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FSDEV exam - BCS Foundation Certificate in Systems Development Updated: 2024

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Exam Code: FSDEV BCS Foundation Certificate in Systems Development exam January 2024 by Killexams.com team

FSDEV BCS Foundation Certificate in Systems Development

One hour 'closed book' with 40 multiple choice questions

Pass mark is 65% (26/40)

Specific learning objectives

A comprehensive range of syllabus are covered, including:

Introduction to systems development

Life cycle types and their rationales

Business analysis

Requirements engineering

Making a business case

Programming and development approaches

Systems modelling and specification techniques

Systems design

System architecture

Quality and testing

Implementation and changeover

Evaluation and maintenance

Software support tools

Introduction to Systems Development (5%, K2) 7

2. Lifecycle types and their rationales (10%, K2) 7

3. Business Analysis (5%, K2) 8

4. Requirements Engineering (10%, K2) 8

5. Making a Business Case (10%, K3) 9

6. Programming and Development Approaches (10%, K2) 10

7. Systems Modelling and Specification Techniques (10%, K2) 10

8. Systems Design (10%, K2) 11

9. System Architecture (5%, K2) 12

10. Quality and Testing (10%, K2) 13

11. Implementation and Changeover (5%, K2) 14

12. Evaluation and Maintenance (5%, K2) 15

13. Software Support Tools (5%, K2)

This BCS Foundation Certificate in Systems Development is designed for anyone involved in
or affected by the development of IS/IT systems: this extends to Business and Systems
Analysts, Designers, Developers, Testers and other users and practitioners who want an
understanding of the coverage of Systems Development. Candidates will be able to
demonstrate an understanding of the principles systems development and delivery,
including, life cycle approaches, architecture, business analysis, requirements engineering,
systems modelling, design, development, testing, implementation and communication
between the various roles involved in systems development and delivery.

This exam sits below the range of BCS modular Certificates in Systems Development and
the BCS Diploma in Solution Development. It can be used to provide a foundation in the
subject for certified in other disciplines.

A pass in this Certificate is an optional requirement of the BCS International Diploma in
Systems Development, for candidates wishing to follow that certification pathway later.

Specific Learning Objectives

A comprehensive range of syllabus are covered, including:

 Introduction to Systems Development

 Life Cycle types and their Rationales

 Business Analysis

 Requirements Engineering

 Making a Business Case

 Programming and Development Approaches

 Systems Modelling and Specification Techniques

 Systems Design

 System Architecture

 Quality and Testing

 Implementation and changeover

 Evaluation and maintenance

 Software Support Tools


For each top-level area of the syllabus a percentage and K level is identified. The
percentage is the exam coverage of that area, and the K level identifies the maximum level
of knowledge that may be examined for that area.

1. Introduction to Systems Development (5%, K2)

The objective is to understand the scope of systems development work and its relationship to other associated disciplines.

1.1 What is systems development

1.2 The scope of systems development

1.3 Relationship with other disciplines such as project management, programming, testing, service management, change and configuration management

2. Lifecycle types and their rationales (10%, K2)

The objective is to understand the range of systems development lifecycles, their application, advantages and disadvantages.
2.1 Systems Development Lifecycles

 Waterfall model

 V model

 Incremental model

 Spiral model

 Unified Process

2.2 For each lifecycle

 Principles and rationale

 Structure and stages

 Advantages

 Disadvantages

 Selection criteria

 Team roles and responsibilities

2.3 Adaptation and customisation of the lifecycles

2.4 Project management and the lifecycles

 Responsibilities of project managers in systems development

 Difference between project life cycles and systems development life cycles

3. Business Analysis (5%, K2)

The objective is to understand the objectives, activities and deliverables of business analysis


3.1 Definition of Business Analysis

3.2 Holistic discipline

 Focus on business problems and opportunities

 Bridge between business and IT

3.3 Place of Business Analysis in the development lifecycle

 Feasibility study

 Requirements analysis

 User acceptance testing

 Implementation

 Post-implementation review/benefits realisation

3.4 Outcomes from Business Analysis

 People change

 Process change

 IT/IS change

 Organisation change

4. Requirements Engineering (10%, K2)

The objective is to understand the core activities of the requirements engineering approach

and the techniques used to define, document and manage requirements.

4.1 Key areas of Requirements Engineering

 Requirements elicitation

 Requirements analysis

 Requirements negotiation

 Requirements documentation

 Requirements validation

4.2 Techniques for requirements elicitation

 Workshops

 Interviews

 Observation

 Questionnaires

 Scenarios

 Prototyping

 Document analysis

4.3 For each elicitation technique

 Purpose of the technique

 Advantages

 Disadvantages

4.4 Types of requirements

 Functional

 Non-functional

4.5 Prioritising requirements

 Reasons for prioritisation

 Approach to prioritisation

4.6 Managing requirements

 Recording requirements documentation

 Change control

 Version control

 Traceability

 CASE tools

4.7 Analysing and validating requirements

 Feasibility checking

 Ensuring the consistency and correctness of the requirements

 The validation process and roles

 Responsibilities of the reviewers

5. Making a Business Case (10%, K3)

The objective is to understand the purpose of producing a business case and the structure and contents of a business case.

