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Exam Code: HH0-220 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
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Killexams : Hitachi Implmenter-Modular study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/HH0-220 Search results Killexams : Hitachi Implmenter-Modular study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/HH0-220 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Hitachi Killexams : Tips and Tools to Help Students Study, Take Notes, and Focus

With a new academic year rolling around, students of all ages will be looking for help and guidance with their work—and there are a wealth of options on mobile app stores and the web to help you succeed.

Here we've picked out some of the best apps and services across multiple categories, including time management, homework help, note-taking, and more. Put them together and you've got a comprehensive toolkit for making sure that this year is a good one.

No matter what your requirements, courses, or study habits are, there should be something here for you (or for the young student in your life). You might be surprised at just how much difference the right app can make.


Trello can adapt itself to whatever purpose you have in mind.

Courtesy of Trello

The main appeal of Trello is its versatility: You can adapt the simple card-based interface in whichever way you want—whether to keep track of individual homework assignments or to log multiple research strands in an essay—and the software will adapt accordingly.

You can assign categories and deadlines to cards, attach files to them, and drop in to-do lists. However you decide to use Trello, you're going to find it straightforward to get around the app with easy drag-and-drop operations and a ton of options and features.

Trello (freemium for web, Android, iOS)


Get help from Socratic with just about any topic.

Courtesy of Socratic

Powered by Google's artificial intelligence engines, Socratic is here to answer any question on any topic, whether you need step-by-step math explanations, a quick overview of a historical event or work of literature, or details of a particular set of biological processes.

Sun, 09 Oct 2022 23:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.wired.com/story/tips-apps-help-students-study-notes-homework-help/
Killexams : Folic Acid May Help Decrease Risk of Suicide, Study Finds
  • A latest study investigated of taking folic acid was linked to a decrease in suicide attempts.
  • Over 12 million adults thought about suicide – with 1.2 million actually attempting to end their lives, in 2020 according to data from the CDC.
  • Researchers found people with a folic acid prescription experienced a 44% reduction in suicidal events.

New research published last week in JAMA Psychiatry investigated if taking the inexpensive vitamin folic acid may help reduce the risk of suicide.

“The importance of our study is that we have identified an inexpensive, widely available potential suicide prevention tool that has minimal if any side-effects,” lead author Robert Gibbons, PhD, Blum-Riese Professor of Biostatistics and Medicine at the University of Chicago, told Healthline.

In 2020, over 12 million adults thought about suicide – with 1.2 million actually attempting to end their lives, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

“Folic acid is a type of B vitamin,” said Nicole Roach, a registered dietician at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York. “Many foods contain folate or will be enriched with folic acid.”

She added that this nutrient is naturally high in foods such as vegetables, especially dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, mustard greens, and asparagus.

“Other foods which contain folate include nuts, beans, oranges and orange juice,” she continued.

According to Roach, while these foods are naturally high in folate, there are other foods that will be fortified with folate, which means that while not naturally a good source, the vitamin is added during the manufacturing process.

“These foods include enriched breads, flours, pastas, rice, and cornmeal,” she said.

Roach emphasized the importance of making sure you consume enough folic acid, because it plays an important role in cell functioning and growth.

She said we typically need about 400 micrograms of folate per day, while people who are pregnant should aim for 600 micrograms per day and those who are breastfeeding should aim for 500 micrograms per day.

Gibbons and team collected the data of almost 870,000 patients from a U.S. pharmacoepidemiologic database of medical claims for patients filling a folic acid (vitamin B9) prescription from 2012 to 2017.

This process was then repeated with a control supplement (vitamin B-12).

Over 80 percent of patients in this study were female, and a little over 10 percent were aged 60 years or older.

Researchers found the group that filled a folic acid prescription experienced a 44% reduction in suicidal events, which includes suicide attempts and intentional self-harm.

Researchers also found that the longer people took folic acid, the lower their risk tended to be. Each month of taking folic acid was associated with an extra five percent decrease in the risk of attempted suicide during a 24-month follow-up period.

“We were surprised by the strong association between reduction is suicide attempt risk with increased duration of folic acid treatment, said Gibbons. “We were also pleased to see that our negative control, vitamin B12 showed no association with suicide attempt.”

He said that a randomized clinical trial of folic acid is already in the works.

“If confirmed in a large-scale randomized clinical trial, which we are pursuing with one of our nation’s largest healthcare providers, it could have the potential to save thousands of lives,” said Gibbons

Naomi Torres-Mackie, PhD, a clinical psychologist at Lenox Hill Hospital said the impact of vitamin deficiency on mood has been previously studied, with B vitamins being the most commonly examined, particularly B12.

