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Exam Code: APMLE Practice test 2022 by Killexams.com team
APMLE Podiatry and Medical

The Part I examination samples the candidates knowledge in the basic science areas of General Anatomy, including embryology, histology, genetics, and geriatrics; Lower Extremity Anatomy; Biochemistry; Physiology; Microbiology and Immunology; Pathology; and Pharmacology. A separate Candidate Information Bulletin for the Part I test is available online at killexams.com

The Part II written examination samples the candidates knowledge in the clinical areas of Medicine; Radiology; Orthopedics, Biomechanics and Sports Medicine; Anesthesia and Surgery; and Community Health, Jurisprudence, and Research. A separate Candidate Information Bulletin for the Part II written test is available online at killexams.com Performance on the Part II written examination does not impact eligibility for the Part II CSPE.

The Part II Clinical Skills Patient Encounter (Part II CSPE) assesses proficiency in podiatric clinical tasks needed to enter residency. Candidates will be expected to perform a focused physical examination including podiatric and general medicine physical test maneuvers appropriate for each patient presentation. Podiatric and general medical knowledge, verbal and written communication, and interpersonal skills will be assessed in each test form. Performance on the Part II CSPE does not impact eligibility for the Part II written examination.

The Part III examination is designed to determine whether a candidates knowledge and clinical skills are adequate for safe, unsupervised practice. The Part III examination samples the candidates clinical skills in evaluating, diagnosing, and treating patients. Examples of the application of knowledge may be measured through photographs, radiographs and case presentations. A separate Candidate Information Bulletin for the Part III test is available online at killexams.com

Part I and II
Podiatric Medical College Faculty submit questions (with accompanying references) to Prometric.
The pool of questions (items) are reviewed by a panel of practicing podiatric physicians and two podiatric medical school faculty in each content area.
The primary responsibility of the faculty is clarity and a current reference check.
The primary responsibility of the DPM members is what is the relationship between the item and the tasks performed by a DPM in practice?
priority with regard importance in practice.
estimated difficulty-Is it easy, medium or hard?
For Part I, the questions (items) also are reviewed by a content specialist in one of the basic sciences for accuracy and currency. This individual is a medical school faculty member.
Prometric assembles the test from approved questions according to the content specification.
Part III
Items are written and reviewed by panels of DPM practitioners who have been trained how to prepare effective test items. A second panel of DPMs reviews each form of the test before it is published.

Post Test Administration
Double Scoring Ensures Accuracy
At the examinee level, each computer-based test undergoes two independent scorings. Each test is first scored at the testing site and subsequently rescored when the data arrive back at Prometric. If scores do not match exactly, the examinees record is held until the results can be reconciled. Irregularities that may have occurred at the testing site are also noted and any examinees who may have experienced irregular testing conditions at the test site (such as hardware or software failures or power interruptions) receive a thorough review of their responses. Scores for these examinees are not released until all irregular conditions are given consideration and resolution processing rules are applied fairly to ensure equity in the test administration process.

Item Analysis
Each item is statistically analyzed to determine how many candidates answered correctly and whether the item discriminated between the high and low scoring candidates (the high scoring candidates answered correctly and the low scoring candidates did not). If the item is “flagged”, content experts review each of the flagged items for accuracy.

Deans Report
At the conclusion of the above analyses and after the scores are mailed to the candidates, each dean receives a report, which compares the performance for first time candidates at that school with the national examination data.

Score Reliability
Reliability refers to the consistency of test scores, the consistency with which candidates are classified as either passing or failing, and the degree to which test scores are free from errors of measurement. Errors of measurement result from factors not related to the test, factors such as fatigue or heightened attention, personal interests and other characteristics not related to the test. A persons score will not be perfectly consistent from one occasion to the next as a result of measurement error.

Determination of Passing Scores
The National Board and its test consultant, Prometric, use a widely-accepted criterion-referenced approach to determine passing scores known as the Angoff Method. The important feature of criterion-referenced standard setting is that it is based on an expected level of competence regardless of how many candidates in a particular group pass or fail. This is distinguished from a norm-referenced approach in which a set proportion of test takers fall above or below the passing score.

Podiatry and Medical
Medical Podiatry test Questions
Killexams : Medical Podiatry test Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/APMLE Search results Killexams : Medical Podiatry test Questions - BingNews https://killexams.com/pass4sure/exam-detail/APMLE https://killexams.com/exam_list/Medical Killexams : Understanding Medical Assistant Practice Liability Issues

A Look at California Law

Of course, a list on a Web site is not law, but, in general, this list accurately describes the law in several states. Let's look at California law, which specifically addresses the scope of practice of a medical assistant. California law defines a medical assistant as "a person who may be unlicensed, who performs basic administrative, clerical and technical supportive services in compliance with this section...for a licensed physician and surgeon or a licensed podiatrist, or group thereof, for a medical or podiatry corporation, for a physician assistant, a nurse practitioner, or a nurse-midwife...or for a health care services plan, who is at least 18 years of age, and who has had at least the minimum amount of hours of appropriate training pursuant to standards established by the Division of Licensing." (Source: California Business and Professions Code, Section 2069 b[1]).

In California, a medical assistant may perform the following services:

  1. Administer medication orally, sublingually, topically, vaginally, or rectally, or by providing a single dose to a patient for immediate self-administration. Administer medication by inhalation if the medications are patient-specific and have been or will be routinely and repetitively administered to that patient. In every instance, prior to administration of medication by the medical assistant, a licensed physician or podiatrist, or another person authorized by law to do so shall verify the correct medication and dosage. Nothing in the section shall be construed as authorizing the administration of any anesthetic agent by a medical assistant.

  2. Perform electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram, or plethysmography tests, except full-body plethysmography. Nothing in this section shall permit a medical assistant to perform tests involving the penetration of human tissues except for skin tests...or to interpret test findings or results.

  3. Apply and remove bandages and dressings; apply orthopedic appliances such as knee immobilizers, envelope slings, orthotics, and similar devices; remove casts, splints, and other external devices; obtain impressions for orthotics, padding, and custom molded shoes; select and adjust crutches to patient; and instruct patient in proper use of crutches.

  4. Remove sutures or staples from superficial incisions or lacerations.

  5. Perform ear lavage to remove impacted cerumen.

  6. Collect by noninvasive techniques, and reserve specimens for testing, including urine, sputum, semen, and stool.

  7. Assist patients in ambulation and transfers.

  8. Prepare patients for and assist the physician, podiatrist, physician assistant, or registered nurse in examinations or procedures including positioning, draping, shaving, and disinfecting treatment sites; prepare a patient for gait analysis testing.

  9. As authorized by a physician or podiatrist, provide patient information, and instructions.

  10. Collect and record patient data including height, weight, temperature, pulse, respiration rate and blood pressure, and basic information about the presenting and previous conditions.

  11. Perform simple laboratory and screening tests customarily performed in a medical office.

  12. Cut the nails of otherwise healthy patients.

(Source: California Code of Regulations, CCR Title 16, Section 1366).

After a 2002 act of the California Legislature, medical assistants in California may also:

  1. Administer medication by intradermal, subcutaneous, or intramuscular injection if they are so authorized and supervised by a physician. In certain clinics, a nurse practitioner may authorize a medical assistant to administer intradermal, subcutaneous, or intramuscular injections. (Source: California Business and Professions Code, Section 2069).

  2. Administer injections of scheduled drugs if the dosage is Tested and the injection is intramuscular, intradermal, or subcutaneous and if the supervising physician or podiatrist is on the premises. (Source: California Business and Professions Code, Section 2069).

  3. Perform venipuncture or skin puncture for the purpose of withdrawing blood, upon specific authorization of a physician, physician assistant, nurse practitioner, or nurse midwife. (Source: California Business and Professions Code, Section 2070).

Medical assistants in California are specifically prohibited from independently performing telephone triage.

Most states' law on medical assistant practice is not as detailed as California's. If working with a medical assistant, or if you are a medical assistant, check your state's statutes and regulations to determine the scope of practice for a medical assistant. In some states, medical assistants are overseen by the board of nursing and the law can be accessed through the board's Web site. In others, it is board of medicine which oversees medical assistants. In some states, there is no agency overseeing medical assistants. In that case, practices should write a policy stating what the medical assistant may do (and may not do), and stating that the physician in charge delegates the stated duties to the medical assistant.

Fri, 14 Aug 2020 20:16:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/580647_3
Killexams : The nurse practitioner will see you now Providers                    
What they do Training/credentials/licensing Advanced practice clinicians

Nurse practitioner (NP)

Assess patients; order and interpret diagnostic tests; diagnose and treat illness; prescribe medications, in
some states with doctor supervision.

RN plus master’s or doctoral degree
and advanced clinical training. National certification test and state license.

Certified nurse midwife (CNM), certified midwife (CM)

Deliver prenatal, delivery,
and postpartum care, family-planning services, and gynecological care; prescribe medications.

Nursing or bachelor’s degree plus completion of an accredited graduate nurse-midwifery course. National certification test and state license.

Physician assistant (PA)

Examine patients, diagnose and treat illness, order and interpret lab tests, perform procedures, assist in surgery, provide patient education and counseling, make rounds in hospitals and nursing homes, prescribe medications.

Bachelor’s degree, followed by completion of an accredited P.A. program modeled on the medical-school curriculum (average length of program is 27 months, and
most grant master’s degrees). National certification test and state license.

Specialized providers

Podiatrist (DPM), also known as podiatric physician or podiatric surgeon

Diagnose and treat conditions of the foot, ankle, and related structures of the leg; prescribe medications. May specialize
in surgery, sports medicine, wound care, pediatrics, or diabetic care.

Four years of podiatric medical school plus three years of hospital residency training. With advanced training and experience, can obtain board certification from the American Board of Podiatric Medicine or the American Board of Podiatric Surgery. State license.

Clinical psychologist (Ph.D., Psy.D.), licensed clinical social worker, licensed professional counselor (LPC)

Diagnose and treat mental illness and emotional and behavioral problems in individuals, couples, groups, and families.

Ph.D. and Psy.D.: doctoral degree.

Licensed clinical social worker and LPC: master’s or doctoral degree plus two or more years of supervised post-graduate experience. State licenses. Counselors
can also be certified by National Board
of Certified Counselors.

Dietitian (RD)

Food and nutrition counseling for general health, nutritional deficiencies, or disease management.

