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Exam Code: E20-562 Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
E20-562 VPLEX Specialist exam for Storage Administrators

Exam Title : Dell EMC Certified Specialist - Systems Administrator - VPLEX (DECS-SA)
Exam ID : E20-562
Exam Duration : 90 mins
Questions in exam : 60
Passing Score : 63%
Official Training : VPLEX Management (MR-1CN-VPLEXMGMT)
Exam Center : Pearson VUE
Real Questions : Dell EMC VPLEX Specialist Real Questions
VCE practice test : Dell EMC E20-562 Certification VCE Practice Test

VPLEX Concepts 25%
- VPLEX terminology and configurations
- VPLEX product hardware and software architecture
- VPLEX application of VS2 and VS6 technology and upgrading from VS2 to VS6
- VPLEX I/O Operations

VPLEX Storage Provisioning 35%
- Virtual Volume Provisioning
- Integrating VPLEX into an existing environment and encapsulating storage
- Creating VPLEX Distributed Devices
- Device and extent management on VPLEX devices

Volume Management and Protection 25%
- Expanding VPLEX devices
- Performing data migration using VPLEX
- Protecting VPLEX with RecoverPoint

VPLEX Monitoring 15%
- VPLEX events and system reports to an ESRS Gateway
- SNMP data collection
- Setup performance monitors in VPLEX
- Analyze monitoring data in VPLEX

VPLEX Specialist exam for Storage Administrators
EMC Administrators questions
Killexams : EMC Administrators questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/E20-562 Search results Killexams : EMC Administrators questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/E20-562 https://killexams.com/exam_list/EMC Killexams : Best System Administrator Certifications for 2019

When it comes to managing computer systems, whether in an office environment, on a campus or in an enterprise data center, there’s a long list of tools and technologies SysAdmins need to master. There are numerous certifications can help validate knowledge and skills in those areas.

In addition to server and client configuration and maintenance, many system administrators must understand access controls, network services and resource requirements for applications. They often find themselves working with directory and name services as well as network addressing, database services, web and desktop applications, email, and more.

Making sense of all these different system administrator roles and accompanying certifications is no easy task. After examining various credentials, we came up with a list of our five favorite system administrator certifications for 2019.

The following chart shows the results of an informal job search we conducted that gives you an idea of the relative frequency with which our top five certifications appear in genuine job postings. While all the certifications are popular, the CompTIA Server+ stands out as the clear favorite.

Job Board Search Results (in alphabetical order, by certification)*

Certification SimplyHired Indeed LinkedIn Jobs Linkup Total
MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure (Microsoft) 112 247 253 151 773
Oracle Linux System Administrator (Oracle) 311 377 124 304 1,116
RHCE (Red Hat) 507 625 864 286 2,282
Server+ (CompTIA) 98 111 165 25 399
VCP6.5-DCV (VMware)* 219 275 169 192 855

*When searching for VCP – Data Center credentials, we found most job descriptions didn’t indicate a specific version.

Although employers tend to pay SysAdmins less than some of their IT peers, such as network engineers and data architects, a career in system administration is still worth pursuing. SimplyHired reports $77,296 as the national average salary for SysAdmins, in a range from $49,746 to $120,102. Indeed.com pegs averages at $75,967 for plain-vanilla, and $88,032 for senior systems administrators.

MCSE: Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert

The Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE) certification has long ruled the hearts and minds of those who work on Microsoft-based systems, servers and clouds. MCSE certifications focus on the latest technologies for business applications, cloud infrastructures, data management and analytics, mobility, and productivity.

But when it comes to system administration certifications in general, the brightest lights are those that address Windows Server at the enterprise and server administrator levels. While these credentials don’t all specifically use “system administrator” in their descriptions, they all fall well inside the roles and responsibilities of system administration jobs. They’re also in high demand in job postings and classified job advertisements.

The MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure targets IT professionals seeking to promote careers such as information security analysts or computer support specialists. Those obtaining the certification will find that the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure credential is designed to validate the skills necessary to effectively run a data center, including networking, storage, systems management, virtualization and identity management.

Note: The Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) is Microsoft’s prevailing mid-range IT certification. It covers most administrative job roles, including system administration at both the desktop and server levels, as well as more specialized job roles that include SQL Server and Office 365. MCSA: Cloud Platform is a gateway certification that feeds into these MCSE certifications.

System administration candidates might also want to take a close look at the MCSE: Productivity credential, which garners nearly as many hits on job boards as the MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure cert. The MCSE: Productivity focuses on Microsoft Exchange, SharePoint or Skype For Business. Because communications systems and services of all kinds are so important to business, these are good areas for aspiring and practicing system administrators to specialize in.

The Microsoft Certification Program underwent extensive changes in September 2016. Once you earn one of the latest MCSE credentials, you do not have to recertify within three years as used to be the case. However, by passing an elective exam each calendar year, you add an entry to your transcript that indicates your commitment to staying current on technologies and expanding your skillset.

MCSE: Cloud Platform and Infrastructure Facts and Figures

Certification Name Microsoft Certified Solutions Expert (MCSE): Cloud Platform and Infrastructure
Prerequisites & Required Courses Any one of the following MCSAs is required:

MCSA: Windows Server 2016

MCSA: Cloud Platform

MCSA: Linux on Azure

MCSA: Windows Server 2012

Number of Exams One additional elective exam is required to earn this MCSE. Valid electives include:

70-532 Developing Microsoft Azure Solutions

70-533 Implementing Microsoft Azure Infrastructure Solutions (exam retires December 31, 2018)

70-473 Designing and Implementing Cloud Data Platform Solutions

70-475 Designing and Implementing Big Data Analytics Solutions

70-744 Securing Windows Server 2016

70-745 Implementing a Software-Defined Datacenter

70-413 Designing and Implementing a Server Infrastructure

70-414 Implementing an Advanced Server Infrastructure

70-537 Configuring and Operating a Hybrid Cloud with Microsoft Azure Stack (coming soon)

Candidates are encouraged to check the certification web page for the most current list of qualifying exams.

Cost per Exam $165 per exam in the USA
URL https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/learning/mcse-cloud-platform-infrastructure.aspx
Self-Study Materials Visit the certification web page and Microsoft Learning for practice tests, free online training, Microsoft Official Curriculum in-classroom and on-demand course offerings, books, online resources and more.  Candidates will find links to training resources including practice exams, books, video, and formal training on the exam web page.

Oracle Linux System Administrator

Although known for its database products and solutions, Oracle also has its own distribution of Linux, geared for the enterprise and designed to support cloud environments. In fact, Oracle Linux is optimized for various Oracle products and platforms, such as Oracle Exadata Database Machine, Oracle Exalytics In-Memory Machine, Oracle Exalogic Elastic Cloud and Oracle Database Appliance.

To support Oracle Linux, the company offers the Oracle Linux System Administrator certification at Associate and Professional levels. A single Oracle Linux Certified Implementation Specialist credential is also offered. We focus on the Oracle Certified Professional (OCP) version in this section.

The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification, currently at version 6 (although version 7 should be coming soon), covers a lot of details. Candidates must be well-versed on the Btrfs file system, control groups, Linux containers, advanced storage administration techniques, Oracle cluster management and package management. The certification also tests for knowledge of dump analysis, dynamic tracing, network and security configuration and more.

The OCP Oracle Linux System Administrator certification requires that candidates first obtain the Oracle Certified Associate (OCA) Oracle Linux 5 and 6 System Administrator certification and pass one exam.

SysAdmins who support Oracle Solaris might be interested in the Oracle Solaris System Administrator certification, which Oracle offers at the Associate and Professional levels. Oracle also offers several server-related certifications for SPARC and Fujitsu servers.

Oracle Linux System Administrator Facts and Figures

RHCE: Red Hat Certified Engineer

In the realm of Linux system administrator certifications, Red Hat certs really stand out. Red Hat’s more senior-level certifications are especially popular among IT professionals as well as the employers who hire them. Those holding the Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) credential qualify for job roles such as senior Linux administrator, senior UNIX administrator, senior systems engineer, infrastructure systems engineer, IT analyst and the like.

The RHCE is regarded as a high-level credential that’s not easy to obtain. Candidates must first obtain the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) credential and then pass a three and a half hour, hands-on, performance-based exam that’s intense and demanding. Those who earn the RHCE can go on to earn the Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA) in Infrastructure credential.

The current RHCE exam is based on Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 7. RHCE certification is valid for three years from the date the certification was achieved. To maintain the certification, a credential holder must pass any RHCA exam or pass the RHCE certification exam again before the end of the three-year period.

Note: In October 2018, IBM announced that it was acquiring Red Hat for the princely sum of $34 billion. It’s too early to tell what impact this may have on Red Hat certification offerings, if any.

RHCE Facts and Figures

Certification Name Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE)
Prerequisites & Required Courses Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA) certification (does not have be on the same Red Hat Enterprise Linux version). RHCSA requires one exam: EX200 — Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA).

