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Nortel Troubleshooting test syllabus
Killexams : Nortel Troubleshooting test syllabus - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/922-080 Search results Killexams : Nortel Troubleshooting test syllabus - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/922-080 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Nortel Killexams : Best Computer Hardware Certifications

Becoming a computer technician is a great point of entry into the IT field. In addition, computer hardware certifications can help demonstrate your knowledge and competency in maintaining computers, mobile devices, printers and more. Below, you’ll find our pick of six computer hardware certifications to help you get your IT career off the ground.

Although we cover our favorite hardware certifications here, the idea that hardware can operate independently of software (or vice versa) isn’t true. If you dig into the curriculum for any specific hardware-related certs in any depth, you’ll quickly realize that software is in control of hardware.

Software comes into play for installation, configuration, maintenance, troubleshooting and just about any other activity you can undertake with hardware. The hardware label simply indicates that devices are involved, not that hardware is all that’s involved.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order, by certification)

Certification SimplyHired Indeed LinkedIn Jobs LinkUp.com Total
A+ (CompTIA) 1,566 2,396 2,282 2,187 8,431
ACMT (Apple) 134 258 196 44 632
BICSI Technician (BICSI) 384 657 30 92 1,163
CCT (Cisco) 473 826 601 722 2,622
RCDD (BICSI) 276 378 377 104 1,135
Server+ (CompTIA) 2,318 3,064 1,250 1,069 7,701

Differing factors, such as specific job role, locality and experience level, may impact salary potential. In general, hardware professionals can expect to earn somewhere in the mid-$60,000s. SimplyHired reports average earnings at $71,946 for IT technicians, with highs reported at almost $116,000. The average national salary for computer hardware technicians ranges from about $31,000 to more than $53,000. However, some certifications command higher salaries. Certification Magazine’s “Annual Salary Survey” (Salary Survey 2018) average salaries for CompTIA Server+ at $98,060 and the A+ credential at $97,730.

CompTIA A+

The CompTIA A+ certification is the granddaddy and best known of all hardware credentials. For anyone serious about working with PCs, laptops, mobile devices, printers or operating systems, the A+ should at least be on their radar, if not in their game plan.

Since the first A+ credential was awarded in March 1993, the program continues to draw active interest and participation. With more than 1 million IT professionals now possessing the A+ credential, it is something of a checkbox item for PC technicians and support professionals. It also appears in a great many job postings or advertisements.

A+ is also ISO 17024 compliant and accredited by ANSI. Thus, this credential must be renewed every three years in keeping with concomitant requirements for continuing education or regular examinations to maintain certification currency. Some 20 continuing education units (CEUs) are required for renewal.

Earning an A+ from CompTIA involves passing two exams: 220-901 and 220-902. test 220-901 focuses on hardware, networking, mobile devices, connectivity and troubleshooting. test 220-902 draws on knowledge of installing and configuring common operating systems (Windows, Linux, OS X, Android and iOS). It also covers issues related to cloud computing, security and operational procedures. Candidates will find a variety of question formats, including standard multiple-choice, drag-and-drop and performance-based questions on these exams.

Candidates who earn the A+ often find themselves in job roles that include technical support specialist, field service technician, IT support technician, IT support administrator or IT support specialist. The A+ is recognized by the U.S. Department of Defense (in DoD Directive 8140/8570.01-M). Also, technology companies, such as Ricoh, Nissan, Blue Cross Blue Shield, Dell, HP and Intel, require staff to earn the A+ certification to fill certain positions.

The A+ certification encompasses broad coverage of PC hardware and software, networking and security in its overall technical scope.

A+ Facts and Figures

Certification name  CompTIA A+
Prerequisites & required courses 9-12 months of experience recommended
Number of exams  Two exams (maximum of 90 questions, 90 minutes): 220-901 and 220-902 (CompTIA Academy Partners use the same numbers)
Cost per exam  $211 per exam. Exams administered by Pearson VUE. test vouchers available at CompTIA
URL  https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/a
Self-study materials CompTIA offers several self-study materials, including test objectives, demo questions and study guides ($178 for the eBook $198 for the print edition), as well as classroom and e-learning training opportunities. Credential seekers may also want to check out the CertMaster online learning tool. Links to CompTIA training materials may be found on the certification webpage.

Recommended books:

CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 test Cram, 1st Edition, by David L. Prowse, published Jan. 30, 2016, Pearson IT Certifications, test Cram Series, ISBN-10: 0789756315, ISBN-13: 978-0789756312

CompTIA A+ Certification All-in-One test Guide, 9th Edition (Exams 220-901 and 220-902) by Michael Meyers, published Jan. 4, 2016, McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN-10: 1125958951X, ISBN-13: 978-1259589515

ACMT: Apple Certified Macintosh Technician

Given the popularity of Apple products and platforms, and widespread use of Macintosh computers in homes and businesses of all sizes, there’s demand galore for Mac-savvy technicians.

The AppleCare Mac Technician (ACMT) 2018 credential is Apple’s latest hardware-related ACMT certification. (The credential was formerly called the Apple Certified Macintosh Technician or Apple Certified Mac Technician.) Per Apple, the ACMT 2018 “qualifies a technician to repair all the Mac products that were covered by prior ACMT certifications, plus all other Mac products that were produced before April 2018.” Technicians with the ACMT certification who work at an Apple-authorized service facility are allowed to perform service and repairs.

The ACMT’s two required exams are the Apple Service Fundamentals and the ACMT 2018 Mac Service Certification. Service Fundamentals focuses on customer experience skills, ESD and safety, troubleshooting and deductive reasoning, and product knowledge. The Mac Service test covers troubleshooting and repair of Mac hardware (mainly Apple iMac and MacBook Pro systems). Note that the Apple Service Fundamentals test is also required for the Apple Certified iOS Technician (ACiT) 2018 certification.

The ACMT 2018 is a permanent credential and does not require annual recertification. However, as new products are added to the Apple portfolio, AppleCare will make associated courses available through Apple Technical Learning Administration System (ATLAS). You must complete these courses to service new products.

ACMT Facts and Figures

Certification name AppleCare Mac Technician (ACMT) 2017
Prerequisites & required courses AppleCare Technician Training recommended
Number of exams Two exams (must be taken in this order):

Apple Service Fundamentals test (SCV-17A) OR Apple Service

Fundamentals test (SVC-18A)

PLUS

ACMT 2018 Mac Service Certification test (MAC-18A) Each exam: 70 questions, 2 hours, 80 percent passing score

Tests administered by Pearson VUE; Apple Tech ID number required

Cost per exam TBD
URL https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT205332
Self-study materials Self-paced training: Apple Technical Learning Administration System (ATLAS)

AppleCare Technician Training, $299

Instructor-led training courses: LearnQuest

BICSI Technician and Registered Communications Distribution Designer

BICSI is a professional association that supports the information and communications technology (ICT) industry, mainly in the areas of voice, data, audio and video, electronic safety and security, and project management. BICSI offers training, certification and education to its 23,000-plus members, many of who are designers, installers and technicians.