“There have also previously been studies on folate and depression, she said. “Being mindful not to conflate depression and suicide, this study only looked at the latter, which is an important contribution to separate out and examine suicide in particular.”

Experts stress that more study is needed and that people in mental health crisis or who have thoughts of suicide should immediately seek medical help.

Torres-Mackie noted that it’s important that people who have thoughts of suicide are seen by a mental health professional who has training in suicide and crisis management.

“The specific way in which suicidal ideation is treated depends on the underlying cause, as thoughts of suicide can be related to a mental health condition, commonly psychosis, or depression.”

This study seems to have promise,” said Torres-Mackie.

However, she cautioned that more study is needed before folic acid can be accepted as a new way to prevent suicide.

“There are some barriers for access to traditional forms of suicide treatment, but if folic acid can be helpful in reducing suicide attempts, it has the potential to provide help on a large-scale basis to individuals who very much need it,” she said.

Torres-Mackie cautioned that “much more” research is necessary before getting to that point.

“And as the authors point out, a large-scale randomized clinical trial is needed before a causal relationship can be determined or before treatment recommendations should include folic acid,” Torres-Mackie concluded.

Dr. Alex Dimitriu, double board-certified in Psychiatry and Sleep Medicine and founder of Menlo Park Psychiatry & Sleep Medicine and BrainfoodMD, said that people who have thoughts of suicide are typically treated with a combination of medication and therapy.

“Lithium, ketamine, and anti-depressants have been shown to reduce suicidal behavior,” he continued. “I believe that neuroplasticity – our ability to adapt and think differently, is essential, especially when someone is in a crisis-like state such as suicidal ideation.”

He explained that certain medications might Strengthen neuroplasticity.

“In the case of folic acid, it plays a key role in the formation of various neurotransmitters, serotonin, norepinephrine and even BDNF – brain derived neurotrophic factor, which is like ‘miracle grow’ for certain brain areas,” said Dimitriu.

He considered the study “impressive.”

“Given the low downside or side effect profile of using folic acid, I would certainly provide it a go,” Dimitriu said.

“Always seek professional help with anyone having suicidal thoughts,” said Dimitriu. “If it is truly urgent, safety first, call 911 or get the person to an emergency room to assure safety.”

He added that in his years of experience work, he cannot underscore how many people, who considered suicide, were so happy to be alive months later.

“Time heals, and you have to be safe to allow the healing to occur,” Dimitriu pointed out. “We live in a time of treatment options, use them.”

New research finds that the B-vitamin called folic acid may reduce risk of self-harm or attempted suicide by up to 44 percent.

Experts say that this might be due to the vitamin’s crucial role in brain health.

They also say much more research is needed before folic acid can be considered a viable way to prevent suicide.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 10:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.healthline.com/health-news/folic-acid-may-help-decrease-risk-of-suicide-study-finds
Killexams : How Fat Cells Help Kick Parasites Out of Mice: Study

Fat cells play a surprising role in combating parasites, according to a study published today (October 14) in Science Immunology, which finds that fatty tissue surrounding the intestinal tracts of mice helps eject gut-infesting worms and fight future infections.

Jorge Caamaňo, an immunologist at the University of Birmingham who was not involved in the work, says that “the study brings to focus the idea that when we’re looking at the immune response, we shouldn’t just focus on” immune cells.

Scientists already knew that mesenteric adipose tissue—the fat that lines the intestines—contributes to the immune response to pathogens and cancer. But its role in fighting parasites wasn’t well-defined until study coauthor and immunologist Edward Pearce and his colleagues at Johns Hopkins Medical Institute examined how fat cells and immune cells each respond to parasitic infection. 

Pearce’s group was studying how animals gain immunity to such infections in a mouse model when, during a routine autopsy, a veterinarian on the team noticed that the mesenteric adipose tissue of mice infected with parasitic helminths (Heligmosomoides polygyru) stiffened over the course of an infection. Helminths are microscopic worms that infect the gut (and only the gut), leeching nourishment from their host. In mice, they’re used to model human parasitic infections.

The researchers then sought to determine the cause of the tissue stiffness. As they were investigating how different cell types in the tissue responded to infection, they discovered a previously undescribed communication between two cell types that they later found to be important for long-term immunity to parasites: Th2 cells, a type of T cell known to fight parasites, and stromal cells, which are stem cell-like cells found in fat tissue that can differentiate into cells that provide structural support for tissues.

