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Killexams : EMC Administrator study help - BingNews Search results Killexams : EMC Administrator study help - BingNews Killexams : How Does Radiated EMI Impact Medical Devices?

What You'll Learn:

  • How does EMI differ from RMI?
  • What types of EMI and EMC affect medical devices?
  • Shielding options.
  • Dealing with computed-tomography interference.

The medical circumstance for many people requires that they have an implanted pacemaker/defibrillator or an implanted insulin pump. These kinds of critical equipment must not be disrupted by the operation of other electronics such as cell phones, etc.

What’s the Difference Between EMI and RFI?

The terms radio-frequency interference (RFI) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) often may be used interchangeably since radio waves are simply a subset of the electromagnetic spectrum. However, there’s actually a difference in practice.

EMI is usually characterized as any frequency of electrical noise; RFI is a specific subset of electrical noise within the EMI spectrum. RFI is classified as a disturbance that may affect an electrical circuit due to either electromagnetic conduction or electromagnetic radiation emitted from some external source.

IEC 60601-1-2 is the primary standard for EMI and electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) in electronic medical equipment and systems. This standard is created to define the safety and performance expectations for medical electronic equipment that is in the presence of an electromagnetic interference.

Medical Device Examples

There are so many types of medical devices that can be worn or implanted. Some of the main examples include:

  • Clothing
  • Watch
  • Ring
  • Shoes
  • Belt
  • Glasses
  • Armband

EMI/EMC Effects on Implanted or Wearable Electronics

Electromagnetic waves, which are emitted via communication devices (cell phones, etc.) or from an electrostatic discharge (ESD), will cause power disturbances that create a surge in conductive current as well as a localized radiated transient field.

READ MORE: Why is Industrial Design Important for Wrist-Based Wearables?

EMI may occur when these three factors are present: a source of EMI, a coupling path and a receptor. The coupling path from the source to the receptor can be a magnetic field, electric current or even an electromagnetic field.

For instance, lightning is an EMI source that occurs in nature. Other sources of EMI might be radios, wireless networks, computers, cellphones or even any electric devices designed to transmit signals. Keep in mind that any signals less than 50 kHz will typically not be a cause of EMI concern (see figure).

Shielding Against EMI

Modern EMI shielding is more challenging than it has ever been before. The use and production of new medical devices, along with the construction of digital circuits that are smaller yet faster for these newer models, make them susceptible to electromagnetic fields and the inevitable interference. 

Gold is one of the best coatings that can be employed as an effective shield against EMI. Gold will not cause a reaction when it comes into contact with the human body, Thus, it’s a superior EMI coating for medical devices such as pacemakers. Occasionally, platinum also is used for shielding on pacemakers. Platinum will help resist corrosion, but cost is a problem since it’s higher than the already-expensive gold.

Multi-Cavity EMI Shielding

Designers of medical devices always need to consider EMI shielding to prevent medical equipment failure and stay compliant with federal regulations. One that front, the multi-cavity EMI shield will help solve various problems associated with shielding technologies. This method consists of a lightweight metallized plastic material that’s able to be molded to fit any design shape.

READ MORE: Pacemakers Study Confirms Cell Phone Interference

The metallized plastic material should be attached to the printed circuit board (PCB) after the surface-mount technology (SMT) reflow process. It will allow for easy component inspection or rework. The plastic material also can be easily removed by hand without damaging the board or the soldering. It has excellent shielding capability and is a very simple attachment mechanism as compared to perforated, soldered metal can shields.

Another option is a polymer-based, non-ferromagnetic shield, as it will not disturb MRI imaging.

EMI/EMC Filters

Employing an EMI filter may help with conducted emissions as well as meet immunity and fast transient requirements of radiated emissions. A power line or mains EMI filter can be installed at the power entry point of equipment to prevent electromagnetic noise from exiting or entering the medical implant/device. 

Computed-Tomography (CT) Interference with Medical Devices

The Federal Drug Administration (FDA) has been notified of a small number of reports of adverse events that may be associated with CT imaging of implantable and wearable electronic devices (such as insulin pumps, cardiac implantable electronic devices and neurostimulators).

A CT scanner will directly irradiate the circuitry of certain devices (when the device is visible in the resulting CT image) and may cause sufficient electronic interference to affect their function and operation. Although there’s a low probability of causing clinically significant adverse events, it’s still possible.

Interference can be avoided when the medical device isn’t within the primary X-ray beam of the CT scanner. CT is the preferred tomographic imaging technology for patients with implantable or wearable medical devices. CT is safer for patients with devices of unknown magnetic-resonance-imaging (MRI) safety status, too.


The rise of advanced wireless technologies creates an almost saturation of the spaces that surround us, along with a high level of EMI. This situation can have particularly negative effects on the latest array of worn and implanted medical devices, and it may present a danger to people using them.

Thus, designers need to “err on the side of caution” when designing worn and implanted medical devices. Methods of EMI shielding and filtering must be considered as a key part of these designs.

This article appeared in Electronic Design.


