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CTFL-2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL_2018) 2023 Topics |

CTFL-2018 Topics - ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL_2018) 2023 Updated: 2024 CTFL-2018 CTFL-2018 test brain dumps with practice software.
Exam Code: CTFL-2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL_2018) 2023 Topics January 2024 by team

CTFL-2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL_2018) 2023

Test Detail:
The ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL-2018) exam, offered by the American Software Testing Qualifications Board (ASTQB), is designed to assess the knowledge and understanding of individuals in the field of software testing. The test tests the candidate's knowledge of testing principles, methodologies, and best practices.

Course Outline:
The Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL-2018) course provides comprehensive training on the principles and practices of software testing. The course covers various topics, including testing fundamentals, test design techniques, test management, and tools. The following is a general outline of the key Topics covered:

1. Fundamentals of Software Testing:
- Introduction to software testing and its importance in software development.
- Testing principles, objectives, and fundamental concepts.
- Software development lifecycle and its relationship with testing.
- Different levels and types of testing.

2. Test Design Techniques:
- Black-box and white-box testing techniques.
- Equivalence partitioning and boundary value analysis.
- Decision table testing and state transition testing.
- Use case testing and user story-based testing.

3. Test Management:
- Test planning, estimation, and prioritization.
- Test execution, monitoring, and control.
- Defect management and reporting.
- Test documentation and traceability.

4. Test Tools:
- Overview of test automation tools.
- Test management tools and their features.
- Test design and execution tools.
- Performance testing and monitoring tools.

Exam Objectives:
The CTFL-2018 test assesses the candidate's knowledge and understanding in the following areas:

1. Testing Fundamentals:
- Knowledge of software testing principles, objectives, and basic concepts.
- Understanding of the software development lifecycle and its relationship with testing.
- Familiarity with different levels and types of testing.

2. Test Design Techniques:
- Understanding of black-box and white-box testing techniques.
- Proficiency in equivalence partitioning, boundary value analysis, decision tables, and state transition testing.
- Knowledge of use case testing and user story-based testing.

3. Test Management:
- Knowledge of test planning, estimation, and prioritization.
- Understanding of test execution, monitoring, and control.
- Proficiency in defect management and reporting.
- Familiarity with test documentation and traceability.

4. Test Tools:
- Awareness of test automation tools and their features.
- Understanding of test management tools.
- Familiarity with test design and execution tools.
- Knowledge of performance testing and monitoring tools.

Exam Syllabus:
The CTFL-2018 test syllabus provides a detailed breakdown of the Topics covered in the exam. It includes specific learning objectives, subtopics, and references to relevant resources. The syllabus may cover the following areas:

- Introduction to Software Testing
- Software Development Lifecycle and Testing
- Testing Techniques and Test Design
- Test Management and Control
- Tools for Testing
ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL_2018) 2023
ASTQB (CTFL_2018) Topics