Bachelor’s degree with courses approved by professional organization, plus completion of an internship. National examination.

Pharmacist (Pharm.D.)

Dispense medication and immunizations, check for potential drug interactions, provide counseling on how
to take medication and limit side effects.

Doctor of pharmacy degree from an accredited school, plus internship. Two licensing exams, one covering pharmacy skills and knowledge and the other covering pharmacy law.

Physicians

M.D. (medical doctor)

Diagnose and treat illness
and injury, including surgery, examinations, testing, and prescribing medication.

Four years of medical school plus up to six years of residency training. Optional clinical fellowships and specialty certification. National licensing exams. State license.

DO (doctor of osteopathic medicine)

Practice as medical doctors
do in any specialty area. Some osteopaths also perform musculoskeletal manipulation.

Four years of osteopathic medical school, followed by medical or osteopathic residency training. Optional specialty certification. National licensing exam. State license.

Nurses

Registered nurse (RN)

Provide patient care and education, care coordination, physical exams, and health histories.

Diploma or associate or bachelor’s
degree from an approved nursing program. National licensing exam.

Licensed practical nurse (LPN), licensed vocational nurse (LVN)

Provide basic nursing care under the direction of registered nurses and doctors.

Completion of a state-approved educational program (usually one year) and passage of a licensing exam.

Tue, 05 Jul 2022 11:01:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.consumerreports.org/cro/magazine/2013/08/the-nurse-practitioner-will-see-you-now/index.htm
Killexams : Pre-professional Health Advising

A core of math-dependent science courses fulfills most of the undergraduate requirements for these programs. These courses also prepare you for the required entrance exams. The completion of a baccalaureate degree, in a major field of your choice, is required to gain entry into professional schools.

Recent statistics show that 63% of students admitted to U.S. medical schools were biology majors; 15% were in chemistry or physics; 11% in social sciences; 4% in health sciences; 1% math; and 6% scattered through a large number of other majors.

Core Biomedical/Pre-professional Science Courses

Course NIU Department and Number Credit Hours Corequisite (CRG) or Prerequisite (PRQ)
Fundamentals of Cellular Biology and lab BIOS 208 and 210 4 CRQ: CHEM 210 and CHEM 212 and BIOS 210
Fundamentals of Organismal Biology and lab BIOS 209 and 211 4 PRQ: BIOS 208 and 210 or BIOS 103 and 105
Cell Biology BIOS 302 3 PRQ: BIOS 208, 209, 210, 211; CHEM 211 and 213
Molecular Biology BIOS 303 3 PRQ: BIOS 208, 209, 210, 211; CHEM 211 and 213
Genetics BIOS 308 5 PRQ: BIOS 208, 209, 210, 211; CHEM 211 and 213 CRQ: BIOS 209 and 211
Microbiology BIOS 313 4 PRQ: BIOS 208, 209, 210, 211; CHEM 211 and 213
Human Physiology BIOS 355 4 PRQ: BIOS 208, 209, 210, 211; CHEM 211 and 213 CRQ: PHYS 211 or PHYS 273
General Chemistry I and lab CHEM 210 and 212 4 PRQ: MATH 110, 155 or 229 or satisfactory performance on math placement test; CHEM 110 or satisfactory performance on chemistry placement test
General Chemistry II and lab CHEM 211 and 213 4 PRQ: CHEM 210 and 212
General Organic Chemistry I and lab OR Organic Chemistry I and lab CHEM 330 and 332 OR CHEM 336 and 338 4 PRQ: CHEM 211 and 213
General Organic Chemistry II and lab OR Organic Chemistry II and lab CHEM 331 and 333 OR CHEM 337 and 339 4 PRQ: CHEM 330
General Biological Chemistry or Biological Chemistry I CHEM 470/BIOS 470X OR CHEM 472 3 PRQ: CHEM 331 or 337
General Physics I or Fundamentals of Physics I: Mechanics PHYS 210 OR PHYS 253 4 PRQ: MATH 155 or equivalent CRQ: MATH 229
General Physics II or Fundamentals of Physics II: Electromagnetism PHYS 211 OR PHYS 273 4 PRQ: PHYS 210 or 253
Calculus I (plus any prerequisites) MATH 229 0-10 PRQ: MATH 155 with grade of C or better or satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination
Statistics STAT 200 PRQ: MATH 206, MATH 201, MATH 211 or MATH 229
Sociology and Psychology (100-level courses); other options include Brain and Behavior (PSYC 300) Developmental Psychology (PSYC 324) Cognitive Psychology (PSYC 345) 4 courses 12

Additional Recommended Courses

Different professional programs can have slightly different course requirements. Courses such as Functional Human Anatomy (BIOS 311) and Cellular Physiology (BIOS 465), as well as undergraduate research, have proven to be relevant and useful additions to the core scientific curriculum.

  • Dental schools usually require psychology courses such as Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 102) and Lifespan Development: Childhood Through Adulthood (PSYC 225).
  • Medical schools recommend psychology and sociology courses (along with the traditional sciences) since those subjects are found on the MCAT.
  • Optometry schools require Calculus I (MATH 229), Elementary Statistics (STAT 200), Microbiology (BIOS 313) and Introduction to Psychology (PSYC 102).
  • Pharmacy schools require Calculus I (MATH 229), Principles of Microeconomics (ECON 260) or Principles of Macroeconomics (ECON 261), and Functional Human Anatomy (BIOS 311) or Human Anatomy (BIOS 355).
  • Veterinary schools usually require a Biochemistry class (CHEM 470) and Elementary Statistics (STAT 200).
  • Physician's assistant schools usually require Elementary Statistics (STAT 200), Medical Terminology (HSCI 318), 3000-plus patient contact hours (equivalent to one year of part-time employment).
Fri, 05 Aug 2022 01:45:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.niu.edu/advising/topics/pre-professional/index.shtml
Killexams : Pre-Podiatry

Welcome to Baylor! We’re so glad you’re here. Whether you’re just starting to explore your college options, or you’re a lifelong Baylor fan, we hope you’ll find what you’re looking for as you take the next step in your education. Take a look around and reach out if you have any questions.
Sic ‘Em Bears!

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Killexams : Podiatry Workstations Market Size and Growth 2022 Analysis Report by Distribution Status, Players, Market Analysis and Forecast to 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Aug 03, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- "Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry."

Global “Podiatry Workstations Market”2022 research report by market size of different segments and countries in accurate years and to forecast the values to the coming years. The report is designed to incorporate both qualitative and quantitative aspects of the industry within each of the regions and countries involved in the study. Furthermore, the report also caters the detailed information about the crucial aspects such as driving factors and challenges which will define the future growth of the market. Additionally, the Podiatry Workstations market report shall also incorporate available opportunities in micro markets for stakeholders to invest along with the detailed analysis of competitive landscape and key players.

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Market Analysis and Insights: Global Podiatry Workstations Market

Podiatry is a branch of medicine devoted to the study, diagnosis, and medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower extremity.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the global Podiatry Workstations market size is estimated to be worth USD million in 2021 and is forecast to a readjusted size of USD million by 2028 with a CAGR of during the forecast period 2022-2028. Fully considering the economic change by this health crisis, the Europe Podiatry Workstations market is estimated at USD million in 2022, while the United States and China are forecast to reach USD million and USD million by 2028, respectively. The proportion of the United States in 2022, while Chinese percentage, and it is predicted that China market share will reach in 2028, trailing a CAGR of through the analysis period. As for the Europe Podiatry Workstations landscape, Germany is projected to reach USD million by 2028. and in Asia, the notable markets are Japan and South Korea, CAGR respectively for the next 6-year period.
The key factors contributing to the podiatry workstations market are the increasing incidence of diabetes and foot related disorders.

The major players covered in the Podiatry Workstations market report are:

● Euroclinic Medi-Care Solutions ● Capron ● Eduard Gerlach ● Gharieni ● Namrol ● Planmeca ● Sartorius ● Veritas Medical Solutions ● EKF Diagnostics ● Halmilton Medical ● NSK

Get a trial Copy of the Podiatry Workstations Market Report 2022

Global Podiatry Workstations Market: Drivers and Restrains

The research report has incorporated the analysis of different factors that augment the market’s growth. It constitutes trends, restraints, and drivers that transform the market in either a positive or negative manner. This section also provides the scope of different segments and applications that can potentially influence the market in the future. The detailed information is based on current trends and historic milestones. This section also provides an analysis of the volume of production about the global market and about each type from 2017 to 2028. This section mentions the volume of production by region from 2017 to 2028. Pricing analysis is included in the report according to each type from the year 2017 to 2028, manufacturer from 2017 to 2022, region from 2017 to 2022, and global price from 2017 to 2028.

A thorough evaluation of the restrains included in the report portrays the contrast to drivers and gives room for strategic planning. Factors that overshadow the market growth are pivotal as they can be understood to devise different bends for getting hold of the lucrative opportunities that are present in the ever-growing market. Additionally, insights into market expert’s opinions have been taken to understand the market better.

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Global Podiatry Workstations Market: Segment Analysis

The research report includes specific segments by region (country), by manufacturers, by Type and by Application. Each type provides information about the production during the forecast period of 2017 to 2028. By Application segment also provides consumption during the forecast period of 2017 to 2028. Understanding the segments helps in identifying the importance of different factors that aid the market growth.

Segment by Type

● Podiatry Workstation on Casters ● Podiatry Workstation with Monitor ● Podiatry Workstation with Shelves ● Podiatry Workstation with Chair ● Podiatry Workstation with Light and Chair

Segment by Application

● Hospitals ● Podiatry Clinics ● Ambulatory Surgical Centres ● Others Facilities

Podiatry Workstations Market Key Points:

● Characterize, portray and Forecast Podiatry Workstations item market by product type, application, manufactures and geographical regions. ● supply venture outside climate investigation. ● supply systems to organization to manage the effect of COVID-19. ● supply market dynamic examination, including market driving variables, market improvement requirements. ● supply market passage system examination to new players or players who are prepared to enter the market, including market section definition, client investigation, conveyance model, item informing and situating, and cost procedure investigation. ● Stay aware of worldwide market drifts and supply examination of the effect of the COVID-19 scourge on significant locales of the world. ● Break down the market chances of partners and furnish market pioneers with subtleties of the cutthroat scene.

