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Scrum SAFe-Agilist action

Other Scrum exams

PSM-I Professional Scrum Master I - 2023
Scrum-PSM-II Professional Scrum Master II
Scrum-Master-Certified Scrum Master Certified
DASM Disciplined Agile Scrum Master
PAL-I Professional Agile Leadership (PAL-I)
PSK-I Professional Scrum with Kanban level I
PSPO-I Professional Scrum Product Owner I
PSPO-II Professional Scrum Product Owner II
SAFe-DevOps SAFe 5 DevOps Practitioner (SDP)
SAFe-Practitioner SAFe 5 Practitioner (SP)
SSM SAFe 5 Scrum Master (SSM)
SAFe-RTE Certified SAFe Release Train Engineer (RTE)
DASSM Disciplined Agile Senior Scrum Master
PAL-EBM Professional Agile Leadership - Evidence Based Management (PAL-EBM)
Scrum-PSD Professional Scrum Developer (PSD)
Scrum-PSD-I Professional Scrum Developer (PSD-I)
Scrum-SPS Scaled Professional Scrum (SPS)
SAFe-Agilist SAFe-Agilist
SAFe-LPM SAFe 5.1 Lean Portfolio Manager
ASSM SAFe 5 Advanced Scrum Master (SASM)

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Question: 20
Within the SAFE principles (10), what is related to this principle: #3, "Assume variability; preserve options,"?
A. Stronger Definition of Done
B. Specification traceability
C. Better economic results
D. Up front design of systems
Answer: C
Solution development is an inherently uncertain process. Technical variability and market variability are present
throughout the development process. Innovative new systems have, by definition, never been developed before, so
there is no guaranteed path to success. If there were, it wouldnt be innovation. Thats why we love this business. To
assure forward progress, system developers are inclined to reduce variability as quickly as possible. The more
deterministic things are, the better we feel. Thats just human nature. It seems that the more we think we know and
have already decided, the further along we think we are. And thats true up to a point, but even then variability is a
constant presence. Variability is inherently neither bad or goodit just is what it is. But its the economics associated
with the timing and type of variability that determines outcomes. The goal is to manage variability, and to preserve
options, providing the controls and flexibility teams need to build great solutions.
Question: 21
The product backlog contains 60 story points. The team velocity is around 20 story points per iteration.
How many Iterations would it take to finish the backlog?
A. 1 Iteration
B. 2 Iterations
C. 4 Iterations
D. 3 Iterations
Answer: D
60/20 = 3
Question: 22
When is Continuous Exploration happening?
A. On demand, based on market rhythms and events
B. Every Iteration
C. During the IP Iteration in preparation for PI Planning
D. In the first PI Iteration to prepare for work in Iteration 2 and deployment in Iteration 3
Answer: B
Continuous Exploration (CE) is the process that drives innovation and fosters alignment on what should be built by
continually exploring market and customer needs, and defining a Vision, Roadmap, and set of Features for a Solution
that addresses those needs.
Question: 23
Who is facilitating the Scrum of Scrums?
A. Business Owners
B. Scrum Master
C. Product Owner
D. Release Train Engineer
Answer: D
The Release Train Engineer (RTE) typically facilitates a weekly (or more frequently, as needed) Scrum of Scrums
(SoS) event. The SoS helps coordinate the dependencies of the ARTs and provides visibility into progress and
impediments. The RTE, representatives from each team (often the Scrum Master), and others (where appropriate) meet
to review their progress toward milestones and PI objectives, and dependencies among the teams. The event is
timeboxed for 30-60 minutes and is followed by a meet after where individuals who want to do a deeper dive into
specific problems can remain behind.
Question: 24
What are the three inputs to start PI Planning?
A. A set of PI Objectives
B. Product/Solution Vision
C. Business context
D. Solution Roadmap
E. Top-10 Features
F. Ready user stories
Answer: A,B,C,E
Program Increment (PI) Planning is a cadence-based, face-to-face event that serves as the heartbeat of the Agile
Release Train (ART), aligning all the teams on the ART to a shared mission and Vision. PI planning is essential to
SAFe: If you are not doing it, you are not doing SAFe. Inputs to PI planning include: Business context (see content
readiness below) Roadmap and vision Top 10 Features of the Program Backlog A successful PI planning event
delivers two primary outputs: Committed PI objectives C A set of SMART objectives that are created by each team
with the business value assigned by the Business Owners. Program board C Highlighting the new feature delivery
dates, feature dependencies among teams and relevant Milestones.
Question: 25
How feedback is connected with optimum batch size?
A. Feedback and batch size are generally not connected
B. Small batch sizes enable faster feedback with lower transaction costs
C. Large batches reduce transaction cost and provide a higher return on investment
D. Lack of feedback contributes to higher holding cost
Answer: B
The economically optimal batch size depends on both the holding cost (the cost for delayed feedback, inventory decay,
and delayed value delivery) and the transaction cost (the cost of preparing and implementing the batch). To improve
the economics of handling smaller batchesand thus increase throughputteams must focus on reducing the transaction
costs of any batch. This typically involves increasing the attention to and investment in infrastructure and automation,
including things such as continuous integration, automating the build environment, automated regression testing and
more. (This is a primary purpose of implementing DevOps.)
Question: 26
What is defining the best the Program Vision?
A. It provides an outline of the Features for the next three Program Increments
B. It summarizes the team PI Objectives for the current Program Increment
C. It drives the allocation of budget for the Agile Release Train
D. It expresses the strategic intent of the Program
Answer: D
When using Full SAFe or Large Solution SAFe, each ART will likely have its own vision, detailing the direction of
the specific capabilities or subsystems that it produces. This vision should be tightly coupled to the solution vision it
Question: 27
What kind of items is describing behaviors in the Large Solution view?
A. Capabilities
B. User Stories
C. Features
D. Benefits
Answer: A
Large Solution SAFe describes additional roles, practices, and guidance to build and evolve the worlds largest
applications, networks, and cyber-physical systems. Large Solution SAFe (Figure 1) configuration includes the
following constructs: The Essential SAFe configuration An additional competency, Enterprise Solution Delivery that
describes how to apply Lean-Agile principles and practices to the specification, development, deployment, operation,
and evolution of the worlds largest and most sophisticated software applications, networks, and cyber-physical
systems. The large solution level roles, artifacts, and events. The full spanning palette A connection to the Enterprise
or Government entity the solution supports The following Large Solution SAFe artifacts help coordinate multiple
ARTs and suppliers: Capabilities C Capabilities are a higher-level solution behavior that typically spans multiple
ARTs. They are sized and split into multiple features so that they can be implemented in a single PI. Enabler
CapabilitiesC Enabler capabilities support the activities needed to extend the Architectural Runway to provide future
business functionality and include exploration, architecture, infrastructure, and compliance. Solution Epics C Solution
Epics are epics implemented by a single Solution Train. Nonfunctional Requirements (NFRs) C NFRs define system
attributes such as security, reliability, performance, maintainability, scalability, and usability. These are incorporated in
solution intent. Solution Backlog C Solution Backlog is the holding area for upcoming capabilities and enablers, each
of which can span multiple ARTs and are intended to advance the solution and build its architectural runway.
Question: 28
What are the three pillars of Scrum: transparency, inspection ...?
A. Adaptation
B. Collaboration
C. Self-organization
D. Respect
Answer: A
Scrum pillars are Transparency, Inspection and Adaptation.
Question: 29
What is SAFE?
A. SAFE is a framework to implement Devops
B. SAFE is based of proven, integrated Lean practices and principles, Agile and Devops
C. SAFE is a tool for budget management
Answer: B
Scaled Agile Framework® (SAFe®) empowers complex organizations to achieve the benefits of Lean-Agile
software and systems development at scale. SAFe is the worlds leading framework for scaling Agile across the
enterprise. Used by hundreds of the worlds largest organizations, SAFe sustains and drives faster time-to-market,
dramatic increases in productivity and quality, and improvement in employee engagement. SAFe is designed to help
businesses continuously and more efficiently deliver value on a regular and predictable schedule. It provides a
knowledge base of proven, integrated principles and practices to support enterprise agility.
Question: 30
What is the foundation of the customer-centric?
A. Market and user research
B. Product lifecycle
C. Customer value
D. Whole product solution
Answer: A
The foundation of the customer-centric enterprise is market and user research that creates actionable insights into the
problems customers face, the solution requirements, and the solution context. Market research tends to drive strategy;
user research tends to drive design. Research activities occur continuously and are directly supported through
Continuous Exploration in the Continuous Delivery Pipeline, product telemetry data, and the feedback loops that exist
between the solution and the Solution Context.

