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Exam Code: CSSBB Practice exam 2022 by team
CSSBB Certified Six Sigma Black Belt - CSSBB

Each certification candidate is required to pass an examination that consists of multiple-choice questions that measure comprehension of the Body of Knowledge.

Computer Delivered - The CSSBB examination is a one-part, 165-question exam, and is offered in English only. 150 questions are scored and 15 are unscored. Total appointment time is four-and-a-half-hours, exam time is 4 hours and 18 minutes.

Paper and Pencil - The CSSBB examination is a one-part, 150-question, four-hour exam and is offered in English, Spanish, and Mandarin in certain locations.

These are the minimum expectations of a Certified Six Sigma Black Belt.

I: Organization-wide Planning and Deployment

Will understand how to deploy six sigma within a project.
Will be able to implement tools and techniques to deploy strategic directions for initiatives.
Will understand the roles and responsibilities for six sigma projects and how each group influences project deployment, and will be able to support communications about the project deployment.
Will be able to apply operational change management techniques within their defined scope or domain.
II: Organizational Process Management and Measures

Will be able to define various types of benchmarking.
Will be able to describe various types of performance measures, and select an appropriate financial measure for a given situation and calculate its result.
III: Team Management

Will understand the components and techniques used in managing teams, including time management, planning and decision-making tools, team formation, motivational techniques and factors that demotivate a team, performance evaluation and reward.
Will be able to describe elements that can result in a teams success.
Will be able to use appropriate techniques to overcome various group dynamics challenges.
IV: Define

Will be able to select data collection methods and collect voice of the customer data, and use customer feedback to determine customer requirements.
Will understand the elements of a project charter (problem statement, scope, goals, etc.) and be able to use various tools to track the project progress.
V: Measure

Will be able to define and use process flow metrics and analysis tools to indicate the performance of a process.
Will be able to develop and implement data collection plans, and use techniques in sampling, data capture, and processing tools.
Will be able to define and describe measurement system analysis tools.
Will apply basic probability concepts, and understand various distributions.
Will be able to calculate statistical and process capability indices.
VI: Analyze

Will be able to analyze the results of correlation and regression analyses.
Will be able to define multivariate tools.
Will be able to perform hypothesis tests for means, variances and proportions and analyze their results.
Will understand the components and concepts for ANOVA, Chi-square, contingency tables, and non-parametric tests.
Will understand the elements and purpose of FMEA and use root cause analysis tools.
Will be able to identify and interpret the 7 classic wastes.
Will be able to use gap analysis tools.
VII: Improve

Will be able to define and apply design of experiments (DOE) principles, and distinguish among the various types of experiments.
Will be able to apply various lean tools and techniques to eliminate waste and reduce cycle time.
Will understand how to implement an improved process and how to analyze and interpret risk studies.
VIII: Control

Will be able to apply, use, and analyze the various statistical process control (SPC) techniques.
Will understand total productive maintenance (TPM) and visual factory concepts.
Will be able to develop control plans and use various tools to maintain and sustain improvements.
IX: Design For Six Sigma (DFSS) Framework and Methodologies

Will understand common DFSS and DFX methodologies, and elements of robust designs.

Certified Six Sigma Black Belt - CSSBB
ASQ Certified guide
Killexams : ASQ Certified guide - BingNews Search results Killexams : ASQ Certified guide - BingNews Killexams : Top 5 Green Belt Certification in 2022 - ISEL GLOBAL Guide New Delhi [India], September 19 (ANI/ATK): Green Belt Six Sigma Certification is based on a statistical process controlling methodology created by Bill Smith to reduce waste, Improve efficiency, and increase the effectiveness of business processes. There are two certification titles to consider: Six Sigma Certification and Lean Six Sigma Certification. Both work towards the same goal of eliminating waste and improving efficiency by working on variance in the business processes. The difference is Six Sigma tends to have consistency in results and reduce variance, and Lean focuses on removing waste and increasing the speed of the process.

Generally speaking, each title has the following Belt designations:

- White Belt Certification: Gives a basic understanding of Six Sigma methodology and helps aspirants to understand more facts about six sigma.

- Yellow Belt Certification: A better understanding of Six Sigma compared to White Belt, but holders aren't yet leading projects on their own

- Green Belt Certification: Has an advanced understanding and leads their own projects, works as a six sigma practitioner, or serves as a team member under a Black Belt.

- Black Belt Certification: Leads six sigma project teams, provides coaching and advice to management and employees and works under a Master Black Belt.

- Master Black Belt Certification: Leads Six Sigma efforts across the organization, and works closely with decision-makers and business stakeholders to get six sigma implementation on an enterprise level.

Best Six Sigma Green Belt Certification CourseThere are many different ways that you can earn your Six Sigma Green Belt Certification. However, not all of them are created equal. In order to ensure that you get the best possible education and training, you should consider taking a course from a reputable provider.One of the best things about taking a course is that you can learn at your own pace. You can also choose to study online or in a traditional classroom setting. Whichever method you choose, make sure that the provider you select is accredited and has a good reputation in the industry.

The Top 5 Six Sigma Green Belt Certification for 2022

- ISEL GLOBAL, CLSSGB, Green Belt Certification

The most advanced Certified Six Sigma Green Belt Course as per the curriculum outline of The ASQ Body of Knowledge and accredited by top international Lean & Six Sigma accreditation bodies. The ISEL GLOBAL Green Belt course features instructor-led training by international coaches and MBB trainers and works of live project implementation to help participants understand the application part of the Green Belt. The certification is accredited by American Board, IASSC, CSSC, IQF USA, and the UKAC United Kingdom.

The most advanced Certified Six Sigma Green Belt Course as per the curriculum outline of The ASQ Body of Knowledge and accredited by top international Lean & Six Sigma accreditation bodies. The ISEL GLOBAL Green Belt course features instructor-led training by international coaches and MBB trainers and works of live project implementation to help participants understand the application part of the Green Belt. The certification is accredited by American Board, IASSC, CSSC, IQF USA, and the UKAC United Kingdom.

- ASQ, CSSGB Certification

Training materials consist of a handbook, study guide, question bank, and certification prep. The certification prep is self-paced and online only for the Green Belt. The time it takes to study for the exam depends on how fast you get through the materials. However, expect it to take four to eight weeks.

- International Six Sigma Institute, SSGB Certification

You have one year to take your certification exam after paying for the online program. After getting certified, there are no recertification requirements or renewal. This institute does not have any project requirements for any of the levels nor any work experience requirement to get certified.

- Coursera, Six Sigma Green Belt Specialization Certification

This course will provide you with advanced knowledge of root cause analysis, lean tools, control plan, process control, and statistical process control (SPC) as they are associated with Six Sigma and Lean. This is a self-paced course, each module is equipped with videos, studying material, case studies, and tools for six sigma analysis.

- TUV SUD, SSGB Certification

The six sigma green belt certification course offers in-depth training on the knowledge demonstration of Lean Six Sigma tools to further enable employees to strategize their daily work and Improve efficiency. The course is delivered by experienced trainers and classroom models.

How Do I Get My Green Belt Certification?To get your Green Belt Certification you must enrol in a six sigma certification course and pass an examination. Sometimes employers offer Green Belt Certification directly through their own internal department. Otherwise, you can enrol in a course offered by universities, colleges, or certification agencies.

With the course, you will learn about the Six Sigma Green Belt methodology and how to apply it in the real world. Most courses, like ISEL GLOBAL Green Belt Certification, also require a Six Sigma project to demonstrate proficiency before you take your certification examination.

