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If you need to pass Admission-Tests CBEST exam, has produced Admission-Tests California Basic Educational Skills Test Question Bank questions database that will guarantee a person pass CBEST exam! provides a person the valid, Most recent, and 2022 up-to-date CBEST study guide questions and provided a totally Guarantee.

Exam Code: CBEST Practice test 2023 by team
CBEST California Basic Educational Skills Test

Section Number of Questions

Reading 50 (Multiple Choice)

Mathematics 50 (Multiple Choice)

Writing 2

35% of questions Computation and problem solving

30% of questions Estimation, measurement, and statistical principles

35% of questions Numerical and graphic relationships



Skill Area Performance: Your performance on the multiple-choice test questions
for each skill area is indicated next to the skill area title. The information will help
you assess your areas of strength and weakness and/or will help you prepare to
retake any section(s) of the test. For each skill area, you will see one of the
designations that appear below.

Each section score is based on a scale ranging from 20 to 80. For the
Reading and Mathematics sections, your score is derived from the total
number of questions you answered correctly.

Personal Experience - the “Experience” essay
Topics include reminiscences about people or past events,
situations at home, school, or in the community, current
events and issues, observations about the media, hobbies,
personal successes and accomplishments, changes the
writer would like to see made, career choices, and the like.
Explanatory/Analytic - the “Issue” essay
Calls on the writer to explain current issues and ideas,
controversies, difficulties, or opinions.

Rhetorical Force – the clarity with which the central idea or
point of view is stated and maintained; the coherence of
the discussion and the quality of the writers ideas.
Organization – the clarity of the writing and the logical
sequence of the writers ideas.

Support and Development – the relevance, depth, and
specificity of the supporting information

Each of the three sections receives a score ranging from 20 to 80. The passing score for each section is 41. The total passing score for the CBEST is 123. If you score below the passing mark on one section (or even on two sections) but your total score is 123 or higher, you can still pass the test but only if your score in each section is 37 or above. This test is paper based or computer administered.

Let our outstanding teachers give you the edge to pass this very important California state teachers exam! Our credentialed instructors provide you with expert in-class instruction, successful test-taking strategies, computer-assisted information, and practice testing by course area. Two class meetings consist of a mathematics review (problem solving, estimation, measurement, and numerical/graphic relationships). One class meeting consists of multiple approaches to help you Boost your reading comprehension and essay writing skills. The book included in the course fee is CliffsTestPrep CBEST® preparation guide, revised by authors of BTPS Testing.

The CBEST measures proficiencies in three general areas: reading comprehension, mathematics and essay writing. This test was developed to meet requirements related to credentialing and employment. It is based upon the theory that teachers should be able to use the same skills taught to students – skills essential to students both in the classroom and outside school. All questions (except the essay in the Writing Section) are multiple choice with five answer choices for each question.

California Basic Educational Skills Test
Admission-Tests Educational candidate
Killexams : Admission-Tests Educational candidate - BingNews Search results Killexams : Admission-Tests Educational candidate - BingNews Killexams : Florida’s college admissions officers have to do a tough job — with class | Opinion No result found, try new keyword!Until recently, they were little noticed within the burgeoning bureaucracy of higher education. Now they face new scrutiny and a host of challenges | Opinion ... Sun, 20 Aug 2023 06:26:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : It’s Time to Abolish Legacy Admissions
Politics / StudentNation / August 14, 2023

In our current system, children of college graduates already have a sizable advantage. But removing legacy and donor preferences is only the first step.

(Chip Somodevilla / Getty)

Legacy admissions are, once again, in the limelight. After the fall of affirmative action, colleges are facing renewed pressure to eliminate preferences for the children of alumni and donors. Last month, the Department of Education opened an investigation into legacy preferences at Harvard following a formal complaint from local civil rights groups. In the past few weeks, Wesleyan University and Occidental College have formally ended all preferences for legacy candidates.

As public support dwindles, the walls protecting legacy admissions are starting to cave inwards.

Legacy admissions began at Ivy League schools in the 1920s as a response to the growing number of immigrants—namely, Jews from Eastern Europe—entering elite Protestant institutions. Until the 1960s, legacy status essentially guaranteed admission into many of the top private schools in the country. In 1925, Yale admitted legacies “regardless of the number of applicants and the superiority of outside competitors.” 

Legacy preferences were most common at schools in immigrant-dense cities, and were usually implemented in the year following a rise in applications from Jews and Catholics.

