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Exam Code: CoreSpringV3.2 Practice exam 2022 by team
Core-Spring (based on Spring 3.2)
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Killexams : SpringSource learn - BingNews Search results Killexams : SpringSource learn - BingNews Killexams : SpringSource Announces TC Server Spring Edition

SpringSource has released the next generation of their Apache Tomcat-based offering, SpringSource TC Server Spring Edition. TC Server Spring Edition is the first SpringSource software to be made available through VMWare channels. SpringSource, long a leading contributor to Tomcat, has taken Tomcat's leading capabilities as a web container and enhanced it with monitoring and cloud capabilities as well as integration with SpringSource's SpringSource Tool Suite (STS) Eclipse offering. The new server offering provides tools for both developers and operations managers.

Operations will find TC Server Spring Edition appealing because it provides support for monitoring and provisioning applications. TC Server Spring Edition supports many different dashboards designed to let operations monitor the health and behavior of the server. If more functionality is needed, Hyperic provides a readily-integrated superset of features. TC Server Spring Edition provides a feature called templates wherein you can save the configuration of a given server instance and the applications in it and use that as the base of a new instance. Second, TC Server Spring Edition provides good integration with VMWare Lab Manager and VMWare Workstation to deploy and debug easily in a virtualized environment. Above that, the management capabilities exposed by the server are accessible using a secure API, which conjunction with VMWare virtual machines and templates means your environment can be as flexible and resilient as you want it to be, in a completely automated way.

Developers will find TC Server Spring Edition useful because it ships with Spring 3.0 or 2.5 preloaded and has support for running Spring applications (as well as frameworks built on Spring, like Grails and Spring Integration). TC Server Spring Edition integrates out of the box with STS. STS provides a dashboard (Spring Insight) that provides metrics on the nature of a running application, measuring crucial numbers like transactions and exceptions, automatically.

TC Server Spring Edition is free for developers. The standard edition SpringSource TC Server which is a useful for all applications, whether they're running on Tomcat or other JEE servers is priced at US $500 per CPU. The TC Server Spring Edition is priced at US $750 per CPU.

Wed, 15 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Open source job security through recessions

Are we in a recession? The answer seems to be “definitely maybe,” with the Wall Street Journal reporting that “if the U.S. is in a recession, it’s a very strange one” because while economic output has been falling, the job market has remained relatively strong. The article was based on data from May, and for those of us in tech, there’s a rising malaise as companies cut back on hiring and, in some cases, have trimmed current positions. Even venture capitalists, those perpetual purveyors of optimism, have started to focus their portfolio companies on profitability.

For those of us who lived through the dot-com boom and bust, as well as the Great Recession of 2008, all this sounds eerily similar. Now, as then, there are some constants. Enterprises continue to spend through recessions but become choosier about where they spend, and organizations will tend to use even more open source.

Open source just might be your ticket to job security.

Is open source recession-proof?

Way back in 2007, I wrote that because open source is “so heavily focused on efficient delivery of value, it will likely be one of the last things to go when a recession hits.” And so it did. Although there’s no single metric to point to, companies selling services based on open source thrived through the downturn. In fact, during the past two decades, one of the great constants has been open source adoption. It has never slowed.

Nick White, then of open source vendor SpringSource, pointed out that the 2008 recession initially slowed things, but that speed bump didn’t last long: “The impact [on open source companies] lasted 90 days and then we were back hiring and, in fact, acquiring other companies.” Also, the world turned to tech to modernize through the pandemic. In retrospect it’s easy to be smug, but back in 2020 there was serious concern about the economic impact the pandemic might have. But throughout, open source (and cloud) companies have thrived.

It shouldn’t be too hard to intuit why. Open source software is free. Many companies elect to pay for help operating that software, whether through managed services or support, but they tend to only pay for value received rather than for licenses. In this way, open source does for software what the cloud has done for hardware: allow companies to become much more efficient with their IT spending. This turns out to be a winning proposition.

Copyright © 2022 IDG Communications, Inc.

Mon, 11 Jul 2022 14:58:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Will Layoffs At Unacademy, Meesho & Co Change How Startups Hire New Talent?