After passing your examination you'll earn a Certified Green Belt designation. If you wish to proceed to a higher level, then the next step you may plan for is the Black Belt Certification. Most companies offer a Yellow Belt Certification, Green Belt Certification, Black Belt Certification, and Master Black Belt Certification.

This story has been provided by ATK. ANI will not be responsible in any way for the content in this article. (ANI/ATK)

Sun, 18 Sep 2022 22:06:00 -0500 text/html
Killexams : SAS Certification Guide: Overview and Career Paths

What first began as an agricultural research project at North Carolina State University eventually grew into a full-fledged software and services company by 1976. SAS has gone on to develop a solid customer base in the banking and pharmaceutical industries as well as in academia and at numerous agencies at all levels of government. Today, SAS is a leader in business analytics, data warehousing and data mining.

SAS has been recognized as one of the best places to work by organizations like Fortune and the Great Place to Work Institute. Coming in at No. 37, SAS made its 21st appearance in Fortune’s list of 100 best companies to work for in 2017 and No. 23 in Fortune’s list of top 100 best workplaces for millennials in 2018. Indeed, the company’s low turnover rate (4 percent in 2016) is an indicator of its commitment to its employees and, indirectly, to its customers as well.

Of the top 100 Fortune Global 500 companies, 96 are SAS customers. SAS customers span the globe with more than 83,000 instances installed in 144 countries.

SAS certification program overview

SAS has awarded more than 100,000 certifications since the program’s introduction in 1999, according to Brightcove. Today, the SAS Global Certification Program offers 23 credentials across seven categories:

  • Foundation Tools
  • Advanced Analytics
  • Business Intelligence and Analytics
  • Data Management
  • Administration
  • JMP
  • Partners

SAS certifications, along with required exams and costs, are described in more detail in the following sections. Although experience levels aren’t specifically indicated for each certification, a good rule of thumb is a minimum of eight months of experience on the base SAS system for Base Programmers and two to three years of relevant, hands-on experience for all other certifications before candidates tackle their respective exams.

All exams are administered by Pearson VUE or through a SAS-sponsored certification exam session (typically in conjunction with a training course). SAS also offers online proctored exams for all certification credentials through their partnership with Pearson VUE. Note that all certifications covered below are based on SAS 9.4.

Foundation Tools credentials aim at SAS professionals whose workdays revolve around writing and managing SAS programs. The company currently offers three Foundation Tools certifications:

  • SAS Certified Base Programmer for SAS 9: The Base Programmer knows how to query databases and perform analyses, including importing and exporting raw data files, manipulating data, combining SAS data sets and creating reports. The certification exam features 50 to 55 multiple-choice questions, a 100-minute time limit, and candidates must answer at least a 70 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
  • SAS Certified Advanced Programmer for SAS 9: The Advanced Programmer must be skilled in writing advanced DATA step programming statements and solving complex problems as well as interpreting SAS SQL code and writing SAS macros. The certification exam features 60 to 65 multiple-choice questions, a 100-minute time limit and candidates must answer at least 65 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
  • SAS Certified Clinical Trials Programmer Using SAS 9: This programmer works exclusively with clinical trials data, transforming raw data into polished, validated reports. There are two different paths to achieving this certification:
    • Clinical Trial Programmer Exam: The certification exam features 90 to100 multiple-choice questions, a three-hour time limit and candidates must answer at least a 70 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam. There are no prerequisites required to take this exam.
    • Clinical Trial Programmer – Accelerated Exam: The certification exam features 70 to 75 multiple-choice questions, a 120-minute time limit, and candidates must answer at least a 70 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam. Candidates must already have completed the SAS Base Programmer certification before they can sit for this accelerated exam.
Certification Required Exam(s) Exam Cost*
SAS Certified Base Programmer for SAS 9 SAS Base Programming for SAS 9 exam (A00-211) $180
SAS Certified Advanced Programmer for SAS 9 SAS Advanced Programming for SAS 9 exam (A00-212)

Must possess SAS Certified Base Programmer for SAS 9 credential

SAS Certified Clinical Trials Programmer Using SAS 9 Clinical Trials Programming Using SAS 9 exam (A00-280)


Clinical Trials Programming Using SAS 9 – Accelerated Version exam (A00-281)

Requires the SAS Certified Base Programmer for SAS 9 credential

$180 each exam

* SAS offers a 50 percent discount on the cost of all exams to instructors, students, faculty and staff at schools and higher education institutions as well as to SAS employees. See the SAS FAQs for details.

SAS Advanced Analytics certifications

The Advanced Analytics credentials are designed for SAS professionals who gather, manipulate and analyze big data using SAS tools, run reports and make business recommendations based on complex models. The certifications in this category include:

  • SAS Certified Data Scientist Using SAS 9: Data scientists can use both open source and SAS tools to manipulate data, form conclusions and make recommendations, and deploy SAS solutions. Rather than being a stand-alone certification, the Certified Data Scientist credential is attained by completing the Certified Big Data Professional and Certified Advanced Analytics Professional credentials.
  • SAS Certified Advanced Analytics Professional Using SAS 9: An Advanced Analytics Professional uses predictive modeling and statistical analysis methods and techniques to analyze big data sets. Candidates must pass three exams to complete this certification:
    • Predictive Monitoring Using SAS Enterprise Miner 7, 13 or 14
    • Advanced Predictive Modeling
    • Text Analytics, Time Series, Experimentation and Optimization
  • SAS Certified Predictive Modeler Using SAS Enterprise Miner 14: A Predictive Modeler prepares data and then builds, assesses, and implements predictive models. The certification exam features 55 to 60 multiple choice and short-answer questions, a 165-minute time limit, and candidates must achieve a score of at least 725 points from a possible point range of 200 to 1,000 points to pass the exam. Find out more about scaled scores via the exam FAQs. There are no credential prerequisites required to take this exam, though a thorough knowledge of a number of related skills and techniques is required.
  • SAS Certified Statistical Business Analyst Using SAS 9 Regression and Modeling: The Statistical Business Analyst uses SAS software to perform statistical analyses and predictive modeling, including linear and logistic regression, variance analysis and model performance measurements. The certification exam features 60 multiple-choice and short-answer questions, a two-hour time limit, and candidates must answer at least 68 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam. There are no credential prerequisites required to take this exam, though a thorough knowledge of a number of related skills and techniques is required.
Certification Required Exam(s) Exam Cost
SAS Certified Data Scientist Using SAS 9 No exam is required. Credential is awarded to candidates who possess the following two certifications:

SAS Certified Big Data Professional Using SAS 9 (2 exams, $180 each, $360 total)

SAS Certified Advanced Analytics Professional Using SAS 9 (3 exams, $610 total)

SAS Certified Advanced Analytics Professional Using SAS 9 Predictive Modeling Using SAS Enterprise Miner 13 (Candidates with SAS Certified Predictive Modeler Using SAS Enterprise Miner 7, 13 or 14 do not need to take this exam.), $250

SAS Advanced Predictive Modeling (A00-225), $180

SAS Text Analytics, Time Series, Experimentation and Optimization (A00-226), $180

SAS Certified Predictive Modeler Using SAS Enterprise Miner 14 Predictive Modeling using SAS Enterprise Miner 14 exam $250
SAS Certified Statistical Business Analyst Using SAS 9: Regression and Modeling SAS Statistical Business Analysis Using SAS 9: Regression and Modeling exam (A00-240) $180

