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Exam Code: SSCP Systems Security Certified Practioner tricks January 2024 by team

SSCP Systems Security Certified Practioner

Exam Title :
ISC2 Systems Security Certified Practitioner (SSCP)

Exam ID :

Exam Duration :
180 mins

Questions in test :

Passing Score :

Exam Center :
Pearson VUE

Real Questions :
ISC2 SSCP Real Questions

VCE practice test :
ISC2 SSCP Certification VCE Practice Test

Access Controls 16%

Implement and maintain authentication methods

- Single/multifactor authentication

- Single sign-on

- Device authentication

- Federated access

Support internetwork trust architectures

- Trust relationships (e.g., 1-way, 2-way, transitive)

- Extranet

- Third party connections

Participate in the identity management lifecycle

- Authorization

- Proofing

- Provisioning/de-provisioning

- Maintenance

- Entitlement

- Identity and Access Management (IAM) systems

Implement access controls

- Mandatory

- Non-discretionary

- Discretionary

- Role-based

- Attribute-based

- Subject-based

- Object-based

Security Operations and Administration 15%

Comply with codes of ethics

- (ISC)² Code of Ethics

- Organizational code of ethics

Understand security concepts

- Confidentiality

- Integrity

- Availability

- Accountability

- Privacy

- Non-repudiation

- Least privilege

- Separation of duties

Document, implement, and maintain functional security controls

- Deterrent controls

- Preventative controls

- Detective controls

- Corrective controls

- Compensating controls

Participate in asset management

- Lifecycle (hardware, software, and data)

- Hardware inventory

- Software inventory and licensing

- Data storage

Implement security controls and assess compliance

- Technical controls (e.g., session timeout, password aging)

- Physical controls (e.g., mantrap, cameras, locks)

- Administrative controls (e.g., security policies and standards, procedures, baselines)

- Periodic audit and review

Participate in change management

- Execute change management process

- Identify security impact

- Testing /implementing patches, fixes, and updates (e.g., operating system, applications, SDLC)

Participate in security awareness and training

Participate in physical security operations (e.g., data center assessment, badging)

Risk Identification, Monitoring, and Analysis 15%

Understand the risk management process

- Risk visibility and reporting (e.g., risk register, sharing threat intelligence, Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS))

- Risk management concepts (e.g., impact assessments, threat modelling, Business Impact Analysis (BIA))

- Risk management frameworks (e.g., ISO, NIST)

- Risk treatment (e.g., accept, transfer, mitigate, avoid, recast)

Perform security assessment activities

- Participate in security testing

- Interpretation and reporting of scanning and testing results

- Remediation validation

- Audit finding remediation

Operate and maintain monitoring systems (e.g., continuous monitoring)

- Events of interest (e.g., anomalies, intrusions, unauthorized changes, compliance monitoring)

- Logging

- Source systems

-  Legal and regulatory concerns (e.g., jurisdiction, limitations, privacy)

Analyze monitoring results

- Security baselines and anomalies

- Visualizations, metrics, and trends (e.g., dashboards, timelines)

- Event data analysis

- Document and communicate findings (e.g., escalation)

Incident Response and Recovery 13%

Support incident lifecycle

- Preparation

- Detection, analysis, and escalation

- Containment

- Eradication

- Recovery

- Lessons learned/implementation of new countermeasure

Understand and support forensic investigations

- Legal and ethical principles

- Evidence handling (e.g., first responder, triage, chain of custody, preservation of scene)

Understand and support Business Continuity Plan (BCP) and Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) activities

- Emergency response plans and procedures (e.g., information system contingency plan)

- Interim or alternate processing strategies

- Restoration planning

- Backup and redundancy implementation

- Testing and drills

Cryptography 10%

Understand fundamental concepts of cryptography

- Hashing

- Salting

- Symmetric/asymmetric encryption/Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC)

- Non-repudiation (e.g., digital signatures/certificates, HMAC, audit trail)

- Encryption algorithms (e.g., AES, RSA)

- Key strength (e.g., 256, 512, 1024, 2048 bit keys)

- Cryptographic attacks, cryptanalysis, and counter measures

Understand reasons and requirements for cryptography

- Confidentiality

- Integrity and authenticity

- Data sensitivity (e.g., PII, intellectual property, PHI)

- Regulatory

Understand and support secure protocols

- Services and protocols (e.g., IPSec, TLS, S/MIME, DKIM)

- Common use cases

- Limitations and vulnerabilities

Understand Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) systems

Fundamental key management concepts (e.g., key rotation, key composition, key creation, exchange, revocation, escrow)

- Web of Trust (WOT) (e.g., PGP, GPG)

Network and Communications Security 16%

Understand and apply fundamental concepts of networking

- OSI and TCP/IP models

- Network topographies (e.g., ring, star, bus, mesh, tree)

- Network relationships (e.g., peer to peer, client server)

- Transmission media types (e.g., fiber, wired, wireless)

- Commonly used ports and protocols

Understand network attacks and countermeasures (e.g., DDoS, man-in-the-middle, DNS poisoning)

Manage network access controls

- Network access control and monitoring (e.g., remediation, quarantine, admission)

- Network access control standards and protocols (e.g., IEEE 802.1X, Radius, TACACS)

- Remote access operation and configuration (e.g., thin client, SSL VPN, IPSec VPN, telework)

Manage network security

- Logical and physical placement of network devices (e.g., inline, passive)

- Segmentation (e.g., physical/logical, data/control plane, VLAN, ACLs)

- Secure device management

Operate and configure network-based security devices

- Firewalls and proxies (e.g., filtering methods)

- Network intrusion detection/prevention systems

- Routers and switches

- Traffic-shaping devices (e.g., WAN optimization, load balancing)

Operate and configure wireless technologies (e.g., bluetooth, NFC, WiFi)

- Transmission security

- Wireless security devices (e.g.,WIPS, WIDS)

Systems and Application Security 15%

Identify and analyze malicious code and activity

- Malware (e.g., rootkits, spyware, scareware, ransomware, trojans, virus, worms, trapdoors, backdoors, and remote access trojans)

- Malicious code countermeasures (e.g., scanners, anti-malware, code signing, sandboxing)

- Malicious activity (e.g., insider threat, data theft, DDoS, botnet)

- Malicious activity countermeasures (e.g., user awareness, system hardening, patching, sandboxing, isolation)

Implement and operate endpoint device security


- Host-based firewalls

- Application white listing

- Endpoint encryption

- Trusted Platform Module (TPM)

- Mobile Device Management (MDM) (e.g., COPE, BYOD)

- Secure browsing (e.g., sandbox)

Operate and configure cloud security

- Deployment models (e.g., public, private, hybrid, community)

- Service models (e.g., IaaS, PaaS and SaaS)

- Virtualization (e.g., hypervisor)

- Legal and regulatory concerns (e.g., privacy, surveillance, data ownership, jurisdiction, eDiscovery)

- Data storage and transmission (e.g., archiving, recovery, resilience)

- Third party/outsourcing requirements (e.g., SLA, data portability, data destruction, auditing)