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CTFL-2018 ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level (CTFL_2018) 2023
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ISTQB Certified Tester Foundation Level 2018
QUESTION 34 Which of the following would NOT typically be covered in a test
summary report?
A. The risks associated with unresolved defects found during testing.
B. Any features of the system that were not tested along with reasons.
C. Whether there is any economic benefit in continuing testing beyond the planned date.
D. An analysis of lessons learned to determine changes for future projects.
Correct Answer: C
QUESTION 35 Which of the following BEST describes how configuration management supports
the test process?
A. It enables the tester to reproduce the tested item through unique identification and version control.
B. It enables the tester to systematically design test conditions, cases and data.
C. It enables incidents to be tracked from discovery and classification to correction and confirmation of the solution.
D. It helps the test manager to decide how best to integrate and coordinate the testing activities into the software life cycle.
Correct Answer: A
QUESTION 36 Which option BEST describes how the level of risk
is determined?
A. The likelihood of an adverse event happening multiplied by the cost of preventing it.
B. The consequences of potential problem multiplied by the cost of possible legal action.
C. The impact of an adverse event multiplied by the likelihood of that event occurring.
D. The likelihood and the probability of a hazard occurring.
Correct Answer: C
QUESTION 37 Which of the following
are product risks?
a) Failure prone software delivered.
b) Software does not perform its intended functions.
c) Insufficient staff available for testing.
d) Test environment not ready on time.
e) Poor data integrity and quality.
A. b, c and e.
B. b, d and e.
C. a, b and e.
D. b, c and d.
Correct Answer: C
Your agile project has scheduled a final sprint before release to fix and re-test all open defects with a priority level of 3 or above.
The following defect report shows the defect fields that are currently being captured on the system.
Title: Unable to add excursions to pre-paid cruises
Date raised: 21/05/18
Author: Emma Rigby
Status: Fixed
What occurred: I went to book an excursion for a pre-paid cruise but received an error message saying, ‘Facility not available’. I can book excursions on cruises that have not yet been fully paid.
What should have occurred: Requirement 3.12 says clearly that customers can add excursions after cruises have been fully paid so the facility should have been available (when an additional amount may now need to be paid).
Priority: 2
Software build: 2.1
Test level: System test
Environment details: System test 3
Which of ONE of the following additional defect report fields would be MOST beneficial for the sprint team to add?
A. Severity.
B. Test Script Id.
C. actual results.
D. Expected results.
Correct Answer: A
An issue has been found in a production system, where a code component fails to release memory after it has finished using it. Which of the following tools would have been the MOST effective at detecting this defect during Performance
A. Dynamic analysis tool.
B. Test Execution tool.
C. Configuration management tool.
D. Coverage measurement tool.
Correct Answer: A
QUESTION 40 You have been asked to Strengthen the way test automation tools are being used in your company. Which one of the following is the
BEST approach?
A. Selecting and automating scripts that test new functionality to find the most defects.
B. Using a keyword-driven testing approach to separate the actions and data from the tool’s script.
C. Ensuring that all data, inputs and actions are stored in the tool’s script for ease of maintenance.
D. Keeping expected results separate from the automation tool to allow the testers to check the results.
Correct Answer: A
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ASTQB (CTFL_2018) Topics - BingNews Search results ASTQB (CTFL_2018) Topics - BingNews Global Voices - 2018

Solutions journalism has always been an integral part of the Monitor. Today, we see that view of news spreading. The stories collected below are part of our collaboration with Sparknews, a European-based organization that promotes solutions journalism among more than 50 media outlets worldwide. Some were published on Impact Journalism Day, June 16. Others will be published – and added here – throughout the summer. The Monitor is proud to share the seeds of constructive, hopeful journalism sprouting everywhere.

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2018 MacBook Pro Thu, 12 Jul 2018 02:14:00 -0500 en text/html Students explore Topics of race and identity during new UTSA course
Students explore Topics of race and identity during new UTSA course

NPR's Code Switch team visited Martina McGhee's course, Race and Identity through Pop Culture.

(Dec. 12, 2018) -- Topics related to race and identity are difficult to discuss in a honest and transparent manner. Students at The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA) have been openly discussing such subjects this fall semester in a new course offered through the UTSA African American Studies program.

The course, Race and Identity through Pop Culture (AAS 4013), is taught by Martina McGhee, a doctoral fellow in the UTSA Department of Interdisciplinary Learning and Teaching.

During the course, students listened to NPR’s Code Switch podcast, utilized other digital resources and were challenged to think about race and identity theory using these tools. The Code Switch team visited the UTSA Main Campus to attend two class sessions and to hear what students had to say about the podcast and their experience in the course.

>> Listen to the National Public Radio story about the UTSA course.

“By incorporating podcasts and different forms of media into the curriculum, I wanted to provide affordable access to education,” said McGhee. McGhee said she designed the course around the conversations aired by Code Switch to ensure the cost of the class was inclusive to all students.

The undergraduate students were also required to produce their own podcasts and would carry on the discussions they had in the classroom on Twitter by using the hashtag, #UTSAAAS4013.  

Throughout the semester, McGhee said she hosted guest speakers from different backgrounds who were able to share their experiences with students and to get their take on race and identity.

“Conversations like these aren’t happening very often in other classes,” said Zach Truesdale, a senior from Arlington, Texas, majoring in English and minoring in African American Studies.

“I didn't realize how important my voice was as an African American woman until I decided to minor in African American Studies at UTSA,” explained Michaela McClendon, a junior from Killeen, Texas who is studying psychology.  

This discussion-based course also allowed students to take part in a scavenger hunt meant to teach them about the racialized experiences some people may face when they're trying to enjoy the outdoors because of the limitations in access to sports equipment and transportation.

