The Guild of Medical Laboratory Directors has been urged to ensure quality, accurate and timely laboratory test results.
The Managing Director/Chief Executive Officer, Peak Medical Laboratory, Manason Garkuwa, made the urge at the GMLD’s 24th Scientific Conference and Annual General Meeting held in Abuja on Tuesday.
The theme of the conference is ‘Genomic revolution in healthcare industry: The untapped gold mine for investors and private sectors.’
Garkuwa said, “The practice of medical laboratory can be appreciated when those of us in private practice optimally with good quality. Quality in the laboratory has three characteristics – reliability, accuracy, and timely.
“The best people who can express timely test results is the private sector. What the public knows is how timely they can get their results.
“Your primary job is service, not just to make money because the love of money is making us compromise our services.
“We have a duty to change this mentality and only those of us in private practice can show that we are people of integrity. I hope we will move from the state of emphasising money but look for knowledge and skills, and money will follow you.”
Also speaking, the National President, GMLD, Dr. Elochukwu Adibo said the objective of the GMLD is to promote the maintenance of high professional and ethical standards in private medical laboratory practice.
“We ensure that medical laboratory test results are of the highest reliability and apply a quality management system while assisting regulatory authorities to uphold these standards,” Adibo said.
All rights reserved. This material, and other digital content on this website, may not be reproduced, published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or in part without prior express written permission from PUNCH.
So-called ‘gay tests’ have been used by anti-gay governments and authorities to inflict immense physiological and physical trauma to victims for decades. From Egypt to Uzbekistan, Uganda to Saudi Arabia, forced anal tests are persecuting gay men in more than a dozen countries around the world – all with either the explicit or implicit support of governments.
In countries where same-sex sexual activity is outlawed, law enforcement officials have been documented forcing men accused of consensual same-sex relations to undergo invasive and degrading forced anal examinations. The flawed ‘evidence’ from these unscientific tests is then used by legal authorities to convict people of homosexual conduct.
“Forced anal tests are tantamount to rape,” Peter Tatchell, Director of the Peter Tatchell Foundation and human rights campaigner, told LGBTQ Nation. “They often inflict pain and are a form of torture: an inhuman and degrading ill-treatment. These probes are not an accurate diagnosis of homosexuality, since many gay men do not have anal sex and some straight men have relaxed anal sphincters.”
While human rights groups are working to end this practice, it’s an uphill battle.
“Countries that use anal tests are mostly highly repressive homophobic regimes that ignore human rights and international pressure,” adds Tatchell.
Victims of this practice not only face long-term physiological injury from undergoing a nonconsensual anal test, but the physical harm can be equally as damaging. While the test itself can be performed in a number of ways, it is typically conducted by either a medical professional or police officer who examines a suspect’s rectum.
In 2016, news outlets reported a gay asylum seeker from Syria was arrested in Lebanon and held at Rehanieh military police station in the country.
“He was tortured into confessing his sexual orientation, and was subjected to an improvised anal examination by means of a rod being painfully inserted into his rectum,” says Lucas Ramón Mendos, Research Coordinator at International Lesbian, Gay, Trans and Intersex Association (ILGA World).
“Scars or a “conical” rectal cavity is often wrongly assumed to be evidence of regular and repeated anal intercourse,” explains Mendos.
There are a number of cases where victims of rape or other crimes are re-traumatized by anal exams after law enforcement officials arrest a rape victim, rather than the alleged rapist, due to the victim having a suspected history of anal intercourse.
A report called “Our Identities under Arrest” published by ILGA World late last year found in at least 7 countries in Africa (Cameroon, Egypt, Kenya, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, and Zambia) and 5 in Asia (Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates and Uzbekistan), that governments use forced anal examinations to “prove” anal intercourse.
As Mendos notes, these are only the countries where documented cases had been discovered, with it being likely that many more unreported cases of this practice exist but have not been discovered due to police and government suppression.
Local LGBTQ advocacy groups are actively engaging with medical organizations, law enforcement groups, and legal associations to put an end to this invasive practice. Despite the clear challenges of fighting for gay rights in countries where same-sex relations are punishable by imprisonment or even death, activists have found some success in a handful of nations, including Kenya, Lebanon and Tunisia.
Tunisia has a long history of allowing anal tests, with a 2015 case of a man being sentenced to a year in prison after being forced to undergo an examination leading to the National Council of Tunisian Physicians condemning the use of non-consensual anal examinations.
In 2017, Tunisia formally accepted a recommendation to end forced anal exams. However, at the time Tunisia stated: “Medical examinations will be conducted based on the consent of the person and in the presence of a medical expert”.
