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Exam Code: CFE-FT-FS Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
CFE Financial Transactions and Fraud Schemes Certified Fraud Examiner
ACFE Transactions helper
Killexams : ACFE Transactions helper - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CFE-FT-FS Search results Killexams : ACFE Transactions helper - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CFE-FT-FS https://killexams.com/exam_list/ACFE Killexams : Special Master's Proposed Helper Could Cost Trump $500 Per Hour

Raymond Dearie, the special master overseeing documents seized from Donald Trump's home, says he'll need help sifting through the more than 11,000 records—and it could come at a hefty financial cost to the former president.

Dearie, a New York-based federal judge, laid out his plan for the review of the documents in a court filing Thursday. The plan signed by Dearie proposes that he'll require help from James Orenstein, a retired magistrate judge, who will bill Trump at a rate of $500 per hour. The potential added legal fees come after a series of recent court setbacks for Trump.

Appointed special master last week, Dearie is responsible for sorting out records recovered from Trump's Mar-a-Lago home in August that are potentially protected by attorney-client or executive privilege. Trump's lawyers successfully sought the appointment of the special master and suggested Dearie, who has until November 30 to complete his review.

Ex-President Donald Trump applauds upon arrival at the Conservative Political Action Conference on August 6, 2022, in Dallas, Texas. The special master appointed to oversee the review of documents seized from Trump's home has proposed hiring help at the cost of $500 an hour to Trump. Brandon Bell/Getty Images

Dearie's plan says Orenstein "has experience with complex case management, privilege review, warrant procedures, and other matters that may arise in the course." Orenstein, who holds top secret clearance, has also served as an advisor to the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, which oversees the scrutiny of foreign spies.

Under the plan, beginning October 1, Dearie will begin sending invoices for Orenstein's work, which Trump's lawyers can dispute. Dearie said that he will seek no additional compensation.

"OMG IM DYING!!!" Ron Filipkowski, a Trump critic and former federal prosecutor, reacted on Twitter.

Dearie's plan comes a day after the Department of Justice (DOJ) scored a notable win after the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals overturned a portion of a district judge's order that prevented federal investigators from reviewing classified documents retrieved from Trump's resort home in South Florida.

The ruling means the DOJ won't have to hand over documents marked classified to Dearie for review. The three-judge panel, which included two Trump appointees, also further undercut Trump's insistence that he declassified every document he took with him when he left the White House.

"[Trump] has not even attempted to show that he has a need to know the information contained in the classified documents," the panel wrote in its ruling. "Nor has he established that the current administration has waived that requirement for these documents."

During a Tuesday hearing, Dearie reportedly pressed Trump's legal team to justify the ex-president's statements that he declassified the documents, telling them that they cannot "have your cake and eat it too."

In the document review plan he signed Thursday, Dearie specified that Trump's legal team must explain why any seized document is protected by attorney-client or executive privilege, as well as any considered personal.

Dearie also directed the government to submit a detailed list of property taken from Mar-a-Lago and that Trump's lawyers will have a chance to dispute the list's accuracy by September 30. This gives Trump's legal team a last chance to back up the former president's claim that the FBI planted evidence during its search of his residence.

"This submission shall be Plaintiff's final opportunity to raise any factual dispute as to the completeness and accuracy of the Detailed Property Inventory," Dearie wrote in the plan.

Newsweek has reached out to Trump's legal team for comment.

Fri, 23 Sep 2022 03:24:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.newsweek.com/special-masters-proposed-helper-could-cost-trump-500-per-hour-1745581
Killexams : Reversible blockchain transactions are key to fighting crime in crypto

A proposal out of Stanford University to make crypto transactions reversible is adding a wrinkle to discussions of crime and fraud prevention. Researchers suggested that mutability — the ability to reverse blockchain transactions — would help prevent crime.

One of the advantages of cryptocurrency is that it is possible for the market — individuals, traders and banks — to decide if reversibility is wanted. Not only would a new (reversible) cryptocurrency be able to test the acceptance or desire for reversible transactions, it would help to test the idea that reversibility reduces crime.

Although cryptocurrency is not a tool of the dark web, it’s sometimes portrayed as such. Fraud, scams and other forms of crime do happen and are growing in proportion with the amount of money invested and the number of coins traded.

One of the main ways law enforcement addresses crime in crypto markets is with blockchain forensics. Blockchain forensics is a growing field in law enforcement where transactions are analyzed to follow and recover stolen or fraudulently obtained cryptocurrency assets. It first achieved prominence a few years ago when the United States Internal Revenue Service used it to successfully recover the ransom Colonial Pipeline paid to the hackers who took control of it. But in the highly decentralized and risky world of cryptocurrencies and nonfungible tokens, blockchain forensics is becoming an important tool for compliance as well as regulation, creating potential impacts on legitimate traders.

Related: Get ready for the feds to start indicting NFT traders

Investigators closely scrutinize the transactions recorded on blockchains, looking for signs people are trying to hide or disguise their tokens. Some of these include rapidly switching between ledgers, using tools that mask or fake IP addresses, multiple small transactions and using a tumbler or mixer service, where crypto from many sources is pooled together to disguise where it’s coming from.

Reversibility would make it much easier for law enforcement to recover stolen and fraudulently obtained funds, reducing the potential rewards from crime. That could reduce the risk for banks and other established financial institutions in offering cryptocurrency services to the general public as opposed to being special investments. It would also reduce any problems associated with human error, such as “fat finger” errors. This would help make cryptocurrency much more useful for exchange, investment and other mundane uses.