SAS Business Intelligence and Analytics certifications

The Business Intelligence and Analytics credentials are designed for IT professionals who create interfaces and reports for SAS 9 or who use SAS Visual Analytics routinely. For the following certifications, there are no credential prerequisites required to take these exams, though a thorough knowledge of a number of related skills and techniques is required. The three certifications in this category are:

  • SAS Certified BI Content Developer for SAS 9: The BI Content Developer focuses mainly on creating, implementing and customizing SAS interface applications (such as reporting applications), including data management and dashboard creation. The certification exam features 60 to 65 multiple-choice questions, a two-hour time limit, and candidates must answer at least 70 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
  • SAS Certified Visual Business Analyst Exploration and Design Using SAS Visual Analytics: This credential targets analysts who use SAS Visual Analytics, Visual Analytics Explorer, and Visual Analytics Designer to add, manipulate and explore data, and create reports. The certification exam features 60 to 65 multiple-choice questions, a 100-minute time limit, and candidates must answer at least 68 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
  • SAS Certified Visual Modeler Using SAS Visual Statistics 7.4:  The Certified Visual Modeler targets analysts who perform model fitting and analysis as well as predictive and exploratory modeling in business environments using SAS Visual Statistics. The certification exam features 50 multiple-choice, short-answer and interactive questions, a 90-minute time limit and candidates must answer at least 68 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
Certification Required Exam(s) Exam Cost
SAS Certified BI Content Developer for SAS 9 SAS BI Content Development for SAS 9 exam (A00-270) $180
SAS Certified Visual Business Analyst: Exploration and Design Using SAS Visual Analytics SAS Visual Analytics 7.4 Exploration and Design exam (A00-277) $180
SAS Certified Visual Modeler Using SAS Visual Statistics 7.4 SAS Interactive Model Building and Exploration Using SAS Visual Statistics 7.4 exam (A00-272) $180

SAS Data Management certifications

Professionals whose workdays (or career aspirations) revolve more around managing data and platforms rather than deep statistics, analysis and modeling will gravitate to data management credentials. For the following certifications, there are no credential prerequisites required to take these exams, though a thorough knowledge of a number of related skills and techniques is required. The three certifications in this category are:

  • SAS Certified Big Data Professional Using SAS 9: The Big Data credential is designed for professionals who conduct statistical analyses using SAS and open source data-management tools. This credential is comprised of two separate exams:
    • Big Data Preparation, Statistics and Visual Exploration
    • SAS Big Data Programming and Loading
  • SAS Certified Data Integration Developer for SAS 9: The Data Integration Developer works with data to prepare it for analysis and reporting. Candidates must know how to define the platform architecture for SAS Business Analytics as well as create metadata, transform data and tables, and run jobs. The certification exam features 76 multiple-choice questions, a 105-minute time limit, and candidates must answer at least 70 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
  • SAS Certified Data Quality Steward for SAS 9: The Data Quality Steward validates the skills of professionals who use the SAS DataFlux Data Management Studio. The certification exam features 75 multiple-choice questions, a 110-minute time limit, and candidates must answer at least 68 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.
Certification Required Exam(s) Exam Cost
SAS Certified Big Data Professional Using SAS 9 SAS Big Data Preparation, Statistics, and Visual Exploration exam (A00-220)

SAS Big Data Programming and Loading exam (A00-221)

$180 each, $360 total
SAS Certified Data Integration Developer for SAS 9 SAS Data Integration Development for SAS 9 exam (A00-260) $180
SAS Certified Data Quality Steward for SAS 9 SAS Data Quality using DataFlux Data Management Studio exam (A00-262) $180

SAS Administration certifications

The administration category has a single credential – the SAS Certified Platform Administrator for SAS 9 – designed for professionals responsible for supporting the SAS Business Analytics platform from installation through day-to-day maintenance. Candidates must know how to set up folders, manage user accounts, monitor system performance, apply security techniques, perform backups and complete other administrative tasks. The certification exam features 70 multiple-choice questions, a 110-minute time limit, and candidates must answer at least 70 percent of the questions correctly to pass the exam.

Certification Required Exam(s) Exam Cost
SAS Certified Platform Administrator for SAS 9 SAS Platform Administration for SAS 9 exam (A00-250) $180

JMP certifications

SAS JMP is data analysis and visualization software that allows users to explore, mine and share data analyses in a graphical format. The JMP credential includes two exams:

  • JMP Certified Specialist – JMP Scripting Using JMP 14: Using the JMP Scripting Language (JSL), candidates will demonstrate their proficiency in completing various programming and scripting tasks.
  • JMP Certified Specialist – Design and Analysis of Experiments Using JMP 14: Successful candidates will demonstrate their abilities and skills in designing and analyzing various industrial experiments, including evaluating model assumptions and process optimization.

Both of these certification exams feature 50 to 60 multiple-choice and short-answer questions, a 150-minute time limit, and candidates must achieve a score of at least 725 points from the possible point range of 200 to 1,000 points. Find out more about scaled scores via the exam FAQ.

Certification Required Exam(s) Exam Cost
JMP Certified Specialist: JMP Scripting Using JMP 14 JMP Scripting Using JMP 14 exam (A00-908) $180
JMP Certified Specialist: Design and Analysis of Experiments Using JMP 14 Design and Analysis of Experiments Using JMP 14 (A00-909) $180

Partner certifications

SAS offers credential programs for certified SAS resellers, VARs, and consultants though its partner program. There are six partner credentials available to SAS partners:

Access to the Partner credentialing portal is restricted to authorized SAS partners only. As a result, some details of the partner exam process are hidden from public view. If you work for a SAS partner, ask your company SAS liaison or your SAS sales team for more details about partner certifications.

Why get SAS certified? More demonstrated knowledge typically means more earning power. A quick search for SAS programmer on major job posting sites returns hundreds, if not thousands, of open positions across the United States, most with starting salaries in a range from $52,000 to $126,000.

While salaries vary depending on industry, experience, certifications achieved and other factors, average SAS programmer earnings are almost $81,038 nationally, per SimplyHired. The average earnings in SAS statistical modeling careers are almost $110,000, topping out around $200,000.

Tip: To make the hiring process easier, employers can verify a candidate’s credentials by searching the SAS Global Certified Professional Directory.

Suffice it to say, a SAS certification can pay off quickly. Couple that with an outstanding company culture, achieving a SAS credential and working for SAS is a smart career move for anyone with programming chops and a desire for longevity with a single company.

SAS careers are plentiful and vary depending on your goals and career aspirations. Some SAS careers naturally gravitate toward one or more certification categories. Some examples of common job roles by certification category include:

  • Foundation Tools: Analysts, programmers and data managers
  • Advanced Analytics: Technical analysts, statisticians and data scientists
  • Business Intelligence and Analytics: Content developers and analysts
  • Data Management: Analysts, programmers and data managers
  • Administration: Platform administrators

Regardless of your area(s) of interest, you’ll find a plethora of SAS careers available.

Training and resources

SAS offers links to SAS classroom and eLearning courses, demo exam questions and full practice exams. Refer to the exam Preparation tab for each certification on the SAS Certification website. Candidates can purchase certification packages that include training courses, preparation materials and exam vouchers with typical discounts of 35 to 40 percent.

SAS training can be pricey, depending on factors such as delivery method and class length.

Individual courses range from lows around $1,100 to highs of $4,000. Candidates should be sure to check out the SAS Discounts web page for information on current discount programs, best value deals, veteran’s discounts and more before enrolling.

The SAS Training and Books webpage provides links to certification prep books, training courses, eLearning opportunities (SAS onDemand) and the SAS Global Academic Program. SAS also offers demo exam questions and training software may be accessed through the SAS University Edition.

