Physicists at the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) experiment announced the results from their dark matter detector's first scientific run.
The LZ detector is the world's most sensitive dark matter detector and the team announced the experiment is working as intended, and has released "significant results," a press statement reveals.
Though it did not detect dark matter in this first round of experiments, the signs are promising for a team that intends to use the machine to shed new light on one of the great mysteries of the universe.
The LZ detector, located underground in South Dakota, is composed of several nested tanks of liquid xenon, each of which is 1.5 meters tall and 1.5 meters wide. It was placed underground so there would be as little background noise as possible for the experiment to detect elusive dark matter particles.
The hope is that a dark matter particle will fly through space and eventually bounce off one of the xenon atoms. This will agitate loose electrons into a flash that will be recorded by the experiment.
The first run for the LZ detector lasted 60 days between December 25 and May 16. However, the scientists emphasized the fact that they're playing a long waiting game.
"We're looking for very, very low-energy recoils by the standards of particle physics. It’s a very, very rare process, if it's visible at all," Hugh Lippincott, a physicist at UC Santa Barbara and a member of the LZ team, said a press conference yesterday, July 7. "You can shoot a dark matter particle through 10 million light-years of lead and expect only one interaction at the end of that light-year."
Dark matter refers to the mysterious unaccounted-for matter that makes up roughly 85 percent of the entire mass of the universe. Though it has never directly been detected, we know it's out there because of the gravitational effect it has on observable space objects.
One of the main candidates targeted by dark matter detection experiments, such as the DAMA/LIBRA experiment in Italy, is the WIMP, or Weakly Interacting Massive Particle. These particles have mass but barely ever interact with ordinary matter, which is why a super sensitive machine is required to detect them.
LZ is 30 times larger and 100 times more sensitive than its predecessor, the Large Underground Xenon experiment. Though construction started on the new detector in 2018, experiments were delayed by Covid-19. Now things seem to be running smoothly. "The collaboration worked well together to calibrate and to understand the detector response," said Aaron Manalaysay, a physicist at Berkeley Laboratory and a member of the LZ team, in a Berkeley Lab press release. "Considering we just turned it on a few months ago and during COVID restrictions, it is impressive we have such significant results already."
The LZ detector researchers highlighted a total of 335 detections that looked promising during the machine's initial 60-day run. None turned out to be WIMPs, but the team was able to eliminate a mass range from future experiments. Ultimately, the team will be able to gradually eliminate mass ranges by pinpointing what masses the particles can't be. This will continually narrow the parameters for future experiments, making it more likely that WIMPs will be detected in subsequent attempts.
The LZ detector has 1,000 operational days scheduled, meaning roughly 20 times more data will be collected. And every data set is more likely than the last to finally uncover the great mystery of dark matter.
IN-FIGHTING between Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) and the tourism, trade and industry ministry officials is delaying the appointment of the troubled organisationâ€™s new executive director.
IN-FIGHTING between Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) and the tourism, trade and industry ministry officials is delaying the appointment of the troubled organisationâ€™s new executive director.
By Yunusu Abbey IN-FIGHTING between Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) and the tourism, trade and industry ministry officials is delaying the appointment of the troubled organisationâ€™s new executive director.Up to yesterday, the tourism ministry had not announced the results of the interviews conducted in February this year.The three-year non-renewable contract for UWAâ€™s South African-born Executive Director, Robbie Robinson is supposed to end in about two weeksâ€™ time. â€œIt is feared that the wrangle could jeopardise UWAâ€™s chances of getting a US$40m World Bank loan whose negotiations were supposed to start last week by teleconference,â€ said a high level source.An internal memo said the US$40m World Bank loan was supposed to build UWAâ€™ capacity â€œto ensure a vibrant wildlife sector that would boost the tourism industry and sustainably manage the wildlife sector in the country.â€ Reports said the World Bank loan, which falls under the Protected Areas Management for Sustainable Utilisation Project (PAMSU), has been pending since 1997.The UWA Executive Directorâ€™s post was advertised in The New Vision of November 15, 2001 and it attracted about 30 applicants.Only five candidates were reportedly short-listed for the February 13 and 14, 2002 interviews conducted in Kampala.â€œThe delay to name the new UWA boss is mainly due to disagreement over the best-evaluated candidate,â€ said a source.â€œSome inside sources said Dama Consultants, which conducted the interviews, had rated Dr. Arthur Mugisha as the best-evaluated and suitable candidate for the UWA job,â€ said the source. Mugisha, who started as a game warden and rose through the ranks, has reportedly been in the conservation field for 12 years.
Following a live TV debate on Tuesday, Albuquerque Mayor Tim Keller's campaign tells KOAT they are "pursuing legal options" against candidate Manny Gonzales.During a political campaign, it's common to see candidates attack each other. But during a mayoral debate on KOB, it got personal between Gonzales and Keller. Personal to the point that Keller's team is "pursuing legal options against these defamatory claims.""Defamation is basically a false statement of fact, that is harmful to someone's reputation or lessons or standing in the community," Marty Esquivel, a media law attorney, said. KOAT asked Esquivel if Gonzales' attacks towards Keller is considered defamatory."Accusing somebody of having an affair or accusing somebody of covering up a claim is defamatory. Absolutely. There's no question in my mind it's defamatory because it lessens somebody's standing and reputation community," Esquivel said.Esquivel added 90 percent of all defamation claims involving public officials get dismissed in court because it's difficult to prove a defamatory statement caused harm."You have to prove in New Mexico actual damage, if you're bringing a defamation suit against someone," KOAT legal expert John Day said.Day added damages can include financial impact or someone losing their job."Over the years, there have been these sort of cases brought by politicians suing each other saying you defamed me," Day said. "It's really hard to win those because generally political speech is protected."
Following a live TV debate on Tuesday, Albuquerque Mayor Tim Keller's campaign tells KOAT they are "pursuing legal options" against candidate Manny Gonzales.
During a political campaign, it's common to see candidates attack each other. But during a mayoral debate on KOB, it got personal between Gonzales and Keller. Personal to the point that Keller's team is "pursuing legal options against these defamatory claims."
"Defamation is basically a false statement of fact, that is harmful to someone's reputation or lessons or standing in the community," Marty Esquivel, a media law attorney, said.
KOAT asked Esquivel if Gonzales' attacks towards Keller is considered defamatory.
"Accusing somebody of having an affair or accusing somebody of covering up a claim is defamatory. Absolutely. There's no question in my mind it's defamatory because it lessens somebody's standing and reputation community," Esquivel said.
Esquivel added 90 percent of all defamation claims involving public officials get dismissed in court because it's difficult to prove a defamatory statement caused harm.
