Published: Published Date - 04:30 PM, Sat - 8 October 22
Hello readers! Last week we discussed the process of requesting and submitting letters of recommendation (LORs). This week, we will be discussing standardized tests.
U.S. higher education programs and institutions might have a standardized test requirement in their application forms. More competitive schools will likely have higher score requirements and some U.S. institutions could be test optional hence, for institution-specific information, students should check the relevant department’s official website (or contact the admissions offices of their selected institutions).
To choose which standardized test(s) to take, check your admission requirements. The standardized tests for master’s program applications include the Graduate Record Examination (GRE), GRE Subject Tests, and/or the Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT). GREs are required for many U.S. university applications, but GMAT scores are more commonly used as a requirement for business-related and MBA graduate programs.
The GRE General Test has Quantitative, Verbal, and Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) sections. The score range for the Quantitative and Verbal sections are 130 – 170 and the AWA is scored on a scale of 0 – 6. GRE Subject Tests are available for chemistry, mathematics, physics, and psychology.
Each test will assess a student’s aptitude in their field of study. Every GRE Subject Test yields a score on a 200 – 990 scale. For more information about GRE tests, visit https://www.ets.org/gre/test-takers
The GMAT exam includes four sections: Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Verbal Reasoning. Total GMAT scores range from 200 to 800 and it takes about three and a half hours to complete. More details about the GMAT can be found here: https://www.mba.com/exams/gmat/about-the-gmat-exam/gmat-exam-structure.
Both GRE and GMAT scores are valid for five years. If a student is applying after these dates have passed, they must retake the tests. These standardized tests are taken in a computer-based format at designated testing centers/locations. Due to Covid-19, some may also be taken online at home.
For more information about the tests (fees, registration, test centers, home-based testing opportunities, and other related questions) students should visit the tests’ official websites: http://www.ets.org/gre and https://www.mba.com/exams/gmat.
Next week, we will wrap up our discussion on “Step 3: Complete Your Application”
– U.S. Consulate General Hyderabad
QUANTITATIVE serologic tests for syphilis have become more widely used in exact years following the introduction of intensive methods of syphilotherapy. These tests not only are useful in methods of rapid treatment but are often of considerable value in the management of various problems encountered in the diagnosis of syphilis.1 , 2 It is the purpose of this report to discuss the indications for quantitative serologic testing and to illustrate how these tests, when used judiciously, may aid greatly in the recognition of certain manifestations occurring in syphilitic infection.The quantitative titer of syphilitic serum may be determined by several methods. The . . .
Scores on the ACT college admissions test by this year's high school graduates hit their lowest point in more than 30 years — the latest evidence of the enormity of learning disruption during the pandemic.
The class of 2022's averagecomposite score was 19.8 out of 36, marking the first time since 1991 that the average score was below 20. What's more, an increasing number of high school students failed to meet any of the subject-area benchmarks set by the ACT — showing a decline in preparedness for college-level coursework.
The test scores, made public in a report Wednesday, show 42% of ACT-tested graduates in the class of 2022 met none of the subject benchmarks in English, reading, science and math, which are indicators of how well students are expected to perform in corresponding college courses.
In comparison, 38% of test takers in 2021 failed to meet any of the benchmarks.
"Academic preparedness is where we are seeing the decline," said Rose Babington, senior director for state partnerships for the ACT. "Every time we see ACT test scores, we are talking about skills and standards, and the prediction of students to be successful and to know the really important information to succeed and persist through their first year of college courses."
ACT scores have declined steadily in exact years. Still, "the magnitude of the declines this year is particularly alarming," ACT CEO Janet Godwin said in a statement. "We see rapidly growing numbers of seniors leaving high school without meeting college-readiness benchmarks in any of the subjects we measure."
The results offer a lens into systemic inequities in education, in place well before the pandemic shuttered schools and colleges temporarily waived testing requirements. For example, students without access to rigorous high school curriculum suffered more setbacks during pandemic disruptions, Babington said. Those students are from rural areas, come from low-income families and are often students of color.
The number of students taking the ACT has declined 30% since 2018, as graduates increasingly forgo college and some universities no longer require admissions tests. But participation plunged 37% among Black students, with 154,000 taking the test this year.
Standardized tests such as the ACT have faced growing concerns that they're unfair to minority and low-income students, as students with access to expensive test prep or advanced courses often perform better.
Babington defended the test as a measure of college readiness. "Now more than ever, the last few years have shown us the importance of having high-quality data to help inform how we support students," Babington said.
Test scores now are optional for first-year student admission at many institutions. Some colleges, such as the University of California system, even opt for a test-blind policy, where scores are not considered even if submitted.
But many students still take the tests, hoping to get an edge in admissions by submitting their scores. Tyrone Jordan, a freshman at test-optional Arizona State University, said he took the ACT and the SAT to get ahead of other students and help him receive scholarships.
