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Wonderlic Wonderlic Cognitive Ability Test

The very first test publisher to create a short-form cognitive ability test for the workplace, Wonderlic is the founding father of cognitive ability testing for jobs. For over 80 years, Wonderlic has been leading the industry in efficient, predictive measurement of cognitive ability.
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Question: 199
The winning team of the World Series often has a jovial attitude. Jovial means...
A. Merry.
B. Sad.
C. Somber.
D. Laborious.
Answer: A
Question: 200
A lyre was played in ancient Rome. The lyre is a...
A. Stringed instrument in the harp class.
B. Percussion instrument.
C. Wind instrument in the wind class.
D. Rhythmical percussion device.
Answer: A
Section 21: Sec Twenty One (201-210)
Details: Verb VCE exam Questions
Select the answer choice that identifies the verb in the sentence.
Question: 201
The interior temperatures of even the coolest stars are measured in millions of degrees.
A. Coolest
B. Of even
C. Are measured
D. In millions
Answer: C
Question: 202
Thomas Edison tried many filaments for his incandescent lamp.
A. Many
B. For his
C. Filaments
D. Tried
Answer: D
Question: 203
Jill sets the plates on the table.
A. The
B. Plates
C. Table
D. Sets
Answer: D
Question: 204
The child's balloon was slowly rising into the sky.
A. Rising
B. Slowly
C. Into
D. Balloon
Answer: A
Question: 205
The shoes were still lying where Ethan had left them.
A. Still
B. Were
C. Them
D. Shoes
Answer: B
Question: 206
Several changes in classroom procedures were affected by the new principal.
A. Changes
B. In
C. By
D. Affected
Answer: D
Question: 207
The soaked papers were laid in the sunlight.
A. Soaked
B. Papers
C. Laid
D. In the
Answer: C
Question: 208
The letter from the teacher implied that the child was not turning in his work.
A. From
B. Not
C. His
D. Turning
Answer: D
Question: 209
Luke didn't mean to hurt you during the baseball game.
A. Baseball
B. During
C. Joe
D. Mean
Answer: D
Question: 210
Amber used to recite the alphabet in Chinese.
A. The
B. Alphabet
C. In
D. Recite
Answer: D
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Wonderlic Wonderlic questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Wonderlic Search results Wonderlic Wonderlic questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/Wonderlic https://killexams.com/exam_list/Wonderlic Your Top Health Questions of 2023, Answered

One thing I love about editing the Ask Well column is the camaraderie of it. Every week we answer a health question: Why am I so congested all the time? (I’ve wondered that, too!) Why does my sleep get worse as I age? (I’m right there with you.) Is my coffee habit in need of an intervention? (Pour me another while we figure it out.)

When I survey our inbox, I’m amazed at what comes in — questions that cover the joys, agonies, confusions and vulnerabilities of being a person. And luckily for us all, we get to seek out the answers.

Here are 10 of the most popular health questions of 2023.

The answer depends on your hair texture, how oily it is, whether it’s color-treated and more.

“While it may seem that getting the scalp squeaky clean and without any oils is optimal,” said Dr. Murad Alam, a dermatologist at Northwestern University, “keep in mind that the scalp is a living part of your body, and not a dinner plate in your dishwasher.”

Pain, stiffness and swelling of the joints are common complaints for older adults — and they can be the first sign of a dreaded diagnosis: arthritis. This umbrella term describes more than 100 conditions that cause inflammation in the joints. But it doesn’t have to be an inevitable result of aging. Here are some steps you can take to reduce your risk.

Maybe you stayed up too late doomscrolling, or you whipped your sheets into a tornado replaying an uncomfortable conversation. Either way, you’re wondering: Will a midday nap make up for those precious hours of lost shut-eye? The answer is complicated, we found. Here’s what naps can — and can’t — do for your health.

So you wake up every morning all stuffed up and you want to know what’s going on. Is it that cold you (and everyone else) seem to have? The anatomy of your nose? Allergies? Chronic congestion is tricky to treat, experts say, because any number of things could be causing it. But there are some ways to find relief.

If that stuffiness is indeed caused by a cold, turn to foods and drinks that are hydrating, nourishing and comforting (hello, chicken noodle soup!). Here’s a look at how nutrition can help fight your infection, along with what foods and drinks to avoid.

As a flagrant tosser and turner, I’ve noticed that the older I get, the less likely I am to wake up refreshed. It turns out there are medical reasons for that: An aging brain, certain health conditions, hormones and lifestyle changes could all be the cause. The good news is that sleepless nights are not a fate you have to live with.

