The saying ‘no good deed goes unpunished’ often applies to cross-functional work within organizations.
There is not enough cross-functional collaboration between security and related IT disciplines, and when there is, those who participate are just as likely to be asked why their regular work is being slowed down as they are to be rewarded for their teamwork. Practitioners are generally trained to stay within their area and not to spend much time outside of their specific domain.
That’s a big problem because the risks and threats facing organizations today are too numerous and complex to be dealt with exclusively by the security team – or any one function, for that matter. Cross-functional communication and leadership skills among a range of IT and IT-adjacent fields, such as security, privacy, risk, assurance, governance, quality and more, are needed to devise and implement the multilayered solutions enterprises require to meet the many challenges at hand.
It's great for a company to build a strong security team or a risk management function, but ultimately, what do today’s enterprises need to attract and retain customers amid such a perilous threat landscape? The big-picture answer is to build digital trust in their products and services.
ISACA, a global technology nonprofit association, defines digital trust as “the confidence in the integrity of relations, interactions and transactions among providers and consumers within an associated digital ecosystem.” Security is part of digital trust but just one piece of the equation. Attaining digital trust is a group project that cannot be done in silos, but unfortunately, too many companies are not yet in that mindset. In ISACA’s recent State of Digital Trust 2022 study, only 12% of respondents strongly agree that there is sufficient collaboration among professionals who work in digital trust fields. In many companies, the organizational culture reinforces a stay-in-your-lane mentality, and there’s not much sustained commitment for working cross-functionally.
That needs to change, and security teams should do their part to drive toward the broader mission of advancing digital trust. There are many security professionals who are adept at specific areas: endpoint security, identity and access management and threat hunting, etc. There is certainly a place for specialization, but it is important that the team includes people who recognize the importance of sharing knowledge, learning from other teams and finding areas of overlap to approach transformation projects (digital trust and digital transformation go hand-in-hand) with a holistic approach.
For instance, suppose an organization decides to build and provide an online service that matches gig workers with companies that need certain skills. In order to achieve a high level of digital trust with that service, security professionals need to work with product management, software development, privacy professionals, and others. The organization needs a cross-functional digital trust working group that spans the stakeholder organizations and functions. This working group could be led by someone on the security team or someone else with security professionals playing a strong role. All stakeholders need to be aligned on the role of this group and agree to abide by its requirements and strongly consider implementing its recommendations. The working group could use a digital trust framework to determine what the service will need to achieve digital trust. The members of the working group are not only responsible for collaborating with each other, but also to champion and ensure that requirements are met and recommendations adopted.
Generally, the bigger the organization, the harder it is to achieve cross-functional collaboration and alignment. Most modern CISOs in larger organizations are business-savvy and well equipped to lead cross-functionally. Ideally the CISO – or perhaps somebody a layer or two below the CISO – takes on spearheading cross-functional collaboration as part of their role. Smaller organizations are more used to working cross-functionally and accustomed to working with anyone and everyone to get the job done. At smaller organizations that might not have a full-time CISO, buy-in from the CEO on the importance of collaborative projects is crucial.
Whether it is the CEO, the CISO or another executive, enterprise leaders need to set the course for prioritizing digital trust by ensuring that enterprise-wide collaboration is viewed as more than an extra credit assignment and instead part of people’s job descriptions. It must be made clear that to achieve digital trust, practitioners are going to have to take part in ongoing dialogues – just sitting in your office or at home and doing your work will not take the organization where it needs to go. Companies that view participation in cross-functional teams as a hobby and not a core responsibility for team members will struggle to achieve digital trust. Not only are cross-functional communication skills needed, but so are cross-communication leadership skills and the ability to persuade others to engage when they don’t report to you. I have found that volunteering for industry associations is a great way to develop these collaborative skills that translate extremely well to success in the workplace.
Digital trust should already be top-of-mind for enterprise leaders and will become more vital going forward, as reinforced by the 82% of respondents in the ISACA State of Digital Trust survey who expect digital trust to be more important to their organization in five years. Across the enterprise landscape, we have plenty of work to do to learn how to collaborate effectively across IT domains, but as progress is made, the pursuit of digital trust will feel more real, more achievable and, therefore, increasingly important for organizations. Digital trust might seem aspirational to many companies today, but customers are beginning to expect it – and will extend their loyalty to the companies that can deliver.
Following stroke, long-term recovery patterns in multifaceted functional domains differ by patient age, stroke severity, and stroke type, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in JAMA Network Open.
Seyoung Shin, M.D., from Sungkyunkwan University in Seoul, South Korea, and colleagues examined long-term changes in functional status and residual disability in survivors of first-time stroke. The analysis included 7,858 patients with first-time strokes treated at one of nine district hospitals (August 2012 to May 2015) with 60 months of follow-up.
The researchers found that overall, functions plateaued between 12 and 18 months after stroke and declined after 30 months (e.g., the mean Korean Mini-Mental State Examination improved from seven days to 12 months, plateaued until 36 months, and decreased from 36 months to 48 months). Interaction associations were seen between time after stroke and age, stroke severity, and stroke type in functional assessment outcomes.
For example, mean Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) scores were higher at seven days and at six months for those aged 65 years and younger versus those older than 65 years and for ischemic versus hemorrhagic stroke. Mean FMA scores at six months was higher for mild versus moderate stroke and higher for moderate versus severe stroke. At 60 months, older age was associated with fewer activities of daily living independence, while male sex and hemorrhagic stroke type were associated with independence.
