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MONDAY, Aug. 8, 2022 (HealthDay News) -- Women who go into menopause when they are younger than 40 are at greater risk of heart problems, reports a new Korean study of more than 1.4 million females.
Women with premature menopause had an overall 33% higher risk of heart failure and 9% higher risk of an irregular heart rhythm (atrial fibrillation) compared to women who experienced normal menopause, even after accounting for other risk factors, researchers reported Aug. 3 in the European Heart Journal.
Heart health risks increased as women experienced menopause earlier in life, compared to those who went into menopause after 50:
Premature menopause affects 1% of women younger than 40, the researchers said in background notes.
“Women with premature menopause should be aware that they may be more likely to develop heart failure or atrial fibrillation than their peers,” study author Dr. Ga Eun Nam, of Korea University College of Medicine, in Seoul, said in a news release from the European Society of Cardiology. “This may be good motivation to Boost lifestyle habits known to be linked with heart disease, such as quitting smoking and exercising.”
The researchers based the study on data from the Korean National Health Insurance System. Out of 1.4 million postmenopausal women tracked between 2009 and 2018, more than 28,000 went through premature menopause.
SOURCE: European Society of Cardiology, news release, Aug. 3, 2022
Andrew Latham has worked as a professional copywriter since 2005 and is the owner of LanguageVox, a Spanish and English language services provider. His work has been published in "Property News" and on the San Francisco Chronicle's website, SFGate. Latham holds a Bachelor of Science in English and a diploma in linguistics from Open University.
A major interest for members of the sub-unit is around the implications of the quality management philosophy for a range of organizations across the public and private sectors.
This is reflected in research work that concentrates on supply management and business improvement. Research across the sub-unit supports current thinking regarding the integration of theories from other disciplines. This supports the views expressed in previous RAE assessments of the need to look at management problems from a variety of theoretical perspectives.
Cadden, Humphreys, McCracken, McHugh, McIvor, McKittrick, Yeung and Wiengarten have concentrated on the integration of theories including transaction cost economics (TCE), organizational theory and the resource-based view (RBV) to gain new perspectives with regard to the outsourcing decision-making process and provider development strategies.
Cadden, McHugh, McCracken and McKittrick provide an organisational perspective with regard to supply management decisions and their impact on HR strategy, culture and technology. Given the increased focus on services outlined in the Sainsbury Report, current research on outsourcing is investigating the services domain with respect to business processes and is partially supported by grants from ICSA and the British Academy. McIvor has published a well-received research textbook on global services outsourcing published by Cambridge University Press.
In addition, Humphreys and McIvor have been collaborating with colleagues from the Institution's Faculty of Engineering to conduct work on the application of computational intelligence techniques to supply management problems. Carey complements the work of the group by adopting an OR perspective to investigating logistics issues related to managing dynamic traffic networks.
International and national linkages at University level include, Hong Kong Polytechnic, University of Hong Kong, Jinan (China), University College Dublin, Southampton, Loughborough, Groningen and Missouri. Collaboration with commercial organizations includes Nortel Networks, DuPont, Seagate Technology, Allied Bakeries, First Trust Bank, Microsoft and their SME supply base. The group has regular consultations with industry in order to identify common areas for research activities and ensure that the curriculum is informed by contemporary practice.
McAdam and Moffett apply a knowledge-centered approach to improving levels of creativity and innovation in the knowledge based economy. The work has resulted in the development of knowledge management assessment tools for intelligent business support systems, with prototype applications developed based on semantic technologies. An extension of this work, and partly funded by a number of EU grants, is the development of Innovation Management models and methodologies for use by public and private sector organizations. The research has explored the role of business improvement and quality management philosophies and methodologies in improving competitiveness from a critical perspective both in large organizations and SMEs. At the same time, McAdam and Moffett are examining innovation management within University Science Parks and Incubators (USPI) with regard to the development of theory and practice from an Absorptive Capacity (cumulative learning) perspective. A further strand of research involving Wu is investigating the influence of social capital on the innovation process. Currently, Wu and McAdam are looking at extending this work to consider organisational dynamic capabilities.
The group has international and national linkages with a number of universities, including Maryland, Denver, Glasgow and Heriot-Watt. There are also research linkages with a number of organisations, such as Bombardier Aerospace, British Telecom and a range of SMEs across Ireland.
Dramatically altered workplace dynamics require innovative use of technology for talent engagement and retention
NEW YORK, June 27, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- Executives are confident they can maintain their culture in a long-term hybrid work environment, but at the same time remain concerned about negative impacts the pandemic has had on employee experience, according to a new study released today by Genpact (NYSE: G), a global professional services firm focused on delivering digital transformation.
Conducted with FORTUNE Brand Studio, Tech for Progress 360 is a three-part series analyzing how companies are using technology to drive impact beyond the bottom line. The series examines business progress across three distinct objectives: enhancing workforce culture; delivering environmental sustainability; and achieving diversity, equity, and inclusion.
The first report, Tech for Progress 360: Engage employees, strengthen company culture, examines the challenges and opportunities businesses face as they embrace new working models. The study, which reflects input from 500 senior executives from large global enterprises, underscores technology's critical role in employee engagement and organizational culture. Indeed, among the respondents whose organizations were the biggest adopters of new technologies during the pandemic, 76% strongly agree that their company can maintain its culture in a hybrid working environment, vs. 35% of others.
Similarly, executives who say their companies' business performance improved significantly over the past two years are more likely to see the potential of groundbreaking technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI) and advanced analytics to empower people to learn and grow.
"The rapid shift to remote work has been one of the most important management innovations of the past 20 years. It's proven work can be done remotely at scale. But in a post pandemic world, leading companies will be defined not just by their ability to get work done, but in their ability to create agile, adaptable, hybrid work environments that allow culture and creativity to thrive," said Tiger Tyagarajan, chief executive officer, Genpact. "To lead through this seismic shift, businesses must combine digital technologies and smart data to drive actionable insights that integrate employees into company culture, enable collaboration, and maintain learning and wellbeing — whether people work remotely, in the office, or blend both."