Scrum SAFe-Agilist action - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SAFe-Agilist Search results Scrum SAFe-Agilist action - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/SAFe-Agilist https://killexams.com/exam_list/Scrum 6 best Agile certifications for project managers in 2023

An Agile business is able to adapt quickly to changes in the market and uses its resources at maximum efficiency. While Agile is most popular with software development teams, it can be beneficial to other organizations and departments.

An Agile certification allows project managers to develop the skills to use Agile philosophy in their work. There is no shortage of project management certifications on the market. However, Agile certifications are a bit limited. To help you narrow your search, we have rounded up the best Agile project management certifications of 2023.

SEE: Learn where you can put your upcoming Agile skills to the test with these top software development project management software.

Jump to:

PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP): Best for experienced project managers

The PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) logo.
PMI Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP) logo.

The PMI Agile Certified Practitioner certification is ideal for project managers with Agile experience and want to take their career to the next level. This certification is designed to help project managers become more efficient in Agile methods such as Kanban, Lean and Scrum.

Required skills

To qualify for the PMI Agile Certified Practitioner certification, participants must have:

  • Secondary degree.
  • Eight months of Agile project management experience in the last three years.
  • Twelve months of general project management experience in the last five years. If you have a PMP or PgMP certification, you don’t need to show project management experience.
  • Twenty-one contact hours of training in Agile methods.

Key skills taught

  • Agile framework and terminology.
  • Agile project accounting principles.
  • Applying new Agile practices.
  • Control limits for agile projects.
  • Regulatory and organizational compliance.

Key differentiators

  • Global recognition.
  • Deep understanding of Agile approaches.
  • Higher salary boost compared to other Agile certifications.

Duration of training and exam

To earn the PMI Agile Certified Practitioner certification, participants must answer 120 multiple-choice questions in three hours.

Cost of training and exam

  • PMI Member: $435.00
  • Nonmember: $495.00

ICAgile Certified Professional (ICP): Best for professionals new to Agile

The ICAgile Certified Professional (ICP) logo.
ICAgile Certified Professional (ICP) logo.