Medical applications, Texas Instruments

PCB Design Guidelines For Reduced EMI

EMI’s Potentially Dangerous Impact on Pacemakers

How Does EMI Affect the Human Body and Brain? | Electronic Design

Interference between CT and Electronic Medical Devices | FDA

EMI/EMC Standards for Medical Devices - VSE

5G Networks: Effects On Radiated Emissions And EMI Shielding (

The Importance of EMI Shielding in Medical Devices - SAT Plating

FDA/CDRH Recommendations for EMC/EMI in Healthcare Facilities | FDA

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 04:45:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : EdTech and Smart Classrooms Market Analysis by Size, Share, Key Players, Growth, Trends & Forecast 2027
EdTech and Smart Classrooms Market Analysis by Size, Share, Key Players, Growth, Trends & Forecast 2027

“Apple (US), Cisco (US), Blackboard (US), IBM (US), Dell EMC (US),Google (US), Microsoft (US), Oracle(US),SAP (Germany), Instructure(US).”

EdTech and Smart Classrooms Market by Hardware (Interactive Displays, Interactive Projectors), Education System Solution (LMS, TMS, DMS, SRS, Test Preparation, Learning & Gamification), Deployment Type, End User and Region – Global Forecast to 2027

MarketsandMarkets forecasts the global EdTech and Smart Classrooms Market to grow from USD 125.3 billion in 2022 to USD 232.9  billion by 2027, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 13.2% during the forecast period. The major factors driving the growth of the EdTech and smart classrooms market include increasing penetration of mobile devices and easy availability of internet, and growing demand for online teaching-learning models, impact of COVID-19 pandemic and growing need for EdTech solutions to keep education system running.

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Interactive Displays segment to hold the highest market size during the forecast period

Interactive displays helps to collaborate teaching with tech boost social learning. As per a study it has been discovered that frequent group activity in classrooms, often aided by technology, can result in 20% higher levels of social-emotional skill development. Students in these classes are also 13% more likely to feel confident contributing to class discussions. Interactive display encourages the real time collaboration. SMART Boards facilitate the necessary collaboration for students to develop these skills. Creating an audience response system on the interactive display allows students to use devices to participate in class surveys, quizzes, and games, and then analyse the results in real time. A large interactive whiteboard (IWB), also known as an interactive board or a smart board, is a large interactive display board in the shape of a whiteboard. It can be a standalone touchscreen computer used to perform tasks and operations on its own, or it can be a connectable apparatus used as a touchpad to control computers from a projector. They are used in a variety of settings, such as classrooms at all levels of education, corporate board rooms and work groups, professional sports coaching training rooms, broadcasting studios, and others.

Cloud deployment type to record the fastest growth rate during the forecast period

Technology innovation has provided numerous alternative solutions for businesses of all sizes to operate more efficiently. Cloud has emerged as a new trend in data centre administration. The cloud eliminates the costs of purchasing software and hardware, setting up and running data centres, such as electricity expenses for power and cooling of servers, and high-skilled IT resources for infrastructure management. Cloud services are available on demand and can be configured by a single person in a matter of minutes. Cloud provides dependability by storing multiple copies of data on different servers. The cloud is a potential technological creation that fosters change for its users. Cloud computing is an information technology paradigm that delivers computing services via the Internet by utilizing remote servers, database systems, networking, analytics, storage systems, software, and other digital facilities. Cloud computing has significant benefits for higher education, particularly for students transitioning from K-12 to university. Teachers can easily deliver online classes and engage their students in various programs and online projects by utilizing cloud technology in education. Cloud-based deployment refers to the hosted-type deployment of the game-based learning solution. There has been an upward trend in the deployment of the EdTech solution via cloud or dedicated data center infrastructure. The advantages of hosted deployment include reduced physical infrastructure, lower maintenance costs, 24×7 accessibility, and effective analysis of electronic business content. The cloud-based deployment of EdTech solution is crucial as it offers a flexible and scalable infrastructure to handle multiple devices and analyze ideas from employees, customers, and partners.

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Major EdTech and smart classrooms vendors include Apple (US), Cisco (US),  Blackboard (US), IBM (US), Dell EMC (US), Google (US), Microsoft (US), Oracle(US), SAP (Germany), Instructure(US). These market players have adopted various growth strategies, such as partnerships, agreements, and collaborations, and new product enhancements to expand their presence in the EdTech and smart classrooms market. Product enhancements and collaborations have been the most adopted strategies by major players from 2018 to 2020, which helped companies innovate their offerings and broaden their customer base.

A prominent player in the EdTech and smart classrooms market, Apple focuses on inorganic growth strategies such as partnerships, collaborations, and acquisitions. For instance, in August 2021 Apple launched Mobile Student ID through which students will be able to navigate campus and make purchases using mobile student IDs on the iPhone and Apple Watch. In July 2020 Apple partnered with HBCUs to offer innovative opportunities for coding to communities across the US. Apple deepened the partnership with an additional 10 HBCUs regional coding centers under its Community Education Initiative. The main objective of this partnership is to bring coding, creativity, and workforce development opportunities to learners of all ages. Apple offers software as well as hardware to empower educators with powerful products and tools. Apple offers several applications for K-12 education, including Schoolwork and Classroom. The company also offers AR in education to provide a better learning experience. Teaching tools helps to simplify teaching tasks with apps that make the classroom more flexible, collaborative, and personalized for each student. Apple has interactive guide that makes it easy to stay on task and organized while teaching remotely with iPad. The learning apps helps to manage schedules and screen time to minimize the distractions and also helps to create productive learning environments and make device set up easy for teachers and parents. Apple has various products, such as Macintosh, iPhone, iPad, wearables, and services. It has an intelligent software assistant named Siri, which has cloud-synchronized data with iCloud.