There are many lessons in workplace innovation that will enable the next generation workforce. For example, the report cites a large communications company which created an enterprise social site within its intranet that connects employees — including those who might never have otherwise met — to share stories, discuss best practices, socialize, and collaborate, allowing associates and leaders to connect on a more human level. This business is also updating its conference spaces with cameras and monitors to ensure people have the same experience regardless of whether they are in an onsite meeting room or remote.
Pandemic's lessons underscore future risks in corporate culture
While nearly all respondents (97%) believe their company has a shared culture it can maintain in a hybrid working environment, the report highlights fundamental areas businesses need to address, which if left untouched, could jeopardize their ability to maintain a community of shared values and positive employee experience:
"As people adjust to a hybrid world, companies must remember that work requires collaboration and deep human connection — wherever it is performed," Tyagarajan stressed. "Technology can play an important role in supporting a hybrid environment that works for both employees and customers, while delivering long-term business and individual success."
The next two reports in the Tech for Progress 360 series will address the role of technology in environmental sustainability and enabling diversity, equity, and inclusion. For more information, see https://www.genpact.com/tech-for-progress/employees.
About the Research
Genpact and FORTUNE Brand Studio conducted an online survey of 500 senior executives across the U.S, U.K, Germany, Australia, Japan, and Canada in the fall of 2021 to study how companies are using technology beyond the bottom line by examining progress toward three distinct objectives: enhancing the employee experience; strengthening communities through diversity, equity, and inclusion; and protecting the environment About 30% of respondents hold C-level positions and the remainder are director-level or above. Respondents represent the finance, IT/technology, supply chain/procurement, operations/ production, compliance/risk, general management, digital innovation, business transformation, sales, marketing, and HR sectors. All respondents report annual company revenue of $1 billion or higher.
Genpact (NYSE: G) is a global professional services firm that makes business transformation real. Led by our purpose – the relentless pursuit of a world that works better for people – we drive digital-led innovation and digitally enabled intelligent operations for our clients. Guided by our experience reinventing and running thousands of processes for hundreds of clients, many of them Global Fortune 500 companies, we drive real-world transformation at scale. We think with design, dream in digital, and solve problems with data and analytics. Combining our expertise in end-to-end operations and our AI-based platform, Genpact Cora, we focus on the details – all 100,000+ of us. From New York to New Delhi, and more than 30 countries in between, we connect every dot, reimagine every process, and reinvent the ways companies work. We know that reimagining each step from start to finish creates better business outcomes. Whatever it is, we'll be there with you – accelerating digital transformation to create bold, lasting results – because transformation happens here. Get to know us at Genpact.com and on LinkedIn, Twitter, YouTube, and Facebook.
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Steroids could reduce the risk of babies dying or developing breathing problems for mothers at risk of delivering twins prematurely, research has found.
Researchers at the University of Aberdeen found the use of steroids resulted in lower levels of infant mortality and respiratory disease syndrome in twins.
Steroids are regularly used to reduce the chances of neo-natal deaths, respiratory issues and other complications in babies expected to be born prematurely.
But studies usually focus on single births, twins and higher multiples such as triplets as one group.
Twins and other multiple births are 10 times more likely to be born prematurely compared to single babies.
Following calls to look at the use of antenatal steroids specifically in births involving twins, triplets etc, University of Aberdeen researchers along with colleagues from McGill University, Canada, and Monash University, Australia, have reviewed all relevant studies from across the world from 1974 to 2018.
Researchers looked at non-randomised studies that compared outcomes among twin newborns who had or had not been exposed to antenatal steroids. No restriction was applied to drug type, dosage, or number of doses.
The researchers are calling for twins to be included in future studies of this type as they are often underrepresented in clinical research.
Dr Sohinee Bhattacharya, from the University of Aberdeen, said: “This is an important review of existing literature as it has enabled us to look specifically at twins and see that they, in particular, are benefitting from the use of steroids.
“This should supply clinicians further confidence that this is an appropriate treatment that results in improved outcomes for babies.
“Twins and other multiple births are often excluded from research as, due to their relatively rare nature, they are outliers in comparison to many single births.
“But it is essential that twins and higher numbers are included so that we can ensure that treatments are just as safe for them as it is for single birth babies.”
The findings have been published in Obstetrics and Gynaecology journal.
History bears down like a weight in the affecting and funny short stories in Afterparties, Anthony Veasna So’s debut. Aimless and disaffected young Californians navigate feeling stuck at an age where, so it is said, one ought to be hungry and ambitious and on the move. Simmering under their lives is a history that feels as immoveable as it is unfathomable, as their families – who moved to the US from Cambodia in the 70s to escape Pol Pot’s genocide – are haunted by the past.
In one story, a college graduate returns home to work in his father’s car repair shop. The status-conscious wife of a doctor – the only couple in the community to ascend to white-collar labour – whacks him over the head with a magazine, asking why he did not “become a doctor”: “We escaped the Communists. So what are boys like you doing?!” “She tried whacking me again, but I stepped out of her reach” the narrator recalls: “’Please stop,’ I said. ‘Violence will not solve our problems, and neither will the model minority myth.’” The other adults in Afterparties live for survival, not status, and know the past cannot be wiped clean by climbing the ladder of social respectability. When a mysterious visitor starts frequenting her doughnut shop, Sothy, mother of two and owner of Chuck’s Donuts (a name she chose because it seemed “American enough to draw in customers”) fears that it is an old business partner coming back for retribution – a man who, “for all she knew, could have bankrolled Pol Pot’s coup.”
Elsewhere, a young man whose life echoes So’s own – born in to Khmer parents who fled the genocide; became one of the rare winners of the immigrant dream to attend Stanford University, then found work as a teacher – is reflecting on his fragile relationship with a tech bro in a soulless and gentrified Silicon Valley, and wonders “Here I was! Living in a district that echoed a dead San Francisco. Gay, Cambodian, and not even twenty-six, carrying in my body the aftermath of war, genocide, colonialism.” His job – teaching private school students the value of diversity and civic belonging through close readings of Moby Dick – appears to him both stupid and exhilarating.