The ICAgile Certified Professional certification is a widely recognized Agile certification that demonstrates a thorough understanding of Agile mindset, principles and values. Rather than focusing on a single Agile methodology, ICP helps project managers develop a well-rounded focus on several Agile frameworks, including SAFe, DSDM, Scrum and Kanban.

Required skills

No prerequisites are required for the ICP. However, participants are encouraged to have a decent working knowledge of the Agile framework.

Key skills taught

  • Principles of Agile and Scrum.
  • Widely applied frameworks of Agile.
  • Using a combination of Agile frameworks and methods.
  • Planning and estimation.

Key differentiators

  • Focus on developing an Agile mindset.
  • Well-rounded understanding of several Agile principles.
  • Covers Agile fundamentals.
  • Foundation-level certification.

Duration of training and exam

There is no exam for ICP. The certification requires a two-day course by a certified ICAgile instructor.

Cost of training and exam

Pricing starts at around $700, including ICP certification.

Certified ScrumMaster (CSM): Best for professionals leading teams in Scrum framework

The Certified ScrumMaster (CSM) logo.
Certified ScrumMaster (CSM) logo.

A Scrum master is a professional that leads a team using an Agile project management approach and ensures the team adheres to the Scrum framework. The Certified ScrumMaster certification demonstrates the project management professional’s ability to serve as a coach through the tasks. The certification also helps professionals master the skills to assign and manage tasks in a dynamic environment.

Required skills

There are no fixed eligibility requirements for Certified ScrumMaster; however, it’s recommended that participants have a basic understanding of Scrum principles.

Key skills taught

  • Scrum life cycle.
  • Sprints.
  • Agile methodologies.
  • Scrum team accountability.
  • Scrum terminology.

Key differentiators

  • Focus on Scrum framework.
  • Works for professionals from several industries.
  • Requirement for some Scrum master jobs.

Duration of training and exam

The CSM course is expected to take 16 hours with two days of training. Once the course and training has been completed, participants can take the certification exam.

The duration of the exam is two hours, and it has 50 multiple-choice questions. Participants get two free attempts to pass the CSM test, after which there is a $25 test attempt fee.

Cost of training and exam

The price for training, exam and certification starts at $599.

AgilePM Foundation — APMG: Best for aspiring Agile leaders

The AgilePM Foundation — APMG logo.
AgilePM Foundation — APMG logo.

The AgilePM Foundation certification — APMG — is designed for current project managers, but it’s most suited for Agile team members who are aspiring to become leaders or managers. With this certification, you learn a complete range of Agile methodologies ranging from basic to advanced.

Required skills

AgilePM Foundation has no prerequisites. The candidates must complete pre-course reading.

Key skills taught

  • Assign the right Agile technique to the scenario.
  • Managing Agile projects.
  • Agile governance.
  • Measure progress across projects.

Key differentiators

  • Ideal step up for Agile team members to become Agile project managers.
  • Deep knowledge of the Agile project management methodology.

Duration of training and exam

The training course for the AgilePM Foundation certification is five days. Once completed, participants can take the certification exam, which will require them to complete 50 multiple-choice questions in 40 minutes.

Cost of training and exam

The cost for training and the exam for the AgilePM Foundation certification is $515.

Certified SAFe Agilist (Scaled Agile):Best for top-level executives and product managers

The Certified SAFe Agilist (Scaled Agile) logo.
Certified SAFe Agilist (Scaled Agile) logo.

The Certified SAFe Agilist certification is designed for business owners and product managers who want to learn a scaled Agile framework, which is a set of Agile practices at the enterprise level. This certification will help managers learn how to Boost product quality, boost team productivity and increase employee engagement.

Required skills

To qualify for the Certified SAFe Agilist certification, participants must have:

  • Working experience in Scrum.
  • Five or more years of work experience in project management, business analysis, software development or product management.

Key skills taught

  • Scaled Agile framework.
  • Lean-Agile transformations.
  • Building an Agile portfolio.
  • Business transformation using Agile.

Key differentiators

  • Geared towards business owners, top-level executives and product managers.
  • Focused on Scaled Agile concepts.

Duration of training and exam

The training period for the Certified SAFe Agilist certification is two days. Participants must then take an exam, which means answering 45 multiple-choice questions in 90 minutes.

Cost of training and exam

  • Cost of training and exam starts at $599.
  • First two exam attempts are free. exam retake fee is $50

Certified Scrum Product Owner (CSPO): Best for Agile product owners

The Certified Scrum Product Owner logo.
Certified Scrum Product Owner logo.

The role of the product owner is to decide what their team will create next to deliver more value to the customer. The Certified Scrum Product Owner certification demonstrates the ability of a product owner to ensure their team stays on target. This certification teaches the principles and framework to manage Scrum teams and how to get the maximum return on investment out of a project.

Required skills

There are no eligibility requirements for the Certified Scrum Product Owner.

Key skills taught

  • Managing product backlog.
  • Hands-on practice in creating product vision.
  • Learning new ways to generate value for the product.

Key differentiators

  • Designed for existing product owners.
  • No exam.
  • More advanced compared to the CSM and several other Scrum certifications.

Duration of training and exam

There is no exam to earn the CSPO certification. Instead, participants must take a two-day course that involves around 14 to 16 hours of training.