Blackboard has a vast product portfolio with diverse offerings across four divisions: K-12, higher education, government, and business. Under the K-12 division, the company offers products such as LMS, Synchronous Collaborative Learning, Learning Object Repository, Web Community Manager, Mass Notifications, Mobile Communications Application, Teacher Communication, Social Media Manager, and Blackboard Ally. Its solutions include Blackboard Classroom, Collaborate Starter, and Personalized Learning. Blackboard’s higher education division products include Blackboard Learn, Blackboard Collaborate, Analytics for Learn, Blackboard Intelligence, Blackboard Predict, Outcomes and Assessments, X-ray for Learning Analytics, Blackboard Connect, Blackboard Instructor, Moodlerooms, Blackboard Transact, Blackboard Ally, and Blackboard Open Content. The company also provides services, such as student pathway services, marketing, and recruiting, help desk services, enrollment management, financial aid and student services, engagement campaigns, student retention, training and implementation services, strategic consulting, and analytics consulting services. Its teaching and learning solutions include LMS, education analytics, web conferencing, mobile learning, open-source learning, training and implementation, virtual classroom, and competency-based education. Blackboard also offers campus enablement solutions such as payment solutions, security solutions, campus store solutions, and transaction solutions. Under the government division, it offers solutions such as LMS, registration and reporting, accessibility, collaboration and web conferencing, mass notifications and implementation, and strategic consulting. The company has launched Blackboard Unite on April 2020 for K-12. This solution compromises a virtual classroom, learning management system, accessibility tool, mobile app, and services and implementation kit to help emote learning efforts.

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Fri, 22 Jul 2022 11:15:00 -0500 GetNews en-US text/html
Killexams : MSU, NOAA celebrate Orion supercomputer
MSU and NOAA personnel cut a ribbon for the Orion supercomputer
Mississippi State University and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration leaders cut a ribbon Wednesday [Dec. 18] for the Orion supercomputer, a Dell-EMC system that is the fourth most powerful computer system in U.S. academia. Pictured, from left, is MSU Interim Vice President for Research and Economic Development Julie Jordan, Dell EMC Senior Vice President/Senior Fellow Jimmy Pike, MSU President Mark E. Keenum, NOAA Assistant Administrator for Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Craig McLean, MSU Provost and Executive Vice President David Shaw and MSU Director of High Performance Computing Trey Breckenridge. (Photo by Megan Bean)

Contact: James Carskadon

STARKVILLE, Miss.—Mississippi State University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration celebrated one of the country’s most powerful supercomputers Wednesday [Dec. 18].

MSU and NOAA leaders held a ribbon-cutting ceremony for the Orion supercomputer, the fourth-fastest computer system in U.S. academia. Funded by NOAA and managed by MSU’s High Performance Computing Collaboratory, the system is powering research and development advancements in weather and climate modeling, autonomous systems, materials, cybersecurity, computational modeling and more.

Orion can process 5 petaFLOPS per second, making it the 60th most powerful supercomputer in the world according to, which ranks the world’s most powerful non-distributed computer systems. It is housed in the Malcolm A. Portera High Performance Computing Center, located in MSU’s Thad Cochran Research, Technology and Economic Development Park.

“Mississippi State has a long history of using advanced computing power to drive innovative research, making an impact in Mississippi and around the world,” said MSU President Mark E. Keenum. “We also have had many successful collaborations with NOAA in support of the agency’s vital work. I am grateful that NOAA has partnered with us to help meet its computing needs, and I look forward to seeing the many scientific advancements that will take place because of this world-class supercomputer.”

A cowbell is presented to NOAA's Craig McLean
MSU President Mark E. Keenum, left, and Director of High Performance Computing Trey Breckenridge, right, present a commemorative MSU and NOAA cowbell to NOAA Assistant Administrator for Oceanic and Atmospheric Research Craig McLean. MSU and NOAA marked another research partnership Wednesday [Dec. 18] with a ribbon-cutting for the Orion supercomputer at MSU. (Photo by Megan Bean)

NOAA has provided MSU with $22 million in grants to purchase, install and run Orion. The Dell-EMC system consists of 28 computer cabinets, each cabinet approximately the size of an industrial refrigerator, 72,000 processing cores and 350 terabytes of Random Access Memory.

“We’re excited to support this powerhouse of computing capacity at Mississippi State,” said Craig McLean, NOAA assistant administrator for Oceanic and Atmospheric Research. “Orion joins NOAA’s network of computer centers around the country, and boosts NOAA’s ability to conduct innovative research to advance weather, climate and ocean forecasting products vital to protecting American lives and property.”

MSU’s partnerships with NOAA include the university’s leadership of the Northern Gulf Institute, a consortium of six academic institutions that works with NOAA to address national strategic research and education goals in the Gulf of Mexico region. Additionally, MSU’s High Performance Computing Collaboratory provides the computing infrastructure for NOAA’s Exploration Command Center at the NASA Stennis Space Center. The state-of-the-art communications hub enables research scientists at sea and colleagues on shore to communicate in real time and view live video streams of undersea life.

“NOAA has been an incredible partner in research with MSU, and this is the latest in a clear demonstration of the benefits of this partnership for both the university and the agency,” said MSU Provost and Executive Vice President David Shaw.

Orion supports research operations for several MSU centers and institutes, such as the Center for Computational Sciences, Center for Cyber Innovation, Geosystems Research Institute, Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biogeotechnology, the Northern Gulf Institute and the FAA Alliance for System Safety of UAS through Research Excellence (ASSURE). These centers use high-performance computing to model and simulate real-world phenomena, generating insights that would be impossible or prohibitively expensive to obtain otherwise.

