Memorize and practice these CDL Practice Test before taking test gives the latest and up in order to date study guide with Real CDL Exam Questions plus Answers for most recent subjects of Certification-Board Commercial Drivers License Examination. Practice our CDL Exam Cram in order to Improve your understanding and pass your own examination with Higher Marks. We assure your success within the Test Middle, covering each associated with the parts associated with examination and developing your understanding associated with the CDL exam. Complete with our real CDL questions.

Exam Code: CDL Practice test 2022 by team
CDL Commercial Drivers License

Classroom – Provides 40 hours of classroom training that will prepare the student to pass the “Knowledge Test” required to obtain a Class A CDL instruction permit. Range/Road – Provides 120 hours of practical experience and training relating to performing and passing pre-trip inspection testing, basic controls skills testing and road skills testing. Home Study – Students will study the KY CDL Manual (provided) in order to pass the Class A CDL knowledge test. In addition, part of the Delmar Tractor Trailer Truck Driver Training book (provided) will be completed prior to course completion. Upon successful completion of this class the student will be able to master the skills necessary to obtain a Class A CDL. The student will also be able to understand and discuss the importance of safety as it relates to the operation of a semi-tractor and trailer in and around docks, shippers and consignees, in both city and/or over the road driving. The student will also be able to perform the following procedures;

1. Drive and control a semi-tractor and trailer on local, city, county and interstate roads
2. Perform vehicle inspections
3. Shift gears
4. Understand speed and space management
5. Recognize road hazards, aggressive drivers/road rage
6. Identify and avoid distracted driving and why
7. Learn about night driving, driver fatigue, extreme driving conditions, hazard perception
8. Learn about railroad crossings and how to cross them properly
9. How to handle driving emergencies and accident procedures
10.Rules about alcohol and other drugs
11.Map practicing and trip planning
12.DOT Regulations
13.Log Book and Hours of Service Regulations
14.Accident reports
15.Conduct pre and post-trip inspections, complete Driver Vehicle Inspection Reports (DVIR)
16.Perform maneuvers, straight line, off-set backing and parallel parking
17.Double clutch and shift a 10-speed transmission
18.Master turns, ramps, lane changes, space management and uphill and downhill shifting situations
19.Pass the Class A skills Test

Commercial Drivers License
Certification-Board Commercial mock
Killexams : Certification-Board Commercial mock - BingNews Search results Killexams : Certification-Board Commercial mock - BingNews Killexams : How this Rhode Island designer started her business designing yachts

The 50 States Project is a series of candid conversations with interior designers across the country about how they’ve built their businesses. This week, Newport, Rhode Island–based designer Ally Maloney tells us tells us how she streamlined her client inquiry process, why her firm offers a project management service and how she’s fighting to expand practice rights in her state.

Did you always know you wanted to be a designer?
Yes. I was always drawn to art and design. When I was elementary-school age, I remember drawing houses and floor plans, clipping images of furniture out of my mom’s catalogs. Fortunately, my parents were always very supportive of my interest in art and design. They allowed me opportunities like private art lessons. When I was in high school, I pitched them the idea of enrolling in a semester of weekend art classes at Parsons in New York, and they said yes. I’d take the train into the city from Connecticut on Saturdays and attend art classes, and that’s how I built my portfolio for college admissions.

The city wasn’t a new concept to me—I was fortunate that growing up as a kid, that’s where I got exposure to New York’s amazing art museums, and I think where my real interest in art and design came from. The experience of taking those classes at Parsons was eye-opening, in that it got me out of my high school art classes. I was in this classroom setting with kids from the city and outside the city, with a college art professor, and we’d take still-life sketching classes with models—that was my first introduction to nude models. We’d also go outside the classroom and sketch high-rises and the cityscapes. It was a really great learning experience and this taste of what was to come in college. I knew I wanted to go to an accredited program—now it’s called CIDA, but back then it was called FIDER—and ultimately I ended up at Wentworth Institute of Technology in Boston.

I feel you’re either a creative, artsy person or you’re not. I think that that’s a component that’s kind of inherent. You have it or you don’t, but I think that’s where college education can really come into play. That kind of formal training really [brings in] the technical components. I didn’t need somebody to teach me how to sketch or draw or match colors together—I needed somebody to teach me the architectural and the engineering aspects behind interior design. That’s what a CIDA-accredited program provides, and that’s what Wentworth’s program provides.

I don’t know that I had that much of an understanding of what I needed from my school for my career when I was looking for college.
I’m definitely Type A.

How this Rhode Island designer started her business designing yachts

A gut renovation transformed this coastal home into a family retreat.Cate Brown Photography

You also had an interest in yacht design from the beginning.
I did. One unique thing about Wentworth is its co-op program. Unlike most colleges, where you get a summer off, at Wentworth you don’t. They break up your year into three four-month semesters, and you’re either on campus in classes, or you’re doing a mandatory co-op, which is an apprenticeship in your field of study. That’s what opened the door for me to explore my interest in yacht design.

When I started researching, I came to realize that the world of yachting is just like designing buildings, where you have this team of professionals—a structural engineer and a naval architect and an interior designer. Through the co-op program, I was able to land a position with a shipyard where I got to understand what yacht design was like from a building perspective. Then I also landed a co-op with a naval architect here in Rhode Island, who offered me a full-time job when I graduated. That’s how I ended up in Rhode Island—I went to work for him, and at the same time, I enrolled at a school called the Westlawn Institute, which is a naval architecture and yacht design school, where I got a certificate in yacht and boat design.

How are you thinking differently when you’re designing for a boat?
I think it depends on your role, because obviously the hull design is the most important thing. You need to know that this vessel is structurally sufficient, that it’s going to float, and there are a lot of weight calculations that go into that. But that’s not what really interested me. I did courses on hull design, but I was passionate about boat interiors. That was always my focus when I worked for the naval architect too.

I mean, what isn’t cool about the sparkliness and glamour of a yacht? Once you get into the yachting industry and get on these boats and see what goes into them, the sky’s the limit. Everything on these boats is custom millwork, which I’ve always loved. There are just exotic wood species and stones and gold-plated plumbing fixtures. It’s just a whole other world, so it was very dazzling.

Is that about the wealth or the resources of the client, or is it about performance?
That’s about wealth and status.

How does that sort of clientele shape the kind of residential work you get? I would imagine that could be a shortcut to clients who are really willing to do something big.
Yeah, definitely. There’s an overlap with clients who started out as boat clients and then, over the course of years, we began working on their homes, and vice versa. They’re clients who appreciate good design, who appreciate quality craftsmanship, quality products, and that’s what I’m about. I don’t want to work on projects with a low budget where we have to shop retail or sacrifice on the quality of furniture to accommodate a smaller budget. I truly believe in well-made, well-crafted furniture and thoughtfully, uniquely designed homes. It does take a larger budget to accomplish those things. I’m working with a clientele who appreciate and expect it, so we’re the right fit for one another.

How this Rhode Island designer started her business designing yachts

A yacht’s living quarters feature rich wood and soothing shades of blueCate Brown Photography

How long did you work for the naval architect, and how did you know it was time to move on?
I was there for a couple years, and the company dissolved. The gentleman who owned the company was much older. At that time, everybody in design and construction was still really feeling the effects of the recession, so no one was hiring. If you had told me when I was in college that I was going to be starting my own design firm in my 20s and I’d be where I am today, I would’ve laughed and said you were crazy. It was never my plan or intention to start my own company as early as I did, but there was no other option for me at the time because so few firms were hiring. I did have an opportunity to go to work for a larger commercial firm in Boston, but I weighed the pros and the cons and I decided that wasn’t really what I wanted—I didn’t want to commute into Boston and work for a large firm where all I would do was sit behind a computer and draft for eight hours a day. I wanted something more creative and more free than that.

Was there any work for you when you first went out on your own?
It was tough. You’re working your butt off, pounding the pavement, trying to gain clientele, get people to trust you with their projects. You’re also trying to pay your bills. That first year, I nannied part-time while I was getting my footing with my business, and it wasn’t until I had enough projects and I saw consistent income that I was able to leave that nannying job and put all my focus on the design business. Back then, I was only doing boat interiors, so I was hustling at shipyards and walking into brokers’ offices, introducing myself. I was getting booths at boat shows to promote my services. I did what I had to do to get enough clients and enough work to keep going.

How did you connect with those early clients?
Those were mostly referrals from yacht brokers whose recently sold boats needed to be decorated, or maybe they needed to undergo a refit to appeal to the taste of the new boat owners. I also got a booth at the Newport [International] Boat Show and found some clientele there. It grew by word of mouth—to this day, the majority of our new business is referral based. At this point, about 25 percent of my business is naval projects and the remainder is residential. So the majority of boat projects that we take today are our repeat clientele who come to us when they’re buying or building a new boat. Occasionally, we still take on referrals from brokers who we’ve been working with and passing business back and forth for years. The same is true for our residential projects. The majority of those projects come from referrals—from realtors, from contractors, from past clients.

