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Exam Code: IAPP-CIPM Certified Information Privacy Manager tricks January 2024 by Killexams.com team

IAPP-CIPM Certified Information Privacy Manager

EXAM NUMBER : IAPP-CIPM

EXAM NAME : Certified Information Privacy Manager

TOTAL QUESTIONS : 90

SCORED QUESTIONS : 70

TIME : 2 hours 30 minutes

PASSING SCORES : 300

PASSING PERCENTAGE : 60%



Make data privacy regulations work for your organization by understanding how to implement them in day-to-day operations. Learn to create a company vision, structure a data protection team, develop and implement system frameworks, communicate to stakeholders, measure performance and more.



- How to create a company vision

- How to structure the privacy team

- How to develop and implement a privacy program framework

- How to communicate to stakeholders

- How to measure performance

- The privacy program operational life cycle



The International Association of Privacy Professionals (IAPP) is the largest and most
comprehensive global information privacy community and resource. IAPP helps practitioners
develop and advance their careers, and organizations manage and protect their data.

The IAPP is a not-for-profit association founded in 2000 with a mission to define, support and
improve the privacy profession globally. We are committed to providing a forum for privacy
professionals to share best practices, track trends, advance privacy management issues, standardize
the designations for privacy professionals and provide education and guidance on opportunities in
the field of information privacy.

The IAPP is responsible for developing and launching the gold standard in privacy and data
protection certifications: the Certified Information Privacy Professional (CIPP), the Certified
Information Privacy Manager (CIPM) and the Certified Information Privacy Technologist
(CIPT). The CIPP, CIPM and CIPT are the leading privacy certifications for tens of thousands of
professionals around the world who serve the privacy, data protection, information auditing,
information security, data ethics, legal compliance and risk management needs of their
organizations.

In addition, the IAPP offers a full suite of educational and professional development services and
holds annual conferences that are recognized internationally as the leading forums for the
discussion and debate of issues related to privacy policy and practice.
Certified Information Privacy Manager
IAPP Information tricks

Other IAPP exams

IAPP-CIPT Certified Information Privacy Technologist
IAPP-CIPM Certified Information Privacy Manager
IAPP-CIPP-E Certified Information Privacy Professional/Europe (CIPP/E)
CIPP-US Certified Information Privacy Professional/United States (CIPP/US)
IAPP-CIPP-C Certified Information Privacy Professional/ Canada (CIPP/C)