Students also took part in respectful conversations about issues affecting the LGBTQ community, and Topics about immigration and stereotypes.

“Ultimately, I want to teach my students how to facilitate these tough conversations in a civil and educated manner. The real test will come when they’re out in the world and how they will engage and respond to others. I want to plant the seed of how to carry on impactful conversations now for them to use down the road,” said McGhee.

McGhee will be teaching this course during the Spring 2019 semester.

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Best Smartwatch for 2024
$240 at Samsung

Samsung Galaxy Watch 6 and 6 Classic

Best overall watch for Android

$400 at Best Buy

Google Pixel Watch 2

Best Android smartwatch for heart rate accuracy

$444 at Amazon

Garmin Venu 2 Plus

Best fitness watch for Android and iOS

$159 at Amazon

Fitbit Versa 3

Best Apple Watch alternative for Android and iOS

$530 at Amazon

Polar Grit X Pro

Rugged adventure watch with great battery

The convenience of a good smartwatch is hard to beat. And there are plenty of devices to choose from beyond the better-known options like the Apple Watch and Samsung's Galaxy Watch. The best smartwatch for you will depend on the type of phone you have, your spending limit and which health and fitness tracking features are most important to you. 

Most smartwatches provide basic exercise tracking comparable to most fitness trackers. But the best ones should also include advanced features such as heart-rate monitoring, sleep tracking and GPS tracking, along with the ability to show phone notifications on your wrist. Many also support contactless payments, while others have LTE or cellular connectivity, which allow you to actually leave your phone at home.

If you're looking for the best smartwatch 2024 has to offer, read on. We've rounded up the top smartwatches you can buy right now based on function, price and compatibility. It's also worth considering the best time of year to buy a smartwatch. Apple and Samsung typically release new models in late summer and fall. You can also usually find compelling deals around shopping events like Black Friday and Amazon Prime Day. 

That depends on whether you have an iPhone or Android phone. For most iPhone users, that's the $399 Apple Watch Series 9. It has a bright display, two sizes and the option to buy an LTE version so you can leave your phone at home and still be able to take calls and messages on the watch. The $799 Apple Watch Ultra 2 is the best choice if you need a tougher watch with dedicated sports and safety features for athletes, plus an even brighter screen than the Series 9. 

For Android users, the best smartwatch is the Samsung Galaxy Watch 6. It is the first watch to run the newest version of Wear OS that promises closer integration with Google apps like Gmail, improvements to overall battery life and two size options.

This list is updated periodically with new reviews of the best smartwatch options. For more buying advice, check out our guide to how to buy a smartwatch.

Read more: Best Budget Smartwatches Under $100

The Apple Watch Ultra 2 is Apple's best smartwatch, with a tough titanium construction and Action button to quickly start workouts or launch apps. It has the brightest screen of any Apple Watch at a maximum of 3,000 nits which makes it incredibly easy to see when adventuring in the great outdoors. For adventurers and athletes, it also has a built-in siren for safety and dual-band GPS for accurately tracking your route. LTE is also onboard so you can venture out without a phone and still stay connected.

Though it's designed to be an outdoors watch, the Apple Watch Ultra 2 is still a fantastic all-round smartwatch. Inside is the same S9 chip as found on the Apple Watch Series 9 which supports gestures like Double Tap and allows the watch to process Siri commands on-device. This means you can use Siri without being online and later in the year you'll be able to ask the voice assistant for health data. Like earlier Apple Watches, the Ultra 2 also comes withAa blood oxygen sensor, electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) app, fall detection and emergency SOS. The battery also lasts at least twice as long as all other Apple Watch models. But it's only compatible with the iPhone, so if you have an Android phone, you'll want to look at another option on this list.

Read our Apple Watch Ultra 2 review.

The Apple Watch Series 9 might not be as adventure-focused as the Apple Watch Ultra 2, but it still features a dust- and crack-resistant design, a temperature, blood oxygen and ECG sensor and comes in 41 and 45mm sizes. You can also choose a cellular or LTE model that lets you take calls and answer messages from your wrist without your phone, although that does cost extra.

It has the S9 chip to support the Double Tap gesture so you can pinch your thumb and forefinger together to control the watch when you can't reach it with the other hand. Like the Ultra 2, the Series 9 also has on-device Siri and faster processing times than earlier Apple Watches. Battery life generally lasts 18 hours with typical use, less than many of its competitors.

