The Army will establish a pre-basic training preparatory course at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, that will offer 90 days of training to prospective troops who don’t meet aptitude test or body fat standards to start boot camp, service officials announced Tuesday afternoon.
It is the Army’s most ambitious effort yet to address a massive recruiting shortfall.
Army Times reported July 18 that the Army was preparing to launch a prep course at the South Carolina post under training cadre from 1st Battalion, 61st Infantry, and had started diverting standard trainees to other installations to make room for the prep course troops.
The service acknowledged last week that its recruiting crisis means it will miss its end strength goal by approximately 10,000 troops in fiscal 2022, with an estimated drop to around 466,400 soldiers.
The Army doesn’t see conditions improving soon either. In a memo discussing the recruiting crisis, Army Secretary Christine Wormuth and Chief of Staff Gen. James McConville said the Army end strength “may further decrease to approximately [445,000 to 452,000] by the end of [fiscal 2023].”
Just a few years ago the Army was trying to build a 500,000-strong active duty force by the end of the decade.
Officials explained Tuesday that the move to establish the Future Soldier Preparatory Course was in direct response to the recruiting shortfall. They also argued that it has the potential to help the service mitigate two trends in the applicant pool: worsening obesity rates and declining scores on the Armed Forced Qualification Test.
The Army has identified three groups of prospective soldiers who it wants to participate in the prep course pilot, which will have two separate programs: one for academic improvement, and one for fitness improvement.
At Jackson, a combination of drill sergeants, Army skills instructors and civilian instructors will lead the courses, said post commander Brig. Gen. Patrick Michaelis. But their focus will be on teaching the participants — who will be there on 09M delayed training contracts — rather than the rougher treatment they might receive when they move on to basic.
Those who don’t make the cut will be chaptered out of the Army via entry level separation, meaning they can rejoin in six months if they meet standards.
Troops in the fitness track will aim to lose 1-2% body fat per month, Michaelis said. They can leave the prep course and join a basic training unit once they are within 2% of the standard for their age and gender.
“We’ll take a holistic health and fitness approach, exposing these trainees to diet, exercise, resilience and reflection while they’re here,” said Michaelis. “We’ve got dietitians and athletic trainers dedicated to each individual’s personal journey.”
The academic track will be modeled after the Basic Skills Education Program, a long-running model that the service has used to help already-enlisted soldiers Improve their aptitude scores.
Every three weeks they will retest to see if they now meet the Army’s standards, though a limited number of Category IV troops may be allowed to remain.
Army Recruiting Command’s top officer, Maj. Gen. Kevin Vereen said that troops who successfully Improve their test scores will be able to “renegotiate” their contracts to select a job.
Service officials argue that previous and existing programs show that the new prep course is likely to work. Basic Skills Education Program data suggests that three months of classes can help Improve AFQT scores up to 10 points, and a similar fitness pilot for recruits with 2% extra body fat has been underway since 2019.
Army Training and Doctrine Command deputy commander Lt. Gen. Maria Gervais said that a decline in aptitude test scores, approximately 9% on average, since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic led the service to realize their existing practices wouldn’t be enough to meet recruiting goals.
Vereen, the USAREC commander, pointed to long-term factors like increasing childhood obesity and other medical issues as having decreased the Army’s margin for error in recruiting.
Experts previously spoke with Army Times about other factors that might be exacerbating the recruiting shortfall: more detailed medical screenings, poor marketing practices, low civilian unemployment, the COVID-19 vaccine mandate and increasing politicization of the military.
But the 9% average drop in test scores was one variable too many — and one the service didn’t understand at first, according to officials.
Gervais explained that recruiting measures implemented in early 2022 — increased bonuses, expanded contract options and more — did “not quite [have] the impact” the Army had hoped. That’s when the service began to “dive deeper” and learned the score decline was choking off the recruiting pipeline, Gervais added.
“We were not necessarily seeing the academic piece until this year,” Vereen said.
It’s not clear why the service didn’t take more drastic action earlier, though.
The Army entered fiscal 2022 with less than 6,500 recruits in its delayed entry pool. According to a 2019 RAND report, the service prefers to enter new fiscal years with a bench of 15,000 to 20,000 signees awaiting basic training.
Experts who spoke with Army Times in early July were encouraged the service was planning a prep camp.
“There’s potentially some merit there because sometimes somebody needs a fire under their feet and a structured program to help them,” said Dr. Beth Asch, a senior economist at Rand Corp., about the proposed fitness track. “These people are young, so their habits are more malleable, and this is an opportunity to change their lifestyle and do something positive for their career — and help the Army, too.”
Asch was more skeptical when asked about early proposed versions of the academic track, though she thinks it makes sense as “a pilot test...where it can be assessed from a research standpoint.”
Retired Lt. Gen. Tom Spoehr of the Heritage Foundation “love[s] the idea” of a fitness preparatory camp.
However, Spoehr said in early July that he thinks a more efficient version of the initiative could let applicants train near their homes and not be entirely on the Army payroll.