The researchers first isolated the stiffened fat tissue from parasite-infected mice and normal fat tissue from their healthy counterparts. They then separated the tissue into its component cells. And to study how infection restructures the immune cells and structural cells in the tissue, the team employed a combination of single-cell RNA sequencing, flow cytometry, cell culture, and histology.

Their first observation was that in addition to their presence in the gut, Th2 cells infiltrated the animals’ adipose tissue during infection—which the researchers found surprising, says Pearce, “because this infection actually never gets into the adipose tissue. It stays in the gut.”

Then, the team found that these fat-infiltrating immune cells differ from typical Th2 cells, as they were releasing the powerful cytokine TGFβ as well as Amphiregulin, a molecule that stimulates wound healing. They were also activated differently. Instead of being activated by a T cell receptor, a protein complex that typically triggers T cell activity during infection, the Th2 cells identified in the study were activated by cytokines. “They behaved in a way like cells that are part of the innate immune system rather than the adaptive,” says Pearce. 

The researchers then cultured the stromal cells and discovered they became highly metabolically active in response to Amphiregulin and TGFβ produced by Th2 cells. The stromal cells also started to produce cytokines, which further activated Th2 cells as they fought the helminth infection. The researchers also blocked the Amphiregulin receptor EGRF in stromal cells and observed that the severity of infection increased, highlighting the importance of stromal cell activation in fighting infection. 

When the researchers took a closer look at the animals’ tissues, they realized Th2 cells and stromal cells were meeting up in special spaces in the tissue called interstitial spaces, which become enlarged during infection. There, Th2 cells triggered stromal cells to secrete collagen and extracellular matrix, resulting in the observed tissue-stiffening. 

The team also found that some of these changes are long-lasting. Though their tissues returned to normal stiffness shortly after infection, the mice still had elevated levels of Th2 cells for up to a year after their initial infection was cleared with a drug (the mice were infected with the parasite for 11 to 14 days). Th2 cells and stromal cells also mobilized more quickly in response to subsequent infections.

Though Pearce and his team are not quite sure why Th2 cells are invading adipose tissue in the first place, they intend to find out. 

The findings from the study could help scientists fight disease—and not just parasitic infections, says Pearce. The rapid softening seen after a parasitic infection stands in contrast to other diseases where tissue becomes stiffer over time, like fibrosis. “There are strong resolving mechanisms at work here. And if we can understand more about those, perhaps they can be used to treat the type of fibrosis that goes too far.”

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 09:06:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.the-scientist.com/news-opinion/how-fat-cells-help-kick-parasites-out-of-mice-study-70627
Killexams : Study could help recommend the best treatment for women with early-stage mucinous ovarian cancer

A global study into mucinous ovarian cancer could help oncologists recommend the best treatment for women who are diagnosed early with the condition.

By looking down a microscope for two different 'patterns of invasion' – the way that cancer cells invade ovarian tissue – oncologists can better predict which patients may have better or worse prognoses and can target treatment accordingly. The finding was reported in a paper published today in Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

"Mucinous ovarian cancer is a rare type of ovarian cancer. It actually has more in common with gastrointestinal cancers, and can be hard to diagnose and hard to treat once it has spread beyond the ovaries," says lead author Nicki Meagher, who has just completed her PhD in the Molecular Oncology group, UNSW School of Clinical Medicine.

She says that observing which of the two types of invasion patterns that the cancer cells form could help certified decide on treatment strategies.

We've shown for the first time that women who have early-stage disease – meaning they have tumors that haven't spread beyond the ovary – have much poorer survival chances in the first two years from diagnosis if they have what we call an infiltrative pattern of invasion.

Knowing this in the early stage of the disease means we can identify patients who could benefit from additional chemotherapy following surgery to remove their ovaries."

Nicki Meagher, Lead Author

The two patterns of invasion are defined by the way the cancer cells organize themselves when viewed under a microscope. The infiltrative pattern of invasion associated with poorer health outcomes shows cancer cells spreading in an uneven, haphazard way through the ovarian tissue. The other pattern is known as expansile, where cells expand through tissue in a more orderly manner, and is associated with better prognoses.

Up until now, other studies had suggested that the infiltrative pattern of invasion was associated with poorer patient outcomes, but no study had large enough numbers of patients with early-stage cancer to reach statistical significance.

But the current study, that involved more than 100 researchers in Australia, UK, Canada, Asia, Europe and the US, was able to test this hypothesis in much larger numbers by examining the tissue of 604 patients. The researchers also looked for the expression of 19 genes including THBS2 and TAGLN in addition to the patterns of invasion.