"Understanding the diversity of long-term functional recovery patterns and factors associated with these outcomes in survivors of stroke may help clinicians develop strategies for effective stroke care and rehabilitation," the authors write.
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Former CrossFit Games mainstayMarcus Filly has adjusted his training over the last couple of years, moving away from the "for time" approach which often leads to compromised technique and towards a slowed-down, controlled focus on maintaining excellent form and the highest quality of contraction for muscle growth and everyday strength based on the principles of what he calls "functional bodybuilding."
In a accurate series of YouTube Shorts, Filly shares how this can be applied to building bigger, stronger biceps, by recommending specific exercise variations and tweaks for your technique. "When you go to do your strict pullup work, choose a neutral, narrow grip," he begins, "and when you go to do bent over barbell rows, choose a supinated grip to target the biceps a bit more."
When it comes to bicep curls, Filly recommends two specific curl variations: the cross body curl and the chest-supported hammer curl. "They're going to help you build the brachialis portion of the bicep," he explains. The brachialis is an important elbow flexor which sits below the bicep, and which you definitely don't want to neglect in your arm day workouts: in addition to building strength here, working the brachialis helps contribute to a thicker-looking arm.
And as far as the classic dumbbell bicep curl is concerned, Filly advises alternating between three different hand positions—supinated, pronated, and neutral—in your workouts to get the maximum benefit by performing conventional curls, hammer curls, and reverse curls. "Make sure you're getting all three in your training every single week," says Filly. "This is going to help you build a full, well-rounded upper arm and forearm."
Philip Ellis is a freelance writer and journalist from the United Kingdom covering pop culture, relationships and LGBTQ+ issues. His work has appeared in GQ, Teen Vogue, Man Repeller and MTV.
The autumn winter 2022 shows saw a host of designers playing with form and function, whether it was reinventing utility-wear in luxury fabrics or combining futuristic materials with classic silhouettes.
One brand tapping into this trend is AlphaTauri. Since its inception in 2016, the label has been at the cutting edge of textile innovation, and its AW22 offering is no exception. Inspired by the futuristic Ma Yansong-designed Opera House in the Chinese city of Harbin, the 'Futuristic Acoustic' collection fuses architectural silhouettes with smart fabrics, in an understated palette of deep greens, night blues, and delicious berry reds.
Fun comes courtesy of imaginative design details, such as bold monogram prints (finished in an eye-catching hue of Barbie-core pink), and sharp statement puffer jackets in rich velvets. These elements are balanced with a chic minimalism in the form of a tailored caban jackets in luxurious wool, oversized mohair sweaters, and tapered trousers with pleat detailing.
Here, the collection features in Harper’s Bazaar's contemporary take on classic coastal style — set, naturally, by the seaside.
Have you ever put together the perfect look, only to wish you could finish it off with a lightweight jacket that works for that ‘too warm for a coat, too cool for a blazer’ weather? The ‘Fargo’ jacket looks to plug that precise sartorial gap. Made from a viscose-blend, this reversible bomber jacket is finished with a nylon lining and ribbed detailing on the collar and cuffs. Completely reversible, allowing for a multitude of different looks, it features a zip-up front with a motion fit knit detailing on elbows. We suggest styling yours with a light knit and tailored trousers, elevating the final look with great accessories like a statement belt, gold earrings, or a delicate silk scarf, tied at the neck.
The elevated wool coat
Pulling out your ‘big coat’ from the back of the wardrobe is a true sign that winter is fully upon us. But if you’re looking for an upgrade to your old reliable that will stand the test of time, then this ‘Ocas’ wool coat, crafted from fine wool that can withstand the elements, is the perfect swap.
Its loose fit means that it can comfortably go over a thick roll neck or tailoring without restricting your movement, and it features an adjustable belt around the waist and four-hole button placket on the front — ideal for battling those random showers during your office commute.
At Bazaar, we’re partial to a great pea coat — it's the perfect trans-seasonal piece to take you from autumn to winter in style. The ‘Orata’ pea coat from AlphaTauri’s AW22 collection ticks all our boxes, with its fabulous shade of charcoal grey (equally compelling: the navy iteration), durable wool-blend fabrication, and contemporary details including statement metallic buttons and a knitted collar. The double-breasted style is made in Europe from a water-resistant wool blend, making it the perfect hassle-free piece for combatting fluctuating British temperatures.
We’re styling ours with the ‘Shinta’ mock neck logo sweater. Available in a spectrum of colours, the cropped design features dropped shoulders, and ribbed cuffs and collar, and is ideal for layering with your other trusted winter staples. It will become an instant weekend staple — whether it's paired with jeans, boots and a tailored coat for a classic tailored look, or thrown over your leggings en route to that Saturday morning Pilates class.
The puffer jacket is a perennial favourite among the fashion set for a reason. Namely, because it offers the dual benefits of style and practicality. AlphaTauri’s AW22 ‘Osala’ maxi puffer coat is among the standout pieces from the brand’s new season range. The slim, tapered fit and statement lapel collar (which can be wrapped across the neck and fastened on those particularly chilly days) takes this outerwear staple into high fashion territory, while a chic colour palette of grey and navy makes for a coat that can seamlessly integrate into your existing wardrobe.
Best of all, the elegant silhouette is balanced with the technical credentials of Primaloft Silver®, an innovative padding that is breathable, while also boasting serious thermal properties guaranteed to keep you warm all winter. Style over a pair of wool-blend trousers in a flattering slim fit and cropped leg, which will quickly become your ‘wear everyday’ 9-to-5 staple. The ‘Puxal’ trouser will look as good with a crisp tailored shirt and blazer as it does with a snug wool turtleneck or loose-fitting white tee.
