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Oh boy, here we go, again. In classic Microsoft fashion, without any demonstrated need or desire from their end users, yet another version of the Windows operating system has been released, this time imaginatively named Windows 11.
Do we care? Should we all jump on the “gotta have the latest thing” bandwagon and rush to install Windows 11? Whoa, Nellie; hold your horses, partner. Let’s look a bit at the main program that makes your computer work, called the “Operating System,” and the history of previous Microsoft Windows versions.
Regarding, “should I get Windows 11,” the more accurate question is, “how do you feel about being a guinea pig test subject for Microsoft?” because that’s really what’s happening, here. Like those crash-test dummies you’ve seen on TV, where scientists load a human mannequin into a car to see what happens to it when the car crashes, Microsoft is loading live human test subjects into new Windows 11 automobiles, just to see how long they can keep driving before they crash.
Unlike real car crashes, though, the crash will never be caused by human error. Instead, it will be as if the car’s engine caught fire, the brakes failed or the wheels fell off, all due to flaws in the car’s construction. And the pay for being a Microsoft crash-test dummy is pretty poor; in fact, you end up paying for the privilege.
Do I sound a little skeptical? It’s because I have a history with versions of the Microsoft Windows operating system going back 31 years to Windows 3.0, released in 1990. Even though Microsoft, in an effort to make computer chores easier using so-called “windows” (and responding to Apples cool little Macintosh computers) had released Windows 1.0 in 1985, it was largely considered a flawed gimmick. Most serious computer users, people needing to get work done, used IBM PCs running DOS (Disk Operating System), which, while it was plain looking, and required users to memorize arcane keyboard commands (copy .txt c:), worked pretty well.
Then, in 1990, after struggling with various versions of Windows 1 and 2, Windows 3.0 was released. Things were looking up. Many of the bugs and barely-functional features had been worked out. When Windows 3.1 came out in 1992, it was even better, and people rushed to make it part of their computing lives.
Windows 3.1 was far from perfect, though. The whole idea of “windows” was multi-tasking, meaning you could have multiple windows open at the same time, with each one running a different task, and you simply switched between them to jump from task to task. In real life, however, most users learned very quickly not to have too many windows open at the same time, or you could have “out of memory” errors and a system crash. Still, with some hand holding, and constant updating, Windows 3.1 could be very useful.
Such has been the history of every version of Microsoft Windows, all the way up to Windows 10. They start out buggy, with strange flaws, conflicts and crashes appearing frequently. Then, over time, usually after a year or two, after the crash-test dummies have reported their crash results, Windows fixes, patches and updates are released, improving the product until it finally becomes something people can actually use and enjoy.
My advice for Windows 11 is to wait. It was released only a few weeks ago, and numerous problems have already been reported. It’s not just Windows 11 that has to be considered, though. The thousands of manufacturers and software companies that expect their products to function correctly with Windows 11 have to redesign and re-engineer their products in order to be compatible, and that’s going to take considerable effort and time.
So, wait at least a year or two before upgrading to Windows 11. Windows 10 users get to upgrade for free, but Windows 10 will still be good until at least October, 2025, so there’s no hurry at all.
Until then, check out this YouTube video at youtube.com/watch?v=yeUyxjLhAxU of Microsoft boss Bill Gates live on CNN doing a demonstration before an audience announcing the release of Windows 98; it’s pretty funny.
After his assistant brags about how awesome the system is at connecting to new devices, he plugs in a scanner and the computer promptly crashes, displaying a now-legendary BSOD (Blue Screen of Death). There is much moaning, groaning, embarrassment and laughter all the way around. Some things never change.
Microsoft is finalizing the next major feature release of Windows 11, also known as Windows 11 22H2. What should you expect? A somewhat minor update, but with some features that consumers have been asking for for some time.
With news that Microsoft may be picking up the pace of how it releases features — with an eye toward Windows 12 in 2024 — it may be that the era of “feature releases” is coming to a close. No matter. We’ll still see some key features added to Windows 11 in the fall, based on the Windows 11 builds that Microsoft has begun testing.
In fact, it’s fair to say that Microsoft has finalized Windows 11 22H2, as the operating system has been released into Microsoft’s Release Preview Channel of its Windows Insider program. Here, Microsoft trials new features and builds with a small group of beta testers who opt in to trying them out before they release to the general public. When will Windows 11 22H2 “ship” to your PC? If history holds, September or October, with October perhaps more likely since some of the features listed below have some issues.