Left: A welcoming entry Cate Brown Photography | Right: Rich jewel tones make a striking statement in a vacation home’s guest suite Cate Brown Photography

When did you start to shift toward residential?
About four or five years ago. That’s when previous boat or yacht clients started to come to me with projects in their homes. Then, once I had experienced what it was like to gut-renovate a full home and have this project that lasts a significantly longer amount of time than most of my boat projects, I was hooked. I started to focus on shifting gears in terms of marketing and actively seek those residential projects.

How did you build a team along the way?
I was solo until about two years ago. We’re now a team of four. I have a full-time designer. I have a bookkeeper who keeps our studio organized, balances the books and invoices our clients. And we have a part-time marketing coordinator who handles our social media and looks for opportunities in the press. We have others who we work with part-time who help with our project workload: We have a renderer who we work with when it’s time to do renderings for our presentations. We have a draftsman who we work with when our drafting workload is just too heavy for us to maintain it all ourselves.

When did you know you were ready to make that first hire after being solo for so long?
I was at a point where I had an almost overwhelming workload of projects, and I was still getting inquiries for more of these significant projects, full-home gut-renovation jobs. I knew I either had to say no, which I didn’t want to do, or I needed to hire help. That’s when I decided it was time to hire a designer so that I didn’t have to turn down those jobs.

Did it feel like a risk, or did you feel safe making that leap?
It always feels like a risk for me to make moves like that. Sometimes I think I’m my own worst enemy, and I hold myself and my business back because I am so conservative. But also, that mindset has allowed me over the years to substantially build my business’s savings. So I knew that I was going to be able to take on a full-time employee and make it work without any financial qualms.

Left: A yacht kitchen clad in gleaming paneling maximizes a compact space Cate Brown Photography | Right: A cozy bedroom channels the ocean environment Cate Brown Photography

As you’ve grown and shifted toward residential, has your approach to projects changed?
I have gone through self-reflection and a deeper evaluation of: Who are my ideal clients? What are my ideal projects? What is it I’m really truly going after? I’ve just redone my website. I worked with a branding expert and copywriter, and that was an exploratory process. I worked with a business coach this past year as well. The new website is live, and it’s a true reflection of who we are as a company, in terms of aesthetics, copy and crystal-clear messaging. Next, we’re creating a new onboarding process for clients and project inquiries.

How is that process becoming more streamlined?
It all starts with that inquiry that comes through the website. They receive an information packet from us that goes deeper into detail about the kinds of projects that we take on, where our minimums start, what they can expect a project investment to look like if they work with us, how many design hours it typically takes for different kinds of projects, that kind of thing.

And then we do a discovery call, and then a consultation, if it seems like we’re a good fit. It’s about providing clients with more information so that they’re making a very educated decision if they decide to work with me—and just being very transparent about our process, our approach, our fee structure, that sort of thing.

What made you think that was what your business needed?
When I was working solo, everything was in my head, but I want to continue to grow my team. You need to have systems in place so that the information is available to everyone and not everything has to fall on me to get done. That’s where failure happens in a business—when the owner or the principal isn’t willing to let go of some of that, or they just can’t because they’ve not structured their company in a way where they’re able to. If you’re not giving your employees the right kind of access to be able to do things themselves, then why do you have them? So it’s about this process of getting the entire company to a point where everything is really systematized and organized, and you just have to start at the beginning and then work your way through.

Do you plan to systematize every phase of the process?
At this point, when somebody comes to us to inquire about working with us on a project, I am able to go back and look at the stats from all of our past projects, and everything is scalable. So even if somebody’s coming to me for a 5,000-square-foot project, I can go back and look at a 2,500-square-foot project. If it’s going to be the same caliber of work, I can scale up or down accordingly. In a lot of cases, it’s an educational process because a lot of people don’t have a realistic idea of what it costs to make their home look Instagram-worthy.

Right. They see the pictures in your portfolio—
And they would never think that that was a $75,000 living room. Maybe they’ve worked with a designer before, but they’ve only picked [certain rooms or] pieces with that designer. When you pick away at things, it’s a couple thousand dollars here, a couple thousand dollars there. But when somebody comes to work with me, we’re not picking away at things.

I ideally like full-home projects, but my bare minimum is a single room—but it’s going to be an entire room overhaul. We’re doing everything from paint and wallpaper to rugs and lighting, all your furniture, artwork, decor, everything. It’s a full transformation. When you show somebody what it costs to complete a living room or a dining room that looks like this one or that one in the portfolio, there is that initial sticker shock sometimes, because the entirety is a number they probably haven’t thought of. But then we’re able to show them the breakdown, and once they start to see and understand everything that goes into it, the parts of the puzzle come together and it makes sense. Then it just comes down to what somebody is or isn’t comfortable spending on a project.

Do you feel the difference when you started to systematize in that way?
Yes. Within the last half year, I can go into an initial consultation and sit down and confidently say, “This is how long it’s going to take to complete your project. This is how much it’s going to cost in total. It’s not just what I’m telling you it’s going to cost from my end in terms of my service fees and furniture, but it’s what your entire project is going to cost, including construction.” Because I have enough of those projects under my belt now to know.

Like I said, I’m a Type A, so I have that creative side of my brain, but I also have that other side of my brain that likes to see charts and solid numbers based on evidence. I think that my clients appreciate that too because we’re eliminating the opportunity for surprise—for example, “hidden fees,” things like freight, sales tax, receiving house storage fees and delivery fees—those kinds of things can really add up.

How this Rhode Island designer started her business designing yachts

A family room opens to the outdoorsCate Brown Photography

How have you approached charging for your work, and has it changed over time?
Not really. We charge $225 an hour. That fee has changed, of course—over time, it increases.

Is that for everybody on your team? Or do rates fluctuate depending on who’s doing the work?
That’s the rate for everybody on our team. We’re a small firm, and we wear many different hats. We contribute equally to a project’s success. I don’t see the need to do a tiered pricing structure for my company when we’re as small [and fluid] as we are. That said, if we have a client meeting and [my designer] and I are both present, I don’t double-charge the client.

Why did hourly feel like the right fit for your business?
I think it was comfortable because, especially in the beginning, how would you ever go about determining a flat fee for a project? At this point, I could do a flat fee, but I still choose to do hourly. I’m not totally comfortable or confident to go into a project at a flat fee and feel like it’s going to be fair for me. I’m happy with [hourly charging], my clients are happy, I’ve never gotten pushback. And again, because we’ve kept solid records of what we spent, I can pretty accurately ballpark a figure for my clients and say, “I think this project is going to take us 250 hours, start to finish,” or whatever. I think that’s really just what most people are looking for.

When I hear designers talking about the way they charge, often it’s reactionary to client pushback. I love that yours are comfortable and happy with the way you work.
Yeah, I think it’s because it’s fact-driven information. I tell people, “I’m not pulling these numbers out of my sleeve. These are based on past work.” I began a new project last month, and I was able to do an exercise for the clients. I looked back at a project that we had completed last year—I didn’t want to go too far back because we’ve been paying more for everything since the pandemic—where the price point was going to be as comparable as possible.

I said, “OK, let’s open up my website, let’s pull up the portfolio. This is how much this kitchen cost. This is how much this bedroom cost,” and so on. They were able to look at the photos of the completed project, and look at the breakdown on my spreadsheet, and see that was a $6,000 sofa, those were $5,000 window treatments, that was a $3,000 chandelier. And then they understand how we got to that $60,000 tally at the bottom. They understand that if they want a fully furnished and completed home just like that one, the reality is that’s how much it’s going to cost. And then our clients buy everything for their projects from us, and we sell to them at MSRP.

Left: A Newport home balances a coastal palette with refined details Cate Brown Photography | Right: A bathroom makeover started with colors of the landscape Cate Brown Photography

How many projects are you typically working on at one time?
At the moment, we have eight full-sized projects. Two of those are new yachts that are being built, and the other 75 percent are residential; plus we have a few smaller projects for our repeat clients when they call us back up to tackle a little something extra at their house or whatever.

Can you tell me about the Rhode Island housing and design market?
The majority of our projects are here in Newport, but we do serve pretty much all of Rhode Island and the South Coast of Massachusetts. It’s rare that we work on someone’s full-time or primary residence. The majority of our projects are either second or third homes, and mostly all seasonal, so homes that they’re occupying for maybe three months out of the year. And we have a wide range of clientele. We’ve had the thirtysomething power couple from Boston with their summer home in Newport, all the way up to our retired clients in their 70s who have downsized from that large Rhode Island home to the smaller, more manageable summer home. A lot of our clients are full-time Florida residents who come up here in the summer, some retired. We also have a lot of working clients—most are business owners, or they’re running very large companies. And through our yachting clients, we’ve had Fortune 500 leaders, Forbes 100 families.

Does the focus on secondary homes change the style and sensibility of your work, or your design process?
So, I don’t think it changes the processes, because when you’re designing a home for someone, you always want it to be beautiful but also functional. And that’s regardless of whether it’s their primary or secondary residence. You want it to be fitting for the way that they intend on using it. For the most part, our clients take a bit more of a transitional, casual approach to their homes. In terms of our design style, we don’t do nautical, but coastal in speaking to the region. We do have a couple of clients with historic homes on Bellevue Ave in Newport that have very formal architecture, so the interiors tend to follow suit.