Cost of training and exam

You can expect to spend around $795 for this certification.

What are the benefits of Agile project management certifications?

Agile project management certification provides the training, ability and confidence to build and manage efficient teams. It teaches how to deliver value consistently and react and adapt to change with ease. With an enhanced understanding and knowledge of Agile methodologies, project managers can Boost project outcomes through better planning and collaboration.

At a personal level, the Agile project management certification helps create greater career opportunities and advanced potential. It also helps boost networking opportunities and provides access to online resources for continued learning and development.

How do I choose the best Agile project management certification?

Using an Agile project management philosophy offers several benefits, as highlighted above. You need certified Agile project managers to implement agility in your organization. Fortunately, there are several certifications to choose from. You can get advanced certification from experienced project managers, who want to take their skills to the next level, or you can get more foundational courses that help aspiring Agile leaders develop their skills.

Along with the level of expertise or experience, you will have to consider what type of skills you want to learn and demonstrate through the certification. For example, if you are a product manager wanting to adopt Agile project management into your work, you should focus on certifications geared towards product management, such as the Certified SAFe Agilist or Certified Scrum Product Owner certification.

Review methodology

For the best Agile project management certifications for 2023, we wanted to not only offer the best certifications but also provide a variety in the type of certification. To choose the best certification, we looked at multiple factors, including whether the certification is well-recognized across the industry and whether the certification providers are reputable. In addition, we looked at the certification websites to gather information about the learning material, training, exam and cost of each certification.

Ready to put your training and skills to the test? Check out our list of the best Agile project management software.

Mon, 17 Apr 2023 09:26:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.techrepublic.com/article/agile-project-management-certifications/
Leading SAFe® 5.0 Certification Course

As the demand for SAFe expertise accelerates globally, there is a growing focus on SAFe Agilists and the critical role they play in a SAFe implementation and successful delivery of value at the team and program level. The SAFe® 5 Agilist (SA) credential is a must have certification for individuals looking to boost their value in today’s career marketplace.

  • Executives and Leaders, Managers, Directors, CIOs, and VPs
  • Development, QA, and Infrastructure Management
  • Program and Project Managers
  • Product and Product Line Management
  • Portfolio Managers, PMO, and Process Leads
  • Enterprise, System, and Solution Architects

All are welcome to attend the course, regardless of experience. However, the following prerequisites are highly recommended for those who intend to take the SAFe® 5 Agilist (SA) certification exam: 5+ years’ experience in software development, testing, business analysis, product or project management; experience in Scrum.

Thu, 19 Dec 2019 21:11:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.utsa.edu/pace/agile/leading-safe.html
When push comes to shove, it is time for scrum action

THERE is, I'm told, something on the interwebbythingy called YouTube.

It is not, dear reader, a site devoted to an assessment of my columns. That, of course, is called It'sMoreACryForHelp.co.uk.

Nope, this YouTube has videos. So what are they? Well, videos are a sort of compilation of moving pictures. YouTube gathers fragments of life that one may consider interesting. Like a cat giving a rendition of the Moonlight Sonata or a dog conducting the Royal Philharmonic. Or, if you are the sports editor, the semi-finals of a Bosnian under-16 table tennis tournament.

Last week, a mate sent me a clip where a referee was officiating at a rugby match with a webcam on his napper. It struck me this was a genuine instance of a ref having his head examined. He romped about the pitch capturing close-ups of people in intense physical situations. Which is not unusual on the interweb, or so the bad boys on the sports desk tell me.

Anyway. The purpose of the experiment was hard to divine except, perhaps, that it was an indication of how hard it is to referee a rugby match. But anyone who watched the Six Nations would have known that already.

In a couple of matches during the tournament, the sport of rugby was what rarely broke out during a series of refereeing decisions. It was like watching a union dispute going to arbitration.

Scotland and England have both complained about the ref in their matches against Wales, surely a coincidence. The English want clarification. This means they want the ref's head on a very sharp stick.

The nub of the matter is the scrum. This is the bit in rugby where one nips to the loo or buys wee Louie, my nephew, another portion of chips with the sort of curry sauce that would take the varnish off a skirting board.

Unfortunately, the scrums in the Scotland match happened so often that the front rows got to know each other very, very well. The post-match banquet thus doubled as a celebration for a triple civil partnership. And may they live happily ever after. Incidentally, Louie is now morbidly obese but my skirting boards are in smashing nick.

Contentment for the rest of us, though, must include a solution to the problem of rugby consisting of one big pushing match, punctuated by toots on a whistle. This is the sort of stuff that may attract a Creative Scotland grant but should not be inflicted on the paying punter at a rugby stadium.

Commentators chuckle at the mysteries of the scrum. The rest of us see our Saturday afternoon disappearing into an entertainment file marked Arthur Askey at the Royal Command Performance. It is that bad.

The sport has reached such a level of inconsistency in officiating that coaches talk of carrying out "due diligence" on officials as if Craig Whyte was expected to turn up. Thus refs are scouted on what they will tolerate and what they will not and teams draw up a game plan accordingly. The cunning Welsh strategy against Scotland was apparently to sell a dummy at the point of engagement at a scrum.

This gave them victory and the rest of us a very dull headache. And the aftertaste of strong curry sauce.

It also caused me to suggest that Something Has To Be Done. There are two options:

Refs can be taken away and told definitively what must happen before engagement and instruct the little chap with the ball to put it in straight and allow an old-fashioned scrum to develop.