While legacy candidates no longer bypass the process entirely, the boost their applications receive remains significant. One study found that at the 30 most selective colleges in the country, having at least one alumni parent is associated with a 45 percent increase in the admissions rate. Another, focused on Harvard admissions between 2014 and 2019, found that the acceptance rate for legacy students was 33 percent, over five times the rate for other applicants. 

Beginning in the 1970s, legacy admissions had to coexist with affirmative action in admissions offices. This dynamic allowed colleges to prioritize the representation of racial minorities while simultaneously pleasing alumni. Affirmative action, in a lot of ways, yielded moral cover to legacy and donor admissions.

The seeds of race-conscious admissions relied on the principles of reparations and intergenerational justice. However, the 1978 Supreme Court case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke found that reparation for historical injustice cannot be the constitutional basis for race-based affirmative action. 

As such, broad affirmative action programs failed to target individuals with direct connections to past discrimination. A 2007 study found that 41 percent of incoming Black students at Ivy League schools were first or second-generation Americans. Even more striking, some members of the Harvard community claim that only 10 percent of Black students are generational African American, descendants of enslaved Africans in the United States. 

Racial diversity as an educational ideal has ended up holding all the legal weight since the 1978 California v. Bakke decision. The educational benefits of racial diversity, colleges said, were large enough to justify admissions boosts to minority students.

While there are obvious pedagogical and social gains from racial diversity, it is unclear why they would eclipse the benefits of other forms of diversity on campus. For example, socioeconomic diversity has been completely overlooked by elite colleges.

At “Ivy-plus” colleges, more than two-thirds of students come from wealthy households. Even affirmative action programs favor the wealthy, rather than the economically disadvantaged. At Harvard, 71 percent of Black and Hispanic students come from the top fifth of their respective income quintiles. 

Affirmative action was window dressing. It allowed colleges to costume themselves as diverse while excluding those who most directly face the harms of racial injustice, past and present. 

Now, with the old paradigm in pieces, we arrive at an important crossroads: If schools do not change their admissions practices, they will allow the affirmative action ruling to reverse decades of progress toward racial diversity. By doubling down on admissions preferences for economic disadvantage, colleges can avert this catastrophe while finally making good on the unfulfilled promises of affirmative action.

The first step is the removal of admissions preferences for the wealthy. In a world without affirmative action, legacy admissions become unconscionable. Because the wealth, connections, and knowledge that come with well-educated parents directly translate to success, legacies already have a sizable advantage. To give them an extra boost is nothing less than support of a hereditary ruling class in this country.

Proponents of legacy admissions claim that alumni donations, which help all students, would plummet if these preferences were removed. But 2010 research on the top 100 American universities has found that there is no “causal relationship between legacy preference policies and total alumni giving.”. Even so, the moral case against legacy preferences is strong enough in its own right.

The importance of removing admissions preferences for the wealthy is not just an abstract philosophical exercise. Rather, it is a necessary step for colleges to take if they wish to maintain racial diversity in a post-affirmative action world.

In 2014, a group of researchers studied the hypothetical outcomes of class-based affirmative action programs at the top 193 schools in the country. Notably, all simulations presumed the absence of preferential treatment for children of alumni, donors, and faculty. 

The exercise assumed 250,000 available spots for the incoming freshman class and used statistics from 2014 as the baseline for racial and socioeconomic diversity. A pure merit-based admissions scheme—one that only looks at standardized testing—led to a decrease in representation among every minority group. Even more discouraging, socioeconomic diversity remained unchanged. 

For their second simulation, the researchers estimated the effects of hardship on SAT scores. Disadvantage was quantified, then controlled for. In this model, white and Hispanic representation marginally increased while Black and Asian representation slightly decreased; racial diversity was functionally kept intact. Even more impressive, students from the bottom half of the income distribution made up about half of the admissions pool, compared to the baseline of just 14 percent. 

Controlling for familial and geographic hardships barely maintained racial diversity. Simply put, class-based affirmative action cannot be effective if affirmative action programs for the wealthy—such as legacy admissions—exist. 

In response to such simulations, Harvard stated that using socioeconomic indicators as a proxy for race would “yield a student body in which many of the non-White students would come from modest socioeconomic circumstances.” This change would hurt “other forms of diversity, undermining rather than advancing Harvard’s diversity-related educational objectives.” 

In other words, Harvard does not want to prioritize socioeconomic diversity if it means having more low-income minorities. This view is antithetical to the admissions system we should all want. Race-neutral affirmative action programs, as admitted by this 2018 report from Harvard University, could preserve racial diversity and accomplish what affirmative action should have—increased opportunity for poor minorities.