Afterparties was published after So’s death in 2020, aged 28; eulogies spoke to his preternatural talent. His stories move fluidly between heart and humour, cynicism and wonder, speaking to how even in the thicket of historical violence people can and do continue to find moments of grace and laughter. His own voice emerges from the book bright, irreverent, and fully formed, while also bringing alive his characters, illuminating what they have inherited, and how and why, against the absurdities and unbearable histories in life, they continue to move onward.£8.36 (RRP £8.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Early one August morning in 1888, Bertha Benz set off with her two teenage sons to drive from Mannheim to visit her mother, 65 miles away. She was, as journalist Tom Standage notes, “the first person in history to use an automobile in a recognizably modern way – simply to get from A to B”.
She was driving her husband’s three-wheeled prototype, the Benz Patent Motorwagen. Up until then it had only been driven in the courtyard of his workshop and she wanted to show him that it was reliable enough to be used for long-distances. Bertha didn’t tell him she was going and had to wheel it out onto the road before starting the engine to avoid waking him.
On the journey, Bertha had to unblock the fuel pipe using a hat pin and use a garter to fix a leaky valve. Onlookers were astonished at the vehicle, some “found it so terrifying that they fell to their knees in prayer”.
Bertha’s daring trip to her mother was a PR triumph and today her route is marked with memorial signs. It convinced her husband that there was a market for his ingenious invention.
By 1900, 6,000 cars were sold in Europe. But in America, thanks to the 1908 Model T Ford, car ownership became more affordable. By 1920, 8 million Americans owned a car, far more than in Europe, and only 3-6 percent of vehicles were horse-drawn: an astonishing transport revolution. In the 1890s, there had been 300,000 horses on the streets of London, each producing 10 kilos of manure. No wonder horseless carriages seemed to be the obvious solution to cities’ transport problems.
But as Standage’s elegantly written and well-researched book shows, what seems like a quick fix for today’s issues can often end up creating new difficulties: the average speed of cars in central London now is 8 mph, the same as for horse-drawn carriages in the 1890s. And although there is less manure on the streets, the invisible pollution from cars is costing lives and contributing to climate change. This insightful book explores the five-thousand-year history of transport in order to place the decisions we face today into a broader historical context.
According to Standage, we have now reached “peak car” and ownership is declining. In China, people are opting to use ride hailing apps rather than own an expensive car. Indeed, apps offer a way of linking up diverse mobility services into “the internet of motion”, letting users plan trips and pay for different services on one platform. Cities like Helsinki and Berlin are leading the way.
This is, says Standage, the post-car future and the smartphone “is the true heir to the car”. It will allow us to avoid swapping one “transport monoculture” (such as the horse) for another (the car), and instead to create a flexible transport system fit for the future.£9.29 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
At a London conference in 1989, former US President Ronald Reagan predicted that the “communications revolution will be the greatest force for the advancement of human freedom the world has ever seen”. Amidst the mood of optimism at the end of the Cold War, many believed the information age would undermine the rule of the Communist Party in China and herald a new era of liberty. That has not happened.
Aided by cutting-edge surveillance technologies and the “Golden Shield”, aka the Great Firewall which turns the country into a digital fortress restricting access to the global internet, China has become “the biggest of big brothers”. As Jonathan Hillman argues, around the world “democracy is retreating, and digital authoritarianism is on the march”.
The Chinese Communist Party uses communications technology to underpin its hold on power at home. But in the last two decades, China has also become one of the world’s largest providers of such technology. The astonishing growth of companies such as Huawei is part of China’s Digital Silk Road.
First mentioned in 2015 it is integral to Chinese leader Xi Jinping’s plan to position China at the heart of the global economy through infrastructure projects and high-tech industries. Hillman charts the meteoric rise of Chinese technology companies, from wireless networks, satellites, and surveillance technology, to how China is forging a new map of the internet, one which it can potentially monitor: “Beijing wants to carry, store, and mine more of the world’s data while keeping its own networks out of reach.”
The stakes are far higher than who makes your phone or router. According to Hillman, China is creating “a new kind of empire”, one in which it can exercise power far from its own borders without the use of military assets. Welcome to the age of the “Network Wars”. In October 2020, for instance, Mumbai lost power. A few months earlier Chinese and Indian troops had clashed in the Himalayas. Chinese hackers had been targeting India’s infrastructure for weeks with malware: “they may have had an inside track: nearly all India’s power plants built over the last decade use Chinese equipment.”
From the outrageous tactics used by Chinese companies to steal research and markets from Western companies, such as Nortel, to the security implications of using Chinese hardware, Hillman’s chilling and important book – the result of five years studying Chinese global infrastructure projects – raises deeply worrying questions about the technology on which we are all now so reliant in our daily lives.£11.30 (RRP £12.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
This book, which concerns our species’ symbiotic entanglements with three potent plant-derived substances – opium, caffeine and mescaline – is a further development of Michael Pollan’s lifelong inquiry, which began, he writes, when he took up gardening as a teenager and attempted to grow cannabis.
His essays on perhaps the three most dramatically efficacious medicinal compounds proceed in a similar way, weaving personal experimentation with each of the “drugs” into informed histories of the ways in which they have taken such a hold of different human cultures. At the root of each case study is a pair of questions: the first asks why, as a species, we have gone to extraordinary lengths to propagate and disseminate these consciousness-changing molecules, and the second is why they are subject to paranoia and regulation in differing degrees.
The results of these experiments open up as many public questions as private epiphanies. Pollan is the perfect guide through this sometimes controversial territory; curious, careful and, as his book progresses, increasingly open minded.£9.34 (RRP £10.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
This book simultaneously is and isn’t about George Orwell, just as it is and isn’t about roses. It belongs in a whimsical category of its own, meandering elegantly enough through lots of subjects loosely connected to one or the other; more of a wildly overgrown essay, from which side shoots constantly emerge to snag the attention, than a book. But at its root is the fact that in 1936, the writer and political thinker planted some roses in his Hertfordshire garden. And when Solnit turns up on the doorstep more than eight decades later, she finds the rose bushes (or at least what she takes to be the same rose bushes) still flowering, a living connection between past and present.
