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Killexams : Palo-Alto certification - BingNews http://www.bing.com:80/news/search?q=Palo-Alto+certification&cc=us&format=RSS Search results Killexams : Palo-Alto certification - BingNews http://www.bing.com:80/news/search?q=Palo-Alto+certification&cc=us&format=RSS https://killexams.com/exam_list/Palo-Alto Killexams : Palo Alto police set to remove radio encryption

The Palo Alto Police Department, which moved abruptly in January 2021 to fully encrypt its radio communications, is preparing to reverse the controversial policy, acting Chief Andrew Binder announced Thursday.

Binder, whose permanent appointment to the police chief position is scheduled to take place this Monday, said he plans to make the department's primary dispatch channel unencrypted in the coming weeks. The new policy providing real-time radio access to police communications would take effect no later than Sept. 1, according to Binder.

"The change in operations furthers three critical priorities including safeguarding personal identifying information and officer safety, increasing public awareness of police activities and continuing seamless interaction with our regional law enforcement partners," Binder said in a statement.

The Police Department is one of about 120 law enforcement agencies across the state that had fully encrypted their radio communications as of this spring, ostensibly in response to an October 2020 directive from the state Department of Justice that ordered them to protect personally identifiable information such as driver's license numbers and criminal backgrounds. The Department of Justice gave agencies two options for complying: encrypting communications or adopting policies for protecting personal information while maintaining public access for most other radio transmissions.

Palo Alto, like most other agencies around Santa Clara County, opted to fully encrypt, a policy that former Police Chief Robert Jonsen adopted with no forewarning in January 2021. Several City Council members, most notably Greer Stone, have criticized the move as an affront to transparency. But despite stated concerns, council members voted in April to allow the department to keep communications encrypted.

Jonsen, who is now running for Santa Clara County sheriff, argued at the April 4 meeting that removing encryption would make it more difficult for Palo Alto police to communicate with other agencies that use encrypted communications, including the Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office.

"If Palo Alto were to transmit on an unencrypted (channel) and the sheriff required encryption, it sets up a demanding situation for our dispatchers in our communication center," Jonsen said at the April 4 meeting.

Since then, department leaders have found a way to overcome this challenge. Palo Alto's new policy gives officers three options to comply with requirements to secure personal identifying information. They can transmit only a person's driver license number without additional information that would reveal their identity; they can split individual components of personal identifying information into separation transmissions; or they can use cellphones to call the dispatch center and transmit the information, according to a news release the department released Thursday afternoon.

According to the department, the new procedures will not impact the department's ability to communicate with any other local law enforcement agency in the event of a critical incident or other mutual aid response. The policy allows for encrypted communication in the event of tactical operations, sensitive situations that would "reasonably jeopardize public safety or the safety of officers" or during a response that involves multiple agencies where use of encrypted radio is necessary to achieve interoperability, according to the news release.

The new policy will go into effect on or before Sept. 1, once training of department personnel is completed, according to the announcement. The city's largest police union, the Palo Alto Peace Officers' Association, worked with department leaders to develop the policy and union leaders had indicated they are "supportive of transparency," according to the announcement.

The Topic of police radio encryption has become increasingly urgent across the state over the past year as more law enforcement agencies have removed public and media access from radio transmissions. A state bill that is currently moving through the Legislature would require all law enforcement agencies to develop alternatives to full encryption by 2024, which may involve giving access to individuals to an online stream of radio communication. Authored by state Sen. Josh Becker, Senate Bill 1000 cleared the state Senate in May and is now in the hands of the Assembly Appropriations Committee.

The Silicon Valley Radio Interoperability Authority (SVRIA), a countywide agency that coordinate emergency communications, also raised concerns in late March about member agencies switching to unencrypted radio, a move that it claimed could compromise its ability to participate in incidents involving mutual aid, according to Executive Director Eric Nickel.

"The lack of cohesion and communication between the unencrypted and encrypted agencies will lead to adverse outcomes, in particular for the agency that is unencrypted and lacks the full functionality of a regional interoperable radio system," wrote Nickel, a former Palo Alto fire chief.

But Thursday's statement from the Police Department suggests that mutual aid will not be an issue given that Palo Alto will still have the ability to use encrypted communication in these incidents. And the SVRIA issued an updated memo in May that suggested that unencrypted channels might not be a problem.