"You have to prove in New Mexico actual damage, if you're bringing a defamation suit against someone," KOAT legal expert John Day said.
Day added damages can include financial impact or someone losing their job.
"Over the years, there have been these sort of cases brought by politicians suing each other saying you defamed me," Day said. "It's really hard to win those because generally political speech is protected."
Bhubaneswar: In what could come as good news for consumers of Odisha, electricity tariffs will remain unchanged in the State in the financial year 2019-20, informed Odisha Electricity Regulatory Commission (OERC) today. The tariff order is effective retrospectively from June 1, 2019. A notification regarding the 2019-20 tariff order, which was kept on hold as […]
Khurda/Puri: Two pilgrims from Odisha were killed in Nepal after a truck hit the tourist bus they were on in Rautahat district on Monday midnight. The deceased have been identified as Charan Biswal from Malipada in Khurda and Bijay Kumar Jena, a resident of Jamuna village near Argul in Jatni. As per reports, as many […]
Bhubaneswar: With senior leader Pratap Keshari Deb’s resignation, there are now four vacancies in Rajya Sabha from Odisha. But for the ruling Biju Janata Dal (BJD), the equation seems to be more complex. While some have already been promised a Rajya Sabha berth, there are a plenty of names doing rounds for the rest of […]
Bhubaneswar: As predicted by the India Meteorological Department (IMD), normal life across Odisha was disrupted due to intense heat wave conditions with the mercury breaching 45 degree Celsius mark in Sambalpur on Tuesday. As per the latest bulletin, 13 places in Odisha recorded temperature above 40 degrees today. Apart from Sambalpur, Hirakud recorded a maximum […]
Bhubaneswar: Former Union Minister Srikant Jena on Tuesday demanded that tainted mine owners be debarred from bidding for mines auction in Odisha and steps taken to protect the interest of the state and its people. “Necessary steps must be taken to ensure that all the tainted mine owners who were involved in illegal mining and […]
Bhubaneswar: The new agriculture policy, which was conceived way back in the year 2013, may get introduced soon after a long wait. A meeting led by Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi was held regarding the same today. After the meeting, Agriculture Department secretary Sourav Garg informed that with the introduction of new agriculture policy, focus […]
Bhubaneswar: In what could prove to be major help for individuals as well as businesses, a foreign post office will be opened in Odisha, informed Chief Post Master General (CPMG) of Odisha Circle, Santosh Kumar Kamila on Tuesday. Kamila said that a foreign post office will help people to send and receive parcels and correspondence […]
Bhubaneswar: It’s an important meet for political observers here. All eyes were focussed on the first ever frame of CM Naveen – PM Modi meet in New Delhi today, especially post the high-profile duel during the 2019 elections in Odisha, when both the generals leading their respective armies prophesied each other’s waterloo. However, the Election […]
Bhubaneswar: The intense heat wave conditions may continue in Odisha with the scorching heat and humidity level likely to shoot up in the next two days, forecast the Regional Meteorological centre here on Tuesday. According to the Met department, the intense heat wave condition is likely to prevail for the next two days. As many […]
Bhubaneswar: The State Revenue and Disaster Management department has approved release of Rs 197.67 crore as first phase compensation for repair and restoration works post cyclone Fani in Puri district. According to sources, Rs 95,100 will be given as compensation for completely destroyed pucca/ kaccha houses while Rs 5,200 and Rs 3,200 will be given […]
Bhubaneswar: The Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) will take the final decision over auction of Rath Yatra live broadcasting rights today. Close on the heels of the temple administration’s letter inviting reputed TV channels to bid for the live broadcast rights of the event, several Odia and Hindi channels on Monday participated in the bidding […]
Puri: Odisha government has decided to deploy additional 200 buses to ensure that devotees do not face any hardship in travelling to Puri during Rath Yatra, informed Central Range Revenue Divisional Commissioner (RDC), Anil Samal after a high-level meeting held on Monday. As per official sources, stringent action will be taken against the private buses […]
Puri: Expecting heavy turnout of devotees during the annual Rath Yatra festival, the Railway Protection Force (RPF) has now decided to intensify patrolling in and around Puri Railway Station. A special training programme was also organised to impart soft skills to security personnel so that they behave and deal with the passengers with utmost care […]
Bhubaneswar: In what could come as good news for Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) aspirants from Odisha; the Department of Higher Education is going to offer free and subsidised coaching services in Bhubaneswar from this month. The decision was taken to Boost the success rate of aspirants from the State which has reportedly declined over […]
Bolangir: Despite serious charges levelled against Patnagarh MLA Saroj Meher, who forced a PWD official to do sit ups in public, police are yet to take any action against him and others involved in the case. Following police inaction, family members of the Junior Engineer (JE), Jayakanta Sabar, have left Patnagarh and are currently staying […]
Dhenkanal: A day after four people were killed in the tragic wall collapse incident in Dhenkanal, the local municipality shrugged off its responsibility by just demolishing a few dilapidated walls and houses. It is not an isolated case that has been reported from Dhenkanal, there are several such unsafe structures and buildings across Odisha. In […]
Bhubaneswar: The Odisha government today announced the formation of three new revenue circles in Bargarh. The decision was taken ahead of the by-elections in the Bijepur assembly constituency. The new circles will be at Talpali, Guderipali and Dangbahal. This apart, the Gaisilet revenue circle has been reorganised with its headquarters at Gaisilet, an official release […]
Bhubaneswar: At a time when everyone is eagerly waiting for the southwest monsoon, there seems to be no respite from the heat and humid conditions in the meantime. To add to the woes, the India Meteorological Department (IMD) on Monday issued heat wave warning for next three days in Odisha. HR Biswas, director of Bhubaneswar […]
Bhubaneswar: The Odisha government has decided to distribute one kg of ragi at Rs 1 as a pilot project through the public distribution system (PDS) to Boost nutritional consumption in the state. It was decided at the Odisha Millet Mission meeting, held under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary Aditya Prasad Padhi, here on Monday. Every […]
Bhubaneswar: Heat wave condition remained unabated in Odisha, particularly in the western region, with the temperature soaring above 40 degree Celsius in at least 11 places on Monday. Coastal and interior areas of the state also reeled under unbearable weather conditions due to rising temperature coupled with high level of relative humidity. Hirakud in western […]
Bhubaneswar: All government- run hospitals in Odisha will have e-hospital management system, informed Odisha Health and Family Welfare minister Naba Kishore Das on Monday. All the 384 CHCs (community health centres), 1318 PHCs (primary health centres), seven medical colleges and 32 district headquarters hospitals will have the Odisha e-Hospital Management Information System (OeHMIS) facility within […]