BICSI offers several certifications aimed at ICT professionals, who mainly deal with cabling and related technologies. Two credentials, the BICSI Technician and the BICSI Registered Communications Distribution Designer (RCDD) are pertinent (and popular) in this story.

The BICSI Technician recognizes individuals who lead an installation group or team, perform advanced testing and troubleshooting of cable installations, evaluate cabling requirements, recommend solutions based on standards and best practices, and roll out new and retrofit projects. Technicians must be well versed in both copper and fiber cabling.

Candidates need a good deal of knowledge about the hardware, networking devices and communications equipment to which they connect cables.

To earn the credential, candidates must pass a single two-part test consisting of a hands-on practical evaluation and a written exam. In addition, candidates must possess at least three years of verifiable ICT industry installation experience within the past five years. Credentials are valid for three years. Certification holders must earn 18 hours of continuing education credits (CECs) in each three-year credentialing cycle and pay the current renewal fees to maintain this credential.

Interested candidates should also check out other BICSI certifications, such as the Installer 1 (INST1), Installer 2 Copper (INSTC) and Installer 2 Optical Fiber (INSTF).

An advanced credential, the Registered Communications Distribution Designer (RCDD) is so well respected that the Department of Defense Unified Facilities requires RCDD for all telecom-related design projects. The RCDD is geared toward experienced ICT practitioners with at least five years of ICT design experience. Alternatively, candidates who do not have the requisite experience but who possess at least two years of design experience plus three years of knowledge “equivalents” (combination of approved education, certifications or education), may also sit for the exam. All experience must have been within the preceding 10 years.

RCDD candidates should be able to create and prepare system design specifications and plans, as well as recommended best practices for security design requirements, for business automation systems. RCDDs are also well versed in data center, cabling systems and design for wireless, network, and electronic security systems.

To earn the credential, candidates must meet the experience requirements, submit the application plus credentialing fees, along with a current resume. In addition, candidates must submit four letters of reference two of which much be from current or former clients. One reference may be personal while the remaining references must come from the candidate’s employer.

Other advanced BICSI certifications include the  Outside Plant (OSP) Designer, Data Center Design Consultant (DCDC) and Registered Telecommunication Project Manager (RTPM).

BICSI Technician Facts and Figures

Certification name BICSI Technician
Prerequisites & required courses Three or more years of verifiable ICT industry installation experience (must be within past five years to qualify)

Adhere to the BICSI Code of Ethics and Standards of Conduct

Physical requirements: Distinguish between colors, stand for extended periods, lift and carry up to 50 pounds, climb ladders, and possess manual dexterity necessary to perform fine motor tasks

Technician test prereqs: Both the Installer 2, Copper and Installer 2, Optical Fiber credentials OR the Installer 2 credential

Note: There are no additional credentials required for candidates attempting the Technician Skip-Level exam.

Recommended prerequisites:

50 hours review of BICSI Information Technology Systems Installation Methods Manual (ITSIMM)

TE350: BICSI Technician Training course ($2,545)

IN225: Installer 2 Copper Training course ($2,305)

IN250: Installer 2 Optical Fiber Training course ($2,505)

Number of exams One two-part exam, including written test (140 multiple-choice questions*) and hands-on, performance-based test (hands-on performance test delivered last day of TE350 course; written test administered the day after the completion of the TE350 course)

*If the candidate doesn’t have both the Copper and Optical Fiber Installer 2 credentials or an Installer 2 credential, the written Skip Level test will have 170 questions.

Cost per exam $295 (non-refundable application fee must be received by BICSI 15 days prior to exam; retake fee of $130 applies)
Self-study materials Information Technology System Installation Methods Manual, 7th edition electronic download, $220 member/$240 non-member; print and download combo, $260 member/$290 non-member; printed manual, $220 member/$240 non-member, Web-based training through BICSI CONNECT

BICSI Registered Communications Distribution Designer (RCDD) Facts and Figures

Certification name BICSI Registered Communications Distribution Designer (RCDD)
Prerequisites & required courses Five or more years of verifiable ICT industry design experience (must be within past 10 years to qualify)

OR

Two or more years of verifiable ICT design experience (must be within the past ten years) plus three additional years of ICT equivalents from approved education, experience, or ICT licenses or certification (CCNA, for example)

Adhere to the BICSI Code of Ethics and Standards of Conduct

Recommended prerequisites:

Minimum of 125-150 hours review of BICSI’s Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual (TDMM)

DD101: Foundations of Telecommunications Distribution Design ($1,030) (BICSI  CONNECT online course)

DD102: Designing Telecommunications Distribution Systems ($2,815)

125-150 hours of TDMM study

TDMM flash cards ($275)

RCDD Test Preparation Course ($925) (BICSI CONNECT online course)

Number of exams One test (100 questions, 2.5 hours)
Cost per exam $495 BICSI member/$725 non-member application fee, (non-refundable application fee must be received by BICSI 15 days prior to exam; retake fee of $225 BISCI member/$340 non-member)
URL https://www.bicsi.org/education-certification/certification/registered-communications-distribution-designer
Self-study materials Telecommunications Distribution Methods Manual, 13th edition (TDMM) electronic download ($310 member/$380 non-member; print and download combo, $350 member/$435 non-member; printed manual, $310 member/$380 non-member)

Web-based training through BICSI CONNECT

CTT Routing & Switching: Cisco Certified Technician Routing & Switching

Cisco certifications are valued throughout the tech industry. The Cisco Certified Technician, or CCT, certification is an entry-level credential that demonstrates a person’s ability to support and maintain Cisco networking devices at a customer site.

The Routing & Switching credential best fits our list of best computer hardware certifications, and it serves as an essential foundation for supporting Cisco devices and systems in general.

The CCT requires passing a single exam. syllabus include identification of Cisco equipment and related hardware, such as switches and routers, general networking and service knowledge, working with the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC), and describing Cisco IOS software operating modes. Candidates should also have a working knowledge of Cisco command-line interface (CLI) commands for connecting to and remotely servicing Cisco products.

CCT Routing & Switching Facts and Figures

Certification name Cisco Certified Technician (CCT) Routing & Switching
Prerequisites & required courses None

Recommended training: Supporting Cisco Routing and Switching Network Devices (RSTECH) ($299)

Number of exams One: 640-692 RSTECH (60-70 questions, 90 minutes)
Cost per exam  $125

Exam administered by Pearson VUE.

URL  http://www.cisco.com/web/learning/certifications/entry/cct/rs/index.html
Self-study materials Cisco Study Material page provides links to the course, study groups, test tutorials, and other related content, including test syllabus, training videos and seminars.

CompTIA Server+

CompTIA also offers a server-related certification, which steps up from basic PC hardware, software, and networking syllabus to the more demanding, powerful, and expensive capabilities in the same vein usually associated with server systems.

