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Killexams : Network-General Troubleshooting study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1T6-303 Search results Killexams : Network-General Troubleshooting study help - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/1T6-303 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Network-General Killexams : Using more social media increases depression risk for all personality types, study says
  • Public policy and education researchers found that higher social media exposure may contribute to depression, regardless of personality traits.
  • In their accurate study, high neuroticism was associated with an increased risk of developing depression within six months.
  • On the other hand, low agreeableness was associated with a greater depression risk within that period.
  • The study’s authors suggest that interventions should encourage reduced social media use for all personality types, especially high neuroticism, and low agreeableness.

The World Health Organization estimates that one in 20 adults lives with depression, a leading cause of disability around the world.

This common but serious mood disorder leads to chronic feelings of sadness with no known cure. It can interfere with thinking, daily functioning, and sleeping.

While social media can help increase knowledge and social connections, research indicates that excessive use may negatively affect mental health.

Experts have found evidence that suggests that increased social media use (SMU) may increase the risk of developing depression for certain personality characteristics, as the study showed that people low in conscientiousness with high SMU were more likely to perceive social isolation.

A new study led by University of Arkansas researchers further explores how personality traits may influence the development of SMU-related depression. The findings appear in the Journal of Affective Disorders Reports.

Renae Merrill, a doctoral student in the school’s Public Policy Program, co-authored the research paper with Oregon State University professor Dr. Brian Primack and University of Alabama professor Dr. Chunhua Cao.

Research suggests that mood disorders such as depression tend to begin in early adulthood.

Multiple investigations, including a 2021 study in JAMA Network Open, found that young adults with “minimal depression symptoms” were more likely to report developing worse symptoms with SMU.

In an exclusive interview, Medical News Today asked Merrill if SMU-related depression is similar to depression linked to behavioral disorders such as substance use, problem gambling, or sex addiction.

Addiction can be found throughout society in its various forms that increase the risk of developing different types of health problems. SMU-related depression is no different and can also be categorized as problematic addiction. This is due to the similar neuro-effects in the reward centers of the brain that contribute to reactive behavior,” Merrill said.

“Furthermore, both positive and negative reinforcement (e.g., alerts, auto-play features, and the general interaction between one’s network) on social media platforms contribute to using the devices more,” she added.

However, Merrill said she observed that research up to this point did not clarify whether this association varied among people with different personality traits.

Merrill and co-authors used data collected over six months by University of Pittsburgh researchers, using a national demo of 978 people aged 18–30.

Merrill explained that her team used the Patient Health Questionnaire to assess depression at baseline and follow-up. She said that researchers and practitioners commonly use this survey in clinical settings.

The participants in this study reported how much time they spent on 10 leading social media platforms.

The researchers used the Five-Factor Model, a widely accepted personality theory, to assess personality traits. They examined data for associations between personality characteristics (neuroticism, agreeableness, openness, conscientiousness, and extraversion), social media use, and the development of depression over 6 months.

The team found that participants with high agreeableness were 49% less likely to develop depression than those with low agreeableness.

However, individuals with high neuroticism were more than twice as likely to develop depression as people with low neuroticism.

The study’s authors concluded:

“For each personality characteristic, increased social media use was significantly associated with developing depression. Interaction terms showed that associations between social media use and developing depression did not vary according to any of the personality characteristics.”

The researchers only analyzed data on young adults, so they caution against extending their findings to other age groups.

Moreover, the study depended on self-reported data, which could be susceptible to response bias.

Since SMU was significantly associated with the development of depression for all personality traits, the researchers encourage practitioners to “target reduction of social media use overall regardless of personality type.”

Experts say that this is easier said than done, though.

Dr. Lisa W. Coyne, is an assistant professor of psychology at Harvard Medical School and a senior clinical consultant at the Child and Adolescent OCD Institute at McLean Hospital in Belmont, Massachusetts.

In an April 2022 podcast, Dr. Coyne said that limiting social media time is challenging “because these platforms are built to keep our attention.”