Bhubaneswar: Ever wondered about the lifestyle of a politician and that too of a Union Minister? Luxury and opulence are some things which many may associate with the men in power. But there is a politician in Odisha who recently shot to limelight for his simplicity. Yes, we are talking about Balasore MP Pratap Sarangi […]
Mayurbhanj: The Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) in Odisha’s Mayurbhanj district will remain closed to tourists from June 16 in view of the monsoon, officials said Monday. The date of reopening of the STR and sanctuary will be notified later after the monsoon ends, a press release issued by STR authorities said. The closure of the […]
Bhubaneswar: The Budget session of the 16th Odisha Assembly will begin from June 25 and continue till August 8 in two phases. The first phase of the session will be from June 25 to July 2 while the second from July 12 to August 8. Governor Ganesh Lal will address the House on the first […]
Bhubaneswar: A minor girl student of an engineering college in Similiguda of Koraput district, who was allegedly set on fire by her classmate for turning down love proposal on May 31, died while undergoing treatment at a private hospital here on Monday. As per reports, at around 12 noon on May 31, the accused went […]
Bhubaneswar: The Regional Meteorological Centre in Bhubaneswar on Monday issued thunderstorm, lightning and rainfall alert for as many as five districts of Odisha. As per latest forecast, light thunderstorm and lightning accompanied with light to moderate rainfall is likely to occur at one or two places over the districts of Ganjam, Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri and Gajapati till […]
Bhubaneswar: With the arrival of monsoon delaying in Odisha, the State continues to grapple under extreme heat wave conditions. As many as nine places of the State on Sunday recorded temperature over 40 degree Celsius. As per the bulletin of Bhubaneswar Meteorological Department on Sunday, Sambalpur remained the hottest at 43.6 degree C while the […]
Puri: Clarifying that no final decision has been taken on auctioning of the telecast rights of Rath Yatra of the Holy Trinity in the pilgrim city, chief administrator of the Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) PK Mohapatra informed that the bids for the live telecast rights of the chariot festival will be opened on Monday. […]
Sambalpur: A jawan of Odisha Special Armed Police (OSAP) today allegedly committed suicide by shooting himself with his service rifle in Kisinda area of Sambalpur district. As per reports, the jawan, identified as Amir Sahu hailed from Gaisilat in Bargarh. He fired three rounds from his INSAS rifle while pointing the gun towards his neck […]
Bhubaneswar: Blaming intra-party bickering for their defeat during the general elections of 2019, many BJP leaders, who were fielded as party candidates expressed their displeasure during the six-hour-long brainstorming session at the party headquarters in Bhubaneswar today. Former MLA of Brajarajnagar Radharani Panda, who lost the recently concluded Assembly poll by 9,000 votes from her […]
Bhubaneswar: Inspired by Anand Kumar’s famed Super 30 in Patna, Ajay Bahadur Singh has been imparting free medical education to underprivileged students in Odisha, and now his initiative is bearing results. Some 14 underprivileged students of Odisha have cleared the National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET), a national-level single entrance test for medical courses, thanks to the […]
Bolangir: In what could bring more trouble for Patnagarh BJD MLA Saroj Meher, who forced a Junior Engineer of Public Works Department(PWD) to do sit-ups in public, Bolangir Collector today clarified that there is truth behind the incident and informed that the administration will recommend the government for disciplinary action against the accused. “I have […]
Bhubaneswar: Amid advancement of the South-west monsoon towards Odisha, the Regional Meteorological department today issued thunderstorm and rainfall warning for nine districts in the State. The weather department issued warning in the districts–Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar, Malkangiri, Rayagada, Koraput, Gajapati, Nuapada, Sundergarh and Bolangir. According to a release by the Met department, thunderstorm, lightning and light to […]
Mayurbhanj: Tension prevailed at the Pandit Raghunath Murmu Medical College & Hospital in Baripada on Sunday after a minor girl died while undergoing treatment. Alleging negligence in treatment, family members of the deceased girl staged a demonstration by placing her body outside the hospital campus. As per reports, the minor a native of Chalunia village […]
Balasore: Prior to its inauguration, a portion of an under-construction bridge over Budhabalanaga river in Balasore caved in. With this, the hope of people of Mayurbhanj and Balasore to cross the river without any problems has now been shattered. According to reports, the construction works of the bridge had started four years back with an […]
Bhubaneswar: Odisha Pradesh Congress Committee (OPCC) has formed six teams to analyse and find out the reasons behind Congress’ poll debacle in the recently concluded 2019 election. After the first meeting of Odisha Congress’ fact-finding team held here on Saturday, party MLA Narasingha Mishra said that the post-mortem report of the party’s poll debacle will […]
Bhubaneswar: The newly elected Aska MP Pramila Bisoyi on Saturday requested Defence Minister Rajnath Singh to expedite the search for Odia pilot Sunit Mohanty who was on board Indian Air Force (IAF) transport aircraft AN 32 which went missing along with 12 other personnel. Flight Lieutenant Sunit Mohanty, who hails from Baliapalli of Kabisuryanagar of […]
Music's biggest night is filled with the brightest stars, amazing performances and unscripted moments not to be missed. The surprise stage appearance by Michelle Obama set the tone for an evening filled with optimism, love and joy. Check out all the best moments from the 61st Annual GRAMMY Awards at Staples Center on February 10, 2019, in Los Angeles, California.
• Issues Certificates of Return Monday PDP, Obi say victory is a challenge to uplift state
• Yari: We accept decision, Allah wanted it the way it happened
Onyebuchi Ezigbo and Adedayo Akinwale in Abuja
The Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC), yesterday, complied with the judgement of the Supreme Court and declared all the candidates of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) in Zamfara State as winners of the 2019 general election held in the state. This followed an emergency meeting occasioned by the apex court’s judgement.
This is as the leadership of the PDP yesterday congratulated Zamfara State Governor-elect Bello Mohammed Matawalle, the federal and state legislators-elect, and the people of the state. PDP described the victory of its candidates as the triumph of the will of the people over manipulative forces.
In a separate message, the vice presidential candidate of PDP in the 2019 elections, Mr. Peter Obi, urged Matawelle and the others to see their victory as a challenge to work and uplift their state.
Governor Abdulaziz Yari of Zamfara State said his administration and the All Progressives Congress (APC) in the state accepted the verdict of the Supreme Court. Yari said the party had done its best to retain power in the state, but as “Allah wanted it, the Supreme Court judgement went the way it happened.” The governor spoke in a statement by his Special Adviser on Public Enlightenment, Media and Communication, Mallam Ibrahim Dosara.
