Free IAPP-CIPM PDF and VCE at killexams.com

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Exam Code: IAPP-CIPM Practice exam 2022 by Killexams.com team
IAPP-CIPM Certified Information Privacy Manager

EXAM NUMBER : IAPP-CIPM
EXAM NAME : Certified Information Privacy Manager
TOTAL QUESTIONS : 90
SCORED QUESTIONS : 70
TIME : 2 hours 30 minutes
PASSING SCORES : 300
PASSING PERCENTAGE : 60%

Make data privacy regulations work for your organization by understanding how to implement them in day-to-day operations. Learn to create a company vision, structure a data protection team, develop and implement system frameworks, communicate to stakeholders, measure performance and more.

- How to create a company vision
- How to structure the privacy team
- How to develop and implement a privacy program framework
- How to communicate to stakeholders
- How to measure performance
- The privacy program operational life cycle

The International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) is the largest and most comprehensive global information privacy community and resource. IAPP helps practitioners develop and advance their careers, and organizations manage and protect their data.
The IAPP is a not-for-profit association founded in 2000 with a mission to define, support and improve the privacy profession globally. We are committed to providing a forum for privacy professionals to share best practices, track trends, advance privacy management issues, standardize the designations for privacy professionals and provide education and guidance on opportunities in the field of information privacy.
The IAPP is responsible for developing and launching the gold standard in privacy and data protection certifications: the Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP), the Certified Information Privacy Manager (CIPM) and the Certified Information Privacy Technologist (CIPT). The CIPP, CIPM and CIPT are the leading privacy certifications for tens of thousands of professionals around the world who serve the privacy, data protection, information auditing, information security, data ethics, legal compliance and risk management needs of their organizations.
In addition, the IAPP offers a full suite of educational and professional development services and holds annual conferences that are recognized internationally as the leading forums for the discussion and debate of issues related to privacy policy and practice.

Certified Information Privacy Manager
IAPP Information Study Guide
Killexams : IAPP Information Study Guide - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/IAPP-CIPM Search results Killexams : IAPP Information Study Guide - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/IAPP-CIPM https://killexams.com/exam_list/IAPP Killexams : International Association of Privacy Professionals: Career and Certification Guide

Founded in 2000, the International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) bills itself as “the largest and most comprehensive global information privacy community and resource.” It is more than just a certification body. It is a full-fledged not-for-profit membership association with a focus on information privacy concerns and topics. Its membership includes both individuals and organizations, in the tens of thousands for the former and the hundreds for the latter (including many Fortune 500 outfits).

Its mandate is to help privacy practitioners develop and advance in their careers, and help organizations manage and protect their data. To that end, the IAPP seeks to create a forum where privacy pros can track news and trends, share best practices and processes, and better articulate privacy management issues and concerns.

By 2012, the organization included 10,000 members. By the end of 2015, membership had more than doubled to 23,000 members. According to a Forbes story published that same year, approximately half of the IAPP’s membership is women (which makes it pretty special, based on our understanding of the gender composition for most IT associations and certification programs). Current membership must be between 30,000 and 40,000 as growth rates from 2012 to 2015 have continued, if not accelerated in the face of the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which went into full effect on May 25, 2018. The IAPP also claims to have certified “thousands of professionals around the world.”

IAPP certification program overview

The IAPP has developed a globally recognized certification program around information privacy. Its current certification offerings include the following credentials:

  • Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP): seeks to identify professionals who work primarily with privacy laws, regulations and frameworks
  • Certified Information Privacy Manager (CIPM): seeks to identify professionals who manage day-to-day privacy operations for businesses and organizations
  • Certified Information Privacy Technologist (CIPT): seeks to identify IT professionals who work regularly (if not primarily) with privacy policies, tools and technologies on the job

All these certifications comply with the ANSI/ISO/IEC 17024 standard, which means they have been developed to meet stringent requirements for analyzing the subject matter and the fields of work to which they apply, along with formal psychometric analysis of test items to make sure that exams truly differentiate those who possess the required skills and knowledge to do the related jobs from those who do not.

All the IAPP exams follow the same cost structure, though charges vary by location. In the U.S., each first-time exam costs $550, with a $375 charge for any subsequent retake of the same exam. Those who already hold any IAPP certification pay just $375 for each additional certification exam they take. IAPP certification holders can either pay an annual maintenance fee of $125 to keep their certifications current (and meet continuing education requirements of 20 CPE credits every two years) or they must join the IAPP.

If a person joins, they’ll pay an annual membership fee. Currently, that’s $250 for professional members, $50 for student members, and $100 for all other membership categories (government, higher education, retired and not-for-profit). Those who elect to pay the certification maintenance fee need pay only once a year, no matter how many IAPP certifications they earn.

IAPP exams are available at Kryterion testing centers, which may be identified with its test center locator. Exams consist of 90 question items. Candidates may take up to 150 minutes (2.5 hours) to complete any IAPP exam. Payment is handled through the IAPP website, but Kryterion handles date and time windows for exams at its test centers.

Certified Information Privacy Technologist (CIPT)

This credential is the most likely place for a person working in IT to start their IAPP efforts. The CIPT validates skills and knowledge about the components and technical controls involved in establishing, ensuring and maintaining data privacy. To be more specific, the body of knowledge (BoK) for the CIPT stresses important privacy concepts and practices that impact IT, and makes sure that practitioners understand consumer privacy expectations and responsibilities.

It also addresses how to bake privacy into early stages of IT products or services to control costs and ensure data accuracy and integrity without impacting time to market. CIPTs understand how to establish privacy policies for data collection and transfer, and how to manage privacy on the internet of things. They also know how to factor privacy into data classification, and how it impacts emerging technologies such as biometrics, surveillance and cloud computing. Finally, CIPTs understand how to communicate on privacy issues with other parts of their organizations, including management, development staff, marketing and legal.

Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP)

IAPP describes this certification as just right for “the go-to person for privacy laws, regulations and frameworks” in an organization. This audience may include more senior privacy or security professionals with IT backgrounds, but it may also involve people from management, legal or governance organizations whose responsibilities include data privacy and protection concerns. This goes double for those involved with legal and compliance requirements, information management, data governance, and even human resources (as privacy is a personal matter at its core, involving personal information).

Because managing privacy and protecting private information is often highly regulated and subject to legal systems and frameworks, the IAPP offers versions of the CIPP certification where such content and coverage has been “localized” for prevailing rules, regulations, laws and best practices.

There are five such versions available: Asia (CIPP/A), Canada (CIPP/C), Europe (CIPP/E), U.S. Government (CIPP/G) and U.S. Private Sector (CIPP/US). As of this writing, the CIPP/E perforce offers the most direct and focused coverage of GDPR topics. That said, given that GDPR applies to companies and online presences globally, such material will no doubt soon make its way into other CIPP versions in the next 6-12 months. The U.S.-focused exams are already scheduled for a refresh in August 2018, as per the IAPP website’s certification pages.

For example, the CIPP/US page includes the following materials:

Each of the other regional versions of the CIPP has a similarly large, detailed and helpful collection of resources available to interested readers and would-be certified professionals.

Certified Information Privacy Manager (CIPM)

The CIPM is a more senior credential in the IAPP collection. It seeks to identify persons who can manage an information privacy program. Thus, the focus is on privacy law and regulations and how those things must guide the formulation of workable and defensible privacy policies, practices and procedures for organizational use. The CIPM BoK covers the following topics:

  • Privacy program governance: organizational vision, program definition and creating a privacy team; developing a privacy program framework; implementing a privacy policy framework; and identifying and using metrics to report on privacy for governance, auditing, and regulatory purposes
  • Privacy operational lifecycle: assess organizational and third-party partner and processor privacy posture, including physical and business assessments; establish privacy protections over the data lifecycle, following best cybersecurity practices and Privacy by Design; sustain privacy protections by measuring, aligning, auditing and monitoring privacy data; respond to requests for information about personal data; and respond to privacy incidents as they occur

In general, CIPMs play a lead role in defining and maintaining data privacy policies for their organizations. They will usually be responsible for operating the privacy apparatus necessary to demonstrate compliance with all applicable privacy rules, regulations and laws for the organization as well.

Other IAPP certifications

The IAPP also offers two other elements in its certification programs. One is the Privacy Law Specialist, which aims at attorneys or other licensed legal professionals who wish to focus on privacy courses in a legal context. The other, called the Fellow of Information Privacy (FIP), aims at those at the top of the privacy profession and is available only to those who’ve completed two or more IAPP credentials, including either a CIPM or a CIPT, and one or more of the CIPP credentials. It requires three professional peer referrals and completion of a detailed application form. We won’t discuss these credentials much more in this article, except to note here that the Privacy Law Specialist garnered a surprising 200 hits in our job board search (see below for other details gleaned thereby).