The second course of action is to tell the boys in the scrum: "Listen, this is impossible to ref. You are all heaving or lifting or coming in at wrong angles or too soon or both and the little chap is throwing the ball so much to one side a spectator has just picked it up. I surrender.

"Let us just have the sort of rugby league set-piece where the players are just pretending to scrum in the way that George Osborne is just playing at being Chancellor."

Now there may be someone with a better idea but it all has to be sorted out soon.

Otherwise the Six Nations website is going to be renamed It'sMoreACryForHelp.co.uk . . .

Fri, 22 Mar 2013 12:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.heraldscotland.com/sport/13097180.push-comes-shove-time-scrum-action/
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Becoming a Servant Leader: Tips to Become a Great Scrum Master

When your organization begins using Agile methodology for projects in the development pipeline, success hinges of many things, but none more important than the team members themselves — their success and their buy-in. And in an Agile environment, if your software engineers are the players, then the Scrum Master is the team manager and is instrumental to achieve the results you want from your newly streamlined pipeline. With that in mind, let’s explore some of the skills and traits that make a world- class Scrum Master.

What Makes a Great Scrum Master?  
A great way to think of a Scrum Master is as the coach of the Scrum team. They are there to help the players succeed and to help the team win — where winning is understood to be achieving the business goals for whatever software development is underway while helping the individual team members get better. In a well-designed team, the two go hand-in-hand: individual and team success. Team cohesion and empowerment are the core of what great Agile teams do.

Scrum Master Skills
A Scrum Master needs to have many of the core skills expected in technical and leadership roles:  communication, adaptability, technical capability, and flexibility. These are important, but they are not what differentiates a good Scrum Master from a great one. What does differentiate a great Scrum Master is a strong analytical mindset and superb facilitation skills.

Facilitation skills are the close cousin of communication skills, but they are different in important ways. The Scrum Master should lead the Scrum process and offer ideas on how to Boost the effectiveness of meetings, discussions and Scrum events. They should also increase the transparency of the processes within the team. The Scrum Master advises teams on which techniques are helpful and which aren’t. Sometimes, the Scrum Master must take on the role of psychologist to manage the stress level of the team or to resolve conflicts.  Conflict resolution expertise is an added benefit in these situations.

The Scrum master provides support and coaching to team members. Scrum Masters help their dev teams, product owners and the entire organization understand what Scrum is and when (and how) it works best. Remember, the Scrum Master is not a manager. A Scrum Master is a servant-leader and should be an example of persuasion, the right approach, and process discipline (though with a firm grounding in the real world). Scrum Masters should push the team to maximize their efforts as a part of the team, through persuasion, and not using authority or ‘because I said so’ mentality.

Scrum Masters are typically not the technical mentor for software developers. This should be done by either a technical lead or software architect who is part of the team.  If an organization has a separate architect group or innovation team, these groups can also provide technical mentorship. Technical mentorship is something that every developer wants and eventually aspires to provide. The Scrum Master does not need to provide it, but if they know there is a vacuum, they should be helping to address it for the sake of the individual, team, and success of the business.

How to Acquire Scrum Master Skills
With all this expertise, you might be wondering how to acquire this unique skill set. Part of this is about practice and experience, where you can see first-hand how to become a more intuitive facilitator and leader. When it comes to Scrum specifics, the best ways to gain this expertise are continuous education (reading, classes, certifications, blogs, etc.) and practice. The best way to completely digest the Scrum Master’s roles and responsibilities is to read the “Scrum Guide” from the authors of the Scrum framework, Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland.

If possible, you should also seek the advice of experienced Scrum Masters within your organization. Large organizations may find it beneficial to employ not just one but multiple Scrum Masters. Seeking the mentorship of those more experienced than you can provide valuable insights. It can be advised to run training classes for aspiring Scrum Masters that teach both theory and practical insights from those doing the job day-to-day in a consulting setting.

Some of the more experienced Scrum Masters might have a certification attached to their title. The question is if certification is necessary to be a good Scrum Master or to acquire a Scrum Master position. In short, the answer is no, but it is highly recommended. Even the best self-taught or highly experienced individuals can benefit from certification.

The primary benefits of certification are a comprehensive understanding of fundamentals and fully articulating the ‘why’ of something. Knowing the ‘why’ is particularly important when you begin working with an individual or organization who is new to Scrum.

Often, people are attached to the benefits of earlier development methodologies. For these individuals, it is very helpful and important to articulate ‘why’ the Scrum Master (or product owner or team members) do what they do and why the Scrum Master recommends things be done a certain way.

However, if you decide to take the self-education route, you need to strategically select your educational resources in the appropriate way. Today, there is a bounty of Scrum courses, but not all of them are of high quality.

If you would like to save time, take a look at the courses from the founders of Scrum, found here. However, if you would like to save money, you can study independently and read “The Scrum Guide,” complete the  Scrum open assessments and read “Scrum and XP from the Trenches.” The quickest way to get up to speed is to read the books and to take a certification course of your own.

Scrum Master Skills are Every-Role Skills
Once you have acquired the skills and the certification, there may be concerns about pigeon-holing yourself into the Scrum Master role. However, the skills that are necessary to be a great Scrum Master are highly transferable to other roles. In fact, they are directly transferable in the sense that even non-software projects can be run with Scrum. They are also indirectly transferable, in that encouraging participation, commitment and buy-in are at the core of any team, regardless of the nature of the work.