Any activity that interrupts your regular eating or sleeping schedule risks backing you up. Dehydration, immobility, changing time zones and an altered diet are typically to blame. Here’s how to get things running a little more smoothly when you’re out and about.

If you spend any time on the personal-care side of social media, you’ll see video after video of influencers dousing themselves in an entire medicine cabinet’s worth of products. But simpler is often better when it comes to taking care of your face. Here’s what dermatologists say you actually need.

Raise your hand if you’re drinking coffee while reading this. Keep it raised if you’re on your second (or third or fourth) cup of the day. Coffee contains thousands of chemical compounds that may be linked to good health. But it’s also a major source of caffeine, which in excess can cause issues like jitteriness, anxiousness, nausea and trouble sleeping. While experts say that dangerous side effects from coffee-drinking are rare, it’s still possible to overdo it. Here’s how to know if you’ve poured yourself too much.

Have more questions for our health journalists? Ask Well.

Mon, 25 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.nytimes.com/2023/12/26/well/health-questions-2023.html
The Most Common Interview Questions Hiring Managers Ask

Some hiring managers like to ask off-the-wall job interview questions, such as “What color crayon would you be?” or “How would your archnemesis describe you?” to see how the job candidate reacts under pressure. However, most interviewers would rather ask straightforward questions that apply to relevant work experience and skills than questions designed to throw unsuspecting candidates for a loop. Below, find the most common interview questions and examples of good answers.

How to answer common interview questions

Questions about the company and position

The interviewer has the candidate’s resume and cover letter and has likely already scoped out their social media accounts. However, the goal of the interview is to determine how good of a fit a person is for the open position. In all likelihood, every applicant has relevant experience and could be a strong candidate on paper. These hiring manager interview questions provide you an opportunity to connect the dots on your resume by explaining, for example, why you chose to attend a specific university or why you left a previous position.

Question: “Why do you want to work here?”

Answer: “I want to work here because what your company does aligns with my values and interests in …”

Explain these interests in a few short sentences.

Question: What do you know about this company?

Answer: I know that [founder’s name] founded the company in 2023 and that your biggest [products or services] are … 

For an especially powerful answer to this common interview question, you could share what you know about how the company’s products or services differ from competitors’.

Question: Why are you interested in this position?

Answer: I’m interested in this position because … 

Describe how the position’s responsibilities match your interests. You should also mention how anything unique about the company ties into your interest in the position.

Question: What makes you a good fit for this position?

Answer: The answer to this question could be roughly the same as the one above, but replace your interests with your skills, background or other qualifications.

Learning to provide concise but meaningful answers is one of the most important job interview skills.

Questions about your experience

Just about every resume the interviewer receives should explain the applicant’s relevant career experience. The interviewer already has a list of your previous jobs and skills, so these questions about your job experience allow you to delve deeper and be specific. Rather than reiterate the information the interviewer already has, take this opportunity to state how your previous experience would directly transfer to this new company and how that could benefit the company.

Question: What did you like or dislike about your last job?

Answer: I liked that I got to …” Name a few favorite tasks. Don’t be afraid to provide details, but keep it brief. 

Name one thing you disliked, and keep it short. You don’t want to come off as ungrateful, snobby or difficult to work with.

Question: Tell me about your work experience.

Answer: I got into this field with [describe your first job a bit]. I moved on to [describe your next job a bit].” 

If your resume is long and includes many positions, you don’t need to share extensive details about each one. Focus on the most meaningful, relevant jobs you’ve held.

Question: Why did you leave your last job?

Answer: I was ready for a change. I liked what I was doing, but I knew I was capable of more and needed to go elsewhere to achieve that growth.” 

Of course, if your reason is different, state your genuine reason — just do what this example does and stay general but meaningful without saying anything negative.

Questions about your personal attributes and characteristics

These are some of the most notoriously difficult questions for job candidates to answer in interviews, because no one is truly comfortable talking about themselves. Interviewers know that as well, but these questions can provide valuable insights.

This part of an interview is an excellent time to demonstrate how you stand out from the rest of the candidates. Providing examples of a time you overcame an obstacle at work or came up with a new system or solution the company used — for example, maybe you led the charge on custom software development — will make a lasting impression on the interviewer.

Question: What are your greatest strengths and weaknesses?

Answer: I’m [give about three descriptors]. My greatest weakness is that I’m [describe a minor weakness], and I make up for it by [describe how you address this issue and are continuing to work on it].

Never mention more than one weakness.

Question: How do you interact with a team?