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IAPP
IAPP-CIPM
Certified Information Privacy Manager
https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/IAPP-CIPM
Question: 49
In privacy protection, what is a "covered entity"?
A. Personal data collected by a privacy organization.
B. An organization subject to the privacy provisions of HIPAA.
C. A privacy office or team fully responsible for protecting personal information.
D. Hidden gaps in privacy protection that may go unnoticed without expert analysis.
Answer: B
Question: 50
Which of the following best demonstrates the effectiveness of a firmís privacy incident response process?
A. The decrease of security breaches
B. The decrease of notifiable breaches
C. The increase of privacy incidents reported by users
D. The decrease of mean time to resolve privacy incidents
Answer: D
Question: 51
In a sample metric template, what does ďtargetĒ mean?
A. The suggested volume of data to collect
B. The percentage of completion
C. The threshold for a satisfactory rating
D. The frequency at which the data is sampled
Answer: A
Question: 52
Which statement is FALSE regarding the use of technical security controls?
A. Technical security controls are part of a data governance strategy.
B. Technical security controls deployed for one jurisdiction often satisfy another jurisdiction.
C. Most privacy legislation lists the types of technical security controls that must be implemented.
D. A person with security knowledge should be involved with the deployment of technical security controls.
Answer: B
Question: 53
SCENARIO
Please use the following to answer the next Question:
Edufox has hosted an annual convention of users of its famous e-learning software platform, and over time, it has
become a grand event. It fills one of the large downtown conference hotels and overflows into the others, with several
thousand attendees enjoying three days of presentations, panel discussions and networking. The convention is the
centerpiece of the companyís product rollout schedule and a great training opportunity for current users. The sales
force also encourages prospective clients to attend to get a better sense of the ways in which the system can be
customized to meet diverse needs and understand that when they buy into this system, they are joining a community
that feels like family.
This yearís conference is only three weeks away, and you have just heard news of a new initiative supporting it: a
smartphone app for attendees. The app will support late registration, highlight the featured presentations and provide a
mobile version of the conference program. It also links to a restaurant reservation system with the best cuisine in the
areas featured. "Itís going to be great," the developer, Deidre Hoffman, tells you, "if, that is, we actually get it
working!" She laughs nervously but explains that because of the tight time frame sheíd been given to build the app,
she outsourced the job to a local firm. "Itís just three young people," she says, "but they do great work." She describes
some of the other apps they have built. When asked how they were selected for this job, Deidre shrugs. "They do good
work, so I chose them."
Deidre is a terrific employee with a strong track record. Thatís why sheís been charged to deliver this rushed project.
Youíre sure she has the best interests of the company at heart, and you donít doubt that sheís under pressure to meet a
deadline that cannot be pushed back. However, you have concerns about the appís handling of personal data and its
security safeguards. Over lunch in the break room, you start to talk to her about it, but she quickly tries to reassure you,
"Iím sure with your help we can fix any security issues if we have to, but I doubt thereíll be any. These people build
apps for a living, and they know what theyíre doing. You worry too much, but thatís why youíre so good at your job!"
Since it is too late to restructure the contract with the vendor or prevent the app from being deployed, what is the best
step for you to take next?
A. Implement a more comprehensive suite of information security controls than the one used by the vendor.
B. Ask the vendor for verifiable information about their privacy protections so weaknesses can be identified.
C. Develop security protocols for the vendor and mandate that they be deployed.
D. Insist on an audit of the vendorís privacy procedures and safeguards.
Answer: B
Question: 54
SCENARIO
Please use the following to answer the next Question:
Ben works in the IT department of IgNight, Inc., a company that designs lighting solutions for its clients. Although
IgNightís customer base consists primarily of offices in the US, some individuals have been so impressed by the
unique aesthetic and energy-saving design of the light fixtures that they have requested IgNightís installations in their
homes across the globe.
One Sunday morning, while using his work laptop to purchase tickets for an upcoming music festival, Ben happens to
notice some unusual user activity on company files. From a cursory review, all the data still appears to be where it is
meant to be but he canít shake off the feeling that something is not right. He knows that it is a possibility that this
could be a colleague performing unscheduled maintenance, but he recalls an email from his companyís security team
reminding employees to be on alert for attacks from a known group of malicious actors specifically targeting the
industry.
Ben is a diligent employee and wants to make sure that he protects the company but he does not want to bother his
hard-working colleagues on the weekend. He is going to discuss the matter with this manager first thing in the
morning but wants to be prepared so he can demonstrate his knowledge in this area and plead his case for a
promotion.
Going forward, what is the best way for IgNight to prepare its IT team to manage these kind of security events?
A. Tabletop exercises.
B. Update its data inventory.
C. IT security awareness training.
D. Share communications relating to scheduled maintenance.
Answer: A
Question: 55
What should a privacy professional keep in mind when selecting which metrics to collect?
A. Metrics should be reported to the public.
B. The number of metrics should be limited at first.
C. Metrics should reveal strategies for increasing company earnings.
D. A variety of metrics should be collected before determining their specific functions.
Answer: A
Question: 56
Rationalizing requirements in order to comply with the various privacy requirements required by applicable law and
regulation does NOT include which of the following?
A. Harmonizing shared obligations and privacy rights across varying legislation and/or regulators.
B. Implementing a solution that significantly addresses shared obligations and privacy rights.
C. Applying the strictest standard for obligations and privacy rights that doesnít violate privacy laws elsewhere.
D. Addressing requirements that fall outside the common obligations and rights (outliers) on a case-by-case basis.
Answer: C
Question: 57
SCENARIO
Please use the following to answer the next Question:
Manasa is a product manager at Omnipresent Omnimedia, where she is responsible for leading the development of the
companyís flagship product, the Handy Helper. The Handy Helper is an application that can be used in the home to
manage family calendars, do online shopping, and schedule doctor appointments. After having had a successful launch
in the United States, the Handy Helper is about to be made available for purchase worldwide.
The packaging and user guide for the Handy Helper indicate that it is a "privacy friendly" product suitable for the
whole family, including children, but does not provide any further detail or privacy notice. In order to use the
application, a family creates a single account, and the primary user has access to all information about the other users.
Upon start up, the primary user must check a box consenting to receive marketing emails from Omnipresent
Omnimedia and selected marketing partners in order to be able to use the application.
Sanjay, the head of privacy at Omnipresent Omnimedia, was working on an agreement with a European distributor of
Handy Helper when he fielded many Questions about the product from the distributor. Sanjay needed to look more
closely at the product in order to be able to answer the Questions as he was not involved in the product development
process.
In speaking with the product team, he learned that the Handy Helper collected and stored all of a userís sensitive
medical information for the medical appointment scheduler. In fact, all of the userís information is stored by Handy
Helper for the additional purpose of creating additional products and to analyze usage of the product. This data is all
stored in the cloud and is encrypted both during transmission and at rest.
Consistent with the CEOís philosophy that great new product ideas can come from anyone, all Omnipresent
Omnimedia employees have access to user data under a program called Eureka. Omnipresent Omnimedia is hoping
that at some point in the future, the data will reveal insights that could be used to create a fully automated application
that runs on artificial intelligence, but as of yet, Eureka is not well-defined and is considered a long-term goal.
What can Sanjay do to minimize the risks of offering the product in Europe?
A. Sanjay should advise the distributor that Omnipresent Omnimedia has certified to the Privacy Shield Framework
and there should be no issues.
B. Sanjay should work with Manasa to review and remediate the Handy Helper as a gating item before it is released.
C. Sanjay should document the data life cycle of the data collected by the Handy Helper.
D. Sanjay should write a privacy policy to include with the Handy Helper user guide.
Answer: C
Question: 58
SCENARIO
Please use the following to answer the next Question:
Richard McAdams recently graduated law school and decided to return to the small town of Lexington, Virginia to
help run his aging grandfatherís law practice. The elder McAdams desired a limited, lighter role in the practice, with
the hope that his grandson would eventually take over when he fully retires. In addition to hiring Richard, Mr.
McAdams employs two paralegals, an administrative assistant, and a part-time IT specialist who handles all of their
basic networking needs. He plans to hire more employees once Richard gets settled and assesses the officeís strategies
for growth.
Immediately upon arrival, Richard was amazed at the amount of work that needed to done in order to modernize the
office, mostly in regard to the handling of clientsí personal data. His first goal is to digitize all the records kept in file
cabinets, as many of the documents contain personally identifiable financial and medical data. Also, Richard has
noticed the massive amount of copying by the administrative assistant throughout the day, a practice that not only adds
daily to the number of files in the file cabinets, but may create security issues unless a formal policy is firmly in place
Richard is also concerned with the overuse of the communal copier/ printer located in plain view of clients who
frequent the building.
Yet another area of concern is the use of the same fax machine by all of the employees. Richard hopes to reduce its
use dramatically in order to ensure that personal data receives the utmost security and protection, and eventually move
toward a strict Internet faxing policy by the yearís end.
Richard expressed his concerns to his grandfather, who agreed, that updating data storage, data security, and an overall
approach to increasing the protection of personal data in all facets is necessary Mr. McAdams granted him the freedom
and authority to do so. Now Richard is not only beginning a career as an attorney, but also functioning as the privacy
officer of the small firm. Richard plans to meet with the IT employee the following day, to get insight into how the
office computer system is currently set-up and managed.
As Richard begins to research more about Data Lifecycle Management (DLM), he discovers that the law office can
lower the risk of a data breach by doing what?
A. Prioritizing the data by order of importance.
B. Minimizing the time it takes to retrieve the sensitive data.
C. Reducing the volume and the type of data that is stored in its system.
D. Increasing the number of experienced staff to code and categorize the incoming data.
Answer: C
Question: 59
SCENARIO
Please use the following to answer the next Question:
Edufox has hosted an annual convention of users of its famous e-learning software platform, and over time, it has
become a grand event. It fills one of the large downtown conference hotels and overflows into the others, with several
thousand attendees enjoying three days of presentations, panel discussions and networking. The convention is the
centerpiece of the companyís product rollout schedule and a great training opportunity for current users. The sales
force also encourages prospective clients to attend to get a better sense of the ways in which the system can be
customized to meet diverse needs and understand that when they buy into this system, they are joining a community
that feels like family.
This yearís conference is only three weeks away, and you have just heard news of a new initiative supporting it: a
smartphone app for attendees. The app will support late registration, highlight the featured presentations and provide a
mobile version of the conference program. It also links to a restaurant reservation system with the best cuisine in the
areas featured. "Itís going to be great," the developer, Deidre Hoffman, tells you, "if, that is, we actually get it
working!" She laughs nervously but explains that because of the tight time frame sheíd been given to build the app,
she outsourced the job to a local firm. "Itís just three young people," she says, "but they do great work." She describes
some of the other apps they have built. When asked how they were selected for this job, Deidre shrugs. "They do good
work, so I chose them."
Deidre is a terrific employee with a strong track record. Thatís why sheís been charged to deliver this rushed project.
Youíre sure she has the best interests of the company at heart, and you donít doubt that sheís under pressure to meet a
deadline that cannot be pushed back. However, you have concerns about the appís handling of personal data and its
security safeguards. Over lunch in the break room, you start to talk to her about it, but she quickly tries to reassure you,
"Iím sure with your help we can fix any security issues if we have to, but I doubt thereíll be any. These people build
apps for a living, and they know what theyíre doing. You worry too much, but thatís why youíre so good at your job!"
You want to point out that normal protocols have NOT been followed in this matter.
Which process in particular has been neglected?
A. Forensic inquiry.
B. Data mapping.
C. Privacy breach prevention.
D. Vendor due diligence vetting.
Answer: D
Question: 60
SCENARIO
Please use the following to answer the next question.
Itís just what you were afraid of. Without consulting you, the information technology director at your organization
launched a new initiative to encourage employees to use personal devices for conducting business. The initiative made
purchasing a new, high-specification laptop computer an attractive option, with discounted laptops paid for as a
payroll deduction spread over a year of paychecks. The organization is also paying the sales taxes. Itís a great deal,
and after a month, more than half the organizationís employees have signed on and acquired new laptops. Walking
through the facility, you see them happily customizing and comparing notes on their new computers, and at the end of
the day, most take their laptops with them, potentially carrying personal data to their homes or other unknown
locations. Itís enough to supply you data- protection nightmares, and youíve pointed out to the information technology
Director and many others in the organization the potential hazards of this new practice, including the inevitability of
eventual data loss or theft.
Today you have in your office a representative of the organizationís marketing department who shares with you,
reluctantly, a story with potentially serious consequences. The night before, straight from work, with laptop in hand, he
went to the Bull and Horn Pub to play billiards with his friends. A fine night of sport and socializing began, with the
laptop "safely" tucked on a bench, beneath his jacket. Later that night, when it was time to depart, he retrieved the
jacket, but the laptop was gone. It was not beneath the bench or on another bench nearby. The waitstaff had not seen it.
His friends were not playing a joke on him. After a sleepless night, he confirmed it this morning, stopping by the pub
to talk to the cleanup crew. They had not found it. The laptop was missing. Stolen, it seems. He looks at you,
embarrassed and upset.
You ask him if the laptop contains any personal data from clients, and, sadly, he nods his head, yes. He believes it
contains files on about 100 clients, including names, addresses and governmental identification numbers. He sighs and
places his head in his hands in despair.
From a business standpoint, what is the most productive way to view employee use of personal equipment for work-
related tasks?
A. The use of personal equipment is a cost-effective measure that leads to no greater security risks than are always
present in a modern organization.
B. Any computer or other equipment is company property whenever it is used for company business.
C. While the company may not own the equipment, it is required to protect the business-related data on any equipment
used by its employees.
D. The use of personal equipment must be reduced as it leads to inevitable security risks.
Answer: C
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26 Hidden Roku Tips and Tricks for Streaming Success