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Geographical Segmentation:

Geographically, this report is segmented into several key regions, with sales, revenue, market share, and Podiatry Workstations market growth rate in these regions, from 2015 to 2028, covering

● North America (United States, Canada and Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey etc.) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, and Vietnam) ● South America (Brazil etc.) ● Middle East and Africa (Egypt and GCC Countries)

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

● Who are the worldwide key Players of the Podiatry Workstations Industry? ● How the opposition goes in what was in store connected with Podiatry Workstations? ● Which is the most driving country in the Podiatry Workstations industry? ● What are the Podiatry Workstations market valuable open doors and dangers looked by the manufactures in the worldwide Podiatry Workstations Industry? ● Which application/end-client or item type might look for gradual development possibilities? What is the portion of the overall industry of each kind and application? ● What centered approach and imperatives are holding the Podiatry Workstations market? ● What are the various deals, promoting, and dissemination diverts in the worldwide business? ● What are the key market patterns influencing the development of the Podiatry Workstations market? ● Financial effect on the Podiatry Workstations business and improvement pattern of the Podiatry Workstations business?

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Detailed TOC of Global Podiatry Workstations Market Research Report 2022

1 Podiatry Workstations Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope

1.2 Segment by Type

1.2.1 Global Market Size Growth Rate Analysis by Type 2022 VS 2028

1.3 Podiatry Workstations Segment by Application

1.3.1 Global Consumption Comparison by Application: 2022 VS 2028

1.4 Global Market Growth Prospects

1.4.1 Global Revenue Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

1.4.2 Global Production Capacity Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

1.4.3 Global Production Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

1.5 Global Market Size by Region

1.5.1 Global Market Size Estimates and Forecasts by Region: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2028

1.5.2 North America Podiatry Workstations Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

1.5.3 Europe Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

1.5.4 China Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

1.5.5 Japan Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2028)

2 Podiatry Workstations Market Competition by Manufacturers

2.1 Global Production Capacity Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)

2.2 Global Revenue Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)

2.3 Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)

2.4 Global Average Price by Manufacturers (2017-2022)

2.5 Manufacturers Production Sites, Area Served, Product Types

2.6 Market Competitive Situation and Trends

2.6.1 Market Concentration Rate

2.6.2 Global 5 and 10 Largest Podiatry Workstations Players Market Share by Revenue

2.6.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion

3 Podiatry Workstations Production Capacity by Region

3.1 Global Production Capacity of Podiatry Workstations Market Share by Region (2017-2022)

3.2 Global Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2022)

3.3 Global Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

3.4 North America Production

3.4.1 North America Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)

3.4.2 North America Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

3.5 Europe Production

3.5.1 Europe Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)

3.5.2 Europe Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

3.6 China Production

3.6.1 China Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)

3.6.2 China Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

3.7 Japan Production

3.7.1 Japan Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)

3.7.2 Japan Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

4 Global Podiatry Workstations Market Consumption by Region

4.1 Global Consumption by Region

4.1.1 Global Consumption by Region

4.1.2 Global Consumption Market Share by Region

4.2 North America

4.2.1 North America Consumption by Country

4.2.2 United States

4.2.3 Canada

4.3 Europe

4.3.1 Europe Consumption by Country

4.3.2 Germany

4.3.3 France

4.3.4 U.K.

4.3.5 Italy

4.3.6 Russia

4.4 Asia Pacific

4.4.1 Asia Pacific Consumption by Region

4.4.2 China

4.4.3 Japan

4.4.4 South Korea

4.4.5 China Taiwan

4.4.6 Southeast Asia

4.4.7 India

4.4.8 Australia

4.5 Latin America

4.5.1 Latin America Consumption by Country

4.5.2 Mexico

4.5.3 Brazil

Get a trial Copy of the Podiatry Workstations Market Report 2022

5 Podiatry Workstations Market Segment by Type

5.1 Global Production Market Share by Type (2017-2022)

5.2 Global Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)

5.3 Global Price by Type (2017-2022)

6 Podiatry Workstations Market Segment by Application

6.1 Global Production Market Share by Application (2017-2022)

6.2 Global Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)

6.3 Global Price by Application (2017-2022)

7 Podiatry Workstations Market Key Companies Profiled

7.1 Manufacture 1

7.1.1 Manufacture 1 Corporation Information

7.1.2 Manufacture 1 Product Portfolio

7.1.3 Manufacture 1 Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

7.1.4 Manufacture 1 Main Business and Markets Served

7.1.5 Manufacture 1 accurate Developments/Updates

7.2 Manufacture 2

7.2.1 Manufacture 2 Corporation Information

7.2.2 Manufacture 2 Product Portfolio

7.2.3 Manufacture 2 Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

7.2.4 Manufacture 2 Main Business and Markets Served

7.2.5 Manufacture 2 accurate Developments/Updates

7.3 Manufacture 3

7.3.1 Manufacture 3 Corporation Information

7.3.2 Manufacture 3 Product Portfolio

7.3.3 Manufacture 3 Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

7.3.4 Manufacture 3 Main Business and Markets Served

7.3.5 Manufacture 3 accurate Developments/Updates

8 Podiatry Workstations Manufacturing Cost Analysis

8.1 Key Raw Materials Analysis

8.1.1 Key Raw Materials

8.1.2 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials

8.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure

8.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Podiatry Workstations

8.4 Podiatry Workstations Industrial Chain Analysis

9 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers

9.1 Marketing Channel

9.2 Podiatry Workstations Distributors List

9.3 Podiatry Workstations Customers

10 Market Dynamics

10.1 Podiatry Workstations Industry Trends

10.2 Podiatry Workstations Market Drivers

10.3 Podiatry Workstations Market Challenges

10.4 Podiatry Workstations Market Restraints

11 Production and Supply Forecast

11.1 Global Forecasted Production of Podiatry Workstations by Region (2023-2028)

11.2 North America Podiatry Workstations Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)

11.3 Europe Podiatry Workstations Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)

11.4 China Podiatry Workstations Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)

11.5 Japan Podiatry Workstations Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2028)

12 Consumption and Demand Forecast

12.1 Global Forecasted Demand Analysis of Podiatry Workstations

12.2 North America Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Workstations by Country

12.3 Europe Market Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Workstations by Country

12.4 Asia Pacific Market Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Workstations by Region

12.5 Latin America Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Workstations by Country

13 Forecast by Type and by Application (2023-2028)

13.1 Global Production, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2023-2028)

13.1.1 Global Forecasted Production of Podiatry Workstations by Type (2023-2028)

13.1.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Podiatry Workstations by Type (2023-2028)

13.1.3 Global Forecasted Price of Podiatry Workstations by Type (2023-2028)

13.2 Global Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Workstations by Application (2023-2028)

13.2.1 Global Forecasted Production of Podiatry Workstations by Application (2023-2028)

13.2.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Podiatry Workstations by Application (2023-2028)

13.2.3 Global Forecasted Price of Podiatry Workstations by Application (2023-2028)

14 Research Finding and Conclusion

15 Methodology and Data Source

15.1 Methodology/Research Approach

15.1.1 Research Programs/Design

15.1.2 Market Size Estimation

15.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation

15.2 Data Source

15.2.1 Secondary Sources

15.2.2 Primary Sources

15.3 Author List

15.4 Disclaimer

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Killexams : Docs Reveal Perils of Giving Medical Advice to Friends and Family

Stephen Pribut, DPM, a sports medicine podiatrist based in Washington, DC, has had many friends or family members ask him for medical advice. It's a scenario every doctor will face at one point or another in their careers, and it’s never an easy one.

Pribut received a call from a friend about a sore shoulder from swimming, saying that his doctor had dismissed the potential for a rotator cuff injury. “Months later, images revealed it was a rotator cuff tear and he wanted my advice,” says Pribut.

Not being a shoulder specialist, Pribut limited his input. “I told him to consider a good physical therapist or a shoulder specialist and gave him some alternative strokes for swimming that hopefully wouldn’t aggravate the injury,” he explains.

 

But he admits some situations are challenging. “I had a relative asking about a third party with an ankle injury. I advised he hold off on using a balance board until things healed, and to make sure he went to see a specialist,” says Pribut.

“I finally saw a photo which revealed swelling higher up on the ankle and no evidence of a hematoma — much lower than we would see in an ankle ligament injury. I would like him to see a sports podiatrist or foot and ankle orthopedist, but now I have to stay calm when the advice isn’t followed,” he says.

Most doctors deal with the “curbside consult,” many times over, and most, according to a recent Medscape survey, will dole it out. When asked, “Do you supply medical advice to your friends?” 96% of respondents answered yes.

Yazan Abou-Ismail, MD, assistant professor of medicine in the division of hematology at the University of Utah, Salt Lake City, has often faced questions from friends and family, particularly throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. “How you respond is something all physicians need to analyze carefully,” he says. “I get questions on a regular basis, but this greatly increased with COVID.”

“Sharing general information is okay, and it’s even a requirement that we educate on such topics,” says Abou-Ismail. “But if someone knows they have COVID, for instance, and wants advice on how to proceed, it’s important to send them to their primary care physician for an evaluation rather than supply them instructions on care.”

Abou-Ismail says that most “curbside consulting” equates to lack of an ethical follow-up. “If you gave medical advice without having assessed them, you’re lacking the medical history, a physical exam, and you should not be giving advice,” he says. “This applies to follow-ups, too.”

Throughout the pandemic, Abou-Ismail’s requests for advice on COVID even extended to online inquiries, often from strangers. “This is not a place to do a formal assessment,” he reminds. “But there are certain types of advice you can offer appropriately.”

Abou-Ismail considers safe advice to be simple public health messages that stay far out of specifics. Things like “don’t smoke,” or “eat a healthy diet,” and “get enough sleep,” fall into this safety zone. Even, “What is XYZ disease?” or “How do COVID vaccines work?” are subjects he says he answers comfortably.

“But telling someone you need a specific treatment for a condition is inappropriate,” he explains. “This is a general way of practicing medicine — your advice should never venture into the potential of doing harm.”

This approach is exactly in line with legal advice, according to Jeff Caesar Chukwuma, Esq., founder and senior partner at Chukwuma Law Group, PA, Miami, Florida. “It doesn’t mean that doctors should never supply medical advice to friends or family, but if they do, they should make sure to take several precautions to protect both themselves and their family and friends,” he says.

