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Exam Code: SIAMF Practice exam 2022 by team
SIAMF BCS Service Integration and Management Foundation

Format of the Examination
 60 minute ‘closed book
 40 multiple choice questions
 Pass mark is 26/40 (65%)
The examination will be based on the syllabus in this document. Examination questions will be drawn from all courses in the syllabus, and coverage of any given course can be expected to be in proportion to the amount of time allocated to that course in the syllabus.

Question Weighting
Syllabus Area Target number of questions
1. Introduction 4
2. SIAM Roadmap 8
3. SIAM Roles and Responsibilities 4
4. SIAM Management Practices 6
5. SIAM Processes 7
6. SIAM Challenges and Risks 7
7. SIAM Other Practices 2
Total 40 Questions

BCS EXIN Foundation Certificate in SIAM™ Syllabus

Candidates should be able to demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental concepts of Service Integration and an understanding of bringing together multiple service providers to strive for a common goal, in order to support the client organisations agreed objectives for service delivery.
Specific Learning Objectives of the SIAM™ Foundation Certificate
 Introduction to Service Integration and Management (SIAM)
 SIAM implementation roadmap
 SIAM and its relation to other management practices
 SIAM roles and responsibilities
 SIAM practices
 Processes to support SIAM
 SIAM challenges and risks

The following roles could be interested in this module:
 Chief Strategy Officers (CSOs)
 Chief Information Officers (CIOs)
 Chief Technical Officers (CTOs)
 Service Managers
 Service Provider Portfolio Strategists/Leads
 Process Managers
 Project Managers
 Change Managers
 Service Level Managers
 Business Relationship Managers
 Program Managers
 supplier Managers
 Service Architects
 Process Architects
 Business Change Practitioners and
 Organizational Change Practitioners

For each top-level area of the syllabus a percentage and K level is identified. The percentage is the exam coverage of that area, and the K level identifies the maximum level of knowledge that may be examined for that area.
1. Introduction to Service Integration and Management [SIAM] (15%, K2)
1.1 The candidate can outline the SIAM fundamentals
The candidate can:
1.1.1 outline the purpose and value of a SIAM approach
1.1.2 describe (business) drivers for SIAM
1.2 The candidate can describe the SIAM methodology and the various structures suggested for the service integrator layer.
The candidate can:
1.2.1 explain the SIAM layers
1.2.2 describe the SIAM structures, advantages and disadvantages for a hybrid service integrator, an internally and an externally sourced service integrator and a lead supplier integrator
2. Service Integration and Management Implementation Roadmap (20%, K2)
2.1 The candidate can list the SIAM implementation key stages and explain the main objectives and activities of these stages.
The candidate can:
2.1.1 distinguish between the different SIAM implementation key stages
2.1.2 outline the main objectives, triggers, inputs, activities and outputs in the discovery and strategy stage
2.1.3 outline the main objectives, triggers, inputs, activities and outputs in the plan and build stage
2.1.4 outline the main objectives, triggers, inputs, activities and outputs in the implement stage
2.1.5 outline the main objectives, triggers, inputs, activities and outputs in the run and Excellerate stage
3. Service Integration and Management roles and responsibilities (10%, K2)
3.1 The candidate knows the different SIAM roles and their responsibilities (6%)
The candidate can:
3.1.1 explain SIAM roles and responsibilities.
3.1.2 explain the SIAM structural elements.
4. Service Integration and Management practices (15%, K2)
4.1 The candidate can explain different practices of SIAM
The candidate can:
4.1.1 describe the people practices of managing cross functional teams.
4.1.2 describe the process practices of integrating processes across service providers
4.1.3 describe the measurement practices of enabling and reporting on End to End Services
4.1.4 describe the technology practices of creating a tooling strategy
5. Processes to support Service Integration and Management (17,5%, K2)
5.1 The candidate understands processes in a SIAM ecosystem The candidate can:
5.1.1 outline the function of processes in a SIAM ecosystem
5.2 The candidate understands the objectives and SIAM considerations of the main processes that support Service Integration and Management
5.2.1 indicate what the process purpose is
5.2.2 outline the SIAM considerations
6. Service Integration and Management challenges and risks (17,5%, K2)
6.1 The candidate understands the main challenges within a SIAM ecosystem, their associated risks and potential mitigation
The candidate can:
6.1.1 describe the importance of building the business case, the associated risks and mitigations.
6.1.2 describe the importance of culture, collaboration and cooperation, the associated risks and mitigations.
6.1.3 describe the importance of level of control and ownership, the associated challenges and mitigations
6.1.4 outline the importance of security, the associated risks and mitigations
6.1.5 describe the challenges associated with measuring success and its mitigations
6.1.6. describe the importance of trust/eliminating micro-management and level of control, the associated risks and mitigations
6.1.7 define the commercial challenges, the challenges with legacy contracts and their mitigations
7. Service Integration and Management and other practices (5%, K2)
7.1 The candidate can outline the importance of other practices to SIAM
The candidate can:
7.1.1 describe the contribution of the following frameworks and standards to a SIAM ecosystem: IT service management including ITIL® and ISO/IEC 20000, Agile, including Agile Service Management, DevOps, COBIT® and Lean.

