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Exam Code: NCPT Practice test 2023 by team
NCPT National Certified Phlebotomy Technician (NCPT)

Exam Details:
- Number of Questions: The number of questions in the National Certified Phlebotomy Technician (NCPT) test can vary, but it typically consists of around 100 to 150 multiple-choice questions. The exact number of questions may depend on the certifying organization or program.

- Time: Candidates are usually given a specific time limit to complete the NCPT exam, which is typically around 2 to 3 hours. It is essential to manage time effectively to ensure all questions are answered within the allocated time.

Course Outline:
The NCPT certification program covers various Topics related to phlebotomy. While the specific course outline may vary depending on the certifying organization (e.g., NCCT - National Center for Competency Testing), the test generally covers the following key areas:

1. Anatomy and Physiology:
- Overview of human anatomy and physiology, with a focus on the circulatory system, veins, and arteries.
- Understanding blood components and their functions.

2. Phlebotomy Techniques and Procedures:
- Proper techniques for venipuncture (blood drawing from veins) using various methods (e.g., vacuum tubes, butterfly needles).
- Capillary puncture (fingerstick and heelstick) techniques.
- Specimen collection, handling, and transportation protocols.

3. Infection Control and Safety:
- Standard precautions for preventing the transmission of infections.
- Personal protective equipment (PPE) usage and disposal.
- Proper hand hygiene and disinfection techniques.

4. Equipment and Supplies:
- Knowledge of different phlebotomy equipment (needles, syringes, tubes) and their appropriate use.
- Understanding the purpose and types of additives used in blood collection tubes.
- Proper labeling and identification of specimens.

5. Patient Communication and Interaction:
- Professional and effective communication with patients during the phlebotomy process.
- Patient education and addressing their concerns or questions.
- Techniques for dealing with difficult or anxious patients.

6. Quality Assurance and Legal/Ethical Considerations:
- Quality control measures and procedures in the laboratory.
- Compliance with relevant laws, regulations, and professional standards.
- Maintaining patient confidentiality and privacy.

Exam Objectives:
The objectives of the NCPT test typically include:
- Assessing the candidate's knowledge and understanding of phlebotomy techniques, procedures, and best practices.
- Evaluating the candidate's understanding of anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology relevant to phlebotomy.
- Testing the candidate's knowledge of infection control, safety protocols, and quality assurance in the phlebotomy process.
- Assessing the candidate's ability to interact with patients professionally and effectively during blood collection.
- Evaluating the candidate's understanding of legal and ethical considerations related to phlebotomy practice.

Exam Syllabus:
The specific test syllabus for the NCPT may vary depending on the certifying organization. However, the following Topics are typically included:

1. Anatomy and Physiology:
- Circulatory system
- Blood components and functions
- Veins and arteries

2. Phlebotomy Techniques and Procedures:
- Venipuncture techniques
- Capillary puncture techniques
- Specimen collection, handling, and transportation

3. Infection Control and Safety:
- Infection prevention and control
- Personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Hand hygiene and disinfection

4. Equipment and Supplies:
- Phlebotomy equipment and their use
- Blood collection tubes and additives
- Specimen labeling and identification

5. Patient Communication and Interaction:
- Effective communication with patients
- Patient education and addressing concerns
- Managing difficult or anxious patients

6. Quality Assurance and Legal/Ethical Considerations:
- Quality control in the laboratory
- Compliance with laws and regulations
- Patient confidentiality and privacy

National Certified Phlebotomy Technician (NCPT)
Medical Phlebotomy plan
Killexams : Medical Phlebotomy plan - BingNews Search results Killexams : Medical Phlebotomy plan - BingNews Killexams : Best Medical Evacuation Insurance Plans 2023

What is emergency medical evacuation (medevac) insurance?

Emergency medical evacuation insurance, or medevac, is a type of travel insurance coverage that pays for emergency transportation when you become sick or injured away from home.

Medevac coverage is different from travel medical insurance in that it focuses on paying for the journey to a medical facility to receive proper medical care or transport home after an incident. Traditional medical travel insurance may only pay for the medical treatment you ultimately receive.

If you’re curious why you need separate coverage for emergency medical transportation, it helps to understand just how expensive evacuation can be. As one example, Travelex Insurance Services reports that medical evacuation costs can average close to $25,000 in North America, or as much as $100,000 in Europe or $250,000 on a global level.

Without emergency medical evacuation insurance, you would be forced to bear the brunt of these costs if you needed to be transported by a medevac helicopter, plane, or ambulance to save your life.

Medical evacuation insurance vs. Medical travel insurance

If you plan to take a trip that’s far from where you live, you’ll need to have both travel evacuation insurance and travel medical coverage in place. After all, these insurance products cover essential services and treatments you could need, and they work in tandem while offering entirely separate benefits.

As you shop for the best travel insurance plan, remember that medical evacuation coverage pays for your journey to receive proper medical care. This is true whether that’s a trip in a helicopter or plane to a local hospital, or if it’s a medically-supported trip from a non-U.S. hospital back to your home in the United States.

On the other hand, medical travel insurance pays for the emergency medical care you receive while you’re away from home, such as emergency surgeries, treatments, or medicines you require to recover. This coverage can also pay for doctor bills, X-rays, lab tests, and other care you require while away from home. Some travel medical coverage also comes with a separate limit for dental expenses when you have an accident that results in trauma and requires dental treatment.

As you shop for a new travel insurance plan, you’ll notice that the best travel insurance companies tend to offer both emergency medical evacuation coverage and travel medical insurance. Keep in mind that if this is the case for your provider you’ll need to make sure any plan you buy has adequate limits for both.

What does emergency medical evacuation insurance cover?

Medical evacuation travel insurance will pay for a range of non-medical and even non-emergency services that can help you overcome an injury or illness when you travel.

The following services are typically covered with emergency medevac coverage if you buy this type of insurance before you depart on your trip:

  • COVID-19 coverage
  • Transportation to a hospital
  • Bedside companion’s lodgings
  • Travel expenses for a family member
  • Medical escort home
  • Travel costs for children
  • Repatriation of remains

Let’s take a look at this list in greater detail.

COVID coverage

Most travel insurance plans provide travel medical coverage for medical expenses and emergency evacuation coverage, including coverage for COVID-19. This means you can receive emergency services if you become severely ill with coronavirus and you require emergency medical transportation so you can receive adequate care.