5.1 Feasibility checking

 Business feasibility

 Technical feasibility

 Financial feasibility

5.2 Elements of a business case

 Background and context to the business case

 Options

 Costs and benefits for each option

 Impacts of each option

 Risks of each option

 Recommended actions

5.3 Identifying, evaluating and selecting options

5.4 Principles of cost/benefit analysis

5.5 Principles of impact and risk analysis

6. Programming and Development Approaches (10%, K2)

The objective is to appreciate the different approaches to programming and development of software solutions and identify the key features of each.

6.1 Types of development approaches (these are not necessarily mutually-exclusive)

 Agile Approaches

 Extreme programming

 Iterative and incremental approaches (Dynamic Systems

Development Method)

 Exploratory/empirical approaches (Scrum, Adaptive Systems

Development, Crystal, Lean Development)

 Feature driven development

 Test driven development

 Procedural

 Waterfall lifecycle

 Structured Programming

 Object-Oriented approaches

 Service Oriented

 On Demand Software

 Application Service Provider (ASP)

 Open source development

 Commercial off-the-shelf packages (COTS)

7. Systems Modelling and Specification Techniques (10%, K2)

The objective is to understand the importance of modelling and documentation in the systems development process, to identify the different types models and be aware of the various perspectives they address.

7.1 Reasons for modelling

 To aid communication between actors

 As a basis for rigorous development

 To provide a standard approach

 To ensure consistency across the development

 To assist in the identification of re-use

 To compare the current situation with the required

7.2 Modelling from different perspectives

 Examples of models

 Modelling perspectives of ‘Why; What; How; When; Who; Where

 Modelling static data (top down and bottom up)

 Modelling process and business rules

 Modelling dynamic behaviour

 Modelling user interface

7.3 Cross-referencing different modelling perspectives

 Cross-referencing process and data (e.g. CRUD)

 Cross-referencing process and objectives

 Cross-referencing user roles and processes

7.4 Documentation and specification

 Importance of documentation

 Documentation configuration management and version control

 Keeping documentation up to date

8. Systems Design (10%, K2)

The objective is to recognise the fundamental objectives and principles of good systems design.

8.1 The location of systems design in the systems development lifecycle

8.2 The objectives and constraints of systems design

 Objectives reflect many of the software qualities also identified in section

10. They include the need to deliver required functionality, reliability, maintainability, flexibility, expandability, usability, efficiency, re-usability, testability and adherence to standards

 Constraints on design include budget, time, skills available, influence of current (legacy) systems, target hardware and software platforms and internal politics

8.3 Input design, input technologies and their application

 Keyboard input considerations including data validation and data

verification requirements

 Existence check

 Range check

 Format check

 Cross-field (consistency) check

 Cost, time and accuracy advantages of direct data input

 Direct data input technologies including signals, voice, scanning, Optical Character Recognition (OCR), Magnetic Ink Character Recognition (MICR), Optical Mark Recognition (OMR), bar codes, swipe cards and mouse

 Application of direct data input technologies within given scenarios

8.4 Output technologies and their application (screen and form design is covered in the interface design and usability section of the syllabus)

 Output design technologies including different types of screens, printers and digital media, public display screens (for example, at bus stops) and mobile telephones

 Application of output design technologies within given scenarios

8.5 The objectives and principles of process design

 Stepwise refinement – the process of the elaboration of requirements

 Expressing processes through the constructs of sequence, condition and repetition

 Modularity and the principles of coupling and cohesion

 The principles of abstraction, encapsulation and generalisation

8.6 The objectives and principles of data design

 The aims and principles (but not conduct) of normalisation

 File organisation methods: serial, sequential, index-sequential and random

 File access methods: searches, indexes and algorithms

 Principles of hierarchical, network, relational and object-oriented database

management systems

8.7 The design of codes

 Factors affecting the design of a successful code, including uniqueness, stability, expandability and length

 The principles of facetted codes

 The use and definition of check digits

8.8 The scope and principles of security design

 Physical security of the computer environment

 Logical security measures such as passwords

 Firewalls, anti-virus software and spy-ware

 The function and content of audit trails

 Principles of the Computer Misuse Act

 Principles of the Data Protection Act

9. System Architecture (5%, K2)

The objective is to recognise the importance of a well-developed architecture as an integral

part of good system development.

9.1 Types of architecture

 Enterprise architecture and IT architecture

 Systems and application architecture

 Data architecture

9.2 Objectives and principles of systems architectures

 What is an IT architecture?