Read our Apple Watch Series 9 review.

Samsung's Galaxy Watch 6 is the best Android watch for most people. Both the Galaxy Watch 6 and 6 Classic have incredibly bright screens that hit a maximum 2,000 nits, so seeing your watch in all lighting conditions is easy. 

All the flagship features you would expect are included: an ECG, blood oxygen, body composition and temperature sensors. Note you do need a Galaxy phone to use the ECG, but all the other features work seamlessly with other Android phones. Like the Apple Watch Series 9, you'll need to charge the Galaxy Watch 6 every day, especially if you want to track sleep.

Last year's Galaxy Watch 5 Pro remains in the lineup if you need the best battery life of any Galaxy Watch, lasting up to three days on a charge.

Read our Samsung Galaxy Watch 6 review.

The Pixel Watch 2 is a beautiful-looking Android smartwatch with accurate heart rate tracking and health sensors like an ECG. It fills the gaps with many of the features we wanted in the first Pixel Watch, such as automatic workout detection. If you're familiar with Fitbit, the Pixel Watch 2 has a similar interface for logging workouts and viewing your health data. For runners, the watch can provide you pace guidance and heart rate zone notifications.

Beware that the battery isn't as strong as some other options on this list, and you will likely find yourself charging this watch every day, especially if you like to do outdoor GPS workouts and track your sleep. But it does charge faster than the first Pixel Watch. It's also still available only in one 41mm size.

Read our Google Pixel Watch 2 review.

Garmin makes plenty of great smartwatches for fitness enthusiasts, but they don't always have that many smart features. The Venu 2 hybrid smartwatch offers the best of both worlds. You can respond to notifications from the watch with quick replies, use contactless payments with Garmin Pay and store music from apps like Spotify. The bright AMOLED circular screen is easy to see outdoors and the battery lasts for 5 days or more. 

The Venu 2 Plus offers all the same features, but includes a speaker and microphone for taking quick calls from your wrist when your phone is in range, or talking to your voice assistant. Garmin has recently announced the Venu 3 which we will review soon and update this list accordingly.

Read our Garmin Venu 2 Plus review.

If you've never owned an Apple Watch, this is the one to get. The second-gen Apple Watch SE is a cheaper alternative to the Series 9 but has plenty of the same great features including crash detection, heart-rate monitoring and water-resistance. It misses out on health sensors like ECG, blood oxygen and temperature sensing like the Series 9, but the most notable difference between the two is that the SE doesn't have an always-on display or the Double Tap gesture.

Read our Apple Watch SE review.

The Versa 3 is compatible with both iOS and Android phones and lets you choose between Alexa or Google Assistant as your go-to voice assistant. It doesn't offer all the apps and smart features as some of its competitors, but it's a well-rounded smartwatch with plenty of health and fitness features to keep you on track like onboard GPS and live heart rate zone notifications. It has the best sleep tracking feature on this list and even gives you health features including a breakout of your SpO2 and body temperature data overnight (Fitbit Premium users). There's a newer version, the Fitbit Versa 4, but we haven't fully reviewed that watch yet so stay tuned.

Read our Fitbit Versa 3 review.

The second-generation Garmin Epix features a tough titanium construction and a laundry list of features athletes want, including extensive mapping capabilities. It also has a bright AMOLED display which sets it apart from a multitude of other sports watches, including Garmin's own Fenix line, that often use transflective displays. The Epix 2 also has great battery life considering its size and feature set, lasting almost a week under regular conditions.

But it doesn't have LTE capabilities or an ECG app. Considering this is the most expensive watch on this list at $1,000, that might be a big drawback. Garmin has a newer version of this watch called the Epix Pro, which we haven't fully reviewed yet.

Read our Garmin Epix review.

Polar's Grit X Pro is an outdoor watch for adventure seekers. The rugged design can withstand the elements as it's water-resistant to 100 meters and has a sapphire glass watch face that's scratch-resistant. With onboard maps, turn-by-turn navigation and overnight recovery tools, you can determine if you're ready to take on that workout. This is much more a sports watch than a smartwatch, but it can still get notifications from your phone, control music playback and has 24/7 heart rate monitoring.

The touchscreen is less responsive than other watches on this list -- it's transflective rather than AMOLED -- but you can get away with using button controls.

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