Emergency transportation to the nearest medical facility

The most important protection this coverage affords is coverage for emergency transportation far from home. How will you be transported? The answer to this question depends on where you are and where you need to be moved for medical care. However, you’ll likely be transported to the nearest hospital or clinic in a commercial airplane, a helicopter, or through an ambulance service, to name a few options.

Bedside companion’s room and board

Some emergency medical evacuation plans cover non-medical expenses like your bedside companion’s room and board so they can accompany you as you receive proper treatment. However, you’ll want to read over your policy and check to make sure coverage extends to travel companions and not just the patient.

Travel expenses for a family member or friend to reach you

If you will be hospitalized in your travel destination for a length of time (usually seven nights or longer) your emergency coverage may pay for a family member to travel to you. This non-emergency protection can pay for a plane ticket to your destination, as well as meals, hotel stays, and incidental travel expenses incurred by your companion.

A medical escort for returning home

Your coverage may pay for a medical escort, such as a doctor, to accompany you home safely if you need surgery or medical care as a result of your emergency. This means you won’t be stuck traveling home alone, which can be a major blessing when you’re sick or injured and require extra assistance.

Return travel costs for your children

If you pass away or become hospitalized and require care during your trip, evacuation coverage can pay for a return ticket for your dependent children who were traveling with you. Your plan can also provide them with a travel escort if one is required.

Repatriation of remains

Finally, you should know that your evacuation plan can pay to have your body returned home if you pass away during your vacation. In addition to covering the travel expenses for your remains, medical evacuation and repatriation insurance can also cover embalming, local cremation, and a basic casket for transportation.

How much does medical evacuation typically cost?

According to an assistance company called MedJet, emergency medical evacuation within the United States can cost up to $30,000.

However, you could end up paying up to $180,000 for an international transfer to a non-U.S. facility to receive medical attention if you are abroad. On the other hand, Squaremouth reports that international medical evacuation from Europe can cost $50,000 and that having a nurse escort along for the ride can tack on another $11,000 to $24,000 in added costs.

Costs for emergency transportation in a medevac helicopter, commercial airplane, or ambulance can easily go up from there depending on how far you have to travel and the mode of transport chosen for the journey. If medical evacuation requires a multi-trip journey to get you to a medical facility and then home, total expenses could easily add up to hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Ultimately, this is why many travel insurance plans with emergency medical evacuation coverage have limits of up to $500,000 or even $1 million for emergency transport.

With emergency medical evacuation protection in place, the out-of-pocket expense for this care could be limited to the travel insurance deductible amount or a few hundred dollars. There are also cases where no deductible or co-payment applies. Cancel for any reason (CFAR) coverage or annual travel plans can also be added to certain offers.

How much emergency evacuation insurance should you have?

There is no set amount of coverage you should have for travel evacuation insurance. However, anything below $250,000 is likely not enough for international trips.

Unfortunately, you may not know how much emergency evacuation insurance you need until it’s too late and you’re already in trouble. Generally speaking, this is why it’s best to have protection with limits that are robust enough to cover nearly any medical emergency that pops up. The same is true for travel medical insurance since it’s hard to know how much medical care might cost in an emergency.

With this in mind, Generali’s Premium plan has $250,000 in medical and dental expense coverage and up to $1 million in emergency assistance and transportation coverage. These limits are incredibly high, but you’ll be glad you have this much insurance if you need it.

That said, you don’t have to pay for quite that much coverage if you feel it’s unnecessary. For example, AXA Assistance USA offers a lower-cost Silver plan with up to $25,000 in coverage for emergency accidents and sickness and up to $100,000 in coverage for emergency evacuation. If you prefer a plan with slightly higher limits, you can opt for their Gold plan. The Gold plan includes standard coverage of up to $100,000 for emergency accidents and sickness, and up to $500,000 in insurance for emergency evacuation.

Travel insurance doesn’t have to break the bank either. While more expensive plans have higher medical evacuation limits, you can still get travel insurance coverage for cheap for extra peace of mind while traveling.

Medical evacuation insurance is recommended any time you travel out of your home country where your normal health insurance does not apply.

There are other scenarios where you’ll want to ensure your coverage for emergency medical evacuation is especially robust, such as if you plan to participate in high-risk adventure sports or if you’re traveling in an extremely remote area. In these cases, it is definitely worth it to consider travel insurance specific to medical emergencies.

 For example, if you plan to hike the Swiss Alps and you’ll be miles from the largest city on the side of a mountain, having emergency medical evacuation coverage is crucial. The same is true if you plan to go hang gliding or deep sea diving, but also if you plan to do nothing more than relax and sightsee on your trip.

We also recommend medical evacuation coverage if you are going on a cruise since being evacuated from a ship is very costly. Check out our recommendations for cruise insurance to make sure you’re covered when setting sail.

The fact is, you never know when you may be in an automobile accident, or if you’ll come down with COVID-19 or another illness during your travels. Your health is one of your biggest assets, so it’s best to provide yourself with adequate protection just in case.

Do you need medevac insurance coverage for trips in the U.S.?

Even if you are traveling within the United States, medical evacuation insurance can come in handy.

This is especially true for the add-ons and additional coverage that medical evacuation insurance provides like repatriation services, and more.

For example, if you’re traveling full-time or part-time in remote areas of the United States, your health insurance plan may pay for your medical care but not necessarily your travel back home.

Imagine hiking in Yellowstone National Park and being injured from a fall. Your normal health insurance plan would likely cover an ambulance ride to the nearest hospital and your immediate medical care. However, your health insurance plan would not cover your plane ride home, or an escort if you need help with the journey due to your condition. This is particularly important for those who are at a higher risk of injury or illness, like senior citizens.

This is true whether you have health insurance through a private provider, or if you get insurance through a federal plan such as Medicare or Medicaid. If you aren’t covered by health insurance in the United States, then medical evacuation insurance becomes even more important.

By having adequate travel medical coverage and medical evacuation insurance in place, you can enjoy your travels and worry less about unforeseen accidents.

Tips for choosing the best medevac insurance

As with anything, it helps to know what to look for as some plans and providers are better than others.

To help you choose, we have come up with the main things to look for when buying medical evacuation insurance.

How to use emergency medical evacuation (medevac) insurance?

The first step involved in benefiting from this coverage is making sure you have it, and checking to confirm your medevac insurance has adequate limits that can protect you financially when you need it most.

Steps required to use emergency medical evacuation insurance include the following:

Alternatives to medical evacuation insurance

If you want comprehensive medical evacuation coverage but you’re not thrilled with the options you’re finding online, consider these alternatives.