From this blooms the most enjoyable part of the book – a reflection on what gardening may have meant to Orwell, but also what it means to gardeners everywhere; beauty for today, hope for tomorrow, and a desire to create something for those who come after – all of which find an echo in the best of politics.£8.49 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Claire-Louise Bennett’s second novel, like her first book, Pond, enacts a quest for quiddity – the syntax that embodies a cast of mind, the phrase that nails a sensation, the narrative structure that feels like life as it is lived or anyway processed. At times the effect is exhausting. Bennett’s unnamed, 40-ish narrator, raised in south-west England but resident in Ireland, holds forth in fevered, looping, breathless prose, and displays a tendency to travel long and far down the blindest of alleys. She can be arch and even twee. But whatever challenges the book poses to breezy reading are the product of unswerving fidelity to its own raw spirit.
“We read in order to come to life,” the narrator asserts, a past-tense formulation that could be read as present continuous. But coming to life isn’t confined to becoming a writer. An immersion in literature serves to inspire in a larger sense, to inflame a feeling of wonder and possibility – a dynamic not only evoked but also achieved by this elatingly risky and irreducible book.£8.49 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
The partition of India in 1947 displaced between 10 million and 12 million people along religious lines, causing refugee crises and violent tensions that continue to this day. As Britain left India, it drew a boundary, creating Pakistan, as the country split into two.
What Partition was, how it was managed and how it produced division between Hindu, Muslim and Sikhs has been written about extensively. We know it involved one of the largest ever mass migrations. We know that millions died. We know that certain regions are still disputed today. What we don’t often hear about are the people who became collateral damage in the aftermath of a hastily drawn border. I’ve often thought about those who lived through Partition and what they saw. What I had never appreciated was that some of them are here in the UK, dotted among us, dealing with the trauma of what they experienced and, in some cases, what they did.
Kavita Puri’s book is the most humane account of Partition I’ve read. Crucially, it distances itself from the politics of independence, from celebrating the British empire and the benefits it gave those under its rule. Instead, it gives a voice to those affected by Partition.
Partition Voices is important because Puri does not flinch as she dissects the tumultuous event, never shying away from the trauma. If the British empire is to be studied honestly, if colonialism and immigration are to be properly understood, we need schools and universities to embrace such oral histories or we will never know the truth about Partition and how it destroyed the lives of millions. We need a candid conversation about our past and this is an essential starting point.£9.29 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
This 28th and, sadly, final Inspector Montalbano novel was written in 2005 and kept in a safe until the author’s death in 2019. It’s set, as usual, in the fictional Sicilian town of Vigata, where the humane and witty detective, grown ever more weary and cynical, is joined, for the first time, by the author himself. Equally tired and tetchy, the fictional Camilleri repeatedly chides Montalbano for his lack of progress investigating the death of the titular Riccardino, a man with a colourful private life who has been gunned down in the street by an unknown killer on a motorbike. As so often in Camilleri’s thrillers, the malevolent forces of the mafia and the Catholic church are pulling strings in the background – the wily prelate who tries to entrap Montalbano with questions of moral philosophy is particularly enjoyable – and the author joins in as well, with increasingly improbable suggestions about how the inspector should proceed. To supply more detail would be to risk spoilers: suffice to say that Camilleri has contrived a fitting goodbye to a dear old friend who operates, to the very last, on his own terms. Both he and his creator will be greatly missed.£8.36 (RRP £8.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Here is a book like none you will have read before. It draws on interviews conducted over six years by Nana Darkoa Sekyiamah – a Ghanaian feminist activist and award-winning blogger – with more than 30 black and Afro-descendant contributors from across the African continent and its global diaspora in Europe, the Americas and the Caribbean.
It both documents and legitimises the desires and sexuality of African women, beyond every conceivable stereotype, in three sections: self-discovery, freedom and healing – and if the first two feel more substantial than the third, that reflects real life, just as at the heart of it all is the desire for freedom to be oneself. No Topic is off limits as these conversations reveal and explore similarities and differences, about questioning societal norms, religious edicts, confronting the trauma of sexual abuse and searching for new narratives and identities on the path towards wholeness.
Sekyiamah has delivered an extraordinarily dynamic work, true to her own precept that “Freedom is a constant state of being … that we need to nurture and protect. Freedom is a safe home that one can return to over and over again.”£9.29 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
When Paris Lees was seven years old her school called her mum to complain that her child was wearing tights. Back then, Lees was called Byron and the world saw her as a boy, though she knew different. Her mum phoned her dad, Gaz, who took her to a doctor. “An’ I told ’im. I’m a girl. I sez, ‘I’ve always known’,” Lees writes. The doctor referred her to a child psychologist, but Gaz declined to follow it up. “I don’t think he din’t take me coz he din’t believe me. He din’t take me coz he did believe me, an’ he din’t wanna face the truth.”
What It Feels Like for a Girl chronicles Lees’ teenage years and her struggle to be herself. Smart and exuberant, the book is written in dialect – think Irvine Welsh’s Trainspotting, but set in Hucknall, Nottinghamshire, where “the streets are paved wi’ dog shit”. Her gender nonconformity is just one aspect of an adolescence that features violence, drug abuse, prostitution, robbery and a spell in a young offenders’ institute. But the most persistent problem for Lees is Gaz, a former boxer for whom humiliating her – for her sexuality, her appearance and her refusal to stand up to school thugs – is a daily sport.
While what happens to Lees is bleak, her telling of it is darkly (and sometimes uncomfortably) funny. She locks herself in a cubicle in a public toilet after school one day and, by accident, finds she can make money providing sexual services to middle-aged men. When one offers her a tenner, she notes: “I’m worth at least fifteen. A pound for every year, plus one for luck.” While the 14-year-old Lees doesn’t clock the gravity of grown men paying children for sex, the reader is left in no doubt.