Coastal chic really never looked so good.
Invest in functional and timeless outerwear with AlphaTauri
AlphaTauri’s first ever London store opens on 4 November at171-175 Brompton Road, London, SW3 1NF
DUBLIN, Oct. 14, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- The "Functional Foods and Beverages: Global Markets 2022-2027" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
The global market for functional food and beverages should grow from $216.4 billion in 2022 to $324.4 billion by 2027 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.4% for the period 2022-2027.
The functional food market should grow from $102.3 billion in 2022 to $150.8 billion by 2027 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.1% for the period of 2022-2027.
The functional beverages market should grow from $114.0 billion in 2022 to $173.7 billion by 2027 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 8.8% for the period of 2022-2027.
Functional food and beverages offer health-promoting ingredients or natural components with potential benefits for the human body. A functional food and beverage can be a whole food, or it can be a food that contains or has been fortified with ingredients that have a beneficial effect on physical or mental health.
The global functional food and beverages market has grown exponentially in the last few years and this growth is expected to continue. The market is driven by rising health concerns, an aging global population and growing per capita income in developing countries.
The global functional food and beverages market is facing various challenges: high prices for functional food and beverage products and a lack of awareness about functional food and beverages. Due to exponential growth, there are many potential opportunities to enter the global functional food and beverages market.
There also is opportunity for contract manufacturers of functional food to Strengthen product manufacturing and delivery time. Increasing industry regulation, worldwide, new product launches and an upswing in acquisitions drive growth in the global functional food and beverages market.
Functional food subcategories:
Functional beverage subcategories:
Other functional beverages: dairy drinkable, energy drinks, fruit and vegetable juices, prebiotic and probiotic drinks, tea and coffee and more.
The report also analyzes the global functional food and beverages market in terms of source, ingredient, function, and region. The sources covered are plant-based, animal-based and microbe-based. The ingredients covered are amino acids, carotenoids, dietary fibers, fatty acids, phytochemicals, vitamins and minerals and other ingredients. The functions covered are gut and digestive health, cardiac health, cognitive health, general wellness and immunity, weight management and other functions.
Key syllabus Covered:
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Summary and Highlights
Chapter 3 Market Overview
Chapter 4 Value Chain and Supply Chain Analysis
Chapter 5 Global Market for Functional Food and Beverages by Segment
Chapter 6 Global Market for Functional Food by Type
Chapter 7 Global Market for Functional Beverages by Product Type
Chapter 8 Global Market for Functional Food and Beverages by Source
Chapter 9 Global Market for Functional Food and Beverages by Ingredient
Chapter 10 Global Market for Functional Food and Beverages by Function
Chapter 11 Global Market for Functional Food and Beverages by Region
Chapter 12 North American Market for Functional Food and Beverages
Chapter 13 European Market for Functional Food and Beverages
Chapter 14 Asia-Pacific Market for Functional Food and Beverages
Chapter 15 South American Market for Functional Food and Beverages
Chapter 16 Middle East and African (MEA) Market for Functional Food and Beverages
Chapter 17 Growth Indicators and Key Supporting Factors
Chapter 18 International Regulations
Chapter 19 Patent Review
Chapter 20 Competitive Landscape
Chapter 21 Company Profiles
Chapter 22 Appendix: Acronyms
A.G. Barr Plc
Abbott Laboratories Inc.
AST Sports Science
Atlantic Multipower Germany Gmbh And Co. Ohg
Attune Foods Inc.
Bio-K Plus International Inc.
Biogaia AB Inc.
Champion Nutrition Inc.
CHR. Hansen Inc.
Clif Bar Inc.
Country Life Llc
Dean Foods Co.
Deerland Probiotics And Enzymes
Dupont De Nemours Inc.
Dymatize Enterprises Inc.
E.I. Dupont De Nemours And Co.
Garden Of Life Inc.
Genuport Trade Ag
Groupe Danone S.A.
Hain Celestial Group
Jarrow Formulas Inc.
Johanna Foods Inc.
Karyotica Biologicals Pvt. Ltd.
Kerry Group Plc
Kirkman Group Inc.
Laboratories Ea Pharma
Lifeway Foods Inc.
Mead Johnson Nutritional Group
Megmilk Snow Brand Co. Ltd.
Meiji Holdings Co. Ltd.
Metabolic Nutrition Inc.
Morinaga Milk Industry Co. Ltd.
Natural Organics Inc.
Nature's Way Products Llc
Primo Water Corp.
Probi Ab Inc.
Schiff Nutrition International Inc.
Science In Sports
Springfield Creamery Inc.
Stonyfield Farm Inc.
Suntory Beverage And Food
UAS Labs Llc
Vitaco Health Australia Pty Ltd.
Vv Food & Beverage Co. Ltd.
Wallaby Yogurt Co.
Weider Germany Gmbh
Yakult Honsha Co. Ltd.
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SOURCE Research and Markets
Global Functional Systems Market
Dublin, Oct. 11, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "Functional Safety Market by System (ESD, F&G, TMC, BMS, HIPPS, SCADA, DCS), Device (Safety Sensors, Safety Controllers, Programmable Safety Systems, Safety Switches, Emergency Stop Devices), Sales Channel, Industry & Region - Global Forecast to 2027" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
The global functional safety market size is estimated to grow from USD 5.2 billion in 2022 to USD 7.2 billion by 2027, at a CAGR of 6.8%.
