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Exam Code: SPLK-2002 Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
SPLK-2002 Splunk Enterprise Certified Architect

A Splunk Enterprise Certified Architect has a thorough understanding of Splunk Deployment Methodology and best-practices for planning, data collection, and sizing for a distributed deployment and is able to manage and troubleshoot a standard distributed deployment with indexer and search head clustering. This certification demonstrates an individual's ability to deploy, manage, and troubleshoot complex Splunk Enterprise environments.

The prerequisite courses listed below through Data and System Administration are highly recommended, but not required for candidates to register for the certification exam.

All candidates who wish to access the test must be Splunk Enterprise Certified Admin and complete the Architecting Splunk Enterprise Deployments, Troubleshooting Splunk Enterprise, Cluster Administration, and Splunk Enterprise Deployment Practical Lab courses.

Splunk Enterprise Certified Architect
Splunk Enterprise Topics
Killexams : Splunk Enterprise syllabus - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SPLK-2002 Search results Killexams : Splunk Enterprise syllabus - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SPLK-2002 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Splunk Killexams : ArcSight vs. Splunk: SIEM Tool Comparison 2022

Micro Focus ArcsSight and Splunk operate in the Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) space. Both offer broad monitoring and analytics of security incidents, potential threats, and analysis of logs.

Buyers looking for a general SIEM platform are likely to find both solutions on their list of strong candidates. Overall, though, there are plenty of differences that will likely appeal to buyers with different goals in mind. Here’s a look at both platforms, and how they compare.

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Key Feature Comparison

The Splunk platform encompasses search, monitoring, and analyzing of a vast amount of IT data to identify data patterns, provide metrics, diagnose problems and aid in business and IT decision making.

To supply an idea of the scope of Splunk, SIEM can be considered just one small part of its feature arsenal. Beyond security, Splunk takes in Application Performance Monitoring (APM), compliance, automation, orchestration, forensics, as well as plenty of features related to IT service management (ITSM) and IT operations management (ITOM).

Splunk’s wide range of products and features are aggregated within the Splunk Observability Suite. The platform can be used to analyze, ingest, and store data for later use, as well as detect issues impacting customers. Overall, it offers a breadth of management. Those wishing to manage SIEM, ITOM and ITSM in an integrated fashion will find Splunk to be a fine tool to do the job. It offers a wealth of real-time visualization and analysis features, as well as management and monitoring.

ArcSight ESM (Enterprise Security Manager) is a SIEM platform that can track and analyze security issues and manage security policy. It detects and resolves cybersecurity threats quickly. Features include event collection, real-time event management, log management, automatic response, and compliance management.

ArcSight brings native SOAR technology to the security operations team. It uses SmartConnectors to convert device event data from the network for correlation. It does a good job of monitoring events, running reports, generating resources, and investigating issues. More recently, ArcSight has been making improvements to its storage and cloud capabilities. It offers a lot more log storage options for the vast log repositories it collects. It has launched a SIEM as a service option too, which runs in the cloud. And it has augmented its security capabilities with access to more threat research resources and threat intelligence feeds.

Splunk represents itself as a complete platform to handle everything related to SIEM, security and ITOM. It ventures far beyond SIEM. ArcSight is more tightly focused on SIEM. The existing stack of security and management tools, therefore, should be considered before deciding between Splunk and Micro Focus.

Those companies with outdated tools that are in need of a complete overhaul should probably gravitate to Splunk due to its much wider feature set. Why buy five different management tools when you can buy one from Splunk and have them all integrated? However, those already well supplied with existing APM, ITOM, ITSM and other tools and that only need SIEM and some analytics, should favor ArcSight and upgrade other toolsets in parallel.

For overall functionality, Splunk wins. But for those that don’t need everything that Splunk provides, ArcSight is a definite alternative.

Also see: The Successful CISO: How to Build Stakeholder Trust

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Support and Implementation Comparison

ArcSight support is rated well overall, but this depends on the level of support in the contract. Some say ArcSight, due its product depth, requires a dedicated person to operate and can be quite complex. Vendor help is often required to get the system up and running. There is so much that can be done in ArcSight that some users get lost. Querying is great once you know it. But if queries are not specific enough, a lot of time can be lost ingesting and analyzing irrelevant data.

Splunk is viewed as a little easier to implement. Initial deployment can be accomplished via the cloud. Due to the size and complexity of Splunk, it requires a higher level of skilled internal resources as well as vendor support to deploy and operate. Users report that the sophistication of Splunk is mirrored in ease of use. Those very familiar with the platform will find it easy. Everyone else has a steep learning curve. There is no clear winner in this category.

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Comparing Cloud and On-Premises

Splunk was born and raised in the cloud. It does not offer on-premises appliances but provides software for on-site deployment if desired. But most use it in the cloud. ArcSight has options for the cloud, or on-premises (appliance or software).

In this category, Splunk wins in the cloud and ArcSight wins for on-premises. Splunk can be installed directly through the cloud onto a public, private, or hybrid cloud setting. That said, ArcSight recently updated its platform to add features to its cloud offerings, which comes closer to catching up with Splunk.

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Integration Comparison

A big strength of Splunk and a key differentiator is its ability to integrate data streams from a huge number of sources. Some users ingest several PB per day. It supports a wide range of data formats like .xml, .csv and .json files. Those with needs that require such data stream integration from multiple data formats should opt for Splunk, as it offers over 1,000 applications as add-ons available in its app store. It also heads a coalition of 30 partners on security collaboration.