Originally, Microsoft released Windows 11 22H2 Build 22621 to the Release Preview Channel in June. (Right now, it’s at Build 22621.317.) Whatever the final version ends up as, we can be confident that Microsoft will simply fix bugs from here on out, while keeping the tally of features essentially unchanged.
While your experience will differ, installing Windows 11 22H2 Build 22621 took about five minutes on a Razer Book (late 2021) review unit, which we repurposed as one of our test machines.
In 2017, Microsoft showed off Sets, then a rethinking of Windows 10’s File Explorer that combined browser, Mail, Calendar, File Explorer and more into a single window with various browser-like tabs denoting the separate apps. That endeavor was killed before seeing the light of day. Since then Microsoft has shown off a tabbed File Explorer (and just a tabbed File Explorer) in 22H2’s Dev Channel, but that feature does not yet appear in the version of File Explorer that ships in the current Release Channel build, 22621.317.
Mark Hachman / IDG
It sounds like Microsoft isn’t as committed to a “release date” as it used to be, however, so we still may see that feature show up before long.
Microsoft also is revamping the left-hand navigation pane in File Explorer. The emphasis here is less upon showing what Windows wants to show by default — Documents, Downloads, Music, etc. — and more what you’d like to see, in terms of frequently used and pinned folders. There’s greater emphasis on making the OneDrive cloud part of your desktop, too, including greater visibility into how much OneDrive storage you’re using. Part of that includes being able to “share” files directly to OneDrive, which is really not that much different than simply copying them into the OneDrive folder in File Explorer.
Windows 11 felt a bit sterile at launch, so we tend to lean towards anything that can humanize it a bit. That’s where Windows 11’s “new” “Windows Spotlight” feature comes in. Windows Spotlight simply changes up your background on the daily, pulling in a pre-selected photo from Microsoft’s collection and applying it as your background. Longtime Windows users know that this feature has floated around for years in some form or another, but it’s still welcome.
Mark Hachman / IDG
You’re probably aware that you can pin a window to a part of your screen via Windows’ “Snap” feature. In Windows 11, you can access that by clicking on the “maximize window” portion of a window. In Windows 11, Microsoft has changed the way you can enable Snap by dragging any window to the top of the screen. Instead of automatically maximizing it, the Snap window will appear.
Mark Hachman / IDG
Snap still works as it always does, from the “maximize window” icon. But this gives a bigger area to “grab” or “target” with your mouse or finger, making it easier for everyone.
Accessibility features in Windows sometimes get short shrift, if only because able users assume they’ll never use them. With Live Captions, all users will benefit. Live Captions is nothing more than a feature similar to using your phone’s mic to dictate a text, except here, the dictation is applied to any video you have playing back on your PC. As the video plays, Windows will show the captions as they’re spoken — even if the video doesn’t natively support captions.
Mark Hachman / IDG
Sure, it works for streaming video, but it will be your recorded video where this really shines.
The Start menu is notoriously problematic in Windows 11, with an odd collection of pinned apps, recommended files, and a hidden app list that’s a click away. Not everyone may have taken full advantage of Windows 10’s ability to organize apps inside the Start menu, but this feature was pretty much left out wholesale when Windows 11 launched. At the minimum, Windows 10 allowed you to organize apps together in Start menu folders. Now—finally—Windows 11 will as well.
Mark Hachman / IDG
The folders in Windows 11 (and, to be fair, Windows 10) are still tiny, to the point that you’ll have to squint to make out what they have inside them. But at least you’ll be able to group your preferred apps, something that you haven’t been able to do before now.
A small but vocal minority was outraged when Microsoft cut this feature from Windows 11. Previously, dropping an image file onto the taskbar opened your preferred editor. Ditto for, say, a Photoshop project. Now, this feature returns to Windows 11 via 22H2, restoring this element of the workflow for those who missed it. The Windows 11 taskbar is an annoying step backwards, but this is a move in the right direction at least.