 Why is an architecture important?

 Underlying principles of architectures

9.3 Stakeholders and roles in architecture

 Customers and sponsors

 Service and product providers

 Designers and developers

 IT architect

9.4 Management of the architecture

 Monitoring compliance

 Handling change

 Evolution of architecture

9.5 The tiered architecture approach to IT system development

 The components of an IT architecture

 Interface, process and data layers

9.6 Service Oriented Architecture and Service Oriented Development Applications

 Services and technologies

 Examples of services

10. Quality and Testing (10%, K2)

The objective is to recognise the role of testing through the lifecycle.

10.1 The definition of software quality

 The need to meet robustness and reliability requirements

 The need to meet functional requirements

 The need to meet non-functional requirements, particularly usability

 The need for inherent software product qualities such as maintainability,

flexibility and efficiency

10.2 The objectives and limitations of testing

 The causes of software defects and the distinction between errors, faults

and failures

 The distinction between static and dynamic testing

 General testing principles

 Testing shows the presence of defects

 Exhaustive testing is impossible

 The principle and benefits of early testing

 The recognition of defect clustering

10.3 The structure and purpose of the static test stages of the V model

 Requirements

 Functional Specification

 Design Specification

 Module specification

10.4 The purpose and content of the dynamic test stages of the V model

 Component (unit) testing

 Component integration testing

 System testing

 Functional testing

 Non-functional testing

 User acceptance testing

10.5 Static testing

 Reviews and the test process

 Informal review

 Walkthrough

 Technical review

 Inspection

10.6 Dynamic testing

 Specification-based or black-box techniques

 Structure-based or white-box techniques

 Experience-based techniques

10.7 Re-testing (confirmation testing)

10.8 Regression testing

 Definition and scope of regression testing

 Opportunities for automating regression testing

11. Implementation and Changeover (5%, K2)

The objective is to recognise the importance of careful implementation.

11.1 The task of file and data conversion

 Technical feasibility of converting data

 Alternatives to automatically converting data, such as printing data out and re-entering it

11.2 The principles and problems of data mapping

 The principles of data mapping

 Common problems in data mapping, such as field type incompatibility, field

length differences, different field structures and absence of required fields in the current system

 Approaches to dealing with different field structures (for example, converting from one address field to three address line fields) and issues arising from populating newly defined fields with valid data

11.3 Plan, test and undertake data conversion

 Plan the steps and the timing of data conversion

 Write and test the data conversion programs

 The possible role of an automated test comparator in the testing process

 Undertake the actual conversion of live data

11.4 The role of supporting documentation, including user manuals

 The role and structure of an online help facility

 The role and structure of a printed user guide or user manual

 The role and structure of printed operational manuals

 The role and structure of technical documentation designed to allow the continuing support of the delivered software

11.5 Approaches to training

 Conventional lectures and workshops

 Remote mechanisms, such as web-casts and tele-conferencing

 Computer-based training (CBT) and e-learning initiatives

11.6 Define training needs and evaluate training effectiveness

 Identify current and proposed competencies

 Define an appropriate strategy, using approaches to training (11.5), to support the gaining of proposed competencies

 Assess the effectiveness of training in supporting these proposed competencies through post-course questionnaires and tests
11.7 Systems implementation

 The principles of direct changeover/conversion

 The advantages and disadvantages of direct changeover/conversion within a given scenario

 The principles of parallel running

 The advantages and disadvantages of parallel running within a given scenario

 The principles of pilot running

 The advantages and disadvantages of pilot running within a given scenario

12. Evaluation and Maintenance (5%, K2)

The objective is to recognise the need to evaluate a delivered system and to enhance it through subsequent maintenance.

12.1 The location of maintenance in the systems development life cycle

 Maintenance in abbreviated waterfall and V models

 The explicit reference to maintenance in the b model

 Maintenance in an iterative environment

12.2 The range of metrics which might be used to evaluate a delivered software product

 Characteristics of good metrics (for example, quantifiable, relevant, easy to collect)

 Metrics associated with the business objectives of the project (for example, concerned with improving profitability of the organisation)

 Metrics associated with the functional fit of the delivered software product (for example, number of corrective maintenance changes raised after implementation)