According to the May 18 memo from Nickel, when encrypted and unencrypted radios are on the same talkgroup, all communication becomes unencrypted, which creates an opportunity for personally identifiable information to be inadvertently transmitted. However, the memo, which was obtained by this news organization, also noted that the Department of Justice has no regulatory authority over the SVRIA and so there is a "low level of concern of any adverse impacts" of personally identifiable information being inadvertently transmitted on a shared interoperability talkgroup.

It emphasized that the agency's interoperability features "will remain available to all members no matter their encryption status."

Nickel told this news organization on Thursday that dispatchers can address a situation in which some departments use unencrypted channels by putting all individual radios into an encrypted talkgroup and then patching them into an interoperability talkgroup. He emphasized that his agency does not have a position on encryption and is primarily concerned about the ability of agencies to work together major incidents.

"We exist to provide interoperable communication," Nickel said. "I shared it with all the police chiefs. No matter your encryption status, if you need to talk to the other agencies with interoperability talkgroups — it's going to work whether encrypted or not, and we're going to work with you whether you're encrypted or not."

The group's evolving position helped influence Palo Alto's new policy. Binder noted in a statement that the several variables had contributed to the department's policy change, "including proposed changes to state law and evolving information from the Silicon Valley Radio Interoperability Authority that removed initial barriers to radio communications approaches."

To address concerns about officer safety, the department wanted to supply officers various options so that they can choose one that best fits their circumstances, Acting Capt. James Reifschneider told this news organization. For example, if an officer is making an inquiry about a witness or a victim, a cellphone may be a safe and convenient option. But if officers have stopped multiple suspects or are looking for individuals who are armed and dangerous, radios be more suitable because they would allow their colleagues to also hear pertinent information in real time.

He also noted that relying on a cellphone may be problematic in parts of the city with poor cellular service but where radios work well.

"We want to make sure that by giving these options, they can choose the option that best fits the circumstances they are confronting," Reifschneider said.

He noted that the policy would require more work from dispatchers, particularly in cases where they are operating from just the driver's license number. But department leaders believe the policy change can be adopted without hiring additional staff, he said.

The department has been tracking SB 1000 to make sure that its new policy would comply with the language of the bill, should it become law, Reifschneider said. Binder and others in the department were well aware that the City Council has endorsed the bill, which made clear that the new policy is the right approach.

Reifschneider noted that even in January 2021, when the department adopted encryption, it was "never motivated to keep the public from sharing our radio transmissions."

"We did what we believed was the right thing to do based on the guidance that was given to us from DOJ, but this has remained an open Topic and we have come up with a workable solution," Reifschneider said.

Thu, 04 Aug 2022 09:06:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.paloaltoonline.com/news/2022/08/04/palo-alto-police-set-to-remove-radio-encryption
Killexams : The cyber security challenges in fintech and neobanking’s rise

The 2020s is set to see a rapid growth of fintech and neobanking offerings in Australia. Unquestionably, there are many positives to this trend, but there will also be an increase in cybersecurity challenges to accompany it.

While accelerated collaboration and sandboxing between traditional businesses and fintechs will drive innovation and competitive advantage, the start-up culture that underwrites this progress will prioritise growth and enhance capabilities over cybersecurity. Unfortunately, this puts their clients, their companies, and partners at risk.

Senior tech execs gathered recently for a roundtable discussion on the growth of fintechs and neobanks in this country, the opportunities it presents, and the critical trends businesses must be aware of in 2022 when it comes to charting a course for progressing in this sector in a strong but safe way. The conversation was supported by Palo Alto Networks and NTT.

Riccardo Galbiati, CTO at Palo Alto Networks for Australia and New Zealand, says the biggest advantage fintechs and noebanks have over traditional, larger financial services firms in the sector is their agility.

But this often comes at the expense of cyber security, which tends to be left as an afterthought and included too late, says Galbiati.

“The only solution to this dilemma is to make sure that the development lifecycle of applications become ‘secure by design.’ This approach requires a transparent mechanism to embed vulnerability and compliance checks at the same time applications are built. This effectively creates digital ‘guardrails’ for developers to still run fast, but avoid major accidents or weaknesses in the process,” he says.

Galbiati adds that larger financial services organisations have more experience and larger budgets to invest in cyber security.

“They also have larger and more complex environments to secure and are targeted more often. This means that a bigger effort is required in coordinating a strategic approach to cyber security that leaves no gaps and leads to a consistent outcome.

“From one side, larger rivals have an advantage, but from the other, they need to be careful not to fall into the trap of building tactical solutions that fragment their cyber tools and weaken their overall posture,” he says.