Mandates for safety regulations play a significant role in the growth of the functional safety market. The US government and governments of countries in Europe are undertaking constructive measures to prevent accidents by enforcing regulations related to personnel and process safety and installing certified equipment, including explosion-proof sensors, switches, and actuators in hazardous locations.
Systems compliant with SIL 3 accounted for the largest share in the functional safety market in 2021
The systems compliant with SIL 3 accounted for the largest share in the functional safety market in 2021 and witnessed the fastest growth in the global functional safety market, by SIL type. Presently, systems based on this safety compliance are adopted by most companies in the functional safety market.
For instance, Schneider Electric offers a safety PLC controller, named Modicon M580, which is compliant with SIL 3 and is being used in process industries such as power generation, oil & gas, metals & mining, and water & wastewater treatment. Further, Triconex, a brand of Schneider Electric, provides Trident safety instrumented systems with SIL 3 certification, which are used in various industrial applications such as upstream and midstream oil and gas, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals.
In 2021, the distributors/resellers sales channel contributed the highest to the functional safety market
Distributors/resellers are considered partners with the manufacturers and are closely associated with the manufacturers. For a newly established company that does not have brand recognition in the market, a strong distributor relationship can help establish effective sales in various regions. The distributors buy the products directly from the manufacturers, hold the inventory of the products, offer after-sale services, and resell the products to resellers or sometimes to the end-users directly. In 2021, the distributors/resellers segment contributed the highest to the functional safety market, by sales channel.
The market in North America is expected to grow at a significant CAGR from 2022 to 2027
The market in North America is expected to grow at a significant CAGR from 2022 to 2027. The market in this region is expected to hold a significant share owing to the stringent functional safety regulations in the US and Canada that are strictly followed across various process industries. Safety standards developed by OSHA, ANSI, and CSA Group have forced various industries to implement functional safety at their workplaces.
In addition, a rising focus on workplace safety in the oil & gas and refining industries has promoted encouraging investments in the functional safety market in North America. North America in this study comprises the US and Canada, which are the major oil and gas producing countries. Further, several suppliers and manufacturers of safety systems have their facilities in the region. Rockwell Automation Inc. (US), General Electric Company (US), Emerson Electric Co. (US), and Honeywell International Inc. (US) are among the key players in the functional safety market in North America.
Key syllabus Covered:
2 Research Methodology
3 Executive Summary
4 Premium Insights
4.1 Attractive Growth Opportunities for Functional Safety Market
4.2 Functional Safety Market, by Device
4.3 Functional Safety Market, by System
4.4 Functional Safety Market, by Industry
4.5 Functional Safety Market in North America, by Country and Industry
4.6 Functional Safety Market, by Country
5 Market Overview
5.2 Market Dynamics
22.214.171.124 Strict Mandates for Safety Regulations Undertaken by Governments
126.96.36.199 Increasing Adoption of Functional Safety Systems in Oil & Gas Sector to Enhance Machine and Worker Safety
188.8.131.52 Surging Demand for Functional Safety Solutions to Reduce Accidents and Ensure Asset Protection
184.108.40.206 Rising Trend of Industry 4.0 Across Industries
220.127.116.11 High Initial Investment, Installation, and Maintenance Costs Associated with Functional Safety Systems
18.104.22.168 Complex Global Standards and Lack of Awareness
22.214.171.124 Increasing Importance of Enhanced Machine and Worker Safety in Emerging Economies
126.96.36.199 Rising Acceptance of IIoT Technology in Industries
188.8.131.52 Issues in Designing Safety Systems That Meet Complex Functional Safety Standards
184.108.40.206 Shortage of Skilled Functional Safety Certified Workforce
5.3 Value Chain Analysis
5.4 Ecosystem Analysis
5.4.1 Process Flow Analysis of Functional Safety Market
5.5 Pricing Analysis
5.5.1 Average Selling Prices of Components Offered by Key Players
5.6 Trends/Disruptions Impacting Customer's Business
5.7 Technology Analysis
5.8 Porter's Five Forces Analysis
5.9 Key Stakeholders & Buying Criteria
5.9.1 Key Stakeholders in Buying Process
5.9.2 Buying Criteria
5.10 Case Studies
5.11 Trade Analysis
5.12 Patent Analysis
5.13 Key Conferences & Events, 2022-2023
5.14 Regulatory Bodies, Government Agencies, and Other Organizations
6 Functional Safety Market, by Device
6.2.1 Safety Sensors
220.127.116.11 Safety Sensors are Used in Various Functional Safety Systems Such as Esd and Hipps
6.2.2 Safety Controllers/Modules/Relays
18.104.22.168 Safety Relays Operate Efficiently to Meet Existing Safety Standards
6.2.3 Programmable Safety Systems
22.214.171.124 Market for Programmable Safety Systems is Anticipated to Grow at Rapid Rate in Coming Years
6.2.4 Safety Switches
126.96.36.199 Safety Switches are Designed to Protect Operators and Equipment in Automation Plants
188.8.131.52 Demand for Valves is Expected to Rise in Future due to Increasing Adoption of Functional Safety Standards in Emerging Countries Such as China and India