Note: Courses recommended but not required

Number of Exams One exams:

EX300 – Red Hat Certified Engineer (RHCE) exam, 3.5 hours

Cost per Exam $400 (RHCE exam fee only)
URL https://www.redhat.com/en/services/certification/rhce
Self-Study Materials Red Hat Training offers multiple training options, including classroom, virtual, online, video and private onsite. The Red Hat Learning Subscription offers online and video courses, including cloud-based labs, in Basic and Standard subscriptions. Prices vary by geography. Candidates in the U.S. can expect to pay $5,500 (or 19 training units) for the Basic tier and $7,000 (or 24 training units) for the Standard tier.

CompTIA Server+

CompTIA offers a long list of entry-level certifications, such as the A+ for hardware technicians, Network+ for network admins and Security+ for security specialists, all of which are highly regarded in the computing industry. The CompTIA Server+ certification is no exception. Companies such as Intel, HP, Dell, Lenovo, Xerox and Microsoft, as well as the U.S. Department of Defense, recommend or require that their server technicians earn CompTIA Server+.

The Server+ certification exam focuses on foundational server-related syllabus that are vendor-neutral in nature, including server hardware, operating systems, storage systems, networking, the IT environment (documentation, diagrams and best practices), security and disaster recovery, virtualization and troubleshooting.

The Server+ credential, along with sufficient experience, is a great asset for individuals seeking a position as a server or network administrator, systems engineer or website administrator. You can also consider it as a stepping stone to a more focused certification, such as the Microsoft Certified Solutions Associate (MCSA) or the Red Hat Certified System Administrator (RHCSA).

Server+ certification requires one exam, SK0-004. CompTIA recommends that candidates have at least 18 months of experience and A+ certification before sitting for the exam.

CompTIA Server+ Facts and Figures

Certification Name CompTIA Server+
Prerequisites & Required Courses Required: None

Recommended: CompTIA A+ certification plus 18 to 24 months of IT experience

Number of Exams One exam: SK0-004 (90 minutes, 100 multiple-choice questions, 750 on a scale of 100-900 required to pass)
Cost per Exam $319. Purchase vouchers through CompTIA Marketplace. exam administered by Pearson VUE.
URL https://certification.comptia.org/certifications/server
Self-study Materials Links to practice questions, exam objectives, eBooks, and other training resources are available on the certification web page. exam study bundles including eBooks and CertMaster practice are available from the CompTIA Marketplace.

VCP6-DCV: VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization

The VMware family of certifications are must-have credentials for IT professionals interested in the field of virtualization. Offering a comprehensive certification program that encompasses all skills levels, VMware credentials are recognized globally as best in class.

The latest incarnation of the VMware vSphere product is Version 6.5. VMware currently offers two credentials which target vSphere V6.5 users: the VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization and the VMware Certified Advanced Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization (Design and Deploy). It’s anticipated that the VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX-DCV) will be available soon.

Although Version 6.5 is the existing version of the vSphere product, interested candidates can still certify on vSphere V. 6. The VMware Certified Professional 6 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6-DCV) is one of VMware’s most popular credentials with more than 100,000 certified credential holders. The VCP6-DCV prepares credential holders for more advanced certifications, including the VMware Certified Advanced Professional (VCAP6-DCV) and the pinnacle cert, VMware Certified Design Expert (VCDX-DCV). For this article, we chose to concentrate on the requirements for the VCP6.5 – DCV since it’s based on the existing version of vSphere.

Training is required for non-credential holders seeking to obtain the VCP6-DCV. VMware offers a variety of training options to meet the training prerequisite: self-paced (on demand), live online and live classroom, some of which include virtual labs. Those possessing a valid VCP5-DCV or VCP6-DCV credential need only pass a delta exam to obtain the credential.

VCP6.5-DCV Facts and Figures

Certification Name VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization (VCP6.5-DCV)
Prerequisites & Required Courses Path 1 (non-VCP credential holders):  Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, attend a required training course, pass either the vSphere 6 or 6.5 Foundations exam, and pass the current VCP6.5–DCV exam

Path 2 (active VCP5-DCV or VCP6-DCV credential holders): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, pass the VCP6.5–DCV or VCP6.5–DCV Delta exam. Training is recommended but not required.

Path 3 (expired VCP-DCV): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience, attend a required training course, pass either the vSphere 6 or 6.5 Foundations exam, and pass the current VCP6.5–DCV exam

Path 4 (active VCP 6, 6.5 or 7 in a different track): Gain vSphere 6.5 experience and pass the VCP6.5–DCV exam. Training is recommended but not required.

See the VCP6.5-DCV web page for list of current approved training courses.

Number of Exams One or two exams depending on certification path.

Foundation exams:

vSphere 6 Foundations Exam, 2V0-620, 115 minutes, 65 questions

vSphere 6.5 Foundations Exam, 2V0-602, 105 minutes, 70 questions

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization exams:

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization, 2V0-622, 105 minutes, 70 questions

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Delta, 2V0-622D, 106 minutes, 70 questions

Cost per Exam vSphere Foundations exam (V6 or V6.5), $125

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization exam, $250

VMware Certified Professional 6.5 – Data Center Virtualization Delta exam, $250

URL VCP6.5-DCV:   https://www.vmware.com/education-services/certification/vcp6-5-dcv.html
Self-Study Materials A link to an exam guide, training and a practice exam (if available) appear on each exam page (see the How to Prepare tab). VMware Learning Zone offers exam prep subscriptions. Numerous VCP6-DCV study materials are available through Amazon.com. MeasureUp offers a VCP6-DCV practice tests and a practice labs.

Beyond the Top 5: More SysAdmin Certifications

Beyond the five system administrator certifications featured in this article, there are many other certification programs that can help to further the careers and professional development of IT professionals who work in system administration.

It makes sense to investigate the plethora of vendor-specific programs available for those who work with systems from companies such as Brocade, Dell EMC, HPE, IBM, NetApp, Symantec and so forth. Many of them play into key system specialty areas, such as storage, security or virtualization, while others offer a broad range of platforms for these and other technology areas. Here are some examples:

  • IBM Certified System Administrator (and Advanced Administrator), for WebSphere Application Server Network Deployment, AIX, DB2, Connections, Sametime, Lotus Notes, Informix, IBM i and more
  • NetApp Certified Data Administrator (NCDA), geared toward professionals who manage NetApp data storage controllers running the ONTAP operating system
  • ServiceNow Certified System Administrator, aimed at professionals who are adept at configuring, implementing and managing ServiceNow systems

Likewise, vendor-neutral certification programs also offer a variety of interesting and potentially valuable credentials. For example, the LPI LPIC certifications, which had been in our top five list for several years, are well known and widely recognized in IT shops and operations that depend on Linux servers to handle their workloads. It’s best to think of our top five certifications as a good place to start, while also realizing that there are many other options to consider as well.

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10752-best-system-administrator-certifications.html
Killexams : Achieving 99% Improvement in EMC Compliance for MEMS Systems

Richard Anslow, System Applications Engineer and Ricardo Zaplana, Design Engineer, both at Analog Devices

MEMS systems are used for vibration monitoring in railway, wind turbine, motor control, and machine tool applications to enhance safety, reduce costs, and maximise the useful life of equipment. MEMS sensors, with superior low frequency performance, enable earlier detection of bearing defects in railway and wind turbine applications compared to competing technologies. Significant cost savings are coupled with higher detection rates for equipment defects, ensuring compliance with stringent safety standards. Wide bandwidth (0Hz to 23kHz), low noise performance, and wide vibration measurement range (2g to 200g) are all required for vibration monitoring. This is easily achieved using Analog Devices’ broad MEMS portfolio.

Wired communication systems are used for vibration monitoring where raw data from several sensors is gathered, or where raw data is used for real-time control. There are several challenges in implementing a wired condition-based monitoring (CbM) system. One key challenge is electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) robustness when operating over meters of cabling, which can be subjected to indirect lightning surges, electrostatic discharges, and environmental noise such as switching of inductive or capacitive loads. Poor robustness to EMC disturbances can intermittently or permanently degrade the quality of data gathered from the CbM systems, as shown in Figure 1. Over time, poor quality data can lead to incorrect decisions around asset health and maintenance.

This article outlines key challenges in designing for EMC standards compliance with today’s highly integrated CbM solutions. Design for EMC is notoriously difficult to get right the first time, with even small changes in circuits or lab test setup dramatically affecting test results. This article presents a system-level EMC simulation approach or virtual lab, which helps the engineer to get the design EMC compliant in record time.

Figure 1. Wired CbM system with vibration sensors located in EMC harsh industrial environments.

Why Is System-Level EMC Simulation Important?