Microsoft is adding Voice Access in Windows 11 2H22, another accessibility feature that can be used by just about anyone. It’s another “modality,” in much the same way that you can click via a mouse or tap a touchscreen. Here, though, you’ll use your voice. Voice Access intelligently recognizes aspects of your screen, so that saying “Click next” will click a button marked “Next” on your screen. That’s the way it’s supposed to work, anyway. Early testing on two different machines shows that Voice Access highlights the correct button, but doesn’t actually process the click function.
Microsoft is also adding a button on the taskbar to automatically mute or unmute the mic when in a Zoom or Teams call. You can already mute your mic in any number of ways, of course, but Microsoft is hoping that you’ll always be able to find this universal mute control.
Mark Hachman / IDG
Windows 11 22H2 will preload two “inbox” or built-in apps: Clipchamp and Microsoft Family. Clipchamp is an excellent, fun, “free” video editor that resides online, meaning that you’ll need to be connected to the Internet to use it. Microsoft Family is just a rebranded Family Safety app, which allows you to serve as an “administrator” for your family in the real world, tracking their location (if they provide permission) as well as setting content restrictions and screen time.
Microsoft also tweaked two key elements in Windows 11: Settings and the Task Manager. The latter has been given the Windows 11 treatment with both a functional and aesthetic upgrade that adds a left-hand nav bar to the app. Settings has also been enhanced, with more information about Microsoft subscriptions added to the app.
Microsoft is also making smaller changes, too. One — moving the weather widget to the far left of the taskbar — has already been pushed to users. Others, including improvements to Near Share (and sharing files to OneDrive) will be part of the smaller upgrades and changes coming to 22H2. We’ll try to highlight the most consequential as part of our eventual review of Windows 11 22H2 later this year.
It's almost been a month since Windows 11 became generally available, but since it is being rolled out in a staggered manner, it's not available for everyone. Although there are ways to jump the queue and immediately install the OS on your machine, it's wiser to know what you're getting into before you decide to pull the trigger. This is why we have been discussing Windows 11's features and capabilities in more detail in our ongoing Closer Look series.
So far, we have taken a look at Search, Widgets, the Start menu, Snap Layouts and Snap Groups, the Taskbar, quick settings and notifications, Virtual Desktops, power and battery settings, default apps configurations, File Explorer, context menus, Teams integration, the updated Clock app in Windows 11, the Microsoft Store, the Snipping Tool, the Paint app refresh, the lock screen, the revamped Photos app, the voice typing experience, and the storage settings. Today, we'll be discussing the touch keyboard in Windows 11.
For the purpose of this hands-on, we'll be taking a look at the generally available Windows 11 build versus a publicly available and up-to-date Windows 10 (version 21H1 build 19043.1288).
Before we dive into Windows 11, let's start with what we have in Windows 10 first. Touch keyboard in the OS is supported both on touchscreen displays and non-touchscreen display, which makes sense, because you could be in a scenario where your on-device keyboard and trackpad is not working so you can still connect and external mouse and troubleshoot to your heart's content with the touch keyboard. You can also have a dedicated button for it in the taskbar by right-clicking the taskbar and clicking "Show touch keyboard button".
Windows 10 has a fairly bare-bones implementation of touch keyboard, in terms of customization and personalization. You get a docked keyboard at the bottom of your screen which covers roughly 40% of the height of the display by default, but you can choose between five layouts including Default, Small, Split, Traditional, and Handwriting. The Small layout floats by default but you can choose between docked and float for all other layouts. A major accessibility problem with the UI here is that Microsoft does not offer textual hints as to what each icon means. You basically have to guess what each icon means until you become familiar with the UI.
Below the layouts, you see dedicated buttons for language preferences and typing settings, which take you to the respective configuration in the Windows Settings app. There is a microphone button on the top of the keyboard through which you can use dictation capabilities, provided that you have enabled online speech recognition. There is also a dedicated clipboard history button which becomes functional after you enable the capability. That's pretty much all there is to it with regards to the touch keyboard implementation in Windows 10.
Meanwhile, the touch keyboard in Windows 11 has gone through a major UI redesign. While it mostly the same in terms of functionalities, Microsoft has made it more accessible and offered tons of new customization options. But since we're talking about accessibility, I feel like it is important to highlight it (or lack thereof) in terms of configuration. While Windows 10 offers you a way to quickly add a dedicated button for the touch keyboard directly via the taskbar, we know that Windows 11's taskbar is so crippled that you actually have to follow this flow to do the same: right-click on Taskbar > click on Taskbar settings > expand Taskbar corner icons > toggle Touch keyboard. It's infuriating, but thankfully, it's just a one-time activity.