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BCS Foundation Certificate in Systems Development
Question: 71
New software is being installed to handle calls to a call centre. It is very different in
functionality from the system it is replacing. Which of the following is LIKELY to be the
BEST approach to implementation?
A. Large scale integration.
B. Direct changeover / conversion.
C. Acceptance testing.
D. Parallel running.
Answer: B
Question: 72
The systems administrators at a large organization have asked how a new payroll system
should be installed on the mainframe. In which of the following documents should these
installation instructions have been documented?
A. In the program documentation.
B. In the operations manual.
C. In the on-line help facility.
D. In the user guide.
Answer: B
Question: 73
In which of the following activities is the use of Computer Aided Software Engineering
tool UNLIKELY to be helpful?
A. During requirements capture.
B. During detail design.
C. During code generation.
D. During code testing.
Answer: D
Question: 74
Which of the following is NOT likely to be part of a Computer Aided Software Test tools
A. Dynamic testing.
B. Test management.
C. Static testing.
D. Quality Assurance testing.
Answer: D
Question: 75
Which of the following would NOT be included within an organizations Enterprise
A. Data and information.
B. Services and products.
C. Systems and applications.
D. Business processes.
Answer: B
Question: 76
A typical IT Architecture team is made up of a number of roles. Which of the following
is NOT usually part of such a team?
A. Sponsor.
B. Customer.
C. Project Manager.
D. Designer.
Answer: B
Question: 77
Which of the following roles is responsible for ensuring changes to an IT architecture are
carried out consistently and to standard?
A. IT Infrastructure Manager.
B. Standards Manager.
C. IT Architect.
D. Project Manager.
Answer: C
Question: 78
Which of the following acronyms refers to an architectural style whose goal is to achieve
loose coupling between interacting software agents?
Answer: C
Question: 79
Why does an Agile approach to development advocate user involvement throughout the
life cycle?
A. Users should learn more about IT.
B. Users are more flexible than developers.
C. It maintains focus on the users needs.
D. Users are an extra pair of hands in a busy development project.
Answer: C
Question: 80
Which of the following is a strength of the V model?
A. It shows the time frame for development.
B. It outlines the approach to application package implementation.
C. It clearly identifies the levels of testing.
D. It defines the roles required.
Answer: C
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  • ISA/IEC 61511 SIS Fundamentals Specialist (SFS)
  • ISA/IEC 61511 SIL Selection Specialist (SSS)
  • ISA/IEC 61511 SIL Verification Specialist (SVS)
  • ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist (CFS)
  • ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Risk Assessment Specialist (CRAS)
  • ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Design Specialist (CDS)
  • ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Maintenance Specialist (CMS)

If you are taking an associate exam (listed below), you have a six-month eligibility period, based on the day you complete your course, where you must complete all testing, including any reschedules or retests. 

If you take an associate exam only, your eligibility period is based on the day you pay the exam fee. 

  • Certified Automation Professional Associate
  • Control Systems Technician Associate

Fees and Payment Methods

ISA accepts payment for exam fees by check, certified check, money order, PayPal payment, wire transfer in US Dollars, or credit card. Make checks payable to ISA. For wire transfer account information, please contact ISA customer service. The following credit cards are accepted: AMEX, Discover, Master Card, and VISA. Purchase orders are not accepted.
  • Retest fees: 120 USD for ISA members and 150 USD for non-members
  • Reschedule fees: 120 USD for ISA members and 150 USD for non-members

There are no group discounts for course fees.

Displaying Your Certificate Program Credentials

ISA recommends the following for displaying or noting your credentials. As these are certificate programs and not certification programs, you should not list your certificate designations directly after your name. On your business card (signature block, resume, etc.), you should display/include your certificate designation in an area distinctly separate from your name and certificate/licensure/degree designations (e.g., CAP, PE, MBA, etc.). When possible, include "Certificate" or "Certificate Holder" after your designation listing (e.g. ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist Certificate Holder or ISA/IEC 61511 SIL Selection Specialist Certificate Holder).

ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Certificate Credentials

  • If you have achieved ISA/IEC 62443 Certificate 1: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Fundamentals Specialist (ISA/CFS)
  • If you have achieved ISA/IEC 62443 Certificate 2: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Risk Assessment Specialist (ISA/CRAS)
  • If you have achieved ISA/IEC 62443 Certificate 3: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Design Specialist (ISA/CDS)
  • If you have achieved ISA/IEC 62443 Certificate 4: ISA/IEC 62443 Cybersecurity Maintenance Specialist (ISA/CMS)

ISA/IEC 61511 Safety Certificate Credentials 

  • If you have achieved Certificate 1: ISA/IEC 61511 SIS Fundamentals Specialist. (Do not use ISA84 SFS.)
  • If you have achieved Certificate 2: ISA/IEC 61511 SIL Selection Specialist. (Do not use ISA84 SSS.) 
  • If you have achieved Certificate 3: ISA/IEC 61511 SIL Verification Specialist. (Do not use ISA84 SVS.)
  • If you have achieved Certificates 1 and 2: ISA/IEC 61511 SIS Fundamentals and ISA/IEC 61511 SIL Selection Specialist. (Do not use ISA84 SFS and SSS.)
  • If you have achieved Certificates 1 and 3: ISA/IEC 61511 SIS Fundamentals and ISA84 SIL Verification Specialist. (Do not use ISA84 SFS and SVS.)
  • If you have achieved Certificates 1, 2, and 3: ISA/IEC 61511 Safety Instrumented Systems Expert. (Do not use ISA84 SIS Expert.)
Tue, 13 Jul 2021 05:52:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.isa.org/certification/certificate-programs/certificate-testing
CISSP Certification Requirements And Cost

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

The Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP®) credential demonstrates mastery of developing and overseeing large-scale cybersecurity programs. When it comes to the best cybersecurity certifications, many consider CISSP the industry’s gold standard. Individuals who meet CISSP requirements can earn the certification and qualify to take on more professional responsibility in their cybersecurity jobs.