Professor Susan Ramus who oversaw the global study and heads the Ovarian Tumour Tissue Analysis consortium says that guidelines on how to treat women with early-stage mucinous ovarian cancer have differed around the world due to limited data on infiltrative patterns of invasion associated with survival rates.

"For example, in some parts of the world, an infiltrative pattern was acknowledged as an important feature and determined what treatment those women receive," Professor Ramus says.

"Whereas in others, all patients are recommended for the same pathway of treatment. We hope that after this large study treatment guidelines can be aligned and that we can target treatment for women who may have these more serious indicators, even if they are diagnosed in early stages."

The researchers also noted that women with higher expression of two genes, THBS2 and TAGLN in their tumors, had poorer overall survival.

"We're hoping that this may be able to help explain some of the biology potentially down the track," says Ms Meagher.

"Another avenue could be that knowledge of expression of these genes could assist in developing targeted drugs."

The researchers are part of a wide network of experts who plan to carry out a validation study to further investigate these genomic markers as the basis for a targeted treatment strategy.


Journal reference:

Meagher, N.S., et al. (2022) Gene expression profiling of mucinous ovarian tumors and comparison with upper and lower gastrointestinal tumors identifies markers associated with adverse outcomes. Clinical Cancer Research. doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-22-1206.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.news-medical.net/news/20221012/Study-could-help-recommend-the-best-treatment-for-women-with-early-stage-mucinous-ovarian-cancer.aspx
Killexams : Are you considering studying abroad? Here are 5 tips to help you prepare financially

Each year, American undergraduate students flock across the globe to study abroad. During the 2019/2020 academic year, 162,633 students did so, reflecting a 53% decrease due to the Covid-19 pandemic — in the before times, that number had hovered around the 341,000 mark and was slowly increasing every year.

Traveling can be expensive, though — excursions to different countries with your classmates during your semester abroad are no exception. You'll need to foot the bill not only for tuition, but meals, housing, flights, activities and everything else as well. Even with the many scholarships and grants that are available, those costs can certainly add up and become a financial burden for students and their families.

Below, Select shares some tips to help students financially prepare to study abroad so they can make the most of their experience in a new country. 

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Ask your family if studying abroad seems financially reasonable to them

Studying abroad can wind up being an enormous expense. The University of Louisville estimates that, on average, the cost of a semester-long study abroad program can range from $7,000 to $15,000 per student. It's important to discuss this upcoming expense with your family so you can determine whether or not this is something they could reasonably assist you with.

You should also speak to the study abroad coordinator at your school to help you figure out where you'd like to go, what you would be able to study there, which programs are available and how much it will be. That way, you can bring a more precise representation of the associated costs to your family.

Keep in mind that the type of program you decide to do can affect the cost, too. A one-month program will likely be significantly less expensive than a program that lasts the entire semester. There are also certain programs that allow you to study solo and live with a host family or study as part of a group with other students from your university. Your school's study abroad coordinator will be able to break it all down for you and help you select the option that's best for your financial and academic goals.

Find out if there are scholarships or grants available

Now would also be a good time to find out if there are any scholarships or grants available that would cover some or all of the cost, and to do some research about which ones you can apply for. Unlike student loans, scholarships and grants don't need to be repaid — you'll just need to go through an application process in order to qualify for them. These funding options can significantly reduce the financial responsibility that comes along with studying abroad, and are definitely worth looking into.

If scholarships and grants are not available and your family can't afford to contribute to the cost of your trip, it might be worth devising a financial plan to pay for your study abroad program if it's something you're still really interested in.

Get a job on or off campus and save what you can

You can make a decent amount of money by partaking in on-campus jobs, getting a job at a nearby store or restaurant, doing research, babysitting or tutoring in your college town, among other jobs. There are many ways for college students to take on a side hustle or part-time gig to earn extra money. Apps such as Wag! or TaskRabbit can be helpful for finding flexible-hour jobs like dog walking or assembling furniture if you're unable to commit to more structured working hours.

Another popular way to earn money is by selling stuff you no longer need on apps such as Depop or Mercari. Select recently interviewed a 22-year-old seller on Depop who earns between $1,500 and $2,500 per month. Typically, all you need to get started selling is a phone and a PayPal account.


  • Fees

    Depop collects a 10% fee for each item sold on the platform. On top of that, payment processor Paypal takes an additional 2.9% and $0.20 per transaction.

  • Shipping costs

    Either the buyer or seller can cover the cost of shipping; shipping labels are generated by Depop and costs depend on the weight and dimensions of your package.

