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BL0-100 Nokia Bell Labs 5G Foundation testing | http://babelouedstory.com/

BL0-100 testing - Nokia Bell Labs 5G Foundation Updated: 2024

Precisely same BL0-100 questions as in real test, WTF!
Exam Code: BL0-100 Nokia Bell Labs 5G Foundation testing January 2024 by Killexams.com team
Nokia Bell Labs 5G Foundation
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Question: 13
What is the maximum distance of an Edge Cloud from end-user?
A. 1,000 KM
B. 5,000 KM
C. 10,000 KM
D. 300 KM
Answer: A
Question: 14
SOAR can be seen as a tool for which of the following? Select the best answer.
A. SDN intrusion control
B. NFV overload control
C. Security Operation Center
D. IoT attack prevention
Answer: D
Question: 15
What is the purpose of the secondary authentication feature?
A. To Boost authentication between the User Equipment and the 5G Core.
B. To Boost authentication when connecting to different network slices.
C. To authenticate the User Equipment coming from an untrusted non-3GPP access (N3IWF).
D. To authenticate the User Equipment with an external data network.
Answer: A
Question: 16
What are the five key features of 5G Core?
A. Dynamic Control plane, Adaptive Architecture, Converged-Access-Network, Stateless and Network Self- healing
B. Dynamic Control plane, Service Based Architecture, Multi-Access-Network, State-efficiency and Network Slicing
C. Dynamic Control plane, Adaptive Architecture, Multi-Access-Network, Stateless and Network Slicing
D. Control and User Planes Separation, Service Based Architecture, Multi-Access-Network, State-efficiency and Network Slicing
Answer: A
Question: 17
Which one of the following requires a network service package defined in a catalog?
$13$10
A. Cloud software platform
B. Cloud infrastructure software
C. Cloud orchestration
D. Software defined network
Answer: C
Question: 18
Which of the following best defines what is meant by Network Slice isolation?
A. Security + Cloud isolation
B. Resource + Security isolation
C. Transport + Cloud isolation
D. Resource + Traffic isolation
Answer: B
Explanation:
Reference: https://www.gsma.com/futurenetworks/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/Network-Slicing-Use-Case- Requirements-_-FInal-.pdf
Question: 19
The network of the future is the key to supporting the digitization and automation of many industries. This network should support diverse requirements from different applications
using it. To do that, the network should have a new architecture.
Which of the following best describe the elements of the new 5G end-to-end network architecture?
A. Wireless Access, Optical Transport, and a dedicated Core Network for wireless access running in a Central Cloud.
B. Multiple access types (not only wireless), Optical Transport, Multi-cloud, and dedicated Core for every type of access.
C. Public sector element, a smart city element, a health element, a transport and logistics element, and an industrial element.
D. Massive Scale Access combining many wireless and wired access types, Smart Network Fabric as transport (combining optical and IP network elements, controlled by SDN), a
Universal Adaptive Core network supporting all access types, a Multi-cloud system including central, regional, edge, public, private, and hybrid cloud, and Automation and
Analytics providing flexibility in the network to serve different applications.
Answer: D
Question: 20
Which of the following is not a component of a 5G Transport Network?
A. Fronthaul Core
B. Access Backhaul
C. Metropolitan or Regional Core
D. Backbone Core
Answer: D
Explanation:
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Reference: https://www.nokia.com/about-us/news/releases/2017/11/13/nokia-unveils-cloud-packet-core-to-enable-5g-services/
Question: 21
Which of the following statements about Network Slicing are correct? (Choose three.)
A. Multiple slices create multiple virtual network instances.
B. Unique Quality of Service can be allocated to a given slice.
C. Specific resources can be allocated to a given slice.
D. Network Slicing is a way to physically partition the common network infrastructure.
Answer: A,B,C
Question: 22
What is the Authentication Server Function (AUSF)?
A. This network function is part of data repositories in the Common Data Layer. It stores 3GPP standardized data.
B. This network function supports authentication for 3GPP and non-3GPP accesses.
C. This network function exposes 5G Core network functionalities available to 3rd parties, so that 3rd party capabilities and events may be securely exposed by the Network
Exposure Function (NEF).
D. This network function stores or retrieves subscriptions, profiles and authentication data to or from the data repositories. It offers services to the AMF, SMF, NEF and AUSF using
the Service Based Interface.
Answer: B
Question: 23
Which of the following is not a component of the 5G Flexible RAN architecture?
A. Radio Unit
B. Distributed Unit
C. Centralized Unit
D. Optical Unit
Answer: D
Explanation:
Reference: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/wcmc/2019/5264012/
Question: 24
What functionality is applied by SDN to find an alternative path in case of failure in the Transport Network?
A. Path Correlation Engine
B. Alternative Route Finding
C. Alternative Path Computing
$13$10
D. Path Computation Engine
Answer: C
Explanation:
Reference: https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwj01tmp5uTvAhUQO8AKHbvUB5c
QFjAAegQIBxAD&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.mdpi.com%2F2071-1050%2F12%2F10%2F4255% 2Fpdf&usg=AOvVaw2Jd6iravRnpP8tfxjIdKWK
Question: 25
How many slices can a User Equipment be connected simultaneously with 4G Core based network?
A. 1
B. 8
C. unlimited
D. 4
Answer: B
$13$10

Nokia Foundation testing - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/BL0-100 Search results Nokia Foundation testing - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/BL0-100 https://killexams.com/exam_list/Nokia Nokia (NOK) Kickstarts 2024 With Honor Patent Licensing Deal No result found, try new keyword!Nokia Corporation NOK has started 2024 on a promising note by inking a new patent cross-license agreement with Honor for an undisclosed amount. The licensing deal with one of the leading smartphone ... Thu, 04 Jan 2024 23:21:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Take That, Google Android: Nokia Creates The Symbian Foundation

software platform Google

Nokia also announced its intent to acquire the remaining 52 percent stake in Symbian Ltd. that it doesn't already own for a price tag of roughly $410 million.