BCS Service Integration and Management Foundation
Exin Integration exam
Killexams : Exin Integration exam - BingNews Search results Killexams : Exin Integration exam - BingNews Killexams : Without consent: Pelvic exams under anesthesia still happen without patient knowledge

KANSAS CITY, Mo.  — Imagine being unconscious for a surgery or undergoing a procedure and, without your consent, a doctor-in-training practices an intimate exam using your body.

Pelvic and prostate exams are an important part of basic health care — your doctor checking that your reproductive organs are healthy. These exams are also an important part of medical students' training.

However, sometimes the line gets blurry.

Pelvic exams performed on unconscious people without consent remains a gray area that is raising ethical concerns and prompting legislative action. The practice is legal in Kansas and Missouri.

As a warning, this story may be triggering for those who have experienced sexual trauma.

Ashley Weitz remembers being heavily sedated in the emergency room.

"I woke up, there was a bright light (and) he just kind of said, 'I'm almost finished,'" Weitz said.

She recalls thinking, "Finished with what? What is my doctor doing?"

"I don’t remember being put into stirrups," Weitz said. "I don’t remember having my clothing removed."

Weitz's emergency department report said she went to the hospital for nausea, vomiting and a rapid heartbeat — not symptoms she thought would require her doctor to perform a pelvic exam.

"I know that I didn’t consent and I know we didn’t talk about it, because I woke up in the middle of the exam screaming," Weitz said.

Through her haze, she saw the emergency-room doctor bagging swabs from the exam.

She and her doctor had already talked about her sexual history and, because she insisted there would be no way she could have a sexually transmitted infection, she did not think a pelvic exam would be the next diagnostic step in figuring out what was wrong.

Weitz was 23 years old at the time and struggled to understand what happened.

"I just kind of put it in a corner and went, 'OK, well, because I have a history of abuse and assault, then that must be why this feels like such a violation,'" she said.

Weitz said years later she fully realized it was a violation. Even now, after more than 10 years, she still gets a bit shaken when discussing the experience.

Weitz opened up about the trauma to KSHB 41 News to shine a light on pelvic exams performed without consent.

"I just wanted to be asked," she said.

The KSHB 41 I-Team discovered Weitz isn’t alone.

Pelvic exams usually happen when patients are awake and fully aware that their doctor is going to examine the most private areas of their body.

However, an investigation discovered that medical students have performed pelvic and prostate exams on patients who are under anesthesia without their explicit consent. And it’s often done solely for students’ educational benefit.

It's a practice that has taken place for decades.

A 2005 survey revealed that most medical students at the University of Oklahoma had done pelvic exams on anesthetized women and most of the students didn't think the women gave consent first.

In a 2012 article, a fourth-year medical student said he performed them “for three weeks, four to five times a day.”

Just recently, the I-Team talked to a doctor who trained at a local hospital who recalls an incident several years back when medical students did a pelvic exam on a woman with an ovarian tumor. The doctor doesn’t remember if they got consent. The doctor also said he remembers it was a contentious course in school and in residency.

Baltimore pediatrician Ari Silver-Isenstadt said it remains a common practice.

"This kind of thing still happens," Silver-Isenstadt said.

He has spoken out against the practice for years.

"I don’t think having students learn pelvic exams is wrong," Silver-Isenstadt said. "I think not getting explicit consent and cooperation and not making sure everything is on the up-and-up is wrong."

It’s a practice he saw 25 years ago as a medical student.

"It sort of became obvious, the problem was that the woman wasn’t being asked for her consent to participate in my medical education," Silver-Isenstadt said.

During his OBGYN rotation, Silver-Isenstadt found ways to avoid participating in exams on unconscious patients.

"I learned when those kinds of things happened and I wouldn’t show up and never had to do it," Silver-Isenstadt said.

Changing the medical establishment's teaching practices overall may be more difficult to overcome, he said. Some students may feel uncomfortable telling their instructor, the attending physician, no.

"That was highly difficult," Silver-Isenstadt said. "That was challenging."

Eventually, he met with the dean of the school and they let him research the course in 2003.

The research found that students became desensitized about whether consent was important. He also found that patients were willing to participate in students’ education if asked.

That's the key missing piece in Silver-Isenstadt's view — asking.

"It actually would enhance medical-student education because it would reenforce to medical students that the patient has the ultimate autonomy over their own body, and we don’t do things to them for our own benefit," Silver-Isenstadt said.

To be clear, Silver-Isenstadt said pelvic exams performed on unconscious people without consent don’t happen in every surgery or even most surgeries — for example, knee surgery.

"This is, in my experience, exclusively in the context of gynecological surgery," he said.

Silver-Isenstadt encouraged patients to always ask who will be in the room during their procedure and speak up if they don’t want a medical student practicing pelvic exams on their body.

"It’s OK if you say no, because there are plenty of people who are willing to say yes, and it won’t have any impact on your care," he said.

The University of Kansas Health Care system said med students don't have a role in patient care; they are only there to observe and learn. However, residents (who are still doctors-in-training) are allowed to have a role in patient care under the the supervision of the attending physician.

At many hospitals, like KU Health System, patients sign a form acknowledging medical students can or will be involved in their care, but it may not clearly state that a med student could perform certain exams for training purposes alone.