She said that social media “[…] is meant to […] capture you, and it shapes your behavior to continue to engage you.”

Dr. Coyne cautioned that there is no easy or right way to scale back on SMU as “It involves willingness to be uncomfortable, willingness to feel the absence of [social media].”

She advised planning tasks to fill time normally spent scrolling. She recommended setting small, purposeful goals such as calling a friend, walking, chores, or reading.

Merrill, Dr. Primack, and Dr. Cao hope that their work can help guide interventions for reducing the risk of depression among young adults.

They say that understanding the association of neuroticism and agreeableness with different depression risks might help practitioners tailor their care more effectively.

“Media literacy that focuses on empathy would be valuable to social media users during a time of technology expansion and integration,” Merrill believes.

“People have innate emotional needs for social connection and understanding. For example, social media experiences can be improved by becoming more aware of our emotions and our connection with others in various life circumstances. This awareness helps Boost relationship quality by simply reaching shared meaning and understanding through more effective communication and concern for others and ourselves. Despite our differences, we have the ability to create a culture of empathy and kindness.”
— Renae Merrill

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 02:52:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/using-more-social-media-increases-depression-risk-for-all-personality-types-study-says
Killexams : Study suggests how talking therapies can benefit people with dementia

London [UK], October 14 (ANI): A new study headed by UCL academics revealed that people living with dementia who suffer from anxiety or despair may benefit from talking therapies provided on the NHS.

Mental health problems such as depression and anxiety are very common in people with dementia, and previous studies estimate that 38% of people with mild dementia are affected by the conditions.

However, the new study, published in eClinicalMedicine, is the first to assess whether talking therapies that are routinely delivered within healthcare settings might be helpful to relieve symptoms.

Researchers examined data from 2,515,402 people, who had clinically significant anxiety or depression and completed a course of treatment via the national 'Improving Access to Psychological Therapies' (IAPT) service in England between 2012 and 2019.

IAPT is a free NHS service and offers evidence-based therapies for treating anxiety and depression, including CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy), counselling and guided self-help, with sessions delivered either face-to-face individually, in groups, or online.

To be counted in the study, participants had to have either:Clinical levels of depressive symptoms as measured using a standard questionnaire which considers factors such as a lack of interest in doing things, issues with sleep, and feelings of low mood.

Clinical levels of anxiety based on a standard measure which asks patients questions about how much they worry or have trouble relaxing.

To examine outcomes for people living with dementia, the researchers looked at all those who had a dementia diagnosis before starting IAPT treatment - which was 1,549 people.

They also used a control group of 1,329 people to assess whether therapy outcomes for those living with dementia differed from those without dementia, by selecting a group of people from the full dataset who were similar to the people with dementia in terms of age, gender, depression and anxiety severity when starting treatment.

The researchers found that among people with dementia, the treatment proved to be clinically beneficial and 63% of them saw a reduction in symptoms of depression and anxiety, following IAPT. Meanwhile, approximately 40% recovered completely.

Comparatively, in the control group, 70% of participants saw an improvement in symptoms and 47% recovered.

Lead author, PhD candidate Georgia Bell (UCL PsychologyLanguage Sciences), said: "Anxiety and depression are very common in people with dementia. They are extremely debilitating and associated with worse outcomes for both the person with dementia and their carers.

"This is the largest ever study to investigate outcomes of psychological therapies in people living with dementia. Our findings suggest that while people with dementia are less likely to Boost or recover than those without dementia, psychological therapies offered in primary care mental health services can be beneficial for them.

"Consequently, our findings support the use of IAPT to treat anxiety and depression in people with dementia. We hope this study will have implications for encouraging referrals and adaptations to increase access and enhance outcomes for people living with dementia."Previously, there was limited evidence that talking therapies were adequately effective for people with dementia, but a review of evidence led by UCL researchers confirmed their efficacy earlier this year. This latest study adds to that, by confirming that NHS treatment offerings can confer such a benefit.

The study was funded by the Alzheimer's Society and Wellcome.