When the request for medical advice from an acquaintance migrates into areas in which a physician is not a specialist, sharing recommendations gets even trickier — and more ethically questionable.  

Says Chukwuma, “Doctors should avoid giving advice in areas outside their area of expertise to lower the possibility of providing erroneous or harmful information,” he says.

How to Stay Safe When Asked for Advice

The American Medical Association (AMA) has weighed in on the topic. In the Code of Medical Ethics Opinion 1.2.1, the AMA states that, “Treating oneself or a member of one’s own family poses several challenges for physicians, including concerns about professional objectivity, patient autonomy, and informed consent.”

What about friends or acquaintances, however?

Even so, some respondents voiced their concerns with the scenario. Responses like, “Due to ethics, I would prefer they go and get first, second, and third opinions,” and “Usually the medical advice is very basic first aid (often mental health first aid), and if it’s anything remotely more complicated, I direct them to the appropriate provider.”

The AMA places advising friends in the same basket as advising and treating family members or oneself. In an article appearing in the AMA Journal of Ethics, Horacio Hojman, MD, assistant professor at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, weighed in: “First and foremost, patients deserve objectivity from their doctors. When a physician is emotionally involved with a patient, that physician’s objectivity can be called into question.”

Why is medical advice so thorny when dealing with friends or relatives?

In some cases, a physician might not ask a friend relevant personal questions about his or her medical history, for instance. Or the friend might not want to share details with the doctor. In either case, the lack of information exchange can lead to improper advice.

The issue of giving medical advice to friends, family, and acquaintances can also wade into legal territory. “Personally or professionally, trust is the decisive factor that puts us at ease with the people we surround ourselves with,” says Chukwuma. “Nowhere is this truer than in medicine, where we approach doctors with some of the most sensitive matters in our lives and entrust our care to them, especially when the physician in question is a close friend or family member.”

Chukwuma points out that while there are few strict legal prohibitions against doctors providing care or advice to family and friends, the AMA’s code of ethics states that such action should be reserved for rare situations, such as emergency settings or isolated settings where there is no other qualified physician available, or for minor, not long-term problems.

This was part of the equation for Pribut when helping his mother navigate her treatment for breast cancer. “With close relatives, offering advice and help can be very hard,” he says.

“This is to protect both patients and doctors,” says Chukwuma. “Although seeking advice from a family member or friend who is a doctor may be more convenient for a patient, they run the risk of receiving inadequate care by not going in for a formal medical visit complete with tests, medical examination, and follow-up care.”

Chukwuma offers guidance on how to share medical advice ethically and legally with family, friends, and acquaintances. “First, as much as possible, speak to general medical facts and knowledge rather than comment directly on the patient’s particular situation,” he says. “In the absence of thorough examination and tests, the doctor’s knowledge of a patient’s condition is limited, therefore, you should take care not to provide seemingly definitive answers on that patient’s unique condition in situations where they can’t rely on data to back up their advice and recommendations.”

The AMA’s Journal of Ethics article shares these tips for staying on the right side of the ethical line when dealing with friends and family members:

  • Politely decline

  • Offer other forms of assistance — this might help a friend find the right qualified physician, as Pribut tends to do. Maybe help in navigating the sometimes-confusing healthcare system.

  • Don’t hesitate in an emergency — the old “is there a doctor onboard,” scenario on a plane when someone is in distress is a perfectly acceptable, and recommended, time to step in, even if it is a friend or family member.

Pribut, a long-time veteran of the tricky medical waters involving friends and family, has this to offer: “Be cautious and always stay in the realm of what you know,” he says. “Always encourage people to seek an opinion from a qualified doctor. Help them find a reputable doctor if that’s useful.”

Chukwuma adds also that doctors should stand firm when pushed by a friend or family member, especially when offering advice, even if it’s in the form of general education. “The doctor should make it clear to the family member or friend that their advice in no way takes the place of genuine treatment or examination by a medical professional and that, if need be, the patient should seek formal medical help from another doctor, ideally one not related to or friends with the patient,” he says. 

“By taking these steps, doctors can still be involved in the care of their friends and family without potentially putting the sleeves or their loved ones at risk.”

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Fri, 08 Jul 2022 04:35:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/976798
Killexams : Top 10 Highest Paying Healthcare Jobs

There are many different career options within healthcare, each with their own unique roles and responsibilities, but which ones pay you the most for your time?

Although money should never be your primary motivation when choosing a career, it is still an important part of the decision-making process. Another important factor to consider, however, is time -- not just the amount of time it takes to get into that career, but also how much time you put in each week to earn your salary.

These are the 10 healthcare jobs with the highest hourly pay.

10. Physical Therapist

Physical therapists are healthcare professionals who help patients Strengthen mobility and manage pain through prescribed exercise, hands-on care, and patient education. They play an important role in preventative care, rehabilitation, and the treatment of patients with chronic conditions, illnesses, or injuries.

They can work in a variety of different settings, including private offices and clinics, hospitals, and nursing homes.

Physical therapists make an average of $91,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours per week, giving us an average rate of $44 per hour.

To become a physical therapist in the U.S., you must earn your DPT, or Doctor of Physical Therapy degree, from an accredited program and pass a state licensure exam. Most physical therapy programs are 3 years in length and require applicants to obtain a bachelor's degree before admission.

Some programs offer a 3+3 format, where you take 3 years of specific undergraduate and pre-physical therapy courses before advancing into the 3-year DPT program; however, most programs follow the more common 4+3 model.

9. Radiation Therapist

Radiation therapists are healthcare professionals who work alongside radiation oncologists to treat cancer. They are the ones who run the machinery and administer the radiation treatments to the patient.

Common duties include explaining treatment plans to patients and answering questions, performing x-rays to determine the exact location of the area requiring treatment, examining machines to ensure they are safe and working properly, and delivering radiation therapy. Most radiation therapists work in hospitals or outpatient cancer treatment centers.

Radiation therapists earn an average annual salary of $94,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours per week, yielding an average hourly wage of $45.

To become a radiation therapist, you must gain certification from the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists by completing either an associate's degree or a bachelor's degree in radiation therapy and passing a state licensing exam.

8. Nurse Practitioner

Nurse practitioners are registered nurses who have completed additional training in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of disease. NPs work in a variety of different specialties, so their roles and responsibilities can vary significantly.

Most nurse practitioners work under the supervision of a physician; however, some states allow NPs to practice independently without supervision. [Editors' Note: most U.S. states have granted NPs full practice authority.]

Nurse practitioners earn on average $112,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours per week, translating to an average hourly rate of $54 per hour.

If you are already a registered nurse, there are two pathways to becoming a nurse practitioner. There is the Master of Science in Nursing, or MSN, and the Doctor of Nursing Practice, or DNP. MSN programs typically last 1 to 2 years, whereas DNP programs usually take 3 or more years to complete. Once you have completed an accredited program, you must pass a national board certification to become licensed as an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse.

7. Physician Assistant

Physician assistants are mid-level providers who assist doctors in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of patients. Much like nurse practitioners, physician assistants can work in a variety of specialties, so their roles and responsibilities are dependent on many factors.

Physician assistants earn on average $115,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours per week, giving us an hourly wage of $55 per hour.

To become a physician assistant, you must first earn a bachelor's degree and complete prerequisite coursework in basic and behavioral sciences. In addition, many PA programs also require prior healthcare experience with hands-on patient care. Common examples include being a medical assistant, emergency medical technician, or paramedic.

Most PA programs are around 26 months in duration and award master's degrees. Once you graduate from an accredited PA program, you are eligible to take the Physician Assistant National Certifying Exam, or PANCE, and become a certified physician assistant.

6. Optometrist

An optometrist is a healthcare professional who provides primary vision care. Not to be confused with ophthalmologists who are medical doctors, optometrists practice optometry, which involves giving eye exams, writing prescriptions for glasses or contact lenses, identifying abnormalities in the eye, and treating certain diseases of the eye, like glaucoma and macular degeneration.

Optometrists take home $118,000 per year on average and work an average of 40 hours per week, yielding $57 per hour.

To become an optometrist, you must first earn a bachelor's degree and complete prerequisite coursework in biology, chemistry, anatomy, physiology, and physics. You must also take the Optometry Admission Test, or OAT, and gain shadowing experience with at least one optometrist.

Optometry school is typically 4 years long and grants you a Doctor of Optometry, or OD, degree. Some optometrists choose to do an additional 1-year residency to further sub-specialize; however, it is not required.

To practice as an optometrist, you will also need to pass the National Board of Examiners in Optometry test and obtain state licensure.

5. Pharmacist

Pharmacists are healthcare professionals who focus on the safe and effective use of medications. They dispense prescription medications and offer expertise to patients and other healthcare professionals on how to use or take the medication, correct dosing, and potential side effects.

The average pharmacist earns $129,000 per year and works an average of 40 hours per week, giving us an hourly wage of $62 per hour.

To become a pharmacist, you typically need at least 2 years of college education; however, most aspiring pharmacists earn their bachelor's degree before applying to pharmacy school.

Before applying to pharmacy school, you also need to pass the Pharmacy College Admissions Test, or PCAT. This test covers subjects including writing, biological processes, chemical processes, and clinical reasoning.

Once you complete these requirements, pharmacy school typically lasts 3 to 4 years and awards you with a PharmD degree. There are also "0 to 6" programs that allow high school students to gain both their bachelor's and PharmD degrees in 6 years; however, these programs are more competitive than the more traditional pharmacy school training pathway.

We cover more on the competitiveness of pharmacy, dentistry, and other medical professions in a previous article.

4. Podiatrist

Podiatrists are the experts in issues of the foot, ankle, and lower leg. This includes problems such as foot pain, abnormal growths, injuries, diabetic foot issues, and nerve damage.

Podiatrists make an average of $134,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours a week, yielding an hourly wage of $64. It should be noted that depending on practice type, podiatrists may work as little as 30 hours per week and as much as 60 hours per week.

To become a podiatrist, you must first earn a 4-year bachelor's degree and complete standard prerequisites. Similar to medical school, getting into podiatry school also requires you to take the MCAT. So, if you thought applying to podiatry school would spare you from the MCAT, think again.

Podiatry school, just like medical school, is 4 years long, and will grant you the designation of Doctor of Podiatric Medicine, or DPM. You'll cover similar foundational training to MD and DO students in your first 2 years, but focus more heavily on podiatry during years 3 and 4.

