CSTE questions pdf download with exam questions

The wide array associated with applicants visit killexams.com simply to download free CSTE Practice Test and assess the quality associated with dump. After that register for the complete version of CSTE test prep. All the particular updates are replicated in the MyAccount area of the candidate. CSTE free pdf are usually updated, valid plus latest each period. Real CSTE examination is very easy with these types of Practice Test.

Exam Code: CSTE Practice test 2023 by Killexams.com team
CSTE Certified Software Test Engineer (CSTE-001)

Exam : CSTE (CSTE-001)

Exam Name : Certified Software Test Engineer

Questions : 80

Duration : 60 min.

Passing Score : 56

Module 1 - Foundation

- Course Objectives

- What is Systems Engineering

- What is Software Systems Engineering?

- Why Should We Use Standards?

- Basic Principles for Standards

- ISO Compared to IEEE

- How Standards are Developed

- Organization of the SESC Standards

- Clauses

- Normative vs. Informative

- What Is in a Standard?

- What Is Not in a Standard?

- Where Standards Can Be Obtained?

- How to Tailor and Apply Standards

- Final Thoughts

- Other Resources

Module 2 - STDB

- Introduction to IEEE/EIA 12207

- Application of the IEEE/EIA 12207

- Applying the IEEE/EIA 12207 to Organizations and Projects

- 12207 Life Cycle Processes and Roles

- IEEE/EIA 12207 Processes and Their Interactions

- Tailoring the Processes

- The Structure of Life Cycle Processes

- The Influence of Total Quality Management

- The Relationship Between Systems and Software

- The Relationship Between Organizations and Parties

- Responding to Technology Evolution

- Events and Milestones

- Documenting Outputs

- The Role of Software Metrics

- Certification and Compliance

- Other Related Standards and Their Relationship

Module 3 - Module STDC - IEEE 12207 Project Life Cycles

- Overview of Project Lifecycle

- Types of Prototypes

- Applying Prototyping to Life Cycle Models

- Risks of Prototyping

- Commercial Items (COTS) and Reuse

- Selecting a Software Lifecycle Model

- Which Development Strategy to Pick?

- Using Risk Analysis to Determine the Right Development Strategy

- SLCM Selection Criteria

- Steps in Creating Life Cycle Processes

- SLCM Plans

- SLCM Plan Contents

- Considerations in Implementing and Maintaining the Software

- Establishing Life Cycle Processes

- Monitoring Life Cycle Processes

- Evaluating the Impact of Changes on Life Cycle Processes


- Compliance Managers

- Software Testing Engineers

- Technical Managers

- Software Design Engineers

- Test Consultants

- Software Quality Engineers

- Senior Test/Analyst

- Test Team Leaders

- Performance Test Engineers

- Documentation Specialist

- Process Analysts

- Project Managers

Certified Software Test Engineer (CSTE-001)
GAQM (CSTE-001) plan
Killexams : GAQM (CSTE-001) plan - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CSTE Search results Killexams : GAQM (CSTE-001) plan - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/CSTE https://killexams.com/exam_list/GAQM Killexams : Sixth Circuit Highlights Importance of the Plan Document

Wednesday, August 16, 2023

A recent decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit (Patterson v. United HealthCare Ins. Co., No. 22-3167, 2023 WL 4882436 (6th Cir. Aug. 1, 2023)) illustrates the importance of clearly describing key plan terms in the plan document and summary plan description.  Incomplete documentation or disclosure can nullify rights of the plan and its sponsor.

Patterson involved a medical plan’s right to be reimbursed for medical expenses paid by the plan in the event the plan participant recovers funds from a responsible third party.  A plan participant was injured in a traffic accident and his plan covered his medical costs.  When the participant later recovered damages from the person who caused the accident, the plan’s insurer asserted its right to be reimbursed.  The insurer pointed to language in the plan’s summary plan description that gave the plan a right to be reimbursed out of the participant’s recovery.  The parties eventually settled for $25,000.