Modern product development schedules include a parallel EMC compliance task. Design for EMC should be as seamless as possible, but this is often not the case, with EMC problems and lab testing delaying product release by months. The virtual lab EMC simulation approach helps the engineer solve EMC problems much faster compared to lab test alone. The virtual lab simulation approach helps to solve key problems in achieving EMC compliance because:

  • Increased integration and component density in modern PCB designs leads to complex problems, with multiple EMC failure Simulation can help to determine the best EMC mitigation technique, in a more flexible and time efficient way compared to lab testing alone.
  • EMC standards are sometimes ambiguous, which means different test results are achieved if the circuit is tested in different Using simulation allows much faster test changes and results compared to lab testing.
  • The entire system needs to be built to ensure EMC compliance, including cable choice, length, and shielding, as well as measurement Using simulation, real measurement probe effects can be ignored, and cable models can be changed in seconds rather than in hours.
  • The equipment under test can differ from the customer’s installation, leading to different test Using simulation, the real customer application can be better modelled and understood.
  • Existing simulation tools are not unified, and simulation models are not readily available for cables and PCB The virtual lab allows integration of cable, PCB, and passive and active component models, with more accurate results.

What Are the Benefits of System-Level EMC Simulation?

System-level EMC simulation results in much faster time to market for products. This is achieved through:

  • Rapid identification of circuit weaknesses and targeted recommendations for improvement.
  • 99% improvement in capturing EMC failures, and understanding the failure
  • Significant cost savings - several design and test iterations do not need to be performed.
  • Significant time savings - the design does not need to be iterated several times, which cuts down the development schedule by months when you consider the lead time for PCB board layout, manufacture, and assembly.

The EMC Challenge

Several EMC challenges are common in today’s highly integrated sensor system designs. Firstly, modern high density PCB design makes passing EMC tests a difficult task. Shared power and data wire architectures (phantom power) are often used to reduce system cost and PCB area (fewer PCB connectors). The IEPE standard, widely used with vibration sensor technology, supplies a constant current source to the vibration sensor, with the sensor output voltage read back on the same wire, as shown in Figure 2. This 2-wire system means that power supply and data communication lines are subject to the same EMC disturbance, adding additional complexity when designing for EMC. EMC filtering components need to be carefully chosen to mitigate against power supply disturbances, but also must not reduce the data circuit communication bandwidth.

Figure 2. A 2-wire IEPE sensor interface with shared data and power architecture.

Secondly, system-level EMC standards, such as IEC 61000-4-6 conducted RF immunity, are specified for many industrial products, with manufacturers stating product immunity to Class A (no communication errors) or Class B (communication errors, but the system does not need to be reset). The threshold for Class A compliance can vary from manufacturer to manufacturer and is usually identified by a bit error rate (BER), or equivalent microvolt or micro-g range for vibration sensors. The Class A compliance threshold is typically a very low voltage, much lower than the minimum signal that the system can measure. The conducted RF immunity standard allows the user to define pass/fail criteria for the system using a BER, while specifying some setup details and noise injection levels. There is plenty of scope for interpretation in regards to what is the most appropriate setup and BER, and this poses a challenge for the system designer: how to match the lab design verification test setup to the real customer application, particularly when small changes in test setup can yield dramatic changes in test results.

And thirdly, most common EMC test procedures need the full system to be built before going to the EMC certification lab to test it. Full systems include cable choice, length, and shielding. Different cables have different capacitance specifications, which in turn can couple more or less EMC noise into the affected system. Cable length and shield grounding can lead to impedance mismatches at high EMC frequencies as well as different ground current return paths. When a system is built, the preferred test method is that each sub-unit be individually tested for EMC immunity; however, in the real application the entire system will be subjected to the same EMC noise. These are just some of the reasons why it is difficult to correlate factory EMC testing with customer lab tests.

Given today’s highly integrated designs and EMC test complexity, it is clear that a time efficient flexible approach to design for EMC is needed. Simulation before and during lab testing is the answer. Getting the right lab results, with minimum time and effort invested, is the goal.

Using Virtual Lab to Accelerate Debug and Solve EMC Issues

Analog Devices’ system-level expertise and EMC simulation techniques have resulted in the development of a virtual lab simulation flow, as described in Figure 3. A virtual lab environment makes it easier to get design for EMC right the first time, with virtual design iterations performed instead of time-consuming and costly lab setup and measurement iterations. Computing power, SPICE, electromagnetic field simulators, and CAD software have converged and reached a maturity point where this virtual lab is feasible, where engineers can now achieve unprecedented levels of accuracy and simulation speed. PCBs, cables, integrated circuit chips, and passive components can be modelled, as well as EMC stimulus. The results can be analysed, with rapid identification of circuit weaknesses and targeted recommendations for improvement.

Using the virtual lab environment, the designer can access any physical node of the system during the tests without the typical measurement limitations found at the real lab - for example, measurement equipment bandwidth, lab limitations, non-ideal impedances of the probes, and external noise - interfering with the measurements.

Figure 3. Moving from the real lab to virtual lab environment.

Several common industrial IEC 61000 system-level EMC standards tests can be simulated prior to PCB fabrication, as detailed in Table 1.

Table 1. Simulation of Common IEC 61000 Industrial System-Level EMC Standards

MEMS and Simulation Case Study

This section describes a simulation case study and correlation with lab measurements, using the Figure 4 vibration monitoring circuit with Analog Devices’ ADXL1002 MEMS accelerometer. The circuit is compatible with the widely used IEPE interface, as described in Figure 2. The circuit contains two shunt regulators, one of which (IC1) powers the accelerometer and the AD8541 op amp (IC3), and a second (IC4) that provides a 9.5V dc bias. When the system is powered and the ADXL1002 is static, the communication bus rests at 12V dc. The circuit in Figure 3 requires compliance to IEC 61000-4-6 conducted RF immunity, which is a common requirement for equipment operating in industrial applications.

Figure 4. MEMS circuit using ADXL1002 and IEPE-compatible interface.

Correlating real lab and virtual lab simulation requires several process steps, summarized as follows:

1. Real lab setup and simulation environment correlation

2. Develop simulation models using virtual lab (Figure 3)

3. Use simulation to identify design for EMC weaknesses

4. Use simulation to identify design for EMC improvements

5. Validate design for EMC improvements in the real lab

Step 1: Real Lab Setup and Simulation Environment Correlation

The IEC 61000-4-6 conducted RF immunity test is applicable to products that operate in environments where radio frequency (RF) fields are present. The RF fields can act on the entire length of cables connected to installed equipment. In the IEC 61000-4-6 test, an RF voltage is stepped from 150kHz to 80MHz. The RF voltage is 80% amplitude modulated (AM) by a 1kHz sinusoidal wave. The IEC 61000-4-6 standard specifies Level 3 as the highest RF voltage at 10V/m. The RF voltage is injected to the cable shield, or capacitively coupled using a clamp.

As shown in Table 2, several key parameters need to be correlated between the virtual and real lab environment:

  • Test level and IEC EMC standard (amplitude, frequency)
  • Cable specification (length, capacitance, shielding)
  • System grounding (including cable shield)
  • Measured parameters (what and where in the circuit)
  • Test pass/fail threshold (amplitude, frequency)

Table 2. Real Lab Setup and Simulation Environment Correlation

Step 2: Develop Simulation Models Using Virtual Lab

Typically, SPICE models are readily available for most active and passive circuit components. Electromagnetic simulators can model other nonstandard components, such as PCB geometry and nets, as well as cable models.

The information gathered in Table 2 helps to ensure accurate modelling of cable parameters. This system uses a 2-core shielded cable, which comes at a cost premium compared to an unshielded cable. Having no cable shield makes the system weaker from an EMC point of view. Simulation with an unshielded cable shows significant additional EMC noise compared to a shielded cable system.

The MEMS IEPE circuit, shown in Figure 4, is designed to be as compact as possible (1.9cm × 1.9cm) and uses just two PCB layers. Using a 2-layer PCB increases potential EMC issues due to higher coupling capacitances and crosstalk, so careful design is a must.

At this point, the system design engineer can start extracting the models for the PCB and cables, using electromagnetic simulation tools, and link those to the SPICE models of the ICs and passive components. Now a SPICE simulation can be performed, and EMC stimulus can interact at the system level. Figure 5 shows the electromagnetic simulation model for the PCB physical geometry and nets, and the 2-core shielded cable. The 3-dimensional PCB SPICE model is a complete abstraction of the PCB physical layout. The 3D PCB SPICE model includes many pins that can be used to connect to the MEMS, op amp, and shunt regulator SPICE models. In this way, an extremely accurate electrical simulation can be performed. Passive component values (capacitor, resistor, inductors) can be changed, and the system resonances can be observed and rectified in a more time efficient and flexible manner compared to changing and testing real hardware. The cable SPICE model can be modified during testing - for example, the cable length can be increased or decreased, which can have a significant effect on EMC coupling and system performance.

Once the EMC time domain simulation is finished, engineers can analyse the circuit transient responses across time and frequency. Depending on the type of EMC test, transient or frequency analysis must be done. Examples of transient analysis can be conducted immunity tests, and examples of frequency domain are radiated emissions EMC tests (see Table 1 for more information).