Core principles, such as ownership or inspect and adapt, have universal value, as does the concept of servant-leadership, which has been espoused by many organizations, methodologies and leaders across the world in many different industries and pursuits.

However, don’t worry about needing to look for new positions any time soon, as the long-term outlook for a Scrum Master role looks promising. Software and technology are essential to nearly every business and Agile is at the core of most companies that develop software (whether that is a by-product of what they do). As a result, enterprises need Scrum Masters, many medium-sized businesses need Scrum Masters, and high-tech companies of all sizes need Scrum Masters.

Thus, experienced Scrum Masters with good knowledge and practice in Scrum should consider learning various Scaled Scrum approaches, such as SAFe, less, Nexus and Scrum@Scale. This will allow them to work and apply their knowledge on much bigger projects.

Once you’ve mastered Scrum, it can also be worthwhile to study other alternatives. By knowing about multiple Agile methodologies, you can easily try alternative strategies as needed for a project or support effort when the situation itself does not lend itself to Scrum.

Being a Scrum Master tends to attract a specific type of employee, but in studying the methodologies of Scrum and learning the tactics for facilitating and leading an Agile organization, anyone up to the challenge can take advantage of all the benefits that Scrum has to offer.

Mon, 29 Apr 2019 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://sdtimes.com/scrum/becoming-a-servant-leader-tips-to-become-a-great-scrum-master/
Scrum down for a feast of action

BICESTER rugby players will take on a team of soldiers for their first match in seven years.

Organised by Bicester mayor Dan Sames, a team from Bicester Rugby club will compete against players from 23 Pioneer Regiment on Saturday for the Mayor’s Charity Shield.

The match will consist of three games involving seven, 10 and 15-a-side teams, and will take place at Bicester Rugby Club’s ground, in Oxford Road.

Points will also be awarded in a tug-of-war and knockout challenge.

Mr Sames said: “It will be a great day for the whole family and a chance for our military and civilian communities to get together.

“There will be activities for the children, a bouncy castle and a barbecue. So come along, see the sport and help raise money for two great charities.”

This year the mayor’s charities are 23 Pioneer Regiment Benevolent Fund and the Leukaemia ward at the Churchill Hospital.

Gates open at 1pm and rugby will kick-off at 3pm.

Wed, 19 Sep 2012 02:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/9935394.scrum-feast-action/
STEM OPT Safe After Supreme Court Immigration Action

The U.S. Supreme Court gave universities, employers and international students a victory by declining to review a long-litigated case on practical training and work authorization. A group argued DHS could not expand Optional Practical Training (OPT) from 12 to 36 months in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) fields. However, several court decisions found that the Department of Homeland Security possessed the authority to expand STEM OPT to 36 months.

Educators consider OPT and STEM OPT essential because practical training benefits students’ education and encourages them to enroll in U.S. universities. The additional 24 months in STEM OPT also allows employers a better opportunity to secure an H-1B petition for students. Business trade associations were permitted to participate in the case as “intervenors” due to their interests in the litigation’s outcome. Even with OPT and STEM OPT, it is much easier in Canada and elsewhere to transition from international student to temporary work status and permanent residence than in the United States.

Washington Alliance of Technology Workers (Washtech) filed a petition for writ of certiorari to ask the Supreme Court to review a D.C. Circuit decision in favor of DHS’s authority. On October 2, 2023, the Supreme Court denied the petition for writ of certiorari. That means no further review of the D.C. Circuit’s earlier decision in favor of STEM OPT will occur.

The 2022 D.C. Circuit Decision

On October 4, 2022, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit decided 2-1 in favor of DHS, affirming a November 2020 order and a January 2021 opinion.

“Washington Alliance of Technology Workers (Washtech) argues that the statutory definition of the F-1 visa class precludes the Secretary from exercising the time-and-conditions authority to allow F-1 students to remain for school-recommended practical training after they complete their coursework,” according to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit opinion. “But that argument wrongly assumes that, beyond setting terms of entry, the visa definition itself precisely demarcates the time and conditions of the students’ stay once they have entered. Congress gave that control to the Executive.

“The F-1 definition tethers the Executive’s exercise of that control, but by its plain terms does not exhaustively delimit it. We hold that the statutory authority to set the time and conditions of F-1 nonimmigrants’ stay amply supports the Rule’s OPT program.

“The practical training opportunities the Rule permits reasonably relate to the terms of the F-1 visa. The INA’s text and structure make clear that Congress intended the Secretary’s time-and-conditions authority to be exercised in a manner appropriate to the types of people and purposes described in each individual visa class—a constraint that the Secretary’s overarching administrative-law obligations confirm. To be valid, the challenged post-graduation OPT Rule, including its STEM extension, must reasonably relate to the distinct composition and purpose of the F-1 nonimmigrant visa class. We hold that they do.

“The Rule closely ties students’ practical training to their course of study and their school. OPT is time-limited, and the extension period justified in relation to the visa class. The record shows that practical training not only enhances the educational worth of a degree program, but often is essential to students’ ability to correctly use what they have learned when they return to their home countries. That is especially so in STEM fields, where hands-on work is critical for understanding fast-moving technological and scientific developments.