A few months later, the participant’s wife was injured in a second traffic accident.  Again, the plan paid the injured wife’s medical expenses and the insurer sought reimbursement out of any recovery from the other driver.  This time, the participant’s wife was able to establish that although the plan’s right of recovery was described in the summary plan description, it was not described in the formal plan document.  Consequently, the plan’s insurer was not entitled to reimbursement from the participant’s wife.

Based on his wife’s experience, the participant then sued the plan’s insurer to get back his $25,000.  The insurer refused based on technical arguments under ERISA’s enforcement provisions.  The district court dismissed the case, but the Sixth Circuit reversed, concluding that ERISA gave the participant a right to seek recovery of his $25,000.

Proskauer’s Perspective 

Although ERISA generally allows medical plans (and plan sponsors) to recover benefit payments when the recipient recovers damages from a third party, the plan’s rights must be detailed in both the plan document and summary plan description.  Any ambiguity or lack of detail could be fatal to the plan’s case.  The Patterson case is a good reminder of the importance of having documents that are thorough, clear, and carefully drafted.

© 2023 Proskauer Rose LLP. National Law Review, Volume XIII, Number 228

Wed, 16 Aug 2023 04:18:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.natlawreview.com/article/sixth-circuit-highlights-importance-plan-document
Killexams : Coverage Plan

Search and filter:

 Discover the stories that resonate with your audiences via our search and filter tools (3)

Alerting: Receive notification of breaking news and story coverage developments (4)

Easy access: Coverage Plan is available to view via AP Newsroom and AP Video Hub on your desktop, tablet or mobile phone

Tue, 22 Aug 2023 00:57:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.ap.org/discover/APTN.com-redirect---Coverage-Plan
Killexams : Why your retirement plan should include a gold IRA
Gold IRAs are specifically designed for retirement and offer attractive tax benefits other investments don't. /Getty Images

When it comes to retirement planning, diversification is key. By spreading your investments across different asset classes, you can minimize risk and maximize returns. But while most people focus on stocks, bonds and mutual funds, there's another investment worth considering for your retirement strategy: gold.

Gold IRAs, in particular, are specifically designed for retirement investing, with attractive tax benefits not offered by other gold investments. By opening a gold IRA, you can enjoy these benefits and gain exposure to gold's many perks as an investment.

Learn how you can incorporate a gold IRA into your retirement plan with a free information kit.

Why your retirement plan should include a gold IRA

Here's why a gold IRA can be a valuable part of your retirement plan.

You'll get tax benefits

There are many ways to invest in gold. Arguably one of the biggest advantages of opting for a gold IRA is the tax benefits it provides.

Depending on the type of gold IRA you choose, you can enjoy tax benefits either now or in the future. A traditional gold IRA allows you to contribute pre-tax dollars, and your money is taxed when you withdraw it. A Roth gold IRA taxes your contributions when you make them, and your withdrawals are tax-free.

By considering your current and future financial needs, you can select the IRA type that will allow you to keep the most money in your pocket.

It protects your portfolio from market volatility

High-growth assets like stocks can be extremely unpredictable. When the markets dip, investors with a lot of money in these assets can lose significant amounts of money. 

Gold, on the other hand, is not correlated to the stock market. In fact, when stocks are down, gold usually performs well, which can help offset any losses you may experience in other investments. By keeping about 5% to 10% of your portfolio in gold, you can safeguard your retirement savings from risk while allocating room to higher-risk, higher-reward assets.

It's a hedge against inflation

Inflation can rapidly erode the value of your retirement savings. Gold is a proven hedge against inflation because, unlike paper currency, it can't be devalued by overproduction. It's an asset, currency and material and is used in everything from jewelry to electronics, so it's always in demand. And when investors seek to preserve their purchasing power from inflation, the increased demand drives prices up, making gold investments more valuable.

If you're concerned about the long-term impact of inflation on your retirement savings, a gold IRA can offer some protection and peace of mind.

Request your free investors kit today to find out if a gold IRA is right for you.

It's a safe-haven asset

Gold has historically performed well in times of economic turmoil and geopolitical uncertainty, delivering steady, reliable returns as other investments falter. In fact, central banks hold gold specifically because they trust its stability and safety.