Many schools have taken the first step towards reaching this goal. Three weeks ago, Wesleyan University ended legacy admissions. President Michael Roth claimed that the alumni response has been almost “uniformly positive.” Occidental College, similarly, axed legacy preferences. These schools now join the ranks of MIT, John Hopkins, and Carnegie Mellon as elite institutions without legacy admissions.

While the Department of Education’s recently-announced investigation could force Harvard and others to remove legacy preferences, elite colleges and universities should not wait to find out. 

An opportunity has presented itself: The fall of affirmative action opens the door for an admissions system that doesn’t only favor the wealthy. Practically and symbolically, removing legacy preferences is the first step toward achieving this. Once access to college is no longer heritable, schools can experiment with race-neutral methods to preserve, and even enhance, racial and socioeconomic diversity.

Harold Klapper

Harold Klapper is a student at Harvard, where he studies economics and philosophy. He is co–editor in chief of The Harvard Review of Philosophy and writes periodically for The Harvard Crimson.

Mon, 14 Aug 2023 02:48:00 -0500 Harold Klapper en-US text/html
Killexams : GMAT and its 70 years – Evolution of the test No result found, try new keyword!What are the changes GMAT has gone through over the years? Let's take a look Since its inception in 1953, the GMAT has undergone numerous transformative changes, shaping it into the globally renowned ... Sun, 20 Aug 2023 19:00:00 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : ProU Launches App to Assist UTME Candidates

ProU Education, Africa’s higher learning institution and early career management platform, has launched an app to aid candidates’ preparation for the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME).
In a statement, founder of ProU Education, Dr. Piyush Jain, said the app known as ‘JAMB-Early with ProU’ is aimed at empowering candidates to be successful in the UTME.
“JAMB examination preparation digital solutions will aid in revamping traditional test preparation, fostering personalised learning experiences, pinpointing areas for improvement and recommending learning strategies. With bite-sized video lessons and mock exams to ensure JAMB test readiness, we are taking on the challenge to increase students’ success rate,” he said.
He stated that the preparation modules can be accessed with N10,000 on the institution’s website or through the ProU app, which could be downloaded on Android Play store.
“Whether browsing on the website or using an Android phone, ProU app equips candidates for JAMB 2024 with a whopping array of resources: over 300 hours of video lessons in the 10 most popular subjects, and mock exams with questions from last 15 years across 28 subjects. Designed by skilled educators in Nigeria and India, it is infused with top technological expertise and propelled by Swiss-accredited learning standards,” he said.
Piyush said the app offers the first five video lessons for each subject free, adding that it also offers specialised career guidance.
He said from next month, candidates can access the modules.
“The ProU app consists of easy-to-grasp tutorial videos, explanations of JAMB syllabus and questions. For extra clarity and comprehension of tricky topics, it allows engagement with seasoned tutors through interactive forums. Candidates can also test their level of preparation with mock JAMB exams tool to ensure real-world test readiness,” he added.

Wed, 23 Aug 2023 04:13:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : ‘Affirmative action for the privileged’: why Democrats are fighting legacy admissions

In the aftermath of the supreme court’s decision to strike down race-conscious admissions at universities in June, progressive Democrats have turned their outrage into motivation. They are now using their fury to power an impassioned campaign against a different admissions practice that they consider unjust and outdated: legacy admissions.

The century-old practice gives an advantage to the family members of universities’ alumni, a group that tends to be whiter and wealthier than the general pool of college applicants. Critics argue that legacy applicants already enjoy an unfair leg up in the admissions process and that university’s preference toward those students exacerbates existing inequalities in higher education.

As the country adapts to a post-affirmative action world, progressives are ramping up the political and legal pressure on universities to scrap their use of legacy admissions. A Democratic bill, introduced by Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon and Congressman Jamaal Bowman of New York, and a civil rights inquiry at the Department of Education could represent a serious threat to legacy admissions.

“Though the supreme court gutted race-conscious college admissions, make no mistake, affirmative action is still alive and well for children of alumni and major donors, and taxpayers shouldn’t be funding it,” Merkley told the Guardian.

The origins of legacy admissions policies date back to the 1920s, when Jewish and immigrant students began attending America’s elite universities in larger numbers. Concerned over this growing trend, college leaders implemented a range of admissions preferences, such as legacy status, designed to benefit the white Protestant applicants who had populated university classrooms for centuries.

Despite the ignominious roots of legacy admissions, the practice persists at many of the country’s most prestigious universities, including every member of the Ivy League. Colleges defend the practice as beneficial for building strong alumni communities across generations and encouraging financial contributions, even though one analysis found “no statistically significant evidence that legacy preferences impact total alumni giving”.

