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Exam Code: MSFP Practice test 2022 by team
Managing Successful Programmes Foundation
Auldhouse Successful mission
Killexams : Auldhouse Successful mission - BingNews Search results Killexams : Auldhouse Successful mission - BingNews Killexams : NASA’s asteroid deflection mission was more successful than expected. An expert explains how

On September 26, after a nine-month journey through the Solar System, NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission impacted an asteroid called Dimorphos.

NASA scored a bullseye, with DART – roughly the size of a vending machine – hitting Dimorphos within 10% of the 160-metre asteroid’s centre. The hit changed the orbit of Dimorphos around its bigger companion asteroid Didymos by more than 30 minutes, far exceeding the original goal.

This is the first time humans have deliberately changed the motion of a significant Solar System object. The test shows it’s plausible to protect Earth from asteroid impacts using similar future missions, if needed.

Read more: In a world first, NASA's DART mission is about to smash into an asteroid. What will we learn?

The Italian Space Agency’s LICIACube spacecraft acquired this image just before its closest approach to the Dimorphos asteroid, after the impact. Didymos, Dimorphos, and the plume of debris ejected from Dimorphos are clearly visible. ASI/NASA

An astonishing feat

The successful mission is an astonishing feat of science and engineering. In the final phases of approach before impact, DART autonomously steered itself to the impact site, processing images onboard the spacecraft and adjusting its trajectory without the intervention of humans.

Many telescopes on Earth, and an Italian spacecraft that tagged along with DART, were able to obtain amazing images of the impact. Even small telescopes captured spectacular views, showing an enormous plume of debris from the impact that developed into a trail now following the asteroid through space.

The DART mission was the first test of planetary defence – the use of a spacecraft to change the trajectory of an asteroid.

In the future, such a technique could protect Earth from asteroid impact, if we detect an asteroid on a collision course with us. By changing the direction of an asteroid when it is far from Earth, a collision could be avoided.

NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope shows Dimorphos 285 hours after the impact, with a tail of debris generated by the impact. NASA/ESA/STScI/Hubble

How was DART so successful?

Dimorphos was chosen as the target for DART because it is part of a double asteroid system – it orbits a larger, 780-metre asteroid called Didymos. Before the impact, this orbit was very regular and could be measured by large telescopes from Earth. Measurements showed the period of the orbit was about 11 hours and 55 minutes.

The DART mission goal was to show the orbit of Dimorphos would be changed by the impact, which took place 11 million kilometres from Earth, with the spacecraft travelling at 25,000 kilometres per hour.

A zoomed-in view of the orbit of Dimorphos around Didymos. Astronomers can measure the orbit by detecting dips in the brightness of the light the asteroid pair reflect from the Sun. A small dip occurs when Dimorphos eclipses Didymos, and a bigger dip the other way around. NASA/APL/UMD

Telescopes on Earth measured the orbit before and after the impact. The minimum change to the orbit to declare mission success was 73 seconds.

The data are in and DART changed the orbit of Dimorphos by a whopping 32 minutes (plus or minus 2 minutes).

The change is large, partly because of the resulting debris plume. The act of throwing all that debris off the asteroid generated a recoil, like the recoil of a gun; the bullet is fired in one direction and the gun recoils in the opposite direction. It’s the same with the debris plume and the asteroid.

A side view of the streams of material from the surface of Dimorphos two days after impact. On the right, the material is forming a more than 9,500-kilometre-long comet-like tail, pushed into shape by pressure from the Sun’s radiation. CTIO/NOIRLab/SOAR/NSF/AURA/T. Kareta (Lowell Observatory), M. Knight (US Naval Academy)

Good news for planetary defence

By any measure, DART has therefore been a huge success. DART made a bullseye and showed that missions like this can alter the trajectories of asteroids. The idea has been around for a long time, and has inspired many asteroid movies. Now, engineering and science have caught up.

If, in the future, an asteroid is found to be on a collision path with Earth, and we have enough warning, a next-generation mission based on the DART experience could well save Earth and humanity from significant losses.

DART cost approximately US$324 million, and at this point it looks like money well spent.

As more data on the impact are analysed, planetary defence techniques can be refined. We will also learn a lot about asteroids from the data collected. A European mission is planned to go to the Didymos/Dimorphos system and take a close look at the impact crater, which will provide even more detailed information.

Read more: Don't look up: several asteroids are heading towards Earth – here's how we deal with threats in real life

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 17:41:00 -0500 Steven Tingay en text/html
Killexams : Success of latest NASA mission out of this world

The success of a latest NASA mission is pretty out of this world.

The DART mission marks the first time that humanity changed the motion of a celestial body with a spacecraft.

It was expected to be a huge success if it only slowed the orbit of an asteroid by about 10 minutes, but it actually slowed it by 32 minutes.

The spacecraft's impact not only shortened the asteroid's orbit, it changed its trajectory completely.

The results from the mission imply this technique could be used to deflect a future asteroid that poses a direct threat to Earth.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 11:04:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : NASA's Successful DART Mission Leaves Behind A Stunning Sight

The most immediate after-effect of this impact is in the debris trail that has continued to spew from Dimorphos. NOIRLab, which published the image, reports that the asteroid moonlet has developed a tail that spans about 6,000 miles long. This lengthy debris field will supply NASA scientists a unique look into the trajectory of the asteroid around the larger body, Didymos, in orbit. Indeed, NASA selected this pair of asteroids because the smaller Dimorphos remained locked in a steady orbit around the larger space rock. 

Similarly, a collision would alter its course and allow researchers to study the extent of this change in relation to the mass and speed of the de facto missile sent its way. This is the point in their trajectory in which they are closest to the sun and most significantly affected by pressure from solar radiation. This causes rapid evaporation of gases that would otherwise remain in a solid state. Similarly, the impact from NASA's DART satellite has led to both an orbital change and a pressure alteration resulting in this brilliant tail that researchers have captured using the SOAR telescope in Chile.