After podiatry school, most states require a 3-year residency covering medical and surgical training; however, the duration does vary by state.

After podiatry residency, there are also options to specialize further with podiatry fellowships, including sports medicine, limb salvage and preservation, and reconstructive foot and ankle, to name a few.

3. Dentist

Dentists are the experts in oral health. They diagnose and treat problems of the teeth, gums, and other tissues in the mouth, and guide patients on the importance of proper diet, brushing, flossing, and other aspects of dental care.

Dentists have an average salary of $164,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours per week, giving us an average hourly wage of $79. It should be noted that most dentists work in private practice, so compensation and hours worked per week can vary greatly.

To become a dentist, you must first complete 4 years of college and take the Dental Admissions Test, or DAT. This test is composed of four sections that assess your knowledge of the natural sciences, perceptual ability, studying comprehension, and quantitative reasoning.

After completing these requirements, dental school is 4 years long and awards you with either your Doctor of Dental Surgery, or DDS, or Doctor of Dental Medicine, or DDM. For those who know they want to pursue dentistry in high school, there are also BS/DDS programs lasting anywhere from 5 to 8 years that allow students to gain their bachelor's and dental degrees at the same time.

After dental school, there are residency programs available to specialize further; however, they are not required to practice general dentistry.

2. Nurse Anesthetist

Nurse anesthetists, or CRNAs, are nurses who have completed additional training in anesthesia administration. In general, nurse anesthetists work alongside anesthesiologists to administer anesthesia; however, some states allow them to work independently without a supervising anesthesiologist.

Nurse anesthetists earn on average $184,000 per year and work an average of 40 hours per week, translating to $88 per hour.

To become a nurse anesthetist, you must complete a 4-year Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree, or BSN, pass the NCLEX exam, and gain experience working as an RN. Most graduate nurse anesthetist programs require at least 1 to 3 years of experience in an intensive care unit or critical care setting.

As of 2022, the minimum degree requirement of CRNAs is a Doctor of Nursing Practice, or DNP, or Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice, or DNAP. Depending on the school, nurse anesthetist programs are generally 2 to 3 years in duration.

After CRNA school, you must obtain certification from the National Board of Certification and Recertification for Nurse Anesthetists (NBCRNA) and obtain state licensure.

1. Doctor

Last but not least, the number one healthcare job with the highest hourly rate is doctor -- not a Doctor of Nursing practice, or Doctor of Physical Therapy, but an MD or DO physician.

Doctors are the leaders of the healthcare team and use their extensive medical knowledge to diagnose and treat patients.

The average primary care physician has an annual salary of $242,000 per year and works 51 hours per week, giving us an hourly rate of $91. The average specialist earns $344,000 per year and works 52 hours per week, giving us an hourly wage of $127 per hour.

It should be noted that physician compensation varies wildly, both between specialties and within specialties, with the highest-paid physicians earning well over $200 per hour.

To become a doctor in the U.S., you must first earn your bachelor's degree in university, then medical school for 4 years, then complete residency -- lasting anywhere from 3 to 7 years -- followed by fellowship for additional sub-specialization.

That being said, getting into medical school and becoming a doctor is much easier said than done. Of all the various medical professions, becoming a physician is the longest, most challenging, and by far the most competitive.

The path of getting into medical school is arduous, with complexities, nuances, and roadblocks that can stop even the most ambitious of premedical students.

If your dream is to become a doctor, but you find yourself overwhelmed, be sure to check out the Med School Insiders Premed Roadmap to Medical School Acceptance course. Our team of top physicians came together and built this course from the ground up to streamline your entire college experience into a single high-yield resource. This is the guide we wish we had back as premeds ourselves, as it would have helped us avoid countless mistakes and made the process much smoother and less stressful.

This isn't an elementary guide either. This was created by top physicians who secured acceptances to multiple top programs, including schools that fought over us by throwing large merit-based scholarships to sway our decision. It's a great position to be in, and we'll show you how it's done.

If you're ready to optimize your path to becoming a doctor and take control of your future, learn more about our Premed Roadmap to Medical School Acceptance course.

If you enjoyed this article, be sure to check out the Top 6 Doctor Specialties with the Highest Hourly Rate or the 10 Doctor Specialties with the Lowest Hourly Rate.

This post appeared on Med School Insiders.

Thu, 02 Jun 2022 10:00:00 -0500 en text/html https://www.medpagetoday.com/popmedicine/popmedicine/99024
Killexams : Dr. Roach: Low blood platelets call for the help of a hematologist

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Killexams : Podiatry Service Market Size to reach a CAGR of 2.0% with USD 4 mn in 2022 and is forecast to size of USD 5 mn by 2028

The MarketWatch News Department was not involved in the creation of this content.

Jul 25, 2022 (The Expresswire) -- ""Podiatry Service Market"" Insights 2022 by Companies ( a CAGR of 2.0% ), Regions and Forecast to 2026. The global Podiatry Service market size is projected to reach multi million by 2026, in comparison to 2022, with unexpected CAGR during the forecast period, the Podiatry Service Market Report Contains 97 pages Including Full TOC, Tables and Figures, and Chart with In-depth Analysis Pre and Post COVID-19 Market Outbreak Impact Analysis and Situation by Region.

We have been tracking the direct impact of COVID-19 on this market, as well as the indirect impact from other industries. This report analyzes the impact of the pandemic on the Podiatry Service market from a Global and Regional perspective. The report outlines the market size, market characteristics, and market growth for Podiatry Service industry, categorized by type, application, and consumer sector. In addition, it provides a comprehensive analysis of aspects involved in market development before and after the Covid-19 pandemic. Report also conducted a PESTEL analysis in the industry to study key influencers and barriers to entry.

Final Report will add the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry.

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It also provides accurate information and cutting-edge analysis that is necessary to formulate an ideal business plan, and to define the right path for rapid growth for all involved industry players. With this information, stakeholders will be more capable of developing new strategies, which focus on market opportunities that will benefit them, making their business endeavours profitable in the process.

Get a trial PDF of report -https://www.360marketupdates.com/enquiry/request-sample/20912054

Podiatry Service Market - Competitive and Segmentation Analysis:

This Podiatry Service Market report offers detailed analysis supported by reliable statistics on sale and revenue by players for the period 2017-2022. The report also includes company description, major business, Podiatry Service product introduction, accurate developments and Podiatry Service sales by region, type, application and by sales channel.

The major players covered in the Podiatry Service market report are:

● Massachusetts General Hospital ● Kaiser Permanente ● The London Podiatry Center ● The Royal Free Hospital ● Fortis Healthcare ● Beijing Puhua International Hospital ● Schoen Clinic ● NHS ● Provide ● Cooley Dickinson Medical Group ● WebMD

Short Summery About Podiatry Service Market:

The Global Podiatry Service market is anticipated to rise at a considerable rate during the forecast period, between 2022 and 2026. In 2021, the market is growing at a steady rate and with the rising adoption of strategies by key players, the market is expected to rise over the projected horizon.

Podiatrists are healthcare professionals who have been trained toÂdiagnose and treat abnormal conditions of the feet and lower limbs. They also prevent and correct deformity, keep people mobile and active, relieve pain and treat infections.

Market Analysis and Insights: Global and United States Podiatry Service Market

This report focuses on global and United States Podiatry Service market, also covers the segmentation data of other regions in regional level and county level.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the global Podiatry Service market size is estimated to be worth USD 4 million in 2022 and is forecast to a readjusted size of USD 5 million by 2028 with a CAGR of 2.0% during the review period. Fully considering the economic change by this health crisis, by Type, General Podiatry accounting for % of the Podiatry Service global market in 2021, is projected to value USD million by 2028, growing at a revised % CAGR in the post-COVID-19 period. While by Application, Hospitals and Outpatient departments was the leading segment, accounting for over percent market share in 2021, and altered to an % CAGR throughout this forecast period.

In United States the Podiatry Service market size is expected to grow from USD million in 2021 to USD million by 2028, at a CAGR of % during the forecast period.

Global Podiatry Service Scope and Market Size

Podiatry Service market is segmented by region (country), players, by Type and by Application. Players, stakeholders, and other participants in the global Podiatry Service market will be able to gain the upper hand as they use the report as a powerful resource. The segmental analysis focuses on revenue and forecast by region (country), by Type and by Application for the period 2017-2028.

For United States market, this report focuses on the Podiatry Service market size by players, by Type and by Application, for the period 2017-2028. The key players include the global and local players, which play important roles in United States.

Get a trial Copy of the Podiatry Service Market Report 2022

Report further studies the market development status and future Podiatry Service Market trend across the world. Also, it splits Podiatry Service market Segmentation by Type and by Applications to fully and deeply research and reveal market profile and prospects.

On the basis of product typethis report displays the production, revenue, price, and market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into:

● General Podiatry
● Podiatry Surgery
● Sports Podiatry
● Podopediatrics

On the basis of the end users/applicationsthis report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, consumption (sales), market share and growth rate for each application, including:

● Hospitals and Outpatient departments
● Podiatry Office / Clinics
● Homecare and Telemedicine

Podiatry Service Market - Regional Analysis:

Geographically, this report is segmented into several key regions, with sales, revenue, market share and growth Rate of Podiatry Service in these regions, from 2015 to 2026, covering

● North America (United States, Canada and Mexico) ● Europe (Germany, UK, France, Italy, Russia and Turkey etc.) ● Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia and Vietnam) ● South America (Brazil, Argentina, Columbia etc.) ● Middle East and Africa (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa)

Some of the key questions answered in this report:

● What is the global (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa) sales value, production value, consumption value, import and export of Podiatry Service? ● Who are the global key manufacturers of the Podiatry Service Industry? How is their operating situation (capacity, production, sales, price, cost, gross, and revenue)? ● What are the Podiatry Service market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the global Podiatry Service Industry? ● Which application/end-user or product type may seek incremental growth prospects? What is the market share of each type and application? ● What focused approach and constraints are holding the Podiatry Service market? ● What are the different sales, marketing, and distribution channels in the global industry? ● What are the upstream raw materials and manufacturing equipment of Podiatry Service along with the manufacturing process of Podiatry Service? ● What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the Podiatry Service market? ● Economic impact on the Podiatry Service industry and development trend of the Podiatry Service industry. ● What are the market opportunities, market risk, and market overview of the Podiatry Service market? ● What are the key drivers, restraints, opportunities, and challenges of the Podiatry Service market, and how they are expected to impact the market? ● What is the Podiatry Service market size at the regional and country-level?