Finally, the IAPP website recommends the combination of CIPP/E and CIPM as the possible credentialing for those wishing to focus on GDPR, shown in this screenshot from its Certify pop-up menu:

The IAPP thinks that these two certs make an ideal combination for IAPP.orgCredit: IAPP.org

IAPP employment: Job board stats and example jobs

We visit four job posting sites to check on demand for specific credentials: Simply Hired, Indeed, LinkedIn and LinkUp. Here’s what we learned.

Certification  Search string  Simply Hired  Indeed  LinkedIn  LinkUp  Total 
CIPP CIPP 668 745 1,064 401 2,878
CIPM CIPM 187 198 260 191 836
CIPT CIPT 146 155 276 210 787

The breakdown for CIPP fell out like this: CIPP/A 27, CIPP/C 287, CIPP/E 351, CIPP/G 154 and CIPP/US 401. As you’d expect, the U.S. categories combine for a majority, with Europe a surprising second ahead of third-place Canada.

Salary information appears in the next table. We collected low, median and high values for each credential, finding surprisingly little difference between the CIPM and the CIPP. Given that a CIPM is likely to hold a management position, this shows that the CIPP holds considerable value in employers’ estimations. It’s also interesting that the median values show the CIPT and the CIPP are close to one another too. This bodes well for IT professionals interested in pursuing the CIPT.

Certification

Low

Median

High

CIPP $33,969 $66,748 $131,156
CIPM $41,069 $73,936 $133,106
CIPT $32,131 $62,279 $120,716
Privacy Law Attorney $46,146 $89,026 $171,752

Typical positions for privacy professionals are very much one-offs. We found a risk management and compliance manager position at a South Carolina government agency charged with defining and implementing security and privacy policies for the department of corrections. That position paid $120,000 per year and involved security and audit compliance, business continuity and disaster recovery planning, and risk and incident management. By itself, the requested CIPM would not be enough to qualify for that job.

The next position was for a healthcare services director position in Albuquerque, New Mexico, which involved auditing, risk management, and contract and vendor negotiation. Its pay range was $140,000 to $190,000 per year, and it required serious management chops, along with IT governance and risk and compliance experience, with calls for knowledge of tools like Archer and Clearwell. The third position was for a senior data privacy associate at a Washington law firm, which sought a person with a CIPP/E, CIPP/US and CIPT, with pay in the $120K-$150K range.

Thus, it appears there are plenty of opportunities – some with high rates of pay – for those willing to climb the IAPP certification ladder. Both the job boards and the individual postings speak directly to strong and urgent need in the field for qualified privacy professionals at all levels.

Training resources

IAPP courses are available through many channels, including classroom training through the IAPP and its partner network. Online training classes are also available, for lesser charges. The IAPP provides ample references and resources, with authoritative and supplemental texts, websites, legal references and statutes, and more for each of its credentials. There’s also plenty of self-study material for those who prefer that route.

The IAPP also offers practice exams (which it calls sample questions) to help candidates prepare for exams. Surprisingly, there is even something of an aftermarket for IAPP books and materials, as a quick trip to Amazon will attest.

Mon, 10 Oct 2022 12:01:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.businessnewsdaily.com/10910-iapp-certification-guide.html
Killexams : Information Age guide to data + privacy Information Age guide to data + privacy image

Plugged in: this Information Age guide to data + privacy covers key issues facing businesses today

Data and privacy regulation is becoming increasingly complicated, with the EU set to fine companies up to €20m for misusing people’s information. Here are strategies and tools to ensure you stay compliant

Data is continuing to explode. According to predictions, the amount of data created globally will surge to more than 180 zettabytes by 2025. This is a double-edged sword for businesses. While data helps to gain insights to serve customers better, ever-expanding amounts of information need to be properly managed and protected.

Over the last five years, organizations have started to “wake up” to the importance of data.

Organisations have gone from using simple customer and marketing lists to having huge amounts of unstructured data from multiples sources, such as social media platforms and third parties. In a sense, every business has become a data business.

‘One of the biggest risk areas is the explosion of data sharing through cloud collaboration tools’

Now that companies are putting such an emphasis on data, the volume of data being collected is getting bigger and bigger – which means a growing role for the data manager.

The growing role of the data manager

Ultimately, the data manager is responsible for the design and management of a company’s data systems. This includes ensuring data is stored correctly and is secure, governed and meets regulatory standards. The role includes data modelling and analysis, as well as applying best practice for storing, cleansing, and mining data.

Increasingly, data managers are involved in influencing the company in how they should be using and managing data, which involves communication skills as well as commercial awareness.

Clearly, there is an increasing need for having a data manager. However, just as the number of roles for data managers continues to proliferate, so do are the number of potential threats to maintaining data and privacy hygiene, especially from artificial intelligence (AI).

>See also: What is the role of the data manager?

How AI could threaten data privacy

Artificial intelligence (AI) offers multiple benefits to businesses, but it also poses data privacy risks. AI is everywhere, powering applications such as smart assistants, spam filters and search engines. The technology offers multiple advantages to businesses – such as the ability to provide a more personalised experience for customers. AI can also boost business efficiency and Improve security by helping to predict and mitigate cyber-attacks.

But while AI offers benefits, its technology poses significant risks to privacy, including the potential to de-anonymise data. Credit-scoring, criminal risk profiling and immigration decisions are just a few examples. If the AI or the way it is used is flawed, people may be subject to greater intrusions into their privacy than ever.

Another issue is that as AI systems crunch data, that data – or the way the AI is programmed – may be unintentionally biased.

Therefore, with digital transformation seeing companies collect growing amounts of AI-powered data, there is an increasing need to have data and privacy management processes in place.

>See also: How AI could be a game-changer for data privacy

Common data + privacy mistakes

Here are some of the most common mistakes made when it comes to data + privacy:

  • Using data for purposes other than it was collected for
  • Gathering information on individuals not in the scope of data collection
  • Storing data for longer than necessary

All of which could leave firms falling foul of regulation governing data privacy such as the EU update to General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).

Your business could be fined up to €10m or up to 2 per cent of your entire global turnover for the proceeding year, whichever is higher, for mishandling data.

4 steps to good data hygiene

Therefore, good data hygiene is integral if you want to escape falling foul of GDPR regulation.

  • Don’t collect data you don’t need
  • Make sure information is deleted after a certain amount of time
  • Ensure access to data is properly restricted
  • Have good security practices in place

When it comes to having good security practices, one element is automating your GDPR compliance by using specially written software.

Best GDPR compliance software for CTOs

GDPR compliance is a challenging and time-consuming activity. The expanding scope and impact of compliance requirements and audit programmes, plus the ambiguity and complexity of the GDPR law itself, creates a never-ending and exhausting to-do list for CTOs.

One of the biggest risk areas is the explosion of data sharing through cloud collaboration tools, which are replacing email as the preferred way of sending files.

>See also: Best GDPR compliance software for CTOs

The rapid expansion of cloud services and collaboration tools that businesses are now using because of the pandemic and accelerated digital transformation only serves to complicate the issues around GDPR.

Broadly speaking, GDPR compliance software falls into these categories, with specialist software available for each:

  • Identity
  • Log analysis
  • Data loss prevention
  • Policies and cookies
  • Databases

Data privacy audit checklist

Another way to encourage good data hygiene when it comes to data + privacy is to conduct a data privacy audit.

At a time when firms are collecting vast amounts of information, data privacy audits assess whether organisations are in a good position to win customers’ trust and meet their regulatory obligations.

>See also: Data privacy audit checklist – how to compile one

Data privacy audits offer valuable insight into how to Improve data handling practices, helping to support better data governance and trust at a time when good data management is critical to business strategy.

The benefits of conducting a data privacy audit are clear, so what do you need to remember?

  • Define a clear purpose and scope
  • Outline a criteria and methodology
  • Know what data you have and what you use it for
  • Don’t overlook shadow data
  • Think about business processes and staff awareness
  • Focus on consent
  • Document everything
  • Data security and data breaches

What’s coming next?

Next the European Union is planning to introduce more regulations specific to AI. These will affect those companies that place an AI system on the EU market, so will impact those based in the UK who sell or deploy AI solutions into the EU. These regulations are intended to prohibit certain AI systems and place obligations upon any that are high-risk, outlining how data can be stored and used.

Breach of high-risk obligations under the EU’s proposed AI Act carries potential fines of up to €20m, or up to 4 per cent of annual turnover – double that of what you currently face under GDPR.