Many founders and experts think that in the next round of appraisals, startups will offer the biggest salary hikes compared to the past four or five years

Lately, the job market has been particularly good for tech talent due to the introduction of the metaverse, data fabric, hyper-automation and other developments

Despite occasional layoffs, talent migration from big enterprises to startups will be quicker now, given the surge in funding, virtual recruitment of global talent and a greater focus on diversity, equity and inclusion (DE&I)

The exact layoffs at Meesho, Unacademy, Trell and many other well-funded Indian startups must have stoked the worry and the anxiety of thousands of employees, even as investors, and the ecosystem, in general, remained strangely silent when heads started rolling.

Breathe easy, if you can.

These end-of-the-(financial)year pink slips handed to hundreds of employees are an aberration, not the norm. According to a cross-section of industry leaders, this cutting back does not necessarily indicate the state of the startup job market.

Inc42 spoke to more than half-a-dozen founders and CEOs across verticals to understand what had triggered these sharp staff cuts. And we could decipher that far from random firing, most new-age tech companies were either scaling up their hiring or had immediate plans to increase the headcount.

Handsome salary hikes were also on the cards. Many companies were set to surprise their people with the biggest pay hikes, and liberal perks would have been there as well.

What Led To The Current Layoffs

A quick look at last year’s data revealed that Indian startups were not only generous with salary hikes but also lavished lucrative perks on their people. But things did not go as planned for some of these companies, and they are compelled to lay off their employees.

For instance, Meesho, the SoftBank-backed social commerce unicorn, recently laid off 150 employees. This was in stark contrast to its people’s policy last year when the company announced a 10-day break as part of its talent retention plan so that its employees could unplug and feel rejuvenated.

The BharatPe saga went along similar lines. Earlier, it had offered BMW bikes, spiffy gadgets and cricket holidays in Dubai. But the fintech major, also a unicorn, is now mired in controversies related to governance issues. Troubled by an uncertain future, more than 400 employees are now looking at job options outside the company.

“An approaching downturn in the record-breaking pace of investment has led to cost-cutting and layoffs at big companies like Unacademy and BharatPe. But renowned founders, recruiting experts and consultants believe that these startups will continue to attract job seekers,” said Peeush Bajpai. He is the founder and CEO of SpringPeople, a certified partner of Google Cloud Platform, IBM and Blockchain Training Alliance, among others, offering training to enterprises and IT professionals.

Analysing the reasons behind recurring layoffs in the startup world, Ankit Oberoi, the founder and CEO of the adtech startup AdPushup, said, “You are raising a lot of money, but your fundamentals are not in place. You are not profitable. Your growth strategy is not sorted. And if you are not able to figure it out in time… if you are not getting the next round of funding, there is no option other than chucking (people) out.”

In the last 2 months, layoffs at Indian startups have impacted over 1,700 employees.

Why Salary Hike Is Not A Big Surprise Amid Layoffs

Despite shifting strategies and headcount trimming, Bajpai of SpringPeople is confident that startups going neck and neck in a race to onboard tech talent will come up with biggest increments in the next round of appraisals to retain their star performers. Earlier, he was associated with several startups such as Talisma Corp, SpringSource (now Pivotal, Inc.) and Kaseya, Inc., which enabled him to study the job market and its potential.

Currently, the job market looks especially promising for tech talent due to the introduction of the metaverse, data fabric, hyper-automation and more, thinks Rohan Bhargava, cofounder of CashKaro, a cashback and coupon site backed by Ratan Tata and Kalaari Capital.

Lately, a large number of direct-to-consumer (D2C) startups are also working with these technologies. This is not surprising as the ecommerce space is consumer-centric and constantly leverages cutting-edge developments to create a great customer experience, pointed out Bhargava while stressing that product remains at the core of ecommerce.

Incidentally, CashKaro is planning to double its headcount to 700 this year. The startup began its operations in 2013 and scaled to a team of 350 by 2021. It is now mulling campus hiring to spot fresh talent and has plans for bulk recruitment.

“The size of the D2C market is constantly growing. New players entering this space are well-funded and backed by their investors. So, they can offer loaded packages to the teams they hire,” said Bharat Sethi, founder and CEO of Rage Coffee, a D2C startup.

“For tech/product/design roles, the remuneration has gone up this year, which is a good thing,” said Suumit Shah, the founder and CEO of Dukaan, a DIY platform that helps offline merchants set up their online storefronts.