Answer: I’m a great team player who knows how to communicate with others, follow my supervisor’s guidance, and lead whenever necessary.

Question: How do you handle stress at work?

Answer: I handle stress by …

Discuss how you prioritize certain tasks over others, communicate if you’re feeling overworked, and remain calm through it all.

Questions about your personal goals

When asked some of the questions listed here, candidates often spin their answers into how they can benefit the company and help achieve its goals. However, these questions are some of the most valuable an interviewer can ask, because a good fit between the potential new hire and the company is just as important, or perhaps even more important, than skills. After all, job skills can be taught via new-hire training plans. Take special care not only to explain your immediate ambitions but to illustrate how the position aligns with your long-term goals.

Question: Why did you choose this career?

Question: Where do you see yourself in the future?

Question: What are your hobbies outside of work?

Question: Why should we hire you?

Rather than providing examples for all of these questions, we advise just being honest. No, you don’t want to say, “I’m in this for the money,” but you do want to paint a clear vision of your career trajectory and how the employer might fit into those plans. In doing so for the first three questions, you subtly answer the fourth.

Tactful honesty makes for a good job interview.

Interviewing is a two-way street

Whether you are currently seeking a new position or do not intend to go into interviews for quite some time, you will benefit by being prepared to answer them thoroughly.

Remember that an interview goes both ways; you need to find out if the position and company will be a good fit for you as well. As such, don’t be afraid to ask questions of your own, to request clarifications, or to return to an earlier question if the relevant information didn’t come to you in time. Interviewers are human too, and they understand that no one is perfect, especially in stressful situations. Good luck out there.

Sun, 17 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/9443-popular-interview-questions.html
8 smart questions to ask before buying long-term care insurance
Senior man in rocking chair on front porch
Be sure to ask the right questions before purchasing a long-term care insurance policy. Getty Images

When preparing for retirement, the focus tends to be on your finances. After all, you need to save enough money to cover all of your expenses, which can be a tough task. But while your savings are a very important part of your retirement planning, money isn't the only factor to focus on.

As you age, the chances of needing assistance with your daily living activities increase, and if you need this care, it can be quite costly. You don't want those expenses to eat into your retirement income, so planning for the future should include the possibility of needing long-term care. And that's where long-term care insurance comes in. 

Long-term care insurance helps cover the expenses related to these types of services, whether you need skilled nursing, occupational therapy or help with dressing and eating. As such, this type of coverage can be a crucial component of your retirement plan. But before you purchase a long-term care insurance policy, it's essential to ask the right questions to make an informed decision.

Ready to get started? Learn more about your long-term care insurance options here.

8 smart questions to ask before buying long-term care insurance

Don't purchase a long-term care insurance policy before asking these important questions:

What does the long-term care insurance policy cover?

Understanding the coverage of any insurance policy is vital — and that goes for long-term care insurance, too. Before you purchase a policy, be sure to inquire about the specific services and facilities covered, such as nursing homes, assisted living, home healthcare and adult day care. You should have a clear understanding of what is included and excluded from the policy to ensure that it aligns with your needs and wants. Otherwise, the policy may not do much good if you need it in the future.

Find out what long-term care insurance options are available to you here.

When should I purchase my long-term care insurance policy?

The timing of a long-term care insurance policy is crucial, as your premiums (and policy approval) are based in large part on your age when you apply. So, be sure to explore when it's best to buy a policy, as waiting too long may result in higher premiums or potential health issues affecting eligibility. Early planning can be more cost-effective, and in many cases, the younger you are when you apply, the lower your policy costs will be.

How much coverage do I need?

Determining the amount of coverage you need is also an important part of purchasing a long-term care insurance policy. If you have too much coverage, you could be paying for benefits you don't need, but if you have too little coverage, you could end up paying a lot more out of pocket than expected if you need to use your policy in the future. 

To determine how much coverage is necessary, you may want to assess your potential long-term care needs based on factors like family health history, lifestyle and personal preferences. It may also help to consider your financial situation and decide whether you want your policy to cover the entire cost or just a portion of it.

What is the benefit amount and benefit period?

Before you purchase a policy, be sure to determine the maximum daily or monthly benefit the policy provides and the total benefit amount over the policy's lifetime. Understanding these details will help you gauge whether the coverage aligns with your potential long-term care costs — and if it doesn't, you can move on to a policy or insurer that better aligns with what you want and need.

Are there inflation protection options?