- Shared responsibility model

Operate and secure virtual environments

- Software-defined networking

- Hypervisor

- Virtual appliances

- Continuity and resilience

- Attacks and countermeasures

- Shared storage
Systems Security Certified Practioner
ISC2 Practioner tricks

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Systems Security Certified Practioner
A Black Hat is someone who uses his skills for offensive purpose. They do not seek
authorization before they attempt to comprise the security mechanisms in place.
"Grey Hats" are people who sometimes work as a White hat and other times they will
work as a "Black Hat", they have not made up their mind yet as to which side they
prefer to be.
The following are incorrect answers:
All the other choices could be possible reasons but the best one today is really for
financial gains.
References used for this Question: and and≠
Question: 371
What best describes a scenario when an employee has been shaving off pennies from
multiple accounts and depositing the funds into his own bank account?
A. Data fiddling
B. Data diddling
C. Salami techniques
D. Trojan horses
Answer: C
Source: HARRIS, Shon, All-In-One CISSP Certification test Guide, McGraw≠
Hill/Osborne, 2001, Page 644.
Question: 372
Java is not:
A. Object-oriented.
B. Distributed.
C. Architecture Specific.
D. Multithreaded.
Answer: C
JAVA was developed so that the same program could be executed on multiple
hardware and operating system platforms, it is not Architecture Specific.
The following answers are incorrect:
Object-oriented. Is not correct because JAVA is object-oriented. It should use the
object- oriented programming methodology.
Distributed. Is incorrect because JAVA was developed to be able to be distrubuted,
run on multiple computer systems over a network.
Multithreaded. Is incorrect because JAVA is multi-threaded that is calls to
subroutines as is the case with object-oriented programming.
A virus is a program that can replicate itself on a system but not necessarily spread
itself by network connections.
Question: 373
What is malware that can spread itself over open network connections?
A. Worm
B. Rootkit
C. Adware
D. Logic Bomb
Answer: A
Computer worms are also known as Network Mobile Code, or a virus-like bit of code
that can replicate itself over a network, infecting adjacent computers.
A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in
order to spread to other computers. Often, it uses a computer network to spread itself,
relying on security failures on the target computer to access it. Unlike a computer
virus, it does not need to attach itself to an existing program. Worms almost always
cause at least some harm to the network, even if only by consuming bandwidth,
whereas viruses almost always corrupt or modify files on a targeted computer.
A notable example is the SQL Slammer computer worm that spread globally in ten
minutes on January 25, 2003. I myself came to work that day as a software tester and
found all my SQL servers infected and actively trying to infect other computers on
the test network.
A patch had been released a year prior by Microsoft and if systems were not patched
and exposed to a 376 byte UDP packet from an infected host then system would
become compromised.
Ordinarily, infected computers are not to be trusted and must be rebuilt from scratch
but the vulnerability could be mitigated by replacing a single vulnerable dll called
Replacing that with the patched version completely disabled the worm which really
illustrates to us the importance of actively patching our systems against such network
mobile code.
The following answers are incorrect:
- Rootkit: Sorry, this isn't correct because a rootkit isn't ordinarily classified as
network mobile code like a worm is. This isn't to say that a rootkit couldn't be
included in a worm, just that a rootkit isn't usually classified like a worm. A rootkit is
a stealthy type of software, typically malicious, designed to hide the existence of
certain processes or programs from normal methods of detection and enable
continued privileged access to a computer. The term rootkit is a concatenation of
"root" (the traditional name of the privileged account on Unix operating systems) and
the word "kit" (which refers to the software components that implement the tool). The
term "rootkit" has negative connotations through its association with malware.
- Adware: Incorrect answer. Sorry but adware isn't usually classified as a worm.
Adware, or advertising-supported software, is any software package which
automatically renders advertisements in order to generate revenue for its author. The
advertisements may be in the user interface of the software or on a screen presented
to the user during the installation process. The functions may be designed to analyze
which Internet sites the user visits and to present advertising pertinent to the types of
goods or services featured there. The term is sometimes used to refer to software that
displays unwanted advertisements.
- Logic Bomb: Logic bombs like adware or rootkits could be spread by worms if they
exploit the right service and gain root or admin access on a computer.
The following reference(s) was used to create this Question:
The CCCure CompTIA Holistic Security+ Tutorial and CBT and and and
Question: 374
Which of the following technologies is a target of XSS or CSS (Cross-Site Scripting)
A. Web Applications
B. Intrusion Detection Systems
C. Firewalls
D. DNS Servers
Answer: A
XSS or Cross-Site Scripting is a threat to web applications where malicious
code is placed on a website that attacks the use using their existing authenticated
session status. Cross-Site Scripting attacks are a type of injection problem, in which
malicious scripts are injected into the otherwise benign and trusted web sites. Cross-
site scripting (XSS) attacks occur when an attacker uses a web application to send
malicious code, generally in the form of a browser side script, to a different end user.
Flaws that allow these attacks to succeed are quite widespread and occur anywhere a
web application uses input from a user in the output it generates without validating or
encoding it.
An attacker can use XSS to send a malicious script to an unsuspecting user. The end
userís browser has no way to know that the script should not be trusted, and will
execute the script. Because it thinks the script came from a trusted source, the
malicious script can access any cookies, session tokens, or other sensitive information
retained by your browser and used with that site. These scripts can even rewrite the
content of the HTML page.
Configure your IPS - Intrusion Prevention System to detect and suppress this traffic.
Input Validation on the web application to normalize inputted data.
Set web apps to bind session cookies to the IP Address of the legitimate user and only
permit that IP Address to use that cookie.
See the XSS (Cross Site Scripting) Prevention Cheat Sheet See the Abridged XSS
Prevention Cheat Sheet
See the DOM based XSS Prevention Cheat Sheet
See the OWASP Development Guide article on Phishing.
See the OWASP Development Guide article on Data Validation. The following
answers are incorrect:
Intrusion Detection Systems: Sorry. IDS Systems aren't usually the target of XSS
attacks but a properly-configured IDS/IPS can "detect and report on malicious string
and suppress the TCP connection in an attempt to mitigate the threat.
Firewalls: Sorry. Firewalls aren't usually the target of XSS attacks.
DNS Servers: Same as above, DNS Servers aren't usually targeted in XSS attacks but
they play a key role in the domain name resolution in the XSS attack process.
The following reference(s) was used to create this Question:
CCCure Holistic Security+ CBT and Curriculum and Scripting %28XSS%29
Question: 375
Which of the following should be performed by an operator?
A. Changing profiles
B. Approving changes
C. Adding and removal of users
D. Installing system software
Answer: D
Of the listed tasks, installing system software is the only task that should normally be
performed by an operator in a properly segregated environment.
Source: MOSHER, Richard & ROTHKE, Ben, CISSP CBK Review presentation on
domain 7.
Question: 376
At which of the basic phases of the System Development Life Cycle are security
requirements formalized?
A. Disposal
B. System Design Specifications
C. Development and Implementation
D. Functional Requirements Definition
Answer: D
During the Functional Requirements Definition the project management and systems
development teams will conduct a comprehensive analysis of current and possible
future functional requirements to ensure that the new system will meet end-user
needs. The teams also review the documents from the project initiation phase and
make any revisions or updates as needed. For smaller projects, this phase is often
subsumed in the project initiation phase. At this point security requirements should be
The Development Life Cycle is a project management tool that can be used to plan,
execute, and control a software development project usually called the Systems
Development Life Cycle (SDLC).
The SDLC is a process that includes systems analysts, software engineers,
programmers, and end users in the project design and development. Because there is
no industry-wide SDLC, an organization can use any one, or a combination of SDLC
The SDLC simply provides a framework for the phases of a software development
project from defining the functional requirements to implementation. Regardless of
the method used, the SDLC outlines the essential phases, which can be shown
together or as separate elements. The model chosen should be based on the project.
For example, some models work better with long-term, complex projects, while
others are more suited for short-term projects. The key element is that a formalized
SDLC is utilized.
The number of phases can range from three basic phases (concept, design, and
implement) on up.
The basic phases of SDLC are:
Project initiation and planning Functional requirements definition System design
specifications Development and implementation
Documentation and common program controls
Testing and evaluation control, (certification and accreditation) Transition to
production (implementation)
The system life cycle (SLC) extends beyond the SDLC to include two additional
phases: Operations and maintenance support (post-installation)
Revisions and system replacement
System Design Specifications
This phase includes all activities related to designing the system and software. In this
phase, the system architecture, system outputs, and system interfaces are designed.
Data input, data flow, and output requirements are established and security features
are designed, generally based on the overall security architecture for the company.
Development and Implementation
During this phase, the source code is generated, test scenarios and test cases are
developed, unit and integration testing is conducted, and the program and system are
documented for maintenance and for turnover to acceptance testing and production.
As well as general care for software quality, reliability, and consistency of operation,
particular care should be taken to ensure that the code is analyzed to eliminate
common vulnerabilities that might lead to security exploits and other risks.
Documentation and Common Program Controls
These are controls used when editing the data within the program, the types of
logging the program should be doing, and how the program versions should be stored.
A large number of such controls may be needed, see the reference below for a full list
of controls.
In the acceptance phase, preferably an independent group develops test data and tests
the code to ensure that it will function within the organizationís environment and that
it meets all the functional and security requirements. It is essential that an
independent group test the code during all applicable stages of development to
prevent a separation of duties issue. The goal of security testing is to ensure that the
application meets its security requirements and specifications. The security testing
should uncover all design and implementation flaws that would allow a user to violate
the software security policy and requirements. To ensure test validity, the application
should be tested in an environment that simulates the production environment. This
should include a security certification package and any user documentation.
Certification and Accreditation (Security Authorization)
Certification is the process of evaluating the security stance of the software or system
against a predetermined set of security standards or policies. Certification also
examines how well the system performs its intended functional requirements. The
certification or evaluation document should contain an analysis of the technical and
nontechnical security features and countermeasures and the extent to which the
software or system meets the security requirements for its mission and operational
Transition to Production (Implementation)
During this phase, the new system is transitioned from the acceptance phase into the
live production environment. Activities during this phase include obtaining security
accreditation; training the new users according to the implementation and training
schedules; implementing the system, including installation and data conversions; and,
if necessary, conducting any parallel operations.
Revisions and System Replacement
As systems are in production mode, the hardware and software baselines should be
subject to periodic evaluations and audits. In some instances, problems with the
application may not be defects or flaws, but rather additional functions not currently
developed in the application. Any changes to the application must follow the same
SDLC and be recorded in a change management system. Revision reviews should
include security planning and procedures to avoid future problems. Periodic
application audits should be conducted and include documenting security incidents
when problems occur. Documenting system failures is a valuable resource for
justifying future system enhancements.
Below you have the phases used by NIST in it's 800-63 Revision 2 document
As noted above, the phases will vary from one document to another one. For the
purpose of the test use the list provided in the official ISC2 Study book which is
presented in short form above. Refer to the book for a more detailed description of
activities at each of the phases of the SDLC.
However, all references have very similar steps being used. As mentioned in the
official book, it could be as simple as three phases in it's most basic version (concept,
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ISC2 Practioner tricks - BingNews Search results ISC2 Practioner tricks - BingNews 26 Hidden Roku Tips and Tricks for Streaming Success

You probably want a streaming device for your TV, whether you're a cord cutter or not. Roku is a popular choice, particularly as it ramps up its own original content.