The Supreme Court had in a unanimous judgement by its five-member panel on Friday described as “wasted” all the votes cast for the All Progressives Congress (APC) in the 2019 elections in Zamfara State. The court said APC failed to conduct primaries in accordance with the party’s rules.
Justice Paul Adamu Galinji, who read the lead judgement, held that all votes cast for the APC were “wasted votes” and declared that all political parties with the second highest votes in the elections and the required spread were automatically elected to the various offices.
The Governor Abdul-Aziz Yari faction of the APC, which emerged after the October 3, 2018 primary of the party, had in the appeal by their lawyer, Lateef Fagbemi (SAN), asked the apex court to set aside the judgement of the Court of Appeal in Sokoto, in an appeal by the Kabir Marafa faction of the party challenging the outcome of the primary.
All the candidates fielded by the Yari faction of the party for the governorship, National and State House of Assembly elections, including the APC governorship candidate, Alhaji Mukhtar Shehu, had gone ahead to win the 2019 elections as declared by INEC.
But Chairman of INEC, Professor Mahmood Yakubu, while addressing a press conference yesterday at the end of an emergency meeting, said the reason for the impromptu briefing was to update the media on the recent decision of the Supreme Court regarding the candidates fielded by the APC in Zamfara State for the 2019 general election. Yakuku recalled that the legal process that culminated in the Supreme Court decision of May 24 started when the commission issued the timetable and schedule of activities for the 2019 elections on January 9, 2018, over a year ahead of the elections. The schedule included the conduct of party primaries, which was slated to take place between August 18 and October 7, 2018, but which the APC failed to comply with.
He insisted that APC did not conduct its primaries in Zamfara State within the stipulated time and the commission had duly informed the party that it would not be in a position to present candidates for elections in the state. The chairman explained that other interested parties, including the APC itself, approached the court over the decision of the commission. He said just before the election, the subsisting court judgement at the time had ordered the commission to include the APC on the ballot for the governorship, national assembly and state assembly elections, which the commission complied with.
Yakubu noted that since the elections were completed, a Court of Appeal judgement and now a Supreme Court judgement had decided that the APC did not conduct valid primaries for the elections in question.
According to the INEC chairman, “Following the judgement of the Supreme Court, the commission has met in two emergency sessions and taken briefings from our lawyers and staff on the implementation of the Supreme Court judgement.
“While the legislative elections (Senatorial, House of Representatives and State House of Assembly elections) are straight forward to deal with, because they entail first-past-the-post or simple majority of votes, the governorship election is determined not just by majority votes but also spread, in accordance with Section 179 (2) of the 1999 Constitution (as amended).
“This means that we had to first discount the votes cast for the APC at the elections and then carefully rework the spread by local government areas based on the new valid votes.”
He said in compliance with the Supreme Court judgement, the commission had now determined the winners of the elections in the state.
For the governorship poll, the commission declared Bello Mohammed Matawalle, of the PDP and his running mate, Mahdi Aliyu Gusau, as elected, having polled 189, 452 votes.
In the senatorial election, the main opposition party won all the three seats, and the candidates declared winners include Ya’u Sahabi, Zamfara North; Mohammed Hassan, Zamfara Central; and Lawali Hassan Anka, Zamfara West.
Those declared winners for the House of Representatives are Umar Dan-Galadima (Kaura-Namoda/Birnin Magaji federal constituency); Bello Hassan Shinkafi (Shinkafi/Zurmi federal constituency); Kabiru Amadu (Gusau/Tsafe federal constituency); Shehu Ahmed (Bungudu/Maru federal constituency); Kabiru Yahaya (Anka/Talata Mafara federal constituency); Ahmed Bakura (Bakura/Maradun federal constituency); and and Sulaiman Gum (Gummi/Bukkuyum federal constituency).
For the House of Assembly, the winners as declared by INEC are Zaharadeen M. Sada (Kaura Namoda North); Anas Sarkin Fada (Kaura Namoda South); Nura Dahiru (Birnin Magaji state constituency); Salihu Usman Zurmi (Zurmi East); Nasiru Mu’azu (Zurmi West); Muhammad G. Ahmad (Shinkafi state constituency); Musa Bawa Musa (Tsafe East State constituency); Aliyu Na-maigora (Tsafe West state constituency); and Ibrahim Naida (Gusau East).
Others include Shafi’u Dama (Gusau West); Kabiru Magaji (Bungudu East); Nasiru Bello Lawal (Bungudu West); Yusuf Alhassan Muhammad (Maru North); Kabiru Hashimu (Maru South); Shamsudeen Hassan (Talata Mafara North); Aminu Yusuf Jangebe (Talata Mafara South); Tukur Jekada (Birnin Tudu-Bakura); Faruk Musa Dosara (Maradun); Nasiru Atiku (Maradun II); Abdulnasir Ibrahim (Gummi I); Mansur Mohammed (Gummi II); Ibrahim Mohammed Na’idda (Bukkuyum North); and Sani Dahiru (Bukkuyum South).
The National Rescue Movement Party won one seat, Anka state constituency, through its candidate, Yusuf Muhammad.
Yakubu disclosed that INEC would issue Certificates of Return to the new winners on Monday.
He stated, “Governor and Deputy Governor-elect, Senators-elect and Members of the House of Representatives-elect will receive their certificates on Monday 27th May 2019 at the Commission’s Electoral Institute at 2.00pm.”
Yakubu added that members of the House of Assembly-elect would receive their certificates from the Resident Electoral Commissioner (REC) for Zamfara State at the INEC State Office in Gusau on Friday, May 31, 2019 at 10am.
He added, “I wish to seize this opportunity to draw the attention of all stakeholders, but particularly the political parties, to the implications of the Supreme Court judgement on the Zamfara matter.
“It is clear that properly conducted party primaries are cardinal to the proper internal functioning of political parties, the electoral process and our democratic system at large. Therefore, political parties must take very seriously the conduct of primaries according to all extant rules, including the monitoring of the processes by INEC, to avoid a repeat of the Zamfara experience.”
In a statement by its National Publicity Secretary, Mr. Kola Ologbondiyan, PDP congratulated its victorious candidates. It assured the people of Zamfara State of a purposeful, people-based, and result-oriented leadership that would unite and revitalise the state for the greater good, in line with the wishes and aspirations of the people.
The party noted that the victory was a clear pointer to the fact that no matter how long manipulations and anti-democratic tendencies appear to thrive, justice and the will of the people always prevail at the end of the day. It said Zamfara is blessed with abundant human and natural resources, adding that the in-coming administration will direct all energies towards harnessing such resources for the wellbeing of the people.