The CompTIA Server+ credential goes beyond basic syllabus to include coverage of more advanced storage systems, IT environments, virtualization, and disaster recovery and business continuity topics. It also puts a strong emphasis on best practices and procedures for server problem diagnosis and troubleshooting. Although Server+ is vendor-neutral in coverage, organizations such as HP, Dell, Intel, Microsoft, Xerox, Lenovo and HP use Server+ credentialed technicians.

Those who work or want to work in server rooms or data centers, with and around servers on a regular basis, will find the Server+ credential worth studying for and earning. It can also be a steppingstone into vendor-specific server technician training programs at such companies as those mentioned above, or with their authorized resellers and support partners.

Note that the CompTIA Server+ test is still listed on that organization’s website as “good for life,” meaning it does not impose a renewal or continuing education requirement on its holders. The SK0-004 launched on July 31, 2015. Typically, exams are available for at least two years. If CompTIA’s revision history for Server+ is any guide to future updates and revisions, then it’s likely that we’ll see a new test making an appearance sometime before the end of 2019.

Server+ Facts and Figures

Certification name  CompTIA Server+
Prerequisites & required courses  No prerequisites

Recommended experience includes CompTIA A+ certification plus a minimum of 18-24 months IT-related experience

Number of exams  One: SK0-004 (100 questions, 90 minutes, 750 out of 900 passing score)
Cost per exam $302. test administered by Pearson VUE. test vouchers available at CompTIA.
URL  https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/server
Self-study materials CompTIA offers a number of self-study materials, including test objectives, its CertMaster online study tool, demo questions, books and more. Formal training courses are also offered. Links to CompTIA training courses may be found on the certification web page. Additional resources may also be found at the CompTIA Marketplace.

Recommended:

CompTIA Server+ Study Guide: test SK0-004, 1st edition, by Troy McMillan, published June 20, 2016, Sybex, ISBN-10: 1119137829, ISBN-13: 978-1119137825

Beyond the Top 5: More hardware certifications

There are many more hardware-oriented certifications available that you might want to consider. As you get into IT and start to develop a sense of your own interests and observe the hardware systems and solutions around, you’ll be able to dig deeper into this arena.

You can investigate all the major system vendors (including HP, Dell, IBM, and other PC and server makers) as well as networking and infrastructures companies (such as Juniper and Fortinet) to find hardware-related training and certification to occupy you throughout a long and successful career.

Although ExpertRating offers many credentials, we rejected them after viewing several complaints regarding the general quality of the courses. Obviously, such complaints are from disgruntled customers but were enough to make us proceed with caution.

This is also an area where constant change in tools and technology is the norm. That means a course of lifelong learning will be essential to help you stay current on what’s in your working world today and likely to show up on the job soon.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10759-hardware-certifications.html
Killexams : Math Placement test Troubleshooting

I'm getting a Proctor Password screen, what is the password?

This is a common error for students using Honorlock proctoring. There is no password. The troubleshooting steps are as follows:

  1. Are you using Google Chrome with the Honorlock extension installed? (You should see a little shield with a checkmark in the upper right corner of your browser.) If you are not using Google Chrome, it will not work properly.

  2. If Honorlock has launched and told you that you are ok to take the test and you see a submit password screen, just hit submit even though the field is empty. Honorlock is supposed to automatically submit the password for you but there is a glitch for some students where they have to manually hit submit.

  3. If you tried steps 1 and 2 and it still isn't working utilize the 24/7 Honorlock Support. If they aren't able to assist you, contact math-registration@uwyo.edu and we will help you troubleshoot your issue. 

My access is expired, what do I do? 

After one year you will have to purchase access again by phone: (1-800-258-2374) and provide them the class code J33FD-XTCWK.

How do I enable Honorlock Proctoring?

Use Google Chrome as your browser and download this Honorlock Extension: honorlock.com/aleks?v=uwyo

Visit the Math Placement test Proctoring page for more detail.

Having a different issue? 

Contact us at math-registration@uwyo.edu 

Sun, 16 Jan 2022 18:27:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.uwyo.edu/mathstats/math-placement/math-placement-exam-troubleshooting.html
Killexams : Supplemental Syllabus Killexams : Supplemental Syllabus

Establishing Connection...

Sat, 15 Aug 2020 07:21:00 -0500 en text/html https://ung.edu/academic-affairs/policies-and-guidelines/supplemental-syllabus.php
Killexams : Guide to color troubleshooting

Coloring plastics at the press is one of the most functional, value-added features a molder can impart to a molded product. Self-coloring not only improves aesthetic properties, it can also Improve UV stability and make processing easier. Also, adding color at the machine is almost always less expensive than purchasing precolored material from a supplier.

There's just one catch. Once the color system has been incorporated into the polymer matrix, it becomes an integral part of the material and may alter its engineering properties as well as its processability. As a result, it's important to be aware of some of the common problems involved with melt-coloring plastics and how to avoid them.

Generally, aesthetic flaws can be attributed to three different causes: equipment (machine, mold, ancillary equipment), molding (process), and design (part and tool)/formulation (base resin and colorant). In some instances, the flaw may be the result of problems in more than one category, but generally, there is always a predominant issue. Similarly, some problems may have more than one symptom, so several different "problems" may be showing up in parts that have the same root cause, which calls for the same corrective action.

When troubleshooting aesthetic problems in molded parts, it's important to begin with an open mind. Since successful molding is an interdependent combination of machinery, labor, material, and design, troubleshooting is often more complicated than people initially expect.

Identifying the Problem
The first step in determining if the flaw is caused by a molding- or colorant-related problem is to inspect parts visually to determine what the problem looks like. Some flaws are very distinctive and quickly lead you to their root cause. Others are less distinct and may be caused by a number of factors that fall into several categories. Consequently, some basic troubleshooting and root-cause/corrective-action work is required. The table with this article provides a list of common aesthetic flaws that could involve colorant and their most probable causes.

The next step is to find out when and where the flaws are being reported. Flaws that show up immediately upon molding require one approach to troubleshooting-for instance, processing and equipment issues are easier to check at this point. In this case, the troubleshooting process might start by asking the following questions:

  • Have the process settings changed?
  • How frequently does the problem occur?
  • Is the proper equipment in place and functioning?
  • Was the colorant properly metered in and mixed with the melt?
  • Is the colorant compatible with the base resin?

However, field failures that occur after months or even years will suggest a different starting point-a focus that begins with either part design or formulation:

  • Is UV exposure higher than initially predicted?
  • Is the part being used as originally designed?
  • Has the part been inadvertently exposed to some chemical agent?
  • Is the aesthetic change a symptom of a larger problem (for example, loss of mechanical properties)?

Regardless of the simplicity or complexity of a molding project, good documentation practices should be in effect and followed diligently by all team members. Processing parameters should be noted throughout. Not only will this practice help molders stabilize their process and create good parts faster, it will also provide a baseline for reference should the process drift and problems arise.