Inflation issues can erode the value of your coverage over time, as rising healthcare costs caused by inflation can quickly outpace the coverage your policy offers if you aren't careful. Luckily, many issuers offer inflation protection options as part of their policies, which typically increase your policy's benefit amounts to protect against the rising cost of care. 

So, as you shop for a policy, be sure to inquire about any inflation protection options offered by the insurer. This may be especially important if you're purchasing a policy when you're young and less likely to need quick access to your policy benefits.

What are the waiting or elimination periods?

The waiting or elimination period tied to your policy is the time you must wait after becoming eligible for benefits before coverage kicks in. Nearly every long-term care insurance policy will have some time-based restrictions in place prior to your coverage being active, and it's important to understand how that works for any policy you're considering. As you search for the right coverage, be sure to ask about the duration of the waiting period and how it may impact your out-of-pocket expenses during that time.

Is home care coverage included?

Many people prefer receiving care in the comfort of their homes rather than in a nursing home or assisted living facility. If you would prefer to be at home for your care, be sure to check whether the policy covers home care and find out if there are any restrictions or conditions associated with it.

Are there additional riders or customization options?

You should also explore any additional riders or customization options available with the policy. This could include features like shared care, where couples can pool benefits, or a return of premium rider if benefits are not used.

The bottom line

Purchasing long-term care insurance requires careful consideration and a thorough understanding of the policy's terms and conditions. By asking the questions outlined above, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your long-term care needs, financial situation and personal preferences. So, take the time to research and compare policies to find the one that provides the best coverage for you.

Tue, 19 Dec 2023 05:19:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.cbsnews.com/news/smart-questions-to-ask-before-buying-long-term-care-insurance/
3 Questions About Fragrance Allergies

If you find yourself developing a killer headache when riding an elevator with someone who was a bit generous dabbing on the perfume, you have company. More than 2 million Americans have fragrance allergies or sensitivities -- and the number is on the rise.

Although that person's perfume may have been all too obvious a culprit, there are many hidden sources of fragrances, says Clifford W. Bassett, MD, medical director of Allergy & Asthma Care of New York. Bassett helped WebMD sniff out the truth about fragrance allergies.

Skin care products, colognes, perfumes, moisturizers, soaps, deodorants, aftershave – all kinds of products that smell nice but contain chemicals that our immune system may not like very much.

Low-allergy or hypoallergenic products may contain fragrances that aren't obvious because of a less aromatic smell. Fragrance-free products may have a "masking" fragrance added to cover up the smell of the chemicals.

Also, many magazine ad inserts for perfumes and skin care products are laden with fragrance. People may actually have difficulty reading the publication as a result of the scent.

In some cases, the reaction to various products can be aggravated by exposure to the sun. This is known as a photosensitivity.

Most commonly, the skin is affected. There may be rash or redness, itchiness or even blistering of the face and skin as a result of daily or one-time usage of a product.

Fragrance allergies can also affect the eyes, causing extreme redness, irritation, tearing and burning, and some swelling of the eyelids. Sneezing, runny nose, nasal congestion, headache, even breathing difficulties can also be triggered by a strong odor.

Wed, 03 Jan 2024 23:54:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.webmd.com/allergies/features/3-questions-about-fragrance-allergies
New York Jets quarterback what-ifs since Super Bowl victory No result found, try new keyword!Rodgers will return in 2024, but the juxtaposition of him and Favre -- two Green Bay Packers legends -- shines a light on the Jets and their perpetual search for quarterback happiness. Cleveland -- ... Wed, 27 Dec 2023 22:31:30 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Students respond hilariously to teacher question about what to gift 30-somethings

A middle school teacher in Southern California asked his students what to buy someone in their 30s for the holidays, and their responses, scrawled on sticky notes, have gone viral.

"Measuring cups," one 7th grader wrote in the video posted to TikTok. "Signs that say ‘bless this home.’" another answered. 

The teacher, identified as "Mr. Frakes" by People magazine, works in Palm Springs and goes by 7thgradechronicles on social media. 

While most responses to his holiday assignment are innocent, others clearly throw shade at the Millennial generation. 

SISTERS KILLED IN CALIFORNIA HOUSE FIRE BELIEVED CAUSED BY CHRISTMAS TREE

The teacher, identified as "Mr. Frakes" by People magazine, goes by 7thgradechronicles on social media. (@7thgradechronicles/LIFESTYLOGY /TMX)

"A bottle of wine and hip implants," one student, aged 12 to 13 years old, wrote with a smiley face afterward. 

"Panera gift card. People in their 30s love soup!" another scribbled.

"You get them old people candles that smell like ‘home’ or ‘back then,’" one middle schooler wrote with a heart at the bottom.