This guide offers information on CISSP certification requirements, including experience, suggested preparation times and CISSP certification exam costs.

What Is CISSP Certification?

CISSP certification, offered by (ISC)², is an advanced credential for information systems and cybersecurity professionals. This certification highlights an individual’s ability to create, deploy and manage cybersecurity efforts for large organizations.

CISSP certification requirements include a significant amount of professional experience and passing a lengthy exam. This credential suits experienced workers over entry-level and mid-level professionals.

Though this certification is not required by employers, it can boost candidates’ earning power and help them qualify for advanced roles in information security. CISSPs often work in positions like chief information security officer (CISO), network architect, security auditor and security manager, among others.

CISSP Certification Requirements

Aspiring CISSPs should familiarize themselves with the certification’s requirements before pursuing this credential.

Gain Experience

CISSP certification requirements stipulate that each candidate must have a minimum of five years of relevant professional experience. (ISC)² specifies eight security domains:

  • Domain 1: Security and risk management
  • Domain 2: Asset security
  • Domain 3: Security architecture and engineering
  • Domain 4: Communication and network security
  • Domain 5: Identity and access management
  • Domain 6: Security assessment and testing
  • Domain 7: Security operations
  • Domain 8: Software development security

Prospective CISSPs must accumulate experience in two of the eight domains to meet CISSP certification requirements. They can also apply (ISC)²-approved four-year college degrees and other credentials, which may qualify as a year of experience. Paid and unpaid internships also count toward the CISSP requirement.

Pass the Certification Exam

The CISSP exam covers the eight domains of security in a four-hour test comprising 125 to 175 required responses. These appear as multiple-choice questions and advanced innovative items. Test-takers must earn a 700 out of 1,000 to pass. Candidates register to take the exam with Pearson VUE.

Get Endorsed

After passing the exam, individuals can apply for endorsement online. The endorsement must come from an (ISC)²-certified professional who can advocate for your professional experience as a credential-holder in good standing. Individuals must receive endorsements within nine months of passing the exam.

Cost of Becoming a CISSP

Earning CISSP certification can deliver many professional benefits, but individuals should also understand the costs associated with pursuing the credential. Along with the required time investment, consider the following CISSP certification exam costs and any required payments relating to preparation and recertification.

CISSP Certification exam Prep

Many organizations offer prep courses for the CISSP certification exam, and their costs vary drastically. Make sure to include exam prep costs, which may range from a few hundred dollars to a few thousand, in your CISSP budget. (ISC)² offers several exam prep methods, including self-paced, instructor-led and team-based options.

CISSP Certification exam Cost

The CISSP certification exam costs $749. Individuals can receive vouchers from partner organizations after completing CISSP exam training courses.

Recertification Cost

Individuals must meet CISSP recertification requirements every three years to maintain their credentials. Each certification holder must earn 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over this three-year period. Costs relating to CPEs can vary significantly, but each certified individual must pay an annual $125 fee to (ISC)².

Common Careers for CISSPs

Individuals who have met CISSP requirements and earned their credentials can pursue work in many information security and cybersecurity roles. As of 2023, the number of open cybersecurity roles far outpaces the number of qualified professionals, indicating strong continued demand in the sector.

We sourced salary information for this section from Payscale.

Data from Cyberseek.org indicates that among current cybersecurity openings requiring certification, CISSP ranks as the most in-demand credential. The following section explores roles for CISSP certification-holders.

Chief Information Security Officer

Average Annual Salary: Around $173,500
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information security or a related field; master’s preferred
Job Description: CISOs rank among the top positions in information security for responsibility and salary. This C-suite role reports directly to the CEO and requires significant experience, practical skills and expertise in information security.

CISOs oversee their organizations’ information security efforts. Often referred to as “chief security officers,” they supervise teams of infosec workers, set organizational directives, establish company-wide best practices and manage resource allotment. CISOs working in large, international businesses may interact with government agencies and congresspeople to ensure compliance with legal standards for information security.

Information Technology Director

Average Annual Salary: Around $125,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field, MBA degree often preferred
Job Description: IT directors oversee departments of IT workers and manage organizations’ computer systems operations. They provide solutions to companies’ computer-related issues, including software upgrades, security concerns and general technical issues. IT directors communicate with executives to ensure company-wide directives are carried out successfully.