In a world where there's always worrisome news of some type, gold can help your portfolio weather the storms that will inevitably arise between now and your retirement date.

The bottom line

Adding gold to your retirement plan is a wise move for many reasons. It delivers unique tax benefits, protects your money from market volatility and inflation and provides a safe haven from economic ups and downs. These things are crucial when it comes to an investment as important as your retirement.

Of course, as with any investment, you should do your own research and speak with a financial advisor to determine the best way to incorporate a gold IRA into your portfolio. Done right, you can reap the full rewards of this valuable retirement account.

Thu, 03 Aug 2023 02:27:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.cbsnews.com/news/why-your-retirement-plan-should-include-gold-ira/
Killexams : Biden opened a new student debt repayment plan. Here's how to enroll in SAVE.

New income-driven repayment plan could lower student loan debt bills

New income-driven repayment plan could lower student loan debt bills 00:24

The Biden administration opened its new student loan repayment plan for enrollment through a beta application, giving borrowers an early shot at signing up for the program. 

The Saving on a Valuable Education (SAVE) plan is an income-driven repayment program, or IDR, which pegs a borrower's monthly payment to their income, lowering their financial burden. But IDRs have had some major pitfalls, such as allowing interest to snowball on a borrower's debt, which prompted the Biden administration to develop SAVE as an alternative.

The new beta site comes as student loan repayments are set to resume this fall after a three-year pause due to the COVID health crisis, and a month after the Supreme Court blocked President Joe Biden's plan to erase up to $20,000 in debt per student borrower. Interest will begin accruing in September, with monthly payments restarting in October for borrowers.

Here's what to know about SAVE. 

Americans to face higher bills as childcare relief expires, student loan payments resume 04:03

How do I sign up for the SAVE beta program? 

The beta site is available at the Federal Student Aid income-driven repayment plan website. At the top of the site, you'll see a link that says, "New: Apply for SAVE Plan."

The site notes that applicants can start an IDR application, which includes the option to enroll in the new SAVE repayment plan.

"We're accepting applications now to help us refine our processes ahead of the official launch. If you submit an IDR application now, it will be processed and will not need to be resubmitted," the site notes.

I don't see the SAVE option. What happened?

If you apply and you don't see the option, you should try again later, according to the Education Department.

The Biden administration said that the SAVE option will be "available on and off during this beta testing period." 

What will my payments be under SAVE?

Borrowers could cut their monthly payments in half or even have monthly payments of $0. Many others will save up to $1,000 a year on repayments, according to the Biden administration. 

The program is based on income and family size, with lower-income households with more family members paying the least. 

For instance, a household with four family members and an annual income of $60,000 would pay $0 per month under the new plan, while a one-person household with the same income would pay $227 a month, the Education Department said.

Who qualifies for the SAVE plan?

The SAVE plan is available to borrowers with a direct loan in good standing, the Education Department said.

It will replace the existing Revised Pay-As-You-Earn (or REPAYE) plan, with people currently in the REPAYE plan being automatically enrolled in the SAVE plan, with their payments adjusted, the Biden Administration added.

How does the SAVE plan cut monthly payments? 

The SAVE plan reduces the percentage of personal income that borrowers must pay each month toward their student loan. The current IDRs for undergraduate loans calculate that borrowers pay 10% of income above 225% of the poverty line, but the SAVE plan will cut that to 5%, according to the Biden administration. 

Borrowers with both undergraduate and graduate loans will pay a weighted average of between 5% to 10% of their income, based on their loans' original principal balances, it added.

Mon, 31 Jul 2023 00:49:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.cbsnews.com/news/biden-new-student-loan-repayment-plan-save/
Killexams : New SAVE student loan plan will drive down payments for many: Here's how it works

freep.com cannot provide a good user experience to your browser. To use this site and continue to benefit from our journalism and site features, please upgrade to the latest version of Chrome, Edge, Firefox or Safari.

Fri, 18 Aug 2023 07:04:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.freep.com/story/money/personal-finance/susan-tompor/2023/08/14/how-bidens-save-plan-could-get-some-student-loan-bills-to-0-a-month/70558158007/
Killexams : Medicare Plan F: What Is It and How Does It Work?
Commissions we earn from partner links on this page do not affect our opinions or evaluations. Our editorial content is based on thorough research and guidance from the Forbes Health Advisory Board.