  • Availability

    The app is available in both the App Store (for iOS) and on Google Play (for Android); there's also a web version, but the app is more functional.

  • How do you get paid?

    You'll need a PayPal account in order to get paid. However, there are two options for sellers on Depop: Getting paid directly through your PayPal, which is linked to your Depop account, or through Depop Payments. If your shop uses Depop payments, buyers can use Apple Pay, Google Pay or a credit or debit card to finance purchases from your shop (you'll still need a linked PayPal account though). If your shop is linked to your PayPal, buyers can only use PayPal to pay for their purchases.


  • You only have to pay fees when you sell an item (no listing fees)
  • You can post the listings and manage your shop all from your phone


  • Depop takes a higher commission fee (10%) than some other resell platforms
  • You can't use it for in-person deliveries or orders


  • Fees

    Sellers pay a 10% fee for each item that's sold. There's also a payment processing fee of 2.9% plus $0.30.

  • Shipping costs

    Either the buyer or seller can cover the cost of shipping; shipping labels are generated by Mercari and costs depend on the weight and dimensions of your package.

  • Availability

    Mercari has an app that's available in both the App Store (for iOS) and on Google Play (for Android), and you can also list and shop via its website.

  • How do you get paid?

    After the transaction has been completed, the payment will show up on your Mercari balance. You can either have the money directly deposited into your bank account ($10 minimum payout) or get it deposited onto a debit card (there's a $2 fee for this option).


  • You only have to pay fees when you sell an item (no listing fees)
  • People who want to sell items locally can use Mercari Local
  • You can post the listings and manage your shop all from your phone


  • Mercari take a higher commission fee (10%) than some other resale platforms

Once you start earning some money, it's a good idea to keep it in a high-yield savings account, which will pay you more in interest for your balance compared to a traditional savings account. That means your savings can grow just a little bit faster and as a result, get you to your goal quicker. While you likely won't earn hundreds of dollars per month in interest unless you deposit a really large sum of money, it's still better than earning just the amount of interest that's typically paid by traditional savings accounts.

Select ranks Marcus by Goldman Sachs High Yield Online Savings as one of the best accounts since it has no monthly fees, no excessive transaction fees and no overdraft fees. Synchrony Bank High Yield Savings is another strong contender that also offers an ATM card to make withdrawing cash easier, which could be helpful when you're abroad.

Marcus by Goldman Sachs High Yield Online Savings

Goldman Sachs Bank USA is a Member FDIC.

  • Annual Percentage Yield (APY)

  • Minimum balance

    None to open; $1 to earn interest

  • Monthly fee

  • Maximum transactions

    Up to 6 free withdrawals or transfers per statement cycle *The 6/statement cycle withdrawal limit is waived during the coronavirus outbreak under Regulation D

  • Excessive transactions fee

  • Overdraft fees

  • Offer checking account?

  • Offer ATM card?

Synchrony Bank High Yield Savings

Synchrony Bank is a Member FDIC.

  • Annual Percentage Yield (APY)

  • Minimum balance

  • Monthly fee

  • Maximum transactions

    Up to 6 free withdrawals or transfers per statement cycle *The 6/statement cycle withdrawal limit is waived during the coronavirus outbreak under Regulation D

  • Excessive transactions fee

    None, but may result in account closure

  • Overdraft fees

  • Offer checking account?

  • Offer ATM card?

Try to study abroad during an off-peak time

Use studying abroad as a way to rack up credit card rewards

As you near the start of your study abroad experience, consider signing up for a credit card that offers travel rewards so you can get more of a bang for your buck, especially when it's time to book flights and pay for meals while you're abroad. There are a number of credit cards aimed at helping students build their credit, as well as others that offer simpler reward systems. Plus, you'll want a card that doesn't charge foreign transaction fees when swiping abroad (most debit cards charge foreign transaction fees).

Select named the Bank of America® Travel Rewards for Students credit card as one of the best for students who travel thanks to the fact that cardholders earn 1.5 points per dollar for all purchases. You can redeem rewards such as a statement credit to help cover the cost of qualifying travel purchases, which works as a simple way to reduce your out-of-pocket costs for traveling abroad.

Be sure to spend cautiously whenever you're using a credit card — this is not free money after all — and your balance needs to be paid back in full or else you'll be charged interest. When you're not paying upfront with cash, it can be easy to lose sight of that. Plus, credit card rewards are most valuable when you pay off your balance each month to avoid accruing interest charges.