Explaining why pay packages would get bigger, he said that given the advantage of remote working, talent could be discovered by thousands of global companies, and the best talent would be adequately compensated in a competitive market.

Sethi concurred, saying that remuneration packages would go up as companies would pay people for adeptness in this day and age of specialisation and compartmentalisation. “However, the market keeps correcting itself, and any aberration will be corrected in the coming months.”

Asserting that startups would remain attractive workplaces, Manjeet Singh, cofounder of the healthtech startup FlexifyMe, said that many organisations would be hiring high-performing professionals from this pool of laid-off employees since they could be hired quickly.

“Even in the short term, say, this year, we should expect salaries to go up. However, salary levels should plateau in the medium term and move towards more sustainable levels,” said Parul Jain, head of HR at Fantasy Akhada, a startup in the fantasy sports space.

“While there are layoffs in many startups, plenty of startups are doing exceptionally well and hiring resources often enough. So, I don’t think layoffs at a few startups will matter much,” said Shah of Dukaan.

Better Perks And Benefits On The Cards

Owing to “healthy growth, record spending and a need to retain key performers”, the trend of liberal remuneration packages would continue in the startup universe, said Bajpai of SpringPeople.

Interestingly, startups have been steadily increasing their compensation packages, but employee turnover still remains a concern. These companies are fast realising that even a handsome salary package is not good enough to retain outstanding performers in the current environment. So, startups are now looking beyond compensation, although liberal remuneration packages are not likely to be disturbed.

Bhargava suggested a tried and trusted way of adding value to ensure long-term retention. “At CashKaro, we believe in making our entire team a part of the company’s success by sharing the wealth, and ESOPs are a great way to do just that. Half the CashKaro team holds ESOPs, and this policy won’t be changed any time soon,” he added.

Shah of Dukaan had a similar view. “Our current ESOP structure provides significant wealth creation opportunities for those who are with us for the long term and are adding exceptional value to the company’s overall growth,” he said.

Founders across the ecosystem also think top and critical talent contributing to revenue generation deserves recognition in terms of designation, promotion and high increment.

How Indian Startups View Talent Retention In 2022

For many startups, a massive churn could be coming up soon, and it would primarily involve those hired during the pandemic, said Oberoi of AdPushup. According to him, the impersonal relationship and the remote culture minus any personal interaction during the Covid period could be responsible.

A team cannot be built through camera interactions and this is one reason why employees recruited during the Covid years are not sticking with their new employers, he said.

“Retain more=need to hire less,” tweeted Snapdeal cofounder and CEO Kunal Bahl, pointing out that the median tenure at the company is 6.4 years.

Indian startups are further adopting fresh and innovative ways to attract and retain top talent. These vary from generous compensation packages to building an employee-focussed culture.

“Talking about retaining our team, I would like to say more than 50% of the CashKaro workforce has ESOPs, and that has worked as a great retention factor as the majority of the founding team is still with us,” said Bhargava.

AdPushup pays 20-30% over and above the CTC for training, certification and more. In fact, there would be no budget cap on training, said Oberoi, adding that the company never lost its senior leadership.

Overall, in 2022, we have already seen ESOP buyback worth $83 Mn being reported by Indian startups.

15 Indian Startups Opted For ESOP Buybacks

Apart from layoffs and attrition, the startup world faces another stumbling block that can easily cripple its growth. Most companies are staring at a huge talent deficit even though investors are willing to bet big on them (startup funding stood at $11.3 Bn between January and March 2022). Many of them are considering ESOP to attract, engage and retain talent. Since ESOP fosters accountability on both sides, it can be the strategic mechanism to build cohesion and create shared wealth.

Sethi of Rage Coffee thinks otherwise. According to him, ESOPs are just the upper crust of the incentives many brands use to retain their best employees. “These are extraneous endeavours, but the real element for retention is more organic.”

Talent Migration To Startups Continues

Despite the intermittent layoffs by new-age tech companies, there is yet another heartening trend: Tech employees are leaving their corporate jobs and moving to startups. Talent migration from established enterprises in the IT, telecom and other tech-driven sectors to startups seems to be picking up the pace now.