You probably want a streaming device for your TV, whether you're a cord cutter or not. Roku is a popular choice, particularly as it ramps up its own original content.

Roku devices offer plenty of variety and portability, from the budget Roku Express to the feature-packed Roku Ultra. Whichever one you have, there's more to know beyond the basics. Here's how to get more out of your streaming device.


Our Top-Rated Roku Devices


1. One List to Rule Them All

TV with detail page for House of the Dragon showing Add to Save List feature

(Credit: Roku)

You have watchlists for all of your streaming apps, which means you have to scroll and scroll when you want to find something to watch. Instead, you can save everything to one universal list with a Roku. Use the Roku OS to search for the shows and movies you want to watch, and on the details page of each, select Add to Save List. Find the list by going to the Roku home screen and selecting What to Watch.


2. Pick Up Where You Left Off

Have you ever wanted to resume watching a movie or show where you left off, but you've forgotten which streaming service it was on? Just go to the Roku Home Screen, click What to Watch, scroll to Continue Watching, and it'll be listed there.


3. Watch Free Movies and Shows on The Roku Channel

Video-streaming services¬†are great, but the majority aren't free. With¬†The Roku Channel, you can sign in and access those premium channels (including Max and Netflix)‚ÄĒbut the channel also offers free access to thousands of movies and TV episodes, if you can handle a few commercials. Roku has been adding more original content as well. Go to The Roku Channel, and scroll down to the Live TV Channel Guide for hundreds of choices. You can also watch in the Roku app, whether you have a Roku device or not: Just download it, sign in or create an account, and start streaming.


4. Search Thousands of Channels at Once

Roku search screen

(Credit: Roku)

Instead of searching every Roku channel individually to find what you want, search across them with Roku Search. Enter your search term via the Roku remote, Roku mobile app, or via voice search, and you'll see results from over 4,000 channels. Search by title, actor, or director, and you'll get a comprehensive list. Similarly, use Roku Search to compare the costs of streaming content: Type in a movie, show, or star for a list of available titles and the prices for each across channels and services.


5. Get in the Zone

roku zone screenshot

(Credit: Roku)

Roku Zones are collections of movies and shows from across channels that are organized by genre or topic. Go to search, type in a search term such as "comedy," and scroll through the zone that pops up. Roku added a Live TV Zone for quick access to live TV streaming services like Hulu, fuboTV, Philo, Sling, and YouTube TV, to name a few. 


6. Photos as Big as Life

TV displaying photo of people hanging out at night under a string of lights

(Credit: Roku)

If you want to get a closer look at your photos or share them with a group, you can add Google Photos to your Roku. Go to photostreams.roku.com, sign in (you may have to verify your email), and you'll see a link to connect to Google Photos.


7. Turn Your Phone Into a Roku Remote

Roku app on remote function

As great a device as the Roku is, navigating via the remote could be a better experience. To get around that, download the Roku Official Remote Control app (iOS, Android), and get the benefit of a keyboard, easy searching, and streaming from your phone or tablet.


8. Talk to Your Roku Remote

That said, you could always talk to your Roku directly with a Roku Voice Remote Pro, Voice Remote, or the Roku mobile app. On the remotes, press either the microphone icon and hold down as you speak your request. On the app, select the magnifying glass to get to the search page, then tap the microphone, let it go, speak your request, and tap the middle of the screen.