Symbian, a mobile operating system and software maker used widely throughout Europe, owns about two-thirds of the market for smartphone operating systems. Symbian, however, has yet to really take hold in the U.S., though the foundation may be a driving force to get Symbian more mind share in areas it has yet to infiltrate.

Currently, there are more than 200 million phones across 235 models that are based on the Symbian OS, along with tens of thousands of third-party applications available for it.

On Tuesday, Nokia said it has partnered with Sony Ericsson, Motorola and NTT DoCoMo to unite the Symbian operating system, the S60 platform, the UIQ software platform and the MOAP application platform to create the single open-source platform. AT&T, LG Electronics, Samsung Electronics, STMicroelectronics, Texas Instruments and Vodafone have also joined the party, dubbed the Symbian Foundation, to extend the appeal of the unified software platform.

The Symbian Foundation is nonprofit and will be open to all organizations. Nokia said Tuesday it plans to contribute its Symbian and S60 software to the foundation, while Sony Ericsson and Motorola will contribute technology from UIQ. NTT DoCoMo has also indicated that it will contribute its MOAP assets.

"From these contributions, the foundation will provide a unified platform with a common UI framework," Nokia said in a statement. "A full platform will be available for all foundation members under a royalty-free license, from the foundation's first day of operations."

Creating a foundation, or consortium, to fuel development and promote open-source platforms is nothing new. Google Android and its Open Handset Alliance and the LiMo Foundation are also working to create open platforms to enable device and software manufacturers to work in concert to develop open mobile computing platforms.

Google Android and the Open Handset Alliance comprise more than 30 partners, including heavyweights like Sprint, T-Mobile and China Mobile. Though earlier this week it was reported that Android has been plagued by setbacks, Google is adamant that its Android plans remain on schedule and devices based on Android will be available in the second half of this year.

The LiMo Foundation, another consortium working on an open-source Linux-based mobile operating system, also boasts an impressive roster of major mobility players. LiMo joins together Verizon Wireless, SK Telecom, Infineon Technologies, Kvaleberg, Mozilla, Red Bend Software and SFR. The LiMo Foundation, which launched in January 2007, also includes Motorola, NEC, NTT DoCoMo, Panasonic Mobile Communications, Samsung Electronics and Vodafone, some of the same companies that are working with Nokia on the Symbian Foundation.

Nokia's Symbian buy and the formation of the foundation come as consumer and business demand for mobile devices and smartphones grows and the competition between mobile operating systems heats up. With Symbian under its belt, Nokia and Symbian will be better served to compete with the Apple iPhone, Microsoft Windows Mobile and Research In Motion's BlackBerry, along with Palm's mobile operating system.

Nokia said member contributions to the foundation will come through open collaboration and will be integrated to enhance the platform. The foundation will make certain components available as open source at the launch and then work to establish further open-source mobile software offerings. Nokia said the software will be available over the next two years and will be released under Eclipse Public License (EPL) 1.0.

"Establishing the foundation is one of the biggest contributions to an open community ever made," said Nokia CEO Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo in the statement. "Nokia is a strong supporter of open platforms and technologies as they give the freedom to build, maintain and evolve applications and services across device segments and offer by far the largest ecosystem, enabling rapid innovation. Today's announcement is a major milestone in our device software strategy."

Other device manufacturers agreed that an open-source foundation model will fuel proliferation of not only devices, but of mobility applications and software.

"The complete, consistent platform that the foundation plans to provide will allow manufacturers to focus on their unique differentiation at a device level," said Dick Komiyama, president of Sony Ericsson, in a statement. "Sony Ericsson believes that the unified Symbian foundation platform will greatly simplify the world for handset manufacturers, operators and developers, enabling greater innovation in services and applications to the benefit of consumers everywhere."

And wireless carriers said organizations such as the Symbian Foundation will alleviate a great deal of market confusion and disparity.

"Mobile phones have turned into sophisticated multimedia computers, and smartphones continue to grow in popularity," said Kris Rinne, senior vice president of architecture and planning at AT&T, in a statement. "The Symbian Foundation will reduce fragmentation in the industry and holds the promise of incorporating leading technology and the most mature software into a unified platform for the entire industry. This will create an environment that will encourage and enable developers to build compelling applications that will positively affect our customers' lives and support AT&T in offering its differentiated services to consumers."

According to Nokia, the foundation is expected to begin operations during the first half of 2009, subject to the closing of the Symbian Ltd. acquisition.