184.108.40.206 Extensive Use of Actuators in Oil & Gas Industry is Expected to Drive Growth of Functional Safety Market
6.2.7 Emergency Stop Devices
220.127.116.11 Emergency Stop Devices Provide Workers Means of Stopping Devices During Emergencies
6.3.1 Design, Engineering, & Maintenance Services are Expected to Hold Largest Size of Functional Safety Services Market
6.3.2 Testing, Inspection, & Certification
6.3.3 Design, Engineering, & Maintenance
6.3.4 Training & Consulting
7 Functional Safety Market, by System
7.2 Emergency Shutdown Systems
7.2.1 Emergency Shutdown Systems are Designed to Minimize Damages in Emergency Situations
7.3 Fire & Gas Monitoring Controls
7.3.1 Efficient and Reliable Fire and Gas Monitoring Systems are Crucial to Safeguard Assets and People in Various Industries
7.4 Turbomachinery Controls
7.4.1 Turbomachinery Controls Provide Safety from Unexpected Breakdowns in Plants
7.5 Burner Management Systems
7.5.1 Bms Helps in Safe and Reliable Monitoring, Operations, and Maintenance of All Combustion Assets in Plants
7.6 High Integrity Pressure Protection Systems
7.6.1 Hipps Protects Plant Equipment, Personnel, and Environment by Reliably and Safely Closing Source of Overpressure
7.7 Distributed Control Systems
7.7.1 Dcs Maintains Digital Communication Between Various Components and Allows Effective Control Over Processes
7.8 Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems
7.8.1 Scada is Considered Functional Safety System That Operates to Provide Control of Remote Devices and Also Acquire Data from These Devices
8 Functional Safety Market, by Industry
8.2 Process Industry
8.2.1 Oil & Gas
18.104.22.168 Oil & Gas Industry Expected to Account for Largest Market Share During Forecast Period
8.2.2 Power Generation
22.214.171.124 Power Generation Industry Uses Burner Management Systems for Protecting Plants from Hazards
126.96.36.199 Safety and Reliability are Important Factors in Chemicals Industry, Which are Expected to Drive Market Growth in Coming Years
8.2.4 Food & Beverages
188.8.131.52 Emergency Shutdown Systems Help in Identifying Abnormal Conditions in Food & Beverages Industry and Initiate Safe Shutdowns in Case of Emergencies
8.2.5 Water & Wastewater Treatment
184.108.40.206 Water & Wastewater Treatment Industry Widely Adopts Functional Safety Solutions to Safeguard Plant Environment from Failures
220.127.116.11 Effective Safety Instrumented System Prevents Potential Hazards and Ensures Machine Safety in Pharmaceuticals Industry
8.2.7 Metals & Mining
18.104.22.168 Fire & Gas Monitoring Control Systems Help in Reducing Accident Risks and Damage in Emergencies in Metals & Mining Industry
8.3 Discrete Industry
22.214.171.124 Machine Safety Systems Used in Automotive Industry Detect Unsafe Conditions
126.96.36.199 Functional Safety Systems Strengthen Railways and Associated Infrastructure Safety by Continuously Monitoring Various Critical Parameters
188.8.131.52 Stringent Safety Standards and Regulatory Compliances for Medical Industry are Driving Demand for Functional Safety Systems
9 Functional Safety Market, by Sil Type
9.2 Sil 2
9.3 Sil 3
9.4 Sil 4
10 Functional Safety Market, by Sales Channel
10.2 Direct Channel
10.4 System Integrators
11 Geographic Analysis
12 Competitive Landscape
12.2 Key Player Strategies/Right to Win
12.3 Top 5 Company Revenue Analysis
12.4 Market Share Analysis, 2021
12.5 Company Evaluation Quadrant, 2021
12.5.2 Emerging Leader
12.6 Small and Medium Enterprises (Smes) Evaluation Quadrant, 2021
12.6.1 Progressive Company
12.6.2 Responsive Company
12.6.3 Dynamic Company
12.6.4 Starting Block
12.7 Functional Safety Market: Company Footprint
12.8 Competitive Benchmarking
12.9 Competitive Situations and Trends
12.9.1 Functional Safety Market: Product Launches
12.9.2 Functional Safety Market: Deals
13 Company Profiles
13.1 Key Players
13.1.1 Schneider Electric
13.1.2 Abb Ltd.
13.1.3 Honeywell International Inc.
13.1.4 Emerson Electric Co.
13.1.5 Rockwell Automation Inc.
13.1.6 Yokogawa Electric Corporation
13.1.7 Hima Paul Hildebrandt GmbH
13.1.8 General Electric Company
13.1.9 Omron Corporation
13.2 Other Key Players
13.2.1 Johnson Controls, Inc.
13.2.2 Balluff GmbH
13.2.3 Schlumberger Limited
13.2.4 Velan Inc.
13.2.5 Paladon Systems Ltd.
13.2.6 Intertek Group plc
13.2.8 Tuv Sud Ag
13.2.9 Tuv Rheinland
14 Adjacent & Related Markets
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If leaders come to power through unfair means then they will pursue national and foreign policies that serve them
The writer is a retired lieutenant general of the Pakistan Army and a former federal secretary. He has also served as chairman of the Pakistan Ordnance Factories Board
Probably we fail to realise that honesty and integrity is a functional requirement of a society and a nation. Apart from that, every religion and social norms lay the highest emphasis on it and as a Muslim majority country we have a special responsibility. More significantly, only those countries have achieved political stability and economic progress and moved ahead who were led by honest and dedicated leaders. South Africa turned the corner when the first black leader as upright and farsighted as Nelson Mandela became the Prime Minister. The fortunes of the people changed dramatically when a scrupulously honest leader Lee Kuan Yew took charge as prime minister of Singapore in 1959. We do not have to look outside for role models. It was the selfless and inspiring leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah that led to the creation of Pakistan which has few parallels in history.