9. Ask Alexa or the Google Assistant

adding roku to alexa screenshots

Connecting Roku to Amazon's Alexa (Credit: PCMag/Amazon)

If you have an Amazon Echo and a Roku, ask Alexa to control your Roku. First, you'll have to link both accounts by opening the Alexa mobile app, selecting Skills & Games, and searching for Roku. When you find it, tap Enable to Use, sign in to your Roku account, and select the Roku device you want to link (or Select All if you have more than one).

Close your Roku account, and Alexa will search for the device on the Device Discovery screen. Once it's found, tap Manage, Link Devices, and select the Roku you want to connect to Alexa. Then add the Roku to a group by selecting the Devices icon. Either add it to an existing group or create a new one by tapping the plus button. In the Alexa app, tap on the Roku device, and make sure it is enabled. Then you'll be able to use commands such as, "Alexa, open Netflix on living room Roku."

You can also use Google Assistant to make voice requests. First, check that your Roku player is running Roku OS 9.0 or higher or that your Roku TV has Roku OS 8.2 or higher. Set up your Google Assistant on your Google device or app. Open the Google Assistant mobile app, tap Explore > Settings > Home Control > Add Device > Find > Roku. Sign in to your Roku account and then choose which device you want to control with Google Assistant.


10. Find That Lost Remote

speaker grille on the back of the roku remote pro

Speaker grille on the Roku Remote Pro (Credit: Will Greenwald/PCMag)

The Roku remote is easily lost in couch cushions and under coffee tables. If you've spent far too much time hunting for it, we have some solutions.

  • If you have a remote with a speaker grille, open the Roku app, tap the microphone, and say, "Hey, Roku, find my remote." The remote will emit a beeping noise.

  • If you have a Roku Ultra, long-press the button on the right side of the device, and the remote will emit a beep.

  • If the remote you've lost is the Voice Remote Pro, say, "Hey, Roku, find my remote," and it will start beeping.

  • To stop the beeping noise once you've located your remote, press any button on the remote.

To change the noise your Roku remote emits when it's lost, open the Roku app on your TV and go to Settings > Remote > Change Remote Finder Sound. To hear what it sounds like, click Preview Remote Finder Sound.


11. Make Your Roku at Home(Kit)

For iPhone and iPad owners, Roku devices support AirPlay and HomeKit, so you can send videos, photos, and music from your device to the TV and supported speakers. Set it up in the Roku menu by navigating to Settings > Apple AirPlay & HomeKit > Launch Apple AirPlay & HomeKit setup. A QR code will pop up. Scan it with your iPhone or iPad's camera and follow the instructions on your Apple device to finish setup. HomeKit, meanwhile, lets you control your Roku using Siri and the Apple Home app ("Hey Siri, play jazz on the living room TV").


12. Let Siri and Roku Chat

Three screens with Siri Shortcuts process described below

Your Roku and iPhone can work together, with Siri acting as the interpreter. The Roku iOS app has Siri Shortcuts that let you control your Roku with your voice. Open the app on your phone, tap the account icon at the top right, and select Siri Shortcuts. You can turn on the ability to open the Roku remote, play or pause Roku, search Roku, and turn a Roku on and off for certain models. Click on each option to keep the suggested phrasing or come up with your own commands.


13. Roku Screen Mirroring

With AirPlay enabled, you can mirror your iPhone or iPad screen via the Control Center to Roku, though most Roku devices support screen mirroring from Android and Windows devices too. To hook it up, press the Home button on your Roku remote, then go to Settings > System > Screen Mirroring. You’ll have the option to choose between Prompt or Always Allow.


14. Practice Casting

If you prefer Google's Cast technology, you can send music, videos, and photos from mobile devices to most Roku-connected devices easily as long as both are connected to the same Wi-Fi network. Open the content you want to share on the device, and look for the cast icon. Click it, and you should see all available Roku devices pop up in a menu.


15. Automatic Volume Leveling

How many times have you been lulled into somnolence by a show only to be jolted awake by a commercial? On most Roku models, you can turn on Leveling, so a commercial or a channel change doesn't result in a spike in volume. You can also choose to have soft sounds increased and loud sounds decreased with Night mode.

Turn on the feature either from Settings, if you have a Streambar or Smart Soundbar, or while streaming with other Roku devices. For Streambars and Soundbars, press the Home button on the remote and go to Settings > Audio > Volume Modes. For other devices, press the star button on the remote and navigate to Sound Settings > Volume Mode.


16. Use Roku Private Listening

Roku Voice Remote Pro with wired earbuds plugged in

Roku Voice Remote Pro (Credit: Roku)

When you want to watch something on your Roku without disturbing those around you, use Private Listening. The Roku Voice Remote Pro, Enhanced Voice Remote, and Gaming Remote include built-in headphone jacks; just plug in and keep watching. Or download the Roku mobile app, connect your headphones to your device, and tap the headphones icon.


17. Save That Screen

roku screensaver options

(Credit: Roku)

Maybe you paused whatever you're watching and walked out of the room. Or you fell asleep, and now the Roku logo is bouncing around your screen like the flying toasters of yore. supply yourself something nicer to look at with Roku's screensavers. Click the Home button on your remote, then go to Settings > Theme > Screensavers.

Recommended by Our Editors


18. Get Your Game On

Roku games

(Credit: Roku)

It's not a Nintendo Switch, but your Roku is still in the game. Hit the Home button, go to Streaming Channels > Games, and you can go retro with Snake or go on a sugar-fueled rampage in Candy Bear. The Roku Enhanced Gaming Remote with Voice Search supports motion-control gaming.


19. Move the Apps on Your Roku Home Screen

Roku displays channels in the order in which you add them, but you can move them around. Find the app you want to move, press the star button on your Roku remote, and select "Move channel" from the pop-up menu. Use the directional pad to move it to the desired location.


20. Say What?

Roku remote with replay button circled

(Credit: Roku)

If you missed those last few lines in a show or movie, there's a quick way to catch up. Set up instant replay by going to Settings > Accessibility > Captions Mode and selecting On Replay. Then, when you hit the Instant Replay button on the remote, you'll also get the text on the screen.


21. Stream Your Own Stuff Via Plex

family sitting on a couch navigating the plex interface on a TV

(Credit: Plex)

Though Roku offers a ton of different channels and things to watch, you'll probably still want to access your locally stored content on your TV. Sign up for Plex Pass ($4.99 per month, $39.99 per year, $119.99 for a lifetime), and you can. Plex organizes your scattered content and lets you watch it from tablets, TVs, phones, and more; you can record and watch live broadcast TV, too.

Download the Plex app. Then install the Plex channel on your Roku, launch it, then go to plex.tv/pin. Log in and enter the code from the Roku Plex channel on the website.