Remember to notify your bank and credit card company about your upcoming trip so they don't suspect fraud when you make a purchase abroad and freeze your account. 

Bottom line

Figuring out how you and your family will pay for your study abroad experience can be a difficult challenge, but by planning ahead, making and saving some money and using the right financial products, the costs will become less daunting and you'll be able to enjoy your travels even more. 

Editorial Note: Opinions, analyses, reviews or recommendations expressed in this article are those of the Select editorial staff’s alone, and have not been reviewed, approved or otherwise endorsed by any third party.

Fri, 07 Oct 2022 03:55:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.cnbc.com/select/how-to-prepare-financially-to-study-abroad/
Killexams : Businesses will continue to get help to restructure, Govt to study further help for them in Budget 2023

SINGAPORE - Businesses will continue to get help to restructure and transform their operations to become more energy efficient, and the Government will continue to study what other help it can provide them in the coming Budget, Deputy Prime Minister Lawrence Wong said on Friday.

Responding to queries on why there was no help for businesses in the latest round of support measures, Mr Wong said there has been quite a bit of help for businesses in the last package, in particular, energy-efficiency grants.

Such restructuring is important for businesses to not only cope with the current economic situation, but to also sustain their operations in the longer term, he added.

Mr Wong, who is also Finance Minister, on Friday announced a new $1.5 billion support package aiming at giving Singaporean households additional help to deal with rising prices.

Among the measures announced were a special cost-of-living payment of up to $500 for individuals and additional Community Development Council (CDC) vouchers.

This package comes after a separate support package announced in June, where the Government said that businesses would be provided with up to 70 per cent in support to adopt energy-efficient equipment in some areas.

The Government is currently working with businesses here to make full use of earlier announced schemes as they need to understand that with a tighter labour market and higher energy prices, some adjustments will have to be made, said Mr Wong.

"They have to restructure their operations and transform their operations to be more energy efficient and to make good use of labour," he added.

"That restructuring is important for businesses to not only cope with the current situation, but to sustain their operations in the longer term."

Business restructuring and transformation has been a focus of the Government, and it has provided some schemes in this year's Budget, as well as earlier support packages, to help firms do so.

"We will continue to study what other help measures we can provide for businesses in the coming Budget, with the aim to enable businesses to restructure and transform their operations," said Mr Wong.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 10:11:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/businesses-will-continue-to-get-help-to-restructure-govt-to-study-further-help-for-them-in-budget-2023 Killexams : Study Shows Lifting Weights Can Help You Live Longer

Weightlifting is now linked to as much as a 47% decrease in early death, according to a new study. (Photo: Grace Cary via Getty Images)

Weightlifting is now linked to as much as a 47% decrease in early death, according to a new study. (Photo: Grace Cary via Getty Images)

The notion that working out is good for you certainly is not anything new — it’s been shown over and over that exercise cuts your risk of heart disease, can help maintain a healthy weight, reduces stress and more.

While the benefits of aerobic exercises like spinning, swimming and running are often what first come to mind, a new study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine found that weightlifting ― when combined with the recommended amount of aerobic exercise ― has serious health benefits, too.

For the study, the recommended amount of aerobic exercise was defined as the current fitness guidelines, which state adults should do at least two days of strength training each week and should participate in 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity (like gardening, brisk walking or dancing) or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity (like running, swimming or jumping rope). You can also do a combination of both moderate and vigorous activities.

The new study analyzed data from 99,713 adults over a 10-year period. At the beginning of the study, participants were asked how often they had lifted weights in the past 12 months. They were given the options of less than once a month, one to three times per month, one to two times per week, or three to seven times per week.

The study found that people who met the guidelines for aerobic activity and lifted weights one to two times each week were associated with a 41% to 47% reduction in all-cause mortality when compared with people who did not exercise, according to CNN. People who only met the guidelines for aerobic activity but did not lift weights had a 32% lower risk of all-cause mortality.

What’s more, those who lifted weights but did not do aerobic fitness saw as much as a 22% lower risk in all-cause mortality, CNN reported.

Additionally, those who lifted weights saw a 15% lower risk of dying from cancer, Medical News Today reported. While aerobic activity also resulted in a lower risk of death from cancer, that mortality risk was not reduced further when weightlifting was combined with aerobic activity.

A few caveats to keep in mind: Participants did not share how much weight they lifted or the number of sets or reps they did, so it’s unclear whether those factors played into the beneficial results. Also, the average age of study participants was 71, so it’s unclear whether weightlifting has a similar benefit on younger people.