Coming over to the real changes to the touch keyboard in Windows 11, you'll find out that Microsoft has a dedicated section for the capability in Windows 11 Settings app. This offers the bulk of customization options including keyboard size, theme, background, and key text size. None of these configurations were available in Windows 10 so all of these changes are very welcome. If you do not like the themes included by Microsoft, you can also design your own custom theme by clicking on the option in the Keyboard theme section. It's very easy to do and allows you to personalize your touch keyboard to your heart's content. You also have a handy "View your changes" button to preview your changes right then and there.
The touch keyboard's default UI has gone through some changes too. Remember I mentioned the names of all the keyboard layouts when talking about Windows 10? Well, the only way I found out their official names is via the touch keyboard in Windows 11, because that offers labels as to what each icon means. It's an extremely welcome change as I no longer have to guess what each icon means. The handwriting keyboard has been split off to a different menu, while more buttons have been added for Theme and resize and provide feedback. The language and typing preferences buttons are still there but are now nested in More settings. The docked/floating icon has been decoupled and moved to the top-right of the keyboard so it's always immediately accessible. I really like this reorganization of the UI overall.
The microphone icon has been moved to the keyboard itself while the emoji button has been moved to the bar on the top. That is the icon you see next settings icons in the screenshot above depicts that. Unfortunately, Microsoft doesn't seem to have assigned a label to it yet so I will just refer it to the Emoji button. That said, it now includes a lot of other options aside from emoji too, such as Kaomoji, GIFs, symbols, and clipboard history. When you open the keyboard in floating mode, you'll also notice other minor design elements like the rounded corners, and more.
Overall, I really like the touch keyboard redesign. Even though I don't use it outside of some troubleshooting scenarios (because I don't have a touchscreen display), I feel like the customization options and UI reorganization will be welcomed by those who utilize it on a daily basis. That said, I think that Microsoft has the potential to go all-in now when it comes to customization. Maybe offer customers the ability to swap around keys, maybe someone wants to have the emoji keyboard on the keyboard rather than it being hidden on the menu, maybe someone wants to remove the microphone key altogether, and so much more. I have found no way to do any of these things yet, so either they are hidden inside menus or they do not exist altogether. Microsoft seems to be going in the right direction when it comes to accessibility and the UI of the touch keyboard but it has the potential to do so much more, and I'd be interested to see if the company has any plans for it moving forward.
Take a look at the section here or select from the links below to continue exploring Windows 11 in our ongoing "Closer Look" series:
The hit movie Jurassic World was originally supposed to be a video game sequel to the critically panned Trespasser, it’s been revealed.
Seamus Blackley, who’s best known for creating and designing the original Xbox, has tweeted the story of how he worked with Steven Spielberg to “make good the skid mark we left with Trespasser”.
Before his work with Xbox, Blackley worked for DreamWorks Interactive, where he was the executive producer of Trespasser, a 1998 PC game that served as the sequel to the second Jurassic Park movie, The Lost World.
However, Trespasser was a critical and commercial failure, due to a combination of its numerous bugs and its ambitious scope which caused even powerful PCs at the time to struggle with it.
According to Blackley, after “a lot of death threats” he moved to Microsoft where he assumed he’d “vanish from history” but instead ended up designing the original Xbox.
Blackley then left Xbox to found Capital Entertainment Group, which worked with Creative Artists Agency (CAA) to help reform the financing models available in the games industry.
Spielberg, a CAA client, occasionally worked with Blackley on projects. “I’d see him in meetings, and sometimes do stuff with him on games or movie stuff,” Blackley recalled. “Steven would always say, ‘I don’t like you in this job. Why are you doing this job.'”
As Blackley puts it, he then received a call from Universal saying Spielberg wanted to resurrect the Jurassic Park franchise, starting with a video game sequel to Trespasser.
“I wrote a story about dinosaurs on Isla Sorna and the research sites escaping, and about how humans had to come to terms with the original owners of the planet,” Blackley explains. “My thesis was that audiences wanted to know the dinosaurs more than to kill them.”
With the help of incredibly talented artists and coders, we made a game design, an art design, and a story bible. We called it Jurassic World.”