Because most of the homes are secondary homes, our clients are living elsewhere while their homes are being worked on. We do interior design and project management, so we are with the project through the entire design phase. And then once construction starts, we’re on the job site every week, overseeing the contractors’ work. We’re making sure that their project is on track. We’re photographing, doing progress photos, sending our clients weekly updates so that, even though they might be in Boston or in Florida, they feel like they’re still a part of the project and things are running on schedule. And when the contractor runs into questions, they’re contacting us, not bothering the client. A lot of our clients, even the ones who are retired, don’t necessarily want to be bombarded with questions that arise on-site. I think that service has been really valuable to our clients.

Is that just part of the way you work, or is that a separate service offering?
They do have the option to just hire us for design, in which case we wouldn’t be at the job site weekly or biweekly throughout the construction process, but nine times out of 10, they hire us for project management as well.

Are you connected with the local design community?
I have served on the Board of Directors for the ASID New England chapter. This is my seventh year, and I just started my term as president of the chapter on October 1. So outside of my workload here in my office for my clients and my projects, I also have this volunteer job with ASID where I’m investing my time and my efforts into advocating for interior designers and just trying to make the interior design industry in New England better.

Why is cultivating that community important to you?
I think that interior design is one of those industries where a lot of practicing designers are solopreneurs. I think it can become a little lonely, a little isolated, when you work by yourself. It’s a great thing to have a relationship with other designers who you can speak openly and honestly with about your business. And when you’re facing a challenge, have someone to talk to about it.

It can sometimes be difficult or intimidating to approach other designers to talk about those things openly and honestly. ASID, for me, has been a place where I’ve been able to forge some great relationships with other designers and never with that feeling of competition or anything like that. In fact, just kind of the opposite of that—more community feeling. For me, having been a solopreneur for so long, I think that that was really valuable, and I think other ASID members have found the same. ASID, as an organization, provides a lot of resources to members in terms of access to affordable business insurance and access to resources like contracts and trade discounts and benefits and continuing education—whether it’s product-related education or even business-related education.

There’s a huge social component, too, where you have an opportunity to meet other like-minded designers and forge relationships. And advocacy is also a big part of what ASID does—advocating for practice rights of interior designers. So that’s an exciting thing that we have coming to Rhode Island in the coming year. Two weeks ago, ASID and IIDA held an event in Providence where we announced our plans to begin the process of advocating for practice rights for interior designers of Rhode Island.

That would change a lot for you, right?
Ultimately, what I would be able to best gain from that [is the ability] to stamp my own drawings [with NCIDQ Certification]. The only reason I haven’t sat for the NCIDQ test is probably the same reason that a lot of Rhode Island designers haven’t—because the state doesn’t offer that opportunity. I could sit for the test and I could pass it, but then I’d have this test under my belt and I’d have nothing to do with [that certification]. But knowing that that is something that we’re going to be working on, [bringing NCIDQ to Rhode Island] this year, I have to sharpen my studying skills.

That’s a big deal.
Yeah. Stamping drawings would be really exciting for me. And then for designers who practice commercial design, they’d have opportunities to bid for projects that they currently don’t have access to. So there’s great opportunity for designers who want to take advantage of it when the time comes.

How this Rhode Island designer started her business designing yachts

A bedroom gets a lively update in a medley of cornflower blue patternsCate Brown Photography

What is the biggest thing you wish you had known when you started your firm?
I think—and I’m still guilty of it—worrying, worrying, when’s the next project going to come? Or where is it going to come from? Is it going to be big enough to carry us through the next year? I think a lot of angst and anxiety has gone into building the business, and that’s a lot of stress to put on yourself. I think just having faith in who you are and that you’re not going to let yourself fail, you’re not going to fail. And maybe having a little bit more confidence to spread your wings and take that leap of faith to, I don’t know, invest a chunk of money back into the business in terms of marketing or, if you’re feeling stretched thin, just put the ad out and hire that extra person to help you.

Are you feeling more confident doing those things now?
I do. Everything’s worked out. But like I said, I am a conservative person, so I sometimes hold myself back from doing those things. To this day, I’ve not allowed myself to dive too deep.

What does success look like for you?
I would not say it’s something that comes with a dollar sign or a certain number attached to it. I get fulfillment from knowing that I am creating an opportunity for my team to be able to practice what they love to do. And I get sincere fulfillment when I see that my clients are living happy lives in their new home, and that they find joy in what we’ve created for them.

To learn more about Ally Maloney, visit her website or find her on Instagram.

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Killexams : Best InfoSec and Cybersecurity Certifications of 2022
  • The U.S. job market has almost 600,000 openings requesting cybersecurity-related skills. 
  • Employers are struggling to fill these openings due to a general cyber-skill shortage, with many openings remaining vacant each year. 
  • When evaluating prospective information-security candidates, employers should look for certifications as an important measure of excellence and commitment to quality.
  • This article is for business owners looking to hire cybersecurity experts, or for individuals interested in pursuing a cybersecurity career. 

Cybersecurity is one of the most crucial areas for ensuring a business’s success and longevity. With cyberattacks growing in sophistication, it’s essential for business owners to protect their companies by hiring qualified cybersecurity experts to manage this aspect of their business. The best candidates will have a certification in information security and cybersecurity. This guide breaks down the top certifications and other guidance you’ll need to make the right hire for your company. It’s also a great primer for individuals who are embarking on a cybersecurity career.

Best information security and cybersecurity certifications

When evaluating prospective InfoSec candidates, employers frequently look to certification as an important measure of excellence and commitment to quality. We examined five InfoSec certifications we consider to be leaders in the field of information security today.

This year’s list includes entry-level credentials, such as Security+, as well as more advanced certifications, like Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) and Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA). According to CyberSeek, more employers are seeking CISA, CISM and CISSP certification holders than there are credential holders, which makes these credentials a welcome addition to any certification portfolio.

Absent from our list of the top five is SANS GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC). Although this certification is still a very worthy credential, the job board numbers for CISA were so solid that it merited a spot in the top five. Farther down in this guide, we offer some additional certification options because the field of information security is both wide and varied.

1. CEH: Certified Ethical Hacker

The CEH (ANSI) certification is an intermediate-level credential offered by the International Council of E-Commerce Consultants (EC-Council). It’s a must-have for IT professionals who are pursuing careers in white hat hacking and certifies their competence in the five phases of ethical hacking: reconnaissance, enumeration, gaining of access, access maintenance and track covering. 

CEH credential holders possess skills and knowledge of hacking practices in areas such as footprinting and reconnaissance, network scanning, enumeration, system hacking, Trojans, worms and viruses, sniffers, denial-of-service attacks, social engineering, session hijacking, web server hacking, wireless networks and web applications, SQL injection, cryptography, penetration testing, IDS evasion, firewalls and honeypots. CEH V11 provides a remapping of the course to the NIST/NICE framework’s Protect and Defend (PR) job role category, as well as an additional focus on emerging threats in cloud, OT and IT security, such as fileless malware.

To obtain a CEH (ANSI) certification, candidates must pass one exam. A comprehensive five-day CEH training course is recommended, with the test presented at the course’s conclusion. Candidates may self-study for the test but must submit documentation of at least two years of work experience in information security with employer verification. Self-study candidates must also pay an additional $100 application fee. Education may be substituted for experience, but this is evaluated on a case-by-case basis. Candidates who complete any EC-Council-approved training (including with the iClass platform, academic institutions or an accredited training center) do not need to submit an application prior to attempting the exam.

Because technology in the field of hacking changes almost daily, CEH credential holders are required to obtain 120 continuing-education credits for each three-year cycle.

Once a candidate obtains the CEH (ANSI) designation, a logical progression on the EC-Council certification ladder is the CEH (Practical) credential. The CEH (Practical) designation targets the application of CEH skills to real-world security audit challenges and related scenarios. To obtain the credential, candidates must pass a rigorous six-hour practical examination. Conducted on live virtual machines, candidates are presented 20 scenarios with questions designed to validate a candidate’s ability to perform tasks such as vulnerability analysis, identification of threat vectors, web app and system hacking, OS detection, network scanning, packet sniffing, steganography and virus identification. Candidates who pass both the CEH (ANSI) and the CEH (Practical) exams earn the CEH (Master) designation.

CEH facts and figures

Certification name Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) (ANSI)
Prerequisites and required courses Training is highly recommended. Without formal training, candidates must have at least two years of information security-related experience and an educational background in information security, pay a nonrefundable eligibility application fee of $100 and submit an test eligibility form before purchasing an test voucher.
Number of exams One: 312-50 (ECC Exam)/312-50 (VUE) (125 multiple-choice questions, four hours)
Cost of exam $950 (ECC test voucher) Note: An ECC test voucher allows candidates to test via computer at a location of their choice. Pearson VUE test vouchers allow candidates to test in a Pearson VUE facility and cost $1,199.
Self-study materials EC-Council instructor-led courses, computer-based training, online courses and more are available at A CEH skills assessment is also available for credential seekers. Additionally, Udemy offers CEH practice exams. CEH-approved educational materials are available for $850 from EC-Council.

Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) training

While EC-Council offers both instructor-led and online training for its CEH certification, IT professionals have plenty of other options for self-study materials, including video training, practice exams and books.

Pluralsight currently offers an ethical-hacking learning path geared toward the 312-50 exam. With a monthly subscription, you get access to all of these courses, plus everything else in Pluralsight’s training library. Through Pluralsight’s learning path, students can prepare for all of the domains covered in the CEH exam.  

CyberVista offers a practice test for the CEH 312-50 certification that includes several sets of exam-like questions, custom quizzes, flash cards and more. An test prep subscription for 180 days costs $149 and gives candidates access to online study materials, as well as the ability to download the materials for offline study. Backed by its “pass guarantee,” CyberVista is so confident its practice test will prepare you for the CEH test that the company will refund its VCE test costs if you don’t pass.

Did you know?FYI: Besides certifications in information security and cybersecurity, the best IT certifications cover areas such as disaster recovery, virtualization and telecommunications.

2. CISM: Certified Information Security Manager

The CISM certification is a top credential for IT professionals who are responsible for managing, developing and overseeing information security systems in enterprise-level applications or for developing organizational security best practices. The CISM credential was introduced to security professionals in 2003 by the Information Systems Audit and Control Association (ISACA).

ISACA’s organizational goals are specifically geared toward IT professionals who are interested in the highest-quality standards with respect to the auditing, control and security of information systems. The CISM credential targets the needs of IT security professionals with enterprise-level security management responsibilities. Credential holders possess advanced and proven skills in security risk management, program development and management, governance, and incident management and response.

Holders of the CISM credential, which is designed for experienced security professionals, must agree to ISACA’s code of ethics, pass a comprehensive examination, possess at least five years of experience in information security management, comply with the organization’s continuing education policy and submit a written application. Some combinations of education and experience may be substituted for the full experience requirement.

The CISM credential is valid for three years, and credential holders must pay an annual maintenance fee of $45 (ISACA members) or $85 (nonmembers). Credential holders are also required to obtain a minimum of 120 continuing professional education (CPE) credits over the three-year term to maintain the credential. At least 20 CPE credits must be earned every year.

CISM facts and figures

Certification name

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM)

Prerequisites and required courses

To obtain the CISM credential, candidates must do the following:

  1. Pass the CISM exam.
  2. Agree to the ISACA code of professional ethics.
  3. Adhere to ISACA’s CPE policy
  4. Possess a minimum of five years of information security work experience in described job practice analysis areas. Experience must be verifiable and obtained in the 10-year period prior to the application date or within five years of test passage. There are some exceptions to this requirement depending on the current credentials held.
  5. Apply for CISM certification. (The processing fee is $50.) The credential must be obtained within five years of test passage.

Number of exams

One: 150 questions, four hours

Cost of exam

Exam fees: $575 (members), $760 (nonmembers)

Exam fees are nontransferable and nonrefundable.


Self-study materials

Training and study materials in various languages, information on job practice areas, primary references, publications, articles, the ISACA Journal, review courses, an test prep community, terminology lists, a glossary and more are available at Additionally, Udemy offers comprehensive training for the certification exam.

Other ISACA certification program elements

In addition to CISM, ISACA offers numerous certifications for those interested in information security and best practices. Other credentials worth considering include the following:

  • Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
  • Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT)
  • Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)

The CISA designation was created for professionals working with information systems auditing, control or security and is popular enough with employers to earn it a place on the leaderboard. The CGEIT credential targets IT professionals working in enterprise IT management, governance, strategic alignment, value delivery, and risk and resource performance management. IT professionals who are seeking careers in all aspects of risk management will find that the CRISC credential nicely meets their needs.

Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) training

Pluralsight offers a CISM learning path containing five courses and 17 hours of instruction. The courses cover the domains addressed in the exam, but the learning path is aimed at the CISM job practice areas. 

CyberVista offers a CISM online training course in both live and on-demand formats. The course includes more than 16 hours of training videos, supplementary lessons, custom quizzes, practice test questions and access to experts through the instructor. As with other CyberVista courses, the CISM training course comes with a “pass guarantee.” 

Did you know?Did you know?: According to CyberSeek, there are enough workers to fill only 68% of the cybersecurity job openings in the U.S. A cybersecurity certification is an important way to demonstrate the knowledge and ability to succeed in these job roles.

3. CompTIA Security+

CompTIA’s Security+ is a well-respected, vendor-neutral security certification. Security+ credential holders are recognized as possessing superior technical skills, broad knowledge and expertise in multiple security-related disciplines.

Although Security+ is an entry-level certification, the ideal candidates possess at least two years of experience working in network security and should consider first obtaining the Network+ certification. IT pros who obtain this certification have expertise in areas such as threat management, cryptography, identity management, security systems, security risk identification and mitigation, network access control, and security infrastructure. The CompTIA Security+ credential is approved by the U.S. Department of Defense to meet Directive 8140/8570.01-M requirements. In addition, the Security+ credential complies with the standards for ISO 17024.

The Security+ credential requires a single exam, currently priced at $381. (Discounts may apply to employees of CompTIA member companies and full-time students.) Training is available but not required.

IT professionals who earned the Security+ certification prior to Jan. 1, 2011, remain certified for life. Those who certify after that date must renew the certification every three years to stay current. To renew, candidates must obtain 50 continuing-education units (CEUs) or complete the CertMaster CE online course prior to the expiration of the three-year period. CEUs can be obtained by engaging in activities such as teaching, blogging, publishing articles or whitepapers, and participating in professional conferences and similar activities.

CompTIA Security+ facts and figures

Certification name

CompTIA Security+

Prerequisites and required courses

None. CompTIA recommends at least two years of experience in IT administration (with a security focus) and the Network+ credential before the Security+ exam. Udemy offers a complete and comprehensive course for the certification.

Number of exams

One: SY0-601 (maximum of 90 questions, 90 minutes to complete; 750 on a scale of 100-900 required to pass)

Cost of exam

$381 (discounts may apply; search for “SY0-601 voucher”)


Self-study materials

Exam objectives, sample questions, the CertMaster online training tool, training kits, computer-based training and a comprehensive study guide are available at

CompTIA Security+ training

You’ll find several companies offering online training, instructor-led and self-study courses, practice exams and books to help you prepare for and pass the Security+ exam.

Pluralsight offers a Security+ learning path as a part of its monthly subscription plan for the latest SY0-601 exam. Split into six sections, the training series is more than 24 hours long and covers attacks, threats and vulnerabilities; architecture and design; implementation of secure solutions; operations and incident response; and governance, risk and compliance.

CyberVista offers a Security+ practice test so you can test your security knowledge before attempting the SY0-601 exam. The test comes with a 180-day access period and includes multiple sets of test questions, key concept flash cards, access to InstructorLink experts, a performance tracker and more. As with CyberVista’s other offerings, this practice test comes with a “pass guarantee.”

4. CISSP: Certified Information Systems Security Professional

CISSP is an advanced-level certification for IT pros who are serious about careers in information security. Offered by the International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium, known as (ISC)2 (pronounced “ISC squared”), this vendor-neutral credential is recognized worldwide for its standards of excellence.

CISSP credential holders are decision-makers who possess the expert knowledge and technical skills necessary to develop, guide and manage security standards, policies and procedures within their organizations. The CISSP certification continues to be highly sought after by IT professionals and is well recognized by IT organizations. It is a regular fixture on most-wanted and must-have security certification surveys.

CISSP is designed for experienced security professionals. A minimum of five years of experience in at least two of (ISC)2’s eight common body of knowledge (CBK) domains, or four years of experience in at least two of (ISC)2’s CBK domains and a college degree or an approved credential, is required for this certification. The CBK domains are security and risk management, asset security, security architecture and engineering, communications and network security, identity and access management, security assessment and testing, security operations, and software development security.

(ISC)2 also offers three CISSP concentrations targeting specific areas of interest in IT security:

  • Architecture (CISSP-ISSAP)
  • Engineering (CISSP-ISSEP)
  • Management (CISSP-ISSMP)

Each CISSP concentration test is $599, and credential seekers must currently possess a valid CISSP.

An annual fee of $125 is required to maintain the CISSP credential. Recertification is required every three years. To recertify, candidates must earn 40 CPE credits each year, for a total of 120 CPE credits within the three-year cycle.

CISSP facts and figures 

Certification name

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) 

Optional CISSP concentrations:  

  • CISSP Architecture (CISSP-ISSAP)
  • CISSP Engineering (CISSP-ISSEP)
  • CISSP Management (CISSP-ISSMP)

Prerequisites and required courses

At least five years of paid, full-time experience in at least two of the eight (ISC)2 domains or four years of paid, full-time experience in at least two of the eight (ISC)2 domains and a college degree or an approved credential are required. Candidates must also do the following:

  • Agree to the (ISC)2 code of ethics.
  • Submit the CISSP application.
  • Complete the endorsement process.