Many colleges and universities, such as Philadelphia UniversityFlorida State University and the University of Missouri, to name just a few, also offer SAS certificate programs to their undergraduate and graduate students. If you’re in (or thinking of going to) getting SAS certified as part of your degree program, it pays to check out your SAS certification options before choosing an institution of higher learning.

Ed Tittel

Ed is a 30-year-plus veteran of the computing industry, who has worked as a programmer, a technical manager, a classroom instructor, a network consultant and a technical evangelist for companies that include Burroughs, Schlumberger, Novell, IBM/Tivoli and NetQoS. He has written for numerous publications, including Tom’s IT Pro, and is the author of more than 100 computing books on information security, web markup languages and development tools, and Windows operating systems.

Earl Follis

Earl is also a 30-year veteran of the computer industry, who worked in IT training, marketing, technical evangelism and market analysis in the areas of networking and systems technology and management. Ed and Earl met in the late 1980s when Ed hired Earl as a trainer at an Austin-area networking company that’s now part of HP. The two of them have written numerous books together on NetWare, Windows Server and other topics. Earl is also a regular writer for the computer trade press with many e-books, white papers and articles to his credit.

Wed, 12 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : SOC 2 Certification–The Everything Guide

Ali Allage is CEO at BlueSteel Cybersecurity, a Security Compliance Consulting Firm.

The increase in data breaches and hacks over the past few years has forced most organizations to dedicate more resources and put more focus on their information security efforts. For organizations that outsource major business operations to third-party service providers, such as SaaS and cloud-computing vendors, this is particularly true. With my experience running a security compliance consulting firm, I know that if you mishandle customer data, your clients can become susceptible to attacks like malware installation, data thefts, blackmailing or even extortions.

SOC 2 compliance reports are used by enterprises to assure customers and stakeholders that particular vendors appreciate the value of cybersecurity and are committed to managing data securely and protecting the organization’s interests as well as the privacy of their clients.

What is SOC 2?

SOC 2 (System and Organization Controls 2) is a compliance standard for service organizations that replaced SAS 70 (Statement on Auditing Standards) in 2011. SOC 2 was created by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA).

SOC 2 specifies the criteria by which organizations should manage customer data and spells out five trust service principles or Trust Service Criteria (TSC): security, privacy, confidentiality, processing integrity and availability. Through these criteria, SOC 2 reports attest to the trustworthiness of services offered by an enterprise and result from an official audit procedure carried out by a certified public accountant.

The reports vary depending on the needs of each organization. Based on specific business practices, each enterprise can design its own control to adhere to one or all trust service principles. These reports help stakeholders, regulators and suppliers know how your organization’s service vendors manage customer data.

What are the differences between the types of SOC 2 reports?

Type I: These SOC 2 reports describe the service organization’s systems and test the system design to confirm that they meet the stipulated trust service principles at a specific point in time.

Type II: This type of report attests to the operating effectiveness of a vendor’s systems and controls throughout a disclosed period, usually 12 months.

Understanding The Five Trust Service Principles of SOC 2

For an organization to receive a SOC 2 certification, it must be audited by a certified public accountant. The auditor will confirm whether the service organization’s systems meet one or more of the trust principles or trust service criteria. The principle includes:

Security: Every organizational system needs protection from unauthorized or outside access. Physical and logical restrictions (access controls) must adequately prevent potential system intrusion, unauthorized deletion, theft, software misuse, disclosure of data and device manipulation.

Availability: The availability principle checks the accessibility of processes, products or services agreed upon by both parties when designing a service level agreement (SLA) or contract. The parties explicitly agree on the minimum acceptable performance level of the system.

Processing Integrity: The processing integrity confirms whether the system is performing as intended. For example, this type of review determines if the system delivers the right data at the right time, ensuring that the system processes are complete, accurate, timely and licensed.

Confidentiality: In this segment of the review, the focus is on assuring that data termed as confidential is restricted to certain individuals or organizations and protected according to policy and agreement signed by both parties. The principle of confidentiality covers business-to-business relationships, internal price lists, intellectual property, financial information forms and other sensitive data shared between businesses.

Privacy: The last principle is privacy, which involves how a system collects, uses, retains, discloses and disposes of customer information. A company's privacy policy must be in line with operating procedures. For instance, if an organization says it warns its customers any time it collects data, the audit report needs to show how the company provides the warning, whether through its website or another channel.

This policy applies to personally identifiable information (PII), including name, social security number, address, etc. The same goes for data related to race, religion and sex. All these pieces of data require an additional level of protection.

How long does it take to get SOC 2 compliance?

Usually, it takes six to 12 months for a company to generate a SOC 2 audit report. However, the duration varies depending on the type of report pursued, with Type I SOC 2 reports taking approximately 6 months and Type II SOC 2 reports taking a minimum of 6 months and sometimes lasting up to 12 months.

Why would a company invest in SOC 2 certification?

Companies that undergo SOC 2 auditing often enhance their security measures and overall efficiency. The audit report helps them streamline their operations and controls based on the understanding of cybersecurity threats their customers face. As a result, the organization can Improve its services, process or products.

SaaS, PaaS, B2B vendors processing and storing personal indefinable information or sensitive data need to invest in SOC 2 certification. Any company that collects and stores customer data needs to focus on security, considering the rise in cybersecurity threats and data breaches. A SOC 2 audit report will confirm to enterprise customers, users and potential clients that the products they’re using are safe and secure. Protecting customer data from unsanctioned access and theft should be at the forefront for these types of organizations.

A SOC 2 report gives a company a competitive edge over those that don’t have one. With the proliferation of data breaches, most businesses prefer working with SOC 2 certified vendors because these service providers are safe and have adopted the necessary measures to prevent unauthorized data access.

In most cases, the benefits of undergoing SOC 2 auditing and obtaining the SOC 2 certification outweigh the investment for achieving it. That’s because a SOC 2 report shows that an organization is committed to investing in the security of its services or product and protecting customer information. In return, the enterprise enjoys a competitive edge, a great business reputation and continuity.

Forbes Business Council is the foremost growth and networking organization for business owners and leaders. Do I qualify?

Wed, 28 Sep 2022 02:16:00 -0500 Ali Allage en text/html
Killexams : A Pro's Complete Guide To Each Recreational Scuba Diving Certification © Provided by TheTravel

Quick Links

  • PADI Advanced Open Water Diver

Scuba diving opens up the magic of the underwater world to humans. The freedom people feel while breathing underwater, being in the presence of the planet's most beautiful and bizarre creatures of all sizes in the midst of an alien world beneath the waves, is an experience incomparable to any other. Once considered a sport only for the rich, scuba diving is now more accessible, affordable, and safer than ever, with millions of people all around the globe enjoying the hobby, be it regularly or occasionally on vacation.

From kaleidoscopic reefs and coral-coated sea walls heaving with colorful fish, turtles, and sharks to eerie shipwrecks, caves, and current-swept subaquatic mountains attracting manta rays, schools of hammerheads, and gigantic whale sharks, the oceans know no bounds in terms of marine life.

Don't forget about freshwater antics, either; many divers also explore the wonders within inland and subterranean lakes, which house their own unique aquatic specimens for observation. It truly doesn't matter; whether diving out in the open ocean, enjoying encounters with dolphins, whales, and the likes, taking in rainbow-hued reefs, discovering the crystal-clear waters in the icy arctic, or submersing oneself in a lake, scuba diving is one of life's most serene pastimes and bucket list items — but underwater explorers must get the right dive certifications first before they can venture into the extraterrestrial dimension below the water's surface.