Jordan, who wants to pursue mechanical engineering, said he thinks his rigorous schedule at Tempe Preparatory Academy prepared him for college, and the standardized tests helped support him and his family financially.
"All the test did for me was supply me extra financial money," Jordan said.
While Jordan was always planning to take the test, many students struggle with access or choose not to take the test since their universities of choice no longer require it. In Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Tennessee and Wyoming, everyone is tested.
All applicants for the Certificate Program should submit the following materials by June 1st:
Individuals who are not already graduate degree-seeking students at CWRU are admitted as non-degree-seeking candidates through CWRU School of Graduate Studies. An Application for Admission is required.
Reminder: When registering for Fall/Spring, please waive any unwanted fees for Health Insurance and/or One-to-One Fitness.
Clinical Research Program
Case Western Reserve University
10900 Euclid Ave.
Wood Building, WG74
Cleveland, OH 44106-4945
1. What are the usual standard offer requirements?
A*AA – AAB at A level / 37 – 38 IB points with 666 or 766 at HL. Visit our entry requirements and international students pages for details of alternative accepted qualifications.
2. How do you use contextual information?
For Home/UK applicants, we also use contextual information to gain a more complete picture of the educational and individual context of an applicant.
The selector may use this information in the following ways:
- to make an applicant a standard offer where the applicant’s academic record (eg, GCSEs/AS levels or equivalent) or personal statement may be marginally less competitive than the cohort overall
- to make an applicant a standard offer where the applicant is predicted marginally below the usual entry requirements
- when making confirmation decisions for offer holders that have marginally failed to meet the entry criteria (usually this means one grade below the standard entry requirements)
- to make a contextual offer, where the contextual offer is one or two grades lower than the standard offer for the programme. Any mathematics requirement must still be met.
Visit our Admissions Information page for more detailed information.
3. Are there any interviews or admissions tests?
LSE does not interview for any of our degree programmes. All LLB Laws applicants are required to take the LNAT (National Admissions Test for Law), and the TMUA (Test of Mathematics for University Admission) is recommended for our maths degree programmes. Please see our Applying to LSE page for more information.
4. How competitive is it to get a place at LSE?
Overall applications to places ratio = 13:1
Each of our programme pages list the application/offer/registration data for the previous application cycle.
5. Can students apply to more than one programme at LSE?
Students can apply to more than one degree at LSE, however they will only be able to submit one personal statement. The programmes will therefore need to be closely related to enable the applicant to show sufficient interest and enthusiasm for their chosen discipline. Applicants are only eligible to receive one offer in the same admissions cycle, so are advised to think carefully about whether applying to multiple courses at one institution is the most effective use of their UCAS application.
6. Is a student more likely to be made an offer if they apply early on in the application cycle?
No. All applications received by the UCAS January deadline are treated equally. Applications received early on in the cycle may therefore be held as part of a ‘gathered field’ to ensure that the students we make offers to are the best fit for their chosen programme, rather than simply the first to apply.
7. Do you consider deferred entry?
LSE is happy to consider applications from students who are taking a gap year. We would encourage them to briefly outline how they intend to spend the year in their personal statement. If the student is applying for a quantitative course, providing an indication of how they intend to maintain or refresh their mathematical knowledge during their gap year is helpful. Students can also request a deferral after they have been made an offer. Whilst the Undergraduate Admissions team will try to accommodate these requests, it is not guaranteed.
8. Is there an age requirement?
We can consider applications from students who will be under 18 at the time of registration. Details of successful candidates under the age of 18 at the time of registration will be communicated to the relevant academic departments and the senior adviser to students. This enables the School to consider putting in place reasonable adjustments or conditions of study to protect the interests of one or more parties, including those of the applicant. Notification of the School’s policy for under 18s is included as part of the standard offer letter. Halls of residence will also be notified.
9. What is LSE doing to widen participation?
Our Widening Participation Team run a number of projects for students attending non-selective state schools and colleges, designed to raise aspirations and encourage progression to higher education. Our Access and Participation Plan details our commitment to improving access to, and success within, the School for those groups currently underrepresented at LSE and in the wider HE sector.
10. Can a student drop a subject after they’ve been made an offer?
Please ask the student to contact the Undergraduate Admissions team before they drop any subject – even if it has not been included in their offer conditions. Offers are made based on the information supplied on the UCAS form, therefore any changes in study circumstances will need to be re-assessed. An admissions selector will consider the request and we aim to provide a final decision within two weeks.
11. Is there a quota for international students?
The number of student places at the School is determined through the School’s capacity to teach them. The School meets this requirement by setting caps on the number of UK and overseas students on each programme of study. This system therefore involves two selection processes for each programme (i.e. one for home students, and another for overseas students). LSE receives many more applications from highly qualified candidates than there are places available. In 2021, we received around 26,000 applications for 1,700 places. The level of competition for places is intense, and therefore, the School is unable to make offers to many of these highly qualified candidates.