Figure 5. Electromagnetic simulation model for the PCB physical geometry and nets, as well as the 2-core shielded cable.

Step 3: Use Simulation to Identify Design for EMC Weaknesses

The failure mechanisms were easy to find once the full system was modelled and simulated. The EMC noise voltage is injected into the cable shield. The noise voltage is then coupled through parasitic capacitance between cable shield and wire cores. The noise is directed toward the ACC node on the PCB, as shown in Figure 6. The noise current path follows the path of least impedance, in this case through capacitor C8 to the op amp output. The op amp saturates as a result, sinking high current out of the power supply (VDD) node. The IC1 VDD regulator cannot supply this high current; therefore, the VDD voltage drops. The VDD voltage drop temporarily shuts down the MEMS sensor (powered at 5V nominal), resulting in voltage ripple at op amp output (noise).

Figure 6. Circuit failure mechanism.

A second failure mode was identified, which would be either difficult or impossible to observe and debug using lab testing alone. High frequency transmission lines are usually terminated with a load that matches the transmission cable impedance. The IEPE cable is typically unterminated due to low frequency (kilohertz) data communication. However, when the EMC noise is injected in the 60MHz to 70MHz range, noise voltages are reflected on the communication bus as the cable is not terminated with a matching load.

Step 4: Use Simulation to Identify Design for EMC Improvements

The goal is to determine the least costly and most effective circuit changes for EMC mitigation. The two EMC issues can be resolved by adding two capacitors, as shown in Figure 7. The 22nF CEMC directs the noise away from the sensitive circuitry (op amp, MEMS), with the noise current now shunted to ground via the C1 capacitor as shown. A ferrite bead, with high impedance at 100MHz frequencies, can be added for extra insurance to block any residual noise. The CTERM shunts cable reflections at high frequency during EMC testing.

Figure 7. Design for EMC improvements.

As described in Step 3, the VDD power net failure is a reliable indicator of EMC susceptibility. Figure 8 shows the voltage drop in the VDD power net where the CEMC is not used. The simulation predicts approximately 2V drop, or larger. When CEMC is used, the deviation from nominal is in the microvolt range, which is much lower than the target compliance threshold of 1.6mV.

Figure 8. Simulated VDD power net with CEMC capacitor (green waveforms) and without CEMC (blue waveforms).

Analog Devices’ ADXL1002 MEMS sensor has a 3db bandwidth of 11kHz, so the selection of the CEMC and CTERM is critical in order to preserve the 11kHz communication bus. Using the virtual lab flexibility, many capacitance values were simulated, and two optimum capacitance values were selected. After adding these capacitors, the system is predicted to meet the EMC pass criteria of less than 1.6mV of noise voltage.

Step 5: Validate Design for EMC Improvements in the Real Lab

The original circuit, as described in Figure 4, was lab tested using the Table 2 parameters. The result was a gross failure of 912mV of noise at a 77MHz test frequency.

Following the Step 4 recommendations, a 22nF capacitor (CEMC) was added in parallel with resistor R3. This resulted in a 99% improvement, with less than 6mV noise measured, as shown in the Figure 9 lab test result (blue waveform).

To achieve the design target of less than 1.6mV of noise, a 100nF CTERM was added between the ACC and GND nodes, as well as the CEMC 22nF. Figure 9 shows the green simulation result with the noise curve flattened across the broad 0.15MHz to 80MHz spectrum.

Figure 9. Simulation and lab test results following virtual lab recommendations.

Once the results and targets are achieved, it is possible to determine which part of the system is the weakest link from an EMC point of view. In this case, the cable is the main contributor as it couples the EMC energy from the source to the circuit and causes reflections due to its length and termination impedance at higher frequencies. The two capacitors (CTERM and CEMC) were able to shunt the two noise sources to the cable to ground effectively. Alternative solutions and approaches, such as it replacing the op amp, are unrealistic. Replacing the op amp with an ultralow output impedance op amp is a poor choice, as lower output impedance devices have inherently higher power consumption, which affects the competitiveness of the overall design.

Conclusion

Simulating the entire system gives unprecedented insights into how the circuit behaves under EMC stress and is the best way to solve complex EMC problems. Time to market can be dramatically reduced when this methodology is used. Greater than 99% improvement in design for EMC was achieved using the process flow described in this article, which is summarised in Figure 10.

Figure 10. Process flow for greater than 99% improvement in EMC performance.

About the Author

Richard Anslow is a system applications engineer with the Connected Motion and Robotics Team within the Automation and Energy Business Unit at Analog Devices. His areas of expertise are condition-based monitoring and industrial communication design. He received his B.Eng. and M.Eng. degrees from the University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. He can be reached at richard.anslow@analog.com.

Ricardo Zaplana holds a master’s degree in telecommunications and microelectronics from Universidad de Valencia, Spain. He has over 20 years of microelectronic design experience in areas of power management, interface, and isolation products. Ricardo now focuses on high speed isolators, isolated power, and EMC simulation, in the area of radiated emissions and conducted immunity. He can be reached at ricardo.zaplana@analog.com.

Tue, 27 Sep 2022 05:15:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.theengineer.co.uk/content/product/achieving-99-improvement-in-emc-compliance-for-mems-systems
Killexams : Best Certifications for Database Administrators

Database Administrator Courses

Database administrators are responsible for the day to day management of database environments, including relational databases management systems, cloud databases, or those used for database-driven web applications. Database administration is a great career choice, with plenty of employment options and (typically) a great salary. The competition for DBA jobs can be fierce, however, and, as such, we recommend getting a database administrator certification. With that in mind, this tutorial highlights some of the best DBA certifications designed to enhance your career.

Looking to learn more about database administration prior to taking a DBA certification exam? Check out our list of the Best Courses for Database Administrators to get started.

What is a Database Administration (DBA) Certification?

A DBA certification is a certificate (paper of digital) a person earns that specifies the owner has acquired experience, knowledge, skills, and abilities related to the administration of a particular type of database system, as well as the ability to manage stored data. There are a slew of database administration certificates available and your choice of which to pursue will largely depend upon your current career or where you would like to see yourself in the future.

Odds are, you will want to pursue multiple DBA certifications in order to enhance your skills and employability (not to mention salary range). For instance, you may want to get certified in managing an MS SQL server and T-SQL (Transaction Structured Query Language) if you want to work in a shop that uses Microsoft-related technology.

There are several types of database administrator certifications to consider as well. As in the above example, some DBA certifications fall in the “proprietary” classification. Proprietary certifications relate to certs that are for specific database vendors, like Microsoft, IBM, or Oracle. Regular DBA certifications, however, will cover syllabus that are vendor-agnostic, such as SQL, database development, data modeling, or data analysis.

Each type of database certification has its pros and cons and the decision of which to choose will, again, depend on your career path and future goals.

Top DBA Certifications

Below you will find some of the top database administration certifications, listed in no particular order of importance.

Microsoft Certified Azure Database Administrator Associate Certification

The first certification on our list is from Microsoft and is dubbed the Microsoft Certified Azure Database Admin Associate certification. If you are a DBA that uses SQL and Microsoft Azure, this certificate is a must-have. It is a beginner/entry-level certification that consists of a single exam, during which you will need to exhibit the following competencies:

  • How to use T-SQL for database administration
  • How to build and use an HADR environment (High Availability and Disaster Recovery)
  • How to allocate data resources
  • How to automate common administrative tasks

If you would like to train for the test, Microsoft has a free training course to let you test your abilities. Those that pass the test receive a digital DBA certification and a Microsoft Certified badge for LinkedIn. The exam costs $165. You can sign-up for the certification exam by visiting its page: Microsoft Certified Azure Database Administrator Associate.

IBM Certified Database Administrator Certification

IBM DB2 is one of the top database systems in the world, regardless of whether you work in a Linux, Unix, or Windows-based environment. It is an intermediate-level database administration certification that validates admins who are capable of routine database administrative tasks, including how to create, update, and maintain databases and write basic SQL. Other requirements of the exam include being able to manage a database server, monitor activity, performance, and availability, as well as, secure a database system.

The certification is made up of two exams, which are each around 60 questions and 90 minutes apiece. Each exam will run $200 (or $400 in total) and are available via Pearson VUE. You can also learn more about the exam by visiting the IBM Certified Database Administrator Certification page.

Certified PostgreSQL DBA (CPSDBA)

For database admins that prefer the SQL flavor of PostgreSQL, the Certified PostgreSQL DBA (CPSDBA) certification is a must. While a bit on the costly side ($2395-2995) and time constrained – you have to complete a series of courses over a 4-day time period – the certification can help open many doors if you are looking for a job as a PostgreSQL DBA.

Day 1 of the certification covers systems architecture, installation and database clusters, and how to create and manage databases. Day 2 is all about database security, monitoring, User Tools and GUI, database configuration, tablespaces, backup, and recovery.