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 10:56:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : NASA says asteroid mission was successful, altered orbit by 32 minutes

NASA on Tuesday said its historic planetary defense mission was successful after a spacecraft that purposefully smashed into a tiny asteroid called Dimorphos last month altered its orbit by 32 minutes.

At a press conference, NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) team explained that before the impact, Dimorphos orbited a larger asteroid called Didymos in 11 hours and 55 minutes. After the strike, astronomers observed the orbital period is now 11 hours and 23 minutes.

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson noted that the DART mission captured the attention of the entire world and “felt like a movie plot.”

“But this was not Hollywood,” Nelson said. “We showed the world that NASA is serious as a defender of the planet.”

The DART spacecraft struck Dimorphos, an asteroid that weighs about 5 billion kilograms and is roughly 7 million miles from Earth, on Sept. 26 at more than 14,000 miles per hour.

The spacecraft launched into space in November, so its impact completed a 10-month journey.

DART’s success earned a round of applause from NASA officials and members of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory team, who had worked together on the program for years.

While Dimorphos never posed a threat to Earth, DART served as a key test to deflect a potential future threat to the planet. DART marks the first time humanity has ever hit another object in space with a kinetic strike.

Giorgio Saccoccia, the president of the Italian Space Agency, called in to the NASA conference Tuesday to congratulate the team on its successful and historic mission.

“It’s something that we can really be proud of at the international level,” said Saccocia, whose agency contributed to the project and snapped images of the asteroid.

Lori Glaze, NASA’s director of the Planetary Science Division, said the minimum requirement to change the asteroid’s orbital period was 73 seconds, calling the 32-minute alteration “remarkable.”

“It’s really fascinating stuff, and the learning is going to continue for a long time to come,” she said at the press conference.

Glaze said observations of the impact have poured in across the world from ground-based telescopes.

The James Webb and Hubble telescopes in space also captured images, with Webb detailing a stream of material from Dimorphos trailing the asteroid from the center of the impact.

NASA still has work to do, including more observations and analysis of the strike and a model development of Dimorphos.

The European Space Agency has a follow-up mission called Hera, which will launch a spacecraft toward Didymos in 2024. The spacecraft should arrive in 2026 and provide even greater detail about the collision with Dimorphos.

The next priority mission for NASA in the coming decade is to inventory asteroids or other space objects in the solar system that are at least 140 meters in diameter.

Those could pose a threat to Earth, and only about 40 percent of the large space objects are estimated to have been identified.

NASA will also explore a “rapid response” mission that would be able to detect threats faster. A swift reconnaissance would theoretically supply the space agency and world leaders enough time to deflect the object.

But for now, Glaze said the world should celebrate the historic planetary defense mission.

“It’s just been so cool. The whole world has been watching this,” Glaze added. “Let’s all just take a moment to soak this in.”

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 10:17:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : NASA’s Asteroid-Smashing DART Mission Deemed a Success

The first mission to test a technology that one day might protect Earth from a catastrophic asteroid impact achieved its goal on Sept. 26, when

a fast-moving spacecraft smashed into and changed the trajectory of a distant space rock, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration said Tuesday.

NASA said the intentional collision between its uncrewed spacecraft and the 525-foot-wide asteroid, called Dimorphos, successfully shifted the asteroid’s orbit around a larger asteroid called Didymos.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 06:27:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : NASA confirms success of DART asteroid mission

Oct. 11 (UPI) -- NASA's latest planetary defense mission was a success, the space agency confirmed in a statement Tuesday.

The Double Asteroid Redirection Test successfully altered the orbit of asteroid Dimorphos, according to NASA's DART team.

The spacecraft's kinetic impact with Dimorphos marked the first time humans were able to purposely change the motion of a celestial object and first full-scale demonstration of asteroid deflection technology.

On Sept. 28, DART slammed into the asteroid in the first-ever planetary defense test that could protect Earth from future threats, generating cheers from NASA engineers who worked for years on the mission.

Prior to DART's impact, it took Dimorphos 11 hours and 55 minutes to orbit its larger parent asteroid, Didymos.

Following the collision, the spacecraft's impact changed Dimorphos' orbit around Didymos by 32 minutes, shortening the 11 hour and 55-minute orbit to 11 hours and 23 minutes.

At the time, NASA scientists said they were about 17 meters off-center from their exact target because the asteroid was not completely lit from all sides, but otherwise everything went according to plan.

"All of us have a responsibility to protect our home planet. After all, it's the only one we have," NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said in a statement Tuesday.

"This mission shows that NASA is trying to be ready for whatever the universe throws at us. NASA has proven we are serious as a defender of the planet. This is a watershed moment for planetary defense and all of humanity, demonstrating commitment from NASA's exceptional team and partners from around the world."

Prior to the mission, NASA said a success would constitute a minimum successful orbit period change of 73 seconds or more. Early data shows DART surpassed the minimum benchmark by more than 25 times.

Investigators are still acquiring data from ground-based observatories and radar facilities around the world. The focus now shifts to measuring the efficiency of momentum transfer from DART's impact.

"DART has given us some fascinating data about both asteroid properties and the effectiveness of a kinetic impactor as a planetary defense technology," DART coordination lead Nancy Chabot said in a statement.

"The DART team is continuing to work on this rich dataset to fully understand this first planetary defense test of asteroid deflection."

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 09:15:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : NASA says DART mission successfully smashed an asteroid aside in deep space cannot provide a good user experience to your browser. To use this site and continue to benefit from our journalism and site features, please upgrade to the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 08:07:00 -0500 en-US text/html
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