22. Tap Into Live TV Streaming Services

Cable Alternative or Streaming Channels > Watch With Cable

(Credit: Roku)

New live TV services are popping up regularly to meet your sports and Hallmark movie needs. To see what's on offer, click the Home button on your remote, and go to Streaming Channels > Cable Alternative to log into services including Sling and Hulu, or go to Streaming Channels > Watch With Cable to log in with a pay TV provider, such as Comcast or Spectrum. You can also go to the Roku Channel, scroll down to the Live TV Channel Guide, and flip through hundreds of channels without paying for any of them. That includes NewsOn, which streams local news broadcasts from outlets nationwide.


23. Show Your Team Spirit

screen for a Maryland Terrapins vs. Ohio State Buckeyes game

(Credit: Roku)

You can follow your favorite sports teams on Roku by going to the Home screen on your device, scrolling down to Sports, doing a search for an upcoming game, going to that page, and then selecting the heart icon next to your team's name. That will create a My Favorites row under Sports with all upcoming games.


24. Cloud DVRs

A number of live TV streaming services offer cloud DVR, meaning you can record live TV and access your shows later via the service's Roku app.

  • If you have an antenna to watch live TV, you can record it with a device like the¬†Tablo TV. Set it up, download the¬†app to your Roku, and you can watch, pause, and record.

  • YouTube TV subscriptions come with a cloud DVR that holds an unlimited number of hours of programming for nine months.

  • Sling TV¬†customers get 50 hours of free DVR storage. Upgrade to DVR Plus for 200 hours of storage starting at $5 per month.

  • DirecTV Stream comes with¬†a cloud DVR that holds 20 hours of content for nine months.

  • Included with Hulu with Live TV is the ability to¬†record¬†unlimited¬†live news, sports, shows, movies and events, which are saved for up to nine months.

  • Philo¬†subscribers can save anything that streams to the¬†service's included DVR¬†for a year.

  • fuboTV provides subscribers with a DVR function that can be set even partway through a show's airing to capture the entire thing. How much is stored depends on your plan.


25. Be Our Guest

roku guest mode

(Credit: Roku)

Your guests can make themselves at home by accessing their Roku settings without disturbing yours. All you have to do is enable Guest Mode (previously Auto Sign Out Mode). Go to my.roku.com/account/PIN, set up a PIN, and then press the Home button on the Roku remote. Go to Settings > System > Guest Mode > Enter Guest Mode. Then enter your PIN and select OK. When guests come to stay, direct them to the Roku guide on using Guest Mode


26. Stay Up to Date

To get the most out of your Roku, you should install the latest software version. The device generally handles this on its own, but if you've recently added a channel, or your Roku has been disconnected for a while, you might have missed an update. In that case, you can update manually by going to Settings > System > System Update.

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Wed, 27 Dec 2023 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.pcmag.com/how-to/hidden-roku-tricks-for-streaming-success
22 Google Maps Tricks You Need to Try

Google Maps has changed how we navigate the world. Its desktop and mobile apps have become more than just a way to get from point A to B via car, public transportation, or on foot: The ubiquitous Google service is also a geospatial search engine for the world around us.

Google continues to revamp and Boost its map product, but there are a ton of customizable tools and hidden functions already baked into Google Maps that you may not know about, such as Incognito Mode. Check out our tips for how to maximize your Google Maps power.


1. We're Doing It Live

screenshots of Search with Live View in Paris

Search with Live View (Credit: Google)

You can get an AR view of the street you're on, if that street is in Amsterdam, Dublin, Florence, London, Los Angeles, New York, Paris, San Francisco, Tokyo, or Venice. Open Maps, click the camera icon at the top, and hold your phone up to scan your location. You'll get an overlay of all the places you'd see on Maps, so you can easily find restaurants, shops, and more.

Meanwhile, Immersive View for routes, which rolled out in October, gives you a bird's-eye view of your route complete with 3D imagery along the way, whether you're walking, cycling, or driving. Look for it in select cities, including Amsterdam, London, New York, and Tokyo.


2. Inside Access

Google Maps zoomed in to Directory tab on JFK

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Google Maps isn't just for the great outdoors. You can navigate through malls, airports, and other big buildings by finding the location in Maps, clicking on it, then scrolling to Directory. You'll never get lost looking for a Cinnabon again. This feature is available in over 10,000 locations worldwide.

three screens showing how to use Live view

Navigating with indoor Live View (Credit: Google)

Some places even support Live View inside, where animated arrows will guide you around airports, train stations, and malls. It launched in 2021 in the US, Zurich, and Tokyo, and in early 2023, it announced plans to expand to more than 1,000 new locations in Barcelona, Berlin, Frankfurt, London, Madrid, Melbourne, Paris, Prague, S√£o Paulo, Singapore, Sydney, and Taipei. Just lift your phone up in a supported region to jump into Live View.


3. Plot Multiple Locations on Google Maps

file path for plotting Multiple Locations on Google Maps

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Rarely do car trips consist of going from point A to B; more often, they are something like A-to-café-to-library-to-Joe's-house-to-B. Thankfully, Google makes it possible to anticipate real trips. To add multiple destinations in the Google Maps mobile app, enter your starting point and your ultimate destination, and then click the three-dot menu in the top-right corner. This prompts a pop-over menu with the option to "Add stop." Click that, and you can create a route with multiple stops. You can even drag and drop stops within your itinerary. (Note that this doesn't work when you're using the mass-transit option.)


4. Customize Your Vehicle Icon

screenshots of changing the car icon that shows up in the google maps app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

When you're driving, Google lets you choose what kind of car shows up on your navigation in the iOS and Android apps. In the app, plug in your destination and start up driving directions. Tap the icon that shows your current location, and a pop-up menu appears with several car-icon options: a sedan, a pickup truck, or an SUV.


5. 'Hey Google, Where Am I Going?'

google assistant prompts in the google maps app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

You might want to interact with Maps while you're driving, but you don't want to take your eyes off the road. With "OK Google" voice commands in the Google Maps Android app, you don't have to. For example, if you notice you're running low on gas, say "OK Google, find gas stations," and it will show gas stations on the map (which you can look at when you've come to a red light or pulled over). You can also ask questions like "What's my next turn?", "What's my ETA?", and "How's traffic ahead?" On Android, set up Google Assistant, and you're good to go. (You'll need a phone running Android Version 9.0 or higher with 4GB RAM or more.) On iOS (pictured above), tap the microphone icon at the top-right, then ask your questions via voice.