Related: These Are The World's Best Dive Sites For Scuba Diving With Sharks

As any experienced or aspiring diver might be aware, there are so many dive programs and certifications available, which can make research into getting certified a little complicated. However, this guide to each scuba diving course and certification has been written by a dive instructor, covering every angle so that hopeful divers can understand each one in the correct order.

While every dive course mentioned in this guide is based on the programs designed and offered by the most popular dive agency, PADI, most agencies — such as SSI, SDI, NAUI, RAID, and others — follow a similar flow of courses, each with similar names, curriculums, and course requirements, bar a few differences.

In ascending order and each being a prerequisite to the next, here's a comprehensive catalog and overview of every dive course at the recreational level before entering into the higher zone of professional dive training.

PADI Scuba Diver Course

Scuba Diver Course Prerequisites:

  • Over ten years old
  • Ability to swim and be comfortable in the water
  • Be medically fit for scuba diving (some countries may legally require a medical certificate from a physician)

First, the Open Water certification (mentioned next) is the ideal place to begin one's journey as a diver, as it's considered the initial level of certification required to dive without the presence of certified diving professional. However, the Scuba Diver certification is the stage before the Open Water Diver cert and is technically the first step on the diver ladder.

The Scuba Diver certification is often a useful option for those who wish to become a diver but are short on time since the full Open Water program takes at least a couple of days longer to complete. Generally, not all dive centers, instructors, and operators offer the Scuba Diver program, so it's wise to check before booking a vacation somewhere to undertake this novice level. However, don't panic; most do offer it, and it's a great choice for those interested in diving but who aren't sure how confident they will be in the water.

After signing up for the Scuba Diver course, participants spend two or three days undertaking its requirements. Students must complete three out of the five theory sections (videos, knowledge development sections, and quizzes), three of the five confined water dives, and only two of the four open water dives that make up the full Open Water Diver program.

Hence, the Scuba Diver cert is considered 'half' of the Open Water Diver cert, generally speaking, as it requires students to complete approximately half of the theory, confined water dives, and open water dives. Think of the Scuba Diver course as an intermediate step toward the Open Water Diver certification, the latter of which can be pursued and earned by completing another day or two to finish the full program.

Related: Underwater Experiences That Must Been Seen To Be Believed, And Not All Require Scuba Gear

The theory section of the course covers the basics of scuba diving skills and safety, which are then put into practice during the confined water portion of the program. Also, while many people complete the theory part of the course in person with their instructor, a lot prefer to do this part in advance online via PADI's e-learning. Opting for e-learning allows students to undertake all theory in their own time before starting the practical sections of the program, which they then take with the instructor. It's usually a more convenient option for those who don't want to spend any of their vacation studying books, taking quizzes and exams, and watching dive theory videos in a classroom.

After the appropriate theory modules are finished, the confined water classes are usually conducted in a swimming pool, although they can be taught in a shallow, calm area of the ocean or a lake — so long as the conditions are 'swimming pool-like.' In the confined water lessons, the instructor has the student(s) complete a series of mandatory skills — both in and out of the water — until the student has learned and demonstrated each skill to the instructor's satisfaction.

Once the confined water skills have been mastered, the best part of the program takes place: the open water modules! This part is undeniably the most fun — for both student and instructor — and is when students put the diving skills they learned in theory and confined water sections to the test out in the open water. Either in the ocean or a lake, students take to the open water with their instructor and must fulfill the same skills.

During the two open water dives, students will complete several skills on each plunge, but the skills part of the dives don't usually take that long, which leaves plenty of time to enjoy the underwater world as they explore the dive site alongside the instructor. Plus, unlike the full Open Water Diver course, there's no final exam. As long as students complete all knowledge reviews and quizzes, confined water skills, and open water dives to the instructor's satisfaction, they will receive the Scuba Diver certification.

Scuba Diver Course Overview:

  • Three theory sessions (knowledge reviews and quizzes)
  • Three confined water sessions
  • Two open water dives
  • Total time: two to three days

The Scuba Diver certification permits holders to:

  • Dive to a maximum depth of 12 meters (40 feet)
  • Only dive under the direct supervision of an instructor (if Scuba Diver-certified divers wish to dive without an instructor, they need to upgrade to the Open Water Diver certification, which, as explained above, requires two further theory sections, confined water dives and open water dives)

Related: These Are The Best Places In The World To Dive With Manta Rays

The Scuba Diver course is ideal for those who:

  • Don’t have the necessary time to complete the whole Open Water course
  • Can’t finish the full Open Water program
  • Only wish to dive with a dive professional (a PADI Instructor, for example) instead of with a dive buddy or another diver who is not a dive professional.

If students wish to upgrade to the Open Water certification, they can do so at any time in the future, whether they decide to extend their vacation to complete the necessary extra sections of the course or sign up to do these sections at a later date. The instructor can refer students to another dive center or instructor if they decide to upgrade to the Open Water Diver certification with a different dive center/instructor.

Note: When a certified Scuba Diver wishes to upgrade to the Open Water Diver certification, they must (with an instructor):

  • Complete two more theory sections (two additional knowledge development modules and a quiz
  • Complete a final exam.
  • Complete the remaining two out of five confined water skill sessions (in a pool or a body of water with pool-like conditions)
  • Complete a surface swim
  • Complete the remaining two out of four open water dives (in the ocean or in a suitable lake that meets the course requirements)

Related: Why Bonaire Island Is A Top Scuba Diving Destination

PADI Open Water Diver

Open Water Diver Course Prerequisites:

  • Ability to swim and be comfortable in the water
  • Be medically fit for diving (again, some countries require a medical certificate from a physician)
  • Be able to float or tread water without aids for 10 minutes (instructors will ask students to perform this task under their supervision)
  • Swim 200 meters/yards without aids or swim 300 meters/yards with a mask, fins, and a snorkel (instructors will also ask students to perform this task — but students can choose which option they prefer)

The Open Water Diver course is where it really begins; it's the first autonomous diving certification and teaches participants how to be a great, safe diver without necessarily being under the wing of a dive professional (although diving with a certified buddy is always mandatory, no matter what certification a diver holds). It's the most popular beginner diver program and is highly recommended for newbies because it teaches them even more valuable skills and allows a greater level of diver freedom.

As discussed, the Open Water Diver certification is the next level up from the Scuba Diver course, and any participant who already has the Scuba Diver cert only needs to fill the above-mentioned checklist for upgrading to the Open Water certification. However, the Scuba Diver qualification isn't a prerequisite, so absolute beginners can still sign up for the Open Water Diver course. So long as participants meet the prerequisite criteria bullet-pointed above, they can take the Open Water Diver course.

The Open Water Diver course consists of the same sections as the Scuba Diver course, except it has two more theory sections involving videos, knowledge development assessments, and a quiz, two extra confined water sections, two more open water dives, and a final exam.

Related: A Study Has Revealed The World's Best Snorkeling Destinations

Open Water Diver Course Overview:

For students starting the Open Water course from scratch, the program overview looks like this:

  • Five theory sections (videos, knowledge development assessments, and quizzes)
  • Five confined water sessions
  • Four open water dives
  • 10-minute float/treading water
  • 200-meter swim/300-meter swim with mask, snorkel, and fins
  • Final exam
  • Total time: three to four days

Open Water Diver Certification Information:

Upon completion of the Open Water Diver course, students receive the Open Water Diver certification, which certifies divers to:

  • Dive to a maximum depth of 18 meters (60 feet)
  • Dive with a certified dive buddy or another certified diver (who also holds a minimum of an Open Water Diver certification)

Any young divers certified between the ages of 10 to 14 receive a Junior Open Diver certification, not the 'full' Open Water Diver cert. The Junior Open Water Diver carries the same weight, but there are some important differences. Junior divers between 10 and 11 may only dive with a dive professional, a certified parent, or a certified guardian — and only to a maximum depth of 12 meters (40 feet). Junior divers aged between 12 and 14 are permitted to dive to 12 meters (40 feet) only when accompanied by a certified adult diver over 18. Once Junior Open Water Divers turn 15, they are automatically upgraded to the standard Open Water Diver certification without any further applications necessary.