Roku devices offer plenty of variety and portability, from the budget Roku Express to the feature-packed Roku Ultra. Whichever one you have, there's more to know beyond the basics. Here's how to get more out of your streaming device.

Our Top-Rated Roku Devices

1. One List to Rule Them All

TV with detail page for House of the Dragon showing Add to Save List feature

(Credit: Roku)

You have watchlists for all of your streaming apps, which means you have to scroll and scroll when you want to find something to watch. Instead, you can save everything to one universal list with a Roku. Use the Roku OS to search for the shows and movies you want to watch, and on the details page of each, select Add to Save List. Find the list by going to the Roku home screen and selecting What to Watch.

2. Pick Up Where You Left Off

Have you ever wanted to resume watching a movie or show where you left off, but you've forgotten which streaming service it was on? Just go to the Roku Home Screen, click What to Watch, scroll to Continue Watching, and it'll be listed there.

3. Watch Free Movies and Shows on The Roku Channel

Video-streaming services¬†are great, but the majority aren't free. With¬†The Roku Channel, you can sign in and access those premium channels (including Max and Netflix)‚ÄĒbut the channel also offers free access to thousands of movies and TV episodes, if you can handle a few commercials. Roku has been adding more original content as well. Go to The Roku Channel, and scroll down to the Live TV Channel Guide for hundreds of choices. You can also watch in the Roku app, whether you have a Roku device or not: Just obtain it, sign in or create an account, and start streaming.

4. Search Thousands of Channels at Once

Roku search screen

(Credit: Roku)

Instead of searching every Roku channel individually to find what you want, search across them with Roku Search. Enter your search term via the Roku remote, Roku mobile app, or via voice search, and you'll see results from over 4,000 channels. Search by title, actor, or director, and you'll get a comprehensive list. Similarly, use Roku Search to compare the costs of streaming content: Type in a movie, show, or star for a list of available titles and the prices for each across channels and services.

5. Get in the Zone

roku zone screenshot

(Credit: Roku)

Roku Zones are collections of movies and shows from across channels that are organized by genre or topic. Go to search, type in a search term such as "comedy," and scroll through the zone that pops up. Roku added a Live TV Zone for quick access to live TV streaming services like Hulu, fuboTV, Philo, Sling, and YouTube TV, to name a few. 

6. Photos as Big as Life

TV displaying photo of people hanging out at night under a string of lights

(Credit: Roku)

If you want to get a closer look at your photos or share them with a group, you can add Google Photos to your Roku. Go to, sign in (you may have to verify your email), and you'll see a link to connect to Google Photos.

7. Turn Your Phone Into a Roku Remote

Roku app on remote function

As great a device as the Roku is, navigating via the remote could be a better experience. To get around that, obtain the Roku Official Remote Control app (iOS, Android), and get the benefit of a keyboard, easy searching, and streaming from your phone or tablet.

8. Talk to Your Roku Remote

That said, you could always talk to your Roku directly with a Roku Voice Remote Pro, Voice Remote, or the Roku mobile app. On the remotes, press either the microphone icon and hold down as you speak your request. On the app, select the magnifying glass to get to the search page, then tap the microphone, let it go, speak your request, and tap the middle of the screen.

9. Ask Alexa or the Google Assistant

adding roku to alexa screenshots

Connecting Roku to Amazon's Alexa (Credit: PCMag/Amazon)

If you have an Amazon Echo and a Roku, ask Alexa to control your Roku. First, you'll have to link both accounts by opening the Alexa mobile app, selecting Skills & Games, and searching for Roku. When you find it, tap Enable to Use, sign in to your Roku account, and select the Roku device you want to link (or Select All if you have more than one).

Close your Roku account, and Alexa will search for the device on the Device Discovery screen. Once it's found, tap Manage, Link Devices, and select the Roku you want to connect to Alexa. Then add the Roku to a group by selecting the Devices icon. Either add it to an existing group or create a new one by tapping the plus button. In the Alexa app, tap on the Roku device, and make sure it is enabled. Then you'll be able to use commands such as, "Alexa, open Netflix on living room Roku."

You can also use Google Assistant to make voice requests. First, check that your Roku player is running Roku OS 9.0 or higher or that your Roku TV has Roku OS 8.2 or higher. Set up your Google Assistant on your Google device or app. Open the Google Assistant mobile app, tap Explore > Settings > Home Control > Add Device > Find > Roku. Sign in to your Roku account and then choose which device you want to control with Google Assistant.

10. Find That Lost Remote

speaker grille on the back of the roku remote pro

Speaker grille on the Roku Remote Pro (Credit: Will Greenwald/PCMag)

The Roku remote is easily lost in couch cushions and under coffee tables. If you've spent far too much time hunting for it, we have some solutions.

  • If you have a remote with a speaker grille, open the Roku app, tap the microphone, and say, "Hey, Roku, find my remote." The remote will emit a beeping noise.

  • If you have a Roku Ultra, long-press the button on the right side of the device, and the remote will emit a beep.

  • If the remote you've lost is the Voice Remote Pro, say, "Hey, Roku, find my remote," and it will start beeping.

  • To stop the beeping noise once you've located your remote, press any button on the remote.

To change the noise your Roku remote emits when it's lost, open the Roku app on your TV and go to Settings > Remote > Change Remote Finder Sound. To hear what it sounds like, click Preview Remote Finder Sound.

11. Make Your Roku at Home(Kit)

For iPhone and iPad owners, Roku devices support AirPlay and HomeKit, so you can send videos, photos, and music from your device to the TV and supported speakers. Set it up in the Roku menu by navigating to Settings > Apple AirPlay & HomeKit > Launch Apple AirPlay & HomeKit setup. A QR code will pop up. Scan it with your iPhone or iPad's camera and follow the instructions on your Apple device to finish setup. HomeKit, meanwhile, lets you control your Roku using Siri and the Apple Home app ("Hey Siri, play jazz on the living room TV").

12. Let Siri and Roku Chat

Three screens with Siri Shortcuts process described below

Your Roku and iPhone can work together, with Siri acting as the interpreter. The Roku iOS app has Siri Shortcuts that let you control your Roku with your voice. Open the app on your phone, tap the account icon at the top right, and select Siri Shortcuts. You can turn on the ability to open the Roku remote, play or pause Roku, search Roku, and turn a Roku on and off for certain models. Click on each option to keep the suggested phrasing or come up with your own commands.

13. Roku Screen Mirroring

With AirPlay enabled, you can mirror your iPhone or iPad screen via the Control Center to Roku, though most Roku devices support screen mirroring from Android and Windows devices too. To hook it up, press the Home button on your Roku remote, then go to Settings > System > Screen Mirroring. You’ll have the option to choose between Prompt or Always Allow.

14. Practice Casting

If you prefer Google's Cast technology, you can send music, videos, and photos from mobile devices to most Roku-connected devices easily as long as both are connected to the same Wi-Fi network. Open the content you want to share on the device, and look for the cast icon. Click it, and you should see all available Roku devices pop up in a menu.

15. Automatic Volume Leveling

How many times have you been lulled into somnolence by a show only to be jolted awake by a commercial? On most Roku models, you can turn on Leveling, so a commercial or a channel change doesn't result in a spike in volume. You can also choose to have soft sounds increased and loud sounds decreased with Night mode.

Turn on the feature either from Settings, if you have a Streambar or Smart Soundbar, or while streaming with other Roku devices. For Streambars and Soundbars, press the Home button on the remote and go to Settings > Audio > Volume Modes. For other devices, press the star button on the remote and navigate to Sound Settings > Volume Mode.

16. Use Roku Private Listening

Roku Voice Remote Pro with wired earbuds plugged in

Roku Voice Remote Pro (Credit: Roku)

When you want to watch something on your Roku without disturbing those around you, use Private Listening. The Roku Voice Remote Pro, Enhanced Voice Remote, and Gaming Remote include built-in headphone jacks; just plug in and keep watching. Or obtain the Roku mobile app, connect your headphones to your device, and tap the headphones icon.

17. Save That Screen

roku screensaver options

(Credit: Roku)

Maybe you paused whatever you're watching and walked out of the room. Or you fell asleep, and now the Roku logo is bouncing around your screen like the flying toasters of yore. deliver yourself something nicer to look at with Roku's screensavers. Click the Home button on your remote, then go to Settings > Theme > Screensavers.

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18. Get Your Game On

Roku games

(Credit: Roku)

It's not a Nintendo Switch, but your Roku is still in the game. Hit the Home button, go to Streaming Channels > Games, and you can go retro with Snake or go on a sugar-fueled rampage in Candy Bear. The Roku Enhanced Gaming Remote with Voice Search supports motion-control gaming.