Our research analysts will help you to get customized details for your report, which can be modified in terms of a specific region, application or any statistical details. In addition, we are always willing to comply with the study, which triangulated with your own data to make the market research more comprehensive in your perspective.

Inquire more and share questions if any before the purchase on this report at -https://www.360marketupdates.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/20912054

Detailed TOC of Global Podiatry Service Market Research Report 2022

1 Podiatry Service Market Overview

1.1 Product Overview and Scope of Podiatry Service
1.2 Podiatry Service Segment by Type
1.2.1 Global Podiatry Service Market Size Growth Rate Analysis by Type 2022 VS 2026
1.3 Podiatry Service Segment by Application
1.3.1 Global Podiatry Service Consumption Comparison by Application: 2022 VS 2026
1.4 Global Market Growth Prospects
1.4.1 Global Podiatry Service Revenue Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)
1.4.2 Global Podiatry Service Production Capacity Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)
1.4.3 Global Podiatry Service Production Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)
1.5 Global Market Size by Region
1.5.1 Global Podiatry Service Market Size Estimates and Forecasts by Region: 2017 VS 2021 VS 2026
1.5.2 North America Podiatry Service Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)
1.5.3 Europe Podiatry Service Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)
1.5.4 China Podiatry Service Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)
1.5.5 Japan Podiatry Service Estimates and Forecasts (2017-2026)

2 Market Competition by Manufacturers
2.1 Global Podiatry Service Production Capacity Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.2 Global Podiatry Service Revenue Market Share by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.3 Podiatry Service Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)
2.4 Global Podiatry Service Average Price by Manufacturers (2017-2022)
2.5 Manufacturers Podiatry Service Production Sites, Area Served, Product Types
2.6 Podiatry Service Market Competitive Situation and Trends
2.6.1 Podiatry Service Market Concentration Rate
2.6.2 Global 5 and 10 Largest Podiatry Service Players Market Share by Revenue
2.6.3 Mergers and Acquisitions, Expansion

3 Production Capacity by Region
3.1 Global Production Capacity of Podiatry Service Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.2 Global Podiatry Service Revenue Market Share by Region (2017-2022)
3.3 Global Podiatry Service Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.4 North America Podiatry Service Production
3.4.1 North America Podiatry Service Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.4.2 North America Podiatry Service Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.5 Europe Podiatry Service Production
3.5.1 Europe Podiatry Service Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.5.2 Europe Podiatry Service Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.6 China Podiatry Service Production
3.6.1 China Podiatry Service Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.6.2 China Podiatry Service Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
3.7 Japan Podiatry Service Production
3.7.1 Japan Podiatry Service Production Growth Rate (2017-2022)
3.7.2 Japan Podiatry Service Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)

4 Global Podiatry Service Consumption by Region
4.1 Global Podiatry Service Consumption by Region
4.1.1 Global Podiatry Service Consumption by Region
4.1.2 Global Podiatry Service Consumption Market Share by Region
4.2 North America
4.2.1 North America Podiatry Service Consumption by Country
4.2.2 United States
4.2.3 Canada
4.3 Europe
4.3.1 Europe Podiatry Service Consumption by Country
4.3.2 Germany
4.3.3 France
4.3.4 U.K.
4.3.5 Italy
4.3.6 Russia
4.4 Asia Pacific
4.4.1 Asia Pacific Podiatry Service Consumption by Region
4.4.2 China
4.4.3 Japan
4.4.4 South Korea
4.4.5 China Taiwan
4.4.6 Southeast Asia
4.4.7 India
4.4.8 Australia
4.5 Latin America
4.5.1 Latin America Podiatry Service Consumption by Country
4.5.2 Mexico
4.5.3 Brazil

Get a trial Copy of the Podiatry Service Market Report 2022

5 Segment by Type
5.1 Global Podiatry Service Production Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.2 Global Podiatry Service Revenue Market Share by Type (2017-2022)
5.3 Global Podiatry Service Price by Type (2017-2022)
6 Segment by Application
6.1 Global Podiatry Service Production Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.2 Global Podiatry Service Revenue Market Share by Application (2017-2022)
6.3 Global Podiatry Service Price by Application (2017-2022)

7 Key Companies Profiled
7.1 Company
7.1.1 Podiatry Service Corporation Information
7.1.2 Podiatry Service Product Portfolio
7.1. CPodiatry Service Production Capacity, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2017-2022)
7.1.4 Company’s Main Business and Markets Served
7.1.5 Company’s accurate Developments/Updates

8 Podiatry Service Manufacturing Cost Analysis
8.1 Podiatry Service Key Raw Materials Analysis
8.1.1 Key Raw Materials
8.1.2 Key Suppliers of Raw Materials
8.2 Proportion of Manufacturing Cost Structure
8.3 Manufacturing Process Analysis of Podiatry Service
8.4 Podiatry Service Industrial Chain Analysis

9 Marketing Channel, Distributors and Customers
9.1 Marketing Channel
9.2 Podiatry Service Distributors List
9.3 Podiatry Service Customers

10 Market Dynamics
10.1 Podiatry Service Industry Trends
10.2 Podiatry Service Market Drivers
10.3 Podiatry Service Market Challenges
10.4 Podiatry Service Market Restraints

11 Production and Supply Forecast
11.1 Global Forecasted Production of Podiatry Service by Region (2023-2026)
11.2 North America Podiatry Service Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2026)
11.3 Europe Podiatry Service Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2026)
11.4 China Podiatry Service Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2026)
11.5 Japan Podiatry Service Production, Revenue Forecast (2023-2026)

12 Consumption and Demand Forecast
12.1 Global Forecasted Demand Analysis of Podiatry Service
12.2 North America Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Service by Country
12.3 Europe Market Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Service by Country
12.4 Asia Pacific Market Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Service by Region
12.5 Latin America Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Service by Country

13 Forecast by Type and by Application (2023-2026)
13.1 Global Production, Revenue and Price Forecast by Type (2023-2026)
13.1.1 Global Forecasted Production of Podiatry Service by Type (2023-2026)
13.1.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Podiatry Service by Type (2023-2026)
13.1.3 Global Forecasted Price of Podiatry Service by Type (2023-2026)
13.2 Global Forecasted Consumption of Podiatry Service by Application (2023-2026)
13.2.1 Global Forecasted Production of Podiatry Service by Application (2023-2026)
13.2.2 Global Forecasted Revenue of Podiatry Service by Application (2023-2026)
13.2.3 Global Forecasted Price of Podiatry Service by Application (2023-2026)

14 Research Finding and Conclusion

15 Methodology and Data Source
15.1 Methodology/Research Approach
15.1.1 Research Programs/Design
15.1.2 Market Size Estimation
15.1.3 Market Breakdown and Data Triangulation
15.2 Data Source
15.2.1 Secondary Sources
15.2.2 Primary Sources
15.3 Author List
15.4 Disclaimer

Continued….

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To view the original version on The Express Wire visit Podiatry Service Market Size to reach a CAGR of 2.0% with USD 4 mn in 2022 and is forecast to size of USD 5 mn by 2028

COMTEX_410903651/2598/2022-07-25T05:33:04

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Sun, 24 Jul 2022 17:33:00 -0500 en-US text/html https://www.marketwatch.com/press-release/podiatry-service-market-size-to-reach-a-cagr-of-20-with-usd-4-mn-in-2022-and-is-forecast-to-size-of-usd-5-mn-by-2028-2022-07-25?tesla=y
Killexams : Podiatric Sports Medicine MSc

Afghanistan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Master Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Albania
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

Algeria
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licence; Diplome de [subject area]; Diplome d'Etudes Superieures; Diplome de Docteur end Pharmacie; or Diplome de Docteur en Medecine from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Angola
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grau de Licenciado/a (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 17 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 15 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 13 out of 20

Argentina
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo/ Grado de Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

Armenia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 87 out of 100
UK 2:1 degree: 75 out of 100
UK 2:2 degree: 61 out of 100

Australia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) or Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: High Distinction; or First Class with Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Distinction; or Upper Second Class with Honours
UK 2:2 degree: Credit; or Lower Second Class with Honours

Austria
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 1.5 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: 2.5 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5.0

The above relates to grading scale where 1 is the highest and 5 is the lowest.

Azerbaijan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%; or GPA 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or GPA 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or GPA 3.5 out of 5

Bahamas
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

Bahrain
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or 90 out of 100
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or 80 out of 100
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.3 out of 4.0; or 74 out of 100

Bangladesh
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.2 to 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 to 3.3 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.3 to 2.7 out of 4.0

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  For some institutions/degrees we will ask for different grades to above, so this is only a guide. 

Barbados
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from the University of West Indies, Cave Hill or Barbados Community College.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours*; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0**
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours*; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0**
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours*; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0**

*relates to: the University of West Indies, Cave Hill.

**relates to: Barbados Community College.

Belarus
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10; or 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 10; or 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 5 out of 10; or 3.5 out of 5

Belgium
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80% or 16/20*; or 78%**
UK 2:1 degree: 70% or 14/20*; or 72%**
UK 2:2 degree: 60% or 12/20*; or 65%**

*Flanders (Dutch-speaking)/ Wallonia (French-speaking)
**German-speaking

Belize
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

Benin
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Maitrise or Masters from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Bolivia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Bachiller Universitario or Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 85%* or 80%**
UK 2:1 degree: 75%* or 70%**
UK 2:2 degree: 65%* or 60%**

*relates to: Titulo de Bachiller Universitario

**relates to: Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] 

Bosnia and Herzegovina
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7.5 out of 10

Botswana
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 5 years) or Master Degree from the University of Botswana.

UK 1st class degree: 80%
UK 2:1 degree: 70%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

Brazil
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Título de Bacharel / Título de [subject area] or Título de Licenciado/a (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8.25 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

The above grades assumes that the grading scale has a pass mark of 5.