Table of Contents

{{ tocState.toggleTocShowMore ? 'Show more' : 'Show less' }}

Medicare can be a complicated subject—especially when you dive into all its variations. “A lot of people hear ‘Part A,’ ‘Part B,’ ‘Plan F’ and all these different letters flying around, and they definitely get a little confused,” says Sterling Price, a senior research analyst at ValuePenguin who specializes in health and life insurance.

*Dependent on the plan and participating health care providers—coverage may vary

Medicare is the federal health insurance program for older U.S. adults, available starting at age 65. It consists of two main plan options: Medicare Part A covers hospitalization without a premium, and Medicare Part B covers doctor and outpatient care for a monthly premium.

Meanwhile, Medicare Plan F is an example of Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap). As its name suggests, Medigap helps fill the gaps that Medicare doesn’t cover.

“When you go to the doctor, Medicare pays 80% of the approved amount,” says Casey Schwarz, senior counsel for education and federal policy at the Medicare Rights Center. “If you didn’t have a Medigap, you would pay 20%. But if you buy a Medigap plan, it pays that 20%.”

Despite its popularity, Medicare Plan F is no longer available to anyone signing up for Medicare for the first time. Here’s what that means for you.

What Is Medicare Plan F?

Historically, Medicare Plan F provided the most benefits of all the Medicare Supplement plans, says Price. It addresses some of the coverage gaps in Medicare Part A and Part B, which is why many people thought it was worth the extra premium, he notes.

The main benefit of Plan F, which sets it apart from other Medigap plans, is that it covers the
Medicare Part B annual deductible.

“Plan F was the best plan available,” says Price. “That’s why people were so interested in it. It was so popular, it was just automatically like, ‘OK, I’m signing up for Plan F. I’m not going to look at anything else.’”

What Does Medicare Plan F Cover?

Regardless of which insurance provider you choose, Plan F provides the following benefits:

  • Part A coinsurance and hospital costs up to an additional 365 days after Medicare benefits are used up
  • Part A deductible
  • Part A hospice care coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B deductible
  • Part B excess charges (if a provider is permitted to charge more than Medicare’s approved amount and does so)
  • Skilled nursing facility care coinsurance
  • Blood transfusion (first three pints)
  • Foreign travel emergency coverage (maximum of $50,000, after hitting a $250 deductible)

Plan F was designed to cover most charges that are not covered by Original Medicare. However, Plan F does not cover every medical cost or concern. 

What Is Not Covered by Medicare Supplement Plan F?

Plan F’s coverage is robust, but it still has gaps. For instance, Plan F does not cover:

  • Prescription drugs
  • Hearing health
  • Dental care
  • Vision care 
  • Surgeries that are deemed “cosmetic”

If you’re counting on coverage for any of those benefits, you’ll need to purchase additional coverage.

How Much Does Medicare Plan F Cost?

This figure depends on a multitude of factors. Plan F premiums hinge heavily on where you reside, but gender, age and tobacco use all come into play as well as insurance providers determine their rates. Sometimes discounts are available for non-smokers, women or married people who have multiple policies. Meanwhile, companies that use medical underwriting might set higher premium rates depending on your health status. 

People who are eligible for Plan F enrollment can expect to pay a monthly premium between $150 and $400 , with the average hovering around $230. Again, that number could vary significantly depending on the provider you pick and the personal factors mentioned above.

If you choose a high-deductible Plan F option, the annual deductible is $2,490.

Who Is Still Eligible for Medicare Plan F?

Those who were eligible for Medicare on or before January 1, 2020 can still sign up for Medicare Plan F. People who already had or were covered by Medicare Plan F before January 1, 2020 are also able to keep their plan.

Eligible people can purchase Medicare Plan F from private health insurance companies, such as Aetna, UnitedHealthcare and Kaiser Permanente, says Price.

Medicare Plan F Alternatives

People newly eligible for Medicare can’t sign up for Plan F, but they still have options when it comes to other Medigap plans. Here’s a look at what some experts say are the two best alternatives to Plan F.