Sun, 10 Dec 2023 22:35:00 -0600 text/html https://www.crn.com/news/applications-os/208800481/take-that-google-android-nokia-creates-the-symbian-foundation
Nokia and Honor Sign Patent Cross-License Agreement for 5G and Cellular Technologies

Nokia and Honor Sign Patent Cross-License Agreement for 5G and Cellular Technologies

(IN BRIEF) Nokia has entered into a patent cross-license agreement with Honor, a leading player in the Chinese smartphone market. The agreement covers the essential inventions related to 5G and other cellular technologies, and the terms remain confidential. Nokia’s Chief Licensing Officer, Susanna Martikainen, highlighted the strength of Nokia’s patent portfolio and its contributions to cellular standards, noting that this is the fourth major litigation-free smartphone agreement Nokia has signed in the past year. Honor’s Head of Global Intellectual Property, Wenyu Zhou, emphasized the importance of IP rights and reasonable IP value for the mobile industry’s development. Nokia’s patent portfolio consists of over 20,000 patent families, including more than 6,000 declared essential to 5G, which can be licensed on fair, reasonable, and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms.

(PRESS RELEASE) ESPOO, 5-Jan-2024 — /EuropaWire/ — Nokia announced it has signed a new patent cross-license agreement with Honor covering both parties’ fundamental inventions in 5G and other cellular technologies. The terms of the agreement remain confidential between the parties.

Susanna Martikainen, Chief Licensing Officer Mobile Devices at Nokia said: “We are delighted to have concluded an amicable patent cross-license agreement with Honor, one of the leading players in the Chinese smartphone market. It is the fourth major litigation-free smartphone agreement that Nokia has concluded over the past twelve months and highlights once again the strength of Nokia’s patent portfolio and decades-long contributions to cellular standards and other technologies.”

Wenyu Zhou, Head of Global Intellectual Property at Honor said: “As both 5G SEP holder and implementor, Honor highly respects IP rights and strongly believes that reasonable value of IP is important to the development of mobile industry. The conclusion of the patent cross-license agreement shows Honor’s commitment on innovation to enabling a smart life across all scenarios and all channels, for all people.”

Nokia’s industry-leading patent portfolio is built on more than €140 billion invested in R&D since 2000 and is composed of around 20,000 patent families, including over 6,000 patent families declared essential to 5G. Nokia contributes its inventions to open standards in return for the right to license them on fair, reasonable and non-discriminatory (FRAND) terms. Companies can license and use these technologies without the need to make their own substantial investments in the standards, fueling innovation and the development of new products and services for consumers.

About Nokia
At Nokia, we create technology that helps the world act together.

As a B2B technology innovation leader, we are pioneering networks that sense, think and act by leveraging our work across mobile, fixed and cloud networks. In addition, we create value with intellectual property and long-term research, led by the award-winning Nokia Bell Labs.

Service providers, enterprises and partners worldwide trust Nokia to deliver secure, reliable and sustainable networks today – and work with us to create the digital services and applications of the future.

Follow us on social media
LinkedIn Twitter Instagram Facebook YouTube

Media Contact:

Steven Bartholomew
VP Communications and Marketing, Nokia Technologies
Email: steven.bartholomew@nokia.com

SOURCE: Nokia

EDITOR'S PICK:
Thu, 04 Jan 2024 19:43:00 -0600 EuropaWire PR Editor en-US text/html https://news.europawire.eu/nokia-and-honor-sign-patent-cross-license-agreement-for-5g-and-cellular-technologies/eu-press-release/2024/01/05/10/36/12/127705/
WhatsApp is testing a new interface for channel content sharing

The latest update in WhatsApp, currently in beta testing with version 2.24.1.6, introduces a revamped interface for sharing channel content. This feature, live for select Android beta users, promises a better experience by introducing a fresh layout based on tier status when sharing content through channels.

A portion of WhatsApp beta users on Android can currently explore this new interface by sharing a channel update with their status. The revamped layout aims to make it seamless for users to inform others about the source of shared content, presenting a more engaging and informative sharing experience. However, for iOS users eager to explore these updates, patience is advised, as the beta program is initially limited to Android users, with an anticipated public release in the coming days.

For those aspiring to become WhatsApp beta users and access the latest features before the public release, joining the beta program is a straightforward process through the Google Play Store. By navigating to the WhatsApp page on the Play Store, scrolling down, and tapping the join button, users can register for the beta program. You will gain access to the new software after the registration process. However, it may take some time to complete. The WhatsApp beta will allow you to experience and test the beta updates firsthand.

WhatsApp experts at WABetaInfo have weighed in on the latest beta update, emphasizing that the refreshed interface in WhatsApp channels introduces an intuitive layout. According to them, this layout not only facilitates smoother interactions but also aligns with contemporary design trends. Drawing parallels, they note that the new interface bears a resemblance to the layout offered by Instagram when sharing posts as Instagram Stories. It provides users with a familiar and user-friendly experience. You can expect to get access to these changes soon in an upcoming update of the stable version.

Whatsapp introduced an audio screen-sharing feature a few days ago. This is also currently in the beta testing phase and will be available in the Android realm soon.

WhatsApp channel interface update
Source: WABetaInfo
Tue, 26 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.androidheadlines.com/2023/12/whatsapp-channel-content-sharing.html
Whole genome sequencing for breast cancer risk testing

Examining the impact of routine testing using whole genome sequencing

The PHG Foundation report Whole Genome Sequencing for breast cancer examines the impact of routine testing for inherited / heritable conditions using whole genome sequencing where these conditions are not part of the primary purpose of testing. The report uses the example of inherited breast cancer, and its findings are relevant across a range of cancers.