Common Sense- Often Uncommon
The best way to begin troubleshooting an aesthetic problem in which colorant and/or special-effects packages are involved is to rule out the colorant package as the source of the problem. This is done by running uncolored (natural) material through on the same process settings to see if the problem recurs. If it does reappear, then it's likely that the problem is not caused by the colorant package, although the base resin could still be part of the problem. If the problem disappears, then the colorant package is the proper place to begin your investigation. It's important to remember that aesthetic issues may exist that are difficult to see without color. In other words, a colored background will frequently magnify aesthetic problems.

While it is outside the scope of this article to cover the entire process, one thing that should be mentioned is that proper troubleshooting requires a sensible, methodical approach. Unless a Taguchi design of experiments study is being conducted, only one parameter at a time should be changed, and its effect should be carefully evaluated and documented. Then the parameter should be returned to its baseline setting before another parameter is changed.

While the following guidelines involve colorant-related problems, we will also touch briefly on processing, equipment, and design issues, indicating areas of concern that can affect colorant and/or aesthetics. If the troubleshooting process indicates that one of these categories is a likely cause, then there are a number of good resources, both human and written, that can and should be consulted for further help.

Troubleshooting Guidelines

As with any manufacturing process, molding a quality product consistently requires proper equipment, design, material, and processing procedures. The following list of considerations are provided as general guides when beginning to troubleshoot aesthetic problems.

1. First, check the following four equipment areas.

Screws/nonreturn valves. In most cases, a general-purpose screw will work well with colorants, depending on the letdown ratio, chromaticity, and base resin used. Although it's usually not necessary, a growing number of injection molders are using mixing screws to aid in color distribution. Processes with high throughput, short cycle times, and large shot sizes or those that use difficult-to-color resins will often benefit from this type of screw.

As with screws, selection of non-return valves is often resin-specific. Ball check valves are more shear intensive and can aid in color distribution, although this method can prove problematic when processing parameters such as screw speed, backpressure, and barrel temperatures are pushed close to the base resin's limits, leading to both colorant and resin degradation.

Screw and barrel wear. A worn screw or barrel-regardless of the design-will inhibit mixing, causing a loss in plasticating quality and therefore color distribution.

Barrel capacity. As a general rule, using more than 60 percent of the barrel capacity with a GP screw is considered to be pushing the processing envelope for good color incorporation. Of course, this is cycle-time dependent. The barrel's L/D ratio is also important. For example, shorter barrels (18:1) are less conducive to a good mix, while longer barrels (24:1) provide a longer mix environment, but also longer residence time. It's important to keep an eye on material residence time, because excessive residence can degrade either the base resin or the colorant, or both, while insufficient time in the barrel may lead to distribution issues.

Colorant handling and dispensing. One of the keys to successful color processing is an accurate blending/distribution of colorant and base resin before both enter the molding machine. When blending equipment is used, production personnel must be aware of proper operation, calibration, and maintenance. If the equipment is not properly calibrated to the process, any money saved by coloring the raw materials will be lost in wasted product.

For solid (salt and pepper mix) colorants, there are many different options, such as drum tumblers or auger mixers. For blending concentrates and powders at the machine, either volumetric or gravimetric feeders are used. Volumetric feeders are both less expensive and potentially less accurate than gravimetric types because they feed colorant based on speed vs. time. Gravimetric feeders weigh and blend each component in the mix. For liquid colorant, special volumetric pumps are typically used to handle the color accurately and neatly. (See the sidebar on p. 87 for definitions of common colorant-system formats and their functions.)

2. Tooling design can also impact aesthetics.

Gates and runner systems. Proper gating and runner types should be considered at the design table. It's important to remember that additional heat generated by a hot manifold or pin gate during injection fill can affect the integrity of the color. If it's known ahead of time that such tooling is being used, a colorant provider can formulate the color package differently.

Knitlines. Anticipating aesthetic issues during the early design stage is very important, especially if knitlines are a factor. When moldfilling analysis or experience indicates knitlines are likely, color formulation changes can be made with certain resin families that will Improve the appearance of knitlines. Of course, this issue is more easily resolved during the early stages of part and tooling design.

Mold texture. Also an important consideration during the design stages is mold texture, since it can affect how the eye perceives color. The presence of gloss and/or texture in the tool can make what would otherwise be an exact color match appear very different. Gloss should be considered in relation to both the mold and resin being processed, since some materials naturally have higher gloss.

3. Take a good look at part design.

Color/special effects. It's important to understand that a joint blessing and challenge of molding color and/or special effects is that the color package may accentuate design or molding problems that are already present in a part, such as knitlines, slight sinks, or stress-whitening marks near the base of a snapfit. Taking color back out and running the part in natural resin may appear to make the problem disappear, but in reality the problem, if it is a molding or design issue, is probably still there, and just not as visible.

The problem will be accentuated in chromatic colors and high-gloss designs. So if it's something that can otherwise be lived with, slight design modifications may solve the problem. On the other hand, certain problems, like stress-whitening marks, can often be hidden by the correct use of color or possible reformulation.

When integrally colored, molded parts of dissimilar materials are mated with other molded or painted parts, they must often match in color, gloss, and texture. Here, it's important to work closely with the resin and color suppliers to ensure that the parts will match as closely as possible when they are new and that they will fade at the same rate throughout the lifetime of the assembly.

Bosses/ribs/knitlines/parting lines. Wherever there is a flow interruption in the part design-from bosses, ribs, or even converging flow fronts on multiple gated parts-there is a strong possibility of sink marks, knitlines, and compromised mechanical integrity because knitlines are always weaker than the surrounding resin. Since the orientation of the material in these areas shifts, the refractive index across this region of the part will also shift, posing aesthetic challenges for many special-effects packages. Therefore, these interruptions should be designed into nonvisible faces and noncritical areas of the part.

4. Take these processing tips to heart.

Screw speed. For color processing, a slower screw speed is usually better to avoid shearing and burning the colorant and to ensure proper color distribution, cycle time permitting.

Backpressure. Higher backpressure promotes more thorough mixing, especially with a GP screw, again, if cycle time permits. A maximum value of 300 psi (2 MPa) is generally recommended by machinery OEMs.

Resin temperature. Higher melt temperatures also promote better mixing, as long as the processor is careful not to begin melting too early in the feed section of the screw, although this too can be resin dependent.

5. Be aware of these colorant and formulation issues.

Resin and colorant compatibility. The melt index relationship between the base resin and color are very important and should be considered early in the design. Additionally, certain pigments react with particular resins to a greater or lesser degree.

For instance, some organic pigments tend to dissolve and disappear (or change color) in styrenic polymers. Similarly, many dyes tend to change color or disappear in nylon polymers, which are weak reducing agents that effectively destroy the chromophore component of the dye that provides color. Additionally, except in special cases, dyes are not recommended for use in olefins because of very limited solubility and a potential for color migration (crocking). Further, dyes can act as a plasticizer in some materials, reducing thermal properties or even reacting with the resin itself to produce various effects.