Ever since the death of the Quaid and soon after the blatant murder of Liaqat Ali Khan, Pakistan has been starved of good leadership. Not that one expects such leaders to be born in normal times or that the present society is capable of throwing up leaders of that caliber, but certainly more responsible and dedicated that care for the masses. What is worse, truth and fair play is fast becoming a rare phenomenon. The vilest aspect of it is that the leadership of government and opposition is deliberately fabricating facts to let down their opponents by deceiving the public for either attaining or retaining power. By this fraudulent power play they would be eventually destroying their credibility with the broad masses, lowering the country’s image abroad and pushing the country further toward anarchy; and not realising that no enemy could inflict as much harm on the country as they are doing.
If leaders come to power through unfair means then they will pursue national and foreign policies that serve their ends rather than of the masses and the country. So, it is so critical to ensure and preserve the integrity of democratic institutions. No one expects that the situation in Pakistan will change overnight and we will be capable of overcoming our weaknesses. But at least there has to be a realisation among the leadership how much we have drifted from the path of sanity and this dangerous and suicidal political power play has to stop.
Leadership of state institutions too need to do serious introspection. This applies as much to the bureaucracy and judiciary as it is to the military. Politicians have used the military to leverage their power and army leadership has grossly interfered in politics, even seizing power four times spanning nearly half the life of the country. Senior bureaucrats are generally identified as pro one party or the other. Mass displacement of bureaucrats takes place as soon as the government changes, although as individuals and as an institution they are supposed to be apolitical. This unethical and unprofessional trend has gradually crept in since the early sixties for which military, political leadership and bureaucrats are as much to blame. Any bureaucrat who takes a principled stand is left with an option either to resign or get relegated to the sidelines.
There was a time when Pakistan was known for having the most competent judiciary, bureaucracy, police and other services and names of Justices Cornelius, Durab Patel, Muhammad Haleem and many others come to mind. Foreign and administrative service stalwarts like Sahabzada Yaqoob, Agha Shahi, Sartaj Aziz and several others were held in high esteem in the country and by the international community. Not that we do not have officers of great caliber any more in service but the environment and the appreciation is lacking. There are few politicians who expect bureaucrats to serve them and promote their interests as opposed to that of the state. The military too will have to stay away from politics so that politics and democracy can evolve naturally and power will reside in parliament and not elsewhere. Huge public gatherings as power shows may serve personal ego and promote political ambitions but are no substitute of parliament and other institutions of democracy. Showing contempt for political opponents and degrading them in the eyes of the public has serious consequences. For curbing corruption, we have to strengthen the judicial system and other anti-corruption institutions. Merely trading or hurling accusations weakens the state and undermines morale. There is a long-term effect of whittling down opponents and it applies to PML-N, the party in power, and PTI equally. Ironically, none of the political party leadership battling for power can claim to be virtuous. And accurate revelations have reinforced this assessment. But if they can keep a check on each other and the institutions are allowed to perform we can be a better functioning state.
We need to bear in mind while assessing the present situation in Pakistan that there is a general retreat of democracy at the global level. As investigations into the January 2021 Capitol Hill insurrections reveal, former President Donald Trump nearly succeeded in overturning its democratic system. The US, considered as the bastion of democracy and characterised for its smooth transfer of power, was seriously threatened when in January 2021 supporters of Trump raided the Capitol Hill. And the then sitting Vice President Mike Pence was being encouraged to nullify constitutional rule by stressing that he alone could decide who won the campaign.
In occupied Kashmir, the voice of the people, has been suppressed through brutal tactics. In India, the dangerous shift toward Hindu nationalism in past few decades has undermined democracy, placed Muslims and other minorities at risk and has serious security implications for Pakistan.
The fallout from the Russia-Ukraine war is deepening hostility between the US and Russia and has implications for democracy.
In Pakistan the real threat to democracy is from the leaders elected through the democratic process. So, how important it is we choose the right ones in the coming elections.
Published in The Express Tribune, October 5th, 2022.
“Objects are messy,” says Yale art historian Edward S. Cooke Jr. Specifically, unlike objects typically called “fine art,” the stories of functional objects, such as furniture, textiles, and ceramics, are often neither chronological nor limited by a specific geography or culture. Yet, to have a fuller understanding of art history, he argues, we would do well to consider the stories of these pieces.
In his new book, “Global Objects: Toward a Connected Art History” (Princeton University Press), Cooke breaks down traditional hierarchies in the field of art history by bridging the divide between “fine art” — paintings, architecture, and sculpture — and material culture through an examination of these more functional objects from around the world.
In doing so, Cooke, the Charles F. Montgomery Professor of American Decorative Arts in Yale’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences, presents a more inclusive and expansive perspective on made objects and their uses, meaning, and cultural value through time. He challenges the notion that certain artistic genres and materials are superior to others, and shows how objects made of materials such as wood, metal, cloth, and clay by craftspeople for daily use are equally deserving of their own life stories in a more human history of art. He shows how these objects often transcend geographic boundaries, moving through the world and taking on new meanings in different spaces.
Cooke recently spoke with Yale News about “Global Objects,” which he wrote during days of isolation at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, and why the project offers a “radical” approach to looking at made objects. The interview is condensed and edited.
You dedicated “Global Objects” to your students. How did they inspire the book?