These directors research new IT software and hardware to keep their organizations up to date and safe. They track metrics for managing IT professionals, along with storage, hardware and software. IT directors also handle employee schedules and budget planning. As department heads, they must possess strong communication skills to interact with mid-level professionals and C-suite executives.

Security Analyst

Average Annual Salary: Around $73,500
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, computer and information technology or a related field
Job Description: Security analysts work in computer systems, networks and information security departments to prevent, monitor and respond to security breaches. This broad professional title refers to workers who handle a variety of tasks in computer and network security.

These professionals work in many industries as “first responders” for cyberattacks. They must demonstrate deep knowledge of hardware, software and data storage to understand potential vulnerabilities and security solutions. Security analysts may help design security systems and handle encryption efforts for businesses to protect sensitive information.

Network Architect

Average Annual Salary: Around $126,000
Required Education: Bachelor’s degree in network engineering or a related field; master’s in cybersecurity or a related field often preferred
Job Description: Network architects design and implement organizations’ security infrastructures. These professionals test and analyze existing safety structures to identify vulnerabilities and improvements. They install and maintain computer systems, including interconnected devices like firewalls and routers.

Before deploying any updates or upgrades, these information security professionals create models to test their networks in a controlled environment. Modeling allows network architects to forecast security and traffic issues before implementing their infrastructures in the real world. They also train and educate IT workers on organizational best practices.

Frequently Asked Questions About CISSP Requirements

What are the requirements to become CISSP-certified?

The two primary CISSP requirements are passing the exam and gaining five years of relevant professional experience.

No. CISSP certification suits experienced cybersecurity and information security professionals, requiring a minimum of five years of experience in the field.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 01:12:00 -0600 Matt Whittle en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/cissp-certification-requirements/
Take a CompTIA deep dive for just $65 No result found, try new keyword!Get on certification track in 2024! Between January 1 and 11:59pm PT on January 7, you can get The Complete 2024 CompTIA Certification Training Super Bundle by IDUNOVA for just $64.97 (reg. $585). Thu, 04 Jan 2024 18:14:56 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Office of Doctoral Studies

All doctoral students must take a certification examination or examinations as part of their Certification (towards the Ed.D. and Ed.D. CTAS degree) or Master of Philosophy (towards the Ph.D. degree) requirements.

Most Certification Examinations are taken on dates set by the college in February, June, and October, proctored by the Office of Doctoral Studies, however, some programs have take-home or internal examination requirements.

Please click your Department's link on the left to find the Certification Examination requirements for your program.

For those programs that require a Certification Examination Application form, it can be downloaded in the Forms section of our website. Please review our calendar to see when the next examination is being held and when the deadline for submission of the application form is.

Please see the following link for information on the college policy for Certification Examination retakes.


Wed, 13 Jun 2018 04:32:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.tc.columbia.edu/doctoral/certification-exam/
CBSE Board exam Date Sheet 2024: Timetable for Classes 10th and 12th released; obtain here CBSE Date Sheet 2024: In an official announcement, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has released the date sheet for the upcoming 2024 board examinations for both Class 10 and Class 12. Candidates appearing for the CBSE Class 10 and 12 board exams nationwide can now access the timetable here.
Exams for Classes 10 and 12 will be administered between February 15 and April 2, 2024. In order to maintain a consistent and standardised start time, all exams will begin at 10:30 AM (IST).
ALSO READ: CBSE Class 10, 12 Revised Date Sheet 2024 released at cbse.gov.in, check changes in exam dates
For Class 10th the main exams will commence on February 19, 2024, with Sanskrit, followed by Hindi on February 21, 2024. English will be held on February 26, 2024 and Science on March 2, 2024. Home Science is scheduled for March 4, 2024 followed by Social Science on March 7, 2024. The last two exams are Mathematics on March 11, 2024 and Information Technology on March 13, 2024.
ALSO READ: CBSE Class 10, 12 Practical Exams 2024 from January 1: 8 Tips to Excel

CBSE Board exam 2024: CBSE Class 10 Date Sheet for Important Subjects

Subject Code
February 19, 2024
119, 122
February 21, 2024
002, 085
February 26, 2024
101, 184
March 2, 2024
March 4, 2024
Home Science
March 7, 2024
Social Science
March 11, 2024
041, 241
March 13, 2024
Information Technology
165, 402, 417
As per the CBSE Class 12th Science Date Sheet 2024, exams commence on February 22, 2024, with English paper followed by Chemistry on February 27, 2024. Physics takes center stage on March 4, 2024 followed by Mathematics on March 9, 2024. Physical Education is slated for March 12, 2024 and Biology on March 19, 2024. The final exam for Computer Science is scheduled for April 2, 2024.
READ ALSO: CBSE Class 10, 12 Date Sheet 2024 Out: 8 Preparation Strategies for Last 60 Days