PDP urged the people to resist all forces of division and unite behind their new leaders to move the state forward.
The party also expressed optimism that justice would prevail in its effort to retrieve what it called all its stolen mandates, particularly the presidential mandate that Nigerians freely gave their candidate, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar in court.
On his part, Obi, who is also a former governor of Anambra State, said in his congratulatory message to Matawelle that God must have a reason for choosing him to hold the governorship mandate. In a statement, Obi stressed that the fallout of the Zamfara State elections should teach politicians a lesson that God has the final say on who gets what position.
He reminded the PDP leaders that the security situation in the state at this time had thrown up a huge challenge to them to go and resolve, adding that being a beneficiary of the rule of law, they should do everything while in office to uphold the sanctity of the judiciary as a critical component in a democracy.
A statement on Saturday by Dosara said Yari accepted the apex court’s verdict when he addressed a gathering of APC supporters at Government House, Gusau. The statement quoted the governor as saying that members and supporters of the party in the state had done everything possible to ensure APC did not lose Zamfara State, but God’s wish prevailed.
The governor urged all APC members and other citizens of the state to remain calm, peaceful and law-abiding. He directed security agencies in the state to be more vigilant to ensure adequate protection of lives and property in the state.
Ya’u Sahabi, Zamfara north
Mohammed Hassan, Zamfara central
Lawani Hassan, Zamfara West
HOUSE OF REPS
Umar Dan-Galadima – Kaura-Namoda/Birnin Magaji federal constituency
Bello Hassan Shinkafi – Shinkafi/Zurmi federal constituency
Kabiru Amadu – Gusau/Tsafe federal constituency
Shehu Ahmed – Bungudu/Maru federal constituency
Kabiru Yahaya – Anka/Talata Mafara federal constituency
Ahmed Bakura – Bakura/Maradun federal constituency
Sulaiman Gum – Gummi/Bukkuyum federal constituency
STATE HOUSE OF ASSEMBLY
Zaharadeen M. Sada – Kaura Namoda north constituency
Kaura Namoda – south constituency
Nura Daihiru – Birnin Magaji constituency
Salihu Zurmi – Zurmi east constituency
Nasiru Muazu Zurmi west constituency
Muhammad G. Ahmad – Shinkafi constituency
Musa Bawa Musa – Tsafe east constituency
Aliyu Namaigora – Tsafe west constituency
Ibrahim Naidda – Gusau east constituency
Shafiu Dama – Gusau west constituency
Kabiru Magaji – Bungudu east constituency
Nasiru Bello Lawal – Bungudu west constituency
Yusuf Alhassan Muh – Maru north constituency
Kabiru Hashimu -Maru South (NRM)
MARU SOUTH KABIRU HASHIMU MALE NRM
Read more: https://www.dailytrust.com.ng/inec-releases-full-list-of-elected-candidates-in-zamfara.html
Yusuf Muhammad – Anka constituency
Shamudeen Hassan – Talata-Mafara north constituency
Aminu Yusuf Jangebe – Talata-Mafara south constituency
Tukur Jekada – Bakura constituency
Faruk Musa Dosara – Maradun I constituency
Nasiru Atiku – Maradun II constituency
Abdulnasir Ibrahim – Gummi I constituency
Mansur Mohammed – Gummi II constituency
Ibrahim Mohammed Naidda – Bukkuyum north constituency
Sani Dahiru – Bukkuyum south constituency
NB:All but one are members of the PDP,the only exception is a member of NRM that won a seat into the State House of Assembly based on the Supreme Court verdict
*Seeks protection from removal from office for deputy governor
*Demands apex court’s approval to replace defectors
*Names Lawan, Gbajabiamila, APC, INEC, others defendants
The Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) has launched a legal battle at the Supreme Court to reclaim its mandate from Zamfara State Governor, Alhaji Bello Matawalle, as well as federal and state lawmakers that defected along with him to the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC).
The new suit, filed solely by the PDP as the petitioner/plaintiff, is different from the one filed at the Federal High Court in Abuja by members of the PDP in Zamfara State, seeking to the removal of the governor.
The suit is supported by a 26-point affidavits deposed by the National Secretary of PDP, Senator Umar Tsuari.
The party, in the suit filed by Mr. Emmanuel Ukala (SAN), joined Senate President, Dr. Ahmad Lawan; the Speaker of the House of Representatives, Hon. Femi Gbajabiamila; the Chief Judge of Zamfara State and the Speaker of the Zamfara State House of Assembly, as defendants.
Other defendants are the APC and the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
Matawalle, who last month joined the APC, became governor after the Supreme Court had annulled the victory of the APC, which won the 2019 general election in the state, and declared the party (PDP) with the second largest lawful votes as winner.
Others on the PDP legal team include Mr. Edward Obiokor, M.S. Agwu, Miss O.J. Iheko, Dike Udenna, Okechukwu Omeodu and Reginald WB Nnwoka.
The first defendant in the new suit is the INEC while the APC is the second defendant. Lawan is the third defendant and Gbajabiamila is the fourth defendant.
The speaker of the state House of Assembly, Matawalle and the state chief judge are the fifth to seventh defendants respectively.
In the suit, the PDP asks the Supreme Court to declare vacant the seats of all its members in the National Assembly and Zamfara State House of Assembly that defected to the APC.
The party sought accelerated hearing of the suit, saying the matter should be determined within 30 days after the service of summons on them, inclusive of the day of such service.
It said the apex court should cause the defendants for an appearance to be entered for them upon the receipt of the summons.
In court documents obtained by THISDAY at the weekend, the PDP is seeking a declaration that “sequel to the decision of the Supreme Court in SC. 377/2019: All Progressives Congress (APC) and Another v. Senator Kabiru Garba Marafa and 179 others (2020) 6 NWLR (Pt. 1721) 383, only members of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), the plaintiff herein, are entitled to occupy or hold the office of governor, deputy governor, or member of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State or occupy any position or seat as a senator or a member of the House of Representatives of the Nigerian National Assembly for the purpose of representing any senatorial district or electoral constituency in Zamfara State for the period beginning from May 29, 2019 and ending on May 28, 2023.
“A declaration that the Supreme Court of Nigeria, having expressly held in SC. 377/2019: All Progressives Congress (APC) and Another v. Senator Kabiru Garba Marafa and 179 others (2020) 6 NWLR (Pt. 1721) 383 at 433 that “a party that has no candidates in an election cannot be declared the winner of the election”, that all the votes credited to the alleged candidates of the All Progressives Congress “in the 2019 general elections in Zamfara State are wasted votes” and having “ordered that candidates of parties other than the 1st appellant (the 2nd defendant herein) with the highest votes and the required spread stand elected into the various offices that were contested for in Zamfara State in the 2019 general elections, members of the All Progressives Congress (APC) are foreclosed and debarred from occupying or holding the office of governor or deputy governor of Zamfara State, or the membership of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State or senator in respect of any senatorial district of Zamfara State or membership of the House of Representatives in respect of any constituency in Zamfara State for the period of May 29, 2019 until May 28, 2023.