Day 3 tackles routine database maintenance, performance optimization, best practices for upgrading a database, and streaming replication. The program comes to a close on Day 4, which centers around Point-in-Time recovery, how to set up BART, how to load and move data, how to partition tables, and a miscellany of advanced database administration topics.

You can learn more by visiting the Certified PostgreSQL DBA page.

Oracle Certified Professional MySQL Database Administrator Certification

MySQL is one of the most widely used relational database management systems (RDBMS) in the world and is very popular among web developers and PHP programmers – among others. Most database admins will work with MySQL at some point in their career and that makes earning this particular DBA certification worth it.

To earn this MySQL certification, database administrators will need to pass an exam and showcase the following abilities:

  • How to install a database server and configure it
  • Demonstrate an understanding of database security protocols and security techniques
  • Write and optimize MySQL statements and queries
  • Employ high availability tactics
  • Maintain databases and monitor database processes, as well as upscaling

Oracle offers a training course for this DBA certification through the Oracle University. The exam itself costs $245 and earns DBAs a certificate and online badge for social media platforms and LinkedIn.

You can learn more about this database administration certification, its free course, and take the exam by visiting the Oracle Certified Professional MySQL Database Administrator Certification page.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 08:03:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.databasejournal.com/mysql/database-administrator-certifications/
Killexams : Ben Russo Steps Down as CEO of EMC Brands, Dianne Quirante Promoted as Replacement

After a 15-year tenure, Russo will stay on to serve as client adviser and COO while he divides his time between Miami and EMC headquarters in West Hollywood.

Veteran publicist Ben Russo is stepping down from his post as CEO of EMC Brands, a company he co-founded in 2007. The firm’s long-serving Dianne Quirante has been promoted from senior vp to CEO, taking over for Russo, effective immediately.

Russo is not exiting completely, however. He will stay on to serve as client advisor and COO while he divides his time between Miami and EMC headquarters in West Hollywood.

“Over the past 16 years, there have been a few iterations of EMC as we adapted and maneuvered with the changing landscape of media and consumer behavior,” said Russo, nodding to the firm’s earlier identity as EMC Bowery, which he co-founded alongside Jack Ketsoyan, who departed earlier this year to form Full Scope Public Relations. “Dianne will continue the brilliant art of strategic brand building for EMC’s client roster. She is, by far, the most qualified and passionate person to continue my dream.”

Quirante has been with EMC for 12 years to Russo’s 15. During their tenure, the company has specialized in the hospitality and lifestyle space with a client roster that has included The h.wood Group (The Nice Guy, Delilah, Bootsy Bellows, Harriet’s, Sant’olina, Slab), Innovative Dining Group (Boa Steakhouse, Katana, Sushi Roku), Cîroc Vodka, DeLeón Tequila, Guillotine Vodka, Tatel Beverly Hills, Ella Restaurant, Sixty Hotel Beverly Hills, Vandelay Hospitality Group, Sunny Vodka, The Lyfestyle Co., Sweat Cycle, Sweat_Ext and celebrity-fueled parties at events like Coachella, the Super Bowl, New York Fashion Week and more.

“I am forever blessed to have such a strong, mentoring connection with Ben. It’s an honor to continue the excellence of EMC as CEO with new energy and dedication,” added Quirante. “I’ve always been a publicist at heart as an artist and visionary. I simply love the creative elements in bringing brand stories to life. With our new dynamic and talented team established we are ready to perform and conquer.”

As part of the executive shuffle, Quirante will oversee and work alongside EMC’s staff, which includes David Malushi, who is charged with overseeing influencer and media management. Quirante has struck strategic alliances with PR and marketing insiders, including Abegail Cal of AJC Public Relations and Elle Senina of Saucy Creative. Robert Barrios will act as chief counsel for EMC in the brands and entertainment events division while the CP Group’s Vedika Solecki will serve as global brand ambassador and Garrett O. Thomas is confirmed to help lead EMC’s social media and digital activities. 

Oct. 10, 11:05 a.m.: Updated to reflect correct roles for Solecki and Thomas.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 06:50:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.hollywoodreporter.com/business/business-news/emc-brands-ben-russo-dianne-quirante-1235236155/?_escaped_fragment_=
Killexams : Do Administrators Think They’re Spiritual Healers?

Faculty, staff, and students in higher education regularly find in their inboxes emails from administrators addressed to the “university community” expressing solidarity, grief, and other forms of concern in response to national and international events. Natural disasters and the overturning of Roe v. Wade are among the inspirations for such messages. After rhetoric about the gravity of whatever has happened, such messages typically encourage potentially traumatized readers to seek relief through relevant campus resources. They avoid political claims. Administrators seem to feel expected to speak to their campuses, and to the world beyond, about current events, even though the content of their speech is often studiedly contentless — and even though most of us never open the emails. What are these messages for?

My colleague Margarita Rayzberg and I asked each other this question at the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, when these missives’ strangeness, and ubiquity, first became apparent to us. The University of Chicago, where I was then employed, had issued a statement from the dean of students and director of international affairs expressing “great concern” about “the invasion into Ukraine,” and its consequences for members of the university community from “Ukraine, Russia and Europe.” The two administrators then solicited readers affected by the conflict to reach out to the office of international affairs, set up a therapy session, or attend an online seminar about the political background of the conflict.

Anyone studying this message without already knowing the geopolitical context would be quite confused. Who had invaded Ukraine? The email never described “the invasion” as Russian. The war appeared as a terrible accident. There was no question of the university taking — or acknowledging that it was not taking — sides in a conflict, but only one of how to ease suffering and confusion through its channels of administrative support, academic discussion, and therapy. We were struck by the email’s pointlessness — as if what Ukrainians, Russians, and everyone else involved in the war needed were some Zoom counseling sessions and a webinar! We were struck too by its opacity. The university’s leadership apparently imagined itself compelled to say something (however substanceless) about the war, but chose not to reveal why, or why it had decided to express itself through these specific administrators offering this particular set of resources. Although these and other such messages speak on behalf of the university as a whole, members of the university community have little opportunity even to know how they are produced, let alone to shape them.

In recent years there has been concern among college presidents, who have historically been tasked with speaking on behalf of their institutions, with the limits of their ability to speak freely. But “university position statements,” as we conceive them, differ from the public speech of presidents. The latter tend to appear as something like embodiments of their schools. They speak both to the campus about itself and to the nation about issues affecting academic life. This is a complex role; presidents must balance their representative function, which stands for the university as a whole, with their distinct personal voice (usually avuncular and genially out-of-touch). University position statements on current events, on the other hand, are presented as collaborative documents, signed by multiple administrators, and are not consistently issued by any particular figure from the administration. They do not use the first person singular. Rather they appear as the university speaking to itself through no one human vessel, reminding itself what its feelings and opinions are, and framing whatever event has elicited this response as a problem to be managed with the resources of the administrative bureaucracy.

Our initial, impressionistic searches through the last several years of the university inboxes to which we have access suggest that, while university position statements are becoming more frequent, they have long had a common structure. One of the first position statements we received — at the beginning of our graduate careers at Northwestern University in 2010 — shows the basic shape common to such documents today. It was issued in response to the suicide of Tyler Clementi, an undergraduate at Rutgers University, after his roommate secretly filmed him having gay sex.

This horrific incident generated much discussion in the media about homophobia, suicide, and privacy rights — all ways of connecting what had happened to issues of larger national import. Although there was no direct link to Northwestern, the university’s then-president, Morton O. Schapiro, along with the vice president for student affairs, issued a statement in response. In it they affirmed that Northwestern was “supporting the LGBT community” on campus, and they reminded readers of the university’s policies on harassment and discrimination, as well as of the existence of a variety of campus resources, including the LGBT Resource Center, the Sexual Harassment Prevention office, and mental-health counseling.

Why should impassioned declarations of supposedly unanimous feeling end with a list of university resources such as counseling programs?

All of this is an unobjectionable but also rather non-obvious response to events far away from Northwestern’s campus. The decision to make a statement presupposed that this suicide was emblematic of nationwide issues on and off college campuses, which Northwestern’s leaders were compelled to weigh in on, and which they had an obligation to combat. Presented as relevant to Northwestern’s campus community because of its purported status as a reminder of the problems of homophobia, sexual harassment, and mental health, Clementi’s death appeared as a justification for the university’s existing therapeutic-bureaucratic institutions targeted at precisely these problems. The university, speaking to itself through the position statement, could imagine its administrative apparatuses of care and surveillance (but not, significantly, the scholarly missions of teaching and research) as participating in a national struggle against violence and prejudice.