Silver-Isenstadt said many hospitals have policies about getting consent before performing such exams, but he’s worried they don’t enforce them all the time.

Meanwhile, patients who want to see this practice banned nationwide, like Weitz, said that's the problem.

"And that’s part of the trauma is not knowing," Weitz said.

For survivors like Weitz, who has lived with the feeling that her body wasn’t her own, requiring explicit consent is vital. Without it, she said that feeling of uncertainty and violation can cast a shadow on patient care.

"Wait a minute, is that something that could have happened to me?" Weitz said. "And the reality is that it absolutely is and can be."

KSHB 41 reached out to the major medical associations and they all oppose performing these intimate exams under anesthesia without prior, informed consent.

The American Medical Association said they also oppose “blanket bans on student participation” in these cases.

Currently, 21 states have banned pelvic exams without consent. Missouri and Kansas are not among those states.

KSHB 41 spoke with local lawmakers — including Sen. Lauren Arthur, a Democrat from Clay County — about efforts to end the practice.

"I was shocked," Arthur said. "I had no idea that this was a common practice."

How could someone find out if this happened to them? Again, that's part of the problem: A patients likely wouldn’t know because such pelvic exams aren’t done for the patient’s care and aren’t noted in their charts.

Weitz said she’s lucky she actually has that ER note, which many people do not have.

Despite this issue, the people KSHB talked to for this story stress that you should still regularly to the doctor and build trust with your provider. But, remember that you have a say in every part of your care.

Editor's note: The I-Team will have a second part to this reports, which highlights the legislative actions in Kansas and Missouri. That story will Tuesday, Oct. 4.

Copyright 2022 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Mon, 03 Oct 2022 07:53:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Without consent part 2: What local lawmakers are doing about pelvic exams without consent

KANSAS CITY, Mo.  — Doctors-in-training performing intimate exams on anesthetized or unconscious patients without their knowledge and without their consent — it's a little known practice in medicine the KSHB 41 I-Team discovered is legal in a majority of states, including Missouri and Kansas.

Learning how to do a pelvic and prostate exam is part of medical students' education and ongoing training. These exams are also an extremely important part of a person's basic care.

However, ethical lines blur when a person's body is viewed as a teaching tool.

You probably won't go in for knee surgery and end up getting a pelvic exam while you're under.

But abdominal surgery? Gynecological surgery? It could happen.

The problem is, there's no way to know exactly how often it happens. The I-Team found out it's a common practice and you might not ever know it happened.

In part one of this story, the I-Team explains more about this complicated issue and how failing to get consent can negatively impact patient trust.

For part two, KSHB talked to local lawmakers who want to fix this issue and ensure patients’ rights are always protected.

Kansas and Missouri don't have anything set-in-stone in the laws about this.

"I was shocked. I had no idea that this was a common practice," Missouri Sen. Lauren Arthur said.

Arthur is one of the local lawmakers who want to find a legislative cure.

"I had a visceral reaction to it," Arthur said, which is what made her want to jump into action.

Arthur introduced a bill last year that would require healthcare providers, including students, to get explicit consent from patients before doing pelvic, prostate or rectal exams on them while they are unconscious.

Arthur’s bill had a couple exceptions, like when an exam is necessary for treatment or diagnosis or if a court orders one to collect evidence.

"These are important procedures," Arthur said. "I don't want to create any stigma around them, but under all circumstances, they should only be performed if a patient has given explicit, informed consent.

Arthur's bill died in committee.

In 2020, Missouri state representative Shamed Dogan filed a similar bill. It didn’t pass, but made it to a hearing, with more than a dozen people testifying in support, saying a woman’s body, or anyone’s body, shouldn’t be used as a mere teaching tool.

Ashley Weitz was one of those who submitted written testimony in support of the bill.

"I was shocked to learn this wasn't an anomaly, and my experience was a product of a way of educating that is not only antiquated, not only is it harmful, but it's unnecessary," Weitz said.

It’s personal to her.

"I woke up in the middle of the exam screaming," Weitz said.

A doctor performed a pelvic exam she didn’t consent to while she was heavily sedated in a Utah emergency room 15-years-ago.

As a sexual assault survivor, the experience traumatized her so much that she’s gone without necessary healthcare.

But she found her voice to help pass bills in Utah and in other states that would ban what happened to her.

"I just wanted to be asked," Weitz said.

MOCSA, the Metropolitan Organization to Counter Sexual Assault, also advocated for the Missouri bill.

The organization work with survivors of sexual abuse and trauma, like Weitz, who they say could face irreparable harm.

"Having something done to their body, or worrying that something may have been done to their body can be tremendously impactful and can cause anxiety and stress, re-traumatization and flashbacks," said Victoria Pickering, MOCSA's director of advocacy.

Kansas representative Rui Xu is also trying to stop this practice. He says patients likely understand medical students could be involved in their care, especially at teaching hospitals. But this, he says, is different.

"A pelvic exam is an extra level of invasion, in my opinion, so that should require an extra level of consent that did not seem like has been happening and certainly not written into statute," Xu said.

Xu filed a bill in 2020 – his first act as a freshman lawmaker. It died too.