“Finally, Washtech sees another lack of statutory authority for the Rule: In its view, the Executive cannot authorize any employment at all, including for Optional Practical Training. That argument fails, too. As Congress itself has recognized, the Secretary’s statutory authority to set the ‘conditions’ of nonimmigrants’ stay in the United States includes the power to authorize employment reasonably related to the nonimmigrant visa class. Authorizing foreign students to engage in limited periods of employment for practical training as their schools recommend according to the terms set out in the Rule is a valid exercise of that power.”

Implications Of The Court Decisions

Attorneys applauded the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision to deny the petition for writ of certiorari.

“This gives some much-needed peace of mind to STEM students and graduates so they can plan out their immigration status,” said Dan Berger of Curran Berger & Kludt. “This will also help the Biden administration move forward with its 2022 STEM immigration initiatives with the knowledge that all immigration tools available are being used to attract and retain STEM talent.”

In April 2023, a federal judge cited the STEM OPT case when ruling in favor of the Department of Homeland Security’s regulation to allow the spouses of H-1B visa holders to work.

In that case, Save Jobs USA argued Congress never gave DHS the authority to provide work authorization to H-4 spouses and other foreign nationals. “But as the D.C. Circuit has recently explained, that contention runs headlong into the text of the INA, decades of Executive-branch practice, and both explicit and implicit congressional ratification of that practice,” according to District Judge Tanya S. Chutkan’s opinion. “The Circuit’s analysis in Washington Alliance of Technology Workers v. United States Department of Homeland Security is directly applicable to this case.”

The D.C. Circuit “squarely rejected” the argument that “DHS lacked statutory authority to authorize employment” as part of Optional Practical Training after an international student graduates from school, noted the judge.

“The decision of the Supreme Court was not a surprise, seeing as how the government had won at every lower level,” according to Lynden Melmed, a partner with Berry Appleman & Leiden (BAL) and a former chief counsel of USCIS. “But it brings much-needed certainty to a program critical to retaining talent in the United States.”

Tue, 03 Oct 2023 01:29:00 -0500 Stuart Anderson en text/html https://www.forbes.com/sites/stuartanderson/2023/10/03/stem-opt-safe-after-supreme-court-immigration-action/
The Safe Way to Cancel a Credit Card

Does Closing a Credit Card Hurt Your Credit?

Does canceling a credit card hurt your credit? You’ve likely heard that closing a credit card account may damage your credit score. And while it is generally true that canceling a credit card can impact your score, that isn’t always the case. If you pay off all your credit card accounts (not just the one you’re canceling) to $0 before canceling your card, you can avoid a decrease in your credit score.

Typically, leaving your credit card accounts open is the best option, even if you’re not using them. However, there are a few valid reasons for deciding to close an account. For example, it’s best to close joint credit card accounts during a separation or divorce, or close an account if your credit card company charges high annual fees.

Read on to learn what the reasons are—and to get details on how to cancel a card the right way.

Key Takeaways

  • Closing a credit card account is sometimes necessary, despite advice against doing so.
  • A credit card can be canceled without harming your credit score⁠.
  • To avoid damage to your credit score, paying down credit card balances first (not just the one you’re canceling) is key.
  • Closing a charge card won’t affect your credit history (history is a factor in your overall credit score).
  • Closing a credit card could hurt your credit score by increasing your credit utilization if you don't pay off all your balances.

Understanding the Impact of Credit Utilization Ratio

Credit experts advise against closing credit cards, even when you’re not using them, for good reason. “Canceling a credit card has the potential to reduce your score, not increase it,” says Beverly Harzog, credit card expert and consumer finance analyst for U.S. News & World Report.

Closing a credit card can impact your credit utilization ratio, potentially dinging your credit score. Credit utilization measures how much of your total available credit is being used, based on your credit reports. The more available credit you use (per your reports), the worse the impact will be on your score.

Here’s a simple example of how closing a $0 balance credit card backfires:

  • Credit card number one has a $1,000 limit and a $1,000 balance.
  • Credit card number two has a $1,000 limit and a $0 balance.
  • Your credit utilization on both cards combined is 50% ($1,000 total balances ÷ $2,000 in total limits = 50% utilization).
  • Close credit card number two, and your credit utilization jumps to 100% ($1,000 total balances ÷ $1,000 total limits = 100% utilization).

You should aim to pay your credit card balances in full every month. Doing so not only protects your credit scores but also can save you a lot of money in interest.

Paying your balance in full is especially important before closing a credit card account. If all of your credit cards show $0 balances on your credit reports, then you can close a card without hurting your credit score.

The higher the credit utilization ratio, the more it can negatively impact your credit score. That’s why it is commonly recommended to keep the ratio below 30%.

Good Reasons to Cancel a Credit Card

Canceling a credit card is usually a bad idea. Nevertheless, there are some circumstances in which a card cancellation could be in your best interest. Here are three.

Separation or Divorce

It’s best to close joint credit card accounts during a separation or divorce. As a joint cardholder, you’ll be liable for any past or future charges made on the account. It’s not uncommon for an angry ex to run up excessive charges on a joint card out of spite.

If that happens—or even if routine spending occurs on a joint account after separation—the charges will be your responsibility as well. Your divorce decree might state that your former spouse is responsible for the debt, but that won’t release you from your obligation in your lender’s eyes.

High Annual Fees

If your card issuer charges you a high annual fee for an account that you don’t use, cancellation might be warranted. However, if you receive benefits from the account that outweigh the annual fee, such as travel credits and perks, then it might be worth the cost.