This paper demonstrates the type of process that should be undertaken when considering likely test and health outcomes that may arise when using WGS in unselected populations, using the example of inherited breast cancer variants. The aim of detecting such genetic variants is to quantify the absolute risk of disease conferred by the variant for an individual. This will allow valid judgements to be made about the risks and benefits of clinical interventions for the patient and family. 

At present these many uncertainties will impact on the clinical utility of actively seeking secondary findings using WGS, even for relatively well-characterised genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2. These can be addressed by appropriately planned and resourced evaluation of developing practice and research, including detailed consideration of the health economic implications. Applying the process demonstrated in this paper to other gene-disease combinations, though, is likely to highlight further gaps in knowledge and understanding around clinical validity and utility, which should be considered before offering routine testing of genes for secondary purposes in unselected populations.

By Charlotte Warren-Gash, Mark Kroese, Hilary Burton, Paul Pharoah

Tue, 25 Jul 2017 13:54:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.phgfoundation.org/report/whole-genome-sequencing-for-breast-cancer-risk-testing
Marlene’s foundation encourages genetic cancer testing

Van Staden, former Mayor of the Modimolle-Mookgophong Municipality, passed away in June after breast cancer was diagnosed a year before. She tested positive for a mutation on the BRCA-1 gene, a hereditary condition that affected several of her family members.

After the 42-year-old Van Staden’s untimely death, her family decided that there was a need to create awareness around this mutation. Many people know that cancer is prevalent in their families, but do not realize that genetic testing can give them answers and ensure that they act in time to prevent serious illness and death.

“We want the term previvor to become as common as a survivor. Previvor means someone has been proactive in their health decisions,” explained Marietjie Jacobs, Marlene’s aunt, who was also affected by the gene mutation.

Actress Angelina Jolie is a celebrity previvor, who after testing positive for the BRCA gene mutation, opted to have a hysterectomy and mastectomy to ensure that she did not develop the same cancer that led to her mother’s death.

“People are afraid to talk about cancer and how it affected them or their families. We want to encourage them to be open and discuss it,” said Jacobs.

Dr. Marthinus Heystek, another family member, spoke on the importance of testing if there is a family history of cancer, for the sake of one’s children.

“At first I did not see the need to get tested, but realised that I have a daughter and two granddaughters who will be affected. If I’m clear, they will not be impacted, but if I tested positive, they need to know of their increased risk to develop cancer.”

Testing positive for the BRCA-1 mutation increases a person’s risk by 60% to 80% for some types of cancer.

“Men are not safe — they can also develop breast cancer,” warned Heystek.

He explained that creating awareness in the medical community is important as genetic testing is relatively new and some doctors had no training regarding this.

Julie Malan, an experienced genetic counselor at Ampath and the Femina Clinic in Pretoria, spoke on the importance of assisting families if a member tested positive.

“A positive test result affects everyone. Those who have a personal history of breast cancer, developed pre-menopausal cancer before the age of 45, or had more than one generation with breast or ovarian cancer, should consider testing,” she advised.

The foundation aims to create awareness regarding genetic testing for BRCA mutations, provide both financial and emotional support to those who need to test and support breast cancer patients as well as bereaved children and family members of victims. They also aim to create a multi-disciplinary team of experts to support families with inherited harmful variants of the BRCA-1 or BRCA-2 genes.

The foundation is a non-profit organization and will also be registered as a public benefit organization. It will be able to provide donors with a Section 18 A tax certificate.

The foundation has set its first goal of collecting R250 000 and this be allocated towards genetic testing.

For more information, phone tel. 083 287 4144 or visit the foundation’s website at www.angelm.org.za(.)

Sun, 26 Nov 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en-US text/html https://www.citizen.co.za/die-pos/news-headlines/local-news/2023/11/27/marlenes-foundation-encourages-genetic-cancer-testing/
CA Foundation Mock Test Paper 2023 Series ll Link Today; Check Schedule

CA Foundation Mock Test Paper 2023 series ll link will be out today: December 15, 2023. Candidates appearing for the test must download the CA Foundation mock test papers on the official website: boslive.icai.org.

CA Foundation Mock Test Paper 2023: The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) will conduct the CA Foundation mock test series ll (December session) from December 15 to 19, 2023. Candidates appearing for the test must download the CA Foundation mock test papers on the official website: boslive.icai.org.

ICAI will activate the CA Foundation Mock Test Paper 2023 link within 48 hours of the beginning of the exam. Candidates have to visit the regional centres or branches to appear for the ICAI mock test physically. 

CA Foundation Mock Test Paper 2023 December Series II

Check out the complete schedule for the CA Foundation Mock Test Paper 2023 series below:

Subject

Dates

Time

Paper-1: Principles and Practice of Accounting

December 15, 2023

2 PM to 5 PM

Paper-2: Business Laws and Business Correspondence and Reporting

December 16, 2023

Paper-3: Business Mathematics and Logical Reasoning & Statistics

December 18, 2023

2 PM to 4 PM

Paper-4: Business Economics and Business and Commercial Knowledge

December 19, 2023

How to Register for CA Foundation Mock Test December 2023?