The youngsters also said "wrinkle creams," a "heated blanket cuz their muscles be hurtin" and "a coffee mug that says ‘Don’t talk to me until I've had my coffee' because they're all coffee obsessed millennial," would make good gifts.

CALIFORNIA TEACHER FOUND DEAD IN CAR TRUNK WHILE FIREFIGHTERS RESPONDED TO EXPLOSION AT HOME

One middle schooler responded "the wrinkle creams" for what to gift someone in their 30s. (@7thgradechronicles/LIFESTYLOGY /TMX)

The video had garnered nearly 360,000 likes and 22,000 comments as of Monday morning. 

"But are they wrong? Because I honestly love soup and candles. I'm 36," one TikTok user wrote. 

"A bottle of wine and hip implants," one student in Palm Springs, California, wrote. (@7thgradechronicles/LIFESTYLOGY /TMX)

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"Not me thinking all those gifts sound amazing," another responded. 

The teacher told the magazine he has been teaching 7th grade for 11 years, and, "I am honestly not that phased by the students' responses." He said they make him laugh and humble him daily, which is why he continues to love his job. 

Mon, 25 Dec 2023 03:39:00 -0600 Fox News en text/html https://www.foxnews.com/us/students-respond-hilariously-teacher-question-gift-30-somethings
ChatGPT found by study to spread inaccuracies when answering medication questions

ChatGPT has been found to have shared inaccurate information regarding drug usage, according to new research.

In a study led by Long Island University (LIU) in Brooklyn, New York, nearly 75% of drug-related, pharmacist-reviewed responses from the generative AI chatbot were found to be incomplete or wrong.

In some cases, ChatGPT, which was developed by OpenAI in San Francisco and released in late 2022, provided "inaccurate responses that could endanger patients," the American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP), headquartered in Bethesda, Maryland, stated in a press release.

WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE?

ChatGPT also generated "fake citations" when asked to cite references to support some responses, the same study also found.

Along with her team, lead study author Sara Grossman, PharmD, associate professor of pharmacy practice at LIU, asked the AI chatbot test questions that were originally posed to LIU’s College of Pharmacy drug information service between 2022 and 2023.

ChatGPT, the AI chatbot created by OpenAI, generated inaccurate responses about medications, a new study has found. The company itself previously said that "OpenAI’s models are not fine-tuned to provide medical information. You should never use our models to provide diagnostic or treatment services for serious medical conditions,"  (LIONEL BONAVENTURE/AFP via Getty Images)

Of the 39 questions posed to ChatGPT, only 10 responses were deemed "satisfactory," according to the research team's criteria.

The study findings were presented at ASHP’s Midyear Clinical Meeting from Dec. 3 to Dec. 7 in Anaheim, California.

Grossman, the lead author, shared her initial reaction to the study's findings with Fox News Digital.

BREAST CANCER BREAKTHROUGH: AI PREDICTS A THIRD OF CASES PRIOR TO DIAGNOSIS IN MAMMOGRAPHY STUDY

Since "we had not used ChatGPT previously, we were surprised by ChatGPT’s ability to provide quite a bit of background information about the medication and/or disease state relevant to the question within a matter of seconds," she said via email. 

"Despite that, ChatGPT did not generate accurate and/or complete responses that directly addressed most questions."

Grossman also mentioned her surprise that ChatGPT was able to generate "fabricated references to support the information provided."

Out of 39 questions posed to ChatGPT, only 10 of the responses were deemed "satisfactory" according to the research team's criteria. (Frank Rumpenhorst/picture alliance via Getty Images; iStock)

In one example she cited from the study, ChatGPT was asked if "a drug interaction exists between Paxlovid, an antiviral medication used as a treatment for COVID-19, and verapamil, a medication used to lower blood pressure."

HEAD OF GOOGLE BARD BELIEVES AI CAN HELP Strengthen COMMUNICATION AND COMPASSION: ‘REALLY REMARKABLE’

The AI model responded that no interactions had been reported with this combination.

But in reality, Grossman said, the two drugs pose a potential threat of "excessive lowering of blood pressure" when combined.

"Without knowledge of this interaction, a patient may suffer from an unwanted and preventable side effect," she warned.

"It is always important to consult with health care professionals before using information that is generated by computers."

ChatGPT should not be considered an "authoritative source of medication-related information," Grossman emphasized.

"Anyone who uses ChatGPT should make sure to verify information obtained from trusted sources — namely pharmacists, physicians or other health care providers," Grossman added.