He thinks he knows why.

"The medical society tends to have a little more lobbying force in Kansas," Xu said. " In the super minority, we don't get much opportunity to get hearings on our bills in the first place, let alone something with opposition."

Xu and Arthur plan to re-file their bills in January.

"I think with the right forces, with you guys shining a light on this, potentially maybe we can change more hearts and eventually get this passed," Xu said.

The Kansas Medical Association declined to tell the KSHB 41 I-Team why it opposed Xu’s bill, but did provide us with a statement.

“Should Representative Xu introduce a similar bill next legislative session, we will read the language of the bill before taking a position on it, if any," it said in a statement.

A tip to take away: Pay attention to hospital consent forms. They may not mention anything about med students and doctors-in-training practicing pelvic exams.

You have the right as a patient to ask your doctor who will be in the room for your surgery or procedure. You also have the right to tell them you do not want any doctors-in-training to do pelvic exams on your body as practice.

In some hospitals, med students don't play a direct role in patient care.

However, these pelvic exams are not done for patient care; they're often done solely so that the medical student or the doctor-in-training can learn.

We reached out to national medical associations, who say doctors need to get prior, informed consent before performing an exam the patient wouldn't be expecting.

The lawmakers we talked to believe it should be a law, even if hospitals have policies in place.

Copyright 2022 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 07:36:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Heterogeneous Integration Co-Design Won’t Be Easy

The days of “throwing it over the wall” are over. Heterogeneous integration is ushering in a new era of silicon chip design with collaboration at its core—one that lives or dies on seamless interaction between your analog and digital IC and package design teams.

Heterogeneous integration is the use of advanced packaging technologies to combine smaller, discrete chiplets into one system-in-package (SiP). It not only pushes the need for more advanced multi-die packaging, it makes it part and parcel of the process. And in doing so, it significantly reduces dependence on Moore’s Law at a time when building an advanced monolithic system on chip (SoC) has become highly complex, and prohibitively expensive for all but very high volume devices.

Practically every day, I encounter companies for which Moore’s Law no longer represents the best technical or economical path to designing a silicon chip. And for a great many of those companies, heterogeneous integration presents a high-performance solution—SiPs close to the SoC form factor but with far lower overall cost, greater yield, and perhaps most importantly, faster time to market. While SiP as a packaging concept has been around for decades, the recent tsunami of designs adopting heterogeneous integration is truly a disruptive change.

Moore himself knew this day might come. Page 3 of his seminal 1962 Electronics paper admits, “It may prove to be more economical to build large systems out of smaller functions, which are separately packaged and interconnected.”

The industry is rapidly waking up, too. Pat Gelsinger’s affirmation earlier this year that Intel’s foundry business would embrace heterogeneous integration in combining x86, Arm, or RISC-V chiplets put to rest my biggest fear—that heterogeneous integration would remain, as it had been until then, a closed ecosystem forged by vertically integrated companies designing chiplets and interconnects for their own use and advantage.

Heterogeneous integration: Collaboration is crucial

There is, however, a caveat and it’s a big one. Implementing and verifying heterogeneous integration designs with multiple chiplets is inherently more difficult than designing an SoC. Managing longer signal paths (though this can be mitigated with 3D integration), more I/Os, and a larger form factor will disappoint chip designers accustomed to SoC levels of optimization in power, performance, and area (PPA).

Instead, they’ll have a whole new list of design tradeoffs to overcome. Moving from a single monolithic SoC to a system in package (SiP) architecture requires continuous analysis of electrical, thermal, and mechanical interactions among chiplets, the substrate, and the package.

It’s therefore imperative that engineering teams looking at heterogeneous integration are capable of seamless co-design, capturing and sharing design complexities between various entities using EDA tools and flows built from the ground up to enable truly cross-functional co-analysis and co-optimization.

I’m talking about complete system-level visualization in a single tool, with the ability to optimize system-level designs and cross-domain interconnects, pin-out and floorplans (including stack), and direct read/write capability into multiple layout domains and tools.

If the chip, package, and board are not designed cooperatively and as a system, performance will be reduced, additional board layers may be needed, and board and package costs may rise significantly. And without co-design, timing, power, and signal integrity will not be optimized.

Simulation will also become highly important to understand how the electrothermal and thermo-mechanical elements of a design will perform at an early stage. Consider, for example, that with heterogeneous integration, the base die itself could become the key path to the heatsink in the final package and PCB. That’s great for anything attached to it, but what about 3D stacking of dies above the base die?

3D-IC architectures typically require substrate thinning, resulting in relatively poor heat dissipation across the 3D stack and making accurate thermal simulation and signoff a critical step in the design flow. How might best can designers transfer heat away from each of the chiplets and overall package?

The complete package

It’s this kind of consideration that demonstrates just how integral your choice of packaging, and its implementation, will be in successfully creating a design based on heterogeneous integration.

Gone are the days of countless workhours spent reaching tapeout before any thought is put into how the chip will be packaged. As AMD CEO Lisa Su reminded audiences at Computex last year, a chip’s packaging is just as important as the chip design and chip process. To succeed, all three must be optimized together.