Candidates can go through the below-mentioned steps to apply:

Step 1: Visit the official website: icai.org

Step 2: On the homepage, click on the ICAI Foundation mock test registration link

Step 3: Sign in with name, number, email, and registration number

Step 4: Select course and medium of paper

Step 5: Pay the required online fee

Step 6: download the payment receipt for reference

Fri, 15 Dec 2023 04:25:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.jagranjosh.com/news/ca-foundation-mock-test-paper-2023-december-series-2-today-schedule-here-171876
The 13 Best Foundation Brushes of 2024, Tested and Reviewed

Applying makeup can take a bit of practice and the right beauty tools. And, as it turns out, foundation brushes are one of the most important applicators in any makeup bag. “When using the right foundation brush, your foundation will blend seamlessly, giving it a second-skin-like appearance and being nearly undetectable,” Dominique Lerma, an executive makeup artist at OMNIA Brush, tells PEOPLE. “It will also speed up your application time and you can cover more real estate on your face in a shorter amount of time.” 

While many opt to use their fingers when applying foundation — we’re also guilty of doing this — a proper makeup brush can give a more evenly distributed application. “Using your fingers or a blender gives you just one point of contact on the skin, but a brush gives you thousands, so the makeup gets spread so much more evenly and smoothly,” Jenny Patinkin, a celebrity makeup artist and founder of Jenny Patinkin, tells us. On top of that, fingers can deliver blemish-causing bacteria and excess oil to the skin which is less than ideal. 

With the benefits of foundation brushes top of mind, our PEOPLE Tested team set out to find the best foundation brushes. We researched dozens of top options before narrowing it down to 24 applicators for lab testing, where we conducted experiments to determine quality, application efficacy, and more. See which ones made the cut with our top picks for the best foundation brushes, ahead.

Our Ratings

  • Design

    5/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    4.8/5

Pros
  • The flat brush head gives excellent, seamless coverage.

  • The bristles are soft to the touch and don’t cause any irritation to the face while blending foundation.

  • The brush features an overall high-quality construction with a durable handle and bristles that can withstand foundation blending without breaking or shedding.

Cons
  • The price point is a little higher end, but you get what you pay for, and it’s quality makes it worth the investment.

The Charlotte Tilbury Magic Complexion Brush is our top pick for the best foundation brush overall. This brush features a flat-headed brush shape and synthetic bristles that are as soft as natural hair. Designed for buffing foundation, the makeup brush held up against our rigorous lab testing and can withstand lots of wear and tear, thanks to its durable handle and flexible brush bristles. 

As far as blending is concerned, we were thoroughly impressed by how well the makeup brush blended foundation into the skin. Not only was it easy to apply and achieve an even coverage, it also helped create a beautiful, seamless blending effect without any streaking. When cleaning, the bristles gently separated from the foundation and didn’t clump together while wet. They dried quickly and thoroughly and never lost their integrity. 

Overall, this is an excellent pick for someone looking for a flat-headed foundation brush that is high quality and durable enough to last a long time (with proper care, of course). While it is a little pricey compared to some options on our list, we think it’s well worth the investment, considering you get what you pay for.

Brush Shape: Flat head | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Buffing foundation

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.6/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    4.5/5

Pros
  • It’s a luxury-inspired foundation brush for under $35.

  • The dome-shaped head allows you to blend contour for a seamless finish.

  • The bristles are durable and flexible, and don’t shed when buffing out the foundation.

  • Although it has a dense design, the brush doesn’t absorb too much foundation and does an excellent job of transferring makeup to the complexion.

For a less expensive top pick, consider the BK Beauty 101 Contoured Foundation brush. This under-$35 makeup brush is inspired by its luxury counterparts for just a fraction of the investment. While it is slightly large for a foundation brush — which might not be ideal for some preferences — the dome-shaped head allows you to blend and blur contoured looks for a smoother and more flawless finish. 

When testing the brush quality, we were impressed by the overall dense design and how it doesn’t absorb too much foundation, so you don’t waste a lot of product. The bristles are also highly flexible and durable and don’t shed when buffing out the foundation on the complexion. 

Brush Shape: Dome head | Bristle: Not listed | Good For: Contour

Our Ratings

  • Design

    5/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    3.5/5

Pros
  • Despite a durable construction, this makeup brush is ultra-lightweight and comfortable to use when applying foundation.

  • The bristles are very soft and pliable while remaining flexible enough to move with brush strokes when blending.

  • It has a beautiful design that looks luxurious on top of a vanity table.

Cons
  • Cleaning is a little tricky, and the bristles clumped together while wet. However, once dried, it retained its shape and texture.

If you’re in the market for a splurge-worthy makeup brush, consider the Cle de Peau High Coverage Foundation Brush. At $70, this is the most expensive brush on our list — though we promise it’s well worth the splurge. The brush features a highly durable yet ultra-lightweight construction that makes it comfortable to use when applying foundation. On top of that, the bristles are very soft and pliable while remaining strong and flexible enough to move with brush strokes while blending (and without shedding or breaking off). On top of that, the luxury foundation brush also features a stunning design that doubles as vanity decor. 

Cleaning this brush was a tad tricky but not impossible. It takes a little bit of extra effort to remove all liquid foundation from the bristles, and when wet, the bristles clump together. That being said, once dried, the brush retains its shape and texture and is ready for the next application.