Dr Richard Oakley, Associate Director of Research at Alzheimer's Society, said: "Many people living with dementia also have depression and anxiety, making it even harder for them and their carers to cope with symptoms and for some people even leading to a faster decline in memory and thinking problems. Consistent and accessible mental health support after a diagnosis is vital.

"This Alzheimer's Society-funded research is the first study looking at the effectiveness of therapy for people living with dementia in a real-world setting. It showed that people living with dementia showed a significant improvement in symptoms of anxiety and depression when treated with therapy, even though their response wasn't as strong as that shown in the general population.

"This research underpins the importance of timely access to mental health support, as revealed in our accurate Left To Cope Alone report. We found 61% of people affected by dementia are currently in need of mental health support, and yet, in 2018, of 1 million annual referrals to Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services, just 0.2% were for people with dementia.

"Though this study didn't compare the types of therapy, types of dementia, or if there were adaptations made for people living with the disease, it still highlights the urgent need to Boost real-world therapy for those living with dementia - with adaptations to Boost its effectiveness and accessibility.

"Alzheimer's Society can provide advice, emotional support, and guidance for those living with, or affected by the condition. Visit alzheimers.org.uk or call 0333 150 3456."Study limitationsResearchers were unable to infer causal relationships between receiving therapy and having an improvement in symptoms as the study was observational in nature and a randomised control design would be needed to establish this causality. Furthermore, while there is evidence to suggest that questionnaires for measuring anxiety and depression can be validly completed by people with dementia, the anxiety scale used has not been validated for use in a demo of people living with dementia meaning it may not accurately measure anxiety.

Researchers could also not distinguish the type of therapy given to the patients during their IAPT treatment so it is unclear whether one type of therapy may be better than any other in treating anxiety and depression in people living with dementia.

Additionally, the identification of people living with dementia was based on linked records, so some who attended IAPT may have been missed. And the severity of dementia could also not be accounted for at the time of psychological treatment. (ANI)

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 00:14:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.bignewsnetwork.com/news/272921151/study-suggests-how-talking-therapies-can-benefit-people-with-dementia
Killexams : Why Zoom is good for your ageing brain: engaging with others – even online – helps moderate the effects of dementia, study shows No result found, try new keyword!A accurate study showed that isolated elderly people who took part in multiple Zoom calls each week received a boost in their cognitive reserve, which may delay effects of dementia. Sun, 16 Oct 2022 09:52:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.scmp.com/lifestyle/health-wellness/article/3195970/why-zoom-good-your-ageing-brain-engaging-others-even Killexams : Bipolar Disorder Increases the Risk of Serious Heart Problems, Study Finds
  • Recent research suggests that bipolar disorder increases the risk of major adverse cardiac events, such as heart attack and stroke.
  • The risk of heart disease appears to be higher in people with bipolar disorder, even when researchers control for traditional cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking and obesity.
  • Getting recommended heart health screening tests and practicing healthy lifestyle habits is important for managing the risk of heart disease.

Bipolar disorder (BD) can affect more than your mood and mental health. It may also raise your risk of other health conditions, including heart disease.

Recent research has found that people with BD have an increased risk of major adverse cardiac events, such as heart attack and stroke.

A 2022 study in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine followed 288 adults with BD over an average period of 16.5 years. All of the study participants lived in Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Even when the researchers adjusted their analysis for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, they found that people with BD were more likely than average to have major adverse cardiac events.

“The vast majority of studies that have examined the cardiovascular disease-BD intersection have found that people with BD have increased risk for heart disease and for cardiovascular death,” Benjamin Goldstein, MD, PhD, told Healthline. Goldstein is a professor of psychiatry and pharmacology at the University of Toronto and director of the Centre for Youth Bipolar Disorder at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Canada. He was not involved in the study.

“I think where things differ between studies is whether the significance of those findings holds when you control for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, like obesity,” he continued. “In this instance, they had all the data they needed to say that, yes — there’s an increased risk above and beyond what we would expect if people with BD have more traditional risk factors.”