And exactly how we package heterogeneous integration is currently the name of the game. I’m seeing customers exploring everything from traditional SiP and MCM to fan-out wafer level packaging (FOWLP), bumpless 3D integration, 3D system-on-a-wafer, and even cutting-edge co-packaged optics.

It helps that we finally have a standard die-to-die (D2D) interconnect standard. Universal Chiplet Interconnect Express (UCIe) is the standard chiplet-to-chiplet interface, defined by a consortium of industry heavyweights including AMD, Arm, Intel, Microsoft, and Cadence. The UCIe 1.0 specification was released in March 2022 and encompasses a physical layer, protocol stack, software model, and compliance testing. This takes us a step closer to bringing different chiplets from different providers closer together in pursuit of the lower latency, greater flexibility, enhanced performance, and improved functional density.

The right tool(s) for the job

The transition to a heterogeneous integration chiplet-based approach introduces new EDA tool and solution challenges for chip designers and package designers. Designing something as complex as a cutting-edge, heterogeneously integrated SiP requires cross-domain design flows that enable users to seamlessly plan, design, analyze, and verify across chiplet, interposer, package substrate, and board.

This starts with a logical and hierarchical representation of the complete SiP, from the transistor level through the full system-level design.

Cadence has a broad set of advanced IC packaging solutions, from IC and package design to IC verification and system-level analysis. So, while heterogeneous integration won’t be easy, your design teams will find everything they need for successful co-design, co-optimization, and co-analysis of heterogeneous integration-based systems.

Read More: Heterogeneous Integration vs System on Chip: What’s the Difference?

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 19:03:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Taliban blocks women from college entrance exams in subjects deemed "too difficult"

Afghanistan's Taliban rulers have blocked young women from taking college entrance exams for a wide range of subjects, with one student saying the Islamic extremist group has deemed many courses "too difficult for women to handle." Several female students told CBS News that they and their peers were not allowed to take exams for university majors including engineering, economics, veterinary medicine, agriculture, geology, and journalism.

Meena, one of the high school graduates who took recent college entrance exams, wanted to study economics, but said she wasn't allowed to choose the course and was left with literature as her only option.  

"I was so hopeless that at one time, I started crying and decided to leave my paper for them to decide which field I should study," she told CBS News in a telephone interview from her home in eastern Afghanistan. "Then I chose literature, only because my family invested in my education over the past 12 years, and I could not let them down."

Afghan women and girls struggle for basic human rights under Taliban rule 08:52

Another student, in western Herat province, said she wanted to study civil engineering but found that major removed from the list of options presented to her when she showed up for the exams.

"I've been studying hard and preparing for the field of my choice for the past two years, but these oppressors and enemies of women don't even let us study what book we want. Where is the justice?" she asked through sobs over the phone. "They say these fields are too difficult for women to handle, and instead women should learn how to raise better children."

Maryam, a survivor of the bloody suicide bombing at the KAAJ education center in Kabul, which targeted young women preparing for their exams, said she wanted to study journalism to help supply a voice to her people. She was forced to choose pharmacology instead, a major she said she had no interest in pursuing.

The legacy of a 20-year war in Afghanistan: Many Afghans are still struggling to recover 03:27

"The result of this exam is not important for me," Maryam said. "I'm glad this exam is over, which shows our resilience, and I will wait and try next year."

A spokesman for the Taliban's Ministry of Higher Education, which oversees the nation's universities, did not respond to repeated CBS News requests for comment on this story.

The Taliban regime has yet to be formally recognized as a legitimate government by any country since the group reclaimed power over Afghanistan in August 2021. In just over a year, the hardliners have dealt a major blow to Afghan women and girls, whose rights had increased significantly during 20 years of U.S.-backed governance. Girls aged 12 and above have been banned from attending virtually all public schools, women have been forced to leave their jobs in most government ministries, female journalists and guests must appear on TV with a face covering, and parks and classrooms have been segregated by sex. 

Most of the women who participated in the recent university exams graduated from high school before the Taliban's takeover 14 months ago.

Taliban answers CBS News' questions 16:26

Despite all the backsliding on women's rights, the Taliban's supreme leader apparently still isn't content with the imposition of the group's draconian interpretation of Islamic Shariah law.

On Monday, Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada ordered his intelligence officials to fully implement an edict he issued earlier this year relating to women.

Paying "special attention to the implementation of Sharia, all officials will supply me an account of how much Sharia has been implemented in the one year of our government, and fully implement my six-point edict on women's rights," he said in a statement.

Hibatullah Akhundzada, Afghan political and religious leader who currently serves as the leader of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, as the supreme leader of the Taliban
The Afghan Taliban's supreme leader Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada is seen in a 2021 file photo. Rob Welham/Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group/Getty

The edict focused largely on the Taliban's requirement for women and older girls to wear the hijab in public, covering their hair and bodies. In it, Akhundzada offered the advice that, "not leaving home unnecessarily is the best way to observe hijab."

In response to the repression of women's rights, the U.S. government recently announced new sanctions barring current and former Taliban members behind actions "restricting access to secondary or higher education for girls and women, preventing women's full participation in the workforce and their ability to choose their career" from traveling to the United States. The Biden administration called on its allies to follow suit.