Brush Shape: Angled | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: High coverage

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.9/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    4/5

Pros
  • Despite its under $10 price tag, the foundation brush still feels high-quality and durable (and the bristles don’t break off or shed during application).

  • The brush helps you achieve excellent coverage with cream and liquid foundations. It’s also easy to blend formulas for a more airbrushed look.

The Real Techniques Expert Face Makeup Brush is proof that you don’t need to spend a lot of money to get a high-quality foundation brush. This under-$10 makeup brush is made from high-quality and durable synthetic fibers that feel soft on the face and are flexible enough to blend cream and liquid foundations without breaking or shedding. While the brush shape is a little small in size — which took some getting used to — we were able to achieve excellent coverage with an airbrushed look, thanks to its blending power.

Brush Shape: Dome | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Cream and liquid foundation application

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.5/5

  • Durability

    4.5/5

  • Performance

    4.5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    2.5/5

Pros
  • It’s a durable blending foundation brush for under $10.

  • The dome bristles help you achieve a buildable application while also blending seamlessly into the skin.

  • It deposits foundation onto the skin in an even and precise layer, without causing streaks.

For something even less expensive, consider the Elf Cosmetics Ultimate Blending Brush. This budget-friendly foundation brush costs $7 and rivals some of the more expensive options on our list. It’s constructed from synthetic bristle fibers and features a dome shape that allows you to achieve a buildable application. When testing, we were impressed by how well the brush also blends for a more airbrushed finish, and how it deposits an even and precise layer of foundation without much effort. While the brush handle is on the thicker side and takes some getting used to, we found this e.l.f. makeup brush to be comfortable, lightweight, and easy to use.

Brush Shape: Dome | Bristle: Synthetic fibers | Good For: Buildable application

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.3/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    4.5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    3/5

Pros
  • The brush handle has a slight hourglass shape, providing a more comfortable grip when applying foundation.

  • The brush bristles are high-quality and don’t break or shed.

  • It features super soft bristles that help achieve more buildable coverage when using liquid and powder formulas.

The IT Cosmetics Heavenly Luxe Complexion Perfection Brush #7 is an excellent option for those shopping for a dual-ended foundation brush. Ideal for achieving buildable coverage with liquid and powder formulas, this brush features one large, rounded side for foundation application and a much smaller side for blending concealer or focusing on hyperpigmentation cover-up. The handle has a slight hourglass shape for a more comfortable grip, and the brush bristles are durable, flexible, and ultra-soft against the skin, too. While the full and fluffy nature of this brush can take some getting used to, it’s an excellent option for those looking for a two-in-one makeup brush designed for a range of coverage.

Brush Shape: Rounded | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Buildable coverage with liquid and powder formulas

Our Ratings

  • Design

    5/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    4.7/5

Pros
  • The handle has a tapered shape that is comfortable with a good grip.

  • The bristles are light and airy, allowing you to achieve an airbrushed finish with both foundation and concealer.

  • Despite its $8 price, the brush is highly durable, and the bristles stay intact without shedding or breaking.

Cons
  • Cleaning the brush is fairly easy, but since the tips have a white hue, they get stained with foundation.

If you want a dual-ended foundation brush for less, we’ve got your search covered with the Elf Complexion Duo Brush. This foundation brush features a large and small rounded head constructed from super soft synthetic fibers. Designed for achieving an airbrushed look with concealer and foundation, the multifunctional makeup brush is easy to use, comfortable to hold (thanks to its tapered handle), and has a great grip for precise application. 

Despite costing less than $10, this brush is also highly durable and has strong yet flexible bristles that move with your technique without shedding or breaking off. The only downside is that the tips are white so foundation can stain the brush easily, even with regular cleaning.

Brush Shape: Round | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Airbrushed concealer and foundation

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.8/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    3.5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    3.5/5

Pros
  • The handle is a little thicker than some other options, though we found that this helps provide additional comfort and a good grip during application.

  • The synthetic bristles have a super soft texture that feels similar to natural hair.

  • The brush mimics finger application, so you can easily achieve a smooth and well-blended finish.

For a smooth finish that looks well-blended without any streaks, consider the Hourglass Ambient Soft Glow Foundation Brush. This makeup brush features an angled head with soft synthetic bristles that resemble natural hair but with much more durability. After testing several options, we were most impressed by how this brush is designed to mimic finger application, allowing you to achieve more precise blending for a seamless look (though you do need to use a little more foundation to get the desired look). 

In addition to the brush and application, the handle is highly comfortable and easy to grip with an almost ergonomic feel thanks to its thicker design. 

Brush Shape: Angled | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Mimicking finger application for precise blending

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.7/5

  • Durability

    5/5

  • Performance

    4.5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    4/5

Pros
  • The flat top head makes it easy to apply a powder foundation with light, natural-looking coverage.

  • The brush’s shape makes it easy to cover a lot of ground with a small amount of product.

  • Cleaning the brush is a breeze and you don’t have to worry about the bristles clumping together or losing their shape once dried.

Not all makeup brushes are compatible with powder foundation. Still, the It Cosmetics Heavenly Luxe Flat Top Buffing Foundation Brush #6 does an excellent job of dispersing powder with an even and natural-looking finish. The brush’s shape makes it easy to cover a lot of the face with just a small amount of product, so you can achieve light coverage or layer on for a more buildable finish. Although the flat top design can take some getting used to, we found it to be highly effective at applying powder formulas and buffing liquid foundation for a more airbrushed look (it also works great for blending in blush). 