“The last employee I hired used to work for Accenture. Intelligent and hardworking folks are moving from MNCs and big companies to startups due to the high salaries and the learning curve on offer,” said Shah of Dukaan.

According to Bajpai, certain factors are driving this trend, including slow career progression, fewer opportunities to take ownership at work and the lack of work-life balance that deters people from pursuing their interests outside of work. “In contrast, startups offer better learning, more intellectual stimulation and faster execution of ideas,” he said.

Talent migration would be quicker in the coming days as massive investments are coming to Indian startups, said Shah, adding that “talent follows wealth and wealth creates more wealth”.

How Startups Have Changed Hiring Norms

Talent acquisition models and hiring practices have undergone a sea change during the pandemic years. Changes that would have taken years to implement in normal times happened in months, necessitated by the unprecedented global crisis.

While virtual recruitments will continue to happen, companies also prioritise internal recruitment where positions are filled from the existing workforce. In addition, there would be a greater focus on diversity, equity and inclusion (DE&I), said Bajpai.

Hiring looks vastly different today as many businesses, fresh from the lessons learnt in Covid times, are devising new recruitment strategies.

“At times, we will create amazing threads on Twitter to attract smart tech talent. At other times, we will come up with exceptional events like intern hiring in 10 minutes,” said Shah. “If you have enough capital, all the smart talent will eventually consider working with you.”

CashKaro mainly focusses on attracting fresh talent, among other things. According to Bhargava, learning is one of its core values, and the company is confident that its training programmes and cross-divisional opportunities will work well. “While merit is a great factor in hiring, acumen, work ethic and other such attributes are equally important,” he added.

Even high-growth, high-burn and quick-fix-by-layoff companies will have to turn to talent hunting and retention if long-term value is to be accreted.

Sat, 16 Apr 2022 01:58:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Groovy Now Runs on Android

During the exact GR8Conf Europe 2014, Cédric Champeau, Senior Software Engineer working on Groovy for SpringSource/Pivotal, has performed a live merging of the pull request that brings support for Groovy on Android

Groovy developers have waited for this option for several years, its implementation being delayed by difficulties introduced by the different bytecode format used by Android Dalvik' VM and the dynamic nature of Groovy's code. Official support for Android will be made available in Groovy 2.4.

InfoQ has interviewed Champeau to find out more about this and the future of Groovy on Android.

InfoQ: What was the hardest part in making Groovy work on Android?

CC: There were actually multiple issues, and that's the combination that made it a bit hard. The first issue is that Groovy is a dynamic language which is generating classes at runtime. The problem is that those classes are generated using the "standard" JVM format, although Android uses its own class format (for the Dalvik VM). The Dalvik VM is not meant to create classes at runtime, and it makes it very hard, because each file using the standard JVM bytecode needs to be processed through the "dex" tool to be loadable. Even if you manage to do it on the device, it's still a pain to load a class at runtime. It requires, for example, writing a class in a jar file, then loading this jar. In the end, we decided that it wasn't the main focus for Groovy on Android, and that we would rather focus on writing a full application in Groovy, without involving the creation of any class at runtime. This means that there are some limitations, but they should be invisible for most of the users. In the end, if you use the @CompileStatic to have statically compiled Groovy on Android, performance, as well as memory consumption, is comparable, or the same as native Android applications.

The second issue was actually with the build system. The new Android build system uses Gradle and a custom plugin, "android", which bypasses the normal "java" and "groovy" plugins to offer functionalities like the application variants. It required a bit of work to figure out how we could plug into it to add Groovy support. The good thing is that since the announcement, a Gradle plugin for Groovy and Android was released and makes things easier [1]. Last but not least, I learnt Android as I was writing support for Groovy. That was a good thing, because I could see where you could benefit from using Groovy, but it actually took me more time than adapting Groovy itself!

InfoQ: Any chance to extend this work to iOS or at least Windows Phone for a cross platform solution?

CC: I would definitely love to see Groovy on iOS, but I have no hardware to test it ;) Even if the recently announced Swift language looks very close to Groovy and is far more appealing than Objective-C, people could use it as a substitute for Groovy. But, there's one thing to consider: Swift is closed software and in the line of vendor lock-in. Groovy is totally open-source, and if you could use the same code for both iOS and Android, people would mostly only have to rewrite the UI part of their applications for example, making it a better fit for generic mobile development. As for Windows Phone, I have no idea if it is doable, I'm lacking knowledge on the platform actually :)

InfoQ: What are the current shortcomings? What's not working yet?