Medjet: Medjet Assist is a type of insurance protection that pays for medical evacuation via an ambulance or air travel anywhere in the world. This product requires a separate premium and it can be purchased in addition to a traditional travel insurance plan. One of the biggest benefits of Medjet is the fact you get to select the hospital you’re transported to for medical treatment.

Global Rescue: Global Rescue is another provider that offers standalone coverage for emergency evacuation, which can include ambulance transportation, commercial air travel, and more. Worldwide field rescue, 24-7 travel emergency assistance services, and advisory services are also included in this coverage based on eligibility.

Premium Travel Insurance Plans: The cost of travel insurance will vary by many factors, one of which being the level of coverage you choose. Comprehensive travel insurance plans tend to cost more, but you may get a higher level of emergency evacuation coverage with more options and benefits in exchange. These plans can be purchased for long-term travel, or on a short-term basis for individual trips.

Travel Credit Card Coverage: Finally, you may be able to get medical evacuation insurance with a credit card if you’re eligible. While a handful of travel credit cards offer this coverage, the Chase Sapphire Reserve® offers one of the most comprehensive plans with coverage for medical services and transportation in amounts up to $100,000.

Wed, 29 Mar 2023 23:46:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Ten Questions to Ask Before You Choose a Health Plan

Many people face the confusing proposition of choosing health insurance. To help wade through the piles of paperwork, here's a list of ten questions you should ask before picking a health care plan:

Find out if it is an indemnity health plan or a managed care system. With indemnity health plans, also known as fee-for-service plans, you pay a percentage of the medical costs, and the insurance company pays the remaining percentage. Typically, you are allowed to choose your own doctors.

With managed care -- meaning either a health maintenance organization (HMO) or a preferred provider organization (PPO) -- you have minimal out-of-pocket expenses. With an HMO, you or your employer pays a fixed monthly fee for health-care services, but you can only go to a doctor who is under contract with the HMO. Through a PPO, you or your employer gets a discount if you use physicians within the plan. You may go to a doctor outside the PPO system, but you'll pay more.

Find out the amount of the premium. Next, ask whether you will be charged a co-payment, a small flat fee, perhaps $10, charged for health care services.

Some plans have a deductible instead, an amount that you have to pay before the policy starts to cover any medical costs. Find out about this, and find out the percentage of costs that will be covered by the plan once you've met the deductible.

Ask about any limits on choosing your doctors or hospitals. Ask for a list of the doctors and hospitals that are covered to decide if the plan is right for you.

Ask if the plan covers dental, vision care, or other special services that you might need. Ask about prescriptions, too.

Ask what benefits are not covered by the plan, too.

Ask about mammograms, pap tests, immunizations and other routine check-ups.

Some plans require you to contact your doctor within 24 hours of going to a hospital emergency room, or your costs won't be covered.

If you or someone in your family has a chronic condition, the policy may not cover related medical costs for a period of months -- or ever. Ask for how long pre-existing conditions are excluded.

If you need to go to the doctor while traveling, how much -- if any -- of the costs will the plan cover? How do you get reimbursed?

Find out how long the company has been in business. You don't want to get a really good deal with low premiums, only to find out that you can only see a doctor during very limited hours.

All insurance plans have procedures for appealing denied claims. Many require that you take your dispute to an arbitrator, or an independent person who hears both sides and makes a decision about the claim. Ask what the company's average turn-around time is for resolving claim disputes.

Sat, 24 Jun 2023 15:36:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Medical Plan Affidavit FAQ

Once a working spouse becomes eligible for coverage under a plan sponsored by their employer, their eligibility to participate in SLU’s plan ends, and future claims directed to SLU’s plan could be denied. Therefore, it is important for working spouses, who are eligible for coverage under their employer's plan, enroll in that plan and notify Human Resources within 31 days. This will ensure the working spouse's claims are processed correctly and do not later need to be reprocessed and denied, in which case your spouse would be required to pay the claims. In addition, the SLU employee’s monthly contribution can be reduced immediately to avoid paying for spousal coverage they do not have.

Thu, 15 Jun 2023 00:19:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Allergy drops could be an at-home alternative to shots

This article was originally published on Undark.

For as long as he can remember, Ken Pressey has had severe allergies to cats. They would trigger hives, runny nose, and watery eyes. Still, like many of the tens of millions of people in the United States who suffer from allergies, Pressey for years did not bother getting treated, or even diagnosed. When cats came near, he just avoided them. 

But that tactic has gotten tougher. During the pandemic, Pressey started dating a woman he’s now engaged to marry—and she has two cats. Being with the cats “was absolute chaos,” said the 30-year-old, who lives in Seattle. “I started having asthma attacks.”

Pressey’s primary care physician suggested allergy shots. This century-old approach, a form of immunotherapy, works by exposing the body to small, increasing doses of the culprit substance. Unlike over-the-counter pills and nasal sprays, which only relieve symptoms, shots address the root cause: They help the body build long-term tolerance to the allergens. The treatment is not a cure, but experts say it can bring relief in around 85 percent of patients who try it. And it’s not just a matter of curbing some sneezing. Beyond springtime sniffles, allergies make it hard to concentrate, leading to missed work and school. They can also disrupt sleep, trigger asthma, and contribute to mood disorders.

The procedure for alleviating this misery with allergy shots requires time and diligence. Typically, patients need injections once or twice a week for the first three to six months, then monthly jabs for three to five years. Each office visit also requires a half hour of monitoring after the shot in case of serious reactions, such as wheezing or throat swelling, which are rare but need immediate attention if they occur.

With these scheduling demands, allergy shots were a no-go for Pressey, an engineer with the United States Merchant Marines who often works overseas for months at a time. “I would not be able to keep up,” he said. While looking into alternatives, he recalled a conversation about allergy treatments while stationed in Europe several years earlier, when he heard a coworker say, “We do allergy drops. We don’t do shots. Why would you want to get stabbed by a needle?”

His colleague was referring to a form of sublingual immunotherapy, or SLIT, which builds immune tolerance to allergens administered daily under the tongue. The drops are formulated using the same liquid extracts in skin-based allergy tests, and research suggests the approach works—and is safe for patients to do at home. SLIT drops are a mainstay in Europe, Canada, and Latin America. In the United States, although some medical providers offer the drops off-label, prescribing the treatment remains limited for complex reasons related to regulatory purview and clinic revenue.

