industrial production. Many either closed or moved. Today the municipalities have adjusted to focusing on bringing in the tourist trade, fine restaurants and cultural activities throughout the year. The National Trust for Historic Preservation convened in Buffalo in 2011 and its bus excursion to the Town of Tonawanda’s Green Acres neighborhood was a hit. “All those 1950s-era houses! Still standing, still beautiful and still in use!”

The Tonawandas have also been home to individuals who have gone on to do great things. Gladys Parker, who not only was a well-known fashion designer in New York City and Hollywood, also became nationally known for her creation of the comic strips Flapper Fanny and Mopsy. St. John Neumann spent time in the area as a missionary, ministering to area Catholics in the early 1800s. The movie Saving Private Ryan, and the character of Private James Ryan, is on Sergeant Fritz Niland and his brothers, all of whom are natives of the City of Tonawanda. Wolf Blitzer calls Kenmore West High School and the University of Buffalo his alma maters. Athletes who have called the Tonawandas home include Joe Mesi, Bill Scherrer, Tom Askey, Burt Lewis and Fred Brumm.

About Western New York Heritage

WNY Heritage Magazine has for the 2021-2022 Erie County Bicentennial published an 80-page legacy publication that highlights events, people, and places across Erie County’s history. This includes profiles of towns, cities, and Native territories, and never before published images. WNY Heritage has the goal of fostering a pride of place through the knowledge and appreciation of the art, architecture and history of Western New York. When you purchase a 2 year subscription to WNY Heritage Magazine (a bargain at $60),you will receive “Erie County, 1821-2021: A Bicentennial Profile,” this Erie County Bicentennial Commemorative publication. You can also pick up a copy at their website for $10, at Talking Leaves, the History Museum Shop, and other select retail locations.

495 Pine Ridge Heritage Blvd, Cheektowaga, NY 14225 | 716-893-4011
Website | Facebook | Download the WNY Heritage App

Sun, 28 Nov 2021 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
EC200 | A Brief History of the Senecas

On April 2, 2021, Erie County celebrated its bicentennial anniversary, kicking off a year of celebration. This significant milestone is an opportunity for the community to reflect on the history, stories, and legacies of the many men and women who came before us.

The entirety of Erie County was once the home to the Seneca Nation. As colonists and immigrants slowly came to the area, the land of the tribe slowly diminished. Located on the outskirts of Erie County sit the Seneca Nation Cattaraugus Territory and the Tonawanda Seneca Nation Territory. The historical Seneca occupied territory throughout the Finger Lakes area in Central New York, and in the Genesee Valley in Western New York, living in longhouses on the riversides. The villages were well fortified with wooden stake fences, just one of the many industrious undertakings.

The people relied heavily on agriculture for food, growing the Three Sisters: corn, beans, and squash, which were known as Deohako,(pronounced: Jo- hay- ko) “the life supporters.” In addition to raising crops, the early Seneca were also subsistence hunters and fishers.

The Senecas were also highly skilled at warfare, and were considered fierce adversaries. But the Seneca were also renowned for their sophisticated skills at diplomacy and oratory and their willingness to unite with the other original five nations to form the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations.

Today the Seneca Nation supports its own people and benefits surrounding communities with a variety of cultural, educational and economic efforts. Its varied enterprises include: world-class casino gaming, hospitality and entertainment, which employ over 3,500 people, as well as a convenience store chain (5 stores), construction management, and diverse holdings in business ventures.

Seneca culture and values remain strong and intact. Language, song, art, dance, and sports are all vital aspects of Seneca culture. Although the number of fluent Seneca language speakers is diminishing and the language is considered at-risk, there are language programs at the Seneca Nation in place to help protect, preserve and develop a new generation of Seneca language speakers to keep the Seneca language alive.

Seneca Nation Cattaraugus 

With a proud and rich history, the Seneca were the largest of six Native American nations which comprised the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations, a democratic government that pre-dates the United States Constitution.

This territory was officially confirmed by the Big Tree Treaty of 1797. In exchange for $100,000 and 200,000 acres of land to be divided into 11 reservations, the Seneca Nation relinquished
ownership of the remainder of their territory to Robert Morris. Unlike other tribes, who lease their land from the U.S. government, the Seneca actually own their property.

Located along Cattaraugus Creek from Gowanda to Lake Erie, the territory encompasses 22,061 acres in Cattaraugus, Chautauqua and Erie counties. It is primarily residential, however there are a number of private and Seneca Nation enterprises as well as governmental administrative buildings, health services and many other community-based programs and services.