Progressives have mocked legacy admissions as “affirmative action for the privileged”, and the supreme court’s decision against race-conscious admissions has reinvigorated their efforts to end the widely unpopular practice altogether. According to one Pew Research Center survey conducted last year found, 75% of Americans believe alumni relations should not be considered in the admissions process.

“Many of the legacy kids simply would not have gotten in had they not had legacy [preference],” said Rashad Robinson, president of the racial justice group Color of Change. “This is the result of a system that was designed to operate exactly the way it’s operating.”

Last month, Merkley and Bowman reintroduced their bill, the Fair College Admissions for Students Act, to prohibit universities participating in federal student aid programs from giving an admissions advantage to the relatives of alumni or donors. Noting the financial advantages legacy students often enjoy in the college admissions process, Merkley suggested those applicants do not require additional assistance to gain entry to elite universities.

“As the first in my family to go to college, I know the struggles facing students whose parents have never been through the process,” Merkley said.

According to an analysis conducted by the Harvard research group Opportunity Insights, legacy students were only slightly more qualified than the average applicant to elite private colleges, but were nearly four times more likely to be admitted than those with the same test scores. The boost appears to disproportionately harm students of color, as one study found that white students account for 40% of Harvard’s total applicant pool but nearly 70% of the university’s legacy applicants. Opportunity Insights’ research also concluded that legacy applicants are more likely to come from wealthy families, giving them more access to resources like private education and preparation courses for standardized tests.

“Children of donors and alumni may be excellent students, but they are the last people who should get reserved seats, enabling them to gain admission over more qualified students from more challenging backgrounds,” Merkley said.

The battle over legacy admissions has now also attracted the attention of the Department of Education. Last month, the department opened a civil rights investigation into Harvard’s use of legacy admissions following a complaint filed by the group Lawyers for Civil Rights on behalf of three racial justice organizations. The complaint accused Harvard of violating Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by giving an admissions edge to the children of donors and wealthy alumni.

“We know that schools like [Harvard] set students up for success – and for great success – and introduce them to new innovative ideas and a great network,” said Michael Kippins, a litigation fellow with Lawyers for Civil Rights. “They should reflect the type of diversity that we see in our communities the same way that we would want fair access for anything else.”

Olatunde Johnson, a professor at Columbia Law School, viewed lawsuits against colleges’ legacy admissions policies as somewhat inevitable after the supreme court’s decision on affirmative action.

“The supreme court opened the door to that challenge by leaving legacy and donor preferences untouched while it got rid of race-conscious affirmative action, so it made it kind of an easy target,” Johnson said.

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She predicted other universities would be closely watching the outcome of the civil rights inquiry into Harvard as they reconsider their own legacy admissions policies.

“People might wait to see how this challenge is resolved because some of the broad contours of this complaint are going to mirror what people would do in future cases,” Johnson said. “Whatever kind of ruling there is, it’s going to have implications more broadly for other institutions, even without separate complaints or lawsuits.”

Some colleges aren’t waiting on the federal government to make the change. The liberal arts college Wesleyan University announced last month that it would scrap its legacy admissions policy, joining other private institutions like Amherst College and Johns Hopkins University. The practice is already prohibited at a number of public colleges, including all schools in the University of California and the California State University systems.

The trend of abandoning legacy admissions policies may accelerate in the face of mounting criticism from political leaders, including some Republicans. After the supreme court’s decision in June, South Carolina senator and Republican presidential candidate Tim Scott praised the ruling and simultaneously suggested universities needed to revisit their legacy preferences.

“I think the question is, how do you continue to create a culture where education is the goal for every single part of our community?” Scott told Fox News. “One of the things that Harvard could do to make that even better is to eliminate any legacy programs.”

Robinson is somewhat skeptical that a bipartisan coalition will materialize to meaningfully challenge legacy admissions, and the Republicans in control of the House have so far shown little appetite to take up Merkley and Bowman’s bill.

But even if legacy preferences do come to an end, Robinson believes much more will need to be done to build a truly just college admissions process. After all, he said, the practice of legacy admissions is only one piece of a much broader system that disadvantages students of color.

“Racism is like water pouring over a floor with holes in it. It will always find the cracks. So, yes, we should deal with legacy admissions. But I want to make sure that we don’t think that this is some sort of silver bullet,” Robinson said.

“We shouldn’t fool ourselves into thinking that those who are working every day to shut the doors of opportunity and access to those who have been excluded are not going to find other ways to to hold the side door open for people who look like them.”