John Karabin, director cyber security at NTT, says his organisation also uses the refrain, ‘secure by design’ – which means incorporating best practice cyber security design from the ground up.

But this is a bit like a ‘slip, slop, slap’ campaign as its exact meaning and approach has been washed out by the potential undefined use of the concept, he says.

“Practically, secure by design involves incorporating security and compliance into the early stages of design with regular reviews through to the final release. This should incorporate concepts of people, process and technology focused on a better business and security outcome,” he says.

From a people perspective, says Karabin, this means having a qualified security practitioner as an integral part of the DevOps team, with a good understanding of how the applications will operate in a regulatory environment.

“Process becomes part of a DevOps methodology whereby best practice application security is a defined component of the software development lifecycle. When effective, this becomes ingrained in the culture of the organisation with an improved dividend in security as well as reducing the overall cost of development and speeding up the release of the final product,” he says.

Karabin agrees that larger financial services organisations have the luxury of having dedicated teams to look after the task of security and compliance. They can also attract the limited talent to join their teams with higher pay and other inducements.

“That said, their task is often much larger and more complex, covering a broad spectrum of technologies and geographies. It’s worth noting that most of the breaches publicised have been larger organisations with dedicated security teams,” Karabin says.

“So while good security governance is critically important, it’s the practical implementation of the security policy and how dedicated and diligent each member of the company actually is that really counts. Actions speak louder than words even in the cybersecurity industry.

“Importantly, with the growing number of threats targeting organisations, it’s why we often say that good security culture is the bedrock to a proactive security approach.”

Fintechs, neobanks and other smaller financial services firms – as well as the big ones – often struggle to find the right cyber security certified that they need. accurate research has suggested that there’s a pool of only 17,240 cyber certified available for work in Australia.

Palo Alto’s Galbiati says cyber certified are going to be in high demand and in short supply for a long time. With technology adoption and digital transformation growing at a fast pace, enabling training the workforce falls behind, he says.

“In fact, in a accurate study done by Palo Alto Networks, 20 per cent of Australian businesses that have been in operation for less than 10 years say they have found it difficult to find staff or contractors with cyber security skills they need for their business.

“In most situations, smaller and agile financial organisations can look for immediate help within the partner community, which can offer a plethora of skilled advisors to offer coverage and support,” he says.

In some cases, says Galbiati, a virtual CSO offered by a partner can go a long way in  setting the right direction and help shape a growing cyber security team.

“On another note, when we realise that a major component of the daily tasks performed by security certified can be completely automated, we can also dedicate ourselves to refocusing staff to solve problems that machines can’t help with.

“As general rule, problems that require large amounts of data to be processed are better assigned to machines, while critical decision making is better suited for humans. By implementing a good balance of process automation and human intervention, we can achieve better security outcomes with less staff, while simultaneously improving their overall happiness and retention,” he says.

Meanwhile, NTT’s Karabin, adds that skills shortages in cyber vary depending on the specific discipline or domain.

“There are a few approaches that we suggest. Firstly, training and developing your own talent in the organisation is important and this can result in great cross-skilling as well as tackling the all-important retention issue,” he says.

Secondly, Karabin agrees with Galbiati that partnering with specialist companies or outsourcing components of the security requirement is often an essential strategy which supplements security areas that are needed, but not available internally.

Thirdly, automation and tooling can help a security team leverage their skills and maximise their efforts, he says.

“The term, ‘security orchestration and automation response’ (SOAR) has become popular and this describes tooling that assists in managing the complexity of the environment, as well as automating security responses where possible,” he says.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 05:06:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.cio.com/article/403670/the-cyber-security-challenges-in-fintech-and-neobankings-rise.html
Killexams : New Class Teaches Soldiers Innovation Skills

BMNT Inc., NC State partner for Innovation Project Leaders course

PALO ALTO, Calif., Aug. 4, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- BMNT Inc. and North Carolina State University will offer a series of training courses that teach members of the military community to apply lean innovation and entrepreneurship techniques to address national security and defense problems.

The series will offer both self-paced and instructor-led courses of varying lengths. Participants in the Innovation Project Leaders class will learn skills such as value proposition mapping and minimum viable product experiments. The class is one in BMNT's series of Hacking for X (H4X™) courses and is based on the curriculum for the national Hacking for Defense® program, which teaches students at 50+ universities to solve critical national security challenges.