Phthalocyanine (phthalo) pigments can be problematic, since they can act as nucleators, causing often uncontrollable shrinkage and warpage problems in crystalline resins. Fluorescent dyes also can pose problems in certain environments. They lack thermal stability for use in many engineering resins, they chemically react with nylon, and they lack UV stability for use in most outdoor applications.

A final category of problems is often found with polymer blends and alloys. There can be phase boundaries between the various components of these materials that can cause light scattering and a resulting milkiness. Hence, obtaining chromatic colors can become a costly undertaking due to the large amount of colorant that needs to be introduced to counteract the milkiness-often at the expense of economic concerns and critical physical or mechanical properties.

Carrier specification. The specific carrier for the color and its flow properties vs. the base resin play an important role in color distribution, and must be considered during the initial design. The carrier should melt in the late-feed or early-transition sections of the screw to ensure proper distribution of the pigment or dye in the mix. If the carrier has either too high or too low a melting point, the colorant will not be properly distributed in the melt, and finally in the molded part.

Other additives. Special additives for the colorant package can help with some color-related problems. However, these ingredients are normally not incorporated until processing efforts have failed, primarily because they add cost that may make the end product less cost-effective.

Grade can make a difference. It's important to remember that not all resin families or even grades within the same family are interchangeable with a given color package, let alone with different pigment or dye packages in the same chemical family. Further, since most colorant suppliers custom formulate their packages to a specific resin grade by a particular manufacturer, if the resin provider is switched after the color package has been formulated, it should be retested.

A good example of this is the fairly wide fluctuation that can be seen in the natural color of polypropylene, which can range from a yellow-white to a gray-white shade, depending on the quality and quantity of filler used.

An Ounce of Prevention
Like so many other problems in life, colorant issues are far easier to anticipate and prevent than to cure once they've occurred in molded parts. If color is important to the final performance of an application, then it should be designed in from the start via simultaneous engineering. To ensure the colorant package is properly formulated for the application, provide the color formulator with all available information on both the application and its material targets as soon as they are set.

If any of these specs change during the latter stages of the design process, inform both the resin and colorant suppliers. Changes may require a new formulation. Don't hesitate to call on the colorant provider to analyze, retest, and reformulate a color formulation to make sure it will be suitable in the end-use environment.

It's also important to inform the colorant formulator of your equipment setup, in case you need to make changes in order to optimize the resin/colorant/throughput requirements of a particular application. Finally, watch your process parameters and once the process has stabilized, note any sudden changes that may signal the beginnings of a problem.

Special care is needed when self-coloring engineering resins because a significant portion of their perceived value-and therefore cost-lies in their superior physical, mechanical, and aesthetic properties, which can be sensitive to even small compositional changes. The more important color is in a given application, the sooner the colorant provider should be involved in the design process.

 Table 1: Possible color-related problems and potential causes
. Machine/mold Process Material
.
Bubbles
  • Excessive screw and barrel wear
  • Insufficient mold venting
  • Resin temperature too high
  • Backpressure too low
  • Pack and/or hold pressure too low
  • Pack and/or hold time too short
  • Injection fill rate too fast
  • Excessive moisture in the base resin*
  • Excessive moisture in the colorant
.
Burns
  • Improper screw design
  • Cavity gating too small
  • Poor hot runner design (if applicable)
  • Incorrect or worn nonreturn valve
  • Required shot size too small
  • Incorrect nozzle type
  • Nozzle tip orifice too small
  • Melt temperature too high
  • Injection fill rate too fast
  • Screw speed too fast
  • Excessive backpressure
  • Hot runner temperature too high (if applicable)
  • Heat sensitive colorant formulation
  • Incorrect resin intended for the application
.
Poor clarity
  • Excessive wear between the screw and barrel
  • Required shot size too great
  • Poor mold surface
  • Melt temperature too low
  • Mold temperature too low
  • Injection speed too slow
  • Incompatible base resin and colorant combination
  • Material contamination
.
Color streaks
  • Required shot size too great
  • Resin temperature too low
  • Barrel heating element malfunctioning or out of calibration
  • Worn screw and/or barrel
  • Out of calibration or erratic colorant feeder
  • Improper screw design
  • Resin residence time too low
  • Screw speed too fast
  • Backpressure too low
  • Poor color and resin raw material mix (salt and pepper)
  • Inadequate raw material blending time
  • Not enough colorant used
  • Base resin vs. colorant melt index incompatibility
  • Incompatible colorant carrier system
.
Black specks
  • Screw, barrel, or nonreturn wear
  • Nozzle tip, nozzle, nozzle adapter or barrel end cap leaking
  • Mismatched nozzle tip, nozzle, or nozzle adapter rear orifice
  • Nonreturn unthreaded from screw
  • Degraded material or scale flaking off the screw and/or barrel
  • Degraded material or scale flaking off hot manifold channel
  • Required shot size too small
  • Poor purging practices
  • Barrel temperatures too high
  • Contaminated base resin
  • Contaminated colorant
  • Colorant pigments are scrubbing the screw and barrel (highly loaded TiO2 formulas)
  • Contaminated regrind or recycled materials
.
Delamination
  • Sharp corners in the material flow path
  • Poor mold venting
  • Melt temperature too low
  • Injection speed too fast
  • Poor purging practices
  • Incompatible mix of colorant and base resin
  • Incorrect colorant carrier system
  • Material contamination
.
Discoloration
  • Required shot size too small (excessive residence time)
  • Cavity gating too small
  • Poor hot manifold design
  • Melt temperature too high
  • Injection speed too fast
  • Excessive resin drying time
  • Base resin color shift
  • Colorant out of specification
  • Colorant letdown ratio is incorrect
  • Colorant heat stability is too low
.
Wed, 05 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.plasticstoday.com/guide-color-troubleshooting
Killexams : Syllabus Development

The Syllabus area of the myCourses course template is organized into the following sections:

  1. Course Information and Expectations
  2. Instructor Contact Information
  3. Course Requirements and Resources
  4. Activities and Assignments
  5. Assessment and Grading
  6. Course Policies
  7. Course Schedule

Much of the information needed for the Course Information and Expectations section—particularly the all-important learning outcomes and assessment methods—should be taken directly from the official Course Outline Form for your assigned course(s). Your department chair or program head can provide you with the form(s) and guidance on what is and is not modifiable in the transition to a course syllabus. If you are designing a new course, however, you will need to successfully complete the RIT course proposal process. 

Before completing the Course Policies section, we encourage you to first consult our companion webpage, RIT Policies for Your Syllabus. The External Resources section (below) provides helpful information, advice, and examples for developing the remaining sections of your syllabus.

Regardless of where you are in the syllabus-design process, you can always request one-on-one consultations with an Instructional Design Researcher and Consultant.