Number of exams

One for CISSP (English CAT exam: 100-150 questions, three hours to complete; non-English exam: 250 questions, six hours) 

One for each concentration area

Cost of exam

CISSP is $749; each CISSP concentration is $599.


Self-study materials

Training materials include instructor-led, live online, on-demand and private training. There is an test outline available for review, as well as study guides, a study app, interactive flash cards and practice tests.

Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) training

Given the popularity of the CISSP certification, there is no shortage of available training options. These include classroom-based training offered by (ISC)2, as well as online video courses, practice exams and books from third-party companies.

Pluralsight’s CISSP learning path includes 12 courses and 25 hours of e-learning covering the security concepts required for the certification exam. Available for a low monthly fee, the CISSP courses are part of a subscription plan that gives IT professionals access to Pluralsight’s complete library of video training courses.

When you’re ready to test your security knowledge, you can take a simulated test that mimics the format and content of the real CISSP exam. Udemy offers CISSP practice tests to help you prepare for this challenging exam.

5. CISA: Certified Information Systems Auditor

ISACA’s globally recognized CISA certification is the gold standard for IT workers seeking to practice in information security, audit control and assurance. Ideal candidates can identify and assess organizational threats and vulnerabilities, assess compliance, and provide guidance and organizational security controls. CISA-certified professionals demonstrate knowledge and skill across the CISA job practice areas of auditing, governance and management, acquisition, development and implementation, maintenance and service management, and asset protection.

To earn the CISA certification, candidates must pass one exam, submit an application, agree to the code of professional ethics, agree to the CPE requirements and agree to the organization’s information systems auditing standards. In addition, candidates must possess at least five years of experience working with information systems. Some substitutions for education and experience with auditing are permitted.

To maintain the CISA certification, candidates must earn 120 CPE credits over a three-year period, with a minimum of 20 CPE credits earned annually. Candidates must also pay an annual maintenance fee ($45 for members; $85 for nonmembers).

CISA facts and figures

Certification name

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)

Prerequisites and required courses

To obtain the CISA credential, candidates must do the following:

  1. Pass the CISA exam.
  2. Agree to the ISACA code of professional ethics.
  3. Adhere to ISACA’s CPE policy.
  4. Agree to the information auditing standards.
  5. Possess a minimum of five years of information systems auditing, control or security work in described job practice analysis areas. Experience must be verifiable and obtained in the 10-year period prior to the application date or within five years after the test is passed. There are some exceptions to this requirement depending on the current credentials held.
  6. Apply for CISA certification. (The processing fee is $50.) The credential must be obtained within five years of test passage.

Number of exams

One: 150 questions, four hours

Cost of exam

$575 (members); $760 (nonmembers)


Self-study materials

ISACA offers a variety of training options, including virtual instructor-led courses, online and on-demand training, review manuals and question databases. Numerous books and self-study materials are also available on Amazon.

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA) training

Training opportunities for the CISA certification are plentiful. Udemy offers more than 160 CISA-related courses, lectures, practice exams, question sets and more. On Pluralsight, you’ll find 12 courses with 27 hours of information systems auditor training covering all CISA job practice domains for the CISA job practice areas.

Beyond the top 5: More cybersecurity certifications

In addition to these must-have credentials, many other certifications are available to fit the career needs of any IT professional interested in information security. Business owners should consider employing workers with these credentials as well.

  • The SANS GIAC Security Essentials (GSEC) certification remains an excellent entry-level credential for IT professionals seeking to demonstrate that they not only understand information security terminology and concepts but also possess the skills and technical expertise necessary to occupy “hands-on” security roles.
  • If you find incident response and investigation intriguing, check out the Logical Operations CyberSec First Responder (CFR) certification. This ANSI-accredited and U.S. DoD-8570-compliant credential recognizes security professionals who can design secure IT environments, perform threat analysis, and respond appropriately and effectively to cyberattacks. Logical Operations also offers other certifications, including Master Mobile Application Developer (MMAD), Certified Virtualization Professional (CVP), Cyber Secure Coder and CloudMASTER.
  • The associate-level Cisco Certified CyberOps Associate certification is aimed at analysts in security operations centers at large companies and organizations. Candidates who qualify through Cisco’s global scholarship program may receive free training, mentoring and testing to help them achieve a range of entry-level to expert certifications that the company offers. CompTIA Cybersecurity Analyst (CySA+), which launched in 2017, is a vendor-neutral certification designed for professionals with three to four years of security and behavioral analytics experience.
  • The Identity Management Institute offers several credentials for identity and access management, data protection, identity protection, identity governance and more. The International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP), which focuses on privacy, has a small but growing number of certifications as well.
  • The SECO-Institute, in cooperation with the Security Academy Netherlands and APMG, is behind the Cyber Security & Governance Certification Program; SECO-Institute certifications aren’t well known in the United States, but their popularity is growing. 
  • It also may be worth your time to browse the Chartered Institute of Information Security accreditations, the U.K. equivalent of the U.S. DoD 8570 certifications and the corresponding 8140 framework.

Also, consider these five entry-level cybersecurity certifications for more options.

TipTip: Before you decide to purchase training for a certification or an test voucher, see if your employer will cover the cost. Employers may cover all or part of the cost if you have a continuing education or training allowance, or if the certification is in line with your current or potential job duties.

Information security and cybersecurity jobs

According to CyberSeek, the number of cybersecurity job openings in the U.S. stands at almost 598,000, with about 1.05 million cybersecurity professionals employed in today’s workforce. Projections continue to be robust: The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects 33% growth in information security analyst positions between 2020 and 2030; in comparison, the average rate of growth for all occupations is about 8%.

Security-related job roles include information security specialist, security analyst, network security administrator, system administrator (with security as a responsibility) and security engineer, as well as specialized roles, like malware engineer, intrusion analyst and penetration tester.

Average salaries for information security certified and security engineers – two of the most common job roles – vary depending on the source. For example, SimplyHired reports about $74,000 for specialist positions, whereas Glassdoor‘s national average is about $108,000. For security engineers, SimplyHired reports almost $112,000, while Glassdoor’s average is more than $111,000, with salaries on the high end reported at $261,000. Note that these numbers frequently change as the sources regularly update their data. [Meet the man who kept Microsoft safe and secure for more than a decade.]

Our informal job board survey from April 2022 reports the number of job posts nationwide in which our featured certifications were mentioned on a given day. This should deliver you an idea of the relative popularity of each certification.

Job board search results (in alphabetical order by cybersecurity certification)




LinkedIn Jobs



CEH (EC-Council)
























Security+ (CompTIA)






Did you know?Did you know?: Cybersecurity matters even when you’re traveling. Find out how to keep your computer secure when you’re on the road for business or pleasure.

The importance of hiring information security and cybersecurity professionals

According to Risk Based Security‘s 2021 Year End Data Breach Quickview Report, there were 4,145 publicly disclosed breaches throughout 2021, containing over 22 billion records. This is the second-highest number of breached records, after an all-time high the year before. The U.S. was particularly affected, with the number of breaches increasing 10% compared with the previous year. More than 80% of the records exposed throughout 2021 were due to human error, highlighting an ever-increasing need for cybersecurity education, as well as for highly skilled and trained cybersecurity professionals. [Learn how to recover from a data breach.]

If you’re serious about advancing your career in the IT field and are interested in specializing in security, certification is a great choice. It’s an effective way to validate your skills and show a current or prospective employer that you’re qualified and properly trained. If you’re a business owner, hiring certified professionals and skilled IT managers can help prevent cyberattacks and provide confidence that your company’s security is in the right hands. In the meantime, review our quick cybersecurity tips to Boost your company’s protection.

Jeremy Bender contributed to the writing and research in this article.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Green Building Council SA, driving sustainability in the built environment

“Green Building Council South Africa (GBCSA) is not an organisation, but a movement.” So says Dorah Modise, former GBCSA CEO, reflecting on its milestone 15th anniversary.

The GBCSA’s pioneering transformation of the South African property sector has yielded significant results that have driven measurable impact not only in terms of certifications but also in training, accreditation, job creation and climate change mitigation.

Current CEO of GBCSA, Lisa Reynolds, says that in this time the organisation has reached 905 certifications in Africa, across the Green Star, Net Zero, EWP and EDGE certifications.

Have you read?
Green Buildings: Giving concrete shape to the smart city agenda

The impact of the 905 certifications can be illustrated through the energy and water savings and carbon reductions achieved as a result of the measures required to achieve the certification. 91,500 households worth of annual energy (1,320 million kWh/annum), and 1,220 million litres of potable drinking water will be saved annually, which equates to 1,672 800 people’s daily drinking water needs every year. The 1,590 million kgCO2/annum that will be saved equates to 395,400 cars off the roads every year in terms of kgCO2 equivalent. 

“In the last year alone 165 buildings were certified which reflects the exponential growth in the adoption of more sustainable building practices – the first 50 certifications took over five years, but as the environmental and financial benefits of green building became more apparent, we saw a greater buy-in across the board and the industry as a whole has shifted.

“Our role in education and training is an important part of achieving this shift, and supports a just transition to low-carbon green building, ensuring the future and livelihoods of workers by creating new jobs within a green economy,” explained Reynolds.