ArcSight can deal with hundreds of data sources and tens of thousands of events per second. It integrates with machine learning and AI tools. As it is an open platform, it can integrate deeply with SOC environments. SmartConnectors convert device event data from the network for correlation. Splunk wins here, but not by much.

Also see: Secure Access Service Edge: Big Benefits, Big Challenges

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Analytics and Search Comparison

Splunk is all about monitoring and analyzing data generated from various machines. It is great for analyzing the huge number of log files generated by enterprise systems. It eliminates the need for IT to spend hours trawling through all the logs looking for that performance needle in the IT haystack. It makes use of the search processing language to find terms present in log files. For example, Splunk offers a wealth of real-time visualization and analysis features. If real-time management and monitoring are vital, then this one is a no contest. But it does come at a price.

ArcSight enriches data in real time to Excellerate analytics accuracy. Users comment that search and analytics performance are very good. Queries are easy and graphs are created automatically. It can handle hundreds of thousands of servers if required and ingest data from all of them.

Splunk wins on analytics by a whisker, and ArcSight wins on search.

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Price Comparison

Neither Splunk nor ArcSight come cheap. The various modules within Splunk have a reputation for being expensive. Further, upselling can send the budget much higher. For instance, you need the SIEM module, then you ask about performance monitoring – that adds in an APM module, and slowly other modules creep in and the price tag rises. This is normal enough in IT. But when you are already dealing with a pricey platform, it is important to determine what you really need and what you can dispense with.

ArcSight is also expensive. Its pricing is based on data ingested and events per second. Splunk prefers to price based on the maximum daily data volume. Thus, the most economic platform will vary from enterprise to enterprise based on how the workloads run and performance/data patterns.

Also see: Best Website Scanners 

ArcSight vs. Splunk: Conclusion 

Splunk and ArcSight are both excellent tools designed to solve a great many challenges related to security and performance monitoring. You can’t go wrong too far wrong with either one. Both are strong in SIEM. User ratings overall from a variety of IT review sites place Splunk slightly ahead of ArcSight. Splunk is regarded as a leader in the latest Gartner SIEM Magic Quadrant. Micro Focus was listed in the Niche Solution category, but of course that means it’s strong in that niche.

Splunk is a much broader platform and toolset that proves invaluable in rapidly analyzing log files and making sense of mountains of data so IT knows what is going on. Whether it’s a performance slowdown or a security incursion, Splunk is a good way to stay one step ahead of trouble. ArcSight can rival Splunk on many features directly related to SIEM.

In the end the choice between these two comes down to needs. Those wanting an all-encompassing security and IT management platform will find Splunk closer to their needs. Additionally, those with aging applications that are ready for a major management makeover will find Splunk a good fit. It covers a large amount of ground. But if it is only SIEM that is needed, the equation shifts. ArcSight begins to rival Splunk on many fronts.

Thu, 14 Jul 2022 07:38:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.eweek.com/security/arcsight-vs-splunk/
Killexams : Splunk Inc. No result found, try new keyword!Splunk is a software platform for machine data that enables customers to gain real-time Operational Intelligence. The Splunk software is used by more than three quarters of the Fortune 100 and ... Thu, 13 Jun 2019 18:53:00 -0500 text/html https://www.sourcesecurity.com/companies/splunk-inc.html Killexams : Business Intelligence and Analytics

NetSPI, an enterprise penetration testing and attack surface management company, is releasing two new open-source tools for identity and access management (IAM) and security operations center (SOC) groups. These tools, PowerHuntShares and PowerHunt, will aid information security teams discover vulnerable network shares and Excellerate detections overall.

Posted August 09, 2022

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Posted August 08, 2022

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Posted August 08, 2022

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Posted August 08, 2022

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Posted August 08, 2022

Tone Software Corporation, a global provider of management and productivity solutions for IBM Z mainframes, is acquiring the JES2Mail, JES2FTP, Mail2ZOS, and CICS2PDF host output transformation and delivery products from CASI Software, Inc. Effective June 1, 2022, the acquisition of the CASI JES2Mail suite will expand Tone's OMC z/OS Output Management offerings for mainframe shops seeking to deliver the right information to the right users, in the most cost effective format for the business. 

Posted August 08, 2022

What's the hardest part of managing a merger, acquisition, or divestiture? The answer may seem to be getting lawyers and regulators to sign off on the deal or handling the business restructuring that follows. But here's another hairy M&A and divestiture challenge which executives too often underestimate: migrating massive amounts data, most of it unstructured, between entities.

Posted August 08, 2022

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Posted August 04, 2022

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Posted August 04, 2022

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Posted August 04, 2022

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Posted August 04, 2022

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Posted August 03, 2022

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Posted August 03, 2022

People.ai is joining Oracle Fusion Sales, enabling customers to drive revenue transformation. "Oracle and People.ai share a vision for how revenue intelligence can help transform B2B selling and drive stronger revenue operations performance. We are excited to partner with People.ai to bring action-oriented cross-functional revenue insights across the entire B2B lifecycle to our mutual customers," said Des Cahill, group vice president global product marketing, Oracle Customer Experience Cloud.

Posted August 03, 2022

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Posted August 03, 2022

Hazelcast, Inc., home of the real-time data platform, is introducing the beta release of a new serverless offering under its Viridian cloud portfolio, dubbed Hazelcast Viridian Serverless. The platform enables companies to take immediate action on real-time data by speeding app development, simplifying provisioning, and enabling flexible and robust integration of real-time data into applications, according to the vendor.