CBSE Class 12th Date Sheet 2024: Science Stream (Main Subjects)

Subject Code
February 22, 2024
001, 101, 301
February 27, 2024
March 4, 2024
March 9, 2024
041, 241
March 12, 2024
Physical Education
March 19, 2024
April 2, 2024
Computer Science

CBSE 12th Date Sheet 2024: Commerce Stream (Main Subjects)

Subject Code
February 22, 2024
001, 101, 301
March 9, 2024
041, 241
March 18, 2024
March 23, 2024
March 27, 2024
Business Studies 054, 833

CBSE Class 12th Date Sheet 2024: Humanities (Arts) Stream (Main Subjects)

Subject Code
February 19, 2024
Hindi Elective, Hindi Core
002, 302
February 22, 2024
English Elective, English Core, English Elective (Functional)
001, 301, 101
February 29, 2024
March 14, 2024
Various regional languages e.g. Punjabi, Bengali, Tamil, Telugu, Sindhi, Marathi and others
March 18, 2024
March 22, 2024
Political Science
March 28, 2024
March 30, 2024
Sanskrit Core
April 1, 2024

ALSO READ: CBSE Class 12 Board exam 2024 to Clash with JEE Main 2024 Session 2? CBSE exam Controller Clears the Air
Exams for the Arts stream start on February 19, 2024, with the Hindi Elective and Hindi Core papers; English follows on February 22, 2024, per the CBSE Class 12th Humanities Date Sheet 2024. March 2024 is set aside for core humanities courses like geography, political science, economics, history, and Sanskrit. The sociology assignment is due on April 1st, 2024.
READ ALSO: Top tips to score high in Political Science Board Exam, along with trial paper
When creating the schedule, CBSE made sure that there were sufficient breaks between the subjects that students usually took in both classes. When creating the Class 12 date sheet, the board also considered competitive exams like JEE Main.
A major part of the preparation was steering clear of more than 40,000 possible subject combinations. By taking this precaution, scheduling conflicts are minimised as no student's examinations for two subjects are scheduled on the same day.
Direct link to obtain the Class 12th Date Sheet for 2024
The examinations, which cover a wide range of subjects important for students pursuing their class 12 and 10 education, will be held until April 2, 2024. Keep checking back for updates, and for any further guidance, visit the official CBSE website.
Direct link to obtain the Class 10th Date Sheet for 2024
CBSE extends its best wishes to all students appearing in both Class X and Class XII examinations. Watch Unveiling Destiny: CBSE Board exam Date Sheet 2024 for Classes 10th and 12th released
Thu, 04 Jan 2024 05:39:00 -0600 en text/html https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/education/news/cbse-board-exam-date-sheet-2024-class-10th-and-12th-timetable-released-download-here/articleshow/105933154.cms
Prep for the CompTIA and other IT exams with this $40 bundle No result found, try new keyword!Get lifetime access to this CompTIA and IT exam course bundle for just $40 until Jan. 7 at 11:59 p.m. PT. Press TAB for Party View: Easily manage and sort your entire party's inventory on one screen. Thu, 04 Jan 2024 02:30:16 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ This CompTIA training is available now for only $65 No result found, try new keyword!Get The Complete 2024 CompTIA Certification Training Super Bundle by IDUNOVA, which is on sale for just $65. Wed, 03 Jan 2024 07:00:18 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ How To Get PMP Certification: Is PMP Certification Worth It?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

Project Management Professional (PMP)® certification can make you stand out against the competition in the field of project management. If you’ve wondered how to get PMP certification, know that you must first complete work experience, training courses and an exam.

But is PMP certification worth it? In this article, we’ll explore what it takes to get certified, how much you might have to pay and how PMP certification can help you level up your project management career.

What Is PMP Certification?

Professional certifications verify your career skills and allow you to learn more about important concepts and industry best practices that can help in your day-to-day operations.

PMP certification is the most widely recognized in the world of project management. It’s available through the Project Management Institute (PMI), which publishes the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK). The PMBOK is the Holy Grail of knowledge when it comes to project management concepts.

PMP certification demonstrates a strong understanding of the concepts set forth in the PMBOK and other reference materials. This designation can help you distinguish yourself from your peers and gain respected credentials in your field. Along the way, you’ll learn about concepts like Agile, waterfall project scheduling, leadership and business management.

How to Sign Up for PMP Certification

The first step to earning PMP certification is to begin work in the field of project management. PMP certification requires months of work experience. Precise requirements vary depending on your level of education. If you have a bachelor’s degree, you’ll need 36 months of relevant project experience to qualify for the PMP credential. Without a degree, you must complete 60 months of experience.