MILITARY MENTAL HEALTH IN FOCUS AS AI TRAINING SIMULATES REAL CONVERSATIONS TO HELP PREVENT VETERAN SUICIDE

The LIU study did not evaluate the responses of other generative AI platforms, Grossman pointed out — so there isn’t any data on how other AI models would perform under the same condition.

"Regardless, it is always important to consult with health care professionals before using information that is generated by computers, which are not familiar with a patient’s specific needs," she said.

Usage policy by ChatGPT

Fox News Digital reached out to OpenAI, the developer of ChatGPT, for comment on the new study.

OpenAI has a usage policy that disallows use for medical instruction, a company spokesperson previously told Fox News Digital in a statement.

Paxlovid, Pfizer's antiviral medication to treat COVID-19, is displayed in this picture illustration taken on Oct. 7, 2022. When ChatGPT was asked if a drug interaction exists between Paxlovid and verapamil, the chatbot answered incorrectly, a new study reported. (REUTERS/Wolfgang Rattay/Illustration)

"OpenAI’s models are not fine-tuned to provide medical information. You should never use our models to provide diagnostic or treatment services for serious medical conditions," the company spokesperson stated earlier this year. 

"OpenAI’s platforms should not be used to triage or manage life-threatening issues that need immediate attention."

Health care providers "must provide a disclaimer to users informing them that AI is being used and of its potential limitations." 

The company also requires that when using ChatGPT to interface with patients, health care providers "must provide a disclaimer to users informing them that AI is being used and of its potential limitations." 

In addition, as Fox News Digital previously noted, one big caveat is that ChatGPT’s source of data is the internet — and there is plenty of misinformation on the web, as most people are aware. 

That’s why the chatbot’s responses, however convincing they may sound, should always be vetted by a doctor.

The new study's author suggested consulting with a health care professional before relying on generative AI for medical inquiries. (iStock)

Additionally, ChatGPT was only "trained" on data up to September 2021, according to multiple sources. While it can increase its knowledge over time, it has limitations in terms of serving up more latest information.

Last month, CEO Sam Altman reportedly announced that OpenAI's ChatGPT had gotten an upgrade — and would soon be trained on data up to April 2023.

‘Innovative potential’

Dr. Harvey Castro, a Dallas, Texas-based board-certified emergency medicine physician and national speaker on AI in health care, weighed in on the "innovative potential" that ChatGPT offers in the medical arena.

"For general inquiries, ChatGPT can provide quick, accessible information, potentially reducing the workload on health care professionals," he told Fox News Digital.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE HELPS DOCTORS PREDICT PATIENTS’ RISK OF DYING, STUDY FINDS: ‘SENSE OF URGENCY’

"ChatGPT's machine learning algorithms allow it to Strengthen over time, especially with proper reinforcement learning mechanisms," he also said.

ChatGPT’s recently reported response inaccuracies, however, pose a "critical issue" with the program, the AI expert pointed out.

"This is particularly concerning in high-stakes fields like medicine," Castro said.

A health tech expert noted that medical professionals are responsible for "guiding and critiquing" artificial intelligence models as they evolve.  (iStock)

Another potential risk is that ChatGPT has been shown to "hallucinate" information — meaning it might generate plausible but false or unverified content, Castro warned. 

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"This is dangerous in medical settings where accuracy is paramount," said Castro.

"While ChatGPT shows promise in health care, its current limitations … underscore the need for cautious implementation."

AI "currently lacks the deep, nuanced understanding of medical contexts" possessed by human health care professionals, Castro added.

"While ChatGPT shows promise in health care, its current limitations, particularly in handling drug-related queries, underscore the need for cautious implementation."

OpenAI, the developer of ChatGPT, has a usage policy that disallows use for medical instruction, a company spokesperson told Fox News Digital earlier this year. (Jaap Arriens/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

Speaking as an ER physician and AI health care consultant, Castro emphasized the "invaluable" role that medical professionals have in "guiding and critiquing this evolving technology."

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"Human oversight remains indispensable, ensuring that AI tools like ChatGPT are used as supplements rather than replacements for professional medical judgment," Castro added.

Melissa Rudy of Fox News Digital contributed reporting. 

For more Health articles, visit www.foxnews.com/health.