In an apparent response to the U.S. visa restrictions, Akhundzada released an audio message on Thursday declaring the Taliban's desire to foster relations with all nations, "within the framework of Sharia and the interests of our people."

He vowed that the Taliban regime would "remove all un-Islamic laws and institutions created over the past 20 years, regardless of the outside pressure."

Students like Maryam, holding out hope for another opportunity to chose their own futures, will take little heart in the words of their unelected leader.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 03:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Best No-Exam Life Insurance Of October 2022

We scored companies based on these measurements:

Price (50% of score): We averaged the no-exam life insurance rates for males and females in excellent health at ages 30, 40 and 50 for $500,000 and $1 million and a term length of 20 years.

Maximum face amount for lowest eligible age (10% of score): Companies with higher no-exam life insurance coverage amounts for the lowest age earned more points. Note that maximum no-exam coverage can sometimes become lower if you apply at a higher age.

Age eligible for best length/amount (10% of score): Companies offering no-exam life insurance to folks over age 50 earned extra points.

Accelerated death benefit available (10% of score): This important feature lets you access part of your own death benefit in the event you develop a terminal illness

Option to convert to a permanent life insurance policy (10% of score): This is a good option to have in place if you decide you want a longer policy, especially if your health has declined and you don’t want to shop for new life insurance.

Guaranteed renewals (5% of score): This option lets you extend the coverage after your initial level term period has expired, such as at the end of 10, 20 or 30 years.

Renewal rates can be significantly higher, but renewing can provide extended coverage to someone who may no longer qualify for a new life insurance policy because of health.

Median time from application to approval (5% of score): We gave more points to companies with lower no-exam life insurance approval times.

The timeline for approval could be within seconds or a month, depending on the company and possibly even your health.

Sources: Bestow, Ethos, Fabric, Haven Life, Jenny Life, Ladder, Policygenius and Forbes Advisor research.

Compare Policies With Leading Life Insurance Companies

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 00:11:00 -0500 Ashlee Tilford en-US text/html
Killexams : Self-compassion is the superpower year students need for exams and life beyond school

This week, year 12 students in New South Wales will begin their final exams, with students in other states soon to follow.

This can be one of the most stressful times in a students' life. It can also be very stressful for parents trying to support their children.

But there is a superpower in the arsenal of every year 12 student that can be harnessed to manage this stress. This superpower fuels resilience, not only for exams, but for any difficult situation they may be faced with across their lifespan. It's called self-compassion.

I am a who specializes in self-compassion. This is how you can use it, both for yourself and for your kids.

What is is self-compassion?

The most enduring relationship we have is the the one we have with ourselves.

This relationship shapes how we think, feel and behave to such an extent that often we are not even aware of it. We may think being hard or critical on ourselves pushes us to achieve results. But research shows this can lead to , avoidance of hard tasks, higher risk of psychological illness and poor resilience.

In contrast, self-compassion encourages us to feel comfortable in our own skin. It allows us to generate our own feelings of warmth, reassurance, soothing and liking who we are.

What does it look like?

Difficult moments, like an unexpected exam question, are a ripe breeding ground for self-criticism. You may be familiar with thoughts like, "I'm not good enough, I can't do this, I should have worked harder, I'm going to fail, I am a failure." These self-critical thoughts are almost addictive—when they pop up it is easy to fixate on them and spiral into panic or avoidance.

In contrast, picture a friend sitting the same exam and getting the same unexpected question. This is a good friend who you really care about. If you could say something to them in that moment, it's probably easy to think of supportive words. Such as, "I know this is hard, but you can do this. Your best is good enough. This one exam will not define your life, even if you get this wrong. I still think you're a wonderful person."

Self-compassionate responses are more likely to make us feel confident, safer and therefore resilient. If we're feeling this way, it will likely be easier to at least attempt the question rather than supply up. It it is easy to draw on compassionate wisdom for our friends. But why don't we say these things to ourselves?

Our tricky brains

We don't because we have a "tricky brain".

We like to think of ourselves as sensible and rational, but the brain is actually a faulty piece of machinery. The brain is hardwired, through evolution, to focus on threat.

Noticing threat, and triggering the flight or fight response, is what kept our ancestors alive when they were faced with an aggressive cave man or attack from a saber tooth tiger.

Today, threats tend to be less extreme: like not getting the score we want in a test or not having the career pathway we might like. But our mind and body still react in the same way as if we are facing a saber tooth tiger, flooding our body with adrenaline and the stress hormone cortisol.

The (many) advantages of self-compassion

Treating ourselves with the same kindness and support as we would a good friend comes with a plethora of mental health benefits.

It is associated with greater psychological well-being and a lower risk of developing symptoms of poor mental health.

It leads to better stress-management and boosts motivation to study for exams, often contributing to better grades. Self-compassion gives us the bravery to try things we may fail at, because we can take bigger chances if we know we won't beat ourselves up if we fall short. And sometimes, as with more study, these chances and extra effort pay off.

Self-compassion can also weaken the link between perfectionism and depression. Perfectionism involves and high levels of self-criticism and which can lead to depressive symptoms, especially when we fall short of our goals. But self-compassion may enable perfectionists to have high standards and be motivated to do well, without experiencing the mental health cost.