19. Move the Apps on Your Roku Home Screen

Roku displays channels in the order in which you add them, but you can move them around. Find the app you want to move, press the star button on your Roku remote, and select "Move channel" from the pop-up menu. Use the directional pad to move it to the desired location.

20. Say What?

Roku remote with replay button circled

(Credit: Roku)

If you missed those last few lines in a show or movie, there's a quick way to catch up. Set up instant replay by going to Settings > Accessibility > Captions Mode and selecting On Replay. Then, when you hit the Instant Replay button on the remote, you'll also get the text on the screen.

21. Stream Your Own Stuff Via Plex

family sitting on a couch navigating the plex interface on a TV

(Credit: Plex)

Though Roku offers a ton of different channels and things to watch, you'll probably still want to access your locally stored content on your TV. Sign up for Plex Pass ($4.99 per month, $39.99 per year, $119.99 for a lifetime), and you can. Plex organizes your scattered content and lets you watch it from tablets, TVs, phones, and more; you can record and watch live broadcast TV, too.

Download the Plex app. Then install the Plex channel on your Roku, launch it, then go to Log in and enter the code from the Roku Plex channel on the website.

22. Tap Into Live TV Streaming Services

Cable Alternative or Streaming Channels > Watch With Cable

(Credit: Roku)

New live TV services are popping up regularly to meet your sports and Hallmark movie needs. To see what's on offer, click the Home button on your remote, and go to Streaming Channels > Cable Alternative to log into services including Sling and Hulu, or go to Streaming Channels > Watch With Cable to log in with a pay TV provider, such as Comcast or Spectrum. You can also go to the Roku Channel, scroll down to the Live TV Channel Guide, and flip through hundreds of channels without paying for any of them. That includes NewsOn, which streams local news broadcasts from outlets nationwide.

23. Show Your Team Spirit

screen for a Maryland Terrapins vs. Ohio State Buckeyes game

(Credit: Roku)

You can follow your favorite sports teams on Roku by going to the Home screen on your device, scrolling down to Sports, doing a search for an upcoming game, going to that page, and then selecting the heart icon next to your team's name. That will create a My Favorites row under Sports with all upcoming games.

24. Cloud DVRs

A number of live TV streaming services offer cloud DVR, meaning you can record live TV and access your shows later via the service's Roku app.

  • If you have an antenna to watch live TV, you can record it with a device like the¬†Tablo TV. Set it up, obtain the¬†app to your Roku, and you can watch, pause, and record.

  • YouTube TV subscriptions come with a cloud DVR that holds an unlimited number of hours of programming for nine months.

  • Sling TV¬†customers get 50 hours of free DVR storage. Upgrade to DVR Plus for 200 hours of storage starting at $5 per month.

  • DirecTV Stream comes with¬†a cloud DVR that holds 20 hours of content for nine months.

  • Included with Hulu with Live TV is the ability to¬†record¬†unlimited¬†live news, sports, shows, movies and events, which are saved for up to nine months.

  • Philo¬†subscribers can save anything that streams to the¬†service's included DVR¬†for a year.

  • fuboTV provides subscribers with a DVR function that can be set even partway through a show's airing to capture the entire thing. How much is stored depends on your plan.

25. Be Our Guest

roku guest mode

(Credit: Roku)

Your guests can make themselves at home by accessing their Roku settings without disturbing yours. All you have to do is enable Guest Mode (previously Auto Sign Out Mode). Go to, set up a PIN, and then press the Home button on the Roku remote. Go to Settings > System > Guest Mode > Enter Guest Mode. Then enter your PIN and select OK. When guests come to stay, direct them to the Roku guide on using Guest Mode

26. Stay Up to Date

To get the most out of your Roku, you should install the latest software version. The device generally handles this on its own, but if you've recently added a channel, or your Roku has been disconnected for a while, you might have missed an update. In that case, you can update manually by going to Settings > System > System Update.

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Wed, 27 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html
22 Google Maps Tricks You Need to Try

Google Maps has changed how we navigate the world. Its desktop and mobile apps have become more than just a way to get from point A to B via car, public transportation, or on foot: The ubiquitous Google service is also a geospatial search engine for the world around us.

Google continues to revamp and Boost its map product, but there are a ton of customizable tools and hidden functions already baked into Google Maps that you may not know about, such as Incognito Mode. Check out our tips for how to maximize your Google Maps power.

1. We're Doing It Live

screenshots of Search with Live View in Paris

Search with Live View (Credit: Google)

You can get an AR view of the street you're on, if that street is in Amsterdam, Dublin, Florence, London, Los Angeles, New York, Paris, San Francisco, Tokyo, or Venice. Open Maps, click the camera icon at the top, and hold your phone up to scan your location. You'll get an overlay of all the places you'd see on Maps, so you can easily find restaurants, shops, and more.

Meanwhile, Immersive View for routes, which rolled out in October, gives you a bird's-eye view of your route complete with 3D imagery along the way, whether you're walking, cycling, or driving. Look for it in select cities, including Amsterdam, London, New York, and Tokyo.

2. Inside Access

Google Maps zoomed in to Directory tab on JFK

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Google Maps isn't just for the great outdoors. You can navigate through malls, airports, and other big buildings by finding the location in Maps, clicking on it, then scrolling to Directory. You'll never get lost looking for a Cinnabon again. This feature is available in over 10,000 locations worldwide.

three screens showing how to use Live view

Navigating with indoor Live View (Credit: Google)

Some places even support Live View inside, where animated arrows will guide you around airports, train stations, and malls. It launched in 2021 in the US, Zurich, and Tokyo, and in early 2023, it announced plans to expand to more than 1,000 new locations in Barcelona, Berlin, Frankfurt, London, Madrid, Melbourne, Paris, Prague, S√£o Paulo, Singapore, Sydney, and Taipei. Just lift your phone up in a supported region to jump into Live View.

3. Plot Multiple Locations on Google Maps

file path for plotting Multiple Locations on Google Maps

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Rarely do car trips consist of going from point A to B; more often, they are something like A-to-café-to-library-to-Joe's-house-to-B. Thankfully, Google makes it possible to anticipate real trips. To add multiple destinations in the Google Maps mobile app, enter your starting point and your ultimate destination, and then click the three-dot menu in the top-right corner. This prompts a pop-over menu with the option to "Add stop." Click that, and you can create a route with multiple stops. You can even drag and drop stops within your itinerary. (Note that this doesn't work when you're using the mass-transit option.)

4. Customize Your Vehicle Icon

screenshots of changing the car icon that shows up in the google maps app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

When you're driving, Google lets you choose what kind of car shows up on your navigation in the iOS and Android apps. In the app, plug in your destination and start up driving directions. Tap the icon that shows your current location, and a pop-up menu appears with several car-icon options: a sedan, a pickup truck, or an SUV.

5. 'Hey Google, Where Am I Going?'

google assistant prompts in the google maps app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

You might want to interact with Maps while you're driving, but you don't want to take your eyes off the road. With "OK Google" voice commands in the Google Maps Android app, you don't have to. For example, if you notice you're running low on gas, say "OK Google, find gas stations," and it will show gas stations on the map (which you can look at when you've come to a red light or pulled over). You can also ask questions like "What's my next turn?", "What's my ETA?", and "How's traffic ahead?" On Android, set up Google Assistant, and you're good to go. (You'll need a phone running Android Version 9.0 or higher with 4GB RAM or more.) On iOS (pictured above), tap the microphone icon at the top-right, then ask your questions via voice.

6. Access Google Maps Offline

screenshot of the  obtain option in the Google Maps mobile app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Today, Maps is¬†most¬†useful on mobile, which brings up a problem: When you're in need of Maps, you may find yourself somewhere with limited (or‚ÄĒgasp‚ÄĒnonexistent) coverage. To help, Google Maps supports offline access. Type in an address or area, swipe up on the menu at the bottom of the screen, tap the ellipsis icon on the top right, and select Download offline map. If you have enough storage on your device, the map in question will be saved. To access it later, tap your avatar > Offline maps, and you can then get information about businesses in the region and turn-by-turn directions within the downloaded section.

7. Get Your Groceries

Get Your Groceries

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google has incorporated grocery ordering and pickup functionality into Maps for select brands. Things kicked off a few years ago amid the boom in curbside pickup during the pandemic. That's still an option; in early 2023, Google touted the improvements it's made to the ETA function inside Google Maps for Kroger pickups. But grocery stores can also add a Place an order option to their Maps business profiles. In addition to Kroger stores (which also includes Fry's, Ralphs, and Marianos), it's also available for Albertson's and Fred Meyer locations.

8. Let Other People Drive

screenshot of Lyft options within the Google Maps app and then in the Lyft app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Ride-sharing services are a big part of the modern transportation mix, so Google added ride options from companies such as Lyft (sorry, no more Uber) to its mobile app. Once you enter your destination, tap the little figure attempting to hail a taxi or the mass-transit option. You'll then be presented with nearby rideshare options, along with the estimated time of arrival and fare. Tap Open App to book your ride.