Blackley and his team also made a pitch trailer, which leaked online around a decade ago.
“People were very confused by” the trailer, Blackley says, which can be viewed below:
Ultimately, though, despite Spielberg “loving” the trailer, the story being approved and the recruitment process starting for new developers, the game didn’t materialise – but it wasn’t completely abandoned.
“The co-president of Universal left, everything was scrambled, and the next thing I knew, I was sending all our art assets to [future Jurassic World producer] Frank Marshall, who is also a fantastic person, who is the nicest guy in Hollywood,” Blackley says.
“There was a movie in the works, and the cancellation of the game meant they got everything. Honestly this was the best outcome possible.”
Blackley promises that storyboards and artwork will be shared soon, with an in-depth conversation coming to Jurassic Park memoir website Jurassic Time next month.
For the first time in the last few weeks, Microsoft is releasing different Windows 11 builds for the Beta and Dev channels. Build 22449 is now rolling out to Dev channel users, bringing a bunch of improvements and bug fixes. It is the first Windows 11 build from the rs_prerelease branch, a development branch that is not tied to any specific version of the OS. However, Beta channel users are now receiving Windows 11 build 22000.176 with a bunch of bug fixes.
With the release of Windows 11 now nearing, it is not surprising to see the firm begin focusing on bug-fixing releases alone for the Beta channel, while Dev channel users begin to test bits that are slated to be added to the OS in a future release. The company had already begun cautioning Dev channel users that the upcoming builds will be “less stable”.
As for the Beta channel build today, there are improvements to OS in the form of bug fixes. There is just one interesting change, which is the inability to right-click on the Search, Task View, Widgets, and Chat icons on the taskbar and unpin them directly. Users will now have to do so from the Taskbar settings option. There isn't anything in the way of features, which isn't surprising as the OS is close to being complete and ready for shipping to OEMs and eligible users. Here are all the fixes:
- We fixed an issue with paired Bluetooth LE devices that was causing an increase in Bluetooth reliability issues and bugchecks after resume from hibernate or when Bluetooth was turned off.
- We mitigated an issue that was resulting some users hitting in an unexpected error when trying to take pictures with certain USB cameras.
- When setting up Windows Hello in OOBE, we’ve added a new link to learn more about Windows Hello.
[Chat from Microsoft Teams]
- Arabic and Hebrew languages will now allow changing Teams Settings.
- We fixed the issue where if you were making an outgoing call, there was no ring tone, but the user interface would show that the call is getting connected.
The following issues were fixed in the most latest Store updates:
- We fixed the issue where the install button might not be functional in limited scenarios.
- We also fixed an issue where rating and reviews were not available for some apps.
AS with every build, the company is also listing the known issues that users must be aware of. While the list is still long, expect these to gradually be addressed in the next few builds as the firm prepares the OS for general availability, which is expected to happen in October. Additionally, fixes made as part of the Dev channel build are also expected to make it to Beta channel releases, so the next few builds might begin addressing all the issues listed below.
Here is the complete list of known issues:
- We’re investigating reports from Insiders in the Beta Channel where after upgrading to Windows 11, they are not seeing the new Taskbar and the Start menu doesn’t work. To workaround this if you are impacted, please try going to Windows Update > Update history, uninstalling the latest cumulative update for Windows, and the reinstall it by checking for updates.
- We’re working on a fix for an issue that is causing some Surface Pro X devices to bug check with a WHEA_UNCORRECTABLE_ERROR.
- In some cases, you might be unable to enter text when using Search from Start or the Taskbar. If you experience the issue, press WIN + R on the keyboard to launch the Run dialog box, then close it.
- System and Windows Terminal is missing when right-clicking on the Start button (WIN + X).
- The Taskbar will sometimes flicker when switching input methods.
- After clicking the Search icon on the Taskbar, the Search panel may not open. If this occurs, restart the “Windows Explorer” process, and open the search panel again.
- Search panel might appear as black and not display any content below the search box.
- The widgets board may appear empty. To work around the issue, you can sign out and then sign back in again.
- Widgets may be displayed in the wrong size on external monitors. If you encounter this, you can launch the widgets via touch or WIN + W shortcut on your real PC display first and then launch on your secondary monitors.
- We continue to work to Excellerate search relevance in the Store.