Related:

Clive Humby – data can predict nearly everything about running a business – Clive Humby, inventor of the Tesco Clubcard, on ways to stop feeling so overwhelmed by data, how to convince your CEO of its importance, and why data should look forward and not backwards

How businesses can prepare for the Data Protection and Digital Information Bill – With the Data Protection and Digital Information Bill currently being reviewed in Parliament, Netwrix vice-president of research and development Michael Paye explains how businesses can amply prepare

Forget digital transformation: data transformation is what you need – Stefano Maifreni, founder of Eggcelerate, discusses why organisations must focus on data transformation to maximise long-term value

Sun, 25 Sep 2022 23:12:00 -0500 Timothy Adler en text/html https://www.information-age.com/information-age-guide-to-data-privacy-123500058/
Killexams : CR's Complete Guide to Induction Cooking

In addition to faster and more precise control of heating, you’ll notice some other distinctive qualities of induction appliances.

If you’re switching from traditional electric, you’ll have the same number of burners as the majority of electric smoothtops (30-inch appliances tend to have four burners; 36-inch appliances tend to have five). But where a typical electric smoothtop may have only one or two high-power burners, induction stovetops often have three or more—ideal if you want to boil pasta and potatoes at the same time.

You might also be surprised to learn that induction cooktops are easier to clean than radiant electric ones. That’s because a radiant electric smoothtop gets so hot that any spills from cooking can burn onto the surface. That’s not likely to happen on the cooler glass of induction stovetops: Even if you spill something sticky while cooking, you can usually just wipe it up with a sponge. But one thing will stay exactly the same: Induction ranges have regular electric ovens, and they heat just like any electric one would, with heating elements on the top and bottom of the cavity.

If you’re switching from gas, no electric stovetop (induction or not) can truly match the visual feedback offered by a flame. But some induction smoothtops feature an artificial “flame”: rings of LED lights at the front edge of the burner that glow brighter as you turn up the heat. Gas converts may feel most comfortable with induction cooktops that offer bold LEDs, such as the Samsung NZ30K7880UG in our ratings, rather than those with a subtle glow.

Other models may have only smaller indicator lights on the control panel to alert you when a burner is on. And when you first use induction, our experts advise lowering the heat for recipes until you’re more accustomed to the speedier heating of induction, to prevent things from burning or boiling over.

If you’re swapping a gas range for an induction model, you may also like your broiler better: In our testing, electric ranges are far better than gas models at broiling, and induction models are no exception—all but one of the induction models in our ratings earn a rating of Good or better for broiling. The best models heat evenly and get roaring hot, which should mean nicely seared meats or beautifully baked ziti.

Thu, 06 Oct 2022 08:46:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.consumerreports.org/appliances/ranges/guide-to-induction-cooking-a2539860135/
Killexams : Study Participant Information

There will be multiple studies that are in different phases of their research. The different phases that a study can be in are designed to answer different research questions for effectiveness and safety throughout, in the effort to having effective treatment methods move through all the needed processes for final approvals.

Phase 1: Is it safe?
Phase 1 clinical trials show if an experimental drug is safe in a small population of humans and measures how their systems respond to it. Phase 1 is typically the first time this treatment method is either tested in humans or applied for a given disease and can take more than six months to complete. Researchers monitor patients closely for harmful side effects to evaluate the overall safety and dosage of the treatment, and while not designed to see if the experimental drug works, such trials may supply us early hints.

Phase 2: Is it working?

Phase 2 trials show whether an experimental drug can protect individuals on a large scale in a community. These studies must be large enough to prove that the experimental drug reduces the risk of spread of the illness. In Phase 3, the new treatment method is often compared to the standard treatment to determine if it is more effective, and participants are randomized, meaning they are randomly assigned to receive either the new treatment method, or the standard/a placebo.

Phase 3: Can it do the job?
Phase 3 trials show whether an experimental drug can protect individuals on a large scale in a community. These studies must be large enough to prove that the experimental drug reduces the risk of spread of the illness.

Fri, 08 Jan 2021 15:14:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.fredhutch.org/en/research/covid-19-clinical-research-center/study-participant-information.html
Killexams : The Role of Alternative Social Media in the News and Information Environment
(Pew Research Center illustration)

This study explores alternative social media sites as an emerging part of the news and information landscape using a multi-method approach. The seven sites studied are: BitChute, Gab, Gettr, Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social. Sites were included in the study if they had publicly accessible posts, were mentioned in news media, and had at least 500,000 unique visitors in December 2021.

The survey portion of this analysis (Chapter 1) was conducted May 16-22, 2022, among 10,188 U.S. adults. Everyone who completed the survey is a member of Pew Research Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. This way nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. The survey is weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories. Read more about the ATP’s methodology. Respondents were asked about their familiarity with each of seven social media sites: BitChute, Gab, Gettr, Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social. Those who reported having heard of these sites were also asked whether they use the sites and get news there, how they feel about them, and more.

The audit of alternative social media sites (Chapter 2) was initially conducted in April 2022. To conduct the analysis, a team of researchers were trained on a set of variables that examined features of each site like its privacy and moderation policies. Researchers reexamined each site in August-September 2022 and updated findings with any changes.

The account content analysis (Chapter 3) examines a sample of 200 prominent accounts on each of the seven sites included in this analysis, for a total of 1,400 examined accounts. Prominent accounts were sampled from the 5% of accounts with the highest number of followers on each site. A team of trained researchers analyzed these 1,400 sampled accounts to determine who runs the account, their political orientation, values, and other characteristics. For more details on how accounts were identified and sampled, see the methodology.

The content analysis of posts (Chapter 4) examines the courses discussed and sources cited in 585,470 posts published in June 2022 by the 1,400 accounts examined in Chapter 3 (only 1,147 of these accounts posted at least once that month). Researchers used a set of unique keywords to identify posts about five distinct courses – abortion; guns, gun control and shootings; the Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol; LGBTQ issues; and vaccines. Researchers looked at unique two- and three-word phrases that were commonly used in posts on each topic. Researchers then examined the unique domains linked to in these posts to identify the types of sources these accounts were using.

Here are the questions used for the report, detailed tables, and the methodology.

This is the latest report in Pew Research Center’s ongoing investigation of the state of news, information and journalism in the digital age, a research program funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, with generous support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.

This study explores the landscape of alternative social media sites in early 2022. There are multiple components, including a survey, an audit of seven alternative social media sites, and a content analysis of a sample of prominent accounts on these sites and the posts those accounts shared in June 2022. Here are some definitions of key terms used throughout this report:

Alternative social media sites: Social media sites with relatively small user bases that have typically emerged as alternatives to larger, more established social media sites like Facebook, Twitter and YouTube. The sites analyzed in this study are: BitChute, Gab, Gettr, Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social.

Larger/more established social media sites: Social media sites that have achieved widespread awareness and usage. In this study, this often refers to Twitter, Facebook and YouTube.

Prominent account: An account among the most followed accounts on each alternative social media site studied. For this study, researchers sampled 200 accounts from each of the seven sites (see methodology for more details). As part of the selection process, prominent accounts that had not posted since May 2021 or did not regularly post in English were replaced with accounts that met those criteria. A total of 1,400 accounts were included in this study.

Group: A section on some social media sites in which users can connect with other users, usually organized around specific courses or interests. Groups are often organized by the users around specific topics.

Moderation: The practice of removing posts or suspending or banning accounts for violation of terms of service. This does not include when these actions are taken to comply with relevant laws or law enforcement coordination. Action may be taken against posts and accounts for offensive, violent, or racist content or, in some cases, because of an expressed political viewpoint.

Value/identity appeals: Language or imagery in an account’s bio, banner image, or other parts of the profile page that are about beliefs in specific values or represent specific identities. This includes religious language, patriotic language, and language or imagery in support of former President Donald Trump.

Banned or demonetized account: This refers to accounts that were removed from other social media and other sites by the site owner. For example, many alternative social media accounts were suspended indefinitely or permanently on other sites. These are considered banned accounts. Some accounts were allowed to remain active, but revenue sharing partnerships – such as advertising – were terminated. These accounts were demonetized.

A chart show that Alternative social media sites attract a small, loyal base of news consumers; top accounts often espouse pro-Trump, pro-America, religious themes

In accurate years, several new options have emerged in the social media universe, many of which explicitly present themselves as alternatives to more established social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube – especially by opposing free speech restrictions they say are rife at those sites.