Brunei
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

Bulgaria
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 5.75 out of 6.0
UK 2:1 degree: 4.75 out of 6.0
UK 2:2 degree: 4.0 out of 6.0

Burundi
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 85%; or 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or 12 out of 20

Cambodia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80%; or GPA 3.5 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 70%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or GPA 2.35 out of 4.0

Cameroon
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree; Licence; Diplome d'Etudes Superieures de Commerce; Diplome d'Ingenieur de Conception/ Travaux; Doctorat en Medecine/ Pharmacie; or Maitrise or Master 1 from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20; or GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Canada
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.2 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

China
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 85 to 95%
UK 2:1 degree: 75 to 85%
UK 2:2 degree: 70 to 80%

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  Generally, we do not accept applications from students studying at Affiliate Colleges.

Colombia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado en [subject area] or Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.60 out of 5.00
UK 2:1 degree: 4.00 out of 5.00
UK 2:2 degree: 3.50 out of 5.00

Congo, Dem. Rep. of
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies or Diplome d'Etudes Speciales from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20; or 90%
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20; or 80%
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20; or 70%

Congo, Rep. of
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Etudes Superieures or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Costa Rica
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachiller or Licenciado from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7.5 out of 10

Croatia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Advanced Diploma of Higher Education Level VII/1 (Diploma - Visoko obrazovanje) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.5 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3 out of 5

Cuba
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Arquitecto/ Doctor/ Ingeniero from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

Cyprus
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8 out of 10; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 7.0 out of 10; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 6.0 out of 10; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Czech Republic
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 1.2 out of 4
UK 2:1 degree: 1.5 out of 4
UK 2:2 degree: 2.5 out of 4

The above relates to grading scale where 1 is the highest and 4 is the lowest.

Denmark
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 12 out of 12 (2007 onwards); or 11 out of 13 (before 2007)
UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 12 (2007 onwards); or 8 out of 13 (before 2007)
UK 2:2 degree: 4 out of 12 (2007 onwards); or 7 out of 13 (before 2007)

Dominican Republic
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 95/100
UK 2:1 degree: 85/100
UK 2:2 degree: 78/100

Ecuador
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%; or 9/10; or 19/20; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or 8/10; or 18/20; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or 7/10; or 14/20; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Egypt
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 85%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4
UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4
UK 2:2 degree: 65%; or GPA 2.5 out of 4

El Salvador
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 5 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

Eritrea
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Estonia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree; University Specialist's Diploma; or Professional Higher Education Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.5 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 3.5 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 2 out of 5

The above grades assumes that 1 is the pass mark. 

Eswatini
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80%
UK 2:1 degree: 70%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

Ethiopia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Fiji
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from one of the following institutions: Fiji National University, the University of Fiji, or the University of South Pacific, Fiji.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.0 out of 5.0*; or overall grade A with High Distinction pass**; or GPA 4.0 out of 4.5***
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.33 out of 5.0*; or overall grade B with Credit pass**; or GPA 3.5 out of 4.5***
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.33 out of 5.0*; or overall grade S (Satisfactory)**; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.5***

*relates to Fiji National University

**relate to the University of Fiji

***relates to the University of South Pacific, Fiji

Finland
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree/ Kandidaatti/ Kandidat (minimum 180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution; or Bachelor degree (Ammattikorkeakoulututkinto/ Yrkeshögskoleexamen) from a recognised University of Applied Sciences.

UK 1st class degree: 4.5 out of 5; or 2.8 out of 3
UK 2:1 degree: 3.5 out of 5; or 2 out of 3
UK 2:2 degree: 2.5 out of 5; or 1.4 out of 3

France
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licence; Grade de Licence; Diplome d'Ingenieur; or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 12 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 11 out of 20

Gambia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80%; or GPA 4.0 out of 4.3
UK 2:1 degree: 67%; or GPA 3.3 out of 4.3
UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or GPA 2.7 out of 4.3

Georgia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 91 out of 100; or 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 81 out of 100; or 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 71 out of 100; or 3.5 out of 5

Germany
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 1.5 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: 2.5 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5.0

The above relates to grading scale where 1 is the highest and 5 is the lowest.

Ghana
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: First Class
UK 2:1 degree: Second Class (Upper Division)
UK 2:2 degree: Second Class (Lower Division)

Greece
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Degrees from recognised selected institutions in the University sector or Degrees (awarded after 2003) from recognised Technological Educational Institutes.

UK 1st class degree: 8 out of 10*; or 9 out of 10**
UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 10*; or 7.5 out of 10**
UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 10*; or 6.8 out of 10**

*Relates to degrees from the University Sector.
**Relates to degrees from Technological Educational Institutes.

Grenada
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

Guatemala
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%
UK 2:1 degree: 80%
UK 2:2 degree: 70%

The above grades assumes that the pass mark is 61% or less.

Guinea
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Master; Maitrise; Diplome d'Etudes Superieures; or Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Guyana
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Graduate Diploma (Postgraduate) or Masters degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Honduras
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/a / Grado Academico de Licenciatura (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%; or 4.7 out of 5; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or 4.0 out of 5; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or 3.5 out of 5; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Hong Kong
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours

Hungary
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree (Alapfokozat) or University Diploma (Egyetemi Oklevel) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.75 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

Iceland
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree (Baccalaureus or Bakkalarprof) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8.25 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 7.25 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

India
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 70% to 80%
UK 2:1 degree: 60% to 70%
UK 2:2 degree: 50% to 60%

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  For some institutions/degrees we will ask for different grades to above, so this is only a guide.  

For India, offers may be made on the GPA scale.

We do not consider the Bachelor of Vocation (B. Voc.) for Masters entry.

Indonesia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Sarjna I (S1) Bachelor Degree or Diploma IV (D4) (minimum 4 years) from selected degree programmes and institutions.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.6 to 3.8 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 to 3.2 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.67 to 2.8 out of 4.0

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from and the degree that you study.

Iran
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 17.5 to 18.5 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 15 to 16 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 13.5 to 14 out of 20

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  

Iraq
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 85 out of 100
UK 2:1 degree: 75 out of 100
UK 2:2 degree: 60 out of 100

Ireland
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Honours Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours
UK 2:1 degree: Second Class Honours Grade I
UK 2:2 degree: Second Class Honours Grade II

Israel
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%
UK 2:1 degree: 80%
UK 2:2 degree: 65%

Italy
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Laurea (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 110 out of 110
UK 2:1 degree: 105 out of 110
UK 2:2 degree: 94 out of 110

Cote D’ivoire (Ivory Coast)
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Ingenieur; Doctorat en Medicine; Maitrise; Master; Diplome d'Etudes Approfondies; or Diplome d'Etudes Superieures Specialisees from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Jamaica
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from the University of West Indies (UWI) or a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or First Class Honours from the UWI
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or Upper Second Class Honours from the UWI
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0; or Lower Second Class Honours from the UWI

Japan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: S overall* or A overall**; or 90%; or GPA 3.70 out of 4.00
UK 2:1 degree: A overall* or B overall**; or 80%; or GPA 3.00 out of 4.00
UK 2:2 degree: B overall* or C overall**; or 70%; or GPA 2.3 out of 4.00

*Overall mark is from the grading scale: S, A, B, C (S is highest mark)
**Overall mark is from the grading scale: A, B, C, D (A is highest mark)

Jordan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 85%; or GPA of 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or GPA of 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70%; or GPA of 2.5 out of 4.0

Kazakhstan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 3.8 out of 4.0/4.33; or 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 3.33 out of 4.0/4.33; or 4.0 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 2.67 out of 4.0/4.33; or 3.5 out of 5

Kenya
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours; or GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: Second Class Honours Upper Division; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: Second Class Honours Lower Division; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Kosovo
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7.5 out of 10

Kuwait
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.67 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.67 out of 4.0

Kyrgyzstan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5; or GPA 3.7 out of 4
UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5; or GPA 3.0 out of 4
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5; or GPA 2.4 out of 4

Laos
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Latvia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (awarded after 2002) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 7.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 10

Lebanon
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree; Licence; or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90% or Grade A; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or 16 out of 20 (French system)
UK 2:1 degree: 80% or Grade B; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or 13 out of 20 (French system)
UK 2:2 degree: 70% or Grade C; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0; or 12 out of 20 (French system)

Lesotho
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree (minimum 5 years total HE study); Masters Degree or Postgraduate Diploma from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 80%
UK 2:1 degree: 70%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

Liberia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90% or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 80% or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70% or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Libya
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 85%; or 3.7 out of 4.0 GPA
UK 2:1 degree: 75%; or 3.0 out of 4.0 GPA
UK 2:2 degree: 65%; or 2.6 out of 4.0 GPA

Liechtenstein
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 5.6 out of 6.0
UK 2:1 degree: 5.0 out of 6.0
UK 2:2 degree: 4.4 out of 6.0

Lithuania
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

Luxembourg
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Macau
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Licenciatura) (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Macedonia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diploma of Completed Higher Education - Level VII/1 or Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

Madagascar
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Maîtrise; Diplome d'Ingenieur; Diplôme d'Etat de Docteur en Médecine; Diplôme d’Etat de Docteur en Chirurgie Dentaire; Diplôme d'Études Approfondies; Diplôme de Magistère (Première Partie) – also known as Master 1; or Diplôme de Master – also known as Master 2 from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Malawi
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 80% or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 70% or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 60% or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Malaysia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: Class 1; or 3.7 out of 4.0 CGPA
UK 2:1 degree: Class 2 division 1; or 3.0 out of 4.0 CGPA
UK 2:2 degree: Class 2 division 2; or 2.6 out of 4.0 CGPA

Maldives
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (awarded from 2000) from the Maldives National University.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Malta
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: First Class Honours; or Category I
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class Honours; or Category IIA
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours; or Category IIB

Mauritius
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: Class I; or 70%
UK 2:1 degree: Class II division I; or 60%
UK 2:2 degree: Class II division II; or 50%

Offer conditions will vary depending on the grading scale used by your institution.

Mexico
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo (Profesional) de [subject area] from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.0 to 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8.0 to 8.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7.0 to 7.5 out of 10

Offer conditions will vary depending on the grading scale your institution uses.