“A declaration that in view of the decision of the Supreme Court of Nigeria in Faleke v. INEC (2016) 18 NWLR (Pt. 1543) 61 at 158, all the votes cast for the candidates of the plaintiff in 2019 general elections in respect of the offices of governor and deputy governor of Zamfara State, in respect of membership of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State, in respect of senatorial seats in all the senatorial districts in Zamfara State and in respect of membership of the House of Representatives for all the constituencies in Zamfara State, are votes cast for the plaintiff and the said votes are transferable at the instance of the plaintiff to its candidates.”
The PDP, based on its submissions, is seeking “an order of mandatory injunction “compelling the 1st defendant by itself or by its servants, or agents to accept the list of the plaintiff’s candidates issued by the plaintiff for the purpose of holding and occupying the office of governor of Zamfara State, members of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State, members of the Senate in respect of the senatorial districts in Zamfara State and members of the House of Representatives in respect of constituencies in Zamfara State and to issue certificates of return to each of the said candidates for the purpose of holding and occupying the said offices now purportedly occupied by members of the 2nd defendant in defiance of the decision of the Supreme Court in SC. 377/2019: All Progressives Congress v. Senator Kabiru Garba Marafa and others for the unspent electoral term of office of May 29, 2019 to May 28, 2013.
The main opposition party also wants the apex court to issue “an order of injunction restraining the 3rd defendant by himself or by his servants or agents from recognising or continuing to recognise any member of the 2nd defendant (All Progressives Congress), claiming title to or purporting to represent any senatorial district in Zamfara State for the term of office of May 29, 2019 to May 28, 2023 or in any manner whatsoever denying recognition to or withdrawing recognition from the plaintiff’s candidate representing the senatorial district.
“An order of injunction restraining the 4th defendant by himself or by his servants or agents from recognising or continuing to recognise any member of the 2nd defendant (All Progressives Congress), claiming title to or purporting to represent any House of Representatives constituency in Zamfara State for the term of office of May 29, 2019 to May 28, 2023 or in any manner howsoever denying recognition to or withdrawing recognition from the plaintiff’s candidate representing the constituency.
“An order of injunction restraining the 5th defendant by himself or by his servants or agents from recognising or continuing to recognise any member of the 2nd defendant (All Progressives Congress) claiming title to or purporting to represent any constituency in Zamfara State for the term of May 29, 2019 to May 28, 2023 or in any manner howsoever denying recognition to or withdrawing recognition from the plaintiff’s candidate representing the constituency.
“An order of injunction restraining the 5th, 6th and 7th defendants by themselves or by their servants, agents or associates from initiating any impeachment proceedings against the member of the plaintiff, (Mahadi Aliyu Mohammed) being the deputy governor of Zamfara State or to deny him of any right or privileges attaching to the office of Deputy Governor of Zamfara State or in any manner howsoever denying any member of the plaintiff holding office or occupying the position of member of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State his due rights and privileges attaching to or accruing to his office as a member of the House of Assembly.”
The PDP further wants the apex court to determine the following questions:
“Whether upon a correct interpretation of the provisions of Section 1(2), 287, 221, 177(c), 106(d) and 65(2)(b) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended), and upon giving due effect to the decision of the Supreme Court in SC. 377/2019: All Progressives Congress (APC) and Another v. Senator Kabiru Garba Marafa and 179 others (2020) 6 NWLR (Pt. 1721) 383, any member of a political party other than members of the Peoples Democratic Party (plaintiff), being the political party who won the highest votes in all the elections in the 2019 general election in Zamfara State is entitled to occupy or hold the office of governor, deputy governor, member of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State or occupy any position or seat as a senator or as a member of the House of Representatives of the Nigerian National Assembly for the purpose of representing any senatorial district or electoral constituency in Zamfara State for the period beginning from May 29, 2019 and ending on May 28, 2023?
“Whether upon a correct interpretation of the provisions of Section 109(1)(g) and 68(1)(g) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) all members of the All Progressives Congress (APC), 2nd defendant, who were originally elected to the House of Assembly of Zamfara State on the sponsorship and platform of the Peoples Democratic Party (plaintiff herein), namely; (1) Hon. Zaharadeen M. Sada, (2) Hon. Anas Sarkin Fada, (3) Hon. Nura Dahiru, (4) Hon. Nasiru Mu’azu, (5) Hon. Musa Bawa Musa, (6) Hon. Aliyu Namaigora, (7) Hon. Ibrahim Mohammed Naidda, (8) Hon. Shafiu Dama, (9) Hon. Kabiru Magaji, (10) Hon. Nasiru Bello Lawal (11) Hon. Yusuf Alhassan Muhammad, (12) Hon. Yusuf Muhammad, (13) Hon. Shamsudeen Hassan, (14) Hon. Aminu Yusuf Jangebe, (15) Hon. Tukur Jekada B/Tudu, (16) Hon. Faruk Musa Dosara, (17) Hon. Nasiru Atiku, (18) Hon. Abdulnasir Ibrahim (19) Hon. Mansur Mohammed, (20) Hon. Ibrahim Mohammed Bukkuyum, (21) Hon. Sani Dahiru or elected to the Senate as representing senatorial districts in Zamfara State on the sponsorship and platform of the plaintiff, namely; (1) Sen. Sahabi Alhaji Ya’u, (2) Sen. Hassan Muhammad Nasiha, (3) Sen. Lawal Hassan or elected to the House of Representatives as representing electoral constituencies in Zamfara State namely; (1) Hon. Shehu Ahmad, (2) Hon. Bello Hassan Shinkafi, (3) Hon. Ahmad Muhammad Bakura, (4) Hon. Sani Umar D’Galadima, (5) Hon. Sulaiman Abubakar Gumi, (6) Hon. Kabiru Amadu Gusau, having vacated their seats by reason of becoming members of the 2nd defendant, another political party other than the political party on whose platform they were elected, the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th defendants are entitled to continue to recognise or accord recognition to them as members of the Senate of the National Assembly, the House of Representatives of the National Assembly, or the House of Assembly of Zamfara State?