Lees’ story ends with her arrival in Brighton to study English literature at university, where she delights in the sea view and having a room of her own. By excavating her painful past in her memoir, she has crafted a vivid story of trauma, rebellion and astonishing resilience.£9.56 (RRP £10.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Kudos to Dave Eggers. In this follow-up to the admirable, big-tech, dystopian thriller The Circle (which you needn’t have read to enjoy the current book), he again squares up to the new enemies of everything untamed and brilliant in humankind. If you meant to read Shoshana Zuboff’s important and demanding The Age of Surveillance Capitalism, but were too worn down by surveillance capitalism’s intrusions to get round to it, The Every tackles the same concerns from a shared perspective of humanist outrage, in the form of a gulpable fictive entertainment.
The Circle’s titular startup turned metaphysical empire (think: Googlebook) has merged with an unmistakable e-commerce site referred to, doubtless for legal reasons, only by its nickname: “the jungle”. Messianically rebranded as The Every, the corporation is now run by Mae Holland, The Circle’s fast-rising, newbie protagonist. Under Holland, The Every pursues its heedless agenda of a worldwide, soft totalitarian order of mass behavioural compliance through surveillance. However, in part due to a corporate culture of timid self-scrutiny, there is a dearth of new ideas on campus. Enter another newbie, Delaney Wells, radicalised by her years studying under anti-monopoly crusader Professor Agarwal (surely based on the aforementioned Zuboff, Agarwal articulates the novel’s moral and intellectual conscience in letters to her former protege). Bent on bringing down The Every from the inside, Delaney conspires with her housemate Wes, a big-tech resisting “trog”, to sabotage the company. The pair settle on a strategy of terroristic accelerationism: if they can introduce enough vile or moronic apps into The Every’s portfolio, it might trigger a popular insurrection that will bring about the company’s downfall.
At 577 pages, The Every is not as tight as The Circle. As momentum builds, the plotting gets clunky, while the novel’s comic exuberance means it lacks the cathartic brutality of, say, Nineteen Eighty-Four. But Eggers is a wonderful storyteller with an alert and defiant vision. His down-home decency means he pulls short of articulating a thought that recurred for me throughout reading The Every: threatened with spiritual extinction through conformism, sanitisation, shame, inanity and surveillance, it might yet be our evil, our perversity, our psychopathology, our hate that prove the saving of us.£11.30 (RRP £12.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
There is no shortage these days of lively, well-written retellings of ancient Greek and Roman myths, but Charlotte Higgins has embraced a central metaphor – weaving – that leads us through the labyrinth of interconnected stories in a startlingly fresh way. It throws radiant new light on their meanings. Although her chief model is Ovid’s phantasmagoric mythological compendium in his Metamorphoses, her voice is quite different – more tender and pensive – and she uses her considerable scholarly skills to mine many other ancient sources, rescuing some little-known stories from obscurity.
The book would make a perfect introduction to the entrancing world of Greek myth for any secondary school student. Its thoughtful introduction, ample notes pointing to the ancient sources, bibliography of accessible further reading, maps, genealogies and glossary make it a useful resource for far more advanced adult readers. And Higgins’s simple yet sonorous style contains treats even for those lucky enough, like her, to have read her ancient sources in the original languages. She includes deft Homeric epithets (“the deathless goddess”), unobtrusive embedded quotations of resonant couplets from Sophoclean tragedy, and luscious Homeric similes at unexpected moments. This excellent book should delight many generations of story lovers to come.£8.49 (RRP £9.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
Hallett’s bestselling debut The Appeal, an intelligent mystery set within the deceptively genteel confines of a local am-dram group, was a modern epistolary novel, told in emails. Her second is even better, and presented as audio files, complete with intriguing mistakes made by the transcription software. Recorded on an iPhone by ex-con Steven Smith for his probation officer, they are records of his attempts to find his old English teacher, who disappeared on a school trip to Bournemouth, erstwhile home of Blytonesque children’s writer Edith Twyford. Twyford’s books are catnip to conspiracy theorists; they’re thought to contain a code that may have something to do with their author’s activities during the second world war. Steven, with help from his former classmates and a librarian, sets out to crack it – and, in the process, solve the puzzle of his own life. This fiendishly clever book, which manages to be both tricksy and surprisingly moving, is the perfect antidote to the post-Christmas carb stupor.£8.36 (RRP £8.99) - Purchase at the Guardian bookshop
View Full CV [PDF - 136KB]
Present Position: Professor and Head
Department of Engineering Mathematics and Internetworking
5269 Morris Street
PO Box 15000
Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2
Work phone: 902-494-3288
Home phone: 902-435-5137
Place of Birth: Kingston, Ontario, Canada
Date of Birth: August 29th, 1949
Marital Status: Married.