Green buildings of the world

GBCSA is one of about 70 members of the World Green Building Council (WGBC) and collaborates with Green Building Councils across the globe, enabling access to a community of experts and creating a platform for advocacy, training and certification, also catalysing a number of regulatory changes. GBCSA’s Annual Green Building Convention has become the property industry’s premier gathering of experts and leaders in the field of sustainable building.

Through the development of a host of certification tools and the training and accreditation of professionals in the field of green building, the adoption of environmentally responsible practice in the property sector has become mainstream, and the vision of being a driving force in the mitigation of climate change has become a reality. To date, 2,265 professionals have been accredited through GBCSA’s training and accreditation programmes with 325 students going through the candidate programme.

Of interest
IFC creates loan to finance construction of green buildings

Green Star Rating

In 2007, Bruce Kerswill, who is currently the Managing Director of Spire Property Group, saw the need for a body to facilitate the growth and adoption of green principles in the property sector in South Africa, where at the time, green building was the exception rather than the rule.

“We received much valuable support from the Australian Green Building Council and assistance with the development of South Africa’s own Green Star tool. Neil Gopal from SAPOA (South African Property Owners Association) was instrumental in our initial efforts, and Nicola Douglas as our CEO was a driving force in getting the organisation off the ground,” said Kerswill.

The Green Star SA rating system was launched in 2008 and the first certification – for Phase Two of Nedbank’s Head Office in Sandton, Johannesburg – was awarded in 2009. The Green Star Rating and certification is a rigorous, standardised system that uses independent assessors to evaluate submissions and allocate points for the various green measures that have been implemented in a building project.

Certification is awarded for 4-Star, 5-Star or 6-Star Green Star SA ratings and guarantees that businesses live up to their green building claims. 

Water and net-zero certification

In 2011 the Energy Water Performance tool (EWP) was introduced for existing buildings, starting with office buildings. In 2014, GBCSA announced their partnership with the International Finance Corporation, a member of the World Bank Group, to launch the EDGE rating system, a green building certification programme for the residential property market, utilised for homes in South Africa.

Net Zero certification assists building projects to completely neutralise or positively redress their impacts in carbon, water, waste and ecology.

Brian Wilkinson, GBCSA CEO from 2011- 2017 said he was fortunate to see a huge uptake of Green Building principles and practices by not only the commercial property industry and professionals in the built environment, but also by corporate South Africa and even ordinary home owners. “The built environment offers an almost unique ability to really do something about climate change in a meaningful way, both in terms of mitigation impact as well as making commercial sense.

“It was inspiring to see how the early adopters saw their efforts become a competitive advantage and also how they proved to the sector that green building principles and practices were very doable, were not significantly more expensive and that the skills and products were absolutely available. It was not long before green building became the norm – to the point where the uptake in formal certifications increased exponentially,” said Wilkinson.

Have you watched?
Umgeni Water: green buildings can advance sustainability

Third party verification and partnerships

Former CEO Dorah Modise says being at the helm of the GBCSA from 2017 to 2020 and prior to that as a non-executive Director since 2009, meant she was able to observe and be in the middle of its fast-paced growth. “The level of ambition in transforming the built environment has always meant we were punching above our own weight – at times in the scariest possible ways, but the movement always emerged victorious,” said Modise.

Grahame Cruickshanks, Head of Sustainability and Utilities at Growthpoint Properties, a founding member of the GBCSA that has led the way in implementing green building practices explained that the biggest impact of GBCSA is the introduction of green building as an active movement in the South African private and public property sector.

From the archives
IFC, UK government support certified green buildings

“The introduction of 3rd party Tested certification systems to ensure the legitimacy of green building initiatives has provided benchmarks and targets for the South African property sector and achieved continuity for the green building movement,” explained Cruickshanks.

Reynolds says that the work of GBCSA has been driven by many partnerships in the public and private sectors and collaboration is crucial to its continued success: “Support from government bodies, the private sector roleplayers and institutions driving sustainability efforts, remains one of the cornerstones of our programmes and we look forward to growing these important relationships in order to extend the green building economy.”   

green building
Green Star certification is a tool used to rate the environmental impact of buildings, as defined by the Green Building Council of South Africa or the equivalent. Image: 123RF.

Always driving the green building narrative

Manfred Braune, Director of Environmental Sustainability at the University of Cape Town, says: “To have established a national standard for green buildings that is aligned with international best practice for green buildings, through which hundreds (close to a thousand) of buildings have been certified, is incredible, and a fantastic achievement for the first 15 years. GBCSA has also trained hundreds of people on green buildings, transforming people and equipping them to design, construct and operate green buildings.” 

Jutta Berns, Founder and Director at Ecocentric, called the GBCSA the green property industry’s most significant trailblazer and advocate. “Without the GBCSA holding and consistently driving the narrative in South Africa and on the continent, we would not be where we are now, where green buildings are not only commonplace but are becoming standard practice. 

“We now have a shared vision and a shared language that straddles the interests of the investor, developer, designer, operator and construction community, which is essential in harnessing the opportunities that the green property sector offers in reversing climate change. Another key achievement is that we as green building professionals have managed to create an entirely new industry and are able to bring along others on the path to ensuring that all jobs are climate jobs. This is market transformation,” explained Berns.

Of interest
Green bond to decarbonise commercial real estate in South Africa

The Green Building Convention

Reflecting on the GBCSA legacy Kerswill called the Convention one of the most important and most enjoyable of GBCSA’s activities. “It inspires the industry, promotes networking with local and global leaders and shares technical knowledge. The training courses are also inspiring – running through the different categories and the multitude of interventions that can be made to achieve a really significant environmental impact. I

“I’m extremely proud of GBCSA and what it has achieved – and the fact that it has reached 15 years and is still going stronger than ever. I believe there are few other organisations that have such a direct, practical and extensive impact on climate change and so many aspects of sustainability,” said Kerswill.

The annual Green Building Convention takes place in Cape Town at the Century City Conference Centre and Virtually from 2-4 November. 

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 20:18:00 -0500 en-ZA text/html
Killexams : GISCI Announces its First Endorsing Employer

Des Plaines, IL (October 3, 2022) – The GISCI is pleased to announce FACTOR, Inc. as the first organization designated as a GISCI Endorsing Employer.

FACTOR, Inc. is a small business that has been creating a full range of geospatial solutions for federal, state, and commercial clients since 1997. Their work includes consulting and GIS-focused IT services that enable their clients to assess and manage risks and opportunities through sound spatial data use and management. They create GIS models, build applications, and conduct analyses to support decision makers in a variety of subject areas, such as hazmat transportation, safety and security, natural hazards, and regulatory compliance. Their expertise includes mapping and data visualization, geospatial analysis and editing, routing and network modeling, and custom GIS tool and application development. FACTOR is committed to excellence in providing technological solutions to address each of our customers’ most challenging problems.

Here is what FACTOR, Inc. Employees had to say about the GISCI Endorsing Employer Designation:

FACTOR helps our clients and partners solve complex problems of national significance, and our excellence in applying GIS technologies, theory, and practice sets us apart. Becoming a GISCI Endorsing Employer demonstrates our commitment to GIS and the value it brings to the work that we do.

-Mark Lepofsky, CEO

“FACTOR’s designation as a GISCI Endorsing Employer demonstrates to our employees, as well as to potential hires, that we are committed to the continuing growth of their GIS skills and understanding.”

-Emily Goodenough, Chief People Officer

“FACTOR’s commitment to our employees as a GISCI Endorsing Employer ensures that our personnel have the skills to perform cutting-edge geospatial work at the highest level possible.”

-Derek Bryant, Principal and GIS Director

The GIS Certification Institute (GISCI) has created the GISCI Endorsing Employer Designation Program to help increase the value of GISP Certification for our primary stakeholders, and to help facilitate the growth of the GISP Program within the geospatial community. The GISCI will grant the GISCI Endorsing Employer Designation to organizations that meet the criteria established by the GISCI as supportive of GIS Professionals and the GISP Certification process by way of internal activities, programs, and policies. The designation is not only a commitment to GISP Certification for staff, but also to upholding the ideals of the GIS Certification Institute.

The GISCI Endorsing Employer Designation is available to all organizations (public, private/commercial) with exception of GISCI member organizations. Organizations seeking the designation must submit a formal application listing the criteria met as Tested by the organization’s HR representative. A review committee will evaluate each application and if the organization meets the criteria, the committee will forward the application to the GISCI Board of Directors for approval. Each approved GISCI Endorsing Employer will last for three (3) years, provide the organization with permission to display their organization logo on our website and provide permission to display the GISCI Endorsing Employer designation on their website. There is no cost to obtain this designation.  A list of GISCI Endorsing Organizations can be found on the GISCI website at:

About GISCI   The GIS Certification Institute (GISCI) is a non-profit organization that promotes the advancement of proficient GIS professionals through its international GISP® (Certified GIS Professional) certification program. The Institute fosters rigorous professional and ethical standards, community engagement, and professional mentoring within the GIS industry. GISCI’s member organizations include the American Association of Geographers (AAG), National States Geographic Information Council (NSGIC), University Consortium for Geographic Information Science (UCGIS), and the Urban and Regional Information Systems Association (URISA).