The authors of the study adjusted their analysis for smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity, as well as substance use disorder and major depressive disorder.

The Psychometric Medicine study adds to a growing collection of research linking BD to increased risk of heart disease.

Another accurate study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association (JAHA) found that the risk of cardiovascular disease was increased in people with BD, even among young adults.

“Young people with BD should start paying attention to their cardiovascular risk at much earlier ages than the general population,” Rebecca Rossom, MD, MS, lead author of the JAHA study, told Healthline. Rossom is a senior investigator at HealthPartners Institute and an associate professor at the University of Minnesota Medical School in Minneapolis.

“This is because cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in this group and contributes to people with BD dying 10 to 15 years earlier than the general population,” she said.

Some traditional risk factors for heart disease are more common than average in people with BD. For example, people with BD are more likely than average to smoke and have obesity.

This may help account for some of the increased risk of heart disease in people with BD, but the Psychometric Medicine study suggests that BD itself also raises the risk.

Scientists don’t yet know why BD raises the risk of heart disease, but it might reflect the role that inflammation and oxidative stress play in both conditions.

“There are shared biological processes that appear to be central both to heart disease and BD that are likely not fully captured by traditional cardiovascular risk factors,” said Goldstein. “I think that’s where there’s an opportunity for new treatment approaches.”

More research is needed to understand the link between BD and heart disease and develop treatment approaches to address both conditions.

In the meantime, people with BD can take steps to manage more traditional risk factors for heart disease.

“In most healthcare systems, we wait until age 40 to address cardiovascular risk, but we can’t wait that long for people with BD,” said Rossom. “Adults of any age with BD need to pay attention to and address cardiovascular risk factors, including smoking, obesity, cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood glucose/A1c.”

If you have BD, consider asking your doctor about screening tests for blood cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels. Your doctor can help you learn when to get these tests and what the results mean.

Your doctor can also help you develop a plan for managing your risk of heart disease. In some cases, they may recommend lifestyle changes, medication, or other treatments to help prevent or treat heart disease.

Practicing healthy lifestyle habits is important for managing chronic conditions, including BD and heart disease.

The American Heart Association recommends the following lifestyle habits to reduce your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke:

  • Commit to quitting smoking, if you smoke.
  • Eat a nutrient-rich diet that emphasizes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins, while limiting your intake of saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and added sugars.
  • Get daily physical activity, while aiming for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity activity per week.
  • Maintain a moderate weight by consuming no more calories than you burn.
  • Follow your treatment plan for managing diabetes, if you have this condition.
  • Limit your consumption of alcohol.
  • Take steps to reduce stress.

Weight gain is a common side effect of certain treatments for BD.

Many people with overweight or obesity find it challenging to lose weight and maintain weight loss. But getting physically active can benefit heart health even without weight loss.

“One thing that people with BD can do is increase their aerobic or cardiorespiratory fitness,” said Goldstein. “Getting more aerobically fit has a strong effect on reducing the risk of heart disease, and that’s something that people can do even if they don’t lose weight.”

Quitting smoking may also be challenging, but resources are available to help.

“There are treatments available to help people quit smoking that are safe and effective for people with bipolar disorder,” said Rossom. If you smoke, consider asking your doctor about treatments to help you quit.

Recent research suggests that BD may raise the risk of heart disease, even among young adults.

To manage the risk of heart disease, it’s important to get recommended screening tests and practice healthy lifestyle habits. In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe medication or other treatments to help prevent or treat heart disease.

Future studies may help scientists better understand the link between BD and heart disease. This may lead to the development of new treatment approaches that help address the underlying causes of both conditions.

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 05:16:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.healthline.com/health/bipolar-disorder/bipolar-disorder-heart-problems
Killexams : How Advanced Databases Can Enable Deep Learning To Address Some Of The World's Great Problems

GM, Database at SolarWinds.

One of the most critical components in machine learning projects is the quality of an organization’s database management system. And as artificial intelligence (AI) continues to grow more complex, access to adequate data is an increasingly important component of a company's success.