Posted August 02, 2022

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Posted August 02, 2022

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Posted August 01, 2022

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Posted August 01, 2022

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Posted July 29, 2022

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Posted July 29, 2022

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Posted July 28, 2022

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Posted July 28, 2022

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Posted July 28, 2022

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Posted July 27, 2022

SAP released 27 new and updated Security Notes, including six High Priority notes, during its July patch release. Onapsis Research Labs (ORL) supported SAP in patching a Missing Authorization Check vulnerability in the highly sensitive SAP Enterprise Extension Defense Forces & Public Security application.

Posted July 27, 2022

GFOS mbH announced that its modular HR software, gfos 4.8, is certified by SAP to integrate with cloud solutions from SAP, helping organizations extract employee data from SAP SuccessFactors solutions to further process the information within the gfos software.

Posted July 27, 2022

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Posted July 27, 2022

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Posted July 27, 2022

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Mon, 10 Aug 2020 05:48:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.dbta.com/Categories/Business-Intelligence-and-Analytics-327.aspx
Killexams : GitLab: Verticalizing The DevOps Stack
DevOps concept

Olemedia

Our Original Work On GitLab

This will be the second installment of our work on GitLab. You may read our original work on the company via the following link:

A Trip Down Memory Lane

In mid to late 2020, I began acquiring shares of Slack (WORK) and continued acquiring shares as the F.U.D. related to Microsoft's (MSFT) Teams product reached a fever pitch. To be sure, there was good cause for this concern, as the chart below illustrates:

Microsoft Teams vs Slack: Which Collaboration App Is Better?

Statista

This F.U.D. caused Slack's share price to crater. At Slack's lowest point, it traded in the high teens (down from $32/share where we originally bought the company). Not long after it traded into the teens, Salesforce (CRM) acquired Slack at ~$44/share, or $27B in market cap.

As we know, the central reason Slack traded to such low levels was competition from Microsoft Teams, which was fair, but perhaps a bit overblown.

As we've illustrated in the past, there are many reasons why an enterprise would not work with Microsoft, and, indeed, there is an exceptionally large cohort of companies on this earth that will choose not to do business with Microsoft or will choose not to become entirely dependent on Microsoft's various platforms.

Additionally, from Intuit (INTU) to Google (GOOGL) (GOOG) to Slack, there have been many, many companies that have risen to prominence in the face of Microsoft offering a directly competing product.

And, today, we will consider yet another company embroiled in a head to head battle with Microsoft. While highlighting Intuit (early 1990s), Google (2000s), and Slack (2020) as examples of companies fending off Microsoft might be an example of survivorship bias, I do think it's worth considering why these companies were able to, ultimately, create successful business outcomes in the face of almighty Microsoft competing with them directly.

In today's exploration of GitLab, we will share why we believe GitLab will thrive despite Microsoft fielding an almost directly competing product.

So without further ado, let's explore the business of Gitlab together today!

Introduction: What Is GitLab?

In short, GitLab empowers software engineers to manage the creation and deployment of the code that they write.

This act of writing code and deploying it into the real world is known as DevOps, which is a portmanteau of the words Development and Operations.

We believe in an innovative world powered by software. To realize this vision, we pioneered The DevOps Platform, a fundamentally new approach to DevOps consisting of a single codebase and interface with a unified data model. The DevOps Platform allows everyone to contribute to build better software rapidly, efficiently, and securely.

GitLab's 2021 10-K

As conveyed above, in the software world, this process of writing, storing, and deploying code, and managing the process thereof, is known as DevOps, or Development Operations. This video illustrates the concept of DevOps and further contextualizes GitLab's place within the DevOps ecosystem, though this place within the ecosystem evolves and expands by the day.

Now that we have some general understanding of GitLab's business, let's walk through a brief investment thesis; after which, we will consider GitLab through the lens of BTM's Crucial Characteristics.

Bulleted Investment Thesis

  • GitLab has verticalized the DevOps ecosystem, and, in the process, created a significantly better product for software engineers. GitLab has used this significantly better product to wedge itself into its customers' businesses.
  • At Beating The Market, we target companies that have built a 10x better product within a fragmented, low NPS industry, which we and GitLab believe has been the DevOps ecosystem in the past. Our Top Ideas are often companies that enter these fragmented (as in many competitors), low NPS industries and rapidly consume market share due to their 10x better product.
  • At Beating The Market, we call these fragmented, low NPS industries "Inverse Bubbles". We can see in the image below this fragmented ecosystem (which we'd call an Inverse Bubble; more on this in a bit):
Gitlab investor info

GitLab Investor Relations

For those that understand the concept of Inverse Bubbles (resource below), we can imagine the above chart as a giant Total Addressable Market Bubble, with a $ value affixed to the bubble. From our original note on GitLab, we shared,

As per Gitlab's IPO filing, its management believes that the addressable market opportunity for "The DevOps Platform" is ~$43B (expected to grow to $55B by 2024). Here's what the company has said on its addressable market:

"Today, we believe the addressable market opportunity for the DevOps Platform is approximately $40 billion. To estimate our current addressable market, we have categorized companies of what we view as adequate scale into tiers based off of employee count as reported by S&P Global. We then multiply these cohorts by the average annual recurring revenue from the top 25% of customers in each of these categories as of January 31, 2021. We calculated these figures by determining the markets currently addressed by the most common use cases for our platform and summing their estimated sizes as reported by Gartner. Given the wide applicability of our platform, we believe we are well suited to grow our market opportunity over time."