PADI Advanced Open Water Diver

Advanced Open Water Diver Course Prerequisites:

  • Have the Open Water Diver or Junior Open Water Diver certification (or another qualifying certification from another dive agency, for example)
  • Be at least 12 years old
  • Be medically fit to dive

The name of this program can be quite deceiving; divers don't need to be 'advanced' to undertake the Advanced Open Water Diver course; rather, it advances their existing skills and builds upon the Open Water Diver certification by exploring the underwater world. Divers who are at least 12 years old and have the Open Water Diver certification can opt for this course, which is considered the second level on the diving path. What participants might enjoy about this program, in particular, is the fact there are no 'fixed' classroom theory sessions per se; everything is all about getting in the water and discovering its adventures.

Students receive the Advanced Open Water Diver course book, which they can study at their leisure before completing the diver quizzes, which the instructor will check, but that's about all there is to the 'theory' side of the course. Handily, there's no final exam necessary to pass this program, either.

During the Advanced Diver course, students log a total of five 'specialty' dives with their instructor. Specialty dives are unlike ordinary dives; in essence, they're much like 'themed' dives, in which students explore certain environments and complete skills appropriate to that particular specialty dive. Two of the dive specialty dives are mandatory — the 'deep' dive and the 'navigation' dive.

The deep dive involves exploring depths (up to 30 meters max) and equips students to handle the unique physiological effects of deep diving. On the other hand, the navigation dive equips divers with the know-how to find their way above and below the surface using an underwater compass, visual landmarks, kick cycles, and time.

The other three specialty dives are up to the student, and they can choose from several useful (and amazing) situations to experience, so long as the location permits. The following specialty dives are usually the most widely available and most popular:

  • Deep
  • Night
  • Peak Performance Buoyancy
  • Digital Underwater Photography
  • Boat
  • Fish Identification
  • Underwater Naturalist
  • Search & Recovery

Plenty more specialty dive types also exist, although they are often less available due to a lack of equipment or suitable dive sites near any given dive center's vicinity that allow these dives to be carried out:

  • Cavern
  • Wreck
  • Altitude
  • Ice
  • Dry Suit
  • Enriched Air
  • Sidemount
  • Adaptive Support
  • Dive Against Debris
  • Full Face Mask
  • Shark Conservation

Advanced Open Water Diver Course Overview:

  • Five open water dives: (a deep dive below 18 meters/60 feet, a navigation dive, and three specialty dives of the student's choice)
  • Total time required: two to three days

Advanced Open Water Diver Certification Information:

After completing the Advanced Open Water Diver course, students earn the Advanced Open Water Diver certification, permitting them to:

  • Dive to a maximum depth of 30 meters (100 feet)

Related: These Are Some Of The World's Best Scuba Diving Destinations

PADI Rescue Diver

Rescue Diver Course Prerequisites:

  • Have the Advanced Open Water Diver or Junior Advanced Open Water Diver certification
  • Emergency First Response (EFR) Primary and Secondary Care training (or qualifying training) within 24 months
  • Be 12 years of age or older
  • Be medically fit to dive

For most dive instructors, the Rescue Diver course is one of the most fun and enriching scuba courses to teach. Rescue Divers are much like the emergency services of the aquatic world, equipped with the in-depth know-how to solve myriads of problems and respond to dive-related emergencies both on land, on the surface, and underwater. Out of all the dive programs, this one is often branded the most physically and mentally challenging; however, it's the most rewarding, shifting the focus from oneself to other divers.

The purpose of the Rescue Diver course is to teach divers to prevent, manage, and solve all kinds of problems that may occur when scuba diving — not just for themselves but also for other divers. It also equips divers with the knowledge to identify small, potential problems before they become big ones. As such, there's a lot to learn in this program before earning the esteemed Rescue Diver certification, but don't panic; it can be completed in around four to seven days — though those days will be plush with work and plenty of taxing tasks.

First, course participants must be at least 12 years old and have earned their Advanced Open Water qualification. In addition, they also need to have completed a CPR and First Aid training program within the last 24 months (there are exceptions for qualified medical professionals, such as doctors and nurses, for instance). If students don't have the required CPR and First Aid training, they can undertake it alongside the Rescue Diver course, which is a ton of fun and teaches them a wide array of highly valuable skills, but it does mean even more work is added to an already-heavy course. Among divers, the most popular CPR and First Aid training course is Emergency First Response (EFR), and most dive instructors are Emergency First Response instructors themselves, enabling them to teach the program to aspiring Rescue Divers.

Related: Can You Dive Dean's Blue Hole? Not Without Knowing This

For students without the EFR Primary and Secondary Care certification completed within the last 24 months, they will complete this program before starting the Rescue Diver course. In the EFR course, students learn about CPR, health and safety, identification of hazards, how to respond to various emergency scenarios, how to operate an AED, how to identify scuba diving-related illnesses, and how to administer emergency oxygen to a diver. The EFR portion takes around two days, after which the Rescue Diver course begins.

Throughout the dry land part of the Rescue Diver course, participants study the Rescue Diver textbook and complete quizzes before starting their in-water skills practice, which has them demonstrate what they learned in the classroom in a variety of rescue scenarios in and around the water. Much of the course consists of role-playing rescue scenarios under the guidance and supervision of the instructor, covering aspects and essential in-water and out-of-water skills, including the causes of dive emergencies, recognizing and responding to various types of diver distress, identifying and rectifying equipment issues, effectuating missing diver procedures, undertaking first aid and injury treatment, accident management, and quick problem-solving.

Overall, ten water rescue exercises form the structure of the Rescue Diver course. They include drills such as:

  • Assisting tired and panicked divers
  • Self-rescue (relieving cramps, handling equipment malfunctions, etc.)
  • Responding to distressed divers — both from the shore, on the surface, and underwater (practicing scenarios with unresponsive divers underwater and on the surface, for example)
  • Searching for a missing diver while following proper procedures
  • Administering emergency oxygen
  • Giving in-water rescue breaths while undergoing equipment removal and towing an unresponsive diver to shore or a boat (this is an intense but highly rewarding exercise!)
  • Assisting and pulling victims out of the water
  • A full start-to-finish rescue of an unresponsive diver at the surface and underwater, which is normally left until the very end of the course for students to complete (after much practice, of course)

Dive instructors and their assistants will simulate and guide Rescue Diver students through these rescue scenarios — and usually without any warning (during dinner or when relaxing on the beach or at the bar are common times instructors like to instigate a surprise role-playing emergency situation for students who take the course while on vacation!) This means students must be ready at all times to put their theoretical and practical training into practice and respond quickly and appropriately as if the incident was occurring in real life.