For deep learning, forward-thinking companies must choose to upgrade to more robust and efficient databases.

As reported by the World Economic Forum, the “deep” in deep learning refers to the depth of layers in a neural network. A neural network consisting of more than three layers—which would be inclusive of the inputs and the output—can be considered a deep learning algorithm.

Deep learning has the potential to solve big real-world problems, from curing diseases (subscription required) to image analysis to delivering effective cyber defense to ending traffic deaths. But in order to reach this potential, databases must evolve to meet the needs of more advanced AI algorithms.

In general terms, deep learning is a type of machine learning designed to imitate the way humans gain certain types of knowledge. And while machines are capable of processing massive amounts of data at a rate far exceeding that of the human brain—which allows them to help Boost productivity, increase retention and drive revenue—sound oversight structures are needed to ensure positive results.

The evolution of next-generation AI to deep learning will require optimized, powerful databases with unlimited throughput, scalable processing power and zero latency. By integrating AI with these more optimized databases, algorithms can be used to train machine learning models, which can run other algorithms.

In addition, increasingly powerful databases can help bridge the gap between current AI models and more advanced and evolving deep learning capacity.

Companies in almost every industry are discovering new opportunities through the connection between AI and machine learning, including retail, banking, healthcare and the hospitality industry. New possibilities are emerging constantly.

With augmented systems, businesses can quickly sort a large amount of data, and leaders can gain meaningful insights from it. Indeed, there’s no avoiding the necessity of upgrading to meet growing database demand and AI infrastructure—one accurate study projects the global deep learning market will grow to $526 billion by 2030.

Deep learning has recently become much more popular because of its success in many complex data-driven applications. The database community has worked on data-driven applications for many years and should continue to play a lead role in supporting this new wave.

The most effective solution for modern enterprises seeking to build deep learning solutions is to ensure their strategies begin with addressing database performance and efficiency.

Fully optimized databases are the only way to enable the deep learning applications of tomorrow—applications capable of instantly accessing and understanding data to reach conclusions and make recommendations without human intervention.

Data is increasingly becoming an organization’s—and the world’s—most important asset. In order to unlock the promise of deep learning and solve some of the world’s biggest problems, from energy production to a cure for cancer, we need to start with stronger and more efficient databases.


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Mon, 10 Oct 2022 23:15:00 -0500 Douglas McDowell en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/forbesbusinessdevelopmentcouncil/2022/10/11/how-advanced-databases-can-enable-deep-learning-to-address-some-of-the-worlds-great-problems/
Killexams : Those with severe Covid might suffer from brain problems, study says © Provided by WION

A study has found that severe Covid infections can damage nerve cells in the brain, leading to memory problems and confusion. It can also lead to long-term health issues, the researchers have said. Scientists at King’s College London found that a wayward immune response to the virus increased the death rate of neurons and had a “profound” impact on regeneration in the hippocampus region of the brain, which is crucial for learning and memory, The Guardian reported. 

The study indicates that even if the virus does not infect the brain, it can trigger neurological problems, causing issues like delirium and brain fog, especially in people suffering from long Covid.

Also Read | Is long Covid linked to suicide? Scientists warn of a hidden crisis

“These neurological symptoms are very concerning for patients and their families, and the hope is that our research can help identify which treatments would be most appropriate to lessen or prevent these symptoms,” said Carmine Pariante, a professor of biological psychiatry at KCL’s Institute of Psychiatry, and senior author on the study.

After testing the blood samples of 36 Covid patients, it was found that the levels of a protein called IL-6, which immune cells release as warning for other immune cells, were more than 15 times higher than normal in infected individuals. But the rise was six times higher than other Covid patients in those with delirium, a state of extreme confusion that can leave people not knowing who, or where, they are. Delirium is a common fallout of Covid in nearly one-third of Covid patients admitted to hospitals.

“We believe these proteins are responsible for the delirium symptoms in acute Covid patients, and in general in long Covid patients experiencing neurological symptoms,” Dr Alessandra Borsini, the study’s first author, said.