CC: Until very recently, only @CompileStatic classes could run on Android. But it is now possible to run dynamic code too, so pretty much everything works, including builders. It should be known that using dynamic code should be limited to non CPU intensive parts of the application, since it involves reflection. That said, the current limitation is that it is not (easily) possible to generate classes at runtime, so some specific constructs like map to class coercion or runtime traits will not work. The good thing is that there are workarounds for this. Eventually, there's also the problem of the number of method descriptors. Android, by default, has a limitation of 65536 methods in total, which is pretty low, and Groovy would consume around 8k without optimizations (with ProGuard, for example). So this means that you can reach the limit faster than with a normal Java application, even though there are ways to work around thing (such as using the multidex option).

InfoQ: Any plans for the future of Groovy/Android?

CC: Official support for Android will come with a first beta of Groovy 2.4. Currently, you can already use it for your own applications, and it's actually already on production, as the first example app shows ([2]). Only it's based on a snapshot version of Groovy. But what I would really like to see is new libraries or frameworks written in Groovy that facilitate Android application development. Android is very verbose and Groovy can make things much easier to write. For that, we can rely on a large community of developers who have already written lots of libraries like this for Java, so it's only a matter of time. I am convinced that once users will have tasted Groovy on Android, it's pretty unlikely they will switch back to Java ;)



Wed, 15 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Versant extends Big Data management capabilities With Spring compatibility

Versant Corporation (Nasdaq:VSNT), a worldwide leader in developing data management software infrastructure for complex, mission-critical applications, announced today that its Java Persistence API (JPA) is now compatible with Spring, the most popular application development framework for enterprise Java. This pairing furthers the company’s strategy of lowering barriers frequently presented by NoSQL adoption, allowing Java enterprise developers to more easily manage the volume, variety and velocity of Big Data with existing, standards-based coding skills.    
Versant’s JPA eliminates common obstacles to NoSQL adoption, such as learning proprietary APIs, by making Versant’s NoSQL scale-out topology available to all developers versed in JPA and the Java programming language. With this latest enhancement, the company is furthering this mission by making Versant JPA compatible with the Spring framework. By integrating with the Spring Framework to code for Versant JPA, developers benefit in many ways, such as by being able to leverage code examples and object data management concepts.

“The data landscape is changing so much that developers who don’t keep up with the most appropriate technologies for their business’ needs risk getting swallowed by Big Data,” said Vishal Bagga, Product Manager, Versant Corporation. “The marriage of Spring with Versant’s JPA provides an easy solution for those who’d like to make the switch to a NoSQL database without giving up the de facto Java persistence standard JPA. With Spring, developers can leverage their pre-existing knowledge of the application to deal with code complexity and plug in Versant’s JPA for seamless object data management in a NoSQL store – allowing for faster adoption of NoSQL technology and, ultimately, more powerful data-driven applications.”

This compatibility provides developers with a consistent approach to managing their data, adding significant benefits. For instance, Spring’s Inversion of Control (IoC) approach to coding enables faster and simpler swapping of mapped object implementations for easier persistence-related code testing in isolation. Further, Spring application contexts can handle the location and configuration of JPA Entity Manager Factory instances, making these values easy to manage and change while offering efficient, easy and secure handling of persistence resources.

“To better handle the scale and complexity presented by Big Data, many developers are looking for an alternative to SQL-based relational data management systems, but would prefer to use their current skills to make the transition faster and smoother,” added Versant’s Bagga. “By integrating the Spring Framework with Versant’s JPA, a developer doesn’t need to learn anything major in order to get started using NoSQL technology, and can start realizing benefits immediately.”

Visit the Versant website for information on Versant JPA, and for specific instructions on how to get started using Spring for Versant JPA, visit, and for more information on Spring’s unique programming abilities, visit

Fri, 17 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Helios hits its due date for Eclipse developers

The Helios release train has left the Eclipse station right on time, carrying cargo that includes new packages of tools and a marketplace client to provide an “app store” experience for developers.