“With our faculty expertise and our computing capabilities, MSU is able to remain at the forefront of cutting-edge research areas,” said MSU Interim Vice President for Research and Economic Development Julie Jordan. “The Orion supercomputer is a great asset for the state of Mississippi as we work with state, federal and industry partners to solve complex problems and spur new innovations.”

For more on MSU’s High Performance Computing Collaboratory, visit

MSU is Mississippi’s leading university, available online at

Mon, 03 Jan 2022 04:18:00 -0600 en text/html
Killexams : Security teams struggle with ‘alert fatigue’ amid rising cyber threats: study No result found, try new keyword!Almost three-in-four (70 percent) organisations struggle to keep up with the volume of alerts generated by security analytics tools, according to the latest ESG study commissioned by Kaspersky. Thu, 07 Jul 2022 04:33:00 -0500 text/html Killexams : Enterprise Data Storage Market Overview 2022 to 2030, Future Trends and Forecast | By -Broadcom, Dell, EMC

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Jul 11, 2022 (Heraldkeepers) -- New Jersey, United States-The latest investigation of the global Enterprise Data Storage market incorporates information connected with this organization vertical, essentially which is all in light of explicit elements. The market examination centers around giving a top to bottom outline of this industry, explicitly showing the business’ size and offer, programming division, item types, and new business open doors.

We want to give our perusers an examination on the Enterprise Data Storage market that glances at the market from 2022 to 2030. One motivation behind this archive is to give more data about this area of business. The underlying segment of the review centers around characterizing the business for the item or administration that is the subject of the Market investigation. The report will then investigate the factors that are forestalling and advancing modern development.

Receive the demo Report of Enterprise Data Storage Market 2022 to 2030:

The worldwide Enterprise Data Storage market is expected to grow at a booming CAGR of 2022-2030, rising from USD billion in 2021 to USD billion in 2030. It also shows the importance of the Enterprise Data Storage market main players in the sector, including their business overviews, financial summaries, and SWOT assessments.

Enterprise Data Storage Market Segmentation & Coverage:

Enterprise Data Storage Market segment by Type: 
External Drives, Cloud Storage

Enterprise Data Storage Market segment by Application: 
BFSI, IT, Telecom, Government, Others

The years examined in this study are the following to estimate the Enterprise Data Storage market size:

History Year: 2015-2019
Base Year: 2021
Estimated Year: 2022
Forecast Year: 2022 to 2030

Cumulative Impact of COVID-19 on Market:

Because of the COVID-19 pandemic, organizations all over the planet are taking on a remote work culture, presenting new issues for suppliers. The principal issue is staying up with the latest with changing authoritative societies. Following the pandemic, in any case, there has been a spike in cloud reception, making ready for the requirement for dangerous security arrangements.

Get a demo Copy of the Enterprise Data Storage Market Report:

Regional Analysis:

North America (the United States, Canada, and Mexico), Europe (Germany, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Russia, and Turkey, among others), Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, and Southeast Asia (Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, and Vietnam), South America (Brazil, among others), and the Middle East and Africa (North Africa and GCC Countries).

The Key companies profiled in the Enterprise Data Storage Market:

The study examines the Enterprise Data Storage market’s competitive landscape and includes data on important suppliers, including Broadcom, Dell, EMC, Hewlett Packard, Hitachi Data Systems, Huawei Technologies, IBM, Netapp, Oracle, Symantec,& Others

Table of Contents:

List of Data Sources:
Chapter 2. Executive Summary
Chapter 3. Industry Outlook
3.1. Enterprise Data Storage Global Market segmentation
3.2. Enterprise Data Storage Global Market size and growth prospects, 2015 – 2026
3.3. Enterprise Data Storage Global Market Value Chain Analysis
3.3.1. Vendor landscape
3.4. Regulatory Framework
3.5. Market Dynamics
3.5.1. Market Driver Analysis
3.5.2. Market Restraint Analysis
3.6. Porter’s Analysis
3.6.1. Threat of New Entrants
3.6.2. Bargaining Power of Buyers
3.6.3. Bargaining Power of Buyers
3.6.4. Threat of Substitutes
3.6.5. Internal Rivalry
3.7. PESTEL Analysis
Chapter 4. Enterprise Data Storage Global Market Product Outlook
Chapter 5. Enterprise Data Storage Global Market Application Outlook
Chapter 6. Enterprise Data Storage Global Market Geography Outlook
6.1. Enterprise Data Storage Industry Share, by Geography, 2022 & 2030
6.2. North America
6.2.1. Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product
6.2.2. Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
6.2.3. The U.S. Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
6.2.4. Canada Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3. Europe
6.3.1. Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product
6.3.2. Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3.3. Germany Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3.4. the UK Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
6.3.5. France Market 2022 -2030 estimates and forecast, by product Market 2022 -2030, estimates and forecast, by application
Chapter 7. Competitive Landscape
Chapter 8. Appendix

Download here the full INDEX of Enterprise Data Storage Market Research Report @

What are the Enterprise Data Storage market’s difficulties?
Which of the two sorts has the most piece of the pie?
What is the condition of the Enterprise Data Storage market?

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Sun, 10 Jul 2022 15:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Fiber Connect 2022: A Focus on Fiber Growth, Public-Private Partnerships and the Middle Mile

Public-Private Partnerships Require Work, Education

Public-private partnerships (P3s or PPP) continue to emerge as communities look for new ways to get broadband into the hands of more consumers and businesses.