GitLab communicated the evolution from "no tools" to "fragmented tools" to "The DevOps Platform" in the following manner:

When DevOps started, each team bought their own tools in isolation, leading to a "Bring Your Own DevOps" environment. The next evolution was standardizing company-wide on the same tool for each stage across the DevOps lifecycle. However, these tools were not connected, leading to a "Best in Class DevOps" environment. Companies tried to remedy this fragmentation and inefficiency by manually integrating these DevOps point solutions together defining the next phase: "DIY DevOps." 5 Table of Contents At the same time, the faster delivery of software required more DevOps tools per project. Increased adoption of a microservice architecture led to more projects. The combination caused an exponential increase in the number of tool-project integrations. This has often led to poor user experiences, higher costs, and increased time to deliver new software. As a result, business outcomes often failed and the potential for DevOps was never fully realized. In short, an entirely new platform for DevOps was needed. We pioneered The DevOps Platform to solve this problem.

  • As can be seen above, in a world without GitLab, companies must piece together a handful, or more, solutions to write, deploy, and manage their code. A GitLab world "verticalizes" the entire ecosystem into one platform: The DevOps Platform, as GitLab calls it.
  • The image below illustrates the many point solutions that create orchestration and execution headaches in the creation and deployment of code. At the bottom, we see The DevOps Platform, which "verticalizes" the entire stack of solutions into one, proprietary platform.
GitLab business model

GitLab Investor Relations

  • And, as mentioned earlier, GitLab uses this 10x better, fully verticalized platform to wedge itself into its customers businesses, where it then upsells them on new features and products over time. We contend that GitLab will prove to be one of the most capable companies on earth in terms of creating new products, which GitLab can use to upsell existing customers (and thereby generate more revenue from their existing customer base). GitLab characterized this wedge strategy as follows:

We employ a land-and-expand sales strategy (read: wedge). Our customer journey typically begins with developers and then expands to more teams and up to senior executive buyers. As of January 31, 2022 and 2021, our Dollar-Based Net Retention Rate was above 152% and above 145%, respectively. Our Base Customers grew to 4,593 as of January 31, 2022 from 2,745 as of January 31, 2021. Our cohort of customers generating $1.0 million or more in ARR grew to 39 as of January 31, 2022 from 20 as of January 31, 2021.

  • We can see in the chart below that GitLab has a robust product roadmap still ahead, and as it executes on that product roadmap, it will upsell its current customers with those new products (and this drives elevated Net Retention Rate over time, which we've contended is the most important SaaS metric on earth).
GitLab product roadmap

GitLab Investor Relations

  • For those just joining us, some of the ideas presented above may sound a bit foreign. Here's more resources to learn about those unique ideas:
  • The DevOps Platform acts as a company's system of record for all of the software written within the company. We can think of GitLab as the womb, in which new applications and new software-based infrastructure germinates and is born. It is the source of software life within an organization. This gives GitLab an incredibly privileged position and makes it absolutely mission critical, especially for companies that have adopted the full suite of products The DevOps Platform offers.
  • Alongside this privileged position, GitLab operates somewhat duopolistically (there are other players, but GitHub and GitLab clearly dominate mindshare on the internet. For instance, if I search "github alternative", GitLab is the #1 alternative in virtually every single search result), with its counterpart being GitHub, which Microsoft acquired in 2018.
  • Some may contest this, but, from my research, GitLab and GitHub represent the two choices in the DevOps market.
  • GitLab also satisfies everything we look for in a company:
    • Founder-led (and Sid appears to be a highly competent founder who is liked within GitLab)
    • Rapidly growing: GitLab recently posted ~75% year over year growth.
    • Exceptional financials: ~$1B in net cash (the entire company is only worth about $11B as of today), high gross margins & positive unit economics, and, considering its rate of growth, relatively low cash burn presently.
    • And, lastly, GitLab has an exceptional company culture, as measured by its Glassdoor ratings, of which there are many.
  • So lots to love: tons of cash, rapid growth, founder-led; high quality culture, all while operating in what amounts to a mindshare duopoly with GitHub. Awesome! But it gets better:
  • Alphabet recently began acquiring shares of GitLab, which has led me to believe that Alphabet may be interested in acquiring the company so as to better compete with Microsoft. AWS (AMZN) could certainly also be a suitor for GitLab. Additionally, insiders have been buying shares.
  • With the Alphabet or potential AWS backstop, along with the huge cash hoard, rapid growth, clearly high quality culture, and 10x better, verticalized platform, there is just so much to love about GitLab.
  • The one issue, as was the case in our original note on the company, is its valuation. With 191M shares outstanding (fully diluted), GitLab presently trades at about $11B in market cap. On an EV to fwd. 12 mo. sales basis, GitLab trades at about 19.7x EV/fwd. 12 mo. sales. This is very expensive. We will wait until $30/share to $35/share, which is where it touched recently.
  • That said, when GitLab does find its way into our buy zone, we will buy with gusto, as GitLab is undoubtedly one of the most promising $10B and below market cap companies in the market at present.

With our concise investment thesis laid out, let's now turn to BTM's proprietary Crucial Characteristics!

BTM Crucial Characteristics

Crucial Characteristic

Notes

Zero to One Strategy

We recently explored the concept of "going Zero to One" in the following note:

In short, Zero to One is the process whereby a company evolves from a concept or idea to a business that produces highly defensible cash flows, protected by one of five moats: Embedding (Switching Costs), Scale, Network Effects, Brand, or Regulatory/Legislative moat.

We believe that the understanding the concept of going from Zero to One is crucial for investing within Beating The Market's coverage universe, and we do our best to describe the concept as often and as thoroughly as possible.

A commodity product, such as a cup of coffee (BROS) (SBUX), can become a business that produces highly defensible cash flows, protected by its Brand, Scale, or Embedding (a physical building in a neighborhood is tough to move) moats.