These newer sites have created a small but satisfied community of news consumers, many of whom say one of the major reasons they are there is to stay informed about current events, according to a new Pew Research Center study. The study included a survey of U.S. adults along with an audit of seven alternative social media sites – BitChute, Gab, Gettr, Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social – and a detailed analysis of prominent accounts and content across them.

Although fewer than one-in-ten Americans say they use any of these sites for news, most who do say they have found a community of like-minded people there. And news consumers on the four sites with large enough numbers to be analyzed individually – Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social – largely say they are satisfied with their experience getting news on the sites, that they find the information there to be mostly accurate, and that the discussions are mostly friendly.

At the same time, however, the study finds signs that these sites may be another symptom of the increasingly polarized public discourse – and Americans’ partisan divisions in the broader news media environment.

A majority of those who regularly get news from at least one of the seven alternative social media sites (66%) identify as Republicans or lean toward the Republican Party, in contrast with the news consumers on more established social media sites, who largely identify as Democrats or lean Democratic. And this trend is common among prominent accounts as well, with about a quarter of these accounts (26%) identifying as conservative or Republican or supportive of former President Donald Trump or his “Make America Great Again” movement. In addition, many prominent accounts express other values such as patriotism and religious identity.  

Several sites are linked to conservative backers – including Truth Social, which was launched by Trump about a year after he was “indefinitely” and “permanently” suspended from Facebook and Twitter. This is not a unique phenomenon: The study found a noteworthy percentage of prominent accounts on these seven newer sites (15%) have been banned or demonetized elsewhere on social media.

Perhaps connected to that, Americans who have heard of these sites but do not use them as sources for news are skeptical of them. When asked for the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about alternative social media sites, people in this category commonly cite inaccuracy and misinformation, political bias and the political right, and extremism and fringe ideas.

Other elements of the study speak to some of these associations. A small but measurable share of prominent accounts across these sites (6%) mention a connection to the set of conspiracy theories known as QAnon. And an analysis of accurate content posted by prominent accounts on these sites finds that the most common phrases include some that are controversial and even inflammatory such as wariness toward vaccines and negative associations with LGBTQ people. Moreover, one of the most prevalent destinations for links found in these posts is The Gateway Pundit, a digital outlet that has been criticized for publishing false information.

A graphic showing How Pew Research Center analyzed alternative social media sites

These are some of the key themes to emerge from this major new study, which was designed to look at multiple aspects of the world of alternative social media. It examines those who turn to these sites for news, explores how the sites present themselves, and reports on the kinds of accounts that draw the most attention and the types of conversations taking place there.

For the first component, researchers conducted a survey of news consumers on seven sites: BitChute, Gab, Gettr, Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social. Four of these – Parler, Rumble, Telegram and Truth Social – had enough news consumers to do a deeper dive.

Next, researchers conducted an audit of all seven sites that explored elements of how the sites present themselves, privacy features, and other characteristics. Researchers then analyzed 200 prominent accounts sampled from those with the highest number of followers on each of these sites. They examined these 1,400 accounts for several attributes, including how they describe themselves in their profiles. Finally, researchers collected all 585,470 posts published by these accounts in June 2022 and examined their key phrases, themes and the links included in the posts. For more details, see the methodology. The rest of this overview discusses the key findings of the study in more detail.

Alternative social media sites have small, largely Republican audiences; prominent accounts tend to emphasize right-leaning identities and religious and patriotic values

A chart showing Wide variance in the sites Americans have heard of, but few get news on any

These sites have become a refuge for some who feel they do not have a home on the more established sites.

Still, relatively few Americans use these alternative social media sites for news – though larger portions have heard of each of them. Parler is the best known of the seven sites named in the survey, with 38% of U.S. adults saying they are familiar with it. The share who get news on these sites is much smaller: Just 6% of Americans get news from at least one of the seven sites mentioned, and no single site is used for news by more than 2% of U.S. adults.

A chart showing that About two-thirds of alternative social media news consumers are Republicans

The news consumers on these sites lean heavily Republican. A majority of those who get news from at least one of the seven alternative social media sites (66%) are Republican or lean Republican. This is in contrast with more established social media sites, where news consumers are more likely to be Democrats or lean Democratic. (For more about news consumers on these more established sites, read our Social Media and News Fact Sheet.)

A chart showing that About a quarter of prominent alternative social media accounts link themselves to GOP, Trump

This report also looks at a sample of 200 of the prominent accounts on each site – those with the greatest number of followers – to determine what kinds of accounts tend to gain the most traction on alternative social media.

Roughly half (54%) of prominent accounts appeal to some kind of value or political orientation in their profiles. The most common of these values was right-leaning – 26% of prominent accounts expressed some kind of right-leaning or pro-Trump appeal – more of which centered around Trump or his “Make America Great Again” movement than with the Republican Party or conservative ideology.

Other expressed values included appeals to a religious identity (21% of prominent accounts), patriotism/pro-America views (21%), freedom and liberty (7%), pro-gun or pro-Second Amendment positions (6%), and support for the set of conspiracy theories known as QAnon (6%).

A close look at who is behind the prominent accounts shows that about eight-in-ten (83%) are run by individuals. That can mean either a single person with a noted affiliation to an organization or one without any organizational affiliation. Another 12% are organizations, including news organizations, nonprofit groups and others.

Along with a prevalence of conservative values and identities in prominent account profiles, political courses were common in the content posted there. This study collected all posts published by the 1,400 prominent accounts in June 2022 and identified those that were about five politically oriented topics: abortion; guns, gun control and shootings; the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol and subsequent congressional hearings; LGBTQ issues; and vaccines.

The discussion around these issues often reflects fringe and controversial worldviews on the political right. For instance, some of the most common terms in posts about the Jan. 6 attack on the U.S. Capitol include “political prisoner,” “DC gulag,” “unselect committee,” “witch hunt” and “sham hearing.” Meanwhile, posts about vaccines indicate a deep and consistent concern about the impact of vaccination. These posts regularly refer to a small group of influential vaccine skeptics. The most common terms in these posts point to a widespread fear of real but rare impacts of vaccination (“side effect,” “adverse reaction,” “blood clot,” “heart inflammation”) but also diseases or symptoms for which the medical literature finds little evidence of being tied to vaccines (“[sudden adult] death syndrome,” “sperm count”). And posts about LGBTQ issues commonly referred to drag queen “story hour” (a common target of anti-LGBTQ groups) or derisive allegations toward gay and transgender individuals, such as “pedo” and “groomer,” implying that they prey on children. See Appendix C.

A chart showing that Most alternative social media news consumers feel a sense of a community there and say discussions are friendly

About two-thirds of individuals who get news on at least one of the seven alternative social media sites (65%) say they have found a community of like-minded people there.

In a related finding, those who get news from Rumble, Parler, Truth Social and Telegram are far more likely to see these spaces as friendly than unfriendly. About half or more of those who get news on each of them – ranging from 53% to 69% – characterize the discussions they see on these sites as mostly friendly, while no more than a third of each site’s news consumers say the conversation there is mostly unfriendly (the rest say conversation is about an equal mix of friendly and unfriendly).

In some cases, the activity on these sites moves beyond the digital realm. One-third of alternative social media news consumers (33%) say they have participated in an in-person political rally or other political activity they learned about on these sites, and a similar share (36%) have donated money to accounts they follow on these sites.

A central way these sites depict themselves, one that may help supply users that sense of community, is as welcoming havens for free speech as well as antidotes to the censorship and “cancel culture” they say exist on more established social media sites. Indeed, all of the seven sites examined explicitly state that they support free speech.

That message has clearly resonated with those turning to those sites for news. When users of alternative social media sites were asked to describe, in their own words, the first thing that comes to their mind in connection with these sites, 22% mentioned something related to the concept of freedom of speech, anti-censorship and an alternative to more established social media – far more common than any other type of response.

A chart showing that Alternative social media news consumers more likely than Americans overall to favor free speech protection over safeguards against false or offensive content

Alternative social media news consumers are particularly supportive of these concepts. Compared with Americans overall, alternative social media news consumers are more likely to say that freedom of information should be protected – even if it means allowing false information and offensive content online – than they are to say technology companies should take steps to restrict false information. For example, nearly two-thirds of alternative social media news consumers (64%) favor the protection of free speech even if it brings with it some false content, while the majority of all U.S. adults (61%) prefer that tech companies take steps to restrict this kind of content even if it limits freedom of information.

15% of prominent accounts on alternative social media sites were banned elsewhere

A chart showing that 15% of prominent alternative social media accounts have been banned or demonetized on other social media sites

The free speech philosophies of these alternative social media sites have attracted some user accounts that were banned elsewhere. This may be connected to the perception among Americans who are aware of these sites but don’t get news there that the sites host misinformation.