Service providers are taking several approaches to establish P3s. Some of the most common are:

  • Build Operate Transfer (BOT): A local government has a private party build and operate the network for several years. The local government then takes over operations of the network.
  • Build Operate Own (BOO): A BOO is like a BOT arrangement, but the private entity is not required to transfer the project to the government.
  • Design-Build (DB): A government contracts with a private party to design and construct a project for a fee. The government retains ownership and may either operate it or contract out operations.
  • Buy Build Operate (BBO): This is a pre-existing network that is already complete and may have been operated by the government for some time. It is then transferred to a private party that takes it over entirely. An interim partner may need to invest in rehabilitating or expanding the project.

These agreements between ISPs and communities are gaining momentum as new federal broadband funding becomes available. States and local communities must consider partnerships with local service providers.

For example, the Broadband Equity, Access, and Deployment (BEAD) Program provides $42.5 billion to expand high-speed internet access by funding planning, infrastructure deployment, and adoption programs.

BEAD has three main priorities: unserved locations (no access to 25/3 Mbps); underserved locations (no access to 100/20 Mbps); and community anchor institutions (without gigabit connections).

Overcoming Obstacles, Challenges

Although using P3s can help make the most of federal and state broadband funding sources, panelists on the “Best Practices for Success with PPP” panel cautioned that public-private partnerships should be done carefully.

Scott Woods, vice president of community engagement and strategic partnerships at, said there’s always a hurdle when a provider and a community establish a public-private partnership. “A public-private partnership is not as easy as it sounds,” he said. “They don’t magically occur. It takes a lot of work to educate.”

In Virginia, Lumos Networks/NorthState, which just completed its Alleghany Highlands project in November, will bring fiber-based broadband to 12,000 addresses and add more than 650 route miles of fiber within the Alleghany Highlands. Botetourt County and Lumos received funding for universal broadband coverage for homes and businesses from the Virginia Telecommunications Initiative (VATI) grant from the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Lumos is also making progress in Orange County, North Carolina, which issued a broadband RFP. NorthState currently serves the area.

“When we began digging into the design, there were about 7,000 homes that were unserved,” said Derek Kelly, senior director of market development for Lumos/NorthState. “We said every other home in [the] county has been suffering with cable and DSL.”

He added, “we were not only interested in [the area’s] unserved consumers, but also the underserved.”

Windstream, like Lumos and, is also keen on pursuing public-private partnerships to enhance its broadband reach where it could not before.

For example, in 2021, the telco announced that it would expand the number of customer locations in its Pennsylvania service area that qualify for fiber-backed, symmetrical, 1-gigabit broadband service.

“We have been going to counties to find out how they are using their ARPA funds and if they could do a project with us,” said Trent Fellers, vice president and head of state government affairs for Windstream. “We then try to educate the community and ourselves on what it would take to develop a partnership in addition to looking at state grants and digesting the BEAD Program.”

Besides working directly with communities, Windstream works with other P3 partners, such as electric cooperatives. Previously, the telco established a partnership with Colquitt Electric Membership Corp. Windstream and Colquitt EMC will share responsibility for expanding a fiber broadband network that will reach some of Georgia’s most rural areas. “Colquitt helped build the fiber, and we used its labor to enhance that network,” Fellers said. He added, “We’re open to other P3 models.”  

Focus on Local Communications

As providers pursue P3 arrangements, the focus should be on what a provider and a community can bring to a deal. This comes down to understanding a community’s broadband needs and local regulations.

“Because there are a lot of different models out there, it’s important to figure out what both sides bring to the table and to have an open dialogue to see if it’s possible to make something work,” Fellers said.

Lumos uses a similar process when it pursues community broadband partnerships.

“There’s not a one-model-fits-all,” when it comes to building public-private partnerships, Kelly said. “It all comes down to how you can build things faster and cheaper.”

Establishing an agreement also depends on understanding how each state and town works. In North Carolina, many municipalities cannot issue grant dollars themselves because there may be a cable company serving that area.

“These agreements depend on every state and area by area,” Kelly said. “One thing a community can do to make a project faster and cheaper is control costs with streamlined permitting.”

In addition, a provider must take on the responsibility to understand the unique elements of a community. “The more information a community can come to the table with, the easier it is for the provider to work with it to structure a plan that works,” Woods said. “Many times, we have good anecdotal data, but we don’t have empirical data about where broadband is and where broadband is not.”

A community should also provide information about existing assets, local businesses and schools by conducting a feasibility study before approaching a provider to engage in a broadband partnership.

“You have to know where the assets are and what local businesses and the education community needs,” Woods said. “All that information will then be fed into what a provider partner will use to design and build.”  

AT&T Sets Organic, Community Partner FTTH Build Approach

AT&T has set an aggressive fiber-to-the-home (FTTH) build schedule to extend services to new markets and enhance speed tiers. During the first quarter of 2022, the service provider reported that fiber broadband generated $1.1 billion in revenue for its consumer segment, up 6.2 percent quarter-over-quarter.

AT&T also gained 289,000 fiber broadband subscribers and lost 284,000 nonfiber broadband subscribers. This represented a 21 percent gain in fiber broadband subscriber count compared with AT&T’s 5.19 million fiber broadband subscribers as of the first quarter of 2021.

The telco is not resting on its laurels. AT&T has plans to build fiber to 30 million premises by 2025. Specifically, this coverage includes more than 25 million consumer locations, 4 million small businesses, and 1 million enterprise locations.