Several communities can be found in the territory, including Newtown, Bucktown, Pinewoods,
Eleven Acres, Ozarks, Bush Road, Irving and Indian Hill. Newtown was established by those forced to leave the Buffalo Creek Territory. Named for the gas that bubbles from the rocks below Burning Springs Falls, Burning Springs Indian Fort covers approximately one acre near the mouth of Big Indian Creek.

Long documented as “the Old French Fort” because many thought Native people could not build such a fort, archaeological evidence has revealed only Native artifacts at the site.

The Thomas Indian School, officially named the Thomas Asylum of Orphan and Destitute Indian
Children, was established in 1855 and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Closed in 1957, it is now the site of the Seneca Nation of Indians governmental and health complexes, including elder housing and services. The SNI Court Building is the former school infirmary. A few other buildings remain, however the memory of the school in the community is generally not a good one due to students’ mistreatment and forced assimilation. It was part of a broad effort under federal policies in the United States and Canada to “kill the Indian, save the man” through
boarding schools.

Several prominent Native athletes hail from the territory. Hawley Bemus attended the Carlisle Indian Industrial School where he would play football under a new coach, Glenn “Pop” Warner. He also excelled at the pole vault and discus in track and field and then played professional football for various athletic clubs. Hawley is given credit for having a hand in the creation of the forward pass. Western New York has a long railroad history and Hawley is also considered
to be the first Native American railroad engineer in the U.S. Another notable athlete was Lewis
“Deerfoot” Bennett, a long-distance runner who set a record in London when he ran 10 miles in 52 minutes.

Ecology plays an important role in the territory today. Natural gas can be found in abundance.
Cattaraugus Creek is renowned for its steelhead trout fishing. Many nesting eagles are making a strong recovery after being polluted by an upstream glue factory in the early 1900s.

In addition, you can visit the Onöhsagwë:de’ Cultural Center, located in Salamanca. Learn about the history of the Senecas through their exhibitions, from their traditionally crafted items in “They Make to The Creation Story in When It Began.” You can also learn about their antler carvings or ornate beadwork in their collections. You can also view their entire collection at their website.

Tonawanda Seneca Nation Territory

Situated 30 miles east of Buffalo, the Tonawanda Seneca Nation is the Keeper of the Western Door of the Haudenosaunee. Despite losing all lands in the Buffalo Creek treaties of 1818 and 1842, the Tonawanda Senecas were able to fight the illegal land cessions that had taken place between the United States and illegal Seneca representatives. Ultimately, the US-Tonawanda Seneca Treaty of 1857 allowed for the repurchase of 7,549 acres that constitute the territory today, although being only a fraction of a once more significant land base. This was indicative of the strong determination to remain within traditional homelands and to avoid removal to lands in Kansas. Because of this effort, the Tonawanda Seneca Nation was afforded the right to perpetuate its traditional political, social and cultural ways of life.

The Tonawanda Seneca Nation, Council of Chiefs represents the Seneca (onondowaga, People of the Great Hill) in Grand Council at Onondaga and constitutes the sole governmental system at Tonawanda. There are eight clans within Tonawanda society: Snipe, Heron, Hawk, Deer, Turtle, Wolf, Beaver and Bear. The ceremonial cycle is still adhered to and performed at the longhouse within the territory.

Despite being a small community, there is much emphasis on maintaining and preserving traditional Haudenosaunee teachings and ways of living. The programs that exist within the community evidence this. Honotao:ni’ Heno:deya:sdahgwa’, “They are making the path” is a school for elementary-age children that focuses on Seneca language and traditional teachings. Ongweo:weka’ Weno:jada:ge’ has assisted the elders within the community with their everyday needs.

Seneca Language Immersion is a language program for adults, whose main focus is revitalizing Seneca language in everyday life conversation. Haudenosaunee Environmental Task Force assists environmental issues that threaten our community and neighboring territories. The Nation funds all programs previously mentioned, as well as many additional programs. The Tonawanda Seneca Nation is both politically and economically independent and sovereign. The Nation has those rights exercised to their full extent. The Tonawanda Braves lacrosse program fields both minors and men’s Senior B teams. They compete against other Haudenosaunee communities each summer.

Famous members include Ely S. Parker who was Wolf Clan chief and secretary to Ulysses S. Grant. He wrote the final draft of the Confederate surrender terms at Appomattox. Parker was also the first Native appointed to be Commissioner of Indian Affairs. Jesse Complanter served as the territory’s chief, was a World War I veteran and also a Purple Heart recipient. He was a
renowned artist and singer, Cornplanter was the lead actor in the 1913 film, Hiawatha.