In 2020, a judge in Tunisia sentenced two men suspected of being gay to prison after they refused to provide consent for an anal examination, ruling that their refusal constituted “sufficient evidence” that the “crime” of same-sex sexual activity had been committed, says Mendos.
“Since then, several examples have been documented of police and courts interpreting suspects’ refusals to undergo the exams voluntarily as evidence that they are attempting to hide their guilt,” adds Mendos.
In some nations, the use of forced anal exams is sporadic and not routine, with its deployment depending on the whim of law enforcement officers. Egypt holds the distinction of systematically subjecting LGBTQ people to forced anal exams, according to Human Rights Watch research.
“In terms of countries where we still have ongoing evidence of forced anal exams, I would say Egypt is at the top and it is built into the way that the criminal justice system handles cases of debauchery,” explains Neela Ghoshal, Senior Director of Law, Policy & Research at OutRight Action International.
Unlike the decriminalization of same-sex conduct, achieving an end to forced anal exams doesn’t require parliamentary action.
“It’s not something subject to the same kind of political winds as decriminalization because it can be achieved through regulation,” explains Ghoshal. “The approach is ‘how can we get a Ministry of Health order or an order from the Ministry of Justice calling for an end to these exams’.”
No reputable medical organization supports the use of forced anal exams. The World Medical Organization called on doctors to stop conducting these tests and urged national medical associations to educate health professionals about the “unscientific and futile nature of forced anal exams and the fact that they are a form of torture or cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment.”
Dozens of other medical groups have issued similar statements supporting the medical consensus that these forced examinations are based on outdated pseudoscience and cause immense damage to victims.
Yet many doctors who carry out forced anal exams do not do so because they believe it is an effective or accurate test but rather due to external pressure.
“In almost all cases, [doctors] do feel as if they are being forced to conduct the exams because police or prosecutors come to them requesting, or in some cases with a court order, that they conduct the exam,” says Ghoshal.
Of the doctors Ghoshal has interviewed who have conducted these exams, she found many who were adamantly opposed to these exams and knew that scientifically they didn’t show anything of value and also recognized they were causing harm.
“We had a Lebanese doctor, for instance, who had conducted these exams and was then willing to go on video and publicly denounced them and say, “I have done this, this is a horrible thing for a doctor to participate in and these exams are useless.”
Some doctors, however, firmly stood by the exams.
“I had the impression that they, in some cases, got some sadistic pleasure out of humiliating gay people by conducting the exams,” concludes Ghoshal.
A Dunedin doctor struck off after admitting a sexual relationship with a patient has had a small win after the Health Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal reconsidered its penalty decision against him.
Dr Paul Charles Bennett, a former director of Broadway Medical Centre, had his registration cancelled and a range of other sanctions imposed after entering into the inappropriate relationship and initially attempting to mislead the Medical Council about the nature of the relationship.
Bennett appealed to the High Court, unsuccessfully, for the tribunal's decision to cancel his registration and to refuse him name suppression to be overturned.
However, as part of his decision, Justice Rob Osborne did note that one of the conditions which the tribunal had imposed on Bennett should he ever return to practising medicine appeared to be outside its powers under the Health Practitioners Competence Assurance and asked the tribunal to reconsider the issue.
The tribunal, in line with the penalties sought by the Medical Council's professional conduct committee, had imposed a three-year period on Bennett during which, if he was practising, he had to comply with any requirements asked of him, by the council's registrar, at his own expense.
In a minute released yesterday, both the council and tribunal accepted that imposing the three-year order was beyond the tribunal's powers.
As the council had imposed two other conditions, which Bennett did not appeal, it did not seek any further orders to be put in place, a stance the tribunal agreed with.
As well as being de-registered, Bennett was asked to contribute $30,000 to the cost of the proceedings against him.
If he sought to practice again he would be required, at his own cost, to be subject of a sexual misconduct assessment test and also, for a three-year period, to advise any future employer of the tribunal's decision and its orders.
Bennett, who retired in 2019, began a sexual relationship with the patient, who was 30 years his junior, three years beforehand.
Although recognising the ethical problem and transferring the primary care of the patient to another doctor at the practice, Bennett still saw her professionally nine times when that doctor was unavailable and also continued to act as the GP for her children.
In its decision on the case, the tribunal said Bennett also concealed the true emotional and sexual nature of the relationship with his patient and misled the Medical Council.
"The Medical Council has a zero-tolerance position on such breach of sexual boundaries," it said.