9. Find Accessible Transit Routes and Locations

screenshot of accessibility file paths in google maps

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Those with mobility issues can search for wheelchair-accessible transit routes by tapping Options > Wheelchair Accessible when looking for train or bus directions. When you get to your destination, meanwhile, the Accessible Places setting offers up wheelchair-accessibility information about that location.

Turn it on via Settings > Accessibility > Accessible Places. "When Accessible Places is switched on, a wheelchair icon will indicate an accessible entrance, and you’ll be able to see if a place has accessible seating, restrooms, or parking," Google says. "If it’s confirmed that a place does not have an accessible entrance, we’ll show that information on Maps as well."

10. Change The Font Size

Change The Font Size screenshots

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

If the words on Google Maps are too small to read, make them bigger.

On an iPhone, make sure you have iOS 15 or higher via Settings > General > About. Then go to Settings > Control Center. Under More Controls, you'll see Text Size. Tap the green plus icon on the left, which moves it to the top under Included Controls. Now, open Google Maps and swipe down from the upper right where you see the battery icon. Tap on the Text Size button (an icon of a small A next to a large A). On the bottom, select whether you want to increase the font size on just Google Maps or across all apps. You can then increase the font size with the white bars. Close out of Control Center and your font adjustments should update automatically.

On an Android, you can change the size of the font or display but this is going to be a universal change across all of the device's apps. Open Settings, then select Accessibility. You can make words larger by tapping Font Size and then setting your preferred letter size or change the display size by tapping Display Size and then setting your preferred icon size.

11. Remember Where You Parked

dropping an 'i parked here' pin in google maps

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Remember when the Seinfeld gang spent the whole half hour wandering around a parking garage looking for their parked car? That episode (along with many others) would not work in 2024, thanks to Google Maps.

At your destination, tap the blue location dot, and select Save parking, which adds a label to the Maps app identifying where you parked. On Android, tap that to add details such as the parking garage level and spot or the amount of time left before a meter expires. You can also set meter reminders, add a photo of where you parked, and send your parking location to friends.

To find it later, tap the search bar at the top, and select Parking location (Android) or Saved parking (iOS). Or tap the Driving arrow below, and look for Saved parking on iOS. Google will automatically delete the parking reminder after 8 hours, though you can manually get rid of it by tapping You parked here on the map and selecting Clear (iOS) or More info > Clear (Android).

12. What's the Parking Sitch?

google maps labels about whether parking is busy or not

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google Maps can provide turn-by-turn directions based on live-ish traffic data, but it can also provide you with a glimpse of the parking situation. When you search for driving directions to a location on iOS or Android, you might see a P logo at the bottom of the screen along with one of three designations: limited, medium, and easy (plus On-site for retailers with large parking lots). This can help you decide how much time you'll need to allocate for parking or even whether another form of transportation would be a better option.

13. Share Your Location

Share Your Location on ios

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Google Maps lets you share your current location with people for specified periods of time. When you share your location with a certain contact, they'll see your icon moving in real time on their map. On mobile, tap your profile icon on the top right, and select Location sharing. Then choose with whom you want to share and for how long. (You may need to first allow notifications from Google Maps in your phone's settings menu.)

14. View (and Delete) Your Google Maps History

screenshot of the settings in the ios mobile app for deleting google maps history

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Google maintains a very detailed record of your digital activities. If you'd rather it lose your Maps data, you can erase it on desktop or mobile. On a desktop, go to Click the hamburger menu, and select Your data in Maps. You'll end up on a page titled Google-wide Controls, where you can go to Location History > See & delete activity. You'll see a map with a timeline of your activity. On the bottom-right of the map, click the trashcan icon to delete all your location history permanently.

As of December 2023, the first time you turn on location history, Google will default you to auto-delete your history every three months. To adjust that, navigate to Click Location History > Choose an auto-delete option, and choose how often Google will delete your data (every 3, 18, or 36 months) or turn auto-delete off completely.

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On mobile, go to Settings > Maps History, which will bring you to a Maps Activity page. Look for the Delete drop-down menu, where you can opt to delete your history from today, all time, or a custom range. Tap Auto-delete to select a timeframe for when Google will automatically delete Maps data

15. Go Incognito

incognito mode inside the google maps ios app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

For a quick way to poke around Google Maps without leaving any obvious footprints, go Incognito. Google Maps won't save your browser or search history in your account or send notifications. Your searches and movements won't be added to location history or shared location. And Google won't use your activity while you're in Incognito Mode to personalize Maps. This mode has advantages when you want to peep a location without having it tangled up with your search history, but just as on web browsers, it doesn't make you invisible. To turn the mode on, tap your avatar and select Turn on Incognito mode; the Incognito icon appears in the search bar. Tap it and select Turn off Incognito mode to switch it off.

16. Time Travel With Google Maps

screenshot of the time travel feature in google maps on ios

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Street View has amassed a huge collection of street imagery over the years. In 2014, Google introduced Time Travel, a way for users to see how Street View has changed over time. And in 2022, it expanded from the desktop to mobile. To look back at a particular address, enter Street View and tap anywhere on the screen. At the bottom, tap See more dates. Where available, this should produce a series of photos. Scroll through and select the date you want to see.

17. Add Some Music

screenshot of music settings in google maps

If you've always got Google Maps navigation open while you're driving (or walking), you can add music to your trip without leaving the app. Sync music apps such as Spotify or Apple Music by opening the menu and navigating to Settings. On iOS, tap Navigation > Music playback controls to connect Apple Music or Spotify. On Android, tap Navigation settings > Assistant default media provider, where you can link a number of music-streaming services, including YouTube Music, Spotify, Apple Music, iHeartRadio, Pandora, and Deezer. Once you do, a pop-up to your app of choice should appear as you're driving for a quick tap to get your music started. Be sure to create your playlists beforehand so you can keep your eyes on the road!

18. Find Electric-Vehicle Charging Stations

screenshot showing how to search for EV charging stations on Google Maps

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

More and more electric vehicles (EVs) are taking to the road, and Google Maps is adapting. You can search "EV charging" or "EV charging station" in Google Maps, and it suggests the best station for you based on traffic conditions, your charge level, and the expected energy consumption. You can filter by types of plugs, and if you're in a rush, you can select Fast Charge to find the charging stations with the most voltage. If you use Android Auto in an EV, meanwhile, it will no longer show gas stations.

19. Request Fuel-Efficient Routes

fuel efficiency settings in google maps

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Want to make sure that next road trip is fuel-efficient? Turn on this setting in Google Maps and the app will prioritize fuel- or energy-efficiency over other factors like real-time traffic and road conditions. "So besides showing you the fastest route, it will also show you the most efficient one, even if they aren't the same," Google says.

Go to Settings > Navigation / Navigation settings and toggle Prefer fuel-efficient routes to on. Here, you can also tell Google Maps your engine type: gas, diesel, electric, or hybrid. Google will then serve up routes based on that engine type to help you save fuel.

20. Find Safe Drug-Disposal Locations

Find Safe Drug Disposal Locations

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google Maps is doing its part to fight the opioid crisis with a search tool to help users find safe drug-disposal locations. Type "drug disposal" into the search bar to pull up pharmacies, medical centers, and local authority locations where you can safely dispose of excess pills.

21. Share Your Favorite Places

screenshots of creating a list and sharing that list within the google maps ios app

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google Maps lets you share some of your favorite places with a friend. Just tap the share icon on the location's Google Maps card to send it to them via text, email, or your app of choice. Save favorite places by tapping the Save icon; they then show up in the Saved option in the menu bar.

If you want to share more than one favorite location, you can create a Pinterest-like list within Google Maps. When you save a favorite place, tap New List to create a collection (like "Thai restaurants in Brooklyn") or add it to an existing collection. You'll find them in the Saved tab under Your lists; tap the three-dot menu and then Share List to send a link to friends.

22. Become (or Consult) a Local Guide

Think you know your neighborhood better than Google's algorithm? Then consider becoming a¬†Local Guide. Although anyone can leave reviews and tips in Google Maps, being a Local Guides allows you to earn points for leaving more insights and data, which‚ÄĒas you go up the ladder‚ÄĒcan result in "rewards and early access to new features," Google says.

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Sat, 30 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Measuring Nurse Practitioner Productivity

Defining and Assessing Productivity

Productivity has been defined as a measure of output per unit of input. Within the discipline of nursing, productivity is described as proof or evidence of how efficient the NP is in his/her labor, job setting, or how efficiently she/he handles resources and equipment (Martin, 2005). It is a measure of how well the health care provider meets the needs of the community she/he serves (Blumenthal, 1999; Martin, 2005). Frequently productivity is expressed in terms of numbers of patients seen per day or amount of reimbursement a provider brings to the practice. But productivity is really much more than that. Martin (2005) reminds providers that all successful practices build on the three A's: availability, affability, and ability.

How available the health care provider is to patients is crucial for productivity. Obviously the more available a health care provider is to the community served, the greater the client base. Martin (2005) states that being available to patients is essential: "you can't get 'em in if you're not there..." Availability speaks to both physical presence and the ability to move smoothly from one patient to the next. Providers who cannot move from patient to patient because of ancillary demands on their time are not "available."