This framing is political in one sense; anti-political in others. Tying Clementi’s death and Northwestern’s policies together through a narrative of resistance to discrimination, harassment, and poor mental health, it positioned the university as an agent in a wide network working toward social change, and therefore as a political entity. Indeed, the very act of taking up any individual tragedy as a “case” of a broader problem is an inherently political act — perhaps the basic intellectual move of political mobilization. But insofar as political conflict is constituted by our debates about what exactly such tragedies are cases of, to which problems they testify, and how these problems, once identified, should be solved, Northwestern’s position statement was anti-political. It spoke as if the entire campus had already agreed that Clementi’s death was a case of homophobia, sexual harassment, and poor mental health, and that the solutions to these problems were to be found in the university bureaucracy’s therapeutic and surveillance mechanisms.

In spotlighting an individual death unconnected to the university in order to reveal (and to commit themselves to struggling against) nationwide dynamics of inequality and violence, the Northwestern administrators’ response to the death of Clementi already contains all the elements of the responses of universities across the country to the far more emblematic and politicized death of George Floyd 10 years later. The latter, it is true, appear very different in tone. While Northwestern’s statement on Clementi’s death was somberly restrained, its statement on Floyd’s death and the ensuing protest, “Northwestern Strives to Be an Instrument of Change,” began by registering the “anger and sadness” of its author, the university’s provost. The subject of the message immediately became an imagined universitywide “we,” however, a “we” sharing feelings of “immense grief, anger, fear and hopelessness.” The combination of emotions is striking — why “hopelessness”? And why should such impassioned declarations of supposedly unanimous feeling (it went without saying that no one on campus might be afraid of the violence that accompanied some protests) end with a list of university resources such as counseling programs?

The emotional intensity of the University of Chicago’s email in response to Floyd’s death might seem to have distinguished it from the university’s cautious rhetoric around Ukraine. In response to the Floyd protests, Chicago’s president and provost called on the university to participate in an “ongoing struggle for equality” across the country, one that would require the students, staff, and faculty to confront racism both on campus and in the city of Chicago. There was a conflict taking place, and the university could not be neutral.

On a closer reading, however, Chicago’s Floyd and Ukraine documents reveal themselves to be quite similar. They offer two variations in tone — but in tone only — on the model of Northwestern’s response to the death of Tyler Clementi a decade earlier. The “struggle for equality,” in Chicago’s email, seems as strange a conflict as the one in Ukraine. The enemy is never named. Black Americans are said to have been subjected to “slavery … violence and exclusion” — by who knows whom? Just as one email elides who has invaded Ukraine, the other remains purposefully vague on how all of these things had happened and were happening to Black people.

In their statement on the George Floyd protests, Chicago’s administrators frame the university as a participant in the conflict for equality; in their statement on Ukraine, they carefully write the university out of the conflict. In both cases, however, they present these conflicts not as truly political processes in which rival sides, each with their own interests and interpretations, confront each other, but rather as situations universally understood to be in need of specific redress. They disguise the fact that the problems they address are problems about which students, faculty, and staff disagree — about which, indeed, some of them are experts with opposing points of view. Although they often encourage “conversation” and “dialogue,” as a means of either healing trauma caused by the current events they discuss, or of better understanding them, they foreclose authentic discussion.

They offer debatable assertions that come already interpreted — readers are given no room for questioning (“whose war in Ukraine?”; “the struggle for equality against what?”). They locate solutions in the university’s administrative bureaucracy: therapy, identity-based groups, surveillance apparatuses, and in the academic mechanisms of organized discussion. This reflects a dangerous, and increasingly common, understanding among administrators of the therapeutic role of the university, one that is coming to replace an older understanding of the university’s special mission as a site of open-ended enquiry. The latter, ideally, increases our knowledge and helps us develop new interpretations of phenomena, which can be then used by policy-making institutions whose goals — again, ideally — have been set by democratic decision-making.

From this perspective, for the university to directly participate in political life as an avowed agent of social change is perilous both for politics and the university. Just as politics loses its specificity as a bounded domain of acknowledged, and therefore constrained, conflict over what is to be done, so does the university lose its distinction as a site in which individuals are free, or rather incited, to question certainties and consensuses in order to awaken clearer thinking. This understanding of the university has been the foundation of support for academic freedom of speech, which otherwise appears as a politically risky, ethically perverse, or simply futile permission to say things that are offensive, erroneous, or useless.

It is difficult to evaluate, of course, the extent to which administrators, who by now appear habituated to issuing such statements, conceive of themselves as acting on any coherent vision of the university or of political life. It is equally difficult to assess the genuine impact of position statements on the climate of universities regarding freedom of speech. Everyone on every campus has seen such documents, has been summoned by them as members of an imaginary unanimous body to feel and think in common. But the process by which a statement is produced is nearly always opaque, as is its meaning to readers.

The history of position statements has not been investigated. We don’t know how they have become so commonplace, how they have emerged as apparently obligatory responses to current events. Each time one of these documents is disseminated, it comes as it were out of a black box, with no explanation of why the university is responding to this issue (but not others) through these administrators (but not others), with these resources (but not others). There is no archiving or accountability for their production. They are everywhere and speak for all of us — and they are no one’s responsibility. Taking them seriously, perhaps, will open a new opportunity to consider what the university should be, and what we are allowing it to become.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 13:20:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.chronicle.com/article/do-administrators-think-theyre-spiritual-healers
Killexams : Supreme Court's embrace of 'major questions' could rein in administrative state The Supreme Court is visible as a boy sits across the street in Washington on July 1, 2022. © Provided by Washington Examiner The Supreme Court is visible as a boy sits across the street in Washington on July 1, 2022.

In deciding West Virginia v. EPA last term, the Supreme Court invoked a rarely used concept called the “major questions doctrine.” This holds that when an administrative agency claims authority to issue a far-reaching or unprecedented new rule, it must be able to show that Congress specifically authorized what the agency is proposing. At this time, with this court, we are likely to see many more cases in which this agency-restricting doctrine is invoked.

The underlying policy of the major questions doctrine is as clear as the Constitution itself: Under the Constitution’s separation of powers, Congress must make the laws, not an administrative agency. Administrative agencies cannot use a generally stated authority from Congress, such as the EPA’s authority to address air pollution or climate change, to create rules that the agency cannot show were intended or even contemplated by Congress. If the conservative majority of the court stays with this position — and there is every indication that it will — the result will be a narrowing of the powers of administrative agencies.

The facts of the case provide some guidance for how far agencies can stray from the authority they receive from Congress. Over time, the EPA has been authorized to limit air pollution as well as the release of carbon dioxide and other so-called greenhouse gases that some scientists believe can create unwanted climate change. However, the EPA used this authority to issue regulations that would completely change the structure of the private power industry.

Under existing EPA rules, electricity-generating power plants must use the “best system of emission reduction” consistent with their means of power production, whether they burn coal or gas. Coal, even under this standard, will always emit more greenhouse gases than natural gas emits per unit of energy. But as long as coal plants use the best technology available, the law says they can continue to operate.

Also — and this is a unique element of the interrelated electric power industry — when one power generator reduces its production, the others can automatically increase theirs.

So in the EPA’s “Clean Power Plan” rule, as the Supreme Court’s decision described it, the operator of a coal plant could choose one of two options: either to reduce its own production and sell a credit to others whose production has increased as a result or to “build a new natural gas plant, wind farm, or solar installation, or invest in someone else’s existing facility, and then increase generation there.”

According to the EPA, this change in industry structure, called “generation-shifting,” would reduce greenhouse emissions by reducing the production of existing coal plants. But in effect, it completely changed the coal-fired generating industry, forcing it to reduce its production and invest “outside the fence” in non-coal generating sources. Whether or not this is good climate policy, it was a major change in the way the power industry had previously been regulated. It probably threatened the viability and profitability of generating power from coal.

But did Congress authorize (or would it authorize) such a major change in the way power generation from coal was regulated? This question put the issue front and center. How far can a regulatory agency go, beyond the words Congress used to establish the agency’s authority, before it has begun to make laws instead of merely implementing them? This is one of the most fundamental questions that the Supreme Court has faced in the past and will confront in the future.

As the world and the U.S. economy become increasingly complex, can Congress be expected to anticipate these changes? On the other hand, if we are going to have a system in which administrative agencies (and not Congress) are making all the rules, aren’t we then really governed by a faceless and unelected bureaucracy, instead of the people we elect to represent us?

Political scientists and other observers have noted that, over many years, Congress has been able to avoid tough decisions by sending ambiguous authority to administrative agencies. Then, when constituents complain about the breadth of regulations, members of Congress blame the agencies rather than their own failure to use clear and precise statutory language. Indeed, one of the principal reasons the Supreme Court has probably used the major questions doctrine in this case is to force Congress to authorize rules that would reduce emissions of greenhouse gases if it is serious about the issue.

Finally, one other important element in this case deserves notice. The word Chevron appears nowhere in the court’s decision — only in the dissent. This is significant. In 1984, the Supreme Court unanimously held in Chevron v. Natural Resources Defense Council that lower courts should defer to administrative agencies' views about their regulatory authority when those views are “reasonable.” The decision became one of the most cited and important in administrative law and clearly added significant heft to agency powers.

