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Exam Code: JN0-553 Practice exam 2022 by team
Juniper Networks Certified Specialist FWV (JNCIS-FWV)
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Killexams : Juniper action - BingNews Search results Killexams : Juniper action - BingNews Killexams : Juniper Networks patches series of critical vulnerabilities

Juniper Networks patched a large number of critical vulnerabilities in various networking and controller solutions.

The most important patches apply to Junos Space, Contrail Networking and NorthStar Controller solutions. These have been labelled as critical by US security supervisor CISA. Some of the vulnerabilities make it possible to disable or hijack networking equipment without permission.

Junos Space, Juniper’s network management software, hosts some of the most critical vulnerabilities. There are 31 issues in total. These also affect the products of third-party suppliers, such as nginx resolver, Oracle Java SE, OpenSSH, Samba, the RPM package manager, Kerberos, OpenSSL, MySQL Server and the Linux kernel.

CVE-2021-23017 in nginx resolver allows hackers to crash entire systems. The vulnerability lets hackers create UDP packets from the DNS server to enable 1-byte memory overrides and crash processes. A simple upgrade from nginx 1.18.0 to 1.20.1 solves the problem.

More than 100 vulnerabilities were found in Juniper Contrail Networking. Some date back to 2013. Juniper also released a patch for a bug that allows remote code execution in NorthStar Controller.

In addition to the critical vulnerabilities, Juniper fixed several smaller bugs in Junos OS, Secure Analytics, Identity Management Service, Paragon Active Assurance and Contrail Networking.

Tip: Juniper launches Cloud Metro, new routers and services for operators

Sun, 17 Jul 2022 21:29:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Allianz ban, Wells Fargo DC settlement among top Q2 legal stories

During the second quarter of 2022, 33 ERISA-related lawsuits were filed and/or updated. Each event represents the involved parties either reaching a settlement or filing an appeal, or a court decision was made.

The parties involved in the ERISA lawsuits in the second quarter included two financial firms, three prominent health-care firms, one university, and other prominent companies such as IBM, United Parcel Service of America Inc., Juniper Networks Inc., Seventy Seven Energy Inc., and Inc.

Financial firms

An ERISA lawsuit against Capital One Financial Corp. for charging high record-keeping fees and offering expensive investment options was dismissed because the plaintiff didn’t invest in the three options mentioned.

Wells Fargo & Co. reached a $32.5 million settlement with its participants for allegedly charging high fees and retaining poor-performing investments.

Health-care firms

Universal Health Services Inc. was sued for offering imprudent investment options and charging excessive fees in DC plans. The defendant sought to challenge the class-action status by claiming the plaintiffs did not invest in 30 of the 37 options and that they should be treated as 37 separate claims instead. A federal appeals court upheld a lower court's ruling, granted the class-action status, and ruled that defendant’s flawed investment lineup and high expense ratios affected multiple funds in the same way.

Barnabas Health Inc. reached a $1.75 million ERISA settlement with its plan participants, who alleged that fiduciaries failed to maintain a prudent investment lineup and didn’t offer better and cheaper investment options.

Humana was sued for charging excessive fees and not offering cheaper investment options, and its petition to dismiss an ERISA lawsuit was denied.

Other organizations

IBM was sued by a defined benefit plan participant for using 1984 mortality tables after the Society of Actuaries already replaced the old one with a 1994 mortality table. Plaintiff claimed that the wrong assumptions resulted in calculated pension benefits lower than actuarial equivalent amounts per ERISA’s standards.

UPS was sued by plan participants who took joint and survivor annuity benefits for using outdated mortality tables and receiving less than the actuarial equivalent of the single life annuity per ERISA’s requirements.

Juniper Networks Inc.’s petition to dismiss an ERISA complaint about charging unreasonably high record-keeping and managed account fees was rejected.

Seventy Seven Energy Inc. agreed to pay $15 million to settle a lawsuit filed by its participants who alleged that fiduciaries held concentrated positions in its former parent Chesapeake Energy Corp.’s stocks.

A federal appeals court reversed a lower court’s decision and allowed an ERISA lawsuit against Inc. for offering expensive investment options and not monitoring fiduciaries to move forward.

Tue, 12 Jul 2022 04:53:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Transgender woman files lawsuit against El Paso County Sheriff's Office, accused of 'humiliating' action

A transgender woman has filed a lawsuit with the U.S. District Court of Colorado against the El Paso County Sheriff's Office for being subjected to a "humiliating" cross-gender body-cavity search. 

According to the lawsuit acquired by The Gazette, Juniper McGinn alleged that on June 2, 2020, she was arrested and placed in El Paso County jail for her participation in a Black Lives Matter protest following the death of George Floyd. 