Indeed, 15% of prominent accounts across the seven sites, including Trump’s account, have been indefinitely or permanently suspended, banned or demonetized on more established social media. This is particularly common on BitChute, a video-focused site, where about a third of prominent accounts (35%) have been banned or demonetized elsewhere.

In a number of cases the banning or demonetization was based on evidence that they had spread misinformation and inaccurate information (one example being COVID-19 vaccine skeptic Dr. Robert Malone).

That perception clearly exists among the larger segment of the public that does not use these alternative social media sites for news. When asked to name the first thing that comes to mind when they think of alternative social media sites, adults who have heard about these alternative social media sites but do not get news on them most commonly voice thoughts of inaccuracy and misinformation: 16% of responses. Another 11% of these U.S. adults cite political bias or associate the sites with the political right, and 6% associate alternative social media with extremism or consider them dangerous. Those who get news on these sites are less likely to mention these ideas and more likely to associate them with a lack of censorship or as alternatives to Big Tech.

The content on these sites also raises some questions about the credibility of the information found there. In June 2022, the most prominent accounts commonly linked to digital-only outlets such as The Gateway Pundit, Rebel News, Zero Hedge and Breitbart – each of which have been banned or demonetized by technology companies or other social media sites for misinformation or hate speech. Overall, during this period, there was a clear preference for material from other social media (45% of links) and relatively new, digital-only news sites (20%) rather than legacy news organizations like print publications (4%), radio or podcast sites (1%) or television (1%) sites. In fact, the same share of links went to The Gateway Pundit as to all print publications combined (4%).

Almost all alternative social media sites studied moderate content to some extent and also supply users the option to do so

A chart showing that Most alternative social media sites in the study moderate their content to at least some extent

Notwithstanding their allegiance to free speech, almost all of the sites analyzed have at least some restrictions on content.

Every one of the sites, with the exception of Gab, moderates user content beyond the existing legal requirements to remove illegal content and cooperate with law enforcement requests. In some cases, sites have agreed to certain restrictions due to outside pressure from governments or mobile app stores like Apple’s App Store or the Google Play Store. This moderation includes removing posts that may contain violent, racist or offensive content and, in some cases, for the political viewpoint expressed.

In addition, almost all these sites supply their users options to control the content they see. Five sites let users block or mute other users from their news feed, six sites let users report either accounts or posts, and four of the sites allow users to block explicit content.

Alternative social media news consumers largely satisfied with news they find there, which is often government and political news they wouldn’t have seen elsewhere

A chart showing that Staying informed about current events is a top reason people use alternative social media sites and users are generally satisfied with their news experience

For many users, these sites are an important source of information about current events – often government and politics news – and they report finding news that they wouldn’t necessarily find elsewhere.

A majority of those who get news on at least one of the seven sites (56%) say a major reason they go to these sites is to stay informed about current events and issues. And much of what they see is government and political news: 52% say this is the most common type of news they come across on these sites.

In general, alternative social media news consumers like their experience there. About half or more of news consumers on Rumble, Truth Social, Telegram and Parler say they are very or somewhat satisfied with the experience of getting news there, and this overall satisfaction extends to their perception of the accuracy of the information they find. Fewer of the news consumers on each of these sites – roughly a quarter or less – say they are dissatisfied with the experience, while the rest say they are neither satisfied nor dissatisfied.

These news consumers also say that much of the news they see on alternative social media sites is information they wouldn’t find elsewhere. Roughly half of news consumers who get news on at least one of the seven sites (52%) say they at least fairly often come across news on these sites that they would not have seen elsewhere, with an additional 32% who sometimes encounter unique news there.

Wed, 05 Oct 2022 12:00:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.pewresearch.org/journalism/2022/10/06/the-role-of-alternative-social-media-in-the-news-and-information-environment/
Killexams : Hurricane Guide | Safety and emergency information

This hurricane guide includes evacuation routes, emergency apps and contacts, hurricane preparedness, survival kits and much more.

GREENSBORO, N.C. — Every minute counts before, during and after a hurricane hits. Precious minutes could mean the difference between life and death. That's why it's so critical to have a safety plan in place. 

WFMY News 2 wants to make sure you know what to do now to prepare your home and how to keep your family safe, in the event of a hurricane. 

In this "Storm Track 2 guide," you’ll find evacuation routes, emergency apps and contacts, hurricane preparedness, how to set up your phone to receive emergency alerts, hurricane survival kit supplies, and what to do before, during, and after a hurricane. Emergency information provided by FEMA and Ready NC.

INLAND HURRICANE IMPACTS

Even if you don't live near coastal areas, hurricanes can still move inland bringing destruction and flooding. Hurricane Matthew and Florence serve as a reminder of the devastation a hurricane can bring inland.

Hurricane Matthew flooding. Pic. NC National Guard

HURRICANE THREATS

Hurricanes include powerful winds, heavy rainfall, storm surges, coastal and inland flooding, rip currents, tornadoes, and even landslides.

KNOW THE TERMS

  • Hurricane Watch – hurricane conditions (sustained winds greater than 74 mph) are possible. Watches are usually issued 48 hours before the beginning of tropical storm-force winds.
  • Hurricane Warning – hurricane conditions (sustained winds greater than 74 mph) are expected. Warnings are usually issued 36 hours before the beginning of tropical storm-force winds.
  • Tropical Storm Warning – tropical storm conditions (sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph) are possible within 36 hours.

WEATHER ALERTS

Make sure you obtain the WFMY News 2 App and the WFMY News 2 Weather App for the latest news and emergency information.

WFMY News 2 Radar App: Apple Users, Android Users

If the power or cable goes out, you'll still be able to connect online. obtain the WFMY News 2 App for live streaming video, updated weather forecasts, and reports from our field crews.

Both iPhone and Android allow users to customize notifications for when storms, tornadoes, hurricanes, or other severe weather is coming.

AFTER YOU obtain THE APP

No matter whether you use an iPhone or Android, the process is the same.

STEP ONE: Open the WFMY News 2 App.

STEP TWO: Tap the gear in the top right corner.

STEP THREE: Tap “Notifications,” and find “Severe Weather Alerts.”

STEP FOUR: Make sure to turn on notifications, and you can pick how many alerts you get.

  • If you want more, tap the option with statements and advisories.
  • If you want fewer, tap the option with warnings only.

GOVERNMENT WEATHER ALERTS 

Click on Settings, then Notifications, next scroll to the bottom and make sure "Government Alerts" is turned on.

When severe weather is near – your phone will vibrate and play an emergency tone based on your location.

You can also customize these settings usually by searching for ALERTS in the settings area on your phone. It may look a little different depending on which android-based phone you have.

But generally, search for alerts, emergency, or “cell broadcasting.” From there, you can choose which alerts you want on or off.

►For the latest weather conditions and forecast text the keyword WEATHER to 336-379-5775

EMERGENCY PLAN

Write or review your Family Emergency Plan: Before an emergency happens, sit down with your family or close friends and decide how you will get in contact with each other, where you will go, and what you will do in an emergency.

Keep a copy of this plan in a sealed tight waterproof container in your emergency supplies kit or another safe place where you can access it in the event of a disaster.

Here are four key questions to get you started on making an emergency plan:

1. How will I receive emergency alerts and warnings?

2. What is my shelter plan?

3. What is my evacuation route?

4. What is my family/household communication plan?

You can also start a plan by visiting Ready.Gov

EMERGENCY DOCUMENTS 

You'll want to make sure you have important emergency documents and other items like the following also kept in a waterproof container:

  • Photo ID (e.g., driver’s license, passport)
  • Personal records including birth certificates, marriage certificates, will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds 
  • Passports, social security cards
  • Medical records including immunization records 
  • Property records (e.g., insurance policies, deed, or lease)
  • Financial records
  • Bank account numbers
  • Credit card account numbers and companies

EMERGENCY KIT SUPPLIES

In the wake of a disaster, grocery stores and gas stations are often the first to run out of supplies. So it’s best to make an emergency kit.

  • Water (one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation)
  • Food (non-perishable items, at least a 3-day supply)
  • Can Opener (for any canned foods)
  • Flashlights
  • First Aid Kit
  • Extra Batteries (for flashlight, radio, cell phone)
  • Diapers & Wipes (if you have a baby or a young child)
  • Toiletries & Medicine
  • Pet Food & Supplies
  • Whistle (to signal for help, if needed)
  • Local Maps
  • Plastic Bags (for sanitation and to keep electronics and important documents dry)
  • Cash (if there's no power and you can't access an ATM)
  • Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Blankets and sleeping bags (1 per person)
  • Extra house and car keys
  • Fire extinguisher
  • Rubber gloves
  • Life jackets

EVACUATION ORDERS

In the event of a hurricane, evacuation orders could be set into place.