“We have been building fiber in earnest for several years and now serve 17 million customer locations,” said Chris Altomari, vice president of broadband network product management for AT&T, in an interview with Broadband Communities during the Fiber Connect 2022 show in Nashville. “We will be building at scale for the next several years.”

Focus on Multi-Gig Speeds

As it ramps up FTTH coverage, AT&T is enhancing its speed tiers. After an initial launch in January, AT&T began offering up to 5 Gbps across parts of its entire footprint of more than 100 metro areas.

As part of those expansion efforts, the telco will bring AT&T Fiber and its Hyper-Gig speeds to seven all-new fiber metro areas in Texas, Oklahoma and Ohio by the end of the year.

Altomari said the speed increases reflect the growing demand for higher speed bandwidth. “It was time to introduce the 2 Gbps and 5 Gbps speeds given what happened during and after the pandemic with remote work and remote schooling,” he said. “Many of these high-bandwidth activities are here to stay.”

Although it is still early, Altomari said that AT&T sees “some nice take rates both from our existing customer base that is on lower speeds and also new customers coming into AT&T.”

AT&T is also keeping a close eye on growing broadband data consumption. “Today, the average consumer on the network is consuming around 400 Mbps of data per month, which is about 15 to 20 connected devices in a household,” Altomari said. “The upper-quartile customer is consuming a lot more than that.”

Though these even higher gigabit speeds aren’t neccessary today, AT&T wants to be prepared.

An early adopter of XGS-PON, AT&T held its first multi-gig trial in North Carolina in late 2021, with a wider, multi-gig customer launch in 2022 featuring 2 Gbps and 5 Gbps symmetrical broadband services.

In June, AT&T conducted a trial of 25GS-PON technology to demonstrate how to develop 20 Gbps speeds and beyond FTTH services out of a central office in Austin, Texas. “Our 25 Gbps trial shows the production capability of our fiber network,” Altomari said. “We think 2 and 5 Gbps speeds are adequate for now, but with fiber, you can update the equipment on both ends of the fiber to keep climbing up the gigabit stack.”

Neck-Deep in P3s

To complement its FTTH investments, AT&T has entered public-private partnerships in various communities. The telco recently announced agreements with Boonville, Indiana, and Amarillo, Texas.

AT&T finalized a $4.4 million contract in Boonville to build its fiber network to more than 4,000 locations throughout the city. Amarillo announced a $24 million project with AT&T to build its fiber network to more than 22,000 customer locations throughout the city.

“We’re neck-deep in public-private partnerships,” Altomari said. “Communities are leveraging American Rescue Plan Act funds, which is now known as BEAD.”

AT&T is excited to find ways to work with communities on leveraging new broadband funding sources, but the telco admits it’s not an easy process. The federal government has mandated that states use the funds to initially focus on bringing broadband to unserved and underserved areas that can’t get 100/20 Mbps.

“While it’s exciting and opportunistic to see all the federal funding flooding into this space to build fiber broadband in the next five to seven years, it’s equally complicated,” Altomari said. “It is challenging not only to get the funding at the state and local level but to square off with the right folks to understand their priorities and processes.”

Regardless, AT&T sees an opportunity to engage with several communities in its territories. “Our interest is to do as many partnerships as we can across our entire footprint to bring fiber broadband to those underserved areas,” Altomari said. “It’s a generational moment, but we’re seeing a lot of complexity.”

The BEAD funding will be released by the first half of next year. When that happens, Altomari expects it will spur an “intense squaring off with states on how those funds will be released and how they will be awarded.”

He added that because these awards require a 25 percent capital matching requirement, “the capital intensity for AT&T is going to be significant to win those awards and compete for those infrastructure builds.”

Middle Mile Presents New Opportunities for Providers, Vendors

Though there has been a continual emphasis on enhancing last-mile broadband networks, middle-mile networks are gaining attention on two fronts: new federal grant programs and networks that require backhaul and connectivity to internet access data centers.

The middle-mile network is the intermediary between an ISP and the high-speed internet. Local networks can ensure reliable, high-speed internet service for even the most remote communities by connecting to major networks.

Several states, including California, Massachusetts and northwest Colorado, have created middle-mile programs.

The National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) created the Enabling Middle Mile Broadband Infrastructure Program, which funds this vital part of the U.S.’s high-speed network. The program’s $1 billion in funding will reduce the cost of bringing high-speed internet to unserved and underserved communities.

Electric Co-ops, Vendors Get Active

During the “Middle Mile Innovation” panel at Fiber Connect 2022, panelists found plenty of growing interest in middle-mile networks.

Cisco, which has long been a provider of routers and optical equipment, is seeing new opportunities. “We’re seeing a lot of private-equity interest in the middle mile,” said Robin Olds, business development manager at Cisco. “Private equity is looking to invest and offering equity to build it out.”

In addition to private-equity firms funding middle-mile networks, a growing number of rural-based telcos and electric cooperatives are active. Seven States Power Corporation is building a 3,700-mile middle-mile fiber network interconnecting local power companies (LPCs) across the Tennessee Valley. Seven States recently announced that the project is on track and moving toward the launch of its second phase.

According to Seven States, the middle-mile network will enable electric grid modernization and facilitate broadband services deployments to unserved and underserved communities. The network is being built for two purposes: connecting power companies and enabling broadband services deployments.

“We’re in the design phase right now,” said Clint Wilson, senior vice president of engineering and market innovation for Seven States. “About next year, we’ll enter the construction phase.”