A new Linux IDE package makes the experience easier for developers creating C and C++ applications, as it takes work out of the command line, explained Eclipse Foundation executive director Mike Milinkovich. The foundation pointed to data from its new community survey that showed Linux is increasingly the platform choice for its developers.

Meanwhile, a new JavaScript package is designed to make Web application development simpler. Milinkovich said the effort is looking to repeat the success of the PHP package.

The new Eclipse Marketplace offers a mix of open-source and commercial downloads. Milinkovich said that the Eclipse Marketplace does not handle the e-commerce aspects of a marketplace, such as transactions. It instead redirects users to a vendor’s site. It is accessible via a new client that makes installation easier.

“We’re looking forward to seeing how the marketplace changes the ecosystem,” he said. “Through the marketplace [client], developers can download and install plug-ins right from the Workbench.”

The foundation neither certifies plug-ins, nor rates or recommends them, but it does do error tracking, and will shut off access to a plug-in and ask the provider to fix it if it has sufficient problems, Milinkovich explained. “We don’t try to pick winners,” he said.

Milinkovich lauded the effort of the Eclipse community for bringing in the Helios release on time. The release includes updates to 39 Eclipse projects and involves more than 33 million lines of code, he said.

“Not many software organizations say they’ve hit their delivery dates seven years in a row,” he said. “The release train continues to grow and continues to be a great mechanism to bring Eclipse into new areas.”

Milinkovich said a big part of the success of Eclipse has to do with its releases being predictable. “It helps companies adopting Eclipse to build products upon it with confidence,” he said.

He also said that Eclipse’s success is tied to the success of Java, and Oracle’s acquisition of Java creator Sun Microsystems “hasn’t changed the direction of the Java ship at all.” While he said the acquisition has had very little impact on Eclipse, he said Oracle “needs to take steps to ensure the Java ecosystem continues to innovate, and to pick up the pace of innovation.”

For the future, Milinkovich said he sees modeling becoming increasingly important for large-scale engineering projects, especially those that are safety-critical. Other areas where he sees growth opportunities for Eclipse are in runtimes, with the OSGi-based Gemini; the embeddable Jetty Java Web server; and Virgo, a lightweight Java server that used to be known as the SpringSource DM Server.

“These projects are just getting started,” Milinkovich said, “but a year from now, we would expect them to be part of the next release train.”

What’s aboard the Helios release train
The Linux IDE package consists of the new Linux Tools project. That includes Eclipse integrations of Linux utilities, such as GNU Autotools, Valgrind, OProfile, RPM, SystemTap, Gcov, Gprof and LTTng.

Support for the open-source distributed version control system Git is provided by new Eclipse projects EGit and JGit. EGit 0.8 includes a new Git repository view, and support for fast-forward merging and tagging. JGit 0.8, which lives under the covers of EGit 0.8, has 50% greater performance improvement when working with large repositories.

The Web Tools Platform project introduces support for creating, running and debugging applications written for the latest Java EE 6 specifications, including Servlet 3.0, JPA 2.0, JSF 2.0 and EJB 3.1.

The JavaScript Development Tools project includes a debug framework that allows for the integration of JavaScript debuggers, such as Firebug and Rhino. The new JavaScript package makes it easier for developers to find, install and use an Eclipse-based IDE.

Wed, 22 Jun 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : BlueCross BlueShield Therapists in Brighton Park, Chicago, IL BlueCross BlueShield insurance provides coverage for behavioral health services in Brighton Park, Chicago. BCBS HMO-style plans cover in-network providers while PPO plans provide a benefit that can be applied to either in-network or out-of-network providers. Blue Cross Blue Shield may not require a referral from your primary care practitioner for covered behavioral health services.

Some BCBS Therapists in Brighton Park, Chicago only have room for a few insurance slots in their schedule, so it's important to confirm in-network availability when you book your first appointment.

Blue Cross Blue Shield companies are independently owned and community-based healthcare insurers. BCBS is the largest health insurer in the US, covering 110 million members in 50 states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. Nationwide, more than 1.7 million health care providers contract with Blue Cross and Blue Shield companies.

Here’s a link to more information on how insurance works to cover behavioral health benefits.

Wed, 22 Jun 2022 00:57:00 -0500 en-us text/html
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