That is, anybody can go from Zero to One with the right values, mindset, and a bit of good fortune (which often follows the right values and mindset).

In short, going from Zero to One refers to the idea that all businesses start as an idea with effectively no moats, and, for those that succeed, end with a business (a One) that has real moats, whether they be brand, network effects, scale, or embedding.

We explored these moats in this note:

The Only Two Ideas You Will Ever Need In Investing | Seeking Alpha Marketplace

GitLab's strategy to go from Zero to One entails creating The DevOps Platform, around which we find moats such as Brand (as we mentioned, GitLab operates in what amounts to a duopoly in terms of mindshare), Embedding (explored later), and Network Effects.

One of the aspects of the Zero to One journey for GitLab, which I find most promising, is the idea that it is the software platform for creating software platforms; therefore, if it is really as great as it thinks it is, then it should, by the very nature of being the best, create the best DevOps platform.

To wit:

I think one of the most interesting aspects of the GTLB thesis is the idea that it is a software platform whose sole goal is to optimize the development and deployment of software platforms. GTLB itself is developed and deployed by way of the GTLB platform. So it stands to reason that the best DevOps platform will produce the DevOps platform (which itself requires DevOps), and, as such, there's a virtuous cycle where the best DevOps platform produces the best DevOps platform, which then produces the best DevOps platform and so on and so forth until GTLB truly verticalizes the entire DevOps "stack" (which we explore a bit later).

Below, we can see Sid, founder and CEO, conveying this idea that companies need the best software development platform to execute a radically faster DevOps lifecycle. Considering GitLab is the platform for this job, GitLab itself should continue to experience rapid evolution and pristine execution.

Gitlab business model

GitLab Investor Presentation

Gitlab communicated these aforementioned ideas in stating,

We emphasize iteration to drive rapid innovation in our development strategy. Our iterative approach has enabled us to release a new version of our software on the 22nd day of every month for 127 months in a row as of April 30th, 2022. This is also due in part to our over 2,900 contributors in our global, open source community as of January 31, 2022. Finally, GitLab team members use The DevOps Platform to power our own DevOps lifecycle. By doing so, we benefit from the inherent advantages of using The DevOps Platform. We leverage these learnings to establish a rapid feedback loop to continually and rapidly Excellerate The DevOps Platform.

In short, GitLab's Zero to One journey has already seen immense progress, but there's still an incredible runway ahead for the company, which will be facilitated by their own, proprietary software development platform.

The Time Is Now

As we wrote in our original note on the company,

Gitlab's open-source platform has 30M+ registered users, and 2900+ contributors, with just ~15K paid users, i.e., massive expansion opportunity within its customer base.

Gitlab customer count

GitLab Investor Relations

  • Base Customer defined: For purposes of determining the number of our active customers, we look at our customers with more than $5,000 of Annual Recurring Revenue, or ARR, in a given period, who we refer to as our Base Customers. For purposes of determining our Base Customers, a single organization with separate subsidiaries, segments, or divisions that use The DevOps Platform is considered a single customer for determining each organization's ARR.
Gitlab revenue

GitLab Investor Relations

And in moments such as these, and in light of the massive TAM that lies ahead of GitLab, we often turn to arguably one of the best investing videos of all times.

As we heard from Peter Lynch, we can distill an investment down to a few very simple metrics. For GitLab, we should ask:

Ok, it has 5,000 organizations using The DevOps Platform, on which it does about $300M in sales.

Why can't it get 20,000?

50,000?

200,000?

Over the next 10-20 years or so.

It's a question we should ask for each of our companies, so as to get to the essence of the investment thesis.

Considering its product roadmap and privileged position within organizations, we contend that it very well could achieve these milestones!

Gitlab market TAM

GitLab Investor Relations

Long-Term Vision

In the Beating The Market chats, we spent a great deal of time discussing GitLab's long term vision, specifically in the observability, application performance monitoring, and log analytics space (where companies such as Splunk (SPLK) and Datadog (DDOG) operate).

We can see below what a future GitLab will look like:

Gitlab information

GitLab Investor Relations

An interesting aspect of GitLab is that is strives to be radically transparent.

It has laid out all of its plans and product roadmap for the world to see.

As such, we have a great grasp of GitLab's long term vision, which is to be The DevOps Platform that handles all of the Dev side and as much of the Ops side as possible, making the entire experience exponentially more seamless, secure, and efficient.

Visionary Founder/CEO

Sid is the visionary founder and CEO of GitLab, and, to this day, he remains at the helm.

We can see on Glassdoor what his employees think of him:

GitLab's Glassdoor

As can be seen, Sid has a 97% approval rating, which is incredibly high for Glassdoor (for context, Elon Musk has an 81% approval rating).

As for Sid himself, I found the following interview to be one of his best for gaining insight into how he thinks about the platform of which he's led the development.

It's also a great video for understanding GitLab as a business.

Quality Board of Directors

From our last note on the company: Gitlab's BOD is chaired by Sid Sijbrandij, and it includes tech veterans like Sunny Bedi (Chief Information and Data Officer at Snowflake), Godfrey Sullivan (former CEO of Splunk), and Karen Blasing. More information for Gitlab's BOD can be found here

Proprietary Tech

We believe in an innovative world powered by software. To realize this vision, we pioneered The DevOps Platform, a fundamentally new approach to DevOps consisting of a single codebase and interface with a unified data model. The DevOps Platform allows everyone to contribute to build better software rapidly, efficiently, and securely.

One of the most exciting aspects of GitLab is its developer culture, in which it does not need to acquire companies to innovate: it has the technological and software development prowess to evolve its platform.