West Virginia v. EPA could have been a classic Chevron case, with the EPA arguing that its decision on the elements of the Clean Power Plan deserved what was called Chevron deference. The fact that Chevron appears nowhere in the majority’s decision (written by Chief Justice John Roberts) suggests that the court will no longer employ the Chevron doctrine — another blow to the administrative state.

Peter J. Wallison is a senior fellow emeritus at the American Enterprise Institute. His most recent book is Judicial Fortitude: The Last Chance to Rein in the Administrative State (Encounter, 2018).

 

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Tags: Opinion, Op-Eds, EPA, Supreme Court, Climate Change, Law

Original Author: Peter Wallison

Original Location: Supreme Court's embrace of 'major questions' could rein in administrative state

Sun, 18 Sep 2022 16:47:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/money/markets/supreme-court-s-embrace-of-major-questions-could-rein-in-administrative-state/ar-AA11Z1Ca
Killexams : Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Trends, Business Overview, Industry Growth, and Forecast 2022 To 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Sep 21, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- Number of Tables and Figures :151 | The global "Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market"size is projected to reach Multimillion USD by 2028, In comparison to 2021, at unexpected CAGR during 2022-2028 and generated magnificent revenue. The market is segmented on the basis of End-user Industry (600V-1200V IGBT, Above 1200V IGBT), By Type (Normal Epoxy Molding Compound, Green Epoxy Molding Compound), and Geography (Asia-Pacific, North America, Europe, South America, and Middle-East and Africa).

Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Research Report is spread across 109 Pages and provides exclusive data, information, vital statistics, trends, and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.

Market Analysis and Insights: Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT market size is estimated to be worth USD million in 2022 and is forecast to a readjusted size of USD million by 2028 with a Impressive CAGR during the forecast period 2022-2028. Fully considering the economic change by this health crisis, Normal Epoxy Molding Compound accounting for % of the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT global market in 2021, is projected to value USD million by 2028, growing at a revised % CAGR from 2022 to 2028. While 600V-1200V IGBT segment is altered to an % CAGR throughout this forecast period.

North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT market is estimated at USD million in 2021, while Europe is forecast to reach USD million by 2028. The proportion of the North America is % in 2021, while Europe percentage is %, and it is predicted that Europe share will reach % in 2028, trailing a CAGR of % through the analysis period 2022-2028. As for the Asia, the notable markets are Japan and South Korea, CAGR is % and % respectively for the next 6-year period.

The global major manufacturers of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT include Kyocera, KCC, Sumitomo Bakelite, SHOWA DENKO MATERIALS, Chang Chun Group, Hysol Huawei Electronics, Panasonic, Samsung SDI and Eternal Materials, etc. In terms of revenue, the global 3 largest players have a % market share of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT in 2021.

Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market: Drivers and Restrains

The research report has incorporated the analysis of different factors that augment the market’s growth. It constitutes trends, restraints, and drivers that transform the market in either a positive or negative manner. This section also provides the scope of different segments and applications that can potentially influence the market in the future. The detailed information is based on current trends and historic milestones. This section also provides an analysis of the volume of production about the global market and about each type from 2017 to 2028. This section mentions the volume of production by region from 2017 to 2028. Pricing analysis is included in the report according to each type from the year 2017 to 2028, manufacturer from 2017 to 2022, region from 2017 to 2022, and global price from 2017 to 2028.

A thorough evaluation of the restrains included in the report portrays the contrast to drivers and gives room for strategic planning. Factors that overshadow the market growth are pivotal as they can be understood to devise different bends for getting hold of the lucrative opportunities that are present in the ever-growing market. Additionally, insights into market expert’s opinions have been taken to understand the market better.

Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market: Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2017 to 2028. by Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2017 to 2028. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Get a sample PDF of report -https://www.360researchreports.com/enquiry/request-sample/21442885

COVID-19 IMPACT ON MARKET

The outbreak of COVID-19 has severely impacted the overall supply chain of the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT market. The halt in production and end use sector operations have affected the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT market. The pandemic has affected the overall growth of the industry In 2020 and at the start of 2021, Sudden outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic had led to the implementation of stringent lockdown regulations across several nations resulting in disruptions in import and export activities of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT.

COVID-19 can affect the global economy in three main ways: by directly affecting production and demand, by creating supply chain and market disruption, and by its financial impact on firms and financial markets. Our analysts monitoring the situation across the globe explains that the market will generate remunerative prospects for producers post COVID-19 crisis. The report aims to provide an additional illustration of the latest scenario, economic slowdown, and COVID-19 impact on the overall industry.

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.

TO KNOW HOW COVID-19 PANDEMIC AND RUSSIA UKRAINE WAR WILL IMPACT THIS MARKET - REQUEST SAMPLE

Who are the key Players in the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT market?

● Kyocera
● KCC
● Sumitomo Bakelite
● SHOWA DENKO MATERIALS
● Chang Chun Group
● Hysol Huawei Electronics
● Panasonic
● Samsung SDI
● Eternal Materials
● Jiangsu Zhongpeng New Material
● Shin-Etsu Chemical
● Hexion
● Nepes
● Tianjin Kaihua Insulating Material
● HHCK
● Scienchem
● Beijing Sino-tech Electronic Material

Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Development Strategy Pre and Post COVID-19, by Corporate Strategy Analysis, Landscape, Type, Application, and Leading 20 Countries covers and analyzes the potential of the global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT industry, providing statistical information about market dynamics, growth factors, major challenges, PEST analysis and market entry strategy Analysis, opportunities and forecasts. The biggest highlight of the report is to provide companies in the industry with a strategic analysis of the impact of COVID-19. At the same time, this report analyzed the market of leading 20 countries and introduce the market potential of these countries.

It also provides accurate information and cutting-edge analysis that is necessary to formulate an ideal business plan, and to define the right path for rapid growth for all involved industry players. With this information, stakeholders will be more capable of developing new strategies, which focus on market opportunities that will benefit them, making their business endeavors profitable in the process.

Get a sample Copy of the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Report 2022

Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market 2022 is segmented as per type of product and application. Each segment is carefully analyzed for exploring its market potential. All of the segments are studied in detail on the basis of market size, CAGR, market share, consumption, revenue and other vital factors.

Which product segment is expected to garner highest traction within the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market In 2022:

● Normal Epoxy Molding Compound
● Green Epoxy Molding Compound

Which are the key drivers supporting the growth of the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT market?

● 600V-1200V IGBT
● Above 1200V IGBT

Which region is expected to hold the highest market share in the Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market?

● North America (United States, Canada and Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey etc.) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam) ● South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia etc.) ● Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

This Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Research/Analysis Report Contains Answers to your following Questions

● Which Manufacturing Technology is used for Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT? What Developments Are Going On in That Technology? Which Trends Are Causing These Developments? ● Who Are the Global Key Players in This Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market? What are Their Company Profile, Their Product Information, and Contact Information? ● What Was Global Market Status of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market? What Was Capacity, Production Value, Cost and PROFIT of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market? ● What Is Current Market Status of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Industry? What’s Market Competition in This Industry, Both Company, and Country Wise? What’s Market Analysis of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market by Taking Applications and Types in Consideration? ● What Are Projections of Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Industry Considering Capacity, Production and Production Value? What Will Be the Estimation of Cost and Profit? What Will Be Market Share, Supply and Consumption? What about Import and Export? ● What Is Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Chain Analysis by Upstream Raw Materials and Downstream Industry? ● What Is Economic Impact On Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Industry? What are Global Macroeconomic Environment Analysis Results? What Are Global Macroeconomic Environment Development Trends? ● What Are Market Dynamics of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market? What Are Challenges and Opportunities? ● What Should Be Entry Strategies, Countermeasures to Economic Impact, and Marketing Channels for Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Industry?

Our research analysts will help you to get customized details for your report, which can be modified in terms of a specific region, application or any statistical details. In addition, we are always willing to comply with the study, which triangulated with your own data to make the market research more comprehensive in your perspective.