- Within Windows Sandbox, the language input switcher does not launch after clicking the switcher icon on the Taskbar. As a workaround, users can switch their input language via any of the following hardware keyboard shortcuts: Alt + Shift, Ctrl + Shift, or Win + Space (the third option is available only if Sandbox is full-screened).
- Within Windows Sandbox, the IME context menu does not launch after clicking the IME icon in the Taskbar. As workarounds, users can access the functionalities of the IME context menu with either of following methods:
- Accessing the IME settings via Settings > Time & language > Language & region > (e.g. Japanese) three dots > Language options > (e.g. Microsoft IME) three dots > Keyboard options.
- Optionally, you may also enable the IME toolbar, an alternative UI to quickly invoke specific IME functions. Continuing from above, navigate to Keyboard options > Appearance > Use IME toolbar.
- Using the unique set of hardware keyboard shortcuts associated with each IME-supported language. (See: Japanese IME Shortcuts, Traditional Chinese IME Shortcuts).
- There is an issue where some Insiders may be some missing translations from their user experience for a small subset of languages running the latest Insider Preview builds. To confirm if you have been impacted, please visit this Answers forum post and follow the steps for remediation.
In addition to this, the Microsoft Store update with a revamped Library Ui and improved navigation is introduced with the last Dev channel build is also making it to the Beta channel with today's update.
Microsoft has also announced that it is releasing Windows 11 in the Release Preview channel for Windows Insider Program for Business customers as an optional update, allowing those customers to begin validation and acceptance testing. Those that do not want to move to Windows 11 can also begin testing Windows 10 version 21H2.
Now that the firm has decoupled Windows 11 builds slated for release later this year from the Dev channel, focusing on bug fixes for the Beta channel, it will not be surprising to see the OS head to Release Preview channel users in the next few weeks, especially since commercial customers are already eligible in that channel. Dev channel users, however, will start testing features and changes that will make it to the OS in a future release, likely the 22H2 updates slated for next year.
IoT (Internet of Things) involves the devices/machines’ communication over the internet channel. Although it has deep involvement in technology, the Internet of Things is a very new aspect and hasn’t been around for a very long time. In simple words, the Internet of Things can be defined as any device that can switch internet connectivity as a simple on/off button.
Machines are known to provide instant & direct communications for a long way back, specifically since the advent of the telegraph in the 1830s and 1840s. Earlier known as wireless telegraphy, the very first radio voice transmission was done in 1900. On the other hand, the internet is itself an amazing IoT component. Started under DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency), the internet later transformed into ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) in 1970.
In 1980, the ARPANET emerged as a commercial service provider and evolved into the modern Internet. Both satellites and landlines offer regular communications for the Internet of Things. Later in 1993, the GPS (Global Positioning Satellites) came out as a reality. Strengthened by the DOD (Department of Defense), GPS gets a highly stable and functional system of satellites. This growth in the Internet of Things was picked into private ownership making IIOT highly functional.
One of the earlier and basic examples of IoT came in the 1980s, but the official conceptualization and naming were done until 1999. The idea is said to have originated from a Coca-Cola machine at Carnegie Mellon University. The programmers tried connecting the refrigerator to the Internet. The aim was to check online if the drink was available and cold, before going out to make the purchase.
Kevin Ashton was the very first person to come forward with the description of IoT which was later revolutionized into today’s Internet of Things. Since then, IoT has kept on witnessing huge reach and adoption in various verticals to bring technology and digitized innovations.
By the year 2013, IoT got transformed into multiple technologies-driven systems from the internet to wireless communication. It even got involved in the systems consisting of micro-electromechanical (MEMS) to embedded systems.
IoT becoming a part of our lives started including anything you can think of. The systems range from mobile phones or smaller devices to airplane maintenance, IoT is just everywhere. The healthcare sector has also seen plenty of advanced tools like heart monitor implantation, farm animal biochip transponder, etc.
The growth of the smartphone has led to more boost in the Internet of Things along with various other technologies. Handheld devices became a prominent communication channel for a wide section of the audience. In 2015, IoT got combined with mobile devices to revamp the traditional form of marketing with an advanced enthusiastic approach. The mobile phone sensors were monitored by the marketing departments to roll out specific promotions as per customer and product geographical locations.