It is, after all, The DevOps Platform!

So it stands to reason that it should be one of the most innovative companies on earth, considering that its platform facilitates innovation itself.

In this vein, GitLab operates on a single codebase, which is entirely proprietary.

The only acquisition I could find was a company called Opstrace, which, so it appears, will facilitate GitLab's entrance into the observability, APM, and log analytics space.

To wit:

Gitlab opstrace

GitLab.com

Product Roadmap And Evolution

This section is not always easy, but, in the case of GitLab, it could not be easier due to the company's approach to radical transparency. Below, we see GitLab's product roadmap.

Gitlab investor relations

GitLab Investor Relations

Next, let's begin exploring GitLab's competitive advantages, or moats.

Network Effects

GitLab illustrated what it perceives to be its Network Effects in the following manner:

We are committed to advancing The DevOps Platform. Our dual flywheel development strategy leverages both development spend from our research and development team members as well as community contributions via our open core business model. By leveraging the power of each, we create a virtuous cycle where more contributions lead to more features, which leads to more users, leading back to more contributions.

Gitlab business model

GitLab Investor Relations

As can be seen above, the more they evolve the platform, the more GitLab will attract users. The more users they attract, the more GitLab can iterate and evolve based on contributions from users and the more they can spend on R&D to evolve the platform.

Their product roadmap appears to be something of a pseudo-gantt chart for the community at large. They post this product roadmap so that the above contributors & users can voice their opinion about the future of the company. An interesting strategy to be sure!

Branding

GitLab's brand acts as an essential component to the defensibility of GitLab's business, and the future cash flows thereof.

While BitBucket was a sometimes-mentioned competitor, GitHub and GitLab are indisputably the only real contenders in this space.

GitHub and GitLab are synonymous with software development and DevOps.

While some of our companies lack a brand moat early on, GitLab already has this moat in spades.

Scale

GitLab does not necessarily enjoy economies of scale, which is the standard definition of this section.

That said, its "mindshare" scale has afforded it a rather significant moat.

If GitLab can further build out its "Ops" business (the other side of Dev... DevOps), scale will certainly become a moat.

It will simply be very challenging to garner software engineer mindshare and build out this very robust observability, log analytics, and APM platform.

Embedding

Embedding is arguably GitLab's most important moat, and this will more and more become reality as it further builds out its product roadmap.

To wit (from GitLab's latest 10k):

The majority of our customers begin by using Create and Verify. Developers use Create to collaborate together on the same code base without conflicting or accidentally overwriting each other's changes. Create also maintains a running history of software contributions from each developer to allow for version control. Teams use Verify to ensure changes to code go through defined quality standards with automatic testing and reporting. We believe serving as this system of record for code and our high engagement with developers is a competitive advantage in realizing our single application vision as it creates interdependence and adoption across more stages of the DevOps lifecycle, such as Package, Secure, and Release. As more stages are addressed within a single application, the benefits of The DevOps Platform are enhanced.

Our company is uniquely positioned to achieve our single application vision. The DevOps Platform is purpose-built to address every stage of the DevOps lifecycle as a single application. The majority of our customers begin by using Create and Verify. Developers use Create to collaborate together on the same code base without conflicting or accidentally overwriting each other's changes. Create also maintains a running history of software contributions from each developer to allow for version control. Teams use Verify to ensure changes to code go through defined quality standards with automatic testing and reporting. We believe serving as this system of record for code and our high engagement with developers is a competitive advantage in realizing our single application vision as it creates interdependence and adoption across more stages of the DevOps lifecycle, such as Package, Secure, and Release. As more stages are addressed within a single application, the benefits of The DevOps Platform are enhanced.

As we wrote in our initial note on the company,

GitLab's platform approach began with the first-to-market combination of source control and continuous integration, and since then, this approach has been shown to deliver immense value for customers. With features like Source Code Management [SCM], Continuous Integration [CI], and Continuous Delivery [CD] reaching maturity, Gitlab has come to serve ~100K+ organizations as the system of record for code.

Once companies standardize both Dev and Ops on GitLab, the company will possess an exceptionally deep embedding (aka switching costs) moat.

Net Promoter Score / Customer Satisfaction

I could not find good data on GitLab's net promoter score, but suffice to say that many enterprises of all sizes like and use the GitLab platform:

Gitlab customers

GitLab Investor Relations

Gitlab investor info

GitLab Investor Relations

Info for gitlab

GitLab Investor Relations

More customer case studies.

Powerful Secular Growth Trend

By now, we all understand that GitHub and GitLab operate in something of a duopoly, and we understand that GitHub is owned by Microsoft.

This is something with which we must be comfortable if we're to own GitLab.

To this end, I found Satya Nadella's explanation of why they acquired GitHub and the powerful secular growth trends surrounding the company[s].

Total Addressable Market

Gitlab's open-source platform has 30M+ registered users, and 2600+ contributors, with just ~15K paid users, i.e., massive expansion opportunity within its customer base.

According to Gartner, the global infrastructure software market is estimated to be worth ~$328B, of which, Gitlab's offerings could address ~$43B (serviceable addressable market). Hence, Gitlab has a massive white space opportunity in front of itself.

Market Share

As of 2022, GitLab has ~30M registered users; whereas, GitHub has ~80M registered users.

GitHub is undeniably the larger entity here, but, as we've shared often, this very, very likely will not preclude GitLab from capturing massive market share globally.