Rescue Diver Course Overview:

  • Complete Emergency First Response Primary and Secondary Care (if students haven't taken this certification already within the prior 24 months)
  • Complete rescue theory and quizzes
  • Complete all ten confined water rescue scenarios
  • Complete all rescue skills in open water (number of dives depends on the student and how fast they progress)
  • Total time: four to seven days

Related: What’s At The Bottom Of Dean's Blue Hole? & More Answers

PADI Master Scuba Diver

Master Scuba Diver Prerequisites:

  • Have the Rescue Diver certification
  • Be 12 years old or over
  • Have logged a minimum of 50 dives
  • Have at least five Specialty Diver certifications
  • Be medically fit to dive

The Master Scuba Diver certification doesn't have a respective course; it's earned by fulfilling a checklist synonymous with advanced and experienced recreational scuba divers. The Master Scuba Diver status is the final title of the recreational scuba realm, after which comes the ranks of the dive pros (starting with the Divemaster cert below).

Less than 2% of divers ever achieve this high rating, which is acquired through hard work, ample time spent underwater (50 dives at least), and additional specialty training. This 'specialty training' entails any of the multiple Specialty Diver courses available, which are like shorter 'mini-programs' that teach specific knowledge and skills and certify divers in a certain area of expertise.

Although there are many more, some of the most popular Specialty Diver courses are:

  • Deep Diver — certifies divers to a max depth of 40 meters (the absolute limit of recreational scuba diving standards)
  • Enriched Air Diver — certifies divers to dive on enriched air nitrox (a blend of air with a higher oxygen percentage, enabling longer dives)
  • Underwater Navigation — expands on previously learned underwater navigation techniques
  • Night Diver — teaches divers proper night diving strategy
  • Drift Diver — diving in currents
  • Wreck Diver — teaches divers to properly and safely navigate, penetrate, and explore underwater wrecks.
  • Digital Underwater Photographer — teaches basic underwater photography skills and underwater camera use, care, and prep.
  • Sidemount Diver -— teaches students how to dive with a side-mount setup (two tanks on either side instead of one on the back)
  • Dry Suit Diver — teaches divers how to dive using a dry suit
  • Search and Recovery — teaches divers how to search for and recover lost items (or divers) underwater using proper techniques

Those who've risen through the diving ranks, having logged at least 50 dives and achieved their Open Water, Advanced Open Water, Rescue Diver, and five Specialty Diver certifications will therefore meet the criteria for the elite Master Scuba Diver and can then apply to have their certification upgraded from Rescue Diver to Master Scuba Diver — proudly flashing their cert level whenever they go diving from there on out.

Related: World’s Most Accessible Underwater Plane Wreck Is In The Bahamas

PADI Divemaster

Divemaster Course Prerequisites:

  • Have the Rescue Diver certification
  • Have at least 40 logged dives to begin the course and have logged a minimum of 60 dives to complete the course.
  • Be age 18 or over
  • Be medically fit to dive

The Divemaster course is the first stage in the professional diving industry, teaching divers to become leaders and take charge of dive activities. This level of training is about honing all the knowledge and skills needed to work as a diver at the professional level, with a view to becoming a mentor and even a motivator for new divers.

Of course, it's not just for hopeful dive pros; the course is perfect for recreational divers who want to amp up their skills even more than ever before and become the best diver they can be. Many fun divers take the Divemaster course to build their knowledge and abilities while also enjoying an incredible experience, which the program always is.

As a diver, it's an amazing time, taking several weeks or even months to work on theory, in-water skills, and open-water competencies, as well as plenty of fun dives with fellow divers and Divemaster students along the way.

Throughout the Divemaster course, participants gradually complete a long list of theoretical and practical skills, assignments, assessments, and exams, as well as a final examination compiling everything learned during the entire program at the end. Divemaster students also assist instructors with other training programs, too, helping them teach Open Water Diver courses, Advanced Open Water Diver courses, Rescue Diver courses, and Specialty Diver courses to other dive students.

In general, the course takes a minimum of four weeks, but many dive operators offer varying course lengths ranging from one month to three months (or more, in some cases, depending on the needs of the student). It's usually recommended to take at least a couple of months or even longer when taking the Divemaster course; students taking their time affords them a more in-depth experience, with more opportunities to dive, learn, and practice their abilities.

Ultimately, Divemaster training is designed to give divers the knowledge and skills to make it in the dive sector as a pro, providing them with both simulated and real work experience during the program, which enables them to get a feel for what it might be like working as a divemaster or instructor.

Whether aspiring divemasters intend on quitting their day job to become a divemaster or get a weekend job at a local dive shop, the Divemaster course is ideal for those who wish to make a career out of diving, not just a hobby. Plus, the Divemaster certification is the main prerequisite for the Instructor Development Course — the training and certification needed to become and work as a professional dive instructor.

Related: Witness Nesting Sea Turtles At These Florida Beaches

A Basic Divemaster Course Outline:

  • Total time: four to 12 weeks (or longer, if desired)

Through a series of knowledge development classroom sessions, water skills exercises, in-water workshops, hands-on practical assessments, and a final exam, Divemaster course participants develop the necessary abilities to plan, organize, and direct scuba diving activities, such as certain low-level courses and experiences, dive excursions, equipment management, logistics, diver health and safety, and business skills.

Topics, skills, and practical course workshops include:

  • The role and characteristics of a Divemaster
  • Divemaster specialized skills
  • Demonstration of divemaster skills fluently and clearly
  • Diver safety and risk management
  • Supervising dive activities
  • Conducting real dive briefings
  • Assisting with student divers
  • Divemaster-conducted programs
  • Conducting a scuba review and skin diver course
  • Awareness of the dive environment
  • Business of diving and diving careers
  • Dive setup and management
  • Mapping an open water dive site
  • Organizing a search and recovery project
  • Organizing a deep dive
  • Leading Discover Local Diving programs
  • Assisting with Discover Scuba Diving experiences (an instructor-led dive program for beginners who wish to experience diving but not get certified)

Related: Become A Dive Pro: The World's Best Places To Get Your Divemaster Certification

While this guide to each diving course is extensive and in-depth, hopefully, it arms aspiring divers with the knowledge they seek about the specific certification they're interested in, as well as those looking for a detailed program list of each cert as they continue their scuba journey. Not mentioned in this guide is the Instructor certification, as that goes beyond the domain of recreational scuba and instead speeds full steam ahead into the planet of the pros — but worry not, aspiring instructors can read all about it in another exciting feature.

For now, budding divers and season sub-sea explorers should focus on each of the courses discussed above before venturing down the instructor road. Then, if they do decide to pursue the professional dive instructor path, they'll be ready to do so after completing all the courses and being armed with a belt chock-full of the savvy, skills, and certs sectioned in this guide.

Whatever the case, be one adamant about working in the dive industry or cherishing diving as a hobby, ticking these courses off the bucket list is an extraordinary, bucket list-worthy journey and will forever change the lives of those who dive into each and take the plunge!

Tue, 13 Sep 2022 03:10:00 -0500 en-US text/html

The UW Outdoor Guide Certification course is an online, standardized, competency-based training program, designed to provide aspiring or established guides the knowledge and skills they need to thrive in the industry, regardless of their area of outdoor expertise. If you are considering becoming or growing as a rock climbing, rafting, hunting, wildlife viewing, fishing, cycling, hiking, snowmobiling, ATVing, horseback riding, skiing, paddle sports (or any other form of outdoor guide) this training is specifically designed for you!

The course contains videos from industry experts, readings, discussions, knowledge checks, and short assignments. It is self-paced and flexible and should take approximately 32 hours to complete. Outdoor guide employers can use this course to supplement or enhance any internal training program already offered. Competency areas include 1) becoming a more effective outdoor educator, 2) improving naturalist skills, and 3) developing professional skills. 