Lifting weights one to two times a week is linked to a lower risk of early death in a new study. (Photo: Mireya Acierto via Getty Images)

Lifting weights one to two times a week is linked to a lower risk of early death in a new study. (Photo: Mireya Acierto via Getty Images)

Beyond a reduction in the risk of early death, weightlifting has other benefits, too

According to Katie Gould, a trainer andowner of KG Strong in Philadelphia, “strength training is one of the greatest tools for getting out of pain, as long as you’re doing it with good technique and alignment.”

By lifting weights, you’re strengthening muscles that were likely weak to begin with and may be the underlying cause of pain, she told HuffPost.

Another benefit of weightlifting may seem pretty straightforward but is actually a big deal: You’re getting stronger. Gould noted that many of her clients are excited to be able to properly and safely move things like the couch or the bed.

And with new strength comes increased confidence, Gould noted — and she has witnessed that confidence in her clients in and out of the gym.

Do weight training exercises that involve your full body

“It is important to work all the major muscle groups of the body — the legs, hips, back, abdomen, chest, shoulders and arms,” lead study author Jessica Gorzelitz, assistant professor in the department of health and human physiology at the University of Iowa, told HuffPost. This way, you’ll strengthen your body as a whole, not just a specific body part.

To get started, Gould recommended you commit to 30 minutes of weightlifting once a week with an eventual goal of two to three times a week. She stressed that your workout program should incorporate a range of exercises.

“A really good program is going to have a bilateral lower body push exercise — so think about a squat — [and] a bilateral lower body pull exercise like a deadlift. And, really, you want at least one exercise that is going to be unilateral, or one side dominant, like a lunge,” she said.

Gould said you should also be sure to focus on your upper body. Try incorporating an upper-body push like a pushup and an upper-body pull like a pullup. Lastly, make sure your workout targets your core. Gould noted that her favorite core exercises are Turkish get-ups or a classic plank.

“You’d do three sets for about eight to 12 reps depending on whether or not you’re using [weights],” Gould said. If you are doing bodyweight exercises (meaning, without weights), you can try to get closer to the 12-rep number.

Before you start weightlifting, seek some guidance

“People may be unfamiliar with weightlifting and not know how to get started. Our results suggest that some is better than none, and it’s OK to get started slowly and progress as strength and confidence increases,” Gorzelitz said.

But, improper weightlifting form can lead to injuries and intense soreness, which is why Gould encouraged folks to get help from a professional before lifting up some dumbbells.

“My favorite choice is you go to a studio and you either get some private training or semi-private training,” she said. But, if you can’t do that, she added that many gyms offer virtual training sessions where they’ll create a workout program that is ideal for you and your goals.

Additionally, there are people online who provide weightlifting guidance. Gould recommended Girls Gone Strong, an online program that has free, downloadable fitness guides. The program also shares technique tips on its Instagram account.

Gould said Perform Better is a great resource for general movement tips and so is Katie St. Clair Fitness. She noted that her own gym’s Instagram account shares weightlifting advice, too.

Also on HuffPost

This article originally appeared on HuffPost and has been updated.


Wed, 12 Oct 2022 21:47:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://news.yahoo.com/study-shows-lifting-weights-help-094503851.html
Killexams : Dog Cuddles Help People Feel More Sociable and Less Stressed, Study Finds

Days after researchers found that dogs can sniff out stress, other scientists discovered a new way canines help combat anxiety.

Dog cuddle sessions make people more sociable, reveals new research.

Watching, feeling, and touching canines can boost neurons in the prefrontal cortex — the area of the brain that helps regulate emotional interactions, according to SWNS.

Learning more about how dogs help people cope with stress and depression could lead to the development of better treatments and have implications for animal-assisted clinical therapy.

The snuggly study, published in the journal PLOS One, found the positive effect persists after the dogs are no longer present but are reduced when the pets are replaced with stuffed animals

"The present study demonstrates prefrontal brain activity in healthy subjects increased with a rise in interactional closeness with a dog or a stuffed animal, but especially in contact with the dog the activation is stronger," the study's lead author, Rahel Marti of the University of Basel, Switzerland, told SWNS.

"This indicates that interactions with a dog might activate more attentional processes and elicit stronger emotional arousal than comparable non-living stimuli," she added.

In the study, activity in the brain's prefrontal cortex was non-invasively measured with neuroimaging technology in 19 men and women.

The participants wore a skull cap with sensors that shone infrared light into their brains as they viewed a dog, reclined with a pooch against their legs, or spent time petting a canine.