Fri, 11 Aug 2023 01:31:00 -0500 Joan E Greve en text/html
Killexams : Tamil Nadu’s turbulent relationship with professional course entrance tests

The first step: A committee, headed by the then Vice-Chancellor of Anna University, V.C. Kulandaiswamy, oversaw the first examinations, which were conducted separately for engineering, medicine and agriculture courses. The  picture shows the candidates waiting to take the test at Anna University on June 20, 1992.  | Photo Credit: THE HINDU ARCHIVES

The National Eligibility-cum-Entrance Test (NEET) has again taken centre stage in Tamil Nadu’s political discourse. Governor R.N. Ravi’s remarks that he would never approve of banning the test in the State if it were up to him have triggered a row. This was followed by the unfortunate suicide of a student and his father after the former failed to secure a higher score in the test. The ruling DMK youth wing on Sunday last observed a day-long fast against NEET.

Against this backdrop, it would be interesting to look at Tamil Nadu’s chequered history with entrance examinations for professional courses. The AIADMK government of M.G. Ramachandran (MGR) had first introduced the Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Examination (TNPCEE) in 1984-85. Curiously, such a proposal was mooted even in 1977 when the State was under the President’s rule. A report in The Hindu on March 31, 1977, soon after the Emergency was lifted, said the State government was examining a proposal to conduct an entrance examination for professional colleges for the 1977-78 academic year. The idea, however, was given a swift burial.

Charges of arbitrariness, corruption

The MGR government introduced TNPCEE after criticism mounted over the interview system, in force until then. Besides the Class XII marks, weightage was given to marks secured by students in the face-to-face interview, leading to allegations of arbitrariness, corruption and favouritism. An editorial by The Hindu in March 1984, endorsing TNPCEE, observed that “not a year passes without the final lists [of selected candidates] being challenged in courts of law”.

Despite opposition from the Dravidar Kazhagam (DK) and the DMK, MGR stood firm. While he defended the interview system, he said the government was introducing TNPCEE because of the Opposition propaganda that the interview system gave room for favouritism and corruption. He blamed the DMK for misusing the system when it was in power. The DK legally challenged the examination, arguing that it would be disadvantageous to the weaker sections from rural areas. However, the Madras High Court upheld it and the first entrance examinations in Tamil Nadu’s history took place on July 14 and 15, 1984.

A committee, headed by the then Vice-Chancellor of Anna University, V.C. Kulandaiswamy, oversaw the examinations. The tests were conducted separately for engineering, medicine and agriculture courses with 120 objective-type questions, each with a duration of two-and-a-half hours. Around 16,000 students for engineering, 13,000 for medicine and 8,000 for agriculture competed in the first edition for roughly 2,150, 1,100 and 460 seats available respectively. Albeit occasional legal and political challenges, TNPCEE continued, carrying a weightage of 100 marks. The marks calculated on the basis of the scores in the core subjects in Class XII carried a weightage for another 200 marks.

Single window system

In 1997, the government, prompted by the proliferation of self-financing engineering colleges and the Supreme Court’s judgment in the landmark Unnikrishnan case, introduced the single window system, implemented by Anna University, to streamline the admission to engineering courses. M. Anandakrishnan, who had stepped down as the Vice-Chancellor of Anna University in 1996 after serving two consecutive terms, was instrumental in establishing and fine-tuning the system, which was lauded for its efficiency and transparency.

There were rumblings though, with the self-financing engineering colleges — which had increased to around 250 by the early 2000s — attempting to conduct their own examinations. However, TNPCEE, combined with the single window system, continued undisturbed. However, in 2005, the then Chief Minister, Jayalalithaa, shocked everyone with the announcement that there would be no more entrance examinations and only the Class XII marks would be considered.

2005-06, a chaotic year

The government argued that with the proliferation of “teaching shops” in urban areas to train students for entrance examinations, the students from rural areas were at a disadvantage and a separate quota introduced by the government to ease the situation was struck down by courts. The year 2005-06 proved to be chaotic for students aspiring to join professional courses. Jayalalithaa announced the decision in the first week of June 2005. By then, the Class XII examination and TNPCEE results were published. The Madras High Court quickly struck down the government’s order and the government’s challenge in the Supreme Court failed.

Most other political parties, which were in support of abolishing the entrance examinations, asked the AIADMK government to enact a piece of legislation or promulgate an ordinance. Jayalalithaa said an Act might not be helpful as certain Central government regulations stood in the way. She said that instead of making such suggestions, the Opposition parties in Tamil Nadu, which were sharing power at the Centre (as part of the United Progressive Alliance), should get these regulations changed.