In the healthcare industry, IoT-led mobile phone technology has made a remarkable impact. Smartphones and smartwatches have the capability to check and track patient blood pressure, heart rate, and other health concerns in real-time. Even the automobile sector was not untouched by this growing trend. It gave us connected vehicles that remain connected via wireless networks. It has led to effective access and communication with the vehicles.
Cars and trucks are having an inbuilt sensor, onboard diagnostics, and GPS technology. With the best use of these technologies, ventures can extract certain information about the connected fleets and process maintenance, conditions, requirements, and routes. The real-time connectivity and faster response with IoT have revolutionized the entire automobile sector.
The modern application of IoT in automobiles is the self-driving cars, maps, traffic data, surface, weather, etc. With the usage of cloud technology, the vehicles can help in monitoring architecture with a more informed decision. However, the idea of the self-driving car came in the early 1980 and is coming forward with full transformation now.
In reality, the entire human neighborhood is likely to become a part of the interconnected community known as IoT (Internet Of Things). Sensing its true potential, few IoT and mobile connectivity solutions providers, such as Freeeway, have been driving the growth of the industry by offering no geographical limitation at minimal investment. The enterprises can add connectivity to products and sell network accessibility worldwide.
Global IoT connectivity and device security are suitable for both small and large-scale businesses. The customized technology platform can offer world-class management and hassle-free remote control.
New technical paper titled “Integrated Silicon Microfluidic Cooling of a High-Power Overclocked CPU for Efficient Thermal Management” is published by researchers at Georgia Tech and Microsoft.
According to the abstract:
“In this work, we use micropin-fins etched directly on the back of an Intel Core i7-8700K CPU and overclocked it to dissipate up to 215W of power while being cooled by room temperature de-ionized (DI) water. We demonstrate up to 44.4% reduction in junction-to-inlet thermal resistance while using only 0.3× of volumetric coolant flow per Watt of power dissipated in the CPU compared to a conventional cold-plate. Furthermore, we demonstrate higher sustained core frequencies even when being cooled with elevated inlet temperatures, showing the potential for more efficient datacenter operations without the need for expensive and energy intensive refrigeration loops. The scalability towards heterogeneous 2.5D and 3D devices is also discussed.”
Find the open access technical paper here. Published May 2022.
S. Kochupurackal Rajan, B. Ramakrishnan, H. Alissa, W. Kim, C. Belady and M. S. Bakir, “Integrated Silicon Microfluidic Cooling of a High-Power Overclocked CPU for Efficient Thermal Management,” in IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 59259-59269, 2022, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3179387.
DRAM Thermal Issues Reach Crisis Point
Increased transistor density and utilization are creating memory performance issues.
Keeping IC Packages Cool
Engineers are finding ways to effectively thermally dissipate heat from complex modules.
Unintended Coupling Issues Grow
More complex and increasingly heterogeneous designs, and multiple dies in a package, increase potential for unwanted interactions.
T he leaders managing New Hampshire's response to the COVID-19 pandemic disagreed behind closed doors nearly every day, says outgoing Health and Human Services Commissioner Lori Shibinette.
That's why the state came through the crisis with a resurgent economy more quickly than most states, Shibinette said during an interview last week as she prepares to resign from state government in December.
"The disagreements or differing perspectives happened every day, but not in an adversarial way," said Shibinette, 49.
"One of the reasons we had such a great response was this functional conflict," she said. "We could all go into a room and come out unified with the best position possible. We all had to compromise to come to that balanced decision."
Through the weekly media briefings with Gov. Chris Sununu and State Epidemiologist Dr. Benjamin Chan, Shibinette became the most recognized and, for a time, the most powerful HHS commissioner in state history.
"The goal you set at the beginning of the day for COVID response was irrelevant by the end of the day. We had to pivot very quickly," Shibinette said. "The checks and balances are necessary and welcome in normal times, but this was a crisis situation and we couldn't have done what we did through the normal channels."
Once the emergency ended, Shibinette said the inertia that can mark state government returned when the Executive Council last October rejected $27 million in federal vaccine funding, delaying for five weeks the delivery of COVID shots to younger children in the state.
The council ultimately reversed itself and accepted the money.
"We saw almost immediately what happened when we got back to normal operations. It's disappointing for us to go through everything we had for a year and a half and be stopped at that point," Shibinette said. "We got through it and made the case."