Competitive Differentiation

While some may disagree, in my research, I happened upon effectively only two solutions in the DevOps space: GitLab and GitHub, with the latter being the larger of the two. To this end, let's review a comparison between GitLab and GitHub:

GitLab vs GitHub - Comparison

Because both vendors provide a Git solution, it should come as little surprise that they share a great deal in common and in fact may be indistinguishable for some organizations that require only a certain subset of features beyond the base version control system. In addition to their inherent similarities, GitLab and GitHub often release features that compete with the capabilities of the opposing platform, causing them to continuously merge and diverge in supported features.

Looking beyond the core Git services, GitLab and GitHub take a different view on the best way to provide value to their customers:

  • GitLab endeavors to provide a full platform of services built to enhance the native features of Git and serve customers' end-to-end needs, for example, a Google search for "gitlab ci/cd examples" returns several results including this page.
  • GitHub focuses chiefly on Git activities directly with few integrated tools but a vibrant user ecosystem of 3rd party applications; a Google search for "github ci/cd examples" also returns the GitLab results without a mention of GitHub on the first page of results.

Source

As GitLab executes on its product roadmap, we contend that its differentiation relative to current peers will increase.

Mergers & Acquisition Strategy

As we've illustrated, GitLab has built its entire platform from a single source of code, which is something Adyen (ADYEY) has done as well, for which we've praised the company.

We want to own companies that do not need to acquire to innovate or build new products because it illustrates the strength of their culture.

A company that can build rapidly (using The DevOps Platform), as opposed to buy, avoids the cultural risks associated with acquisitions (Teladoc (TDOC) recently illustrated how significant these risks can be by way of its complete mismanagement of its Livongo).

It also avoids the risks associated with merging technologies and the associated tech debt that can form.

That said, GitLab has acquired one company thus far, and we're very happy with the acquisition. We touched on it before, but here's more information on the acquisition:

"With the acquisition of Opstrace, GitLab continues to define the future of DevOps platforms and anticipates being the first to include an integrated open source observability solution within a single application with one user interface, a unified data store, and security embedded within the DevOps lifecycle."

Over time, GitLab will acquire companies (if it does not get acquired at some point itself), though we're very happy with the company's internal culture of innovation.

International Expansion

GitLab has explicitly stated that one of its growth objectives is to focus on international expansion. To wit:

Expand our global footprint.

We believe there is significant opportunity to continue to expand internationally. We grew our international revenue to $41.1 million for fiscal 2022 from $26.2 million for fiscal 2021, representing an increase of 57%. We intend to grow our international revenue by increasing our investments in our international sales and marketing operations including headcount in the EMEA and APAC regions.

Sounds Financials

GitLab has fantastic financials, all things considered, and the Part II of this note will explore them in greater depth.

Liquidity or Bankruptcy Risk

GitLab has effectively no bankruptcy risk, as it has nearly $1B in net cash, and is burning a rather negligible amount of cash per quarter as it rapidly scales its business.

Shareholder Dilution Risk

Because we've assessed GitLab using its fully diluted share count of ~191M, we see very minimal dilution risk beyond this fully diluted share count.

We believe this to be the case because GitLab is exceptionally well-funded, with ~$1B in net cash, and, by the time it might need to further raise cash, it will be free cash flow positive.

That said, because there's a low likelihood that GitLab will need to raise cash again in the future, and because we've chosen to use its fully diluted share count, we see effectively zero shareholder dilution risk in the future.

Concluding Thoughts

As of today, we plan to continue to monitor GitLab, as it reports the next few quarters.

We're not in any rush to purchase the company because it presently trades at an EV/sales of 31x, which is incredibly expensive. On a forward 12 mo. basis, it trades at an EV/sales of about 18x, which is still incredibly expensive, considering GitLab will probably trade at 5x to 10x EV/sales over the long run. This implies that we will necessarily spend years waiting for GitLab's growth to catch up to its sales. At its current valuation, there's also very scantly a margin of safety, and, over the coming 6 months, I believe the market will price this reality in, bringing GitLab closer to $30/share, at which time we plan to happily buy the company.

Even with its incredible growth, GitLab still possesses a rather challenging valuation.

Should GitLab return to ~$30-$35/share, we will unequivocally place a bet on the company. For now, we simply plan to monitor its quarterly reports as it grows into its valuation. Barring further rampant speculation by the market (highly, highly unlikely), GitLab will not be ascending into the heavens any time soon; therefore, we have time to observe its reports and begin accumulating shares of this incredibly promising and mission critical platform.

Thank you for reading, and have a great day!

Tue, 19 Jul 2022 05:47:00 -0500 en text/html https://seekingalpha.com/article/4524246-gitlab-verticalizing-the-devops-stack
Killexams : John Lewis improves customer experience with 'game changer' Splunk

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Sat, 06 Aug 2022 22:40:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.computing.co.uk/analysis/2299123/john-lewis-improves-customer-experience-with-game-changer-splunk
Killexams : A New Tool from Splunk Could Sort Through Data and Stop Ransomware

With the latest rash of WannaCry attacks, ransomware has been top of mind for those in IT. At least five U.S. colleges were affected by the WannaCry attacks, EdScoop reports. University of Washington says only a handful of computers were compromised and MIT tells EdScoop the attack only reached 100 of its computers.

While these attacks reached a small group of U.S. universities, Newsweek reports that nearly two-thirds of universities in the U.K. have been assaulted by ransomware. Large, well-known universities like the University of Oxford admitted they didn’t have anti-virus software that protected against ransomware.

“These findings shine a light on the growing ransomware threat and the fact that universities are seen as potentially lucrative targets,” University College London lecturer Gianluca Stinghini tells Newsweek.