Beyond the basic availability question of how many patients can the NP see in one day, is the issue regarding how much support the practice provides for seeing the number of patients expected. For example, does the practice provide the practitioner with adequate space and support staff to see patients efficiently; are support staff available to perform diagnostic and treatment regimes ordered by the practitioner (for example, blood work, immunizations, allergy injections, spirometry, dexascans, EKG, and diabetic education)? If this support is not available, the practitioner may find that a portion of his/her productivity includes functioning as the clinic nurse. Under these circumstances, traditional methods of collecting provider productivity will not capture the full value of the practitioner's efforts. Practitioners who function as both the clinic nurse and a clinic provider will clearly lower productivity as a provider. In the analysis of "how available is the practitioner," ancillary duties not performed by other providers will reduce provider revenue, but may be offset by the value of the ancillary duties to the clinic. If this is the case, simply reviewing billables will not provide an adequate picture of the productivity of the practitioner. On the other hand, if the clinic is focused on the income generation potential of the provider, all providers should be given similar supports.

Affability addresses the health care experience from the patient's point of view. It requires health care providers to examine how pleasant, open, responsive, and approachable they are. Because the discipline of nursing is grounded in caring, most NPs do well on this measure. Nevertheless, we must review how patients view their interactions with us. On the whole, do patients feel comfortable with the provider? Does the provider listen to the patient, taking his/her concerns seriously? Additionally, the patient experience within the clinic should be reviewed. For example, how difficult it is for patients to contact the provider? Is the staff in the clinic responsive to patient needs? Do patients complain about the service or that the staff is rude? This is an important aspect of productivity as providers who spend a portion of every visit apologizing for rude or dismissive staff cannot function as smoothly as those who can dedicate the entire visit to the patient's health issues. Measurement of these key issues can be done through patient satisfaction surveys.

Ability is also important, not only of the health care provider but of the office staff as well. Is diagnostic data readily compiled for the health care provider to review? Incomplete and confusing medical records reduce the efficacy of the most capable practitioner and set the stage for missing key components of adequate followup. If practice records and scheduling are in disarray, and the practitioner must serve as the manager to alleviate these problems, the practitioner's revenue figures will be reduced. Support staff who cannot keep records, materials, and bookings up to date will negatively affect the patient's experience and, over time, will directly reflect on the patient's evaluation of the practitioner's competency. This directly impacts the productivity of the office, costing the practice patients and revenue (Martin, 2005).

Although Martin's (2005) three A's are one method for reviewing productivity, there are additional models to consider. Ability or NP competency must be held against a specific standard, and availability can be measured indirectly by the number of patients seen each day.

Sat, 30 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Microsoft Edge Browser Tips and Tricks for Windows 11/10

Microsoft has been relaunching its browser, which first started with the EDGE HTML rendering engine and now Chromium. While Internet Explorer is still there on Windows 10, Edge HTML will be called Edge Legacy, the new Chromium-based Edge Browser will soon be delivered through Windows Update. This post offers you some cool Edge Browser Chromium Tips and Tricks that will help you get the best of this new web browser and its features in Windows 11 and Windows 10.

Microsoft Edge Tips and Tricks for Windows

Here are some tips and tricks that will help you get the best out of the new Microsoft Edge Chromium browser on Windows 11/10:

  1. Enable Dark Mode
  2. Force Dark Mode for Web Contents
  3. Change default search
  4. Customize Edge New tab page
  5. Customize Edge Browser
  6. Set Multiple Homepages
  7. Manage passwords & autofill
  8. Add a Home button
  9. Import favorites, passwords, history into Edge
  10. Show the Favorites bar
  11. Auto-Hide the address bar
  12. Make a Web Note
  13. Pin Edge Browser website shortcut to Taskbar
  14. F12 Developer Tools
  15. Open the web page in IE & Edge Legacy
  16. Install Chrome Extensions and Themes in Edge
  17. Enable and manage Data Sync in Edge Chromium
  18. Change default obtain location of Edge Chromium
  19. Edge keyboard shortcuts
  20. Use a custom image option for New Tab Page in Edge
  21. Take a scrolling screenshot of the webpage
  22. Enable and use Command Palette
  23. Use Math Solver
  24. Remove Duplicate Favorites

Edge Browser (Chromium) Tips and Tricks for Windows 10

You can quickly access the Edge Chromium Settings either by using ‚Äúedge://settings/‚ÄĚ in the URL or click on the three dots and then click on settings. I have also highlighted the direct path for each of the settings for quicker access.

1] Enable Dark Mode

Dark Mode Edge Chromium

The default is set to the light theme, but you can change it to Dark or use System mode. The latter will automatically enable dark mode when you use Dark Mode in Windows 10.

  • Go to Settings > Appearance > Theme (edge://settings/appearance)
  • Click on the dropdown, and choose Dark.
  • It will instantly enable Dark mode without a restart.

Read: How to enable or disable Audio, Video, and Screen Capture in Edge.

2] Force Dark Mode for Web Contents

Force Dark Mode for Websites in Chromium Edge

If you want to force websites to become dark, you can force it using a flag‚ÄĒForce Dark Mode for Web Contents. It works on Chrome as well because of the Chromium Engine.

  • Use edge://flags to open the settings.
  • Search Force¬†Dark¬†Mode for Web Contents
  • When you find it, enable it using the dropdown
  • Restart browser.

You should know that when you force a website to change, it is possible that some of the text will not be visible to you. Chromium Engine offers different ways to force dark mode. Experiment with them to find what works for you. There are various ways like HSL, RGB, and so on.

Read: How to lock the Edge or Chrome browser with a password.

3] Change default search

Microsoft Edge Chromium Search Engine

The default search engine in Edge Chromium is going to be Bing, but you can always change it. You can choose to create custom search engines to search on websites directly.

  • Go to Settings > Privacy and services. Scroll down to find address bar (edge://settings/search)
  • Under Search engine used in the address bar, click on the dropdown to change from Bing to Google.

Now every time you type on the address bar, it will search on Google. If there is another search engine you want to add, click on Manage Search Engines, and you can add based on some parameters.

You can include Google or any other search engine in the list of Edge browser. Our post on how to change Default Search to Google in Edge offers step-by-step instructions in this regard.

Read: How to find those parameters and add them.

4] Customize New Tab or Home Page

Widnows Edge New Tab Customization

Every time you open Edge Chromium, you should see a new wallpaper as a background. It’s a signature feature of Edge that has been there for long. You get a search bar, background image, and a bunch of recently visited pages in the form of aligned boxes.

The New tab page in the Edge browser now features ¬†4 new modes. This helps you customize the experience to fit your preferences. See ‚ÄėChange New Tab Page layout in Edge‚Äė to know the complete procedure.

You can change this layout by clicking on the cog icon on the right.

Apart from this, you also have On Startup option (edge://settings/onStartup), where you can choose open a new tab or Continue where you left off and open a specific page every time.

Read: How to block a website in Microsoft Edge.

5] Customize Edge Browser

Edge offers some customization options. Visit this page if you would like to customize the Edge browser.

6] Set Multiple Homepages

A home page is the main page of a website where visitors can find hyperlinks to other pages on the site. Also, it is a web address that opens automatically when you launch the web browser. Here, you can set your favorite website, blog or search engine as your home page or you can set a blank page too. Like all web browsers, the new Edge too, lets you configure multiple homepages. Just access ‚ÄėSettings and more‚Äė menu > ‚ÄėSettings‚Äô > ‚ÄėOn startup‚Äė > ‚ÄėOpen a specific page or pages‚Äė > ‚ÄėAdd a new page‚Äė.

Then, enter the URL of the homepage and you are good to go!

TIP: You can edit an Image using built-in Image Editor Tool of Microsoft Edge

7] Manage Passwords and AutoFill

Microsoft Edged Chromium Password Manager

Just like Chrome and Firefox, Microsoft Edge Chromium offers its inbuilt password manager that can sync across devices. Edge is also available on Android and iPhone.

  • Navigate to Settings > Profiles and click on Passwords (edge://settings/passwords)
  • Here you can search for saved passwords, export passwords, view, and delete them. There is no way to edit.
  • If you do not want to use this feature¬† or secure it, you can
    • Toggle off option where Edge asks to save passwords. It will also disable autofill.
    • Turn off the option to Sign-in automatically.

When you turn off sign-in, you will have to enter the password every time you use the password manager to sign in.

You can do away with the requirement of saving passwords manually! The process can be simplified by enabling the Form-fill option. This feature configures your browser to fill the web forms, automatically. Refer to our earlier post ‚Äď Manage Passwords and Form-Fill.

8] Add a Home button

Microsoft Edge Chromium Home Button

The home button in a browser is a legacy thing which used to take the user back to a new tab and open it as it has been set. It is like the house icon next to the address bar.