"A doctor entering into a sexual relationship with a patient is at the high end of breach of professional standards."
This website is using a security service to protect itself from online attacks. The action you just performed triggered the security solution. There are several actions that could trigger this block including submitting a certain word or phrase, a SQL command or malformed data.
Saint Louis University's medical laboratory science certificate offers students who have already obtained an undergraduate degree in an alternate field and are pursuing a career change a certificate to become a medical laboratory professional.
The certificate has three concentration options: clinical hematology, clinical microbiology and clinical chemistry.
The certificate program's curriculum provides students with a strong science background, medically applied coursework, and corresponding practicum experiences in the clinical laboratory.
Each program consists of two semesters of didactic coursework at the undergraduate level, followed by a clinical practicum that varies in length between five to seven weeks. The typical program takes between 12-18 months to complete.
Clinical internship experiences in clinical practice settings (e.g., hospitals, clinics, reference labs, etc.) are a required component of the medical laboratory science certificate curricula.
Graduates with a certificate in medical laboratory science are prepared to conduct and manage a broad spectrum of laboratory testing. Results of these tests are used to evaluate the health status of individuals, diagnose disease and monitor treatment efficacy. Graduates of this program frequently work in diagnostic, research and/or other laboratory settings.
Upon successfully completing the program, graduates are eligible for national certification by the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) as categorical medical laboratory professionals.
Students interested in clinical hematology, clinical microbiology or clinical chemistry should contact Amanda Reed at email@example.com or 314-977-8686 for transcript evaluation.
The number of students admitted into each certificate program is based on the availability of clinical placement sites for practicum experiences. No student will be admitted until clinical placement for practicum experiences has been secured.
In the event of a limited number of available placement spots, a competitive entry process based on GPA, previous coursework, and letters of recommendation will be used to admit students. Admission decisions will be made on or before June 1 to enter the fall cohort.
All applicants must meet the professional performance standards required for the profession.
Regulations require all students to complete a criminal background check and a drug test at least once during the program; either or both may be repeated as agency requirements demand. Positive results from the criminal background check or drug tests may result in ineligibility to attend clinical rotations and/or to graduate from the program. A felony conviction will affect a graduate’s professional certification and professional practice eligibility.
Students who graduated with a bachelor's degree and are seeking a second bachelor's degree or post-baccalaureate certificate do not qualify for most SLU and Federal Financial Aid.
Financial Aid may be available in the form of federal loans, which require repayment. Federal Loan eligibility is based on what was borrowed as an undergraduate student. More information on loan limits is available at https://studentaid.gov/understand-aid/types/loans/subsidized-unsubsidized. Federal loan consideration requires a completed Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
For information on federal and private loans, visit https://www.slu.edu/financial-aid/types-of-aid/student-loan-information/index.php. View the preferred private lender list at https://www.elmselect.com/v4/school/826/program-select.
National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS)
5600 N. River Rd., Suite 720
Rosemont, IL 60018-5119
For more information about the medical laboratory science program's professional performance standards, certification and licensure information and program outcomes, please see the Additional Accreditation Information and Program Outcomes (PDF).
|BLS 4130||Principles & Techniques in Molecular Biology||2|
|BLS 4411||Fundamentals of Immunology||2|
|BLS 4420||Medical Immunology||2|
|MLS 3210||Clinical Education & Laboratory Management||2|
|MLS 3400||Laboratory Operations||1|
|BLS 3110||Urinalysis & Body Fluids||2|
|BLS 4220||Hemostasis and Thrombosis||2|
|MLS 3150||Urinalysis and Immunology Laboratory||1|
|MLS 4250||Hematology Laboratory||1|
|MLS 4740||Clinical Hematology Practicum||2|
|MLS 4750||Clinical Hematology||1|
|MLS 4760||Clinical Hemostasis Practicum||1|
|MLS 4821||Clinical Urinalysis and Phlebotomy||1|
|BLS 4510||Medical Microbiology||4|
|MLS 4520||Medical Bacteriology||2|
|MLS 4541||Medical Mycology and Parasitology||3|
|MLS 4550||Medical Bacteriology Laboratory||2|
|MLS 4800||Clinical Microbiology Practicum||3|
|MLS 4811||Clinical Microbiology||1|
|BLS 3110||Urinalysis & Body Fluids||2|
|BLS 4110||Medical Biochemistry I||3|
|BLS 4120||Medical Biochemistry II||2|
|MLS 3150||Urinalysis and Immunology Laboratory||1|
|MLS 4150||Analytical Chemistry||2|
|MLS 4701||Clinical Chemistry Practicum||3|
|MLS 4710||Clinical Chemistry||1|
|MLS 4821||Clinical Urinalysis and Phlebotomy||1|
Students must maintain a minimum 2.50 grade point average (GPA).