“Whether upon a correct interpretation of Section 188 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended), the 5th, 6th and 7th defendants can initiate removal proceedings or cause removal proceedings to be initiated, receive and/or entertain any notice of allegation from any member or members of the 2nd defendant purporting to be members of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State but who have vacated their seats by virtue of the provisions of Section 109(1)(g) of the constitution or to take any step whatsoever, including appointing a panel of seven persons by the 7th defendant for the purpose of removing the member of the Peoples Democratic Party, (plaintiff); Mahdi Aliyu Mohammed, from office as the deputy governor of Zamfara State?
“Whether upon a correct interpretation of Section 221 of the constitution and upon giving effect to the decision of the Supreme Court in Faleke vs. INEC (2016)18 NWLR (Pt. 1543) 61 the plaintiff can be denied the right to submit a list of candidates to replace the governor of Zamfara State, members of the Senate, members of the House of Representatives and members of the House of Assembly of Zamfara State who were originally elected on the platform and sponsorship of the plaintiff but who are now members of the 2nd defendant?”
Sydney, Australia, June 16, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) --
Catheon Gaming (“the Company”), the fastest-growing integrated blockchain gaming & entertainment company, announced today an industry partnership with leading Chinese game developer Kungfu Dama to bring 2 of their AAA titles, Prajna Gate and Prajna Metaverse, to the blockchain. Catheon Gaming will bring its deep expertise and network in blockchain, NFTs, gaming and Web3 to assist Kungfu Dama in bringing its premier game titles to the blockchain.
Purpose-built by a best-in-class development team for the blockchain, Prajna Gate is the first Unreal Engine 5 (“UE5”) multiplayer horror shooting game on the blockchain. The trailblazing AAA game title brings the next generation of the beloved First-Person-Shooter (“FPS”) and horror gaming genres to the blockchain. Set in a post-apocalyptic earth, players battle mutant monsters with fully customizable weapons, which users can own as NFTs, in campaign and multiplayer PVP modes.
The partnership will also involve Prajna Metaverse, an exciting 3D metaverse that integrates social networking, entertainment, gaming and community. The Prajna Metaverse offers exciting opportunities for players to explore a never-before-seen futuristic world, meet other players and own a wide range of virtual assets.
With a combined 95 years of experience, Kungfu Dama’s 14-person team is one of China’s leading Unreal Engine 5 development teams. Its core team has extensive experience in game development covering MMORPG, 3D titles, VR, and PC. They have also been part of several AAA titles, notably Silent Hill: Homecoming and Alone in the Dark: Near Death Investigation, uniquely positioning them to deliver a truly spine-chilling experience for users.
William Wu, Founder of Catheon Gaming commented: “The horror FPS genre has historically been extremely successful with a plethora of blockbuster titles regularly released. Prajna Gate carves its own unique take on the genre and would have been a successful game even without blockchain integration. Being carefully designed to be blockchain compatible and with a metaverse component from the beginning, we believe Prajna Gate is in an unparalleled position to take the blockchain gaming space by storm. Catheon Gaming is proud to be partnering with Prajna Gate to help bring their flagship AAA title to the next level and be a part of yet another milestone in the industry.”
Lu Zhenhua, Founder of Kungfu Dama said: “Prajna Gate is the product of countless hours of hard work by all of us at Kungfu Dama and we are extremely excited to be able to bring it to the world stage. Drawing from a combined 95 years of experience, we are developing a fun-filled and truly exhilarating game experience to the market. We are extremely excited to be working with Catheon Gaming to ensure a smooth onboarding to the decentralised world globally. Working together, we hope that our users will enjoy a truly immersive experience, which will make them true fans of Prajna Gate.”
About Catheon Gaming
Catheon Gaming is the fastest-growing integrated blockchain gaming and entertainment company globally. The company’s flagship franchise, SolChicks, entered the market following successful fundraising from various venture capital investors, institutions, and launchpad partners. The company brings technical, gaming, and marketing expertise together with deep roots in the blockchain industry. The company’s strategy is to partner with leading game developers and IP-holders to incubate and launch “best-in-class” blockchain games and bring them to the widest possible audience.
About Kungfu Dama
Kungu Dama team is one of China’s leading Unreal Engine 5 development teams with a combined 95 years of gaming industry experience. With significant experience developing flagship AAA titles, they aim to create the next generation of blockbuster games for all users, including those in the Web3 space globally. The team is fully committed to the development of Prajna Gate and looking forward to creating a full ecosystem and beloved franchise.
For more information, please visit: https://catheongaming.com/.
For media inquiries, please contact: email@example.com/.
Rachel Cheung Communication Lead Catheon Gaming media at catheongaming.com/.
At first glance, Li Dakang, a central character on the hit 2017 series “In the Name of the People,” seems an unlikely candidate for fan favorite status: As the drab, thermos-toting Communist party secretary of fictional Jingzhou City, Li comes off more like a caricature of a middle-aged bureaucrat than a youth idol.
That didn’t bother viewers, however, who quickly set about making Li, played by actor Wu Gang, into a viral star. Online, Li’s fans, collectively known as “Darkcom,” posted semi-ironic slogans like “Protect Secretary Dakang’s double eyelids and thermos.” Other members of the Darkcom community cheered on the development-obsessed Li — a rare morally gray character in an otherwise black-and-white show — with chants like “don’t get dejected or GDP will fall” and by creating reaction GIFs based on his most notable lines.
In the process, Darkcom helped turn “In the Name of the People,” which was originally produced to promote the Chinese Communist Party’s anti-graft campaign, into a genuine hit.
A sticker of Li Dakang. From Weibo
The show’s success, in turn, laid the groundwork for a popular resurgence of the Chinese TV genre known as zhengju, or “positive dramas.” Generally backed by the state and intended to propagate values, campaigns, or historical events deemed important by officials, the best zhengju, like “In the Name of the People” or more recent hits like “Minning Town” or “The Age of Awakening,” present a grounded, if idealized view of China that resonates with viewers tired of more overt political messaging.
But zhengju showrunners are also finding that contemporary viewers are rarely satisfied with passively consuming their work; instead, fans are repurposing positive dramas, turning them into memes that subvert or even outright contradict the series’ original goals.
Last year’s “The Age of Awakening,” which was produced in honor of the Communist Party’s centennial, offers a relatively benign example of the trend. On streaming sites, for example, the scene in which author Lu Xun writes “Diary of a Madman” is inundated by bullet comments — a kind of comment that scrolls over the video player — applauding the writer’s genius.
Bullet comments turn television into a participatory medium, enabling viewers to communicate with each other and pay homage to the show as they watch. Elsewhere on social media, some of the most popular scenes from “The Age of Awakening” were turned into reaction GIFs or spliced into short clips or music videos. The show’s director Zhang Yongxin, credited this groundswell of support with making “The Age of Awakening” a hit. “If we are the primary creators of ‘The Age of Awakening,’ then the viewers are its secondary creators.”