The Tonawanda Reservation Historical Society was established in 1998 for the purpose of preserving and disseminating the history of the Tonawanda Seneca Indian Reservation for their people, for the generations yet unborn, and for the education of non-Indians about their culture.To achieve this purpose, the Historical Society’s goals are:

  • To collect and preserve materials pertaining to the history of the Tonawanda Reservation and their people, to record and document historically valuable information
  • To make such materials available to researchers, the public, and especially to Tonawanda Reservation residents and their descendants
  • To sponsor exhibits, publications, and other methods to inform and educate people about the history of the Tonawanda Reservation.

To view the collection be sure to check out their website.

Western New York Heritage

WNY Heritage Magazine has for the 2021-2022 Erie County Bicentennial published an 80-page legacy publication that highlights events, people, and places across Erie County’s history. This includes profiles of towns, cities, and Native territories, and never before published images. WNY Heritage has the goal of fostering a pride of place through the knowledge and appreciation of the art, architecture and history of Western New York. When you purchase a 2 year subscription to WNY Heritage Magazine (a bargain at $60),you will receive “Erie County, 1821-2021: A Bicentennial Profile,” this Erie County Bicentennial Commemorative publication. You can also pick up a copy at their website for $10, at Talking Leaves, the History Museum Shop, and other select retail locations.

495 Pine Ridge Heritage Blvd, Cheektowaga, NY 14225 | 716-893-4011
Website | Facebook | Download the WNY Heritage App

Thu, 30 Dec 2021 10:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html
Council to consider process for preserving history

Dec. 25—SUPERIOR — City officials are considering changes to how historic properties on the Municipal Register of Historic Places are reviewed when alterations are proposed to determine the appropriateness of the work.

The change is necessary for the city's eligibility to become a Certified Local Government through the Wisconsin State Historic Preservation Office. Acquiring the status would open up some avenues for funding to preserve historic properties, said Jeff Skrenes, housing coordinator for the city and adviser to the Historic Preservation Committee.

The Plan Commission approved recommended changes to the certificate of appropriateness process on Wednesday, Dec. 20.

"When we designate a property and put it on our municipal register, what we are essentially saying is that property has some element — whether it is built by a famous architect or associated with a historic person or has an architectural feature or some other cultural importance — that there's something about the exterior portion of that property that is important to the city of Superior and to our community," Skrenes said. "That becomes a resource that we, as a city, want to protect."

Currently, the city's ordinances require owners of designated historic structures, sites or districts to apply for a certificate of appropriateness when alterations to the exterior of a structure would change or potentially change the features of the building. The building inspector issues the certificate of appropriateness with the recommendation of the historic preservation committee and approval of the city planning department.

"It really doesn't bring the Historic Preservation Committee into it until much later in the process," Skrenes said. "To qualify for Certified Local Government status, the HPC really needs to be in the driver's seat a lot more in evaluating that."

Under the recommended changes to the process, the Historic Preservation Committee would grant the certificate of appropriateness for most exterior alterations to historic structures and sites, and within historic districts.

The planning department could issue the certificate for some exterior work, but it would be limited to repairs or replacement of roofs, gutters, sidewalks and driveways, and storm windows and storm doors; installation or replacement of historic plaques; chimney repairs and tuckpointing; and installation of fences, glass block in window openings and ramps that are compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act standards.

The new process outlines timelines for issuance and alterations that should be considered or avoided.

Currently, there are no consistent standards, Skrenes said.

"If I wanted to wrap my house in vinyl, it would have to go through the process, and I would hope that you would not supply that," said councilor Brent Fennessey. Fennessey's shingle-clad home was added to the municipal register in 2022. It was built in the early 1890s by Irvine Lenroot, who served in the United States Congress from 1909 to 1927. He resigned from the U.S. House of Representatives in 1918 after being elected to the U.S. Senate.

Skrenes said Fennessey's hypothetical plan would likely be denied or modified.

One of the beauties of the process is that when something wasn't going to be approved, there was always a lot of discussion with people with a lot of experience that led to better projects, Commissioner Brian Finstad said of his experience attending historic preservation meetings in Minneapolis.

"When it was alterations, it was never just 'no,'" Finstad said. "It was 'you might want to consider doing this.' They'd come back with some sort of guidance that made the project better."

The council will consider the changes to the certificate of appropriateness process when it meets Jan. 16.

Mon, 25 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html
CLARK: Cascading through history!

What will it take to get Muscatine’s Alexander Clark House declared a National Historic Landmark?

From Guidelines for Preparing National Historic Landmark Nominations (2023): “Nationally significant properties embody stories that have exceptional value to the nation as a whole. … The history embodied in NHLs may not always be familiar, but their significance to the nation means that they are no less deserving of recognition.”