Medicare Plan G

Medicare Supplement Plan G is generally the best option for people who are no longer eligible for Plan F, says Price. “It’s very similar to Plan F,” he notes.

Plan G features almost the exact same benefits of Plan F, with one main difference: It doesn’t cover the Part B deductible. “It’s basically Plan F without the deductible—kind of a modern-day Plan F,” says Price.

The premium for Medicare Part G varies based on the company from which you purchase your plan. You can choose from a normal plan with no deductible or a high-deductible version of the plan.

Some of the things that Medicare Plan G covers include:

  • Medicare Part A deductible, coinsurance, hospital costs and hospice coinsurance or copay
  • Skilled nursing coinsurance
  • The first three pints of blood
  • 80% of foreign travel emergencies

“They’re as covered as they can be,” says Price, referring to people who sign up for Plan G. “They won’t see unexpected medical bills or stuff like that, and they’re willing to fork over a little bit more money to have that peace of mind.”

Medicare Plan N

Plan N can be a solid alternative to Plan F, and it’s typically less expensive than Plan G, says Price. Like Plan G, it doesn’t cover the Part B deductible.

One of the main differences between Part G and Part N is Part N doesn’t cover the excess charges related to Part B, which occur when a doctor charges more than a Medicare-approved amount. Plan G does cover those excess charges.

Compare Top Medicare Plans From Major Carriers

What Is a Medicare Supplement Plan?

Medicare Supplement plans, also known as Medigap plans, help fill coverage gaps left by Medicare Part A and Medicare Part B. To purchase a Medicare Supplement plan, you must first enroll in Original Medicare Part A and Part B.

Medicare Supplement plans can be purchased from private insurance companies. Every Medigap plan is required by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to provide the same set of standardized benefits. However, premiums vary from provider to provider and can vary widely depending on a variety of factors, such as where you live, your gender and tobacco use. All Medicare Supplement plans and policies provide individual coverage.

How to Choose the Best Medicare Supplement Plan

Now that Medicare Plan F is only available to a certain subset of the population, those who are just signing up may struggle with their coverage decisions. Is a Medigap Supplement plan necessary? And is Plan G the best option?

Price recommends doing online research and speaking with an insurance agent who can guide you through the process. Medicare.gov also has a tool that helps people find and compare supplement plans.

“Really focus on the things that matter to you most—whether that be getting the maximum amount of coverage or saving some money,” says Price, regarding the research process.

And don’t stress too much about the phaseout of Plan F. “We haven’t seen this be a big problem,” says Schwarz. “It’s just not that significant because these other plans are available.”

Confused About Medicare Supplement Insurance Options?

Find committed, licensed agents who work to understand your coverage needs and find you the best Medicare option. Click Get A Quote or call 866-402-0504 to speak with a licensed insurance agent today.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between Medicare Plan F and Plan G?

Plan G features almost the exact same benefits as Plan F, with one key difference: It doesn’t cover the Part B annual deductible.

Why is Medicare Plan F being discontinued?

Medigap Plan F is being phased out as part of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA), which prohibits the sale of Medicare Supplement plans that cover Medicare Part B’s annual deductible in full. By discontinuing these plans, all Medicare beneficiaries can expect some degree of out-of-pocket spending when using health care services.

What are the benefits of Medicare Plan F?

According to Medicare.gov, Plan F covers:

  • Part A coinsurance and hospital costs up to an additional 365 days after Medicare benefits are used up
  • Part A deductible
  • Part A hospice care coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B deductible
  • Part B excess charges (if a provider is permitted to charge more than Medicare’s approved amount and does so)
  • Skilled nursing facility care coinsurance
  • Blood transfusion (first three pints)
  • Foreign travel emergency coverage (maximum of $50,000, after hitting a $250 deductible)

Should I switch from Medicare Plan F to Plan G?

Medicare Supplement Plan G is generally the best option for people who aren’t eligible for Plan F, according to Sterling Price, a senior research analyst at ValuePenguin who specializes in health and life insurance.