If you have this work experience or are working toward it, the next step is to complete at least 35 hours of formal PMP training, also called “contact hours,” or hold a current CAPM certification. You can complete contact hours through a PMP certification course, which you may take online or in person. These courses take a few weeks to a few months to complete, and they teach the concepts you should understand before taking the PMP certification exam.

Below, we’ll discuss how to get a PMP certification in more detail, including prerequisites and PMP exam costs.

PMP Certification Requirements

You must accomplish a certain amount of professional experience and formal training before you qualify for PMP certification.

If you have completed high school or an associate degree but not a bachelor’s, PMP certification requirements are as follows.

  • 60 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

If you have a bachelor’s degree, you must complete the following before pursuing PMP certification.

  • 36 months leading projects
  • 35 contact hours

PMP Cost

Most PMP certification training programs (through which you can earn your contact hours) range in cost from around $300 to around $3,000. Courses offered through well-known colleges and universities tend to cost more, but many also offer for-credit programs that result in undergraduate or graduate certificates. Consider a program that holds GAC accreditation when searching for courses. Free PMP certification training is available through some resources, but usually only for short trial periods.

To sit for the exam, the cost is $405 for PMI members or $575 for nonmembers.

PMP Time Commitment

How long does it take to get PMP certification? The most time-consuming part of the PMP certification process is completing the required work experience. Start documenting your work experience as soon as you consider applying for PMP certification. Once you get that experience under your belt, the rest of the certification process involves studying and scheduling your test. The time spent on this step can vary depending on your schedule and study habits, location and testing center availability.

Most PMP certification training courses take only a few weeks to a few months to complete. After that, it’s up to you how much time you spend studying for the certification exam. Retakes cost $275 for PMI members and $375 for nonmembers, so it’s best to go into the exam as prepared as possible.

PMP Renewal Costs

Once you’ve passed the PMP exam, you must complete a certain level of continuing education to keep your certification active. The renewal fee, due every three years, is $60 for PMI members or $150 for nonmembers.

Is PMP Certification Worth It?

To determine whether PMP certification is worth it to you, weigh the costs of certification against the potential benefits. Since we’ve listed the costs of PMP certification above, you likely have a good idea of the investment you’d need to make to get certified. Now, it’s time to consider your potential return on that investment.

Benefits of PMP certification

  • Salary increase. PMPs in the U.S. earn about 32% more than their non-certified peers in project management.
  • Greater respect in the industry. The Project Management Institute is the leading organization for project management knowledge and the publisher of the PMBOK. Earning PMP certification through PMI carries lots of weight in the project management industry.
  • Greater career opportunities. Holding PMP certification should make you more marketable when it comes to looking for better or different positions in project management.

Consider Your Career

Are you looking to make a career change? Move into a higher role in your current team? In either case, PMP certification could be just what you need to level up your career. As part of the certification process, you’ll learn industry best practices that you can start incorporating into your day-to-day work life immediately.

Look at Earning Potential vs. Certification Cost

According to PMI, PMP-certified professionals in the U.S. earn a median annual salary of $123,000, compared to a median of $93,000 for their non-certified colleagues. This translates to a 32% salary increase for certified PMPs.

Multiply your current salary by 1.32 to estimate your potential PMP certification salary. You can then weigh that salary increase against the cost of PMP certification training and the PMP exam. This cost vs. benefit analysis can help you understand whether PMP certification would be worth it for you.

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 23:13:00 -0600 Christin Perry en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/get-pmp-certification/
Gain Buy-In. Manage Risk. Scale Your Career.

Purdue University developed its online Project Management Essentials, Project Management Professional (PMP)® exam Preparation and Agile courses as a series to help learners effectively plan, orchestrate and control complex projects in their organizations. The courses also help learners prepare to pursue certification from the Project Management Institute (PMI) if they choose.

Project Management Essentials is the first step for professionals who seek fundamental knowledge and skills to immediately apply to their projects and advance their careers. It also helps learners earn the educational hours required by PMI for PMP certification.

Many of our learners follow up Project Management Essentials with the Agile Certificate Online Course and finally the PMP exam Preparation course. This course is an in-depth review designed for experienced project managers who want to gain a firm understanding of PMP exam content, identify areas of opportunity for strengthening their grasp of PM principles and develop a comprehensive study plan.

The Agile Certificate Online Course can be completed at any point in the series, or as a stand-alone course. It offers a deep dive into the Agile methodology and commonly used frameworks. Learners gain an understanding of cutting-edge practices they can immediately apply to their careers. They also earn the prerequisite contact hours in Agile training required by the PMI and will be prepared to sit for the PMI Agile Certified Professional (PMI-ACP)® or PMP certification exam.

Employers worldwide consider PMP certification the industry standard for project managers. As a result, the knowledge, skills and experience required for PMP certification are transferable across industries and continents.

Sat, 26 Feb 2022 16:29:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.purdue.edu/projectmanagementcertification/

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