Technology, Tech, Cryptocurrencies, Stanford University, Hackers, Crimes, Cybercrime

On the other hand, reversibility — or mutability — would also run up against the idea of the blockchain itself. Mutability could make the blockchain as vulnerable to manipulation as any other repository of information, which would stultify one of its key security features. And attempting to impose a standard for when the blockchain could be edited would seemingly violate another important feature: that of decentralization.

The anonymous, decentralized nature of cryptocurrency finance makes tension between regulators and cryptocurrency somewhat inevitable. For ideological or privacy reasons, many people are attracted to the promise of anonymity offered by the blockchain, but those features attract more scrutiny from regulators as that same anonymity can enable transactions that range from those where taxes aren’t collected to the sale of illegal drugs or weapons or enabling countries such as North Korea evade international sanctions.

As cryptocurrencies become more mainstream, financial institutions and investors will also push regulators and exchanges to adopt protections or weaken the anonymity to comply with securities and Anti-Money Laundering laws.

Related: Biden’s anemic crypto framework offered nothing new

Mutability would make blockchain forensics even more important to regulators and investors. As an analogy, various government agencies and financial institutions require that companies and individuals keep accurate financial records. Many fraud schemes require manipulation of these records — embezzlers have to cover their tracks, stock waterers try to convince people a company is doing better than it actually is in order to inflate the share price and on and on. When they get discovered, forensic accountants are called in to put together accurate financial statements.

Blockchain forensics firms would end up in charge of protecting the integrity of the blockchain, effectively becoming the de facto central authority — and leading to inevitable variations of Can we trust them?

But the final say on making the blockchain reversible or mutable should be the decentralized force of the market itself. The most unique thing about cryptocurrency is that there are and can be so many currencies competing against one another all at once. In early modern Europe, a stable currency emerged out of hundreds of unstable ones, backed by high-purity precious metals and managed by a central bank. This “astonishing achievement of men in tights,” as economist Nathan Lewis memorably put it, was driven not by power-hungry monarchs but by merchants in places such as London and Amsterdam who demanded stability, while ordinary people benefited because they could rely on their money being valuable.

Unless decentralized finance can come up with an alternative that improves security and stability while not compromising its principles, a similar process may be underway.

Brendan Cochrane is the blockchain and cryptocurrency partner at YK Law. He is also the principal and founder of CryptoCompli, a startup focused on the compliance needs of cryptocurrency businesses.

This article is for general information purposes and is not intended to be and should not be taken as legal or investment advice. The views, thoughts, and opinions expressed here are the author’s alone and do not necessarily reflect or represent the views and opinions of Cointelegraph.

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 07:34:00 -0500 en text/html https://cointelegraph.com/news/reversible-blockchain-transactions-are-a-great-idea-for-improving-cryptocurrency
Killexams : Reversible transactions could mitigate crypto theft — Researchers

Stanford University researchers have come up with a prototype for “reversible transactions” on Ethereum, arguing it could be a solution to reduce the impact of crypto theft.

In a Sunday tweet, Stanford University blockchain researcher Kaili Wang shared a rundown of the Ethereum-based reversible token idea, noting that at this stage, it is not a finished concept but more of a “proposal to provoke discussion and even better solutions from the blockchain community,” noting:

“The major hacks we've seen are undeniably thefts with strong evidence. If there was a way to reverse those thefts under such circumstances, our ecosystem would be much safer. Our proposal allows reversals only if approved by a decentralized quorum of judges.”

The proposal was put together by blockchain researchers from Stanford, including Wang, Dan Boneh and Qinchen Wang, and it outlines “opt-in token standards that are siblings to ERC-20 and ERC-721” dubbed ERC-20R and ERC-721R.

However, Wang clarified that the prototype was not to replace ERC-20 tokens or make Ethereum reversible, explaining that it is an opt-in standard that “simply allows a short time window post-transaction for thefts to be contested and possibly restored.”

Under the proposed token standards, if someone has their funds stolen, they can submit a freeze request on the assets to a governance contract. This will then be followed up by a decentralized court of judges that need to quickly vote “within a day or two at most” to approve or reject the request.

Both sides of the transaction would also be able to provide evidence to the judges so that they have enough information, in theory, to come to a fair decision.

For nonfungible tokens (NFTs), the process would be relatively straightforward as the judges just need to see “who currently owns the NFT, and freeze that account.”

However, the proposal admits that freezing fungible tokens is much more complicated, as the thief can split the funds among dozens of accounts, run them through an anonymous crypto mixer or exchange them for other digital assets.

To counter this, the researchers have come up with an algorithm that provides a “default freezing process for tracing and locking stolen funds.”

They note that it ensures that enough funds in the thief’s account will be frozen to cover the stolen amount, and the funds will only be frozen if “there’s a direct flow of transactions from the theft.”

Wang’s Twitter post generated a lot of discussion, with a mixed bag of people asking further questions, supporting the idea, refuting it or putting forward ideas of their own.

Related: UK gov't introduces bill aimed at empowering authorities' to 'seize, freeze and recover' crypto

Prominent Ether (ETH) bull and podcaster Anthony Sassano wasn’t a fan of the proposal, tweeting to his 224,300 followers that “I’m all for people coming up with new ideas and putting them out into the ether but I'm not here for TradFi 2.0. Thanks but no thanks”

Discussing the idea further with people in the comments, Sassano explained that he thinks that reversal control and consumer protections should be placed on the “higher layers” such as exchanges, and companies rather than the base layer (blockchain or tokens), adding:

“Doing it at the ERC20/721 level would basically be doing it at the ’base layer’ which I don't think is right. End-user protections can be put in place at higher levels such as the front-ends.”