State Board students exempted

After delays, the admission started in 2005 on the basis of the entrance examinations. In January 2006, the AIADMK government, in another surprise move, said the State Board students alone need not take the entrance examinations. It brought in the Tamil Nadu Regulation of Admission in Professional Courses Act to implement the decision. Doubts were immediately raised on whether the Act would stand legal scrutiny. Expectedly, the Madras High Court struck it down and the AIADMK lost power soon after. The DMK, which came to power in May 2006, set up an expert committee under Anandakrishnan for abolishing the entrance tests. After holding public hearings, receiving representations from around 3,000 persons and analysing admission-related data, the committee recommended that the admissions solely based on the Class XII marks could ensure merit, while preventing an additional burden on students and parents. A marks ‘normalisation’ method was adopted to ensure parity among students of different Boards of Education.

‘A bane for students’

The DMK government passed a piece of legislation to this effect, and it received the President’s assent, and was upheld by the judiciary. In an opinion article published in The Hindu in July 2007, Anandakrishnan argued how the entrance examinations were a bane for students of poor families and rural areas and students of Tamil medium. From 2007, the admission to professional courses went on unperturbed until NEET changed the status quo in the admission to medical courses. The admission to other professional courses is still based on Class XII marks.

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 16:44:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : D.El.Ed: Here’s what you need to know about this diploma course in elementary education Primary teachers play a pivotal role in nurturing young minds, fostering curiosity, and building foundational skills. Their guidance lays the cornerstone for a lifelong love of learning and personal growth. However, appropriate training is crucial for aspiring primary school teachers so that they are equipped with essential pedagogical techniques, classroom management skills, and a deep understanding of child development. A course in elementary education empowers teachers to create engaging and effective learning environments, ensuring the best possible education for young students. This is exactly what the Diploma in Elementary Education (D.El.Ed), a 2-year-undergraduate course arms future primary school teachers with. It combines practical training in classroom instruction.
The course encompasses various aspects, including educational practices, principles of child development, and the role of a teacher in grooming the students and trains aspiring teachers to teach students from class I-VIII. The primary goal of elementary education is to address the fundamental learning needs of children in an inclusive school environment, while actively working to bridge social and gender disparities with strong community involvement.
What are the job opportunities?
With several governmental initiatives aimed at enhancing rural education and an attractive salary package, pursuing the D.El.Ed course presents a promising opportunity for prospective candidates. On completion of the course, candidates are eligible to be recruited as teachers in elementary schools and educational institutes teaching elementary education. The common job profiles are:
  • Primary Teacher in government and private schools
  • Assistant Teacher in government and private schools
  • Career Counsellor in tuition centres and various institutes
  • Curriculum developers in several institutes
Additionally, there is scope for higher education after the completion of this course. Pursuing a B.Ed or M.Ed after D.El.Ed broadens the horizon of job avenues.
Who is eligible for the D.El.Ed course?
Admission to the course requires candidates to complete their 10+2 with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks from any recognized board of education. There is a relaxation of 5% for the reserved and physically challenged categories. Candidates also need to clear the standard entrance examination, held by respective boards and organisations of different states and be in the age bracket of 18-35 years during the time of application. Applicants in the SC/ST/PH category are offered a relaxation of 5 Years.
What is the admission process?
As already mentioned, The D.El.Ed admission process starts with an entrance test which is followed by an interview for those who have cleared the entrance examination. Admission to the course is granted on the basis of the score in entrance test as well as in 10+2 and performance in the interview round. The application for the entrance test can be both online and offline. Some of the popular D.El.Ed entrance exams are ‘Andhra Pradesh Diploma in Elementary Education Common Entrance Test’ (AP DEECET), ‘State Council of Educational Research and Training’ (SCERT), ‘Diploma in Education’ (DED).
Some of the top colleges offering the D.El.Ed course include Chembur Sarvankash Shikshan Shastra Mahavidyalaya, Mumbai, Mahatma Junior College Of Education, Mumbai, Jamia Millia Islamia University-[JMI], Delhi, Pradeep Memorial Comprehensive College Of Education -[PMCCE], New Delhi, Sri Ram Institute Of Teacher Education, Delhi, George Group Of Colleges, Kolkata, Integral University, Lucknow, Bhagwati College Of Education, Meerut and Madhav Shiksha Mahavidyalaya, Gwalior, among others.
D.El.Ed entrance exam at a glance
The syllabus includes primarily the subjects studied at school such as Mathematics and Numerical Ability, General Knowledge, English, Teaching Abilities, Language Test (Hindi or regional language). The test is an objective-based written test with multiple choice answers. The test duration varies from state to state.
How much does the course cost?
The course fees vary depending on the institution. In government colleges, the annual cost typically falls within the range of Rs. 5,000 to Rs. 10,000, whereas private institutes may charge considerably more, with fees ranging from Rs. 15,000 per year to as much as Rs. 25,000 per year.
What is taught in the D.El.Ed course?
This two-year UG programme arms would-be teachers with the skills and knowledge required to educate elementary-level learners. The focal points of the syllabus include contemporary society, childhood and the development of children, towards understanding the self (personal development, life skills, pedagogy of English language, guidance and counselling, cognition and sociocultural context, pedagogy of environmental studies, leadership and change, fine arts and education, school health and education.
Mon, 21 Aug 2023 20:47:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : IGNOU B.Ed Admission 2023: Entrance, Eligibility, Application Dates, and Fee