Each condition was also performed with Leo, a stuffed lion. The plush's fur was filled with a water bottle to match the temperature and weight of the live dogs used in the study.

Results showed prefrontal brain activity was more significant when participants interacted with the real dogs.

"This difference was largest for petting, which was the most interactive condition," Marti said of the study.

Another key finding was that prefrontal brain activity increased each time people interacted with the real dog. Increases were not observed with subsequent interactions with the stuffed lion, indicating that the response might be related to familiarity or social bonding.

"They are clinically relevant for patients with deficits in motivation, attention, and socio-emotional functioning," Marti said in a dog's benefits to well-being.

"Integrating animals into therapeutic interventions might therefore be a promising approach for improving emotional involvement and attention," she added.

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 09:03:00 -0500 en text/html https://people.com/pets/dogs-help-people-feel-more-sociable-and-less-stressed-study-finds/
Killexams : Folic acid may help lower risk of suicide attempts, study says. Experts say it could be a ‘major breakthrough.’

Prescription folic acid may help lower the risk of suicide attempts. (Photo: Getty Images)

Taking prescription folic acid is associated with a significantly lower risk of suicide attempts, according to a latest study published in JAMA Psychiatry. Experts say this could potentially offer a “major breakthrough” in suicide prevention.

The large-scale study, which looked at the data of 867,000 American adults over two years, showed a beneficial association between taking prescription folic acid — a B vitamin that helps the body make healthy new cells — and a 44% lower rate of suicide attempts and intentional self-harm. The research also found that every additional month of folic acid treatment was associated with a 5% reduction in suicidal event rates.

That’s significant, given that suicide is a leading cause of death in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). In 2020, an estimated 12.2 million American adults seriously contemplated suicide, 3.2 million planned a suicide attempt and 1.2 million attempted suicide.

What do experts think about the study?

Dr. Tatiana Falcone, a psychiatrist with Cleveland Clinic who was not involved in the study, tells Yahoo Life that the results are “really interesting.” She points out that the researchers ruled out possible factors that could “potentially confound the results” and still found that prescription folic acid made a difference. The researchers also compared two groups — one taking prescription folic acid and another taking cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) as a control group — and found that the folic acid group experienced fewer suicide attempts.

Sanam Hafeez, a neuropsychologist and director of Comprehend the Mind, who was not involved in the study, tells Yahoo Life that results are “impressive.” However, she agrees with Falcone that more research is needed. Hafeez also says it’s important to point out that the folic acid used for the purpose of this study was in a prescription form — “not the OTC supplemental kind,” she says.

But if further studies confirm folic acid — which is inexpensive and widely available — as a suicide prevention tool, “it will be significant for the patients that have low folate levels associated with depression or suicidal thoughts,” says Falcone.

Hafeez agrees, saying: “It would not only be a major breakthrough in the treatment of depression but also medication-resistant depression.”

So how does folic acid help?

Some studies suggest there’s a link between low levels of folate — the natural form of the B vitamin — and depression. That may be because folate plays a role in forming serotonin, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate mood. Medications such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) help treat depression and other mood disorders by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain.

But, says Falcone, “Some percentage of patients with depression have abnormalities in the folate acid metabolism," which will impact their response to SSRI antidepressants.

"Treatment with folinic acid has been reported beneficial in patients with treatment-resistant depression who have decreased levels of folate … in their cerebrospinal fluid,” she adds.

Falcone adds that not waiting to get treatment for depression is crucial. “The longer that the depressive symptoms persist, the longer that the suicidal thoughts persist, the more likely that the patient will continue to worsen,” she says, explaining that this is why it’s “important to work collaboratively with your doctor to find the appropriate combination of treatments that is right for the patient.” She adds: “A combination of medication and therapy is the best.”

If you or someone you know is experiencing suicidal thoughts, call 911 or the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 988 or 1-800-273-8255, or text HOME to the Crisis Text Line at 741741.

Wellness, parenting, body image and more: Get to know the who behind the hoo with Yahoo Life's newsletter. Sign up here.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 10:58:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.yahoo.com/lifestyle/folic-acid-lower-risk-suicide-attempts-study-222707354.html
Killexams : Study: Celebrity role models may help to push your boundaries '; } else { var sFallBack = 'Click here to subscribe'; } $('#lee-services-list .loading').hide(); $('#lee-services-list').html('


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Mon, 10 Oct 2022 04:17:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.stltoday.com/entertainment/television/study-celebrity-role-models-may-help-to-push-your-boundaries/video_33515528-fbe1-580c-ae6a-39b2fd426585.html
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