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Exam Code: BCNS-CNS Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
BCNS-CNS Board Certified Nutrition Specialis

Our certifying board, the Board for Certification of Nutrition SpecialistsSM (BCNSSM), sets the standard for advanced personalized nutrition practitioners via our Certified Nutrition Specialist® (CNS®) credential.
We certify practitioners in specialty areas of advanced personalized nutrition.
We designate as Fellows those who have distinguished themselves in the area of nutrition science and research.
We partner with universities to instill curriculum standards that equip the next generation of nutrition professionals.

The CNS designation demonstrates to colleagues, clients, employers and the public at large that certified individuals have the knowledge and proficiency required of the professional nutrition practice. BCNS has established qualifying pathways for Nutritionists, APRNs, DCs, DDSs, NDs, PAs, PharmDs, MDs, DOs, and other advanced-degreed health professionals who wish to demonstrate competence as advanced clinical nutrition professionals and/or obtain a potential pathway to state licensure for nutrition practice and Medical Nutrition Therapy. The Certified Nutrition Specialist (CNS) is formal recognition for nutrition professionals who have met rigorous and demanding eligibility requirements, including postgraduate education, subsequent supervised practice in professional nutrition and demonstration of a depth and breadth of knowledge appropriate for effective practice in the profession of nutrition.

The BCNS paper and pencil examination contains 200 multiple-choice, single answer questions, and will cover the broad spectrum of basic and applied nutritional science. Themes such as fundamental principles on nutrition, nutrients and human health, nutrition assessment, clinical intervention and monitoring, professional issues, epidemiology, biochemistry and integration of these areas, are threaded throughout the examination. Detailed information may be found within the published Examination Content Outline. Candidates have four hours to complete the examination.

BCNS complies with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and will provide reasonable and appropriate testing accommodations for candidates with documented disabilities who request and demonstrate the need for accommodation as required by law. BCNS requires verifiable documentation to ensure the individual qualifies under the ADA as a disabled individual, and to allow accommodations to be specifically matched with the identified functional limitation to provide equal access to all testing functions.

The information provided by candidates and any documentation regarding such disability and special accommodation, will be treated with strict confidentiality and will not be shared with any source, with the exception of BCNS authorized testing consultants and proctors, without the candidates express written permission.

Candidates requiring special accommodations must complete the Special Accommodations Request form, and the Documentation of Disability-Related Needs form before scheduling the examination. These forms must be submitted with the CNS or CNS-S Certification Application to the BCNS by the deadline posted on the BCNS website. Arrangements for special accommodations may take up to 45 days to coordinate.

Requests for accommodations are reviewed by the Executive Administrator to ensure the request can be processed without jeopardizing the integrity or security of the examination. The Executive Administrator, or staff designee, will personally communicate with the candidate to ensure all processes and procedures are explained and that a testing appointment is scheduled to accommodate their needs accordingly, if feasible.
On Examination Day
Testing Sites
BCNS examinations are administered at testing sites located throughout the Unites States. Testing sites have been selected to provide accessibility to the most candidates in the most controlled, secure and consistent environments possible. To ensure that examination results for all candidates are earned under comparable conditions and represent fair and accurate

• Failure to adhere to testing site examination restrictions
• Creating a disturbance, being abusive or being otherwise uncooperative
• Bringing restricted materials into the testingarea
• Using electronic communication equipment such as cellular phones, PDAs or communicating calculators.
• Gaining unauthorized admission into the examination testing area
• Attempting to take the examination for another individual
• Recording or attempting to record examination questions or making notes
• Eating and smoking

Board Certified Nutrition Specialis
Medical Certified questions
Killexams : Medical Certified questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/BCNS-CNS Search results Killexams : Medical Certified questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/BCNS-CNS https://killexams.com/exam_list/Medical Killexams : Study questions the medical privacy of forensic samples

Watch any episode of "CSI," and a character will use forensic DNA profiling to identify a criminal. A new study from San Francisco State University suggests that these forensic profiles may indirectly reveal medical information—perhaps even those of crime victims—contrary to what the legal field has believed for nearly 30 years. The findings, now published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could have ethical and legal implications.

"The central assumption when choosing those [forensic] markers was that there wouldn't be any information about the individuals whatsoever aside from identification. Our paper challenges that assumption," said first author Mayra Bañuelos, who started working on the project as a San Francisco State undergraduate and is now a Ph.D. student at Brown University.