After being arrested, McGinn asked deputies for a woman to perform her visual body-cavity search, but was told by deputies that jail policy only allows for a woman to conduct a search of the top half of her body, and a male would be responsible for the rest of the procedure. 

The lawsuit alleges that five deputies in total watched McGinn shower and watched her visual body-cavity search, and that four of the deputies laughed at McGinn throughout the process. 

"There was no basis to have five deputies watching Ms. McGinn as she showered and was subjected to a visual body-cavity search. And there was certainly no penological purpose for any of the actions taken by Defendant John Does 2-4," McGinn's attorneys wrote in the lawsuit. "El Paso County officials’ derogatory visual body-cavity search of Ms. McGinn led her to suffer significant emotional distress."

The lawsuit alleges that El Paso County jail's procedure on searching transgender individuals is "humiliating," "discriminatory" and "unconstitutional."

The attorneys representing McGinn also spoke of a second incident at the jail involving a transgender woman, Darlene Griffith, who was allegedly sexually harassed by a deputy following an arrest in 2020. 

The lawsuit claims that Griffith was subjected to a male conducting her visual body-cavity search — just like McGinn — but that the deputy during the search made derogatory and harassing comments. 

"The male deputy then told Ms. Griffith to step back, bend over, and 'spread [her] sexy cheeks.' Ms. Griffith protested the male deputy’s use of this derogatory language, but complied with his directive," the lawsuit states. "The male deputy then told Ms. Griffith that he was 'going to go balls deep in that a--' while grabbing his own penis in view of Ms. Griffith."

The lawsuit claims that the El Paso County jail never imposed any discipline on the deputies involved in the search of Griffith. 

"What happened to Ms. Griffith is another example of the derogatory actions that are customarily inflicted on transgender women at the El Paso County jail," McGinn's attorneys wrote. 

McGinn is seeking a jury trial on all issues that are triable, and she is also seeking compensatory and punitive damages, according to the lawsuit. 

The El Paso County Sherriff's Office did not respond to a request for comment from The Gazette. 

Wed, 22 Jun 2022 09:50:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Widening Margins Spell Upside for Juniper No result found, try new keyword!Juniper gross margins improved during the second quarter, driven by strong sales of its high-end routers, mobile security products and software. Gross margins improved during the quarter, driven ... Sat, 02 Jul 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Juniper Networks and Dragos Announce Official Joint Partnership to Secure Critical Infrastructure

(MENAFN- Golin Mena) Juniper Networks (NYSE: JNPR), a leader in secure, AI-driven networks, and Dragos, a global leader in cybersecurity for Industrial Control Systems (ICS) and Operational Technology (OT) environments, today announced their commitment to securing critical infrastructure through an official joint partnership that provides an automation framework for active attack response for OT-ICS networks and systematizes the research and development work done by both companies.

With this joint partnership, OT networks can leverage Juniper’s routing, switching and firewalls, in conjunction with the advanced industrial cybersecurity technology and threat intelligence provided by the Dragos Platform, to provide near real-time response to attacks. This innovative joint solution delivers unprecedented cybersecurity visibility across IT and OT domains through the creation of a truly converged industrial network that enables end-to-end threat detection and response orchestration and extends Juniper’s Connected Security strategy to OT network environments.

“Bridging IT and OT in order to modernize industrial networks requires a high-level of precision to maintain the desired characteristics of each area of the network. We are addressing this challenge by combining our industry-leading networking and security portfolio with Dragos to deliver an integrated solution that secures critical infrastructure with built-in threat detection and remediation for real-time active responses to malicious attacks,” said Raj Yavatkar, Chief Technology Officer, Juniper Networks.

By integrating communications at the controller level, Juniper and Dragos can exchange threat detection information and stop real-time, east-west cyberattacks in industrial controls systems within minutes. The Dragos Platform provides for the detection of malicious activity by analyzing indications of compromise and threat behaviors, then leverages Juniper’s security infrastructure to provide mitigative action by utilizing the following capabilities:
• Closed-loop OT threat detection between the Dragos Platform and Juniper Security Director Cloud and SRX firewalls, including the ability to automate responses
• Security monitoring, intrusion detection and threat hunting
• Telemetry aggregation and visualization to ICS/OT assets, network communications and threat behaviors

“Industrial organizations, including critical infrastructure, are realizing that IT cybersecurity and OT cybersecurity are unique – and both vital to their organizations,” said Jon Lavender, Chief Technology Officer and Head of Product, Dragos. “The integration between Juniper’s management platform, Security Director Cloud, and the Dragos Platform, brings the best of both worlds to organizations looking to secure their IT and OT businesses and gain more control over threats that could move between systems.”