"This partnership brings us the ability to scale from training individual innovators to creating a lasting culture across the armed services," says Bull Holland, who taught a version of the course at NC State, as well as for the U.S. Army's 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions; and dircts BMNT's H4X training series. "Students in this first course will learn how to apply rapid experimentation techniques perfected over time by numerous innovative startups to the daily defense challenges they face in the field."

Sponsored by NC State's Office of Research and Innovation (ORI) National Security Initiatives and BMNT, the course will focus on filling a critical missing skill in the capabilities development process – defining evidence-based product features. BMNT and ORI will also partner with NC State Entrepreneurship to identify additional opportunities for education, research and development. The National Guard Bureau is providing funding for guardsmen to take the course.

"Military leaders have been asking service members to learn 'how industry does it,'" Holland says. "The Innovation Project Leaders class is a giant leap toward that goal."

In the class, experts from the Army Research Laboratory, tech companies, universities and the capabilities development community will work with soldiers to develop solutions to challenges ranging from modernizing infantry mortar systems to improving Special Operations recruiting.  

"NC State proudly offers market-driven continuing education programs for individuals and groups in North Carolina and beyond, so this agreement with BMNT is a great way to support the specific training interests of our military community," says Alyson Wilson, NC State's associate vice chancellor for national security and special research initiatives.  

For information on the class, contact Bull Holland, [email protected].

Contact: Terri S. Vanech, BMNT Communications Manager, 203-918-1270, [email protected]

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Killexams : 70% of Cyberattacks Are Ransomware and Business Email Compromise

70% of the top reported cyberattacks in the past 12 months were either ransomware or business email compromise (BEC), according to a accurate Palo Alto Networks report.

Of those reported, software vulnerabilities accounted for nearly half of every breach, highlighting a need for better patch management strategies, password managers and cybersecurity training.

We already know that cybersecurity is a top concern for businesses across the US, but with phishing attacks on the rise and high-profile attacks seeing no end, there's a lot we can learn to keep our businesses safe. Here's everything you need to know.

Incident Response Report 2022: Biggest Findings

The annual report conducted by global cybersecurity experts, Palo Alto Networks, analyzed more than 600 incident response cases in the last 12 months to expose the most common cybersecurity patterns, trends and biggest vulnerabilities. Here are our key takeaways:

  • 70% of incident response cases were ransomware and business email compromise
  • 77% were caused by phishing, software vulnerabilities and poor password security (brute-force attack)
  • Known software vulnerabilities accounted for nearly half of all cases reported
  • 50% of organizations targeted lacked multifactor authentication on core internet facing systems such as corporate webmail, remote access solutions and secure VPNs
  • Poor patch management procedures contributed to 28% of cases

Top 7 Industries Targeted by Cyberattacks

According to the report, the top industries affected were finance, healthcare, professional and legal services, manufacturing, tech, and wholesale and retail.

These industries accounted for over 60% of our cases. Organizations within these industries store, transmit and process high volumes of monetizable sensitive information that attracts threat actors.

Attackers, it said, are particularly “opportunistic” and will scan the internet in search of systems where they might leverage specific vulnerabilities, making businesses with weaker internet facing defenses all the more vulnerable.

How to Protect Your Business From Cyberattacks

The best way to protect your business from cyberattacks is by investing in good cybersecurity training. With brute-force attack one of the biggest causes of system vulnerabilities, strict password practices and guidelines, are key to minimizing risks.

As the Incident Report suggests, securing VPNs, multi-factor authentication (MFA) and password managers are some of the best methods to use to apply an extra layer of protection, especially for hybrid teams, or those working remotely.

Software vulnerabilities (or outdated software) accounted for 77% of all incidents — alongside poor password security and phishing attacks in the past 12 months, demonstrating that it is a magnet for malware and breaches automatically updating your software can prevent that.

Finding the right malware protection can be daunting, but it's a great way to ensure that your business is safe and secure. We researched the best antivirus software for business to help you narrow things down, with Norton and McAfee are some of our top two.

Tue, 02 Aug 2022 21:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://tech.co/news/70-of-cyberattacks-target-business-email-accounts
Killexams : Palo Alto Networks can surge 40% as it expands its next-gen security business, Wolfe Research says

Sun, 31 Jul 2022 21:09:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.cnbc.com/2022/08/01/palo-alto-networks-can-surge-40percent-as-it-expands-its-next-gen-security-business-wolfe-research-says.html
Killexams : Inpixon Achieves ISO/IEC 27001 Certification for its Location-Aware Enterprise Applications

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