For example, in the lead up to an exam, having high standards and wanting to achieve can motivate us to study. But during and after the exam, this perfectionism can turn into self-criticsm which places us at risk of feeling low and unmotivated.

If we are compassionate with ourselves, we can normalize how tough exams are, and show unconditional positive regard for ourselves no matter the outcome. These compassionate ways of thinking can help protect us from depression symptoms.

How can we learn and teach self-compassion?

Some of us tend to be more self-compassionate than others. But if you're not naturally a very self-compassionate person, there is good news. Research suggests you can learn to do it.

Here are some ways to approach it, both for yourselves and your kids:

  • Check yourself: before talking with your child about self-compassion, consider how you treat yourself when under stress. Do you notice when your self-critic is triggered? It is hard to be genuine when encouraging someone else to be self-compassionate if you are not.
  • Model self-compassion: when you make an error, try replacing "I'm so stupid I let this happen" with "I'm upset about this and that's okay—anyone would feel this way in this situation". Talk to yourself in a soft, calm tone. Whether you say it aloud or even just think it, your behavior in that moment will change, and your kids will see this
  • Talk about it: start a conversation with your child about their relationship with themselves. You could start with: "what do you tend to say to yourself or feel about yourself during exams?" or "what effect does this have on you?"
  • Help them spot self-criticism: encourage your child to notice when pops up. supply the self-criticsm a name such as "Voldemort" or the "angry voice". Say, "When you notice Voldemort is hanging around, gently ask yourself, what would you say to a good friend or a ten-year-old version of yourself in this situation?" This simple question is a powerful way to tap into the compassionate wisdom we all carry
  • Give yourself a hug: to help calm yourself, supply yourself a hug. Either wrap your arms around yourself or hold your hand on your heart or chest and notice the warmth. Research tells us we get a flood of oxytocin—the body's "love drug"—and relax when we are hugged by someone we trust. Our brain and body has an almost identical reaction when we hug ourselves. Use as a this short-cut to trigger some feelings of self-compassion.

And don't forget this

Self-compassion is not something you master once, and then move on from. It is a lifelong journey of practicing and learning. Sometimes, especially when we are busy or stressed, it will drop off and we may need reminding of it's superpower.

As a self-compassion researcher, I talk, write, think, debate and practice daily. Yet I still find myself listening to Voldemort at times. This is part of living with a "tricky brain". But there is a more self-compassionate option. And if we take it, the science says we will be more resilient and more likely to accomplish our goals.

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.The Conversation

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Tue, 11 Oct 2022 04:31:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Paris Hilton was "forced" to have cervical exams in the middle of the night at boarding school

Paris Hilton has shared more details about her traumatic experience at boarding school, claiming that she was "forced" to have cervical exams in the middle of the night.

"I opened up in a @NYTimes video about something I’ve never discussed before," the hotel heiress turned reality TV star turned DJ wrote on Twitter. "At Provo Canyon School, I was woken up in the middle of the night by male staff who ushered me into a private room and performed cervical exams on me in the middle of the night."

Hilton continued: "Sleep-deprived and heavily medicated, I didn’t understand what was happening. I was forced to lie on a padded table, spread my legs and submit to cervical exams. I cried while they held me down and said, 'No!' They just said, 'Shut up. Be quiet. Stop struggling'."

She also told the New York Times that there was never a doctor present, and that staff members at the Utah boarding school would "put their fingers inside" of her and other young women.


"This was a recurring experience not only for me but for other #survivors. I was violated and I am crying as I type this because no one, especially a child, should be sexually abused," Hilton went on. "My childhood was stolen from me and it kills me this is still happening to other innocent children."

Speaking about her decision to go public with her experience, the 41-year-old said: "It's important to open up about these painful moments so I can heal and help put an end to this abuse."

In her 2020 documentary, This Is Paris, Hilton revealed that she adopted a character throughout her career to cope with the "heartbreaking trauma" she experienced as a child. "I'm so used to playing a character that it's hard for me to be normal," she said. "I created this brand and this persona and this character, and I've been stuck with her ever since."

Since Hilton's abuse claims came to light, a petition calling for Provo Canyon School – where she lived for 11 months in 1999 – to be shut down has reached over 200 thousand signatures. Provo Canyon School said in a previous statement that the facility was sold in 2000 and is under new ownership. School officials said they could not comment on the past owners but do not "condone or promote any form of abuse."

Cosmopolitan UK has reached out to Provo Canyon School for comment.

For help with any of the issues discussed in this article, visit: Rape Crisis England & Wales, Rape Crisis Scotland, or Rape Crisis Northern Ireland. RASASC provides emotional and practical support for survivors, families and friends.

Jade Biggs (she/her) is Cosmopolitan UK's Features Writer, covering everything from breaking news and latest royal gossip, to the health and fitness trends taking over your TikTok feed.
Thu, 13 Oct 2022 03:13:00 -0500 Jade Biggs en-GB text/html
Killexams : Coaching And Tech: Ideas For Integration

John Evans / CEO of Evans & Evans Consulting.

As an executive coach, I am perennially on the lookout for technologies that will help my clients Excellerate their outcomes. Or, in fancier parlance, my clients and I are continuously pursuing eudaemonia, or human flourishing, with the help of tech forwardness. And to be sure, like the explosion of Moore's Law, the myriad manifestations of amalgamized technologies and coaching are staggering.