Sun, 30 Jan 2022 08:56:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.rit.edu/teaching/syllabus-development Killexams : A look inside Syllabus

What really is a syllabus? Is it a tool or a manifesto? A machine or a plan? What are its limits? Its horizon? And who is it really for? And what would happen if you took the syllabus as seriously as you take the most serious forms of writing in your own discipline? 

It’s so familiar. The first day, the first class meeting, the noises, the competing interests of choosing seats and choosing neighbors, the geometry of students and backpacks, tools, food, books. For you, it’s curtain up. You’ve brought with you a set of handouts, the ones you quickly say are also and always available online in the course learning module. You distribute the handouts, making eye contact as you do it—everyone is so young, and the class is more diverse each time you steal a glance. You’re looking for their response, even before they’ve read a word of what you’ve set down. 

You remind yourself that your students are there for one of two reasons. Either they have to be there, or they want to be there. Either your course is a) required of everyone or maybe required in some specific track, or b) it’s an elective. You know that neither category guarantees an easy ride, and you wouldn’t want it any other way. Teaching is hard. One of your goals is to have the students who have to be there want to be there. Another goal is surely to make students who choose your course tell others that it was amazing, that you were terrific. Teaching is hard, you tell yourself again. Knowing that is part of being a teacher. 

You feel the electricity of performance, the responsibility of winning students over to your discipline. You run through what you’re going to say this hour in a distracted, internal monologue. A few moments later, and the class has settled down into what looks like an attentive memorizing of the handout. It feels as if it’s your moment to lose: students poring over the little world you’ve created for them, a place where the hierarchy of the university—your mastery, their innocent but open-minded ignorance—is mediated by a simple document and the set of rules to which it conforms. Their eyes turn to you. Electronics are stowed. You pick up a piece of chalk. House lights down. You begin. You will be at that blackboard, chalk in hand, for sixteen weeks, and during that time your voice, and your brilliance, will fill the space. 

You begin talking, but something strange is happening. All your expertise seems to have left you, and you’re jabbering on in what you recognize as a steady stream of amateurish nonsense. But that’s not the most horrifying part. What’s truly frightening is that the students are looking at you as if you’re making perfect sense—or, more accurately, as if it doesn’t matter whether you’re brilliant or banal. 

Then the alarm clock goes off and you wake up. It’s four a.m., still dark, and you don’t have to be on campus for another two weeks. You spent last night fine-tuning your syllabus one last time and in the process ratcheting up your own anxiety. 

You’ve just awakened from one version of the Academic’s Performance Dream. In the dream-class, you were about to tell the students something for sixteen weeks, which might be fine if your course were a one-way transmission to an adoring audience and nothing more. You wouldn’t really teach a class that way. 

And yet you’re beginning to concede that the dream that woke you is more or less a critique—your critique—of your own teaching, your unconscious mind accusing you of a particular kind of earnest, hardworking—what to call it?—laziness. You’re half-awake now and recognize too much of your own teaching style. It isn’t a horror show—far from it. Reasonably genial, largely inert, a series of solos in which you enacted knowledge of the subject, underscoring memorable points with chalk, points dutifully copied by a silent room of students whose own thoughts remained locked away for the semester or at least until the final exam. 

The sun’s coming up, and your morning resolution is not to teach that way again. You’re not even sure what kind of teaching that was, but it felt deeply incomplete. You’re awake now and, breaking the rules you’ve set for yourself, you’ve got your laptop open in bed. You’re anxiously looking over that syllabus one more time. Is it too much, too little, too complicated, too filled with arrows that point the student to side roads? Could you read your own syllabus and make a reasonable guess as to what the course wants to accomplish, as opposed to what your department’s course catalogue says that the course studies or describes? Could you recognize what the course challenges students to do? And how exactly would you, the teacher who wrote that syllabus, follow through on your own expectations for students? 

Dreaming or waking, these questions never seem to go away. Teachers aim high. Big targets, big goals. A class that sings with intellectual engagement. Rigorous but fair grading, and each student doing better than you had hoped. The gratification of giving the exemplary lecture to a room of attentive students. Your own delight in the difficulty that comes with thinking seriously about things that count. All good goals, which, taken together, add up to an ideal of the teacher-focused class. “You’re a star!” says somebody in the hallway, possibly without irony. 

But stars are bright, distant things, and the light they throw off is old, old news. What might it mean to teach now, to shine now, in the present, close to the moment and our students? This question is about more than diversity or age or ethnic sensitivity or a sympathetic engagement with the complexities of gender, or disability, or any of the other qualities that distinguish person from person. First or last, teaching is inevitably about all of these things.3 But to be present asks that we do so much more. Our students, hungry for something that starry light can’t provide by itself, need from us not just knowledge—even knowledge tempered by sensitivity—but craft. 

The myth of Prometheus—the Greek name means “forethought”—tells us that this most generous of Titans stole fire from the gods and brought it to us clay-built human creatures, functionally kindling life in our dark world. Teaching in the present is a bit like stealing fire. Here, o starry teacher, the fire is your own but briefly. Teaching is renouncing the glamour and assurance of the well-executed solo and sharing that light with your students, moving the focus from something we’ve long called teaching and giving the torch to learning. You can teach by yourself, or at least tell yourself that you can, but you can’t learn (let’s for a moment allow it to be a transitive verb meaning “to make them learn”) by yourself. 

Modern English learn has as one of its antecedents the Old English form gelaeran, which meant “to teach.” This etymological paradox isn’t a paradox at all, of course. If teaching is the thing that happens when students are learning, subject and object come to be bound together, like Aristophanes’s conception of the sexes balled up inseparably in The Symposium, a Möbius-like continuum of teaching and learning, enacted by teacher and student. 

We begin to discern the contours of this perplexing space of learning when we awake from the dream (it was always only a dream, never a solid reality) of the masterful teacher delivering knowledge. We can map out something so complex only by making a concerted effort to describe its nuances, conundrums, its areas of density and lightness. We perform this mapping and engage in this forethought when we compose a syllabus, but only if it is indeed an attempt to map the space of learning. Which means that, as we’ll say in several ways throughout this book, a syllabus isn’t so much about what you will do. It’s about what your students will do. 


This essay is an excerpt from Syllabus: The Remarkable, Unremarkable Document That Changes Everything by William Germano and Kit Nicholls.


William Germano is professor of English at Cooper Union. His books include Getting It Published and From Dissertation to Book. Twitter @WmGermano Kit Nicholls is director of the Center for Writing at Cooper Union, where he teaches writing, literature, and cultural studies.

Tue, 04 Oct 2022 09:05:00 -0500 en text/html https://press.princeton.edu/ideas/a-look-inside-syllabus
Killexams : RBSE Class 10,12 test 2023 Syllabus Out At Rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
RBSE Class 10,12  test 2023 Syllabus Out At Rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
RBSE has released the Class 9, 10,11 and 12 board test syllabus.