Also Read | Women are significantly more likely than men to get long Covid: Study

They then studied the impact of IL-6 on neurons and found that blood from patients with delirium increased the normal death rate of neurons and reduced the generation of new brain cells.

 

(With inputs from agencies)

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 22:58:00 -0500 en-IN text/html https://www.msn.com/en-in/news/world/those-with-severe-covid-might-suffer-from-brain-problems-study-says/ar-AA12Ch3D
Killexams : Immune reactions to severe Covid may trigger brain problems, study finds

Severe Covid infections can cause immune reactions that damage nerve cells in the brain, causing memory problems and confusion, and potentially raising the risk of long-term health issues, research suggests.

Scientists at King’s College London found that a wayward immune response to the virus increased the death rate of neurons and had a “profound” impact on regeneration in the hippocampus region of the brain, which is crucial for learning and memory.

The findings are preliminary but suggest Covid can trigger neurological problems in patients without the virus having to infect the brain itself. The process is believed to underpin delirium in Covid patients, but may also contribute to brain fog and other problems experienced by people with long Covid.

“These neurological symptoms are very concerning for patients and their families, and the hope is that our research can help identify which treatments would be most appropriate to lessen or prevent these symptoms,” said Carmine Pariante, a professor of biological psychiatry at KCL’s Institute of Psychiatry, and senior author on the study.

The researchers analysed blood from 36 Covid patients admitted to Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust in London in the first wave of the pandemic. They found that levels of a protein called IL-6, which immune cells release as a rallying call for other immune cells, were more than 15 times higher than normal in infected individuals.

But an even more dramatic rise in IL-6 was found in Covid patients with delirium – a state of extreme confusion that can leave people not knowing who, or where, they are. In these patients, IL-6 was six times higher than in other Covid patients. Nearly a third of Covid patients admitted to hospital experience delirium, rising to two-thirds in severe cases.

The scientists then investigated how high levels of IL-6 might affect neurons in the hippocampus by exposing lab-grown nerve cells to the patients’ blood. They found that blood from patients with delirium increased the normal death rate of neurons and reduced the generation of new brain cells. The damage caused is thought to drive delirium.

The harmful effects were traced back to a cascade of events where IL-6 triggers the release of two related immune proteins, called IL-12 and IL-13. Dr Alessandra Borsini, the study’s first author, said the impact of the proteins on generating new brain cells was “profound”.

However, blocking the proteins protected brain cells from damage, the scientists report in Molecular Psychiatry. The work suggests drugs known as Janus kinase inhibitors, which are already used to calm dangerous immune reactions to Covid, might combat delirium and its knock-on effects.

Older people are particularly vulnerable to delirium after a range of infections and operations. The state of confusion leads to a substantial rise in the risk of dementia.

“We believe these proteins are responsible for the delirium symptoms in acute Covid patients, and in general in long Covid patients experiencing neurological symptoms,” Borsini said. Measuring the levels of the immune proteins in patients could help personalise their treatment, she added.

Dr Thomas Jackson, a geriatrician who studies delirium and inflammation at the University of Birmingham, said: “What they’ve been able to show is that increased inflammation has a direct effect on brain cells which we know are linked to delirium and memory problems. The reduction in repair mechanisms and regeneration might begin to explain why people with delirium can have longer term cognitive problems.”

He said the same immune reaction may contribute to the “brain fog” some Covid patients report, which can persist for months after infection. But confirmation will need to come from further work, he said, such as the Covid-CNS study, which is investigating 800 UK patients who had neurological or neuropsychiatric complications from Covid.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 23:56:00 -0500 Ian Sample en text/html https://www.theguardian.com/world/2022/oct/05/immune-reactions-to-severe-covid-may-trigger-brain-problems-study-finds
Killexams : Visas to qualifications: How foreign residents in Europe can get help with paperwork problems No result found, try new keyword!What is SOLVIT and what kind of problems can it help you solve? Although the general principle is ... Created by the European Commission in 2002, the network of SOLVIT centres can help with ... Thu, 13 Oct 2022 20:58:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.thelocal.de/20221014/visas-to-qualifications-how-foreign-residents-in-europe-can-get-help-with-paperwork-problems/ Killexams : Gaps in supports for those bereaved by suicide - study

Research focusing on people who have lost loved ones to suicide has highlighted the need for affordable and timely support to help those who are bereaved.