That means accessing SLIT drops can be tricky, even for highly motivated patients. “I did quite a bit of extensive reading,” Pressey said. The hardest part, he added, was finding a SLIT provider. Although he managed to connect with several doctors who offer the drops, their clinics were far away. Eventually Pressey went to a forum for allergies on Reddit, which led him to try a consult with Curex, one of more than a half dozen virtual health companies that have started selling allergy tests and SLIT directly to consumers.

Some of these companies launched during the pandemic when telehealth was rising and Covid concerns kept some allergy sufferers from going to clinic to get shots. The companies’ services focus on diagnosis and treatment of environmental allergies such as pets, dust, pollens, and grasses.

As more health services move online, patients have greater access to treatments but often sacrifice the continuity of traditional physician-patient relationships. As with other areas of medicine, finding allergy care has become a buyer-beware dilemma: Financial incentives and legal complications prevent SLIT from going mainstream with allergists, and so the challenge of making this treatment available and cost-effective has largely landed in the hands of non-allergist practitioners and business executives.

Allergen immunotherapy traces its roots to a pioneering experiment published in 1911. In that study, a pair of young British researchers rounded up patients and showed that injecting their arms with grass pollen toxins could calm their hay fever—which the researchers measured by dripping pollen extract into the patients’ eyes and noting the extent of burning and itching. With little understanding of the cells and molecules involved, physicians refined this method and, in 1954, confirmed its benefits in a double-blind trial. 

As the shots regimen gained popularity with physicians, the procedure proved quite safe overall, but news of several patient deaths in the early 1980s led some researchers to explore other ways to treat allergies without injections. Their efforts gave rise to sublingual immunotherapy—the liquid drops now offered by direct-to-consumer companies—and, initially, otolaryngologists, or ear, nose, and throat certified saw potential in what appeared to be a gentler, more convenient allergy treatment.

Otolaryngology is primarily a surgical specialty. But allergies lie at the root of some of the complications that ENT physicians treat, and often present a roadblock. Whenever allergies cropped up as an underlying cause for his patients’ polyps and nasal disease, they “would never go for allergy therapy because, you know, it was always just shots,” said Chris Thompson, an ENT-trained head and neck surgeon in Austin, Texas, who opened his practice in 1997. 

Over the next decade, research continued on sublingual immunotherapy. By 2007, there was “growing consensus that specific sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) does actually work,” according to one review in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. In a 2009 position paper, the World Allergy Organization acknowledged SLIT as a viable treatment. Enterprising doctors began offering this type of immunotherapy.

Still, key details about the technique, such as what doses are needed to achieve benefit, seemed murky. “You could literally go to one doctor and get something that was 10,000 times weaker than what you might get from another doctor,” Thompson said. “There was no standardization.” 

Allergists were intrigued by sublingual therapy, but very few at the time offered it in clinic. According to a 2007 survey by the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, just 5.9 percent of practicing allergists said they were using SLIT, and by 2011 that figure had only edged up to 11.4 percent. Most respondents cited the lack of FDA-approved products as a barrier.

Nevertheless, interest in sublingual immunotherapy grew in the ENT realm. Professional societies included symposiums about SLIT at their annual meetings and formed subgroups devoted to this new approach. Some otolaryngology group meetings offer courses for physicians to get started with SLIT, Thompson said.

Thompson watched the field a while, noting SLIT’s research progress amid overall trends in allergen immunotherapy, which largely persist today. Shots, despite being the bread and butter of U.S. allergy clinics, are vastly underused. Just 2 or 3 percent of newly diagnosed patients who are recommended for the treatment, actually choose it. Relative to the hordes of patients buying over-the-counter Zyrtec, Thompson said, the number who receive immunotherapy “doesn’t even register.”

One way to make a dent, Thompson figured, was to “offer a therapy people will want.” Thompson opened a second practice, Aspire Allergy & Sinus, in 2012, with a focus on sublingual drops. By then, SLIT seemed promising, Thompson said. “We thought, gosh, this is such a great opportunity.” 

A decade later, a similar ambition is fueling direct-to-consumer companies.

There are trade-offs between in-clinic and at-home allergy testing and treatment. When it comes to allergy diagnoses, physicians typically take a detailed clinical history and then use testing, if needed, to confirm the patient’s allergies. Skin testing is the preferred diagnostic among allergists. It has a quick, visual readout—red lumps, or wheals, that form on the patient’s skin 15 to 30 minutes after getting pricked with potential allergens during an office procedure—but it can’t be done at home.

A second type of test checks a patient’s blood for immune proteins called immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies. IgE antibodies bind to a specific allergen—say, pollen or peanut—and trigger release of the chemical histamine, which makes people sneeze, itch, swell up, and, occasionally, go into anaphylaxis. Patients can get the blood test at a lab or, increasingly, at home; some online companies sell kits where customers use a provided finger-prick device to apply drops of their blood onto a card, which they can mail to a lab for analysis.

But blood tests can be tricky to interpret, said Robert G. Hamilton, an expert in diagnostic allergy and immunology testing at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. A positive result signals the presence of IgE antibody, which “means you’ve become sensitized to the substance,” he said, “but it doesn’t mean you will manifest any allergic symptoms.”

There’s another potential snag. If a patient purchases a home kit and receives results before talking with a physician, confirmation bias can creep in, said Edwin Kim, an allergist-immunologist at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine. If a patient tests positive for dust, for example, the doctor could “ask a thousand questions on dust” until they think they can prove that the patient is “dust-allergic,” he said.

Still, at-home tests and procedures can reach a far broader pool of patients, as it can be difficult to get an in-person appointment with an allergist. At Oregon Health and Science University, “we are booked out through the end of the year,” said allergist-immunologist Shyam Joshi. And at UNC School of Medicine, an academic hub that draws referrals from all over the state and even neighboring states, Kim sees firsthand how patients struggle with their treatment schedule. “We may see them as a great candidate for allergy shots, but you can’t realistically ask people to drive two, three, four hours every week, week after week,” he said.

And allergy shots are not risk-free. While the process goes smoothly for many patients, some develop red, swollen arms after their injection. Occasionally, a shot can trigger an asthma flare-up or a whole-body anaphylactic reaction, said Nikhila Schroeder, an allergist in Huntersville, North Carolina, recalling her own observations about a decade ago when administering shots during her allergy and immunology fellowship. Given all these limitations, “I started to just wonder,” Schroeder said, “Are there any other ways we could do this?”

More recently, that same realization hit Gene Kakaulin, a New York City health care entrepreneur. He was commiserating with a friend in 2018 about his allergies to cats, dust, and pollens, and how things had gotten so bad in his teen years that he tried shots. They were “a pain,” said Kakaulin. “I couldn’t stick with them.” 