Similarly, Central Rural Electric Cooperative, an electric distribution cooperative that serves more than 20,000 meters in seven central Oklahoma counties, is getting involved in the middle mile. The cooperative has created Centranet, a wholly owned subsidiary of Central that will build a new FTTH network.

“The good news is that most electric cooperatives can extend the last-mile network to create a larger agreement,” said Sachin Gupta, director of business development for the Central Rural Electric Cooperative.

In Arkansas, the newly announced Diamond State Networks, a new middle-mile wholesale broadband provider, unites member cooperatives’ fiber networks throughout the state. “Two of the electric cooperatives on the Diamond State network in Arkansas are members of Oklahoma’s Broadband Coalition,” Gupta said.

Cisco is seeing new opportunities in right-sizing its router and optical switching gear for the rural market. “We’re trying to change the economics of the internet, whether it be a telco, cable operator, WISP, or electric cooperative,” Olds said. “We’re taking the same type of solutions that we provide to a Tier-1 operator and commoditizing down with our software and bringing them to a Tier-3 or Tier-4 telco or electric co-op to reduce the cost.”

In addition, Cisco has invested $20 million to develop its Rural Broadband Innovation Center. The facility was coordinated and funded through the Cisco Country Digital Acceleration (CDA) Program and is one of more than 1,000 active or completed projects in 40 countries that encourage innovation.

A rural provider can come to the center and look at the ways various solutions work together in a lab environment that emulates the behavior and requirements of a real-world network.

“We can bring customers, partners and consultants in to show them what we’re doing around our solutions and bring in last-mile technologies that may not exist yet,” Olds said. “We can show how last-mile technologies can interoperate with anything from fixed wireless to PON.”

Managing Supply Chain, Physical Issues

As service providers and electric cooperatives move forward with their middle-mile plans, the reality of dealing with supply chain issues continues to loom large, even for companies as large as Cisco.

“We believe that [the supply chain] will free up soon,” said Olds. “It’s a critical issue for all our customers.”

Given the deadlines the U.S. government has put on providers to get funding, Cisco has joined other vendors to advocate for its customers on the supply chain issue. “We have even gone as far as partnering with other manufacturers to provide a letter to the government to make it aware of all the challenges we have right now,” Olds said.

But the supply chain is just one issue. For Seven States, getting funding together is even more difficult. It has developed a plan to share resources with 153 local power companies.

“Funding is an issue,” Wilson said. “We’re addressing that by sharing the risk between Seven States and the local power companies, which will build and own the fiber infrastructure.”

Seven States is also dealing with physical land issues. “We’re building out this network, and we have two areas that cross a national forest,” Wilson said. “There are no power lines in these areas, so we’ll have to be creative and work through a couple of options for that.”

Product Showcase

During the Fiber Connect show, several vendors highlighted new products. Here is a summary of some new innovations.

Render Expands Construction, Maintenance Platform

As the broadband industry prepares to support more than 10 million FTTH connections by 2023, not all activity is related to large, one-time fiber deployments. Increasingly, network operators and construction contractors are looking to solve adjacent construction challenges with the same field productivity and downstream efficiencies. To accommodate these issues, Render has expanded its Network Construction Platform to include three solutions: Render Scale, Render Connect and Render Redline – designed to reduce the time and effort required to manage all sizes and types of network builds.

The platform’s new capabilities can streamline construction beyond large-scale deployment, including stand-alone GIS redline changes, small or high-volume network maintenance works, and customer drops:

Render Scale: A geospatial construction solution for managing large-scale deployment. Render’s Digital Construction Blueprint transforms network designs into a task-level GIS scope, harnessing the power of automation and machine learning to achieve industry-leading outcomes.

Render Connect: This platform helps manage small or high-volume builds with highly efficient digital construction processes and protect margins with faster scoping and turnover of assets for customer connections and ongoing operations and maintenance work.

Render Redline: As a light-touch redline change solution, it helps construction teams simplify their redline change process with real-time GIS data capture and management.

OFS Unveils Sherpa ADSS Cable Management System

Offering a reduction in fiber network installation times and costs for municipalities and electric co-ops, OFS introduced its Sherpa ADSS (all-electric, self-supporting) Cable Management System. Sherpa is a patent-pending, dielectric system enabling the attachment of drop cables to ADSS trunk cables or ADSS trunk cables to electrical neutrals. As fiber network builders expand in rural areas and municipalities around the country, many have selected ADSS cable as the primary deployment method because of its reliability and speed of installation. Until this point, ADSS cables have not been used to manage drop cables. A different version of the Sherpa system can be used to attach ADSS cables to electrical neutrals in areas where maintaining ground clearance can be a challenge.

OFS introduced its Sherpa ADSS (all-electric, self-supporting) Cable Management System

Go! Foton Enhances PEACOC Platform and NEMO Patch Panel

Go! Foton introduced several advanced extensions to PEACOC, the company’s platform with enhanced access for compact optical connectors. Leveraging Go! Foton’s spreadable adapter technology, PEACOC, and its offshoots, such as NEMO, can accommodate a wide range of inside and outside installations. The product line includes several new enhancements. NEMO, Go! Foton’s bulkhead-style patch panel offers an option to support value-added applications, including fanout and MPO breakout cables, integrated passive modules, and fusion splicing using a newly engineered chassis with a sliding drawer. The PEACOC fiber management platform includes an enhanced, lower-cost chassis. PEACOC also features a new all-front-facing PEACOC cassette that demonstrates the ease of access for even higher fiber count deployments. Go! Foton demoed its PEACOC 40-channel DWDM cassette, allowing effective integration of up to six 40-channel DWDM devices in a single 1RU chassis.