More information about the GISCI is available at and

Mon, 03 Oct 2022 12:21:00 -0500 GISuser en-US text/html
Killexams : 2023 NFL Mock Draft: QBs fly off the board in top-10 picks

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Will Levis, Kentucky Wildcats

Will Levis, Kentucky Wildcats. (Photo by James Gilbert/Getty Images)


Will Levis

QB, Washington Commanders

Carson Wentz was brought in by the Washington Commanders to bring stability to the quarterback position, but it has not worked out. He is likely to be a short-term solution at the position group, so picking at No. 7 overall, they could be in the market for one of the good quarterbacks in this draft class.

Some mock drafts have Kentucky star quarterback Will Levis as the best signal-caller in this draft class, so the Commanders get a steal here. I believe this draft class is going to bring multiple Pro Bowl quarterbacks in the future, and Levis is bound to be one of them.


Tanner McKee

QB, Detroit Lions

For the Detroit Lions, the question is not whether Jared Goff is a capable quarterback, as he has led this offense to a nice start in 2022. The big question is whether they feel he is going to be a long-term solution, or if they need to draft for the future.

In 2023, the Lions may decide to draft a quarterback and keep Goff around, helping the young player get his feet wet at the NFL level. That would be the smart thing to do, so even if they do select Tanner McKee here at No. 8 overall, it could be some time before Lions fans get to see him in action.

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Wed, 05 Oct 2022 01:04:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : C.J. Board: Cut from practice squad

The Cardinals cut Board from the practice squad Wednesday.

Board was let go in order to help make room on Arizona's practice squad for tight end Maxx Williams, who was released from the team's active roster Monday. The 28-year-old wideout initially signed with the Cardinals in late September as the team dealt with numerous injuries at wide receiver. Now, Board will likely look to ink a deal with a new team where he could serve as a potential game-day elevation in case of injuries on the active squad.

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Mon, 10 Oct 2022 09:37:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Jalo-Waziri: CSCS ISO Certification, Reflection of Our Commitment to Global Best Practice in Data Security

The Managing Director/ Chief Executive Officer Central Securities Clearing System Plc, Jalo-Waziri Haruna in this interview with Kayode Tokede speaks on how Nigeria’s Central Securities Depository’s ISO 27001:2013 certification encapsulates its commitment to global best practice in data security, CSCS role in capital market development, what has changed Post-covid-19, among other topical issues in the capital market.

What has been the role of the Central Securities Clearing System (CSCS) Plc in capital market wealth creation and ensuring settlement of trades done across the capital market?

As Central Securities Depository, we provide depository, clearing and settlement for all asset classes in the Nigerian financial market.  Our role provides assurance on safety of securities held by investors as well as settlement of secondary market transactions, irrespective of the counterparty. Beyond this conventional role, we provide ancillary services that create wealth for investors and participants in our network. For instance, our Collateral Management offering provides an opportunity for investors to create liquidity and derive extraneous value from their passive investments across all asset classes.

As regards your second part of the question which relates to our responsibility for ensuring settlement of trades done across the capital market, I am pleased to say that we have 100% settlement success across all asset classes and Exchanges, as you may reckon that we are a multi-asset CSD, including equities, fixed income securities as well as commodities, and we serve different Exchanges, including the Nigerian Exchange Limited (previously known as Nigerian Stock Exchange), NASD-OTC Exchange, Lagos Commodities and Futures Exchange, FMDQ Exchange and Nigerian Commodity Exchange. Interestingly, throughout the pandemic, we had zero settlement failure, and our agility ensured a seamless transition to virtual/remote operation. You may recall that prior to our establishment, settlement was done manually and flawed various issues, including delays beyond the T+5 settlement window approved at the time. It’s exciting that not only have we worked with other stakeholders in the market to narrow the settlement window to T+3, we are also currently seeking opportunities to leverage advancements in the payment system and enhanced operational efficiency of our esteemed participants to further narrow the settlement gap as a way of creating more value for investors.

It’s being an exciting journey, leveraging new technologies, investments in talents and working with different stakeholders in modernising hitherto traditional process in a way that creates sustainable value for all stakeholders and more importantly seeks new growth opportunities for the capital market ecosystem.

The world has changed dramatically on the heels of COVID-19 pandemic, what has changed in CSCS strategy?

The pandemic redefined business processes and prospects, but just as it caused varying disruptions, it also exposed businesses into a new world of endless possibilities. For us, we stepped on those disruptive nodes to drive innovation and excellence and I am pleased that our diligent response eventually became levers for our earnings and broader corporate growth. It would interest you to know that we, at CSCS, were one of the first corporates in Nigeria that activated business continuity protocols and switched to a fully remote digital service. Whilst we never anticipated the pandemic, our robust business continuity plan and crisis management framework afforded us a swift transition, without disruption. It’s quite interesting that the pandemic validated our decade-long advisory to private and public institutions to deploy electronic document management systems (EDMS). It was a veritable tool for many of our clients during pandemic, as it provided a foundation for switching to a remote work-from-home protocol. Today, we are working with new clients across different sectors to digitize their electronic management systems to achieve full digitization of process and electronic archiving of operational and strategic records. We live in fast-paced world and with the experience of the pandemic, every institution, private or public, needs to become agile and ready for service anywhere, anytime!

The capital market authority in the United States, working on the recommendations and advocacy of the clearing and settlement house, is making arrangements to shorten capital market settlement cycle to T+1. What are your perspectives on the T+3 settlement in Nigeria and what are your plans, if any, to enhance settlement of securities in Nigerian capital market?

Globally, markets are evolving and Nigeria would not be an exemption. Having transited from T+5 settlement window to T+3 in 2005, I believe Nigerian market is mature for a shorter settlement cycle and CSCS would be happy to collaborate with other stakeholders in making this transition. Whilst this would require change management across our esteemed participants, I believe new technologies and enhancements in payment systems provide good foundation for shortening the settlement cycle. Albeit execution of such market-wide initiative goes beyond the CSCS, it requires the conviction of all stakeholders and the oversight of our regulator, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). There are costs associated to such transition, especially as regards change management but the benefits outweigh the cost. Beyond the time value of money consideration, it is expected to Boost market liquidity and mitigate settlement risks. As the clearing and settlement institution for the capital, we are ready for the switch. 

Capital market activities are slowing down, what are the reasons for the waning liquidity in the market and how does CSCS plan to change this narrative and more importantly, as a company whose earnings is tied to capital market activities, how do you intend to mitigate the risk on your company’s earnings performance?

I believe there are some fundamental issues undermining liquidity in the Nigerian capital market; some are reflective of broad macro factors, including monetary and fiscal policies whilst others are structural. For instance, there is need to further liberalise market access, especially to attract the youthful population. The current structure of the market was best fit for the past decades but perhaps not today. It is exigent to further liberalize market access for all categories of investors to stimulate capital flows. We need to remove frictions by leveraging technologies and centralised utilities. This would not only help to unlock new capital flows from the youthful population but may also reduce service cost across the industry. Indeed, it may help to reduce the growing unclaimed dividends, which again is one of the disincentives for investors. These initiatives would help to strengthen investor confidence, especially as enhanced oversight of the Securities and Exchange Commission should help in reinforcing market integrity.

As a financial market infrastructure, our earnings performance is vulnerable to the volatilities of the capital market and more importantly the liquidity of the market. Hence, we are at the forefront of executing new initiatives that can potentially stimulate market liquidity. We are collaborating and investing in ideas that are requisite for sustainably growing the capital market by deepening penetration and introducing new offerings that meet changing investor preferences. In addition, we are increasing our offerings to cover more value adding services for different stakeholders. It’s about value creation for the ecosystem and it’s more towards mining latent opportunities in the capital market and unlocking value from idle capital and assets. That being said, we are also diversifying the business, as we expand the scope of our ancillary services. This would further serve as an immunity against the impact of market volatilities on our earnings profile. 

The CSCS has had 25years of meritorious service to the market, what do you think the future holds for CSCS?

It has been an exciting and rewarding journey, working with different stakeholders to make transformational changes in the market. However, we still have a long way to go, especially as investors’ preferences and technology disruptions are shifting the boundaries of markets and redefining asset classes. Like other CSDs globally, we see increasing responsibility for us in strengthening and sustaining market integrity and investor confidence. Whilst Nigerian market may be unduly fragmented, we expect steady consolidation, especially in leveraging centralized processes, which have proven to be cost effective in peer markets. So, we are investing in technology, people and infrastructure to take on more responsibilities and fulfill our strategic objective of being the lever for market penetration and growth. So, the future looks brighter than the past, as we invest resources in process optimization, strategic partnership and product innovation, all geared towards creating value and enhancing investor experience.

CSCS performs the functions of depository, clearing and settlement of all transactions in the Nigerian Capital Market. How well are you leveraging new technologies and how do you manage the global rise in cyber-attacks.