Juniper Networks and Dragos, along with their existing joint partner Schweitzer Engineering Laboratories (SEL), previously collaborated to develop and bring to market a network architecture solution – Converged Industrial Edge – that simplifies and secures the information exchange between IT and OT networks. The project was part of a Department of Energy funded initiative to Strengthen cybersecurity resilience, operational agility and operational cost through an accelerated use of cloud-native technologies in critical infrastructure. With the advent of this official partnership announcement between Dragos and Juniper, the two companies will continue to work together to innovate to protect the critical infrastructure that serves as the foundation of modern society.


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Sat, 18 Jun 2022 21:08:00 -0500 Date text/html
Killexams : Investors Could Be Concerned With Juniper Networks' (NYSE:JNPR) Returns On Capital

When it comes to investing, there are some useful financial metrics that can warn us when a business is potentially in trouble. A business that's potentially in decline often shows two trends, a return on capital employed (ROCE) that's declining, and a base of capital employed that's also declining. Basically the company is earning less on its investments and it is also reducing its total assets. So after we looked into Juniper Networks (NYSE:JNPR), the trends above didn't look too great.

Return On Capital Employed (ROCE): What is it?

For those that aren't sure what ROCE is, it measures the amount of pre-tax profits a company can generate from the capital employed in its business. The formula for this calculation on Juniper Networks is:

Return on Capital Employed = Earnings Before Interest and Tax (EBIT) ÷ (Total Assets - Current Liabilities)

0.066 = US$460m ÷ (US$8.8b - US$1.9b) (Based on the trailing twelve months to March 2022).

Therefore, Juniper Networks has an ROCE of 6.6%. Ultimately, that's a low return and it under-performs the Communications industry average of 9.0%.

See our latest analysis for Juniper Networks


Above you can see how the current ROCE for Juniper Networks compares to its prior returns on capital, but there's only so much you can tell from the past. If you'd like, you can check out the forecasts from the analysts covering Juniper Networks here for free.

What The Trend Of ROCE Can Tell Us

There is reason to be cautious about Juniper Networks, given the returns are trending downwards. About five years ago, returns on capital were 12%, however they're now substantially lower than that as we saw above. On top of that, it's worth noting that the amount of capital employed within the business has remained relatively steady. This combination can be indicative of a mature business that still has areas to deploy capital, but the returns received aren't as high due potentially to new competition or smaller margins. So because these trends aren't typically conducive to creating a multi-bagger, we wouldn't hold our breath on Juniper Networks becoming one if things continue as they have.

Our Take On Juniper Networks' ROCE

In summary, it's unfortunate that Juniper Networks is generating lower returns from the same amount of capital. In spite of that, the stock has delivered a 12% return to shareholders who held over the last five years. Regardless, we don't like the trends as they are and if they persist, we think you might find better investments elsewhere.

Like most companies, Juniper Networks does come with some risks, and we've found 3 warning signs that you should be aware of.

While Juniper Networks isn't earning the highest return, check out this free list of companies that are earning high returns on equity with solid balance sheets.

Have feedback on this article? Concerned about the content? Get in touch with us directly. Alternatively, email editorial-team (at)

This article by Simply Wall St is general in nature. We provide commentary based on historical data and analyst forecasts only using an unbiased methodology and our articles are not intended to be financial advice. It does not constitute a recommendation to buy or sell any stock, and does not take account of your objectives, or your financial situation. We aim to bring you long-term focused analysis driven by fundamental data. Note that our analysis may not factor in the latest price-sensitive company announcements or qualitative material. Simply Wall St has no position in any stocks mentioned.

Mon, 20 Jun 2022 05:40:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Public input sought on wildfire protection

PALMDALE — Los Angeles Department of Regional Planning will hold five regional virtual workshops to collect public input to help with the development of the Countywide Community Wildfire Protection Plan, which will provide community-focused fire protection and response strategies for all unincorporated at-risk communities.

The Wildfire Protection Plan will identify and prioritize potential vegetation treatment projects or project areas identified through the Wildfire Risk Assessment, Unified Land Management Plan, stakeholder input and existing conditions evaluations, according to a description.

The Wildfire Protection Plan will also include region-specific risk assessment information and action plan.

Individuals need participate in only one workshop. The virtual workshops will be replicated to cover different regions of the county.

The workshops are scheduled from 5:30 to 6:30 p.m., over five Wednesdays, starting July 27, with the Santa Monica Mountains.

The Antelope Valley, including Antelope Acres and Littlerock, is scheduled for Aug. 3.

The high country, listed as Acton, Agua Dulce, Anaverde, Bouquet Canyon, Elizabeth Lake and Lake Hughes, Green Valley, Juniper Hills. Kagel Canyon, Leona Valley, Pearblossom, Three Points-Liebre Mountain and Wrightwood, is scheduled for Aug. 24.