Moldova
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Diploma de Licenta) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6.5 out of 10

Monaco
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Mongolia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.6 out of 4.0; or 90%; or grade A
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.2 out of 4.0; or 80%; or grade B
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.8 out of 4.0; or 70%; or grade C

Montenegro
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diploma of Completed Academic Undergraduate Studies; Diploma of Professional Undergraduate Studies; or Advanced Diploma of Higher Education from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8.5 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

Morocco
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Diplome d'Ecoles Nationales de Commerce et de Gestion; Diplome de Docteur Veterinaire; Doctorat en Medecine; Docteur en Medecine Dentaire; Licence; Diplome d'Inegeniuer d'Etat; Diplome de Doctorat en Pharmacie; or Maitrise from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 13 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 11 out of 20

Mozambique
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grau de Licenciado (minimum 4 years) or Grau de Mestre from from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Myanmar
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80% or GPA of 4.7 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: 70% or GPA of 4.0 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: 60% or GPA of 3.5 out of 5.0

Namibia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree or Professional Bachelor Degree (NQF level 8 qualifications) - these to be awarded after 2008 from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80%
UK 2:1 degree: 70%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

Nepal
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 80%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 65%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 55%; or GPA of 2.4 out of 4.0

Bachelor in Nursing Science are not considered equivalent to UK Bachelor degrees.

Netherlands
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 7 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 10

New Zealand
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) or Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: A-*; or First Class Honours**
UK 2:1 degree: B*; or Second Class (Division 1) Honours**
UK 2:2 degree: C+*; or Second Class (Division 2) Honours**

*from a Bachelor degree
**from a Bachelor Honours degree

Nigeria
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.50 out of 5.00; or GPA 6.0 out of 7.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.50 out of 5.00; or GPA 4.6 out of 7.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.80 out of 5.00; or GPA 3.0 out of 7.0

Norway
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: Overall B grade with at least 75 ECTS (of 180 ECTS min overall) at grade A or above.
UK 2:1 degree: Overall B grade
UK 2:2 degree: Overall C grade

Oman
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Pakistan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.0 to 3.8 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 2.6 to 3.6 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.0 to 3.0 out of 4.0

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  For some institutions/degrees we will ask for different grades to above, so this is only a guide. 

Palestine, State of
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90% or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 80% or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70% or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Panama
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado / Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 91%
UK 2:1 degree: 81%
UK 2:2 degree: 71%

Papua New Guinea
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: Class I
UK 2:1 degree: Class II, division A
UK 2:2 degree: Class II, division B

Paraguay
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado / Titulo de [professional title] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out fo 5

Peru
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Grado Academico de Bachiller or Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo (Professional) de [subject area] from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 17 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Philippines
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions or Juris Doctor; Bachelor of Laws; Doctor of Medicine; Doctor of Dentistry/ Optometry/ Veterinary Medicine; or Masters Degree from recognised institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 3.6 out of 4.0; or 94%; or 1.25 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 3.0 out of 4.0; or 86%; or 1.75 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 2.5 out of 4.0; or 80%; or 2.5 out of 5

The above 'out of 5' scale assumes 1 is highest mark and 3 is the pass mark.

Poland
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licencjat or Inzynier (minimum 3 years) - these must be awarded after 2001 from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.8 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: 4.5 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: 3.8 out of 5.0

The above grades are based on the 2 to 5 scale, where 3 is the pass mark and 5 is the highest mark.

Portugal
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licenciado (minimum 180 ECTS credits) or Diploma de Estudos Superiores Especializados (DESE) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 14 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 12 out of 20

Puerto Rico
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90/100 or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 80/100 or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 70/100 or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Qatar
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or GPA 4.4 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or GPA 3.6 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0; or GPA 2.8 out of 5.0

Romania
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.75 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8.0 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7.0 out of 10

Russia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

Rwanda
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 85%; or 17 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 70%; or 15 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 60%; or 13 out of 20

Saudi Arabia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.75 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.75 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.75 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 5.0; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Senegal
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Maîtrise; Master II; Diplôme d'Études Approfondies (DEA); Diplôme d'Études Supérieures Specialisées (DESS); Diplôme d'État de Docteur en Médecine; Diplôme d'Ingénieur; Diplôme de Docteur en Chirurgie Dentaire; or Diplôme de Pharmacien from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16/20
UK 2:1 degree: 14/20
UK 2:2 degree: 12/20

Serbia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Advanced Diploma of Higher Education from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

Sierra Leone
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Honours) or a Masters degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: First Class honours; or GPA 4.7 out of 5; or GPA 3.75 out of 4
UK 2:1 degree: Upper Second Class honours; or GPA 4 out of 5; or GPA 3.25 out of 4
UK 2:2 degree: Lower Second Class Honours; or GPA 3.4 out of 5; or GPA 2.75 out of 4

Singapore
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) or Bachelor Honours degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.3 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.6 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.8 out of 5.0; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.3 out of 5.0; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Slovakia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (180 ECTS credits) (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 93%; or 1 overall (on 1 to 4 scale, where 1 is highest mark)
UK 2:1 degree: 86%; or 1.5 overall (on 1 to 4 scale, where 1 is highest mark)
UK 2:2 degree: 72%; or 2.5 overall (on 1 to 4 scale, where 1 is highest mark)

Slovenia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Univerzitetni Diplomant (180 ECTS credits) (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 9.5 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 7 out of 10

Somalia
Bachelor degrees from Somalia are not considered for direct entry to our postgraduate taught programmes. Holders of Bachelor degrees from Somali National University can be considered for our Pre-Masters programmes on a case by case basis.

South Africa
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: NQF Level 8 qualifications such as Bachelor Honours degrees or Professional Bachelor degrees from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 75%
UK 2:1 degree: 70%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

South Korea
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.2 out of 4.5; or GPA 4.0 out of 4.3; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.5 out of 4.5; or GPA 3.3 out of 4.3; or GPA 3.2 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.5; or GPA 2.8 out of 4.3; or GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Spain
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo Universitario Oficial de Graduado en [subject area] (Grado) or Titulo Universitario Oficial de Licenciado en [subject area] (Licenciatura) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8.0 out of 10; or 2.5 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 7.0 out of 10; or 2.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 6.0 out of 10; or 1.5 out of 4.0

Sri Lanka
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Special or Honours) or Bachelor Degree (Professional) (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.5 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Sudan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution or Bachelor degree in one of the following Professional subjects: Architecture; Dentistry; Engineering; Medicine/Surgery from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 80%
UK 2:1 degree: 65%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

Sweden
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (Kandidatexamen) or Professional Bachelor Degree (Yrkesexamenfrom) (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: Overall B grade with at least 75 ECTS at grade A or above (180 ECTS minimum overall); or at least 65% of credits graded at VG overall
UK 2:1 degree: Overall B grade (180 ECTS minimum overall); or at least 50% of credits graded at VG overall
UK 2:2 degree: Overall C grade (180 ECTS minimum overall); or at least 20% of credits graded at VG overall.

Switzerland
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor degree (180 ECTS credits) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 5.5 out of 6; or 9 out of 10
UK 2:1 degree: 5 out of 6; or 8 out of 10
UK 2:2 degree: 4.25 out of 6; or 7 out of 10

Syria
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 85%
UK 2:1 degree: 75%
UK 2:2 degree: 65%

Taiwan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from selected institutions.

UK 1st class degree: 85 to 90%
UK 2:1 degree: 70 to 75%
UK 2:2 degree: 65 to 70%

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.  

Tajikistan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Specialist Diploma or Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

Tanzania
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.4 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.5 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.7 out of 5.0

Thailand
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.40 to 3.60 out of 4.00
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.00 to 3.20 out of 4.00
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.40 to 2.60 out of 4.00

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.

Trinidad and Tobago
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or First Class Honours from the University of West Indies
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0; or Upper Second Class Honours from the University of West Indies
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.4 out of 4.0; or Lower Second Class Honours from the University of West Indies

Tunisia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Licence; Diplome National d'Architecture; Maitrise; Diplome National d'Ingeniuer; or Doctorat en Medecine / Veterinaire from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 16 out of 20
UK 2:1 degree: 13 out of 20
UK 2:2 degree: 11 out of 20

Turkey
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.40 to 3.60 out of 4.00
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 2.80 to 3.00 out of 4.00
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.30 to 2.50 out of 4.00

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.60 out of 4.00
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.00 out of 4.00
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.50 out of 4.00

Turkmenistan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Diploma of Higher Education (awarded after 2007) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 4.0 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 3.5 out of 5

Turks and Caicos Islands
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (accredited by the Council of Community Colleges of Jamaica) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0; or 80%
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.3 out of 4.0; or 75%
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.7 out of 4.0; or 65%

Uganda
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 3 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 4.4 out of 5.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 4.0 out of 5.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 5.0

Ukraine
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 10 out of 12; or 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 8 out of 12; or 4.0 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 6 out of 12; or 3.5 out of 5

United Arab Emirates
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

United States of America
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: GPA 3.2 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: GPA 2.5 out of 4.0

Uruguay
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] (minimum 4 years) from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 10 to 11 out of 12
UK 2:1 degree: 7 to 9 out of 12
UK 2:2 degree: 6 to 7 out of 12

Offer conditions will vary depending on the institution you are applying from.

Uzbekistan
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) or Specialist Diploma from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%; or 4.7 out of 5
UK 2:1 degree: 80%; or 4.0 out of 5
UK 2:2 degree: 71%; or 3.5 out of 5

Venezuela
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Titulo de Licenciado/ Titulo de [subject area] from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 81%
UK 2:1 degree: 71%
UK 2:2 degree: 61%

Non-percentage grading scales, for example scales out of 20, 10, 9 or 5, will have different requirements. 

Vietnam
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 8.0 out of 10; or GPA 3.7 out of 4
UK 2:1 degree: 7.0 out of 10; or GPA 3.0 out of 4
UK 2:2 degree: 5.7 out of 10; or GPA 2.4 out of 4

Yemen
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters (Majister) degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 90%
UK 2:1 degree: 80%
UK 2:2 degree: 65%

Bachelor Degrees from Lebanese International University (in Yemen) can be considered for entry to postgraduate taught programmes - please see Lebanon for guidance on grade requirements for this.

Zambia
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Masters Degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 75%; or GPA 3.7 out of 4.0
UK 2:1 degree: 65%; or GPA 3.0 out of 4.0
UK 2:2 degree: 55%; or GPA 2.4 out of 4.0

Zimbabwe
We normally consider the following qualifications for entry to our postgraduate taught programmes: Bachelor Degree (minimum 4 years) or Bachelor Honours degree from a recognised institution.

UK 1st class degree: 75%
UK 2:1 degree: 65%
UK 2:2 degree: 60%

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