Follow these guidelines when evacuating:

  • Listen to local media.
  • Fill your car with gasoline. Take only one vehicle to lower the amount of traffic.
  • Leave early enough to avoid being trapped by severe weather.
  • Plan where your family will meet and go. Tell family or friends of your plans.
  • Map out your path, using travel paths listed by police.
  • If possible, leave and go to a friend’s home in a safe area. Next, try a motel or hotel. As a last resort, go to a shelter. Remember, shelters are not made for comfort.
  • Take your family’s and pet’s emergency kits. Bring key family papers.
  • Bring extra cash. Banks may be closed, and cash tellers may not work.
  • Lock doors and windows before leaving your house. Unplug radios, toasters, televisions and small appliances. Be sure to turn off water, gas and power.
  • Ask neighbors if they need a ride.

Evacuation shelters opening

EVACUATION ROUTES IN NORTH CAROLINA 

You'll want to make sure you have this and know your own local evacuation route.

BEFORE A HURRICANE

  • Build an emergency kit.
  • Make a family communications plan.
  • Know you’re the routes you need to leave your home (evacuation routes). Locate your local emergency shelters.
  • Closely watch/listen to the weather reports. Listening every hour as the storm nears.
  • Put fuel in all vehicles and withdraw some cash from the bank. Gas stations and ATMs may be closed after a hurricane.
  • If authorities ask you to leave, do so quickly.
  • If you leave (evacuate), be alert to flooded or washed-out roads. Just a few inches of water can float a car. Think: Turn Around, Don't Drown.
  • Keep a photo I.D. that shows your home address. You will need it when asking police if it is okay for you to re-enter your area or home.
  • Secure your property.
  • Bring inside all outdoor furniture, decorations, garbage cans and anything else that is not tied down.
  • Cover windows with permanent storm shutters or board up windows with 5/8” plywood, cut and ready to install. Tape does not stop windows from breaking.
  • Put in straps or extra clips to securely fasten your roof to the frame structure. This will lower roof damage.
  • Trim trees and shrubs around your home, so they are more wind resistant.
  • Clear clogged rain gutters and downspouts.
  • Reinforce garage doors. If wind enters a garage it can cause dangerous and expensive structural damage.

36 HOURS AWAY FROM A HURRICANE

  • Turn on your TV or radio in order to get the latest weather updates and emergency instructions.
  • Restock your emergency preparedness kit. Include food and water sufficient for at least three days, medications, a flashlight, batteries, cash, and first aid supplies.
  • Plan how to communicate with family members if you lose power. For example, you can call, text, email or use social media. Remember that during disasters, sending text messages is usually reliable and faster than making phone calls because phone lines are often overloaded.
  • Review your evacuation zone, evacuation route and shelter locations. Plan with your family. You may have to leave quickly so plan ahead.
  • Keep your car in good working condition, and keep the gas tank full; stock your vehicle with emergency supplies and a change of clothes.

8-36 HOURS AWAY FROM A HURRICANE 

  • Bookmark your city or county website for quick access to storm updates and emergency instructions.
  • Bring loose, lightweight objects inside that could become projectiles in high winds (e.g., patio furniture, garbage cans); anchor objects that would be unsafe to bring inside (e.g., propane tanks); and trim or remove trees close enough to fall on the building.
  • Cover all of your home’s windows. Permanent storm shutters offer the best protection for windows. A second option is to board up windows with 5/8” exterior grade or marine plywood, cut to fit and ready to install.

6-18 HOURS AWAY FROM A HURRICANE 

  • Turn on your TV/radio, or check your city/county website every 30 minutes in order to get the latest weather updates and emergency instructions.
  • Charge your cell phone now so you will have a full battery in case you lose power.

6 HOURS AWAY FROM A HURRICANE

  • If you’re not in an area that is recommended for evacuation, plan to stay at home or where you are and let friends and family know where you are.
  • Close storm shutters, and stay away from windows. Flying glass from broken windows could injure you.
  • Turn your refrigerator or freezer to the coldest setting and open only when necessary. If you lose power, food will last longer. Keep a thermometer in the refrigerator to be able to check the food temperature when the power is restored.
  • Turn on your TV/radio, or check your city/county website every 30 minutes in order to get the latest weather updates and emergency instructions.

DURING A HURRICANE

  • Listen to the radio or television for information.
  • Secure your home, close storm shutters and secure outdoor objects or bring them indoors.
  • Turn off gas, water and power if you are told to do so. Otherwise, turn the refrigerator thermostat to its coldest setting and keep its doors closed.
  • Turn off propane tanks.
  • Try not to use the phone, except for serious emergencies.
  • Moor your boat if time permits.
  • Make sure you have a supply of water for sanitary purposes such as cleaning and flushing toilets. Fill the bathtub and other larger containers with water.
  • Find out how to keep food safe during and after an emergency.
  • Leave your home or area if you are: Told to do so by local police.
  • In a mobile home or temporary structure. Such structures are particularly dangerous during high wind events no matter how well fastened to the ground. In a high-rise building because hurricane winds are stronger at higher levels. On the coast, in a floodplain, near a river or on an island waterway.
  • If you are unable to leave, go to the safest room in your house.
  • Stay indoors during the hurricane. Stay away from windows and glass doors.
  • Close all interior doors – secure and brace external doors.
  • Keep curtains and blinds closed.
  • Do not be fooled if there is a lull; it could be the eye of the storm – winds will pick up again.
  • Take shelter in a small interior room, closet or hallway on the lowest level.
  • Lie on the floor under a table or another sturdy object.

FLOOD WARNING AND SAFETY 

With a hurricane, there’s always a potential for flooding. Here’s what you should know about flood safety.

  • Know types of flood risk in your area. Visit FEMA’s Flood Map Service Center for information.
  • Check out: NC Flood Maps 
  • If flash flooding is a risk in your location, then monitor potential signs, such as heavy rain.
  • Remember to TURN AROUND, DON’T DROWN!
  • If told to evacuate, do so immediately. Never drive around barricades. Local responders use them to safely direct traffic out of flooded areas.
  • If your vehicle is trapped in rapidly moving water, then stay inside. If water is rising inside the vehicle, then seek refuge on the roof.
  • If trapped in a building, then go to its highest level. Do not climb into a closed attic. You may become trapped by rising floodwater. Go on the roof only if necessary. Once there, signal for help.
  • Stay away from high water, storm drains, ditches, ravines, or culverts
  • 12 inches of water can carry away a small car
  • More than half of ALL flood-related drownings occur when a vehicle is driven into floodwaters
  • Many flash flood deaths occur at night
  • 6 inches of fast-moving water can knock you off your feet
  • It takes only 2 feet of water to float away most vehicles
  • Never walk through floodwaters
  • If you’re trapped by moving water move to the highest point and call 911
  • If line markings on the road are not visible, DO NOT drive through the water
  • Avoid driving through pools of standing water.
  • Purchase or renew a flood insurance policy. It typically takes up to 30 days for a policy to go into effect and can protect the life you've built. Homeowner’s policies do not cover flooding. Get flood coverage under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).

POWER LINE SAFETY 

Safety Stay away from power lines that have fallen or are sagging during a storm. Consider all lines energized as well as trees or limbs in contact with lines. Report downed power lines to your local power company and to your police department.

If a power line falls across a car that you're in, stay in the car. If you MUST get out of the car due to a fire or other immediate life-threatening situation, do your best to jump clear of the car and land on both feet. Be sure that no part of your body is touching the car when your feet touch the ground.

REPORTING POWER OUTAGES

  • Duke Energy: 1-800-POWERON, 1-800-769-3766 Customers may also report an outage or view current outages online
  • Duke Energy Progress: 1-800-419-6356
  • NC Electrical Cooperatives: 1-888-411-7870
  • Energy United: 1-800-386-4833
  • Randolph Electric: 1-877-736-2633
  • Piedmont Electric: 1-800-449-2667
  • Surry-Yadkin Electric: 336-356-8241
  • City of Lexington Electric: 336-248-2337
  • City of High Point Electric: 336-883-3111

GENERATOR SAFETY 

You need to be especially careful during power outages, as the risk of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and fire increases. Here’s how you can keep your family safe.