Wed, 13 Dec 2023 19:20:00 -0600 Fox News en text/html https://www.foxnews.com/health/chatgpt-found-study-spread-inaccuracies-when-answering-medication-questions
Good Question

Thu, 07 Dec 2023 03:44:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.wkyt.com/news/good-question/
Opinion: Five questions Elise Stefanik should answer

Editor’s note: Rep. Jamie Raskin represents Maryland’s 8th Congressional District and is the ranking Democrat on the House Oversight and Accountability Committee. A professor of constitutional law for 25 years at American University Washington College of Law, he was the lead impeachment manager in President Donald Trump’s second impeachment and a member of the House select committee investigating the January 6, 2021, attack on the US Capitol. He is the author of several books, including “Unthinkable: Trauma, Truth and the Trials of American Democracy.” 

The following column is adapted from Raskin’s posts on the social media site X, formerly Twitter, that he addressed to GOP Rep. Elise Stefanik following her questioning of university presidents at a congressional hearing on antisemitism on college campuses. The views expressed in this commentary are his own. View more opinion on CNN.

CNN  — 

Dear Rep. Stefanik:

Last week you challenged Ivy League presidents to denounce antisemitism with “moral clarity” by answering some yes/no questions. Dissatisfied with their answers, you have agitated for their removal. University of Pennsylvania President Liz Magill stepped down after fierce criticism of her testimony on Capitol Hill, while Harvard University President Claudine Gay and MIT President Sally Kornbluth have faced similar calls to resign for their own legalistic and tone-deaf answers to your questions about people “calling for the genocide of Jews.”

We can all agree that the college presidents who appeared before your committee failed basic tests of common sense and “moral clarity” when they struggled to answer your yes-no questions. But your sharply focused inquiry now invites a broader discussion about the moral responsibilities of leadership when confronting antisemitism. What do you think about tolerance for antisemitism by people who want to be president—not of a college in New England but of the United States itself?

Following your simple yes/no format, I present five easy questions for you to address with “moral clarity” on presidential tolerance for—and indeed active embrace of—antisemitism. (Please avoid all the waffling, evasion and equivocation you rightfully denounced in the college presidents.)

1. Is a candidate qualified to be president who hosted at his home for dinner Nick Fuentes, an avowedly pro-HitlerHolocaust revisionist calling for a “holy war” against the Jewish people, and Kanye West, who vowed to go “death con 3” against Jews? Yes or no, Ms. Stefanik?

2. Will you support for president a candidate who proclaimed that there were “very fine people on both sides” of the antisemitic and racist riot that took place in Charlottesville, Virginia, in August 2017? Yes or no, Ms. Stefanik? To refresh your memory, this was the violence that began with neo-Nazis chanting “Jews will not replace us” outside a local synagogue and ended with the murder of Heather Heyer by a violent white supremacist in a car.

3. Would you support a presidential candidate whose final 2016 TV ad paired images of George Soros, Lloyd Blankfein and Janet Yellen, three prominent Jews, with voice-over about “global special interests” who “don’t have your good in mind”? Yes or no, Ms. Stefanik?

4. Do you regret endorsing Donald Trump for president in 2016 just days after he tweeted an image of the Star of David superimposed over Hillary Clinton’s face and a thick pile of cash? Yes or no, Ms. Stefanik?

5. Are you prepared to renounce the antisemitic “great replacement theory”—which you have previously dabbled in and echoed in campaigns—which inspired the perpetrators of Pittsburgh’s Tree of Life synagogue, Buffalo, New York, supermarket and El Paso Walmart massacres? Yes or no, Ms. Stefanik?

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Surely you have the “moral clarity” and ethical consistency to oppose antisemitism both on campus and in government. And surely you wouldn’t want people to believe that you only denounce antisemitism when it comes from outside your political party—would you?

I very much look forward to receiving your easy yes/no answers.

Very truly yours,

Jamie Raskin

(On Monday, Stefanik responded on X to Raskin, not specifically answering any of his five questions, but listing what she viewed as Trump’s accomplishments: “Thanks for asking @jamie_raskin, the answer is simple: President Trump was the best friend Jewish people have had in the White House in modern times.”)

Wed, 13 Dec 2023 01:47:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.cnn.com/2023/12/13/opinions/questions-elise-stefanik-antisemitism-raskin/index.html
ChatGPT struggles to answer medical questions, new research finds

CNN  — 

ChatGPT might not be a cure-all for answers to medical questions, a new study suggests.

Researchers at Long Island University posed 39 medication-related queries to the free version of the artificial intelligence chatbot, all of which were test questions from the university’s College of Pharmacy drug information service. The software’s answers were then compared with responses written and reviewed by trained pharmacists.

The study found that ChatGPT provided accurate responses to only about 10 of the questions, or about a quarter of the total. For the other 29 prompts, the answers were incomplete or inaccurate, or they did not address the questions.