Let's get prepared for the unexpected.

One example: I have been challenged recently with perhaps the most exciting and auspicious opportunity of my coaching and training career. Let's start with the problem—a glaring one, at that: Over 80% of state prisoners are arrested at least once during the nine years following their release. Did you catch that gobsmacking stat? Well, it just won't do. I have been retained by an organization to help and try to rectify this black eye on our otherwise-outstanding republic.

My colleagues and I have uncovered some exciting possibilities in our discussions with two of the world's foremost tech companies. To be blunt, virtual reality (VR) was really not up to snuff as of two or so short years ago. But with Herculean bursts of recent improvements in the space, we have a solution emerging right in front of our very eyes. To say this is exciting understates. Imagine being behind bars with no GED nor any trade to earn money upon your freedom. That's hopeless. But with the recent jump in the advancement of tech eyewear, we now have the ability to educate and inspire countless trainees. My team and I will be leveraging virtual reality gear to train inmates, while in prison, on how to become eligible to become electricians, plumbers, HVAC operators, etc. A bonafide trade confers not only a life-giving income but also the dignity and sense of self and purpose that comes along with the remuneration. Preliminary feedback from four prisons has been encouraging. Again, that understates. To hear the human exultations of hope that came, where thin aspirations were threadbare and moribund, well, that's over-the-top gratification for all stakeholders.

You have also undoubtedly run into the excitement of merging technologies with your coaching. Keep your eyes open; you are stepping into white space, unexplored territory. Intuition matters.

Consider Fractl, an inbound digital marketing firm for whom I have done work. Leadership is clear they are trodding new ground; for example, they successfully used technology to develop a web-based app that rendered a mock-up of "Your Face on Meth."

Here are three salient points for consideration as you integrate technology into your coaching efforts.

• First, trust but verify with the salesmen. In my own experience with VR, I made mistakes here, costing time and resources. You need to experience the efficacy of the technology before you make a major purchase.

• Second, you need to experience the tech and the exact merit of it so you can tell stories as to how the application serves you. Stories persuade and move the world, by the way, not PowerPoint presentations or owner's manuals or salesperson verbiage.

• Third, you will need your best forecasting minds on deck to ascertain demand schedules. In the case I am working on, we are likely going "to need a bigger boat" of supplies in the near future. In no manner possible do I want my suppliers caught off guard with demand curves.

As coaches, we find ourselves in myriad, fascinating scenarios to effect positive change. Grab hold of technology in your pursuit of eudaemonia, whatever the coaching mission, doing so with conscientious intent and an eye to these three suggestions (and baked-in flexibility that understands mistakes must happen).

Forbes Coaches Council is an invitation-only community for leading business and career coaches. Do I qualify?

Sun, 09 Oct 2022 23:32:00 -0500 John Evans en text/html
Killexams : International Baccalaureate to move exams online

The International Baccalaureate, taken by thousands of British pupils, will move to digital exams to “future-proof” the qualification for the next generation.

The IB Diploma, which is taught in 203 British schools in place of A-levels and gives students a wider curriculum, will look towards developing online exams and possibly “virtual reality” assessments.

At the IB’s global conference in the Hague last week, Olli-Pekka Heinonen, the director-general of the IB, said moving assessments online was one of his top priorities. He said it presented opportunities to assess students in new ways better suited to the workplace and the modern world.

Heinonen, a former Finnish education minister and director of the Finnish National Agency for Education, said he expected schools to be given a choice of

Sun, 09 Oct 2022 21:59:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Law Student In Spain Writes Tiny Notes On Pen To Cheat In Exams, Internet Appreciates The Effort

Picture shows 11 blue bic pens covered in extremely small texts.

Studying criminal procedural law is a tough decision to take, it also requires a significant amount of time and effort for a student to pass with flying colours during an exam. But a student engraved his whole curriculum around the entire diameter of just 11 pens for cheating during his examination in Spain. The pictures of the pens have recently surfaced on the microblogging platform Twitter and are going viral now.

The student carved borderline tiny lettering on a pack of blue bic pens and selected this last alternative. However, he was apprehended, and the inventive crib notes were seized.

The pictures of those 11 pens were shared by a professor named Yolanda De Lucchi on Twitter last week. While the pens appear to be normal at first sight, a closer investigation reveals that the plastic bodies of the pens are covered in extremely small texts.

"Tidying up my office, I found this university relic that we confiscated from a student a few years ago: criminal procedural law in bic pens. What art," Ms Lucchi wrote while sharing the post.

Since being shared, the post has received a whooping 3.8 lakh likes and more than 24,000 retweets. Several users pointed out the obvious: if the student was going to put in this much effort, he should just study while others related the story to their own mistakes.

"I have only been able to deduce that it was a criminal procedure by taking a photo and enlarging," wrote a user.

Another said, "As you can see that they are young, that with presbyopia is illegible."

According to a report from, the student who claimed to do this was identified with the name Gonzo. He substituted the graphite lead of a mechanical pencil with a needle.


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Wed, 12 Oct 2022 22:06:00 -0500 text/html
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