Image credit: Shutterstock

RBSE Class 10,12 test 2023: The Rajasthan Board of Secondary Education (RBSE) has released the Class 9, 10,11 and 12 board test syllabus. Candidates can check and download the RBSE 2023 board examination syllabus through the official website – rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in.

Latest: Register for ANTHE 2022. Get up to 100% Scholarship, Here
Don't Miss: RBSE Class 12th Question/Sample Papers. Download Now
Suggested: Toppers' Preparation Tips to Score 99+ in Boards, Check Now

Due to the Covid-19 pandemic scenario, the Rajasthan board has changed the board test pattern and divided it into semesters. The board will conduct the 2023 final examination with 100 per cent syllabus. Last year the test was held on a reduced syllabus. Recently an official notification from RBSE stated that the approved paper pattern for the 2023 examination will remain the same, however, choice in the question paper should be limited to long answer questions only. There will be no option for short answer questions. RBSE is likely to conduct the Class 10, and 12 exams 2023 next year in the month of March.

RBSE Class 10 test 2023 Syllabus Direct Link

RBSE Class 12 test 2023 Syllabus Direct Link

  1. Candidates at first need to visit the official website - rajeduboard.rajasthan.gov.in
  2. Then on the homepage, click on the link ‘Anudeshika Pathyakram 2022-23’
  3. Then click on the RBSE syllabus 2023 link.
  4. The board test syllabus will get displayed on the screen
  5. Download and take a printout of the RBSE 2023 board test syllabus.
Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.ndtv.com/education/rbse-class-1012-exam-2023-syllabus-out-at-rajeduboardrajasthangovin
Killexams : Best CFA test Prep Courses

A newer option for CFA test prep, Salt Solutions launched its Beta platform for CFA Level I test prep in late 2020. The company is now officially out of Beta, and the full CFA learning experience is available for Levels I and II (Level III will be available in 2022).

Salt Solutions knows it’s tough to stay focused on a large volume of material with limited study time, so it breaks it into small chunks to complete in 10 to 30 minutes. Salt Solutions also improves the study process by showing you which steps are most important. While the platform offers flexibility, the scheduler also sets weekly goals to keep you on track. 

The platform has a user-friendly interface with a light or dark mode, making it easier on your eyes after long hours of studying. The platform currently includes assignment questions, downloadable videos, and a scheduler with weekly goals to stay on track.

Although Salt Solutions doesn’t have a proven track record yet, the user-friendly and thoughtfully designed software looks promising, particularly for those tired of staring at textbooks. Passing all three CFA exams isn’t easy, and Salt Solutions may be a good option for those struggling to buckle down and focus.

Mon, 10 Aug 2020 16:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.investopedia.com/best-cfa-exam-prep-courses-4797121
Killexams : Punjab ADA 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus: download Official Syllabus PDF

Punjab ADA 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus: Know about the Punjab ADA test pattern & syllabus in detail. Also, get the marking scheme, test duration, and official syllabus PDF announced by the Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC).

Punjab ADA 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus

Punjab ADA 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus: The Punjab Public Service Commission (PPSC) released the Punjab Assistant District Attorney (ADA) test Pattern and Syllabus on its official website. Candidates must be well-versed in the syllabus and test pattern of Punjab ADA 2022 to align their studies with the test requirements. The official notification for the same was released in April 2022 and the written competitive test is likely to be conducted on November 6, 2022. 

All the eligible candidates aspiring for this upcoming recruitment test should check the Punjab ADA test Pattern to get an idea of the scheme followed by the commission. As per the official notification, the selection will be based on the written test with 120 questions asked from Subject based topics, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability, and General Knowledge. 

Download Govt Exams Calendar for Oct 2022

Along with the test pattern, the commission has also released the official Punjab ADA Syllabus and Marking scheme for the ease of the aspirants. Candidates can download the same to ace the ADA written test in one attempt.

Punjab ADA 2022 Important Dates

Check out the important dates for Punjab ADA recruitment elaborated below:

Events

Dates

Application Start Date

30th April 2022

Last Date to submit application

20th May 2022

Last Date for paying the application fee and examination fee

30th May 2022

Punjab ADA Admit Card

Five Days before the exam

Exam Date

6th November 2022

Punjab ADA Result Date

To be updated soon

Punjab ADA test Pattern 2022

  • The written competitive test is a pen & paper-based test. It consists of Multiple Choice Questions in the machine-gradable OMR sheet to be marked by a ballpoint pen.
  • The medium of the test will be in English Language only.
  • The test duration will be 2 hours.
  • As per the Punjab ADA Marking Scheme, candidates will be awarded 4 marks for every correct answer. Also, there will be a provision for negative marking (One mark for each question) for the questions marked incorrectly by the candidates.
  • The minimum qualifying mark to ace the competitive test is 40% marks (35% for the candidates belonging to the Schedules Caste of Punjab and Backward Classes of Punjab).

Check the detailed test pattern of the written test below:

Punjab ADA Paper Pattern

Topic

Number of Questions

Marks

Duration

Subject Based Questions (Part A)

100

400

2 Hours

Logical Reasoning, Mental ability and General Knowledge(Part B)

20

80

Total

120

480

Punjab ADA Syllabus 2022

Candidates who are aspiring to participate in the upcoming Punjab ADA written test should be well acquainted with the official syllabus. The commission has released the syllabus and scheme for all the subjects in the official notification PDF.  Candidates can download a copy of the Punjab ADA Syllabus to concentrate on the syllabus important for the exam. The detailed syllabus is notified below:

Punjab ADA Syllabus

Subject

Punjab ADA Topics

Subject Based Questions

Code of Criminal Procedure

Code of Civil Procedure

Indian Penal Code

Constitutional Law

Indian Evidence Act

General Knowledge

General Knowledge and Current affairs of National and International importance including 

History of India with special reference to Indian freedom struggle movement History of Punjab- 14th century onwards

Science and Technology.

Economic issues. 

Environment issues

Polity issues 

Any other current issues. 

Logical Reasoning & Mental Ability

Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability.

Basic numerical skills, percentages, magnitudes, numbers, and numerical relation appreciation.

Data analysis, spreadsheets, tables, Graphic presentation charts

After getting well-versed with the above-mentioned syllabus for the Punjab ADA exam, the next thing to do is create a study schedule and follow it regularly. Also, attempt the latest mock tests, current affairs quizzes, and previous year's question papers to boost your preparation. Identify your strong and weak points and work on improving the weak areas to achieve the best score in the exam.

FAQ

Q1. What is Punjab ADA test Pattern 2022?

Ans. As per the Punjab ADA Paper Pattern, the written test is a pen-paper-based test. It comprises 120 multiple-choice questions (4 marks for each question) with an test duration of 2 hours. A negative marking of 1 mark is applicable for every incorrect answer marked by the candidates.

Q2. What is the selection process for Punjab ADA Recruitment 2022?

Ans. The candidates will be selected for the post of Assistant District Attorney (Group-B) based on the written examination only.