By contrast, home therapy has lower time demands and less pain and risk—while still desensitizing the immune system by repeated exposures to the allergen. Both approaches produce similar immune changes, though their speed and magnitude, and the types of antibodies involved, can differ. Generally, the immune effects show up faster and stronger with shots, whereas they might take longer with sublingual treatment. It’s hard to compare these changes scientifically—especially since immunotherapy is usually a personalized treatment with dose amounts and escalations tailored to each patient, said Schroeder, whose North Carolina allergy clinic specializes in SLIT.

In studies that have tried to compare the immunotherapy approaches head-to-head, shots seem to do “the same or better” on effectiveness, said Hugh Windom, an allergist in Sarasota, Florida, and on safety, “SLIT always wins.”

Sublingual immunotherapy has been available in the U.S. for decades. SLIT drops, which can treat many different allergens together and are not covered by the Food and Drug Administration, have been offered by at least one allergy clinic since 1970, and by pioneering ENT physicians since the 2010s. In 2014, the FDA approved several tablets that dissolve under the tongue. Three tablets treat grass or ragweed allergies, and a fourth gained approval in 2017 for dust mite allergies.

Still, only about 15 percent of some 2 million allergy immunotherapy patients in the U.S. are using a sublingual version, with the majority on drops, according to market research provided to Undark by Jorge Alderete, who has advised direct-to-consumer allergy companies and other health care startups, and serves on the board of a private equity-backed allergy practice in Houston. An estimated 85 percent of U.S. allergy immunotherapy patients are receiving shots.

One reason is tradition. “We are, of course, wedded to shots because we’ve been doing them for a hundred years,” said Windom.

Another reason relates to versatility. Most allergy patients are allergic to more than one substance, yet allergists tend to prefer FDA-approved products—SLIT tablets—and they only treat a single allergen. Shots, on the other hand, can be tailored to treat many of the patient’s allergens at once. In use for more than a century, allergy shots came to be regulated by the FDA and typically get covered by insurance. SLIT drops can also be customized for multiple allergies, but since the extracts are not FDA-approved for under-the-tongue use and do not have a billing code, patients often must pay out of pocket.

Clinic revenue also plays a role. When an allergist sees a patient and recommends a medication, such as an antihistamine, they charge for a single office visit. Allergy shots bring in more revenue. (Exactly how much revenue can be difficult to estimate, as costs can vary significantly clinic to clinic.) When a patient goes on the shots, three to five years of office treatments at weekly to monthly intervals can amount to dozens of billable visits. Plus, with each visit the clinic charges for mixing the specialized treatment and administering the shot, said Alderete. From a business perspective, he said, immunotherapy is “an annuity.” 

Unlike shots, which are billed as a procedure, SLIT tablets are a prescribed drug. “If you’re going to ask an allergist, hey, do you want to do shots and make money off of it, or prescribe something to Walgreens,” Kim said, it’s understandable that tablets aren’t preferred by allergists in the U.S. Customized SLIT drops are prepared in-house at some clinics, or physicians can send the prescription to a compounding pharmacy.

In the drops form, SLIT does square well with shots on versatility—both can address combinations of allergens with adjustable dosing and escalations—but per-patient profit margins can be higher with shots, said Alderete.

This is in part because of doctors’ costs associated with purchasing and preparing the allergen extracts. Though different forms of immunotherapies use the same source material, SLIT preparations can be “significantly more concentrated than even the top doses of allergy shots,” said allergist and immunologist Sakina Bajowala, who offers both treatments at her allergy practice outside of Chicago. In one analysis of immunotherapy regimens for birch allergy, the total amount of allergen administered over the course of a year was 30 times greater with SLIT compared with shots. And office-made SLIT, Bajowala said, can make doctors’ margins even slimmer: “The more extract used, the more costly the drops.”

ENT practices are more willing to offer a less lucrative therapy because, unlike allergists, their revenue mostly comes from surgeries, so SLIT is “a bit of an ancillary service,” said Thompson.

But on the whole, SLIT drops remain far from mainstream, even as interest in this mode of treatment grows.

After hearing about his friend’s needle-free therapy—SLIT drops—Kakaulin made a round of calls to practices in New York so he could try SLIT himself. His symptoms improved “within a few months,” which helped him sleep and exercise better, he said. To this day, the drops remain a part of Kakaulin’s morning routine—“two minutes under the tongue right after brushing teeth when I shave.” 

Along the way, he co-founded Curex, one of several online allergy companies that got off the ground during the pandemic as telemedicine soared. While just 1 percent of allergy appointments took place virtually before the pandemic, that figure jumped to 54 percent one month into lockdown. Across medicine, telehealth shot up 78-fold between February 2020 and April 2020, according to an analysis, from the consulting firm McKinsey, and after a year remained 38 times higher than pre-pandemic.

Meanwhile, brick-and-mortar clinics took a hit. “A lot of allergy offices closed because of Covid concerns, and then people who were supposed to get shots were left out in the cold,” said Kim.

Direct-to-consumer allergy companies capitalized on this perfect storm, luring customers with glowing testimonials, free quizzes, and heaps of online advertising. Their social media ads showcase sublingual drops as a “convenient alternative to allergy shots” with “no trips to the doctor’s office or prickly needles.”

Some of these companies also offer allergy testing. Curex can send a phlebotomist to administer blood tests to patients with eligible zip codes. Wyndly, a company headquartered in Lakewood, Colorado, ships a $249 test kit to the customer’s home. New York City-based Nectar also sells home tests and lets patients upload results of previous allergy testing. Based on test results and a medical consult, the companies sell formulated sublingual drops on subscription plans, some at $99 per month or less. “We think there are tens of millions of Americans who could benefit,” said Kakaulin, who had helped start a prescription savings company before launching Curex in 2020.

To reach those millions of potential customers, companies that sell allergy drops face similar financial challenges as allergy practices. The average SLIT patient “produces 70 or 80 percent less revenue than an allergy shot patient,” Kakaulin said. So instead of trying to maximize per-patient profit, Curex is trying to “maximize some of our efficiencies and provide everyday low prices,” he said.

Toward this end, nationwide direct-to-consumer companies, as well as large multi-site allergy practices, can negotiate lower pricing on allergen extracts and other supplies because they order huge volumes. Small practices often do not get these discounts and thus have higher backend costs if they choose to offer off-label SLIT.