The findings were presented Tuesday at the annual meeting of the American Society for Health-Systems Pharmacists in Anaheim, California.

ChatGPT, OpenAI’s experimental AI chatbot, was released in November 2022 and became the fastest-growing consumer application in history, with nearly 100 million people registering within two months.

Given that popularity, the researchers’ interest was sparked by concern that their students, other pharmacists and ordinary consumers would turn to resources like ChatGPT to explore questions about their health and medication plans, said Sara Grossman, an associate professor of pharmacy practice at Long Island University and one of the study’s authors.

Those queries, they found, often yielded inaccurate – or even dangerous – responses.

In one question, for example, researchers asked ChatGPT whether the Covid-19 antiviral medication Paxlovid and the blood-pressure lowering medication verapamil would react with each other in the body. ChatGPT responded that taking the two medications together would yield no adverse effects.

In reality, people who take both medications might have a large drop in blood pressure, which can cause dizziness and fainting. For patients taking both, clinicians often create patient-specific plans, including lowering the dose of verapamil or cautioning the person to get up slowly from a sitting position, Grossman said.

ChatGPT’s guidance, she added, would have put people in harm’s way.

“Using ChatGPT to address this question would put a patient at risk for an unwanted and preventable drug interaction,” Grossman wrote in an email to CNN.

When the researchers asked the chatbot for scientific references to support each of its responses, they found that the software could provide them for only eight of the questions they asked. And in each case, they were surprised to find that ChatGPT was fabricating references.

At first glance, the citations looked legitimate: They were often formatted appropriately, provided URLs and were listed under legitimate scientific journals. But when the team attempted to find the referenced articles, they realized that ChatGPT had given them fictional citations.

In one case, the researchers asked ChatGPT how to convert spinal injection doses of the muscle spasm medication baclofen to corresponding oral doses. Grossman’s team could not find a scientifically established dose conversion ratio, but ChatGPT put forth a single conversion rate and cited two medical organizations’ guidance, she said.

However, neither organization provides any official guidance on the dose conversion rate. In fact, the conversion factor that ChatGPT suggested had never been scientifically established. The software also provided an example calculation for the dose conversion but with a critical mistake: It mixed up units when calculating the oral dose, throwing off the dose recommendation by a factor of 1,000.

If that guidance was followed by a health care professional, Grossman said, they might provide a patient an oral baclofen dose 1,000 times lower than required, which could cause withdrawal symptoms like hallucinations and seizures.

“There were numerous errors and “problems’ with this response and ultimately, it could have a profound impact on patient care,” she wrote.

The Long Island University study is not the first to raise concerns about ChatGPT’s fictional citations. Previous research has also documented that, when asked medical questions, ChatGPT can create deceptive forgeries of scientific references, even listing the names of real authors with previous publications in scientific journals.

Grossman, who had worked little with the software before the study, was surprised by how confidently ChatGPT was able to synthesize information nearly instantaneously, answers that would take trained professionals hours to compile.

“The responses were phrased in a very professional and sophisticated manner, and it just seemed it can contribute to a sense of confidence in the accuracy of the tool,” she said. “A user, a consumer, or others that may not be able to discern can be swayed by the appearance of authority.”

A spokesperson for OpenAI, the organization that develops ChatGPT, said it advises users not to rely on responses as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment.

The spokesperson pointed to ChatGPT’s usage policies, which indicate that “OpenAI’s models are not fine-tuned to provide medical information.” The policy also states that the models should never be used to provide “diagnostic or treatment services for serious medical conditions.”

Although Grossman was unsure of how many people use ChatGPT to address medication questions, she raised concerns that they could use the chatbot like they would search for medical advice on search engines like Google.

“People are always looking for instantaneous responses when they have this at their fingertips,” Grossman said. “I think that this is just another approach of using ‘Dr. Google’ and other seemingly easy methods of obtaining information.”

For online medical information, she recommended that consumers use governmental websites that provide reputable information, like the National Institutes of Health’s MedlinePlus page.

Still, Grossman doesn’t believe that online answers can replace the advice of a health care professional.

“[Websites are] maybe one starting point, but they can take their providers out of the picture when looking for information about medications that are directly applicable to them,” she said. “But it may not be applicable to the patients themselves because of their personal case, and every patient is different. So the authority here should not be removed from the picture: the healthcare professional, the prescriber, the patient’s physicians.”

Sat, 09 Dec 2023 23:49:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.cnn.com/2023/12/10/health/chatgpt-medical-questions/index.html




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