The Home button represents a physical button that aids the navigation by taking users directly to the Home screen (starting point of the site). It is turned off by default in Edge Chromium but you can add it anytime. See this post for more details ‚Äst add a Home button.

  • Go to Settings > Appearance (edge://settings/appearance)
  • Toggle on Show Home Button
  • Set if you want to open a new Tab page or a URL.

9] Import favorites, passwords, history into Microsoft Edge Chromium

Import Favorites Passwords from Previous Browser in Edge

If you are planning to use Edge over any other browser, it would be a good idea to import settings, etc. from the old browser. The Import Feature works with Microsoft Edge (Legacy), Chrome, Firefox, and more.

  • Go to Settings > Profile > Import Browser Data (edge://settings/importData)
  • Select the browser from the dropdown, and select what you want to import.
  • You can import favorites, saved passwords, search engines, browsing history, and Home Page.

TIP: You can also use enable and use Password Monitor.

10] Show the Favorites bar

Show Hide Favorites Bar Edge Chromium

  • Click on the three-dot menu next to the profile icon.
  • Navigate to Favorites > Show Favorite Bar or use Ctrl + Shift + B
  • You can choose between Always, Never, or Only on new tabs. The later is useful if you do not want to access favorites from each tab.

In Edge Chromium, you have a better way to access favorites‚ÄĒFavorites Button. It appears at the end, and outside of the address bar. When you click on it, it will reveal all the bookmarked pages and folders. It is better to use the button as it is less intrusive.

11] Auto-Hide the address bar

Press F11 to go full-screen. The Edge address bar will auto-hide. To make it appear, simply move the mouse to the top edge.

There’s more! You might take interest in checking out some of the features of the Edge browser so that you are completely familiar with all the features of the web browser. It talks about how to Delete browsing history and cache, Share web pages, use Reading View, create Reading List, use the built-in PDF Reader, the Hub, Sync Support, Page Prediction feature, support for Dolby Audio and more. There are also some new security features in Edge you may want to take a look at. Having done this, you might want to also take a look at and configure

12] Make a Web Note

Edge is the only browser available to date that allows you to annotate a web page right on the screen and then save your markings as notes. It lets you take notes, write, highlight directly on web pages or scribble on the web. To check this, open a PDF file with Edge and you‚Äôll see the ‚ÄėDraw‚Äė option below the address bar that will allow you to create WebNotes, readily.

13] Pin Edge Browser website shortcut to Taskbar

Pin Websites to Taskbar Edge Chromium

The earlier version of Edge allowed adding websites to the Start Menu. That’s not possible with the Chromium version. Instead, you can choose to Pin websites shortcut to Taskbar.

  • Open the website you want to pin to Taskbar
  • Click on the ellipse menu (three dots) > More tools > Pin to Taskbar
  • You should see the Favicon of the website on the taskbar

Interesting to note that all these pinned websites are treated as Apps and are available under Menu > Apps > Manage Apps (edge://apps/)

14] F12 Developer Tools

n case you are interested in developing add-ons for Microsoft Edge, you might want to know about developer tools provided by Microsoft.

Developer Tools Edge Chromium

Click on Menu More Tools and then click on Developer Tools. You can use Ctrl + Shift + I to open it quickly.

This will automatically launch the tools undocked. As a Developer, you might be excited to use the Network tools. Use them to change User-Agent, Mode, Display, Geolocation too.

15] Open the web page in IE & Edge Legacy

If you still need to use IE for some of the websites and applications, follow this method for IE. When it comes to Edge HTML or Edge Legacy, you need to enable it manually. Once done, follow the same steps we have asked for IE.

16] Install Chrome Extensions in Edge

Chrome Extension in Microsoft Edge Chromium

Since Microsoft Edge is now based on Chromium, it supports most of the Chrome extensions. You can now install extensions in Edge from outside Microsoft Store to enhance your web browsing experience. You can also install extensions from the Chrome Store.

When you visit the Chrome Extension Webstore, Edge will prompt that you can install the extension from here or any third party website. Click on Allow to enable extensions from other stores. You can also install Chrome Themes.

Related: How to manage, add, remove Extensions in new Microsoft Edge browser

17] Enable and manage Data Sync in Edge Chromium

Just like Firefox and Chrome, you can sync data, profile, extensions, and passwords across browser instances. If you use Edge on multiple computers, you can sync data between them. You will have to enable it manually, so follow our guide. It is my favorite of our Edge Chromium Tips Tricks, and I am sure if you love using Edge, you will like it too.

TIP: if you middle-click the Back and Forward buttons, this action will open the site in a new tab.

18] Change default obtain location of Edge Chromium

It is best to set the obtain location separate from the default obtain folder if you obtain a lot of things at one place.

19] Edge keyboard shortcuts

Keyboard shortcuts are something that every browser supports. Microsoft’s browser is no exception to this rule. You can use these shortcuts to fasten your navigation process. For example, you can bookmark a website by simply hitting CTRL+D keys in combination and choose a folder to save the bookmark. See the complete list of these browser keyboard shortcuts.

20] Use Custom image option for New Tab Page in Edge

  • Launch Edge
  • Open New tab page
  • Click on Page Settings > Page Layout
  • Click on Custom> Background > Your own image
  • Select Upload and select your Picture you want to be displayed
  • Save and restart Edge.

21] Take a scrolling screenshot of the webpage

You can take a scrolling screenshot of the webpage you are viewing. Press CTRL+Shift+S in Edge. Then use the pointer to select the entire webpage ‚Äď even the part that is below the fold.

22] Enable and use Command Palette

enable and use command palette microsoft edge

Command Palette feature in Edge browser (version 105 and higher) lets you perform actions that you may need in day-to-day browsing. For example, this feature lets you clear browsing data, toggle developer tools, move a tab backward, bookmark all tabs, and lots more from a single panel. Here is how to enable and use Command Palette in Microsoft Edge:

  1. Type edge://flags in the address bar of Microsoft Edge and press Enter
  2. On the Flags page (Experiments), there is a Command Palette setting
  3. Select the Enabled option for that setting using the drop-down menu
  4. Restart Microsoft Edge.

After enabling Command Palette, use the Ctrl+Shift+Space shortcut key to open the Command Palette panel. Type some keyboards in the text box and related actions will be visible.

23] Use Math Solver

Math Solver is one of the interesting features of Microsoft Edge. It helps to solve Math problems (Calculus, Arithmetic, Trigonometry, Quadratic equations, etc.) with step-by-step explanations.

To enable the Math Solver feature in Microsoft Edge:

  1.  Access the Appearance category of Microsoft Edge Settings
  2. There, turn on the Math Solver button.

Math Solver icon will appear on the Microsoft Edge toolbar. You can click that icon and then use the Math Solver feature in Microsoft Edge.

24] Remove Duplicate Favorites

You may have imported a lot of favorites from other browsers as well as created many bookmarks over the period of time in Microsoft Edge. And, some of those favorites might be duplicated. Thankfully, Microsoft Edge comes with a built-in option to remove duplicate favorites from a profile with the same URL and name.

For this, open the Edge browser and access a user profile. Press Ctrl+Shift+O hotkey to open the Favorites menu. There, click on the More options icon, select the Remove duplicate favorites option, and complete the process.

Also read: 10 Work from Home extensions for Microsoft Edge browser.

There’s more! You might take interest in checking out some of the features of the Edge browser so that you are completely familiar with all the features of the web browser. It talks about how to Delete browsing history and cache, Share web pages, use Reading View, create Reading List, use the built-in PDF Reader, the Hub, Sync Support, Page Prediction feature, support for Dolby Audio and more. There are also some new security features in Edge you may want to take a look at.

I hope these tips and tricks for Microsoft Edge Chromium come in handy for you. we have also covered Edge Browser Tips and Tricks for Android & iOS.

Is Microsoft Edge better in Windows 11?

The answer is a Yes. Microsoft Edge is definitely better in Windows 11 as well as Windows 10. Ever since it is based on Chromium, many interesting features came into existence. There are so many features such as vertical tabs, Web capture, voice typing, security settings, family safety, sleeping tabs, efficiency mode, etc., that provide a better user experience.

How can I make Edge faster in Windows 11?

There are some tweaks for Microsoft Edge that can make it faster. Startup Boost is a feature in Microsoft Edge that makes it launch faster than usual. You can enable it in Edge Settings. Installing more extensions can also slow down a browser. Uninstall or disable unnecessary extensions from Edge. You can also optimize your new tab experience to make Edge faster.

If you liked this post, you might want to check out  Windows 10 as well as Windows 11 Tips and Tricks too. Chrome users may want to take a look at this Google Chrome tips & tricks post and Firefox users, this Firefox tips & tricks post.

Microsoft Edge Tips and Tricks for Windows
Mon, 12 Sep 2022 16:48:00 -0500 en-us text/html
Car Tips and Tricks

A Car Lover's Compendium of Tips and Tricks

If you’re looking for advice about cars, from how to buy them to common car problems and solutions, you’ve come to the right place. Our car experts are constantly sifting through your questions and concerns about your vehicle, and have compiled comprehensive responses to ensure you get the answers you’re looking for. Our car blog aims to deliver you expert advice on a variety of topics, including negotiating tips when buying or selling a car, how to deal with a silver-tongued salesman (or saleswoman), and a comprehensive car maintenance guide or two on car storage, washing, detailing, and even insurance.