Our city’s Historic Preservation Commission didn’t expect a “national significance” hurdle back in 2010 when we received a grant to hire an expert in U.S. legal history to help us make the case to the U.S. National Park Service. I was HPC chairperson at the time.

Not far into the project, the feds told us it wasn’t good enough that our Alexander Clark House had been listed on their National Register of Historic Places in 1976 as a U.S. Bicentennial project. No, they pronounced Clark’s significance established at state level only, thus disqualifying our NHL bid until we might win national-level certification. Long story short, that hasn’t happened yet.

People are also reading…

“It might help if you could show a cascading effect from Clark to Brown,” advised Lorinda Bradley in a meeting this month. She is Iowa’s National Register Coordinator at the State Historic Preservation Office.

Thanks to the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, every state has a SHPO—an expert, or staff of experts, mediating access to the National Register of Historic Places which is a program of the NPS. We preservationists pronounce the acronym “ship-oh.” We listen when SHPO speaks.

In 1978, the Iowa Division of Historic Preservation—SHPO of the day—intervened against a city threat to demolish the then-derelict house. Pat Eckhardt told the council her agency considered it “the last physical remembrance of Alexander Clark,” whom she described as “a man of national significance.”

When the restorer of the Alexander Clark House, Kent Sissel, introduced me to the preservation process, SHPO was at the State Historical Society in Des Moines where it was part of the Department of Cultural Affairs. This month SHPO moved into new digs as part of the Iowa Economic Development Authority.

So, back to cascading Clark to Brown. That would mean showing falling dominoes in school-desegregation cases from Clark v. Muscatine (1868) to Brown v. Topeka (1954). One victory leading to the next and the next and the next.

Can such an argument be made? Maybe. I’ve heard our legal-history expert, Paul Finkelman, react to the upgrade requirement, ticking off half a dozen Clark achievements, saying after each one, “If it were only that, but also….” As if the evidence is overwhelming.

Speaking at Muscatine Community College in February 2023, he said: “Bringing this case is not merely changing the law so [Clark’s] daughter can go to school. He is setting up the circumstances to begin to change American law in what will be a very long and painful struggle to reach racial equality in the United States.”

Here’s a link cued to his discussion of many legal citations of the Iowa ruling including “five different briefs” leading to Brown:

“It is a significant case,” he concludes. “It should be in the pantheon of American liberty.”

And then add context, advised SHPO’s Bradley. What was happening in other states at the same time? Why Iowa? Why the Clarks?

On December 7, a few hours after our SHPO conversation, the Muscatine City Council voted unanimously to endorse the current HPC’s proposal for Muscatine to compete for hosting the 2025 Preserve Iowa Summit, a big deal for preservationists statewide. Host cities must have a “showcase project” as part of the application, so HPC proposes an intensive survey of local sites with possible Underground Railroad significance. The Alexander Clark House is one of those, of course. See cued to the HPC item.

The timing could be just right. February 2026 will be Clark’s 200th birthday. Also, 2024-2025 is the 50th anniversary of “rediscovering” Clark and saving the 1878 house from demolition. The interpretive panels made for a major exhibit at Muscatine Art Center last spring could be used for the Summit showcase.

Cascading. I’ve been spinning on the word since that night. And turning points and tipping points.

“Our struggle is not the struggle of a day, a week, a month, or a year, it is the struggle of a lifetime. Never, ever be afraid to make some noise and get in good trouble, necessary trouble.” (John Lewis)

”The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice.” (Theodore Parker, quoted by Martin Luther King, Jr.)

Till ringing, singing on its way,

The world revolved from night to day,

Of peace on earth, good-will to men!

(“Christmas Bells” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow)

Next time: “A fine figure of a Negro”

Daniel G. Clark is a former Muscatine Journal reporter and student of Iowa history.

'Tis the season for festive flora, where two enchanting plants take center stage in our holiday celebrations – the vibrant poinsettia and the mystical mistletoe. Meet the poinsettia, a Christmas star since 1828, symbolizing love. Buzz60’s Maria Mercedes Galuppo has the story.

Tue, 26 Dec 2023 22:00:00 -0600 David Hotle en text/html

312-50v11 availability | 312-50v11 learn | 312-50v11 resources | 312-50v11 resources | 312-50v11 thinking | 312-50v11 PDF Download | 312-50v11 syllabus | 312-50v11 thinking | 312-50v11 answers | 312-50v11 book |

Killexams test Simulator
Killexams Questions and Answers
Killexams Exams List
Search Exams
312-50v11 exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List