Amid these financial considerations, there’s also a mindset difference between serving patients and winning customers. With a business model that relies on “one thing,” Bajowala said, it’s in a direct-to-consumer company’s interest to create ads that say, “well, the thing we’re offering is the best, so why would you even want to consider the other thing?”

Some allergists worry that direct-to-consumer companies hasten a broader trend: the decline of the practitioner-patient relationship. When patients begin a new treatment, they “need to know when is it going to start working, how to monitor for side effects, and if there’s a problem, who are you going to go to?” said Anne Maitland, an allergist-immunologist at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City and the director of allergy and immunology at the Metrodora Institute in Salt Lake City, Utah. 

At direct-to-consumer companies, details about what’s in the treatment and who’s providing the medical care are also somewhat of a black box. Pressey, the Merchant Marine with the cat allergy, said that if he were to request a consult at Curex, for instance, it would not be with the provider who did his intake. “That person doesn’t work there anymore,” he said. And if he ever wanted to stop his subscription and continue SLIT treatment elsewhere, Curex does not “give you the exact mixture that you’re getting treated for,” Pressey said.

As for staffing, Nectar relies heavily on primary care physicians with training in allergy immunotherapy, but a public relations spokesperson denied a request to interview one of these providers. Regarding the number of doctors in the Curex network, Kakaulin declined to answer. “I’d rather not talk about specifics of the business,” he said. “We’d prefer to have certain information kind of private.”

While the approach lacks transparency, patients often can’t access information in traditional health care settings, either. In a health care system that favors standardized protocols, insurance reimbursements and clinic business priorities may compel physicians to recommend certain treatments, making it hard for patients to learn about the full spectrum of options, said Schroeder, whose clinic offers SLIT using a direct-care model, where patients pay the provider directly rather than using traditional fee-for-service insurance. 

In fact, the allergy clinic might be one of the hardest places to get clear information about treatment options. That’s in part because of a lawsuit from almost a decade ago. In 2014, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI), American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI), and several other allergy groups were sued by United Allergy Services, a company that helps primary care physicians and other non-specialists diagnose and treat allergies.

The company alleged that allergists who decried UAS practices were restricting the market and limiting patient access to allergen immunotherapy. As part of a settlement, the allergy groups issued a policy statement requiring members to minimize litigation risk by complying with antitrust laws. As Matt Bell, an allergist in Fayetteville, Arkansas, explained it, the lawsuit is “why we are hesitant to talk.” The settlement terms “basically stated that AAAAI had to keep their mouths shut,” said David Stukus, an allergist at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, who declined to speak about specific companies or services.

And depending on where and how a patient finds SLIT, their experiences can vary widely. With rising demand for allergy care and limited allergist availability, patients can get allergy treatment from many sources besides their local allergist — including ENT practices, primary care doctors, pediatricians, urgent care, emergency rooms, naturopathic doctors, and direct-to-consumer companies. “If you do SLIT at different places, it won’t necessarily be the same. The people may have different levels of expertise,” said Schroeder, who learned the ins and outs of sublingual therapy at Allergy Associates of La Crosse, a Wisconsin clinic that has offered this treatment for environmental and food allergies since 1970. Nevertheless, she said, there’s a role for all these various avenues as long as patients understand the complexities and “know what they’re pursuing.”

So far, the direct-to-consumer drops seem to be working well for Pressey. Before starting treatment in 2021, he struggled with frequent allergy-induced asthma attacks. “I couldn’t make it 24 hours with a cat in the house,” he said in a recent interview. Now “it’s about two and half weeks before I even remember that I have asthma.” 

Pressey still has questions about the therapy and about Curex—like how long the benefits will last and whether the company will survive. Even when scouring Reddit in spring 2021, he could not find answers to these questions. Nevertheless, “I’m a firm believer in new technology,” he said. “You know what, if no one tries it, then no one will ever get the answers.”

This article was originally published on Undark. Read the original article.

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Killexams : Roane State is building health sciences and nuclear technology programs No result found, try new keyword!Roane State Community College building a facility to educate healthcare workers and launching a nuclear technology program with a $100,000 gift. Mon, 14 Aug 2023 21:08:20 -0500 en-us text/html Killexams : Medicare Plan F: What Is It and How Does It Work?
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Medicare can be a complicated subject—especially when you dive into all its variations. “A lot of people hear ‘Part A,’ ‘Part B,’ ‘Plan F’ and all these different letters flying around, and they definitely get a little confused,” says Sterling Price, a senior research analyst at ValuePenguin who specializes in health and life insurance.

Medicare is the federal health insurance program for older U.S. adults, available starting at age 65. It consists of two main plan options: Medicare Part A covers hospitalization without a premium, and Medicare Part B covers doctor and outpatient care for a monthly premium.

Meanwhile, Medicare Plan F is an example of Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap). As its name suggests, Medigap helps fill the gaps that Medicare doesn’t cover.

“When you go to the doctor, Medicare pays 80% of the approved amount,” says Casey Schwarz, senior counsel for education and federal policy at the Medicare Rights Center. “If you didn’t have a Medigap, you would pay 20%. But if you buy a Medigap plan, it pays that 20%.”

Despite its popularity, Medicare Plan F is no longer available to anyone signing up for Medicare for the first time. Here’s what that means for you.

What Is Medicare Plan F?

Historically, Medicare Plan F provided the most benefits of all the Medicare Supplement plans, says Price. It addresses some of the coverage gaps in Medicare Part A and Part B, which is why many people thought it was worth the extra premium, he notes.

The main benefit of Plan F, which sets it apart from other Medigap plans, is that it covers the
Medicare Part B annual deductible.

“Plan F was the best plan available,” says Price. “That’s why people were so interested in it. It was so popular, it was just automatically like, ‘OK, I’m signing up for Plan F. I’m not going to look at anything else.’”

What Does Medicare Plan F Cover?

Regardless of which insurance provider you choose, Plan F provides the following benefits:

  • Part A coinsurance and hospital costs up to an additional 365 days after Medicare benefits are used up
  • Part A deductible
  • Part A hospice care coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B deductible
  • Part B excess charges (if a provider is permitted to charge more than Medicare’s approved amount and does so)
  • Skilled nursing facility care coinsurance
  • Blood transfusion (first three pints)
  • Foreign travel emergency coverage (maximum of $50,000, after hitting a $250 deductible)

Plan F was designed to cover most charges that are not covered by Original Medicare. However, Plan F does not cover every medical cost or concern. 

What Is Not Covered by Medicare Supplement Plan F?