6. Access Google Maps Offline

screenshot of the download option in the Google Maps mobile app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Today, Maps is¬†most¬†useful on mobile, which brings up a problem: When you're in need of Maps, you may find yourself somewhere with limited (or‚ÄĒgasp‚ÄĒnonexistent) coverage. To help, Google Maps supports offline access. Type in an address or area, swipe up on the menu at the bottom of the screen, tap the ellipsis icon on the top right, and select Download offline map. If you have enough storage on your device, the map in question will be saved. To access it later, tap your avatar > Offline maps, and you can then get information about businesses in the region and turn-by-turn directions within the downloaded section.


7. Get Your Groceries

Get Your Groceries

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google has incorporated grocery ordering and pickup functionality into Maps for select brands. Things kicked off a few years ago amid the boom in curbside pickup during the pandemic. That's still an option; in early 2023, Google touted the improvements it's made to the ETA function inside Google Maps for Kroger pickups. But grocery stores can also add a Place an order option to their Maps business profiles. In addition to Kroger stores (which also includes Fry's, Ralphs, and Marianos), it's also available for Albertson's and Fred Meyer locations.


8. Let Other People Drive

screenshot of Lyft options within the Google Maps app and then in the Lyft app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Ride-sharing services are a big part of the modern transportation mix, so Google added ride options from companies such as Lyft (sorry, no more Uber) to its mobile app. Once you enter your destination, tap the little figure attempting to hail a taxi or the mass-transit option. You'll then be presented with nearby rideshare options, along with the estimated time of arrival and fare. Tap Open App to book your ride.


9. Find Accessible Transit Routes and Locations

screenshot of accessibility file paths in google maps

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Those with mobility issues can search for wheelchair-accessible transit routes by tapping Options > Wheelchair Accessible when looking for train or bus directions. When you get to your destination, meanwhile, the Accessible Places setting offers up wheelchair-accessibility information about that location.

Turn it on via Settings > Accessibility > Accessible Places. "When Accessible Places is switched on, a wheelchair icon will indicate an accessible entrance, and you’ll be able to see if a place has accessible seating, restrooms, or parking," Google says. "If it’s confirmed that a place does not have an accessible entrance, we’ll show that information on Maps as well."


10. Change The Font Size

Change The Font Size screenshots

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

If the words on Google Maps are too small to read, make them bigger.

On an iPhone, make sure you have iOS 15 or higher via Settings > General > About. Then go to Settings > Control Center. Under More Controls, you'll see Text Size. Tap the green plus icon on the left, which moves it to the top under Included Controls. Now, open Google Maps and swipe down from the upper right where you see the battery icon. Tap on the Text Size button (an icon of a small A next to a large A). On the bottom, select whether you want to increase the font size on just Google Maps or across all apps. You can then increase the font size with the white bars. Close out of Control Center and your font adjustments should update automatically.

On an Android, you can change the size of the font or display but this is going to be a universal change across all of the device's apps. Open Settings, then select Accessibility. You can make words larger by tapping Font Size and then setting your preferred letter size or change the display size by tapping Display Size and then setting your preferred icon size.


11. Remember Where You Parked

dropping an 'i parked here' pin in google maps

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Remember when the Seinfeld gang spent the whole half hour wandering around a parking garage looking for their parked car? That episode (along with many others) would not work in 2024, thanks to Google Maps.

At your destination, tap the blue location dot, and select Save parking, which adds a label to the Maps app identifying where you parked. On Android, tap that to add details such as the parking garage level and spot or the amount of time left before a meter expires. You can also set meter reminders, add a photo of where you parked, and send your parking location to friends.

To find it later, tap the search bar at the top, and select Parking location (Android) or Saved parking (iOS). Or tap the Driving arrow below, and look for Saved parking on iOS. Google will automatically delete the parking reminder after 8 hours, though you can manually get rid of it by tapping You parked here on the map and selecting Clear (iOS) or More info > Clear (Android).


12. What's the Parking Sitch?

google maps labels about whether parking is busy or not

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google Maps can provide turn-by-turn directions based on live-ish traffic data, but it can also provide you with a glimpse of the parking situation. When you search for driving directions to a location on iOS or Android, you might see a P logo at the bottom of the screen along with one of three designations: limited, medium, and easy (plus On-site for retailers with large parking lots). This can help you decide how much time you'll need to allocate for parking or even whether another form of transportation would be a better option.


13. Share Your Location

Share Your Location on ios

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Google Maps lets you share your current location with people for specified periods of time. When you share your location with a certain contact, they'll see your icon moving in real time on their map. On mobile, tap your profile icon on the top right, and select Location sharing. Then choose with whom you want to share and for how long. (You may need to first allow notifications from Google Maps in your phone's settings menu.)


14. View (and Delete) Your Google Maps History

screenshot of the settings in the ios mobile app for deleting google maps history

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Google maintains a very detailed record of your digital activities. If you'd rather it lose your Maps data, you can erase it on desktop or mobile. On a desktop, go to maps.google.com. Click the hamburger menu, and select Your data in Maps. You'll end up on a page titled Google-wide Controls, where you can go to Location History > See & delete activity. You'll see a map with a timeline of your activity. On the bottom-right of the map, click the trashcan icon to delete all your location history permanently.

As of December 2023, the first time you turn on location history, Google will default you to auto-delete your history every three months. To adjust that, navigate to myactivity.google.com. Click Location History > Choose an auto-delete option, and choose how often Google will delete your data (every 3, 18, or 36 months) or turn auto-delete off completely.

Recommended by Our Editors

On mobile, go to Settings > Maps History, which will bring you to a Maps Activity page. Look for the Delete drop-down menu, where you can opt to delete your history from today, all time, or a custom range. Tap Auto-delete to select a timeframe for when Google will automatically delete Maps data


15. Go Incognito

incognito mode inside the google maps ios app

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

For a quick way to poke around Google Maps without leaving any obvious footprints, go Incognito. Google Maps won't save your browser or search history in your account or send notifications. Your searches and movements won't be added to location history or shared location. And Google won't use your activity while you're in Incognito Mode to personalize Maps. This mode has advantages when you want to peep a location without having it tangled up with your search history, but just as on web browsers, it doesn't make you invisible. To turn the mode on, tap your avatar and select Turn on Incognito mode; the Incognito icon appears in the search bar. Tap it and select Turn off Incognito mode to switch it off.


16. Time Travel With Google Maps

screenshot of the time travel feature in google maps on ios

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Street View has amassed a huge collection of street imagery over the years. In 2014, Google introduced Time Travel, a way for users to see how Street View has changed over time. And in 2022, it expanded from the desktop to mobile. To look back at a particular address, enter Street View and tap anywhere on the screen. At the bottom, tap See more dates. Where available, this should produce a series of photos. Scroll through and select the date you want to see.