Edward S. Cooke Jr.: The book grew out of my survey course on global decorative arts. My students inspired it by the types of questions they asked, during a time when I was increasing my own understanding of the production and flow of objects across a wide geography. I also have been fortunate to have teaching fellows who have expertise in many different fields.
Having the students’ and the teaching fellows’ excitement about what I was doing and then sharing their own perspectives really helped me flesh out the ideas for the book. As someone trained as an Americanist, I think about material culture more from the inside out rather than simply the exterior of a finished object. By exploring in the book functional objects from across the globe, I was not as tied to identifying styles or national origins or anything like that. It’s very freeing in some respects, but at the same time daunting.
When people ask me about my survey course, they always say, “Where do you start?” To me, that’s a fundamental misunderstanding because there isn’t really a simple chronological narrative when talking about made objects. It’s really a story of movement. It’s about ideas and objects and people crisscrossing all over the globe. And that’s where having students who are from all over and who have diverse specialties really inspires me and reaffirms what I’m doing. They get excited about my approach and how it impacts their own scholarship.
You describe your book as a “radical” new approach to looking at art history. What has the traditional approach been and why is your approach different?
Cooke: The traditional approach has oftentimes favored certain genres. There’s a hierarchy of expression, so that painting, sculpture, and architecture are usually given top billing.
There used to be a slide library here at Yale, and the slides in my corner (American decorative arts) were labeled the “minor arts.” Or, if you were to talk about objects’ materials, greater value is placed on silver than on copper or copper alloys, iron, brass, and things like that.
“Global Objects” pushes back against those kinds of hierarchies. If you want to talk about art on a world stage, you can’t just rely on painting on canvas, sculpture, and architecture, things that oftentimes are fixed in place.
By and large, the kind of objects I deal with in the book have been elusive. People don't know who made them. They move. They often get altered and changed over time. They might get repurposed, reused for something other than what they started off being.
So I’m pushing back against hierarchies and this idea of a sort of purity about art objects. I’m also pushing back against the chronology that we always want to have — an evolutionary story about the rise, flourishing, and decline of certain objects, genres, and so on.
You also say that objects should be looked at “on their own terms.” What do you mean?
Cooke: I talk about understanding an object from the inside out rather than projecting a formal aesthetic series of questions on it. To me, there’s a whole way in which you can talk about an object on its own terms. Take the material it is made from and its maker, for example. Is it made from imported materials or local materials? Is someone who is of that local community fabricating it or someone from outside of it? Is it made for one purpose?
And then as soon as an object leaves the shop into somebody’s hands, it changes use. Maybe it was originally intended for use on a table and then it’s sent out and it's put on a wall. Or the ways in which, say, a copper alloy object made in Cairo becomes a talisman, an object of reverence, and then in West Africa becomes part of burial goods, and then it later resurfaces again somewhere else as part of national patrimony. So objects keep serving different purposes in different contexts, and that’s the messiness.
We like to think about such objects in their purest state, when actually thinking about purity is very much a colonial projection. In reality, objects have their own lives. As they move, different people handle them. Different people bring different kinds of expectations to bear on them.
Does a new approach to art history mean we should also rethink the way we publicly exhibit objects in art museums?
Cooke: You know, there is a tension between the way I tend to think about objects and how one might display them, because the display matters so much in a lot of places. How do you display things that emphasize the messiness?
I’m teaching a graduate seminar on modern craft in America, which covers the period 1890 to 1940, and we’ve been talking about the arts and crafts movement. A standard way in which the arts and crafts movement is talked about within museums is to find all of the known makers, then display the best examples, such as Greene and Greene furniture, Grueby pottery, or Kalo silver. We can highlight them as the best makers. But does that really capture what the arts and crafts movement really is?
I’ve got this perverse dream, which is to have a whole wall of mis-hammered copper and wobbly ceramic pots — things that didn’t quite make it but are part of that broad-based kind of amateur work that was done. That actually might be the most important part of the arts and crafts movement. It’s not aesthetically coherent and pleasing. It’s wonky, but that’s what defines the arts and crafts movement to me. It’s about this completely decentralized empowerment of middle-class people who are learning something about materials and processes to provide self-fulfillment amid the drudgery of white-collar jobs. So maybe we can talk about — for lack of a better term — outtakes, the things that get left on the editing floor of the arts and crafts movement.
As you note in your book, objects by Indigenous people are often displayed in a natural history museum rather than in museums of art. If you had the power to design museums the way you’d like, would you change that?
Cooke: Yes. Indigenous objects are fascinating because some of those objects are considered non-human beings. So you don't want to put a plexiglass vitrine over them.
There are African objects that are deliberately meant to be worn out and almost disposed of; they are meant to have a limited life. Part of their power is their fragility.
But that’s antithetical to what a museum is about, which is conservation, preservation, and presentation. So I think that in trying to figure out what things should be displayed, what sort of things should be used, or handled, it’s going to take different kinds of museums. Perhaps in some cases you display reproduction objects. But then people get bothered by that, so it’s complicated.
Are your students also interested in studying art history in a more global context?
Cooke: Very much so. If I teach a straight American course, there’s not as much interest in it. I don’t know whether it’s because students are suspicious of American exceptionalism or whether they’re more worldly than earlier generations of students.
I’ve grown as a scholar in response to my students’ world view. And I think that’s what makes teaching art history interesting. It’s never the same. It’s always evolving, always changing. This doesn’t mean I lose track of where I came from or how I approach it. My global survey course is an intro to art history designed to foster systematic rigorous visual and material analysis, but it's intended also for non-history majors, for students in STEM and other disciplines as well.