The brush is also one of the easiest brushes we cleaned as you can not only remove product without much effort but also don’t have to worry about bristles clumping together or losing its shape. 

Brush Shape: Flat top head | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Buffing

Our Ratings

  • Design

    5/5

  • Durability

    4.8/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    4/5

Pros
  • The brush provides excellent coverage and is particularly great at blending into the skin for more even-looking coverage.

  • The bristles are super soft and flexible on the complexion, so the skin won’t get irritated with blending strokes.

Blending requires a lot more brush contact, so you want one with ultra-soft bristles that are strong yet flexible enough to achieve a desired look. We found these must-haves in the Laura Mercier Real Flawless Foundation Brush, which features an easy-to-use teardrop shape and a lightweight handle for lasting comfort. The brush features a dense and angled design, making it easy to achieve excellent coverage while also blending into the skin. The bristles also have a super soft touch that doesn’t irritate skin with rigorous blending strokes. 

When testing the brush’s durability, we found that the logo was easy to remove with a piece of tape. While this isn’t a complete deal-breaker for us, it’s worth noting that, over time, the logo and other details might wear off. 

Brush Shape: Teardrop | Bristle: Not listed | Good For: Achieving a second-skin finish

Our Ratings

  • Design

    5/5

  • Durability

    4.8/5

  • Performance

    5/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    2.5/5

Pros
  • You don’t need a ton of strokes to blend foundation into the skin and achieve a streak-free look.

  • It doesn’t absorb a lot of formula, so you don’t have to worry about waste.

  • It’s easy to get a precise application for buildable coverage.

The Morphe M707 Oval Foundation Brush is designed for full coverage, but we found that it works best on buildable formulas. This foundation brush doesn’t pick up a lot of excess formula so you don’t have to worry about wasting formula and you can get a more precise application when building your coverage look. Additionally, its thick bristles and oval shape make it easy to blend foundation into the skin and prevent and streaks. 

Since the bristles are thicker, they’re more prone to clumping together when wet. This makes cleaning a bit of a challenge but not impossible — just know that you might need some extra downtime between uses in order for it to fully dry.

Brush Shape: Oval | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Full coverage

Our Ratings

  • Design

    5/5

  • Durability

    4.8/5

  • Performance

    4.2/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    5/5

Pros
  • The brush features a thick handle that is comfortable to hold when blending liquid foundation.

  • Since it has a full yet tapered brush design, you can use this for blending liquid foundation as well as applying powder formulas.

  • The bristles are super soft but also dense and compact, so you can use it to both dab and glide across the skin.

For a multipurpose makeup brush, consider The Base Brush from Saie. This foundation brush is designed for liquid formulas, but also works well with powdered foundation and blush, too. Since the soft bristles are dense and compact, you can use this brush in several ways, including dabbing and gliding across the skin. Its full yet tapered design also makes it easy to maneuver on the complexion, whether you’re blending liquid foundation or applying powder formulas. Plus, the thick handle is comfortable to hold, especially when rigorously blending foundation. 

Cleaning the brush is a bit tricky because the brush head is so dense. However, the brush doesn’t pick up a lot of excess formula so you don’t have to worry about not getting everything out (you might just need to wait a little longer for it to dry).

Brush Shape: Tapered | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Liquid formulas

Our Ratings

  • Design

    4.7/5

  • Durability

    4.8/5

  • Performance

    4.3/5

  • Ease of Cleaning

    3/5

Pros
  • The foundation brush features a simple yet effective design. 

  • The brush density provides a little bit of firmness, but the bristles still feel soft against the skin.

  • It blends beautifully and evenly, even if you don’t have a lot of experience with kabuki brushes.

For the best kabuki foundation brush, we recommend the Sigma Beauty F80 Flat Kabuki Brush. This brush features a flat head design and super soft bristles tightly packed together for a slight firmness. Overall, the brush’s density allows you to get a lot of control when applying foundation and it’s easy to achieve a seamless look with just a few blending strokes. Although the brush absorbs a little excess foundation (so be sure to really get in there when cleaning), we found it to be an effective and easy-to-use brush, even for beginners.

Brush Shape: Flat head | Bristle: Synthetic | Good For: Achieving a buildable airbrushed finish

Others We Tried

Sonia Kashuk Essential Flat-Top Foundation Brush No. 168: We also tried the Sonia Kashuk Essential Flat-Top Foundation Brush No. 168 and loved it as another budget-friendly alternative. This foundation brush features a larger head that takes some practice to create a smooth and seamless look. However, once you get the hang of things, you only need a little bit of foundation at a time, so it’s a great option for buildable coverage. 

Sephora Collection Pro Foundation Brush #47: The Sephora Collection Pro Foundation Brush #47 is also worth mentioning. This $30 foundation brush is ultra-light and comfortable to use, and its round head makes it easy to achieve even coverage with just one to two layers of foundation. It is a bit tricky to clean between uses, though, and we found that the bristles absorb too much water, making it harder to dry in time for the next application. 