Medicare Plan G coverage includes:

  • Medicare Part A deductible, coinsurance, hospital costs and hospice coinsurance or copay
  • Skilled nursing coinsurance
  • The first three pints of blood
  • 80% of foreign travel emergencies

“They’re as covered as they can be,” says Price, referring to people who sign up for Plan G.

Tue, 15 Aug 2023 00:32:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/health/medicare/medicare-plan-f/
Killexams : What Is Medicare Supplement Plan G? No result found, try new keyword!Plan G is one of 10 Medicare Supplement policies that fill the coverage gaps in Original Medicare, Parts A and B. For this reason, many seniors get Plan G to reduce their out-of-pocket medical costs ... Wed, 02 Aug 2023 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.valuepenguin.com/medicare-plan-g Killexams : ZEEKR 001 FR

Young EV brand ZEEKR continues to innovate at a speed worthy of a name like “Plaid” or “Sapphire,” but apparently views itself and its latest incoming sports car in an entirely different echelon. In a tweet earlier today, ZEEKR teased a performance version of its flagship 001 sedan, making it known it’s entering the sports car segment and it has its sights set on Tesla.

Expand Expanding Close
Thu, 10 Aug 2023 00:41:00 -0500 Scooter Doll en-US text/html https://electrek.co/guides/zeekr-001-fr/
Killexams : Conservatives have already written a climate plan for Trump’s second term

Conservative groups have crafted a plan for demolishing the federal government’s efforts to counter climate change — and it wouldn’t stop with President Joe Biden’s policies.

The 920-page blueprint, whose hundreds of authors include former Trump administration officials, would go far beyond past GOP efforts to slash environmental agencies’ budgets or oust “deep state” employees.

Called Project 2025, it would block the expansion of the electrical grid for wind and solar energy; slash funding for the Environmental Protection Agency’s environmental justice office; shutter the Energy Department’s renewable energy offices; prevent states from adopting California’s car pollution standards; and delegate more regulation of polluting industries to Republican state officials.

If enacted, it could decimate the federal government’s climate work, stymie the transition to clean energy and shift agencies toward nurturing the fossil fuel industry rather than regulating it. It’s designed to be implemented on the first day of a Republican presidency.

“Project 2025 is not a white paper. We are not tinkering at the edges. We are writing a battle plan, and we are marshaling our forces,” said Paul Dans, director of Project 2025 at the Heritage Foundation, which compiled the plan as a road map for the first 180 days of the next GOP administration. “Never before has the whole conservative movement banded together to systematically prepare to take power day one and deconstruct the administrative state.”

The initiative has previously drawn attention for its efforts to prepare a systematic conservative takeover of the federal bureaucracy, in contrast to the perceptions of chaos that marked much of former President Donald Trump’s term. Those include plans to assemble a database of as many as 20,000 people who could serve in the next administration — “a right-wing LinkedIn,” as The New York Times described it in April — and proposals to impose sweeping Oval Office control over spending decisions, civil service employees and independent federal agencies.

But its implications for U.S. climate policy — at a time of record heat waves sweeping the globe — have drawn far less attention.

The comprehensive plan covers virtually all operations of the federal government, not just energy and climate programs.

It’s much more ambitious than the pledges that all the Republican presidential primary candidates have made so far to roll back Biden’s signature climate law. It also wouldn’t simply nullify Biden’s climate executive orders, something that a Republican president could easily do just after taking office.

Instead, the ideas laid out in Project 2025 show that conservative organizations want to achieve a more fundamental shift — moving federal agencies away from public health protections and environmental regulations in order to help the industries they have been tasked with overseeing, said Andrew Rosenberg, who was a senior official at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration during the Clinton administration.

“What this does is it basically undermines not only society but the economic capacity of the country at the same time as it’s doing gross violence to the environment,” said Rosenberg, who’s now a senior fellow at the University of New Hampshire’s Carsey School of Public Policy.

‘Governing conservatism’

The proposals are laser-like in their precision. They also indicate that Republican operatives learned a lesson from the chaotic nature of the earliest days of the Trump administration, when former Republican New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie was fired from overseeing the transition, said Neil Chatterjee, who chaired the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission under Trump.