12. Is there a limit to how many students you can accept from one school?
No. Each applicant is assessed based on their individual academic merit, personal statement and UCAS reference. We do not have a set limit of places per school or college.
13. How do I communicate extenuating circumstances to LSE?
Please complete the online Extenuating Circumstances form.
On Campus Programs Application Deadlines
Spring Deadline: January 20th
Fall Deadline: April 1st (for scholarship priority), June 1st final deadline
Fall Deadline: April 1st (for scholarship priority), June 1st final deadline
Winter Deadline: October 15th
Fall Deadline: April 1st (for scholarship priority), May 1st final deadline
Fall Deadline: April 1st (for scholarship priority), May 1st final deadline
For Online Program Deadlines, please visit the Online Programs Website.
Key Points On IELTS, TOEFL, GRE, GMAT, SAT
With so many tests including IELTS, TOEFL, GRE, GMAT and SAT available for students intending to study abroad, candidates should have a clear picture of the tests. Language proficiency tests and aptitude tests are the two broad categories under which entrance exams for higher education abroad are classified. IELTS and TOFEL are the common language proficiency tests since English is the primary mode of instruction in most study abroad destinations.
One may need to take one or more admission tests, depending on the degree of study, the university, and the country of study. To provide a clear picture of the proficiency tests, Ashish Fernando, Founder and CEO, iSchoolConnect has shared some key points on SAT, GMAT, GRE, IELTS and TOEFL.
READ MORE || Study Abroad: Preferred Colleges For UG, PG Admissions; Checklist For Students
International English Language Testing System (IELTS): IELTS is one of the most widely used and most favored tests of English for migration. More than 30 million tests have been taken since the test was introduced in 1989. IELTS is the most commonly accepted test for academic study, with acceptance in over 10,000 institutions across more than 140 nations.
IELTS has two types -- IELTS Academic and IELTS General Training. Both the tests assess the person's proficiency in English on four parameters - Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking. The scoring is done out of nine. To get into the top universities, candidates must aim to get a seven or above in the IELTS exam, the founder and CEO said. The IELTS test score is valid for two years.
To pursue higher education overseas, one must take the IELTS Academic Test. It offers the candidate the flexibility to take the exam from anywhere and allows them to choose between paper-based or computer-based exams. While the IELTS General Training Test is suitable for people planning to pursue below degree-level education or those willing to work or undertake work-related training in English-speaking countries.
READ MORE || Study Abroad: From Scholarships To Jobs Options, Things To Know While Planning For Higher Education
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL): TOEFL is another widely used and recognized English proficiency test. Like IELTS, TOEFL assesses people's ability to read, write, speak, and listen. TOEFL is largely accepted in American Institutes. Other countries accepting TOEFL scores include the UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, and France. The TOEFL scoring is done out of 120, and the score is valid for a period of two years. Educational Testing Service (ETS), the US-based world's largest private educational assessment organization, administers TOEFL.
Graduate Record Examination (GRE): GRE is a standardised test administered by Educational Testing Service, commonly known as ETS. Students from all over the world interested in pursuing a masters, specialized masters in business, MBA, JD, or doctoral can appear for the GRE General Test. The GRE test scores supplement the undergraduate records and provide a standard yardstick for comparison to admission and fellowship panels, Mr Fernendo added. The test score is valid for a period of five years. GRE scores are widely accepted in destinations including UK, US, Canada and Australia. Top universities require a minimum GRE score of 320+ with a 4.0 score in the Analytical Writing section.
READ MORE || Study Abroad: Expert Tips On Career Readiness; Things To Know Before Applying
Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT): GMAT is a widely recognised business school entrance exam. It is a computer-adaptive test. The test is administered by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC). The test evaluates students based on their analytical writing assessment, integrated reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and verbal reasoning. The test scoring is done out of 800, and a minimum score of 650 is required to get into good B-schools. “If you want to make it to the top universities abroad, then aim for a score above 720,” Mr Fernendo said. The GMAT score is valid for five years.
Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT): SAT is a multiple choice assessment test administered by the College Board. Students interested in pursuing undergraduate studies in US or Canadian universities can take the SAT examination. Though the test is not a prerequisite for admission to UK universities, a good SAT score is appreciated by many top universities globally. The total mark of SAT is 1,600, and the average score expected is 1,100. However, if one wants to get into top universities, the CEO and founder said, they should target a score above 1,450. The test score is valid for five years.
Admission and merit scholarship consideration for students who apply as test-optional is based on several factors, including high school GPA, grades in coursework required for university admission, and rigor/performance in advanced courses (AP, IB, Honors, etc.).
Consideration for students applying with a test score includes all the above plus their highest composite ACT or SAT score.