What do you hope your students gain from the more expansive view of art history?
Cooke: There are two things I hope that they come away with. One is a curiosity about their built environment and the other one is tolerance, to not automatically assume one culture is superior to another. One way to understand a culture is to look at its way
of making and using things. I encourage my students who travel to find makers. I say, “Can you find people who are making things and go spend time with them?” Because they’re amazed when I bring in objects and videos and images of different makers that I've visited throughout India, Japan, China — you name it. They’re just amazed. And that makes everything they are learning tangible to them.
Former Italian striker, Claudio Bellucci believes Giacomo Raspadori is a more functional option to lead the line for Napoli than Nigerian striker, Victor Osimhen.
Belluci highlights Raspadori’s movement amd team work as the edge which the 22-year-old has over the Nigeria international.
Osimhen and Raspadori have only played 84 minutes together so far this season and just once did they both start together; in the match against Lecce at the Diego Armando Maradona stadium, until the end of the first half.
Between the physical problems suffered by the Nigerian and a compatibility on the pitch still to be refined, the feeling is that having both of them on the pitch makes one of them less ineffective.
“They tell me Raspadori plays like me, I like him, how he moves. He is doing very well, he is a natural with both feet,” Bellucci told Calcio Napoli.
“The return of Osimhen is a strong point, we have seen the anger with which he scored against Ajax. At the moment, I see Raspadori as more functional to what Spaletti wants because he makes the team play.”
However, Belluci revealed that should the team make use of a counter-attacking style, then Osimhen is the best option.
“Then if you want to defend yourself and start again from the back then Osimhen is perfect. I would always like someone like him who attacks from deep to be on my team,” Belluci added.
The 23-year-old was sidelined since picking up an injury in Partenopei’s 4-1 win against Liverpool on September 9.
However, the Super Eagles striker returned from injury with a bang, as he scored the final goal to wrap up the show as Napoli defeated the Dutch champions 4-2 in Naples.
Osimhen came off the bench and benefited from a Daley Blind mistake to score his first Champions League goal of the season, with the game delicately poised at 3-2.
The Nigerian has now registered three goals in six appearances across all competitions for Napoli this season.
For their match on Sunday against Bologna, reports indicate that Osimhen is ahead of Raspadori to lead the line and Simeone will look to make his mark on the game with an introduction in the second half.
A young patient had used a wheelchair for many years because of paraplegia. During a video-monitored sleep study, however, she spontaneously flexed her thigh and stretched out her legs. After she watched the recording, her symptoms slowly began to improve. Now she can walk on her own again.
Raphaël Vollhardt, MSc, and his team of neurologists from the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris reported on the present case in JAMA Neurology.
The 30-year-old patient worked as an auxiliary nurse in an intensive care unit. She reported exercising regularly. Because she had severe asthma, she was also taking corticosteroids.
Because of urinary retention in conjunction with polyradicular neuropathic pain in the sacral region and discrete muscle weakness in both legs, she visited the hospital.
There, an MRI scan of the spinal cord was performed, which revealed T2 hyperintensity extending from the T12 segment to the lower end of the spinal cord (medullary cone) and the nerve roots in the cauda equina, with contrast medium uptake in the T1-weighted scan.
A cranial MRI scan was normal, but a polymerase chain reaction test detected herpes simplex virus 2 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The medical team diagnosed myeloradiculitis triggered by the virus (Elsberg syndrome). The patient received 800 mg of aciclovir intravenously every 8 hours for 2 weeks.
Despite this treatment, her symptoms did not improve: the urinary retention and neuropathic pain persisted. One month later, the symptoms worsened without a recognizable cause, and the young woman was almost completely paraplegic.
The results of the MRI scan of the head and spinal cord, the CSF analysis, the electroneuromyography, and the sensory and motor-evoked potentials revealed no pathological findings, however. Rehabilitation therapy did not elicit any improvement. The young woman eventually depended on a wheelchair.
Nevertheless, the neurologists discovered a few discrepancies. They observed fluctuating motor deficits, which suggested a functional neurological disorder (FND).
Taking the extent of the symptoms into account, however, it was difficult to establish positive clinical signs of an FND. Some of the attending physicians were also skeptical of the FND diagnosis because of the initial myeloradiculitis, the clinical degree of severity, and the patient's need to self-catheterize 8 times a day.
Three years later, Vollhardt and his team of certified took another approach, which finally led to a breakthrough. The team offered to examine the young woman's possible nocturnal movements on video at a sleep laboratory. During the video polysomnography, she spontaneously flexed her thigh and stretched out her legs shortly before waking up.
Electromyographic leads to the anterior tibialis and rectus femoris muscles Tested strong muscle activity, which contradicted the lack of activity recorded before sleeping. These observations confirmed the FND diagnosis.
The team showed the patient the video clips and explained their significance. They told her that there were no signs of nerve damage and that she could move her legs.
She was advised to watch the recordings regularly to support potential motor rehabilitation. The technique was successful. Two months later, the young woman was able to move her right leg again and even, with human support, walk a few paces.
Approaches to examine an FND diagnosis using altered states of consciousness are not new, wrote Vollhardt. However, they used sedatives (eg, propofol) to demonstrate the reversibility of a motor deficit. But these methods have barely been pursued, presumably because of possible risks, said the author. The present case underlines the importance of reliable video sleep studies in the diagnosis and treatment of FND.
This article was translated from Coliquio.
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