Law enforcement uses the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), a system organizing criminal justice DNA databases that uses specific genetic markers to identify individuals. Crime labs from national, state and local levels contribute to these databases and provide profiles from samples collected from crime scene evidence, convicted offenders, felony arrestees, missing persons and more. Law officials can use the database to try to match samples found in an investigation to profiles already stored in the database.

CODIS profiles consist of an individual's genetic variants as a set of short tandem repeats (STRs), sequences of DNA that repeat at various frequencies among individuals. Since the '90s, 20 STRs have been chosen for forensic CODIS profiling specifically because it was believed they did not relay . If these profiles contained any trait information, then there could be issues about medical privacy.

"But that assumption hasn't had much investigation in a long time, and we know a lot more about the genome now than we did back then," explained SF State Associate Professor of Biology Rori Rohlfs, who led this project.

The assumption that only criminals are sampled is also not completely accurate. "It actually also includes victims of crime and people that may have been at crime scenes. You have these huge databases including a lot of people that are not necessarily criminals," Bañuelos said. "I believe also that accessibility to these databases varies a lot according to a jurisdiction."

The researchers explained that other papers have found associations between other (non-CODIS) STRs and disease or gene expression. With that in mind, the SF State team wanted to understand the relationship between the CODIS STR markers and gene expression.

Rohfls' lab used publicly available data (1000 Genome Project) and genetic models to investigate the relationship between CODIS markers and gene expression. Of the 20 CODIS markers, they found six associations between CODIS markers and gene expression of nearby genes in white blood cell lines from more than 400 unrelated individuals in the database.

Credit: San Francisco State University

"In some genes, gene expression change has been associated with ," Bañuelos explained, citing prior research. "[In this study,] we indirectly know there is an association between these CODIS genotypes and some change in genes that can lead to illness."

The authors note three associations to genes (CSF1R, LARS2, KDSR) that were particularly interesting. Prior literature shows that mutations and changes in gene expression of CSF1R can be tied to psychiatric conditions (depression and schizophrenia). Mutations and changes in the other genes have been connected to Perrault syndrome, MELAS syndrome, severe skin and platelet conditions and more, the scientists note in the PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences) paper. If CODIS markers can be connected to the expression of linked to disease and health, then it means that the data in the CODIS could compromise an individual's medical privacy.

"Our paper in some ways is like the tip of the iceberg," Rohlfs said, admitting that she was surprised to find associations in a relatively small trial size. The project itself simply started as an undergraduate exploration project. Eight of the 11 authors were, like Bañuelos, undergraduates at SF State when the project began.

"It raises the question: If we did a more expansive [genetic] study, would we find even more information that would be revealed by CODIS profiles?" Rohlfs asked.

Bañuelos and Rohlfs are curious to know what they'd find if they looked at a larger dataset of more diverse populations—their current dataset is predominantly European. Their analysis was also limited to white blood cells. What relationships would they find if they looked in other tissues?

These are important lines of inquiry because the current dataset doesn't represent the general population. Furthermore, Latino and African American communities are overrepresented in these CODIS databases, Bañuelos explained.

Additional studies are needed to better flush out the relationship between CODIS and medical information. However, the researchers point out that if CODIS profiles contain medical information, there could be major implications.

"If [these CODIS profiles] contain medical information, then their treatment would need to be consistent with the way we protect medical information in the United States. We would have to have policies that regulate the seizure, storage and sharing of these profiles," Rohlfs added.



More information: Mayra M. Bañuelos et al, Associations between forensic loci and expression levels of neighboring genes may compromise medical privacy, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2022). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2121024119

Citation: Study questions the medical privacy of forensic samples (2022, October 12) retrieved 17 October 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-10-medical-privacy-forensic-samples.html

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Wed, 12 Oct 2022 02:18:00 -0500 en text/html https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-10-medical-privacy-forensic-samples.html
Killexams : People Are Flocking to a Hotline With Their Miscarriage and Abortion Questions

When a couple of doctors got together in 2019 to create a free hotline for people who have questions about their miscarriage or abortion, they could never have envisioned how popular their service, the Miscarriage and Abortion Hotline, would become.

But with many women facing laws in their state making abortions illegal, and with federal regulatory changes allowing abortion pills to be sent by mail and taken without medical assistance, the demand for this service is growing.

“The goal of the hotline is to help people safely manage their abortions and miscarriages, so they don’t have to unnecessarily go to the hospital,” says April Lockley, DO, a family medicine physician in New York City and the medical director of the hotline, which is also known as the M+A Hotline. “We are there to support people during the process.”

Experienced Professionals Staff the Hotline

Anyone who has a question about a planned, ongoing, or accurate abortion or miscarriage can call or text the hotline for free, at 833-246-2632.