According to TRADOC’s Gervais, the prep course pilot will cost around $4 million, and the service has identified 2,000 applicants who could be a good fit.
Army officials say that they will evaluate data from the program in the fall to decide whether to make the course permanent. Gervais said the service will also consider expanding the prep course to other training sites to increase its capacity, depending on demand and results.
Davis Winkie is a senior reporter covering the Army, specializing in accountability reporting, personnel issues and military justice. He joined Military Times in 2020. Davis studied history at Vanderbilt University and UNC-Chapel Hill, writing a master's thesis about how the Cold War-era Defense Department influenced Hollywood's WWII movies.
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"An absolute miracle" is what doctors are calling the lone survivor in last week's deadly lightning strike that killed three people standing across the street from the White House, the woman's family said. Lying on the ground in Lafayette Square on Aug. 4, her heart suddenly stopped by the lightning bolt, 28-year-old Amber Escudero-Kontostathis was revived with the help of timely intervention as nearby Secret Service agents rushed over with defibrillators, according to emergency officials. Now,
IT WAS so blowy at The Renaissance, the Genesis Scottish Open could’ve been sponsored by the Beaufort Scale. For the hardy golfing locals, of course, the wind sweeping over the links would be nonchalantly brushed off as nothing more than a stiff breeze. Some high profile big-hitters of the global game, meanwhile, were blown off course as the exodus in East Lothian featured one or two marquee names. It had been a sair fecht.
Collin Morikawa, who will defend his Open title at St Andrews next week, world No 1 Scottie Scheffler and Will Zalatoris, the runner-up in the last two majors, all departed with five-over totals while Justin Thomas trudged away with a 10-over tally. As for LIV Golf rebel Ian Poulter? Well, after winning a legal case against a suspension from the championship, he lasted just 36-holes having also racked up a 10-over aggregate. Perhaps he could get the lawyers to overturn his missed cut?
At the sharp end of affairs, Cameron Tringale, who bounded through his first round in just 61 blows to set a sizzling pace, required 72 clatters yesterday but it was still good enough to earn a three-shot lead over Doug Ghim and Gary Woodland on seven-under.
At one point of his round, after a couple of early birdies, Tringale was briefly six clear of the field but the wheels then started to shoogle as he began to reverse to such an extent, you half expected him to start making one of those ‘beep beep’ warnings a lorry sounds when it’s backing into a yard. Four bogeys in a row gave the chasing pack hope but Tringale managed to stop the bleeding and limit the damage on a day when it was easy to make a right hash of things.
“It was definitely more difficult for me today,” said Tringale of the different test he encountered during a fearsome buffeting. “In round one, it seemed pretty easy, and today, it seemed like every hole was a grind to make par. I’m just happy to be done.”
Amid the various toils and troubles, there were some sturdy shows of defiance. Xander Schauffele, the Olympic champion, harnessed the conditions to fine effect and emerged with a best-of-the-day five-under 65 to move to three-under. An 8-iron into 15 feet on his first hole of the day – the 10th – set up an eagle which he gobbled up. “It was a bonus,” he said of this flying start.
Matt Fitzpatrick was also flying. Indeed, the newly crowned US Open champion looked to be on course to better Schaufelle’s effort having covered 13 holes in a brilliant six-under only to bogey his last two holes. The Sheffield man wasn’t complaining about a 66, though, which thrust him right back into contention on three-under.
Fitzpatrick, who lost in a play-off at last year’s championship, had opened with a battling 71 on Thursday which was an admirable effort given that the later starters in round one experienced the toughest conditions and scoring was over three shots higher than the cards returned from the early part of the draw.
The luck of that draw is part and parcel of the links game so you just have to get on with it. Fitzpatrick certainly did as he maintained the terrific form he has shown in a campaign during which his worst finish when he’s made the cut is tied 14th. “I do believe in myself, I do believe I can keep playing well,” he said of this purposeful, profitable streak. “It's either been top-15 or I’ve missed the cut and if that's the case for the rest of the year I'd happily take it.”
The Yorkshireman has a Claret Jug in his sights next week but, for now, his eyes are firmly fixed on Scottish Open glory. He’d be a popular champion. “I’ve had so much support with people saying ‘congrats’ and ‘keep it going’ as I’m walking onto tees and greens,” said Fitzpatrick. “It’s been really nice to be out there.”
It was really nice too for Englishman Jordan Smith and his caddie, Sam Matton. On his way to a 69 which moved him into a share of fourth on three-under, Smith made a hole-in-one on the 17th and won a spanking new Genesis car for himself and one for his bagman.
Smith’s 6-iron landed some 20-feet from the pin but fed down the slope and trundled into the hole sparking delirious scenes. “We couldn’t see it but the crowd went nuts,” he said
Both Smith and Matton drove up to East Lothian in their own cars. “We’ve got two cars here already so we might have to ship the new ones back somehow,” he said of the gleaming new additions to the duo’s driveways.
It’s quite a nice problem to have.