Data giant Splunk is looking to protect universities from this potential threat with its new tool, Splunk Insights for Ransomware. The new solution is made with small or understaffed IT departments in mind as it detects, investigates and responds to key indicators of a ransomware attack, EdScoop reports in a different article.

“The key to combating ransomware is to find potential ransomware activity early and contain any threats quickly,” says Jae Lee, a product marketing specialist for Splunk’s security division.

The solution, which builds off Splunk’s existing data analytics tools that many universities use, allows for IT departments to catch threats quickly without compromising their valuable time.

“By enabling a broader analytics-driven approach to security, Splunk Insights for Ransomware enables understaffed IT and security shops to gain end-to-end visibility into potential ransomware activity across the IT environment,” reads Splunk’s website.

Northwestern University was one of the first colleges to embrace Splunk’s new tool, EdScoop reports. Though the university’s IT team is a lot larger than some, the solution saves a lot of time by streamlining the process of detecting and remedying abnormalities.

“There’s just an unholy amount of noise,” Northwestern data security analyst Mary Carp tells EdScoop. “[Splunk] is doing a lot of the legwork in determining what’s expected and what’s strange.”

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With ransomware jumping up 35 percent in latest years, David Hutchins, vice president of higher education for CDW•G, writes on EdTech that now is the time for universities to make security their top tech investment.

“One attribute of the security landscape has become permanent: the reality of constant change,” Hutchins writes.

To maintain security, universities need to be able to monitor activities constantly, which is where tools like Splunk Insights for Ransomware prove their worth. Data can be extremely helpful in thwarting cyberattacks when a tool is enabled to detect patterns quickly.

Using a data visualization tool that they invented, Yang Cai, the director of the Visual Intelligence Studio at Carnegie Mellon’s Cy Lab, tells EdTech that analysts can easily recognize anomalies in their networks.

“Through 3D navigation, we can see how a virus propagates through a network,” says Cai.

As more technology that makes it easier to sort through data is released, universities can be poised to stop a threat in its tracks.

“The savviest institutions are also vigilant to the distant horizon and the threats — still unknown — that will emerge in the future,” writes Hutchins.

Sun, 16 Aug 2020 15:33:00 -0500 Meghan Bogardus Cortez en text/html https://edtechmagazine.com/higher/article/2017/07/new-tool-splunk-could-sort-through-data-and-stop-ransomware
Killexams : Grafana Adds Enterprise Logs to Its Managed Observability Stack

Grafana Labs recently released a new log aggregation module for Grafana Enterprise Stack, its commercial observability platform.

The new product, Grafana Enterprise Logs, ingests and stores logs from applications and other components. When using the module with other components of the Grafana Enterprise Stack, users can configure dashboards to display log data alongside metrics. Engineers can also view telemetry from other commercial tools like Splunk and New Relic in Grafana Enterprise Logs.

Anthony Woods, CTO and co-founder of Grafana Labs, noted the importance of logs for teams working on distributed systems. Further, engineers are tasked with sifting through a growing volume of logs.

In an interview with DevClass, Woods says Grafana Enterprise Logs seeks to deliver "a more SRE-kind of developer workflow, where you just want to search through the logs that you have, and use a grep filter." He notes this approach is handy when "I don’t know exactly what I’m looking for, but I know what I don’t want. So I can kind of exclude those and filter down until I find the logs and errors that I’m looking for."

Grafana Enterprise Logs joins two other modules in the Grafana Enterprise Stack: Grafana Enterprise, an enhanced version of Grafana, and Grafana Enterprise Metrics, a scalable Prometheus-compatible metrics system.

There’s no shortage of monitoring and logging tools available to big companies today. Last year, Gartner pegged the application performance monitoring market at $4.48 billion, with an 1.1% CAGR through 2023. In that same report, Gartner suggested that IT leaders assume that "50% of new cloud-native application monitoring will use open-source instrumentation instead of vendor-specific agents for improved interoperability" by 2025, up from only 5% in 2019.

The company is attempting to stand out in this crowded market with the inclusion of Grafana Loki, an open-source project. Loki sits at the heart of the new logging capability. The company describes Loki as "a horizontally scalable, highly available, multi-tenant log aggregation system inspired by Prometheus." Loki aims to Excellerate performance and efficiency of log aggregation by indexing the metadata of logs, rather than the lines themselves.

Grafana Enterprise Logs bundles role-based access controls, and quotas. It can also be integrated with OIDC authentication providers.

Grafana Enterprise Stack can be deployed in two ways: self-managed on your own infrastructure, or as Grafana Cloud, a fully-managed version.

Source: https://grafana.com/blog/2021/02/17/introducing-grafana-enterprise-logs-a-core-part-of-the-grafana-enterprise-stack-integrated-observability-solution/

Grafana Labs isn’t the only vendor offering managed services based on Grafana and Prometheus. AWS announced Amazon Managed Service for Grafana and Amazon Managed Service for Prometheus in January 2021. The open-source version of Grafana is available in the marketplaces for Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure.

Engineers looking to learn more about Grafana Enterprise Logs can review documentation. Pricing details Grafana Cloud, the managed service, are available on the pricing page. A free tier with up to 50 GB of logs is available.

Tue, 23 Mar 2021 10:59:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.infoq.com/news/2021/03/grafana-managed-observability/
Killexams : Splunk Inc. News No result found, try new keyword!BlueVoyant launches modern SOC for Splunk cloud platform to maximise their investment ... help customers understand and respond to security threats across their digital enterprise. The move provides ... Sat, 15 Jun 2019 19:54:00 -0500 text/html https://www.sourcesecurity.com/news/co/splunk-inc.html Killexams : Splunk Inc.

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