Go! Foton introduced several advanced extensions to PEACOC.

PLP Expands Fiber Connector, ADSS Offerings

PLP highlighted its COYOTE fiber optic product line and expanded set of FIBERLIGN ADSS hardware solutions during the Fiber Connect show. The company unveiled four new fiber connectivity solutions to manage fiber cabling more effectively: COYOTE PedBox, COYOTE Universal Organizers, COYOTE MPC3 and MPC6, and the COYOTE DEN. Likewise, PLP now offers a new suite of ADSS product offerings for service providers: FIBERLIGN Multi-Drop Brackets (Side and Direct Mount); FIBERLIGN Flat Multi-Drop Solutions, SLACKLOOP Compact Vertical Cable Storage, FIBERLIGN Aluminum Support (New Design), and the SLACKLOOP 18” Plastic Cable Storage System.

Sean Buckley is the editor-in-chief of Broadband Communities. He can be reached at

Mon, 25 Jul 2022 12:20:00 -0500 en text/html
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Tue, 12 Jul 2022 21:08:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : Climate and Environment No result found, try new keyword!The region, one of the poorest in the country, is full of modest, unprotected homes and decaying infrastructure. Some residents say they won’t return. By Rick Rojas, Christopher Flavelle and ... Wed, 03 Aug 2022 21:36:00 -0500 en text/html Killexams : One in 20 Covid-19 patients suffer long-term smell or taste issues, study find

According to a new study, one in 20 people who have contracted Covid-19 display long-term smell or taste problems. The findings comes as the NHS announced plans to Boost long Covid-19 services for people suffering ongoing illness after infection.

The after-effects can cause "severe distress", academics said as they called on health systems around the world to be prepared to support people when dismissed by clinicians. They said daily activities such as smelling coffee and testing the flavour of food can become “disgusting and emotionally distressing”.

The study could mean that millions around the globe may have suffered or be suffering smell and taste issues at least six months after the initial infection. Under new guidelines, patients with suspected long Covid-19 in England will have an initial assessment within six weeks.

Meanwhile, the new study, published in The BMJ, reviewed data from 18 studies involving 3,699 patients. Based on the data, the team of international researchers, including some from the UK, used modelling to estimate how many people go on to suffer from altered taste or smell for at least six months after a Covid-19 infection.

They concluded that an estimated 5.6 per cent of Covid-19 patients suffer smell dysfunction for at least six months and 4.4 per cent have an altered taste. In July there had been some 550 million infections worldwide, which means 15 million may have had lasting smell problems and 12 million patients had taste problems for at least six months, the authors estimated.

Women were less likely to recover their sense of smell and taste, they found. And patients who suffered the most at the initial infection were also more likely to have lasting effects.

In a linked editorial, a team of Italian academics wrote: “About 5 per cent of people report smell and taste dysfunction six months after Covid-19, and given that an estimated 550 million cases of Covid-19 have been reported worldwide as of July 2022, large numbers of patients will be seeking care for these disabling morbidities. Health systems should, therefore, be ready to provide support to these patients who often report feeling isolated when their symptoms are overlooked by clinicians.”

They said people “only realise the importance of smell when it is lost” and they can be “severely distressed” when they lose these senses. “Loss of smell and taste adversely affects quality of life by depriving those affected of several everyday pleasures and social bonds,” the team, led by Paolo Boscolo-Rizzo from the University of Trieste, wrote.

“People can also experience anorexia, food aversions, malnutrition, anxiety, and depression,” they added. They highlighted that parosmia – the experience of a distorted sense of smell – means that for many this “transforms a pleasant odour into an unpleasant one”. This means that “daily activities such as smelling coffee and sensing the flavour of food can become disgusting and emotionally distressing”.

Meanwhile, NHS England has set out its Long Covid Action Plan for thousands of people with ongoing symptoms. Under the plans, people will be able to access services closer to home and be given an initial assessment within six weeks at a specialist clinic.

It is hoped that the £90 million service will reduce the need for a patient to return to their GP for multiple different symptoms. The money will be used to fund 90 specialist long Covid-19 clinics, 14 hubs for children and young people and investment in training and guidance to support GP teams in managing the condition.

Dr Kiren Collison, GP and chair of the NHS long Covid taskforce said: “Long Covid can be devastating for those living with it, and while we continue to learn more about this new condition, it’s important people know they’re not alone, and that the NHS is here for them. In just under two years, the NHS has invested £224 million to support people experiencing long term effects from Covid-19 – from setting up specialist clinics, hubs for children, and an online recovery platform, to providing training for GP teams.

“Today’s plan builds on this world-leading care, to ensure support is there for everyone who needs it, and that patients requiring specialist support can access care in a timely and more convenient way.”

Meanwhile, a separate study has concluded that face shields do not provide high-level Covid-19 protection. Some use the shields as a method of protecting themselves from the virus when they are unable to use masks.

But a new study from academics at the University of East Anglia assessed the 13 styles of face shield in a laboratory setting. Researchers found that while all the face shields provided some protection, none gave high levels of protection against “external droplets contamination”, according to the study, published in the journal, American Journal of Infection Control.

For more stories from where you live, visit InYourArea.

Wed, 27 Jul 2022 11:21:00 -0500 en text/html
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