|1978||Ph. D in Mathematics, University of British Columbia|
|1972||M.Sc in Mathematics, Queen's University at Kingston|
|1971||B.Sc. in Mathematics and Engineering, Queen's University at Kingston. This is an accredited Engineering program which is unique in Canada.|
|2005-||Professor, Department of Engineering Mathematics and Internetworking, Dalhousie University.|
|1997-2005||Professor, Department of Engineering Mathematics, Dalhousie University (after merger of Dalhousie and TUNS.)|
|1994-1997||Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, TUNS|
|1988-1994||Associate Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, TUNS|
|1983-1988||Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, TUNS|
|1982-1983||Assistant Professor (contractually limited appointment), Department of Mathematics and Computing Science, Saint Mary's University|
|1980-1982||Post Doctoral Fellow, Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Computing Science, Dalhousie University|
|1979-1980||Research Associate, Department of Mathematics, Queen's University|
|1978-1979||Assistant Professor (contractually limited appointment), Department of Mathematics University Guelph|
|2004-2005||Member of the Search Committee for the Dean of Engineering|
|2003-||Member of the Dalhousie Senate Promotions and Tenure Committee|
|1997-||Head of the Department of Engineering Mathematics.|
|1997-||Member of the Undergraduate Studies Committee.|
|1997-2006||Member of the Dalhousie Senate|
|1997-2003||Member of the Dalhousie Senate Physical Planning Committee|
|1996-1997||Member of the Planning Committee of Senate.|
|1993-1997||Member of the Steering Committee of the Faculty of Engineering.|
|1993-1994||Member of the Search Committee for the Director of Computer Science.|
|1992-2005||Chairman of the PC Infrastructure Committee. This is a committee reporting to the Dean of Engineering. The major accomplishment of the committee has been to set up the Engineering Novell network in C300, B316, I221, and the third floor B-wing alcove.|
|1992-1994||Chairman of the Steering Committee of Senate. Responsible for setting the agenda of Senate meetings, routing items to the proper committees and generally expediting the business of Senate. This position initially required a great deal of work as we had did not have a Secretary of Senate when I took over as Chairman and for the first year I had to fill the role that the Secretary of Senate played in the Steering Committee.|
|1991-1997||Head of the Department of Applied Mathematics.|
|1989-||Member of the Undergraduate Studies Committee of the Faculty of Engineering.|
|1990-1991||Acting Head of the Department of Applied Mathematics.|
|1990-1991||Meeting Chairman of the Faculty of Engineering. Responsible for ensuring business meetings were ran efficiently and effectively.|
|1990-1991||Recording Secretary of the Faculty of Engineering.|
|1988-1991||Member of the Graduate program committee of the Faculty of Engineering.|
|1985-1987||Chairman of the Associated University Visit Committee. This committee reports to the Dean and is responsible for organizing the annual visit by students from the Associated Universities.|
Member of the IEEE
Examiner for the Association of Professional Engineers of Nova Scotia. Duties consist of setting and administering conrmatory examinations in various mathematical areas. These examinations are part of a program oered by the Canadian Council of Professional Engineers through its provincial organizations to enable a person to enter the profession without completing a degree in an accredited university program.
|1997-1999||Member at Large of the Dalhousie Faculty Association.|
|1996-1997||Treasurer of the TUNS Faculty Association.|
|1994-1997||Member of the Mathematics Subcommittee of the Atlantic Provinces Council on the Sciences.|
|1990-1992||Secretary of the Mathematics Subcommittee of the Atlantic Provinces Council on the Sciences. Duties consisted of acting as recording secretary for meetings.|
|1990||Member of the Organizing Committee for the Canadian Mathematical Society Summer Meeting, Dalhousie University.|
|1990-1993||Treasurer of the TUNS Faculty Association.|
|1990-1997||CAUT Defense Fund Trustee for the TUNS Faculty Association. Responsible for representing TUNSFA's point of view at the Annual Meeting.|
|1989||Attended a Course on Real Time Operating Systems given by Intel, College Park Maryland.|
|1989-1992||Treasurer of the TUNS Faculty Club.|
|1988-1989||Member of the Executive of the TUNS Faculty Association.|
|1987-1989||Secretary of the TUNS Faculty Club.|
|1986-1988||Secretary of the TUNS Faculty Association.|
|1986-1987||President of the TUNS Faculty Club.|
|1984-1986||Treasurer of the TUNS Faculty Association.|
|1984-1986||CAUT Defense Fund Trustee for the TUNS Faculty Association. Responsible for representing TUNSFA's point of view at the Annual Meeting.|
|1985-1986||Vice President of the TUNS Faculty Club.|
|1983-1984||Member of the Organizing Committee for the 1984 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, Halifax.|
My current area of research is the study of algorithms and implementations for communication networks. In this area I am collaborating with Dr. Robertson in Engineering Mathematics and Internetworking, Dr. Aslam of the University of Northumbria, Dr. Sivakumar in the Faculty of Commerce at Saint Mary's University and Dr. Frank Comeau of St. Francis Xavier University. Our current research areas are: wireless sensor networks, quality of service management and software defined networks. The work ranges over algorithm development, analysis, efficient implementation, and architectural development. We combine our experience in applied math, hardware and architectures, digital signal processing and networking to address specific problems. Our backgrounds are complementary allowing us to address the entire spectrum from algorithms to implementations.
The architectures we work on are for systems, that is they incorporate a number of architectural modules. This work has lead us to VLSI research in the automation of the entire design process from algorithms to silicon. We received an NSERC strategic grant ($336,000 over three years: 1988-91) to investigate the automation of the design process.
We received an NSERC Strategic Grant ($172,000 over three years: 1995-98) in the area of Digital Signal Processing.
Work in the area of VLSI design has also been supported by periodic Equipment and Software Loans from the Canadian Microelectronics Corporation totaling more than $,1,000,000 since 1988.
We received a CFI grant ($1,721,748 over 5 years: 2004-2008) to develop and Advanced Internetworking Laboratory. Matching funds of the same amount were obtained from the Provincial government.