  • Use portable gas generators safely. Read the label on your generator and the owner’s manual before a storm hits.
  • If you lose power, use your generator OUTSIDE your house ONLY, at least 20 feet from your home.
  • NEVER use a generator inside a home, garage or shed. Carbon monoxide from generators is poisonous and can KILL you in minutes. CO is called the “invisible killer” because you cannot see it or smell it.
  • Make sure you have working CO alarms in your home. They should be placed outside separate sleeping areas and on each floor of your home.
  • Make sure you have working smoke alarms too. Check the batteries! They should be placed on every level of your home, outside sleeping areas and inside each bedroom.

REFRIGERATOR/COOLER TIPS

  • Purchase or locate thermometers
  • Place a thermometer in your refrigerator and freezer
  • Have a tip-sensitive digital thermometer ready to check food temperatures
  • Check stock of refrigerator
  • Purchase or prepare food items that don't require refrigeration and can be eaten cold or heated on an outdoor grill
  • Prepare coolers and purchase ice and/or dry ice
  • Use dry ice to extend the amount of time food will stay below 41 degrees
  • Purchase or freeze containers of water for ice

FOOD STOCK PREPARATION 

  • Canned food items
  • Bread
  • Crackers
  • Granola bars
  • Breakfast bars and pastries
  • Cold cereal
  • Nut butters
  • Nuts and Seeds
  • Jerky and dried meat sticks
  • Powdered milk
  • Canned evaporated milk
  • Shelf-stable boxes of milk
  • Snack puddings
  • Hard cheeses
  • Snack packs of cheese and crackers
  • Shelf-stable canned, pouched or boxed foods
  • Soups, stews and chilis
  • Pasta
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Fruit and vegetable juices
  • Tuna
  • Salmon
  • Chicken
  • Pork and beans
  • Carrots
  • Peppers
  • Cucumbers
  • Apples
  • Bananas
  • Oranges
  • Other firm, fresh fruit

AFTER A HURRICANE 

  • Stay tuned to local radio, television, or NOAA Weather Radio for the latest news.
  • Stay alert for extra rainfall and following flooding even after the storm has ended.
  • Drive only if needed. Stay away from flooded roads and washed-out bridges. Stay off the streets. If you must go out, look for fallen objects, downed electrical wires, and weakened bridges, roads, and sidewalks.
  • Keep away from loose or dangling power lines. Report them as quickly as you can to the power company.
  • If you need to reach your family, use your family communications plan or contact the American Red Cross at 1-800-RED-CROSS/1-800-733-2767 or visit the ARC Safe and Well site: www.safeandwell.org.
  • If you cannot return home and need shelter, text SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362 (4FEMA) to find the nearest shelter in your area (example: shelter 12345).
  • Return home only when officials say it is safe.
  • Walk carefully around the outside your home and check for loose power lines, gas leaks, and structural damage before entering. Stay out of any building if you smell gas, if floodwaters remain around the building or your home was damaged by fire.
  • Check your home for damage. Take pictures of damage, both of the building and its contents, for insurance purposes. If you have any doubts about safety, have your home check out by a trained building inspector or structural engineer before entering.
  • Use battery-powered flashlights in the dark. Do NOT use candles. Note: The flashlight should be turned on outside before entering because the battery may make a spark that could cause leaking gas to catch on fire, if present.
  • Many longer-term housing choices may be open to help those whose homes have been badly damaged or destroyed. Check this website or listen to local media after a hurricane to learn what choices may be open to you.
  • Watch your pets closely and keep them under your direct control. Watch out for wild animals, especially poisonous snakes. Use a stick to poke through debris.
  • Do not drink or make food with tap water until you are sure it’s not dirty.
  • Check refrigerated food for spoilage. If in doubt, throw it out.
  • Wear protective clothing and be cautious when cleaning up to not get hurt.
  • Use the telephone only for emergency calls.
  • NEVER use a generator inside homes, garages, crawlspaces, sheds, or other enclosed areas, even when using fans or opening doors and windows for airing. Deadly levels of carbon monoxide can quickly build up in these areas and can stay around for hours, even after the generator has shut off.
  • Find out more about making a claim: NC Hurricane Claims Information
Tue, 27 Sep 2022 04:14:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.wfmynews2.com/article/weather/hurricane-safety-guide-survival-kit-emergency-contact-information-and-how-to-get-alerts/83-34dfdbd4-9981-4ac2-a102-16287d3e5d81
Killexams : Forensic DNA Profiling Exposes Protected Medical Information: Study

A new study from San Francisco State University suggests that the forensic DNA profiling used to identify a criminal may also be indirectly revealing people’s medical information, even those of crime victims, reports EurekAlert. The Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), a system organizing criminal justice DNA databases that uses specific genetic markers to identify individuals, is used by law enforcement nationwide, and was believed, until now, to not divulge medical information, a finding that raises medical privacy concerns.

In addition, where before it was assumed that only criminals are sampled in investigations, the study shows that the database may be scooping up private information on both victims of crime and even people that may have just been at crime scenes. SF State Associate Professor of Biology Rori Rohlfs, who led this project, warned that there are potentially huge databases containing many people that are not necessarily criminals and that accessibility to said databases varies depending on jurisdiction.  “Our paper in some ways is the tip of the iceberg,” she said.

Fri, 14 Oct 2022 01:30:00 -0500 TCR Staff en-US text/html https://thecrimereport.org/2022/10/14/forensic-dna-profiling-exposes-protected-medical-information-study/
Killexams : 'Who He Play For' study guide for 2022-23 season
Austin Rivers (left), Andre Drummond (middle) and Kentavious Caldwell-Pope joined new teams this summer.

Austin Rivers (left), Andre Drummond (middle) and Kentavious Caldwell-Pope joined new teams this summer.

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It’s almost everyone’s favorite time of year: Charles Barkley gets put to the test as we witness how closely the ‘Inside the NBA’ analyst followed offseason player movement. With approximately 100 players on different teams this season, it’s not easy to keep track of all the changes.

So, here is our ‘Who He Play For’ Study Guide — 25 familiar faces in new places for the 2022-23 season. 

Tune in to TNT on opening week to see how Chuck performs. He went 0-for-4 last year.

> Offseason Player Movement | Offseason Trade Tracker | Free Agent Tracker | Kia Season Preview

Will Barton

Will Barton

New team: Washington Wizards | Old team: Denver Nuggets

Bruce Brown

Bruce Brown

New team: Denver Nuggets | Old team: Brooklyn Nets

Alec Burks

Alec Burks

New team: Detroit Pistons | Old team: New York Knicks

Kentavious Caldwell-Pope

Kentavious Caldwell-Pope

New team: Denver Nuggets  | Old team: Washington Wizards

Matthew Dellavedova

Matthew Dellavedova

New team: Sacramento Kings | Old team: Cleveland Cavaliers

Gorgui Dieng

Gorgui Dieng

New team: San Antonio Spurs | Old team: Atlanta Hawks

Donte DiVincenzo

Donte DiVincenzo

New team: Golden State Warriors  | Old team: Sacramento Kings

Andre Drummond

Andre Drummond

New team: Chicago Bulls | Old team: Brooklyn Nets

Bryn Forbes

Bryn Forbes

New team: Minnesota Timberwolves | Old team: Denver Nuggets

Taj Gibson

Taj Gibson

New team: Washington Wizards | Old team: New York Knicks

Danny Green

Danny Green

New team: Memphis Grizzlies | Old team: Philadelphia 76ers

Juancho Hernangomez

Juancho Hernangomez

New team: Toronto Raptors | Old team: Utah Jazz 

Joe Ingles

Joe Ingles

New team: Milwaukee Bucks | Old team: Portland Trail Blazers

Josh Jackson

Josh Jackson

New team: Toronto Raptors | Old team: Sacramento Kings

Frank Kaminsky

Frank Kaminsky

New team: Atlanta Hawks | Old team: Phoenix Suns

Damion Lee

Damion Lee

New team: Phoenix Suns | Old team: Golden State Warriors

Robin Lopez

Robin Lopez

New team: Cleveland Cavaliers | Old team: Orlando Magic

Boban Marjanovic

Boban Marjanovic

New team: Houston Rockets | Old team: Dallas Mavericks

Markieff Morris

Markieff Morris

New team: Brooklyn Nets | Old team: Miami Heat

Josh Okogie

Josh Okogie

New team: Phoenix Suns | Old team: Minnesota Timberwolves

Kelly Olynyk

Kelly Olynyk

New team: Utah Jazz | Old team: Detroit Pistons

Austin Rivers

Austin Rivers

New team: Minnesota Timberwolves | Old team: Denver Nuggets

Ish Smith

Ish Smith

New team: Denver Nuggets | Old team: Washington Wizards

Daniel Theis

Daniel Theis

New team: Indiana Pacers | Old team: Boston Celtics

Delon Wright

Delon Wright

New team: Washington Wizards | Old team: Atlanta Hawks

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 05:51:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.nba.com/news/who-he-play-for-study-guide-2022-23
Killexams : Jenn Behrens, Partner and EVP of Privacy and Security at Kuma, to Participate in the 'IAPP Privacy. Security. Risk. 2022' Conference in Austin

Behrens will speak on an impressive all-female panel about leveraging biometrics securely at the International Association of Privacy Professionals' major conference on Oct.14.