Sun, 12 Sep 2021 04:15:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Certified Advisor update

Copenhagen, Oct. 02, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Announcement no. 11-2022

Beierholm Corporate Finance P/S, which is approved as Certified Advisor by Nasdaq First North Growth Market Denmark, has been appointed as Certified Advisor for Hypefactors. This takes place in connection with the transaction whereby Oaklins Denmark A/S, which has been Hypefactors’ Certified Advisor, has been acquired by Beierholm, Statsautoriseret Revisionspartnerselskab.


About Hypefactors A/S

Hypefactors is an integrated AI powered Earned Media tech platform to support better media intelligence, reputation and trust management. Hypefactors combine data, analytics, technology and tools to provide a unified and easy-to-use experience. With all the tools to automate and ease the work, and all the facts to document the results. In addition to media monitoring across the different media channels, the platform provides access to a number of facts, incl. automated documentation of the monetary value and quality assessment of each third-party media mention. The platform also contains other time-saving tools such as automatically generated media reports and a mobile app giving access to real-time media mentions. The company is listed at Nasdaq Growth Market in Copenhagen, Denmark.

For more information, please contact:
Casper Janns, CEO: Tlf.: +45 20167481, e-mail:

Pierre André Montjovet, Chairman of the Board: Tlf: +41 (0)78 922 33 0,

Hypefactors A/S
Kronprinsessegade 8B
1306 Copenhagen K

Certified Adviser
Beierholm Corporate Finance P/S
Østergade 26B
1100 København K
Kim Harpøth Jespersen, Partner, M +4552150243, email:

Sun, 02 Oct 2022 09:39:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Go On, Treat Yourself to a Certified Preowned Bugatti

What's happening

Bugatti now offers a certified preowned used car program.

Why it matters

Both the Chiron and Veyron are covered under the CPO program, with a one-year warranty that covers things like parts and labor for mechanical and electrical issues, and more.

What's next

All Bugatti service partners around the world are eligible to sell and service these certified preowned cars.

Certified preowned used car programs are pretty commonplace for mainstream automakers like Honda or Toyota. But how's a super-rich aristocrat supposed to sleep at night knowing their secondhand exotic hypercar might not meet the absolute highest standards of quality? Fear not, dear billionaire. Bugatti has you covered.

Bugatti on Wednesday announced the formation of its new Certified Program, which applies to all preowned Chiron and Veyron models. All authorized Bugatti service partners around the world can sell and work on vehicles as part of the preowned program.

Through Bugatti's CPO arrangement, these used vehicles come with a one-year limited warranty that includes the car's annual service within the first year of ownership. For the Chiron, the warranty covers all parts and labor for mechanical, electrical, corrosion or paint problems. The Veyron's warranty is less comprehensive, covering mechanical and electrical issues, plus the cost of all parts and labor.

What's pretty cool is that Bugatti's CPO warranty stays with the car even if you move to another region. For example, Bugatti says that if someone buys a car in the Middle East and then drives it to Europe -- you're bound to have homes in both locations, after all -- the one-year warranty will then be honored by the company's European service partners. Feel like flying your Chiron over to the US after that? You're covered there, too.

Read moreCertified Preowned Cars Are the Best Used Cars. Here's Why

Tue, 20 Sep 2022 21:38:00 -0500 See full bio en text/html
Killexams : Still a pup but taking her human to places — as the first guide dog fully trained in Singapore

Once Eve learnt how to manage distractions, she surprised Teng with how clever she was at picking up the hard skills to be a guide dog.

One of the fundamental things she must do is walk continuously in a straight line. When an obstacle is in her way, she should avoid it and return to her original, straight path afterwards.

And it turned out that she was good at solving this problem early in her training, said Teng. For example, when all sides of her path were blocked, she instinctively did a U-turn and tried looking for another way through.

“When she’s concentrating on what she’s doing, she can do a pretty good job,” said Teng, who never held back her compliments when Eve did well, so that the pup knew it.

Pats on the head, ear rubs and a resounding “good girl!” are the positive reinforcements Teng uses in training. Food is not used, she said, because it presents a distraction, especially when the dogs are expected to guide their handlers in shopping centres, where food is abundant.

As Eve got better at following instructions, like taking her lefts and rights and stopping at kerbs, she levelled up to “complex” training environments — busy housing estates, bus interchanges, shopping centres and the city centre — where there are more people and sounds.

She also learnt to find and familiarise herself with escalators, lifts and doors to help her handler navigate indoor spaces.

Sat, 24 Sep 2022 18:00:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Acurus processors Gold-certified by MadVR Labs

Indianapolis, IN (September 23, 2022) – Acurus is pleased to announce that its award-winning MUSE and ACT 4 immersive processors are Gold-Certified for Envy by MadVR Labs for use with their Envy video processors.

The Certified for Envy program ensures that audio/video products meet the highest quality standards for video excellence, as determined by madVR Labs. Dealers and consumers can now have confidence that Certified for Envy products meet these standards, and that the products did not introduce video artifacts or degrade video quality based on rigorous testing. It also ensures that certified products are fully compatible with the madVR Envy Pro and Envy Extreme video processors.

The requirements for the AVR/AVP category include reliable and stable HDMI handling, full compatibility with the madVR Envy video processors, and lossless pass-through of all usual source device pixel formats, bit depths, resolutions, and frame rates, including 1080p24 frame packed 3D. These Certified For Envy products passed over 1,100 rigorous tests to achieve certification. For full details on all tests performed and the program requirements, see our Acurus Certificate of Video Excellence.

“Acurus is extremely pleased to be named one of the first madVR Certified Partners”, states Rick Santiago, Acurus’ Co-founder and CEO. “This distinction demonstrates the quality and attention to detail our immersive home cinema products provide and assures the homeowner that they will enjoy an exceptional experience through the combination of state-of-the-art madVR Envy video processing and award-winning Acurus audio processing.”

“We are truly honored that Acurus has entrusted madVR Labs to certify their products for video excellence, and excited to have them as a launch partner in our Certified For Envy program”, says Richard Litofsky, Co-founder and CEO of madVR Labs, LLC. “Achieving “Gold” Certification requires passing over 1,100 rigorous video processing tests, and we applaud their dedication to delivering the utmost in video quality to their customers.”

For more information, please contact [email protected] or [email protected].

About Acurus: Headquartered in Indianapolis, IN, Acurus is a high-performance audio brand and leader in audio electronics design. Acurus manufactures all its components in the USA using custom fabricated parts and assemblies based on its proprietary electronics, mechanical, and software designs. The superior engineering of our products is characterized by modern aesthetics, rock-solid design and construction, and intuitive operation. Acurus products blend the latest technologies in audio, system set-up, and control to create perfectly balanced solutions.

About madVR Labs: madVR Labs manufactures video processing hardware and software products to meet the demands of the most discerning and critical video enthusiasts. Its award-winning madVR Envy Extreme video processor sets the new standard for real-time video processing performance to make life much easier on dealers while delighting their customers. The Envy delivers best in class HDR dynamic tone mapping, upscaling to 8K, instant aspect ratio and black bar management, next generation non-linear stretch, subtitle management, and more.


Fri, 23 Sep 2022 04:05:00 -0500 [email protected] ⋅ Published: September 23, 2022 en-US text/html
Killexams : Oversold Conditions For Certara (CERT) No result found, try new keyword!In trading on Thursday, shares of Certara Inc (Symbol: CERT) entered into oversold territory, hitting an RSI studying of 29.1, after changing hands as low as $14.89 per share. By comparison ... Thu, 15 Sep 2022 05:46:00 -0500 text/html
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