The survey closes, on July 31.

Sat, 16 Jul 2022 23:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Winter injury on shrubs following combined environmental stresses

MSU Plant & Pest Diagnostics and MSU Extension have seen an uptick in the number of winter injury cases in spring 2022.

The Michigan State University Plant & Pest Diagnostics lab as well as several Michigan State University Extension educators are receiving numerous inquiries from landscapers and residents that are concerned about the dieback and/or death of evergreen bushes. Arborvitae, juniper and yew are common in Michigan’s landscapes and typically survive winters without concern. But this year, they have been the subject of numerous complaints.

Samples submitted to the MSU Plant & Pest Diagnostics lab are examined for signs of insects and pathogens, we also consider abiotic factors that affect plant health. For most of these samples, we have not been able to identify any clear cause of the dieback. However, based on a review of environmental data from the summer of 2021 and following winter months (2021-2022), we have a few ideas.

We began by looking at accumulated precipitation throughout 2021 (Figure 1). In 2021, much of lower Michigan had below normal rainfall from March to mid-summer. This was followed by a series of heavy rain events and a rapid transition to wetness in mid-summer (leading to flooding in some areas), followed by an above average amount of precipitation from fall 2021 onward. Although established trees can handle moderate drought, it causes plant stress, making them more susceptible to other problems. Furthermore, the rapid shift from dry to wet conditions adds additional stress, as does excessively wet soil conditions.

Accumulated precip graph.
Figure 1. Daily accumulated observed (green line) and 1991-2020 climatological normal (brown line) precipitation at Lansing, Michigan, Jan. 1, 2021 – June 9, 2022. Source: NOAA Northeastern Regional Climate Center Applied Climate Information System (ACIS).

A review of temperatures from 2021 – 2022 found a few trends of note (Figure 2). Temperatures in December 2021 were abnormally mild; there were approximately 23 days in December where the maximum temperature was above the normal range. In contrast, January brought much colder temperatures, with approximately 18 days with a minimum temperature below the normal range. These departures from normal temperatures may have reduced plant cold hardiness.

daily temp data
Figure 2. Daily observed (blue bars), 1991-2020 climatological normal (brown area), and record (maxima in red, minima in blue) maximum and minimum temperatures at Lansing, Michigan, Oct. 1, 2021 – June 7, 2022. Source: NOAA Northeastern Regional Climate Center Applied Climate Information System (ACIS). 

We tend to think of winter dormancy and cold hardiness as synonymous. However, acclimation to cold temperatures is distinct from dormancy. Each fall plants require prolonged cooling temperatures to both enter dormancy and develop cold hardiness. Once dormant, plants track chilling hours (temperatures above freezing but below 60 degrees Fahrenheit). Until chilling hours are met, a plant will not readily break dormancy to resume growth in the spring. Temperatures below freezing increase cold hardiness, but do not affect chilling requirements.

Temperatures in November 2021 followed a cooling pattern that would lead to both dormancy and cold acclimation. However, cold acclimation is both gradual and reversible. The abnormally warm temperatures in December 2021 occurred at a time when cold hardiness should have still been gradually increasing. Under these abnormally warm periods, plants may rapidly de-acclimate, losing some or much of their cold hardiness. After such an interruption, it is a slow process for plants to regain the lost cold hardiness.

Unfortunately, the warm December was followed abruptly by below-normal temperatures throughout much of January into February. It is likely that the abnormally warm temperatures in December interrupted and reversed cold acclimation. Vulnerable plants were then met abruptly by the cold January conditions without adequate cold acclimation.

Dieback symptoms of upright juniper.
Dieback symptoms of upright juniper. Photo by an Ask Extension client.

Environmental factors affecting plants must be considered in combination. Cold injury, such as winter desiccation, is likely to have contributed. When the ground is frozen, an evergreen cannot take up water, but will still lose water through its needles. The damage is often worse on one side, where it is most exposed to the wind, or to additional sources of heat, such as rocks radiating solar heat. Data from our MSU Enviroweather station near Lansing, Michigan, indicate that the ground was frozen through all of January and February 2022, making conifers vulnerable to desiccation on particularly warm, windy or sunny days. The stress caused by moisture fluctuations during 2021, noted earlier, may be an additional factor contributing to the plant injury.

Unfortunately, environmental causes for plant decline/death are difficult to prove. But, based on the number of inquiries received we believe that these conditions played a role. Moving forward there is little that can be done differently to set these plants up for success. Plants that were injured, but not killed, will need some pruning to remove dead tissue. In extreme cases where the amount of dead tissue is significant and what remains is aesthetically unacceptable, the entire shrub may need to be removed.

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