Plan F’s coverage is robust, but it still has gaps. For instance, Plan F does not cover:

  • Prescription drugs
  • Hearing health
  • Dental care
  • Vision care 
  • Surgeries that are deemed “cosmetic”

If you’re counting on coverage for any of those benefits, you’ll need to purchase additional coverage.

How Much Does Medicare Plan F Cost?

This figure depends on a multitude of factors. Plan F premiums hinge heavily on where you reside, but gender, age and tobacco use all come into play as well as insurance providers determine their rates. Sometimes discounts are available for non-smokers, women or married people who have multiple policies. Meanwhile, companies that use medical underwriting might set higher premium rates depending on your health status. 

People who are eligible for Plan F enrollment can expect to pay a monthly premium between $150 and $400 , with the average hovering around $230. Again, that number could vary significantly depending on the provider you pick and the personal factors mentioned above.

If you choose a high-deductible Plan F option, the annual deductible is $2,490.

Who Is Still Eligible for Medicare Plan F?

Those who were eligible for Medicare on or before January 1, 2020 can still sign up for Medicare Plan F. People who already had or were covered by Medicare Plan F before January 1, 2020 are also able to keep their plan.

Eligible people can purchase Medicare Plan F from private health insurance companies, such as Aetna, UnitedHealthcare and Kaiser Permanente, says Price.

Medicare Plan F Alternatives

People newly eligible for Medicare can’t sign up for Plan F, but they still have options when it comes to other Medigap plans. Here’s a look at what some experts say are the two best alternatives to Plan F.

Medicare Plan G

Medicare Supplement Plan G is generally the best option for people who are no longer eligible for Plan F, says Price. “It’s very similar to Plan F,” he notes.

Plan G features almost the exact same benefits of Plan F, with one main difference: It doesn’t cover the Part B deductible. “It’s basically Plan F without the deductible—kind of a modern-day Plan F,” says Price.

The premium for Medicare Part G varies based on the company from which you purchase your plan. You can choose from a normal plan with no deductible or a high-deductible version of the plan.

Some of the things that Medicare Plan G covers include:

  • Medicare Part A deductible, coinsurance, hospital costs and hospice coinsurance or copay
  • Skilled nursing coinsurance
  • The first three pints of blood
  • 80% of foreign travel emergencies

“They’re as covered as they can be,” says Price, referring to people who sign up for Plan G. “They won’t see unexpected medical bills or stuff like that, and they’re willing to fork over a little bit more money to have that peace of mind.”

Medicare Plan N

Plan N can be a solid alternative to Plan F, and it’s typically less expensive than Plan G, says Price. Like Plan G, it doesn’t cover the Part B deductible.

One of the main differences between Part G and Part N is Part N doesn’t cover the excess charges related to Part B, which occur when a doctor charges more than a Medicare-approved amount. Plan G does cover those excess charges.

Compare Top Medicare Plans From Major Carriers

What Is a Medicare Supplement Plan?

Medicare Supplement plans, also known as Medigap plans, help fill coverage gaps left by Medicare Part A and Medicare Part B. To purchase a Medicare Supplement plan, you must first enroll in Original Medicare Part A and Part B.

Medicare Supplement plans can be purchased from private insurance companies. Every Medigap plan is required by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to provide the same set of standardized benefits. However, premiums vary from provider to provider and can vary widely depending on a variety of factors, such as where you live, your gender and tobacco use. All Medicare Supplement plans and policies provide individual coverage.

How to Choose the Best Medicare Supplement Plan

Now that Medicare Plan F is only available to a certain subset of the population, those who are just signing up may struggle with their coverage decisions. Is a Medigap Supplement plan necessary? And is Plan G the best option?

Price recommends doing online research and speaking with an insurance agent who can guide you through the process. also has a tool that helps people find and compare supplement plans.

“Really focus on the things that matter to you most—whether that be getting the maximum amount of coverage or saving some money,” says Price, regarding the research process.

And don’t stress too much about the phaseout of Plan F. “We haven’t seen this be a big problem,” says Schwarz. “It’s just not that significant because these other plans are available.”

Confused About Medicare Supplement Insurance Options?

Find committed, licensed agents who work to understand your coverage needs and find you the best Medicare option. Click Get A Quote or call 866-402-0504 to speak with a licensed insurance agent today.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the difference between Medicare Plan F and Plan G?

Plan G features almost the exact same benefits as Plan F, with one key difference: It doesn’t cover the Part B annual deductible.

Why is Medicare Plan F being discontinued?

Medigap Plan F is being phased out as part of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA), which prohibits the sale of Medicare Supplement plans that cover Medicare Part B’s annual deductible in full. By discontinuing these plans, all Medicare beneficiaries can expect some degree of out-of-pocket spending when using health care services.

What are the benefits of Medicare Plan F?

According to, Plan F covers:

  • Part A coinsurance and hospital costs up to an additional 365 days after Medicare benefits are used up
  • Part A deductible
  • Part A hospice care coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B coinsurance or copayment
  • Part B deductible
  • Part B excess charges (if a provider is permitted to charge more than Medicare’s approved amount and does so)
  • Skilled nursing facility care coinsurance
  • Blood transfusion (first three pints)
  • Foreign travel emergency coverage (maximum of $50,000, after hitting a $250 deductible)

Should I switch from Medicare Plan F to Plan G?

Medicare Supplement Plan G is generally the best option for people who aren’t eligible for Plan F, according to Sterling Price, a senior research analyst at ValuePenguin who specializes in health and life insurance.

Medicare Plan G coverage includes:

  • Medicare Part A deductible, coinsurance, hospital costs and hospice coinsurance or copay
  • Skilled nursing coinsurance
  • The first three pints of blood
  • 80% of foreign travel emergencies

“They’re as covered as they can be,” says Price, referring to people who sign up for Plan G.

Tue, 15 Aug 2023 00:32:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : What Is Plan B—And How Is It Different From The Abortion Pill?

Plan B One-Step is a form of emergency contraception (also known as postcoital contraception) taken after a person has engaged in sexual intercourse. Sometimes called the “morning after pill,” it’s used to prevent pregnancy after an unprotected sexual encounter or a failure of your chosen method of birth control. This can mean missed doses of your regular birth control pills, a broken condom or a failure to use any type of contraception.

“Plan B is one of a number of brands of ‘emergency contraception’ that can be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex,” explains Suzanne Gilberg-Lenz, M.D., an OB-GYN and author of the upcoming book Menopause Bootcamp. 