IGNOU B.Ed Admission 2023: Indira Gandhi National Open University offer a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) program to all candidates who want to pursue their career as a teacher. Candidates can get admission to the IGNOU B.Ed program by completing the entrance test conducted by IGNOU University.

IGNOU B.Ed 2023 - If you want to become a teacher and pursue a career in education, IGNOU offers a B.ED programme.  Candidates must meet the eligibility criteria set by the authorities in order to apply for IGNOU B.Ed. Candidates will be shortlisted for the final selection process based on how well they performed on the IGNOU B.Ed test. After that, based on their merit and the number of seats available, they will be assigned their preferred entry seat. The IGNOU B.Ed test is only offered once a year in January. To get more about IGNOU B.Ed 2023, read the article that is provided below.

IGNOU B.Ed 2023: Overview

The table given below gives an overview of the IGNOU B.Ed test and important dates



Course Name

Indira Gandhi National Open University(IGNOU) B.Ed

Examination Mode



English and Hindi

Application Commencement

Yet to be announced

Last date to apply

Yet to be announced

Examination Date

Yet to be announced

Answer Key Release

Yet to be announced

Result Declaration

Yet to be announced

Counselling Process

Yet to be announced

Commencement of the new session

Yet to be announced

Official Website

Marking for the correct response


Marking for the incorrect response


Names of the sections in Part A

Language, Logical Reasoning, Education, General Awareness,Teaching related questions

Names of the sections in Part B

Anyone of these option as per one’s preference:-

Science, Mathematics

Hindi, Social Science or English

IGNOU B.Ed Eligibility 2023

Candidates must first fulfil the criteria set by the authorities in order to be eligible to apply for the IGNOU B.Ed entrance test. Graduates and NCTE teachers are eligible to apply. Candidates with details mentioned below will be eligible to apply:

Career Counseling
  1. a) at least 50% marks either in the Bachelor's Degree and/or in the Master's Degree in Sciences/ Social Sciences/ Commerce/ Humanity. Bachelor's in Engineering or Technology with specialization in Science and Mathematics with 55% marks or any other qualification equivalent thereto, and
  2. b) The following categories are eligible to be students of B.Ed. (ODL):

(i) Trained in-service teachers in elementary education.

(ii) Candidates who have completed an NCTE-recognized teacher education programme through face-to-face mode.

(iii) The reservation and relaxation of 5% marks in minimum eligibility will be provided to SC/ST/OBC (Non creamy layer)/PWD candidates as per the rules of the Central Government.

(iv) Reservation to Kashmiri Migrants and war widow candidates will be provided as per the University Rules.

(v) Master's degree awarded without a first degree is not accepted for the purpose of Academic Studies in IGNOU.

IGNOU B.Ed Application Process 2023

Candidates fulfilling the visit the official website to fill out the application form

  • Step 1. Visit the official website -
  • Step 2. Click on the “Register Yourself” Button or log in with Login details.
  • Step 3. In Registration: Candidates will be required to register themselves by providing basic information, such as their contact number, email ID, etc.
  • Step 4. An application number will be sent on the registered ID of the candidate, Kindly save it for future reference. Also, a login password will be generated. Save it for the later sign-in purpose.
  • Step 5.Now login to the students’ dashboard and fill out the application form. In this step, candidates are supposed to fill out the form by adding necessary details such as personal information, education details, etc.
  • Step 6. Upload the required documents as per instructions (photo and sign within permissible limit).
  • Step 7.  Pay the required fee via credit card, debit card, net banking UPI, etc.
  • Step 8. A confirmation email along with the fee receipt will be sent to the registered email ID.  Take the printout for future reference


As per the reports, the application fee for IGNOU B.Ed test is Rs 1000. Candidates can pay the amount via credit card, debit card, net banking UPI, etc. while filling out the application form.