The study was conducted to provide a national profile around the impact of suicide bereavement and has been published as part of World Mental Health Week.

Funded by the HSE's National Office for Suicide Prevention, 2,413 adults were surveyed by researchers at the National Suicide Research Foundation, in collaboration with the suicide bereavement charity HUGG (Healing Untold Grief Groups).

It sought to identify gaps and barriers to accessing appropriate supports for those affected.

While most, 62%, of the participants had lost a family member or partner to suicide, a significant proportion had experienced the loss of friends, work colleagues, or as part of their professional role - including first responders, members of An Garda Síochána and healthcare workers.

Half of participants, 54%, experienced multiple bereavements.

Common grief experiences reported included expressions of guilt, feelings of perceived stigma and shame, as well as searching for an explanation for the death.

Impacts following the death included mental health challenges, relational or family problems and prolonged use of alcohol.

Factors that helped people access support included encouragement from others and ease of access

Conversely, many participants also reported positive personal growth over time.

One-third of participants did not access any supports following their loss.

Formal supports were accessed to a lesser extent by men or people experiencing suicide loss as part of their professional role.

Those who did access support generally found them to be beneficial, particularly specialised services.

Factors which helped people access support included realising the significance of the mental health impacts, encouragement and information from others, financial and practical ease of access, and previous positive experiences.

Two-thirds, 65%, of participants felt the quality of services in their area was poor and common barriers to accessing support included lack of awareness, availability, waiting times and financial costs.

Half of participants, 56%, reported poor mental wellbeing and reported symptoms of depression and anxiety, which were higher than the general population.

Poor mental wellbeing was most pronounced for young adults aged 18-24.

The National Suicide Research Foundation says the findings underline the need to rethink what is meant by suicide bereavement and highlight the significant and enduring impacts on friends, work colleagues and professionals experiencing a loss by suicide.

The study identified two priority groups that may have unmet needs - Young Adults (18-24 years) and professionals experiencing suicide loss as part of their professional role.

The research also shows that the impact of suicide bereavement is "significant, wide-ranging and complex" and needs are both practical and health-related.

It stresses the need for increased awareness about the high prevalence of thoughts of self-harm or suicide among people bereaved by suicide.

The Research Foundation also says there is a clear need for a range of high-quality and standardised supports and services, which are responsive and tailored to suicide bereavement and individual needs.

It says the perceived stigma expressed by many participants underlines the need for better awareness on how to speak and support someone who has been bereaved by suicide, and to have appropriate training for professionals providing postvention services.

CEO of HUGG Fiona Tuomey described the findings of the research as 'a road map'.

"We should use these results to find a better way to build a suicide bereavement support network for those who want it. But most importantly, we must ensure that those providing these vital support services are being trained and supported themselves."

If you have been impacted by the issues raised in this story, helplines are available here.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 17:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.rte.ie/news/ireland/2022/1011/1328391-suicide-bereavement-study/
Killexams : It Takes a Village: On Students Finding Advice and Help Along the Duke Journey

As a first-year student at Duke, Brooke Harmon didn’t know she would need a mentor – or two, or three – to help guide her through college.

But what she didn’t look for, she found nevertheless. Now a senior, Harmon boasts an important, vast and diverse web of friends, confidants, advisers and mentors who she has leaned on throughout her collegiate journey. This group – a personal, informal board of directors of sorts – has proven valuable to Harmon and is the sort of support system Duke’s career counselors and other student affairs gurus want all students to develop.

It’s a way to make a big university smaller; to make the journey clearer; and to provide sounding boards and advice for all sorts of problems and questions.