17. Add Some Music

screenshot of music settings in google maps

If you've always got Google Maps navigation open while you're driving (or walking), you can add music to your trip without leaving the app. Sync music apps such as Spotify or Apple Music by opening the menu and navigating to Settings. On iOS, tap Navigation > Music playback controls to connect Apple Music or Spotify. On Android, tap Navigation settings > Assistant default media provider, where you can link a number of music-streaming services, including YouTube Music, Spotify, Apple Music, iHeartRadio, Pandora, and Deezer. Once you do, a pop-up to your app of choice should appear as you're driving for a quick tap to get your music started. Be sure to create your playlists beforehand so you can keep your eyes on the road!


18. Find Electric-Vehicle Charging Stations

screenshot showing how to search for EV charging stations on Google Maps

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

More and more electric vehicles (EVs) are taking to the road, and Google Maps is adapting. You can search "EV charging" or "EV charging station" in Google Maps, and it suggests the best station for you based on traffic conditions, your charge level, and the expected energy consumption. You can filter by types of plugs, and if you're in a rush, you can select Fast Charge to find the charging stations with the most voltage. If you use Android Auto in an EV, meanwhile, it will no longer show gas stations.


19. Request Fuel-Efficient Routes

fuel efficiency settings in google maps

(Credit: Google/PCMag)

Want to make sure that next road trip is fuel-efficient? Turn on this setting in Google Maps and the app will prioritize fuel- or energy-efficiency over other factors like real-time traffic and road conditions. "So besides showing you the fastest route, it will also show you the most efficient one, even if they aren't the same," Google says.

Go to Settings > Navigation / Navigation settings and toggle Prefer fuel-efficient routes to on. Here, you can also tell Google Maps your engine type: gas, diesel, electric, or hybrid. Google will then serve up routes based on that engine type to help you save fuel.


20. Find Safe Drug-Disposal Locations

Find Safe Drug Disposal Locations

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google Maps is doing its part to fight the opioid crisis with a search tool to help users find safe drug-disposal locations. Type "drug disposal" into the search bar to pull up pharmacies, medical centers, and local authority locations where you can safely dispose of excess pills.


21. Share Your Favorite Places

screenshots of creating a list and sharing that list within the google maps ios app

(Credit: PCMag/Google)

Google Maps lets you share some of your favorite places with a friend. Just tap the share icon on the location's Google Maps card to send it to them via text, email, or your app of choice. Save favorite places by tapping the Save icon; they then show up in the Saved option in the menu bar.

If you want to share more than one favorite location, you can create a Pinterest-like list within Google Maps. When you save a favorite place, tap New List to create a collection (like "Thai restaurants in Brooklyn") or add it to an existing collection. You'll find them in the Saved tab under Your lists; tap the three-dot menu and then Share List to send a link to friends.


22. Become (or Consult) a Local Guide

Think you know your neighborhood better than Google's algorithm? Then consider becoming a¬†Local Guide. Although anyone can leave reviews and tips in Google Maps, being a Local Guides allows you to earn points for leaving more insights and data, which‚ÄĒas you go up the ladder‚ÄĒcan result in "rewards and early access to new features," Google says.

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Sat, 30 Dec 2023 10:01:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.pcmag.com/how-to/google-maps-tips-tricks
Information Security Vs. Cybersecurity: What’s The Difference?

Editorial Note: We earn a commission from partner links on Forbes Advisor. Commissions do not affect our editors' opinions or evaluations.

It’s easy to confuse information security and cybersecurity, as the two areas overlap in many ways. In fact, cybersecurity is a subset of information security. However, the fields are not quite the same, with each featuring distinct specialties and requiring different skill sets.

Read on to learn more about the similarities and differences between information security and cybersecurity.

Information Security vs. Cybersecurity

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recognizes information security and cybersecurity as separate career areas. That said, there is certainly an overlap between the two. Below are the key definitions and distinctions of each.

What Is Information Security?

To some degree, nearly everyone wants their personal information to be secure, meaning it can only be accessed and used by authorized individuals. This is the goal of information security (infosec).

Infosec involves the protection of information and information systems against unauthorized use. The field aims to provide availability, integrity and confidentiality.

One way to understand infosec as compared to cybersecurity is to view the field as an umbrella term that includes all data, not just data stored within cyberspace. This demonstrates how cybersecurity is a type of information security, but the two fields are not identical.

Information security teams create and implement policies and systems to protect information. For large organizations, strict security systems are required to protect customers.

What Is Cybersecurity?

Living in the 21st century means much of data is stored in computer systems and networks. This is the case for nearly every industry, and the information must be protected to a high degree. Information security professionals with a cybersecurity focus are responsible for securing this data.

NIST defines cybersecurity as protecting, preventing damage to and restoring electronic communications services and systems. This includes the information stored in these systems, which cybersecurity professionals work to protect.

Cybersecurity covers everything that has to do with electronic systems and communications. Within the field of cybersecurity are subcategories that entail further specialization. These include cloud, network, and critical infrastructure security.

The Biggest Differences

Confusion between information security and cybersecurity can occur since much of the information we want to store, protect and transmit exists in cyberspace. While cybersecurity is a part of information security, certain aspects of information security are not included within the realm of cybersecurity.

Information security is an overarching term for creating and maintaining systems and policies to protect any information‚ÄĒdigital, physical or intellectual, not just data in cyberspace.

An information security expert may develop the means of data access by authorized individuals or establish security measures to keep information safe. Cybersecurity, on the other hand, focuses on protecting information from cyberattacks such as ransomware and spyware.

How Information Security and Cybersecurity Overlap

Information security and cybersecurity overlap in many ways. In addition to having similar security practices, these fields also require similar education and skills.

Shared Security Practices

The most significant overlap between infosec and cybersecurity is that they use the CIA (confidentiality, integrity and availability of information) triad model to develop security policies.

The first of the triad is confidentiality, ensuring that information is only accessed and modifiable by authorized users. From a consumer perspective, for example, we expect online retailers to store and protect our data such as credit card information, home addresses and other personal information.

Second, the integrity of information ensures that it has not been tampered with and is entirely reliable. Continuing with the online retailer example, the data transmitted between the retailer and your bank must be secure. Otherwise, there may be a discrepancy between the genuine cost of your goods and the amount you paid.

Finally, availability of information means that the data is available when you need it. For example, if you need to know how much money you have in your bank account, you must be able to access that information.

Related Education and Skills

At a minimum, many careers in infosec and cybersecurity require a bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, computer science, information technology or a related field. These degrees prepare you with foundational knowledge and skills to help you land a job as an analyst, engineer, specialist or tester.