TV broadcasts have always been influenced by media technology, social relations, and cultural characteristics, and it’s relatively common for shows to acquire new meanings that transcend the intentions of their creators. This typically occurs through a process of contextualization; that is, works take on new connotations as they are interpreted and discussed by their audiences.
The advent of online technology has merely lowered the barriers to taking part in this process, allowing today’s viewers to play an increasingly active role in imbuing series with new layers of meaning. The emergence of online cultural phenomena such as bullet comments, reaction GIFs, and meme songs like the manic guichu have made audience-led secondary creation the norm.
A screenshot from a Taobao shop listing for stickers based on “The Age of Awakening.”
As this online subculture evolves and goes mainstream, secondary content has become increasingly imaginative. The “meme-ification” of shows reflects the ways in which today’s audiences draw parallels between works of television and different cultural contexts or social realities. In the process of consuming media, they are contributing to its creation and reinterpretation — even media with serious political connotations and traditionally little room for alternative interpretations.
One of the most obvious consequences of this is the growing appeal of previously staid genres like zhengju. Take “The Age of Awakening” and “Minning Town,” for example. The former tells the story of the historical evolution of China from the New Culture Movement to the establishment of the Communist Party in 1921, while the latter focuses on the achievements China has made in its battle against poverty. These are not new syllabus on Chinese TV, yet both shows won over large youth audiences, with some viewers claiming they binged them twice or even three times in a row.
The popularity of the two series can be attributed in part to their objective quality. Politics also played a role: Younger Chinese are increasingly nationalist and leftist. But I would argue that the most important factor was the way audiences were able, through various new media, to interact with and even insert themselves into the action. This sense of participation not only helped raise the series’ ratings, but also helped the shows resonate, drawing new fans and enriching the viewing experience.
Even if it merely consists of sampling and remixing the original work, however, secondary creation can produce interpretations that deviate from the creators’ initial intentions. On its own, there’s nothing wrong with this, but it’s worth asking how new methods of content consumption are affecting Chinese viewers’ understanding of, and relationships with political TV.
Take “In the Name of the People,” for example. At its core, the show set out to tell a tale of institutional self-purification, the process by which an organic, albeit idealized political system can rectify its shortcomings without external interference.
If the show revolved around politics, corruption, and complex institutional power struggles, viewers’ reinterpretations of the series tended to eschew these dynamics in favor of idolizing an individual, Li, caught between the Party’s ideals and the realities of Chinese development. Although this hardly turns the show on its head, it nonetheless subverts the text of the script.
There are other questions worth interrogating here. For instance, do these new methods of cultural consumption actually enrich the viewing experience? Or are they flattening complex stories into idol culture? Regardless, creators need to be wary of the possibility that the erosion of textual authority means their shows, no matter how carefully vetted or produced, are not immune to popular reinterpretation.
Translator: Lewis Wright; editors: Wu Haiyun and Kilian O’Donnell.
(Header image: From left to right, memes from “The Age of Awakening,” “In the Name of the People,” and “Minning Town.” Visuals from Weibo and VCG, reedited by Sixth Tone)
At least 100 years, that’s how long this classic Italian cookie has been popular. Named Lady’s Kisses because it was thought to resemble a woman’s puckered lips (I know, I don’t see it either), it consists of two crisp hazelnut rounds that embrace a soft chocolate filling … a lovely play between contrasting tastes and textures.
The oldest recipes use a filling of melted chocolate and ground hazelnuts (see filling one below) while the more recent ones replace it with a commercial chocolate-hazelnut spread (filling two below) or a plain chocolate-and-butter filling (filling three below). They’re all good; the choice is yours.
If you don’t have hazelnut flour, make it by processing skinned hazelnuts in a food processor with 2 tablespoons of the flour called for in the recipe until they’re very finely ground, stopping before they form a paste.
Make on 2 cookie sheets lined with parchment paper
Yields 3 dozen cookies
Recipe works at any elevation
Make the dough
Preheat the oven to 300 degrees, with a rack in the center position. Add the hazelnut flour, all-purpose flour and cornstarch to the bowl of a food processor and pulse to combine well. Add the butter and process until it disappears and the mixture is mealy. Add the sugar and vanilla, (if using) and pulse until small clumps form (this takes a few minutes; if necessary, stop and scrape the sides and bottom of the bowl and stir contents). Dump the mixture out on a sheet of waxed paper and gently knead until it comes together. If crumbly, add a little cool water.
Form the cookies
Break off pieces of dough and roll them into balls just over 3/4 of an inch in diameter (the size of a chocolate malted milk ball) and place them on the prepared cookie sheets. When one sheet is full, lightly cover the dough balls and place the sheet in the freezer until the balls are quite firm (this will help prevent spreading when the cookies bake). Continue, filling and chilling the second cookie sheet.
Bake the cookies
One sheet at a time, until the balls are set and the bottoms have colored lightly, about 20 minutes depending how cold they are when placed in the oven. Remove to a rack to cool completely. Pair the cookies by size.
Make the filling
For filling one: Place the 2 chocolates and the milk in a microwave-safe bowl and microwave at half power until the chocolates melt. Stir to combine, add the sugar and hazelnut flour, and stir until blended. Add more milk or more flour, if needed, to reach a consistency that spreads easily.
For filling two: If the chocolate-hazelnut spread is cold, warm it (at a low temperature in a microwave) to a temperature that spreads easily and stir it well.
For filling three: Place the chocolate in a microwave safe bowl and microwave at low power until almost melted, Remove, cut the butter into tiny pieces, add them, and stir vigorously until smooth and blended.
Fill the cookies
Scrape the filling into a small resealable plastic bag, close the bag, and push the filling into a corner. Cut off the tip of the corner, creating 1/4-inch opening, and gently squeeze the bag, piping about 1/2 teaspoon of filling in the middle of the bottom of one of the paired cookies. Place the top cookie, bottom side down, on the filling and press gently to distribute it evenly. Continue until all cookies are filled. Serve or store the cookies in an airtight container for up to a week.
This recipe is a variation of one published by Helen Fletcher in Pastries Like a Pro.
Vera Dawson’s column “High Country Baking” publishes biweekly in the Summit Daily News. Dawson is a high-elevation baking instructor and author of three high-altitude cookbooks. Her recipes have been tested in her kitchen in Frisco, where she’s lived since 1991, and altered until they work at elevation. Contact her at firstname.lastname@example.org.