While this type of medication was first mentioned in medical literature in the 1960s, it wasn’t until 1998 that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) first approved a product designed for emergency contraception.

Today, there are several types of emergency contraceptive pills, ranging from over-the-counter progestin-only pills to selective progesterone receptor modulators available only through a prescription.

How Does Plan B Work?

Emergency contraception works primarily by either preventing or delaying the ovulation process (the release of an egg from the ovary). Less common—but still possible—is emergency contraception that prevents fertilization of the egg by sperm if ovulation has already occurred.

Specifically, Plan B works by delaying ovulation, which means sperm cannot interact with an egg. If there is no interaction between sperm and egg, fertilization cannot occur. Plan B contains levonorgestrel, the same ingredient found in many birth control pills.

Other emergency contraception brands that contain levonorgestrel include Take Action and My Way, among others.

It’s important to know that if implantation of the fertilized egg has already happened and you are pregnant, emergency contraception won’t end or harm the pregnancy.

Another important caveat is that Plan B may not be as effective in individuals weighing over 165 pounds, according to Planned Parenthood. In this case, another type of emergency contraception worth considering is ella, which contains ulipristal acetate. This medication is available by prescription only, but it can be taken 120 hours (or five days) after unprotected sex. However, if you weigh over 195 pounds, this form of emergency contraception may not work as well.

The sooner you can take either type of emergency contraceptive pill after unprotected penetrative sex, the more effective the medication is likely to be, explains Dr. Gilberg-Lenz.

Failure rates for emergency contraception range from about 4% if taken three days after unprotected sex and rise to 10% if taken five days after, according to a study in American Family Physician . 

Taking emergency contraception will not impact your ability to get pregnant in the future.

Side Effects of Plan B

Dr. Gilberg-Lenz cautions that emergency contraception isn’t nearly as effective as regular contraception, and that it does have side effects. “Side effects can last one to two days and are generally mild,” she adds. “Nausea, dizziness, cramping, fatigue or headaches may occur.”

For Plan B specifically, the company notes the following possible side effects:

  • An irregular period
  • Nausea
  • Low abdominal cramps
  • Tiredness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Breast tenderness
  • Vomiting

After using emergency contraception, a menstrual period should occur within a week of when it normally would, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Some patients may experience irregular bleeding in the week or month following use of emergency contraception.

Dr. Gilberg-Lenz recommends taking a pregnancy test one to two weeks following the administration of emergency contraception to make sure there is no possibility of pregnancy.

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Wed, 16 Aug 2023 22:16:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Expansion plan for Bearwood Medical Centre approved

A MEDICAL practice has reassured patients it is still “business as usual” after plans to expand one its surgery buildings were approved.

The second proposal to increase the size of the Banks and Bearwood Medical Practice facility in Knights Road, Bearwood, was recently given the green light by BCP Council.

A statement as part of the documents submitted to the local authority said The Banks Medical Centre in Winton is closing, however, the large practice insists the Wimborne Road premises will continue to operate “for the foreseeable future”.

A spokesperson for the Banks and Bearwood Medical Practice said: “We are pleased that our planning application has been approved, however, we are at the very early stages of our plans to extend the current surgery building.

“The proposals include modernising and expanding the current medical facilities at our Bearwood Medical Centre site.

“We would like to reassure patients registered with us across both our Banks and Bearwood Medical Practice sites that it is very much business as usual as we work on the plans; with the site at Banks continuing to provide the same range of services for the foreseeable future whilst we work on these building improvements.”

The scheme for the existing medical centre in Knights Road involve creating a link to an empty first floor area of the adjoining Co-op store.

The expansion will provide five more consulting rooms, two extra treatment rooms a dedicated phlebotomy room and additional administration, meeting and waiting space.

It was said the practice is expecting to see new housing developments in the area create a need to support around 4,000 new patients.

A report by council planning officer Monika Kwiatkowska said: “The scheme would support the provision of enhanced medical services in the area. The need of the proposed expansion of the existing surgery is recognised and supported.

“The proposal would complement the character and appearance of the existing building and the wider context of the area.”

On The Banks Medical Centre, the officer said: “For reasons connected to the availability of that building and its condition the Winton facility is no longer fit for purpose with its lease coming to an end and a community benefit would be achieved in creating a more modern surgery on the Bearwood site.”

The Banks and Bearwood Medical Practice said they would keep patients informed as work is progressed in the months and years ahead.

Any patients with questions have been advised to contact the practice.

The spokesperson added: “We’d also like to take this opportunity to thank our patients for their continuing support and understanding for our hard working practice teams.”

Stay up to date with all the latest community news across Dorset with our dedicated Facebook group. Click here to find out more and join.

Tue, 05 Apr 2022 15:55:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Southern State wraps up Patriot Palooza campaign

Southern State Community College recently joined forces with many local businesses across Adams, Brown, Clinton, Fayette, and Highland counties to host a month-long outreach initiative called Patriot Palooza. The event brought awareness to the many programs and opportunities offered by the college as well as the start of fall semester, which begins on Aug. 21.

Joined by 17 of Southern State’s very own faculty and staff, nearly 50 unique visits to businesses, agencies, county offices, schools, and special events across the five-county region were supported in July.

Ranging from a casual drop-in to say, “Thank you for what you do and thank you for supporting Southern State” to sponsorship-like engagements with the broader community, Patriot Palooza was a big success at building stronger connections within the community and promoting education and workforce development, all while having fun in the process, according to a news release.

Southern State plans to coordinate another round of Patriot Palooza in late fall across all five counties mentioned above. Please follow the college’s Facebook page for more details as they become available.

Southern State offers associate degree programs in the areas of business, computer technology, engineering, education, human and social services, health sciences, and law enforcement, as well as one-year certificate programs in accounting, aviation: general, airframe and powerplant, medical assistant technology, phlebotomy, practical nursing, and real estate.

Students can also enjoy bachelor’s degree completion opportunities through on-site partnership agreements, adult basic literacy courses, and workforce training programs.

For additional questions, or to learn more about Southern State, please call 1-800-628-7722 or visit today.

Mon, 14 Aug 2023 02:43:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : Meriden mother of four kickstarts candied fruit business from her home No result found, try new keyword!Crazee Crunch candied cherries. Photo Courtesy Corina Polanco no image Crazee Crunch cotton candy candied apples. Photo Courtesy Corina Polanco MERIDEN — For the past few years, Corina Polanco, a ... Wed, 16 Aug 2023 16:00:00 -0500 text/html
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