BRISTOW, Va., Oct. 13, 2022 /PRNewswire-PRWeb/ -- Kuma, which for nearly a decade has helped organizations across sectors shift their data privacy and security risk management from reactive to proactive, announces that Jenn Behrens, Partner and EVP of Privacy and Security, will attend and participate in this week's "IAPP Privacy. Security. Risk. 2022" in Austin.

Presented by the International Association of Privacy Professionals, the largest and most comprehensive non-profit global information privacy community and resource, the annual conference is a major hub of networking, learning, and unraveling the biggest questions in privacy and technology.

Behrens is one of four privacy experts who will present a panel discussion, "Picture Perfect: Leveraging Biometrics Without Compromising Privacy & Security," from 9 to 10 a.m. on Friday, October 14. The all-female panel — Behrens will be joined by Tatiana Rice, Future of Privacy Forum; Anna Rudawski, Norton Rose Fulbright; and Veronica Torres, Jumio — is notable in the male-dominated world of tech. Kuma is proud to empower a workforce with 67% female representation and with 58% of employees from diverse backgrounds.

One of Kuma's most experienced privacy and security experts, Behrens holds three degrees: a bachelor's in psychology, a master's in social work, and a Ph.D. in public policy and administration. She began her career in social work before entering the IT, privacy, and security field as a consultant specializing in digital identity. Behrens' certifications include Fellow of Information Privacy (FIP), Certified Information Privacy Professional/United States (CIPP/US), Certified Information Privacy Manager (CIPM), Certified HIPAA Privacy Security Expert (CHPSE), and Certified Information Privacy Professional/Government (CIPP/G).

"Privacy and security are increasingly intertwined for organizations making risk-based decisions, and biometrics are more and more a part of that landscape," Behrens said. "This dynamic panel of industry leaders will provide audience members with both strategic and tangible guidance for considering the ethical and legal issues of emerging technologies and solutions that optimize the use of biometric data."

###

ABOUT KUMA
For almost a decade, Kuma has provided privacy, identity, and security expertise to various local, state, and federal government agencies, non-profits, and businesses, often in highly regulated sectors. Trust is deeply ingrained in our ethos and is illustrated in the work we deliver in all our engagements. Over the years, Kuma has gained and maintained customer confidence and built a reputation for customizing its cybersecurity services to meet the needs of small and large companies alike, while always grounded in national standards. Kuma rejects a "one-size fits all" approach, and we are especially proud of the close and long-standing working relationships we have cultivated with our clients as they mature their security, privacy, and identity postures. For more information visit http://www.kuma.pro.

Media Contact

Tiffany Reeves, Butin PR, 1 347-524-2939, tiffany@butinpr.com

SOURCE Kuma

© 2022 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Thu, 13 Oct 2022 07:04:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/10/n29259501/jenn-behrens-partner-and-evp-of-privacy-and-security-at-kuma-to-participate-in-the-iapp-privacy-se
Killexams : Guide Dogs for the Blind and American Foundation for the Blind Release Research Study Findings

Report Reveals Travel Trends and Mixed Results for Rideshare

Guide Dogs for the Blind (GDB) and the American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) have announced the findings of The Role of Guide Dogs in 2022 and Beyond, a joint, two-year research study to examine the long-term outlook for guide dog use in the United States and Canada.

This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20220922005306/en/

Ever Arreola and his guide dog, Falante (Photo: Business Wire)

Top findings for the first-of-its-kind study, revealed a greatly expanded use of technology among travelers who are blind or visually impaired, and a shift to using rideshare services from public transit and walking.

The study was conducted in 2020 and 2021 through a survey of more than 500 people who are blind or visually impaired including both guide dog users and nonusers. It included focus groups and interviews with more than 50 individuals, including graduates from various guide dog schools in the U.S. and Canada, people who use a white cane instead of a guide dog, and instructors who work with the blindness community around orientation and mobility (O&M) skills needed to qualify for a guide dog.

An increase in use of smartphones and apps has shed new light on the importance of integration of technology in travel for people who are blind or visually impaired. Approximately three-fourths of guide dog users surveyed reported use of smartphones during travel, with wayfinding apps (Google Maps, Soundscapes) as well as visual interpreting apps (Be My Eyes, AIRA) among the most commonly used.

Participants in the study also reported that they walk and use public transit less often because of the increased availability of door-to-door rideshare services. While the convenience of rideshare has great appeal to travelers who are blind or visually impaired, the study also showed that rideshare access denials and concerns about fraudulent service dogs often played a devastating role in the lives of guide dog users.

These mixed rideshare findings point to a need for greater awareness and advocacy to defend guide dog users' access to Uber and Lyft, among both the public and rideshare companies. Some participants also expressed interest in receiving training and resources to aid them when they are denied access.

Overall, the guide dog lifestyle received high praise and enthusiasm from respondents. Guide dog users cited both practical advantages of traveling with a guide dog, such as the ability to walk faster, avoid objects, move smoothly through crowds, and maintain a straight line of travel, as well as emotional benefits. Many conveyed that the companionship, confidence, safety, and social bridge to their community were significant, irreplaceable benefits of using a guide dog.

While the guide dog lifestyle is not a fit for all people who are blind or visually impaired, the study uncovered there is a substantial subset of potential guide dog users who have not acquired the prerequisite mastery of O&M skills to qualify for a guide dog. These skills include spatial orientation, the ability to learn and navigate routes, and the fundamentals of white cane use. Multiple study participants emphasized that there is an extreme shortage of O&M services and instructors, particularly in the U.S., with many reporting that there are huge swaths of the country where it seems that O&M services aren't available at all.

"These robust findings are very heartening about the future of guide dog use in the U.S. and Canada, but they are also instructive in helping us to remove barriers to enjoying the benefits of the guide dog lifestyle, especially in the areas of rideshare access, travel technology, and O&M training," said Theresa Stern, vice president of interdisciplinary client services and engagement for GDB. "We're grateful to AFB, who designed this research, and look forward to continuing our partnership with them to Improve the lives of people who are blind and visually impaired."

"These research findings point to a number of areas where organizations like AFB and GDB can collaborate with O&M professionals and people who are blind or have low vision to maximize opportunities for independent, safe and efficient travel," said Dr. Arielle Silverman, AFB director of research. "With the general aging of the population and the increasing prevalence of age-related vision loss, studies like this will become imperative to serving the blindness community in the coming decades."

Study findings will be published in peer-reviewed research journals and will be presented at conferences focused on blindness. For a copy of the report, visit guidedogs.com/study.

About Guide Dogs for the Blind

Headquartered in San Rafael, Calif., Guide Dogs for the Blind (GDB) is the largest guide dog school in North America. It is a passionate community that prepares highly qualified guide dogs to empower individuals who are blind or visually impaired to move through the world more safely and confidently. This year marks the organization's 80th anniversary of helping its clients live the lives they want to live. More than 16,000 guide teams have graduated from GDB since it was founded in 1942. GDB not only improves mobility for its clients, but it also furthers inclusion and advocates for policy reforms that change how the world views blindness. GDB's services are provided free of charge, and it receives no government funding. The organization was the subject of an award-winning 2018 documentary feature film called Pick of the Litter, which can be found on most popular streaming platforms. The film was developed into a television docu-series by the same name that debuted in 2019 on Disney+. For more information, visit guidedogs.com, or call 800.295.4050.

About the American Foundation for the Blind

The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) mobilizes leaders, advances understanding, and champions impactful policies and practices using research and data. Publisher of the Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness for over a century and counting, AFB is also proud to steward the accessible Helen Keller Archive, honoring the legacy of our most famous ambassador. AFB's mission is to expand pathways to leadership, education, inclusive technology, and career opportunities to create a world of no limits for people who are blind, deafblind, or have low vision. To learn more, visit www.afb.org.

© 2022 Benzinga.com. Benzinga does not provide investment advice. All rights reserved.

Thu, 22 Sep 2022 02:30:00 -0500 text/html https://www.benzinga.com/pressreleases/22/09/b28966048/guide-dogs-for-the-blind-and-american-foundation-for-the-blind-release-research-study-findings
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