What to Look for in Foundation Brushes

Brush Shape 

Foundation brush shape can vary and is often a personal preference for application. However, some brush shapes are designed specifically to achieve certain finishes, such as full coverage, buildability, an airbrushed look, and blending for contour. The most common foundation brush shapes include dome, round, oval, flat head, and teardrop. 

After testing several options, we found that the Charlotte Tilbury Magic Complexion Brush is the best foundation brush overall. This brush features a flat headed shape that makes blending the formula super easy. We also loved the BK Beauty 101 Contoured Foundation for a less expensive option. This foundation brush as a dome head shape that is a little oversized, sort of like a powder brush. We loved it because the bristles are dense and super soft, making it easy to build coverage and blend seamlessly while working with a contoured effect. 

Bristle Material 

The bristle material is another important thing to consider when shopping for the best foundation brushes. While natural bristles might seem like the better choice, they are more absorbent and make a smooth application a little trickier as a result (plus, they take a long time to dry when cleaning). Instead, Lerma recommends opting for a synthetic makeup brush that resembles natural hair with a soft and flexible texture. 

All foundation brushes on our top picks list are constructed from synthetic hair, which helps achieve a more seamless application and keeps its quality for a lot longer compared to natural brushes. 

How We Tested 

To find the best foundation brushes, our PEOPLE Tested team researched dozens of options before narrowing it down to 24 makeup brushes for lab testing. Once in the lab, the team conducted seven tests, to determine their overall performance. We started with a hair drop test, where we rubbed the bristles onto a piece of paper to note bristle quality and see if any shed or break off. Next, we applied tape to the logo and then peeled it away to test the packaging quality and make note of any logo transfer or fading. We also conducted a dye test by soaking the bristles in water and then rubbing them across a tissue to see if the bristles bled. From there, we continued with a drop test, where we dropped the brushes from a countertop onto the floor to see how much — if any — damage occurred. 

After testing durability, we then began our foundation test. We used the brushes to apply a layer of formula to the backs of our hands to get an idea of the overall application experience. Next, we measured the spread by adding a dollop of foundation to a plastic tray and using the brush to spread it out. Once our foundation test was complete, we cleansed the brushes and made note of how well they cleaned up, including how they dried and the overall quality post-cleanse. 

Following our experiments, we compiled our notes and examined each foundation brush thoroughly, looking at overall performance, quality, and application. We then narrowed it down to our top picks and curated this list of the best foundation brushes as a result.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • “I recommend using a synthetic brush to apply liquid or cream foundations,” says Lerma. While natural hair brushes are beneficial for makeup application, Lerma notes that synthetic brushes can often mimic the same texture and application as a natural brush but last much longer. “A natural hair brush absorbs water and moisture, becoming thick and wet,” she adds. “The formula will need to be worked from the brush onto the face and can risk the chance of the product not gliding on as evenly and will require a bit more blending and precision during application.

  • The best shape for a foundation brush is a personal preference, though Patinkin recommends a slightly domed angle foundation brush “because it hugs the curves of the face but still can get into every little nook and cranny.” The Hourglass Ambient Soft Glow Foundation Brush is a good example of this type of brush since it features an angled cut while remaining fluffy and full. We also love the Laura Mercier Real Flawless Foundation Brush for similar reasons.

  • “This is unique to each individual, the brand of brush they invest in, and how they care for their brush in between uses,” says Lerma. If taken care of properly, a high-quality foundation brush should last you years. Patinkin says you’ll know it’s time to replace your brush if it’s shedding or the bristles feel prickly.

  • To achieve a seamless finish, Lerma says it’s best to use a brush. “Using your fingers to blend your foundation can cause streaking with the formula,” she explains. On top of that, fingers aren’t always as clean as brushes and using them can “cause a spread of bacteria or oils on the face, causing an unwanted breakout,” Lerma adds. 


    With that said, Patinkin says some artists still prefer fingers because they generate heat and “can help foundation meld better with the skin.” For the best of both worlds, consider a foundation brush that mimics finger application, such as the Hourglass Ambient Soft Glow Foundation Brush.

Take Our Word For It

Jessie Quinn is a contributing commerce writer for PEOPLE and has written for publications such as Byrdie, InStyle, The Spruce, NYLON, and more. When covering the best foundation brushes, Jessie thoroughly reviewed the PEOPLE Tested team’s insights and considered their notes on design, durability, performance, and ease of cleaning. She also reached out to makeup experts Jenny Patinkin and Dominique Lerma to learn more about what to look for in the best foundation brushes and answer some of our most burning questions about design, shape, and application. As a result, she curated this list of top foundation brushes tested and approved by PEOPLE.

What Is PEOPLE Tested? 

We created the PEOPLE Tested seal of approval to help you find the very best products for your life. We use our unique methodology to test products in three labs across the country and with our network of home testers to determine their effectiveness, durability, ease of use, and so much more. Based on the results, we rate and recommend products so you can find the right one for your needs.

But we don’t stop there: We also regularly re-review the categories in which we’ve awarded the PEOPLE Tested seal of approval — because the best product of today might not be the best of tomorrow. And by the way, companies can never buy our recommendation: Their products must earn it, fair and square.

In short, PEOPLE Tested provides recommendations you can trust — every day, every purchase.

Tue, 02 Jan 2024 22:15:00 -0600 en text/html https://people.com/best-foundation-brushes-8413660




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