|2005-2009||NSERC (Commun. Computers & Components Committee) individual operating grant: $17,000 per year.|
|2005||DFO Contract, "Impacts of Climate Change on Marine Storms and Ocean Waves", $48,000|
|2005||DFO Contract, "Climate Change Impacts and Ballast Water", $10,000|
|2004||Matching funds for the CFI for an "Advanced Internetworking Laboratory". W. Robertson J. Ilow, W.J. Phillips, S. Sivakumar, S. Srinivas, P. Bodorik, L. Hughes and P. Cyrus, value: $1,721,748.|
|2002||Canadian Fund for Innovation Grant , to build an "Advanced Internetworking Laboratory". W. Robertson J. Ilow, W.J. Phillips, S. Sivakumar, S. Srinivas, P. Bodorik, L. Hughes and P. Cyrus, value: $1,721,748.|
|2003||DFO Contract, "High Resolution Modelling of Waves in Coastal Waters and near hydrocarbon sites of Atlantic Canada", $21,400|
|2003||DFO Contract, "Extreme Waves in the Gulf of Maine, Scotian Shelf and Related Regions", $3,600|
|2002||DFO Contract, "Extreme Waves in the Gulf of Maine, Scotian Shelf and Related Regions", $16,300|
|2001-2004||NSERC (Commun. Computers & Components Committee) individual operating grant: $19,000 per year.|
|1997-2000||NSERC (Commun. Computers & Components Committee) individual operating grant: $14,000 per year.|
|1996||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 4 colleagues). Approximate value: $30,000|
|1995-1997||Contract with DREA (with 1 colleague). Value: $30,000.|
|1995-1998||NSERC Strategic Grant , S. Stergiopoulos (principal), W.J. Phillips, and W. Robertson for the \Development of a generic signal processing structure providing array gain improvements in real time systems". Value: $172,000 over three years.|
|1995||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 4 colleagues). Approximate value: $35,000|
|1994||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 4 colleagues). Approximate value: $16,000|
|1993||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 4 colleagues). Approximate value: $16,900|
|1993||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 3 colleagues). Obtained 64 MB memory and 4GB disk expansions for SPARCstation 2 workstations. Approximate value: $16,000.|
|1992-1995||NSERC (Pure and Applied Math Committee) individual operating grant: $8,000 per year.|
|1991||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 3 colleagues). Obtained two SPARCstation 2 workstations, one SPARCstation 2 upgrade, disk expansions and tape drive. Approximate value: $109,000.|
|1990||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 3 colleagues). Obtained SPARCserver 390, SPARCstation 1, and expansions. Approximate value: $143,000.|
|1989-1992||NSERC (Pure and Applied Math Committee) individual operating grant: $6,000 per year.|
|1989||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Equipment Loan Competition (with 3 colleagues). Obtained SPARCstation 330 workstation. Approximate value: $50,000.|
|1988-1991||NSERC Strategic Grant (Microelectronics Fund), W. Robertson (principal), W.J. Phillips, A. Jost, M. Cada, and N. Scrimger, for the development of VLSI \Architectures to Silicon" research. Value: $336,000 over three years.|
|1988||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Software Loan Program (with 4 colleagues). Obtained 2 copies of the Cadence/Edge integrated circuit design software. List value: $401,000.|
|1988||Canadian Microelectronics Corporation Software Loan Competition (with 4 colleagues). Obtained IMS integrated circuit testing system. Approximate value: $215,000.|
|1986-1989||NSERC (Pure and Applied Math Committee) individual operating grant: $5,592 per year.|
|1983-1986||NSERC (Pure and Applied Math Committee) individual operating grant: $3,180 per year.|
Over the years my colleague Dr. Bill Robertson and I have collaborated closely in supervising graduate students. Bill Robertson has generally been the "big picture" person while I have been the "detail" person in the research of our students. We regard our contributions as equal for the success of our students.
We have pooled our resources to allow us to take on more students than our individual funds would normally allow. For each student we have contributed equally in our own area of expertise. Publications with students on syllabus related to their theses have the student as first author.
All publications were supported by my NSERC Discovery Grants.
|Name||Period||Project Title||Present Position|
|Dr. S. Sarkar||Oct. 1992-Nov. 1993||Single digit speech recognition algorithms||Professor in India|
|Dr. Ayman Tawfik||Feb. 1996 - 1988||Implementation of DSP algorithms providing array gain improvements in real time systems||in progress|
|Dr. Shyamala Sivakumer||April 1998 - 1999||Implementation of DSP algorithms providing array gain improvements in real time systems||in progress|
|Name||Period||Project Title||Present Position|
|B. Maaraoui, M.A.Sc.||1989-1991||Algorithms to Silicon project||unknown|
|S. Periyalwar, M.A.Sc.||1990-1992||Algorithms to Silicon project||BNR Ottawa|
|S. Sen, Ph.D.||1996-1997||Algorithms to Silicon project||Senior Design Engineer, Micro Linear, San Jose|
In the follow table the the notation P is used to denote principal supervisor and C to denote co-supervisor. In fact, I played almost the same role in all cases.
|Name||Period||Degree||P/C||Project Title||Present Position|
|Y. Fazili||2014-||Ph. D.||C||Software Defined Networks|
|A. Hamidi||2014-||Ph. D||C||Green Communication Mechanisms|
|R. Mhemed||2012-||Ph. D||C||Articial Intelligence in Wireless Sensor Networks|
|A. Alomari||2012-||Ph. D.||C||Mobility in in Wireless Sensor Networks|
|Z. Khan||2010-2013||Ph.D.||C||Body Sensor Networks||Associate Professor, Higher Colleges of Technology, UAE|
|R. Mhemed||2009-2011||M. Sc.||C||Fuzzy Logic in Wireless Sensor Networks||Ph.D. program Dalhousie Eng. Math.|
|A. Moh'd||2008-2013||Ph. D.||C||Security in Wireless Sensor Networks||Postdoctoral Fellow, Dalhousie Computer Science|
|A. Nafarieh||2007-2012||Ph. D.||C||Shared Mesh Optical Networks||Postdoctoral Fellow, Dalhousie, Eng. Math. and Internetworking.|
|M. Raza||2007-2011||Ph. D.||C||Network Tomography||Postdoctoral Fellow, Dalhousie Eng. Math. and Internetworking|
|N. Aslam||2002-2008||Ph. D||C||Wireless Sensor Networks||Associate Prof Northumbria University, UK.|
|F. Comeau||2001-2008||Ph. D||C||Wireless Sensor Networks||Assitant Prof St.Fx.|
|J. Kenney||2005-2007||M. Sc||C||Simulation of Wireless Snesor Networks||part time instructor Dalhousie Eng. Math.|
|E. Yao||2004-||Ph. D||C||Interdomain QoS||Instructor Dalhousie Eng. Math.|
|S. Subramanian||2002-2004||M. Sc.||C||Transport layer Issues in Satellite Networks||Industry|