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Major Points from Table of Contents:

Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Research Report 2022-2026, by Manufacturers, Regions, Types and Applications

1 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT
1.2 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Size Growth Rate Analysis by Type 2022 VS 2028
1.3 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Segment by Application
1.3.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption Comparison by Application: 2022 VS 2028
1.4 Global Market Growth Prospects
1.4.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Revenue Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.4.2 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5 Global Market Size by Region
1.5.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Size Estimates and Forecasts by Region: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028
1.5.2 North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.3 Europe Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.4 China Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)
1.5.5 Japan Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

2 Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.2 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Revenue Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.3 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
2.4 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Average Price by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.5 Manufacturers Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Sites, Area Served, Product Types
2.6 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.6.1 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Concentration Rate
2.6.2 Global 5 and 10 Largest Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Players Market Share by Revenue
2.6.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion

3 Production by Region
3.1 Global Production of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.2 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.3 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.4 North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production
3.4.1 North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.4.2 North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.5 Europe Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production
3.5.1 Europe Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.5.2 Europe Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.6 China Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production
3.6.1 China Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.6.2 China Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.7 Japan Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production
3.7.1 Japan Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.7.2 Japan Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

4 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Region
4.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Region
4.1.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Region
4.1.2 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption Market Share by Region
4.2 North America
4.2.1 North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Country
4.2.2 U.S.
4.2.3 Canada
4.3 Europe
4.3.1 Europe Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Country
4.3.2 Germany
4.3.3 France
4.3.4 U.K.
4.3.5 Italy
4.3.6 Russia
4.4 Asia Pacific
4.4.1 Asia Pacific Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Region
4.4.2 China
4.4.3 Japan
4.4.4 South Korea
4.4.5 China Taiwan
4.4.6 Southeast Asia
4.4.7 India
4.4.8 Australia
4.5 Latin America
4.5.1 Latin America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Consumption by Country
4.5.2 Mexico
4.5.3 Brazil

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5 Segment by Type
5.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.2 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Price by Type (2017-2022)
6 Segment by Application
6.1 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.2 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.3 Global Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Price by Application (2017-2022)

7 Key Companies Profiled
7.1 Information
7.1.2 Product Portfolio
7.1.3 Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.1.4 Main Business and Markets Served
7.1.5 recent Developments/Updates

8 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Manufacturing Cost Analysis
8.1 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Key Raw Materials Analysis
8.1.1 Key Raw Materials
8.1.2 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
8.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
8.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT
8.4 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Industrial Chain Analysis

9 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers
9.1 Marketing Channel
9.2 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Distributors List
9.3 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Customers

10 Market Dynamics
10.1 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Industry Trends
10.2 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Drivers
10.3 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Challenges
10.4 Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Market Restraints

11 Production and Supply Forecast
11.1 Global Forecasted Production of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Region (2023-2028)
11.2 North America Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
11.3 Europe Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
11.4 China Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)
11.5 Japan Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)

12 Consumption and Demand Forecast
12.1 Global Forecasted Demand Analysis of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT
12.2 North America Forecasted Consumption of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Country
12.3 Europe Market Forecasted Consumption of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Country
12.4 Asia Pacific Market Forecasted Consumption of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Region
12.5 Latin America Forecasted Consumption of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Country

13 Forecast by Type and by Application (2023-2028)
13.1 Global Production, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2023-2028)
13.1.1 Global Forecasted Production of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Type (2023-2028)
13.1.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Type (2023-2028)
13.1.3 Global Forecasted Price of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Type (2023-2028)
13.2 Global Forecasted Consumption of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Application (2023-2028)
13.2.1 Global Forecasted Production of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Application (2023-2028)
13.2.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Application (2023-2028)
13.2.3 Global Forecasted Price of Epoxy Molding Compounds (EMC) for IGBT by Application (2023-2028)

14 Research Finding and Conclusion

15 Methodology and Data Source
15.1 Methodology/Research Approach
15.1.1 Research Programs/Design
15.1.2 Market Size Estimation
15.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
15.2 Data Source
15.2.1 Secondary Sources
15.2.2 Primary Sources
15.3 Author List
15.4 Disclaimer

Continued...

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Tue, 20 Sep 2022 16:52:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/epoxy-molding-compounds-emc-for-igbt-market-trends-business-overview-industry-growth-and-forecast-2022-to-2028-2022-09-21
Killexams : Baldwin EMC latest to send relief to south Florida

SUMMERDALE, Ala. (WALA) - Baldwin EMC is the latest electric cooperative from our area to send crews to south Florida to help with disaster recovery. A crew of 20 pulled out shortly after 2:00 p.m. Monday, October 3, 2022.

The decision was made Monday morning to hit the road after a call came in from Lee County Electric Cooperative. Lee County was hit the hardest by Hurricane Ian and Baldwin EMC has a mutual aid agreement with them. Sixty-eight percent of the cooperative’s customers are still without power there.

Baldwin EMC sent 20 crew members to assist Lee County Electric Cooperative in south Florida(Hal Scheurich)

“They were impacted greatly. They have a lot of fallen power lines, fallen power poles, broken transformers, so they have the work cut out for them over the next several days,” said Mark Ingram with Baldwin EMC.

Baldwin EMC sent people with various skill sets and equipment to help restore power to parts of Lee County and the surrounding area. They pulled out of the Summerdale office with a sendoff from many of their fellow employees and will be gone for at least a week.

“Of the twenty employees that we have going, it consists of linemen. It consists of right-of-way personnel and it also consists of a mechanic and one superintendent as far as the lead,” Ingram said.

Fairhope Utilities sent out a crew to Florida before Hurricane Ian even made landfall. Those workers staged in Gainesville and have since been working in the Wauchula area.

Riviera Utilities also sent out crews last week as well. Sixteen people left Friday morning and have been focusing on the Lakeland area. Chief Engineer, Scott Sligh said they first focused on rebuilding main lines and have now moved to residential service.

“They are going block by block, working and the lines are actually all behind the houses which really slows things down because it’s a lot of climbing that they have to do…a lot of manual work so it’s much slower but that’s what they’re doing now,” Sligh explained.

Riviera’s workers could be back within the week. Sligh said a typical day for his guys begins at 5 a.m., with lunch and snacks in the field and the day’s work often doesn’t end until 9 o’clock at night.

---

Download the FOX10 Weather App. Get life-saving severe weather warnings and alerts for your location no matter where you are. Available free in the Apple App Store and the Google Play Store.

Mon, 03 Oct 2022 06:34:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.fox10tv.com/2022/10/03/baldwin-emc-latest-send-relief-south-florida/
Killexams : Des Moines-based EMC Insurance Co. announces planned job cuts as it exits reinsurance business

desmoinesregister.com cannot provide a good user experience to your browser. To use this site and continue to benefit from our journalism and site features, please upgrade to the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari.

Tue, 27 Sep 2022 13:24:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.desmoinesregister.com/story/money/business/2022/09/27/des-moines-emc-insurance-co-announces-exit-reinsurance-business-65-job-cuts/10444926002/
Killexams : OPINION - Energy help welcome but questions remain ADAMS20220921.jpg © Christian Adams ADAMS20220921.jpg

Today, the Government announced a cap on energy bills for businesses from October, which is intended to help them survive in the harsh economic winter. Small- and medium-sized companies in particular need stability and help with rising prices. Today’s announcement will provide some relief and the clarity they have been demanding, though it’s hard to see how they can respond by taking on more staff, given the shortage of labour.

The “fiscal event”, or mini-Budget, that the Chancellor will be launching on Friday has been billed as a growth plan. There is nothing wrong with a dash for growth but it has one impediment, the huge amount of public debt it entails. As we report today, the interest on government debt — about a quarter of the national debt is linked to inflation — was £8.2 billion in August alone. That means, when interest rates rise, or when the confidence of overseas investors in the UK economy falters, the price of servicing the debt will go up further.

The Office for National Statistics figures today showed that public-sector net debt, excluding public-sector banks, was £2,427.5 billion at the end of August, or around 96.6 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP), a dizzying figure. Liz Truss may be trying to channel Margaret Thatcher in her style and philosophy but this free spending at a time of high inflation sets her apart from her predecessor. Politically, a policy of lowering taxation, including tax on the wealthy, and increasing energy subsidies, without a windfall tax to pay for it, gives Labour scope to make clear its differences with the Government.

The growth strategy may pay off. We hope so. If the economy does respond to this stimulus with increased investment in the country, a further boost to employment rates and significantly larger tax revenues, the Prime Minister will feel vindicated. Let’s see.

United on Ukraine

THE US President and our Prime Minister differ on a number of issues. But they are at one on the most important international issue of the day, the war in Ukraine. The Defence Secretary Ben Wallace says today that President Putin’s latest gambit, the partial mobilisation of Russia’s reserve forces, is a sign of weakness. Certainly the instinct of the Russian leader is to raise the stakes when he is threatened. The decision to hold staged referendums in Russian-occupied parts of Ukraine stems from the same impulse. President Biden has responded strongly to the move; in his address to the UN today he will say it is a violation of the UN Charter.

This robust assertion of principle gives him common ground with the Prime Minister. They do not see eye-to-eye on the Northern Ireland protocol — and this will take all her diplomatic skills to resolve — or on “trickle-down economics” but their united stance on Ukraine and facing down Putin’s aggression is a good basis for their future co-operation.

Fashion forward

LONDON Fashion Week ended with a splendid tribute to the Queen by designer Richard Quinn, whose show she once attended. It’s been a sombre week, with the usual parties on hold and the shows respectful of the national mood, but it still demonstrates the importance of the industry as a critical part of the UK economy.

Register now for one of the Evening Standard’s newsletters. From a daily news briefing to Homes & Property insights, plus lifestyle, going out, offers and more. For the best stories in your inbox, click here.

Wed, 21 Sep 2022 01:05:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/opinion-energy-help-welcome-but-questions-remain/ar-AA125emc
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