“Mentorship comes in a lot of different forms,” Harmon said. “When you’re at some low points -- and they happen in your undergraduate career -- you have people you can reach out to. You may need advice, or you may need emotional support. Having all these different places and people to draw on is amazing because you’re not relying on just one person.”

The accurate Spark Summit, the official kick off the sophomore year, featured a curated conversation with the actress Retta, a Duke graduate, and focused on wellness and interactive sessions to foster peer connection and exploration. The day featured two discussions about mentoring, advising and the importance of what some call ‘helpful humans.’ They are the friends, advisers, faculty, staff or other folks in students’ lives who may not have a formal advising role but still help guide students at times. It is a point of emphasis reflected in Duke’s strategic goals of transforming learning and renewing the campus community. Those themes are also amplified by Duke’s new QuadEx initiative, a new living-and-learning model that seeks to more closely connect the residential and academic lives of undergraduate students.

“Finding helpful humans who can help you think through changing relationships, major declaration, internship, and summer opportunities, are going to make your time at Duke less stressful,” said Greg Victory, executive director of Duke’s career center. “These relationships can be short term -- 1 or 2 conversations -- or longer term … or for a lifetime. Build a community of folks at Duke who you can bounce ideas off, seek advice from and who can cheer you on through your successes and even through those failures.”

The first helpers Harmon discovered came organically – a group of fellow members of Femmes+, a student group dedicated to promoting the STEM disciplines – science, technology and engineering – to underrepresented groups. Harmon’s group works on STEM activities with fourth, fifth and sixth graders in local public schools.

That student group led to plenty of friendships, which have made life easier for Harmon in myriad small ways, through chats over coffee or during car rides to dinner. She learned about the challenges of Greek life and the stresses related to parties and social life on campus. And suddenly, she had peer women to emulate.

“I wasn’t looking for that. I didn’t even think I needed it,” said Harmon, now the group’s president. “I thought I was pretty sure of myself. So it was a happy byproduct because I got some great friends and mentorship out of it. And now I get to pay it forward.”

On the academic side, Harmon counts Professor Cary Moskovitz as perhaps her most important advisor.

This is odd only because their academic pursuits are far apart -- Harmon is studying computer science and statistics while Moskovitz teaches in the Thompson Writing Program. He also leads a research project that examines text recycling – the reuse of their own written materials by scholars in academic writing.

Their connection was serendipitous. As a first-year student, Harmon wanted to do some undergraduate research. Moskovitz needed an assistant. They began working together, and Moskovitz has been a constant presence since.

“He wasn’t assigned to me but he just took on that role. He wrote me a recommendation letter for study abroad and he’s someone I go to talk with about career stuff,” Harmon said. “He’s more of a humanities professor, very different field, but it doesn’t matter.”

It makes sense for students to have more than one mentor, Moskovitz said, since they all have strengths and weaknesses. One size does not fit all.

“The idea that individuals have a single mentor is now pretty much an outdated way of thinking – that one person can do all those mentoring things you need,” he said. “The idea now is to develop mentor networks. I think she’s a really good example of the different ways people of different experiences can be useful.”

Harmon’s helpful humans list rolls on. She also counts her academic adviser as integral to her time at Duke as well as other administrators with the Duke Career Center, where she has worked for several years and is now a Career Ambassador there, helping students with resumes, cover letters, interviewing and other tasks.

The Career Center has a philosophy called Career Everywhere, which Harmon appears to be following whether she knows it or not. It’s the idea that students can receive career – and life – guidance through conversations and experiences with all manner of people they interact with.

“You might have different people for different topics. You might go to one person to talk about class. You might go to another to talk about relationships in general. And you never know when that may turn into a career conversation,” said Catherine Allen, assistant director for the advising team at Duke’s Career Center. “A huge part of the career development process is getting to know yourself. Even in these conversations that aren’t directly about the job you want to have post-Duke, or the internship you want next summer, you’re still developing yourself and your skills and your interests.”

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 00:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://today.duke.edu/2022/10/it-takes-village-students-finding-advice-and-help-along-duke-journey
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