Tuesday, July 19, 2022
Now almost two and a half years into the pandemic, employers may think they have hit their stride on what to do to make sure their employees are COVID-19-free and safe. As with everything in life, you need to be up to date on the latest guidance. On July 12, the EEOC tweaked their COVID-19 Guidance with regard to when an employer can require a worker to take a viral test before returning to work.
The old EEOC Guidance stated that an employer could take screening steps to determine if employees entering the workplace have COVID-19. Although a test (or even a temperature check) is a medical exam, at the outset of the pandemic the EEOC said that those kinds of checks were acceptable under the ADA because it was “job-related and consistent with business necessity.” That guidance was primarily based on the CDC guidance at the time and the high community transmission rates. Not surprisingly, as circumstances change, so does what the EEOC says is okay under the ADA.
As of last week, the EEOC reiterated that a mandatory COVID-19 screening test for all employees constitutes a medical examination under the ADA and can only be done if the employer shows that it is “job-related and consistent with business necessity.” So, you can no longer simply require your employees to be tested to come to work — unless you meet that standard.
The new EEOC guidance says that employers should look to current guidance from the CDC, FDA and state or local public health authorities on the conditions of COVID-19 transmission in their communities. As we all know, and as the EEOC notes, these recommendations change. Currently, the factors you should examine are:
level of community transmission;
vaccination status of employees;
breakthrough infection possibilities for certain strains of COVID-19;
possible severity of illness from the current variant; and
what sort of contact the employees may have among each other.
Unfortunately, the EEOC does not deliver us a bright line test at this time. Employers should well-document the factors they consider when determining whether or not to mandate a COVID-19 test (or any other medical test related to COVID-19) and keep current on CDC guidelines and local transmission news.
This guidance does not prevent you from imposing restrictions on an employee’s return to work after a positive COVID-19 test. You should consult the CDC guidance on quarantine times to make those decisions.
© 2022 Bradley Arant Boult Cummings LLPNational Law Review, Volume XII, Number 200
In a major update to the National Cervical Screening Program, a self-collection method aims to revolutionise the way women react to cervical cancer testing.
This makes Australia the first country to offer self-testing swabs to women due for their screening.
Since it was introduced in 1991, the national program has helped halve the rates of cervical cancer.
However, in exact years, the rates of cervical cancer in Australia haven't budged much.
In 2017, the human papillomavirus (HPV) test replaced the pap smear.
Both tests look and work the same: an instrument called a speculum is inserted into the vagina.
Ask any woman who has undergone the test and they might tell you the experience was uncomfortable, unpleasant or embarrassing.
Cue the self-test.
Rather than a health professional doing the test, all women eligible for a cervical screening test can now collect their own sample.
If you choose to do a self-test, all it takes is a visit to your GP, who will provide you with a screening kit.
After receiving instructions from your doctor, you will be shown to a private area within the medical practice.
There, you can take the swab yourself, without your doctor present.
Health expert Liz Ham says the procedure is far less invasive than the HPV test.
"You will be given a swab that you place into the vagina. You just turn it a number of times to collect the cells inside the vagina," she said.
"After that, you take it out and deliver it back to your doctor."
Ms Ham says you cannot take the test at home. However, you will still be taking it in private at the medical practice.
Completing the test within a medical practice rather than at home allows for guidance from your GP, if required.
It also removes barriers such as forgetting to take the test, or having to remember to post it.
Anyone aged 25 – 74 with a cervix is eligible to self-collect their own sample.
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in a woman's cervix — the entrance to the womb from the vagina.
It happens when there are changes in some cells lining the cervix.
Sometimes these abnormal cells grow and multiply, and can develop into cancer.
Cervical cancer is one of the most preventable cancers, according to Healthdirect.
Most cervical cancers occur in women who have never screened or do not screen regularly.
At the core of self-testing is the goal to increase screening participation rates, particularly among groups who may be under-screened.
Jean Hailes for Women's Health says these groups include:
"This gives these women, who didn't feel comfortable getting the test, a choice for how they would like it to be done," Ms Ham said.
Research from Cancer Council NSW shows Australia is on track to become the first country in the world to eliminate cervical cancer as a public health problem.
Ms Ham says if vaccination and screening coverage are maintained at their current rates, Australia is looking at eliminating the cancer by 2028.
"Globally, we're looking at 2035," she said.
Posted , updated