IGNOU B.Ed 2023 - Hall Ticket

Successful applicants will be issued an IGNOU B.Ed admit card. It will be available in online mode itself. So candidates will be able to download it by simply visiting the official website. The admit card is a mandatory document and applicants are supposed to carry it during the examination day, otherwise they will not be allowed to enter the hall. It mentions important details such as Examination Centre, Schedule, and Shift of the Examination Here is the stepwise procedure to download the IGNOU B.Ed admit card:-

Step 1: Visit the official website - IGNOU BED ENTRANCE  HALL TICKET

Step 2: Now click on the ‘Hall Ticket’ option. (The link will be activated once it is released)

Step 3: Enter the name/ application number. 

Step 4: The hall ticket will appear on the screen.

5th Step: Download it and take print it for future reference. 

IGNOU B.Ed test Pattern

The IGNOU examination for the B.Ed programme is divided into two parts, Part A and Part B, and will be conducted online. In addition to Hindi, it will also be available in English. The examination will take two hours to complete. The Examination is divided into two Paper A and Paper B. There are 4 sections in Paper A. In Paper B, candidates are supposed to choose any one of the choices provided to them. There are a total of 100 questions in both Paper A and Paper B. The section-wise examination pattern is described in detail below:-

IGNOU B.Ed Paper A 


Number of Questions

Total Marks (+1 for each correct response)

Verbal Section



Analytical and Logical Reasoning



Educational Awareness



Teaching Awareness Section



IGNOU B.Ed Paper B

Subjects: Candidates will have to choose any one of the following sections

Number of Questions

Total Marks (+1 for each correct response)







Social Science



Language- English 



Language- Hindi



Wed, 16 Aug 2023 01:37:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Central Sanskrit University Admissions 2023 Midway; Check List of Schools Here

Central Sanskrit University admission process is midway. The admissions are being conducted through CUET UG 2023. Check details here.

Central Sanskrit University Admissions 2023
Central Sanskrit University Admissions 2023

CUET UG 2023: The Central Sanskrit University admissions are going on. The authorities are currently admitting students on the basis of their Common University Entrance Test Undergraduate (CUET UG) scores. The university is also updating counselling lists on the official website:

The university received 3, 298 applications under the CUET UG last year. There are a total of 13 courses offered by the university under CUET UG 2023. Apart from this, there are a total of 8 schools to impart Sanskrit education. Candidates can check these schools here.

Check 8 schools with various departments below:

  • School of Shikshashastra (Education) and Kaushal Prarikshan (Skilling)
  • School of Veda-Vedanga and Vedic Sciences
  • School of Darshana
  • School of Languages, Literature, and Culture
  • School of Shastric Knowledge System
  • School of Multidisciplinary Sciences and Technology
  • School of Yogic Science and Holistic Health Practices
  • School of Contemporary Knowledge System and Humanities

The university's headquarters is in Janakpuri, Delhi. Prayagraj, Jammu, Puri, Thrissur, Jaipur, Lucknow, Sringeri, Kangra, Bhopal, Mumbai, Agartala, and Pauri Garhwal are among the places where they have campuses.

The Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan was an autonomous organization founded under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 for the growth and promotion of Sanskrit throughout the nation and overseas. It was established on October 15, 1970, at the proposal of the Sanskrit Commission.

Also Read: UGC Directs Educational Institutions to celebrate National Sports Week from Aug 21 to 29, check notice here

Mon, 21 Aug 2023 20:50:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : Karnataka PGCET 2023 last date to apply today

The Karnataka Examinations Authority (KEA) will close the extended registration window of the Postgraduate Common Entrance Test or PGCET 2023 today, August 20. Candidates who want to take admission to postgraduate management, engineering and other courses through PGCET have to apply by 11:59 pm on

Karnataka PGCET 2023 last date to apply today on (Representational image)(Unsplash)
Karnataka PGCET 2023 last date to apply today on (Representational image)(Unsplash)

“For admission to MBA/MCA/M.E/M.Tech/M.Arch courses last date is extended up to 20-8-2023-11.59pm to register for PGCET-2023” KEA said in the last date extension notification.

The entrance test is scheduled for September 9 and 10.

The application fee of Karnataka PGCET 2023 is 650 for general and OBC category candidates. For SC and ST candidates of Karnataka, the fee is 500.

First, go to

Now, open the admissions tab and select PGCET.

Click on the link for PGCET 2023 registration.

Register and proceed to fill the application.

Enter the required information, upload documents and make payment.

Submit the form and take a printout for future reference.

Sat, 19 Aug 2023 20:05:00 -0500 en text/html
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