An annual fee on a credit card that you don’t use or benefit from is another story.

Before you cancel the account, call your card issuer to ask for the annual fee to be waived. Be sure to mention that you’re considering closing your account. It doesn’t hurt to ask, and you might be pleasantly surprised.

Too Much Temptation

Some people find the temptation to use credit cards—especially store credit cards—too much to resist. And while this might be a valid reason to close a card for some, you can try other ways to curb overspending without sacrificing your credit score. 

For example, you could remove your credit cards from your wallet and store them in a safe place. By not having your cards readily available, you may find the temptation easier to resist. 

Once a credit card is canceled, you won’t be able to reopen the account.

How to Cancel a Credit Card: 6 Steps

Let’s say you do decide that closing the account is the best move. Here are six simple tips to help you navigate the process:

  1. Redeem unused rewards on your account before you call to cancel.
  2. Ideally, pay off all your credit card accounts (not just the one you’re canceling) to $0 before canceling any card. At the very least, minimize your balances as much as possible.
  3. Call your credit card issuer to cancel and confirm that your balance on the account is $0.
  4. Mail a certified letter to your card issuer to cancel the account. In this letter, request that written confirmation of your $0 balance and closed account status be mailed to you.
  5. Check your three credit reports 30 to 45 days after cancellation to make sure that the account reports that it was closed by the cardholder and that your balance is $0.
  6. Dispute any incorrect information on your reports with the three credit bureaus.

Closing a Credit Card Won’t Impact Your Credit History

You may have heard that closing a credit card causes you to “lose credit” for the age of the account. That is mostly a myth.

Credit expert John Ulzheimer, formerly of FICO and Equifax, confirms that closing a credit card will not immediately remove it from your credit reports. “As long as the credit card remains on your report, you will still get the value of the age of the account in both the FICO and VantageScore branding credit scoring models. The only way to lose the value of the age of the card is if it’s removed from your reports,” Ulzheimer says.

A closed account will remain on your reports for up to seven years (if negative) or around 10 years (if positive). As long as the account is on your reports, it will be factored into the average age of your credit.


The percent that FICO uses to factor in credit history as part of your overall credit score. Payment history and amounts owed, which have the largest impact out of five categories, account for 35% and 30%, respectively.

How Does Closing a Credit Card Affect Your Credit Score?

Your credit score might be hurt if closing the card changes your credit utilization ratio. Credit utilization measures how much of your total available credit is being used, based on your credit reports. The more available credit you use, the worse the impact will be on your score. Aim for a ratio of around 30%.

How Do You Keep Your Utilization Rate Low?

Don’t keep a large balance, and do this by paying it off every month (this will also save you from paying interest). Provided all of your credit cards show $0 balances on your credit reports, you can close a card without hurting your credit score. If you're responsible with credit and you always pay on time, you could also ask your card issuer(s) to increase your credit limit. Increasing your credit limit will have the effect of lowering your utilization score. However, be careful to avoid the temptation of running up additional balances; that will defeat the purpose.

Will Closing a Card Damage My Credit History?

Not really. A closed account will remain on your reports for up to seven years (if negative) or around 10 years (if positive). As long as the account is on your reports, it will be factored into the average age of your credit.

The Bottom Line

Don’t close a credit card account without a good reason. Having a lot of credit cards won’t necessarily hurt your credit score significantly if you handle them responsibly. However, if you need to cancel a card, do your best to reduce all your credit card balances first (preferably to $0), so you can either minimize or avoid any credit score damage.

Wed, 15 Feb 2023 16:21:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.investopedia.com/how-to-cancel-a-credit-card-4590033
Father of Parkland shooting victim: Biden's action on guns "will help our students be safe in school" Father of Parkland shooting victim: Biden's action on guns "will help our students be safe in school" - CBS News

Watch CBS News

President Joe Biden announced executive action on guns today at the White House, calling gun violence in America is an "epidemic." Tony Montalto, the president of Stand with Parkland, lost his daughter, Gina, in the 2018 shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School. He joins CBSN's Tanya Rivero to discuss the president's action.

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Thu, 08 Apr 2021 07:31:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.cbsnews.com/video/biden-gun-reform-executive-action-parkland-tony-montalto/
Polk County 12-year-old at center of statewide alert found safe

POLK COUNTY, Fla. — A 12-year-old boy from Polk County was found safe on Tuesday after a statewide missing child alert was issued earlier in the day.

Authorities said Mason Miller was last seen on Derwent Drive around 5 p.m. on Monday. He was found safe just before 11:30 a.m. by a bloodhound with the sheriff's office.

He was sleeping on a retention wall in a neighborhood near where he was last seen, authorities said.

No other information was immediately released.

A Florida Missing Child Alert is issued when the following criteria are met:

  • The child is under the age of 18
  • Law enforcement has a well-founded belief, based on an active investigation, that the child is in danger of death or serious bodily injury
  • There is a detailed description or photograph of the child to broadcast to the public
  • The local law enforcement agency of jurisdiction recommends activation

An Amber Alert is issued when authorities have a well-founded belief that a kidnapping has taken place.

Copyright 2023 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

Mon, 11 Dec 2023 15:24:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.abcactionnews.com/news/region-polk/florida-missing-child-alert-issued-for-polk-county-12-year-old

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