Q3. Has the commission released the Punjab ADA Syllabus 2022?

Ans. Yes, the commission has released the Punjab ADA Syllabus for all the subjects, Logical Reasoning, Mental Ability, General Knowledge, and Subject Based Topics. Candidates must go through the official ADA syllabus PDF and prepare accordingly for the exam.

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 01:15:00 -0500 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/punjab-ada-2022-exam-pattern-download-official-syllabus-pdf-1665655275-1
Killexams : AP PGT 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus: download Official Post Graduate Teacher Syllabus PDF

AP PGT 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus: Get the details on the marking scheme, test duration, and official syllabus PDF released by the Andhra Pradesh Education Board for the recruitment of the AP Post Graduate Teacher (PGT). 

AP PGT 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus

AP PGT 2022 test Pattern & Syllabus: The Government of Andhra Pradesh School Education Department has released the AP PGT Syllabus and test Pattern on its official website. Candidates should download the syllabus and test pattern for the AP Post Graduate Teachers test before starting the preparation. As per the latest notice, the department has withheld the AP PGT recruitment process due to the court case and the new dates of commencement of the process shall be intimated later.

Recent Story: AP TGT PGT Recruitment Process 2022 Withheld

The candidates who are going to write the upcoming test should know about the AP PGT test pattern to regulate their preparation for the syllabus relevant to the exam. As per the notification, the selection process will have a written test with questions asked from subjects such as the English Language Proficiency Test, General Knowledge, and Current Affairs, Perspective in Education, Educational Psychology & Content of the concerned subject, and Methodology of the concerned subject.

Check CTET Certificate & Marksheet 2022 New Update

Candidates should also download the detailed AP PGT Syllabus including the names of the syllabus and marking scheme released on the official website of the department. This will help them to plan effective study strategies and ace the AP PGT test in a single attempt.

AP PGT 2022 Important Dates

The important dates for AP PGT 2022 are detailed below:

Event

Dates

Application Start Date

To be updated soon

Last Date to submit application

To be updated soon

Admit Card Release Date

To be updated soon

AP PGT Written test Dates

To be updated soon

Result Release Date

To be updated soon

Check CTET 2022 Registration Process

AP PGT test Pattern 2022

The AP PGT test Pattern comprises two papers, i.e., Paper I (English Language Proficiency Test) and Paper II (Teacher Recruitment Test(TRT)). Check out the detailed test pattern for both papers shared below:

Paper I

  • The English Language Proficiency Test (Paper I) consists of multiple-choice questions.
  • The standard of questions of Paper I will be up to the intermediate level. 
  • The duration of the test shall be 1 Hour and 30 Minutes.
  • The medium of the question paper will be English.

AP PGT Paper Pattern

Part-I

English Language Proficiency Test

100 MCQs

100 Marks

Paper II

  • The Teacher Recruitment Test(TRT) (Paper II) consists of Objective Type questions with Multiple choice answers.
  • A total of 200 MCQs asked for a maximum of 100 marks.
  • The duration of the examination is 3 Hours.
  • The question paper will be asked in English medium.

AP PGT Question Paper Pattern

Part

Subject

Number of Questions

Maximum Marks

Part-I

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

20 MCQs

10 Marks

Part-II

Perspective in Education

20 MCQs

10 Marks

Part-III

Educational Psychology

20MCQs

10 Marks

Content of concerned subject

100 MCQs

50 Marks

Part IV

Methodology of concerned subject

40 MCQs

20 Marks

Total

200 MCQs

100 Marks

Important Notes:

  • Paper I is the only qualifying paper and marks obtained in this paper are not considered for the preparation of the merit list.
  • The minimum qualifying marks for the English Proficiency Test are 60 marks for OC/BC category candidates and 50 marks for SC/ST/PH candidates.
  •  If the candidate of PGT fails to secure the qualifying marks in Paper-I then their Paper-II will not be evaluated and shall not be considered eligible for further rounds.

AP PGT Syllabus 2022

The candidates who are going to appear for the upcoming AP PGT test should make sure that they are familiar with the official syllabus. The department has released the syllabus for all the subjects on the official website. Candidates can go through the AP PGT syllabus to cover all the syllabus relevant to the exam.

AP PGT Paper I Syllabus

Check out the detailed syllabus for paper I of the AP PGT test below:

AP PGT Syllabus for Paper I

 

Subject

AP PGT Topics

English Language Proficiency Test

Phrasal Verbs 

Parts of Speech

Prepositions 

Clauses 

Idiomatic Expressions

Homonyms 

Synonyms/ Antonyms

Homophones

Hypernyms & Hyponyms 

Spelling

Tenses

Subject/ Verb Agreement

One-word Substitutes

Foreign Phrases Used in English

Helping Verbs 

Degrees of Comparison

Language Functions

Sentence Improvement

Direct/ Indirect Speech

Proverbs

Modal Auxiliaries

Word Formation

Short Forms - Full Forms

Word Collocations

Ordinary Verbs 

Articles 

Transformation of Sentences

Common Errors

Punctuation and Capitalization 

Sentence Structures

Active/ Passive Voice

Word Order

Linkers 

Reading comprehension

Writing of Discourses

Dictionary Skills 

Question Tags

Types of Sentences

AP PGT Paper II Syllabus

Check out the official syllabus for Paper II of the AP PGT test shared below:

AP PGT Syllabus for Paper II

 

Subject

AP PGT Topics

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

Standard GK and Events Happened in year 2022

Perspective in Education

  • History of Education
  • Teacher Empowerment
  • Educational Concerns in Contemporary India
  • Acts / Rights
  • National Curriculum
  • National Educational Policy

Educational Psychology

  • Development of Child
  • Understanding Learning
  • Pedagogical Concerns

Content

  • English
  • Telugu
  • Mathematics
  • Civics
  • Physical Science
  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • Physics
  • Sanskrit
  • Chemistry
  • Social Studies
  • Commerce
  • Economics
  • Hindi

The AP PGT test is going to be conducted soon. Candidates can check out the above-mentioned syllabus and test pattern of AP PGT recruitment to understand the test closely. Also, it is advised to pick the right set of books and attempt mock tests to strengthen the preparation.

FAQ

Q1. What is the AP PGT test Pattern for Paper I 2022?

As per the AP PGT Paper Pattern, Paper I is a qualifying paper and comprises 100 multiple-choice questions for 100 marks. The duration of the test is 1 Hour and 30 Minutes.

Q2. What is the selection process of AP PGT Recruitment 2022?

The AP PGT selection process comprises two stages, a Written test followed by a Certificate Verification round.

Q3. What are the sections under d the AP PGT 2022 Exam?

English Language Proficiency Test, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Perspective in Education, Educational Psychology & Content of the concerned subject, and Methodology of the concerned subject

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 21:22:00 -0500 text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/articles/ap-pgt-2022-exam-pattern-syllabus-pdf-download-1665734179-1
922-080 exam dump and training guide direct download
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