Our website is filled to the brim with information on the automotive industry, but this is where you go when you want answers to these more niche questions. Want to know about the must-have gadgets and car accessories to keep up with Joneses, or how to calculate your payment plan for that sweet number you’ve had your eye on? Then this is where you will find detailed car articles covering these, and many more topics.

One-stop Car Guide

This car advice blog is not just for beginners who are new to the scene and seeking expert advice. Avid car lovers, both men and women, will find plenty to learn from. Just a few of the interesting and exciting posts in this cars guide include:

  • Advice on buying and selling: Whether you‚Äôre unsure about buying a new or used car, or you need more information on what taxes are involved, our blogs offer tips for car buyers that will help you make the best purchasing decision. These articles also explain some of the most prevalent scams to look out for, which type of car will suit your needs best, and whether all those expensive add-on options are really worth it.
  • Basic mechanics and troubleshooting: From the most basic and common car problems to the more serious effects of overheating, our articles are there to help you understand what to do when things go wrong. Jump-starting your car, how to decipher warning lights, and how to change a tire are just some of these.
  • Safety: Keeping you and your passengers in one piece is priority, so our blogs touch on tips and tricks for safe driving, how to prevent theft, what to do after a car accident, and why it‚Äôs important to make use of baby seats for your little ones. We also explain how NHTSA and IIHS ratings work, and why some vehicles score better in crash tests than others.
  • Life hacks on dealing with the cold: For those who live in cold-weather states, our series on frozen car doors and locks, how to drive safely on icy roads, and what to do when your car gets stuck in snow are most helpful.
  • Understanding car finance and insurance policies: The broad course of finance, leasing vs buying cash, car depreciation, taxes and incentives for certain electric vehicles, are all covered here. We also offer a comprehensive guide on the intricacies of sales tax, and how it differs by state.
  • News on the latest car fashion and tech trends: We cover all the latest gadgets, from head-up displays to dash cams, and even touch on what are the best gifts to get for the car lover. Everything you need to know about cool upgrades and accessories for the gearhead is listed right here, including a guide to building the ultimate garage.
  • A guide to driving: Not just for the new beginner (and tips and hacks for acing your driver‚Äôs license test), but also for the real enthusiasts who frequent the track - our blogs share suggestions on how to best prepare for track days, and how to get the most out of your ride.
  • Major mechanics: Starting with a series explaining the various engine configurations, drivetrains and transmissions, our blogs go one step further to explain various types of fuel, on-board safety systems, and how to keep track of your own maintenance.
  • Hybrids and EVs: With these types of cars becoming ever more popular, information on charging stations in public and at home are laid out for you here. We also look at emissions and which vehicles are the best for the environment.¬†

More than just a pinboard of car tips and tricks, this is a place to interact with the writers, ask questions, and deliver your two cents worth. Some of the benefits of following our blog posts include:

  • Expanding your knowledge base on your own car and basic mechanics that could help you out of a tight spot should your car break down
  • Avoid being scammed by sales or when you‚Äôre trying to sell your own car
  • Save time and money by having a guide to troubleshooting and basic DIY fixes on your car at home
  • Learn how to maintain the value of your vehicle
  • Get a heads up on the latest tech advancements and how they benefit you
  • Develop your own schedule for keeping your car in tip-top shape

Maybe you have a question that isn’t being addressed, or perhaps you’ve experienced the exact same problem and something we haven’t mentioned worked for you - get involved with like-minded gearheads in this online community and help make the motoring scene a great place for everyone involved.

Mon, 06 Nov 2023 18:12:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Integrated Science Center (ISC)

The Integrated Science Center (ISC) sits next to Lemon and Hardy Residence Halls on Barksdale Field. The facility was constructed to integrate William & Mary’s science programs; allowing increased opportunity for multidisciplinary research. Currently, the ISC is the only place on campus where courses and research projects in Applied Science, Biology, Chemistry, Neuroscience, Physics and Psychology exists in the same building. With over 100,000 sq. ft. of space, the ISC consists of a large seminar room, colloquiums, teaching and research labs, a machine shop, glass-blowing faculty, instrument rooms, reading rooms and eat-in kitchens. Research laboratories are equipped with various levels of fume hoods, biosafety cabinets, laboratory equipment, computing equipment, and laboratory emergency equipment including eyewashes, spill kits and fire extinguishers.  On the campus of William & Mary, this is the only building with biological and hazardous waste accumulation rooms managed by the EH&S Office.

ISC Operations Documents

ISC Systems Documentation

Sun, 06 Sep 2020 04:53:00 -0500 en text/html
Family nurse practitioner

The Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) track of the MSN program prepares students to provide primary care across the lifespan to individuals, families and communities.  FNPs practice within private and clinic settings as well as urgent care facilities. FNPs focus on health promotion and maintenance, and function in autonomous and collaborative roles guided by appropriate nurse practice acts.

Upon completion of the Family Nurse Practitioner option, the graduate is able to:

  • Function in autonomous and collaborative roles guided by appropriate nurse practice acts.
  • Provide primary care to individuals, families and communities.
  • Focus on health promotion and maintenance for clients.
  • Use the process and method of scientific inquiry in the study of nursing.
  • Contribute to the development of nursing science.
  • Pursue opportunities for enhancement of advance practice.
Thu, 05 Mar 2020 04:57:00 -0600 en-us text/html
Measuring Nurse Practitioner Productivity

Provider Measures of Productivity?

Because NPs work is typically paid as that of a health care provider, the productivity measures that are the basis of health care provider payment (physician productivity payment) influence NP reimbursement for services. Traditionally, physician productivity measures are based on a variety of factors including total gross charges, total net medical revenue, total cost, patient panel size, growth rate of patient base, hospital admissions, visits and consults, office hours, practice coverage, and CPT or procedural volume or number of cases (Cascardo, 2003). As for nurse practitioners, productivity comprises additional factors which for the most part can be a challenge to measure: time devoted to productive activities, efficiency of that time (patients seen and dollars made each day), procedures per encounter, appropriateness of that procedure or charge, motivation of the provider to see additional patients such as walk-in, etc. (Cascardo, 2003).

Cascardo (2003) describes a method to measure these challenges in terms of relative value per unit of service or relative value units (RVUs). RVUs were developed by the Center for Medicaid and Medicare Services (CMS) and used to determine compensation for services provided by the physician. In 1986, the Physician Payment Review Commission mandated the creation of a new resource-based physician fee schedule, with a goal of establishing a system that improved reimbursement for primary care services, was less procedure oriented, and controlled health care costs (Johnson & Newton, 2002). They outlined factors that determine providers' activities and include three components: RVUs, time the provider takes to do the work; RVUpe, practice expense to do the work; and RVUm, malpractice risk to do the work (Johnson & Newton, 2002). RVUs are updated annually by CMS and can be obtained from the CMS Web site. Cascardo (2003) compares three office visit CPT codes to show differences in their values as an effort to determine physician effort, efficiency, and compensation. These measures can translate to NP providers.

Table 2 shows how much time a health care provider is expected to spend with each office encounter/ each office CPT code. For example, the physician provider doesn't need to be present for an outpatient CPT code 99211, whereas the physician provider time spent is expanded for the outpatient CPT code 99215 because the activity or procedure requires more activity. Table 3 displays how RVUs are compiled for each CPT code based on amount of provider time spent. In this case, CPT code 99212 receives a total RVU of 0.06 and a 99215 receives a total RVU of 2.21.

As expected, low provider activities result in lower RVUs whereas moderate provider activity to high provider presence results in higher RVU value. The higher the RVU value the higher the reimbursement. But it is unclear whether provider generation of high RVUs is a sufficient measure of value to the organization. Because NPs practice in a wide array of settings, some non-reimbursable services may be essential to the maintenance of the practice (for example, staff management).

Sat, 30 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html
Family nurse practitioner

Family Nurse Practitioners focus on health promotion and maintenance for their clients and provide primary care to individuals, families, and communities. The Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) prepares graduates to test for national certification and to function in autonomous and collaborative roles guided by appropriate nurse practice acts.

Upon completion of the Family Nurse Practitioner certificate, the graduate is able to:

  • Synthesize theoretical, scientific, and contemporary clinical knowledge for the assessment and management of both health and illness states.
  • Implement clinical reasoning and builds collaborative intra- and interprofessional relationships to provide optimal care to patients.
  • Provide patient-centered, quality care to the adult and older adult population within the acute and critical care settings through incorporation of health promotion, health protections, disease prevention and treatment.
  • Impart knowledge and individualize therapies through the activities of advocacy, modeling and teaching.
  • Apply evidence-based practice designed to Boost quality of care and health outcomes by overseeing and directing the delivery of clinical services within an integrated system of healthcare.
Thu, 13 Aug 2020 15:52:00 -0500 en-us text/html

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