These careers also call for familiarity with technologies such as database user interface and query software, network monitoring software, virus protection and web platform development.

Common Careers

Many information security and cybersecurity careers use similar or interchangeable language in their job descriptions. This is because employers often want infosec professionals with a broad array of security skills, including those in cybersecurity.

We reference salary data from Payscale in this section.

Information Security Roles

Information Security Analyst

  • Career Overview: With so much of our valuable information stored on computers, information security analysts often perform similar tasks to cybersecurity analysts. These professionals are responsible for planning, implementing, upgrading and monitoring security measures to protect computer networks and information. They may also create and share reports about security metrics and data breaches.
  • Average Annual Salary: Over $77,000, according to Payscale

Information Security Specialist

  • Career Overview: An information security specialist‚Äôs role is similar to that of an information security analyst. While day-to-day duties may vary depending on the specific position, these professionals are part of teams that develop and implement information risk management frameworks, standards and policies. They also participate in risk assessments and assist users in accessing databases.
  • Average Annual Salary: Around $81,000, according to Payscale

IT Security Consultant

  • Career Overview: As an IT security consultant, you use your infosec experience to assess and recommend improvements to an organization‚Äôs information security. Your responsibilities may include supporting, implementing and following up on data privacy improvements, identity access management systems, cybersecurity management and operations.
  • Average Annual Salary: Over $87,000, according to Payscale

Cybersecurity Roles

Cybersecurity Analyst

  • Career Overview: Cybersecurity analysts focus on protecting data from cyberattacks. These professionals perform threat and incident detection and respond to data breaches. Depending on the employer, cybersecurity analysts may develop cybersecurity awareness training and forensic analysis of information systems.
  • Average Annual Salary: Around $81,000, according to Payscale

Cybersecurity Engineer

  • Career Overview: A cybersecurity engineer‚Äôs role is expansive, overseeing the development of cybersecurity procedures and policies. This job includes building and maintaining firewalls to ensure secure transmission of information, developing security controls to protect digital files and monitoring and responding to security breaches. If you‚Äôre wondering how to become a cybersecurity engineer, start with a bachelor‚Äôs degree or cybersecurity bootcamp.
  • Average Annual Salary: Around $102,000, according to Payscale

Penetration Tester

  • Career Overview: Penetration testers hackers with good intentions whose efforts Boost information protection practices. Through simulated internal and external cyberattacks, these professionals breach and exploit systems and gain access to sensitive information to identify vulnerabilities. They then design and suggest security solutions to address said vulnerabilities. Pen testers also find system weaknesses and suggest improvements to bolster defenses against malicious attacks.
  • Average Annual Salary: Around $93,000, according to Payscale

Frequently Asked Questions About Information Security vs. Cybersecurity

Is there a difference between cybersecurity and information security?

Yes. Cybersecurity focuses entirely on computer and web-related security. In contrast, information security covers all forms of securing information. Cybersecurity is a type of information security.

Is cybersecurity a subset of information security?

Yes. Information security involves the protection of data across all mediums, and cybersecurity hones in on the protection of data stored in cyberspace.

Mon, 01 Jan 2024 15:37:00 -0600 Brandon Galarita en-US text/html https://www.forbes.com/advisor/education/information-security-vs-cyber-security/
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Wed, 03 Jan 2024 10:00:00 -0600 en text/html https://www.sciencedaily.com/news/computers_math/information_technology/
5 Apple Storage Tricks That Will Keep Your Honeycrisps ‚ÄėCrisp‚Äô All Season Long, From a Food Scientist No result found, try new keyword!‚Äú [Apples] need to be washed, peeled, and cored to prep for freezing,‚ÄĚ Dr. Sims shares, estimating that they can stay fresh this way for up to eight months. Salmonella Campylobacter ... Mon, 06 Nov 2023 23:00:48 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Control Tricks For Tailsitters

An RC VTOL aircraft always makes for a compelling project, but ensuring the transition between hover and forward flight can be quite challenging. In the video after the break, [Nicholas Rehm] demystifies of the flight control algorithm required for a VTOL tailsitter.

Tailsitters are one of the simplest VTOL arrangements, the testbed here being a simple foam KF airfoil wing with two motors and two servo-controlled elevons. As with almost all his projects [Nicholas], uses of his open-source dRehmFlight flight controller to demonstrate the practical implementation of the control algorithm.

Three major factors that need to be simultaneously taken into account when transitioning a tailsitter VTOL. First off, yaw becomes roll, and vice versa. This implies that in hover mode, elevons have to move in opposite directions to control yaw; however, this same action will make it roll in forward flight. The same applies for differential thrust from motors ‚ÄĒ it controls roll in hover and yaw in forward flight. Nevertheless, this change of control scheme only works if the flight controller also alters its reference frame for ‚Äúlevel‚ÄĚ flight (i.e., flips forward 90¬į). As [Nicholas] demonstrates, failing to do so results in a quick and chaotic encounter with the ground.

With these adjustments made, the aircraft can transition to forward flight but will oscillate pitch-wise as it overcorrects while trying to maintain stable flight; this is due to PID gains ‚Äď 3rd factor. The deflection required by control surfaces is much more aggressive during hover mode; thus PID gains need to be reduced during forward flight. A final improvement involves adding a brief delay when switching modes for smoother rotation.

For more interesting VTOL configurations, check out [Tom Stanton]’s RC V-22 Osprey, and this solar recharging trimotor

Fri, 06 Oct 2023 17:07:00 -0500 Danie Conradie en-US text/html https://hackaday.com/2023/10/07/control-tricks-for-tailsitters/
Information Security Analyst No result found, try new keyword!Information security analysts are responsible for protecting information in an organization‚Äôs computer systems from data breaches and cyberattacks. Since lots of sensitive data is stored ... Wed, 24 May 2023 04:00:00 -0500 https://money.usnews.com/careers/best-jobs/information-security-analyst These Tricks for Softening Butter Actually Work No result found, try new keyword!Don't worry, because we're here to help with some quick and easy tricks for softening butter. But first‚ÄĒwhy exactly do you need to know how to soften butter? If your butter is too cold ... Thu, 21 Dec 2023 08:32:00 -0600 en-us text/html https://www.msn.com/ Visitor Information Welcome to Purdue! There are so many ways to explore our campus, you can visit us in-person, or check us out online,¬†the¬†option is yours! As you begin to learn more about Purdue University, you will discover how we are working to deliver our students a world-class education and the added value you can receive by becoming a Boilermaker.¬†

This website will provide you with answers to many common visit-related questions and needs. From campus activities and sights to see, to our time zone and directions to campus, this is the central hub for all visitor related information. Thanks for stopping by, look around for a while.

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