|S. Mansour||2002-2006||Ph. D||C||Real Time control over the Internet||Associate Prof Alfaisal University|
|W. Goodridge||2002-2005||Ph. D||C||Multiple Constraing Optimization for QoS Routing||Associate Prof, University of West Indies|
|E. Fgee||1999-2005||Ph. D||C||Implementing a QoS Management System of IPv6||Associate Prof, University of Libya|
|M. Artimy||1999-2006||Ph. D||C||Inter-vehicle ad hoc networks||Instructor, Internetworking Program, Dalhousie|
|J. Karam||1996-2000||Ph.D.||P||Wavelets for speech recognition||Professor, Alfaisal University|
|M. Artimy||1997-1999||M.A.Sc. 1999||C||Automatic detection of acoustic subwords||entered Ph.D. Program, Engineering Mathematics, Dalhousie|
|E. Fgee||1997-1999||M.A.Sc. 1999||C||A comparision of voice compression using wavelets with other compression schemes||entered Ph.D. Program, Engineering Mathematics, Dalhousie|
|S. Sivakumer||1991-1997||Ph.D. 1997||C||Stability issues in block diagonal recurrent neural networks||Full Professor, St. Mary's University, Halifax|
|S. Sen||1992-1996||Ph.D. 1996||C||Analysis of the effect of accuracy on the performance and implementation of neural networks||Senior Design Engineer, Micro Linear, San Jose|
|R. Alterson||1995-1997||M.A.Sc. 1997||C||Implementation of speech algorithms using multiple DSP processors||Halifax|
|A. C. Dhanantwari||1994-1996||M.A.Sc. 1996||C||Adaptive beamforming with near instantaneous convergence for matched filter processing.||Industry|
|C. Tosuner||1994-1996||M.A.Sc. 1996||C||Speech recognition techniques using RBF networks||Halifax|
|B. Zhang||1993-1995||M.Sc. 1995||P||Speaker independent isolated digit recognition using artificial neural networks||Nortel|
|A. Yasmin||1992-1994||M.A.Sc. 1994||C||Speaker Independent Speech Recognition Using Statistical Properties of Isolated Words||entered Ph.D. program Waterloo|
|M. Gingell||1991-1993||M.A.Sc. 1993||C||A Programmable Systolic Processing Element Using Bit Serial Processing and Communication||Dept. of Defence, Halifax|
|H. Phonchareon||1991-1993||M.Sc. 1993||P||An investigation of the convergence rate of singular value decomposition in the MUSIC algorithm||Revenue Canada Ottawa|
|S.R. Balasundarum||1990-1992||M.A.Sc. 1992||C||The application of real time computer systems to Boost the quality of life of the elderly and disabled||India|
|R. Pillai||1990-1992||M.A.Sc. 1992||C||The design of a VLSI implementation of a digital architecture for use in quadrature mirror filter banks||Entered Ph.D. program|
|Y. Zhang||1989-1991||M.S. 1991||P||A Systematic Method of Deriving Systolic Arrays||Mitel Corp. Ottawa|
|C. Roper||1989-1991||M.Sc. 1991||P||Using Complete Spatial Randomness tests for Edge Detection||Victoria General Hospital, Halifax|
|K.J. MacLeod||1986-1990||Ph.D. 1990||C||Neural architectures for clustering in document retrieval||Asst. Prof. Saint Mary's Univ.|
|T.S. Lee||1988-1990||M.A.Sc. 1990||C||VLSI implementation for singular value decomposition of a bidiagonal matrix||unknown|
|B. Maaraoui||1986-1988||M.A.Sc. 1989||C||The design and simulation of a singular value decomposition based systolic beamformer||Toronto|
|S. Slade||1986-1988||M.Sc. 1988||P||Zipf's Law for a database of ACM abstracts||unknown|
|T. Sutanto||1984-1986||M.Sc. 1986||P||An investigation of various forms of Zipf's Law||unknown|
Hair loss and a reduced sex drive are among a wider set of long Covid symptoms than previously thought, new research suggests.
The study found that while the most common symptoms include loss of smell, shortness of breath and chest pain, others include amnesia, an inability to perform familiar movements or commands, and hallucinations.
Patterns of symptoms tended to be grouped into respiratory symptoms, mental health and cognitive problems, and then a broader range of symptoms.
As well as spotting a wider set of symptoms, researchers also identified key groups and behaviour that put people at increased risk of developing long Covid.
The study suggests females, younger people, and those belonging to a black, mixed or other ethnic group are at greater risk of developing long Covid.
Additionally, people from poorer backgrounds, smokers, people who are overweight or obese, as well as the presence of a wide range of health conditions were associated with reporting persistent symptoms.
Senior author Dr Shamil Haroon is associate clinical professor in public health at the University of Birmingham.
He said: “This research validates what patients have been telling clinicians and policy makers throughout the pandemic – that the symptoms of long Covid are extremely broad and cannot be fully accounted for by other factors such as lifestyle risk factors or chronic health conditions.
“The symptoms we identified should help clinicians and clinical guideline developers to Boost the assessment of patients with long-term effects from Covid-19, and to subsequently consider how this symptom burden can be best managed.”
People who tested positive for the virus reported 62 symptoms much more frequently 12 weeks after initial infection than those who had not contracted the virus, the study found.
The NHS list of common Covid symptoms includes fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain or tightness, and brain fog.
Researchers from the University of Birmingham analysed anonymised electronic health records of 2.4 million people in the UK alongside a team of clinicians and researchers across England.
The data taken between January 2020 and April 2021 comprised of 486,149 people with prior infection, and 1.9 million people with no indication of coronavirus infection after matching for other clinical diagnoses.
Using data from patients that had not been admitted to hospital, the team of researchers were able to identify the three categories of distinct symptoms.
Anuradhaa Subramanian, research fellow at the Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham and lead author of the paper, said: “Our data analyses of risk factors are of particular interest because it helps us to consider what could potentially be causing or contributing to long Covid.”
She added: “Women are, for example, more likely to experience autoimmune diseases. Seeing the increased likelihood of women having long Covid in our study increases our interest in investigating whether autoimmunity or other causes may explain the increased risk in women.
“These observations will help to further narrow the focus on factors to investigate what may be causing these persistent symptoms after an infection, and how we can help patients who are experiencing them.”
The findings are published in Nature Medicine.