“Even if we lose the election and don’t get the opportunity to govern, I still think this defined strategy is important because we know what we’re for and what we can showcase to the American people even if we’re out of power,” said Chatterjeee, who was not involved in the plan. “We can say this is what we would do, this is how we would handle these really complex issues.”

A plan to deconstruct the government is just the beginning of what Republicans will expect from their presidential candidate, said Newt Gingrich, the former House speaker who crafted a sweeping “Contract With America” on the way to the GOP takeover of Congress in the 1994 elections. Releasing it before the primary race heats up can supply people “time to absorb the new idea, think it through and then embrace it.”

“What you’re about to see is a dramatic shift in the landscape of solutions away from the Left and toward a kind of creative, governing conservatism,” Gingrich (R-Ga.) said.

More than 400 people participated in crafting Project 2025’s details. Former Trump administration officials played a key role in writing the chapters on dismantling EPA and DOE.

The plan to gut the Department of Energy was written by Bernard McNamee, a former DOE official whom Trump appointed to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission. McNamee, who did not have regulatory experience, was one of the most overtly political FERC appointees in decades. He was a director at the Texas Public Policy Foundation, a conservative think tank that fights climate regulations, and was a senior adviser to Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas).

McNamee outlines cutting key divisions at DOE, including the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, the Office of Clean Energy Demonstrations and the Loan Programs Office. He has called climate change a “progressive policy.”

He also calls for cutting funding to DOE’s Grid Deployment Office, in part to stop “focusing on grid expansion for the benefit of renewable resources or supporting low/carbon generation.” Instead, he calls for strengthening grid reliability, which he describes as expanding the use of fossil fuels and slowing or stopping the addition of cleaner energy. Part of his plan includes a massive expansion of natural gas infrastructure.

“Prevent socializing costs for customers who do not benefit from the projects or justifying such cost shifts as advancing vague ‘societal benefits’ such as climate change,” McNamee wrote in the report.

McNamee did not respond to requests for comment.

Preventing the expansion of the electric grid would slow down renewable energy projects, threatening U.S. climate goals while cooling the sector’s economic growth, said Mike O’Boyle, a senior director at the nonpartisan policy firm Energy Innovation and head of its electricity program.

“If we totally step away from the role of the federal government, our economy is going to miss out in a big way because the rest of the world is moving on climate, so they’re poised to reap the benefits both for their energy consumers but also in terms of manufacturing,” he said.

‘A conservative EPA’

Mandy Gunasekara, who was EPA’s chief of staff under Trump, wrote a chapter within the plan to move the agency away from its focus on climate policy and reducing carbon dioxide emissions.

It outlines eliminating or downsizing agency functions including the Office of Environmental Justice and External Civil Rights, the Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assistance, and the Office of Public Engagement and Environmental Education. It also would also relocate regional EPA offices and would “downsize by terminating the existing hires in low-value programs.”

The overarching theme in remaking federal agencies is to shift power away from the federal government and toward states, in an effort to diminish regulations.

“The challenge of creating a conservative EPA will be to balance justified skepticism toward an agency that has long been amenable to being coopted by the Left for political ends against the need to implement the agency’s true function: protecting public health and the environment in cooperation with states,” Gunasekara wrote.

She declined to comment for this story.

But that increase in state power wouldn’t apply to California, which has a history of setting more aggressive environmental standards than those of the federal government under a Clean Air Act waiver. The Project 2025 plan would “ensure that other states can adopt California’s standards only for traditional/criteria pollutants, not greenhouse gasses.”

Another key goal is to restructure how EPA uses science, particularly research that supports regulations by showing risks to public health from industrial pollution. The plan would require scientific studies to be “transparent and reproducible,” making it impossible to use key public health studies that rely on private data that cannot be disclosed to the public.

As part of that effort, one idea is to offer incentives for the public “to identify scientific flaws and research misconduct,” which might encourage opponents of regulations to target research.

Mon, 14 Aug 2023 05:19:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.politico.com/news/2023/07/28/far-right-climate-plans-00107498 CSTE exam dump and training guide direct download
Training Exams List