"COVID year like a dog year"
Shibinette had intended to serve out her entire four-year term through the end of 2023, but the rigors of COVID crisis blew up that timetable.
"A COVID year is like a dog year," joked Shibinette, the owner of 10 miniature American shepherds in Northfield who spends nearly every weekend taking them to dog shows.
"Ultimately what it comes to is that leaders need to be self-aware and reflective of what they have done," she said. "For the past two and a half years, we did a lot with COVID. It was a grueling time. There are huge projects left to come. I just felt like the department needed that new energy, someone who had the passion like it was their first day on the job."
Topping the unfinished agenda is a revamping of the long-term care system that Shibinette started but deliberately put on the back burner once COVID ravaged nursing homes with sickness and death.
"The financial model needs to be redesigned. How do we provide our elders a choice? I believe every senior in our state deserves the right to choose where they want to live and be able to thrive with that choice," Shibinette said.
She admitted it was difficult responding to the second-guessing from critics as so many seniors succumbed to the coronavirus.
"I would get defensive for long-term care because there were often implied statements that the ball was dropped. The reality was we had new information every hour during the pandemic," Shibinette said. "We made the best decisions we could make with the information we had at the time."
Prior to becoming commissioner, Shibinette, a registered nurse, worked 16 years at Merrimack County Nursing Home, leaving as chief executive officer to take the top job at New Hampshire Hospital, the state's psychiatric hospital.
For a time, Shibinette created enough bed space at New Hampshire Hospital to end a crisis in which adults and children with mental health problems were being kept in hospital emergency rooms. The pandemic brought that boarding crisis back.
"I will never forget the first time Merrimack County Nursing Home ended up on my list of COVID-19 outbreaks. I know the residents. I know the team. I was heartbroken," Shibinette said.
"My first reaction was I need to get a pair of scrubs and work the weekend. Then I sat back and said what can I do from this seat to help them?"
Plans for mental health
Before leaving, Shibinette vows to make gains on the second major unfinished task: expanding treatment capacity for those with mental health problems.
She will bring to the Executive Council two contracts for health care companies, with $15 million in federal support, to build new psychiatric hospitals, one near the Seacoast, the other in the southern tier.
"These big projects, there will be specialty care within those hospitals. Some will care for children. They can have a geriatric wing, one for eating disorders, partial hospitalization, dual diagnosis for developmental health," Shibinette said.
These will take the pressure off New Hampshire Hospital, as will a new forensic hospital planned for state hospital's Concord campus, she said.
Shibinette used federal pandemic money to purchase Hampstead Hospital, where the state will create a mental health center for children.
Under her leadership, the agency launched the state's first statewide mobile crisis response teams and a 24/7 call-in center and a critical time intervention program to help those with mental illness successfully move from treatment bed back into the community.
The next commissioner must also convince the Legislature to extend Medicaid expansion, which supplies health coverage to 50,000 low-income adults, and to decide whether to change the delivery of this health care to the more than 120,000 on Medicaid.
"We have had Medicaid managed care for about 10 years. The intention was to make it more fiscally sustainable and Excellerate care for clients. Has it done what we intended or does there need to be a better model?" Shibinette said.
The state will hire a consultant to spend nearly a year examining whether to continue with managed care or go to a different delivery system.
Break up HHS?
For decades, some have called for breaking up HHS. They maintain that, with more than 3,000 employees and nearly half the entire state budget, it's too big a bureaucracy for any one CEO to manage.
Shibinette said that depends on who is running it.
"You have to trust your team. You can't be someone who micromanages and be the commissioner of the department. It is just too big," Shibinette said. "The day-to-day decisions on how to care for someone in the community, that needs to happen on the front lines.
"I remember with my first leadership job that it felt good to be needed, but you didn't want to get called every time a decision had to be made."
Once she leaves, Shibinette will take "six or nine months" off before reentering the workforce in the private sector, probably in the fields of long-term care or mental health.
"My husband says after 30 days I'll be out managing the local Walmart," Shibinette said.
She says she's looking forward to visiting her native Nova Scotia and spending time with her mother and brothers, as well as making up for time lost to the pandemic with her three adult sons.
Retired mental health executive Ken Norton "once said to me that leaders stand on each other's shoulders," Shibinette said. "That's what I believe. Now it's time to hand that baton off to someone else."
This story has been updated to correct the breed of Shibinette's dogs.