We are partly seen as a technology company because our operations are mainly digital, which reinforces the big investments we make in technology. More importantly, we reckon our central role in upholding the integrity of the market, especially as regards the safe depository of assets and the security of investor information. Thus, information security is at the heart of our strategy and operations. From design of technology architecture to application and system controls, we make notable investments in cybersecurity and broader information security technologies. More importantly, we invest in people and process controls, which are crucial to the different lines of defense. We are ISO 27001:2013 certified, a reflection of our commitment and compliance to global best practice in data security and indeed we also play active role in sensitizing our ecosystem and the broader financial market on cyberattacks through our annual conference dedicated to cybersecurity. This year’s edition of our annual cybersecurity conference, themed “Future of Cybersecurity: Emerging Issues and Solutions”, would be held at the Transcorp Hilton Hotels in Abuja on 27 October 2022, with the collaboration of renowned private and public sector institutions.  This is one of the ways we have been creating awareness and facilitating knowledge exchange as well as global best practices and innovation in cybersecurity, especially in the past five years.

Broadly, how accessible is our capital market to both local and foreign investors; how easy is it to buy, and sell stocks within a short period of time, given the improving technologies?

In latest times, different stakeholders have made tremendous efforts and leveraged technology in enhancing market access but I must say there is still a lot to be done to liberalise the market and this is perhaps the stage at which it may be useful to centralise the initiative for better efficiency, both in terms of impact on the market and cost. We need to Boost investor accessibility to both the primary and secondary markets. Whilst enhancing secondary market structures and driving liquidity helps to deepen and enhance valuation prospect in the primary market, there is also the need to revisit the structure of the primary market, with the ultimate objective of liberalising market access for greater efficiency. Technology can play a greater role and the MTN electronic IPO is a good start and validation of the potential of technology in breaking barriers to market access. So, it’s important to reform the structure of the market, with focus on both equity and fixed income offerings.

Another important aspect is the time to market. In today’s world, both the issuer and investors are eager on time value of money and not only are they eager at raising capital or investing their funds timely – both sides of the table want to get value asap, so intermediaries in the form of market participants and regulation should not be hinderance to achieving this objective. Depending on intermediaries and also sometimes the capacity of Issuers, primary market equity transactions can take six months or more, that’s too long for a company that is trying to explore an opportunity set, which would never wait. Sadly, some companies may lose the opportunity before the capital is raised or inflation and/or exchange rate volatility may have distorted the dynamics of the target investment, so delay in the process of capital raising may render the money useless or at least less useful.

So, there is a need to engage different stakeholders to streamline processes and ensure a more efficient end-to-end standard is adopted. The quicker it is for investors to tap the market, the better for everyone. Likewise, it is essential for investors to be able to receive value in their depository account in due time, not when many have even forgotten they made an investment. So, the process re-engineering should be end-to-end, with all stakeholders playing an active and objective role, without sentiment or bias.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : The Top 5: Catch up on today's top stories

A new program to address the looming nursing shortage, police accused of intimidating a LaToya Cantrell foe, Tabasco sauce in a pouch and more. 

Also, have you played today's Clue Dat? Test your Louisiana knowledge here. 

Here's a look at today's top stories in New Orleans for Wednesday, Oct. 5, 2022.

Nursing shortage looms: New Orleans program to train high schoolers as nurses launches next fall

Khaija Faulk, left, and Torrance Taylor practice medical skills in a clinical education lab at the New Orleans Career Center in New Orleans, La. Friday, Dec. 3, 2021. Torrance and Khaija are graduates of the program. (Photo by Max Becherer,, The Times-Picayune | The New Orleans Advocate)

Starting next fall, some New Orleans high schoolers will be able to work toward nursing certifications in a free, 36-month program, a joint initiative from New Orleans Career Center, Delgado Charity School of Nursing and Ochsner Health aimed at helping bolster the nursing ranks at a time when severe shortages loom.

The program, which students would begin while in their junior year, will launch a pilot class of about 20 students in fall 2023. Students will work toward a Licensed Nurse Practitioner certification, potentially taking the board test within a year of graduating high school.

The program comes as health leaders warn of worsening nursing shortage.

Here's more about how the program works. 

New Orleans police intimidated LaToya Cantrell foe in Jay Banks feud, monitor alleges

Belden Batiste, left, and Jay Banks.

An official investigation has concluded that New Orleans police mishandled a complaint filed by Belden "Noonie Man" Batiste, a critic of Mayor LaToya Cantrell, and inappropriately intimidated him in his dispute with one of the mayor's political allies.

The Office of Independent Police Monitor upheld allegations that Batiste filed against Jay Banks, at the time a City Council member and now an aide to Cantrell, after a dustup between the two men outside Batiste's house last year.

The office on Friday issued an 18-page report citing nonverbal intimidation, conflicts of interest and contradictory statements by police officials in their investigation of Batiste's complaint.

Read more about the feud here

Archdiocese of New Orleans building on Howard Avenue under contract; hotel concept planned

The Archdiocese of New Orleans building at 1000 Howard Ave. in New Orleans, Monday, Oct. 3, 2022. (Staff Photo by David Grunfeld, | The Times-Picayune | The New Orleans Advocate)

Out-of-state investors have signed a purchase agreement for the 12-story Archdiocese of New Orleans building at 1000 Howard Avenue, with plans to turn the mid-rise office building into a new hospitality concept.

Commercial broker Parkerson McEnery, whose firm listed the building for nearly $9 million, said he couldn't divulge the purchase price or the name of the buyer because the transaction hasn’t closed yet.

Here's what we do know about plans for the building. 

Tabasco sauce in a pouch? McIlhenny expanding to offer famous hot sauce in a new form

Tiny bottles of Tabasco Sauce are pictured Thursday, November 8, 2018, at the McIlhenny Company Tabasco plant in Avery Island, La.

The McIlhenny Company is adding equipment to its Avery Island facility to offer tabasco in a pouch.

The company filed a document with the Louisiana Economic Development office last month that it began a $2.05 million construction project on a new pouch line that will be installed within its existing facility. Work should be complete by the end of the year and is expected to add three jobs.

Find more details here

Tropical depression forms in Atlantic, while another system heads into Caribbean

tropical depression formed in the Atlantic late Tuesday, hurricane forecasters said.

Meanwhile, another system is heading into the Caribbean and is expected to develop into a tropical depression as well. If either strengthens into a tropical storm, the next available name is Julia.

The depression in the Atlantic does not pose a threat to land.

Find the full forecast here. 

Looking for the latest coverage on crime in New Orleans? Click here

Enjoying these daily recaps? Enable push notifications on your app and never miss an edition of the Top 5.  

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 12:30:00 -0500 en text/html
Killexams : Evan Mock Wearing a Corset to the Vivienne Westwood Show Will Never Get Old — See Photos

Evan brought the '70s glamour at Tom Ford, rocking a purple jacket, slim white pants, boots, and a grey turtleneck.

Victor Boyko/Getty Images

 For Diesel, Evan posed in a light-wash denim jacket and patterned baggy cargo pants, plus a pair of sunglasses.

Christian Vierig/Getty Images

Evan traveled to Milan for the shows and hit the streets in a sleek black leather jacket over a white shirt and white pants, plus a few silver rings.

Pascal Le Segretain/Getty Images

Tue, 11 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html
Killexams : COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Result Declared, Check at

COMEDK Mock Seat Allotment Results for UGET 2022 have been declared on the official website. Students who have applied for the allotment procedure can visit the official website to check the mock allotment results. 

COMEDK UGET Mock Allotment 2022
COMEDK UGET Mock Allotment 2022

COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment: COMEDK Mock Seat Allotment Results have been announced. Candidates who have applied for the COMEDK UGET 2022 Allotment process can visit the official website to check the allotment results. The COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Result will include details like candidate name, Seat Category, Course, and College Code.

Based on the mock allotment result declared, students will be given the provision to change and edit their preferences in the choices entered. According to the detailed schedule provided the provision to change the preferences in the Round 1 choice filling will begin from 2 PM today - October 4, 2022, and the last date to make the changes in October 6, 2022.

COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Results will be available on the official website - A direct link for students to check the COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Result will also be available here as and when the allotment result is announced.

COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Result - Direct Link

Steps to check the COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Result

The COMEDK UGET 2022 Mock Allotment Result will be announced on the official website. To check the allotment results candidates will be required to visit the official website and login through the link provided to check the allotment list.

Step 1: Visit the COMEDK UGET 2022 official website

Step 2: Click on the Mock Allotment Result link on the website

Step 3: Login using the credentials and check the result, college, course, and preference order allotted

As per the given schedule, the COMEDK UGET 2022 First Allotment Result will be announced on October 8, 2022. The Decision Making/Confirmation of choice on the allotted seat and Fee payment online need to be done by October 11, 2022. Candidates who have been allotted seats need to report to the respective colleges by October 12, 2022.

Also Read: Rajasthan BSTC Pre DElEd Admit Card 2023 Released, Check at, Get Direct Link Here

Mon, 03 Oct 2022 18:46:00 -0500 text/html
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